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ISSUE 11

AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

AIKOL PRESS 2013/14: AIKOL’S ELECTION The annual campus election is an important event held in order to find new faces for the Student’s Representative Council. Every year, a new batch of student representatives will be chosen by the students themselves. Each and every student is required to vote for the candidates of their choice and subsequently, two aspirants with the highest votes will be chosen to represent their respective kuliyyahs in the Council. On the 30th of October this year, the university has once again held its latest election and like the years before, did not fail in providing the campus with a brilliant atmosphere akin to the hype of any other general elections out there.

that the students nowadays have the responsibility to give back to the society by being involved in activities such as feeding the homeless and also teaching the illiterates. He aimed to provide platforms for us students to be involved in those kind of activities. Another strong candidate is, Brother Fauzan Md Nor. The 2nd year student was very vocal in demanding the notion that student’s welfare is to be made a major priority. He concluded in his rally speech that if he is to be chosen, he will attend to every single problem faced by the students as it would became his main responsibility as a student representative.

“a brilliant atmosphere akin to the hype of any other general elections out there”  

AIKOL saw 5 candidates fighting for the two important posts. Each armed with their own unique and inspiring manifestos, Ismat Arif, Che Faizal, Fauzan Md Nor, Fozi Addhwa and Shahrina Farhana all campaigned enthusiastically in order to win votes from the rest of the AIKOLians. Ismat for example, campaigned for an ATM machine to be placed in AIKOL. He is in the opinion that the students will benefit from the ATM machine as it will definitely help AIKOLians in saving precious time which is wasted whenever they have to go to other parts of the campus to withdraw their money. Brother Fozi Addhwa on the other hand pushed for student activism. He argued

The aforementioned candidates did very well in campaigning for their cause. Nevertheless, it was Sister Shahrina and Brother Che Faizal who were eventually chosen as the representatives for AIKOL. Both of them secured the highest number of votes with Shahrina obtaining 519 votes whereas Che Faizal managed to get 549 votes. Their manifestos were very impressive as they pushed for professionalism and also Islamism. They emphasized that it is vital for us AIKOLians to uphold the name of Ahmad Ibrahim and also the Kulliyyah’s prestige. This has no doubt attracted the voters to choose them as their representatives.


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AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS AIKOL should be proud of the fact that we have students who are very passionate in making the University a better place to study. Now that we have Che Faizal and Shahrina as our representatives, it is very important for us to support them in every possible way. I personally hope that both of them can make us proud by

delivering on their promises and by also taking care of our welfare. Let’s work together with them in achieving the vision of making AIKOL a perfect place to study. To Che Faizal and also Shahrina, AIKOL wishes the best for the both of you. Good luck!

MOCK TRIAL: THE DEVIL’S ALIBI On October 10th, 2013, I had the pleasure of watching the “Mock Trial 2013: The Devil’s Alibi” which was in conjunction with the closing ceremony of AIKOL Festival 2013, located at the Main Auditorium of IIUM. Many people anticipated this play as the tickets were sold out very fast. As people were entering the auditorium, they were welcomed by a few songs by the Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra. Briefly, The Devil’s Alibi was about Dalilah, who was put on trial for the murder of her employer who is a wealthy businessman, Dato’ Rashid. The only way to save Dalilah from the gallows is if her husband, Fakri testifies that she did in fact get home before the time of the murder. However, her husband testified against her. Fortunately, a piece of evidence was found which p r o v e d D a l i l a h ’s i n n o c e n c e . However, there was a twist in the story as Dalilah really was the “devil” who killed Dato’ Rashid and sacrificed her husband who later was put in jail. Each actor is worth noting as they really made the play entertaining and they stood out in their own character, like Puan Salmah, Inspector Sahab, Dr Syafiq and the Judge. Everyone did a

splendid job but the standouts include Sarah Shahriman as the Public Prosecutor and Aiman Ariff as the Defence Counsel. A small scene of the parody of Mat Yo’s wife act really provided the audience a laugh but the scene where Cikgu Malik from “Oh My English!” appears really left the audience puzzled as his lines cannot be heard by the audience The level of the play was further upgraded with live music from the live band and the orchestra in addition to the other background songs. The talented musicians were none other than fellow AIKOLian themselves in collaboration with few others from other Kulliyyahs. The majestic props to portray the court scenes really made the audience the feel like they were in a court and watching a real proceeding. The most surprising moment during the night was when Kamal Adli made his appearance as Dato’ Rashid. The audience went hysterical as they did not expect an artist to be part of the play. Dalilah played by Adiba Nuryahya did a good job interacting with Kamal Adli who I believe she met for the first time for the play. Despite that, there were a few moments where the microphone

