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PRE-HISTORIC ART Stone Age Paleolithic Mesolithic Neolithic

Metal Age Bronze Age Iron Age

Sunday, July 4, 2010


PRE-HISTORIC ART IN EUROPE • Stone Age • Paleolithic Period Old stone Age • Upper, Middle & Lower • Mesolithic • Neolithic

• The

Period New Stone Age

The Rise of Farming

Neolithic Social Change

Bronze Age • The Iron Age

Sunday, July 4, 2010


TOOLS Sunday, July 4, 2010


Handaxe

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


MESOAMERICAN PALEO-INDIANS KILLING A MASTODON NATIONAL MUSEUM OF ANTHROPOLOGY, MEXICO CITY

Sunday, July 4, 2010


FIRST MADE FROM MAMMOTH BONES Sunday, July 4, 2010


UPPER PALEOLITHIC ART •

Mobile Small, can be moved from place to place or traded

Parietal Paintings on cave walls Large carvings

Sunday, July 4, 2010


BISON Sunday, July 4, 2010


LION-HUMAN HOHLENSTEIN-STADEL, GERMANY MAMMOTH IVORY, 29.6CM ULMER MUSEUM, ULM, GERMANY

probably male with a feline head

Sunday, July 4, 2010


HORSES Sunday, July 4, 2010


baton or staff, found at Mas-d'Azil, France

Sunday, July 4, 2010


VENUS OF WILLENDORF from Willendorf, Austria c. 25,000-21,000 B.C. Limestone, 11.5 cm high

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mother Goddess Tarxien, Malta before 2500 bc large bulbous legs covered by a pleated skirt, colossal figure surrounded by smaller obese female figures The 18“ Venus figure (France, 22,000 to 30,000 years ago) holds what may be an incised bison horn Sunday, July 4, 2010


VARIATIONS OF FEMALE FIGURES Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Paleolithic Cave Paintings of Lascaux, France (ca. 17,000 BP) Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


GREAT HALL OF BULLS Sunday, July 4, 2010


BACK TO BACK BISON Sunday, July 4, 2010


PANEL OF THE SWIMMING STAGS Sunday, July 4, 2010


STAG AT THE ENTRANCE Sunday, July 4, 2010

BISON TOWARDS THE BACK


CHINESE HORSE Sunday, July 4, 2010


SHAFT OF THE DEAD MAN Sunday, July 4, 2010


IBEXES - AXIAL GALLERY Sunday, July 4, 2010


SMALL HORSES PAINTED WITH RED AND YELLOW OCHRES Sunday, July 4, 2010


ALTAMIRA, SPAIN Sunday, July 4, 2010


BOAR Sunday, July 4, 2010


CHAUVEX CAVE, FRANCE

Sunday, July 4, 2010


HYAENA AND PANTHER Sunday, July 4, 2010


BEAR SKULL ON ROCK Sunday, July 4, 2010


PANEL OF LIONS Sunday, July 4, 2010

OWL IN MUD


WALKING HORSE Sunday, July 4, 2010


RHINOS Sunday, July 4, 2010


PEOPLE AND ANIMALS

DETAIL OF ROCK-SHELTER PAINTING, COGUL LERIDA, SPAIN, C.4000-2000BC

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ANGONO PETROGLYPHS Sunday, July 4, 2010


PIGMENTS Sunday, July 4, 2010


In the Round

In Relief high and low ‘bas relief ’

SCULPTURE Sunday, July 4, 2010


Bison, Tuc d’Audoubert, 13,000-18,000 bc unbaked clay, each 61cm long Sunday, July 4, 2010


CERAMIC Sunday, July 4, 2010


SHAMANISM Original cave Painting Shaman, Trois-Freres cave Dordogne, France 13,000-11,000 bc Drawing by Henry Breuil

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ARCHITECTURE Post and Lintel Sunday, July 4, 2010


