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AICIA 2006 annual report

www.aicia.es

Association for Investigation and Industrial Cooperation In Andalusia Seville Industrial Engineering School. University of Seville

a ic ia


AICIA 2006 annual report

www.aicia.es

Association for Investigation and Industrial Cooperation In Andalusia Seville Industrial Engineering School. University of Seville

a ic ia


Summary

1. presentaTiOn Constitution _Association Goals 2. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND BOARD OF GOVERMENT Organization _General Board 3. activiTIes International Projects _Engineering Projects _Tests, Analyses, Evaluations and Reports _Studies and Consultancies _Formation Courses 4. EVOLUTION OF THE ASSOCIATION IN 2006 Evolution of the Association 5. aPPENDICEs Sponsoring and Associated Members _Collaborating Personnel and Technical Team 6. 2006 balance sheet account Balance Sheet _Profit and Loss Account


Presentation

Presentation Constitution Association Goals


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President letter

D

uring the current year, 2007, in which the Yearly Report for 2006 is presented, AICIA is celebrating its 25th Anniversary and for this occasion, a series of activities and ceremonies commemorating this event are taking place. The “F. de Paula Rojas” Association for Research and Industrial Cooperation of Andalusia (AICIA) has, historically, never been an important presence in the media, nor in public, other than in academic, research and industrial circles akin to its activities and its fundamental objectives. The Association has never needed publicity to play a significant role within its own areas and, year after year, to achieve the results that have consolidated it. On the occasion of its “Silver Wedding” with training, research, and industrial cooperation however, this policy of discretion will be temporally, slightly interrupted to allow for a set of commemorative acts. In this way AICIA wishes, on one hand, to take stock of all its achievements and to give thanks for the support and confidence of its technical teams, its clients and all its collaborators in general. A commemorative book will be published, an exhibition will be mounted and testimony will be given of AICIA´s gratitude to its members, clients and promoters. On the other hand, looking towards the future, some interesting technical workshops will be held on such relevant subjects as energy and environment, aeronautical engineering, electronics and communications, industrial control and robotics, and relations between University and Business. AICIA was created as an initiative of a group of teachers from Seville University in collaboration with the College of Industrial Engineers and with the backing of various business organizations. Its statutes were approved in 1980, in 1981 an agreement with Seville University was signed and in 1982 its Governing Body was created. The writer of this report has been a Numerary Member and General Assembly Member of the Association since June 6th 1985. At the time, to think - and talk – of innovation and of industrial co-operation between University and Business in Andalusia was at times utopian and at others, a daring bordering on academic or entrepreneurial heterodoxy. Nobody had heard of “spin off” firms and even less tried to create them from the University, as AICIA has successfully done. Today, not only are they spoken of – sometimes in excess – but also their creation is considered as a success. The statutory aims of AICIA include such vocabulary as training, firms, research, industrial co-operation, or environment that today, 25 years on, are of great actuality. However, what are most relevant are not the correct programmed declarations but the works that demonstrate with facts and figures. AICIA´s facts and figures, gathered together yearly in the Annual Report and particularly those of 2006, give rise to optimism about the present and future. In 2006 AICIA´s turnover rose to 10.438 million euros (8.510 in 2005), 75% coming from private enterprise. This income came from the work of 29 teams and 238 PhDs, engineers, graduates and administrative staff. Particularly satisfactory is the number of grant holders, 549 from the Engineering School and 21 from Seville University. As a result of its activities, the net inventory material has been of 260,390 euros during the year, making the accumulated figure to be 6,560,676 euros, which means an important contribution to the research infrastructure of the University. According to the Agreement, the monetary contributions to Seville University reached 622,070 euros. Total contributions during AICIA´s lifetime reach 11,016,400 euros. In 2006 AICIA participated in 28 international projects and 105 engineering works, as well as carrying out numerous tests, analysis, studies and consultancies, courses and workshops. Amongst the international

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projects, various corresponding to the VI Framework Program and others to the European Space Agency, stand out, basically in the areas of Electronics and Information Technologies, Energy and Environment, and Aeronautical Engineering. Amongst the engineering works are those corresponding to the CENIT and PROFIT calls and the proposals to the Andalusian Technological Corporation, in which AICIA`s participation has reached 75 %. AICIA has strong institutional participatipation in organizations related to R&D& Innovation and to business. It is a member of the European Association of Research and Technology Organizations, of FEDIT; founding member of the Andalusian Network of Technological Areas and of the Foundation for Aerospace Development of Andalusia. In 2006, AICIA was recognized as Center of Innovation and Technology (CIT) on both national and regional scale, and obtained the Management System Credential for R&D& Innovation according to the UNE 166002 EX standard. On the 31st of December 2006 the Assoacion Assets reached 11,139,099 euros (15% more than in the previous exercise), 9.5 % corresponding to fixed assets and the rest to working assets, reflecting the type of activity carried out by AICIA and the fact that the transmission to the University of scientific inventory material takes place once it has been totally redeemed, as is indicated in note 4.c of the memory. The total of the financial investment is 5 % higher than in the previous year, generating positive earning of 132,000 euros. At the close of the year, Equity was 377,505 euros. In 2006, AICIA assigned 8.8 % of the income generated by its Departments to cover general expenses and management of the Association and of the School, 3.3 % of this corresponding to AICIA. To be safe, this income of the Association is accounted once the earnings (revenue flows) of the Departments are transformed into money paid in (cash flows). As is indicated in note 3 of the Auditory Report, if the turnover were registered based on amount due, then both the results of the exercise and those reflected as corresponding to previous years would be higher than the quantities indicated in said note. By not using the amount due criteria and by accounting certain non-recurrent expenses connected to the 25th Anniversary Celebrations, the Income Statement shows a loss of 11,984 euros, only 3.2 % of Equity and an insignificant percentage against the turnover figure, perfectly assumable by the financial structure and the ongoing activity of the Association. The balance sheet has been well audited and the available data about the progress of the 2007 exercise indicates the fulfilment of the production objectives and the foreseen economic and financial results for 2007. As President of AICIA –in December 2007 completing the 14th year of Presidency- and a priviledged witness of its development, and in view of its past and present results, I must congratulate both the Association management and the teams of professors, researchers, technicians and grant holders, who have been in the past, and are still, its main asset, its main source of value creation. To the Engineering School, to Seville University, to the College of Industrial Engineers in representation of all the institutions that have given us support; to the members and the clients who recognize the quality and value of AICIA’s activities and work many thanks. On this occasion, however, in its 25th anniversary year, I would like to pay special tribute to its founders, those present and those departed, to the group of teachers of the Engineering School who in 1980 had the vision and the foresight of what could be the future of research, teaching and collaboration between university and business, and set about achieving it. Many have since then added a grain of sand; others, basic elements to the structure. They, though, laid the decisive and fundamental stone.

