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FEATURES IN THIS EDITION aratah W Don’t think twice, use Longlife ● Beef Australia Countdown begins to Beef Australia 2015 ●
Gallagher Find fault quickly with Gallagher’s innovative iSeries Energizer ● Coprice Preparation for Winter: Importance of feed ●
AFL Star & AWDRI Aligned & Determined for a better future
Marketing of Augmented
aratah – Don’t think twice, W use Longlife allagher – Find fault quickly G with Gallagher’s innovative iSeries Energizer
12 iO –This Shotgun won’t miss Countdown begins to Beef 14 Australia 2015 AFL Star & AWDRI – Aligned 16 & Determined for a better future
Don’t let insects get cosy 18 this winter Teck Update: Eryvac – 19 the Economics – Preparation for 19 Coprice Winter: Importance of feed JD Shock drives Biosecurity 22 Oimprovements at a bordertown
24 Making Independence Rewarding
Products & Rainfast Glyphosate
rop Care – Tackle Paterson’s C curse with Agtryne MA from Crop Care
250g/L MCPA present as the ethyl hexyl ester, 25 g/l Diflufenican
340g/L MCPA (present as the dimethylamine salt), 80 g/l Dicamba
For the control of broadleaf weeds in winter cereals and clover.
For control of certain broadleaf weeds in winter cereals and non-crop areas.
Woody Weed Control AXEMAN
200 g/L Triclopyr present as the triethylamine salt. 100 g/L Picloram present as the triisopropanolamine salt.
600 g/L TRICLOPYR
For the control of various woody and broadleaf weeds.
For the control of unwanted timber by stem injection or cut stump/brushcutter application and control of blackberry, gorse and harrisia cactus by foliage spray.
COMPARABLE PRODUCT Titan™, Garlon 600™
COMPARABLE PRODUCT Tordon Double Strength™
ACTIVE 500 g/L CHLORPYRIFOS
200 g/L FIPRONIL
For post-construction management of subterranean termites in accord with the Australian Standard Series AS 3660 and other domestic insect pests and certain insect pests of fruit, vegetables, field crops, pastures turf, and other situations
DESCRIPTION For the control of various insect pests in bananas, brassicas, cotton, wine grapevines, mushrooms, pasture, potatoes, sorghum and sugarcane
Regent™, Surefire Vista™
Lorsban™, Fortune 500™
250 g/L BIFENTHRIN
18 g/L ABAMECTIN
DESCRIPTION Controls insect pests and mites of apricots, bananas, barley, canola, citrus, clover, cotton, faba beans, field peas, grapes, lucerne, lucerne seed crops, lupins, navy beans, nectarines, peaches, pears, plums subterranean clover, sugarcane, tomatoes and wheat
For the control of certain mites on cotton, citrus, apples, capsicums, hops, pears, tomatoes, ornamentals and strawberries and native budworm on cotton.
Crop Care Astral 250™
APPARENT SURROUND TERMITICIDE ACTIVE
250 g/L BIFENTHRIN
Controls insect pests and mites of apricots, bananas, barley, canola, citrus, clover, cotton, faba beans, field peas, grapes, lucerne, lucerne seed crops, lupins, navy beans, nectarines, peaches, pears, plums subterranean clover, sugarcane, tomatoes and wheat
COMPARABLE PRODUCT Crop Care Astral 250™
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MARKETING OF AUGMENTED PRODUCTS & RAINFAST GLYPHOSATE The concept of an “augmented product” was first described by Kotler in 1972 and it has grown rapidly since then to the extent that we now have “core” products packaged with so-called augmented “benefits” covering many consumer goods. Perhaps the classic example is a credit card which offers the same level of credit to the holder, but comes in different colours (green, blue, gold, platinum and black in the case of American Express), subject to the image you wish to create for yourself. Regardless of colour, the core product (credit) remains the same, but American Express sells the colour. Augmented benefits usually come with a premium, although there are many examples where the augmentation is priced into the core product, for example, a warranty on a motor vehicle or a seat that converts to a bed on an airline. As a general rule, generic products are mostly core products, that is, they carry no extra incentives apart from basic function and certainly do not carry a premium. On the other hand many premium products are today often marketed at the augmented product level, for example, fullservice airlines and banks whose core products are quite prosaic. WHY DOES THIS MATTER TO THE FARMER?
Augmentation is the latest MNC response to generic agricultural chemicals. The MNC which originally introduced Glyphosate to the global market more than 30 years ago recently commenced augmenting Glyphosate with a new benefit known as rainfastness, that is, the benefit of being able to spray Glyphosate even if rain is forecast to fall immediately after the spraying ceases. Most Glyphosate is “rainfast” with three hours of spraying, but it is claimed that the augmentation reduces this time to 30 minutes. The introduction of the benefit of rainfastness is somewhat cynical because the technology has been available for 30 years and rainfastness was not seen as a problem until generic Glyphosate forced the MNC to reduce its prices. As a seller of Glyphosate we would, of course, make this claim, but there is no need to rely on our view alone. Syngenta, in a brochure about Spray.Seed® wrote, “The peace of mind generated by rainfastness is only effective if the herbicide works. Rainfastness is a science and not a marketing tool”.
