Περιήγηση στην Αιτωλική γή

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:23

™ÂÏ›‰·3

ÂÚÈ‹ÁËÛË ÛÙËÓ ∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ÁË

∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ∞Ó·Ù˘Íȷ΋ ∞. ∂. O.T.A.


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:23

™ÂÏ›‰·4

ºÒÙÔ Â͈ʇÏÏÔ˘: ∆Ô ÎÂÊ·ÏÔÁ¤Ê˘ÚÔ ÛÙÔÓ ÔÙ·Ìfi ªfiÚÓÔ Ô˘ ¤ÓˆÓ ÙË ¡·˘·ÎÙ›· Ì ÙË ¢ˆÚ›‰· Cover photograph: The bridge in Mornos river that connects Nafpaktia with Dorida


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:23

™ÂÏ›‰·5

¯·ÈÚÂÙÈÛÌfi˜ ™ÙÔ ·ÚfiÓ Ï‡Έ̷ Á›ÓÂÙ·È ÚÔÛ¿ıÂÈ· Ó· ·ÔÙ˘ˆıÔ‡Ó ÔÈ ÔÌÔÚÊȤ˜ Ù˘ ∞π∆ø§π∫∏™ °∏™ Ô˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Ì¤Û· ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ·Ú¤Ì‚·Û˘ Ù˘ ∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋˜ ∞Ó·Ù˘Íȷ΋˜. ªÈ·˜ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ Ô˘ ·Ú¯›˙ÂÈ ·fi Ù· µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Î·È Î·Ù·Ï‹ÁÂÈ ÛÙÔÓ ∫ÔÚÈÓıÈ·Îfi Î·È ÙË ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ· ªÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘. ™Ùfi¯Ô˜ ÙÔ˘ Ï¢ÎÒÌ·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È Ì¤Û· ·fi ÙÔ ÊˆÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi Ó· ·Ó·‰ÂȯıÔ‡Ó Ù· Ê˘ÛÈο ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈο Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÔÈ ·ÓıÚÒÈÓ˜ ·ÚÂÌ‚¿ÛÂȘ Ô˘ fiÙ·Ó Á›ÓÔÓÙ·È Ì Û‚·ÛÌfi ÛÙÔ ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ Û˘Ì‚¿ÏÏÔ˘Ó ÛÙËÓ ÂÌ¤‰ˆÛË Ù˘ ¤ÓÓÔÈ·˜ Ù˘ ‚ÈÒÛÈÌ˘ ·Ó¿Ù˘Í˘ Ô˘ Â›Ó·È ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfi˜ ÛÙfi¯Ô˜ ÙˆÓ ÚÔÛ·ıÂÈÒÓ Ì·˜. ∆Ô ¤ÚÁÔ ·˘Ùfi ˘ÏÔÔÈ‹ıËΠ·fi ÙËÓ ∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ∞Ó·Ù˘Íȷ΋ ∞.∂. √.∆.∞. Ì ÙËÓ ·Ì¤ÚÈÛÙË Û˘Ì·Ú¿ÛÙ·ÛË ÙˆÓ ¢‹ÌˆÓ: π.¶. ªÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘, ÿÏÎÂÈ·˜, ∞ÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘, ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘, ∂˘·Ï›Ô˘, µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ, ¶˘Ï‹Ó˘, ∞Ô‰ÔÙ›·˜, ¶Ï·Ù¿ÓÔ˘ Î·È ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜, ¯ÚËÌ·ÙÔ‰ÔÙ‹ıËΠ·fi ÙÔ ÀÔ˘ÚÁÂ›Ô ∞ÁÚÔÙÈ΋˜ ∞Ó¿Ù˘Í˘ & ∆ÚÔÊ›ÌˆÓ Î·È ÙËÓ ∂˘Úˆ·˚΋ ∂ÈÙÚÔ‹, ÛÙÔ Ï·›ÛÈÔ Ù˘ ∫ÔÈÓÔÙÈ΋˜ ¶ÚˆÙÔ‚Ô˘Ï›·˜ LEADER+. √ ÂÈÛΤÙ˘ ̤۷ ·fi ÙÔ Ï‡Έ̷ ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ÌÈ· ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Ô˘ ÍÂÎÈÓ¿ ·fi ÙËÓ ∂˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›· Î·È Ù· µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Î·È Î·ıÚÂÊÙ›˙ÂÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ ∫ÔÚÈÓıÈ·Îfi ÎfiÏÔ Î·È ÛÙË ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ· ªÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘. ™ÙËÓ ÂӉȿÌÂÛË ‰È·‰ÚÔÌ‹ ÂÚȉȷ‚·›ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ·, Ï›ÌÓ˜, ηÛÙ·ÓÔ‰¿ÛË, ÂÏ·ÙÔ‰¿ÛË, ÏÔ‡ÛÈ· Î·È Í¯ˆÚÈÛÙ‹ ·Ó›‰·, ·ÔÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ¤Ó·Ó Â›ÁÂÈÔ ·Ú¿‰ÂÈÛÔ, fiÔ˘ Ô ¿ÓıÚˆÔ˜ Î·È ÔÈ ·ÚÂÌ‚¿ÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È Û ·fiÏ˘ÙË ·ÚÌÔÓ›· Ì ÙÔ ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ. ªÂ Û‚·ÛÌfi Î·È ÛÔÊ›· ·ÍÈÔÔ›ËÛ ÚÔ˜ fiÊÂÏfi˜ ÙÔ˘ Ù· ·Á·ı¿ Ô˘ ·Ïfi¯ÂÚ· ¯·Ú›˙ÂÈ Ë Ê‡ÛË. ªÂ ¤ÙÚÈÓ· ÁÂʇÚÈ· Û˘Ó¤‰ÂÛ ÙȘ fi¯ı˜ ÙˆÓ ÔÙ·ÌÒÓ Î·È ¤Î·Ó ÂÊÈÎÙ‹ ÙËÓ ÚÔÛ¤Ï·Û‹ ÙÔ˘˜. ªÂ ÓÂÚfiÌ˘ÏÔ˘˜ ·ÍÈÔÔ›ËÛ ÙË ‰‡Ó·ÌË ÙÔ˘ ÓÂÚÔ‡ ÁÈ· ÙȘ ·Ó¿ÁΘ ÙÔ˘, Ì ÓÙfiÈ· ˘ÏÈο ¤ÊÙÈ·Í ٷ ·Ú·‰ÔÛȷο ÂÙÚfi¯ÙÈÛÙ· Û›ÙÈ· ÁÈ· Ó· ÚÔÛٷ٢ı› Î·È Ó· ÛÙÂÁ¿ÛÂÈ Ì¤¯ÚÈ Û‹ÌÂÚ· ÙÔ Ì‡ıÔ Î·È ÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· ÙÔ˘. ™ÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ·˘Ù‹, Ë ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË Î·È Ô ıÚ‡ÏÔ˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÙË ‰È΋ ÙÔ˘˜ Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ‹ ÛÙË ‰È·ÌfiÚʈÛË Ù˘ Ù·˘ÙfiÙËÙ¿˜ Ì·˜. ∞fi ÙËÓ ∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ™˘ÌÔÏÈÙ›· ̤¯ÚÈ ÙȘ ÚfiÛÊ·Ù˜ ÌÂÙ·ÎÈÓ‹ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ÙÛÔ·Ó·Ú·›ˆÓ ·fi Ù· ÔÚÂÈÓ¿ ÛÙ· ͯÂÈÌ·‰È¿, ÂÚÓ¿ ÛÙ· ·ÙÙ·Ú¿ Ì·˜ Ë ÂÈı˘Ì›· ÌÈ·˜ ·¤Ó·Ë˜ ÔÚ›·˜, ÂÓfi˜ Ù·ÍȉÈÔ‡ Ô˘ ‰ÂÓ ÙÂÏÂÈÒÓÂÈ ÔÙ¤ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÒÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ Î›ÓËÛË ÙˆÓ ˘‰¿ÙˆÓ ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ Í¤ÊˆÙÔ, ÙÔ ¿ÁÓˆÛÙÔ, ÙÔ ı·Ï·ÛÛÈÓfi. ŒÓ· Ù·Í›‰È „˘¯È΋˜ ·Ó¿Ù·Û˘. ∞Í›˙Ô˘Ó ıÂÚÌ¿ Û˘Á¯·ÚËÙ‹ÚÈ· Û fiÏÔ˘˜ fiÛÔ˘˜ Û˘ÓÂÚÁ¿ÛÙËÎ·Ó Î·È Û˘ÓÙ¤ÏÂÛ·Ó ÛÙËÓ ¤Î‰ÔÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ÚfiÓÙÔ˜ §Â˘ÎÒÌ·ÙÔ˜. ÀÏÔÔÈ‹ıËΠ¤ÙÛÈ ¤Ó· fiÚ·Ì· ÙÔ˘ ·Â›ÌÓËÛÙÔ˘ ÚÔ¤‰ÚÔ˘ Ù˘ ÂÙ·ÈÚ›·˜ Ì·˜ ™Ù·‡ÚÔ˘ ¶·Ó·ÁÈÒÙÔ˘, ÛÙË ÌÓ‹ÌË ÙÔ˘ ÔÔ›Ô˘ ÙÔ ·ÊÈÂÚÒÓÔ˘ÌÂ. √ ¶Úfi‰ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ¢.™. ∞π∆ø§π∞™ ∞.∂.

£·Ó¿Û˘ ¶··ı·Ó¿Û˘ ¢‹Ì·Ú¯Ô˜ ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:23

™ÂÏ›‰·6


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:23

™ÂÏ›‰·7

ÂÚÈ‹ÁËÛË ÛÙËÓ ∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ÁË…

¤Ó· ÌÔÓ·‰ÈÎfi Ù·Í›‰È

ÂÌÂÈÚÈÒÓ!


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:23

™ÂÏ›‰·8

10 - 19 ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁÈο

ÂÚȯfiÌÂÓ·

160 - 171 ∞Ú¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·9

20 - 43

44 - 101

102 - 159

∫·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰· - √ÍÈ¿

µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· - ªfiÚÓÔ˜

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172 - 173

174 - 177

178 - 179

ÂÈÏÔÁÈο

a few words

¯¿ÚÙ˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·10


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·11

ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁÈο H AÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ÁË Â›Ó·È Û˘Ó˘Ê·Ṳ̂ÓË ·fi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÂÔ¯‹ Ì ‰È·ÚΛ˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÙÈı¿Û¢ÛË Ù˘ ¿ÁÚÈ·˜ ʇÛ˘ Ì ٷ ·fiÎÚËÌÓ· ‚Ô˘Ó¿, ÙÔ˘˜ ¿ÁÚÈÔ˘˜ Î·È ÔÚÌËÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡˜, Ù· Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ· Î·È Ù· Ï·Áο‰È·, ÙÔ ·ÓÒÌ·ÏÔ ÙÔ˘ ‰¿ÊÔ˘˜, Ô˘ ‰˘ÛÎfiÏ¢ ÙËÓ ÂÈÎÔÈÓˆÓ›· Î·È ÙȘ ÚÔÛ‚¿ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ÏËı˘ÛÌÒÓ. KÔÓÙ¿ Û’ ·˘ÙÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜ ˘‹ÚÍÂ Î·È ÌÈ· ¤ÓÙÔÓË Î·È ‰È·Ú΋˜ ÚÔÛ¿ıÂÈ· ‰È·Ù‹ÚËÛ˘ Î·È ·Ó¿Ù˘Í˘ ÙÔ˘ ÂÏÏËÓÈÎÔ‡ ÔÏÈÙÈÛÌÔ‡, ¤Ó·ÓÙÈ ‰È·ÊfiÚˆÓ Í¤ÓˆÓ ÂÈÛ‚ÔϤˆÓ. M¤Û· ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÈÙˆÏÈÎÔ‡˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜ ÍÂÙ˘Ï›ÁÂÙ·È Ë ‰Ú¿ÛË ÂÓfi˜ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ˘ ¤ıÓÔ˘˜, Ô˘ ÍÂΛÓËÛ ÌÂ Ê˘ÏÂÙÈ΋ ÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÛË Î·È ¤Êı·Û ÛÙËÓ ÚˆÙÔÔÚȷ΋ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂÔ¯‹ ÔÌÔÛÔӉȷ΋ ÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÛË, fi¯È ϤÔÓ Ê˘ÏÒÓ ·ÏÏ¿ fiÏÂˆÓ - ÎÚ·ÙÒÓ, ÙËÓ AÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ™˘ÌÔÏÈÙ›·, ÙÔ KÔÈÓfi ÙˆÓ AÈÙˆÏÒÓ, Ô˘ ‰È‰ڷ̿ÙÈÛ ÛÔ˘‰·›Ô ÚfiÏÔ ÛÙ· ÂÏÏËÓÈο Ú¿ÁÌ·Ù·. H ÔÏÂÌÈ΋ Ì˯·Ó‹ ÙˆÓ AÈÙˆÏÒÓ, Û ‰‡ÛÎÔϘ ÛÙÈÁ̤˜ ¤ÛˆÛ ÙÔÓ ÂÏÏËÓÈÛÌfi ·fi ÂÈÛ‚ÔϤ˜ Í¤ÓˆÓ Ê˘ÏÒÓ Î·È Ï·ÒÓ. TÚÂȘ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔÈ ÔÙ·ÌÔ›, Ô A¯ÂÏÒÔ˜, Ô E‡ËÓÔ˜ (º›‰·Ú˘) Î·È Ô MfiÚÓÔ˜ (¢¿ÊÓÔ˜) Â›Ó·È ÔÈ ‚·ÛÈÎÔ› Û˘ÓÙÂÏÂÛÙ¤˜ Ù˘ ÁˆÁÚ·ÊÈ΋˜ ‰È·ÌfiÚʈÛ˘ Ù˘ AÈÙˆÏÈ΋˜ Á˘. X¿ÚȘ ÛÙȘ Û˘Ó¯›˜ ÚÔÛ¯ÒÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ó·Ù‡¯ıËÎ·Ó Î·ÏÏÈÂÚÁ‹ÛÈ̘ ÎÔÈÏ¿‰Â˜ Ô˘ ÌÂÙ¤‚·ÏÏ·Ó ÙÔ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜. H ·Ú¯·›· AÈوϛ· ¤¯ÔÓÙ·˜ ˆ˜ Ê˘ÛÈÎfi fiÚÈÔ ÙÔÓ A¯ÂÏÒÔ, Ô˘ ÙË ¯ÒÚÈ˙ ·fi ÙËÓ AηÚÓ·Ó›· Î·È ·ÔÙÂÏÔ‡Û ÁÈ· ÂηÙÔÓÙ¿‰Â˜ ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ·ÈÙ›· ÂÚ›‰ˆÓ Î·È ÔÏÂÌÈÎÒÓ ‰ÈÂӤ͈Ó, ÂÎÙÂÈÓfiÙ·Ó Û ÌÈ· ÌÂÁ¿ÏË ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Ô˘ ÂÚÈÎÏ›ÂÙ·È ¯ÔÓ‰ÚÈο ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ ÙÚÈÒÓ ÔÙ·ÌÒÓ, ÙˆÓ ÔÚ¤ˆÓ Ù˘ O›Ù˘, B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ, T˘ÌÊÚËÛÙÔ‡ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ¿Óˆ ÚÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ A¯ÂÏÒÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÙˆÓ Aı·Ì¿ÓˆÓ. H ·Ú·Ïȷ΋ ˙ÒÓË ·fi ÙÔÓ T·ÊÈ·ÛÛfi ̤¯ÚÈ ÙË N·‡·ÎÙÔ, Ù· TÚÔÈ˙fiÓÈ· Î·È ÙÔÓ KÚÈÛ·›Ô ÎfiÏÔ, Ì·˙› Ì ÙËÓ ÔÚÂÈÓ‹ ˙ÒÓË Ì¤¯ÚÈ ÙËÓ ÕÌÊÈÛÛ· ·Ó‹Î·Ó ÛÙË ¢˘ÙÈ΋ §ÔÎÚ›‰·. M ÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÏË„Ë Ù˘ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ Î·È ÙˆÓ ÁÂÈÙÔÓÈÎÒÓ ÔÏÈÛÌ¿ÙˆÓ ÙÔ 338 .¯. ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ AÈÙˆÏÔ‡˜ ÂÚÈÔÚ›˙ÂÙ·È ÁˆÁÚ·ÊÈο Ë ¢˘ÙÈ΋ §ÔÎÚ›‰· ̤¯ÚȘ fiÙÔ˘ Ó· ÂÓۈ̷وı› ÛÙËÓ AÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ™˘ÌÔÏÈÙ›· ÛÙ· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· Ù˘ ÌÂÁ¿Ï˘ ·ÎÌ‹˜ Ù˘. ŒÓ· ̤ÚÔ˜ Ù˘ ·ÈÙˆÏÈ΋˜ Á˘, Ô˘ ·ÏÒÓÂÙ·È ÛÙ· ÓfiÙÈ· ÙˆÓ ÔÚÔÛÂÈÚÒÓ K·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰· - OÍÈ¿ - B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· ̤¯ÚÈ ÙÔÓ AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ Î·È ÙË ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ· ÙÔ˘ MÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘, ÙË B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚· Î·È ÙËÓ KÏfiÎÔ‚·, ÙȘ ·ÎÙ¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ¶·ÙÚ·˚ÎÔ‡ Î·È ÙÔ˘ KÔÚÈÓıÈ·ÎÔ‡ ÎfiÏÔ˘ ı· Â›Ó·È Ô ÚÔÔÚÈÛÌfi˜ ÂÓfi˜ ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛÈ·ÎÔ‡ Ù·ÍȉÈÔ‡ Ô˘ Û›ÁÔ˘Ú· ÂÈÊ˘Ï¿ÛÛÂÈ ÂÎÏ‹ÍÂȘ. ™’ ·˘Ù‹ ÙËÓ ÁˆÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ Î·È ÔÏÈÙÈÛÙÈ΋ ÂÓfiÙËÙ· Û˘Ó˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÂÙ¿ ¢‹ÌÔÈ ÙÔ˘ NÔÌÔ‡ AÈÙˆÏԷηÚÓ·Ó›·˜ (πÂÚ¿˜ ¶fiÏ˘ MÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘, X¿ÏÎÂÈ·˜, AÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘, N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘, ¶˘Ï‹Ó˘, ¶Ï·Ù¿ÓÔ˘, AÔ‰ÔÙ›·˜), ¤Ó·˜ ¢‹ÌÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ NÔÌÔ‡ E˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›·˜ (¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜) Î·È ‰‡Ô ¢‹ÌÔÈ ÙÔ˘ NÔÌÔ‡ ºˆÎ›‰·˜ (E˘·Ï›Ô˘, B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ). E¿Ó ·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÂÈ Î¿ÔÈÔ˜ ÙÔ ¯¿ÚÙË ı· ·ÓÙÈÏËÊı› fiÙÈ ÔÏfiÎÏËÚË Ë ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ·˘Ù‹ ·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ ›‰È· ÂÚ›Ô˘ ÁˆÌÔÚÊÔÏÔÁÈ΋ ηٿÛÙ·ÛË. TÔ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi Ù˘ Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ÔÚÂÈÓfi ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ, Ô˘ ÛÙ¤ÊÂÙ·È ·fi ÙȘ ÔÚÔÛÂÈÚ¤˜ Ù˘ K·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰·˜, Ù˘ √ÍÈ¿˜ Î·È ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ Î·È Ù¤ÌÓÂÙ·È ·fi ÌÈ· ÛÂÈÚ¿ ÔÚ¤ˆÓ Ô˘ ηٷϋÁÔ˘Ó ÛÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·.

11


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·12

12 √ÚÂÈÓ‹ Ôگȉ¤· Dactylorhiza sambucina Mountain orchid Dactylorhiza sambucina


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·13

13 ºıÈÓÔˆÚÈÓfi˜ ÎÚfiÎÔ˜ ·fi ÙÔ Á¤ÓÔ˜ Stenbergia Fall-blooming crocus of Stembergia specie


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

14

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·14

OÈ „ËϤ˜ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚʤ˜, Ô˘ ‰È·‰¤¯ÔÓÙ·È Ë Ì›· ÙËÓ ¿ÏÏË, Ê·ÓÙ¿˙Ô˘Ó Û·Ó Ó· Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¤¯Ô˘Ó Û’ ¤Ó· ÓÔËÙfi ‰È·ÁˆÓÈÛÌfi Ê˘ÛÈ΋˜ ÌÂÁ·ÏÔÚ¤ÂÈ·˜ Î·È ÔÌÔÚÊÈ¿˜. Afi ÎÔÓÙ¿ Î·È ¤Ó· Ï‹ıÔ˜ ·fi ÌÈÎÚÔ‚Ô‡ÓÈ·, ÏfiÊÔ˘˜, Á‹ÏÔÊÔ˘˜ Î·È ‚Ú¿¯È·. AÓ¿ÌÂÛ· Û’ fiÏ· ·˘Ù¿ ¿Ú¯ÔÓÙ˜ ÙÔÏÌËÚÔ› Î·È ·Û˘ÁÎÚ¿ÙËÙÔÈ ÔÈ ÌÂÁ·ÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔÈ E‡ËÓÔ˜ Î·È MfiÚÓÔ˜, Ô˘ ‰È·Û¯›˙Ô˘Ó ÔÏÏ¿ ¯ÈÏÈfiÌÂÙÚ· ÁÈ· Ó· Êı¿ÛÔ˘Ó ÌÂÙ¿ ·fi Û˘ÁÎÏÔÓÈÛÙÈ΋ ÔÚ›· ÛÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·. M· ·˘ÙÔ› ‰ÂÓ Â›Ó·È ÌfiÓÔÈ ÙÔ˘˜. ŒÓ· ϤÁÌ· ·Ú·Ôٿ̈Ó, ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚˆÓ, ÚÂÌ¿ÙˆÓ, ÌÈÎÚÔÚÂÌ¿ÙˆÓ Î·È Ú˘·Î›ˆÓ ÙÔ˘˜ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÔ‡Ó ÁÈ· Ó· ‰È·ÙËÚÔ‡Ó ·ÂÓ¿ˆ˜ ÙËÓ ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈ΋ ÙÔ˘˜ ‰‡Ó·ÌË, ·ÚfiÙÈ ÔÈ ı˘Á·Ù¤Ú˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ÔÈ Ù¯ÓËÙ¤˜ Ï›ÌÓ˜ E˘ËÓÔÏ›ÌÓË Î·È MÔÚÓÔÏ›ÌÓË ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú·ÎÚ·ÙÔ‡Ó Ôχ ÓÂÚfi Ì ÙÔ ÔÔ›Ô ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÂ›Ù·È ÙÔ AÙÙÈÎfi ÏÂηÓÔ¤‰ÈÔ. OÈ ‰‡Ô ÌÂÁ·ÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔÈ, ˆ˜ ÌÂÁ·ÏfiÓÔÔÈ Ù¯ӛÙ˜ Î·È ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ› ‰È·ÌfiÚÊˆÛ·Ó Â‡ÊÔÚ˜ ‰ȿ‰Â˜ Ì ÙȘ ·‰È¿ÎÔ˜ ÚÔÛ¯ÒÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘˜ Î·È Ù· ÂÎÙÂٷ̤ӷ ‰¤ÏÙ·, ÛÙȘ Â΂ÔϤ˜ ÙÔ˘˜. ™Ù· ÓfiÙÈ· Û˘Ó·ÓÙ¿Ì ÙȘ ηÚÔÊfiÚ˜ ‰ȿ‰Â˜, ÂÓÒ ÛÙ· ‚fiÚÂÈ· ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙ· ‚Ô˘Ó¿ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙ÔÓÙ·È ÎÔÈÏ¿‰Â˜, ÌÈÎÚÔÎÔÈÏ¿‰Â˜, Ï¿ÎΘ Î·È Ï·ÙÒÌ·Ù·, fiˆ˜ Î·È Î¿ÌÔÈ Î·È ÌÈÎÚfiηÌÔÈ ÛÙȘ fi¯ı˜ ÙˆÓ ÔÙ·ÌÒÓ. ŸÏÔ ·˘Ùfi ÙÔ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ Î·Ï‡ÙÂÙ·È ·fi ‰¿ÛË Ô˘ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙ÔÓÙ·È ·fi ÔÈΛÏË ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË (Ô˘ÚÓ¿ÚÈ·, Á¿‚ÚÔÈ, ÊÈÏ›ÎÈ·, ÌÂÏÈÔ‡‰È·, ÎÔ˘Ì·ÚȤ˜, ‚ÂÏ·ÓȉȤ˜, ·ÚȤ˜, ÎÙÏ), ÂÓÒ ‚ÔÚÂÈfiÙÂÚ· οÓÔ˘Ó ÙËÓ ÂÌÊ¿ÓÈÛ‹ ÙÔ˘˜ ÔÈ Î·ÛÙ·ÓȤ˜, Ù· ¤Ï·Ù· Î·È Ë Ï˘ÁÂÚfiÎÔÚÌË ÔÍÈ¿. Afi ÙËÓ ÚÔ˚ÛÙÔÚÈ΋ ÂÔ¯‹ fiÏÔ˜ ·˘Ùfi˜ Ô ÙfiÔ˜ ηÙÔÈÎÂ›Ù·È ¯ˆÚ›˜ ‰È·ÎÔ¤˜. TÔ ‰Â›¯ÓÔ˘Ó Ù· ·Ú¯·›· ÂÚ›È· Ô˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È Û¯Â‰fiÓ Û’ fiÏ· Ù· ¯ˆÚÈ¿, ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù· ÙÔˆÓ‡ÌÈ·: EÏÏËÓÈο, M¿ÚÌ·Ú·, ¶·ÏÈÔ¯ÒÚÈ, MÓ‹Ì·Ù·. B¤‚·È·, ÔÏÏ¿ ¯ˆÚÈ¿ ηٷÛÙÚ¿ÊËηÓ, ¿ÏÏ· ÂÁηٷÏ›ÊıËηÓ. H ÁÂÓÈ΋ fï˜ Ù¿ÛË ‹Ù·Ó Ó· ·Ú·Ì¤ÓÂÈ Ô ÎfiÛÌÔ˜ ÛÙȘ ÂÛٛ˜ ÙÔ˘, ÎÙ›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ·ÎfiÌ· Î·È Ó¤· ¯ˆÚÈ¿. M¤¯ÚÈ Û‹ÌÂÚ·, ·Ú¿ ÙȘ ÌÂÁ¿Ï˜ ·Ó·Î·Ù·Ù¿ÍÂȘ ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ·ÏÌ·ÙÒ‰Ô˘˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁÈ΋˜ ÚÔfi‰Ô˘, Ù· ÔÚÂÈÓ¿ ¯ˆÚÈ¿ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ¤ÛÙˆ Î·È Ì ϛÁÔ ÏËı˘ÛÌfi. H Ù¿ÛË Û˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛ˘ ·Ï·ÈÒÓ ÔÈÎÈÒÓ Î·È ·Ó¤ÁÂÚÛ˘ Ó¤ˆÓ, Ì·˙› Ì ÙȘ ˘Ô‰Ô̤˜ Ô˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡ÓÙ·È, ·ÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ¤Ó· ÂÏȉÔÊfiÚÔ Ì‹Ó˘Ì· ÁÈ· ÌÈ· Ó¤· ·Ó·Ù˘Íȷ΋ ÚÔÔÙÈ΋. ŸÏÔ˜ ·˘Ùfi˜ Ô ¯ÒÚÔ˜, ÙÔÓ ÔÔ›Ô ÂÍÂÙ¿˙Ô˘ÌÂ, ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ ÛÙÔ ÁˆÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi ‰È·Ì¤ÚÈÛÌ· Ù˘ ™ÙÂÚ¿˜ EÏÏ¿‰·˜, ÙË ¯ÈÏÈÔÙÚ·ÁÔ˘‰ÈṲ̂ÓË PÔ‡ÌÂÏË (¯ÒÚ· ÙˆÓ PˆÌÈÒÓ). H ÈÛÙÔÚ›· Â›Ó·È ÎÔÈÓ‹ Î·È ‹ıË Î·È ¤ıÈÌ·, Ù· ÔÔ›· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ‰È·ÌÔÚʈı› ÛÙË ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ· ÙˆÓ ·ÈÒÓˆÓ ·Ú¿ ÙȘ οÔȘ ‰È·ÊÔÚÔÔÈ‹ÛÂȘ Î·È ·Ú·ÏÏ·Á¤˜, Â›Ó·È ÎÔÈÓ¿. O ÚÔ˘ÌÂÏȈÙÈÛÌfi˜, ˆ˜ ÌÈ· ÂÚÈÂÎÙÈ΋ ¤ÓÓÔÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¯·Ú·ÎÙ‹Ú· ÙˆÓ Î·ÙÔ›ÎˆÓ Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜, Î·È Ë ÚÔ˘ÌÂÏÈÒÙÈÎË ‰È¿ÏÂÎÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È Ë ÎÔÈÓ‹ Û˘ÓÈÛٷ̤ÓË ÙÔ˘˜. I‰È·›ÙÂÚ· Ô ÔÚÂÈÓfi˜ ÏËı˘ÛÌfi˜ ¿Ï„ ÁÈ· Ó· ÂÈ‚ÈÒÛÂÈ. ™ÙËÚ›¯ıËΠ΢ڛˆ˜ ÛÙËÓ ÎÙËÓÔÙÚÔÊ›· (ÔÈÎfiÛÈÙË, ÂÈÙfiÈ· ÎÔ·‰È¿ÚÈÎË, ÓÔÌ·‰È΋). H ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ›· ηÏÏÈÂÚÁ‹ÛÈÌˆÓ ·ÁÚÒÓ ‹Ù·Ó ÙÔ ¿Á¯Ô˜ Î·È Ë ·‰È¿ÎÔË ÊÚÔÓÙ›‰· ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÎÔ‡. T· Ï·ÙÒÌ·Ù· Î·È ÔÈ Ï¿ÎΘ ‹Ù·Ó ÏÈÁÔÛÙ¤˜, ¤ÚÂ ӷ ͯÂÚÛÒÛÂÈ ‰·ÛˆÌ¤ÓÔ ÙfiÔ, fiÙ Ì ÙÔ ÙÛ·› Î·È fiÙ Ì ÙË ÊˆÙÈ¿. TÔ Í¯ÂÚۈ̤ÓÔ (ÚfiÁÁÈ) ¤‰·ÊÔ˜ ‰ÂÓ ÚÔÛÊÂÚfiÙ·Ó ¿ÓÙÔÙ ÁÈ· ηÏÏȤÚÁÂÈ·, ÁÈ·Ù› ‹Ù·Ó ηÙËÊÔÚÈÎfi Î·È ÂÙÚ҉˜. ŒÚÂÂ, ÏÔÈfiÓ, Ó· ÙÔ ÈÛÈÒÛÔ˘Ó Î·È ¤ÙÛÈ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ıËÎ·Ó ÔÈ ˙·Á¿‰Â˜ Ì ÙȘ Â˙ԇϘ. A˘Ù¿ Ù· Â˙Ô‡ÏÈ· ηٷÛ΢·Ṳ̂ӷ Ì ÍÂÚÔÏÈıÈ¿ ·fi ¤ÌÂÈÚÔ˘˜ “Ì·ÓÙÚÔÏfiÔ˘˜” Â›Ó·È ¯¿ÚÌ· ÔÊı·ÏÌÒÓ. ¢È·ÙËÚÔ‡ÓÙ·È ·ÎfiÌ· Î·È Û‹ÌÂÚ· Ô˘ fiÏ· ·˘Ù¿ Ù· ¯ˆÚ¿ÊÈ· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÂÁηٷÏÂÈÊı›. E›Ó·È ÌÓËÌ›· ÙÔ˘ Ï·˚ÎÔ‡ Ìfi¯ıÔ˘, Ù˘ Ï·˚΋˜ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋˜ Î·È ¿ÍÈ· ı·˘Ì·ÛÌÔ‡. Afi ÙÔ Î·ı¿ÚÈÛÌ· ÙˆÓ ¯ˆÚ·ÊÈÒÓ ·fi ÙȘ ¤ÙÚ˜ Î·È Ù· ÂÙÚ·‰¿ÎÈ· ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ıËÎ·Ó ÛÙËÓ ¿ÎÚË ÙÔ˘ ÔÈ ¯·ÏÈ¿‰Â˜, ÔÈ ·Ú̷ο‰Â˜. KÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙ· ÔÙ¿ÌÈ· Î·È Ù· ڤ̷ٷ ·Ó·Ù‡¯ıËÎ·Ó ÔÈ ÏÔÁÁ¤˜, ÍÂÏÈıÈ·Ṳ̂ӷ ‰¿ÊË ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙȘ fi¯ı˜ Ôχ ÚÔÛÔ‰ÔÊfiÚ·. K·È ÎÔÓÙ¿ Û’ fiÏ· ·˘Ù¿, Ù· ¯ˆÚÈ¿, ÎÔ˘ÚÓÈ·Ṳ̂ӷ ÛÙȘ Ï·ÁȤ˜ ÙˆÓ ‚Ô˘ÓÒÓ, Ì ٷ ΋È· ÙÔ˘˜, Ù· ÁÈÔ‡ÚÙÈ· Î·È Ù· ÔˆÚÔÊfiÚ· ‰¤Ó‰Ú·. M·˙› Ì ÙËÓ ÎÙËÓÔÙÚÔÊ›·, ÙË ÌÂÏÈÛÛÔÎÔÌ›·, ÙȘ ·ÁÚÔÙÈΤ˜ ·Û¯Ôϛ˜ Î·È ÙËÓ ÔÙ·Ì›ÛÈ· ·ÏÈ›· ·Ó·Ù‡¯ıËÎ·Ó Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ Ù· Â·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù· ÙÔ˘


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·15

Ì·ÓÙÚÔÏfiÔ˘ Ô˘ ¤ÎÙÈ˙ Ì ÍÂÚÔÏÈıÈ¿, ÙÔ˘ ÎÙ›ÛÙË Ô˘ ÊÈÏÔÙ¤¯ÓËÛ ·˘Ù¿ Ù· ηٷÏËÎÙÈο ¤ÙÚÈÓ· Û›ÙÈ· Î·È ÂÙÚÔÁ¤Ê˘Ú· Ô˘ η̷ÚÒÓÔ˘ÌÂ, ÙÔ˘ Ì·Ú·ÁÎÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ Ù·Ì¿ÎË (‚˘ÚÛÔ‰¤„Ë), ÙÔ˘ ¯Ú˘ÛÈÎÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ ¯·ÏÎÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ η˙¿˙Ë (ÌÂÙ·ÍÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡), ÙÔ˘ ÌÂÙ·ÍÔÛΈÏËÎÔÙÚfiÊÔ˘, ÙÔ˘ ·Û‚ÂÛÙÔÔÈÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ ηÛÈÙÂÚˆÙ‹ (ηϷÓÙ˙‹), ÙÔ˘ ÛȉËÚÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ ÎÂÚ·ÌÔÔÈÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ ˘Ê·ÓÙ‹, ÙÔ˘ Ì˘ÏˆÓ¿, ÙÔ˘ ·ÁˆÁÈ¿ÙË, ÙÔ˘ Á˘ÚÔÏfiÁÔ˘, ÙÔ˘ Ì·Î¿ÏË Î·È ·ÚÎÂÙ¿ ¿ÏÏ·. ™Ù· ÓfiÙÈ·, ÛÙ· ‰ÈÓ¿ ̤ÚË ·Ó·Ù‡¯ıËÎÂ Ë ·ÁÂÏ·‰ÔÙÚÔÊ›·, Ë ÁˆÚÁ›· Î·È Ë ·ÏÈ›·, fiˆ˜ Î·È ÔÏÏ¿ “·ÛÙÈο” Â·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù·. H ·ÌÂÏÔ˘ÚÁ›· Ô˘ ‹Ù·Ó ÁËÁÂÓ‹˜ ÛÙËÓ AÈوϛ·, ·ÊÔ‡ Î·È ¤Ó·˜ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ Ì˘ıÈÎÔ‡˜ ‚·ÛÈÏÈ¿‰Â˜ Ù˘ Ô OÈÓ¤·˜ ¤‰ˆÛ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ ÙÔ˘ ÛÙÔÓ Ô›ÓÔ, ‹Ù·Ó ·Ó·Ù˘Á̤ÓË ÛÙËÓ ÔÚÂÈÓ‹ Î·È ‰ÈÓ‹ ˙ÒÓË Ì ÂÎÏÂÎÙ‹˜ ÔÈfiÙËÙ·˜ ÎÚ·Û›. TÔ È‰ÈfiÙ˘Ô ÔÚÂÈÓfi, ËÌÈÔÚÂÈÓfi Î·È ‰ÈÓfi ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ Ì ٷ ÔÏÏ¿ ‰¿ÛË Î·È ÓÂÚ¿ ¢ÓfiËÛ ÙËÓ ‡·ÚÍË ¿ÁÚÈ·˜ ·Ó›‰·˜ Ì ÔÏÏ¿ ›‰Ë Ô˘ÏÈÒÓ, ¿ÁÚÈˆÓ ˙ÒˆÓ fiˆ˜ ÂÓ‰ÂÈÎÙÈο ÙÔ ÂÏ¿ÊÈ, ÙÔ ˙·Úο‰È, Ô Ï‡ÎÔ˜, ÙÔ Ù۷οÏÈ, Ë ·ÏÂÔ‡, Ô ·Û‚fi˜, Ô ·ÁÚÈfi¯ÔÈÚÔ˜, Ô Ú‹ÛÔ˜, Ë ‚›‰Ú·, Ô ÛηÓÙ˙fi¯ÔÈÚÔ˜, Ô ·ÁÚÈfiÁ·ÙÔ˜, ÙÔ ÎÔ˘Ó¿‚È, Ë Ó˘Ê›ÙÛ·, Ô ÛΛԢÚÔ˜ Î·È ÂÚÂÙ¿ fiˆ˜ Ê›‰È·, Û·‡Ú˜ Î·È ¯ÂÏÒÓ˜. E›Û˘ Ë ¯ÏˆÚ›‰· Ì ÙË ‰·ÛÈ΋, ı·ÌÓÒ‰Ë Î·È ÔÒ‰Ë ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È Ù· ·ÁÚÈÔÏÔ‡ÏÔ˘‰·, Ù· ‚fiÙ·Ó· Î·È ·ÁÚÈfi¯ÔÚÙ· Â›Ó·È Ôχ ÂӉȷʤÚÔ˘Û· Î·È ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛȷ΋. ŸÏË Ë ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ·˘Ù‹ Ì ÙË Ì·ÎÚ·›ˆÓË ÈÛÙÔÚ›· ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ Ì˘ıÈÎÔ‡˜ ¯ÚfiÓÔ˘˜ ̤¯ÚÈ ÙË ÓÂfiÙÂÚË ÂÔ¯‹, Â›Ó·È ÁÂÌ¿ÙË ·fi ÌÓËÌ›· fiÏˆÓ ÙˆÓ ÂÔ¯ÒÓ. AÈÙˆÏÔ›, §ÔÎÚÔ›, PˆÌ·›ÔÈ, B˘˙·ÓÙÈÓÔ›, ∞Ó‰ËÁ·˘Ô›, AÏ‚·ÓÔ›, ºÚ¿ÁÎÔÈ, EÓÂÙÔ›, TÔ‡ÚÎÔÈ Î·È ÓÙfiÈÔÈ, ¿ÊËÛ·Ó ÛÙÔ ‰È¿‚· ÙÔ˘˜ ÙË ÛÊÚ·Á›‰· ÙˆÓ ‰Ú·ÛÙËÚÈÔÙ‹ÙˆÓ ÙÔ˘˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ÔÏÈÙÈÛÌÔ‡ ÙÔ˘˜. T· οÛÙÚ· (ηÛÙÚÈ¿ Î·È Î·ÛÙÚ¿ÎÈ·) ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ Î·È ÌÂ۷ȈÓÈÎÒÓ ¯ÚfiÓˆÓ Ì·˙› Ì ٷ Ù·ÌÔ‡ÚÈ· Ù˘ ÎÏÂÊÙÔ˘ÚÈ¿˜ Î·È Ù˘ Â·Ó¿ÛÙ·Û˘ ‰Â›¯ÓÔ˘Ó ÙÔ˘˜ Û˘Ó¯›˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜ Ù˘ ËÚˆÈ΋˜ ·˘Ù‹˜ Á˘. OÈ ·Ú¯·›ÔÈ Ù¿ÊÔÈ Î·È Ó·Ô›, ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÔÈ ¯ÚÈÛÙÈ·ÓÈÎÔ› Ó·Ô› Î·È Ù· ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ·, Ù· ·ÛÎËÙÈο Û‹Ï·È·, Ì·˙› Ì ٷ ÁÂʇÚÈ·, ÙÔ˘˜ ̇ÏÔ˘˜, Ù· ¯¿ÓÈ· Î·È Ù· ÏÈÔÙÚ›‚È· Ê·ÓÂÚÒÓÔ˘Ó ÙË ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈ΋ ‰Ú·ÛÙËÚÈfiÙËÙ· ÙˆÓ ÚÔÁfiÓˆÓ Ì·˜, Ô˘ η٤ÛÙËÛ·Ó ÙËÓ ¿ÁÔÓË ·˘Ù‹ ÁË Ì ÙÔ Ìfi¯ıÔ ÙÔ˘˜ Î·È ÙÔÓ È‰ÚÒÙ· ÙÔ˘˜ ηÙÔÈ΋ÛÈÌË ÁÈ· ¯ÈÏÈ¿‰Â˜ ¯ÚfiÓÈ·. ∞˘Ù‹ ÙË ÁË ı· ÁÓˆÚ›ÛÔ˘Ì ÈÔ ·Ó·Ï˘ÙÈο ÛÙȘ ÂfiÌÂÓ˜ ÛÂÏ›‰Â˜.

15 √ ∫ÔÎÎÈÓÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˜ ÛÙ· ÚÈ˙¿ ÙˆÓ µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ Kokkinopotamos at the foothill of Vardousia


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·16

16 ªÂÛÔÙÛÈÎÏËÙ¿Ú· (Dendrocopos medius) Middle spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius)


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·17

17 ∆Û·Ï·ÂÙÂÈÓfi˜ (Upupa epops) Hoopoe (Upupa epops)


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·18

18 §Â˘ÎÔÙÛÈÎÓÈ¿˜ (Egretta garretta) Little egret (Egretta garretta)


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·19

19 ª·˘ÚÔÙÛÈÎÏËÙ¿Ú· (Dryocopus martius) Black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius)


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·20


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·21

∫·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰· - √ÍÈ¿


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·22


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:24

™ÂÏ›‰·23

∫·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰· - √ÍÈ¿ ∫·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰· BÚ›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ ÓfiÙÈÔ ÙÌ‹Ì· ÙÔ˘ ÓÔÌÔ‡ E˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›·˜ Î·È ÓfiÙÈ· Ù˘ ÚˆÙÂ‡Ô˘Û¿˜ ÙÔ˘, K·ÚÂÓ‹ÛÈ. ¶ÂÚÈÎÏ›ÂÙ·È ·fi ÙȘ ¯·Ú¿‰Ú˜ Ô˘ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙Ô˘Ó ÔÈ ÔÙ·ÌÔ› K·ÚÂÓËÛÈÒÙ˘ Î·È KÚÈÎÂÏÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˜. O ‰Â‡ÙÂÚÔ˜ ÙË ¯ˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ·fi ÙÔÓ ÔÚÂÈÓfi fiÁÎÔ Ù˘ OÍÈ¿˜. H ˘„ËÏfiÙÂÚË ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ Ù˘ (Ë ∫·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰·), Ì ‰‡Ô Ôχ ·fiÙÔ̘ Ï¢ڤ˜, ·Ó¤Ú¯ÂÙ·È ÛÙ· 2.101 Ì. AÎÔÏÔ˘ıÔ‡Ó: IÛÒÌ·Ù· (1.946 Ì.), ¶‡ÚÁÔ˜ (1.629 Ì.), K·Ù¿ÊË (1.787 Ì.), Tԇʷ (1.562 Ì.), ¶ÈӷοÎÈ· (1.562 Ì.). ™ÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi, Ô˘ ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ ÁˆÙÂÎÙÔÓÈο ÛÙË ˙ÒÓË Ù˘ ¶›Ó‰Ô˘, ΢ÚÈ·Ú¯Ô‡Ó Ù· ÂÙÚÒÌ·Ù· ·Û‚ÂÛÙfiÏÈıÔ˜ Î·È Êχۯ˘. ∫·Ï‡ÙÂÙ·È ÔÏfiÎÏËÚÔ ·fi ‰¿ÛË ÛÙ· ÔÔ›· ΢Úȷگ› ÙÔ ¤Ï·ÙÔ, ÂÎÙfi˜ ·fi ÙËÓ ˘„ËÏ‹ ˙ÒÓË, fiÔ˘ ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ·ÏÈ΋ ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË Ì ˘¤ÚÔ¯· ·ÁÚÈÔÏÔ‡ÏÔ˘‰·. ∞·ÓÙÒÓÙ·È ·ÚÎÂÙ¿ ›‰Ë ¯ÏˆÚ›‰·˜ fiˆ˜ ηÌ·ÓԇϘ, ‚ÈfiϘ Î·È ÔÏÏ¿ ¿ÏÏ· ›‰Ë, ÔÚÈṲ̂ӷ ·fi Ù· ÔÔ›· Â›Ó·È ÂÓ‰ËÌÈο Ù˘ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋˜ ∂ÏÏ¿‰·˜. TÔ Ê˘ÛÈÎfi ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ ÌÔÚ› Ó· ÈηÓÔÔÈ‹ÛÂÈ Î·È ÙÔÓ ÈÔ ··ÈÙËÙÈÎfi. ŒÓ·˜ ÂÚ›·ÙÔ˜ ÛÙÔÓ KÚÈÎÂÏÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ, fiÔ˘ ÙÔ Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ “¶·ÓÙ·‚Ú¤¯ÂÈ” Â›Ó·È ·ÔÏ·˘ÛÙÈÎfi˜. H ʇÛË ·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È Ì' fiÏÔ ÙÔ ÌÂÁ·ÏÂ›Ô Ù˘. ŒÓ· ϤÁÌ· Ú˘·ÎÈÒÓ Ú›¯ÓÔ˘Ó ·fi „ËÏ¿ ÙÔ ÓÂÚfi ̤۷ ÛÙËÓ ÎÔ›ÙË Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ηٷÚÚ¿ÎÙ˜. AÓ·ÙÔÏÈο ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ ƒÔÛο Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ·ÏÈfi ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ ÙÔ˘ “KÔÏÔÁϤ' ”, (“K·ÏÔÁϤ' ”). E›Ó·È Ï·ÍÂ˘Ì¤ÓÔ ÛÙ· ‚Ú¿¯È· Ì ÊÔ‚ÂÚ‹ ı¤· ÛÙÔÓ KÚÈÎÂÏÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ. §fiÁˆ Ù˘ ηÁÎÂψً˜ ÙÔ˘ ¯¿Ú·Í˘, Ô ÙÂÏÂ˘Ù·›Ô˜ ÌÔÚÔ‡Û ӷ ‚ϤÂÈ ÙÔÓ ÚÒÙÔ, ÁÈ' ·˘Ùfi ‹Ú ·˘Ù‹ ÙËÓ ÔÓÔÌ·Û›·. √ ÂÚÈ·ÙËÙ‹˜ ÍÂÎÈÓÒÓÙ·˜ ·fi ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi ¢ÔÏÈ·Ó¿ ÂÚÓ¿ÂÈ ÙËÓ ÂÓ·¤ÚÈ· ÌÂÙ·ÏÏÈ΋ Â˙ÔÁ¤Ê˘Ú· ÙÔ˘ “¶·ÓÙ·‚Ú¤¯ÂÈ”, Ô˘ ·ÓÙÈη٤ÛÙËÛ ÙÔ ∫·ÎÔÁ¤Ê˘ÚÔ (Û¯ÔÈÓ¤ÓÈÔ ÎÚÂÌ·ÛÙfi ÁÂʇÚÈ) ËÁ·›ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ÚÔ˜ ÙË ™ÙÔ˘ÚÓ¿Ú·. E‰Ò ÛÙȘ 28 A˘ÁÔ‡ÛÙÔ˘ 1823 ¤ÁÈÓÂ Ë ¿Ù˘¯Ë ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ Ì¿¯Ë Ù˘ K·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰·˜, Ô˘ ›¯·Ó ·ÚÎÂÙ¤˜ ·ÒÏÂȘ.

