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NICOLAS LONGUET September 2012

LOCATION: LONGITUDE 9°00 N, LATITUDE 81°00 W  Panama is a country of Central America, south of Costa Rica and north of Colombia.  North of

Panama are the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean; south the Pacific ocean.

Country Map The capital is Panama City. Other large cities: San Miguelito and Tocumen

PHYSICAL MAP Panama is on an isthmus (a narrow strip of land that connects two larger lands). Panama has a chain of mountains in the west (Tabasara Mountains), hills in the interior, and many forests and coasts. The Panama canal is an important way of communication.

LANDFORMS CONT. Topping out around 11,400 feet, the Panama's highest peak is also a volcano. The Baru Volcano --- sometimes referred to as Chiriqui Volcano --- is dormant. No major eruptions have occurred in more than 1,000 years. The volcano itself is part of the Talamanca range of mountains that divide Costa Rica and Panama

GOVERNMENT AND CURRENCY Panama is a constitutional democracy, its President is Ricardo Martinelli

The Currency is the BALBOA, but U.S. dollar is used.

Panama has 3.4 million people. Most of them are mestizos (mixed Native Americans and Europeans). There are also blacks, whites and Chinese people. Language Spanish is the official language, but many people are bilingual and speak English. Native people speak various languages.

Religion The majority of Panama’ s population is Roman Catholic. The rest belongs to various Protestant churches.

Food In Panama people say that you haven’t eaten if you haven’t had rice. Rice is served with eggs, chicken, beef , sardines, meat, fish, potatoes and beans.

THE PANAMA CANAL Construction of the Panama Canal began in 1907 and was completed in 1914. There were enormous obstacles to the construction, both engineering challenges and the problem of tropical disease. The Panama Canal was a great engineering achievement. The Panama Canal is an important contribution to the economy of the country.

THE PANAMA CANAL A ship traveling from New York to San Francisco can save 7,872 miles (12,669 km) by using the Panama Canal instead of going down around South America.

Panama Hat


The Panama hats as called nowadays are made out of palm straws. The name of Panama hat does not come from the place of origin of these hats, which are Ecuador Manabi and Montecristi. Straw hats were shipped from Ecuador to Panama before sailing for their destinations in Asia, America and Europe. The name reflects the point of their international sale. U.S. President Roosevelt visited the Panama Canal construction wearing a Panama hat, which increased its popularity.

HARPY EAGLE The national bird of Panama is the harpy eagle, a rare bird that eats monkeys, opossums, porcupines, snakes, iguanas and anteaters.


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5 themes of geography