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NOT SURE IF I WANT IT AS HUNTING DOGS BOTH ON RIGHT WITH VULTURE ON LEFT OR HAVE THE STANDING DOG ON RIGHT AND RUNNING DOG ON LEFT

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

CONTENTS

World Map : Origins African Cape Hunting Dog Asiatic Lion Golden-Headed Lion Tamarin Long-Tailed Chinchilla Northern Rockhopper Penguin Philippines Crocodile Rodriguez Fruit Bat Ruppell’s Griffon Vulture Short-Nosed Seahorse Sumatran Tiger Victoria Crowned Pigeon Western Honey Bee Western Lowland Gorilla Glossary / index

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WORLD MAP : ORIGINS

notes; Will be removing text from map and moving to below map in a key format to be more legible.

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AFRICAN CAPE HUNTING DOG LATIN NAME lycaon pictus

STATUS RESIDENCY IN ZSL Endangered Into Africa

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM?

WHY THEM?

Farming communities can be given and taught how to use a variety of technology that can help them keep their domestic livestock safe. By making a hunting attempt appear more trouble than it is worth, half the battle is won.

Unique amongst their kind, they use markings of browns, blacks and white to distinguish individuals within a pack. They are resourceful with a 95% success rate for a kill and are seldom wasteful with their food, consuming far more than the average lion at a sitting. African Cape Hunting Dogs are also the second largest canid in the world.

Every farmer should be given free education and encouragement as to why these dogs are so vitally important, The government should also be encouraged to actively sponsor any farmer who works to co-exist with hunting dogs. Hunting dogs need to be seen not as a pest but as a helper.

They are cursorial hunters, meaning that they will give chase for long time periods. They are intelligent, thought to be capable of both instinctive and learned behaviours. They are also vital for the health of wild herds that humans also depend on. (Needs rewording)

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? Once widespread across Africa, numbers are now in rapid decline and now have become endangered. A pack requires a terrotorial range of 900 square miles in order to thrive in the competitive world around. This however brings them into direct confrontation with farming communities in Africa who see them as pests, actively shooting them on sight or going out of their way to kill them by using poison. This is being done on a wide scale and if this does not stop soon, it is likely that this creature will not be seen outside of Zoological breeding programs.

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? All Predators provide a useful service both for the species they hunt and for us as a whole. They will target the young, the old and the sick. This in turn forces the prey species to adapt, to become stronger than they were previously. It prevent diseased or sick animals from passing on faulty genes. This helps the stock to be strong and healthy and offers less chance of an African family contracting a bad desease from eating bad meat when they depend on wild stock in order to survive.

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ASIATIC “GIR” LION LATIN NAME STATUS panthera leo persica Critically Endangered

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Cats & Gibbons

WHY THEM? There are so few lions left in the world that along with the African and much rarer Barbary Lion, the Gir Lion is worth saving and represents the last of a dying link of lion lineage that used to roam from Africa, across the middle East and through to Asia. Gir Lions are also the only lions left in the entire world to give a right meaning to ‘King of the Jungle’. They are a beautiful link to an ancient past that also give protection to the rest of the Gir Forest’s occupants in India since they need the forest for their own survival.

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? Gir Lions need a wide range of area to thrive on and all Lions face this need. However, the Gir Forest in India has undergone severe habitat loss through human need for timber and fuel. This means that there is less forest for prey animals to live in and in turn, less prey for the predators. With not enough forest for them to thrive in, this brings confrontation between lion and man. With India’s human population ever increasing, it puts great strain on the herds Lions need in order to survive. No prey means that lions in their need to sate their hunger will turn to hunting man. Unfortunately, this means that mankind has killed any lion they could find or came across to protect their own families.

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? Lions, along with all predators, provide a boost to the health and variety of ‘prey animal’ herds. They weed out the old, the sick and the vulnerable of the herd and thus make the herd far healthier and stronger in their need to adapt. Predators also help to control numbers when a species over-populates. They can also remind us that life used to be a much harsher lifestyle and we should not be so ready to forget it.