OÍÈ¿ AÔÙÂÏ› ÙȘ B¢ ·ÔÏ‹ÍÂȘ ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ Î·È ·ÏÒÓÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÓÔÌÔ‡˜ E˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›·˜, ºıÈÒÙȉ·˜ Î·È AÈÙˆÏԷηÚÓ·Ó›·˜. æËÏfiÙÂÚË ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ Ù˘ Â›Ó·È Ë ™·Ú¿ÓÙ·ÈÓ· (1.926 Ì.). ÕÏϘ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡ Â›Ó·È ÙÔ TÚ˘ËÙ‹ÚÈ (1.922 Ì.), Ë æËÏ‹ P¿¯Ë (1.803 Ì.) Ì ÙȘ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜ KÔοÏÈ· K·Ú¿‚È - AÏÔÁÔ‚Ô‡ÓÈ, Ë ¶·ÏÈfiÏ·Îη (1.675 Ì.), ÙÔ M·ÏÏ¿ÎÈ (1.653 Ì.). H OÍÈ¿ ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ ÛÙË ÁˆÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋ ˙ÒÓË Ù˘ ¶›Ó‰Ô˘. ™ÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ÂÈÎÚ·Ù› Ô Êχۯ˘ ÛÙȘ Ô̷Ϥ˜ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜ Î·È ÛÙȘ Û·ıÚ¤˜ Ï·ÁȤ˜, Ô˘ ·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙Ô˘Ó ¤ÓÙÔÓÔ ÙÔ Ê·ÈÓfiÌÂÓÔ Ù˘ ‰È¿‚ÚˆÛ˘. E›Û˘ ··ÓÙÈ¤Ù·È Î·È Û ÌÂÚÈο ÛËÌ›· Ô ·Û‚ÂÛÙfiÏÈıÔ˜. H OÍÈ¿ Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ÔÌ·ÏfiÙ·ÙÔ ÔÚÔ¤‰ÈÔ. E‰Ò, ȉȷ›ÙÂÚ· ÛÙÔ ‚fiÚÂÈÔ ÙÌ‹Ì·, ‚·ÛÈχÂÈ Ë Â˘ı‡ÎÔÚÌË Î·È ˘„›ÎÔÚÌË ÔÍÈ¿, Ô˘ ¤‰ˆÛ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ Ù˘ Î·È ÛÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi, ÂÓÒ ÛÙË ÓfiÙÈ· ÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÂÓ‰ËÌ› ÙÔ ¤Ï·ÙÔ. TËÓ ÕÓÔÈÍË ÙÔ ÔÚÔ¤‰ÈÔ Â›Ó·È ¯¿ÚÌ· ÔÊı·ÏÌÒÓ, Ì Ôχ¯ÚˆÌ· ·ÁÚÈÔÏÔ‡ÏÔ˘‰·. ™ÙÔ µ∞ ¿ÎÚÔ ˘„ÒÓÔÓÙ·È ·fiÙÔÌÔÈ Î·È ·fiÎÚËÌÓÔÈ ‚Ú¿¯ÔÈ, Á˘ÌÓÔ› ·fi ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË, fiÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·Ó Ù· Ù·ÌÔ‡ÚÈ· ÙÔ˘ OÏ·Ú¯ËÁÔ‡ ÙÔ˘ ’21 AÓ‰Ú›ÙÛÔ˘ ™·Ê¿Î·. E‰Ò ÛÙËÓ √ÍÈ¿ ‹Ù·Ó Î·È ÙÔ ÏË̤ÚÈ ÙÔ˘ KÏÂÊÙÔηÂÙ¿ÓÈÔ˘ TÛ·Ì - K·ÏfiÁÂÚÔ˘. ¶ÔÏϤ˜ ÁÚ·ÊÈΤ˜ ‚Ú‡Û˜ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÛÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi. ™ÙÔ˘˜ Úfiԉ˜ Ù˘ æËÏ‹˜ P¿¯Ë˜ Â›Ó·È Ë ËÁ‹ “T· K·Ó¿ÏÈ·”. MÈÛ‹ ÒÚ· ‰˘ÙÈÎfiÙÂÚ· ̤۷ ÛÙÔ ‰¿ÛÔ˜ ·fi ·Ó‡„ËϘ ÔÍȤ˜ Â›Ó·È Ë ËÁ‹ “™ÙÔÓ AÓ‹ÏÈ·ÁÔ”. §fiÁˆ Ù˘ ˘ÎÓfiÙËÙ·˜ ÙÔ˘ ‰¿ÛÔ˘˜ Ô‡ÙÂ Ô ‹ÏÈÔ˜ ‰ÂÓ ÌÔÚ› Ó· ÂÈÛ¯ˆÚ‹ÛÂÈ. ÕÏÏË ËÁ‹ Â›Ó·È “™ÙÔ •ËÚfi ™·ÎÔ‡ÏÈ”. AÓ·ÙÔÏÈο Î·È ÛÙÔ Ù¤ÏÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·Ó‹ÊÔÚÔ˘ Â›Ó·È Ë ËÁ‹ “™ÙÔ AÌÂϤÙËÁÔ” Ô˘ ‚Á·›ÓÂÈ ÙÔ ÓÂÚfi ·fi ÙÔ Ì¤ÛÔ ÌÈ·˜ ÌÂÁ¿Ï˘ Â›‰˘ ¤ÙÚ·˜. ∫fiÎÎÈÓÔ˜ ÔÚÂÈÓfi˜ ÎÚ›ÓÔ˜ Lilium chalcedonicum Chalcedonian lily Lilium chalcedonicum

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:26

™ÂÏ›‰·24

H OÍÈ¿ ˘ÌÓ‹ıËÎÂ Î·È ·fi ÙÔ ‰ËÌÔÙÈÎfi ÙÚ·ÁÔ‡‰È: BÂÏÔ‡¯È ÌÔ˘ ÂÓÙ¿ÌÔÚÊÔ ÎÈ OÍÈ¿ ˙ˆÁÚ·ÊÈṲ̂ÓË §ÈÒÛÙ· Ù· ¯ÈfiÓÈ· ÁÚ‹ÁÔÚ· Ó· ¯ÔÚÙ·ÚÈ¿Û’ Ô ÙfiÔ˜. N· ‚ÁÔ˘Ó ÔÈ ‚Ï¿¯ÔÈ ÛÙ· ‚Ô˘Ó¿ Ó· ‚ÁÔ˘Ó ÔÈ ‚Ï·¯ÔԇϘ. H ˘„ËÏfiÙÂÚË ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ Ù˘ OÍÈ¿˜, fiÔ˘ Û˘Ó·ÓÙÒÓÙ·È Ù· fiÚÈ· ÙˆÓ ÙÚÈÒÓ ÓÔÌÒÓ, ÙÔ “TÚÈÂıÓ¤˜”, fiˆ˜ Ì ÙËÓ Ï·˚΋ ı˘ÌÔÛÔÊ›· ÙÔ˘˜ ÙÔ ·ÔηÏÔ‡Ó ÔÈ ¯ˆÚÈÎÔ›, ÔÓÔÌ¿˙ÂÙ·È ™·Ú¿ÓÙ·ÈÓ· (ÚÔÊ. ™·Ú¿ÓÙÈÓ·). AÔÙÂÏ› ÙÔ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈÎfi ÙÌ‹Ì· Ù˘ OÍÈ¿˜, ÙÔ ÔÔ›Ô Â›Ó·È Á˘ÌÓfi. K·Ù¿ ÙËÓ ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË Á·Ì‹ÏÈ· ÔÌ‹ (Û˘ÌÂıÂÚÈÎfi) Ô˘ ·ÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ù·Ó ·fi Û·Ú¿ÓÙ· Û˘ÌÂı¤ÚÔ˘˜, ¤ÂÛ Û ¯ÈÔÓÔı‡ÂÏÏ· ÂÓÒ ‰È¤Û¯È˙ ÙÔ ÔÚÔ¤‰ÈÔ. TÔ ·ÔÙ¤ÏÂÛÌ· ‹Ù·Ó Ó· ·Ôı¿ÓÔ˘Ó Î·È ÔÈ Û·Ú¿ÓÙ· ·fi ÙËÓ ·ÁˆÓÈ¿, Î·È Ë ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚÊ‹ ·fi ÙÔ ı¿Ó·ÙÔ ÙˆÓ Û·Ú¿ÓÙ· ÔÓÔÌ¿ÛıËΠ™·Ú¿ÓÙ·ÈÓ·. ¶ÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ fï˜ ·ÏËıÔÊ·Ó¤˜ Â›Ó·È Ó· ‹Ú ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ Ù˘ ·fi οÔÈ· ™·Ú¿ÓÙ·ÈÓ· (Û‡˙˘ÁÔ ™·Ú¿ÓÙË), Ë ÔÔ›· ÏfiÁˆ ‰˘ÛÌÂÓÒÓ Î·ÈÚÈÎÒÓ Û˘ÓıËÎÒÓ ¤¯·Û ÂΛ ÙË ˙ˆ‹ Ù˘. ŒÓ· ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfi ÈÛÙÔÚÈÎfi ÁÂÁÔÓfi˜ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ÔÓÔÌ·Û›· Ù˘ ı¤Û˘ KÔοÏÈ·, ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÙÔ˘ KÚ›ÎÂÏÏÔ˘, Ô˘ ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ ÛÙËÓ Y„ËÏ‹ P¿¯Ë, ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚÊ‹ Ù˘ ÔÚÔÛÂÈÚ¿˜ OÍÈ¿. ∆Ë Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÈ Ì ÙËÓ Î·Ù·ÛÙÚÔÊ‹ ÙˆÓ °·Ï·ÙÒÓ ÙÔ˘ BÚ¤ÓÓÔ˘ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ AÈÙˆÏÔ‡˜, Ô˘ ÙÔ 279 .X. η٤ÛÙÚ„·Ó ÙËÓ ·ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ fiÏË K¿ÏÏÈÔ Î·È ÚÔ¤‚ËÛ·Ó Û ÏÂËϷۛ˜ Î·È ‚·Û·ÓÈÛÙ‹ÚÈ·. H AÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ·ÓÛÙÚ·ÙÈ¿, ÛÙËÓ ÔÔ›· ¤Ï·‚·Ó ̤ÚÔ˜ Á¤ÚÔÓÙ˜ Î·È Á˘Ó·›Î˜, Û˘Ó¤ÙÚÈ„Â ÙÔ˘˜ °·Ï¿Ù˜, fiÙ·Ó Â¤ÛÙÚÂÊ·Ó ·fi ÙËÓ Î·Ù·ÛÙÚÔÊ‹ ÙÔ˘ K·ÏÏ›Ô˘. H ı¤ÛË ·˘Ù‹ ÔÓÔÌ¿ÛıËΠ∫ÔοÏÈ·, ‰ÈfiÙÈ ÂΛ “¿ÊËÛ·Ó Ù· ÎfiηϿ ÙÔ˘˜” ÔÈ °·Ï¿Ù˜. K·Ù¿ ÙÔ 1838 ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈ΋ ¤Ú¢ӷ ‰ÈÂ›ÛÙˆÛ ٷ ÏÈıÔ‰ÔÌÈο ÂÚ›È· ·Ú¯·›Ô˘ Ô¯˘ÚˆÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡ ‡ÚÁÔ˘ ‹ Ì¿ÏÏÔÓ ÙÚÔ·›Ô˘, ÂÓÒ ÙÔ ‰›Ô ‹Ù·Ó “ηٿÛ·ÚÙÔ ·fi ÔÏ˘¿ÚÈıÌ· ·ÓıÚÒÈÓ· ÔÛÙ¿ ˙˘ÌˆÌ¤Ó· ΢ÚÈÔÏÂÎÙÈο Ì ÙÔ ¯ÒÌ·”. E›Û˘ ‚Ú¤ıËÎ·Ó Î·È ˘ÔÏ›ÌÌ·Ù· fiψÓ. √È ÓÂfiÙÂÚÔÈ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ Û ·Ó¿ÌÓËÛË ÙÔ˘ ÁÂÁÔÓfiÙÔ˜ Î·È ÙÈÌÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ÚÔÁfiÓÔ˘˜ AÈÙˆÏÔ‡˜ ¤ÛÙËÛ·Ó ÌÓËÌÂ›Ô fiÔ˘ Ë ÂÈÁÚ·Ê‹: 279 .X. ¶POMAXOYNTøN TøN EYPYTANøN AITø§øN ™YNETPIB∏™AN OI °A§ATAI KATA KPATO™ ™ÙËÓ ÙÔÔıÂÛ›· K·Ú‚Ô˘ÓfiϷη, Û ˘„fiÌÂÙÚÔ 1.700 Ì. ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÙÔ Î·Ù·Ê‡ÁÈÔ ÙÔ˘ E.O.™. §·Ì›·˜. ¶ÚfiÛ‚·ÛË ·fi Ù· ¯ˆÚÈ¿ °Ú·Ì̤ÓË O͢¿ N·˘·ÎÙ›·˜ (8,5 ¯ÏÌ.) Î·È °·Ú‰›ÎÈ ºıÈÒÙȉ·˜ (16 ¯ÏÌ.).

¢‹ÌÔ˜ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜

24

∂‰Ò ÏÔÈfiÓ, ÛÙȘ ˘ÒÚÂȘ ÙˆÓ ‚Ô˘ÓÒÓ ∫·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰· Î·È √ÍÈ¿ ·ÏÒÓÂÙ·È Ô ¢‹ÌÔ˜ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜ Ì ٷ ÂÙ¿ ÙÔÈο ‰È·ÌÂÚ›ÛÌ·Ù· Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ÌÈÎÚÔÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘. √ ¢‹ÌÔ˜ ȉڇıËΠ̠ÙÔ ÓfiÌÔ 2539/1997, ʤÚÂÈ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· ÙÔ˘ ÎÂÊ·ÏÔ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·, ÂÓÒ ÙÔ ¿ÏÏÔ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ ÎÂÊ·ÏÔ¯ÒÚÈ ÙÔ ∫Ú›ÎÂÏÏÔ Â›Ó·È Ë ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ˘ ‰‹ÌÔ˘. ∆Ô ∫Ú›ÎÂÏÏÔ, ÓÈÁ̤ÓÔ Ì¤Û· ÛÙÔ Ú¿ÛÈÓÔ ·fi Ù· ˘ÎÓ¿ ÂÏ·ÙÔ‰¿ÛË Ô˘ ÙÔ ÂÚÈÙÚÈÁ˘Ú›˙Ô˘Ó, Ì ÙÔÓ ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈÎfi Ó·fi ÙÔ˘ ∞Á›Ô˘ ¡ÈÎÔÏ¿Ô˘


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:26

™ÂÏ›‰·25

(·Ú¯¤˜ ÙÔ˘ 20Ô˘ ·È.), Ù· ÁÚ·ÊÈο ™ˆÏËÓ¿ÚÈ· Ì ÙȘ ¤ÙÚÈÓ˜ ‚Ú‡Û˜ Î·È ÙÔÓ ·fiË¯Ô ÙˆÓ ÊËÌÈÛÌ¤ÓˆÓ ∫ÚÈÎÂÏÏȈÙÒÓ Ì·ÛÙfiÚÚˆÓ Ù˘ ¤ÙÚ·˜, Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi ÚÔ˘ÌÂÏÈÒÙÈÎÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi. H ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ· Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ·ÍÈfiÏÔÁÔ, ÈÛÙÔÚÈÎfi ¯ˆÚÈfi. √È Ï·˚Τ˜ ·Ú·‰fiÛÂȘ Êı¿ÓÔ˘Ó Ì¤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ Ì˘ıÈÎfi ‚·ÛÈÏÈ¿ ∂‡Ú˘ÙÔ ÁÈ· Ó· ÂÙ˘ÌÔÏÔÁ‹ÛÔ˘Ó ÙË Ï¤ÍË. ∏ ¿Ô„Ë fï˜ fiÙÈ Ë ¢fiÌÓ· (‰¤ÛÔÈÓ·, ‰ÂÛÔÛ‡ÓË) ‹Ù·Ó ·Ú¯fiÓÙÈÛ· ÛÙ· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¢ÂÛÔÙ¿ÙÔ˘ Ù˘ ∏›ÚÔ˘ ‹ Ù˘ ºÚ·ÁÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·˜ Èı·ÓfiÓ Ó· Â›Ó·È ÏËÛȤÛÙÂÚË ÛÙËÓ ÚÁÌ·ÙÈÎfiÙËÙ·. ÕÏψÛÙ ·fi ÙÔ Ï·ÙÈÓÈÎfi dominus (·ÚÈÔ˜, ‰ÂÛfiÙ˘) ÚÔ‹Ïı·Ó Ù· ·ÚÈ· ÔÓfiÌ·Ù· ¢fiÌÓÔ˜ - ¢ÔÌÓ›ÓÔ˜ - ¢fiÌÓ· - ¢ÔÌÓ›Ó· - ¢ÔÌÓ›ÓË - ¢ÔÌÓ›ÎË. ∂›Û˘ Èı·Ó‹ Â›Ó·È Ë ÂΉԯ‹ Ó· ˘‹Ú¯Â ÔÌÒÓ˘ÌÔ ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ, ·ÊÔ‡ Ù· ·Ú·¿Óˆ ÔÓfiÌ·Ù· ·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ ÂÔÚÙÔÏfiÁÈÔ Ù˘ √Úıfi‰Ô͢ ∂ÎÎÏËÛ›·˜. ¢ÔÚ˘ÊfiÚÔÈ Ù˘ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜ Â›Ó·È ÔÈ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ› ª·Ú›ÓÔ˜ ÛÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ fi¯ıË ÙÔ˘ ∫ÚÈÎÂÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˘, Ë ªÂÚÙ˙È·Ó‹ Î·È Ë ™ÎÔÈ¿ (ÚÒËÓ ∆ÛÂÎÏ›ÛÙ·) ÛÙËÓ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚ‹ fi¯ıË ÙÔ˘ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡. ™ÙË ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ· ÛÙȘ 7 IÔ˘Ó›Ô˘ 1942 Ô ÕÚ˘ BÂÏÔ˘¯ÈÒÙ˘ ΋ڢÍ ÙËÓ ¤Ó·ÚÍË Ù˘ EıÓÈ΋˜ AÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ηٿ Ù˘ ÁÂÚÌ·ÓÈ΋˜ ηÙÔ¯‹˜. K¿ı ¯ÚfiÓÔ ÙËÓ ÚÒÙË K˘Úȷ΋ ÙÔ˘ IÔ˘Ó›Ô˘ Á›ÓÔÓÙ·È ÂΉËÏÒÛÂȘ ÛÙÔ MÓËÌÂ›Ô Ù˘ EıÓÈ΋˜ AÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ Û ·Ó¿ÌÓËÛË ÙÔ˘ ÁÂÁÔÓfiÙÔ˜ ·˘ÙÔ‡. ™ÙȘ ‰‡Ô fi¯ı˜ ÙÔ˘ ∫ÚÈÎÂÏÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˘ ·Ó·Ù‡ÛÛÔÓÙ·È ÁÚ·ÊÈο ¯ˆÚÈ¿ Ì ÔÏÏ¿ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓÙ· ÛÙÔȯ›· Î·È fiÌÔÚÊ· ÙÔ›·. ∆· æÈ·Ó¿ ÛÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ fi¯ıË Ì ‰ÔÚ˘ÊfiÚÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ‡˜ ÕÁÈÔ˜ ÷ڿϷÌÔ˜, µ‡ıÈÛÌ· (ÚÒËÓ ™¤ÏÔ˜), ∫·ÛÙ·ÓԇϷ (ÚÒËÓ ™ÂÏ›ÙÛ·) Î·È ÙÔ ¶·ÏÈÔ¯ÒÚÈ. ™ÙËÓ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚ‹ fi¯ıË ÙÔ˘ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡ Ë ƒÔÛο Ì ‰ÔÚ˘ÊfiÚÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ‡˜ ™ÙÔ˘ÚÓ¿Ú· (ÚÒËÓ ¢ÔÏÈ·Ó¿) ÛÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ fi¯ıË fiˆ˜ Î·È Ô ∫ÔÓÙfi˜ (ÚÒËÓ ∫ÔÓÙ›‚·). ∆Ô ˆÚ·ÈfiÙÂÚÔ ÛËÌÂ›Ô ÙÔ˘ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡ Â›Ó·È Ë ÙÔÔıÂÛ›· “¶·ÓÙ·‚Ú¤¯ÂÈ”. ∏ Â˙ÔÔÚ›· ÛÙÔÓ KÚÈÎÂÏÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ Î·È ÙÔ Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ “¶¿ÓÙ·‚Ú¤¯ÂÈ” Â›Ó·È ·ÔÏ·˘ÛÙÈ΋. ∞Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi ƒÔÛο Î·È ÙÔÓ ÔÈÎÈÛÌfi ¢ÔÏÈ·Ó¿ ÙÔ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ ÛÙÂÓ‡ÂÈ ¿Ú· Ôχ Î·È ¤¯ÂÈ, Û ÔÚÈṲ̂ӷ ÛËÌ›· ÙÔ˘, Ï¿ÙÔ˜ ÌfiÏȘ ‰‡Ô ̤ÙÚˆÓ. æËÏÔ› ‚Ú¿¯ÔÈ ˘„ÒÓÔÓÙ·È ·fi ÙȘ ‰‡Ô Ï¢ڤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡ Î·È Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙ÂÙ·È ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛÈ·Îfi Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ Ô˘ Û ÌÂÚÈο ÙÌ‹Ì·Ù¿ ÙÔ˘ Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È Ó· Â›Ó·È ÛÎÂ·Ṳ̂ÓÔ. ∞fi ÙË ÌÂÚÈ¿ ÙˆÓ ¢ÔÏÈ·ÓÒÓ, ¿Óˆ ·fi Ù· ‚Ú¿¯È·, ηÙ‚·›ÓÂÈ ÓÂÚfi ·fi ¤Ó· ϤÁÌ· Ú˘·ÎÈÒÓ, Ô˘ fiˆ˜ ‰È·ÛÎÔÚ›˙ÂÙ·È ·fi ÙË ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË ÛÙÔ Ê˘ÛÈÎfi ÛΤ·ÛÙÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡, ¤ÊÙÂÈ ÛÙËÓ ÎÔ›ÙË ÙÔ˘ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡ Î·È ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ› ¤Ó· Ê·ÓÙ·ÛÙÈÎfi ı¤·Ì· Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ηٷÚÚ¿ÎÙ˜. ∏ ªÂÛÔÎÒÌË (ÚÒËÓ ∆¤ÚÓÔ˜) ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ¡∞ Ù˘ ƒÔÛο˜ Î·È Û’ ·˘Ù‹Ó ˘¿ÁÂÙ·È Ô ·˘ÙfiÓÔÌ· ·ÔÁÚ·ÊfiÌÂÓÔ˜ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ ƒ˘¿ÎÈ. ∂‰Ò ·ÍÈÔı¤·ÙÔ Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈÎfi Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ ƒÔ˘Èfi Î·È ÙÔ Û‹Ï·ÈÔ ÛÙËÓ ›Ûˆ ÌÂÚÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ fiÚÔ˘˜ ∫·ÚÊÔÂÙ·ÏÈ¿˜. ∂›Û˘ ÛÙËÓ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚ‹ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ Â›Ó·È ÔÈ ™Ù¿‚ÏÔÈ Ô˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÔÓÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË Ù˘ ·Ú¯fiÓÙÈÛÛ·˜ ¢fiÌÓ·˜ Ô˘ ›¯Â Â‰Ò ÙÔ˘˜ ÛÙ¿‚ÏÔ˘˜ Ù˘. ¡∞ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ™Ù¿‚ÏÔ˘˜ Â›Ó·È Ë ÕÌÏÈ·ÓË, Ô˘ ÌÂÙÔÓÔÌ¿ÛÙËΠ۠™Ù·˘ÚÔËÁ‹ Î·È ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· ™Ù·˘ÚÔ‹ÁÈÔÓ, ÁÈ· Ó· ı˘Ì›˙ÂÈ fiÙÈ Â‰Ò ˘‹Ú¯Â ·ÙÚÈ·Ú¯ÈÎfi Î·È ÛÙ·˘ÚÔËÁÈ·Îfi ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ Î·È ÙÂÏÈο Ó· ¿ÚÂÈ ÙÔ ·ÏÈfi Ù˘ fiÓÔÌ· ÕÌÏÈ·ÓË, Ô˘ Â›Ó·È Î·ı·Ú¿ ÂÏÏËÓÈÎfi (·Ó·‚χ˙ˆ - ¿ÌÏ·˜). ∏ ÕÌÏÈ·ÓË Ì ÙÔÓ ÙÔÈÎfi ¯ÔÚfi Ô˘ ÔÓÔÌ¿˙ÂÙ·È ™Ù¤ÁÁÔ˜, ÙËÓ ÏÔ‡ÛÈ· ·Ú·ÁˆÁ‹ ˘Ê·ÓÙÒÓ ÛÙÔ ·ÚÂÏıfiÓ Î·È ÙËÓ ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛȷ΋ ÊÔÚÂÛÈ¿ Ù˘ ∞ÌÏÈ·Ó›ÙÈÛÛ·˜ ·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ Ï·ÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ. ∞fi ÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜ ‰È¤Ú¯ÂÙ·È ∂˘Úˆ·˚Îfi ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ ∂4 Ô˘ ¤Ú¯ÂÙ·È ·fi ÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ ∫·ÚÂÓËÛ›Ô˘ Ì ÙËÓ Î·Ù‡ı˘ÓÛË ·fi ‚ÔÚÚ¿ ÚÔ˜ ÓfiÙÔ. ∂ÓÙfi˜ ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı› ÙËÓ ·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ‰È·‰ÚÔÌ‹, ·fi ÙÔÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfi ‰ÚfiÌÔ ÚÔ˜ ∫·ÚÂÓ‹ÛÈ Êı¿ÓÂÈ ÛÙÔ ∫Ú›ÎÂÏÏÔ. ™ÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· ÌÂÙ¿ ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı› ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ Î·È ·ÊÔ‡ ‰È·Û¯›˙ÂÈ ÙÔÓ ∫ÚÈÎÂÏÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ, Êı¿ÓÂÈ ÛÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi ™Ù¿‚ÏÔÈ. ªÂÙ¿ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı› ÁÈ· Ï›ÁÔ ¯ˆÌ·Ùfi‰ÚÔÌÔ Ì ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋ ηÙ‡ı˘ÓÛË Î·È ÌÂÙ¿ ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ Ì ÓfiÙÈ· ηÙ‡ı˘ÓÛË Î·È ·ÊÔ‡ ‰È·Û¯›ÛÂÈ ¤Ó· ¯ˆÌ·Ùfi‰ÚÔÌÔ (ÕÌÏÈ·Ó˘ - ™·Ú¿ÓÙ·ÈÓ·˜ - °·Ú‰ÈΛԢ ºıÈÒÙȉ·˜) Êı¿ÓÂÈ ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi ÕÌÏÈ·ÓË. ∞fi ÂΛ Û˘Ó¯›˙ÂÈ Ì ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi ª·Ó‰ÚÈÓ‹ ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ∞Ô‰ÔÙ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÓÔÌÔ‡ ∞ÈÙˆÏԷηÚÓ·Ó›·˜.

25


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:26

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26 √ÍȤ˜ ÛÙÔ fiÚÔ˜ ™·Ú¿ÓÙ·ÈÓ· Ì ı¤· Ù· µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Beeches at mount Sarantena with a view to Vardousia


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:26

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27 O KÚÈÎÂÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˜ Ì·˜ ˘Ô‰¤¯ÂÙ·È Krikelopotamos welcomes us


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:26

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°¤Ê˘Ú· ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙ· ¯ˆÚÈ¿ ¢ÔÏÈ·Ó¿ & ™ÙÔ˘ÚÓ¿Ú· ÛÙÔ Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ ¶·ÓÙ·‚Ú¤¯ÂÈ Bridge between the villages Doliana & Stournara at Padavrechi gorge


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:26

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29 ¶·ÓÙ·‚Ú¤¯ÂÈ, ÌÈ· ‰ÚÔÛÈÛÙÈ΋ ÂÚÈ¤ÙÂÈ· ·Ú¯›˙ÂÈ Padavrechi, a cool adventure begins


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:26

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∂ÓÙ˘ˆÛÈ·ÎÔ› Û¯ËÌ·ÙÈÛÌÔ› ‚Ú¿¯ˆÓ ÛÙÔ Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ ¶·ÓÙ·‚Ú¤¯ÂÈ ÛÙÔÓ KÚÈÎÂÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ Impressive rocky formations at the gorge Padavrechi in Krikelopotamos


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

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31 ∆Ô Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ ÙÔ˘ ∫ÚÈÎÂÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˘ Ì ÙËÓ Â˙ÔÁ¤Ê˘Ú· ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ ¶·ÓÙ·‚Ú¤¯ÂÈ Krikelopotamos gorge with the pedestrian bridge near Padavrechi

√È Î·Ù·ÚÚ¿ÎÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ ¶·ÓÙ·‚Ú¤¯ÂÈ The waterfalls of Padavrechi


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:26

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

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33 ÃÒÚÔ˜ ·Ó·„˘¯‹˜ ÛÙË ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ· E˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›·˜ Leisure area in Domnista of Evritania

¢·ÛÔÌ˘ÔÍfi˜ (Glis glis) Squirrel-tailed dormouse (Glis glis)


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:26

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34 ¢ÂÓÙÚÔÁ·ÏÈ¿ ‹ §·Ê›Ù˘ Elaphe quatuorlineata Four lined snake Elaphe quatuorlineata


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

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√‰È΋ Á¤Ê˘Ú· ÛÙÔÓ ∫ÚÈÎÂÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ

35 ™·Ï·Ì¿Ó‰Ú· ‹ µÚÔ¯·Ï›‰· Salamandra salamandra Salamander Salamandra salamandra


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

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÷ڷÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi Û›ÙÈ Ù˘ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜ Typical house at Domnista


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·, Ë ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋ Ï·Ù›· Domnista, central square


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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•ˆÎÏ‹ÛÈ ¤Íˆ ·fi ÙË ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ· Chapel outside Domnista

38

∂ÎÎÏËÛ›· ÛÙË ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ· Church in Domnista


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:26

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¢·ÛÈÎfi˜ ‰ÚfiÌÔ˜ ÛÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜ Forest road at Domnista Municipality


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:27

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40 ∆Ô›· ÛÙË ‰È·‰ÚÔÌ‹ ÙÔ˘ ∂4 ÛÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜ Landscapes along E4 trail at Domnista Municipality


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:27

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∂ÎÎÏËÛ›· ÛÙÔ ∫Ú›ÎÂÏÏÔ Church in Krikelo

41 KÚ›ÎÂÏÏÔ, Ûηϛ˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ ¤ÙÚ· Krikelo, carving the stone

∫Ú‹Ó˜ ÛÙÔ ∫Ú›ÎÂÏÏÔ Fountains at Krikelo


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

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∏ ÕÌÏÈ·ÓË Abliani


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

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H ÕÌÏÈ·ÓË Ê‡ÁÔÓÙ·˜ Leaving Abliani


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

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µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· - ªfiÚÓÔ˜


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:27

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46 √گȉ¤· (Orchis laxiflora) ÙˆÓ ˘ÁÚÔÙfiˆÓ Orchid (Orchis laxiflora) found in wetlands


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:31

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µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· - ªfiÚÓÔ˜ T· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· ‰ÂÓ Â›Ó·È ·Ï¿ ¤Ó· „ËÏfi ‚Ô˘Ófi. E›Ó·È ¤Ó· ÂÎÙÂٷ̤ÓÔ ÔÚÂÈÓfi Û˘ÁÎÚfiÙËÌ· Ì ·ÏÈÎfi ¯·Ú·ÎÙ‹Ú·. OÈ „ËϤ˜ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚʤ˜, Ô˘ Ù›ÓÔ˘Ó ÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ Ô˘Ú·Ófi, Ì ÙȘ οıÂÙ˜ ÔÚıÔÏ·ÁȤ˜ ÚÔηÏÔ‡Ó ›ÏÈÁÁÔ Î·È ı·˘Ì·ÛÌfi. TÔ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ Â›Ó·È ¤ÓÙÔÓÔ Ì ٷ ‚·ıÈ¿ Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ· Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ Á˘ÌÓÔ‡˜ ‚Ú¿¯Ô˘˜. K¿Ùˆ ·fi ÙȘ Á˘ÌÓ¤˜ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚʤ˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ·Ó·Ù˘¯ı› ÂÎÙÂٷ̤ӷ ‰¿ÛË fiÔ˘ ΢Úȷگ› ÙÔ ¤Ï·ÙÔ. AÓ¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙÔ ˘„fiÌÂÙÚÔ ÂÌÊ·Ó›˙ÔÓÙ·È Î·È ¿ÏÏ· ‰·ÛÈο ›‰Ë fiˆ˜ ÔÈ ‰Ú‡Â˜, Ù· Τ‰Ú·, Ù· Ï·Ù¿ÓÈ·, Ù· ‡η, Ù· Ô˘ÚÓ¿ÚÈ·, Ù· ÊÈÏ›ÎÈ· Î·È ¿ÏÏ·. ™Ù· ÌÂÁ¿Ï· ˘„fiÌÂÙÚ· ·Ó·Ù‡ÛÛÔÓÙ·È Ù· ηٷÚ¿ÛÈÓ· ·ÏÈο ÏÈ‚¿‰È· Ô˘ ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔ˘Ó ÙȘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚʤ˜ Î·È ·ÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ÏÔ‡ÛÈ· ‚ÔÛÎÔÙfiÈ·. ™ÙȘ Û¯ÈṲ̂˜ ÙˆÓ ‚Ú¿¯ˆÓ, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙȘ ¤ÙÚ˜ Î·È Ù· Ï·ÙÒÌ·Ù· ÚÔ‚¿ÏÏÂÈ ÌÈ· ÏÔ‡ÛÈ· ¯ÏˆÚ›‰·, Ô˘ Ì·˙› Ì ÙËÓ ·Ó›‰· οÓÔ˘Ó ÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ÈÔ ˙ˆÓÙ·Ófi, ÈÔ ıÂÏÎÙÈÎfi. TÔ ÙÛ¿È Î·È ÙÔ ·ÁÚÈÔÁ·Ú›Ê·ÏÔ, ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÔÏÏ¿ ›‰Ë ·ÁÚÈÔÏÔ‡ÏÔ˘‰ˆÓ ÂÓ‰ËÌÔ‡Ó ÛÙÔ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi, Ô˘ Â›Ó·È Ô ·Ú¿‰ÂÈÛÔ˜ Ù˘ ¿ÁÚÈ·˜ ʇÛ˘. E¿Ó ÂÍÂÙ¿ÛÂÈ Î¿ÔÈÔ˜ Ù· ÙÔˆÓ‡ÌÈ· ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡ ı· ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛÈ·Ûı› Ì’ ·˘Ù¿ Ô˘ Â¯Ô˘Ó ÚÒÙÔ Û˘ÓıÂÙÈÎfi ÙÔÓ ·˚Ùfi: A˚ÙÔʈÏÈ¿, A˚ÙÔÚ¿¯Ë, A˚ÙfiÛηϷ, A˚ÙfiÂÙÚ·, A˚ÙfiÛ·˘Ú·, A˚ÙfiÚÂÌ·, A˚ÙfiϷη, A˚ÙÔ‚Ô‡ÓÈ. K·È ·fi ÙËÓ ÙÔˆÓ˘ÌÈ΋ ηٷÁÚ·Ê‹ ηٷʷ›ÓÂÙ·È fiÙÈ Ô ·˚Ùfi˜ ‹Ù·Ó Ô ‚·ÛÈÏÈ¿˜ ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘ÛÈÒÓ. TÒÚ· ÌfiÓÔ, οÔÈ· Ï›Á· ˙¢Á¿ÚÈ· Û˘Ó¯›˙Ô˘Ó Ó· ÂÙÔ‡Ó ÌÂÁ·ÏÔÚÂ‹ ÛÙ· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·. KÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙ· ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ›‰Ë ÙÔ˘ ·˚ÙÔ‡, ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó Î·È ¿ÏÏ· ·Ú·ÎÙÈο, fiˆ˜ ÁÂÚ¿ÎÈ·, ÔÓÙÈÎÔÁÂڷΛÓ˜, ‚Ú·¯ÔÎÈÚΛÓÂ˙· ·ÎfiÌ· Î·È Ó˘ÎÙÔÔ‡ÏÈ·. ¢Â Ï›Ô˘Ó ÔÈ ¤Ú‰ÈΘ, ÔÈ Î·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰Â˜, ÔÈ Ì·˘ÚÔÙÛÈÎÏÈÙ¿Ú˜, Ù· ·ÁÚÈÔÂÚ›ÛÙÂÚ·, ÔÈ ÙÛ·Ï·ÂÙÂÈÓÔ›, Ù· ÎÔÙÛ›ÊÈ· Î.¿. T· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· ‹Ù·Ó ·ÏÈfiÙÂÚ· ÙÔ Î·Ù·Ê‡ÁÈÔ ÔÏÏÒÓ ÎÔ·‰ÈÒÓ ·ÁÚÈfiÁȉˆÓ. OÈ ‰ÂÈÓÔ› ·˘ÙÔ› ÔÚÂÈ‚¿Ù˜, Ô˘ Êı¿ÓÔ˘Ó Û ‰˘ÛıÂÒÚËÙ· ‡„Ë Î·È ÚÔηÏÔ‡Ó ‰¤Ô˜, ·Ó·˙ËÙÔ‡Ó ÙËÓ ÙÚÔÊ‹ ÙÔ˘˜ ÛÙ· “˙Ô˘Ó¿ÚÈ·” ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙ· ‚Ú¿¯È·. ™‹ÌÂÚ· Ù· ÎÔ¿‰È· ·˘Ù¿ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÏÈÁÔÛÙ¤„ÂÈ Î·È ÂÏ¿¯ÈÛÙ· ·ÁÚÈfiÁȉ· ÙÚÈÁ˘Ú›˙Ô˘Ó ÛÙÔ ‰˘ÙÈÎfi Û˘ÁÎÚfiÙËÌ· ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡. ÕÏÏ· ·ÁÚ›ÌÈ· Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ·ÁÚÈÔÁÔ‡ÚÔ˘ÓÔ, Ô Ï‡ÎÔ˜, ÙÔ Ù۷οÏÈ, Ô ÛΛԢÚÔ˜, ÙÔ ÎÔ˘Ó¿‚È, Ô ·Û‚fi˜, Ë ·ÏÂÔ‡, Ë Ó˘Ê›ÙÛ·, Ô ÛηÓÙ˙fi¯ÔÈÚÔ˜, Ô Ï·Áfi˜ Î·È Û·ÓÈfiÙÂÚ· Ô ·ÁÚÈfiÁ·ÙÔ˜, ÙÔ ˙·Úο‰È Î.¿. ∏ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÙˆÓ µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ ¤¯ÂÈ ÂÓÙ·¯ı› ÛÙÔ Â˘Úˆ·˚Îfi ÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· ÚÔÛÙ·Û›·˜ Ù˘ ʇÛ˘ ¢›ÎÙ˘Ô NATURA 2000, ˆ˜ ∆fiÔ˜ ∫ÔÈÓÔÙÈ΋˜ ™ËÌ·Û›·˜. T· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·, ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ˜ Î·È ÔÏ˘Û¯È‰‹˜ ÔÚÂÈÓfi˜ fiÁÎÔ˜ ·Ú¯›˙Ô˘Ó ·fi ÙËÓ Ù¯ÓËÙ‹ Ï›ÌÓË ÙÔ˘ ªfiÚÓÔ˘ Î·È ¤¯Ô˘Ó ¡¢ ÙÔÓ ÔÙ·Ìfi KfiÎÎÈÓÔ. AÏÒÓÔÓÙ·È ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο ·fi ÙÔ Î·ÂÙ·ÓÔ¯ÒÚÈ ÙËÓ AÚÙÔÙ›Ó·, Û˘Ó·ÓÙÔ‡Ó µ∞ ÙË N·˘·ÎÙ›· Î·È Û˘Ó¯›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ µ¢ ÂÓÒÓÔÓÙ·È Ì¤Ûˆ ÂÓfi˜ ‰È¿ÛÂÏÔ˘ Ì ÙËÓ OÍÈ¿. BfiÚÂÈ· Êı¿ÓÔ˘Ó Ì¤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi M¿ÚÌ·Ú· Î·È µ¢ ̤¯ÚÈ ÙË ¢¿ÊÓË fiÔ˘ ̤ۈ ·˘¯¤Ó· (1.200 Ì.) Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ O›ÙË. ™Ù· ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο Ô MfiÚÓÔ˜, Ù· ¯ˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ·fi ÙËÓ °ÎÈÒÓ·, ÂÓÒ Ô E‡ËÓÔ˜ ËÁ¿˙ÂÈ ·fi Ù· µ¢ ÛÏ¿¯Ó· ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ. T· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· ÏfiÁˆ ÙÔ˘ ÂÎÙÂٷ̤ÓÔ˘ ÌÂÁ¤ıÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È Ù˘ Ê˘ÛÈ΋˜ ‰È·ÌfiÚʈۋ˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ¯ˆÚ›˙ÔÓÙ·È Û ÙÚ›· Û˘ÁÎÚÔÙ‹Ì·Ù·: TÔ ÓfiÙÈÔ, ÙÔ ‰˘ÙÈÎfi Î·È ÙÔ ‚fiÚÂÈÔ, Ô˘ ͯˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ó Ì ٷ ‰È¿ÛÂÏ· MÂÙÂÚ›˙È· Î·È ™Ù·˘Úfi˜. ™ÙÔ ÓfiÙÈÔ Û˘ÁÎÚfiÙËÌ· Âͤ¯ÂÈ Ô KfiÚ·Í (2.495 Ì.) Ô˘ Â›Ó·È Ë ˘„ËÏfiÙÂÚË ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡. O Kfiڷη˜ Ì·˙› ÌÂ Û˘Ó¯fiÌÂÓ˜ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚʤ˜ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙Ô˘Ó ÌÈ· ÂÎÙÂٷ̤ÓË ÎÔÚ˘ÊÔÁÚ·ÌÌ‹ Ô˘ Êı¿ÓÂÈ Ì¤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ TÚ·Â˙¿ÎÈ (1.862 Ì.) Î·È ·fi ÂΛ ̤ۈ ¯·ÌËÏÔÙ¤ÚˆÓ ˘„ˆÌ¿ÙˆÓ ηٷϋÁÂÈ ÛÙËÓ Ù¯ÓËÙ‹ Ï›ÌÓË ÙÔ˘ ªfiÚÓÔ˘, fiÔ˘ Ë ·Ú¯·›· fiÏË K·ÏÏ›ÔÏȘ (K¿ÏÏÈÔÓ), ÛÙ· ‚fiÚÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ıÚ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ “™ÙÂÓÔ‡” Ì ÙËÓ ¤ÙÚÈÓË Á¤Ê˘Ú· Ô˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ‚˘ıÈÛÙ› ÛÙ· ÓÂÚ¿ Ù˘ §›ÌÓ˘. TÔ ‰˘ÙÈÎfi Û˘ÁÎÚfiÙËÌ· Û˘Óı¤ÙÔ˘Ó ¿ÁÚȘ Î·È ˘„ËϤ˜ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚʤ˜ Ô˘ ¯ˆÚ›˙ÔÓÙ·È ÌÂٷ͇ ÙÔ˘˜ ·fi ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈο ‰È¿ÛÂÏ· Î·È ÚÔηÏÔ‡Ó È‰È·›ÙÂÚÔ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ Î·È ı·˘Ì·ÛÌfi. ¶ÚÔÂͤ¯Ô˘Ó Ë ¶Ï¿Î· - ¶˘Ú·Ì›‰· (2.247 Ì.), ÙÔ °È‰Ô‚Ô‡ÓÈ (2.065 Ì.), Ë AÏÔÁfiÚ·¯Ë (2.264 Ì.), ÔÈ TÚÂȘ ™Ô‡ÊϘ, ÙÔ BÔ˘Ófi Ù˘ KˆÛÙ¿ÚÈÙÛ·˜ (2.375 Ì.). ™ÙÔ ‚ÔÚÂÈÓfi Û˘ÁÎÚfiÙËÌ· Ô˘ Â›Ó·È ÈÔ ÔÌ·Ïfi ΢ÚÈ·Ú¯Ô‡Ó ÙÔ BÔ˘Ófi Ù˘ XˆÌ‹ÚÈ·Ó˘ (2.298 Ì.) Î·È ÙÔ ™ÈÓ¿ÓÈ (2.054 Ì.).

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:31

™ÂÏ›‰·48

H ÔÚÂÈÓ‹ Û˘ÛÙÔȯ›· ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ ·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ Î·È ·fi ÁˆÏÔÁÈ΋˜ ÏÂ˘Ú¿˜. K˘Ú›·Ú¯Ô ¤Ùڈ̷ Â›Ó·È Ô ·Û‚ÂÛÙfiÏÈıÔ˜, Û˘Ì·Á‹˜ ‹ Ï·Î҉˘, Ô˘ ·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ ÌÂÁ¿ÏË ÏÈıÔÏÔÁÈ΋ ÔÈÎÈÏ›·. OÈ ÂÚ˘ıÚ›˙ÔÓÙ˜ ·Û‚ÂÛÙfiÏÈıÔÈ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚ›˙Ô˘Ó Î·È ÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹, fiÔ˘ ‰È·ÎÚ›ÓÔÓÙ·È (ÎÔÎÎÈÓÈ¿ - ÎÔÎÎÈÓÈ¿˜ - ÎfiÎÎÈÓÔ˜). E›Û˘ ÛÙȘ ÎÔÈÏ¿‰Â˜ ··ÓÙÈ¤Ù·È Ô Êχۯ˘ Ì „·Ì̛٘. T· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· ıˆÚÔ‡ÓÙ·È ·fi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÂÔ¯‹ ˆ˜ ·ÈÙˆÏÈÎfi ‚Ô˘Ófi. “Œ¯ÂÈ ‰Â Î·È Ë AÈوϛ· fiÚÔ˜ ̤ÁÈÛÙÔÓ ÌÂÓ ÙÔÓ Kfiڷη, Û˘Ó¿ÙÔÓÙ·, ÙË O›ÙË” (Ë AÈوϛ· ¤¯ÂÈ ¤Ó· Ôχ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ÙÔÓ Kfiڷη, Ô˘ ÁÂÈÙÔÓ‡ÂÈ Ì ÙËÓ O›ÙË), ÁÚ¿ÊÂÈ Ô °ÂˆÁÚ¿ÊÔ˜ ™ÙÚ¿‚ˆÓ. TÔ Ì¤ÁÈÛÙÔ ·˘Ùfi ‚Ô˘Ófi ‰ÂÓ Â›Ó·È ¿ÏÏÔ ·fi Ù· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Î·È Ë ˘„ËÏfiÙÂÚË ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ ϤÁÂÙ·È ·ÎfiÌ· Î·È Û‹ÌÂÚ· Kfiڷη˜. Ÿˆ˜ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÈ Â›Û˘ Ô ™ÙÚ¿‚ˆÓ “Ô ‰’ E‡ËÓÔ˜ ÔÙ·Ìfi˜ ¿Ú¯ÂÙ·È ÌÂÓ ÂÎ BˆÌȤˆÓ ÙˆÓ ÂÓ OÊȇÛÈÓ AÈÙˆÏÈÎÒ ¤ıÓÂÈ” (Ô ÔÙ·Ìfi˜ E‡ËÓÔ˜ ËÁ¿˙ÂÈ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ BˆÌÈ›˜ Ô˘ ˙Ô˘Ó ÛÙË ¯ÒÚ· ÙˆÓ OÊȤˆÓ). ¶·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÔÚÈṲ̂Ó˜ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜ fiˆ˜ ÙȘ ™Ô‡ÊϘ, Ô˘ ˆ˜ Ô͇ڢÁ¯Â˜ Ú·ÁÌ·ÙÈο ÛÔ‡ÊϘ ÚÔÛ·ıÔ‡Ó Ó· ‰È·ÂÚ¿ÛÔ˘Ó ÙÔÓ Ô˘Ú·Ófi, ÓÔÌ›˙ÂȘ fiÙÈ ÚfiÎÂÈÙ·È ÁÈ· ‚ˆÌÔ‡˜ Ô˘ ÚÔÛʤÚÔ˘Ó ·Ó·›Ì·ÎÙË ı˘Û›· ÛÙÔ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁfi. ÕÚ· fiÛÔÈ ˙Ô‡Û·Ó ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ‚ˆÌÔ‡˜ ‹Ú·Ó ÙËÓ ÂȉÈÎfiÙÂÚË ÔÓÔÌ·Û›· BˆÌÈ›˜. ªÂÙ¿ ·fi fiÏË ·˘Ù‹ ÙËÓ ÂÚȉȿ‚·ÛË ı· ÂÚÈ̤ÓÂÈ Ô ·Ó·ÁÓÒÛÙ˘ Ó· Ì¿ıÂÈ Ò˜ ÂÙ˘ÌÔÏÔÁÂ›Ù·È Ë Ï¤ÍË µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·. ªÈ· ÂΉԯ‹ Â›Ó·È Ó· ÚÔ‹ÏıÂ Ë Ï¤ÍË ·fi Ù· ÛÙÚ·ÙȈÙÈο Ê˘Ï¿ÎÈ· ÙˆÓ µÂÓÂÙÒÓ Ô˘ ˘‹Ú¯·Ó ÛÙ· ÂÚ¿ÛÌ·Ù· ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡ Î·È Ë ¿ÏÏË Ó· ÚÔ¤Ú¯ÂÙ·È ·fi ·ÚˆÓ‡ÌÈÔ µ¿Ú‰·˜ - Ô‡Û˘, ÙÛ¤ÏÈÁη˜ Ô˘ ¤‰ˆÛ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ ÙÔ˘ Û’ ¤Ó· ÎÔÌÌ¿ÙÈ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡, fiÔ˘ ›¯Â ÙȘ ÛÙ¿Ó˜ ÙÔ˘ Î·È Û˘ÓÂΉԯÈο Û’ fiÏË ÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡ (ÛÙ’ µ·Ú‰Ô‡Û’ - ÛÙ· µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·). ∂›Û˘ Ë Ï¤ÍË µ·Ú‰Ô‡Û· ÛÙË ÚÔ˘ÌÂÏÈÒÙÈÎË ‰È¿ÏÂÎÙÔ ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ ÙÔ ÔχÎÔÚÊÔ (‚Ô˘Ófi), ÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi Ì ÙȘ ÔÏϤ˜ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜ Î·È Ù· ˘„ÒÌ·Ù·. Afi ÙȘ ·ÙÚ·Ô‡˜ Î·È ÂÈΛӉ˘Ó˜ ‰È·‚¿ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ ¤Ú·Û·Ó ÔÈ PˆÌ·›ÔÈ (191 .X.). “O ÌÂÓ ‰Ë M¿ÓÈÔ˜ Â› K·ÏÏÈfiψ˜ ‰ÈÒ‰Â˘Û ÙÔ fiÚÔ˜, Ô Î·ÏÔ‡ÛÈ Kfiڷη ˘„ËÏfiÙ·ÙÔÓ Ù ÔÚÒÓ Î·È ‰˘Ûfi‰Â˘ÙÔÓ Î·È ·fiÎÚËÌÓÔÓ ÌÂÙ¿ ÛÙÚ·ÙÔ‡ ‚·Ú˘Ù¿ÙÔ˘ ÙÂ Î·È Ï·Ê‡ÚˆÓ Î·Ù·ÁfiÌÔ˘Ó ÔÏÏÔ› ‰’ ÂͤÈÙÔÓ ˘fi Ù˘ ‰˘ÛÔ‰›·˜ ÂȘ Ù· ·fiÎÚËÌÓ· Î·È Û·ÂÛÈÓ ·˘ÙÔ›˜ Î·È fiÏÔȘ ηÙÂʤÚÔÓÙÔ“ (Ô M¿ÓÈÔ˜ ÚÔ¯ˆÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÚÔ˜ ÙËÓ K·ÏÏ›ÔÏÈÓ (K¿ÏÏÈÔÓ), ‰È¿‚ËΠÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi, Ô˘ ÔÓÔÌ¿˙Ô˘Ó Kfiڷη, ˘„ËÏfiÙ·ÙÔ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ ‚Ô˘ÓÒÓ, ‰˘ÛÎÔÏÔ¤Ú·ÛÙÔ Î·È ·fiÎÚËÌÓÔ Ì ÛÙÚ·Ùfi ‚·Ú˘ÊÔÚو̤ÓÔ ·fi ÙÔÓ ÔÏÈÛÌfi Î·È Ù· Ï¿Ê˘Ú· ÔÏÏÔ› ÛÙÚ·ÙÈÒÙ˜ ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ‰˘Û‚·ÙfiÙËÙ·˜ ¤ÂÊÙ·Ó ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÁÎÚÂÌÔ‡˜ Ì·˙› Ì ÙȘ ·ÔÛ΢¤˜ Î·È ÙÔÓ ÔÏÈÛÌfi ÙÔ˘˜). ¶ÔÏÏ¿ ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ÂÓˆÚ›ÙÂÚ· (279 .X.) ÔÈ °·Ï¿Ù˜ η٤ÛÙÚ„·Ó ÙËÓ K·ÏÏ›ÔÏË (K¿ÏÏÈÔÓ), ÁÈ· Ó· Û˘ÓÙÚÈ‚Ô‡Ó ÛÙ· KÔοÏÈ· Ù˘ E˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›·˜ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ AÈÙˆÏÔ‡˜. AÎÔÏÔ˘ıÒÓÙ·˜ Ù· ηÎÔÌÔÓfi·Ù· ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ Ô ÚÔÛÂÎÙÈÎfi˜ ÛÙÚ·ÙÔÎfiÔ˜ ÌÔÚ› Ó· ·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÂÈ Î·ÛÙÚÔÊ˘Ï¿ÎÈ· ·Ú¯·ÈÔÂÏÏËÓÈο. AÚÎÂÙ¿ ·’ ·˘Ù¿ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Û·Ó Î·È ÙË ÌÂ۷ȈÓÈ΋ ÂÚ›Ô‰Ô ÌÂÙ¿ ÙȘ ·Ó·Áη›Â˜ ÂÈÛ΢¤˜. E›Ó·È Ê·ÓÂÚfi, ‚¤‚·È·, fiÙÈ ÛÙ· ÎÚËÛʇÁÂÙ· ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ ·Ó·Ù‡¯ıËÎÂ Ë ÎÏÂÊÙÔ˘ÚÈ¿ ηı’ fiÏË ÙË ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ· Ù˘ ÙÔ˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·˜ Ì ÚÒÙÔ˘˜ ηÂÙ·Ó·›Ô˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ AÓ‰ÚÔ˘ÙÛ·›Ô˘˜, ÙÔ BÏ·¯Ôı·Ó¿ÛË, ÙÔ §Ô˘Î¿ K·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰·, ÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ ™Î·ÏÙÛ¿, ÙÔÓ ∞ı·Ó¿ÛÈÔ ¢È¿ÎÔ Î·È ÔÏÏÔ‡˜ ¿ÏÏÔ˘˜. K·È Ë ‰ËÌÔÙÈ΋ ÌÔ‡Û· ‰ÂÓ ÌÔÚÔ‡Û ·Ú¿ Ó· ˘ÌÓ‹ÛÂÈ ÙȘ „ËϤ˜ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚʤ˜ Î·È ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ¿ ÙÔ˘˜ Ù· ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈο B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·:

æËÏ¿ ‚Ô˘Ó¿ ·¿ÙËÙ·, „ËÏ¿ Î·È ¯ÈÔÓÈṲ̂ӷ ηӤӷ˜ ‰ÂÓ Û·˜ ¿ÙËÛ B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Í·ÎÔ˘Ṳ̂ӷ ÌfiÓÔ ÂÁÒ Û·˜ ¿ÙËÛ·, Û·Ó ‹ÌÔ˘Ó ·ÏÏËοÚÈ Ì’ ·˘ÁԇϘ Ì ¯·Ú¿Ì·Ù·, Ì’ ·˘ÁԇϘ Ì ÊÂÁÁ¿ÚÈ.