Manuel Ángel Martín López Presidente of AICIA Friday 27th of July 2007

INTRODUCTION


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Constitution

AICIA

began as the initiative of a group of professors at the Seville Industrial Engineering School (ESII) who were aware, on the one hand, of the professors’ need to acquire firsthand experience in industrial companies to better transmit this reality to their students, and on the other hand, of the value of the engineering school’s human potential and potential for serving industry and society. The Official Engineering Association and several industrial firms supported this original idea to encourage professors and upperclassmen to participate in theoretical and applied research projects in collaboration with industry. The Association’s statutes were approved by the Internal Policy Committee in November 1980. In November 1981, the Association’s executive committee signed a draft agreement with the University of Seville during the rectorship of professor Guillermo Jiménez Sánchez. The agreement allowed AICIA to use the school’s human and material resources to pursue the association’s statutory objectives. The agreement between AICIA and the university meant putting the spirit of the University Organic law (lOU) into practice several years ahead of time, supplying the means for an effective development of what was later provided by article 83 of this law. Finally, at the general board meeting held in February 1982, the association’s executive committee was dissolved and its bodies of government were constituted providing the definitive organization.

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Association goals

The

F. de Paula Rojas Andalusian Association for Research and Industrial Co-operation (AICIA) is a non-profit public-interest association. Its objectives are to encourage, guide, and promote industrial research, with an emphasis on publication and dissemination of results, to promote technological progress in Spain and to help improve the professional training of engineers and, in general, of other professionals involved in the different industrial branches. As stated in the fourth article of the Association’s rules, the AICIA’s goals are the following: 1. Contributing to the improvement of firms in general and Andalusian firms in particular with innovation and technological development. 2. To carry out research projects, studies, and laboratory tests of interest to industry in general and to its associates in particular. 3. To establish co-operative relationships with public or private entities or with individuals to render services and to carry out research projects. 4. To actively participate in the protection of the industrial environment through pollution level measurement, technical advice on cleaner industrial processes, and facility modification. 5. To teach technical training courses and advanced courses for postgraduates, as well as conferences and seminars on technological matters. 6. To establish awards for research projects and to grant technical research assistantships to postgraduates or students. Although most of the Association’s activities are in Andalusia, its participation in national and international projects is growing as Spain becomes more integrated into supranational European Institutions.

INTRODUCTION


Organizational Structure and Board of Goverment

Organization General Board


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Organization

The

Association’s main body of government is the general board, composed of the full members. These members appoint from amongst themselves a president and an executive manager. The president is the association’s legal representative. The main duties of the general board are approving the accounts, the budget, and the management report, appointing the executive manager, admitting new full members, signing Cooperation agreements, and modifying the Association’s statutes. The general board delegates its management and administration functions in an executive board made up of the President, six members who represent the general board, the associate and collaborating members, and the Executive Manager. Their functions are focussed on planning and drawing up the budget, accepting research project proposals, admitting new associate and collaborating members, and appointing group directors. The executive manager directs and co-ordinates the Association’s scientific, technical, economic and administrative activities. The management is organised into work teams led by team coaches appointed by the executive board. These coaches are in charge of the technical and scientific activities and are autonomous, although they are subject to budget control and management co-ordination by the Executive Manager.

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president:

D. Manuel Ángel Martín López CEA Economy Commission President

Full Members:

D. Javier Aracil Santonja Catedrático de Ingeniería de Sistemas y Automática de la ESI de Sevilla

D. Patricio Barrios García President of Education Commission and Relations with Huelva Business University

D. Jesús Contreras Fernández ATLANTIC COPPER, S.A. Metallurgy Director

D. Miguel Bermejo Herrero Engineering Graphic Design Professor. Seville Engineering School

D. José Luis Calvo Salazar Chairman of the Western Andalusia Industrial Engineering

D. Juan Manuel Díaz Cabrera Director of the CEPSA Petrol Complex of La Rabida

D. Antonio Delgado García OTRI Director. University of Seville

D. Salvador Durbán Oliva Financial Economy and Accounting Professor. University of Seville

D. José Guerra Macho Thermal Machines and Motors Professor. Seville Engineering

D. José Antonio Martínez Fernández Chairman of Sevillana-Endesa

D. Andrés Membrillo Bonilla Director of Gas Andalucía

D. Enrique Navarrete Fernández Andalusian Technology Institute President

D. Luis Onieva Giménez Management Science Professor. Seville Engineering School

D. Pablo Palenzuela Chamorro Director of Research Secretariat at the University of Seville

D. Federico París Carballo Material Elasticity and Strength Professor. Seville Engineering School

D. Javier Pérez de los Santos Managing Director of SACESA

D. Saturio Ramos Vicente Vice-Rector in charge of Research. University of Seville

D. Luis Salvador Martínez Chemical Engineering Professor. Seville Engineering School

D. Miguel Angel Serrano Aguilar Agency for Innovation and Development of Andalusia Director

D. Antonio Jesús Torralba Silgado Electronic Technology Professor. Seville Engineering School

D. Ramón Velázquez Vila Thermotechnics Professor. Seville Engineering School

secretary & executive Manager: Legal adviser:

D. Antonio Jesús Torralba Silgado D. Fernando Haya Prats

GEN I NETRRAOlDBUOCAT RI ODN


Activities

international Projects Engineering Works Tests, Analyses, Evaluations and Reports Studies and Consultancies Training Courses


Engineering Works Tests, Analyses, Evaluations and Reports Studies and Consultancies Formation Courses


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WITNESS Wireless Technologies for small area Networks with Embedded Security & Safety MEDEA + A109 AND THE MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY, TOURISM AND COMMERCE. PROFIT FIT 330100-2005-268

: WITNESS is a European project funded under the MEDEA+ initiative (reference number A109). The main objective of the project is to develop new techniques for short-range wireless communications using very low power techniques. In addition, extensions to new and existing standards for wireless communications in small area networks will be investigated and developed. The WITNESS consortium, composed of 23 members, is led by Philips. AICIA´s tasks in WITNESS are centered on the design of advanced state-of-the-art Analog-to-Digital Converters for Ultra Wideband and Bluetooth. The architecture chosen for the design of the analog to digital converters are: » Analog-to-Digital Converter for Ultra Wideband: A flash converter has been implemented using capacitive interpolation in CMOS 0.13um. A resolution of 6 bits at 1Gsample/s and a power consumption of 650mW have been obtained. » Analog-to-Digital Converter for Bluetooth. A pipelined RSD converter has been designed in CMOS 0.3 5um technology. Various techniques have been applied to reduce the power consumption, such as op-amp sharing and removing the comparator preamplifiers. As a result, 9-bit resolution and 20Msamples/s have been achieved with only 6.93mW of power consumption, locating this converter within the state-of-the-art. » The use of continuous-time Sigma-Delta architecture has also been explored. Different building blocks have been designed using new circuit techniques, the most remarkable of these being an extremely linear transconductor with an IM3 of over 80dB.