MENHIR Sunday, July 4, 2010


DOLMEN IN FRANCE DOLMEN AT JORDAN

DOLMEN IN PORTUGAL DOLMEN IN INDIA

Sunday, July 4, 2010


STONEHENGE NEAR SALISBURY, ENGLAND

Sunday, July 4, 2010


METAL AGE

Trundholm Sun Charriot (Denmark) Sunday, July 4, 2010


ART OF ANCIENT NEAR EAST MESOPOTAMIA

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Neolithic Era (9000-4500/4000bc)- Jericho

Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) ✤

Uruk Period - 4500-3100 bc

Sumer - 2800-2300 bc

Akkad - 23400-2180 bc

Babylon - 1830-539 bc

Assyrian Empire - 1100-612 bc

Anatolia - (modern Turkey) 1450-1200 bc

Ancient Iran - 5000-331 bc

The Scythians -(modern Russia & Ukraine) 8th-4th cent bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Jericho Wall c. 8000-7000 bc - Mud Brick Rubble and Stone Sunday, July 4, 2010


Neolithic Skull from Jericho

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Composite Reconstruction of Drawing of Chatal Huyuk, Turkey, c. 6500-5500 bc Sunday, July 4, 2010


Human Figure Jordan, c, 7000-6000 bc fired lime plaster with cowrie shell, bitumen,and paint, 90 cm (35in) National Museum, Amman, Jordan

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Warka Head Face of a Woman c. 3300-3000 bc marble, 20.3cm (8in), Irag Museum, Baghdad

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Nanna Ziggurat Muqaiyir, Iraq, c. 2100-1050 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Ziggurat at Ur Built for the moon god, Nanna, the ziggurat dates from the 2100s bc and Sunday, July 4, 2010


Carved Vase known a the Uruk Vase Uruk,Iraq, c 3300-3000 bc, Alabaster, 91cm (36in), Iraq Museum, Baghdad

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Votive Figures c. 2900-2600 bc, limestone, alabaster and gypsum, The Square temple, Tell Asmar, Iraq, 76.3cm (30�)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Figures from Tell Asmar

Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Great Lyre with the Bull’s Head

Front Panel, the sound box of the Great Lyre

Royal Tomb, Ur, Iraq, c. 2550-2400 bc, Wood with gold, silver, lapis lazuli, bitumen and ashell reassembled in modern wood support, height of head 35.6cm (14”), Museum ofArcheology, Philadelphia Sunday, July 4, 2010


Head of the Akkadian King c. 2300 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Votive Statue of Gudea (present day Telloh, Iraq) c. 2090 bc, Diorite, 73.7cm (29�) Musee du Louvre, Paris

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Stele of Hammurabi Susa (present-day Shush, Iran)

c. 1792-1750 bc, 2.13cm (7ft.) Diorite Musee du Louvre, Paris

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Daric A coin minted under Darius I of Persia 4th century bc, Gold Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Lamassu Human-Headed Winged Lion, 883-859 bc Alabaster, 3.11cm Colossal Gatewat figure, the palace of Assurnasirpal II, Mesopotamia, (present day Nimrud, Iraq)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Assurnasirpal in Killing Lions Palace complex of Assurnasir[al II, Iraq, c. 850 bc, Alabaster, 99.1cm (39�) British Museum, London

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Air view of the ceremonial complex, Persepolis 518-460 bc, Iran Sunday, July 4, 2010


Darius and Xerxes Receiving Tribute c. 491-486 bc, limestone, 2.54m) (8‘4�) detail of a relief from the stairway leading to the Apadana (ceremonial complex) Persepolis, Iran

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Reconstruction Drawing of Babylon

Ishtar Gate and Throne Room Wall

Reconstructed in a Berlin museum, originally from Babylon (today Iraq), c. 575 bc ; Glazed brick, height of gate originally 12.2m with towers rising 30.5m Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Art of Ancient Egypt

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Egypt and Nubia Sunday, July 4, 2010