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K·È ÙÒÚ· Ô˘ Û·˜ ÛΤÙÔÌ·È Á¤ÚÔ˜ Î·È ÎÔ˘Ú·Ṳ̂ÓÔ˜ Ì ·›ÚÓÂÈ ÙÔ ·Ú¿ÔÓÔ Î·È ÎÏ·›ˆ Ô Î·Ë̤ÓÔ˜.


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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49 µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Vardousia


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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¶ÔÈfi˜ ›‰Â Ù¤ÙÔÈÔ ı¿ÌÈ·ÛÌ·, ·Ú¿ÍÂÓÔ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ Ó· ÎÔ˘‚ÂÓÙÈ¿˙Ô˘Ó Ù· ‚Ô˘Ó¿ Ì ÙȘ ÎÔÓÙÔÚ·¯Ô‡Ï˜. H §È¿ÎÔ˘Ú· Ù˘ §È‚·‰È¿˜ ÎÈ Ë °ÎÈÒÓ· ÙÔ˘ ™·ÏÒÓÔ˘ Î·È Ù· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Ù· „ËÏ¿, ηË̤Ó˜ ηٷ‚fiıÚ˜. TÔ˘˜ ÎϤÊÙ˜ ÙÈ ÙÔ˘˜ ο̷ÙÂ, ÙÔ˘˜ ‰fiÏÈÔ˘˜ AÓ‰ÚÔ˘ÙÛ·›Ô˘˜; TÚ˘ÁfiÓ· Ì ÙË ¤Ú‰Èη ÎÈ ·˚Ùfi˜ Ì ÙÔÓ ÂÙÚ›ÙË, Ô °È¿ÓÓ˘ ÎÈ Ô TÛÈÌfiÁÈ·ÓÓÔ˜, Ù· ‰˘Ô ÚˆÙÔÍ·‰¤ÏÊÈ· ÌÂÛ’ ÛÙ· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Ó‡¯ÙˆÛ·Ó, ÛÙË °ÎÈÒÓ· ÍËÌÂÚÒÓÔ˘Ó Î·È ‹Á·Ó Î·È ÏË̤ÚÈ·Û·Ó ÛÙÔ˘ °ÈÒÚÁÔ˘ ÙÔ ÏÈı¿ÚÈ. EÁÒ Ù· οÏÏË Ì’ Ù¿ÊÎÈ·Û· ÌÂÛ’ Ù· „ËÏ¿ B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·. ¢ÂÓ Ù¿ÊÎÈ·Û· ÁÈ· Ù’ ˜ fiÌÔÚʘ, Ô˘˚‰¤ ÁÈ· Ù’ ˜ Ì·˘ÚÔÌ¿Ù˜, ÌfiÓ’ Ù¿ÊÎÈ·Û· ÁÈ· Ï‚ÂÓÙÈ¿, ÁÈ· Ó· ÁÏÂÓÙ¿ˆ ÙË ÓÈfiÙËÌ’. T· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ÌÂÁ·ÏÔÚ¤ÂÈ¿˜ ÙÔ˘˜ Î·È ÙˆÓ ˘„ËÏÒÓ ÎÔÚ˘ÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘˜, ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛ›·Û·Ó ÙÔÓ ı˘ÌfiÛÔÊÔ Ï·fi, Ô ÔÔ›Ô˜ Ù· ÂÓ¤Ù·Í Û ÌÂÚÈΤ˜ ·ÚÔÈÌȷΤ˜ ÊÚ¿ÛÂȘ: “B·Ú‰Ô‡Û’ Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ÓÈÚfi” (ÓÂÚfi Ôχ ÎÚ‡Ô, ·ÁˆÌ¤ÓÔ). “Œ¯ÂÈ Î·Ú‰È¿ B·Ú‰Ô‡Û’ ” (ÁÈ· ÙÔ ÁÂÚfi Î·È ‰˘Ó·Ùfi). “E›Ó’ „ËÏfi˜ Û·Ó Ù· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·” (·Ó‡„ËÏÔ˜). “Œ¯’ Ï¿Ù˜ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û·›˚Θ” (ۈ̷Ù҉˘).

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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51 ¶Ï·ÁȤ˜ ÙˆÓ µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ ÛÙȘ ÛÎȤ˜ ÙˆÓ ÎÔÚ˘ÊÒÓ Slopes of Vardousia at the shadow of the mountain tops


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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∆· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· ÚÔÛʤÚÔÓÙ·È Û ·ÚÎÂÙ¿ ÛËÌ›· ÁÈ· Ô‰‹Ï·ÙÔ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡ Many spots at Vardousia are ideal for mountain biking

52 ∫·ÏԉȷÙËÚË̤ÓÔ ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ Ì ͇ÏÈÓÔ˘˜ ÎÔÚÌÔ‡˜ ÁÈ· ÛηÏÔ¿ÙÈ· Well-preserved path with wooden trunks used as stairs

∞ÙÂÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ÚÈÓ ·fi ÙËÓ ·Ó¿‚·ÛË Gazing over the top before ascend


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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53 ∫ÚÔ·ÏÂÈÔ Krokilio


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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¢È·Û¯›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ Ù· ·ÏÈ¿ ÁÂÊ˘Ú¿ÎÈ· ÛÙ· ¯ˆÚÈ¿ ÙˆÓ µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ Crossing the old bridges at the villages of Vardousia

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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55


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56 ∆· ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈο µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· The imposing Vardousia Mount


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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57 ∏ Ù¯ÓËÙ‹ Ï›ÌÓË ÙÔ˘ ªfiÚÓÔ˘ Mornos artificial lake


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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MfiÚÓÔ˜ ™Ù· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈ΋ ÌÔÚÊ‹ ‰›ÓÔ˘Ó Ô ÔÙ·Ìfi˜ MfiÚÓÔ˜, Ô ·Ú·fiÙ·Ìfi˜ ÙÔ˘ KfiÎÎÈÓÔ˜, Ô E‡ËÓÔ˜ Î·È ¤Ó· ϤÁÌ· ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚˆÓ Î·È ÌÈÎÚÔ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚˆÓ. O MfiÚÓÔ˜, Ô ·Ú¯·›Ô˜ ¢¿ÊÓÔ˜, ËÁ¿˙ÂÈ ·fi ÙȘ ÓfiÙȘ ÚÔÛ‚¿ÛÂȘ Ù˘ O›Ù˘ Û ‰‡Ô ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ˘˜ ‚Ú·¯›ÔÓ˜, ÙÔ ‰˘ÙÈÎfi Ô˘ ÔÓÔÌ¿˙ÂÙ·È M¤Á· P¤Ì· Î·È ÙÔÓ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈÎfi, ÙÔ PÂÓfiÚÂÌ·. OÈ ‰‡Ô ÎÏ¿‰ÔÈ ÂÓÒÓÔÓÙ·È ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙȘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚʤ˜ KÔÙÚˆÓ¿ÎÈ Î·È §Ë̤ÚÈ. Afi ÙÔ ÛËÌÂ›Ô Ù˘ ¤ÓˆÛ˘ Î·È Ù˘ ‰È·ÌfiÚʈÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ΢ڛˆ˜ MfiÚÓÔ˘ ÙÔ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı› ÓfiÙÈ· ÔÚ›· ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Î·È ÙËÓ °ÎÈÒÓ·, Î·È ·fi ÂΛ ÂÚ›Ô˘ Ô˘ Û˘Ó·ÓÙÈ¤Ù·È Ì ÙÔ §È‰ˆÚÈÎÔfiÙ·ÌÔ, ÙËÓ MÂÏÂÛ›ÙÛ·, ÛÙÚ¤ÊÂÙ·È ‰˘ÙÈο, ÂÓÒÓÂÙ·È ÌÂÙ¿ ÙÔ ™ÙÂÓfi Ì ÙÔÓ KfiÎÎÈÓÔ (KÔÎÎÈÓÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˜) Î·È ·fi ÙÔ ‰ÈfiÙ·ÌÔ ·˘Ùfi ·Ú¯›˙ÂÈ, Ë ÎÔÈÏ¿‰· ÙÔ˘ K¿Ùˆ MfiÚÓÔ˘. B¤‚·È· Ë ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÙÔ˘ ™ÙÂÓÔ‡ Ì ÙË Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ‹ ÙˆÓ ÔÙ·ÌÒÓ MfiÚÓÔ˘, MÂÏÂÛ›ÙÛ·˜, BÂÏÔ˘¯Ô‚ÈÒÙË Î·È KÔÎÎÈÓÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˘ ·ÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó Û‹ÌÂÚ· ÙËÓ MÔÚÓÔÏ›ÌÓË. ∂Í¿ÏÏÔ˘ Ô KÔÎÎÈÓÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˜, ∫ÔÚÌfiÛ‰Ô˜ Û ¤ÁÁÚ·ÊÔ ÙÔ˘ 1481 (ÙÔ˘ÚÎ. kirmizi = ÎfiÎÎÈÓÔ˜), ËÁ¿˙ÂÈ ·fi ÙȘ ‰˘ÙÈΤ˜ Ï·ÁȤ˜ ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ. O MfiÚÓÔ˜ ÂÈÛ¤Ú¯ÂÙ·È ÛÙË N·˘·ÎÙ›· (AÈÙˆÏԷηÚÓ·Ó›·) ÛÙË Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ‹ ÙÔ˘ Ì ÙÔ §ÈÌÓÈÙÛÔfiÙ·ÌÔ Î·È fiÙ·Ó Êı¿ÛÂÈ ÛÙË Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ‹ Ì ÙÔÓ BÂÏ‚ÈÙÛ¿ÓÔ (TÈÚÓfiÚÂÌ·) ÛÙÔ ¯¿ÓÈ §fiË ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı› ÓfiÙÈ· ÔÚ›· Î·È ¯‡ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·, ÛÙÔÓ fiÚÌÔ Ù˘ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘, ·ÊÔ‡ ϤÔÓ ¤¯ÂÈ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÂÈ Ì ÙȘ ÚÔÛ¯ÒÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘ ÙÔÓ Î¿ÌÔ ÛÙȘ Â΂ÔϤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ªfiÚÓÔ˘, ÙÔ ‰ˆÚÈÎfi Î·È Ó·˘·ÎÙÈ·Îfi.

¢‹ÌÔ˜ µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ

58

∞Ó¿ÌÂÛ·, ÏÔÈfiÓ ÛÙÔÓ ∂‡ËÓÔ ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú·ÔÙ¿ÌÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘ µÔ˚ÙÛ¿ÓÔ (µÔÙÛ·˝ÙÈÎÔ˜) Î·È ÙÔ §ÈÌÓÈÙÛÔfiÙ·ÌÔ, ÙÔ ªfiÚÓÔ Î·È ÙÔÓ ·Ú·fiÙ·Ìfi ÙÔ˘ ÙÔÓ ∫fiÎÎÈÓÔ, Î·È ˘fi ÙË ÛÎÈ¿ ˘„ËÏÒÓ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚÊÒÓ ·ÏÒÓÂÙ·È Ô ¢‹ÌÔ˜ µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ Ô˘ ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ ÛÙËÓ Â·Ú¯›· ¢ˆÚ›‰·˜ Î·È ÙÔ ÓÔÌfi ºˆÎ›‰·˜. ™ÙÔ ‚fiÚÂÈÔ ¿ÎÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Ë AÚÙÔÙ›Ó·. KÂÊ·ÏÔ¯ÒÚÈ Ì ÂÈÚÚÔ‹ fi¯È ÌfiÓÔ ÛÙ· ÎÔÓÙÈÓ¿ ¯ˆÚÈ¿ ÙˆÓ ‰˘ÙÈÎÒÓ µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÛÙ· ÁÂÈÙÔÓÈο ÙˆÓ KÚ·‚¿ÚˆÓ. K¿ÔÈÔÈ ˘ÔÛÙËÚ›˙Ô˘Ó fiÙÈ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ N¤· ‹ ªÈÎÚ‹ ÕÚÙ·. ¶Èı·ÓfiÙÂÚË fï˜ Â›Ó·È Ë ÂΉԯ‹ fiÙÈ ¤¯ÂÈ Ï·ÙÈÓÈ΋ ÚԤϢÛË Î·È ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙ· ÛÙÂÓ¿ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡ (.¯. AÚÙÔÙ›‚·). TÚÔÊfi˜ ÔÏÏÒÓ Î·ÂÙ·Ó·›ˆÓ, fiˆ˜ ÙÔ˘ ™Î·ÏÙÛÔ‰‹ÌÔ˘, ÙÔ˘ Aı·Ó¿ÛÈÔ˘ ¢È¿ÎÔ˘, ÙÔ˘ AÓ‰Ú›ÙÛÔ˘ ™·Ê¿Î·, ÙÔ˘ °È¿ÓÓË PÔ‡ÎË, ÙÔ˘ °ÂÚ¿ÓÙˆÓÔ˘, ÙÔ˘ ¶ÈÛÙÈfiÏË ™·Ê¿Î·, ÙÔ˘ º·Û›Ù˙· Î·È ·ÚÎÂÙÒÓ ¿ÏÏˆÓ ·ÁˆÓÈÛÙÒÓ ‰›Î·È· ‹Ú ÙÔÓ Ù›ÙÏÔ ÙÈÌ‹˜: K·ÂÙ·ÓÔ¯ÒÚÈ. ™›ÙÈ· ˘„ËÏ¿ Î·È ÙÂÙÚ¿ÁˆÓ·, ÂÙÚÔÎÙÈṲ̂ӷ Ì ÙÔ ÌÂÚ¿ÎÈ ÙˆÓ ·ÏÈÒÓ Ì·ÛÙfiÚˆÓ Ù˘ ¤ÙÚ·˜, Ì ٷ ÂÁ¯¿Ú·ÎÙ· ·ÁΈӿÚÈ·, Î·È Ù· ‰›·Ù· Ì·Á·˙È¿ Á‡Úˆ ·fi ÙËÓ Ï·Ù›· ‰Â›¯ÓÔ˘Ó ÙÔ ÏÔ‡ÛÈÔ Î·È ‰˘Ó·ÌÈÎfi ·ÚÂÏıfiÓ Ù˘ AÚÙÔÙ›Ó·˜. E›Û˘ ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈÎfi˜ Â›Ó·È Ô ÂÓÔÚÈ·Îfi˜ Ó·fi˜ ÙÔ˘ AÁ›Ô˘ °ÂˆÚÁ›Ô˘. T· ηÂÙ·ÓfiÛÈÙ· ÙÔ˘ ¢È¿ÎÔ˘ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ™Î·ÏÙÛ¿ ÌfiÓÔ ·Ó·ÌÓËÛÙÈΤ˜ ÛًϘ Ù· ı˘Ì›˙Ô˘Ó:“EÓÙ·‡ı· ÂÁÂÓÓ‹ıË ÙÔ 1786 ‹ 1788 Ô ‹Úˆ·˜ Ù˘ AÏ·Ì¿Ó·˜ Ô Aı·Ó¿ÛÈÔ˜ ¢È¿ÎÔ˜...”, “EÓÙ·‡ı· ¤ÎÂÈÙÔ Ë ÔÈΛ·, fiÔ˘ ÂÁÂÓÓ‹ıË Ô ÔÏ·Ú¯ËÁfi˜ ÙÔ˘ 1821 ¢‹ÌÔ˜ ™Î·ÏÙÛ¿˜ ‹ ™Î·ÏÙÛÔ‰‹ÌÔ˜”. MfiÓÔ fiÚıÈÔ Ì¤ÓÂÈ ÙÔ ·Ú¯ÔÓÙÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ ™·Ê¿Î·, ÎÙÈṲ̂ÓÔ Ì Á·Ï·˙ÔÏ›ı·Ú˜ ÂÏÂÎËÙ¤˜ ¤ÙÚ˜ Û ÙÂÙÚ¿ÁˆÓÔ ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈÎfi Û¯‹Ì·, ˘„ËÏfi Ì ÌÂÁ¿Ï· ·Ú¿ı˘Ú·. KÙ›ÛÙËΠÙÔ 1810 Î·È ·Ó·Î·ÈÓ›ÛıËΠ·fi ÙÔ ÁÈÔ ÙÔ˘ ™ÙÚ·ÙËÁÔ‡ AÓ‰Ú›ÙÛÔ˘ ™·Ê¿Î·, ÙÔ °È¿ÓÓË, ÙÔ 1860. TÔ ·Ú¯ÔÓÙÈÎfi ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙËÓ ÂÎÎÏËÛ›· Ù˘ ¶·Ó·ÁÈ¿˜ Î·È Û‹ÌÂÚ· ÛÙÂÁ¿˙ÂÈ ÙÔ IÛÙÔÚÈÎfi - §·ÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi MÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡. BÔÚÂÈfiÙÂÚ· ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ Û ÌÈ· ‰·ÛfiÊ˘ÙË ÂÚÈÔ¯‹, fiÔ˘ ÛÙ· fi‰È· Ù˘ Î˘Ï¿ÂÈ Ô E‡ËÓÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÙÔ MÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ÙÔ˘ ÕÈ °È¿ÓÓË ÙÔ˘ ¶ÚÔ‰ÚfiÌÔ˘, ÙÔ MÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ÙÔ˘ ¢È¿ÎÔ˘. E‰Ò ÌfiÓ·ÛÂ Ô ∞ı·Ó¿ÛÈÔ˜ ¢È¿ÎÔ˜, Ô ‹Úˆ·˜ Ù˘ AÏ·Ì¿Ó·˜. TÔ ·ÏÈfi ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ‹Ù·Ó ηٿ ÙËÓ ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË ÛÙÔÓ ·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ fi¯ÙÔ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ Î·È ‹Ù·Ó ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ÓÔ ÛÙËÓ AÁ›· ¶·Ú·Û΢‹. ⁄ÛÙÂÚ· ·fi fiÓÂÈÚÔ ÔÈ Î·ÏfiÁÂÚÔÈ ¤ÎÙÈÛ·Ó ÙÔ MÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ÂΛ fiÔ˘ Â›Ó·È Û‹ÌÂÚ· Î·È ÙÔ ·ÊÈ¤ÚˆÛ·Ó ÛÙÔÓ ÕÈ °È¿ÓÓË. ™Â ÎÂÏ›, Ô˘ ÎÙ›ÛÙËΠÙÔ 1888, ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ·ÁΈӿÚÈ Ì ÙËÓ ÂÈÁÚ·Ê‹ 1728, Ô˘ ÌÔÚ› Ó· Â›Ó·È Ô ¯ÚfiÓÔ˜ ·Ó¤ÁÂÚÛ˘ ‹ ·Ó·Î·›ÓÈÛ˘ Ù˘ MÔÓ‹˜.


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:32

™ÂÏ›‰·59

TÔ ÂÙÚfiÎÙÈÛÙÔ Î·ıÔÏÈÎfi Ì ‰›ÚȯÙË ÛÙ¤ÁË ÎÙ›ÛÙËÎÂ, fiˆ˜ Ì·ı·›ÓÔ˘Ì ·fi ÙËÓ ÂÓÂ›ÁÚ·ÊË Ͽη, ¿Óˆ ·’ ÙË ‚ÔÚÈÓ‹ fiÚÙ·, ÙÔ 1806. OÈ ÂÈÎfiÓ˜ Â›Ó·È ·ÏȤ˜ Î·È Î¿ÔȘ ʤÚÔ˘Ó ¯ÚÔÓÔÏÔÁ›· 1812. ¢È·ÙËÚÂ›Ù·È ÙÔ ÏÈıfiÎÙÈÛÙÔ ÎÂÏ› ÙÔ˘ ¢È¿ÎÔ˘ Ô˘ ·ÔÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È ·fi ·ÓÒÁÂÈÔ ÎÈ ¤Ó· ÈÛfiÁÂÈÔ ¯ÒÚÔ Ì ÔÏÂÌ›ÛÙÚ˜ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÙÔ›¯Ô˘˜. TÔ ¿ÙˆÌ· Â›Ó·È ÊÙÈ·Á̤ÓÔ Ì ͇ÏÈÓ· ‰ÔοÚÈ·, ÂÈÛÙڈ̤ÓÔ Ì ϿÛË ·fi ¯ÒÌ·. ™ÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ, ÂÎÙfi˜ ·fi ÙËÓ ‰ÔÍ·Ṳ̂ÓË ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ηÂÙ·Ó·›Ô˘˜ Ù˘ ÎÏÂÊÙÔ˘ÚÈ¿˜ Î·È Ù˘ Â·Ó¿ÛÙ·Û˘, ∞ÚÙÔÙ›Ó·, ·Ó‹ÎÔ˘Ó: Ë ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘, ÙÔ ∫ÚÔ·ÏÂÈÔ (ÚÒËÓ ¶·Ï·ÈÔοÙÔ˘ÓÔ) ÙÔ˘ ÔÔ›Ô˘ ÙÔ ·Ú¯·ÈÔÚÂ¤˜ fiÓÔÌ· ı˘Ì›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ ÔÌÒÓ˘ÌË ·ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ fiÏË, Ì ÂӉȷʤÚÔ˘Û· Ï·ÔÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹ Î·È ÙÔÓ ·ÁÚÔÔÈÎÈÛÌfi ∞‚ÔÚ›ÙÈ ÙËÓ ÁÂÓ¤ÙÂÈÚ· ÙÔ˘ ÛÙÚ·ÙËÁÔ‡ °È¿ÓÓË ª·ÎÚ˘ÁÈ¿ÓÓË - ¢ˆÚȤ·, ÙÔ ∫ÚÈ¿ÙÛÈ, Ë ∫ÂÚ·ÛÈ¿ (ÚÒËÓ ™Ô˘ÚÔ‡ÛÙÈ), ÙÔ æËÏfi ÈÚÈfi (ÚÒËÓ ¡Ô‡ÙÛÔÌÚÔ˜), ÙÔ ¢È¯ÒÚÈ (ÚÒËÓ ∫ˆÛÙ¿ÚÈÙÛ·) Ì ÙÔ ÂÚ›ÊËÌÔ ÔÌÒÓ˘ÌÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi, ÙÔ ∆Ú›ÛÙÂÓÔÓ (ÚÒËÓ ¢ÚÂÛÙÂÓ¿), Ë ¶ÂÓÙ·ÁÈÔ‡ Û˘Ó‰Â‰Â̤ÓË Ì ÙË ıÚ˘ÏÈ΋ ϤÔÓ ª·Ú›· ¶ÂÓÙ·ÁÈÒÙÈÛÛ·, ÙÔ ∞ÏÔ¯ÒÚÈ, Ô ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓfi˜ ∑ˆÚÈ¿ÓÔ˜, ÙÔ ∫Ô˘¿ÎÈ, ÙÔ ¶ÂÚÈ‚fiÏÈ (ÚÒËÓ ∞ÁÏ·‚›ÛÙ·) Î·È ÙÔ ∫fiÎÎÈÓÔ (ÚÒËÓ §Ô‡ÙÛÔ‚Ô˜). ™Ù· ‰ÂηÙÚ›· ‚·Ú‰Ô˘ÛÈÒÙÈη ¯ˆÚÈ¿ Ô ÂÈÛΤÙ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ÔÏÏ¿ Ó· ‰ÂÈ, ·fi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÂÔ¯‹ ̤¯ÚÈ Î·È Û‹ÌÂÚ· Î·È ÔÏÏ¿ Ó· ·ÎÔ‡ÛÂÈ, ·ÊÔ‡ Ô ·fi˯Ԙ ÙˆÓ ËÚˆÈÎÒÓ ·Ú·‰fiÛÂˆÓ Î·Ï¿ ÎÚ·Ù›. ∞ÎfiÌ· Ó· ı·˘Ì¿ÛÂÈ Î·È Ó· ·ÔÏ·‡ÛÂÈ ÙË Ê‡ÛË Ì ÙȘ ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛȷΤ˜ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ÙÔ›Ô˘. ∂‰Ò ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈʤÚÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ΢ÚÈ·Ú¯Ô‡Ó Ù· ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈο µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·, Ô˘ ÎÚ‡‚Ô˘Ó Ì‡ÚȘ ÔÌÔÚÊȤ˜ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ Úfiԉ˜, Ô˘ ‚Ú¤¯ÔÓÙ·È ·fi Ù· ÔÙ¿ÌÈ· Î·È Ù· ڤ̷ٷ, ̤¯ÚÈ ÙȘ „ËÏfiÙÂÚ˜ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜ Ì ٷ ·ÏÈο ÙÔ›·. ∆Ô ∂˘Úˆ·˚Îfi ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ ∂4 ‰È·Û¯›˙ÂÈ ÙÔ ‚fiÚÂÈÔ ÙÌ‹Ì· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ. ŒÚ¯ÂÙ·È ·fi ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi °Ú·Ì̤ÓË √͢¿ ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ∞Ô‰ÔÙ›·˜ ¿Óˆ Û ·ÛÊ·ÏÙfi‰ÚÔÌÔ Î·È ÂÚÓ¿ ·fi ÙË ªÔÓ‹ πˆ¿ÓÓÔ˘ ¶ÚÔ‰ÚfiÌÔ˘ Î·È Û˘Ó¯›˙ÂÈ ÛÙÔÓ ›‰ÈÔ ·ÛÊ·ÏÙfi‰ÚÔÌÔ Ì¤¯ÚÈ ÙËÓ ∞ÚÙÔÙ›Ó·. ªÂÙ¿ Û˘Ó¯›˙ÂÈ Û ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ Ì ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋ ÔÚ›· ÁÈ· Ó· Û˘Ó·ÓÙ‹ÛÂÈ ¯ˆÌ·Ùfi‰ÚÔÌÔ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙË ÙÔÔıÂÛ›· ªÔ˘ÛÔ˘ÓÈÙÛÈÒÙÈη ÏÈ‚¿‰È· Î·È ÚÔ¯ˆÚ› ÚÔ˜ Ù· ÔÚÂÈ‚·ÙÈο ηٷʇÁÈ· ÙˆÓ µ·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ Î·È ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi ∞ı·Ó¿ÛÈÔ˜ ¢È¿ÎÔ˜ Ù˘ ºˆÎ›‰·˜.

59 ¶ÂÚ·ÙÒÓÙ·˜ ÛÙÔ ∂4 ·fi ™Ù·‡ÏÔ˘˜ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜ ÚÔ˜ µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Walking on E4 from Stavli in Domnista to Vardousia


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:32

∏ ÙÔÈ΋ ÔÈÎÔÓÔÌ›· “¤Ó ‰Ú¿ÛÂÈ” Local economy “in action”

60

™ÂÏ›‰·60


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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61


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62 ªÔ˘Ï¿ÚÈ· Î·È ¿ÏÔÁ· ͢ÏÔÎfiˆÓ Mules and horses of the woodcutters


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:32

™ÂÏ›‰·63

63 ¶·ÏÈfi ·ÏÒÓÈ Old thresh


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:32

™ÂÏ›‰·64

64 K˘ÎÏÔÊÔÚÈ·Îfi... ¯ˆÚ›˜ ÚÔ‚Ï‹Ì·Ù· No problem with traffic…


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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™ÂÏ›‰·65

65 ÕÁÚÈÔ ÙÔ›Ô ÌÂ ÊfiÓÙÔ Ù· µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Wild landscape with Vardousia at the background


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:32

™ÂÏ›‰·66

66 ∏ ªÔÓ‹ ∞Á›Ô˘ πˆ¿ÓÓÔ˘ ¶ÚÔ‰ÚfiÌÔ˘ fiÔ˘ ÌfiÓ·ÛÂ Ô ∞ı·Ó¿ÛÈÔ˜ ¢È¿ÎÔ˜ Holy Monastery of John the Forerunner where Athanasios Diakos was a monk


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:32

™ÂÏ›‰·67

67 ∆Ô Î·Ù·Ê‡ÁÈÔ ¶·Ó·ÁÈ¿˜ ÛÙÔ ∫ÚÔ·ÏÂÈÔ Panagia shelter at Krokilio


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:32

™ÂÏ›‰·68

ªÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÙÔ˘ KÚÔ΢Ï›Ԣ Path at Krokilio region

68


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:33

™ÂÏ›‰·69

∏ ∫ÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÂÎÎÏËÛ›· ÛÙËÓ ∞ÚÙÔÙ›Ó· Central church in Artotina

69


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:33

™ÂÏ›‰·70

ŸÙÈ ¤¯ÂÈ ·ÔÌ›ÓÂÈ ·’ ÙÔÓ ·ÏÈfi ̇ÏÔ Remains from the old mill

70 ∫Ú‹Ó˜ ÛÙÔ ∫ÚÔ·ÏÂÈÔ Fountains at Krokilio


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:36

™ÂÏ›‰·71

71 µÚ‡ÛË µÂÏÈÁΤη Valigegas Fountain

µÚ‡ÛË Ô˘ ÙËÓ ·Ó·Î·Ï‡ÙÂȘ ÂÚ·ÙÒÓÙ·˜ Fountain that someone comes across during hiking


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:36

™ÂÏ›‰·72

¶·ÏÈ¿ ‚Ú‡ÛË ÛÙÔÓ ¶‡ÚÁÔ Old fountain in Pirgos

72


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:36

™ÂÏ›‰·73

∫ÂÓÙÚÈ΋ Ï·Ù›· ∂˘·Ï›Ô˘ Central square of Efpalio


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:36

™ÂÏ›‰·74

74 ∆Ô ¶·Ú·ı¿Ï·ÛÛÔ ‰›Ï· ÛÙÔÓ ∫ÔÎÎÈÓfi‚Ú·¯Ô, ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ ªÔÓ·ÛÙËÚ¿ÎÈ Parathalasso next to Kokkinovrachos near Monastiraki


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:36

™ÂÏ›‰·75

75 ∞ÙÂÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔÓ ∫ÔÚÈÓıÈ·Îfi ·fi ÙÔ ∞Ú¯·›Ô ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ ‹ √ÈÓÂÒÓ· Gazing over the Corinthian Gulf from Ancient Efpalio or Eneonas


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:36

™ÂÏ›‰·76

76 ¶·ÏÈfi˜ ˘‰Ú·‡Ï·Î·˜ ÓÂÚfiÌ˘ÏÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ ·Ú·Ï›· ™ÂÚÁԇϷ˜ Old water channel of a water mill at Sergoula beach


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:36

™ÂÏ›‰·77

77 √È Î·Ì¿Ú˜ ÙÔ˘ ˘‰Ú·‡Ï·Î· The chambers of the water channel


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:36

™ÂÏ›‰·78

∆Ô ÂÙÚfiÎÙÈÛÙÔ ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ ·fi ÙËÓ ÕÓˆ ™ÂÚÁԇϷ ÚÔ˜ ÙËÓ ·Ú·Ï›· The stone built path from Ano Sergoula to the beach

™›ÙÈ ÙÔ˘ ÔÏÈÙÂ˘Ù‹ §È‰ˆÚ›ÎË ÛÙËÓ ÕÓˆ ™ÂÚÁԇϷ The house of the politician Lidorikis in Ano Sergoula

§ÂÙÔ̤ÚÂÈ· ‚Ú‡Û˘ ÛÙËÓ ÕÓˆ ™ÂÚÁԇϷ Fountain detail at Ano Sergoula

∂ÎÎÏËÛ›· ÛÙËÓ ÕÓˆ ™ÂÚÁԇϷ Church in Ano Sergoula

78 ™‹Ì·ÓÛË ÌÔÓÔ·ÙÈÒÓ Trail signs


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:37

™ÂÏ›‰·79

79 ¶·Ú·Ï›· ™ÂÚÁԇϷ˜ Sergoula beach


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:37

™ÂÏ›‰·80

Ÿ,ÙÈ ¤¯ÂÈ Ì›ÓÂÈ ·fi ÙËÓ ·ÏÈ¿ ˙ˆ‹ ÛÙÔÓ ¶‡ÚÁÔ Remains from the past in Pirgos

80


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:37

™ÂÏ›‰·81

÷ϿÛÌ·Ù· ·ÏÈÒÓ ¤ÙÚÈÓˆÓ ÛÈÙÈÒÓ ÛÙÔÓ ¶‡ÚÁÔ Old stone houses ruins in Pirgos

81


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:37

™ÂÏ›‰·82

¡ÔÙÈÔ‰˘ÙÈ΋ ¢ˆÚ›‰· – ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ

82

∏ ¡¢ ¢ˆÚ›‰·, Ë ÔÔ›· ÔÚÈÔıÂÙÂ›Ù·È ‰˘ÙÈο Î·È ‚fiÚÂÈ· ·fi ÙÔÓ ÔÙ·Ìfi ªfiÚÓÔ ‹ ¢¿ÊÓÔ, ÓfiÙÈ· ·fi ÙÔÓ ∫ÔÚÈÓıÈ·Îfi ÎfiÏÔ Î·È ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο Ì ÙÔ ·Ï·ÈÔÍ·Ú›ÙÈÎÔ ∆Ú·ÓfiÚÂÌ·, ÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ∆Ú›ÎÔÚÊÔ Î·È ÙÔ ™ÂÚÁÔ˘ÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ, Ù·˘Ù›˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ ÂÚÈʤÚÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ∂˘·Ï›Ô˘. ∏ ΈÌfiÔÏË ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ, Ô˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ‰ÒÛÂÈ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ Ù˘ ÛÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ, Â›Ó·È ÎÙÈṲ̂ÓË ÛÙȘ ·Ú˘Ê¤˜ ÙˆÓ ÏfiÊˆÓ ÕÈ §È·˜ Î·È ¶·ÏÈfiηÛÙÚÔ. ∆Ô ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ ˆ˜ ÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ ¤¯ÂÈ ÙËÓ ··Ú¯‹ ÙÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·. ∞ӋΠÛÙË ¢˘ÙÈ΋ §ÔÎÚ›‰·, fiˆ˜ Î·È Ë ¡·‡·ÎÙÔ˜. √ £Ô˘Î˘‰›‰Ë˜ ‰‡Ô ÊÔÚ¤˜ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÈ ÙÔ ·Ú¯·›Ô ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ. ∆ËÓ ÚÒÙË ÊÔÚ¿ ηٿ ÙËÓ ÂÎÛÙÚ·Ù›· ÙÔ˘ ∞ıËÓ·›Ô˘ ÛÙÚ·ÙËÁÔ‡ ¢ËÌÔÛı¤ÓË ÙÔ Î·ÏÔη›ÚÈ ÙÔ˘ 426 .Ã. ηٿ ÙˆÓ ∞ÈÙˆÏÒÓ. √ ¢ËÌÔÛı¤Ó˘ ÌÂÙ¿ ÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÏË„Ë ÙˆÓ ·ÈÙˆÏÈÎÒÓ fiÏÂˆÓ ¶ÔÙȉ·Ó›·, ∫ÚÔ·ÏÂÈÔÓ, ∆›¯ÈÔÓ ¤ÛÙÂÈÏ "ÙËÓ Ï›·Ó ˜ ∂˘¿ÏÈÔÓ Ù˘ §ÔÎÚ›‰Ô˜". ∆Ë ‰Â‡ÙÂÚË ÊÔÚ¿ ηٿ ÙËÓ ÂÎÛÙÚ·Ù›· ÙÔ˘ ™·ÚÙÈ¿ÙË ÛÙÚ·ÙËÁÔ‡ ∂˘Ú‡ÏÔ¯Ô˘ ÙÔ ÊıÈÓfiˆÚÔ ÙÔ˘ 426 .Ã. Ô ÔÔ›Ô˜ “… ¯ÒÚÂÈ Ùˆ ÛÙÚ·ÙÒ Â› ÙËÓ ¡·‡·ÎÙÔÓ ‰È¿ ÙˆÓ §ÔÎÚÒÓ, Î·È ÚÔ¢fiÌÂÓÔ˜ √ÈÓÂÒÓ· ·ÈÚ› ·˘ÙÒÓ Î·È ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ” (Ô ∂˘Ú‡ÏÔ¯Ô˜ ÚÔ¯ÒÚËÛ ̤۷ ·fi ÙÔ ¤‰·ÊÔ˜ ÙˆÓ §ÔÎÚÒÓ ÁÈ· Ó· ÂÈÙÂı› ÛÙË ¡·‡·ÎÙÔ Î·È ÛÙËÓ ÔÚ›· ÙÔ˘ ΢ڛ„ ÙÔÓ √ÈÓÂÒÓ· Î·È ÙÔ ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ ÙˆÓ §ÔÎÚÒÓ). ∏ ı¤ÛË ÙÔ˘ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘ ∂˘·Ï›Ô˘ Â›Ó·È Û˘Ó˘Ê·Ṳ̂ÓË Ì ÙË ı¤ÛË ÙÔ˘ √ÈÓÂÒÓÔ˜. √ √ÈÓÂÒÓ Â›Ó·È Û˘Ó‰Â̤ÓÔ˜ Ì ÙË ‰ÔÏÔÊÔÓ›· ÙÔ˘ ∏ÛÈfi‰Ô˘ Ô˘ ¤ÁÈÓ ÛÙÔ πÂÚfi ÙÔ˘ ¡ÂÌ›Ԣ, Ô˘ ‹Ù·Ó ηٿ ·Ú¯·›· Ì·ÚÙ˘Ú›· ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔÓ ÔÙ·Ìfi ¢¿ÊÓÔ (ªfiÚÓÔ˜). √ £Ô˘Î˘‰›‰Ë˜ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÈ fiÙÈ Ô ¢ËÌÔÛı¤Ó˘ "ˆÚÌ¿ÙÔ ÂÍ √ÈÓÂÒÓÔ˜ Ù˘ §ÔÎÚ›‰Ô˜…" (›¯Â ˆ˜ ‚¿ÛË ÙÔÓ √ÈÓÂÒÓ· Ù˘ §ÔÎÚ›‰·˜) Î·È "·˘ÏÈÛ¿ÌÂÓÔ˜ ‰Â Ùˆ ÛÙÚ·ÙÒ ÂÓ ÙÔ˘ ¢Èfi˜ ¡ÂÌ›Ԣ Ùˆ ÈÂÚÒ ÂÓ ˆ ∏Û›Ô‰Ô˜ Ô ÔÈËÙ‹˜ ÏÂÁÂÙ·È ˘fi ÙˆÓ Ù·‡ÙË ·Ôı·Ó›Ó" (ÛÙÚ·ÙÔ‡‰Â˘Û ÛÙÔ πÂÚfi ÙÔ˘ ¡ÂÌ›Ԣ ¢›·, fiÔ˘ ηıÒ˜ ϤÓÂ, ›¯Â ÊÔÓ¢ı› Ô ÔÈËÙ‹˜ ∏Û›Ô‰Ô˜ ·fi ÓÙfiÈÔ˘˜…). ªÂÙ¿ ÙËÓ ‹ÙÙ· Î·È ˘Ô¯ÒÚËÛË ÔÈ ∞ıËÓ·›ÔÈ "ÌfiÏȘ Ù Â› ÙËÓ ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·Ó Î·È ÙÔÓ √ÈÓÂÒÓ· Ù˘ §ÔÎÚ›‰Ô˜, fiıÂÓÂÚ Î·È ˆÚÌ‹ıËÛ·Ó, ÔÈ ÂÚÈÁÂÓfiÌÂÓÔÈ Î·Ù¤Ê˘ÁÔÓ” (fiÛÔÈ ÌfiÚÂÛ·Ó Ó· ÛˆıÔ‡Ó Í¤Ê˘Á·Ó ÚÔ˜ ÙËÓ ı¿Ï·ÛÛ· Î·È ÛÙÔÓ √ÈÓÂÒÓ· Ù˘ §ÔÎÚ›‰·˜ ·' fiÔ˘ ›¯·Ó ÍÂÎÈÓ‹ÛÂÈ). √ ¢ËÌÔÛı¤Ó˘, ÏÔÈfiÓ, ‹Ïı ·fi ÙËÓ ∞ηÚÓ·Ó›· Ì ÏÔ›· Î·È ÂÔ̤ӈ˜ Ô √ÈÓÂÒÓ·˜ ‹Ù·Ó ÏÈÌ¿ÓÈ. ∫·È ‹Ïı·Ó ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ‰›ÛÂÎÙ·, Î·È ÙÔ ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ Î·È Ô √ÈÓÂÒÓ Í¯¿ÛıËηÓ. √ ¯ÒÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÚÈ‹Ïı ÛÙÔ˘˜ ∆Ô‡ÚÎÔ˘˜ Î·È Ë ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ¤ÌÂÈÓ ÁÓˆÛÙ‹ Ì ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· ™Ô˘Ï¤˜, ˆ˜ ÙÛÈÊÏ›ÎÈ ÙÔ˘ ª¤Ë Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜. ∆· ÙÂÏÂ˘Ù·›· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· Ù˘ ∆Ô˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·˜ ηÙÔÈÎÔ‡Û·Ó 15 ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂȘ. ∞ӷʤÚÂÙ·È ˆ˜ ™Ô˘Ï¤È (™Ô˘Ï·›ÔÈ). ªÂÙ¿ ÙËÓ ·ÂÏ¢ı¤ÚˆÛË Ô ™Ô˘Ï¤˜ ıˆڋıËΠÂıÓÈÎfi ÎÙ‹Ì· Î·È ‰È·ÓÂÌ‹ıËΠ۠·ÁˆÓÈÛÙ¤˜. ∆Ô 1835 ›¯·Ó È‰Ú˘ı› 11 ¢‹ÌÔÈ ÛÙËÓ Â·Ú¯›· ¢ˆÚ›‰Ô˜ Î·È ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· Û' ·˘ÙÔ‡˜ Ô ¢‹ÌÔ˜ √ÈÓÂÒÓÔ˜, ·ÏÏ¿ ÙÔ ‰È¿Ù·ÁÌ· ·˘Ùfi Ô˘‰¤ÔÙ ›Û¯˘ÛÂ Î·È ÙÔ ÂfiÌÂÓÔ ‰È¿Ù·ÁÌ· ÙÔ˘ 1836 Û˘Á¯ÒÓ¢Û ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘˜ √ÈÓÂÒÓÔ˜ (Ì ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ ∫¿Ùˆ ∫Ï‹Ì·) Î·È ¶ÔÙȉ·Ó›·˜ Û ¢‹ÌÔ ¶ÔÙȉ·Ó›·˜ Ì ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ ÕÓˆ ¶·Ï·ÈÔÍ¿ÚÈ. ŸÌˆ˜ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ ÔÈÎÈÛÌÒÓ ‰ÂÓ ÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÙ·È Ô ™Ô˘Ï¤˜ (‹ ™Ô˘Ï¤), Ô˘ Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ÌÔÚÊ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ ÂıÓÈÎÔ‡ ÎÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ‰ÂÓ ÂÌÊ¿ÓÈ˙ ÏËı˘ÛÌfi. ∆Ô 1869 ȉڇÂÙ·È ¢‹ÌÔ˜ √ÈÓÂÒÓÔ˜ Ì ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ ∫¿Ùˆ ∫Ï‹Ì·, fiÔ˘ ÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÙ·È Ô ™Ô˘Ï¤˜. ∆Ô 1886 Ô ¢‹ÌÔ˜ ÌÂÙÔÓÔÌ¿˙ÂÙ·È Û ∂˘·Ï›Ô˘ Î·È ¤Ú¯ÂÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ÂÈÊ¿ÓÂÈ· Ë ·Ú¯·›· ÔÓÔÌ·Û›·. ∆Ô 1890 Ô ™Ô˘Ï¤˜ ÔÚ›˙ÂÙ·È ˆ˜ ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ∂˘·Ï›Ô˘ Î·È ÙÔ 1907 Ô ÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ ™Ô˘Ï¤˜ ÌÂÙÔÓÔÌ¿˙ÂÙ·È Û ∂˘¿ÏÈÔÓ. ∆Ô 1912 ·Ó·ÎËÚ‡¯ıËΠ۠ÎÔÈÓfiÙËÙ· Î·È ÙÔ 1913 ÚÔÛ·ÚÙ‹ıËΠÛ' ·˘Ù‹ Î·È Ë ∫·Ú˘¿. ªÂ ÙÔÓ ¡. 2539/97 (∫·Ô‰›ÛÙÚÈ·˜) ȉڇıËÎÂ Ô ¢‹ÌÔ˜ ∂˘·Ï›Ô˘ Ô˘ ÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ 16 ∆ÔÈο ¢È·ÌÂÚ›ÛÌ·Ù·: ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ, ¢ÚÔÛ¿ÙÔ, ∫¿ÌÔ˜, ∫·ÛÙÚ¿ÎÈ, ∫Ï‹Ì·, ª·Ï¿Ì·Ù·, ª·Ó¿ÁÔ˘ÏË, ª·Ú·ıÈ¿˜, ªÔÓ·ÛÙËÚ¿ÎÈ, ¶·Ï·ÈÔÍ¿ÚÈ, ¶ÔÙȉ¿ÓÂÈ·, ¶‡ÚÁÔ˜, ™ÂÚÁԇϷ, ∆›¯ÈÔ, ∆Ú›ÎÔÚÊÔ Î·È ºÈÏÔı¤Ë. ∫·ı¤Ó· ·fi ·˘Ù¿ Ù· ¯ˆÚÈ¿ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ¤¯ÂÈ Î¿ÙÈ Ó· ‰Â›ÍÂÈ ÛÙÔÓ ÚÔÛÂÎÙÈÎfi ·Ú·ÙËÚËÙ‹. ¶¤Ú·Ó ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ȯÓÒÓ Ô˘ Ó›ÁÔÓÙ·È ÛÙË ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË Î·È ÙˆÓ ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓÒÓ Î·È ÌÂÙ·‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓÒÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ, Ô ÂÚÈ·ÙËÙ‹˜ ı· ·Ó·Î·Ï‡„ÂÈ ÔÏϤ˜ ÁˆÓȤ˜ ··Ú¿ÌÈÏÏÔ˘ Ê˘ÛÈÎÔ‡ οÏÏÔ˘˜ Ô˘ ı· ÙÔ˘ Ì›ÓÔ˘Ó ·Í¤¯·ÛÙ˜.