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM?

The Gir Lion protected by Indian Law and numbers are being supplimented with African Lion females to help with their genetics. The Palpur-Kuno Wildlife Sanctury in Northern Madhya Pradesh has been identified as a potential reintroduction site. However, local attitudes need to be encouraged to change, to help local farmers and families to see the lion as a friend to their cause and to protect them from those that seek to harm the lion population The Gir Forest should also be restocked with native trees to help it remain a forest and to help protect its inhabitants from the world outside. To give lions the space they need so that they won’t turn to killing man instead.

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They could also benefit from proper use of tourism with elephant trails as is done for the Bengal Tiger to help bring awareness to their situation and need to be protected.

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GOLDEN-HEADED LION TAMARIN LATIN NAME leontopithecus chrysomelas

STATUS Endangered

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Rainforest Life

WHY THEM? These Tamarins are a link to our own past, much like other primates, monkeys and apes, and it is important to remember our heritage. They live in families over large amounts of canopy forest, knowing what time of year each different kinds of fruit that they eat are ripe enough. They are a vastly intelligent and empathic creature, working out their problems through learned and passed on down information. Because they need to live in the upper canopies, they need plenty of forest which in turn provides a home for other animals such as Tapir, Macaws and Jaguars.

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? The Brazilian Government has already set aside a reserve for the GoldenHeaded Lion Tamarin called the Una Biological Reserve and they intend to buy more forest to give the Tamarins more room. The Government also need to continue encouraging the locals to look after and protect them and their habitat. They are currently looking at tourism to help bring awareness to their need to be saved but they also need to raise awareness that Tamarins should not be bought or ordered for pet, which in turn would nullify the need for those to hunt them in the first place.

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? The Amazonian Forest faces the problem of every primary forest in the world but the Amazon Forest is by far the most important to save than most. It helps to provide the weather systems for other places in the world such as Africa. It is also the home for these Tamarins and other natives. However, the forest is being harvested in man’s need for timber, fuel and farmland, especially for big corporate companies such as McDonald’s. These Tamarins also suffer from being hunted, often suffering a great deal of stress that they don’t recover from, for the ever growing pet trade. Our need for animal companionship is causing Tamarin numbers to decline rapidly along with the loss of habitat.

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? Golden-Headed Lion Tamarins, along with all the other species of primates, monkeys and apes, provide us a link to our own evolutionary history. They can help us to understand how to survive, what we are and why we come to be. They also give the reason for the forest to be saved helping to save numerous lives of other equally endangered species such as Jaguars and Tapirs. They give the forest a purpose to exist and to be saved for the generations ahead. Humanity needs permenant forests and coral reefs to exist in order to provide the air we breathe and that can’t happen if all the forests are gone for good. Since the Amazon Forest covers a vast stretch of South America, it is vitally important to keep it saved if humanity is to survive.

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LONG-TAILED CHINCHILLA LATIN NAME STATUS chinchilla lanigera Critically Endangered

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Nightlife

WHY THEM? These Chinchilla’s do look incredibly adorable complete with their fluffy tails, cute expression and soft pelts of fur. They are a natural part of the Chilean landscape, perfectly suited to surviving harsh conditions. It is necessary for us to take the step back and not remove something from its natural environment just because it looks cute or safe to keep. They always look right at home in their natural habitat.

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? The main threat to this species is down to the pet trade. The first thought is usually ‘cute’ or ‘adorable’ and we instantly want one. However, the means of getting them means that thee creatures are captured and removed from their rightful place and put in a cage. The other contributories to their reduced number can be put down to the fur trade because of their soft pelts and to habitat degradation. They are in significant danger of becoming a purely domesticated species.