Rosetta Stone

196 bc, Basalt, 1.14m (3’9”), British Museum, London

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Architecture and Sculptures

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Pyramids Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mastaba Sunday, July 4, 2010


Imhotep’s Step Pyramid Sunday, July 4, 2010


Giza Pyramids

largest is the pyramid of Khufu with 2,300,000 stones weighing 6.5m tons

Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Great Sphinx

the colossal statue at Khafre, Giza, sndstone, 66ft x 240ft Sunday, July 4, 2010


Temple at Luxor Sunday, July 4, 2010


Temple at Al Karmak Sunday, July 4, 2010


Egyptian god Ptah

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Aton Sunday, July 4, 2010


Death Mask of Tutankamun 133-1323 bc Gold inlaid enamel with semi=precious stones 54 cm (21 in) high

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Thutmose IV and Mother Carved from a single rectangular stone block, this idealized, geometric sculpture represents the ancient Egyptian king Thutmose IV and his mother. Sunday, July 4, 2010

Cat Goddess This bronze figure with inlaid blue-glass eyes dates from EgyptĘźs Late Period (712-332 bc). It shows the ancient goddess Bast in the form of a cat.


Seated statue of Khafre c. 2500 bc, diorite, 1.68cm (5’6”) high

Sunday, July 4, 2010

Menkaure & Queen Khamerernebty

c. 2548-2530 bc, Slate, 1.39cm (4‘6.5”) high


Goddess Selket

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Bed Carriage resembling a cow Sunday, July 4, 2010


Interior of Tombs

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Tomb of Queen Amonherkhepsef Sunday, July 4, 2010


Prince Rahotep and his wife, Nofret painted limestone, 1.2m high Egyptian Museum, Cairo,Egypt

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Seated Scribe

found near the tomb of Kai, c. 2450-2325 bc painted limestone with inlaid eyes of rock crystal, calcite, magnesium mounted on copper, 53cm (21in), Musee du Louvre Sunday, July 4, 2010


part of the Egyptian Book of the Dead Sunday, July 4, 2010


Hypostyle Hall, Temple of Amon at Karnak Sunday, July 4, 2010


Tutankhamons’ Sarcophagus

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Painting from Temple of Ramses III Sunday, July 4, 2010


Wall Paintings, Frescoes and Reliefs

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Egyptian Canon of Proportions Contributing to the sustainability of Egyptian style for over 2000 years, this system contributed to a conventional easily recognizable image. The characteristic way of depicting the human figure: shoulders and one eye are frontal head, arms and legs are in profile waist is nearly in profile but is turned enough to show the navel

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Palette of Narmer

c. 3000 bc, slate, 63.5cm (25 in) Egyptian Museum, Cairo,Egypt Sunday, July 4, 2010


Nebamun hunting birds, from the tomb, Thebes, Egypt Sunday, July 4, 2010


relief in tombs

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Anubis and the Mummy Sunday, July 4, 2010


Amon-Ra, Father of the Gods Sunday, July 4, 2010


Egyptian Amulets Djed Pillar Wedjat Eye Appyrus Bud Crocodile Falcon god Horus Stone heart Bes, god of music and dance

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Ancient Egyptian Jewelries Sunday, July 4, 2010


Egyptian Concepts:

• Kingship • Death and Afterlife • Religion Sunday, July 4, 2010


Amarna Period c. 1349-1336 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Akhenaten

Amarna Period, Sandstone, 3.96m (13ft) Staatliche Museum, Berlin, Germany Sunday, July 4, 2010

Nefertiti

Amarna Period, painted Limestone, 48cm (19in) Staatliche Museum, Berlin, Germany


Akhenaten and Nefertiti and their children

Amarna period, Limestone relief, 33x38cm (13x15in), Staatliche Museen, Berlin

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Egypt and Nubia Sunday, July 4, 2010


Temple of Ramse II Abu Simbel, Nubia, 1237 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


a bit of political history Egypt was conquered by: Assyrians c. 673-657 bc Persians 525 bc Alexander the great 332 bc Romans in 58 bc and annexed it in 30bc 6th-12th century = christianity 12th to 14th century = infiltrated by various groups then it became muslim

Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Aegean

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


CYCLADIC CIVILAZATION c. 3000 - 1200 b.c.