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EmbEddEd WISENTS Cooperating Embedded Systems for Exploration and Control featuring Wireless Sensor Networks EUROPEAN COMMISSION. IST PROJECT FP6-004400

: Embedded Wisents is a Coordination Action funded by the European Commission under the Information Society Technology (IST) priority within the 6th Framework Programme (FP6). It is a combined effort amongst twelve partners from ten different European countries. These partners have strong backgrounds in wireless communication and distributed computing as well as in embedded systems and cooperating objects in general. They have relevant expertise in ubiquitous communication, wireless sensor networks, distributed control, and cooperative autonomous systems in particular. This project explores the commonalities and complementarities of embedded control systems for some physical processes (machinery, automobiles and others), pervasive and ubiquitous computing, and wireless sensor networks. The main objectives are: supporting the integration of existing research, road mapping for technology adoption, promoting excellence in teaching and training in systems of cooperating objects. AICIA leads the “Road Mapping and Technology Adoption” Work package. This Work package includes the development of four studies in selected areas: Applications and Application Scenarios, Paradigms for Algorithms and Interactions, Vertical System Functions, and System Architecture and Programming Models. The Workpackage also addresses visions for innovative applications, and the research Road Map preparation. In 2006 the Roadmap of Embedded Wisents Research has been concluded. AICIA has actively participated in the study of the state of the art and the technologies involved. AICIA has also been strongly involved in dissemination activities including the preparation of a book on “Cooperating Objects and Wireless Sensor Networks”.

mImOSA Microsystems Platform for Mobile Services and Applications EUROPEAN COMMISSION. IST PROJECT

: The Microsystems platform for Mobile Services and Applications (MIMOSA) is a VI Framework Programme project integrated by a strong and synergetic consortium involving large industrial partners, SMEs, research organizations, and universities from throughout Europe. MIMOSA creates a new open system platform for context-aware mobile services and applications. The approach is mobile phone based, thus providing the users with a smooth transition from current mobile services to ambient intelligence services. In the area of short-range communications, MIMOSA positions itself to low-cost and low-bit rate territory that can be set up with relatively modest investments in the infrastructure. At the same time, however, a wide range of consumer applications is covered. From this stance, MIMOSA will quickly make ubiquitous computing a reality. :

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AWARE Platform for Autonomous self-deploying and operation of Wireless sensor-actuator networks cooperating with Aerial objects EUROPEAN COMMISSION FP6 (IST-2006-33579)

: The general objective of the project is the design, development and experimentation of a platform providing the middleware and the functionalities required for cooperation amongst unmanned aerial vehicles, i.e. autonomous helicopters and a ground sensor-actuator wireless network, including mobile nodes carried by people and vehicles. The platform will offer self-deployment, self-configuration and self-repairing features by means of cooperating autonomous helicopters that deploy sensors and communication equipment. These features are highly relevant in natural and urban environments with no existing infrastructure, or in situations where the infrastructure has been damaged or destroyed. The expected results of the project are: 1. Scalable and self-organizing ground sensor network integrating mobile nodes including not only low energy and light sensors (motes) but also cameras and other sensors with higher energy requirements. 2. Architecture and middleware required for the cooperation of heterogeneous objects including aerial vehicles, static sensor-actuator nodes, and mobile nodes carried by ground vehicles and personnel. 3. Network-centric functional qualities for operations including the development of surveillance, localization and tracking functions. 4. New cooperation techniques for tasks requiring strong interaction, such as the lifting and transportation of shared loads by the cooperation of several helicopters. Two validation scenarios are being considered in the project: » Disaster Management/Civil Security » Filming applications. AICIA is the coordinator of the project which also includes as partners Technische Universität Berlin (Germany), Flying-Cam (Belgium), University of Twente (Netherlands), Universität Stuttgart (Germany), SElEX sensors and airborne systems (UK) and Grupo ITURRI (Spain). The project started June 1, 2006. Over the course of this year the system architecture and middleware specifications have been completed and delivered.

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FT-UNSHAdES Fault-Tolerant Hardware Debugging System for Space Applications EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY ESA/ESTEC, UNDER CONTRACT 17540

: The design of integrated circuits for space applications places an emphasis on those aspects related to the consequences of the impact of radiation particles on CMOS systems. Usually, these circuits are protected using massive redundancy which increases the silicon area and, thus, the costs, while the reliability tests are carried out using complex and expensive radiation facilities that give poor information about the test results. Redesign costs are also high, because, when errors are detected, a new manufacturing cycle must be started. The FT-UNSHADES project started in 2004 with the objective of developing an emulation system for the measurement and diagnosis of the reliability of integrated circuits in a radiation environment. FT-UNSHADES allows a designer to verify the reliability of a circuit before fabrication providing a detailed reliability analysis at very high speed with minimum intrusion in the design process. Additional FT-UNSHADES applications can be found in the analysis of VlSI circuits for terrestrial applications of high responsibility (aeronautics, automotive, health care.....) where the impact of ambient radiation can be critical, especially for the new nanoscale CMOS technologies. In 2005, the capabilities of FT-UNSHADES were increased, and it was validated by a set of Intellectual Property (IP) cells provided by the European Space Agency (ESA), the leon-2 processor being of special relevance. Since 2006, ESA has incorporated FT-UNSHADES in its list of design tools available for space applications. During 2006 the main effort has been directed towards new hardware platforms with a greater capacity and towards the integration of the results obtained with the emulation tool and those obtained in the radiation chamber.

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URUS Ubiquitous Networking Robotics in Urban Settings EUROPEAN COMISSION, VI FP (IST-045062)

: The main objective of this Project is the development of new ways of cooperation among robots, people and their environment, in urban areas to develop joint tasks. As an example, this project considers the cooperation of robots and cameras in surveillance tasks in urban areas and the cooperation of robots and wireless terminals for personal assistance and guidance in an urban environment. The main interest of the project is in the pedestrian areas, according to the increasing interest in Europe to reduce the number of vehicles to improve the citizen quality of live. AICIA leads the workpackage entitled “Cooperative environment perception”, and it is also involved in the workpackage entitled “Networking” and in the set of experiments to be carried out in Barcelona, where AICIA will provide the autonomous vehicle ROMEO 4R and a wireless sensor network. This project is still in the specification phase. The URUS consortium is coordinated by the Technical University of Catalonia with the following partners: AICIA (Spain), lAAS-CNRS (France), ETH (Switzerland), SSSA (Italy), University of Zaragoza (Spain), IST (Portugal), University of Surrey (United Kingdom), Agency of Urban Ecology of Barcelona (Spain) Telefónica I+D (Spain) and Robotech (Italy).