the University of Wisconsin. The trial pitted a generic Glyphosate 360 with 70 g/L of wetter against Roundup® WeatherMAX®, a generic Glyphosate with 140 g/L wetter plus a non-ionic surfactant and WeatherMAX® with the same non-ionic surfactant. The target weed was “Lambsquarters”. You will note from the trial results (below) that the generic Glyphosate 360 with 70 g/L of wetter (Glystar®) was around 58% rainfast after 30 minutes following simulated rain. Roundup® WeatherMAX® was around 61% rainfast after the same period. I should mention at this stage that Glyphosate 360 is the standard formulation in the US. In Australia we use 150 g/L of wetter in Glyphosate 360 while Glyphosate 450 with 120 g/L of wetter is used in broad-acre agriculture. Therefore, we could expect an improved performance in Australia with 150 g/L of wetter and, indeed, a significant improvement with other APPARENT® Glyphosate products. When a non-ionic surfactant is added to both products, after two hours you will note that WeatherMAX® is around 75% rainfast after simulated rain, the same level as generic Glyphosate 360. After four hours, WeatherMAX® is around 89% rainfast after simulated rain, while generic Glyphosate 360 with the additive (Glystar Plus®) is around 82% rainfast. Thus using only two of six factors controlling rainfastness (mode of action and intensity of rainfall) we note that generic Glyphosate demonstrates a significant level of rainfastness while WeatherMAX® demonstrates around a 9% improvement. Please note that the control showed that without simulated rainfall, all four products averaged 96% across all treatments. In trials that clearly demonstrate Spray.Seed® (and therefore generic versions of this product) is virtually rainfast after 15 minutes, Syngenta also trialled the application rate of premium Glyphosate on rainfastness for comparison purposes. The results are very interesting! Glyphosate 510 g/L (without additives) applied at the rate of 2.88 L/ha is virtually rainfast after two hours. However, the same Glyphosate applied at 0.72 L/ha is around 25% rainfast after six hours.
SYNGENTA GOES ON TO DESCRIBE THE CIRCUMSTANCES THAT INFLUENCE THE RAINFAST PERIOD: ◆ Mode
HOURS BEFORE RAIN HOURS BEFORE RAIN
Essentially, one has to have all ducks in a row for rainfastness to become a reality in less than two hours. Therefore if you use the new “rainfast” Glyphosate at a low a rate and it is followed by very heavy rain, there will be no rainfastness. If you use a poor wetter there will also be no rainfastness and so on. The sale of Glyphosate augmented with a rainfast property comes with a claim that the product is 100% rainfast and an imputation that other Glyphosates are not rainfast. However, this claim is far from true as the following results show from trials conducted by
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of action of the herbicide weed species ◆ Rate of herbicide applied ◆ Climatic conditions during application ◆ Rainfall intensity ◆ Weed growing conditions ◆ Target
HOURS BEFORE RAIN
UNDER THE SPOTLIGHT LONGLIFE ALWAYS OUTPERFORMS.
LONGLIFE® BLUE COLOUR® WIRE LONGLIFE® BLUE COATING INTACT HEAVY GALVANIZED WIRE – COATING ENTIRELY CORRODED
STANDARD GALVANIZED WIRE – COATING ENTIRELY CORRODED
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DO IT ONCE. DO IT RIGHT. DO IT LONGLIFE . ®
Why risk anything else?
Longlife Blue always outperforms and outlasts standard and heavy galvanized wire.
Waratah Longlife Blue colour’s coating remained intact, whilst both standard and heavy galvanized wires experienced total coating degradation.
GALVAN STD IZ E X
AN HEA V Y GALV
®TM Registered trademarks of OneSteel Wire Pty Limited, Ingall Street, Mayfield, NSW 2304. ABN 59 000 010 873. All rights Reserved. SJ0646
Waratah have extended the original 1000 hour salt spray test to 3000 hours, and the results speak for themselves.
The conclusion you may reach from these two studies is that you can achieve a high level of rainfastness by simply increasing the application rate of the Glyphosate and, indeed, based on US literature, this practice is recommended throughout the US. You may also conclude that without paying attention to rain forecasts, even after only 30 minutes most Glyphosate products will be around 50% rainfast. Thus if it rains 30 minutes after you have completed spraying all is not lost, but you may have to complete a second pass with reduced rate. As you will note the above - and particularly the two studies – there is no such concept as “absolute rainfastness” (which the MNC implies), only degrees of rainfastness and the new, augmented Glyphosate gives only marginal improvement provided all of the ducks are in a row. For example, if you use a rainfast Glyphosate with a poor wetter at a low concentration on the wrong weed and followed by heavy rain there will be no rainfastness whatsoever. Therefore, does rainfastness matter? Probably not, because there is a viable alternative to paying a premium for rainfast Glyphosate or increasing the application rate – simply wait for a period when no rain is forecast for at least four hours, but preferably six hours! Waiting is something that Australian farmers have been doing for 30 years without too much inconvenience. Waiting is also less of a problem these days because of the unfortunate increase in the number of rain-free days in Australia.
However, for those who are not prepared to wait and are seeking the marginal improvement that use of a non-ionic surfactant can achieve, APPARENT already has a product that may be added to our Glyphosate to improve rainfastness. This product is APPARENT GOLD Wetter 1000. When added to the tank mix at 2% of volume, APPARENT GOLD Wetter 1000 will give the same degree of rainfastness as any other Glyphosate product on the market. However, we will not incorporate a non-ionic acid in our drums of Glyphosate products because it will only be of value if it happens to rain immediately after spraying. Therefore farmers will not have to waste money on an augmented benefit which could have been introduced 30 years ago (when it did rain more frequently), but was
not introduced because there was no threat from generics at the time. Finally, we cannot emphasise strongly enough that the solution to rainfastness is a good wetter. Without a good wetter, any innovation to promote rainfastness is a waste of money because the Glyphosate will not even remain on the leaf, much less be absorbed into the leaf. When Terwet 3780 – the wetter used in our APPARENT Glyphosate 450 was developed – its design included humectancy which allows it absorb and retain water. Thus when you use APPARENT Glyphosate 450, rain will actually be absorbed by the wetter rather than washing it away. Obviously the level of absorption will depend upon the intensity of the rain, but no Glyphosate is rainfast under very heavy rainfall.