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Two Figures of Women Cyclades c. 2500-2200, Marble 33cm & 63.4cm (13in & 25in) Museum of Cyclade Art, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Venus of Willendorf Sunday, July 4, 2010


Male Cyclidic flute player from Keros, c. 2500-2200 bc, Marble National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Seated Harp Keros, Cyclades, c. 2700-2500 bc, Marble, height 29.2m (11.5in), Museum of Cycladic Art, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Discoveries at Thera

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Landscape (spring fresco) Akrotiri, Thera Cyclades, before 1630 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Young Girl Gathering Saffron Crocus Flowers Detail of wall painting, before 1630 bc Thera Foundation, Greece

Sunday, July 4, 2010


MINOAN CIVILAZATION c. 3000 - 1500 b.c.

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Knossos, aerial photograph of the site Sunday, July 4, 2010


Reconstuction of the Palace Complex

Knossos, Crete, c 2000 - 1375 bc, as would have appeared during a New Palace Period

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Bull Leaping

Wall painting with areas of modern reconstruction from the palace complex Knossos, Crete, c. 1550-1450 bc, 62.3cm (24in) Archeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete Sunday, July 4, 2010


Snake Goddess from Knossos, c. 1600 bc, Faience

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Octopus Flask Palaikastro, Crete, c. 1500-1450 bc Marine style ceramic 28cm (11in) Archeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Kamares Ware Jug Phaistos, Crete, Old Palace Period, c. 2000-1900 bc, Archeological Museum Iraklion, Crete

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Harvester Vase Hagia Triada, Crete, c. 1650-1450 bc Steatite, diameter 11.3cm (4.5in) lower part of vase reconstructed Archeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Pendant of Gold Bees

Chryssolakkos, near Mallia, Crete, c. 1700-1550 bc Gold height approx 4.6cm (more than 1in) Archeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete Sunday, July 4, 2010


Bull’s Head Rhyton Palace complex, Knossos, Crete c. 1550-1450 bc Steatite with shell, rock crystal and jasper and

Sunday, July 4, 2010


MYCENEAN CIVILAZATION c. 1600 - 1200 b.c.

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Citadel at Mycenae

aerial view, site occupied c. 1600-1200 bc walls built c. 1340, 1250, 1200 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Reconstruction of Citadel at Mycenae Sunday, July 4, 2010


Lion’s Gate at Mycenae c. 1250 bc, historic photo

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Reconstruction Drawing of the Megaron in the Palace at Pylos, Sunday, July 4, 2010


“Goddess” from the citadel of Mycenae, c. 1200 bc National Archaelogical Museum, Athens, Greece

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Tholos, the so-called Treasury of Atreus Mycenae, Greece, c. 1300-1200 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Cut-away Drawing of Tholos Sunday, July 4, 2010


Corbelled Vault, Interior of Tholos Limestone vault height 14.48cm (47ft6in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mask of Agamemnon

Funerary mask, from the royal tombs, Grave Circle A Mycenae, Greece, c. 1600-1550 bc, Gold height approx 35cm (12in) National Archeological Museum, Athens Sunday, July 4, 2010


Vapheio Cup

Found near Sparta, Greece, c. 1650-1450 bc Gold, height 3.9cm (3.5in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Golden Lion’s Head Rhyton Shaft grave IV, wouth of Lions Gate, Mycenae 16th century bc National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Flotilla Fresco, c.1650 bc, National Archiological Museum, Athens Sunday, July 4, 2010