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:37

™ÂÏ›‰·83

… Ë ‰È‹ÁËÛË Ù˘ ÂÚÈ‹ÁËÛ˘ Û˘Ó¯›˙ÂÙ·È … the narration of the tour goes on

83


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

84

27-04-09

09:37

™ÂÏ›‰·84

¡fiÙÈ· ·fi ÙÔ ∫·ÛÙÚ¿ÎÈ ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ∂˘·Ï›Ô˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁËı› ÌÈ· ‡ÊÔÚË ‰ȿ‰· ·ÚÎÂÙÒÓ ÛÙÚÂÌÌ¿ÙˆÓ, Ô Î¿ÌÔ˜ ÙˆÓ Â΂ÔÏÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ªfiÚÓÔ˘, Ô ‰ˆÚÈÎfi˜ ÛÙËÓ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚ‹ fi¯ıË ·fi ÙȘ ËÁ¤˜ Î·È Ô Ó·˘·ÎÙÈ·Îfi˜ ·fi ÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿. ∂‰Ò ΢ڛ·Ú¯Ô˜ ÛÙËÓ ‰ȿ‰· Â›Ó·È Ô ªfiÚÓÔ˜. ∞fi ÙȘ ÚÔÛ¯ÒÛÂȘ, ÏÔÈfiÓ, ÙÔ˘ ªfiÚÓÔ˘ Ô˘ ‚ÔËıÈ¤Ù·È ·fi ÙÔ ·Ú·ÔÙ¿ÌÈ ÙÔ˘ ÙË ª·Óًψ, ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ıËÎÂ Ë ‰ȿ‰· ̤¯ÚÈ ÙÔÓ ∫ÔÎÎÈÓfi‚Ú·¯Ô, ÙÔ ·ÎÚˆÙ‹ÚÈ ÛÙÔ ªÔÓ·ÛÙËÚ¿ÎÈ. ∞Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙ· ‰‡Ô fi‰È· ÙÔ˘ ‰¤ÏÙ· Â›Ó·È Ù· ¯ˆÚÈ¿ ª·Ï¿Ì·Ù· Î·È ÕÁÈÔ˜ ¶ÔχηÚÔ˜ (÷ۿӷÁ·). ™ÙËÓ ÂÚÈʤÚÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ Ô ÂÚÈËÁËÙ‹˜ ¤¯ÂÈ ÔÏÏ¿ ·ÍÈÔı¤·Ù· Ó· ‰ÂÈ, ›Ù ·˘Ù¿ Â›Ó·È ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹Ì·Ù· Ù˘ ʇÛ˘, ›Ù ÂÈÙ‡ÁÌ·Ù· ÙÔ˘ ·ÓıÚÒÈÓÔ˘ Ìfi¯ıÔ˘. ™ÙÔ ‰È·Ì¤ÚÈÛÌ· ÙÔ˘ ∆›¯ÈÔ˘ ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ ÙÔ ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓfi ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ Ù˘ µ·ÚÓ¿ÎÔ‚·˜, Ô˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙË ‚Ô˘ÓÔÏ·ÁÈ¿ Û ˘„fiÌÂÙÚÔ 750 ̤ÙÚ· ̤۷ Û ‰¿ÛË Î¤‰ÚˆÓ Î·È ·ÈˆÓfi‚ÈˆÓ ‰Ú˘ÒÓ. ¶ÚfiÎÂÈÙ·È ÁÈ· ¤Ó· Í·ÎÔ˘ÛÙfi ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓfi ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ Ô˘ ȉڇıËΠÙÔ 1077 Ì.Ã., ‰È‰ڷ̿ÙÈÛ ÛÔ˘‰·›Ô ηٿ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜ ÙÔ˘ ¤ıÓÔ˘˜ Î·È ‰È·ÙËÚÔ‡Û ۯÔÏÂ›Ô Î·Ù¿ Ù· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· Ù˘ ∆Ô˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·˜ Î·È ÌÂÙ·ÂÏ¢ıÂÚˆÙÈο. ∏ ÔÓÔÌ·Û›· µ·ÚÓ¿ÎÔ‚· Â›Ó·È ·ÎfiÌ· ·‰È¢ÎÚ›ÓÈÛÙË, Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È fiÙÈ ÙÔ ÚÒÙÔ Û˘ÓıÂÙÈÎfi ˘ÔÎÚ‡ÙÂÈ ÂÒÓ˘ÌÔ µ·ÚÓ¿˜ - µ¿Úӷη˜, Ô˘ Â›Ó·È ÁÓˆÛÙfi ÛÙËÓ Â˘Ú‡ÙÂÚË ÂÚÈÔ¯‹. ∆Ô ‰Â‡ÙÂÚÔ Û˘ÓıÂÙÈÎfi Â›Ó·È Ë ÛÏ·‚È΋ ηٿÏËÍË -Ô‚·, Ô˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔÔÈÂ›Ù·È Î·È ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ∞Ï‚·ÓÔ‡˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ µÏ¿¯Ô˘˜. ∏ ªÔÓ‹ ¤¯ÂÈ ·Ó·Î·ÈÓÈÛı› Î·È ‰È·ÙËÚ›, ·Ú¿ ÙȘ ηٷÛÙÚÔʤ˜, ÛÔ˘‰·›Ô ÈÛÙÔÚÈÎfi ·Ú¯Â›Ô Î·È ‚È‚ÏÈÔı‹ÎË. ∂›Û˘ ÔÈ ÂÈÛËÌ·Óı›Û˜ ÂÈه̂Ș ÂÈÁڷʤ˜ Ê·ÓÂÚÒÓÔ˘Ó fiÙÈ Â‰Ò ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÂÓÙ·ÊÈ·Ûı› οÔÈÔÈ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ¿Ú¯ÔÓÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ ¢ÂÛÔÙ¿ÙÔ˘ Ù˘ ∏›ÚÔ˘ Ù˘ ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂÈ·˜ ÙˆÓ ∞ÁÁÂÏÒÓ˘ÌˆÓ ∫ÔÌÓËÓÒÓ. ∆Ô ∫·ıÔÏÈÎfi, ÙÚ›ÎÏÈÙË ‚·ÛÈÏÈ΋ Ì ÙÚÔ‡ÏÔ, ÎÙ›ÛıËΠÙÔ 1831 Ì ¯ÔÚËÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ΢‚ÂÚÓ‹ÙË ∫·Ô‰›ÛÙÚÈ·, ÂÓÒ Ô Â͈ÙÂÚÈÎfi˜ Ó¿ÚıËη˜ ·ÓÂÁ¤ÚıËΠÙÔ 1229. ∆Ô ªÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ Ì ÙËÓ Â˘Ú‡ÙÂÚË ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ·Ó‹Î ̤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ 1833 ÛÙËÓ πÂÚ¿ ªËÙÚfiÔÏË ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ Î·È fi¯È ÛÙËÓ ∂ÈÛÎÔ‹ §È‰ˆÚÈΛԢ Ù˘ ªËÙÚfiÔÏ˘ §·Ú›Û˘. ∆Ô ªÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ Ù· ÙÂÏÂ˘Ù·›· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ·Ó·Î·ÈÓ›ÛıËÎÂ. ªÂÙ·‚Ï‹ıËΠ۠Á˘Ó·ÈÎÂ›Ô Î·È ˘ËÚÂÙÂ›Ù·È ·fi 13 ÌÔÓ·¯¤˜. ¶¤ÓÙ ¯ÏÌ. µ¢ ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ ∆Ú›ÎÔÚÊÔ ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÙÔ ∫ÂÊ·ÏÔÁÈfiÊ˘ÚÔ Ô˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÈ ÙË ¢ˆÚ›‰· Ì ÙË ¡·˘·ÎÙ›·. ¶ÚfiÎÂÈÙ·È ÁÈ· ÂÍ·ÈÚÂÙÈÎfi ÌÓËÌÂ›Ô Ù˘ ∆Ô˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·˜ Ô˘ ‚ÚÈÛÎfiÙ·Ó Û Ó¢ڷÏÁÈ΋ ı¤ÛË Î·È ¤¯ÂÈ ÔÏÏ¿ Ù¯ÓÈο ÛÙÔȯ›· Ô˘ ÙÔ Î·ıÈÛÙÔ‡Ó ·ÍÈÔ·Ú·Ù‹ÚËÙÔ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈο. ∞ÎfiÌ· Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Î·È Ì ·ÚÎÂÙ¤˜ ·Ú·‰fiÛÂȘ. ∞ÎÚÈ‚Ò˜ ÛÙÔ ›Ûˆ ̤ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ Ô˘ ÍÂÎÈÓ¿ÂÈ ·fi ÌÈÎÚfi ÔÚÔ¤‰ÈÔ. ™ÙËÓ ¿ÎÚË ÙÔ˘ ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÏÔÊ›ÛÎÔ˜ Ì ÙÔ ÍˆÎÏ‹ÛÈ ÙÔ˘ ∞Á›Ô˘ ∫ˆÓÛÙ·ÓÙ›ÓÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ÙÔ˘. ∆Ô ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ Êı¿ÓÂÈ Ì¤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ ∫ÂÊ·ÏÔÁÈfiÊ˘ÚÔ Ì ÙÔÓ ·‡ıÌÂÓÔ ¶Ô‡ÓÙÔ. ™ÙÔ ∆Ú›ÎÔÚÊÔ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Ó ‰‡Ô Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓ· ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ·, Ô˘ ÚÔÛÂÏÎ‡Ô˘Ó ¯ÈÏÈ¿‰Â˜ ÚÔÛ΢ÓËÙ¤˜. ∏ ·Ó‰ÚÒ· ªÔÓ‹ ∞Á›ˆÓ ∞˘ÁÔ˘ÛÙ›ÓÔ˘ Î·È ™ÂÚ·ÊÂ›Ì ÙÔ˘ ™·ÊÒÊ (1991) ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Î¿Ô˘ 500 ̤ÙÚ· µ∞ ÙÔ˘ ÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ‡ Û ·ÓÔÚ·ÌÈ΋ ı¤ÛË ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙËÓ ÕÈ ™ˆÙ‹Ú·. ∆Ô 1990 ȉڇıËÎÂ Ë Á˘Ó·ÈΛ· ªÔÓ‹ ÙÔ˘ ∞Á›Ô˘ ¡ÂÎÙ·Ú›Ô˘. µÚ›ÛÎÂÙ·È Û ÂÏ·ÈfiÊ˘ÙË Ï·ÁÈ¿ ‰ÂÍÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ ‰ÚfiÌÔ˘ Ô˘ Ô‰ËÁ› ÛÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi, 5 ¯ÏÌ. ÚÈÓ ·' ·˘Ùfi. ∞Ó·ÙÔÏÈο ·fi ÙÔ ∆Ú›ÎÔÚÊÔ Î·È µ¢ ·fi ÙÔ ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Ë ºÈÏÔı¤Ë. ª¤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ 1959 ÔÓÔÌ·˙fiÙ·Ó °ÎÔ˘Ì·›ÔÈ, ·fi ÙÔ ÔÈÎÔÁÂÓÂÈ·Îfi fiÓÔÌ· °Îԇ̷˜ Ô˘ ÙÔ ¤ÊÂÚ ‚Ï·¯ÔÔÈ̤ӷ˜, Ô ÔÔ›Ô˜ ‹Ù·Ó ÛÙËÓ ˘ËÚÂÛ›· ÙÔ˘ ªÔÓ·ÛÙËÚÈÔ‡ Ù˘ µ·ÚÓ¿ÎÔ‚·˜. ∆Ô ÔÚÂÈÓfi ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ ÎÚ‡‚ÂÈ ¤Ó· ıËÛ·˘Úfi Ô˘ ϤÁÂÙ·È ¤ÙÚ·, ÔÈÎ›ÏˆÓ ¯ÚˆÌ¿ÙˆÓ Î·È ÌÂÁÂıÒÓ Î·È Â›Ó·È Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏË ÁÈ· ÙÔ ·Ú·‰ÔÛÈ·Îfi ÎÙ›ÛÈÌÔ ÛÈÙÈÒÓ. ŒÙÛÈ Ë ÂÍfiÚ˘ÍË Î·È Ë ÂÌÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¤ÙÚ·˜ Â›Ó·È ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi ÁÓÒÚÈÛÌ· Ù˘ ÔÈÎÔÓÔÌ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡, ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÔÈ ÓÙfiÈÔÈ Ì·ÛÙfiÚÔÈ - ÎÙ›ÛÙ˜ Î·È Ì·ÛÙÚÔÂÏÂοÓÔÈ Ô˘ Â›Ó·È ÂÚÈ˙‹ÙËÙÔÈ. ∆Ô‡ÙÔ ¤¯ÂÈ ÙËÓ ·Á·ı‹ Û˘Ó¤ÂÈ· ÛÙÔ ›‰ÈÔ ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi Ó· ΢Úȷگ› ÛÙ· ÎÙ›ÚÈ· Î·È ÛÙ· Ï·ÎfiÛÙÚˆÙ· Ë ÊÈÏÔı¿ÙÈÎË ¤ÙÚ·, ÁÈ· Ó· ¿ÚÂÈ Â¿ÍÈ· ÙÔÓ Ù›ÙÏÔ "¯ˆÚÈfi Ù˘ ¤ÙÚ·˜". ™ÙÔ Î¤ÓÙÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ ÙÔ ÛÙÔÏ›˙ÂÈ Ë Ï·Ù›· fiÔ˘ ‰ÂÛfi˙ÂÈ Ô ÂÓÔÚÈ·Îfi˜ Ó·fi˜ ÙÔ˘ ÕÈ °ÈÒÚÁË, Ì ÙËÓ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈ΋ ¤ÙÚÈÓË ‰fiÌËÛ‹ ÙÔ˘. ŸÏ· ‰Ò, ηıÒ˜ Â›Ó·È ÂÙÚfiÎÙÈÛÙ·, ÚÔηÏÔ‡Ó ÙËÓ ÚÔÛÔ¯‹ ÙÔ˘ ÂÈÛΤÙË fiˆ˜ ÙÔ ÁÚ·ÊÂ›Ô ÙÔ˘ ÙÔÈÎÔ‡ Û˘Ì‚Ô˘Ï›Ô˘, ÙÔ Ï·ÎfiÛÙÚˆÙÔ, Ù· Â˙Ô‡ÏÈ·, ÙÔ ÛÈÓÙÚÈ‚¿ÓÈ Ô˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È ˘fi ÙËÓ ÛÎÈ¿ ·ÈˆÓfi‚ÈÔ˘ Ï·Ù¿ÓÔ˘. ™Â ÌÈ· Î·Ù¿Ê˘ÙË ÙÔÔıÂÛ›· ÂÚ›Ô˘ 1 ¯ÏÌ. ‰˘ÙÈο ·fi ÙÔ ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ Û˘Ó·ÓÙ¿Ì ÙÔ ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓfi ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ÙÔ˘ ÕÈ °È¿ÓÓË £ÂÔÏfiÁÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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‰ÂÍÈ¿ fi¯ıË ÙÔ˘ ∫·Ú˘ÒÙË fiÔ˘ ÛÒ˙ÂÙ·È ÙÔ Î·ıÔÏÈÎfi. ¶ÚfiÎÂÈÙ·È ÁÈ· ¤Ó· ÎÔÌ„ÔÙ¤¯ÓËÌ· ÙÔ˘ ‚' ÌÈÛÔ‡ ÙÔ˘ 12Ô˘ ·È. Ì ·ÍÈfiÏÔÁ˜ ÙÔȯÔÁڷʛ˜, ÎÙÈṲ̂ÓÔ Î·Ù¿ ÙÔ ÏÈÓıÔÂÚ›‚ÏËÙÔ Û‡ÛÙËÌ·. ∂‰Ò ˘‹Ú¯Â ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi ÕÁÈÔ˜ ¡ÈÎfiÏ·Ô˜ Ô˘ Ù· ÙÂÏÂ˘Ù·›· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· Ù˘ ∆Ô˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·˜ ›¯Â 12 ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂȘ. ∞Ó·ÙÔÏÈο ·fi ÙÔ ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË ™ÂÚ‚¤ÏÈ (™ÂÚ‚ÂÏ‹) Û ÏfiÊÔ ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ √ıˆÌ·ÓÈÎfi ÎÙÈÚÈ·Îfi Û˘ÁÎÚfiÙËÌ· (ÙÔ˘ÚÎÈο ÎÙ›ÚÈ·, ‹ ™·Ú¿È ‹ ¶·ÏÈÔÛ·Ú¿ÁÈÔ), fiÔ˘ ‰È¤ÌÂÓÂ Ô √ıˆÌ·Ófi˜ ·ÍȈ̷ÙÔ‡¯Ô˜ Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ (∞Á¿˜ ‹ ª¤Ë˜). µfiÚÂÈ· ÛÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ÕÁÈÔ˜ ∞ÚÛ¤ÓÈÔ˜ ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÙÔ Û‹Ï·ÈÔ ÙÔ˘ √Û›Ô˘ ∞ÚÛÂÓ›Ô˘ Ô˘ ›‰Ú˘Û ÙÔ 1077 ÙÔ ªÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ Ù˘ µ·ÚÓ¿ÎÔ‚·˜ Î·È Î·Ù·ÁfiÙ·Ó ·fi ÙËÓ ∫·Ú˘¿, ÂÚË̤̈ÓÔ Û‹ÌÂÚ· ¯ˆÚÈfi (ÕÓˆ Î·È ∫¿Ùˆ ∫·Ú˘¿). ∆Ô Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓÔ ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ Â›Ó·È ÌÈ· ÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ ΈÌfiÔÏË Û ‡„Ô˜ 100 Ì. ∞ψ̤ÓÔ ÛÙÔ˘˜ Úfiԉ˜ ÙˆÓ ÁÚ·ÊÈÎÒÓ ÏfiÊˆÓ ¶·ÏÈfiηÛÙÚÔ Î·È ÕÈ §È·˜ ÛÙËÓ ÎÔÈÏ¿‰·, fiÔ˘ ΢Úȷگ› ÙÔ ÔÙ·Ì¿ÎÈ Ë ª·Ó‰‹Ïˆ Ì ÙÔ ·Ó¤ÌÔÚÊÔ Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ Ù˘. ¶ÂÚȉȷ‚·›ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ ÔÏ›¯ÓË Ô ÂÚÈ·ÙËÙ‹˜ ı· ı·˘Ì¿ÛÂÈ ·Ú·‰ÔÛȷο Î·È ÓÂfiÙÂÚ· ÎÙ›ÛÌ·Ù·, ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÙÔ ÂÚÈηÏϤ˜ Ï·ÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi ÌÔ˘Û›Ô. ™ÙÔ ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ Î·È Ô Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ °ÚËÁÔÚ›ÙÈη Ô˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ıËΠ·fi ηÙÔ›ÎÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘ ÔÚÂÈÓÔ‡ Ó·˘·ÎÙÈ·ÎÔ‡ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ °ÚËÁfiÚÈ. •Â¯ˆÚ›˙ÂÈ Ô ÂÓÔÚÈ·Îfi˜ Ó·fi˜ ÙÔ˘ ∞Á›Ô˘ °ÚËÁÔÚ›Ô˘ Ì ÙËÓ ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛȷ΋ ¤ÙÚÈÓË ‰fiÌËÛË, Ô˘ Â›Ó·È Î·È Ô ÚÔÛÙ¿Ù˘ ÙÔ˘ ÌËÙÚÈÎÔ‡ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡.

85 §ÂÙÔ̤ÚÂÈ· ˘¤Úı˘ÚÔ˘ ÂÎÎÏËÛ›·˜ ÛÙË ºÈÏÔı¤Ë Details of the part above the gate at a church in Filothei


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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™ÂÏ›‰·86

ªÔÓ·ÛÙËÚ¿ÎÈ Monastiraki

86


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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™ÙËÓ ·Ú·Ï›· ÙÔ˘ M·Ú·ıÈ¿ Marathias beach

88


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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™ÂÏ›‰·89

89


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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Afi ÙÔ TÚ›ÎÔÚÊÔ ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ MˆÚÈ¿ From Trikorfo to Morias

90

™ÂÏ›‰·90


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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™ÂÏ›‰·91

91


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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™ÂÏ›‰·92

∞ÙÂÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔÓ ÔÚ›˙ÔÓÙ· ·fi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ¶ÔÙȉ¿ÓÂÈ· Gazing at the horizon from ancient Potidania


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:40

™ÂÏ›‰·93

93 √È Ù¿ÊÔÈ ÛÙËÓ ∞Ú¯·›· ¶ÔÙȉ¿ÓÂÈ· Tombs in ancient Potidania


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:40

™ÂÏ›‰·94

94 µ˘˙·ÓÙÈÓfi˜ Ó·fi˜ ·fi ÙË ÌÔÓ‹ ∞Á›Ô˘ πˆ¿ÓÓË £ÂÔÏfiÁÔ˘ Byzantine church from the monastery of Agios Ioannis Theologos


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:40

™ÂÏ›‰·95

95 ∂ÎÎÏËÛ›· ÛÙÔ ∆Ú›ÎÔÚÊÔ Church in Trikorfo


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:40

∏ ÈÛÙÔÚÈ΋ MÔÓ‹ B·ÚÓ¿ÎÔ‚·˜ The historical Monastery of Varnakova

96

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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MÓËÌÂ›Ô ı˘Ì¿ÙˆÓ Û˘ÓÙ¿ÁÌ·ÙÔ˜ ¢. æ·ÚÔ‡ ÛÙÔ KÏ‹Ì· Victims monument of the regiment of D. Psaros in Klima

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99 MÔÓ‹ AÁ›Ô˘ NÂÎÙ·Ú›Ô˘ Monastery of Agios Nektarios


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∂›ÛÔ‰Ô˜ Ù˘ MÔÓ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ AÁ›Ô˘ A˘ÁÔ˘ÛÙ›ÓÔ˘ Entrance of the Monastery of Agios Avgoustinos

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MÔÓ‹ AÁ›Ô˘ A˘ÁÔ˘ÛÙ›ÓÔ˘, ÙÔ Ù¤ÌÏÔ Monastery of Agios Avgoustinos, chancel screen

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¡·˘·ÎÙ›·


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¡·˘·ÎÙ›· H ¡·˘·ÎÙ›· ·ψ̤ÓË ÁˆÁÚ·ÊÈο ·fi ‚fiÚÂÈ· Î·È ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÔÚÂÈÓÔ‡˜ fiÁÎÔ˘˜ Ù˘ OÍÈ¿˜, ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ ·ÓÙÂÚÂÈÛÌ¿ÙˆÓ ÙÔ˘˜, Ì ‰‡Ô ÌÂÁ¿Ï· ÔÙ¿ÌÈ· ÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ ·fi Ù· ‰˘ÙÈο Î·È ÙÔ MfiÚÓÔ ·fi ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο Î·È ·fi Ù· ÓfiÙÈ· ÔÈ ÎfiÏÔÈ ¶·ÙÚ·˚Îfi˜ Î·È KÔÚÈÓıÈ·Îfi˜ Ó· ÙËÓ ÂÚÈÛÊ›ÁÁÔ˘Ó, ·ÔÙÂÏ› ÙÔ NA ÙÌ‹Ì· ÙÔ˘ ÓÔÌÔ‡ AÈÙˆÏԷηÚÓ·Ó›·˜. H Â·Ú¯›· N·˘·ÎÙ›·˜, ˆ˜ ‰ÈÔÈÎËÙÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÚfiÙÂÚ· Î·È ÙÒÚ· ˆ˜ ÁˆÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ ÂÓfiÙËÙ·, ·Ó¤Î·ıÂÓ ¯ˆÚÈ˙fiÙ·Ó Û ‰‡Ô ÙÌ‹Ì·Ù·. H BfiÚÂÈ· ·ÔÙÂÏ› Ù· KÚ¿‚·Ú· Î·È Ë NfiÙÈ· ÙÔ BÂÓ¤ÙÈÎÔ. °È· Ù· KÚ¿‚·Ú· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÚÔÙ·ı› ÔÏϤ˜ ÂΉԯ¤˜ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂÙ˘ÌÔÏÔÁ›· Ù˘ Ϥ͢. TÔ ÙÔˆÓ‡ÌÈÔ ·˘Ùfi ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ Û ·ÚÎÂÙ¿ ÛËÌ›· Ù˘ ¯ÒÚ·˜, ·ÎfiÌ· Î·È ÛÙËÓ IÙ·Ï›· Î·È ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙfiÔ˘˜ Ì ÔÚÂÈÓfi ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ Î·È ¯·Ú·‰ÚÒ‰ÂȘ. Afi Ù· OıˆÌ·ÓÈο ηٿÛÙȯ· Ì·ı·›ÓÔ˘Ì fiÙÈ Ë BfiÚÂÈ· N·˘·ÎÙ›· ‹Ù·Ó ÙÈÌ¿ÚÈÔ Î¿ÔÈÔ˘ Á·ÈÔÎÙ‹ÌÔÓ· KÚ¿‚·ÚË, ¯ÚÈÛÙÈ·ÓÔ‡ ·Ï‚·ÓÈ΋˜ ηٷÁˆÁ‹˜ ·fi ÙÔÓ ÔÔ›Ô Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È fiÙÈ ‹Ú ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· Ë Â·Ú¯›·. °È· Ó· Û˘Ó‰˘¿ÛÔ˘Ì ÙÔ ·ÓÒÌ·ÏÔ ÙÔ˘ ‰¿ÊÔ˘˜ Ì ÙÔÓ ÔÓÔÌ·ÙÔ‰fiÙË ÊÂÔ˘‰¿Ú¯Ë, Ú¤ÂÈ Ó· ıˆڋÛÔ˘Ì fiÙÈ ÙÔ ÂÒÓ˘ÌÔ KÚ¿‚·Ú˘ ÛÙËÓ ·Ï‚·ÓÈ΋ ÁÏÒÛÛ· ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙÔÓ ÔÚÂÛ›‚ÈÔ, ÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ó›ÛÈÔ, ÙˆÓ Î¿ÙÔÈÎÔ Î·ÎÔÙÚ¿¯·ÏÔ˘ ̤ÚÔ˘˜. H NfiÙÈ· N·˘·ÎÙ›· ‹Ú ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· BÂÓ¤ÙÈÎÔ, ‰ÈfiÙÈ ·Ó‹Î ÛÙÔ˘˜ BÂÓÂÙÔ‡˜. ∆Ô ÔÚÂÈÓfi ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ Ù˘ ¡·˘·ÎÙ›·˜ ‰È·ÚÚ¤ÂÙ·È ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ÌÂÁ·ÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˘˜ ∂‡ËÓÔ Î·È ªfiÚÓÔ. °È· ÙÔ ‰Â‡ÙÂÚÔ ÌÈÏ‹Û·Ì ÈÔ ¿Óˆ. ∂‰Ò ı· ÂÚÈÁÚ¿„Ô˘Ì ÙÔÓ ∂‡ËÓÔ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú·ÔÙ¿ÌÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘ ∫fiÙÛ·ÏÔ Î·È ¶fiÚÈ·ÚË.

E‡ËÓÔ˜ O AÈÙˆÏÈÎfi˜ ÌÂÁ·ÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˜ ÍÂÎÈÓ¿ÂÈ ·fi Ù· B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·. ŒÓ· ϤÁÌ· ÌÈÎÚÔÚÂÌ¿ÙˆÓ Î·È ËÁÒÓ ÙÔÓ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙ÂÈ. Ÿˆ˜ ϤÂÈ Ë ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË Ô E‡ËÓÔ˜ ‹ º›‰·Ú˘ “ÁÂÓÓÈ¤Ù·È ·fi ÙȘ ‚‰ÔÌËÓÙ·‰‡Ô ‚Ú‡Û˜ Ô˘ ÍÂÂÙÈÔ‡ÓÙ·È ·’ Ù· ·‰Ú¿ ÛÙ‹ıÈ· ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘ÛÈÒÓ”. A˘Ùfi ÙÔ ÌÔÏfiÁËÛ ÙÔ ÛÙÔȯÂÈfi ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡, ηٿ ÙËÓ ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË Î·È ‰ÂÓ ·ÌÊÈÛ‚ËÙ›ٷÈ! ¢‡Ô ÎÏ¿‰ÔÈ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙Ô˘Ó ·Ú¯Èο ÙÔÓ º›‰·ÚË. §›ÁÔ ÈÔ Î¿Ùˆ ·’ ÙË ÎÔÚÊ‹ AÏÔÁfiÚ·¯Ë ÙÔ˘ ÌÂÛÈ·ÓÔ‡ B·Ú‰Ô˘ÛÈÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ ∫fiڷη, “ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔÓ ‚Ú·¯fiÙÔÔ Ô˘ ÙÔÓ Ï¤Ó ™Ù· K¤‰Ú·, ÍÂÂÙ¿ÁÂÙ·È ·fi ÛÎÈÛÌ‹ ‚Ú¿¯Ô˘ ÌÈ· Ìԇη ÓÂÚfi ÎÚÔ˘ÛÙ·ÏÏÈ·Ṳ̂ÓÔ. AÚ¿˘ ϤÁÂÙ·È ·˘Ù‹ Ë ÏÔ‡ÛÈ· ËÁ‹”. ™ÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· Î·È ¿ÏϘ ËÁ¤˜, ڤ̷ٷ, ·Ó¿‚Ú˜, ÌÈÎÚÔηٷÚÚ¿¯Ù˜ Ì·›ÓÔ˘Ó Û ÌÈ· ÎÔÈÓ‹ ÔÚ›· Î·È Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔ B·Ú‰Ô˘ÛfiÚÂÌ· Ô˘ ÂÓÒÓÂÙ·È ÛÙ· ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο Ù˘ AÚÙÔÙ›Ó·˜ Ì ÙÔ ™·˚ÙfiÚÂÌ·. T· ‰‡Ô Âӈ̤ӷ ڤ̷ٷ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔ K·ÏÔÁÂÚÈÎÔfiÙ·ÌÔ Ô˘ ÂÓÈÛ¯‡ÂÙ·È Î·È ·fi ¿ÏÏ· ÌÈÎÚÔڤ̷ٷ Î·È ·fi ÙȘ ‰‡Ô fi¯ı˜ ÙÔ˘. ŒÙÛÈ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙ÂÙ·È Ô ÓÔÙÈ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈÎfi˜ ÎÏ¿‰Ô˜ ÙÔ˘ E˘‹ÓÔ˘. Afi Ù· MÔ˘ÛÔ˘ÓÈÒÙÈη ÏÈ‚¿‰È·, ·fi ÙËÓ ›Ûˆ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ ηÙ‚·›ÓÂÈ ÙÔ K·Ú˘ÔfiÙ·ÌÔ Ô˘ ÛÙË ‰˘ÙÈ΋, ‚fiÚÂÈ· Î·È ÙÂÏÈο ‰˘ÙÈ΋ ÔÚ›· ÙÔ˘ ÂÓÈÛ¯‡ÂÙ·È Ì ÔÏÏ¿ ڤ̷ٷ Î·È È‰È·›ÙÂÚ· ÙÔ ¢È¯·ÏfiÚÂÌ· Ô˘ ËÁ¿˙ÂÈ ·fi ÙȘ ÓfiÙȘ Ï·ÁȤ˜ ÙˆÓ B·Ú‰Ô˘Û›ˆÓ Î·È ÂÓÒÓÂÙ·È Ì ÙÔ K·Ú˘ÔfiÙ·ÌÔ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË K·Ï‡‚È·. ŒÙÛÈ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÂ›Ù·È Ô ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈÎfi˜ ÎÏ¿‰Ô˜ ÙÔ˘ E˘‹ÓÔ˘. OÈ ‰‡Ô ÎÏ¿‰ÔÈ ÂÓÒÓÔÓÙ·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË ¢ÈfiÙ·Ì·, fiÔ˘ ÙÔ Û‡ÓÔÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ÓÔÌÔ‡ AÈÙˆÏԷηÚÓ·Ó›·˜ Î·È ºˆÎ›‰·˜. ∂›Ó·È ÙÔ ÛËÌÂ›Ô “fiÔ˘ ·ÎÔ˘Ì¿Ó ÎÔÏÏËÙ¿ ÙȘ ·ÙÔ‡Û˜ ÙÔ˘˜ Ù· ·ÏÈο B·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Î·È Ë ÔÌ·ÏfiÏ·ÙË Ô͢¿ Ë Û˘¯ÓÔηٷ¯ÓÈ·Ṳ̂ÓË”. AӉڈ̤ÓÔ˜ Î·È ‰˘Ó·Ùfi˜ ϤÔÓ Ô E‡ËÓÔ˜ ηÙËÊÔÚ›˙ÂÈ ÚÔ˜ ÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ· ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· Û ·ÙÂÏ›ˆÙ· ‚Ô˘Ó¿. KÈ fiÏÔ ÌÂÁ·ÏÒÓÂÈ! ¶·Ú·ÔÙ¿ÌÈ·, ڤ̷ٷ Î·È ÚÂÌ·Ù¿ÎÈ·, ·ÌÏ¿‰Â˜ Î·È ‚Ú˘ÛÔÌ¿Ó˜ ÙÔÓ ‰˘Ó·ÌÒÓÔ˘Ó. KÈ ·Ú¯›˙ÂÈ Ù· ÎψıÔÁ˘Ú›ÛÌ·Ù· Ì ÙÔ Êȉ›ÛÈÔ ÎÔÚÌ› ÙÔ˘, Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ ¤‰ˆÛ ηٿ ÙË Ï·˚΋ ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· º›‰·Ú˘. ¶fiÙÂ Ô ÍÂÚÈ¿˜ Ï·Ù·›ÓÂÈ Î·È fiÙ ÂÚÈÔÚ›˙ÂÙ·È Î·È ‚Ú˘¯¿Ù·È ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ ÛÙÂÓfi Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ ÙÔ˘ ÛÊ¿˙ÂÈ (ÛΛ˙ÂÈ) Ù· ‚Ô˘Ó¿. °ÂʇÚÈ ÛÙÔ Ú¤Ì· µÔ˚‰ÔÊ¿ÂÓ· ÂÔ¯‹˜ ÷ÚÈÏ¿Ô˘ ∆ÚÈÎÔ‡Ë, ¤Ó· ·fi Ù· ÂÓÓ¤· Ô˘ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ·ÎfiÌ· ÛÙÔ ‰ÚfiÌÔ ¡·‡·ÎÙÔ˜ - £¤ÚÌÔ Bridge at Voidofaena creek, built during Charilaos Trikoupis era. One of the nine that still exists at the road from Nafpaktos to Thermo

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09:40

™ÂÏ›‰·106

A˜ ‰Ô‡Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ΢ÚÈfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ ·Ú·ÔÙ¿ÌÔ˘˜ Î·È ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚÔ˘˜ Ô˘ ÙÔÓ ÂÓÈÛ¯‡Ô˘Ó ÛÙÔ Î·Ù¤‚·ÛÌ¿ ÙÔ˘. Afi ÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ fi¯ıË fiˆ˜ ηÙ‚·›ÓÔ˘Ì ·’ ÙȘ ËÁ¤˜ ›ӷÈ: Ô ™ÈÙ›ÛÙ·˜ ‹ ™ÈÙÈÛÙÔfiÙ·ÌÔ, Ô AÌÏÈ·Ó›ÙÈÎÔ˜ (K·„·ÏfiÚÂÌ·), ÙÔ M¤Á· P¤Ì·, Ô KÏÂ·˝ÙÈÎÔ˜ (M¤Á· P¤Ì·), Ô AÚ·¯Ô‚›ÙÈÎÔ˜, Ô KÏÈÓÔ‚›Ù˘, Ô TÂÚÈÙÛÈ¿ÓÔ˜, Ô °È‰ÔÌ·Ó‰Ú›Ù˘, Ù· ºÈ‰¿ÎÈ·, ÙÔ B·ÏÙÛfiÚÂÌ·, Ë K·‚ÚÔÏ·Áο‰·, ÙÔ M·˘ÚÔÓ¤ÚÈ, Ô A˚ÁÈ·ÓÓÈÒÙ˘, Ô AÓ·ÏË„ÈÒÙ˘, ÙÔ ºÔÓfiÚÂÌ·, Ô ¢Ô˘Ó·›˚ÎÔ˜, ÙÔ MÂÙ·ÍfiÚÂÌ·, Ë ¶ÔÙ·ÌԇϷ, Ô AÈÁȈÚÁ›ÙÈÎÔ˜. Afi ÙËÓ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚ‹ fi¯ıË Â›Ó·È: ÙÔ AÚÙÔÙÈÓÈÒÙÈÎÔ M¤Á· P¤Ì·, Ô BÔÙÛ·˝ÙÈÎÔ˜, Ô KÔ˘ÙÔ˘ÏÈÛÙÈ¿ÓÔ˜ K¿Î·‚Ô˜, Ô ™ÈÓÈÛÙÈ¿ÓÔ˜ K¿Î·‚Ô˜, Ë ™ÎÔÙÂÈÓ‹, Ô K·ÛÙ·ÓÈÒÙ˘, Ô K¿Î·‚Ô˜ ÌÂٷ͇ ¶¤ÚÎÔ˘ Î·È ¶ÂÚ›ÛÙ·˜, Ô T·ÍÈ·Ú¯ÈÒÙ˘, Ô AÚÙÔÙÈ‚È¿ÓÔ˜, Ô KfiÙÛ·ÏÔ˜ Ô ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚÔ˜ ·Ú·fiÙ·ÌÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ E‡ËÓÔ˘, Ô ™ÙÚ·ÓÔÌ›ÙÈÎÔ˜, Ô ¶fiÚÈ·Ú˘, Ô BÚÔÛÙÈ·Ó›ÙÈÎÔ˜, Ô BÚfiÌÈ·Ú˘, Ô BÏ·¯ÔÌ·Ó‰Ú›ÙÈÎÔ˜, Ù˘ AÌ·Ú·ÚÔ‡˜, ÙÔ §Ô˘ÙÚfiÚÂÌ·. B‚·È· ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó Î·È ¿ÏÏ· ÌÈÎÚÔڤ̷ٷ, Ô˘, fiˆ˜ Â›Ó·È Î·Ù·ÓÔËÙfi, ‰ÂÓ ÌÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ηٷÁÚ·ÊÔ‡Ó. O º›‰·Ú˘ Ì ÙȘ ‡ÊÔÚ˜ ÏÔÁÁ¤˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ÛÙȘ fi¯ı˜ ÙÔ˘, Ù· ÓÔÛÙÈÌfiٷٷ „¿ÚÈ· ÙÔ˘ Ô˘ ˙Ô‡Û·Ó ÛÙ· ÓÂÚ¿ ÙÔ˘, ÚÔÙÔ‡ Ù· ηٷÛÙÚ¤„ÂÈ Ô ‰˘Ó·Ì›Ù˘, Ì ÙÔ ÔχÙÈÌÔ ÓÂÚfi Ô˘ ÎÈÓÔ‡Û ̇ÏÔ˘˜ Î·È fiÙÈ˙ ·Ú·ÔÙ¿ÌÈ·, ¯ˆÚ¿ÊÈ· ¤ıÚ„ ÔÏϤ˜ ÁÂÓȤ˜. K·È ÛÙÔ ‰ÚfiÌÔ ÙÔ˘ ÁÈ· ÙȘ Â΂ÔϤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ °·Ï·Ù¿ ÔÙ›˙ÂÈ ·ÎfiÌ· ÙÔ˘˜ οÌÔ˘˜ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ÔÔ›Ô˘˜ ÂÚÓ¿ÂÈ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ˙ˆÔÁÔÓ›. ™ÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ ÕÁÈÔ˜ ¢ËÌ‹ÙÚÈÔ˜ ηٷÛ΢¿ÛÙËΠÚÔ ÔÏ›ÁˆÓ ÂÙÒÓ ÙÔ ÊÚ¿ÁÌ· Î·È ¤ÙÛÈ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›ÛÙËÎÂ Ë E˘ËÓÔÏ›ÌÓË, ·fi ÙÔ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi K·Ï·ı·›˚η NÂÔ¯ˆÚ›Ô˘, Ô˘ ‚˘ı›ÛÙËΠ̤۷ ÛÙ· ÓÂÚ¿ Ù˘ Ï›ÌÓ˘, ̤¯ÚÈ ÂÚ›Ô˘ ÙË Á¤Ê˘Ú· ÁÈ· ÙËÓ KÏÂ¿. TÔ ÓÂÚfi ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙ› ÙËÓ ¿ÏÏË Ù¯ÓËÙ‹ Ï›ÌÓË, ÙÔ˘ ªfiÚÓÔ˘ Î·È ·fi ÂΛ Ì ۋڷÁÁ˜ ÌÂٷʤÚÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ AÙÙÈÎfi ÏÂηÓÔ¤‰ÈÔ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ˘‰ÚÔ‰fiÙËÛ‹ ÙÔ˘. H ·Ó·ÌÂÓfiÌÂÓË ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÙÈ΋ ·ÍÈÔÔ›ËÛË Ù˘ Ï›ÌÓ˘, Ì ÙȘ ··Ú·›ÙËÙ˜ ÂÚÈ‚·ÏÏÔÓÙÈΤ˜ ÂÂÌ‚¿ÛÂȘ, Â›Ó·È ‚¤‚·ÈÔ fiÙÈ ı· ·ÓÔ›ÍÂÈ ÚÔÔÙÈΤ˜ ·Ó¿Ù˘Í˘ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹. O E‡ËÓÔ˜ ÚÔÛʤÚÂÙ·È ÁÈ· ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÎÙÈΤ˜ ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÙÈΤ˜ ÂÓ·Û¯ÔÏ‹ÛÂȘ. ◊‰Ë ÛÙÔÓ ¶fiÚÔ PÈÁ·Ó›Ô˘ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘, fiÔ˘ Ë Á¤Ê˘Ú· ÙˆÓ ™ÙÂÓÒÓ, Î·È ÛÙË °¤Ê˘Ú· (¯¿ÓÈ M·ÓÈ¿), fiÔ˘ ÛȉÂÚ¤ÓÈ· Á¤Ê˘Ú· Ô˘ ÂÓÒÓÂÈ ·fi ÙÔ 1948 ÙË N·˘·ÎÙ›· Ì ÙËÓ TÚȯˆÓ›‰·, ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÂÁηٷÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÎÙÈÎÔ‡ ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÌÔ‡. ¶ÔÙ·ÌÔηٿ‚·ÛË (rafting) Ì ÊÔ˘ÛΈ٤˜ ‚¿ÚΘ, Ì ÌÔÓÔı¤ÛÈ· ÊÔ˘ÛΈً ‚¿Úη (monoraft), canoe - kayak, ÔÙ·ÌÔÔÚ›· (river trekking), Ê·Ú·ÁÁÔÔÚ›· (canyoning) Î·È ¿ÏϘ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÎÙÈΤ˜ ÂÓ·Û¯ÔÏ‹ÛÂȘ Á›ÓÔÓÙ·È ‹ ÌÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ÚÔÁÚ·ÌÌ·ÙÈÛÙÔ‡Ó ÛÙÔ Ì¤ÏÏÔÓ ÛÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú·ÔÙ¿ÌÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘, ˆ˜ Î·È ÛÙ· ·ÍÈfiÏÔÁ· ‚Ô˘Ó¿ Ù˘ ¢ڇÙÂÚ˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜. H ‰È¿Û¯ÈÛË ÙÔ˘ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡ E˘‹ÓÔ˘ ·fi ÙȘ ËÁ¤˜ ̤¯ÚÈ ÙȘ Â΂ÔϤ˜ ··ÈÙ› ÌÈ· ÔÏ˘‹ÌÂÚË ÔÚÁ·ÓˆÌ¤ÓË ÂÍfiÚÌËÛË, Ë ÔÔ›· ·Ú¿ ÙËÓ ÎÔ‡Ú·ÛË ı· ·ÓÙ·Ì›„ÂÈ ÙÔÓ ÔÙ·ÌÔfiÚÔ. ¶¤Ú·Ó fï˜ ·’ ÙË Ê˘ÛÈ΋ ÔÌÔÚÊÈ¿, ı· ı·˘Ì¿ÛÂÈ ÙÔ ¤ÙÚÈÓÔ ÁÂʇÚÈ (1885) ÛÙ· ™ÙÂÓ¿ Ù˘ KÏÂ¿˜ - KÚ˘ÔÓÂÚ›ˆÓ, ÙËÓ ·ÓÂ·Ó¿ÏËÙË Î·È Í·ÎÔ˘ÛÙ‹ ÂÙÚÔÁ¤Ê˘Ú· Ù˘ AÚÙÔÙ›‚·˜ Ô˘ ·Ó¿ÁÂÙ·È Ë Î·Ù·Û΢‹ Ù˘ ÛÙËÓ ÂÓÂÙÔÎÚ·Ù›·, Ù· ™ÙÂÓ¿ ÙÔ˘ ¶fiÚÔ˘, fiÔ˘ ÛÙÚÈÌÒ¯ÓÂÙ·È ÙÔ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ Î·È ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ Ë ÓÂfiÙÂÚË Á¤Ê˘Ú· (1936) Ô˘ ÂÓÒÓÂÈ ÙË N·˘·ÎÙ›· Ì ÙËÓ TÚȯˆÓ›‰·, ÂÓÒ Ï›ÁÔ ÈÔ Î¿Ùˆ ı· ·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÂÈ Ù· ηٿÏÔÈ· ·Ï·ÈÔ‡ ¤ÙÚÈÓÔ˘ ÁÂÊ˘ÚÈÔ‡. ∏ ÂÚ›ÊËÌË ÙÔً͈ Á¤Ê˘Ú· Ù˘ ∞ÚÙÔÙ›‚·˜, Ë “∫·Ì¿Ú·”, ıÂÌÂÏȈ̤ÓË Û ·fiÎÚËÌÓÔ˘˜ ‚Ú¿¯Ô˘˜, Ô˘ Û˘Ó¤‰Â ÙȘ Â·Ú¯›Â˜ ∆ÚȯˆÓ›‰·˜ Î·È ªÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘ Ì ÙË ‚fiÚÂÈ· ¡·˘·ÎÙ›· Î·È ÙËÓ ∂˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›·. ™ËÌÂ›Ô ·Ó·ÊÔÚ¿˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ÓÙfiÈÔ˘˜ Î·È ¿ÚÚËÎÙ· Û˘Ó‰Â‰Â̤ÓË Ì ÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›·, ÙËÓ ÔÈÎÔÓÔÌ›· Î·È ÙËÓ ÎÔÈÓˆÓÈ΋ ˙ˆ‹ Ù˘ ¢ڇÙÂÚ˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜. ∆Ô °ÂʇÚÈ Ù˘ ∞ÚÙÔÙ›‚·˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÙÈṲ̂ÓÔ ÛÙÔ ÛÙÂÓfiÙÂÚÔ ÛËÌÂ›Ô ÙÔ˘ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡ ∂‡ËÓÔ˘, Ï›ÁÔ ÚÈÓ Û˘Ó·ÓÙ‹ÛÂÈ ÙÔÓ ·Ú·fiÙ·Ìfi ÙÔ˘, ∫fiÙÛ·ÏÔ, ¿Óˆ ÛÙÔ ·ÏÈfi ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ Ô˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÈ ÙËÓ ∫¿Ùˆ ÃÚ˘ÛÔ‚›ÙÛ· Ù˘ ∆Ú¯ˆÓ›‰·˜ Ì ÙÔ ∞¯Ï·‰fiηÛÙÚÔ. ∂›Ó·È ηٿ ¿Û· Èı·ÓfiÙËÙ· ÎÙ›ÛÌ· Ù˘ ∂ÓÂÙÔÎÚ·Ù›·˜ (1407 – 1499), ˆÛÙfiÛÔ Ô ÙÚfiÔ˜ ηٷÛ΢‹˜ Ù˘ ÂÌÊ·Ó›˙ÂÈ Ù· ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈο ÙˆÓ ËÂÈÚÒÙÈÎˆÓ ÁÂÊ˘ÚÈÒÓ Ù˘ ∆Ô˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·˜. ∂›Ó·È ÙÔ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙÂÚÔ ÁÂʇÚÈ ·fi fiÛ· ̤¯ÚÈ Û‹ÌÂÚ· ÛÒ˙ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ ÓÔÌfi ∞ÈÙˆÏԷηÚÓ·Ó›·˜, ¤¯ÂÈ ÚfiÛÊ·Ù· ÂÈÛ΢·Ûı› Î·È ¤¯ÂÈ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙ› ˆ˜ ÈÛÙÔÚÈÎfi ‰È·ÙËÚËÙ¤Ô ÌÓËÌ›Ô. ¶¤ÙÚÈÓ˜ Á¤Ê˘Ú˜ ˘‹Ú¯·Ó ·ÎfiÌ· ÛÙÔ º›‰·ÚË ÛÙË ı¤ÛË °ÈÔÊ˘ÚfiÏÔÁÁÔ˜, οو ·fi ÙÔ K·ÛÙÚ¿ÎÈ ¶ÈÙÛÈÓ·›˚ÎˆÓ ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘, Î·È Î¿Ùˆ ·fi ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi TÚ›ÎÔÚÊÔ X¿ÏÎÂÈ·˜. E›Û˘ ı· ı·˘Ì¿ÛÂÈ Û˘ÚÌ·ÙÔÁ¤Ê˘Ú˜ Î·È Î·Ú¤ÏÈ· ÛÙË ‰È·‰ÚÔÌ‹, fiÔ˘ ·ÎfiÌ· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ‰È·Ûˆı›. O ÔÙ·ÌÔfiÚÔ˜ ı· ı˘ÌËı› Î·È ÙȘ ·Ú¯·›Â˜ ·Ú·‰fiÛÂȘ. §˘ÎfiÚÌ·˜ ÏÂÁfiÙ·Ó ·Ú¯Èο Ô ÔÙ·Ìfi˜ ·˘Ùfi˜.