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DON’T THINK TWICE, USE LONGLIFE®
Contractor Kelly Smith has been working in rural industries his entire life and understands the importance of having fencing products which are efficient to erect and can withstand varying climate conditions. Being based in Collarenebri in north western New South Wales, much of the work he does is in areas prone to flooding and acidic soils, making the durability of the fencing products a high priority. Using quality products can also save Mr Smith a massive amount of time and labour costs. “If I was driving in 500 posts of anything besides Waratah the job would take me two days. Other posts would snap if they had to be straightened or moved and the hole spacings vary so much they wouldn’t match the fabricated fence products. “Waratah posts are flexible and can bend without snapping, so I can get the job done in a day.” Mr Smith’s also been impressed with the strength of Waratah’s Longlife products and JIO posts along waterways. “The 2.5mm Waratah Longlife Iowa barb takes very well to water and can be put up across a creek. “When the debris floats through and gets stuck on the fence, I can just unclip or cut the barb and re-run the wire.
“The Longlife products are essential in conditions like these because of the high corrosion and fences sitting in the water for extended periods of time.” Kelly works closely with his local Waratah rep, Dougall Roberts, to make sure he is using the right products for his jobs. “I can give Dougall a call at any time, and he comes out and provides excellent advice. “We had some issues with South African bred sheep on a property based in the Walgett Shire. They tend to be a bit of an aggressive breed and we have had problems with fences trying to hold them in. “We used the Stocktite Longlife 7/90/30 fencing wire and have been the talk of the district since – the sheep haven’t got out.” Mr Smith lives by the motto ‘do it properly or don’t do it at all’ and that’s how he does his fencing. “Waratah and Waratah only; quite simply, I won’t use anything else.”
Collarenebri fencing contractor Kelly Smith. Photo caption: Media contact: James Tolmie 02 8204 3730 About OneSteel Waratah: Waratah fencing has been servicing the needs of Australian farmers for 130 years. Waratah is a registered trademark of OneSteel Wire Pty Ltd, Ingall St Mayfield NSW 2304. ABN 59000 010 873. People wanting to know more about Waratah products can call Waratah Sales & Service on 13 10 80 or visit www. waratahfencing.com.au for more information. Waratah products are available from your local rural distributor.
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FIND FAULT QUICKLY WITH GALLAGHER’S INNOVATIVE i SERIES ENERGIZER Fence data you can quickly see and fast fault finding are just two highlight features of Gallagher’s innovative i Series. Malcolm Linn, Gallagher Australia’s General Manager, says technology on the i Series breaks new ground for electric fencing. “Generally, energizers sit in the shed to protect them from the elements, so data on the unit’s display is not easily accessible. However, the i Series is different. It has an Energizer Controller that farmers can put where they can easily see it — outside their back door or somewhere obvious for a quick drive-by, so you can instantly monitor the fence’s condition and the Energizer’s performance. “It’s very obvious and very easy. “You can also use the Controller to turn the Energizer on or off, set alarm thresholds and make adjustments to the target output voltage.” The i Series has three models: M1200i, M1800i and M2800i. “The M1800i and M2800i Energizers can be controlled remotely with a Remote and Fault Finder. That means you don’t have to waste time returning to the Energizer to turn it on or off when you want to fix a fault. Now that’s very useful if you’re on the other side of the farm! “The i Series Energizers have some highefficiency components that really deliver outstanding performance and stock control. They’re practical, yet simple.” EVEN EASIER FAULT FINDING Malcolm says, “The i Series has some other world-leading technology, too: fence monitors for the M1800i and M2800i units can be strategically placed to divide a fence system into zones. It’s quick and easy to locate a fault: all you have to do is look at the Controller — the number of the monitor near the fault changes colour. “It’s becoming harder to find workers, and farmers tell us they welcome anything that reduces time and maintenance. Technology in the i Series is exactly how Gallagher continues to solve daily challenges in farming — it gives
farmers peace of mind that their fences are being constantly monitored for optimal performance.” TOUGH Malcolm says, “All i Series Energizers have been designed to cope with temperature extremes, and are highly tolerant of power fluctuations that can occur rurally. “Extensively trialled, all Energizers feature a rugged, water and insect-resistant casing that’s designed to ensure many years of use in the toughest of rural conditions.
“Good electric fencing is critical to a successful farming operation, so the whole aim of i Series Fence Energizer Systems is to assure farmers their fences are doing the job they were put there to do.” ONLINE FENCE MONITORING ADDS TO PEACE OF MIND With Gallagher’s i Series Energizer system, farmers can monitor fence performance via the Controller, allowing them to quickly see a problem and take action before it’s an issue.
SAVE TIME Phil Whitten, business development manager for Observant, says, “We’ve created an interface so farmers can see the same information that’s on the Controller: whether the Energizer is on, the voltage, if it’s off, then for how long, and so on. “You can set up six zones on the i Series, and can also set up alerts for those zones with this system. If there are any issues, an SMS is sent to the farmer’s phone.
And they can also do it online: the System Data Controller is a remote monitoring platform, “Importantly it tells you which zone the problem supported by agricultural is in — which is a huge services company “Good electric fencing is critical to time-saving feature. Observant. a successful farming operation, so “It means faults don’t Malcolm Linn says, “It’s the whole aim of i Series Fence have to wait for you to all about peace of mind come back to physically Energizer Systems is to assure and saving time. see them. You can either farmers their fences are doing the “Anyone who has an head there yourself as job they were put there to do.” i Series Energizer can soon as you receive the add a System Data SMS alert, or send a Controller, subscribe to - Malcolm Linn, General Manager, worker to fix it. Gallagher Australia the Observant Global “And forget horror stories platform, and can then of wasting time, fault hunting along kilometres view and manage their entire system — which of fencing; because the System Data Controller could be multiple zones across a property — replicates online what’s on the Controller, the using a web browser on their desktop PC, laptop SMS alert will tell you the exact zone where the or compatible smart phone. issue is.” “This feature will also let farmers receive alerts CONTAINMENT AND FERAL FENCING via text or email, set alarms and turn their fence Malcolm says this is the perfect system for on and off from their phone or computer.” farmers who spend time checking their fences over significantly remote distances — whether it’s 10km or hundreds of kilometres from the hub. “It gives peace of mind — particulalry if there are feral predator or escapee issues, where fence security is highly important.” CONFIDENCE TO INSTALL And there’s another benefit too. “Sometimes due to cost, farmers don’t install fencing where they’d ideally like. But because electric fencing just 40%-60% the cost of conventional fencing, knowing you’ll be instantly made aware of a problem with this system may just give the confidence to install a fence.”