“...it will definitely be remembered as one of the best ...” did not work well such as for the narrator and the final scene where Dalilah was explaining her motive in killing Dato’ Rashid. Many audiences did not get to know her motive until the end. Overall, The Devil’s Alibi was really entertaining, giving the audience the experience of watching a proceeding in court, a storyline which flowed smoothly and the unexpected ending for some people. With Dalilah declaring that she is the devil, the play ended successfully. Kudos to everyone involved in the Mock Trial 2013: The Devil’s Alibi for a great play, for which it will definitely be remembered as one of the best Mock Trials in IIUM.


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AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

LET THE EXCHANGE STUDENTS SPEAK!

Before they left Malaysia, AIKOL Press sat down with representatives of the exchange students from Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta to give us their two cents on their stay here.

Q: What are some of the memorable moments throughout your stay here? A: There are so many to choose from. Malaysia, in general, is a beautiful country. The people we met have been treating us so well and we felt welcomed throughout our stay. But if I have to choose, it would definitely be the trip to Malacca. The air is fresh and there were lots of historical sites that I find interesting. – Muhammad Soni

Q: What would you miss most about Malaysia? A: I would definitely miss AIKOL and IIUM. The environment here is very different from our environment in Indonesia. This university upholds Islamic values in every aspect, from educational aspect to its administration aspect. It is a very conducive place to study with green sceneries. At one point I felt like I was in another country because life outside the IIUM gate is so different from life inside the compound of IIUM. I felt safe here. – Alfin Layindra

Q: What are the differences between lifestyle

as a student here and lifestyle as a student in Indonesia? A: The main difference would be the language. In Indonesia, the students are divided into two groups. Only the selected people are able to follow the course which is conducted in English. The students are selected through an interview process. Since the course here is conducted in mainly English besides Arabic, it is no surprise that the students here are so well versed in the language. Another difference between the lifestyle of students here and the lifestyle of students in Indonesia would be the better-equipped facilities. The students in IIUM are lucky to have excellent facilities to guide them in throughout their years of studies. – Jufri Irawan

“This university  upholds   Islamic  values  in  every  aspect,   from  educa8onal  aspect  to  its   administra8on  aspect.  It  is  a   very  conducive  place  to  study   with  green  sceneries.”  


ISSUE 11

AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

“IDOLA DEMOKRASI”:    

LET  US  LOOK  AT  A  BIGGER  PICTURE  OF  DEMOCRACY      

It was 9.45 in the morning of September 29th2013 and there were about 30 students gathered and filling the area in front of our prestigious Moot Court waiting for a program called “Idola Demokrasi” to commence. I wandered around just to fill up the mood for some serious-toned discussions that I expected from it (plus it was Saturday), only to realize that it was not really necessary for me to do those things in the first place. The program started with a simple inquiry; “What are you expecting from Idola Demokrasi?” The facilitators came up with several “mind-blowing” modules that shot a thrill through my timid thoughts, and I suppose the others experienced the same thing that I did. Through “Idola Demokrasi” they helped us understand better our role as students, citizens and “the rakyat” in this beloved country of ours in upholding the veracity of the concept of democracy. One may ponder and argue that the veracity is very much superficial and the question of the “true” democracy only opens up to another

dispensable and superfluous debate. But “Idola Demokrasi” did not point out whose ideologies or dogmas are the best to be followed; it laid to us the idea of planning accurate and feasible action plans, in order to correct the wrongs that we find in any system of governance, be it in a small organisation, administration of the university, or even the country itself. There is no such a thing as a perfect government, but we surely can point out the best among the many. “The Spaceship Game” was one of the stimulating modules they have provided to the students, in light of the famous “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs”. The module was simple; what the students needed to do was to choose any five things you want to bring along in a spaceship in the event of an apocalypse. These five things reflected your preference in your life and how you would need them to survive. Then we were required to form a group of five, to choose only five things to bring along out of a total of 25. Compromising helped us chose what we really need to survive in

another planet. The rational is truly simple; the game opened up our eyes to comprehend that democracy is a game of compromise played by millions of people (roughly by 28 million in Malaysia). Another interesting module which is worth sharing is “The Big Picture”. Here we critically scrutinised the “true practice” of the doctrine of separation of powers in Malaysia, where it turns out that those powers are not so separated after all. We also learned about check and balance and the implications of it on the society. It also illustrated what explicit powers do the citizens really possess and what are the consequences of exercising those powers. It was a refreshing eye-opener or perhaps a wakeup call for some people. Last but not least, “The Action Pyramid”; the students were required to draw up a pyramid of four levels. Each level respectively represents “the message”, “the strategy”, “the actions” (198 Actions) and lastly, “tactics”. We were given a problem and required to address


AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS the problem by utilizing the action pyramid we had drawn up. Thus, to whom “the message” should be conveyed to? Next, what is “the strategy” planned in solving the problem? Next, through what kind of “actions” would you take up in order to carry out the strategy? Lastly, how do you specifically carry out your actions in

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have just answered “Yes, I did.” “Idola Demokrasi” is unlike any other typical discussions which would be based on the orthodox way of explaining the concept of democracy. I am very pleased to inform that it was indeed one of If the facilitators would those astounding platforms for have asked me, “Have you gained students to gain the kind of all the things that you were knowledge which we do not expecting to gain earlier?” I would usually get in the classroom. applying any feasible “tactics” with creativity? The Action Pyramid is a step-by-step guidance for all of us to initiate any legitimate and justified actions for any problem encountered.


AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

ISSUE 11

WHY DO AMMENDMENTS MATTER?

The Prevention of Crime (Amendment & Extension) Act 2013 Say that you have a criminal record, or previously you had committed two serious crimes, what does the new law introduced in the amendment can do to you?

When the two members of the Board presided by a qualified judge from superior courts has reached the decision that your presence is endangering the peace and harmony of the society and that prevention is best, the Board will issue a detention order that shall last for a maximum of 2 years and, to tell you the painful truth, is renewable.

First, you have to imagine that you are now one of those people, let’s say a gangster, who is believed to have committed offence(s) that made the government suspect you to be a threat to this nation. You will be remanded for the purpose of inquiry since the offence(s) that you are deemed to have committed is now a serious offence(s).

The best thing you can get from this amendment is that if you are currently undergoing imprisonment for a term of more than two years under any other written law and you have just been issued with detention order, your stay in prison includes the maximum two years under the detention order.

If the Inquiry Officer wants to, he can release you pending an inquiry provided that an electronic monitoring device is attached to you. The Officer who is appointed by the Minister will conduct an inquiry with you, or with any witnesses who testify against you and may do it without your presence, and the Public Prosecutor or Deputy Police Prosecutor can attend to the process to provide assistance. If you have been detained under any written law or confined in a prison, watch out, the Inquiry Officer has unlimited access to you. After the inquiry and report is completed, the Inquiry Officer must report to the Prevention of Crime Board. This can be quite a relief (depending on the way you see it) because in the former law a minister wields the power to review your sentence, which may be to your disadvantage if you are a political detainee. Sadly, you have to frown a bit. You cannot have your legal representative during the inquiry except when your evidence is being taken and recorded. This report is conclusive and might be protected in some cases from disclosure where there might not be a chance to have a review. Moreover, no judicial review shall be allowed over the decision of the Board unless over noncompliance of procedural matters.

The Penal Code (Amendment) Act 2013 If you are ever thinking of becoming a member of a gang to show off your connections and do things your way, think about your comfy odorless bed. You may not be active in the criminal underworld because you have tests and assignments to do here in AIKOL but the law now even targets the passive members, so be prepared to sleep in prison for the next ten years. Gang recruiters included. If one day you are trying to protect your gang friend from being caught by the police, you too may be caught, and while your friends are graduating and start making money, the future that awaits you is a five-year prison sentence. But wait, there’s more! You can get a double prison sentence if you commit crime while in the gang. Now that’s what I call an offer too good to refuse! The Criminal Procedure Code (Amendment) Act 2013 Lastly, remember the risk that when you go for some gang gathering, having tattoos or displaying any hand sign that only God and your gang know what it is all about, you are assumed to be a member. Despite it looking cool on you, that is enough to raise suspicion. You can cry all you want but your parents cannot bail you out if you are accused of serious crime for the gang. So, my advice is to keep calm and be a law abiding citizen.


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AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

BR1M: IS IT REALLY RELEVANT?