Dagger Blade with Lion Hunt

Shaft Grave IV, Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece, c. 1550-1500 bc Bronze inlaid with gold, silver and niello, length 23.8cm (9.5in) National Archeological Museum, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Women with a Child

Found in the palace at Mycenae, Greece, c. 1400-1200 bc Ivory, heoght 7.5cm (more than 2in) National Archaeological Museum, Athens Sunday, July 4, 2010


Warrior Vase

Mycenae, Greece, c. 1300-1100 bc, Ceramic, height 41cm (16in) National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Man is the Measure of all Things • • • •

Sunday, July 4, 2010

emphasis on the individual view of death gods had human like qualities artists signed their works, both men and women


view of the Acropolis, Athens Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Geometric Style in Pottery

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Geometric Amphora 8th cent bc, terracotta 1.55m (5ft1in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Orientalizing Style

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Polyphemuos Painter, Amphora Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Northampton Vase

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Archaic Style

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sculpture

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Kouros

Marble, Archaic Period

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Peplos Kore

Parian marble, 530 bc, 1.21m (11 2/3in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Early Classical

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Poseidon, with his trident or Zeus, hurling his thunderbolt National Archaeological Museum in Athens, Greece

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Kritos Boy

Parian Marble, 86cm (33 7/8in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Diskobolos, Myron

(discuss thrower) 460-450 bc, marble copy of a bronze original, 1.53m (5ft)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Charioteer of Delphi bronze

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Classical

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Reconstruction of the Parthenon, Athens Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Plan of the Parthenon Sunday, July 4, 2010


Golden Statue of Athena Sunday, July 4, 2010


East end of the Parthenon, Athens 447-438 bc, Pentelic Marble, 33.8x72.2m (111x237 ft) Sunday, July 4, 2010


Orders of Greek Architecture • • •

Sunday, July 4, 2010

Doric Ionic Corinthian


1. Doric Columns

at the the Parthenon

Sunday, July 4, 2010


2. Ionic Columns at Propylaea

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ionic column details Sunday, July 4, 2010


Parthenon Ionic Frieze Sunday, July 4, 2010


3. Corinthian Columns

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sculptures from the east pediment of the Parthenon

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Parthenon Metopes Sunday, July 4, 2010


others Temples

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Agora, Athens 6th century bc Sunday, July 4, 2010


Temple of Hera I, Paestum and Hera II, Italy (in the foreground) Sunday, July 4, 2010


Temple of Poseidon Paestrum, Italy Sunday, July 4, 2010


Caryatids Sunday, July 4, 2010


Battle of Lapiths and Centaurs Sunday, July 4, 2010


Doryphorus spear thrower

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Late Classical Style

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Theater at Epidaurus

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos c. 350 bc, Marble, 2.05m Musei Vaticani, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Hellenistic

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Boxer Bronze, 1.28m (4ft 2in) c. 1st cent bc Museo delle Terme, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Laocoรถn and his two sons

Marble 7ft, Musei Vaticani, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Nike (Victory) of Samothrace Sanctuary of the Great Gods, Samothrace, c. 180 bc, Marble, 2.45m (8ft1in) Musee du Louvre, Paris, France

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Venus de Milo Musee du Louvre

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Veiled and Masked Dancer 3rd-2nd century bc bronze, height 20.7cm (8 1/8in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Altar of Zeus, from Pergamon c. 175 bc, marble

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Athena battling with Akyoneus from the great frieze of Pergamon Altar c. 180 bc, Marble 2.29cm (7ft 6in) Sunday, July 4, 2010


LATE HELLENISTIC

Temple of Apollo Didyma, Turkey Sunday, July 4, 2010


Estruscan Art

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


ARCHITECTURE

Reconstruction drawing of 3 temples on the Arx of Cosa, c.100bc Sunday, July 4, 2010