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‘PLUG AND PLAY’ The System Data Controller is a self-install unit: farmers who have an i Series Energizer can just grab a unit, hook it up and away they go, they don’t need to be technically minded to be able to hook it in. It’s an out-of-the-box solution that’s just “plug and play”, and you get access to your information within 48 hours of signing up.
AVOID TRANSPORTING HERBICIDE RESISTANCE ACROSS THE LANDSCAPE Herbicide resistant weeds are spreading through Queensland’s landscapes using all the available modes of transport—vehicles, animals, wind and water.
Good weed management practice is the only way to slow the dispersion of resistant weeds. The first step is addressing the practices that contribute to the herbicide resistance. The second step is to look at how resistant weeds might move around the landscape. Finding new and varied ways to control weeds is the challenge for both farmers and the managers of our ‘linear corridors’, such as roads, railways and irrigation channels. Some weeds are more vulnerable to herbicide resistance that others, but the repeated and frequent use of just one chemical and few, if any, non-chemical weed control tactics increases the chance of herbicide resistance in all species. This has great potential to remove currently effective herbicides from the available options for weed control. If a high risk weed is managed using high risk tactics then herbicide resistance will occur sooner rather than later. Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) senior research scientist, Dr David Thornby, said this resistance can occur on grain farms and in the connecting corridors across the landscape, and transfer from one site to another can easily occur. “The way weeds are managed in each situation is the main determinant of herbicide resistance risk,” he said. “If a grains paddock is connected to other land use zones, such as a roadside, cotton paddock or a livestock enterprise, there is a risk that herbicide resistance can develop on these other zones, if high risk tactics are employed, and be transferred to the grains paddock, and vice versa.” Dr Thornby said the more ‘connected’ a paddock was to the landscape the higher the risk of
herbicide resistance potentially being transported across the landscape. Some managers of non-cropping areas such as roadsides, irrigation channels, national parks, railway tracks and powerlines, are limited in their weed control resources and options. For many, herbicides are the only viable management strategy and sometimes there are community or political pressures to avoid using certain herbicides. This often leads to an overreliance on glyphosate. “Glyphosate is the most widely used and useful herbicide available but its repeated and frequent use places strong selection pressure on a weed population, leading eventually to glyphosate resistance,” he said. “If this herbicide is ‘lost’ to land managers, on farms or on public land, weeds will gain the upper hand and there will be few control options available.” In practical terms, Dr Thornby recommends that weed management teams responsible for weed control on public land and the linear corridors across the landscape assess their weed
management plans and practice. “Our workshops and meetings with land managers across Queensland have identified a wide range of weed control practices,” he said. “There are some very high risk operators and some organisations that were more informed about the risks of herbicide resistance than others.” Dr Thornby encourages all land managers to critically assess their weed control tactics and to make a concerted effort to implement as many tactics as possible, rather than following a standard spraying routine. “If resources are limited though, the greatest effort should be directed at areas that are exposed to the highest management risk and monitoring the effectiveness of each control event,” said Dr Thornby. “There is a very high risk of herbicide resistance of grass weeds developing after about 15 years, if high risk management practices are routinely applied.” Weeds are capable of developing cross-resistance to multiple herbicide modes of action so nonchemical control measures need to be included in any weed management strategy. Preventing seed set and destroying weed seeds is known to be effective in combating herbicide resistance. The WeedSmart initiative provides a 10 point plan that is designed mainly to assist broadacre crop farmers but the principles are also relevant to weed control teams in non-farming organisations when planning their weed management strategy. More information on the Weedsmart program is available at www.weedsmart.org.au
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1. D AFF senior research scientist, Dr David Thornby, said herbicide resistance can occur in weeds on grain farms and in the connecting corridors across the landscape, and transfer from one site to another can easily occur. (Click on the image for high resolution version)
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spearhead the RATSHOT range of rodent control baits, formulated in Tasty paste & All weather blocks. We also have in our star line up RATSHOTRed with Brodifacoum for larger or established Rodent populations for the quickest of control.
Rats, mice, grain pests and feral rabbits are on notice with the introduction of Freezone Public Health Pty Ltd innovative range of world class pest control products now partnering with IO. Utilising local experienced chemists & formulators Freezone has developed many of our products right here in Australia targeted specifically for Australian conditions and pests, products like SHOTGUN for Feral Rabbit control and our innovative range of Grain protectants called Smartgrain IGR & Smartgrain DUAL that combines for the first time DUAL actives Fenitrothion & S-Methoprene in our proprietary food based formulation making Smartgrain cleaner & greener for our grains. RATSHOT-blue pack shot:* WHEN IT COMES TO RAT & MOUSE CONTROL ASK WHATS THE DIF? Ag, Piggery, Poultry, Dairy, Commercial or Domestic rodent control needs this season ASK your local rural retailer, WHAT’S the DIF? RATSHOT with Difenacoum really is the Answer
RATSHOT-Blue ‘’as we call it’’ with Difenacoum more than any other Active Ingredient targets Rats & Mice specifically with relatively small amounts of bait required to Kill, yet poses a much lower risk to Dogs, Pets and Livestock comparatively speaking. Unlike many anticoagulants sold in Australia Difenacoum is more specific to Rats & Mice and less efficient on non targets making it in our opinion the best all-round rodenticide on the market.