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:40

™ÂÏ›‰·107

107 ∞ÁÚÔÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÙÈÎfi Î·Ù¿Ï˘Ì· ‰›Ï· ÛÙÔÓ ÔÙ·Ìfi ∂‡ËÓÔ Agrotouristic unit next to Evinos River


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:40

™ÂÏ›‰·108

E›Ù ‰ÈfiÙÈ ‹Ù·Ó ÔÚÌËÙÈÎfi˜ fiˆ˜ Ô Ï‡ÎÔ˜, ›Ù ‰ÈfiÙÈ ‰ËÏÒÓÂÙ·È Ë ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋ ÂÎΛÓËÛ‹ ÙÔ˘. H ÌÂÙÔÓÔÌ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ Û E‡ËÓÔ ÔÊ›ÏÂÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ ÔÌÒÓ˘ÌÔ ‚·ÛÈÏÈ¿ Ù˘ K·Ï˘‰ÒÓ·˜, Ô ÔÔ›Ô˜ Ó›ÁËΠÛÙÔÓ ÔÙ·Ìfi §˘ÎfiÚÌ· ΢ÓËÁÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔÓ ÿ‰·, ÙÔ ÁÈÔ ÙÔ˘ AÊ¿Úˆ, ÙÔÓ ¿Ú·Á· Ù˘ ı˘Á·Ù¤Ú·˜ ÙÔ˘ M¿ÚËÛÛ·˜. ŒÙÛÈ ÙÔ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ ¤ÎÙÔÙ ÔÓÔÌ¿ÛıËΠE‡ËÓÔ˜. E‰Ò ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙËÓ K·Ï˘‰ÒÓ· ¤Î·Ó ÙÔÓ ÂÚ·Ì·Ù¿ÚË Ô N¤ÛÛÔ˜ K¤ÓÙ·˘ÚÔ˜, Ô˘ ÛÎÔÙÒıËΠ·fi ÙÔÓ HÚ·ÎÏ‹ ÁÈ·Ù› ÚfiÛ‚·Ï ÙË Á˘Ó·›Î· ÙÔ˘, ÙËÓ AÈوϋ ‚·ÛÈÏÔԇϷ ¢ËÈ¿ÓÂÈÚ·. K·Ù¿ ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË ÛÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ Ê˘ÙÚÒÓÂÈ ¤Ó· ‚fiÙ·ÓÔ Ô˘ ηÏÂ›Ù·È “Û¿ÚÈÛÛ·” ÁÈ·Ù› ÌÔÈ¿˙ÂÈ Ì ÙÔ ÔÌÒÓ˘ÌÔ ÊÔ‚ÂÚfi M·Î‰ÔÓÈÎfi fiÏÔ. “°ÂÓÓ¿Ù·È ‰’ ÂÓ ·˘ÙÒ ‚ÔÙ¿ÓË Û¿ÚÈÛÛ· ÚÔÛ·ÁÔÚ¢fiÌÂÓË, ÏfiÁ¯Ë ·ÚfiÌÔÈÔ˜, ÔÈÔ‡Û· ÚÔ˜ ·Ì‚Ï˘ˆ›·˜ ¿ÚÈÛÙ·”. (º‡ÂÙ·È ‰Â Û’ ·˘ÙfiÓ Ë ‚ÔÙ¿ÓË ™¿ÚÈÛÛ·, Ë ÔÔ›· Â›Ó·È ·ÚfiÌÔÈ· Ì ÏfiÁ¯Ë Î·È ÂÈʤÚÂÈ ¿ÚÈÛÙ· ·ÔÙÂϤÛÌ·Ù· ÛÙÔ˘˜ ¤¯ÔÓÙ˜ ·ÛıÂÓ‹ fiÚ·ÛË). ÕÏÏË ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÈ fiÙÈ Ï¿È ÛÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ ÂÎÙÂÈÓfiÙ·Ó ÙÔ fiÚÔ˜ ÕÏÊÈÔÓ, ÙÔ ÔÔ›Ô ÌÂÙÔÓÔÌ¿ÛÙËΠ۠M‡ËÓÔÓ ·fi ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· ÙÔ˘ ÁÈÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ TÂϤÛÙÔÚ· Î·È Ù˘ AÏÊÂÛ›‚ÔÈ·˜. √ Ó¤Ô˜ ηÙËÁÔÚ‹ıËΠ¿‰Èη ·fi ÙË ÌËÙÚ˘È¿ ÙÔ˘, Ô˘ ÙÔÓ ·Á·Ô‡ÛÂ Ì˘ÛÙÈο, Î·È Ô ·Ù¤Ú·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÙÔÓ Î˘Ó‹ÁËÛ ӷ ÙÔÓ Û˘ÏÏ¿‚ÂÈ. O M‡ËÓÔ˜ ηٷÎÚËÌÓ›ÛıËΠÛÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ÕÏÊÈÔ ÙÔ ÔÔ›Ô ‹Ú ÚÔ˜ ÙÈÌ‹Ó ÙÔ˘ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ ÙÔ˘. M¿ÏÈÛÙ· ‰È·ÛÒ˙ÂÙ·È ·Ú¯·›· ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË Û‡Ìʈӷ Ì ÙËÓ ÔÔ›· ÛÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ·˘Ùfi ʇÂÙ·È ¿ÓıÔ˜ §Â˘ÎfiÈÔÓ (Ï¢ÎfiÓ ›ÔÓ) ÙÔ ÔÔ›Ô ·Ó ÙÔ ·ÔηϤÛÂÈ Î¿ÔÈÔ˜ ÌËÙÚ˘È¿ Ì·Ú·›ÓÂÙ·È. TÒÚ· ÔÈfi ‚Ô˘Ófi Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ÕÏÊÈÔÓ - M‡ËÓÔÓ ‰‡ÛÎÔÏ· ηÓ›˜ ÌÂÙ¿ ·fi ¯ÈÏÈ¿‰Â˜ ¯ÚfiÓÈ· Ó· ÙÔ ·Ó·Î·Ï‡„ÂÈ. M οÔÈÔ˘˜ fï˜ Û˘ÏÏÔÁÈÛÌÔ‡˜ ÙȘ ÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚ˜ Èı·ÓfiÙËÙ˜ ¤¯ÂÈ ÙÔ PÈÁ¿ÓÈ, Ô˘ Ú¿ÁÌ·ÙÈ Â›Ó· ¿ÏÊÈÔ, ·ÏÊfi, ‰ËÏ. ˘fiÏ¢ÎÔ, ÁÎÚ›˙Ô Î·È Á˘ÌÓfi Î·È “·Ú¿ÎÂÈÙ·È” ÛÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ. O ÌÂÁ·ÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˜, ‹ÚÂÌÔ˜, ÊÈÏÈÎfi˜ Î·È Â˘ÂÚÁÂÙÈÎfi˜ ÛÙȘ ηϤ˜ ÙÔ˘ Ë̤Ú˜ Î·È ıÂÚÈfi ·Ó‹ÌÂÚÔ, ÊÔÚÙÔ˘ÓÈ·Ṳ̂ÓË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ· ÛÙȘ ηΤ˜ ÙÔ˘, Â› ¯ÈÏÈ¿‰Â˜ ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ‰È·Û¯›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ AÈوϛ· Î·È Â›Ó·È Î·ı·Ú¿ ·ÈÙˆÏÈÎfi ÔÙ¿ÌÈ. OÈ ÏËı˘ÛÌÔ›, Ô˘ ¤˙ËÛ·Ó ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÙÔ˘ ‰ÂÓ Í¯ÓÔ‡Ó ÙȘ ¢ÂÚÁÂۛ˜ ÙÔ˘ Î·È ·Ú·‚ϤÔ˘Ó ÙȘ ÊÔ‚ÂÚ¤˜ ηÙ‚·ÛȤ˜ ÙÔ˘, Ô˘ fiˆ˜ ϤÓ ÔÈ ÁÂÚfiÓÙÔÈ, fiÙ·Ó ‹Ù·Ó ı˘ÌˆÌ¤ÓÔ˜ Ô ÔÙ·Ìfi˜ ¤ÙÚÈ˙·Ó Ù· ıÂ̤ÏÈ· ÙˆÓ ‚Ô˘ÓÒÓ. O Ï·fi˜, Ô˘ ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛı¿ÓıËΠÎÔÓÙ¿ ÙÔ˘, ÙÔÓ ÔÓfiÌ·Û º›‰·ÚË (√Êȉ¿ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÌÂÛ·›ˆÓ·) ·fi ÙË Êȉ›ÛÈ· ÚÔ‹ Î·È ÎÔ›ÙË ÙÔ˘ “‰È¿ ÙÔ ‰Ú·ÎÔÓÙ·Âȉ¤˜ ÙÔ˘ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜ Î·È Ù·˜ ηÌ¿˜” ηٿ ÙÔÓ KÔÚ·‹ ‹ ÁÈ· ÙË Êȉ›ÛÈ· Û˘ÌÂÚÈÊÔÚ¿ ÙÔ˘, Ô˘ ˆ˜ ‰Ú¿ÎÔÓÙ·˜ ηٷ‚ÚÔ¯ı›˙ÂÈ fi,ÙÈ ‚ÚÂÈ ÛÙÔ ‰È¿‚· ÙÔ˘; ÕÏÏÔÈ ÈÔ ÓÔÛÙ·ÏÁÈÎÔ› Î·È ÚÔÌ·ÓÙÈÎÔ› ıˆÚÔ‡Ó fiÙÈ ‹Ú ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ ÙÔ˘ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ OÊÈ›˜, ÁÈ·Ù› ·fi ÙË ¯ÒÚ· ÙˆÓ AÈÙˆÏÒÓ OÊȤˆÓ - OÊÈÔÓ¤ˆÓ ËÁ¿˙ÂÈ Î·È ¤ÙÛÈ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙÔ Ì˘ıÈÎfi OÊ›ÔÓ·, ÙÔÓ ÊȉˆÙfi ıÂfi. AÓÂÍ¿ÚÙËÙ· ·’ fiÏ· ·˘Ù¿, Ù· ÔÓfiÌ·Ù· E‡ËÓÔ˜ Î·È º›‰·Ú˘ Â›Ó·È Î·È Ù· ‰‡Ô Û ¯Ú‹ÛË Û‹ÌÂÚ·. O E‡ËÓÔ˜ ›Ù ˆ˜ ηْ ¢ÊËÌÈÛÌfiÓ Â˘¯·Ï›ÓˆÙÔ˜, ›Ù ˆ˜ ηÏfi˜ ËÓ›Ô¯Ô˜ ÛÙ· ¯ÂÈÌ·ÚÚÒ‰Ë ÓÂÚ¿, Êı¿ÓÂÈ Î·ÏÒ˜ ÛÙÔ Ù¤ÚÌ·, ¤¯ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙȘ Â΂ÔϤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÛÙÔÓ K·Ï˘‰ÒÓÈÔ KfiÏÔ ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔÓ °·Ï·Ù¿ Î·È ÙÔ E˘ËÓÔ¯ÒÚÈ.

KfiÙÛ·ÏÔ˜

108

E›Ó·È Ô ÛÔ˘‰·ÈfiÙÂÚÔ˜ ·Ú·fiÙ·ÌÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ E˘‹ÓÔ˘. ŒÓ· ÏÂÁÌ· ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚˆÓ, Ô˘ ËÁ¿˙Ô˘Ó ·fi ÙȘ Ú¿¯Â˜ ÛÙ· ÓfiÙÈ· Ù˘ §¿ÏÈη˜ Î·È ·fi ÙËÓ OÌ¿ÏÈ·, Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔÓ KfiÙÛ·ÏÔ, Ô˘ Â‰Ò Ê¤ÚÂÈ ÙÔ ÙÔÈÎfi fiÓÔÌ· ¶Ï¿Èη˜ ڤ̷. ™ÙÔ ‰ÚfiÌÔ Û ÌÈ· ‰˘ÙÈ΋ ÔÚ›· ÂÓÈÛ¯‡ÂÙ·È ·fi ÙÔ AÚ‚·ÓÈÙÔÚ·¯fiÚÂÌ· Î·È ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÒÓÙ·˜ N.¢. ÔÚ›· Û˘Ó·ÓÙ¿ÂÈ ÛÙ· ‰ÂÍÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ ÙÔ §ÔÁÁfiÚÂÌ· Ô˘ ¤Ú¯ÂÙ·È ·fi ÙȘ Ï·ÁȤ˜ Ù˘ TÛÂÎÔ‡Ú·˜. §›ÁÔ ÈÔ Î¿Ùˆ Û ÓfiÙÈ·. ÔÚ›· Û˘Ó·ÓÙÈ¤Ù·È ÛÙËÓ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚ‹ fi¯ıË Ì ÙÔÓ §ÔÌÔÙÈ·Ó›ÙÈÎÔ, Ô˘ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙ÂÙ·È ·fi ¤Ó· ÏÂÁÌ· ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚˆÓ Ô˘ ËÁ¿˙Ô˘Ó ·fi ÙȘ Ú¿¯Â˜ Ù˘ ÕÓˆ - K¿Ùˆ XÒÚ·˜. O KfiÙÛ·ÏÔ˜ Û' ·˘Ùfi ÙÔ ÙÌ‹Ì· ÙÔ˘ (ÌÂٷ͇ KÔ˙ÈÙÛ¿ÓÔ˘ Î·È §ÔÌÔÙÈ·Ó›ÙÈÎÔ˘) ϤÁÂÙ·È Î·È K¿Î·‚Ô˜. ™ÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· ÛÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ fi¯ıË Û˘Ì‚¿ÏÏÔ˘Ó Ô KÔ˙ÈÙ˙¿ÓÔ˜, Ô˘ ¤Ú¯ÂÙ·È ·fi ÙȘ ÓfiÙȘ Ï·ÁȤ˜ Ù˘ TÛÂÎÔ‡Ú·˜, Ô XˆÌÔÚ›ÙÈÎÔ˜ Ô˘ ηÙ‚·›ÓÂÈ ·fi ÙȘ ÓfiÙȘ Ï·ÁȤ˜ ÙÔ˘ AÚ‰›ÓË, ÙÔ M¤Á· P¤Ì· Ù˘ XÒÌÔÚ˘ ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ •ÂÚÔ‚Ô‡ÓÈ Î·È ÙÔÓ AÚ‰›ÓË, Ô BÔÓÔÚÙÈ¿ÓÔ˜, Ô MÔ˘ÁÔ˘ÓÈ¿˜, Ô ÕÈ BÏ·ÛÈÒÙ˘, Ô AÚÙÔÙÈ‚È¿ÓÔ˜.


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:40

™ÂÏ›‰·109

109 ºıÈÓÔˆÚÈÓfi ÙÔ›Ô Autumn landscape


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:40

™ÂÏ›‰·110

Afi ÙËÓ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚ‹ ¿ÏÈ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÌÂÙ¿ ÙÔ §ÔÌÔÙÈ·Ó›ÙÈÎÔ Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ Ô æËϷψӛÙ˘, Ô ¶Ô‰ÈÒÙ˘ (•ÂÚfiÚÂÌ· + ™Î·ÏÙÛfiÚÂÌ· Î·È ¿ÏÏ· ÌÈÎÚÔڤ̷ٷ), Ô ¶ÔÚ‰¿ÎÏ·˜, Ô §Â˘ÙÂÚÈ·Ó›ÙÈÎÔ˜, Ô KÔÏÔÛ˘ÚÙÈ¿ÓÔ˜, Ô KÒÙÛ·Ú˘, ÙÔ ¶Ï·Ù·ÓÔ‚Ú˘ÛfiÚÂÌ·, ÙÔ MÂÏÂ˙fiÚÂÌ·, ÙÔ §·˙ÈÓfiÚÂÌ·, Ô °ÂڷηÚÈÒÙ˘. O KfiÙÛ·ÏÔ˜ Û˘Ì‚¿ÏÏÂÈ ÛÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË ¢ÈfiÙ·Ì·, fiÔ˘ ‰ÂÛfi˙ÂÈ ÙÔ “K·ÛÙÚ¿ÎÈ” Ù˘ AÚÙÔÙ›‚·˜. §¤ÁÂÙ·È Î·È ¶ÔÙ·Ì¿ÎÈ Û ·ÓÙȉȷÛÙÔÏ‹ Ì ÙÔ MÂÁ·ÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ E‡ËÓÔ ‹ º›‰·ÚË Î·È Û·ÓÈfiÙÂÚ· K¿Î·‚Ô˜. TÔ fiÓÔÌ· KfiÙÛ·ÏÔ˜ ÚÔ‹Ïı ·fi ÙÔ ·ÓıÚˆˆÓ‡ÌÈÔ (·ÚˆÓ‡ÌÈÔ): ™Ù’ KfiÙÛ·Ï’ ÙÔ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ ‹ ÙÔ Ú¤Ì· Î·È ÙÂÏÈο ÙÔ ›‰ÈÔ ÙÔ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ ‹Ú ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· KfiÙÛ·ÏÔ˜. B¤‚·È· ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ Î·È Ë ¿Ô„Ë Ó· ‹Ú ·¢ı›·˜ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· ·fi Ù· “ÎfiÙÛ·Ï·” Ô˘ ¤ÊÂÚÓ ÛÙȘ ηÙ‚·ÛȤ˜ ÙÔ˘, ·ÏÏ¿ Ë ÚÒÙË ÂΉԯ‹ Â›Ó·È Ë Èı·ÓfiÙÂÚË. O KfiÙÛ·ÏÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· Ôχ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ Ì ·ÚÎÂÙfi ÓÂÚfi Á¿ÚÁ·ÚÔ Î·È Î·ı·Úfi Î·È ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á¤˜ ÛÙÂÓÒÓ Î·È Ï·ÙÈÒÓ Ô¯ıÒÓ. H ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË ÛÙȘ ‰‡Ô fi¯ı˜ Â›Ó·È ˘ÎÓ‹ Î·È ÎÚ‡‚ÂÈ Ù· ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ·, ÂÓÒ ÔÈ ˘¿Ú¯ÔÓÙ˜ ηٿ ‰È·ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· Âη٤ڈıÂÓ ‚Ú¿¯ÔÈ ÙÔÓ›˙Ô˘Ó ÙËÓ ·ÁÚÈfiÙËÙ· ÙÔ˘ ÙÔ›Ô˘. E›Ó·È Ôχ Èı·ÓfiÓ, ·ÊÔ‡ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ ¯ÚfiÓÔ˘˜ ÙÔ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ ·ÔÙÂÏÔ‡ÛÂ Î·È ‰ÚfiÌÔ ÚÔ˜ Ù· ÔÚÂÈÓ¿, ÛÙÔ˘˜ ‚Ú¿¯Ô˘˜ ·˘ÙÔ‡˜ Ó· ˘‹Ú¯·Ó ·ÈÙˆÏÈο Ê˘Ï¿ÎÈ· Ô˘ ¤ÏÂÁ¯·Ó Ù· ÂÚ¿ÛÌ·Ù·. ™Â ·ÚÎÂÙ¿ ÛËÌ›· ÙÔ˘ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÎÔÈÏfiÙËÙ˜ ÓÂÚÔ‡ (ÔÈ ‚ÚÔÈ) fiÔ˘ ÌÔÚ› Ô ÂÚÈ·ÙËÙ‹˜ Ó· οÓÂÈ ·ÎfiÌ· Î·È Ì¿ÓÈÔ. K·Ù‚·›ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ·fi ÙȘ ËÁ¤˜ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË K¿Î·‚Ô˜ Û’ ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈÎfi ÙÔ›Ô ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ¤ÙÚÈÓÔ ÁÂʇÚÈ Ô˘ ¤ÓˆÓ ÙËÓ ÕÓˆ XÒÚ· Ì ÙËÓ AÌÂÏ·ÎÈÒÙÈÛÛ·. E›Ó·È ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ ÌÔÓfiÙÔÍÔ, ۯ‰fiÓ ËÌÈ΢ÎÏÈÎfi. ¶Èı·ÓfiÓ ÎÙ›ÛÙËΠÛÙ· Ù¤ÏË ÙÔ˘ 19Ô˘ ·ÈÒÓ·. ¶ÈÔ Î¿Ùˆ ¤ÙÚÈÓÔ ÁÂʇÚÈ ¤ÓˆÓ ÙÔÓ ¶fi‰Ô Ì ÙËÓ AÌÂÏ·ÎÈÒÙÈÛÛ·. MÓËÌÔÓ‡ÂÙ·È Û ÙÔÔÁÚ·ÊÈο ¤ÁÁÚ·Ê· Ù˘ TÔ˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·˜. Œ¯ÂÈ ·ÓÙÈηٷÛÙ·ı› Ì ÙÛÈÌÂÓÙ¤ÓÈÔ. ™Ù· ÓfiÙÈ· Ù˘ XÒÌÔÚ˘ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ‰‡Ô ÂÚÂÈˆÌ¤Ó· ¤ÙÚÈÓ· ÁÂʇÚÈ·. ™Ò˙ÔÓÙ·È Û ·fiÛÙ·ÛË 0,50 Ì. Ù· ‰ÂÍÈ¿ ·ÎÚÔ‚¿ıÚ· ÙÔ˘˜. TÔ ·Ï·ÈfiÙÂÚÔ (Ï¿ÙÔ˘˜ 2,85 Ì.) ηٿ ÙËÓ ÚÔÊÔÚÈ΋ ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË ÎÙ›ÛıËΠÙÔ 1870 Î·È ·Ú·Û‡ÚıËΠÙÔ 1897. TÔ ‰Â‡ÙÂÚÔ (Ï¿ÙÔ˘˜ 3,02 Ì.) ηٷÛ΢¿ÛÙËΠÂÚ› ÙÔ 1900 Î·È ‹‰Ë ÙÔ 1924 ‹Ù·Ó ÂÙÔÈÌfiÚÚÔÔ. AÎfiÌ· ÈÔ Î¿Ùˆ ÛÙÔ ‰ÚfiÌÔ Ô˘ Û˘Ó¤‰Â ÙË ¢ÔÚ‚ÈÙÛ¿ Ì ÙÔÓ ¶Ï¿Ù·ÓÔ, ÛÙË ı¤ÛË ¶ˆÁˆÓÈ¿ (MÔ˘ÁÔ˘ÓÈ¿), ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ ÌÔÓfiÙÔÍÔ ¤ÙÚÈÓÔ ÁÂʇÚÈ Ô˘ ÎÙ›ÛıËΠÂÚ› ÙÔ 1700. ™ÙËÓ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚ‹ fi¯ıË Ô “¶·ÏÈfiÌ˘ÏÔ˜” Ì ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛȷ΋ ‰fiÌËÛË, ‰ÈÒÚÔÊÔ˜ Ô˘ ηٷÛÙÚ¿ÊËΠÙÔ 1904 ‹ 1905. ™ÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ fi¯ıË Ô ƒ·Ì·Ô˘Ó·›˚ÎÔ˜ ̇ÏÔ˜. ™ÙËÓ ¶·Ó·Á›· ÙË °ÂڷηÚÈÒÙÈÛÛ· ¢ÔÚ‚ÈÙÛ¿˜, ͢ÏÔÁ¤Ê˘ÚÔ ·Ú·Û˘Ṳ́ÓÔ. KÙ›ÛÙËΠ·fi ÙÔÓ HÁÔ‡ÌÂÓÔ XÚÈÛÙfiÊÔÚÔ ¶··Ó‰Ú¤Ô˘ ÛÙ· Ù¤ÏË ÙÔ˘ 19Ô˘ ·È. ™Ò˙ÔÓÙ·È ÙÔ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚfi ·ÎÚfi‚·ıÚÔ Î·È ‰‡Ô ÌÂÛfi‚·ıÚ·. ¶ÚÈÓ Ù· ¢ÈfiÙ·Ì· (Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ‹ E‡ËÓÔ˘ Ì KfiÙÛ·ÏÔ) ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ “K·ÛÙÚ¿ÎÈ” ÛÒ˙ÔÓÙ·È Ï›„·Ó· ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚÔ‡ ‚¿ıÚÔ˘. §›ÁÔ ÈÔ ¿Óˆ Û˘ÚÌ·ÙÔÁ¤Ê˘Ú·. ™Ù· ¢ÈfiÙ·Ì·, ÛÙ· fiÚÈ· ™ÙÚ¿ÓÔÌ·˜ Î·È A¯Ï·‰fiηÛÙÚÔ˘ (∞ÚÙÔÙ›‚·) ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ‰‡Ô ̇ÏÔÈ Ô˘ ϤÔÓ ‰ÂÓ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Ó, ÙÔ˘ ™ÙÚ·ÓÔÌ›ÙË MÔ‡ÚÌÔ˘Ï· Î·È ÙÔ˘ AÚÙÔÙÈ‚È¿ÓÔ˘ ¶˘Ï·ÚÈÓÔ‡. ™ÙÔ ·Ú·Î›ÌÂÓÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi K·ÛÙÚ¿ÎÈ ·Ú¯·›Ô ÌÈÎÚfi ·ÈÙˆÏÈÎfi οÛÙÚÔ ¤‰ˆÛ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ ÙÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹.

¶fiÚÈ·Ú˘

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O ¶fiÚÈ·Ú˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙ· ÓfiÙÈ· ÙÔ˘ KfiÙÛ·ÏÔ˘ Î·È Î·Ù¢ı‡ÓÂÙ·È Û ·Ú¿ÏÏËÏË, ·ÏÏ¿ ÌÈÎÚfiÙÂÚË ‰˘ÙÈ΋ ÔÚ›·. •ÂÎÈÓ¿ÂÈ Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ Ì ÙÔÓ ¶ÂÚÈ‚ÔÏÈÒÙÈÎÔ, Ô˘ ËÁ¿˙ÂÈ ·fi ÙȘ ‰˘ÙÈΤ˜ Ï·ÁȤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡ ÙÔ˘ ¶·Ï·ÈÔ‡ÚÁÔ˘ Î·È ‰¤¯ÂÙ·È ÛÙË ‰˘ÙÈ΋ ÔÚ›· ÙÔ˘ Î·È ¿ÏÏ· ڤ̷ٷ. ™ÙÔÓ K¿ÌÔ ™›ÌÔ˘ ÂÓÒÓÂÙ·È Ì ÙÔ ™ÈÌÈÒÙÈÎÔ °·‚ÚfiÚÂÌ· Î·È ¤ÙÛÈ Ô Û¯ËÌ·ÙÈṲ̂ÓÔ˜ ϤÔÓ ¶fiÚÈ·Ú˘ ÂÓÒÓÂÙ·È Ï›ÁÔ ÈÔ Î¿Ùˆ Ì ÙÔ ÔÚÌËÙÈÎfi ™Ù˘ÏÈfiÚÂ˘Ì· Î·È ¿ÏÏ· ڤ̷ٷ Î·È Û˘Ó¯›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ ÔÚ›· ÙÔ˘ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ. H Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ‹ ÙˆÓ ‰‡Ô ÔÙ·ÌÒÓ, ‰ÈfiÙ·ÌÔ, Û˘ÓÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ ™ÙÚ·ÓÔÌ›ÙÈÎÔ ∫¿Ùˆ K¿ÌÔ Î·È ÙÔÓ ¶fiÚÔ.


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:40

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O ¶fiÚÈ·Ú˘ (Î·È ÌÂÚÈΤ˜ ÊÔÚ¤˜ ¯·˚‰Â˘ÙÈο ¶ÔÚÈ·Ú¿ÎÈ ‹ ¶ÔÚÈ·Ú¿Î˘), ‹Ú ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ ÙÔ˘ ·fi ÙËÓ ÔÌÒÓ˘ÌË ÎÔÈÏ¿‰· ¶fiÚÈ·ÚÈ, fiÔ˘ Î·È Ù· §Ô˘ÙÚ¿ ™Ù¿¯Ù˘, Ì¿ÏÏÔÓ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ÔÚÒ‰ÂȘ Ï›ıÔ˘˜ (Ô˘ÚÈ¿) Ô˘ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó Û ÔÛfiÙËÙ˜ ÂΛ Î·È ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔÔÈÔ‡ÓÙ·Ó ÛÙËÓ ÔÈÎÔ‰ÔÌÈ΋. ¶Èı·ÓÔÏÔÁÂ›Ù·È fiÙÈ Â‰Ò ˘‹Ú¯Â Ë ·Ú¯·›· ·ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ fiÏË ¶ÒÚÔ˜ (Ô˘Ú›), ÂÓÒ ÈÔ Î¿Ùˆ Â›Ó·È Ô ÌÈÎÚÔÛ˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ ¶fiÚÔ˜ (ÔÙ·ÌÔ¤Ú·ÛÌ·). M ÙÔ ÓÂÚfi ÙÔ˘ ¶fiÚÈ·ÚË ·Ú‰Â‡ÔÓÙ·È ÔÈ Î¿ÌÔÈ Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ Ù˘ º·Ì›Ï·˜. ™ÙÔÓ ¶fiÚÈ·ÚË ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÂÙÚfiÎÙÈÛÙÔ ÁÈÔʇÚÈ Ô˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÈ ÙÔÓ K¿ÌÔ ™›ÌÔ˘ Ì ÙË ™Ù‡ÏÈ· - º·Ì›Ï·. TÔ ÁÂʇÚÈ Â›Ó·È ÌÔÓfiÙÔÍÔ ¯·ÌËψ̤ÓÔ Ì ÛÙËı·›· ÔÏfiÏÈı· Ï·ÍÂ˘Ù¿. AÓ¿ÁÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ ÙÂÏÂ˘Ù·›Ô ٤ٷÚÙÔ ÙÔ˘ 19Ô˘ ·È. Î·È ÌÔÈ¿˙ÂÈ Ôχ Ì ÙÔ ÁÂʇÚÈ Ù˘ KÏÂ¿˜ (1885). M ÙÔ ÓÂÚfi ÙÔ˘ ¶fiÚÈ·ÚË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Û·Ó ÛÙÔÓ K¿ÌÔ ™›ÌÔ˘ ÙÚÂȘ ̇ÏÔÈ, ¤Ó·˜ ÛÙÔÓ K·ÚηÓÈ¿ (Ù˘ EÎÎÏËÛ›·˜) Î·È Ô ¿ÏÏÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ M·ÎÚ˘ÁÈ¿ÓÓË ÛÙËÓ ¶Ï·Ù·ÓÈ¿. M¤¯ÚÈ ÙÂÏÂ˘Ù·›· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡ÛÂ Î·È Ô Ì‡ÏÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ¡Ô˘ÏÔÓ›ÎÔ˘ ÛÙÔÓ K¿Ùˆ K¿ÌÔ ™Ùڿӈ̷˜.

µfiÚÂÈ· ¡·˘·ÎÙ›· ∏ µfiÚÂÈ· ¡·˘·ÎÙ›·, Ù· ∫Ú¿‚·Ú·, Â›Ó·È ÌÈ· ÔÚÂÈÓ‹ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Ô˘ ÙÔ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘Êfi Ù˘ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚ›˙ÂÙ·È ·fi Ù· „ËÏ¿ ‚Ô˘Ó¿, ÙÔ˘˜ ÏfiÊÔ˘˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ‚Ú¿¯Ô˘˜. ∫˘ÚÈ·Ú¯Ô‡Ó Ù· fiÚË Ù˘ ∫ÔÎÎÈÓÈ¿˜ (1.831 Ì.), ∞Ú‰›Ó˘ (1.698 Ì.), ∆ÛÂÎÔ‡Ú· (1.734 Ì.), ∆۷ηϿÎÈ (1.713 Ì.), √Ì¿ÏÈ· (1.694 Ì.), ∫·ÚÊÔÂÙ·ÏÈ¿˜ (1.563 ̤ÙÚ·), ∞ψӿÎÈ (∞ψӿ΢ 1.418 Ì.), •ÂÚÔ‚Ô‡ÓÈ (1.571 Ì.), ª·Ï·ıÔ‡Ó· (1.417 Ì.) Î·È ª·ÎÚ‡ÔÚÔ˜ (1.560 Ì.), ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ï‹ıÔ˜ ¿ÏÏˆÓ ÌÈÎÚfiÙÂÚˆÓ ÎÔÚ˘ÊÒÓ Ô˘ ‰È·ÌÔÚÊÒÓÔ˘Ó ¤Ó· ¤ÓÙÔÓÔ ÌÔÚÊÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ, Ô˘ Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÂÈ ·¤Ú·ÓÙ· ‰¿ÛË, ηÎÔÙÚ¿¯·Ï· ‚Ô˘Ó¿ Î·È Ï·ÁȤ˜ Ì ÌÂÁ¿Ï˜ ÎÏ›ÛÂȘ. ∞Ó¿ÌÂÛ· Û’ ·˘Ù¿ Ú¤Ô˘Ó ÔÈ ‰‡Ô ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔÈ ÔÙ·ÌÔ› ∂‡ËÓÔ˜ Î·È ªfiÚÓÔ˜, ÔÈ ÔÔ›ÔÈ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú·ÔÙ¿ÌÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ Î·È ¤Ó· ϤÁÌ· ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚˆÓ Î·È ÌÈÎÚÔ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚˆÓ Û¯›˙Ô˘Ó Ù· ‚Ô˘Ó¿ Î·È ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Ó Ï·Áο‰È· Î·È Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ· ·›ÚÔ˘ οÏÏÔ˘˜. ∆· Ï·ÙÒÌ·Ù· ÏÈÁÔÛÙ¿ Î·È ÔÈ ÎÔÈÏ¿‰Â˜ Û¿ÓȘ. ªfiÓÔ ÛÙȘ fi¯ı˜ ÙˆÓ ÔÙ·ÌÒÓ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙ÔÓÙ·È Î¿ÔÈÔÈ Î¿ÌÔÈ. ∆· ‰¿ÛË ÔÏÏ¿ Î·È Ô ÚÔ˜ ηÏÏȤÚÁÂÈ· ÙfiÔ˜ ÂÏ¿¯ÈÛÙÔ˜. ŒÙÛÈ Í¯¤ÚÛˆÓ·Ó Ù· ‰¿ÛË Ì ÙË ÊˆÙÈ¿ Î·È ÙÔ ÙÛÂÎÔ‡ÚÈ. ∆ÔÓ Î·ÙËÊÔÚÈÎfi ÙfiÔ ÙÔÓ ÛÙ¤ÚÈˆÓ·Ó Ì Â˙ԇϘ Î·È ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡ÓÙ·Ó ÔÈ ˙·Á¿‰Â˜. ∞˘Ù¿ Ù· ı·˘Ì·ÛÙ¿ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹Ì·Ù· ÙÔ˘ ·ÓıÚÒÈÓÔ˘ Ìfi¯ıÔ˘, Û‹ÌÂÚ· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÂÁηٷÏÂÈÊı› Î·È fiÔ˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ‰È·Ûˆı› ·fi ÙȘ ¿ÁÚȘ ηÈÚÈΤ˜ Û˘Óı‹Î˜ Î·È ÙËÓ ¤ÏÏÂÈ„Ë Ù˘ ·ÓıÚÒÈÓ˘ ÊÚÔÓÙ›‰·˜ Ì·˜ ı˘Ì›˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔÓ ·ÁÒÓ· Î·È ÙËÓ ·ÁˆÓ›· ÙˆÓ ÂÚ·ÛÌ¤ÓˆÓ ÁÂÓÂÒÓ. ∏ µfiÚÂÈ· ¡·˘·ÎÙ›· Â›Ó·È ‰ÈÔÈÎËÙÈο ¯ˆÚÈṲ̂ÓË Û ÙÚÂȘ ‰‹ÌÔ˘˜: ¶Ï·Ù¿ÓÔ˘ ‰˘ÙÈο Î·È ‚fiÚÂÈ·, ∞Ô‰ÔÙ›·˜ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο Î·È ‚fiÚÂÈ· Î·È ¶˘Ï‹Ó˘ ‰˘ÙÈÎÔÎÂÓÙÚÈο.

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:40

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112 ∏ Û˘ÚÌ·ÙÔÁ¤Ê˘Ú· Ô˘ ·ÓÙÈη٤ÛÙËÛ ÙÔ Î·Ú¤ÏÈ ÛÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ Wire bridge over the old bridge (kareli) near Evinos river


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:40

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113 °¤Ê˘Ú· ∞ÚÙÔÙ›‚·˜ ÛÙÔ ¢ËÌÔÙÈÎfi ¢È·Ì¤ÚÈÛÌ· ∞¯Ï·‰fiηÛÙÚÔ˘ ÛÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ ¶Ï·Ù¿ÓÔ˘ Artotiva bridge at the municipal district of Achladocastro, Platanos Municipality


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:40

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∆Ô ÁÂʇÚÈ Ù˘ ¶ÔÁˆÓÈ¿˜ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙË ¢ÔÚ‚ÈÙÛ¿ Pogonia bridge near Dorvitsa

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:40

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√ ÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ ¶ÂÚÈ‚fiÏÈ· Ì ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈΤ˜ Â˙ԇϘ Perivolia settlement with the typical benches

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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09:40

∫·Ù¿‚·ÛË ÛÙÔÓ ÔÙ·Ìfi ∂‡ËÓÔ Descent to River Evinos

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:52

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:52

¶ÔÙ·Ìfi˜ ∂‡ËÓÔ˜, ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÿÓÈ ª·ÓÈ¿ River Evinos, Chani Bania area

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√ÚÂÈÓ‹ ¡·˘·ÎÙ›·, fiÚÔ˜ ∆۷ηϿÎÈ Mountainous Nafpaktia, mount Tsakalaki


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27-04-09

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¶Ï¿Ù·ÓÔ˜ √ ¶Ï¿Ù·ÓÔ˜, ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ¶Ï·Ù¿ÓÔ˘, Â›Ó·È ·Ú·‰ÔÛÈ·Îfi˜ ÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜. ∆· Û›ÙÈ· ÙÔ˘, ¤ÙÚÈÓ· ÛÙËÓ ÏÂÈÔÓfiÙËÙ¿ ÙÔ˘˜, ÚÔηÏÔ‡Ó Ó· Ù· ·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÂȘ. ∆· ƒÔÓÙËÚ·›˚η (1847), ÙÔ˘ ª·ÚÁ·Ú›ÙË (1850), ÙÔ˘ ∫ÔÏÔÙÔ‡ÚÔ˘ (∫ÔϤÙÙ·, 1840), ÙÔ˘ ∞ÁÁÂÏ¿ÎË (1850), fiÏ· Ì ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛȷο ÏÈı·Ó¿ÁÏ˘Ê·, Â›Ó·È ÌÂÚÈο ·fi Ù· ·ÏÈ¿ Û›ÙÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¶Ï·Ù¿ÓÔ˘. ¶ÚÔÂͤ¯ÂÈ Ô ÂÓÔÚÈ·Îfi˜ Ó·fi˜ ÕÁÈÔ˜ ¡ÈÎfiÏ·Ô˜ (1846) ÌÂÁ·ÏÔÚÂ‹˜ Î·È ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈÎfi˜ ÛÙÔ Î¤ÓÙÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡, ‚·ÛÈÏÈÎÔ‡ Ú˘ıÌÔ‡ Ì ٷ ‰˘Ô ÂÚÈηÏÏ‹ Î·È ˘ÚÁˆÙ¿ ηÌ·Ó·ÚÈ¿ Î·È ÙËÓ ÙÚ›ÎÔÁ¯Ë ·„›‰· ÙÔ˘ ÈÂÚÔ‡, Û¿ÓÈ·˜ ‰ÔÌÈ΋˜ Ù¤¯Ó˘. ∂ÓÙ˘ˆÛȷο Ù· ÏÈı·Ó¿ÁÏ˘Ê· ÛÙÔ ÂÚÈı‡ÚˆÌ· ÛÙÔ ÓfiÙÈÔ ÙÌ‹Ì· ÙÔ˘ Ó·Ô‡. ∂È‚ÏËÙÈÎfi˜ Î·È ÛÙÔ ÂÛˆÙÂÚÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ Ô Ó·fi˜ Ì ÂÈÎfiÓ˜ Î·È ÎÂÈÌ‹ÏÈ· ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈ΋˜ ·Í›·˜. ∞ÍÈÔ·Ú·Ù‹ÚËÙ· ÛÙËÓ Ï·Ù›· ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ Ù· ªÔ˘Û›·, ∂ıÓÈ΋˜ ∞ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ Ì ʈÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi Î·È Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹ Û¯ÂÙÈÎÒÓ ‚È‚Ï›ˆÓ Î·È ÂÁÁÚ¿ÊˆÓ Î·È ÙÔ πÛÙÔÚÈÎfi - Ï·ÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi Ì ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈ΋ Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹ ÈÛÙÔÚÈÎÒÓ Î·È Ï·ÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎÒÓ ÛÙÔȯ›ˆÓ. ∫ÔÓÙ¿ ÙÔ˘ Î·È Ô Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ ∫¿Ùˆ ¶Ï¿Ù·ÓÔ˜. ∞ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÔ‡Ó Ë ÃÒÌÔÚË Ì ÙÔ ·Ï·›Ê·ÙÔ ªÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ÙËÓ ¶·Ó·Á›· ÙËÓ ∫·‚·‰ÈÒÙÈÛÛ·, ÙÔ ∞¯Ï·‰fiηÛÙÚÔ Ì ÙÔ ÂÚ›ÊËÌÔ ÂÙÚÔÁ¤Ê˘ÚÔ Ù˘ ∞ÚÙÔÙ›‚·˜ Î·È ÙÔ ÏfiÊÔ ∫·ÛÙÚ¿ÎÈ, fiÔ˘ ‚Ú¤ıËΠÓfiÌÈÛÌ· Ì ÙËÓ ÂÈÁÚ·Ê‹ ¶ÚfiÛ¯ÈÔÓ Î·È ·˘Ùfi ¤‰ˆÛ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· ÛÙÔÓ Ù¤ˆ˜ ¢‹ÌÔ ¶ÚÔÛ¯›Ô˘, Ë ¶ÂÚ›ÛÙ· Ì ÙÔ ·ÏÈfi ÕÈ £·Ó¿ÛË, Ë ∫·ÛÙ·ÓÈ¿ Ì ÙÔ ¯¿ÓÈ ÙÔ˘ §ÈfiÏÈÔ˘, Ô ÕÁÈÔ˜ ¢ËÌ‹ÙÚÈÔ˜ Ì ÙËÓ ·Ó¤ÌÔÚÊË ∂˘ËÓÔÏ›ÌÓË, Ë ¶ÂÚ‰ÈÎfi‚Ú˘ÛË Ì ÙÔÓ ÕÈ °ÈÒÚÁË Ù˘, Ë ∫ÏÂ¿ Ì ÙÔÓ ¿ÁÚÈÔ ‚Ú¿¯Ô Ù˘ Î·È ÙÔ ÂÙÚÔÁ¤Ê˘ÚÔ ÛÙ· ™ÙÂÓ¿, Ë ∞Ú¿¯Ô‚· Ì ÙÔ Î¿ÛÙÚÔ Î·È ÙÔ ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ÙÔ˘ ÕÈ §È· Î·È ÙË Ï·ÔÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹, ÙÔ ¡ÂÔ¯ÒÚÈ Ì ÙËÓ Ï·Ù›· ÙÔ˘ ÙÔÓ ÈÛÙÔÚÈÎfi “∫ÔÙÚÒÙÛÔ”, ÙË Ï·ÔÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹ Î·È ÙÔ ‚Ú·¯Ô‚Ô‡ÓÈ ÙÔ˘ ÙÔÓ ∫·ÚÊÔÂÙ·ÏÈ¿, ÙÔ ¢ÂÓ‰ÚÔ¯ÒÚÈ Ì ÙÔ ÎÂÊ·Ï¿ÚÈ ÙÔ˘ Î·È ÙÔ §È‚·‰¿ÎÈ Ì ÙÔ “∫ÚÈ” ÙÔ˘.

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H ÕÓˆ ÃÒÚ· (ÚÒËÓ MÂÁ¿ÏË §ÔÌÔÙÈÓ¿) ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ∞Ô‰ÔÙ›·˜ Â›Ó·È Û˘Ó‰Â‰Â̤ÓË Ì ÙË ÌÂÁ¿ÏË ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓ‹ ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂÈ· ÙˆÓ K·Ó·‚·›ˆÓ ·fi ÙËÓ ÔÔ›· ÚÔ‹ÏıÂ Î·È ¤Ó·˜ A˘ÙÔÎÚ¿ÙÔÚ·˜. MÂÙ¿ ÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÏË„Ë Ù˘ ¶fiÏ˘ ÙÔ 1204 ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ºÚ¿ÁÎÔ˘˜ ÔÏϤ˜ ·Ú¯ÔÓÙÈΤ˜ ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂȘ Î·Ù¤Ê˘Á·Ó Û ·ÛʷϤÛÙÂÚ· ̤ÚË. TÔ‡ÙÔ Û˘Ó¤‚Ë Î·È Ì ÙËÓ ÕψÛË Ù˘ ¶fiÏ˘ ÙÔ 1453. ¶fiÙ ¤ÁÈÓÂ Ë ÂÁηٿÛÙ·ÛË ÙˆÓ K·Ó·‚·›ˆÓ ÛÙ· KÚ¿‚·Ú·, ‰ÂÓ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÛÙÔȯ›· ÁÈ· Ó· ›̷ÛÙ ‚¤‚·ÈÔÈ. X¿ÚȘ ÛÙÔ˘˜ K·Ó·‚·›Ô˘˜, Ô˘ ›¯·Ó ÂˆÌÈÛı› Ù· ¤ÍÔ‰·, ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Û ÛÙËÓ ÎˆÌfiÔÏË Ë ÂÚ›ÊËÌË “™¯ÔÏ‹ Ù˘ §ÔÌÔÙÈÓ¿˜”, Ô˘ ›¯Â ‰‡Ô Û¯ÔÏ›·: AÏÏËÏԉȉ·ÎÙÈÎfiÓ Î·È EÏÏËÓÈÎfiÓ. ∞fi Ù· ÔÌÔÚÊfiÙÂÚ· ·ÍÈÔı¤·Ù· ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ ·ÔÙÂÏ› ·‰È·ÌÊÈÛ‚‹ÙËÙ· ÙÔ Ê˘ÛÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ. T· ·Ï·È¿ ÏÈıfiÎÙÈÛÙ· Û›ÙÈ· Î·È Ù· ηÈÓÔ‡ÚÁÈ· Û›ÙÈ· ÂÓÙ·Á̤ӷ ÛÙÔ Î·Ù·Ú¿ÛÈÓÔ ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ, Ù· ·Ú·‰ÔÛȷο ηÊÂÓ›· Î·È Ù· ¤ÙÚÈÓ· ‹ Ï·ÎfiÛÙÚˆÙ· ‰ÚÔÌ¿ÎÈ· οو ·fi ·Á¤Úˆ¯· Ï·Ù¿ÓÈ·, Û˘Óı¤ÙÔ˘Ó ÌÈ· Âȉ˘ÏÏȷ΋ ·ÙÌfiÛÊ·ÈÚ· Î·È ÎÈÓÔ‡Ó ÙËÓ ÚÔÛÔ¯‹ ÙÔ˘ ·Ú·ÙËÚËÙ‹. E›Û˘ ÌÂÁ·ÏÔÚÂ‹˜ Î·È ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈÎfi˜ Ô Ó·fi˜ Ù˘ AÁ›·˜ ¶·Ú·Û΢‹˜ (1915) ÛÙ·˘ÚÔÂȉ‹˜ Ì ‰‡Ô ÂÓۈ̷و̤ӷ ηÌ·Ó·ÚÈ¿, ÎÙÈṲ̂ÓÔ˜ Ì ÂÏÂÎËÙfi Ì·‡ÚÔ ÏÈı¿ÚÈ. ∫ÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙËÓ ÕÓˆ ÃÒÚ·, Ë ∫¿Ùˆ ÃÒÚ· Ì ÙÔÓ ÕÈ ¢ËÌ‹ÙÚË Ù˘, ÙÔ °Ô˘ÏÈÓ¿ Î·È ÙÔÓ ¶ÂÚ·ÏfiÁÁÔ. ™Ù· µfiÚÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ∞Ô‰ÔÙ›·˜ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È Ë °Ú·Ì̤ÓË √͢¿ Ì ÙË ¯ˆÓÔÎÎÏËÛÈ¿ Ù˘, Ë §Â‡Î· Ì ÙËÓ ∞Á›· ¶·Ú·Û΢‹ Ù˘ Î·È ÙÔ Î·Ï·›ÛıËÙÔ ∫¤ÓÙÚÔ ∂ÓË̤ڈÛ˘ Î·È ∆ÂÎÌËÚ›ˆÛ˘. ™ÎÔfi˜ ÙÔ˘ ∫¤ÓÙÚÔ˘ Â›Ó·È Ë ¤Ú¢ӷ, Ë ·Ú·Ù‹ÚËÛË Î·È Ë ÁÓˆÚÈÌ›· Ì ·ÒÙÂÚÔ ÛÙfi¯Ô ÙËÓ ÚÔÛÙ·Û›· Î·È ÙËÓ ÚÔ‚ÔÏ‹ ÙÔ˘ ·›ÚÔ˘ οÏÏÔ˘˜ ÔÈÎÔÛ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Ù˘ ÏÂοÓ˘ ·ÔÚÚÔ‹˜ ÙˆÓ ËÁÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ∂‡ËÓÔ˘ ÔÙ·ÌÔ‡. ∞ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÔ‡Ó Ë ª·Ó‰ÚÈÓ‹ Ì ÙËÓ ¶·Ó·Á›· Ù˘, Ë ∫˘‰ˆÓÈ¿ Ì ÙÔÓ ÕÈ ¡ÈÎfiÏ·, ÙÔÓ ÕÈ °È¿ÓÓË Î·È ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· °Ô‡ÛÙÈ·ÓË, Ë ∫·ÏÏÔÓ‹ Ì ÙËÓ ¶·Ó·Á›·, ÙËÓ ∞Á›· ¶·Ú·Û΢‹ Î·È ÙȘ “ÂÏÏËÓfiÙÚ˘˜”, Ë ∂Ï·Ùfi‚Ú˘ÛË ÁÂÓ¤ÙÂÈÚ· ÙÔ˘ ηÂÙ¿Ó °È¿ÓÓË º·ÚÌ¿ÎË Ì ÙËÓ ∞ÏÈÎfiÚÂÓ· (∞ÏÈÎfiÚ·ÓË), ÙÔ ÌÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Î·È ÙÔ ÌÂÙfi¯È Ù˘, ÙÔ °ÚËÁfiÚË Ì ÙÔÓ ÕÁÈÔ °ÚËÁfiÚÈ ÙÔ˘, ÙÔ ∫Ú¿‚·ÚÈ Î·È Ù· ∫ÔοÏÈ·, Ù· ∫Ú˘ÔÓ¤ÚÈ· ÁÂÓ¤ÙÂÈÚ· ÙÔ˘ ÁÔ˘ÌÂÓÔηÂÙ¿ÓÈÔ˘ ¢·ÌÈ·ÓÔ‡, Ì ÙÔÓ ÕÈ °ÈÒÚÁË ÙÔ˘˜ ÙÔ ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ÙÔ˘ ∞Á›Ô˘ ¢ËÌËÙÚ›Ô˘ Î·È ÙÔ ∫·ÛÙ¤ÏÈ, Î·È ÌÂÙ¿ Ë ∞ÌÂÏ·ÎÈÒÙÈÛÛ· Ì ٷ ‰‡Ô ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈο ¯ÚÈÛÙÈ·ÓÈο ÌÓËÌ›·, Ô˘ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÛÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi Î·È ÙÔ ÂÙÚÔÁ¤Ê˘ÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ∫¿Î·‚Ô˘ ÛÙÔÓ ∫fiÙÛ·ÏÔ.