Unless you are in oil-rich states like Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, gone are the days when oil was cheaper than water. Driven by economic uncertainty, geopolitical instability and scarcity of resources, it is a long-disputed issue if it is economically viable for States to continue subsidising oil to minimise living cost impact on the citizens. In the bid to win political security, governments everywhere alike began scrambling for the right remedy to appease the people while sustaining the economy. Unfortunately, we are no Saudi Arabia; neither do we have a small population akin to the neighbouring Brunei. On that note however, Malaysians do enjoy considerable social benefits such as an almost-free healthcare, free education, highly subsidised goods, low electricity and water tariff, and not forgetting various other welfare assistances to the needy. The comfort zone of Malaysians has not been shaken by the fluctuating world market, until the Government eventually decided that rationalisation of subsidies is necessary to progress towards becoming a developed nation by 2020. The unpopulist measure of increasing the fuel prices did not go too well with the public rapport, hence the Government decided to introduce a series of direct cash assistance; Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia (BR1M) to lessen the direct impact of subsidy rationalisation.

It is with this assumption that BR1M is extended to include more categories of working class, with the most recent suggestion being those earning RM 5,000/ month and below. While the intention is noble on the surface, the cost-effectiveness of such financial exercise remains in doubt, especially when we are trying to make the most out of taxpayers’ money. According to our Deputy Finance Minister, Datuk Seri Ahmad Maslan, the BR1M increase to RM1,200 will only help cover household expenses for two months. The people will need to find their own means for the remaining 10 months. Our longest-serving Prime Minister, Tun Mahathir highlighted his worry when he said: “BR1M has led to a breed of Malaysians who are dependent on the government and lack personal initiative to lift their financial status. Better if we train them with some skills, so they can earn by themselves.” No matter the amount of money that BR1M wishes to provide to a targeted individual, there will be no end solution to fluctuation of market prices (which will only get higher) as it’s only worth the paper value it is deemed to be. For example, a university student who enjoys a RM300 BR1M book rebate can only exhaust its use at one particular time, and he might not be able to afford RM300 worth of books again as the status quo remains. In fact, the same amount of books that he bought for RM300

might cost more by the time the next BR1M is distributed! So long as there are no incentives for individual add-value i.e. new skills, and for the industry to open up more opportunities, the cycle of nonaffordability will continue despite the extra RM1,200 in hands. Contrary to the voucher system, there is no check-andbalance that the cash given would be fully utilised to minimise the impact of rising cost of living. The context of aforesaid ‘cost of living’ must be first understood, as it’s not possible for the Government to circumvent the effect of fuel price hike in every each of our daily transaction. For example, a father of 4 children who sells vegetables at a local market might feel the impact of fuel hike more than a recent graduate who earns a fixed RM 4,000 from working at a local bank, but under this policy, both will be entitled to BR1M assistance. As the assistance given is not need-based, but income-based, such half-baked policy would send a mixed signal to the market, as businesses would not feel incentivized to observe the ceiling price for goods and services on the assumption that people can still afford it, thanks to the extra RM1,200. Over the past two cash distribution exercise under BR1M, it is not a matter of coincidence that goods’ prices increase in tandem, despite the strict practice of ceiling price. The question then remains if the loophole that exists in BR1M


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AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS has led to more wastage, and whether its existence only happens to be a mere feel-good factor. BR1M will not help to solve the long-term problem that we will be facing. The Government has to consider restructuring our economy and cost of living practice for the best benefit of targeted citizens. It is unwise to generalise a solution on the assumption that everyone within the same income bracket suffers from similar setbacks. Looking at a bigger picture, there are reasons why

“While the  inten8on  is  noble  on  the   surface,  the  cost-­‐effec8veness  of  such   financial  exercise  remains  in  doubt,   especially  when  we  are  trying  to  make   the  most  out  of  taxpayers’  money.”   Malaysia has been running on deficit for 15 consecutive years with 83% household debt to Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which is second highest in Asia. BR1M distribution is not the best practice for both the people and

economic sustainability as it does not create wealth nor opportunities for us to progress as a developed nation by 2020.

*This article was written before the announcement of Budget 2014

BEINECKE RARE BOOK LIBRARY IN YALE UNIVERSITY, USA

Images courtesy of Henry Trotter and Lauren Manning.


ISSUE 11

AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE: THE INVISIBLE TEARS OF MEN