Look at the graph provided and you will note that Difenacoum act’s much more consistently across the board with higher amount’s of primary feeding required to achieve LD50 on Non-targets. While actives such as Flocoumafen & Brodifacoum vary greatly on different animals making them much less predictable and toxic to Non Target Animals. The other point worth noting is RATSHOT-blue’s effectiveness on Mice, only .4 of a gram competing with the most toxic actives for efficient kill, making this an excellent product of choice for domestic use through to intensive farming operations. Freezone has any number of active ingredients available to us but chose Difenacoum to
Our goal with IO-RATSHOT is to lead the way with a more balanced approach to the use of Rodenticides by promoting bait rotation, pulse baiting techniques for the more powerful RATSHOT-Red and to increase awareness and advantages of using RATSHOT-LOCKED Bait Stations. BAIT FORMULATION TECHNOLOGY-TASTY PASTE & ALL WEATHER BLOCK: RATSHOT in either active today comes in two bait forms, Tasty Paste & All Weather blocks that have been Scientifically Developed to target both RAT & MOUSE taste buds for Rapid Uptake and Kill. Block baits are common place today in Australia due to their ease of use but with the introduction of RATSHOT Killer Paste customers now have a powerful new tool at their disposal for control of Fussy Rodents. Packed full of nutrients, flavour and aroma for the fussiest of Rodents. *Please note all anticoagulant rodenticides have the potential to poison, always use a bait station where possible and limit access to baits. Primary poisoning as we call it or where a Dog or Pet’s eat’s the actual bait need not occur. Always lock your baits away! (Always refer to the product label) SHOTGUN Developed in Australia by Freezone SHOTGUN uses the active ingredient Pindone, Pindone is a first generation anticoagulant that was first used overseas as a Rodenticide, in Australia it has been selected and registered for it’s effectiveness on Rabbits but equally important it’s lower toxicity to non targets. Precaution and care should always be taken when using SHOTGUN, Free Gate Warning signs are supplied in every bucket. (always refer to the product label) Once called Chainsaws of the desert Rabbits today still represent one of the biggest environmental challenges for our country, used as part of an over all control program SHOTGUN Pindone Oats will reduce feral Rabbit population’s. SHOTGUN is registered in all states & Territories.
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URRY LAST DAYS !! OFFE R EN 30 JU DS 2014NE
SWING IN FOR CASH BACK•
CYCLONE CASH BACK IS BACK. Customers will receive $10 CASH BACK* on every gate purchased in May and June 2014. Direct your customers to our website www.cycloneproducts.com.au/ gatecashback and follow the steps to make their claim. Proof of purchase to be sent to: Cyclone Gate Cash Back, PO Box 6554, Frenchs Forest, NSW 2086. Be sure to get in quick and stock up on Australia’s favourite rural gates!
OFFER 1ST MAY TO 30TH JUNE *For terms and conditions including a list of eligible gate products refer to www.cycloneproducts.com.au Registered trademark of OneSteel Wire Pty Limited ABN 59 000 010 873 Ingall St, Mayfield 2304.
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COUNTDOWN BEGINS TO BEEF AUSTRALIA 2015 The countdown has begun with just 365 days to go until Beef Australia 2015, the biggest and most comprehensive cattle industry exposition in the country. Held just once every three years in the beef capital of Rockhampton, Central Queensland, the next event will take place from 4 to 9 May 2015. The 2012 event attracted more than 85,000 visitors through the gates of Rockhampton Showgrounds, including more than 600 international guests representing 37 different countries. The Beef Australia 2015 program is expected to feature more than 4500 cattle, 500 trade sites, education facilities and business meeting facilities, as well as a range of restaurants, bars and retail outlets. “The event is more than a showcase of
Australian cattle – it is about growing the beef industry by creating new export opportunities by engaging the international agribusiness community; it is about improving the productivity of producers through our education program; and it is about building excitement in beef as a product through our consumer awareness activities,” Beef Australia Chairman Blair Angus said.
“Beef Australia 2015 is a celebration of all facets of the beef industry in Australia and facilitates new trade and export opportunities by exposing the local supply chain to the international industry leaders. "It’s also the industry’s chance every three years to eat, play and learn about all things beef and for the general public to enjoy beef in ways they have never experienced before.” Beef Australia Chief Executive Denis Cox said the development of the program was well underway, with eight producer and industry
led committees in place to drive preparation of different aspects of the event, including the stud and commercial cattle competitions, the carcase judging, the education and seminars programs, and the ever-popular property tours. “Our International Committee has been in place for more than a year, with promotional materials already produced in 10 different languages and being distributed to our key export markets,” Mr Cox said. The countdown to Beef Australia 2015 will be celebrated in coming weeks with two industry launch events to be held in Brisbane and Rockhampton. More information is available at www.beefaustralia.com.au
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AFL STAR & AWDRI
ALIGNED & DETERMINED FOR A BETTER FUTURE AFL meets the companion animal rescue world. It’s certainly not an everyday occurrence but one that has enriched the life of one very lucky red and tan kelpie indeed.