NRS Research Atelier Network Robot Systems EUROPEAN COMMISSION. IST PRIORITY

: Network Robot Systems (NRS) is a Research Atelier funded by the European Commission in the IST priority, Future and Emergent Technologies, Beyond Robotics, EURON. The main objectives are to prepare a Roadmap of NRS, to create a WEB and a data base with NRS information, and to edit a book with the resulting information. The analysis to be performed includes the consideration of the economical and societal driving forces, the identification of the bottlenecks to progress, and the NRS activities in the world. The relevant technologies, techniques and tools will be studied. The standards and protocols will be also examined. Moreover, an analysis of future applications and scenarios will be conducted. A study of future key lines of research and development will be performed, and a strategic plan for Europe will be proposed. In 2006 the Roadmap of NRS has been done. AICIA has actively participated in the study of the state of the art in NRS and related technologies, in the analysis of the scientific challenges, and in the definition of future research activities in the field. Apart from AICIA, the partners of this project are the Technical University of Catalonia (coordinator), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (lAAS), Ecole Polytechnique Federale de lausanne (EPFl), Scuola Superiore di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento Sant’Anna (SSSA), Universidad de Zaragoza, Institute for Systems & Robotics of lisbon (IST), and the University of Surrey.

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EURON II European Robotics Research Network II EUROPEAN COMMISSION. IST-FET BEYOND ROBOTICS

: EURON II is a network of excellence under the 6th Framework Programme (FP6), funded as part of the Information Society Technologies (IST) Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) programme on “Beyond Robotics”. EURON II is a continuation of the original European Robotics Network (EURON) of the Fifth Framework Programme. EURON’s objective is to implement and maintain a Network of Excellence that allows coordination of research, teaching and education, academy-industry collaboration, and publications and conferences in the area of robotics throughout Europe. EURON is organised around a number of key areas: research coordination, education and training, industrial links and dissemination. Summer schools and a number of ad-hoc activities are organised,, mostly related to: prospective research projects, research ateliers, and topical studies. AICIA has been a member of EURON since its constitution and has been coordinating the “Field Robotics” interest group.

RETROFIT-KIT Restoration of Social Houses IEEA (U.E. INTElIGENT ENERGY FOR EUROPE PROGRAM

: The objective of the project is to study the possibility of applying the Central European standard of the PASSIVEHOUSE company in retrofitting, rented social homes, often found in the European Union. The standard consists of single family homes that are well insulated, with windows of very low thermal transmittance, airtight, and with energy recycling of used air, including high energy efficient electrical household appliances. A requirement of the standard is not to exceed 15 kWh/m2, but for retrofitted houses the limit has been raised to 30 kWh/m2. The role played by AICIA in the project is the verification of the situation of the houses in the South of Spain, with emphasis on improving the refrigeration system, very deteriorated by the conditions of the houses, by means of taking measures to reduce overheating, such as the use of movable shading devices and night ventilation. From the results obtained in the various countries (Austria, Holland, Denmark, lithuania, Spain) a web page has been prepared that will be disseminated among retrofitting companies with information about the rehabilitation possibilities during the second part of the project.

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PHYdAdES Phyllis Database Dissemination, Training and Standardisation EUROPEAN UNION

: Reliable information on biomass fuels and ashes is vital for the rapid introduction of biomass as a sustainable fuel in the European Union and beyond. Biomass producers, traders and buyers, equipment manufacturers, legislative bodies and all other parties involved in the use of biomass, demand independent background information on the composition and quality of biomass fuels and biomass ashes generated using standardized methods. The first objective of the PHYDADES project is to create such a database from the existing PHYllIS database and the multitude of data present (but not readily available) at various European organisations. The second objective of the PHYDADES project is to provide instruction in the use of standardized analysis methods, in particular for the new member states. This will consist of on-job training for laboratory staff and workshops for all involved in biomass trade and use.

PASSIVE ON- marketable Passive Homes IEEA (U.E. INTElIGENT ENERGY FOR EUROPE PROGRAM)

: The Passive-On Project is a research and dissemination project within the framework of the European program SAVE, Intelligent Energy for Europe. The aim of this project is to examine how to promote the concept of passive housing, especially in Southern Europe. In these regions high energy consumption in homes is produced not only by heating in winter but also, and some times more significantly, by refrigeration in summer. The Passive-On Project has three main objectives: » For architects and other building professionals, the project provides design guidelines and a computer tool for calculating the actual costs of passive climate homes, both for climates with a dominant cooling load and for climates with a dominant heating load. » For governing bodies, the project provides a strategy report dealing with obstacles and solutions within the frame of the European Union, useful for both national and local governments capable of furthering a more wide-scale development of Passive Houses. » In general, Passive-On aims at spreading the concept of passive homes amongst member countries. AICIA has participated in the development of the design guidelines and in the preparation of the computer tool, thanks to the tools of thermal simulation developed, the energy certification methodologies developed and to the computer tools for mapping results.

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RENEW Renewable Fuels for Advanced Powertrains EUROPEAN UNION SIXTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME SES6-CT-2003-502705; MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE - ENE2004-20458-E/CON

: RENEW aims to develop, compare, (partially) demonstrate and train on a range of fuel production chains for motor vehicles. ligno-cellulose biomass sources will be used as feedstock to produce synthesis gas from which various vehicle fuels can be derived: Methanol/DME, ethanol (thermo-chemical and enzymatic pathway) and a novel biomass-to-liquid (BTl) fuel. The project will develop and evaluate the respective processing technologies with a view to producing cost effective premium fuels for current and future combustion engines from a wide bandwidth of bio-feedstock. Within 4 vertical subprojects, alternative thermochemical gasification, enzymatic fuel production and fuel synthesis processes will be considered, while 2 horizontal subprojects cover technology assessment and training. Two pilot-produced fuels (DME and BTl) will be submitted to extensive motor-tests by 4 leading European car manufacturers within this project, the other fuels will be made available for tests in further projects. It is envisaged that this procedure will lead to the introduction of favourably priced biomass-derived fuels for motor vehicles from 2010 onwards. One of the six RENEW sub projects, “SP4: Optimisation of Bio-ethanol Production”, is led by Abengoa Bioenergía and counts with AICIA as the main partner. This sub project will explore ethanol production in two ways: the enzymatic way (enzymatic hydrolysis of ligno-cellulose biomass) and the thermo-chemical way (biomass gasification and catalytic conversion of the synthesis gas generated to ethanol).