He cowered before her, eyes shut in pain. A kick landing right between his legs sent him tumbling on the bathroom floor. He did not hit back; he thought it best biting the bullet. She glowered at him, spewing profanities. What has he done to be lambasted as such? He remembered the tantrum; unpaid bills and unkempt house. Squabble with the in-laws. Smiling at the cashier. Dimpled, soft-spoken, young cashier. Quarrels. More quarrels. Spats. Tiffs. Rows. He didn’t love her? He was sure he did. But that was her accusation. He wasn’t sure which was it that lead to this; bruised and humiliated, coherent thoughts just fled the mind. All he wanted to do was scream; break free. But he didn’t know how. He is definitely not alone – In England, one man dies every three weeks due to domestic violence. In Taiwan, to date more than 4000 men have sought protection from cruelty of their wives. Last year in Malaysia, police reports rocketed to 930 cases of abuse towards husbands, an increment of 280 cases from 2010. The actual number is predicted to be much higher as incidents of violence tend to be kept mum. In fact, the Minister of Women, Family and Community Development, Datuk Rohani Abdul Karim claimed the trend nascent and cases are likely to hike up. In an intimate relationship, violence could manifest physically, where the abusive partner displays aggression through, for instance, kicking, slapping, punching or threatening with dangerous items. Emotional and sexual abuses by means of intimidation, withholding affection, belittling, insulting, or even forcing intercourse after physical attacks are also common. Psychologists believe abuse stems from control issues. The female partner desires power and so establishes control towards the man. She believes herself to have justification in manipulation and truculence. Tendency to abuse could be triggered by the partner’s

history with men as well. A number of women falling victim in previous relationships take charge as the aggressor in their new relationship as a vent to lash out their anger and as a method of taking charge so as to eschew the same instances. It might be difficult to recognize domestic violence against men. Initially, a partner may be all sunshine and roses with their seemingly attentive and protective ways, but as the relationship progresses, the intensity of their affection may be alarming. The first few incidents of violence could easily be mistaken as isolated episodes due to lapses in judgment. In some relationships, both spouses tend to get rough when quarrelling; slapping and shoving each other is common – therefore neither of them feel abused or controlled. However, if a partner becomes recurrent in the assaults whereas the other remains dormant, then abuse has taken place. The abusive partner will apologize and promise to never treat her man that way ever again – but the cycle never stops. One might wonder – why don’t men reciprocate with force or simply pack their bags and leave? After all, men wear the pants in their family, no? In truth, not all men could play harsh – some the upbringing, some their temperament. Some refuse help, chagrined with the mantra ‘men don’t cry’. Ego commands denial – tough façade it shall be, irrespective of how emasculated they are. And then there are those who believe family matters should be confined behind doors. Seeking help also puts men in a quandary – how would society label them? Would divorce liberate or inculpate? Would their friends sneer and accuse them as spineless? Also, sometimes the wives threaten to report them as the perpetrators if they ever dare to dial the police. Likewise, it baffles men where to turn for help. Who could protect them women’s shelter, women’s NGO? The victim should realize that his misery is likely to go on without intervention. Nonetheless, how could he break the shackle? Thankfully, The Social Welfare Department provides salvation through their Teledera


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AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS hotline number at 1 800 88 3040, or simply go to their offices. All the procedures taken should well conform within the parameter expressed in the Domestic Violence (Amendment) Act 2012. The victim will immediately be taken to the hospital for medical assistance and assisted to the police station to lodge reports. The police may act at once without warrant of investigation or of arrest. The officers will present an application to the Magistrate Court for Interim Protection Order (IPO) against the abuser if the.

victim sustains grave injuries, or if his safety is in jeopardy. Ancillary orders restraining the abuser from being within 50 meters from the protected spouse should be granted. If the victim wishes to move out of his house, the department is required to provide a temporary shelter for him. Additionally, he will be supported with counseling services as part of the recovery process. Should you stumble upon a man falling prey to domestic abuse, be kind enough to lend a helping hand. Show him how. Liberate him. You could be his way out.

8tracks PLAYLIST FOR ISSUE 11

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: 39 minutes (10 tracks) : sweater weather, indie, chill, study, morning

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: Indie, indie rock, alternative, british, folk