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27-04-09

09:52

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¶Ï¿Ù·ÓÔ˜ Platanos


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27-04-09

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√ ÕÁÈÔ˜ ¡ÈÎfiÏ·Ô˜ ÛÙÔÓ ¶Ï¿Ù·ÓÔ (·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋ fi„Ë) Agios Nikolaos in Platanos


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¶Ï¿Ù·ÓÔ˜, ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈ΋ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋ ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ Platanos, characteristic architecture of the village

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27-04-09

09:52

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TÔ ÂÓÂÚÁfi ·Ó‰ÚÈÎfi ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ¶·Ó·Á›· AÌÂÏ·ÎÈÒÙÈÛÛ· Ì ÔÏÏÒÓ ·ÈÒÓˆÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· Ô˘ ·Ú·‰›‰ÂÙ·È fiÙÈ ÎÙ›ÛÙËΠÙÔ 1456 Ì.X. £ÂˆÚÂ›Ù·È Ë “KÈ‚ˆÙfi˜ Ù˘ N·˘·ÎÙ›·˜”, ·ÊÔ‡ Ê˘Ï¿ÛÛÂÈ ·ÓÂÎÙ›ÌËÙ· ÎÂÈÌ‹ÏÈ·, fiˆ˜ ÙËÓ ÂÈÎfiÓ· Ù˘ ¶·Ó·ÁÈ¿˜, ÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ ¯¤Ú· ÙÔ˘ AÁ›Ô˘ ¶ÔÏ˘Î¿ÚÔ˘, ÙÔÓ ÂÈÙ¿ÊÈÔ Ù˘ M·ÚÈÒÚ·˜ (1735), ÙÔ ·ÍÈfiÏÔÁÔ Í˘ÏfiÁÏ˘ÙÔ Ù¤ÌÏÔ (1871 - 1874), ·ÚÁ˘Ú‹ ÏÂÈ„·ÓÔı‹ÎË (1470), ÎÙÏ. TÔ ÎÔÌ„fi ηıÔÏÈÎfi Ì ٷ ‰È·ÎÔÛÌËÙÈο ÏÈı·Ó¿ÁÏ˘Ê· ÎÙ›ÛÙËΠÙÔ 1847. TÔ ‰Â‡ÙÂÚÔ Â›Ó·È Ô ÂÓÔÚÈ·Îfi˜ Ó·fi˜ ÕÁÈÔ˜ NÈÎfiÏ·Ô˜ Ù˘ ∞ÌÂÏ·ÎÈÒÙÈÛÛ·˜. AӷηÈÓ›ÛıËΠÙÔ 1744. TÔ 1880 ÂÈÌË·ÓıËÎÂ Ô Ó·fi˜ ÚÔ˜ Ù· ‰˘ÙÈο Î·È ÚÔÛÙ¤ıËÎÂ Ô Á˘Ó·ÈΈӛÙ˘. EÎÏËÎÙÈ΋˜ Ù¯ÓÈ΋˜ Â›Ó·È ÙÔ Í˘ÏfiÁÏ˘ÙÔ Ù¤ÌÏÔ Ô˘ ÊÈÏÔÙ¯ӋıËΠÙÔ 1748 ·fi ÙÔÓ ÓÙfiÈÔ Ù¯ӛÙË Aı·Ó¿ÛÈÔ (¢·ÌÈ·Ófi) Ì ÂÈÎfiÓ˜ Ù˘ ›‰È·˜ ÂÔ¯‹˜. £·˘Ì¿ÛÈ· Î·È Ë Ê·Ùӈ̷ÙÈ΋ ÚÔÌ‚ˆÙ‹ ÔÚÔÊ‹. ¡ÔÙÈfiÙÂÚ· ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È Ô ¶fi‰Ô˜ Ì ٷ “¶Ï·Ù¿ÓÈ·” ÙÔ˘, Ë ∂Ï·ÙÔ‡ Ì ÙËÓ ÕÈ ™ˆÙ‹Ú·, ÙÔ ÕÈ §È· Ù˘, ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÏ·ÙÈ¿‰Â˜ Ù˘ Î·È ÙÔ Î·ÛÙ·ÓÔ‰¿ÛÔ˜ Ù˘, Ë ∆ÂÚ„Èı¤· Ì ÙÔÓ ÌÂÁ·ÏÔÚÂ‹ ÕÁÈÔ ¡ÈÎfiÏ·Ô, ÙÔ Ï·ÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi ÌÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ̇ÏÔ˘˜ Ù˘, Ë §ÈÌÓ›ÙÛ· Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ÕÁÈÔ˘˜ ∆·Íȿگ˜ Î·È ÙÔ ÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi §ÈÌÓÈÙÛÔfiÙ·ÌÔ, ÙÔ ∫ÔÎÎÈÓÔ¯ÒÚÈ Ì ٷ Ô¯˘Ú¿ Î·È Ù· Ù·ÌÔ‡ÚÈ· Ù˘ ª·ÎÚ˘¿˜ ƒ¿¯Ë˜, Ì ÙÔÓ ÕÈ °ÈÒÚÁË ÙÔ˘, ÙÔ ÃÚ›ÛÔ‚Ô Î·È ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓfi ªÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ Ù˘ ™ˆÙ‹ÚÔ˜, Ë ∞ÛÚÈ¿ Ì ÙÔÓ ÕÈ °ÈÒÚÁË Ù˘, ÙÔ ¶·ÏÈÔÌÔÓ¿ÛÙËÚÔ Î·È ÙËÓ ¶·ÏÈÔÎÏËÛÈ¿ ÛÙË ª·ÎÚ˘¿ ƒ¿¯Ë, Ë ∫ÂÓÙÚÈ΋ Ì ÙËÓ ∞Á›· ¶·Ú·Û΢‹ Î·È ÙÔÓ ∞Ó‰ÚÈ‚ÈÙÛÈÒÙÈÎÔ Î·È ÙËÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ‚Ú‡ÛË, Ë ∞Ó·‚Ú˘Ù‹ Ì ÙËÓ ∞Á›· ¶·Ú·Û΢‹ Î·È ÙÔ ∫ÚÈ, ÙÔ °Ï·, ÙË ¢Ú·ÎfiÙÚ˘· Î·È ÙÔ µÈÙÔ„ÈÛÙÈ¿ÓÈÎÔ, ÙÔ ∫·Ù·Ê‡ÁÈÔ ÁÂÓ¤ÙÂÈÚ· ÙÔ˘ È·ÙÚÔ‡ Ù˘ ∂·Ó¿ÛÙ·Û˘ ∆ÚÈ·ÓÙ¿Ê˘ÏÏÔ˘ ∞ÌÔÚ·Ó›ÙË, Ì ٷ ÂÙÚÔÁ¤Ê˘Ú· ÛÙÔÓ ∞ÌÔÚ·Ó›ÙÈÎÔ ÛÙÔ ∆Ú·ÓfiÚÂÌ· Î·È ÛÙÔ˘ ∫Ô˘ÙÚÔ˘Ì‹ ÙÔ Ú¤Ì·, ÙÔ ∫ÂÊ·ÏÔÁÈfiÊ˘ÚÔ ÛÙÔ ªfiÚÓÔ, ÙÔ Ó·fi Ù˘ ¶·Ó·Á›·˜, Ù· ¿ÁÚÈ· ∞ÌÔÚ·Ó›ÙÈη ‚Ú¿¯È·, ÙÔ Î¿ÛÙÚÔ ÙˆÓ ∞Á›ˆÓ ∞ÔÛÙfiÏˆÓ Î·È ÙÔ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi °ÔϤÌÈ Ì ÙËÓ ÕÈ ™ˆÙ‹Ú· ÙÔ˘˜.

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∏ ™›ÌÔ˘, ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ¶˘Ï‹Ó˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙË ÛÙÚ·ÙȈÙÈ΋ ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂÈ· ÙˆÓ •˘‰·›ˆÓ Î·È ÙÔ ÛÙÚ·ÙËÁfi Ù˘ ∂·Ó¿ÛÙ·Û˘ £‡ÌÈÔ •‡‰Ë. ¢ÂÛfi˙ÂÈ Ô IÂÚfi˜ N·fi˜ Ù˘ °¤ÓÓËÛ˘ Ù˘ £ÂÔÙfiÎÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ·Ó·ÎËÚ˘¯ı› IÛÙÔÚÈÎfi ‰È·ÙËÚËÙ¤Ô ÌÓËÌ›Ô. ¶ÚfiÎÂÈÙ·È ÁÈ· ÙÚ›ÎÏËÙË ‚·ÛÈÏÈ΋ ËÂÈÚˆÙÈÎÔ‡ Ù‡Ô˘ Ì ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi ηÌ·Ó·ÚÈfi. ∞ÔÙÂÏ› ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi ‰Â›ÁÌ· Ù˘ ÌÂÙ·‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓ‹˜ ÂÎÎÏËÛÈ·ÛÙÈ΋˜ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋˜ Ù˘ ÔÚÂÈÓ‹˜ ¡·˘·ÎÙ›·˜. EÈ‚ÏËÙÈÎfi˜ Î·È Î·ÏÔÎÙÈṲ̂ÓÔ˜ Ô ÕÈ °ÈÒÚÁ˘ ÛÙËÓ Â›ÛÔ‰Ô ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡, ÎÙ›ÛÌ· Ù˘ ‰ÂηÂÙ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ 1950. T· ·ÏÈ¿ Û›ÙÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ Â›Ó·È ÂÙÚfiÎÙÈÛÙ·, ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛȷο ‰ÔÌË̤ӷ ·fi ÓÙfiÈÔ˘˜ Ì·ÛÙfiÚÔ˘˜. TÔ ·Ú·‰ÔÛÈ·Îfi ÎÙ›ÚÈÔ ÙÔ˘ ¢ËÌ·Ú¯Â›Ô˘, ·ÏÈ¿ ηÙÔÈΛ·, ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›ÛıËΠˆ˜ ‰È·ÙËÚËÙ¤Ô ÌÓËÌÂ›Ô ‰ÈfiÙÈ ·ÔÙÂÏ› ‰Â›ÁÌ· Ù˘ Ù˘ÔÏÔÁ›·˜ ÙˆÓ ÎÙÈÛÌ¿ÙˆÓ Ù˘ ÔÚÂÈÓ‹˜ ¡·˘·ÎÙ›·˜ Î·È Ë ·ÚÔ˘Û›· ÙÔ˘ ‹Ù·Ó ¿ÌÂÛ· Û˘Ó‰Â‰Â̤ÓË Ì ÙË ˙ˆ‹ ÙÔ˘ ÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ‡ Î·È Ù˘ ¢ڇÙÂÚ˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜. πÛÙÔÚÈÎfi ‰È·ÙËÚËÙ¤Ô ÌÓËÌÂ›Ô Â›Ó·È Î·È ÙÔ Û¯ÔÏÈÎfi ÎÙ›ÚÈÔ, ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ·Ú·‰ÔÛȷ΋˜ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋˜ ÙÔ˘ ÁÚ·ÌÌ‹˜ ηıfiÛÔÓ ·ÔÙÂÏ› ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi ‰Â›ÁÌ· Ï·˚ÎÔ‡ ÎÙ›ÛÌ·ÙÔ˜-Û¯ÔÏ›Ԣ, ÙÔ ÔÔ›Ô Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÂÈ ÙË Ï·˚΋ ·Ú·‰ÔÛȷ΋ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋ Î·È ÙÔ Ó‡̷ Ù˘ ÙÔÈ΋˜ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋˜ ·Ú¿‰ÔÛ˘. ™˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ Ù˘ Ô ™ÈÌfiηÌÔ˜ Ì ÙÔ ÂÙÚÔÁ¤Ê˘ÚÔ ÛÙÔÓ ¶fiÚÈ·ÚË. ∞ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÔ‡Ó Ë ¶ÔΛÛÙ· Ì ÙÔÓ ÕÈ ¡ÈÎfiÏ· Ù˘ Î·È ÙȘ Ï¢ÎÔ‰ÂÓ‰ÚÔÛÙÔȯ›Â˜ Ù˘, Ë ªËÏÈ¿ Ì ÙÔÓ ÂÏ·ÙÈ¿ Ù˘, Ë ∂Ï¢ı¤ÚÈ·ÓË Ì ÙÔÓ ¶Ô˘ÚÓ·ÚfiÛÙ·ÏÔ Î·È ÙËÓ À··ÓÙ‹ Ù˘, Ë ¢ÔÚ‚ÈÙÛ¿ ÁÂÓ¤ÙÂÈÚ· ÙÔ˘ ∞ÚÈÂÈÛÎfiÔ˘ Î·È ∞ÓÙÈ‚·ÛÈÏÈ¿ ¢·Ì·ÛÎËÓÔ‡, Ì ÙÔ ÌÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Ù˘, ÙÔ ÂÙÚÔÁ¤Ê˘ÚÔ ÛÙÔÓ ∫fiÙÛ·ÏÔ Î·È ÙËÓ Ï·Ù·Ófi‚Ú˘ÛË, Ë ™Ùڿӈ̷ Ì ÙÔÓ ÕÈ ¡ÈÎfiÏ· Ù˘, ÙÔ Î·Ú¤ÏÈ Ù˘ Î·È Ù· §Ô˘ÙÚ¿ ™Ù¿¯Ù˘, Ë º·Ì›Ï· ÁÂÓ¤ÙÂÈÚ· ÙÔ˘ ·ÚÌ·ÙÔÏÔηÂÙ¿ÓÈÔ˘ £·Ó¿ÛË ™·Î·Ú¤ÏÔ˘ Ì ÙÔÓ ¶fiÚÈ·ÚË, ÙÔÓ ÓÂÚfiÌ˘ÏÔ Ù˘ ¶·Ó·Á›·˜ Î·È ÙË Î·ÛÙÚÔÂÎÎÏËÛÈ¿ ÙËÓ ∞Á›· ™ˆÙ‹Ú·, Ë ™Ù‡ÏÈ· ÁÂÓ¤ÙÂÈÚ· ÙÔ˘ ÛÙÚ·ÙËÁÔ‡ ÙÔ˘ ’21 °È¿ÓÓË ª·ÎÚ˘ÁÈ¿ÓÓË, Ì ٷ ·Ó¤ÌÔÚÊ· ƒÔ˘¿ÎÈ· Ù˘, Ô ¶·ÏÈfi˘ÚÁÔ˜ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·¯·Ï¿‰Â˜ ÙÔ˘, ÙËÓ ∫·Ó·‚·›˚ÎË ∫Ô‡ÏÈ· Î·È ÙÔÓ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi ÙÔ˘ Ù· ¶ÂÚÈ‚fiÏÈ·, ÙÔ ∞ÓıfiÊ˘ÙÔ Ì ÙÔ ÂÙÚÔÁ¤Ê˘ÚÔ ÛÙÔ °Ú·ÓÈÙÛÈÒÙÈÎÔ Î·È ÙËÓ ÂÚ›ÊËÌË ∞Á›· ∫˘Úȷ΋ ÛÙËÓ ¶··‰È¿ Î·È Ô °¿‚ÚÔ˜ Ì ÙÔÓ ÕÈ ¢ËÌ‹ÙÚË Î·È ÙÔÓ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi ∫Ô˘ÙÛÔÁÈ·ÓÓ·›˚η.


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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¶·ÏÈfi ÁÂʇÚÈ ÛÙÔÓ ∫fiÙÛ·ÏÔ Old bridge in Kotsalos


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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¶·Ú·‰ÔÛÈ·Îfi ÎÙ›ÛÌ· ÛÙË ™›ÌÔ˘ Traditional building in Simou

126 πÂÚfi˜ Ó·fi˜ °¤ÓÓËÛ˘ Ù˘ £ÂÔÙfiÎÔ˘ ÛÙË ™›ÌÔ˘ Holy church of the Holy Mother’s birth in Simou

™›ÌÔ˘, ¤ÙÚÈÓ˜ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ›Â˜ Simou, stone creations


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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127 ¢È·Û¯›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ ÙÔ˘ ∫¿Îη‚Ô˘ Crossing Kakavos gorge


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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™ÔοÎÈ Ù˘ ÕÓˆ ÃÒÚ·˜ Back street in Ano Chora

™›ÙÈ Ù˘ ÕÓˆ ÃÒÚ·˜ A house in Ano Chora

ÕÓˆ XÒÚ·, ÌÈ· ÂÈÎfiÓ· ¯›ÏȘ ϤÍÂȘ Ano Chora, one picture equals to a thousand words

§ÂˆÊÔÚÂ›Ô Ù˘ ÕÓˆ ÃÒÚ·˜ A bus in Ano Chora


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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ÕÓˆ ÃÒÚ·, ÁÂÓÈ΋ ¿Ô„Ë Ano Chora, general view

°ÂÈÙÔÓÈ¿ Ù˘ ÕÓˆ ÃÒÚ·˜ Neighborhood in Ano Chora

∏ ÂÓÔÚȷ΋ ÂÎÎÏËÛ›· ∞Á›· ¶·Ú·Û΢‹ ÛÙËÓ ÕÓˆ ÃÒÚ· Agia Paraskevi, the precinct church of Ano Chora


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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TÂÚ„Èı¤· Terpsithea

130 AÌÂÏ·ÎÈÒÙÈÛÛ· Abelakiotissa

§¿ÏÈη Lalika


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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KÚ˘ÔÓ¤ÚÈ· Krioneria

131


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πÂÚ¿ MÔÓ‹ ¶·Ó·Á›·˜ AÌÂÏ·ÎÈÒÙÈÛÛ·˜ Holy Monastery of Panagia Abelakiotissa

132


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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133


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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NfiÙÈ· N·˘·ÎÙ›· H NfiÙÈ· N·˘·ÎÙ›· ·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ ËÈfiÙÂÚÔ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ ·fi ÙË ‚fiÚÂÈ·, fiÔ˘ ΢ÚÈ·Ú¯Ô‡Ó Ù· ˘„ËÏ¿ Î·È ·fiÙÔÌ· ‚Ô˘Ó¿, ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù· ·ÏÏÂ¿ÏÏËÏ· Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ·. E›Ó·È ÌÈÎÚfiÙÂÚË Û ¤ÎÙ·ÛË ·fi ÙË ‚fiÚÂÈ· Î·È Û¯Â‰fiÓ ¤¯ÂÈ ›‰È· fiÚÈ· Ì ÙÔ ·ÏÈfi BÂÓ¤ÙÈÎÔ (N·˘·ÎÙÔ‚ÂÓ¤ÙÈÎÔ) Ì ÌÈ· ·Ú¤ÎÎÏÈÛË ÛÙ· ‚fiÚÂÈ¿ Ù˘, ·ÊÔ‡ Ë º·Ì›Ï· ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ ϤÔÓ ÛÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ ¶˘Ï‹Ó˘. Œ¯ÔÓÙ·˜ ‰˘ÙÈο ÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ ÔÙ·Ìfi, ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο ÙÔ MfiÚÓÔ, ÓfiÙÈ· ÙÔÓ ¶·ÙÚ·˚Îfi Î·È ÙÔÓ KÔÚÈÓıÈ·Îfi ÎfiÏÔ Î·È ÛÙ· ‚fiÚÂÈ· ÙÔ TÈÚÓfiÚÂÌ· Î·È ÙȘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÏ·ÁȤ˜ Ù˘ º·Ì›Ï·˜, Ù˘ ™Ù‡ÏÈ·˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘ NÈfiηÛÙÚÔ˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ› ÙËÓ ·›ÛıËÛË ÂÓfi˜ ¯ÒÚÔ˘ Ì ÔÏÏ¿ ÏÂÔÓÂÎÙ‹Ì·Ù· Î·È ÔÈΛϘ ·ÈÛıËÙÈΤ˜ ·ÔÏ·‡ÛÂȘ. M¤Û· ÛÙËÓ ¤ÎÙ·ÛË ·˘Ù‹ ΢ÚÈ·Ú¯Ô‡Ó Ù· ‚Ô˘Ó¿ OÚ›Á·ÓÔÓ (PÈÁ¿ÓÈ), Ë KÏfiÎÔ‚· Î·È Ë B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·. ŸÛÔ Î·Ù‚·›ÓÔ˘Ì ·fi Ù· ‚fiÚÂÈ· ÚÔ˜ ÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ· Û˘Ó·ÓÙԇ̠ÎÔÈÏ¿‰Â˜ Î·È ‰ȿ‰Â˜, fiˆ˜ Ô MÔÚÓfiηÌÔ˜, Ô Î¿ÌÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ E¿¯ÙÔ˘, Ô K·ÛÙÂÏfiηÌÔ˜, Ô AÁÚ·ȉfiηÌÔ˜, Ë °·‚ÚÔÏÈÌÓÈÒÙÈÎË ‰ȿ‰· Î·È Ù¤ÏÔ˜ Ô Î¿ÌÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ °·Ï·Ù¿. ∏ ¡fiÙÈ· ¡·˘·ÎÙ›· Â›Ó·È ‰ÈÔÈÎËÙÈο ¯ˆÚÈṲ̂ÓË Û ÙÚÂȘ ‰‹ÌÔ˘˜: ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο Î·È ‚fiÚÂÈ·, ∞ÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘ ÎÂÓÙÚÈο Î·È Ã¿ÏÎÂÈ·˜ ‰˘ÙÈο.

√Ú›Á·ÓÔÓ

134

TÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi PÈÁ¿ÓÈ (OÚ›Á·ÓÔÓ) ÔÈ ¯¿ÚÙ˜ ÙÔ ÂÓÙ¿ÛÛÔ˘Ó ÛÙÔÓ ÂÚÈÂÎÙÈÎfi fiÚÔ “ŸÚË N·˘·ÎÙ›·˜” ÁÈ· Ó· ‰Â›ÍÔ˘Ó fiÙÈ Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· Û‡ÌÏÂÁÌ· ÎÔÚ˘ÊÒÓ Ô˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÔÚÁ·ÓÈ΋ Â·Ê‹ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙÔ˘˜. O fiÚÔ˜ fï˜ ·˘Ùfi˜ Â›Ó·È ·‰fiÎÈÌÔ˜ ·ÊÔ‡ Î·È Ù· ¿ÏÏ· ‚Ô˘Ó¿ Ô˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È ‚fiÚÂÈ· Î·È ÓfiÙÈ·, ‚Ô˘Ó¿ Ù˘ N·˘·ÎÙ›·˜ ›ӷÈ. TÔ ÛÔ˘‰·ÈfiÙÂÚÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ·˘ÙÔ‡ ÙÔ˘ ÔÚÂÈÓÔ‡ Û˘ÁÎÚÔÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÙÔ PÈÁ¿ÓÈ Ô˘ Ë ˘„ËÏfiÙÂÚË ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ Â›Ó·È Ô ÕÈ §È·˜ (1.469 Ì.), ÂÓÒ ÔÈ ·Ì¤Ûˆ˜ ÌÈÎÚfiÙÂÚ˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ‡„Ô˜ 1.405 Ì. Î·È 1.221 Ì. ÕÏϘ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜ Â›Ó·È ™ÙÚÔÁÁ˘Ïfi - ÕÈ §È·˜ (1.089 Ì.), æËÏ‹ KÔÚ˘Ê‹ (1.075 Ì.), ™ÎÔÈ¿ (1.043 Ì.) Î·È ¿ÏϘ ¯·ÌËÏfiÙÂÚ˜. TÔ PÈÁ¿ÓÈ, ‚Ô˘Ófi ÍÂÎÈÓ¿ÂÈ ·fi ÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ Î·È Î·Ù·Ï‹ÁÂÈ ˘ÂÚ¿Óˆ Ù˘ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘. BϤÔÓÙ¿˜ ÙÔ Î·Ù¿ ÙËÓ Â›ÛÔ‰Ô ÛÙË N·‡·ÎÙÔ ‰›ÓÂÈ ÙËÓ ·›ÛıËÛË ÂÓfi˜ Ê·Ï·ÎÚÔ‡ - Á˘ÌÓÔ‡ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡, ¯ˆÚ›˜ ȉȷ›ÙÂÚ˜ ‰˘ÛÎÔϛ˜ ÛÙËÓ ·Ó¿‚·Û‹ ÙÔ˘˜. ™Â ·ÚÎÂÙ¿ ÛËÌ›· ÔÈ ÎÏÈه˜ ÙÔ˘ fï˜ Â›Ó·È ·fiÙÔ̘, ·ÊÔ‡ ۯ‰fiÓ ÂÚÈÎÏ›ÂÙ·È ·fi ÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ, Ù· ÔÙ¿ÌÈ· ™Î·˜ Î·È B·ÚÈ¿˜, ÙÔÓ BÚÔÛÙÈ·Ó›ÙÈÎÔ Î·È ¿ÏÏÔ˘˜ ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚÔ˘˜ Î·È ÌÈÎÚÔ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚÔ˘˜. ŸÛÔ fï˜ ÏËÛÈ¿˙Ô˘Ì ÚÔ˜ Ù· ÔÙ¿ÌÈ· Ë fi„Ë ·ÏÏ¿˙ÂÈ Î·È Ë ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË Á›ÓÂÙ·È ˘ÎÓ‹ Ì ÌÂÁ¿ÏË ÔÈÎÈÏ›· ‰¤Ó‰ÚˆÓ. TÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi, ›Ù Ì ÙË Ï·˚΋ ÔÓÔÌ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ PÈÁ¿ÓÈ, ›Ù Ì ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·ÈÔÚÂ‹ OÚ›Á·ÓÔÓ, ‰ÂÓ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÙ·È ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ ÁˆÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘˜. AӷʤÚÂÙ·È fï˜ ÙÔ ÕÏÊÈÔÓ ‹ M‡ËÓÔÓ ÙÔ ÔÔ›Ô ÌÔÚԇ̠ӷ ÙÔ Ù·˘Ù›ÛÔ˘Ì Ì ÔÏϤ˜ Èı·ÓfiÙËÙ˜ Ì ÙÔ PÈÁ¿ÓÈ, Ô˘ Ú¿ÁÌ·ÙÈ Â›Ó·È ·ÏÊfi (ÁÎÚ›˙Ô, Á˘ÌÓfi), ÙÔ˘Ï¿¯ÈÛÙÔÓ Î·Ù¿ ÙÔ Ì¤ÚÔ˜ Ù˘ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘. ∏ ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹, Â›Ó·È ·ÔÙ¤ÏÂÛÌ· Ù˘ ·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ˘ Â›‰Ú·Û˘ ‰È·ÊfiÚˆÓ ·Ú·Ì¤ÙÚˆÓ Î·È Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ ÙˆÓ ‚ÈÔÎÏÈÌ·ÙÈÎÒÓ Û˘ÓıËÎÒÓ, Ù˘ ÔÚÂÔÁÚ·ÊÈ΋˜ ‰È·ÌfiÚʈÛ˘, Ù˘ ÁˆÏÔÁÈ΋˜ Û‡ÛÙ·Û˘ ÙÔ˘ ‰¿ÊÔ˘˜ Î·È ÙˆÓ ·ÓıÚˆ›ÓˆÓ ‰Ú·ÛÙËÚÈÔًوÓ, Ô˘ ·Û΋ıËÎ·Ó Î·È Û˘Ó¯›˙Ô˘Ó Ó· ·ÛÎÔ‡ÓÙ·È Î·Ù¿ ÙËÓ ÔÚ›· ÂͤÏÈ͢ Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜. ™Ù· ‰ÈÓ¿ ηÏÏÈÂÚÁÔ‡ÓÙ·È ÎÙËÓÔÙÚÔÊÈο Ê˘Ù¿, ÂÏȤ˜, ÂÛÂÚȉÔÂȉ‹, ·Ì¤ÏÈ·, ÎË¢ÙÈο Î·È Û ÌÈÎÚfiÙÂÚË ¤ÎÙ·ÛË, ·Ú·ÔÛ›ÙÈ Î·È ÛÈÙËÚ¿. ∫·Ú˘‰È¤˜, ηÛÙ·ÓȤ˜ Î·È ·Ì¤ÏÈ·, ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È ‰È¿Û·ÚÙ· ÛÙȘ ÔÚÂÈÓ¤˜ ˙ÒÓ˜, ÛÙȘ Ôԛ˜ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ‰·ÛÈΤ˜ ÂÎÙ¿ÛÂȘ, ΢ڛˆ˜ ·fi ¤Ï·Ù·, ‚ÂÏ·ÓȉȤ˜ Î·È Î·ÛÙ·ÓȤ˜, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ı·ÌÓfiÙÔÔÈ Î·È ‡η, Ô˘ ·ÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfi ‚ÈfiÙÔÔ, ÏfiÁˆ ÙˆÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏˆÓ Û˘ÓıËÎÒÓ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ‰È·‚›ˆÛË Ù˘ ÂÓ‰ËÌÈ΋˜ ·Ó›‰·˜. ™Ù· ÔÚÂÈÓ¿ Â›Û˘ ˘‹Ú¯·Ó Î·È ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈΤ˜, ·Ó·ÏÔÁÈο ÂÎÙ¿ÛÂȘ Ì ÛÈÙËÚ¿, Ô˘ ÛÙ·‰È·Î¿


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

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135 Œ˘ËÓÔ˜, Á¤Ê˘Ú· ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔÓ ¶fiÚÔ Evinos river and a bridge near Poros village


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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fï˜ ÂÁηٷÏ›ÊıËηÓ. ™Â ÔÏϤ˜ ÔÚÂÈÓ¤˜ ÂÚÈÔ¯¤˜ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÂÁηٷÏÂÈÌ̤Ó˜ ηٿ ηÓfiÓ· ‰ÂÓ‰ÚÒ‰ÂȘ ηÏÏȤÚÁÂȘ, Û Â˙ԇϘ, ÔÈ Ôԛ˜ ‰È·ÌÔÚÊÒÓÔ˘Ó ¤Ó· ȉȷ›ÙÂÚ· ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ ·ÁÚÔ‰·ÛÈÎfi ÙÔ›Ô. ∏ ·Ú·ÔÙ¿ÌÈ· ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË ·ÔÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È ·fi Ï·Ù¿ÓÈ·, Ï˘Á·ÚȤ˜, ÈÙȤ˜, ÈÎÚÔ‰¿ÊÓ˜ Î.¿. ™Â ˘ÁÚ¿ Î·È ‰ÚÔÛÂÚ¿ ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓÙ·, ·Ó·Ù‡ÛÛÂÙ·È Ë ·ÚÈ¿. ∞fi Ù· ÂÏ¿¯ÈÛÙ· ÂÓ·ÔÌ›ӷÓÙ· ªÂÛÔÁÂȷο ‰¿ÛË ·ÚÈ¿˜ Ù˘ ∂ÏÏ¿‰·˜, ·ÚÎÂÙ¤˜ Û˘ÛÙ¿‰Â˜ Ì ÌÈÎÚ¿ Î·È ÒÚÈÌ· ‰¤Ó‰Ú·, Û¯ËÌ·Ù›˙Ô˘Ó ÔÈÎÔÙfiÔ˘˜, Ô˘ ·ÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó Ôχ ·ÍÈfiÏÔÁ· ÛÙÔȯ›· Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜. °ÂÓÈÎfiÙÂÚ· Ë ¯ÏˆÚ›‰·, ÛÙËÓ Â˘Ú‡ÙÂÚË ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Â›Ó·È Ôχ ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈ΋. ∂›Û˘ ·fi ÙÔ ª¿ÚÙÈÔ, Ì ÙÔÓ ÂÚ¯ÔÌfi Ù˘ ¿ÓÔÈ͢, ̤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ ™Â٤̂ÚÈÔ Î·È √ÎÙÒ‚ÚÈÔ, Û fiÏË ÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹, ÛÙ· ÏÈ‚¿‰È·, ÛÙ· ‰¿ÛË, ÛÙ· ÊÚ‡Á·Ó·, ÛÙË Ì·Î›·, ÛÙ· ˘ÁÚÔÏ›‚·‰· Ê˘ÙÚÒÓÔ˘Ó Ï‹ıÔ˜ ·fi Û¿ÓȘ Ôگȉ¤Â˜, ›Úȉ˜, ÁÏ·‰ÈfiϘ, ΢ÎÏ¿ÌÈÓ· Î·È Î·Ì·ÓԇϘ. ∏ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚ›˙ÂÙ·È ·fi ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈ΋ ÔÈÎÈÏ›· ÂӉȷÈÙËÌ¿ÙˆÓ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ·Ó›‰·, Ë ÔÔ›· ηıÔÚ›˙ÂÙ·È ·fi ÙÔÓ Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÌfi ‰¿ÊÔ˘˜, ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË Î·È Îϛ̷ÙÔ˜. ¢ÂÓ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ȉȷ›ÙÂÚ· Û¿ÓÈ· ÂÓ‰ËÌÈο ›‰Ë. ∏ ı¤ÛË fï˜ Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ ÛÙÔ ‰È¿‰ÚÔÌÔ ÌÂÙ·Ó¿ÛÙ¢Û˘ ÙˆÓ ·Ô‰ËÌËÙÈÎÒÓ Ô˘ÏÈÒÓ ÚÔÛ‰ÈÔÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfiÙËÙ¿ Ù˘ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÔÚÓÈıÔ·Ó›‰·. °È· Ù· ›‰Ë Ù˘ ÔÚÓÈıÔ·Ó›‰·˜ Ô˘ ··ÓÙÒÓÙ·È Î·Ù·ÁÚ¿ÊÔÓÙ·È Ù· ÂÍ‹˜: Ù· ·Ú·ÎÙÈο Â›Ó·È Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ ÁÂÚ·ÎÔÂȉ‹ Î·È Û˘Ó·ÓÙÒÓÙ·È Û¿ÓÈ· ·Ú·ÎÙÈο fiˆ˜ Ô Êȉ·ÂÙfi˜, Ô ¯Ú˘Û·ÂÙfi˜, Ë ÔÓÙÈÎÔ‚·Ú‚·Î›Ó·, Ô ÂÙÚ›Ù˘ Î.¿., Ó˘ÎÙfi‚È· ·Ú·ÎÙÈο ΢ڛˆ˜ ÎÔ˘ÎÔ˘‚¿ÁȘ Î·È ÌÔ‡ÊÔÈ, Ï›Á· ›‰Ë ‰Ú˘ÔÎÔÏ·ÙÒÓ ÛÙ· ÂÏ·ÙÔ‰¿ÛË Î·È ÔÏÏ¿ ÔÚÂÛ›‚È· ÛÙÚÔ˘ıÈfiÌÔÚÊ·. ∞fi ÙËÓ Î·ÙËÁÔÚ›· ÙˆÓ ÌÂÁ¿ÏˆÓ ıËÏ·ÛÙÈÎÒÓ ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ Ë ·ÏÂÔ‡, ÙÔ Ù۷οÏÈ, ÙÔ ·ÁÚÈÔÁÔ‡ÚÔ˘ÓÔ, ÙÔ ˙·Úο‰È ÛÙ· „ËÏfiÙÂÚ·, ÂÓÒ Û·ÓÈfiÙÂÚ· ÂÌÊ·Ó›˙ÂÙ·È Î·È Ô Ï‡ÎÔ˜.

¡·‡·ÎÙÔ˜

136

™ÙȘ Ï·ÁȤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡ PÈÁ¿ÓÈ Î·È ÙˆÓ ·ÓÙÂÚÂÈÛÌ¿ÙˆÓ ÙÔ˘, ¤¯ÂÈ ·Ó·Ù˘¯ı› Ô ¢‹ÌÔ˜ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ Ì ٷ ‰Âη٤ÛÛÂÚ· ÙÔÈο ‰È·ÌÂÚ›ÛÌ·Ù¿ ÙÔ˘. B¤‚·È·, ÛÙË ÓfiÙÈ· N·˘·ÎÙ›· ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È Û’ ÔÏfiÎÏËÚË ÙË N·˘·ÎÙ›·, ·ÎfiÌ· Î·È ÛÙËÓ Â˘Ú‡ÙÂÚË ÂÚÈÔ¯‹, ΢Úȷگ› Ë N·‡·ÎÙÔ˜, ÌÈ· fiÏË Ô˘ ηÙÔÈÎÂ›Ù·È Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· οÔ˘ 5.000 ¯ÚfiÓÈ·. H N·‡·ÎÙÔ˜, ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ˘ ÔÌÒÓ˘ÌÔ˘ ‰‹ÌÔ˘ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ÙÔÈÎÔ‡ ‰È·ÌÂÚ›ÛÌ·ÙÔ˜ ˆ˜ Î·È ÚˆÙÂ‡Ô˘Û· Ù˘ E·Ú¯›·˜ N·˘·ÎÙ›·˜, Â›Ó·È “Ë N‡ÌÊË ÙÔ˘ KÔÚÈÓıÈ·ÎÔ‡” ·ÊÔ‡ Ù· fi‰È· Ù˘ ·ÎÔ˘ÌÔ‡Ó ÛÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·. H ÂÓÙfi˜ ÙˆÓ ÙÂȯÒÓ ·Ï·È¿ fiÏË Â›Ó·È ÎÙÈṲ̂ÓË Û’ ¤Ó·Ó ÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi Î·È Î·Ù¿Ê˘ÙÔ ÏfiÊÔ, Ô˘ ·ÔÙÂÏ› ÌÈ· ÂÚ›ÂÚÁË ÚÔ‚ÔÏ‹ ÙÔ˘ fiÚÔ˘˜ OÚ›Á·ÓÔÓ (PÈÁ¿ÓÈ). H Ó¤· fiÏË Â›Ó·È ·ψ̤ÓË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ Î·È ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚ¿ ·fi ÙÔÓ Ô¯˘ÚˆÌ¤ÓÔ ÏfiÊÔ. H ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈ΋ Ûη¿ÓË ¤¯ÂÈ ·ԉ›ÍÂÈ fiÙÈ Ë ·ÓıÚÒÈÓË ˙ˆ‹ ÛÙË N·‡·ÎÙÔ ·Ú¯›˙ÂÈ ÂÚ› ÙÔ 3.000 .X. ¶ÚÒÙÔÈ Î¿ÙÔÈÎÔÈ Ù˘ fiÏ˘ ‹Ù·Ó ÔÈ §¤ÏÂÁ˜, ÔÈ ÔÔ›ÔÈ ·ÔÚÚÔÊ‹ıËÎ·Ó ·ÚÁfiÙÂÚ· ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ¢˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ §ÔÎÚÔ‡˜ Î·È ¤ÙÛÈ Ë N·‡·ÎÙÔ˜ ·Ó‹Î ÛÙË ¢˘ÙÈ΋ (EÛÂÚ›·) §ÔÎÚ›‰·. ™˘Ó‰¤ıËΠ̠ÙȘ ·Ú¯·›Â˜ ·Ú·‰fiÛÂȘ ηıfi‰Ô˘ ÙˆÓ ¢ˆÚȤˆÓ Î·È ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ Ù˘, ηٿ Ì›· ÂΉԯ‹, ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ ÙfiÔ Ó·˘‹ÁËÛ˘ ÏÔ›ˆÓ, Ó·˘ËÁ›·. §fiÁˆ Ù˘ ÛÙÚ·ÙËÁÈ΋˜ ı¤Û˘ ÛÙÔ ÛÙfiÌÈÔ ÙÔ˘ ÙfiÙ ÎÏÂÈÛÙÔ‡ KÔÚÈÓıÈ·ÎÔ‡ ÎfiÏÔ˘ ·ÔÙ¤ÏÂÛ ̋ÏÔ Ù˘ ŒÚȉԘ ηٿ ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÂÔ¯‹ Î·È ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓÔ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á‹˜ ΢ڛˆÓ ̤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ 338 .X. Ô˘ Ô ‚·ÛÈÏÈ¿˜ Ù˘ M·Î‰ÔÓ›·˜ º›ÏÈÔ˜ Ô B’ ÙËÓ ·Ú¯ÒÚËÛ ÛÙÔ˘˜ Û˘ÌÌ¿¯Ô˘˜ ÙÔ˘ AÈÙˆÏÔ‡˜, ÔÈ ÔÔ›ÔÈ ÙËÓ ÂÔÊı·ÏÌÈÔ‡Û·Ó ÁÈ· ·ÚÎÂÙÔ‡˜ ·ÈÒÓ˜. TË ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓ‹ ÂÔ¯‹ ‹Ù·Ó ¤‰Ú· £¤Ì·ÙÔ˜ Î·È ¤‰Ú· MËÙÚÔÔÏ›ÙË Ì ¿Óˆ ·fi ‰¤Î· ÂÈÛÎfiÔ˘˜, “¶ÚÔηıÂ˙Ô̤ÓË fiÏȘ” Ù˘ AÈوϛ·˜ ηٿ ÙË ÌÂÙ·‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓ‹ ÂÔ¯‹ Î·È ÙË ‚ÂÓÂÙÔÎÚ·Ù›·, ÚˆÙÂ‡Ô˘Û· ÙÔ˘ ÔÌÒÓ˘ÌÔ˘ ™Ù·ÓÙ˙·Î›Ô˘ Î·È ÙÔ˘ K·˙¿ N·˘·ÎÙÔ‚ÂÓ¤ÙÈÎÔ˘, ˆ˜ Î·È Ù˘ Â·Ú¯›·˜ N·˘·ÎÙ›·˜ ·fi ÙÔ 1833.


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:53

∫¿ÛÙÚÔ Î·È Ù›¯Ë ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ Nafpaktos Castle and its walls

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

09:53

™ÂÏ›‰·138

X·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi ÁÓÒÚÈÛÌ· Ù˘ fiÏ˘ Â›Ó·È ÙÔ Î¿ÛÙÚÔ Ù˘, Ô˘ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ‰‡Ô ‚Ú·¯›ÔÓ˜, Ù· Ù¤ÛÛÂÚ· ‰È·ÙÂȯ›ÛÌ·Ù· Ô˘ ÙÔ ¯ˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ó Û ¤ÓÙ ‰È·˙ÒÌ·Ù·, ¤ÓÙ οÛÙÚ· ̤۷ ÛÙÔ Î¿ÛÙÚÔ ÙÔ˘ E¿¯ÙÔ˘, ‰Â ÌÔÈ¿˙ÂÈ Ì ηӤӷ ¿ÏÏÔ. A˘Ùfi ÙÔ Î¿ÛÙÚÔ ÎÚ‡‚ÂÈ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· ·ÈÒÓˆÓ. §¤ÏÂÁ˜, §ÔÎÚÔ›, AıËÓ·›ÔÈ, MÂÛÛ‹ÓÈÔÈ, A¯·ÈÔ›, AÈÙˆÏÔ›, PˆÌ·›ÔÈ, B˘˙·ÓÙÈÓÔ›, AÓ‰ËÁ·‚Ô›, AÏ‚·ÓÔ›, BÂÓÂÙÔ›, TÔ‡ÚÎÔÈ Î·È NÂÔ¤ÏÏËÓ˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ·Ê‹ÛÂÈ Ù· ›¯ÓË ÙÔ˘˜. TÔ ÂÚ›Ù¯ÓÔ ÎfiÛÌËÌ· ÙÔ˘ KÔÚÈÓıÈ·ÎÔ‡ Î·È ÙÔ ÏÈÏÈÔ‡ÙÈÔ ÏÈÌ¿ÓÈ, ÔÈ ·¤Ú·ÓÙ˜ ·ÎÙ¤˜ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ Ï·Ù·ÓÈ¿‰Â˜, Ë ÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ ·ÏÈ¿ fiÏË Ì ¤ÙÚÈÓ˜ ‚Ú‡Û˜, Ù· ·Ú·‰ÔÛȷο Ì ÙËÓ ÎÔÌ„‹ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋ ÁÚ·ÌÌ‹ Û›ÙÈ· Ô˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ‰È·Ûˆı› ·fi ÙË Ìfi‰· ÙˆÓ ÔÏ˘Î·ÙÔÈÎÈÒÓ, ÔÈ Ï·Ù›˜, ÔÈ Ï·Ù·ÓÔÛÙÔȯ›Â˜ Î·È ÔÈ ÔÏϤ˜ ÁÔËÙ¢ÙÈΤ˜ ÁˆÓȤ˜ ηıÈÛÙÔ‡Ó ÙË N·‡·ÎÙÔ, Ì ÙȘ ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÙÈΤ˜ ÂÁηٷÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ Ù˘ Î·È ·Ó¤ÛÂȘ, ÙËÓ ÓÂ˘Ì·ÙÈ΋ Î·È ÎÔÈÓˆÓÈ΋ ˙ˆ‹ Ù˘, Âȉ˘ÏÏÈ·Îfi ÙfiÔ ÚÔÔÚÈÛÌÔ‡. ™ÙËÓ fiÏË Ù˘ ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ηٷÁÚ·Ê› Û˘ÓÔÏÈο, Û˘ÌÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚·ÓÔÌ¤ÓˆÓ ÙÔ˘ ÏÈÌ·ÓÈÔ‡ Î·È ÙÔ˘ οÛÙÚÔ˘, 185 ÌÓËÌ›· Î·È ÎÙ›ÚÈ·, Ù· ÔÔ›· ÂϤÁ¯ÔÓÙ·È Î·È ÚÔÛٷهÔÓÙ·È. ∏ fiÏË Ù˘ ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ Î·È ÁÈ· ÙÔ ÙÌ‹Ì· Ô˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ·fi ÙÔÓ ¯Â›Ì·ÚÚÔ §·Áη‰Ô‡Ï· ̤¯ÚÈ ÙÔÓ ¯Â›Ì·ÚÚÔ ™Î¿, ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚ›ÛÙËΠÈÛÙÔÚÈÎfi˜ ÙfiÔ˜ Î·È ÙÔ›Ô ȉȷ›ÙÂÚÔ˘ οÏÏÔ˘˜ Î·È Ë ›‰È· ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Ù˘ fiÏ˘, ¤¯ÂÈ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙ› ·Ú·‰ÔÛÈ·Îfi˜ ÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜. π‰È·›ÙÂÚ· fï˜ ÛÙÔ ÂÓÙfi˜ ÙÔ˘ οÛÙÚÔ˘ ÙÌ‹Ì· Ù˘ fiÏ˘ Ì ÙËÓ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋ ÚÔ¤ÎÙ·Û‹ Ù˘ ÚÔ˜ ÙËÓ ∞ÊÚÔ‰›ÙË ÙÔ ·Ú¯·›Ô ÚÔ¿ÛÙÈÔ, Ô˘ ·ÔÙÂÏ› ÙÔ ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfi Ù˘ ˘Ú‹Ó· Î·È ·ÓÙÈÛÙÔȯ› ÛÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· fiÏË, ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Î·È Ô ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚÔ˜ ·ÚÈıÌfi˜ ÙˆÓ ·Ú·‰ÔÛÈ·ÎÒÓ, ÓÂÔÎÏ·ÛÈÎÒÓ, ÎÙÏ ÎÙÈÚ›ˆÓ Ù· ÔÔ›· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙ› ‰È·ÙËÚËÙ¤· Î·È ÚÔÛٷهÔÓÙ·È. ªÈ· ÂÚȉȿ‚·ÛË ÛÙ· ÙÔÈο ‰È·ÌÂÚ›ÛÌ·Ù· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ Ó· ÚÔÛʤÚÂÈ ÔÏÏ¿. ™Ù· ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο Î·È ÛÙËÓ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚ‹ fi¯ıË ÙÔ˘ ÌÈÎÚÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˘ ™Î·˜ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Ô §˘ÁÈ¿˜, ÙÔ •ËÚÔ‹Á·‰Ô Ì ÙȘ ∫·Ì·ÚԇϘ, Ë ¢¿ÊÓË Ì ÙÔ ‡ÚÁÔ ÙÔ˘ °ÈÔ˘ÛԇʷÁ·, Ë ™Î¿Ï· Ì ÙÔ ∞ÛÎÏËÈÂ›Ô ÙÔ ÂÓ ∫ÚÔ˘ÓÔ›˜ ÙÔ˘ µÔ˘ÙÔ‡, ÙÔ ¡ÂfiηÛÙÚÔ Ì ÙÔ ÌÂ۷ȈÓÈÎfi ¶·ÏÈÔοÛÙÂÏÔ Î·È ÙÔ ·ÏÈÔÌÔÓ¿ÛÙËÚÔ ÙËÓ ¶·Ó·Á›· ÙË ºÈÏÔı¤Ô˘ Î·È ÙÔ ¶·ÏÈÔ¯ˆÚ¿ÎÈ Ì ÙÔ Ã¿ÓÈ §fiË Î·È ÙË Á¤Ê˘Ú· ÛÙÔÓ µÂÏ‚ÈÙÛ¿ÓÔ (∆ÈÚÓfiÚÂÌ·). ™ÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ fi¯ıË ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Ë µÔÌ‚ÔÎÔ‡ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ Ù¿ÊÔ˘˜ Î·È ÙÔ ÌÂÙ·‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓfi ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ÙÔ˘ ÕÈ °È¿ÓÓË ÙÔ˘ ¶ÚÔ‰ÚfiÌÔ˘, Ë ÕÓˆ ∞ÊÚÔ͢ÏÈ¿ Î·È Ë ÕÓˆ ª·ÌÔ˘Ï¿‰· Î·È ÛÙÔ Ù¤ÏÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ‰ÚfiÌÔ˘ ÙÔ ¯ˆÚÈfi ƒÈÁ¿ÓÈ, ÛÙË µ∞ Ï·ÁÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ ÔÌÒÓ˘ÌÔ˘ fiÚÔ˘˜, Ì ÙÔÓ ÂÎÏËÎÙÈ΋˜ ‰fiÌËÛ˘ ÂÓÔÚÈ·Îfi Ó·fi (1892) Î·È ÛÙ· µ¢ ÙÔ˘ ¯ˆÚÈÔ‡ Ô ÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi˜ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ ¶fiÚÔ˜ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙ· “™ÙÂÓ¿” Î·È ÙË Á¤Ê˘Ú· ÙÔ˘ ∂‡ËÓÔ˘ ·’ fiÔ˘ ·Ú¯›˙ÂÈ Ë ÔÙ·ÌÔηٿ‚·ÛË Ì¤¯ÚÈ ÙË Á¤Ê˘Ú· ª·ÓÈ¿. ™Ù· ‰˘ÙÈο Ù˘ ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘, fiÔ˘ ‰ÂÛfi˙ÂÈ ÙÔ ÌÈÎÚÔfiÙ·ÌÔ, Ô ÌÂ۷ȈÓÈÎfi˜ µ·Ú›·˜ (µ·ÚÈ¿˜) Ì ÙÔ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ ÁÂʇÚÈ (1890) ·Ó·Ù‡ÛÛÔÓÙ·È: Ë ∫¿Ùˆ ∞ÊÚÔ͢ÏÈ¿, Ë ∫¿Ùˆ ª·ÌÔ˘Ï¿‰·, Ë µÂÏ‚›Ó· Ì ÙȘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ˜ ÛÙÔ “∂ÏÏËÓÈÎfi”. µfiÚÂÈ· ·fi ÙË µÂÏ‚›Ó· Â›Ó·È Ù· ¶ÈÙÛÈÓ·›˚η Ì ÙÔ Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi ∫·ÛÙÚ¿ÎÈ, Ô˘ ‹Ú ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ ÙÔ˘ ·fi ÙÔ ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓfi οÛÙÚÔ µÚÔÌÈ¿ÚÈÓ, Ô˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ‰˘ÛÚfiÛÈÙÔ˘ ÏfiÊÔ˘ (˘„ÔÌ. 630 Ì.) ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ˘˜ ¯Â›Ì·ÚÚÔ˘˜ Ô˘ ¯‡ÓÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ ∂‡ËÓÔ. ™Ù· ¶ÈÙÛÈÓ·›˚η ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ Î·È Û˘ÓÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ ™˘ÎÈ¿ (ÚÒËÓ ÃÔÓ‰ÚÔΈÛÙ·›˚η), fiÔ˘ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË ¶·ÏÈfi¯·ÓÔ ˘‹Ú¯Â ¯¿ÓÈ Î·È ÓÂÚfiÌ˘ÏÔ˜. µ¢ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Ë µÏ·¯ÔÌ¿Ó‰Ú· Ì ÙÔÓ ÔÈÎÈÛÌfi °¤Ê˘Ú· (ÿÓÈ) ª·ÓÈ¿ ÛÙÔÓ ∂‡ËÓÔ, fiÔ˘ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÂÁηٷÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÔÙ·ÌÔηٿ‚·Û˘ Ì ÛοÊË Î·È ÔÙ·ÌÔÔÚ›·˜. ™ÙÔÓ ·Ú·fiÙ·ÌÔ µÔ˚‰ÔÊ¿ÂÓ· Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú·¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚÔ˘˜ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È ÂÓÓÈ¿ ¤ÙÚÈÓ· ÌÔÓfiÙÔÍ· ÁÂʇÚÈ· Â› ÙÔ˘ ‰ÚfiÌÔ˘ ¡·‡·ÎÙÔ˜ - £¤ÚÌÔ Ô˘ ηٷÛ΢¿ÛÙËÎ·Ó ÙËÓ ∆ÚÈÎÔ˘È΋ ÂÚ›Ô‰Ô 1889 - 1890.