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mATAARI Improvement of accessibility to transport and logistic services among urban areas and intermodal centres INTERREG IIIB MEDOC EUROPEAN PROGRAMME

: The MATAARI project aims at dealing with the problems of accessibility of the greatest inter-provincial areas, where a strong link exists between urban/ suburban traffic and freight traffic, generated by inter-modal and logistics centres, by the analysis, definition and implementation of strategies and actions directed at solving conflicts between the operational areas/ports of access of the inter-modal centres and the external road network. The proposal aims at fostering the aggregation and coordination of different entities existing within the territory and promoting real improvement in accessibility to transport networks and logistics services, aiming at the sustainability of mobility in the entire area. MATAARI aims at dealing with these problems by acting on the whole issue of accessibility to transport and logistics services, intervening in two fundamental aspects: » The physical level, composed of the infrastructure, technological devices and organisational aspects necessary to help users of transport services in moving through the network and reaching their destination, both for freight and for passenger transport (with private or public vehicles). » The virtual level, that is the organisational/technological support necessary for obtaining transport services (logistics and for passengers) and the integration of all the phases of displacement to be carried out in the network.

bESTUFS II Modelling Best Urban Freight Solutions EUROPEAN UNION. VI FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME

: Bestufs II is a VI FP follow-up initiative of the BESTUFS project and aims at maintaining and expanding an open European network between urban freight transport experts, user groups/associations, ongoing projects, the relevant European Commission Directorates and representatives of national, regional and local transport administrations and transport operators in order to identify, describe and disseminate best practices, success criteria and bottlenecks with respect to City logistics. The tasks allocated to 2006 included “data harmonisation”, searching for existing material and the results of projects, studies, surveys, official census etc. related to urban freight transport. “Modelling approaches” carried out an overview of the urban goods movement modelling experiences and results. Finally, “case studies” dealt with a description of implementation experiences, application fields and opportunities related to data collection and modelling, identifying and describing case studies in each country with the aim of knowing when, how often, and in what situation the models and data are used and why someone pays for them.

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ALCAS Cost Reduction Study in Advanced Aeronautics Structures Project EUROPEAN COMMISSION

: The objective of the current European project is to reduce by 15% the operating costs of the main products in the aeronautics industry by the use of carbon fibre for the main aircraft structures. This objective means an optimisation in weight, manufacturing and maintenance costs. AICIA is participating in this project together with a consortium of 58 companies, technological centers and universities led by AIRBUS and DASSAUlT-AVIATION, belonging to 12 European countries (Germany, France, Norway, Spain, Switzerland, Italy, Russia, Holland, Belgium, Portugal, Israel and Czech Rep.). As a result of this project, the design and manufacturing of a carbon fibre wing will be carried out.

VERdI-VIRTUAL Engineering for robust manufacturing with design integration EUROPEAN UNION

: The Verdi project comes within the 6th Framework Programme of the European Commission. AICIA plays a double role in the project: the numerical simulation of the soldering processes to determine stresses and residual movement and the execution of numerous mechanical trials at high temperatures on nickel super alloys. The project results will be of use for the manufacture of aircraft motor parts.

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FALCOm PROJECT Prediction Of The Behaviour, Design And Cost Of Non-Crimp Fabrics (NCF) EUROPEAN COMMISSION. “COMPETITIVE AND SUSTAINABlE GROWTH� G4RD-CT-2001-00694

: The main objective of the FAlCOM programme is the use of the know-how on composite materials from each partner for the characterisation of the engineering properties of the Non-Crimp Fabrics (NCF). This include the study of the manufacturing, processing, performance, design and certification of this type of material, in order to create an integrated design tool for this composite material. This tool consists of a database with the experimental results of the study, a series of algorithms based on the elemental models, in addition to semi-empirical laws, tools for analysis of costs and, finally, an advisable methodology of certification for the primary structural elements made with NCF. The potential savings are up to 35% in weight and cost and 5% in environmental emissions during its production in comparison with elements made from aeronautic aluminium alloys. The role of AICIA in this Project is to analyze and extend, when possible, present behavioral models of composites to NCFs, modeling the stiffness degradation associated to damage and failure of the material, as well as the numerical modeling of the material under typical static loads. The FAlCOM consortium is constituted by twenty different partners and includes material suppliers (TENAX and DEVOlD AMT), design/engineering software developers (ESI GmbH and ESI software), sub-element manufacturers (FACC AG), aircraft manufacturers (AlA, AIRBUS-UK, AIRBUS-SPAIN, EADS-M), high-tech research centres (AICIA, CIRA, QinetiQ, DlR, NlR, SICOMP) and five universities (TU Dresden, Imperial College, lTU, U. Napoli and U Twente).

I N T E R N AT I O N A l P R O J E C T S


International Projects Tests, Analyses, Evaluations and Reports Studies and Consultancies Formation Courses


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COmEd Integration and Development of Real Time Control and Information Systems over Lans GREENPOWER TECHONOlOGIES S.l. AND TElVENT ENERGíA Y MEDIO AMBIENTE S.A.

: The IEC 61850 series sets out the guidelines for communication among devices in substations, independently of manufacturers or communication protocols. Part 6 of the standard describes the configuration language oriented towards interoperability and performance among all the devices at the substation and the various sections of this configuration language. Thus, the objectives of the COMED project are, on the one hand, to achieve an introduction to the new standard IEC 61850 oriented to communications in substations, and, on the other, to develop a software application capable of generating a configuration code for the intelligent electronic devices based on this standard.

AVANdIS Advanced DA/DSM Infrastructure for an efficient management of Electrical Distribution Networks SPANISH MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY, TOURISM AND TRADE. PROFIT FIT-330100-2005-179

: Electrical utilities have seen the need to renew their present supply automation systems to cope with the increasing demands of the emerging liberalized electricity market. Avandis is a project which aims at exploring and demonstrating the benefits of advanced DA/DSM (Distribution Automation/Demand Side Management) solutions by means of demonstrators using the distribution network. To this end, Avandis is creating a new software tool for DA/DSM tasks which allows the present utility SCADA to monitor and control a set of electrical magnitudes related to elements in the medium and low voltage supply network, and to perform some DSM tasks, such as remote metering, remote disconnection of service, complex faring, and the acquisition of different parameters measuring the quality of service and fraud detection. This tool will be based on Power line Communication. During 2006, the new tools were developed and debugged ending with some field tests. The Avandis Consortium is led by TElVENT Energía y MedioAmbiente (Energy and Environment) with the participation of the distribution utilities Medina Garvey S.A. and Compañía de Electricidad del Condado, S.A., Green Power Technologies, S.A., the University of Córdoba and AICIA.

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ATIATVER New Wireless Technologies for Vertical Traffic ANDAlUSIAN COUNCIl OF INNOVATION, SCIENCE AND ENTERPRISE

: The ATIATVER Project aims at offering new solutions to allow the introduction of wireless systems in the commercial catalogue of the MP Group. AICIA, as an expert in the field of design of low power embedded systems, will develop new platforms of embedded systems for vertical traffic with special emphasis on the economic feasibility of the proposed solutions as compared to the conventional ones.