: December 6, 2013


ISSUE 11

AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

2012 AUDITOR GENERAL’S REPORT: A REALITY CHECK By: Sarah Naeilah Norizal The Auditor General’s report is a fact-finding exercise conducted by the National Audit Department, aimed at exposing loopholes in the federal ministries, departments and government companies’ management of public funds. Series 1 and Series 2 of the 2012 Auditor General’s Report was tabled and presented to the Parliament on October 1st 2013 as a part of the new format, in which the report will be released three times a year at each sitting of the Parliament. A total of 45 programmes, activities and projects of 15 ministries and the management of six government companies were audited for Series 1 and Series 2 of the Report. The report categorized ministry/ department projects into satisfactory and unsatisfactory in terms of management. Among the activities/projects that was deemed satisfactory in the report include the acquisition of assets by the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency, export activities by the Royal Malaysian Customs Department, the overall performance of the Ministry of Health’s ambulance service, the Fire and Rescue Department’s management of vehicles and equipments, the coastal erosion control and river mouth dredging projects by the Department of Irrigation and Drainage, as well as the Jetty Project by the Marine Department. Those categorized as unsatisfactory revealed irregularities that led to the government suffering losses worth billions of ringgit. Among the cases highlighted in the report were: 1.  Some 309 units of assets worth RM1.33mil were reported missing from the Royal Malaysian Police’s inventory over the last three years. The report stated that the management of asset was unsatisfactory as it noted delays in discovering and reporting the missing assets. 2.  RM2.085bil was severely mishandled by the Education Ministry on private security contracts between 2010 and 2012. The report cited a number of weaknesses in terms of execution of contacts by hiring septuagenarian security guards, insufficient guards at entry and exit points of schools as well as failure to submit health and background reports of the security guards. 3.  The Public Works Department’s failure to recover RM15.77mil in performance bonds despite terminating 21 government contracts. 4.  An unreasonable and excessive travel claim amounting to RM303,813 was made by a Ministry of Information, Communications and Culture senior official for a four-

day trip to Geneva. Auditors felt the trip was only worth RM50,000. 5.  An unjustified cost of RM320,000 was incurred by the Health Ministry in developing two Facebook and Twitter accounts. 6.  A total of RM199.09mil was spent on the construction of four new incinerator plant projects by the Ministry of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government. The report cited that all four projects required an extension of time (EOT) and as of May 2013, only one was operative. It also pointed out weaknesses such flaws in the incinerator’s design and non-compliance with the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) requirements. Ending waste and corruption is a stated policy of the current administration and is a focus of non-governmental organizations and civil society. Yeah Kim Leng, the chief economist at RAM Ratings said the report “affects public perception of the government’s credibility”. According to the deputy Finance Minister Ahmad Maslan, the comprehensiveness of the Auditor General’s report is reflective of the government’s effort to be more transparent and it should be viewed in a positive light. The Malaysian Anti Corruption Commission (MACC) has opened 15 investigation papers following the release of the report and will work with the National Audit Department to take followup action. The National Audit Department has set up a special action committee and an online dashboard to monitor whether the relevant departments has implemented recommended corrective measures. However, it should also be noted that the issues highlighted in the reports, year in and year out, remains the same despite the different auditees; improper payments, poor execution of procurement contracts, poor project management and wanton wastage. Upon the release of the report, public reaction to cases of suchextravagance and negligence of ministries and departments ranged from absolute outrage to apathy. Pledges to bring those responsible to justice would be made but without convincing actions; and, after a while, the public outrage surrounding the report would eventually die down until the next report raises the ire of the public again. Until the public is satisfied that the persons responsible for the mismanagement of public funds are held accountable, the Auditor General’s report will remain just another report incapable of affecting change.


ISSUE 11

AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN IN 4 MINUTES

What was all the fuss on the suspended operations of zoos, the National Park and public schools in the United States for last October? When other countries fear government shutdowns, the US President declared it in his. Why?

What is government shutdown (GS)? The term government shutdown is basically suspension of the government operations i.e. public services. Generally, GS may be caused by invasion, coup d’etat, natural disasters and budget deadlock, which is the main reason for the recent 17-days US shutdown. From the economic perspective, other countries would not risk dwindling economic growth, fundamentally due to the low-purchasing power of their citizens as a result of thousands furloughed public servants. Nonetheless, Obama did.

What caused the 2013 GS in the United States? This is the 18th shutdown since 1977, according to the Congressional Research Service. the 2013 fiscal year of US ended on 30 September 2013. That means the Congress must pass a spending bill for the 2014 fiscal year, which includes the wages of public employees. Since the House and the Senate could not come to an agreement on ‘Obamacare’, or the Affordable Care Act to be exact, the spending bill could not be passed. Thus, the Congress did not have the authority to use taxpayer money and pay the wages of civil servants beginning 1st October 2013. That is why workers in the services listed under Anti-Deficiency Act were told to stay at home. Public servants in uniforms i.e. police, armies and marines are still on duty of course – only that their mind would be much less on their mission and more on their late paychecks. What happens if they do not have any savings?