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

10:17

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∆Ô ÏÈÌ¿ÓÈ Ù˘ ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ Nafpaktos port


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

10:17

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KÏfiÎÔ‚· - ∞ÓÙ›ÚÚÈÔ

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∏ ∫ÏfiÎÔ‚· Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ‚Ô˘Ófi Ô˘ ·Ó·‰‡ÂÙ·È ÙÔÏÌËÚ¿ ·fi ÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ· Î·È Êı¿ÓÂÈ ÛÙËÓ „ËÏfiÙÂÚË ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ Ù· 1.041 Ì. TËÓ KÏfiÎÔ‚· ÙË Ï¤ÓÂ Î·È ¶·ÏÈÔ‚Ô‡Ó·, ¿Ú·Á ÁÈ·Ù› Â›Ó·È ÚÂÛ‚‡ÙÂÚÔ, ‰ËÏ. „ËÏfiÙÂÚÔ ·fi Ù· ‰ÈÏ·Ó¿ ‹ ÁÈ·Ù› Â›Ó·È ¿ÁÔÓÔ Î·È Î·Îfi‚·ÙÔ; H ÓfiÙÈ· ÏÂ˘Ú¿ Â›Ó·È ÎÚËÌÓ҉˘ Î·È ÙÔ ·ÏÈfi ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ ÚÔηÏÔ‡Û ›ÏÈÁÁÔ ÛÙÔ˘˜ Ô‰ÔÈfiÚÔ˘˜. ŒÙÛÈ ‹Ú ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· K·Î‹ ™Î¿Ï·, ÏÈÌ¿ÓÈ ‰‡ÛÎÔÏ· ÚÔÛ‚¿ÛÈÌÔ ÏfiÁˆ ÙÔ˘ °·‚ÚÔÏÈÌ¿‰· ·Ó¤ÌÔ˘ Î·È Ù˘ ‰‡Û‚·Ù˘ ·ÎÙ‹˜. T·˘Ùfi¯ÚÔÓ· fï˜ Î·È Ô ‰ÚfiÌÔ˜, Ô˘ Ì ÎfiÔ ¯·Ú¿¯ıËΠÛÙÔ ‚Ú¿¯Ô ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ηÎÔ‚·ÛÈ¿˜ ÙÔ˘, ÔÓÔÌ¿ÛıËΠK·Î‹ ™Î¿Ï·. MÂÙ¿ ÙË ÛÔ˘‚ÏÂÚ‹ ÎÔÚÊ‹ Ù˘, Ô˘ Ù˘ ‰›ÓÂÈ ÎˆÓÈÎfi Û¯‹Ì·, ÚÔÂÎÙ›ÓÂÙ·È µ∞ Û ¯·ÌËÏfiÙÂÚ· Î·È ÔÌ·ÏfiÙÂÚ· ˘„ÒÌ·Ù· ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ƒÈÁ¿ÓÈ. TËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÂÔ¯‹ ÔÓÔÌ·˙fiÙ·Ó T·ÊÈ·ÛÛfi˜ Î·È ¤¯ÂÈ Û¯¤ÛË Ì ÙÔÓ Ù¿ÊÔ ÙÔ˘ N¤ÛÛÔ˘ Î·È ÙˆÓ ¿ÏÏˆÓ ÎÂÓÙ·‡ÚˆÓ. OÈ ·Ó·ı˘ÌÈ¿ÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘ ı›Ԣ, Ô˘ ‚Á·›ÓÔ˘Ó ·fi οÔȘ ÚˆÁ̤˜ Î·È Ù· Ú˘¿ÎÈ·, ÛÙÂÚ¤ˆÛ·Ó ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÏË„Ë ·˘Ù‹ ÛÙË Ï·˚΋ ı˘ÌÔÛÔÊ›·. ∂›Û˘ ¤Ó·˜ ¿ÏÏÔ˜ ıÚ‡ÏÔ˜ ·Û¯›˙ÂÈ Ó· ÂÍËÁ‹ÛÂÈ ÙËÓ ¤ÓÙÔÓË ÔÛÌ‹ ıÂÈ·ÊÈÔ‡ Ô˘ ·Ó·‚χ˙ÂÈ ÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi Û ÔÚÈṲ̂Ó˜ ÂÚÈÔ¯¤˜ ÙÔ˘. ™‡Ìʈӷ ÏÔÈfiÓ Ì ·˘ÙfiÓ, ·˘Ùfi ÔÊ›ÏÂÙ·È ÛÙË Û‹„Ë ÙˆÓ ÙˆÌ¿ÙˆÓ ÙˆÓ Ì˘ıÈÎÒÓ ÙÈÙ¿ÓˆÓ Ô˘ ı¿ÊÙËÎ·Ó Â‰Ò ÌÂÙ¿ ÙËÓ ‹ÙÙ· ÙÔ˘˜ ÛÙË Ì¿¯Ë Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ÔχÌÈÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜. √ ¶Ï›ÓÈÔ˜ ÙËÓ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÈ Î·È ˆ˜ “ª·Î‡ÓÂÈÔÓ fiÚÔ˜”. H KÏfiÎÔ‚· ÌÔÈÚ¿˙ÂÙ·È ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ˘˜ ¢‹ÌÔ˘˜ AÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘ Î·È X¿ÏÎÂÈ·˜. H ‰˘ÙÈ΋ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ Ô˘ ÍÂÎÈÓ¿ÂÈ ·fi ÙÔÓ fiÚÌÔ K·Ï·Ì¿ÎÈ, ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ ÛÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ X¿ÏÎÂÈ·˜, ÂÓÒ Ë ÓfiÙÈ· ÏÂ˘Ú¿ ̤¯ÚÈ ÙËÓ ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ë ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ ·Ó‹ÎÔ˘Ó ÛÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ AÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘. ÕÚ· ÏÔÈfiÓ, Ô ÔÚÂÈÓfi˜ fiÁÎÔ˜ Ù˘ KÏfiÎÔ‚·˜ ÔÚÈÔıÂÙ› ÙËÓ ÂÚÈʤÚÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ AÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ‰›ÓÂÈ ¤Ó· ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi ÁÓÒÚÈÛÌ·. O ¢‹ÌÔ˜ AÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘ ·ÔÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È ·fi ÙÚ›· ÙÔÈο ‰È·ÌÂÚ›ÛÌ·Ù·: AÓÙ›ÚÚÈÔ, M·Î‡ÓÂÈ·, MÔχÎÚÂÈÔ. K·È ÔÈ ÙÚÂȘ ÔÓÔ̷ۛ˜ ÚÔ¤Ú¯ÔÓÙ·È ·fi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÂÔ¯‹. AÓÙ›ÚÚÈÔ Ï¤ÁÂÙ·È ÙÔ ·ÎÚˆÙ‹ÚÈÔ, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È Ô ÔÈÎÈÛÌfi˜ Ô˘ ·Ú¯›˙ÂÈ ·fi ÙÔ ¿ÎÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ÔÚıÌÔ‡ Î·È ·ÏÒÓÂÙ·È ‚fiÚÂÈ· ÛÙËÓ ·ÓÙÈÚÚÈÒÙÈÎË ‰ȿ‰· Ô˘ ʤÚÓÂÈ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· K·ÛÙÂÏfiηÌÔ˜. TÔ ÙÔˆÓ‡ÌÈÔ AÓÙ›ÚÚÈÔ Â›Ó·È ÁÓˆÛÙfi ·fi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÂÔ¯‹. P›Ô Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ·ÎÚˆÙ‹ÚÈÔ. P›Ô ÙÔ A¯·˚Îfi Î·È ·¤Ó·ÓÙ› ÙÔ˘ (·ÓÙ›) ÙÔ AÓÙ›ÚÚÈÔ, ·ÏÏÈÒ˜ MÔÏ˘ÎÚÈÎfiÓ P›ÔÓ ‹ MÔχÎÚÈÔÓ P›ÔÓ, ÁÈ·Ù› ‚ÚÈÛÎfiÙ·Ó ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈʤÚÂÈ· Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ MÔχÎÚÂÈ·˜ Ô˘ ‹Ù·Ó fiÏË Ù˘ ¢˘ÙÈ΋˜ §ÔÎÚ›‰·˜. TÔ 338 .X. Ë N·‡·ÎÙÔ˜ ÂÚÈ‹Ïı ÛÙÔ˘˜ AÈÙˆÏÔ‡˜ Î·È ÙËÓ ·ÎÔÏÔ‡ıËÛ·Ó Ë MÔχÎÚÂÈ· Î·È ÙÔ AÓÙ›ÚÚÈÔ. ™ÙÔ AÓÙ›ÚÚÈÔ ˘‹Ú¯Â N·fi˜ ÙÔ˘ ¶ÔÛÂȉÒÓ· Ô˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙÔÓ HÛ›Ô‰Ô. OÈ §ÔÎÚÔ› ÁÈfiÚÙ·˙·Ó ÛÙÔ AÓÙ›ÚÚÈÔ Ù· P›· ‹ PÈ›·. OÈ ·Ú¯·›Â˜ ÏÈÌÂÓÈΤ˜ ÂÁηٷÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ Â›Ó·È ‚˘ıÈṲ̂Ó˜ ÛÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ· ÛÙË ı¤ÛË ÙÔ˘ ÛËÌÂÚÈÓÔ‡ ‰˘ÙÈÎÔ‡ ÏÈÌ·ÓÈÔ‡. TÔ MÂ۷ȈÓÈÎfi οÛÙÚÔ ÙÔ˘ AÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘ ÎÙ›ÛıËΠÙÔ 1499 ·fi ÙÔ ™Ô˘ÏÙ¿ÓÔ, Û ·Ú¯·›· ıÂ̤ÏÈ·, fiˆ˜ Î·È ÙÔ ·¯·˚Îfi. §fiÁˆ Ù˘ ÛËÌ·Û›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÔÓÔÌ¿ÛıËÎÂ Ô ÔÚıÌfi˜ ÙˆÓ P›ˆÓ Ù· “¢·Ú‰·Ó¤ÏÈ· Ù˘ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘”. ™‹ÌÂÚ· Â›Ó·È ÌÈ· ˙ˆÓÙ·Ó‹ ÔÏ›¯ÓË Ô˘ Ì ÙÔ Î¿ÛÙÚÔ Ù˘, Ô˘ ÚfiÛÊ·Ù· ¤¯ÂÈ ·Ó·ÛÙËψı› Î·È ÙË “°¤Ê˘Ú· X·Ú›Ï·Ô˜ TÚÈÎÔ‡˘”, ÙË Á¤Ê˘Ú· ÙˆÓ ÔÓ›ڈÓ, ·ÙÂÓ›˙ÂÈ ·Ú¿ ÙÔÓ Î›Ó‰˘ÓÔ ·ÔÌfiÓˆÛ˘ Ì ·ÈÛÈÔ‰ÔÍ›· ÙÔ Ì¤ÏÏÔÓ. µ¢ ·fi ÙÔ AÓÙ›ÚÚÈÔ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Ë M·Î‡ÓÂÈ·. TÔ ÚÔËÁÔ‡ÌÂÓÔ fiÓÔÌ· ‹Ù·Ó M·Ì¿Îˆ, ·fi ·ÚˆÓ‡ÌÈÔ M·Ì¿ÎÔ˜. BÚ›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ˘˜ Úfiԉ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÏfiÊÔ˘ ¶·ÏÈfiηÛÙÚÔ, ÙÔ ·Ú¯·›Ô M·Î‡ÓÈÔÓ, ·ÓÙ¤ÚÂÈÛÌ· Ù˘ KÏfiÎÔ‚·˜ (·Ú¯·›Ô˜ T·ÊÈ·ÛÛfi˜). ™ÙÔ ÏfiÊÔ ˘‹Ú¯Â Ë Ô¯˘ÚˆÌ¤ÓË ·ÎÚfiÔÏË Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ ÏÔÎÚÈ΋˜ fiÏ˘ M·Î‡ÓÂÈ· ‹ M·Î˘Ó›·. ™Ù· ¡∞ Ù˘ ·ÎÚfiÔÏ˘ ·ÔηχÊıËΠÌÈÎÚfi ı¤·ÙÚÔ. BfiÚÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ AÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘ Î·È ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο Ù˘ M·Î‡ÓÂÈ·˜ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÙÔ MÔχÎÚÂÈÔ. ™ÙÔ MÔχÎÚÂÈÔ ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ Î·È ÙÔ “EÏÏËÓÈÎfi”, ·ÚfiÙÈ Ï¤ÁÂÙ·È EÏÏËÓÈÎfi Ù˘ BÂÏ‚›Ó·˜, fiÔ˘ ˘‹Ú¯Â ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ˜ Ó·fi˜ Ô ÔÔ›Ô˜ ¤¯ÂÈ ·Ô‰Ôı› ÛÙÔÓ ¶ÔÛÂȉÒÓ· ·ÏÏ¿ ÙÔ‡ÙÔ ‰ÂÓ Â›Ó·È ‚¤‚·ÈÔ, fiˆ˜ Î·È Ë ¿Ô„Ë fiÙÈ Â‰Ò Â›Ó·È Ë AÎÚfiÔÏË ÙÔ˘ MÔÏ˘ÎÚ›Ԣ.


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27-04-09

10:17

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∆Ô ÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi ÏÈÌ·Ó¿ÎÈ Ù˘ ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ The picturesque port of Nafpaktos


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

10:17

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µ·Ú¿ÛÔ‚· - ÿÏÎÂÈ·

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H B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚· Â›Ó·È ¤Ó·˜ ·Ú¿ÍÂÓÔ˜ ¤ÙÚÈÓÔ˜ fiÁÎÔ˜ ÛÙ· N¢ Ù˘ N·˘·ÎÙ›·˜. E›Ó·È ÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ ‚Ú¿¯Ô˜ ·Ú¿ ‚Ô˘Ófi. •ÂÎÈÓ¿ÂÈ ·fi ÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·, Á˘ÌÓ‹, ·fiÎÚËÌÓË Î·È ·fiÙÔÌË Î·È ÊÙ¿ÓÂÈ Ë „ËÏfiÙÂÚË ÎÔÚÊ‹ Ù˘ ÛÙ· 917 Ì. BÚ›ÛÎÂÙ·È ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ ÌÂÁ·ÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ ÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ, Ô˘ ηÙ‚·›ÓÂÈ ÔÚÌËÙÈο ÛÙ· ‰˘ÙÈο Ù˘ ÁÈ· Ó· Â΂¿ÏÂÈ ÛÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ· Î·È ÙËÓ KÏfiÎÔ‚·, ÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·›Ô T·ÊÈ·ÛÛfi ÛÙ· ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο Ù˘. A˘Ù¤˜ ÙȘ ‰›‰˘Ì˜ ‚Ô˘Ó·‰ÂÏÊ¿‰Â˜ ÙȘ ¯ˆÚ›˙ÂÈ Ë ÛÙÂÓfiÌ·ÎÚË ÎÔÈÏ¿‰·, Ô˘ ‰È·Û¯›˙ÂÈ Ù· ÛÏ¿¯Ó· Ù˘ ÙÔ ÌÈÎÚÔfiÙ·ÌÔ Ù˘ °·‚ÚÔÏ›ÌÓ˘. H ı¤ÛË Ù˘ Â›Ó·È ÂÚ›ÂÚÁË Î·È ·Ê‡ÛÈÎË, fiˆ˜ Ê·ÓÙ¿˙ÂÈ ÍÂÎÔÌ̤ÓË ·fi Ù’ ¿ÏÏ· ‚Ô˘Ó¿. ¶ˆ˜ ÌÔÚ› Ó· ÂÍËÁËı›; TÔ ¤ÚÁÔ ·˘Ùfi ÙÔ ·Ó¤Ï·‚·Ó ÔÈ Ì‡ıÔÈ, ÔÈ ·Ú·‰fiÛÂȘ Ô˘ ‰›ÓÔ˘Ó ÙË ‰È΋ ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÍ‹ÁËÛË Ì¤Û· ·’ Ù· ÂÛÒÙÂÚ· Ù˘ Ï·˚΋˜ „˘¯‹˜. TËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÂÔ¯‹ ÏÂÁfiÙ·Ó X·ÏΛ˜ (‹ X·ÏΛ·). OÌÒÓ˘ÌË Ì ÙÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ‹Ù·Ó Ë fiÏË, ÙËÓ ÔÔ›· ·ÔηÏÔ‡Û·Ó Î·È YÔ¯·ÏΛ‰·. TËÓ ·ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ fiÏË X·ÏΛ‰· ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÈ Î·È Ô ŸÌËÚÔ˜. H X·ÏΛ˜ Ù·˘Ù›˙ÂÙ·È Ì ٷ ÂÚ›È· ÛÙÔ ÏfiÊÔ AÁ›· TÚÈ¿‰· Ù˘ K¿Ùˆ B·ÛÈÏÈ΋˜. E‰Ò ‹Ù·Ó Ë AÎÚfiÔÏË Ù˘ ·Á¯›·ÏÔ˘ (·Ú·ı·Ï¿ÛÛÈ·˜) X·ÏΛ‰·˜ Î·È Ë fiÏË ‹Ù·Ó ·Ó·Ù˘Á̤ÓË Ì¤Û· ÛÙËÓ ‰ȿ‰·. ™ÙÔ ÏfiÊÔ ¤Ú·Ó ÙˆÓ ÚÔ˚ÛÙÔÚÈÎÒÓ Â˘ÚËÌ¿ÙˆÓ ÂÓÙÔ›ÛıËÎÂ Î·È ·Ï·ÈÔ¯ÚÈÛÙÈ·ÓÈ΋ ‚·ÛÈÏÈ΋ Î·È ¿Óˆ Û’ ·˘Ù‹ ÌÔÓ·ÛÙÈ΋ ÂÁηٿÛÙ·ÛË Î·Ù¿ ÙË ÌÂÛÔ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓ‹ ÂÚ›Ô‰Ô. H B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚· ηٿ ÙË ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓ‹ ÂÔ¯‹ Î·È Ù· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¢ÂÛÔÙ¿ÙÔ˘ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ ‹Ù·Ó «∂›Û΄Ș” (=ÔÈÎÔÓÔÌÈ΋ Î·È ÊÔÚÔÏÔÁÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·) Ù˘ MËÙÚfiÔÏ˘ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘. B¤‚·È· ÛÙËÓ “E›Û΄˔ ‰ÂÓ ˘·ÁfiÙ·Ó ÌfiÓÔ ÙÔ ¿ÁÔÓÔ ‚Ô˘Ófi ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È °·‚ÚÔÏÈÌÓÈÒÙÈÎË ÎÔÈÏ¿‰·. B˘˙·ÓÙÈÓ¿ ¯ˆÚÈ¿ ÛÙËÓ E›ÛÎÂ„Ë ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÔÓÙ·È ÙÔ TÚfi¯ˆÌ· (NÙÚfiÌ·¯Ô) Î·È ÙÔ K·ÌfiÓÙ˜ (ÓÂÎÚfiÔÏË). H B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚· ¤¯ÂÈ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛı› ˆ˜ IÂÚfi BÔ˘Ófi Î·È ÕÁÈÔ ŸÚÔ˜ Ù˘ AÈوϛ·˜ Î·È ÙÔ‡ÙÔ ‰ÂÓ Â›Ó·È ˘ÂÚ‚ÔÏ‹. Ÿˆ˜ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÈ Ô °¿ÏÏÔ˜ AÚ¯·ÈÔÏfiÁÔ˜ Bazin (1861) ÔÈ ‚ÔÛÎÔ› Ô˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÂÚ·Ù‹ÛÂÈ ÙȘ Ï·ÁȤ˜ Î·È Ù· Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂÈ ÂΛ ̤¯ÚÈ Â‚‰ÔÌ‹ÓÙ· ‰‡Ô ͈ÎÏ‹ÛÈ·, Ô˘ fiÏ· Â›Ó·È ÂÚÂÈˆÌ¤Ó·. AÍÈÔÚfiÛÂÎÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È Ô ÕÁÈÔ˜ ¢ËÌ‹ÙÚÈÔ˜ Û ¯·ÌËÏfi ÏÔÊ›ÛÎÔ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο Ù˘ AÓ·ÙÔÏÈ΋˜ B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜ ¿Óˆ ·fi ÙËÓ K¿Ùˆ B·ÛÈÏÈ΋. §fiÁˆ Ù˘ ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈ΋˜ ‰fiÌËÛ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ˘ ÌÂÁ¤ıÔ˘˜ Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È fiÙÈ ‹Ù·Ó ÙÔ ÓÂ˘Ì·ÙÈÎfi Î·È Î·ıÔ‰ËÁËÙÈÎfi ΤÓÙÚÔ ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹. T· ·ÛÎËÙÈο Û‹Ï·È· Î·È Ù· ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ· ÕÁÈÔ˜ NÈÎfiÏ·Ô˜ Ù˘ NfiÙÈ·˜ B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜, ÕÁÈÔÈ ¶·Ù¤Ú˜ Ù˘ B∞ B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜ Ì ÙȘ ÂÍ·ÈÚÂÙÈΤ˜ ·ÁÈÔÁڷʛ˜, ÕÁÈÔ˜ ¶¤ÙÚÔ˜ Ù˘ ‰˘ÙÈ΋˜ B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜, ÕÁÈÔ˜ NÈÎfiÏ·Ô˜ Ù˘ ‰˘ÙÈ΋˜ B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜ ‰›ÓÔ˘Ó ¤Ó· ÌÈÎÚfi ‰Â›ÁÌ· Ù˘ ¤ÓÙÔÓ˘ ÌÔÓ·ÛÙÈ΋˜ ˙ˆ‹˜ ÛÙÔ ÈÂÚfi ‚Ô˘Ófi. E›Û˘ ÛÙÔ ‰È¿ÛÂÏÔ Ù˘ B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜ Î·È NA ·fi ÙÔ ËÁ¿‰È ÛÒ˙ÔÓÙ·È ÂÚ›È· Ó·˝ÛÎÔ˘ Ù˘ ¶·Ó·Á›·˜. TÔ ËÁ¿‰È ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Û ˘„fiÌ. 800 Ì. ÂÚ›Ô˘ Û ÛÙÂÓfiÌ·ÎÚÔ Ͽو̷ Ô˘ ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÂÙ·È ·fi ‚Ú·¯fiÙÔÈ¯Ô˘˜ Î·È ÎÔÛÌÂ›Ù·È ·fi ·ÈˆÓfi‚È· ‰Ú˘fi‰ÂÓ‰Ú·. ™Ù· ˘„ÒÌ·Ù· Ù˘ µ·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜ ·Ú·ÙËÚÔ‡ÓÙ·È °ÂÚ¿ÎÈ·, ¶ÔÓÙÈÎÔ‚·Ú‚·Î›Ó˜, ŸÚÓÈ·, BÚ·¯ÔÙÛÔ·Ó¿ÎÔÈ Î.¿. ™ÙÚÔ˘ıÈfiÌÔÚÊ·, ÂÓÒ ·Ï·ÈfiÙÂÚ· ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÊÒÏÈ·˙·Ó Î·È ÔÈ XÚ˘Û·ÂÙÔ›. E›Û˘ ÊÈÏÔÍÂÓÔ‡ÓÙ·È Û¿ÓÈ· ›‰Ë Ê˘ÙÒÓ, ÌÂÚÈο ·fi ·˘Ù¿ ÂÓ‰ËÌÈο, ·ÔÙÂÏÒÓÙ·˜ ¤Ó· ÌÈÎÚfi ÔÈÎÔÛ‡ÛÙËÌ· Ô˘ ÊÙ¿ÓÂÈ ˆ˜ ÙËÓ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ Ù˘ µ·ÛÈÏÈ΋˜ ÛÙȘ ·Ú˘Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡. OÏfiÎÏËÚÔ˜ Ô ÔÚÂÈÓfi˜ fiÁÎÔ˜ Ù˘ B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜ ¤¯ÂÈ ÎËÚ˘¯ı› ˆ˜ ÙfiÔ˜ ÈÛÙÔÚÈÎfi˜ Î·È È‰È·ÈÙ¤ÚÔ˘ Ê˘ÛÈÎÔ‡ οÏÏÔ˘˜. ∏ µ·Ú¿ÛÔ‚· ¤¯ÂÈ ÂÓÙ·¯ı› ÛÙÔ ‰›ÎÙ˘Ô Natura 2000, ˆ˜ ∆fiÔ˜ ∫ÔÈÓÔÙÈ΋˜ ™ËÌ·Û›·˜. º˘ÛÈÎfi ηÛÙÚÔ‚Ô‡ÓÈ Ë B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚· ÂÓÈÛ¯‡ıËÎÂ Î·È Ì ÙÚ›· ·Ú¯·›· Ù¯ÓËÙ¿ οÛÙÚ·. TÔ øÚÈfiηÛÙÚÔ ÛÙË N¢ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ Ù˘ ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ KÚ˘ÔÓ¤ÚÈ, ÙÔ ¶·ÏÈfiηÛÙÚÔ ‹ BÚÔÌÈ¿Ú˘ ÛÙË µ¢ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ Ù˘ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ ¶ÂÚÈıÒÚÈ Î·È ÙÔ K¿ÛÙÚÔ Ù˘ ¶¿ÁηÏ˘ ÛÙË NA ÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙËÓ B·ÛÈÏÈ΋. °È’ ·˘Ùfi ÙË Ï¤Ó ÙڛηÛÙÚË Î·È ¿ÏÏÔÈ ÙÚ›ÎÔÚÊË ·fi ÙȘ ÙÚÂȘ ۯ‰fiÓ ÈÛfi˘„˜ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜ Ù˘. H B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·, ··Ú¿ÌÈÏÏË ÛÂ Ê˘ÛÈ΋ ÔÌÔÚÊÈ¿, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ˘·›ıÚÈÔ ÌÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ Î·È ¯ÚÈÛÙÈ·ÓÈÎÒÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ, ÁÂÌ¿ÙË ·fi Û‹Ï·È· Ì ÂÈÛÙËÌÔÓÈÎfi ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ Î·È ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛÈ·Îfi ÛÙ·Ï·ÎÙÈÙÈÎfi Î·È ÛÙ·Ï·ÁÌ·ÙÈÎfi ‰È¿ÎÔÛÌÔ Â›Ó·È Ôχ ÂÏ΢ÛÙÈ΋ ÛÙÔÓ ÂÈÛΤÙË. AÔÙÂÏ› ‰ÈÂıÓ¤˜ ·Ó·ÚÚȯËÙÈÎfi ΤÓÙÚÔ ÏfiÁˆ ÙˆÓ ·fiÙÔÌˆÓ Ï·ÁÈÒÓ Ù˘ Î·È ÚÔÛʤÚÂÙ·È Ì ٷ ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ· Ù˘ ÁÈ· ÔÚÂÈÓ‹ Â˙ÔÔÚ›·.


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∆Ô Î¿ÛÙÚÔ ∞ÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘ Î·È Ë Á¤Ê˘Ú· “÷ڛϷԘ ∆ÚÈÎÔ‡˘” Antirrio castle and bridge of “Charilaos Trikoupis”


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∆Ô fiÚÔ˜ KÏfiÎÔ‚· The mountain Klokova

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146 EÏÏËÓÈÎfi, AÚ¯·›Ô MÔχÎÚÂÈÔ Elliniko, Ancient Molikrio

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∞Á. °ÂÒÚÁÈÔ˜ ªÔχÎÚÂÈÔ˘ Agios Georgios Molikrio

147 ∞ÁÚ·ȉfiηÌÔ˜, ∑ˆÔ‰fi¯Ô˜ ¶ËÁ‹ Agrapidokampos, Zoodohos Pigi


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148 §Ô˘ÙÚ¿ ∞ÁÚ·ȉfiηÌÔ˘ Agripidokabos Therapeutic Springs

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149 ™‡Á¯ÚÔÓ˜ ÂÂÓ‰‡ÛÂȘ ÛÙÔ ∆Ú›ÎÔÚÊÔ ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ÿÏÎÂÈ·˜ Modern investments in Trikorfo, Chalkia Municipality


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™˘ÓÙÚÔÊÈ¿ ÛÙÔÓ ÔÚÂÈ‚¿ÙË ı· Â›Ó·È Ù· “fiÚÓÈ· Ù˘ B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜” Î·È Ù· ·ÁÚÈÔοÙÛÈη, Ô˘ ˆ˜ ‰ÂÈÓÔ› ·ÎÚÔ‚¿Ù˜ ÛÙ· ¯Â›ÏË ÙˆÓ ‚·Ú¿ıÚˆÓ ·Ó·˙ËÙÔ‡Ó ›¯ÓË ¯ÔÚÙ·ÚÈÔ‡ ÛÙȘ Û¯ÈÛÌ¿‰Â˜ ÙˆÓ ‚Ú¿¯ˆÓ. Àfi ÙË ÂÈ‚ÏËÙÈ΋ ÛΤË Ù˘ µ·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜ ·Ó·Ù‡ÛÛÂÙ·È Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ Ô ¢‹ÌÔ˜ ÿÏÎÂÈ·˜, Ô˘ ¤Ï·‚ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ¿ ÙÔ˘ ·fi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÔÌËÚÈ΋ fiÏË Ã·ÏΛ‰· (‹ ÿÏÎÂÈ·). Œ‰Ú· ÙÔ˘ Â›Ó·È Ù· ÿÓÈ· °·‚ÚÔÏ›ÌÓ˘, Ô˘ ·ÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó Î·Ù¿ οÔÈÔ ÙÚfiÔ ÎfiÌ‚Ô ‰È¤Ï¢Û˘ ÁÈ· fiÏ· Ù· ÙÔԉȷÌÂÚ›ÛÌ·Ù·. ŸÏË Ë ÂÚÈʤÚÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ Ì ٷ ÁÚ·ÊÈο ¯ˆÚÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ ˘·›ıÚÈÔ ÌÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Ì ‰Â›ÁÌ·Ù· fiÏˆÓ ÙˆÓ ÂÔ¯ÒÓ. ∏ °·‚ÚÔÏ›ÌÓË Ì ÙÔ ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓfi ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ¶·Ó·Á›· ¶·Ó·ÍÈÒÙÈÛÛ· Î·È ÙËÓ ÏÔÊÔÛÂÈÚ¿ ∫·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰·, Ô˘ ı˘Ì›˙ÂÈ ÙÔÓ ·ÚÌ·ÙÔÏÔηÂÙ¿ÓÈÔ §Ô˘Î¿ ∫·ÏÈÎÔ‡‰·, Ë ∫·Ï·‚ÚÔ‡˙· Ì ÙËÓ ∞Á›· ∫˘Úȷ΋ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ÌÂ۷ȈÓÈÎÔ‡˜ ÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ‡˜, ÙÔ ∆Ú›ÎÔÚÊÔ Ì ÙË ºÚ¿Áη ÙÔ˘ Î·È ÙÔ ÌÂÙfi¯È ÙÔ˘ ÕÈ °ÈÒÚÁË ÙÔ˘ ∫ÔÓÙ·Ú¿, Ë ÕÓˆ µ·ÛÈÏÈ΋ Ì ÙÔ ·ÏÈÔÌÔÓ¿ÛÙËÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ∞Á›Ô˘ ¢ËÌËÙÚ›Ô˘ Î·È ÙÔ ª·˘ÚÔÌ¿ÙÈ, Ë ∫¿Ùˆ µ·ÛÈÏÈ΋ Ì ÙËÓ ¶¿ÁηÏË, ÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiÔÏË Ù˘ ·Á¯È¿ÏÔ˘ ÷ÏΛ‰·˜ Î·È ÙËÓ ∫·‚ÚÔÏ›ÌÓË Ù˘, ÙÔ ¶ÂÚÈıÒÚÈ Ì ÙÔ ¶·ÏÈfiηÛÙÚÔ Î·È Ô °·Ï·Ù¿˜ Ì ÙÔ ∫Ú˘ÔÓ¤ÚÈ Î·È ÙȘ Â΂ÔϤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ∂‡ËÓÔ˘.

150 ÷ڷÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi ¤ÙÚÈÓÔ ÂÈÎÔÓÔÛÙ¿ÛÈ Typical iconostasi made of stone


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µ·Ú¿ÛÔ‚· ·fi ÙËÓ ·Ú·Ï›· ∫Ú˘ÔÓÂÚ›Ô˘ Varasova, view from Krioneri beach


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∞ÙÂÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔÓ ∫ÔÚÈÓıÈ·Îfi ·fi ÙË µ·Ú¿ÛÔ‚· ÙÔ ÁÈfiÌ· Gazing over the Corinthian Gulf from Varasova, at dusk

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AÚ¯·›· X·ÏΛ‰· Ancient Chalkida ¶·Ú·Ï›· ÛÙ· ÚÈ˙¿ Ù˘ µ·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜ Beach at the foothill of Varasova


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£¤· fi ÙËÓ ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ Ù˘ B·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜ ÚÔ˜ ∫¿Ùˆ µ·ÛÈÏÈ΋ Î·È ÙÔ ÏfiÊÔ Ù˘ ∞Á›·˜ ∆ÚÈ¿‰·˜ View from Varasova’s peak to Kato Vasiliki and Agia Triada hill


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∞fi ÙËÓ ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ Ù˘ µ·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·˜ ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ¢¤ÏÙ· ∂‡ËÓÔ˘ View from Varasova’s peak to Evinos Delta


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∞Ú¯·›· Â˘Ú‡Ì·Ù· ÛÙÔ ÏfiÊÔ Ù˘ AÁ›·˜ TÚÈ¿‰·˜ Archaeological findings on Agia Triada hill


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ÕÁÈÔ˜ ¢ËÌ‹ÙÚÈÔ˜ Agios Dimitrios


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158 ¶·Ó·ÁÈ¿ ¶·Ó·ÍÈÒÙÈÛÛ· Panagia Panaxiotissa

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•ˆÎÏ‹ÛÈ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙËÓ ÕÓˆ ∫·Ï·‚ÚÔ‡˙· Chapel near Ano Kalavrouza

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∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

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10:17

™ÂÏ›‰·160


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

10:18

™ÂÏ›‰·161

∞Ú¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

10:18

™ÂÏ›‰·162

162 ¶·È¯Óȉ›ÛÌ·Ù· ÙˆÓ Ê˘ÏÏˆÌ¿ÙˆÓ Ì ÙÔÓ ‹ÏÈÔ Play of the leaves with the sun


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

10:27

™ÂÏ›‰·163

∞Ú¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜ √ ∞Ú¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ÂÎÙÂٷ̤ÓÔ ÔÚÂÈÓfi Û˘ÁÎÚfiÙËÌ· Ô˘ ·ÏÒÓÂÙ·È ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙ· ·Ú¿ÏÈ· Ù˘ ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ·˜ ªÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘ Î·È ÙȘ Ï›ÌÓ˜ TÚȯˆÓ›‰· Î·È §˘ÛÈÌ·¯›·. E›Ó·È ηı·Ú¿ ·ÈÙˆÏÈÎfi ‚Ô˘Ófi Ô˘ ‰ÂÛfi˙ÂÈ ¿Óˆ ·fi ÙËÓ ‰ȿ‰· ÙÔ˘ MÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘. AÚ¯›˙ÂÈ ·fi ÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ Û ÌÈ· ηÙ‡ı˘ÓÛË ·fi ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈο ÚÔ˜ Ù· ‰˘ÙÈο Î·È Î·Ù·Ï‹ÁÂÈ ÛÙ· ¯·ÌËÏ¿ ˘„ÒÌ·Ù· ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ AÁÁÂÏfiηÛÙÚÔ. TÔ ‡„Ô˜ Â›Ó·È ¯·ÌËÏfi Ì ˘„ËÏfiÙÂÚ˜ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜ ÙÔ °Ú‚ÂÓfi (982 Ì.) ¿Óˆ ·fi ÙË XÔ‡ÓÈÛÙ· Î·È ÙÔÓ ÕÁÈÔ ¶¤ÙÚÔ (937 Ì.) ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙ· EÏÏËÓÈο (™È‚›ÛÙ·), ÂÓÒ ÚÔ˜ Ù· ‰˘ÙÈο ‰ÂÓ ˘ÂÚ‚·›ÓÂÈ Ù· 600 Ì. O AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜, fiˆ˜ Â›Ó·È ÙÔÔıÂÙË̤ÓÔ˜, ¯ˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ AÈوϛ· ÛÙ· ‰‡Ô ·Ê‹ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ÌfiÓÔ ÌÈ· ‰›Ô‰Ô, ÙËÓ KÏÂÈÛÔ‡Ú· ÚÔ˜ ÂÈÎÔÈÓˆÓ›· ÙˆÓ ‰‡Ô ·˘ÙÒÓ ÙÌËÌ¿ÙˆÓ. H Ï·˚΋ ÔÓÔÌ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡ Â›Ó·È Z˘Áfi˜, Ô˘ Ù·˘Ù›˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÔÓÔÌ·Û›· AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜ (ÕÚ· = Û˘Ó¯‹˜ ‰ÂÛÌfi˜ + ·ÓıÔ˜ = ‚Ô˘Ófi), ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ ÔÚÔÛÂÈÚ¿, ·Ï˘Û›‰· ÎÔÚ˘ÊÒÓ. H Ì·ÎÚ¿ ÎÔÚ˘ÊÔÁÚ·ÌÌ‹ ÙÔ˘ Aڷ·ÓıÔ˘ ·ÚÎÂÙÒÓ ¯ÈÏÈÔ̤ÙÚˆÓ, ·ÏÏÔ‡ Â›Ó·È ·fiÙÔÌË Î·È ÙÚ·¯Â›· Î·È Û ¿ÏÏ· ÛËÌ›· ¤¯ÂÈ ··Ï¤˜ Î·È ¯·ÌËϤ˜ ÎÏÈه˜. H ÏÂ˘Ú¿ Ô˘ ‚ϤÂÈ ÚÔ˜ ÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ· ÙÔ˘ MÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘ Â›Ó·È ÂÙÚ҉˘, Á˘ÌÓ‹ Î·È ‚Ú·¯Ò‰Ë˜, ÂÓÒ Ë ‚fiÚÂÈ· ÏÂ˘Ú¿ Â›Ó·È ‹ÚÂÌË Î·È ÔÌ·Ï‹ Ì ¿ÂÈÚ˜ Ù˘¯ÒÛÂȘ Ô˘ ¢ÎÔχÓÔ˘Ó ÙËÓ Î·ÏÏȤÚÁÂÈ· Î·È ÙË ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË. K‡ÚÈÔ ¤Ùڈ̷ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ô˘ÓÔ‡ Â›Ó·È Ô Êχۯ˘, ÁÈ’ ·˘Ùfi ÙÔ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘Êfi ÙÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ÌÔÓfiÙÔÓÔ Î·È ·ÔÛÙÚÔÁÁ˘ÏÂ̤ÓÔ Î·È ÙÔ ˘‰ÚÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ ‰›ÎÙ˘Ô Â›Ó·È ÏÔ‡ÛÈÔ. ŒÙÛÈ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡ÓÙ·È ÔÏÏ¿ ڤ̷ٷ Ô˘ ¯‡ÓÔÓÙ·È ÛÙȘ ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ˜ Î·È ÛÙÔÓ E‡ËÓÔ ‹ ÛÙȘ Ï›ÌÓ˜ ·’ ÙË µ∞ ÏÂ˘Ú¿. OÈ ·Û‚ÂÛÙfiÏÈıÔÈ Ô˘ Â›Ó·È ı·Ì̤ÓÔÈ Î¿Ùˆ ·fi ÙÔÓ ÊÏ‡Û¯Ë ÂÌÊ·Ó›˙ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ Ù˘ ∫ÏÂÈÛÔ‡Ú·˜. ™‹ÌÂÚ· Ô AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜ ‰ÂÓ ¤¯ÂÈ Ù· Ôχ ˘ÎÓ¿ ‰¿ÛË ÙˆÓ ·Ï·ÈfiÙÂÚˆÓ ÂÔ¯ÒÓ. ∂ÎÙfi˜ ·fi Ù· Ô˘ÚÓ¿ÚÈ· ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó Ï·Ù‡Ê˘ÏϘ ‰Ú‡Â˜, ·ÚȤ˜, ÎÔ˘Ì·ÚȤ˜, ÊÈÏ›ÎÈ· ÎÙÏ. E›Û˘ ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈ΋ Â›Ó·È Ë ·ÚÔ˘Û›· ÙÔ˘ Ê˘ÙÔ‡ Centaurea niederi. H KÏÂÈÛÔ‡Ú· ·fi ÂÓÂÚÁfi˜ ÔÙ·Ìfi˜, ÌÂÙ¿ ·fi ‰ÈÂÚÁ·Û›Â˜ ÂηÙÔÌÌ˘Ú›ˆÓ ÂÙÒÓ, ÌÂÙ·ÙÚ¿ËΠے ¤Ó· ÂÓÙ˘ˆÛÈ·Îfi ÙÔ›Ô Ì ʷÓÙ·¯ÙÂÚÔ‡˜ Î·È ÔÈÎÈÏfi¯ÚˆÌÔ˘˜ ‚Ú¿¯Ô˘˜ Î·È ÏÔ‡ÛÈ· ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË Ì¤Û· ÛÙË ÛÙÂÁÓ‹ ÎÔ›ÙË ·fi ÊÚ‡Á·Ó·, Ô˘ÚÓ¿ÚÈ·, Ï·Ù¿ÓÈ·, ·ÁÚÈÂÏȤ˜, ÎÔ˘ÙÛÔ˘Ȥ˜, ÌÂÏÈÎÔÎȤ˜ Î·È ÔÈΛϷ ·ÁÚÈÔÏÔ‡ÏÔ˘‰·. ™ÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÙÔ˘ Ê·Ú·ÁÁÈÔ‡ ̤۷ ÛÙË Û¯ÈÛÌ‹ Ô˘ Û¯ËÌ·Ù›ÛıËΠ·fi ÙË ‰È¿Û·ÛË ÂÏÒÚÈˆÓ ‚Ú¿¯ˆÓ Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ·Ó‰ÚÈÎfi MÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ Ù˘ AÁ›·˜ EÏÂÔ‡Û·˜ (ZˆÔ‰fi¯Ô˜ ¶ËÁ‹), fiÔ˘ ÂÌfiÓ·ÛÂ Ô ÁÓˆÛÙfi˜, ·fi ÙËÓ E·Ó¿ÛÙ·ÛË Î·È ÙÔ MÂÛÔÏfiÁÁÈ, °È¿ÓÓ˘ °Ô‡Ó·Ú˘. O AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜, ‹Ù·Ó ÎÚËÛʇÁÂÙÔ Ù˘ KÏÂÊÙÔ˘ÚÈ¿˜. E‰Ò ‹Ù·Ó Ù· ÏË̤ÚÈ· ÙˆÓ ÎÏÂÊÙÔηÂÙ¿ÓÈˆÓ KÒÛÙ· TÛÔ‡ÛË, °ÈÒÚÁÔ˘ ™Ê·ÏÙÔ‡, ¢ËÌ‹ÙÚË M·ÎÚ‹. MfiÏȘ ÙÔ 1820 ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ıËΠÙÔ ·ÚÌ·ÙÔÏ›ÎÈ ÙÔ˘ Z˘ÁÔ‡, Ô˘ ·Ó¤Ï·‚Â Ô Ì˘Ë̤ÓÔ˜ ÛÙË ºÈÏÈ΋ EÙ·ÈÚ›· K·ÂÙ¿Ó ¢ËÌ‹ÙÚ˘ M·ÎÚ‹˜, Ô ÔÔ›Ô˜ ‹Ù·Ó Î·È ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ÚÒÙÔ˘˜ Ô˘ ¤Ï·‚ ̤ÚÔ˜ ÛÙËÓ E·Ó¿ÛÙ·ÛË. O AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜ ÈÛÙ¿ÌÂÓÔ˜ ÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ıÚ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ MÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘ ˘‹ÚÍ ̿ÚÙ˘Ú·˜ ‰È·ÚÎÒÓ Î·È Û˘Ó¯ÒÓ ÚÔÛ·ıÂÈÒÓ ÙˆÓ ËÚˆÈÎÒÓ Ì·¯ËÙÒÓ Ó· Û˘ÁÎÚ·Ù‹ÛÔ˘Ó ÙȘ ÙÔ˘ÚÎÈΤ˜ ÔÚ‰¤˜ Ô˘ ‹ıÂÏ·Ó Ì ·ÏÏÂ¿ÏËϘ ÔÏÈÔÚ˘ Ó· ηٷϿ‚Ô˘Ó ÙËÓ ÈÂÚ¿ fiÏË. K·È Ô AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜ ÔÏϤ˜ ÊÔÚ¤˜ ¿ÓÔÈÍ ÙËÓ ·ÁηÏÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ Ì ٷ ‰¿ÛË ÙÔ˘ Î·È Ù· Û‹Ï·È¿ ÙÔ˘ Î·È ¤ÛˆÛ ÔÏÏÔ‡˜ ·ÁˆÓÈÛÙ¤˜. A˘Ùfi˜ ‹Ù·Ó Ô˘ ‰¤¯ÙËΠÚÒÙÔ˜ ÙÔ˘˜ EÍÔ‰›Ù˜ ÙË ÊÔ‚ÂÚ‹ ÂΛÓË Ì¤Ú· Ù˘ EÍfi‰Ô˘. K·È ÙÔ ÌÔÓ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ ÙÔ˘ ÕÈ ™˘ÌÈÔ‡ ‹Ù·Ó Ô ÙfiÔ˜ Û˘Ó¿ÓÙËÛ˘ ÙˆÓ ∂ÍÔ‰ÈÙÒÓ Î·Ù¿ ÙÔ Û¯¤‰ÈÔ.

163


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

10:27

™ÂÏ›‰·164

°È’ ·˘Ùfi ÙÚ·ÁÔ˘‰‹ıËÎÂ Ô Z˘Áfi˜ ·fi ÙË ‰ËÌÔÙÈ΋, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ·fi ÙËÓ ¤ÓÙ¯ÓË ÌÔ‡Û·. O KÒÛÙ·˜ KÚ˘ÛÙ¿ÏÏ˘: “... ÙÔ ÊÂÁÁ·Ú¿ÎÈ ¯·Úˆfi ʈٿÂÈ ÙÔ ÚËÌÔÎÏ‹ÛÈ ÛÙ· ÎÔÚÊÔ‚Ô‡ÓÈ· ÙÔ˘ Z˘ÁÔ‡ ·fi ‚Ú·‰‡˜ ‚Á·Ï̤ÓÔ”

“... ·ÛÚ›˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔ˘ Z˘ÁÔ‡ ÔÈ ÎÔÚʤ˜, ÔÈ ¯ÈÔÓÔÛÎÂ·Ṳ̂Ó˜ Û· Ó¿Ó’ „ËÏ¿ Ê·ÓÙ¿ÛÌ·Ù·, „ËϤ˜ η̷ڈ̤Ó˜ ˆ˜ Ù’ ¿ÛÙÚ·, Ϙ ÎÈ ·fiÎÚ˘Ê· Ì’ ·˘Ù¿ Û˘ÓÔÌÈÏÔ‡Ó”

O KˆÛÙ‹˜ ¶·Ï·Ì¿˜: “... Î·È ›Ûˆ ·’ ÙȘ B·Ú¿ÛԂ˜ Î·È ›Ûˆ ·’ ÙÔ˘˜ Z˘ÁÔ‡˜ Ù· Ì¿ÙÈ· ÌÔ˘ ÙÂÙÚ¿„ËϘ ÎÔÚʤ˜ Ù· Ì·ÁÓËÙ›˙Ô˘Ó...”

“•¿ÁÓ·ÓÙÔ ·fi „‹ÏˆÌ· ÙÔ˘ ÔÏfi‰ÚÔÛÔ˘ Z˘ÁÔ‡”

O MÈÏÙÈ¿‰Ë˜ M·Ï·Î¿Û˘: “N·, ÛÙÔ Z˘Áfi ˆ˜ Ï¿ÌÂÈ Â¿Óˆ ÙÔ ÁÓÒÚÈÌfi ÌÔ˘ ·ÛÙ¤ÚÈ ÂΛÓÔ”

“O ·ÓÙÚȈ̤ÓÔ˜ Ô Z˘Áfi˜ Ì ÙËÓ ÎÔÚÌÔÛÙ·ÛÈ¿ ÙÔ˘”

164

TÔ ¢ËÌÔÙÈÎfi TÚ·ÁÔ‡‰È: BÔ˘Ó¿ Ì’ ÁÈ¿ ¯·ÌËÏÒÛÂÙÂ, ·Ú·ÌÂÚ¿Ù ϛÁÔ ÁÈ¿ Ó’ ·ÁÓ·ÓÙ¤„ˆ ÙfiÓ Z˘Áfi η› Ù¿ K·ÛÙ·ÓÔ¯ÒÚÈ· Ó¿ È‰Ò ÙÔ˘˜ ÎϤÊÙ˜ ÙÔ‡ Z˘ÁÔ‡ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ηÂÙ·Ó·›Ô˘˜ Ó¿ È‰Ò ÙÔ‡˜ ‰˘fi ·‰ÂÚÊÔ‡˜ M·ÎÚ‹, ¤ÍË ·‰ÂÚÊÔ‡˜ NÙÔ‚·›Ô˘˜ Ó¿ È‰Ò ÙfiÓ TÛ¿ÎÔ £Ô‰ˆÚ‹, ÙÔ‡˜ ‰˘fi TÛÂÚÂÂÏ·›Ô˘˜. A˘ÙÔ› ‘Ó·È Ô› ÎϤÊÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ Z˘ÁÔ‡ η› Ô› ηÂÙ·Ó·›ÔÈ. A˘ÙÔ› Ê˘Ï¿Ó Ùfi ‚Ô˘Ófi η› ‚ÔËıÔ‡Ó ÙÔ °¤ÓÔ˜.