The story of Ralph. Where chances of life were once gravely slim, this lucky dog was plucked from death row in a rural council pound by his saviours, Australian Working Dog Rescue Int (AWDRI). Now, living a life of luxury, the once discarded 18 month old worker has been adopted by one of Richmond’s AFL footballers, Ben Griffiths. Outside the daily realms of his full time football commitments, Ben was keen to become involved with an animal charity in a way that could be slotted amicably into his daily regime. Fast becoming an integral part of the voluntary team the star forward conducts home checks, transports from pounds and even takes in the odd foster dog for the not for profit organisation. “I’ve
always had an interest in animals”, said Ben, “and in 2013 I wanted to work with them in some sort of capacity”. “I’d looked into animal studies of sorts and found that, with my football commitments, I really didn’t have the time”. Along came AWDRI. In the latter part of 2013, Ben started fostering for the organisation but didn’t expect to find his best mate in the process. Ralph was found wandering the local bottle shop car park in Mildura and was quickly taken in by local pound operators who were keen to see the striking pooch gain a second chance at life. “I didn’t expect to find my own dog so quickly and was fairly happy to foster for a while, but the minute I saw a photograph of Ralph I just had to have him”, said Ben. The two are totally inseparable, with Ralph even making the odd appearance at the Punt Rd Oval. As luck would happen, or instincts would have it, Ralph also has quite an eye for
sheep and the two have dabbled in a bit of hobby sheep herding which they both just love. The 17th annual State Cattle, Sheep & Duck Dog Championships, conducted at Beloka Kelpie Stud in late 2013, saw Ralph take out first place in the kelpie high jump and second in the kelpie dash. So with the World Record High Jump event taking place later in the year, with Ralph the champion it’s clearly going to be a case of ‘watch this space’! To become involved with AWDRI on a volunteer basis simply visit the website and complete an application form to adopt, foster, or volunteer. www. WorkingDogRescue.com.au Photo credit: Akemi Photography. www.akemiphotography.com.au
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DON’T LET INSECTS GET COSY THIS WINTER ‘Don’t give insects a cosy resort lifestyle’ is the message being delivered to grain growers this winter with a strategic storage and equipment clean out saving costly grain quality issues later in the year. Senior Development Agronomist with the Postharvest Grain Protection Team at Queensland’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) Philip Burrill says when it comes to controlling pests in stored grain, prevention is better than cure and winter is the ideal time to act. “Grain residues in storages or older grain stocks held over from last season provide ideal breeding sites,” Mr Burrill said. “Good hygiene has a significant impact on reducing storage pest numbers and winter is the ideal time to act with insects moving about much less,” he said. (See graphs.) Recognising that growers play a pivotal role in determining grain quality for Australia’s export and domestic markets, the Plant Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre and Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC) is funding insect ecology research and grain storage extension projects to provide information resources to assist growers achieve improved pest control results in on-farm storage. Mr Burrill’s recommendations for ensuring good stored grain hygiene include: Pick a sunny day if silos need to be washed out, particularly if you had an infestation in a silo last season. All ‘seed’ silos should be washed out and left open to dry. DE dust (such as Dryacide) can then be applied as a structural treatment. A thorough clean out of storage facilities and equipment in winter is likely to significantly reduce the spring time storage pest numbers looking to infest freshly
harvested winter grains. This, matched with good aeration cooling practice during storage, should ensure that the number of infestations and fumigation treatments required is significantly reduced.
term reputation as a reliable, grain supplier.
Check all monitoring and recording gear is in order and ready to use including insect sieves, probe traps, identification chart, storage record book and/or spread sheet, CVD supplies, supplies of DE, grain protectants and fumigation gear.
Two handy publications are Hygiene and Structural Treatments for Grain Storage http://storedgrain.com.au/grain-storagefact-sheet-hygiene-structural-treatmentsfor-grain-storage/ and Pressure testing sealable silos http://storedgrain.com.au/ pressure-testing-sealable-silos-grdc-factsheet-september-2010/
Be mindful, plan and record which storages have had insecticide structural treatments like Fenitrothion applied. Check the label with grain buyers before application. Remember that for almost all growers Dichlorvos is not able to be used on farm. See the current APVMA permit.
Information on stored grain management techniques is available at the GRDC Stored Grain Information Hub at www.storedgrain. com.au
1. Research suggests that mid-winter is a good time to do your major grain storage and equipment clean up. During the rest of the year, “clean as you go”.
Clean grain residues from headers after the completion of sorghum harvest and apply DE. Trucks, auger hoppers, field bins, seed silos should also be cleaned out. Remove grain piles from around storage facilities or any grain grading in bags in sheds. A bag of infested grain can produce more than one million insects during a year which can fly to other grain storages and start new infestations. If dumping waste grain on-farm, move well away from storages and spread it out to less than 25 mm so storage pests are not provided with suitable shelter, food and a new breeding site. “Winter is also a good time for growers to check aeration equipment is in good working order and to do a pressure test on sealable silos to check for damaged rubber seals or lids,” Mr Burrill said. Mr Burrill says being vigilant when it comes to pest control and grain quality in on-farm storage will pay dividends when it comes to marketing and confirming a grower’s long
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ERYVAC – THE ECONOMICS (South-eastern Australia, Merino) Many producers are familiar with the benefits of using Eryvac vaccine in ewes to prevent erypsipelas arthritis in their offspring for the first six to eight weeks of life. Eryvac now has an additional claim for use in lambs, with two doses administered at marking and weaning. This new label claim means producers can extend the protection of their flock to cover other critical risk periods such as the post-marking period and at shearing. Dr Graham Lean1 completed an analysis2 of the financial benefits of using the new Eryvac vaccination program in the ewe and lamb and has concluded that the program is profitable in both specialist fine wool and prime lamb flocks.
In south-eastern Australia, fine wool producers who undertake the new Eryvac vaccination program can expect to see an increase in profits of over $11,000 per year. This figure can be broken down as profits of approximately $640 per 1,000 sheep, or $1.40 per ewe, based on a flock structure of 45% of the flock run as ewes. Simply put, fine wool enterprises seeing as little as 1 in 200 lambs affected by erysipelas arthritis can expect to profit by implementing the new Eryvac vaccination program. In addition, producers following the new Eryvac vaccination protocol will experience significant labour savings and have a positive impact on animal welfare.