SCULPTURE

Capitoline Wolf

c. 500 bc, Bronze, 85.1cm high, Museo Capitolino, Rome Sunday, July 4, 2010


Wounded Chimera

Bronze, 80cm high, from Arezzo, 2nd quarter of 4th century bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Apollo of Veii

Painted terracotta, approx 1.78m (5ft10in) high Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mars of Todi

4th cent bc, Bronze, 1.4m high Musei Vaticani, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


scene from the back of a mirror from Volterra, showing Uni (Hera) nursing Bronze engraves, c.300bc, Museo Archeologico, Florence

Sunday, July 4, 2010


FUNERARY ART

Cinerary Urn

from Chiusi, 7th cent bc, Hammered Bronze and terracotta, 83.8cm high, Museo Etrusco, Chiusi

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mater Matuta from Chianciano, near Chiusi 460-440 bc Limestone, lifesize, Florence

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Urn in the shape of a hut from Tarquinia 9th-8th cent bc Tarquinia

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Cinerary Urn in the form of a house from Chiusi, c. 650-700bc, Museo archeologico, Florence

Sunday, July 4, 2010


interior of Tomb of Shields Cerveteri, c. 600bc, approx 9x3.5m

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sarcophagus from Cerveteri, c.520bc Painted Terracotta, 2m long, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mourners at the Door of the Outer World tomb of Augurs, c.500bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Tomb of the Leopards Tarquina, 480-470bc, Fresco

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sarcophagus of Ramtha Visnai from Vulci, c.300-280 bc Limestone, 2.18x0.78m

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ART OF ANCIENT ROME

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


CAPITOLINE WOLF c. 500 bc, Bronze, 85.1cm high, Museo Capitolino, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


REPUBLIC & TRANSITION TO EMPIRE •

Rules by Senate and patrician citizens

Julius Ceasar

Augustus/Octavian

Sunday, July 4, 2010


EMPIRE •

Julio-Claudian Dynasty - Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero

Flavian Dynastry - Vespasian, Titus, Domitian

The so-Called Good Emperors” - Neva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius

Perios of political stability and econonic prosperity

Beginning of Decline

The Severan Dynasty - Septimus Severus, Caracalla, Severus Alexander

Anarchy

Period of Tetrarchs

Last Empire

Sunday, July 4, 2010


BUILDING MATERIALS AND METHODS

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ROMAN COLUMNS

CORINTHIAN

IONIC

TUSCAN (DORIC) Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Plan of the vault from above showing resultant outward thrust. Groin Vault from above.

A groin vault viewed from the underside, showing the arris or 'groin'. Sunday, July 4, 2010


ARCHITECTURAL TYPES •Domestic •Public

Sunday, July 4, 2010

Homes

Buildings


DOMESTIC •Homes •Villas

Sunday, July 4, 2010


HOUSE OF SILVER WEDDING Atrium and peristyle

PLAN OF THE HOUSE OF FAUN Sunday, July 4, 2010


INSULA, OSTIA RECONSTRUCTION

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ROMAN INSULAE

Sunday, July 4, 2010


HADRIAN’S VILLA TIVOLI, ITALY

Sunday, July 4, 2010


PLAN OF HADRIAN’S VILLA Sunday, July 4, 2010


THE VILLA AND THE PALACE

Canopus at Hadrian's Villa Sunday, July 4, 2010


PUBLIC BUILDINGS • Forum

• Aqueducts

• Basilica

• Religious Temples

• Markets

• Commemorative

• Public

Baths

• Colosseum • Circus Sunday, July 4, 2010

Architecture • Triumphal Arch • Tombs


ROMAN AND IMPERIAL FORUMS, ROME Sunday, July 4, 2010


Imperial Forum, Rome Sunday, July 4, 2010


BASILICA ULPIA

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ROMAN CITY PLANNING

Basilica of Maxentius Sunday, July 4, 2010


TRAJAN’S MARKETS Sunday, July 4, 2010


MAIN HALL OF TRAJAN’S MARKET Sunday, July 4, 2010


RUINS, BATHS AT CARACALLA, ROME Sunday, July 4, 2010


PLAN & RESTORATION DRAWING OF BATHS OF CARACALLA Sunday, July 4, 2010


THEATERS AND AMPHITHEATERS

The Colosseum in Rome Sunday, July 4, 2010

(70-82)


Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


PRESENT DAY RUINS OF THE COLOSSEUM Sunday, July 4, 2010


The ancient theater at Orange, France Sunday, July 4, 2010


CIRCUS 400 - 600 M (1300-1970 FT) Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


AQUEDUCT AT PONT DU GARD, FRANCE Sunday, July 4, 2010


TEMPLE OF PORTUNUS, ROME Sunday, July 4, 2010


Maison Carrée, Nîmes Sunday, July 4, 2010


ROMAN TEMPLES

The Pantheon in Rome Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010


COMMEMORATIVE ARCHITECTURE

WEST SIDE,

ARA PACIS 13-9 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


SOUTH SIDE,

ARA PACIS

Marble relief, approx 1.6m (5ft x 3in) high Sunday, July 4, 2010


TRAJAN’S COLUMN Marble, 4 lowest bands, 91.4cm (36in) high each Sunday, July 4, 2010


Triumphal Arch

The Arch of Constantine

,

Sunday, July 4, 2010


MEDALLIONS, (HADRIANIC, AD117-138) AND FRIEZE (CONSTANTINE, EARLY 4TH CENT) Sunday, July 4, 2010


SCULPTURAL TYPES •Sarcophagi •Portraits/Bust •Equestrian •Mosaic Sunday, July 4, 2010

Statue

and Mural Painting


PROMETHEUS SARCOPHAGUS, AD C. 110 Marble, Museo Capitolino, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


BUST OF JULIUS CEASAR Marble, Musei di Antichita, Turin

PATRIARCH WITH TWO ANCESTOR BUSTS Marble, Musei Capitolino, Rome

BUST OF TRAJAN Marble, Musei Vaticani, Rome Sunday, July 4, 2010


BUST OF CARACALLA

CONSTANTINE

Marble, 36.2cm (1ft2.25in) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Marble, 2.59cm (8ft 6in) Palazzo dei Conservatori Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


PORTRAITS OF FLAVIAN WOMEN

Sunday, July 4, 2010


AUGUSTUS OF PRIMA PORTA Marble, 2.03m (6ft 8in) high Musei Vaticani, Rome

ANTINOUS Marble, 180cm (70in) high Archeological Museum Delphi Sunday, July 4, 2010


EQUESTRIAN STATUE OF MARCUS AURELIUS Bronze, 3.hgh5m ( 11ft 6in) high Piazza del Campidoglio, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ROMAN DOMUS

Sunday, July 4, 2010


MOSAICS

Roman Mosaic Floor Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Grand Hunt

Roman Mosaic, Piazza Armerina

Sunday, July 4, 2010


THE BATTLE OF ISSOS THE “ALEXANDER MOSAIC” FROM THE HOUSE OF AUN, POMPEII, 2ND CENT BC Sunday, July 4, 2010


FORESHORTENING OF THE HORSE Sunday, July 4, 2010


YOUNG WOMAN WITH A STYLUS RESCO, 28.9CM (11 3/8IN), POMPOEII Sunday, July 4, 2010


PORTRAIT PAINTING

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Narcissus by the Pool Wall Painting, Pompeii, Italy Sunday, July 4, 2010


FIRST AND SECOND STYLE

The Citharist from Stabia Sunday, July 4, 2010


THIRD STYLE

Landscape with Boats, Pompeii Sunday, July 4, 2010


FOURTH STYLE

STILL LIFE FROM HERCULANEUM Sunday, July 4, 2010


GEMS, CAMEOS, METAL WORK AND GLASS

gems

Metal work Portland Vase

glass Sunday, July 4, 2010

Art history pre historic art images  
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