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? WOOOOOOOORDS

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? WOOOOOOOORDS

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NORTHERN ROCKHOPPER PENGUIN LATIN NAME eudyptes moseleyi

STATUS Endangered

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Penguin Beach

WHY THEM? Every penguin species represents their plight regardless of whether they live in Antartica or not. They also show ho well animal life can adapt to make use of the environment around it. They have white undersides to help camouflage them from lurking hunters below. Their wings help them not in air but to fly through the water roviding agility and speed as they chase their prey. Some penguins choose extreme weathers whilst others adapt to warmer climbs but they all share the amazing ability to adapt and evolve in a variety of ways.

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? For the Northern Rockhopper, it is found on a number of Southern Ocean islands but the largest of populations reside on Tristan da Cunha and Gough. As such, it is highly vulnerable to non-beneficial circumstances. It also seems that these quirky birds seem to be suffereing from breeding losses but the reason for this is not yet known. They could be suffering from increased predation, decrease of prey stock, egg thieving rodents, increased disturbance and pollution, climate change or too much competition for the same resoruces.

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? Rockhopper Penguins, both Northern and Southern, are charimastic and quirky penguins. They represent the plight of all penguins who rely on fish in order to survive. They can help make sure that fish stocks remain healthy and force these fish to stay ahead of the game. They are the canaries for the health of the oceans fish stocks. People like to eat fish so if the penguins are dying out, it means there is something wrong with fish stocks. We can help improve fish stocks by helping out the penguins.

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? The RSPB are doing all they can for this bird’s future but they do not yet know exactly what seems to causing their decrease in numbers. Fishermen across the world need to be encouraged to only fish in designated areas adn to fish sustainably.

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In the meantime, all must be done to help this penguin along with other penguin species to not be lost to history.

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PHILIPPINE CROCODILE LATIN NAME crocodylus mindorensis

STATUS Critically Endangered

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Reptile House

WHY THEM? WOOOOOOORDS

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? WOOOOOORDS

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? WOOOOOOOORDS

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? WOOOOOOOORDS

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RODRIGUES FRUIT BAT LATIN NAME pteropus rodricensis

STATUS Critically Endangered

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Mammal End

WHY THEM? WOOOOOOORDS

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? WOOOOOORDS

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? WOOOOOOOORDS

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? WOOOOOOOORDS

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RUPPELL’S GRIFFON VULTURE LATIN NAME gyps ruppellii

WHY THEM?

STATUS Endangered

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Raptor Aviary

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? WOOOOOORDS

WOOOOOOORDS

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? WOOOOOOOORDS

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? WOOOOOOOORDS

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SHORT SNOUTED SEAHORSE LATIN NAME hippocampus hippocampus

STATUS Endangered

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Aquarium

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? WOOOOOOOORDS

WHY THEM? WOOOOOOORDS

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? WOOOOOORDS

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? WOOOOOOOORDS

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SUMATRAN TIGER LATIN NAME hippocampus hippocampus

WHY THEM?

STATUS Endangered

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Aquarium

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? WOOOOOORDS

WOOOOOOORDS

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? WOOOOOOOORDS

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? WOOOOOOOORDS

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VICTORIA CROWNED PIGEON WHY THEM?

LATIN NAME goura victoria

WOOOOOOORDS

STATUS Near Threatened

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Blackburn Pavilion

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? WOOOOOORDS

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? WOOOOOOOORDS

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? WOOOOOOOORDS

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WESTERN HONEY BEE LATIN NAME STATUS apis melliera Vulnerable / Near Threatened

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Insect House

WHY THEM? WOOOOOOORDS

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? WOOOOOORDS

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? WOOOOOOOORDS

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? WOOOOOOOORDS

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WESTERN LOWLAND GORILLA WHY THEM?

LATIN NAME STATUS apis melliera Vulnerable / Near Threatened

WOOOOOOORDS

RESIDENCY IN ZSL Insect House

WHY ARE THEY DISAPPEARING? WOOOOOORDS

HOW DO THEY BENEFIT US? WOOOOOOOORDS

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP THEM? WOOOOOOOORDS

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INDEX / GLOSSARY

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