What can we learn from the US Shutdown? It is highly unlikely for our Parliament to call for a shutdown just because BN and PKR could not agree on the Budget. However, as laymen, regardless if we are to join the AG’s Chamber or not, we should set aside some funds in case of an emergency. Just like the tiny folded RM50 note labelled ‘STRICTLY FOR EMERGENCY’ in our wallets. That usually saves the day (just because we hate queuing at the nearest ATM at the library). Similarly, a 10% saving of our income once we work is the least we could do. Saving our money for the ‘old days’ is no longer true in today’s world, where (unexpected) change is the only constant. Did US shutdown affect us? The shutdown ended on 17 October 2013, before it could really have a major impact on the world’s economy. However, a delayed recovery may hurt us, since our interdependence in a globalised world is unavoidable. As of now, at least one person is directly affected: The floristin-charge whose fresh flowers had wilted since President Obama would not be paying our Prime Minister a visit anytime soon.


ISSUE 11

AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

IS IIUM SAFE? By: Azraai Yunos

security “I personally think that IIUM is safe, nothing unsafe ever comes to my mind when I think of IIUM..”

By definition the term safe entails something that is not likely to be harmed. However in regards to our current situation, that term is subjective. One person’s idea of safe could be completely different to another. The answer to the question lies within the opinions of the people that actually inhabit this beautiful campus of ours. Amongst the students, there seems to be a contrast of opinions. Some seem to think that IIUM is relatively safe, whereas others feel otherwise. Nazreev, a law student, says “I personally think that IIUM is safe, nothing unsafe ever comes to my mind when I think of IIUM. Additionally I never feel vulnerable jogging around the campus late at night.” However Ismat, also a student who is currently reading law, disagrees. He says, “There have been many incidents in IIUM that can be classified as being unsafe. Some things that pop up in my mind are the pilferage of motor vehicles and electronic goods. Although I do agree with Nazreev, that relatively speaking IIUM is safe, but I do think in terms of security, it could be vastly improved.” In order to put the two aforementioned opinions into perspective, we were able to interview one of IIUM’s security guard, by the name of Mokhtar. When asked whether he thinks IIUM is safe or not, he says, “Yes, taking everything into consideration I

would say that IIUM is safe. However that is not to say that there have never been offences committed. But in the grand scheme of things, the offences, which have occurred, are comparatively petty in nature. We’re not saying that they aren’t significant, as we do take those offences seriously but they do not affect the student’s and educator’s trust in our security system.” When we asked him how we could further improve our security, he says, “We should add more CCTVs around our campus. This will enable us to monitor the area in a more extensive manner. Additionally, by installing more CCTVs it will also aid our reaction time, meaning that we will be able to detect the offence more quickly.” Me personally, I tend to agree with the majority. I believe that IIUM is a safe campus. However as Ismat has rightly pointed out, our security system, it could be further improved. The first thing that comes to mind is to illuminate AIKOL’s car park. Additionally, I would also have security guards patrolling the campus around the clock. Those are just some of my ideas, I’m pretty sure more things could be done to further ameliorate our security. So referring back to the question, on whether or not IIUM is safe? The answer is, yes, IIUM is safe. But is it safe enough? Opinions in regards to this question are expressed above. What do you AIKOLIANS think?


ISSUE 11

AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

YMP: CONNECTING THE MUSLIM YOUTH By: Naim Azizi and Sharifah Asmaa' Ever felt like you’re having an Iman dip? That after being a very active and productive Muslim, praying on time, reading the Qur ’an frequently, always looking forward to doing good deeds , you are becoming lazy and that your enthusiasm to perform Ibadah the same way is fading? We've felt like that so many times. Life is full of ups and downs, and the downs are sometimes powerful enough to distract us and lower our enthusiasm level. Yet, there are easy solutions that can help us get over an Iman low. One of the easiest ways is to attend some Halaqah or an Islamic gathering/ discussion. That is a great way of keeping the battery of Iman and actions charged. When joining some weekend or evening Islamic course or something of that sort, you will eventually find good company there which will be a means of strengthening your faith and Iman. Studying in IIUM is really a blessing, where there are various islamic programmes that are being held as you are reading. Take your time to join any Halaqah groups or talks organized here. There are also many NGO's outside campus s u c h a s Yo u n g M u s l i m s P r o f e s s i o n a l O rg a n i z a t i o n (YMP).