THE NEW ERYVAC VACCINATION PROGRAM: Description
4-6 weeks (e.g. marking)
4 weeks later (e.g. weaning)
At the time of joining up until 8 weeks prior to lambing
4 weeks prior to lambing
4 weeks prior to lambing
Ewes – not previously vaccinated
Pregnant ewes – previously vaccinated
Preparation for Winter:
IMPORTANCE OF FEED Winter is fast approaching, and with the falling temperatures it is really important that our horses body condition doesn’t drop off either. An increase in available nutrients, such as fats and fibre, is paramount to making sure your horse is ready for the winter months and ensuring they are in ideal condition in Autumn gives them the best head start. It is much harder to build condition than it is to maintain it!
One of the key nutrients to maintain their condition is fat, along with balanced nutrients including fibre. Fats are an important form of energy, being a slow release fuel and are a key to keeping your horse in good condition. Fat takes some time to be properly utilised by the horse and should be fed for at least 1 month before the onset of the cooler weather so your horse can fully appreciate the benefits. This will ensure your horse has the body condition and the ability to absorb the calories provided by dietary fats
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during winter. Fats are available in oil form as well as supplement form, such as rice bran. Rice bran is a high fibrous fat supplement, derived from polishing the bran layer off brown rice. This fibrous layer provides a unique blend of natural antioxidants, including Vitamin E, and is rich in omega 6. Omega 6 is an excellent nutrient for body and muscle condition, as well as skin and coat condition, especially important during wet winters, for both woolly and rugged horses. Rice bran is also a good natural source of biotin, a key vitamin to hoof strength, and important to hoof soundness during winter. With a high fat content (minimum 17.0%) Rice bran can be added through a complete feed, such as CopRice and NutriRice feeds, and also through supplementation to the overall diet with rates from ¼ kg to 3kg for a 500kg horse. Along with providing a nutrient dense concentrate feed, it is really important your horse has quality hay and water available. Making sure good quality hay is available will
ensure your horse’s digestive system continues to function efficiently and also aids in maintaining their body temperature. It is common that pasture quality and availability decreases during the winter months, and being a forage animal, it is important to have gut fill for efficient digestion and overall health. Good quality hay helps fill this decrease in forage availability and being a high fibrous feed (hay/chaff) also helps generate heat through digestion and fermentation. This heat generated during digestion and fermentation helps your horse maintain their body temperature, and can go a long way with ensuring their overall health during winter. Aim to feed at least 1.5% of your horses body weight as roughage during winter (7.5kg for a 500kg horse). Your horse’s health and condition throughout winter is hugely determined by their diet, and ensuring they are in good condition during Autumn, with optimal fat, fibre and nutrient intake, gives them the best foundations for the winter months.
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OJD SHOCK DRIVES BIOSECURITY IMPROVEMENTS AT BORDERTOWN A surprise positive for ovine Johne’s disease (OJD) jolted Bordertown farmer Richard Halliday to reassess every aspect of his farm management and implement major changes to his biosecurity system. A routine pooled faecal culture (PFC) test conducted in July 2012 came back with the out-of-the-blue result, with follow up polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests confirming the OJD infection in a single animal. The infection within Mr Halliday’s Callowie Poll Merino stud flock set off a costly chain of events to rid the property of the disease, which have ultimately led to a more thorough biosecurity system to prevent future disease incursions. “From that moment on we have had a much higher awareness of disease prevention and biosecurity in everything we have done,” Mr Halliday said. “There is a list of questions each farmer needs to ask themselves about their own property and if they can tick most of the boxes or all of them, or even say ‘we need to address that’, then that’s a starting point. “It is also really important to work with your neighbours to tick those boxes to help protect their farm as well as yours.” The approach is backed by the Sheepmeat Council of Australia and WoolProducers Australia, which have been promoting the importance of good on-farm biosecurity in protecting farm businesses from the loss of income and productivity associated with unwanted diseases, pests and weeds. Sheep diseases, such as OJD not only reduce productivity, farm income and access to markets, they also impact on animal health and welfare. However, effective biosecurity management practices can easily be incorporated into dayto-day farming activities to prevent the entry of diseases, pests or weeds, while early detection and management will catch any problems before they take hold. For Mr Halliday, enhancing his biosecurity systems meant first examining how OJD had managed to enter his property. Mr Halliday farms 940ha of sand over clay soils with an average rainfall of 450mm along with his wife and three children, stocking 2200 ewes and mating 700-800 to White Suffolk rams for meat production, with the rest comprising his Poll Merino stud flock. He believes OJD came onto his property during a particularly wet summer when water was sitting in paddocks throughout the region, and possibly washed in from a neighbour’s property where it was also found. “We are 99 per cent sure the water washed through dung and grass which caused OJD to come into our place,” Mr Halliday said. “Thankfully we were part of the Market Assurance Program for sheep (SheepMAP), which assists producers to identify their OJD status, otherwise it could have been another five years before we found the disease and it would have been a much, much bigger issue to deal with.” His next step was to develop a farm management plan with SA Biosecurity. “It’s important that farmers play an active role in that process,” he said. “SA Biosecurity has guidelines to work to but the plan has to work for you and what you want to achieve in the future.” Within that plan Mr Halliday did a full profile of all of the ewes left on the property, PFC testing each animal with all returning negative results. “Once that was completed we went through and