SIRECA Radiofrequency Identification in the Consignment Process in the Supply Chain of the Agro-business Sector ANDAlUSIAN COUNCIl OF INNOVATION, SCIENCE AND ENTERPRISE, COVAP, SADIEl AND CETECOM

: This project aims at exploring the state-of-the art in RFID technology and its application to the agrobusiness sector. It includes the simulation in a realtime environment of the delivery control process at the production centre of COVAP (a Cooperative Society in los Pedroches Valley), as a first step to evaluating the potential impact of these technologies on the production and commercial processes in the supply chain. To this end RFID technology will be integrated with current Information Systems on real processes, to be evaluated as an efficient tool for improving the supply process, detecting and correcting possible errors in the delivery process. With the experience gained in this project, RFID technology will be extended to other production processes in COVAP. AICIA has focused its activities in the project on two fundamental aspects: Âť Developing the RFID devices to allow wireless control. Âť Making an exhaustive analysis of the implementation of a management system for optimal production, taking into account these new technologies.

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bUOYS Intelligent Ambient Infrastructure by the use of Buoys for Improving the Capacity, Efficiency, Safety and Security of inland-maritime Freight Transportation and its Sustainable Integration MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY, TOURISM AND COMMERCE. TECHNICAl RESEARCH PROMOTION PROJECT (PROFIT). REFERENCE: FIT-340000-2006-24)

: The general objective of Project BUOYS is the development of an intelligent infrastructure for inland-maritime transport, allowing for an improvement in its capacity, efficiency, safety, security and level of service. At the same time, the project is expected to have significant repercussion on the Guadalquivir inland ecosystem, such as agrarian production, and the sustainable development of river transport compatible with the environment. To reach this objective, research and development in high availability embedded systems is necessary, requiring sensors and actuators, as well as other electronic devices and equipment, and Intelligent Ambient systems interconnected by a distributed middleware. Distributed Artificial Intelligent Software governs the applications by multi-agent system architecture, together with soft computing and bio-inspired programmes. AICIA is developing key aspects of the project associated to the hardware and the intelligent software needed for the creation of such intelligent maritime ambient. SERVIPORT ANDAlUCĂ­A, S.l. and ISOTROl, S.l. are partners of BUOYS, with AICIA as the leader.

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ATENEA Architecture, Middleware and Tools PROFIT. MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY: SINGULAR AND STRATEGIC PROJECT. FIT 340503-2006-5

:: ATENEA aims at developing a common vision about future challenges and base technologies facing the three transversal dominions identified in the Strategic Agenda for Research in the Spanish platform PROMETEO: Architecture, Middleware and Method/Design Tools. The objective of this project is to approach the technical development in three strategic dominions involving a significant number of relevant members of the PROMETEO platform. As an additional objective, this project tries to optimize the synergetic efforts oriented towards a future participation in further European funded projects in this area. To this end, the members of the executive committee will lead the technical work packages. The impact of ATENEA will be reinforced by its close links to the PROMETEO technological platform, which is a mirror of the European Platform for Embedded Systems (ARTEMIS). The direct relation of ATENEA with the PROMETEO office will also facilitate its management. In this project AICIA focuses on the definition of new low-power architecture for embedded systems with wireless connectivity.

PTC Common Technological Platform for UTRs PROFIT. MINISTERY OF INDUSTRY. FIT 330100-2006-30

:: This project focuses on the technological platform on which the new electronic equipment in charge of field data acquisition and concentration (UTRs) will be based. These hardware and software platforms, based on embedded systems, constitute a critical component in a control system and have to be highly reliable, as they have to operate autonomously for years during 24 hours a day. Based on current state-of-the art hardware and software, PTC will develop a new hardware and software platform incorporating recent technological trends to be applied in the different sectors of activity of the main contractor (TELVENT). This platform will integrate the following functional blocks: »»Wireless communication such as the field bus. »»Real time operation »»Open source code applications. »»Highly reliable digital links and networks AICIA focuses its activity in this project on the development of circuits and devices for low power wireless communications such as the field bus.

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FURIA Future Integrated Audiovisual Network PROFIT. SPANISH MINISTERY OF INDUSTRY, TOURISM AND TRADE. SINGUlAR AND STRATEGIC PROJECT, FIT 330503-2006-6

: FURIA aims at developing and validating the integration of emerging Technologies to broadcast audiovisual contents to mobile and portable terminals by the creation of a Spanish consortium of organizations which can evaluate and analyze these new technologies. FURIA´s objectives are: » To contribute to the standardization bodies in industrial forums, such as DVB (Digital Video Broadcasting), to elaborate and build new technical proposals for the future DVB, benefiting from the privileged position that Spanish industry has at present in the development of new technologies for audiovisual broadcasting. » To contribute to the success of the deployment of the new DVB-H (DVB for handheld terminals) networks in Spain, allowing the national industry to face new technological challenges, including service headers. » To participate in the definition of hybrid satellite-terrestrial networks to provide service to portable and mobile terminals. » To analyze the technical feasibility of the second generation of the DVB standard (DVB-T2), which deals with the optimization of the signal bandwidth necessary to provide new added value services and higher quality contents. Finally, FURIA is a good opportunity to develop and evaluate new innovative interactive services that give added value to the users and contribute to the deployment of the DVB networks and their convergence with 3G and 4G networks.

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HADA-TDT Low Cost Development Aid Tool for Terrestrial Digital Television Applications SPANISH MINISTERY OF INDUSTRY, TOURISM AND TRADE. PROFIT, FIT-330210-2005-13

:: The system HADA-TDT is a transmission and complete reception network of DVB-T, with the capacity to incorporate MHP applications that can be configured and controlled with great flexibility, in a remote way, through a Web environment where the HADA Developer will be able to: »» Load the developed application in the remote HADA server. It will be possible to load the application to be executed in the Digital Television (DT) receivers as well as the “server” part of this application, in the case where it incorporates the function of remote interaction. The possibility of loading audiovisual content for the later generation of the DT signal is also contemplated. »» Configure, if necessary, the different SI/PSI signalling parameters and the Transport Stream flow such as PIDs, describers, ids, table contents and binary speed. The generations of DSM-DC objects containing the application, as well as multiplexing different elements that conform services of Transport Stream (TS), carry out a software module installed in the HADA server connected to a DVB-T modulation card. »» Select the receiver on which the developed application is to be loaded. »» Visualize the video of the selected receiver in real time through a window incorporated in the Web page. The one in charge of transmitting the video out from the receivers to the PC of the developer is the equipment labelled as video “IP Server” in the outline. »» Command this real receiver by remote control simulated on the Web page, as well as by an actual distance control whose information will be transformed to TCP/IP commands, thanks to the use of an IR emitter / receiver and, in this way, able to carry out the necessary actions to validate the application. »» Obtain report files of the application performance. »»Network reception of MPEG2 TS produced in the server and encapsulated in IP. The developer can store the flow received in a file, or decode it in real time if its scope of development supports such a function (usually known as IPTV decoding) to execute the MHP application in the local environment. The developer can also broadcast the flow received to its local network in such a way that it can be decoded with the appropriate software for a community of pilot users testing simultaneously and independently the developed interactive applications. The company INTEGRASYS and AICIA participate in the project.