Some of us have heard about it or have seen a poster on programmes organized by YMP, some of are even members of YMP, and while some of us have never heard it, some had attended YMP programmes without even realizing that its organized by YMP! Whichever the category that you belong to, it's never too late to be fully involved in a Muslim organization that doesn’t only mould you to become better Muslims, but better yet, better young Muslim professionals. As Muslim students, this is a golden platform for us to widen our horizons. So what exactly is YMP? YMP is an English based group of Muslim youth coming together in the interest of Islam. It was started in 2007 by a group of urban youth who basically just wanted to learn Islam in a language or style they can relate to. With its main objective of connecting young Muslims based around Kuala Lumpur, YMP organises youth-oriented sessions once a fortnight open to all of its members and interested individuals. These exciting sessions range from diversified intellectual discourses and open sharing circles that hope to bring us closer to God (Insha Allah); fun outdoor activities and tummy filling food festivals, as well as social welfare activities in reaching those in dire need to

bring us closer to everyone – soup kitchens, teaching at one orphanage in KL and recently Carefugees (http:// carefugees.wordpress.com/). YMP even hosts interfaith dialogues with our non-Muslim friends as well, where a visit each other's houses of worship is planned for the near future, inshaAllah. They even collaborate with many local and international organisations. All these activities are planned with much hope of helping each other learn and understand about the teachings of Islam and its relevance in our lives. In recognizing the diversified background of each member, YMP has a strong policy of not being judgmental to anyone and sincerely open to accept as well as to embrace anyone who is interested to bridge a link with Islam. Connecting the scholars to the youth and youth to the scholars, YMP is indeed a golden opportunity for everyone in striving to become better Muslims.


ISSUE 11

AHMAD IBRAHIM KULIYYAH OF LAWS

ANDROID APPS FOR THE LEGAL MIND

Technology may well change the way law students study. Whilst other courses have largely moved with the times, we have remained fairly traditional. Dusty tomes are still very much indispensable, even if we grumble and curse as we carry them out of the library. That doesn’t mean, however, that we can’t make use of our faithful companions, the smartphone and the tablet. Here are five Android Apps that could help us come out of law school alive.

EBookDroid – PDF & DJVU Reader

SimpleMind Free Ever had the law turn your brain into spaghetti? This mind mapping app allows you to get a bird’s eye view of the topic you’re studying; connecting the dots will make the topic much easier to understand. It’s stress-free to use, and since you can change the colours of the borders and lines, visually appealing.

Assignment Planner FREE With up to seven core courses per semester and tutorials made compulsory, there’s no question that we need to stay organized. The App allows you to stay on top of assignments, courses and grades. Need to read two chapters for the next class? No problem. Key in the information and you’ll get a reminder hours before the dreaded event.

Why print out all of those cases or journal articles when you can just read them on your phone or tablet? This app organizes all your PDFs in a library – where you can highlight, bookmark, and draw on them to your heart’s content. Need to refer to an Act but it’s too inconsequential for you to buy? Download the PDF from the internet and open it with EBookDroid.

The Law Guide / Dictionary 8tracks radio Yes, you can get Spotify, but 8tracks is just as good. With so many playlists, moods, and genres to choose from, even studying at the library could be a serene affair. There’s no listening limit and ads in between songs either. For hours of instrumental magic, check out ‘Ultimate Study Playlist 1’.

With over 8,000 definitions in store, figuring out what funny-sounding Latin words mean will be a walk in the park. You also have the option of bookmarking the words, for easy reference later on. You can use a normal dictionary, but the definitions won’t be as legal. True to its name, some 200 over legal articles and FAQs are included to assist you on your journey. Help is here!


Advisor Assoc. Prof. Dr. Shamrahayu Abdul Aziz Head Info, Research & Development (LAWSOC) Seri Nurfarhana Munawir Head Editorial of AIKOL PRESS Aina Farzana Binti Ismail Asst. Head Editorial 1 Nur Ameera Syafiqah Binti Shaharudin Asst. Head Editorial 2 Mohammad Yazid Bin Zakaria Secretary Muhammad Farhan Bin Sapian Sauri Asst. Secretary Munirah Binti Hamdan Financial Controller Muhammad Rafiqree Hamka Bin Ruslan Asst. Financial Controller Sarah Naeilah Binti Norizal Nur Aiman Kautsar Binti Shaharudin Shah

Layout, Photography & Ads Head: Syahira Zakaria Asst. Head: Siddiq Rafee Bin Ramli Mumtaz Munirah Binti Mian Nadiah Farhana Binti Zainuddin Muhammad Syaqil Bin Iberahim Training & Education Head: Mohd Zharif Bin Abd Hamid Asst. Head: Nadzratun Naim Binti Hammad Azizi Nur Arina Ahmad Izuddin Huzir Bin Shamsul Bahrin Media, Promotion & Distribution Head: Hafidzi Razali Asst. Head: Sharifah Nur Asmaa’ Binti Syed Azman Nik Nuraisha Alia Binti Hanafi Shahrina Anis Binti Samsudin Azraai Yunos

AIKOL Press Issue 11  

Second issue for Sem 1, 2013/2014.

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