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

27-04-09

10:27

™ÂÏ›‰·165

ÕÁ. °ÂÒÚÁÈÔ˜ ™È‚›ÛÙ·˜ Agios Georgios of Sivista

∂ÎÎÏËÛ¿ÎÈ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙËÓ ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ ∞Ú¿Î˘ÓıÔ˘ Chapel near the top of Arakinthos

ÕÁ. °ÂÒÚÁÈÔ˜ ÃÔ‡ÓÈÛÙ·˜ Agios Georgios of Chounista


∞π∆ø§π∞ §∂À∫øª∞ ∆∂§π∫√ NEO

166

27-04-09

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K·È ·fi ÙȘ ‰‡Ô Ï¢ڤ˜ ÙÔ˘ AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ·Ó·Ù˘¯ı› ÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ› Ô˘ ·ÓÙÈη٤ÛÙËÛ·Ó ·Ú¯·›Â˜ fiÏÂȘ. ™ÙËÓ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ Ô˘ ‚ϤÂÈ ÙȘ ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ˜ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È ÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ› Ô˘ ·Ó‹ÎÔ˘Ó ÛÙÔ ¢‹ÌÔ IÂÚ¿˜ ¶fiÏ˘ MÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘. Yfi ÙËÓ ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ AÁ›Ô˘ ¶¤ÙÚÔ˘ (837 Ì.) ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È Ù· EÏÏËÓÈο (ηÙ. 216), ¤‰Ú· ÙÔ˘ ÔÌÒÓ˘ÌÔ˘ ÙÔÈÎÔ‡ ‰È·ÌÂÚ›ÛÌ·ÙÔ˜, Û ˘„fiÌÂÙÚÔ 720 Ì. M¤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ 1928 ÏÂÁfiÙ·Ó ™È‚›ÛÙ·. T· ÙÂÏÂ˘Ù·›· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· Ù˘ ÙÔ˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·˜ ηÙÔÈÎÔ‡Û·Ó ÛÙË ™È‚›ÙÛ·, fiˆ˜ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÙ·È, 20 ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂȘ, ÂÓÒ ÛÙËÓ K¿Ùˆ ™È‚›ÙÛ· 15 ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂȘ. ™ÙËÓ ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ Aڷ·ÓıÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÙÔ ÍˆÎÏ‹ÛÈ ÕÁÈÔ˜ ¶¤ÙÚÔ˜, Ô˘ ıˆÚÂ›Ù·È Ôχ ·Ï·Èfi. ™Â ·fiÛÙ·ÛË 2 ¯ÏÌ. ÂÚ›Ô˘ ‚fiÚÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ‡ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Û ÔÚÔ¤‰ÈÔ Î·Ù¿Ê˘ÙÔ ·fi ηÛÙ·ÓȤ˜ Î·È ‚ÂÏ·ÓȉȤ˜ Ë IÂÚ¿ MÔÓ‹ ÕÁÈÔ˜ °ÂÒÚÁÈÔ˜ ™È‚›ÛÙ·˜, fiÔ˘ ÂÁηٷ‚ÈÒÓÂÈ ÌÈ· ÌÔÓ·¯‹. E·Ó·¯Ù›ÛÙËΠ·fi ÙÔ ™˘ÓÙ·ÁÌ·Ù¿Ú¯Ë §Ô˘ÓÙÂڤη ÙÔ 1696, ËÁÔ˘ÌÂÓ‡ÔÓÙÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ IÂÚÔÌÔÓ¿¯Ô˘ ™ÂÚ·Ê›Ì, fiˆ˜ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÙ·È Û ÂÓÂ›Áڷʘ ϿΘ. °È· ÙÚ›ÙË ÊÔÚ¿ ·Ó·Î·Ù·Û΢¿ÛıËΠÙÔ Î·ıÔÏÈÎfi, Ô˘ ·Ó‹ÎÂÈ ÛÙÔÓ ÛÙ·˘ÚÂ›ÛÙÂÁÔ Ù‡Ô, Á‡Úˆ ÛÙÔ 1918. ™ÙËÓ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋ ÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÙÔ˘ IÂÚÔ‡ B‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÛÙÔÓ ÙÔ›¯Ô Ô˘ ‰È·ÛÒıËΠ·fi ÙË ‰Â‡ÙÂÚË Î·Ù·Û΢‹ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ·ÁÈÔÁڷʛ˜. ¢‡Ô ¯ÏÌ. ÓfiÙÈ· ÙˆÓ K¿Ùˆ EÏÏËÓÈÎÒÓ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÙÔ ™‹Ï·ÈÔ ÙÔ˘ AÁ›Ô˘ NÈÎÔÏ¿Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ ∫ÚÂÌ·ÛÙÔ‡, Ô˘ ˘‹ÚÍ ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfi ·ÛÎËÙÈÎfi ΤÓÙÚÔ Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ ηٿ ÙÔ MÂÛ·›ˆÓ·. I‰Ú˘Ù‹˜ Ù˘ ÌÔÓ‹˜ ‹Ù·Ó Ô N›Î·Ó‰ÚÔ˜, Ô ÔÔ›Ô˜ ¤‰ˆÛ ÙÔ fiÓÔÌ· KÚÂÌ·ÛÙfi˜ ÁÈ·Ù›, fiˆ˜ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÈ Ô MËÙÚÔÔÏ›Ù˘ N·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ Iˆ¿ÓÓ˘ Afiη˘ÎÔ˜ (1199 - 1232) (“... ¤Ó ·ÔÎÚ‹ÌÓˆ Ù‹ ¤ÙÚ· ÂÈÎÚÂÌ¿Û·˜ ÙÔ ‰fiÌËÌ· Î·È ·ÚÔÓÔÌ¿Û·˜ Ô‡Ùˆ ÙÔ˘ KÚÂÌ·ÛÙÔ‡”). ™ÙÔ Û‹Ï·ÈÔ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó Î·È ·ÍÈfiÏÔÁ˜ ·ÁÈÔÁڷʛ˜. O AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜ ·fi ÙËÓ ÚÔ˚ÛÙÔÚÈ΋ ÂÔ¯‹ ›¯Â fiÏ· Ù· ÛÙÔȯ›· ÂΛӷ Ô˘ ÂÓ›Û¯˘·Ó ÙËÓ Î·ÙÔ›ÎËÛ‹ ÙÔ˘ Î·È ÙË ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÔÈÎÈÛÌÒÓ Î·È fiÏÂˆÓ ·ÊÔ‡ ·fi ÙË ÌÈ· ÏÂ˘Ú¿ ·Ù¤ÓÈ˙ ÙȘ Ï›ÌÓ˜ Î·È ·fi ÙËÓ ¿ÏÏË ÙȘ ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ˜. ™ÙË ‚fiÚÂÈ· ÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÙÔ˘ Aڷ·ÓıÔ˘, ÛÙÔ ‚fiÚÂÈÔ ¿ÓÔÈÁÌ· Ù˘ KÏÂÈÛÔ‡Ú·˜ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙ· ÛËÌÂÚÈÓ¿ ºÚ·ÁÎÔ˘Ï·›˚η, ‹Ù·Ó Ë ∞Ú¯·›· ¶˘Ï‹ÓË ¯·Ì¤ÓË Î¿Ô˘ ÌÂٷ͇ ̇ıÔ˘ Î·È ÈÛÙÔÚ›·˜. H K·Ï˘‰ÒÓ· ÌÓËÌÔÓ‡ÂÙ·È Û·Ó ÌÈ· ·fi ÙȘ ¤ÓÙ ΢ÚÈfiÙÂÚ˜ ·ÈÙˆÏÈΤ˜ fiÏÂȘ Î·È ¤¯ÂÈ Ù·˘ÙÈÛı› Ì ÙÔ K¿ÛÙÚÔ ÙÔ˘ KÔ‡ÚÙ·Á·, ÛÙȘ ¡∞ ˘ÒÚÂȘ ÙÔ˘ Aڷ·ÓıÔ˘ Û ¯·ÌËÏfi ‡„ˆÌ· ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ E˘ËÓÔ¯ÒÚÈ, ÛÙË ‰ÂÍÈ¿ ·fi ÙȘ ËÁ¤˜ fi¯ıË ÙÔ˘ E‡ËÓÔ˘. H AÏ›Î˘ÚÓ· ÙÔÔıÂÙÂ›Ù·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË X›ÏÈ· ™›ÙÈ·, µ∞ ÙÔ˘ ÕÈ £ˆÌ¿, ¿Óˆ Û ¤Ó· ÏfiÊÔ, ÚÔ¤ÎÙ·ÛË ÙÔ˘ Z˘ÁÔ‡. TÔ ÌÂ۷ȈÓÈÎfi ¯ˆÚÈfi X›ÏÈ· ™›ÙÈ· ‹Ù·Ó ÎÙÈṲ̂ÓÔ ÛÙËÓ ÙÔÔıÂÛ›· fiÔ˘ ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ·Ú¯·›· fiÏË. H ¶Ï¢ÚÒÓ· Ù·˘Ù›˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙÔ ∫¿ÛÙÚÔ K˘Ú¿ - P‹Ó˘ Ô˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È µ¢ ÙÔ˘ MÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘ Û Ï·ÁÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ Aڷ·ÓıÔ˘. º¤ÚÂÙ·È fiÙÈ È‰Ú‡ıËΠÙÔ 234 .X. ÌÂÙ¿ ÙËÓ Î·Ù·ÛÙÚÔÊ‹ Ù˘ ÚÒÙ˘ ¶Ï¢ÚÒÓ·˜. H fiÏË ÂÚÈÎÏ›ÂÙ·È ·fi Ù›¯Ô˜ 3 ¯ÏÌ., ‰È·ÎfiÙÂÙ·È ·fi 25 ‡ÚÁÔ˘˜ Î·È Î·Ù·Ï‹ÁÂÈ ÛÙËÓ Ô¯˘ÚˆÌ¤ÓË AÎÚfiÔÏË Ì 11 ‡ÚÁÔ˘˜ Î·È Â›Ó·È ·fi Ù· ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfiÙÂÚ· ÌÓËÌ›· Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ Ô¯˘ÚˆÌ·ÙÈ΋˜ Ù¤¯Ó˘. Œ¯Ô˘Ó ÂÈÛËÌ·Óı› ¤Ó· ÌÈÎÚfi ı¤·ÙÚÔ, ›¯ÓË ·ÁÔÚ¿˜ Ù˘ fiÏ˘ Î·È ÌÈ· ÙÂÚ¿ÛÙÈ· ‰ÂÍ·ÌÂÓ‹ ·fi Ù· ηχÙÂÚ· Ù¯ÓÈο ¤ÚÁ· ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ∂ÏÏ‹ÓˆÓ. ªÂÙ¿ ÙËÓ Î·Ù·ÛÙÚÔÊ‹ Ù˘, ÔÈ Î¿ÙÔÈÎÔ› Ù˘ ¤¯ÙÈÛ·Ó ÛÙȘ ˘ÒÚÂȘ ÙÔ˘ ∑˘ÁÔ‡ ÙË ¡¤· ¶Ï¢ÚÒÓ·, ÙÔ ÛËÌÂÚÈÓfi οÛÙÚÔ Ù˘ "∫˘Ú¿-ƒ‹Ó˘". ™ÙËÓ ÎÔÚ˘Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ ˘¿Ú¯ÂÈ ¤Ó· ÌÈÎÚfi ÎÙ›ÛÌ· Ô˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔÔÈ› Ô OÚÂÈ‚·ÙÈÎfi˜ ™‡ÏÏÔÁÔ˜ MÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘ ˆ˜ ηٷʇÁÈÔ. Afi ÙȘ Ï·ÁȤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ∑˘ÁÔ‡ ÍÂÎÈÓ¿ÂÈ Û ‰‡Ô ÎÏ¿‰Ô˘˜ ÙÔ ÔÙ¿ÌÈ KÔÏÔ‚Úfi˜, Ô ÔÔ›Ô˜ Ì·˙› Ì ¿ÏÏ· ڤ̷ٷ ÛÙËÓ ÔÚ›· ÙÔ˘ ¯‡ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙË §ÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ·. ™Ù· fi‰È· ÙÔ˘ AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ˘ Â›Ó·È Ë IÂÚ¿ ¶fiÏË ÙÔ˘ MÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘, Ô˘ ¤ÁÈÓ ÙÔ Û‡Ì‚ÔÏÔ Ù˘ EÏ¢ıÂÚ›·˜ ÌÂÙ·‚¿ÏÏÔÓÙ·˜ ¤Ó·Ó Ô¯˘ÚˆÌ·ÙÈο ·‰‡Ó·ÌÔ ÊÚ¿¯ÙË Û ‰˘ÛÎÔÏÔfiÚıËÙÔ Î¿ÛÙÚÔ. H ·Ó¤ÌÔÚÊË fiÏË Ì ÙË ıÚ˘ÏÈ΋ ¶‡ÏË Ù˘, ÙÔÓ K‹Ô ÙˆÓ HÚÒˆÓ, Ù· ·Ú·‰ÔÛȷο ÎÙ›ÚÈ·, Ù· ÓËÛ¿ÎÈ·, ÙȘ ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ¤ÓÙ Úˆı˘Ô˘ÚÁÔ‡˜ Â›Ó·È ·ÍÈ·Á¿ËÙË Î·È ·ÍÈÔÂÚÈ‹ÁËÙË. O AÚ¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜, Ì·˙› Ì ٷ ÛÙÂÓ¿ Ù˘ ∫ÏÂÈÛÔ‡Ú·˜, ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ÌÂÁ¿Ï˘ ÛËÌ·Û›·˜ ÙÔ˘, Î·È È‰È·›ÙÂÚ· Ù˘ ÔÚÓÈıÔ·Ó›‰·˜, ÚÔÛٷهÂÙ·È Î·È ·fi ÙÔ Natura 2000 ˆ˜ ∆fiÔ˜ ∫ÔÈÓÔÙÈ΋˜ ™ËÌ·Û›·˜.


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167 ∞Ú¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜ Arakinthos


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ÕÁÈÔ˜ NÈÎfiÏ·Ô˜ KÚÂÌ·ÛÙfi˜ Agios Nikolaos Kremastos

169


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÷ڷÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈ΋ ÂÏ¿‰· ÛÙË ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ· ªÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘ Distinctive hut at Messologhi lagoon

¶·Ú·‰ÔÛȷ΋ „·Úfi‚·Úη ÛÙË ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ· ªÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘ Traditional fishing boat on Messologhi lagoon

ªÂÚÈ΋ ¿Ô„Ë Ù˘ ÏÈÌÓÔı¿Ï·ÛÛ·˜ Partial view of the lagoon


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171 ªÓËÌÂ›Ô ÛÙÔÓ ∫‹Ô ÙˆÓ ∏ÚÒˆÓ ªÂÛÔÏÔÁÁ›Ô˘ Monument at the Garden dedicated to the heroes of Messologhi


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ƒ¤Ì· ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ ∫Ú˘ÔÓÂÚ›ˆÓ, ËÁ¤˜ ∫¿Î·‚Ô˘ Kryoneri creek, Kakavos springs

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ÂÈÏÔÁÈο ∆Ô Ù·Í›‰È Ì·˜ ·fi Ù· ˘„ËÏ¿ ·ÈÙˆÏÈο ‚Ô˘Ó¿ ̤¯ÚÈ ÙÔÓ ∫ÔÚÈÓıÈ·Îfi Î·È ÙÔÓ ¶·ÙÚ·˚Îfi ÎfiÏÔ ‹Ù·Ó Û˘Ó·Ú·ÛÙÈÎfi. ∂ÈÛÎÂÊًηÌ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ ·ÈÙˆÏÈÎÔ‡˜ Î·È ÏÔÎÚÈÎÔ‡˜ ¯ÒÚÔ˘˜, ‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓ¿, ÌÂÙ·‚˘˙·ÓÙÈÓ¿ Î·È ÓÂfiÙÂÚ· ÌÓËÌ›·. ª¤Û· ·fi Ù· ›¯ÓË ·˘Ù¿ Ù˘ ÂÚ·Ṳ̂Ó˘ ˙ˆ‹˜, ·Ú¯·›·˜ Î·È ÓÂfiÙÂÚ˘, Ì·˜ ‰fiıËÎÂ Ë ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· Ó· ·Ó·Ï¿ÛÔ˘Ì ηٿ ÙÔ ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÓ ÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· Ù˘ ·ÈÙˆÏÈ΋˜ Á˘, Ô˘ Â›Ó·È ÁÂÌ¿ÙË ·fi ÌÓËÌ›· fiÏˆÓ ÙˆÓ ÂÔ¯ÒÓ. ∂›Û˘ Ï¿‚·Ì ÌÈ· ȉ¤· ·fi ÙȘ ·Ú·‰fiÛÂȘ Î·È Ù· ¤ıÈÌ· Ù˘ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜. ŸÏ· Ù· ¯ˆÚÈ¿ Ô˘ ÂÚÈËÁËı‹Î·Ì ·ÔÓ¤Ô˘Ó ƒÔ‡ÌÂÏË, ÁÈ’ ·˘Ùfi Ù· ‹ıË, Ù· ¤ıÈÌ·, Ë ÁÏÒÛÛ· Â›Ó·È ÎÔÈÓ¿ Î·È ÔÈ È‰È·ÈÙÂÚfiÙËÙ˜ Ô˘ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ‰ÂÓ ·Ó·ÈÚÔ‡Ó ÙÔÓ Î·ÓfiÓ·. ∞Ó‚‹Î·Ì Û ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚʤ˜ Î·È Î·Ù‚‹Î·Ì Û ··Ú¿ÌÈÏÏ˘ ÔÌÔÚÊÈ¿˜ Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ·. £·˘Ì¿Û·Ì ٷ µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· Ì ٷ ·ÏÈο ÙÔ›· Î·È ÙȘ ·ÏÏÂ¿ÏÏËϘ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜, Ô˘ οı ̛· ¤¯ÂÈ ÙË ‰È΋ Ù˘ Ê˘ÛÈÔÁӈ̛·. ∞ÈÛı·Óı‹Î·Ì ‰¤Ô˜ ·fi Ù· ‡„Ë ÙˆÓ ‚Ô˘ÓÔÎÔÚÊÒÓ Î·È ÙÔ ‚¿ıÔ˜ ÙˆÓ ¯·Ú·‰ÚÒÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ Ê·Ú·ÁÁÈÒÓ. ∞ÔÏ·‡Û·Ì ÙȘ Ô̷Ϥ˜ ÎÔÚ˘ÊÔÁÚ·Ì̤˜ Ù˘ √ÍÈ¿˜, ÙËÓ ·ÁÚÈÔıÒÚËÙË ∫·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰·, ÙÔ Á˘ÌÓfi Î·È Ê·Ï·ÎÚfi ƒÈÁ¿ÓÈ, ÙËÓ ∫ÏfiÎÔ‚·, Ô˘ ·Ó·‰‡ÂÙ·È ÙÔÏÌËÚ¿ ·fi ÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·, ÙËÓ ÙÚ›ÎÔÚÊË Î·È ÙڛηÛÙÚË µ·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·, Ô˘ Â›Ó·È ÍÂÎÔÌ̤ÓË ·fi ÙËÓ Û˘ÛÙÔȯ›· ÙˆÓ ¿ÏÏˆÓ ‚Ô˘ÓÒÓ Î·È ÙÔÓ ÙÚ·ÁÔ˘‰ÈṲ̂ÓÔ ·fi ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ˘˜ ÔÈËÙ¤˜ ∞Ú¿Î˘ÓıÔ. ª·˜ ‰fiıËÎÂ Ë Â˘Î·ÈÚ›· Ó· ÁÓˆÚ›ÛÔ˘Ì ÙË ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛË Î·È ¯ÏˆÚ›‰·, ·fi ÙËÓ ˘„›ÎÔÚÌË ÔÍÈ¿ Î·È ÙÔ Û·ı¿ÙÔ ¤Ï·ÙÔ Ì¤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ ÎˆÓÔÊfiÚÔ ‡ÎÔ, ÙÔ Ù·ÂÈÓfi Ô˘ÚÓ¿ÚÈ Î·È ÙÔ ·ÓÙ·¯ÙÂÚfi ‰Ú˘fi‰ÂÓ‰ÚÔ. ∏ ÔÈÎÈÏ›· Ù˘ ÏÔ‡ÛÈ·˜ ‰·ÛÈ΋˜ ‚Ï¿ÛÙËÛ˘ Â›Ó·È ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈ΋, ‰ÈfiÙÈ ‰Â Û˘Ó·ÓÙ¿Ì ÌfiÓÔ Ù· ·Ú·¿Óˆ ·Ó·ÊÂÚfiÌÂÓ· Ê˘Ù¿, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÔÏÏ¿ ¿ÏÏ· ›‰Ë ‰¤Ó‰ÚˆÓ, ı¿ÌÓˆÓ, ¯fiÚÙˆÓ, ·ÓıÒÓ Î·È ‚ÔÙ¿ÓˆÓ. ∫·È ̤۷ Û’ ·˘Ù¿ Ù· ·Ó¤ÌÔÚÊ· Î·È ÂÎÙÂٷ̤ӷ ‰¿ÛË, fiÔ˘ ÎÂÏ·Ú‡˙Ô˘Ó ‰ÚÔÛÂÚ¤˜ ËÁ¤˜ Î·È ÁÚ·ÊÈο Ú˘¿ÎÈ·, ÁÓˆÚ›Û·Ì ¤Ó·Ó ·ÍÈfiÏÔÁÔ ·ÚÈıÌfi ˙ÒˆÓ Ù˘ ∂ÏÏËÓÈ΋˜ ·Ó›‰·˜. ∫·Ù‚·›ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ·’ Ù· ‚Ô˘Ó¿ Û˘Ó·ÓÙ‹Û·Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ÌÂÁ·ÏÔfiÙ·ÌÔ˘˜ ∂‡ËÓÔ (º›‰·ÚË) Î·È ªfiÚÓÔ (¢¿ÊÓÔ) Î·È ¤Ó· ϤÁÌ· ·Ú·Ôٿ̈Ó, ¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚˆÓ Î·È ·Ú·¯ÂÈÌ¿ÚÚˆÓ Ô˘ ÛΛ˙Ô˘Ó Ù· ‚Ô˘Ó¿ Î·È Î·Ù·Ï‹ÁÔ˘Ó ÌfiÓÔÈ ÙÔ˘˜ ‹ Âӈ̤ÓÔÈ ÛÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·. ∆· ‰·ÛˆÌ¤Ó· Ê·Ú¿ÁÁÈ·, ÔÈ ‚ÚÔÈ (ÔÙ¿ÌȘ ÏÈÌÓԇϘ), ÔÈ ·fiÙÔÌÔÈ ‚Ú¿¯ÔÈ, ÔÈ Ì˘ÛÙËÚÈÒ‰ÂȘ Î·È ·ÓÂÍȯӛ·ÛÙ˜ ÛËÏȤ˜, Ù· ÁÚ·ÊÈο ÌÔÓÔ¿ÙÈ· Û˘Óı¤ÙÔ˘Ó ¤Ó· ··Ú¿ÌÈÏÏ˘ ÔÌÔÚÊÈ¿˜ ÙÔ›Ô. ª¤Û· Û’ ·˘Ùfi ÙÔ ÔÈΛÏÔ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ ÂÈÛÎÂÊًηÌ ÁÚ·ÊÈο ¯ˆÚÈ¿ Î·È ¯ˆÚÈÔ˘‰¿ÎÈ·, ÛηÚʷψ̤ӷ ÛÙȘ Ï·ÁȤ˜ ÙˆÓ ‚Ô˘ÓÒÓ ‹ ·ψ̤ӷ ÛÙÔ˘˜ οÌÔ˘˜ Î·È ÛÙȘ ÎÔÈÏ¿‰Â˜. ÈÚÈ¿, Ô˘ Ù· ÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚ· ¤Ú¯ÔÓÙ·È ·fi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÂÔ¯‹, ÛÙ¤ÎÔ˘Ó ÛÙÔÓ ›‰ÈÔ ¯ÒÚÔ ·Ú¿ ÙȘ ‰˘ÛÎÔϛ˜. ∏ ·Á¿Ë ÙˆÓ Î·ÙÔ›ÎˆÓ ÁÈ· ÙË ‰È·Ù‹ÚËÛË Î·È ·Ó¿Ù˘ÍË ÙˆÓ ¯ˆÚÈÒÓ Â›Ó·È Ê·ÓÂÚ‹. ŸÏÔÈ, οÙÔÈÎÔÈ, ÍÂÓÈÙÂ̤ÓÔÈ, ∆ÔÈ΋ ∞˘ÙÔ‰ÈÔ›ÎËÛË ÚÔÛ·ıÔ‡Ó ÁÈ· ÙÔ Î·Ï‡ÙÂÚÔ. ∏ ∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ °Ë ¤¯ÂÈ Û¿ÓȘ Ê˘ÛÈΤ˜ ÔÌÔÚÊȤ˜ Î·È ¿ÌÔÏÏ· ÌÓËÌ›· ÙÔ˘ ·ÓıÚÒÈÓÔ˘ Ìfi¯ıÔ˘. ª¿ÏÈÛÙ· ÌÂÚÈΤ˜ ÂÚÈÔ¯¤˜, fiˆ˜ Ë Ã¿ÏÎÂÈ· ÌÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛıÔ‡Ó ˆ˜ ˘·›ıÚÈ· ÌÔ˘Û›·. ∂›Û˘ Ë ÓÂ˘Ì·ÙÈ΋ ·Ú·ÁˆÁ‹ Â›Ó·È Û ˘„ËÏfi Â›‰Ô. ŸÏ· ·˘Ù¿ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Ó ÙË ‚¿ÛË Î·È ÙËÓ ÂÏ›‰· ÂÚ·ÈÙ¤Úˆ ·Ó¿Ù˘Í˘. √ ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÌfi˜ Û’ fiÏ· Ù· ›‰Ë ÙÔ˘, ‹‰Ë ·Ó·Ù‡ÛÛÂÙ·È ÛÙËÓ Â˘Ú‡ÙÂÚË ·ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Î·È ÙÔ Ì¤ÏÏÔÓ Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È Â˘Ô›ˆÓÔ. ¶ÈÛÙ‡ԢÌ fiÙÈ Ë ÂÚÈÂÎÙÈ΋ ÂÚȉȿ‚·ÛË Ô˘ οӷÌ ı· Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ¤Ó·˘ÛÌ· ÁÈ· ÌÈ· Û˘¯ÓfiÙÂÚË Â›ÛÎÂ„Ë ÛÙËÓ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹. √È ÂÈÛΤÙ˜ ı· ·ÔÏ·‡ÛÔ˘Ó Ù· ÌÓËÌ›· ÙÔ˘ ·ÓıÚÒÈÓÔ˘ ÔÏÈÙÈÛÌÔ‡ Î·È Ù˘ ʇÛ˘, ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÙȘ ·Ó¤ÛÂȘ Ù˘ ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÙÈ΋˜ ·Ó¿Ù˘Í˘. ∏ ∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ °Ë ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÚÈ̤ÓÂÈ Î·È Â›Ì·ÛÙ ‚¤‚·ÈÔÈ fiÙÈ ı· Í·Ó·¤ÏıÔ˘Ó, ÁÈ·Ù› Ë ÁË ·˘Ù‹ Â›Ó·È ·ÓÂÍ¿ÓÙÏËÙË Û ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ Î·È ÁÂÌ¿ÙË ÂÎÏ‹ÍÂȘ.

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a few words The land of Aetolia has been closely correlated since antiquity with ongoing struggles to tame the wild nature with the high steep mountains, the wild and violent rivers, canyons and dells and its rough soil that hindered communication and access of populations. In addition to this struggle, there has always been an intense and continuous effort to maintain and evolve the Greek civilization against the various foreign invaders. Through the ancient Aetolian myths is unfolded the action of a great nation, that started off with a racial organization and reached the pioneering, for that time, federal organization of city – states and no longer of races. This was the Aetolian Confederation, the Aetolian League that played a prominent role in the Greek reality. The war machine of the Aetolians rescued Hellenism in harsh moments from the invasions of foreign races and people. Three long rivers, Acheloos, Evinos (Fidaris) and Dafnos (Mornos) are the major factors of the geographical configuration of the Aetolian land. Thanks to the constant sedimentations, many cultivable valleys were created and changed the relief of the area. Ancient Aetolia, having River Acheloos as a natural borderline to Acarnania and which has been for hundreds of years a cause the apple of discords and war conflicts, would spread over a large area that is surrounded at large by the three rivers, the mountains of Oiti, Vardousia, Timfristos and the upper flow of Acheloos at the area of Athamanes. The costal zone from Tafiassos to Nafpaktos, Trizonia and Krisaios Gulf, along with the mountain zone up to Amfissa, was a part of Western Locrida. After the Aetolians occupied Nafpaktos and the neighboring settlements in 338 BC, Western Lokrida was geographically limited, till it was integrated to the Aetolian Confederation, when the latter was at its peak. Part of the Aetolian land, that spreads southwards to Mt Kaliakouda Oxia - Vardousia and reaches Arakynthos and the Messolonghi lagoon, Varasova and Klokova, the coast of Patraikos and Corinthian Gulfs is the destination of an impressive journey that will surely be a surprise. This geographical and cultural section includes seven Municipalities belonging to Aetoloakarnania Prefecture (Holy City of Messolonghi, Chalkia, Antirrion, Nafpaktos, Pylini, Platanos, Apoditia), one Municipality of Evrytania Prefecture (Domnista) and two Municipalities of Fokida Prefecture (Efpalio, Vardousia). When someone observes the map, he realizes that the entire region shares more or less the same geomorphologic characteristics. Its main feature is the mountainous relief, surrounded by the mountain ranges of Kaliakouda, Oxia and Vardousia and is traversed by a range of mountains that reach the sea. The high mountain peaks, succeeding one another, seem as if they compete in an imaginary contest of natural grandeur and beauty. Among all these, the two rivers, Evinos and Mornos, flow like the bold and fierce masters, cross a long distance and wind up to the sea after a long and exciting course. But they are not alone. A complex of tributaries, torrents, streams, small streams and creeks feed them with water so as to fuel their power in perpetuity, although their daughters, the artificial lakes, Evinos Lake and Mornos Lake withhold great amount of water which is used to supply ∆Ô ∞ÓÙ›ÚÚÈÔ Î·È Ë Á¤Ê˘Ú· “÷ڛϷԘ ∆ÚÈÎÔ‡˘” Antirrio and bridge of “Charilaos Trikoupis”

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Attica basin with water. The two big rivers, as if they were inspired craftsmen and creators, formed fertile valleys thanks to their ongoing sedimentations and the extended deltas in their river mouths. At the south we come across fruitful valleys, while to the north, lots of valleys lie between the mountains, as also small valleys, pits and flat areas, and small and large plain areas at the riversides. This entire relief is covered by forests consisting of varied vegetation (holly trees, hornbeams, drupes, bearberries, oaks, holm oaks etc) while northwards lie many chestnut trees, firs and beeches. Ever since the prehistoric era, this place has been uninterruptedly inhabited. A proof thereof are the ancient ruins found in all villages as well as the names of the places: Hellinika (Greek), Marmara (Marbles), Paliochori (Old Village), Mnimata (Graves). Evidently, many villages were ruined and others were abandoned. However, the general trend was that people remained at their places, building even more new villages. Till today, despite all the great upheavals due to the rapid technological evolution, many mountainous villages still exist, though very sparsely populated. The trend to renovate old houses and build new ones, together with the infrastructures created, sends a hopeful message for a new developmental perspective. This entire area in question belongs to the geographical region of Sterea Ellada (Mainland Greece), Roumeli, as it has been sung in numerous songs (the land of Greeks- Romioi). The history is common as well as the customs that have been established during the centuries, despite some differences and variations. Roumeliotism, as a comprehensive concept of the character of the locals and the roumeliotian dialect is their common component. Particularly the mountainous population struggled to survive. They relied mainly on stock farming (domestic, in droves and nomadic). The creation of cultivable grounds was the stress and ongoing concern of the villager. The flat areas and the pits were very few, so they were obliged to clear forested areas, either by digging them or burning them. The cleared soil (roggi) was not always cultivable, because it could be downhill and rocky. As a result, they had to flatten it and so the benches (zagades) were created. These benches were made of dry stones by experienced craftsmen and are really marvellous. They are still maintained even though all these fields have been abandoned. They are monuments of the people’s labor, the popular architecture and are worthy of admiration. When cleaning the fields from the large and small stones, chaliades and armakades (tracks) were created at their sides. Near the rivers and the creeks, logges were created, meaning very fruitful and clear of stones soil near the riversides. Next to all these, the villages lie on the slopes of the mountains, with their gardens, their fields and their fruit trees. Along with stock farming, apiculture, rural works and river fishing, several other professions bloomed, such as that of the wall builders that built using dry stones, the builder that created all these amazing stone houses and stone bridges, the carpenter, the tanner (currier), the goldsmith, the coppersmith, the silk smith, the silk worm breeders, the whitewash maker, the tinsmith, the ironsmith, the clay smith, the potter, the weaver, the miller, the driver, the peddler, the grocer and many others. At the lowland of the south, cattle breeding, farming and fishing flourished, along with other “urban” professions.

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Viniculture, a local feature of Aetolia, since wine (oinos) was named after one of its mythical kings Oeneus, bloomed both on the mountain


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and lower land, giving wine of fine quality. The singular mountainous, semi-mountainous and flat relief of the area, with the many forests and water favored the existence of wild fauna with many species of birds, wild animals, among which the deer, the elk, the wolf, the coyote, the fox, the badger, the warthog, the lynx, the otter, the hedgehog, the wildcat, the ferret, the weasel, the squirrel and reptiles as snakes, lizards and turtles. Also, the flora, with the forestall, herbaceous and bushy flora, as well as wild flowers, herbs and wild herbs is very interesting and impressive. This region, with the long history that dates back to the mythical years and reaches the modern era, is full of monuments from every different period. The Aetolians, Locrians, Romans, Byzantines, Anjouans, Albanians, Franks, Venetians, Turks and locals passed and all left the mark of their activities and culture. The castles (large and smaller ones) of the ancient and medieval years together with the bulwarks of the armed forces and the war of independence are a proof of this heroic land’s constant fights. The ancient tombs and temples as well as the Christian churches and monasteries, the ascetic caves and the bridges, the mills, the inns and oil mills mark the creative activities of our ancestors that managed with their sweat and efforts to make this arid land habitable for thousands of years. Pictures of this very land are presented in this album.

177 ∞ÙÂÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ ∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ °Ë ·fi ÙÔ ·Ú¯·›Ô ı¤·ÙÚÔ Ù˘ ª·Î‡ÓÂÈ·˜ Looking at the Aetolian land from the ancient theatre of Makinia


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∂¶π§√°∏ µπµ§π√°ƒ∞ºπ∞™ ∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁÈο ∫ˆÓ. ¢. ™ÙÂÚÁÈÔÔ‡ÏÔ˘: “∏ ∞Ú¯·›· ∞Èوϛ·”, ∞ı‹Ó·È 1939 ∞Ï. ¢Ú·Î¿ÎË - ™Ù. ∫Ô‡Ó‰Ô˘ÚÔ˘: “∞گ›· ÂÚ› Ù˘ Û˘ÛÙ¿Ûˆ˜ Î·È ÂÍÂϛ͈˜ ¢‹ÌˆÓ Î·È ∫ÔÈÓÔًوӔ, 1836 - 1839 ∞ı‹Ó·È 1940, ÙfiÌÔÈ ∞, µ πˆ¿Ó. °. °È·ÓÓÔÔ‡ÏÔ˘: “∏ ¢ÈÔÈÎËÙÈ΋ √ÚÁ¿ÓˆÛȘ Ù˘ ™ÙÂÚ¿˜ ∂ÏÏ¿‰Ô˜ ηٿ ÙËÓ ∆Ô˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·Ó, 1971 ¡›ÎÔ˘ ¡¤˙Ë: “∆· ∂ÏÏËÓÈο µÔ˘Ó¿”, ∞ı‹Ó· 1979 ∂™À∂: “§ÂÍÈÎfi ÙˆÓ ¢‹ÌˆÓ, ∫ÔÈÓÔÙ‹ÙˆÓ Î·È ÔÈÎÈÛÌÔ‡ Ù˘ ∂ÏÏ¿‰Ô˜”, ∞ı‹Ó·È 1984 S. Bommeljé - P. Doorn: “Aetolia and the Aetolians”, Utrecht, 1987 ∫ÒÛÙ· ∆Û›ËÚ·: “™Ù· ∂ÏÏËÓÈο µÔ˘Ó¿”, ∞ 1992, µ 1993, ° 1997 ª. ™Ù·Ì·ÙÂÏ¿ÙÔ˜ - º. µ¿Ì‚· - ™Ù·Ì·ÙÂÏ¿ÙÔ˘: “∂›ÙÔÌÔ °ÂˆÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi §ÂÍÈÎfi Ù˘ ∂ÏÏ¿‰Ô˜”, ∞ı‹Ó· 2001 ∫‡ÚˆÛË ∞ÔÁÚ·Ê‹˜ 2001 º∂∫ 715µ/12.6.2002 µ·Û. ÃÚ‹ÛÙÔ˘: “∆· µÔ˘Ó¿ Ù˘ ∂ÏÏ¿‰·˜”, EXPLORER 2003 ∂ÏÏ¿‰·, ¡ÔÌfi˜ ∞ÈÙˆÏԷηÚÓ·Ó›·˜, 10, ÂΉ. ¢√ª∏

∫·ÏÈ·ÎÔ‡‰· - √ÍÈ¿ - ¢‹ÌÔ˜ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜ ∞ÈÙˆÏԷηÚÓ·ÓÈ΋ - ∂˘Ú˘Ù·ÓÈ΋ ∂Á΢ÎÏÔ·›‰ÂÈ·, Ù. ∞, µ, °, ¢ ∫.∞. ¶··‰ÔÔ‡ÏÔ˘ - ∞.¢. ™Ù·Ì¿Ù˘: “√ π.¡. ∞Á›Ô˘ ∞ı·Ó·Û›Ô˘ ¢ÔÌÓ›ÛÙ·˜”, ∞ı‹Ó· 1986 ª¿ÚÎÔ˘ °ÎÈfiÏÈ·: “™˘Ì‚ÔÏ‹ ÛÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· Ù˘ ∂˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›·˜ ηٿ ÙËÓ ∆Ô˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·”, 1986 ª¿ÚÎÔ˘ °ÎÈfiÏÈ·: “πÛÙÔÚ›· ÙˆÓ ∞Ú¯·›ˆÓ ∂˘Ú˘Ù·ÓÒÓ”, ∞ı‹Ó· 1992 ÷ڿÏ. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˘: “°ÂˆÁÚ·ÊÈΤ˜ ÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ·fi ÙÔ 1829”, ∞Ó¿Ù˘Ô ∂∫¶∂, 1995 ª¿ÚÎÔ˘ °ÎÈfiÏÈ·: “πÛÙÔÚ›· Ù˘ ∂˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›·˜ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÓÂfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ ¯ÚfiÓÔ˘˜”, 1999 ∏ÌÂÚËÛ›·: “∞ӷηχÙÔÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ ∂˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›·” ∞ӷηχ„Ù ÙËÓ ∂ÏÏ¿‰·: “∫·ÚÂÓ‹ÛÈ - ∞Ú¿¯Ô‚·” (ºˆÎ›‰·) ª·Ú›· ¶·Ó·ÁȈÙÔÔ‡ÏÔ˘ - ªÔÙÔÓ¿ÎË: “µÈ‚ÏÈÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi˜ Ô‰ËÁfi˜ ∂˘Ú˘Ù·Ó›·˜”, ∫·ÚÂÓ‹ÛÈ 2007 µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ· - ªfiÚÓÔ˜ ¡. §Ô˘ÎÔÔ‡ÏÔ˘: “µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·”, ∏.ª.∂. 1931 ∂˘ı. ª·ÛÙÚÔÎÒÛÙ·: “∫ÙÈÙÔÚÈ΋ ÂÈÁÚ·Ê‹ ∞Á›·˜ ªÔÓ‹˜ ¢ˆÚ›‰Ô˜” ∞Ó¿Ù˘Ô ·fi ÙÔÓ ∫°’ ∂∂µ™, 1953 ∞ÚÁ. ¶ÂÙÚÔÓÒÙË: “∞Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈο Î·È √ÈÎÈÛÙÈο ªÓËÌ›·”, ∞Ó¿Ù˘Ô ·fi ÙËÓ ∂∂™ª, 1973 ¢ËÌ. ™Ù·Ì¤ÏÔ˘: “∏ ¢ˆÚ›‰· ÛÙËÓ ∆Ô˘ÚÎÔÎÚ·Ù›·”, 1986 °È¿Ó. ∏ÏÈÔÔ‡ÏÔ˘: “§·ÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi ¢ˆÚ›‰·˜”, ∞ı‹Ó· 1987 ª·Ú. §Ô˘ÎÔÔ‡ÏÔ˘ - ¶·ÙÙ›¯Ë: “∂ÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹ - ∫ˆÛÙ¿ÚÈÙÛ·” (¢È¯ÒÚÈ), ∞ı‹Ó· 1990 ¢ˆÚÈ΋ ∞‰ÂÏÊfiÙ˘: “∏ ¢ˆÚ›‰· Û ʈÙÔÁڷʛ˜”, 14Ô ¶·Ó‰ˆÚÈÎfi ™˘Ó¤‰ÚÈÔ 28-29 ∞˘Á. 1991, §È‰ˆÚ›ÎÈ ∂.¡. ™Ù·ıfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “∏ ºˆÎ›‰· Ù˘ ∂·Ó¿ÛÙ·Û˘”, ∞ı‹Ó· 1994 ∫. ™¿ı·: “∆Ô ÃÚÔÓÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ °·Ï·ÍÂȉ›Ô˘”, ¢ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ›·, 1996, ÂÈÌ. ∞Ï.°.∫. ™·‚‚›‰Ë˜ ª·Ú. §Ô˘ÎÔÔ‡ÏÔ˘ - ¶·ÙÙ›¯Ë: “µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·, Ù· ÈÚÈ¿ Ù˘ √ÚÂÈÓ‹˜ ¢ˆÚ›‰·˜”, ∞ı‹Ó· 1996 ÷ڷÏ. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “¢¿ÊÓÔ˜ ‹ ªfiÚÓÔ˜, ∆Ô ¶ÔÙ¿ÌÈ Ù˘ ¡·˘·ÎÙÔ‰ˆÚ›‰·˜”, ∞Ó¿Ù˘Ô ·Ô Ù· ¡·˘·ÎÙȷο 9 (1997) ∞ı·Ó. µ. ∫·Úη‚›ÙÛ·˜: “∑ˆÚÈ·Ófi˜ ¢ˆÚ›‰Ô˜”, ÂΉ. ™˘ÏÏfiÁÔ˘ ∑ˆÚÈ·ÓÈÙÒÓ, ∞ı‹Ó· 2004 °ÈÒÚÁÔ˜ ¢ÂÏfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “µÂÏÔ‡¯È Î·È µ·Ú‰Ô‡ÛÈ·”, ÂÚ. ¡Â¯ˆÚ›ÙÈη 32/2004

∂‡ËÓÔ˜ - ∫fiÙÛ·ÏÔ˜ - ¶fiÚÈ·Ú˘ ÷ڷÏ. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “¡·˘·ÎÙȷο ªÂÏÂÙ‹Ì·Ù·” (∞ 1980, µ. 1983, ° 1985) ¢ÈÔÓ. ªÈÙ¿ÎË: “∂‡ËÓÔ˜, µ·Ú¿ÛÔ‚·, ∫ÏfiÎÔ‚·”, ¡·˘·ÎÙȷο 3 (1986 - 7) ÷ڷÏ. ¢. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “™˘ÓÔÙÈÎfi ¢È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· ÁÈ· ÙË Û˘ÁÁÚ·Ê‹ Ù˘ ∂ÎÎÏËÛÈ·ÛÙÈ΋˜ πÛÙÔÚ›·˜ ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘”, ∂.¡∞.ª., ∞ı‹Ó· 2000 ∂˘ÁÂÓ›· ∫·Ú·ÁÈ¿ÓÓË - ÷ڷϷÌÔÔ‡ÏÔ˘: “™ÂÏ›‰Â˜ ·fi ÙËÓ πÛÙÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘”, ¡·‡·ÎÙÔ˜ 2003 ÷ڿÏ. ¢. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “∆Ô˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ¶˘ÏÏ‹Ó˘ Ù· ÈÚÈ¿”, ∂.¡.∞.ª., 2005 ÷ڿÏ. ¢. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “∆Ô˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ∞ÓÙÈÚÚ›Ô˘ Ù· ÈÚÈ¿”, ∂.¡.∞.ª., 2005 ÷ڿÏ. ¢. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “∆Ô˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ÿÏÎÂÈ·˜ Ù· ÈÚÈ¿”, ∂.¡.∞.ª., 2006 ÷ڿÏ. ¢. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “∆Ô˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ¡·˘¿ÎÙÔ˘ Ë fiÏË Î·È Ù· ÈÚÈ¿”, ∂.¡.∞.ª., 2006 ÷ڿÏ. ¢. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “∆Ô˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ¶Ï·Ù¿ÓÔ˘ Ù· ÈÚÈ¿”, ∂.¡.∞.ª., ˘fi ¤Î‰ÔÛË Ã·Ú¿Ï. ¢. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “∆Ô˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ∞Ô‰ÔÙ›·˜ Ù· ÈÚÈ¿”, ∂.¡.∞.ª., ˘fi ¤Î‰ÔÛË Ã·Ú¿Ï. ¢. ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “∆Ô ∞›ÓÈÁÌ· “∫Ú¿‚·Ú·””, ¡·˘·ÎÙȷ΋ 144, 146, 147, 148/2007 ∂ÊËÌ. ¡·˘·ÎÙȷ΋: 1/1983 - 150/2008-04-16 ∂ÊËÌ. ¡·˘·ÎÙȷ΋: 1/1983 - 14/2008-04-16 “∞ӷηχ„Ù ÙË ¡·˘·ÎÙ›·”, ∞¡¡∞, 2006 ¡ÔÙÈÔ‰˘ÙÈ΋ ¢ˆÚ›‰· - ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ ∏ µ·ÚÓ¿ÎÔ‚·, πÂÚ¿ ªÔÓ‹ Ù˘ ÀÂÚ·Á›·˜ £ÂÔÙfiÎÔ˘, ÂΉ. 1.ª. µ·ÚÓ¿ÎÔ‚·˜, 1975. µ·Û›Ï˘ ∫·ÙÛ·Úfi˜: “ŒÓ· ÃÚÔÓÈÎfi Ù˘ ªÔÓ‹˜ µ·ÚÓ¿ÎÔ‚·˜”, ÂÚ. ∫ÏËÚÔÓÔÌÈ¿, 11/1979 µ·Û›Ï˘ ∫·ÙÛ·Úfi˜: “∑ËÙ‹Ì·Ù· πÛÙÔÚ›·˜ ÂÓfi˜ µ˘˙·ÓÙÈÓÔ‡ ¡·Ô‡ ÎÔÓÙ· ÛÙÔ ∂˘¿ÏÈÔ ¢ˆÚ›‰Ô˜”, ÂÚ. µ˘˙·ÓÙÈÓ¿, 10/1980 °È¿ÓÓ˘ ∏ÏÈfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “ª·Óًψ, ÙÔ µ˘˙·ÓÙÈÓfi ¶ÔÙ¿ÌÈ Ù˘ ¢ˆÚ›‰Ô˜”, ÂÚÈÔ‰. ™ÂÏ›‰Â˜ ·’ ÙË ºˆÎ›‰· 19/πÔ˘Ï.-∞˘Á. 1981 µ·Û›Ï˘ ∫·ÙÛ·Úfi˜: “§fiÁÈ· ™ÙÔȯ›· ÛÙËÓ ∂ÈÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ ÙÔ˘ ¢ÂÛÔÙ¿ÙÔ˘”, ªÔ˘ÛÈÎÔÏ. ™‡ÏÏÔÁÔ˜ ÕÚÙ˘ (ÕÚÙ· 27-31 ª·ÚÙ. 1990) ∞Ú¯ÈÌ. ∂ÈÚËÓ·›Ô˜: “ŸÛÈÔ˜ ∞ÚÛ¤ÓÈÔ˜, Ô ∫Ù›ÙˆÚ Ù˘ π.ª. µ·ÚÓ¿ÎÔ‚·˜”, ¡·‡·ÎÙÔ˜ 1993 °È¿ÓÓ˘ ∏ÏÈfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “∂˘¿ÏÈÔ”, ∞ı‹Ó· 1998 ∞Ú¿Î˘ÓıÔ˜ ∞ÈÙˆÏԷηÚÓ·ÓÈ΋ - ∂˘Ú˘Ù·ÓÈ΋ ∂Á΢ÎÏÔ·›‰ÂÈ· Ù. ∞, µ, °, ¢ ∫ˆÓ. ¶··‰fiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “∆Ô˘ÚÈÛÙÈÎfi˜ √‰ËÁfi˜ Ù˘ ∞Ú¯·›·˜ ¶Ï¢ÚÒÓ·˜”, ∞ı‹Ó· 2001 µ.∞. §·ÌÚfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜: “ªÂÛÔÏfiÁÁÈ”, µ·Û‰¤Î˘ 2003 °È¿ÓÓ˘ ¡. ∫Ô˘Êfi˜: “√ ∫‹Ô˜ ÙˆÓ ∏ÚÒˆÓ”, ∞ı‹Ó· 2007


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ŒÎ‰ÔÛË ∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ∞Ó·Ù˘Íȷ΋ ∞.∂. √.∆.∞. ™˘ÓÙÔÓÈÛÌfi˜ ¤Î‰ÔÛ˘ ∞ÈÙˆÏÈ΋ ∞Ó·Ù˘Íȷ΋ ∞.∂. √.∆.∞. ∂È̤ÏÂÈ· ¤Î‰ÔÛ˘ ∫ÒÛÙ·˜ ∫·Ú·ÁÈ¿ÓÓ˘, ÃÚ‹ÛÙÔ˜ º·ÏÏȤÚÔ˜ ∫›ÌÂÓ· ÷ڿϷÌÔ˜ ÷ڷϷÌfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜ ªÂÙ¿ÊÚ·ÛË ÎÂÈÌ¤ÓˆÓ ª∂∆∞ºƒ∞™π™ ºˆÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ∞ÓÙÒÓ˘ ∫·ÏÔÁ‹ÚÔ˘ ÃÚËÛÈÌÔÔÈ‹ıËÎ·Ó ÊˆÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ·fi ÙÔ ·Ú¯Â›Ô ÙÔ˘ °È¿ÓÓË ƒÔ˘ÛfiÔ˘ÏÔ˘ ºˆÙÔÁÚ·Ê›· Â͈ʇÏÏÔ˘ °È¿ÓÓ˘ ƒÔ˘ÛfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜ ÿÚÙ˜ ∞∆ƒ∞¶√™


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∆√ ¶∞ƒ√¡ ∂¡∆À¶√ Ã∏ª∞∆O¢O∆∂π∆∞π ∞¶O: ∂Àƒø¶∞´∫∏ ∂¡ø™∏ - À¶OÀƒ°∂πO ∞°ƒO∆π∫∏™ ∞¡∞¶∆À•∏™ & ∆ƒOºπªø¡ ∂˘Úˆ·˚Îfi °ÂˆÚÁÈÎfi ∆·ÌÂ›Ô ¶ÚÔÛ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈÛÌÔ‡ Î·È ∂ÁÁ˘‹ÛÂˆÓ ∆Ì‹Ì· ¶ÚÔÛ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈÛÌÔ‡ (∂°∆¶∂ - ¶) ∂ÏÏËÓÈÎfi ¢ËÌfiÛÈÔ (ÀÔ˘ÚÁÂ›Ô ∞ÁÚÔÙÈ΋˜ ∞Ó¿Ù˘Í˘ & ∆ÚÔʛ̈Ó) ∂.¶.∫.¶. LEADER+


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