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OFdm4dVb Design of an integrated circuit for Terrestrial and Satellite Digital Video Broadcasting SIDSA

: The objective of this project is the study and silicon implementation of the different communication systems based on the standards of the DVB /Digital Video Broadcasting) group. In a first stage an integrated receiver for DVB-H (DVB for handheld terminals) compatible with DVB-T (the terrestrial version of DVB) was successfully implemented and is currently being commercialized. The implemented receiver exhibits excellent performance with minimum power consumption In a second stage, new integrated receivers for DVB-SH (the satellite version for handheld terminals) and for DVB-T2 (the second DVB-T generation) will be designed and implemented. This second phase will begin with a high level model of the receiver using Matlab. Secondly, a prototype will be built using last generation FPGAs. Finally, the digital blocks of the receiver will be designed in a Hardware Description language (HDl) in order to obtain a final implementation in CMOS.

mEmS Design and Manufacture of Fuel Cells using Microsystems Technologies HYNERGREEN TECHNOlOGIES S.A.

: This project aims to design a fuel cell to be made of silicon using Microsystems technologies. The intended fuel is hydrogen and the membrane is a polymer electrolyte. The design allows for monolithic fabrication and cell integration into larger groups. The micrometer scale will provide optimal performance in terms of fuel utilization.

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mCR3 Design and Evaluation of Boards for Measuring Microwave Power Transistors TECNOlÓGICA COMPONENTES ElECTRÓNICOS, S.A.

: This project has furthered the scientific collaboration that AICIA maintains with Tecnológica Componentes Electrónicos S.A., in the topic of the evaluation of high-frequency circuits. In this case, we have provided scientific and technical advice for the evaluation of two X-band microwave transistors (FlC107WG and FlM7785-4F, from Eudyna). The objective of the project was the design and implementation of an evaluation board for each transistor, the adjustment of the boards and the verification of RF performance as detailed in the manufacturer’s datasheet in the microwave X-band, and transfer to the company for the subsequent continuation of the evaluation process. In order to make the evaluation boards, two amplifiers based on these transistors were designed, operating at 8 GHz. Both boards were designed on a PTFE substrate, with dielectric constant of 2.17. In the case of the FlC107WG device, it was necessary to design transmission line matching networks, since the transistor was not internally matched to 50 Ω. The design methodology for the amplifier, in this case, was conjugated bilateral matching. The design was completed with a biasing network based on SMD inductances able to support transistor dc current. Agilent’s Advance Design System software was used to assist in the design. For implementation purposes, we used CircuitCAM and BoardMaster CAM tools, together with an lPKF C20 circuit prototyping machine. Considering the dc current level in these transistors, a bronze heat sink was designed. After component assembly, the board was mounted on the heat sink and was adjusted in a test-fixture supplied by AICIA. These adjustments corresponded to the removal of lowfrequency oscillation by the inclusion of several capacitors in the biasing networks. Results were highly satisfactory, measuring gain and 1-dB compression point at 8 GHz within the range of values specified by the manufacturer. In the case of the FlM7785-4F device, the design was more simple, since it was internally matched to 50 Ω, although in order to accomplish the measurement of the 1-dB compression point, it was necessary for the company to rent an amplifier and supply an attenuator so as to measure power levels in the range of 35 dBm at 8 GHz. Again, results were satisfactory and as with the FlC107WG transistor, were obtained with an SMR20 microwave generator up to 20 GHz, from Rhode & Schwarz, an ESA E4407B spectrum analyzer, from Agilent, and a 6622A power supply, from Agilent

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TESAmO New Techniques for the Automatic Estimation of Weight and Other Parameters from Fish-Farm Species by using Optical Methods ANDAlUSIAN lOCAl GOVERNMENT. AGRICUlTURE AND FISHERY

: The objective is to develop perception techniques for automatic estimation of parameters of fish-farm species. The techniques developed are intended to satisfy a need of aquaculture industries, overcoming the limitations of existing manual systems. A platform with two synchronised cameras for stereo vision has been implemented. The images obtained are processed by a battery of computer vision techniques with the objective of identifying and automatically tracking fish in sequences of images. Among others, the following techniques have been applied: control of camera parameters for illumination correction, techniques for robust detection of patterns, tracking of multiple objects and robust matching of patterns in stereo images. The developed techniques are capable of automatically sampling the distribution of fish size and weight in sea cages with similar precision as manual systems. The proposed techniques are capable of dramatically reducing the time and effort required for fish sampling.

PISCIS Estimation of Biomass in Fish Farms CUlMAREX

: The objective is to test and evaluate the performance in industrial use of the system for estimation of weight and size of fish farm species previously developed by AICIA researchers. The performance of the system in automatic mode and in operator-aid mode for gilthead bream and sea bass will be evaluated. The project is divided into two stages. In the first stage, once calibration has been performed, the system in operator-aid mode will be analyzed and the results will be compared to measures obtained by traditional means. In the second stage, the automatic mode for gilthead bream will be evaluated.

Aspecto del tajo de San Pedro al finalizar el proyecto

Aspecto del tajo de San Pedro una vez revegetado ENGINEERING WORKS


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Simultaneous Tracking of Multiple Objects NAVANTIA

:: The objective is to develop computer vision techniques for simultaneously tracking multiple objects in sequences of images. The system should track objects without a defined model. A new technique based on the consistent clustering of features that identify each object has been developed. The motion of each object is then estimated and tracked independently. The techniques should be robust to changes in lighting conditions and changes in the background of the images. They should also be applied in real-time. The techniques developed are validated by simulated and real tests on ships and on land.

EPI Computer Vision Applied to Traffic and Transport ACISA

:: The aim of this project is the prototyping of the so-called Image-Processor Equipment(EPI), involving hardware and software developments capable of performing real-time processing of traffic images in order to implement a number of different tasks such as automatic license plate recognition for access control to parking lots or other restricted areas, license plate detection for vehicles travelling at low, medium or high speed in metropolitan and inter-city environments, collecting significant traffic data such as average traffic velocity, expected travel time, queue length estimation, vehicle counting, red-light enforcement, incident detection, etc. This project brings together the design of specific DSP-based hardware, the analysis of an optical system that optimally fulfils the image acquisition requirements of the detection and recognition algorithms and, finally, the development of software libraries implementing such algorithms. The performance of the system in terms of response time, processing capability, effectiveness, cost and scalability is intended to improve the offer of today’s market in the field. Participants: ACISA (Aeronaval de Construcciones e Instalaciones S.A.), AICIA, Optics Department of the University of Granada.

VISIR Vision for Reconfigurable Systems INVESTIGACIÓN DE VISIÓN ASISTIDA (IVA)

:: VISIR Project intends to integrate a methodology with a development platform to implement systems for fruits inspection and classification using artificial vision. In this sense, VISIR contains a reconfigurable platform providing very high speed image processing in a highly parallelized way by means of high performance programmable logic devices and embedded processors. In addition, VISIR will incorporate new features oriented towards debugging of artificial vision applications. This project started in July 2006 and will be finished by 2009.