vaccinated every ewe between one-and-a-half and three-and-a-half years of age so we could keep them, and then the four-and-a-half, five-and-a-half and six-and-half-year-olds we sold to slaughter, so we removed the oldest genetics.” He also sent to slaughter the entire mob in which the infected ewe had been found. “This hurt us a bit because they were specially selected ewes out of our stud, but it was something that we had to do to move forward.” Since then, he has not put any stock on the part of the farm where the positive animal was found to remove any risk of reinfection from bacteria lingering in the pasture. Mr Halliday said the experience has resulted in him becoming far more diligent in biosecurity management as part of his day-to-day practices. A particular focus for Mr Halliday has been controlling what enters his property, as bringing livestock onto a farm is the most common way of unintentionally introducing diseases, pests or weeds. “We were a closed flock and we will work back to being a closed flock so that the only introductions to our property will be semen to artificially inseminate ewes to breed replacement sires for ourselves,” he said. “We will stay on that path because it is much safer to not actually bring any live animals onto the property.” Mr Halliday also share-farms another property and although he buys in some outside sheep for that part of the business he always buys from areas traditionally considered low prevalence areas for
OJD and insists on a Sheep Health Statement (SHS) from the vendors. The SHS is a risk management tool designed to gives producers a greater level of information about the history and management of a flock – such as disease testing and vaccination – so that producers can make informed buying decisions. “Producers should aim to buy from fellows that have had an abattoir surveillance test done or have tested self-replacing flocks,” Mr Halliday said. Maintaining boundary fences to prevent strays from joining the flock has always been a priority for Mr Halliday, who has not found a stray animal on his property for 10 years. However, he has enhanced security at the farm entry so that even if one or more sheep wandered up the driveway, they would not be able to get beyond the house paddock. And by fencing the property into 17ha paddocks, he has been able to make use of rotational grazing with smaller groups and limit the number of sheep that pass through each paddock. “We have reasonable density in our stocking rates, grazing mobs of 200-250 and each mob has four paddocks which they are rotated through,” he said. “The advantage of this is that if you have a problem in one mob the problem can be isolated and you have still got four or five mobs that are clean.” Mr Halliday applies similar standards to other farm inputs entering his property - he purchases feed grain from firms which test to grains industry quality standards to ensure that it is not carrying weed seeds. He also keeps a record of everything that enters, leaves and happens on his farm, including all flock movements between and around the property, as well as drenching and vaccination dates. Mr Halliday said the final piece in the plan, and one of the most important, was keeping all of his neighbours informed about his activities and making sure that they do the same for him. “I constantly remind them of the significant impact any breach of biosecurity can have on our business and theirs.”
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PREPARATION - Preparing Speedi-Beet couldn't be easier.
The World's No.1 Quick Soaking Sugar Beet Flakes TYPICAL ANALYSIS Fresh Weight Basis Before Soaking
Dry Matter Protein Oil (B) Acid Hydrolysis Fibre (crude) Ash NDF Starch Total Sugar Energy DE MJ/kg Minerals Calcium Phosphorus (total) Magnesium Manganese mg/kg Zinc mg/kg Iron mg/kg Copper mg/kg Potassium Selenium mg/kg Iodine mg/kg Salt Sodium Amino Acids Lysine Methionine Threonine Cystine Gycine Tryptophan Arginine
% Unless Indicated 90.0 9.0 0.7 16.0 9.0 38.2 Trace 5.0 12.0
0.80 0.10 0.17 45 19 762 3 1.14 0.06 <0.1 0.30 0.24 0.58 0.15 0.51 0.14 0.47 0.16 0.30
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Speedi-Beet is a registered trademark of I’Anson Brothers Limited Patent No: GB2341307A
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TACKLE PATERSON’S CURSE WITH AGTRYNE MA FROM CROP CARE
AIRR members and customers should be on the alert for opportunities to control Paterson’s curse and capeweed in cloverbased pastures with the use of Agtryne® MA herbicide from Crop Care this winter.
“Encouraging producers to spray earlier will save them money and give them better results, so they are more likely to do business with you again.”
Chris Ramsey, Crop Care’s Marketing Manager, said the timing of the autumn break in most regions had the potential to lead to widespread germinations of Paterson’s curse across southern Australia.
Chris added that the safety of Agtryne MA had been tested on a range of common sub clover varieties over several seasons, confirming that some reduction in clover vigour could occur in line with other herbicides containing terbutryn.
“As producers know, Paterson’s curse is a prolific seeder that can quickly take over a pasture because of its high seed production, long soil life and competitive growth pattern,” he said. “A combination of terbutryn and MCPA, Agtryne MA has a well established reputation for controlling Paterson’s curse, with flexible rates offering effective control right from the first germinations.” Chris encouraged AIRR members to be checking pastures for early germinations of Paterson’s curse and encouraging their customers to apply Agtryne MA. “Several years of trials have confirmed that the best weed control comes from spraying young plants that are easier to control and compete less with the pasture,” he said. “Agtryne MA can be applied at 300 to 500 ml/ha on Paterson’s curse up to the two-leaf stage, or at rates up to 1 L/ha on plants up to 7 cm in diameter and 1.5 L/ha for plants up to 20 cm in diameter.
“If a growth check does occur, a full recovery can normally be expected,” he said.
species such as clover.
Even worse, Paterson’s curse plants contain toxic alkaloids which cause health problems in stock and when the weeds die off in summer, paddocks are left exposed to soil erosion. Producers who want to rid their pastures of Paterson’s curse or capeweed should consider applying Agtryne® MA herbicide as soon as possible after the autumn break. 1. Control Paterson’s curse in clover based pastures with Crop Care’s Agtryne MA herbicide 2. Control capeweed in clover based pastures with Crop Care’s Agtryne MA herbicide
“Nevertheless, it is good practice to recommend using Agtryne MA at temperatures of 18º C or lower to reduce these effects.” Agtryne MA is just one of Crop Care’s extensive range of herbicides and insecticides to help maximise pasture health and productivity. For a breakout box : Commonly known as Paterson’s curse or Salvation Jane, Echium plantagineum continues to be a major annual weed in winter pastures throughout southern Australia. The seeds of Paterson’s curse germinate in autumn and grow over winter as large rosettes, smothering desirable pasture
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Chris Ramsey, Marketing Manager, Crop Care
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