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SIPMIX Corporative Multimedia IP Services in Heterogeneous Mobile Networks SPANISH MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY, TOURISM AND TRADE. PROFIT, FIT-330210-2005-13

:: SIPMIX Project aims at developing a corporative platform oriented to provide real-time multimedia services (voice and data) using broadband wireless networks in order to enable Internet in mobile terminals with ADSL quality. In this sense, this project intends to boost the commercialization of multimedia services with the objective of exploiting the advantages of the third generation cellular system (UMTS 3G), recently deployed in Spain. The technological objective of SIPMIX are: »»A fixed corporative platform (IMS) offering multimedia data services over mobile networks (SIPMIX server). It also offers terminal mobility, profile-based user management, and a framework to create, in a flexible way, applications based on a combination and interaction of different service modules. »»A user application for mobile terminals (SIPMIX client), supporting SIPMIX mobile protocols and allowing an easy access to the multimedia services implemented on the SIPMIX server. - In the SIPMIX prototype the user terminal with access to UMTS and WiFi networks will be a portable computer. - Specifications for mobile phones, PDAs and Smart-phones will be produced with the final product in mind. »»A set of multimedia services implemented on the SIPMIX server. To mention: - TelePresence. - Instant Messaging. - VoIP. - Location-based information. - Access to the configuration of Web-based services. »»A mobility management system including roaming, and personal-, service-, session- and user terminal- mobility. »»A wireless network demonstrator emulating the reference network (UMTS+WiFi) at a small-scale. - This demonstrator will provide a controlled scenario to test services and protocols. - Testing of services will be done not only in the network demonstrator (simulated environment) but also in non-simulated scenarios using real UMTS+WiFi networks. In this Project AICIA collaborates with INTEGRASYS.

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Advanced VoIP Communications System ISOTROL S.A.

:: Bluenet reflects the “Future Office” and it is a trial and demonstration field for areas such as domotics, mobility, wireless communications or VoIP. For this reason, it can count on the latest innovations in administration and management of new buildings, such as centralized systems for supervising, administrating and controlling a building’s infrastructure and technical installations, and remote access by means of mobile solutions; all of which are backed by a high service network infrastructure. The project carried out by the research group has designed rings of high capacity and redundancy per floor and expandable high capacity trunks that connect all users to the data-processing centre and the communications bridge, mainly based on HP Blade products, with IP Telephony supported on free Asterisk software with a capacity to support more than 400 users simultaneously. Starting from the VoIP Asterisk Telephone exchange, a module for connection to ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) has been developed that allows for the development of personalized menus and contact lists, sharing amongst various groups within a firm, based on diverse criteria. At present, the development of a module to control the band width is being worked on in order to guarantee a suitable level of service according to the characteristics of the terminals used and the disposable resources. In phase II, the project will also include the development of a series of advanced services for locating users through Wi-Fi as well as integrating the tele-surveillance service into the system responding by check calls to camera alarms. The system is in trail phase in the Bluenet building, which aims at being a VoIP centre of reference in the Cartuja.

Mapa de radiación global sobre superficie horizontal, obtenido a partir de imágenes de satélite

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Open Source Software ISOTROl S.A.

: Various R&D& Innovation initiatives have been undertaken in collaboration with Isotrol S.A within the framework of Open Source Software in the following areas and technologies: » Content Management (Lenya and OpenCMS) » Mobile Technology Application. » WORKFLOW and GIS Systems focused towards New Electronic Administrations. » Surveillance and process and/or utility network (water, irrigation, electricity, etc) control based on open hardware platforms and Open Source Software, and on WEB technology as communications Support. » Security Management: Vulnerability analysis, remote monitoring, security policy fulfilment, early warning using happening co-relation techniques, pattern identification, automatic scripts of attacks, result registration and metric generation and control of Security levels based on ISO standards. » ERP systems based on Open Source Software: Project Management modules focused on the Software industry incorporating support for ISO9001, ITIL, CMMI quality standards.

ANUbIS

: ANUBIS is a total security platform for accessing Internet. This platform integrates the most common functions for preventing attacks and it can be configured by using visual interfaces. The structure used in its design permits easy amplification of new functional qualities. At present, work is being carried out on the incorporation of control modules and wide-band monitoring and the creation of a new DEBIAN distribution.

ISOTROl S.A.

A N U B I S control de módulos módulo squid

módulo DG

módulo antivirus

módulo fireHOL

módulo Snort

comunicación entre módulos

phpConfig archivos de configuración

patForms patError

fichero resumen XMLTo be eTAO Modelo ARIS

templates html definición de formularios XML

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Development of Remote Management Systems for Gas Stations Remote control system for hardware devices normally found in gas stations ASEPRODA INFORMÁTICA S.L.

:: The aim of the project is to accomplish the tasks of specification, development, tests and integration of a remote controller-concentrator for gas pumps, sensors and the different payment options of gas stations. This concentrator will control the different models of gas pumps and sensors existing on the market and will allow multiple applications to control these devices through its use in a remote way, accessing the concentrator by means of telecommunication networks. In addition, it will allow for fuelling vehicles and payment without the presence of an employee, accepting conventional credit cards (VISA, 4B, etc.) or customized cards.

Analysing and Redesigning Sanitary Processes for the Introduction of Virtual Reality applied to Training Surgeons REINA MERCEDES´ FOUNDATION / VIRGEN DEL ROCÍO UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL

:: The project objective is to analyse and redesign the sanitary processes related to the introduction of a virtual reality system for training surgeons in the Severe Burns Unit at Virgen de Rocio University Hospital (Seville). The needs and principal points of application of virtual reality techniques will be determined by analysis, and will be included in the following phase of system development. The project includes the modelling and simulation of the sanitary processes involved as well as the creation of an introductory usage guide and the evaluation of the system’s deployment.

Analysis and Redesign of Sanitary Processes at VOCENECII REINA MERCEDES´ FOUNDATION / VIRGEN DEL ROCÍO UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL

:: The project objectives are to analyse and redesign the sanitary processes related to the introduction of a voice recognition system at the clinical section of Virgen del Rocio University Hospital. There are various points of interests for deploying this technology that should be analysed, as well as its impact on the global sanitary process. The project, therefore, includes the modelling and simulation of the sanitary processes involved, and also their analysis and evaluation of the future situation after the system has been implemented.

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eTAO ANDALUSIAN CENTRE FOR INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION

:: eTAO is an a-synchronised telemedicine system which is based on the HL7 and IE clinical standards. This system allows the control of patients following the Oral Anti-Coagulant Therapy (TAO in Spanish) in outpatient care centres. Patient monitoring is accomplished by a specialist in Haematology, but the analysis of the coagulation time is carried out at outpatient care centres, thus avoiding the need for the patient to go to hospitals. This helps to avoid congestion at hospitals while maintaining the quality of the health care service.

Standard Service of Interoperability of Clinical Registers with Electronic Healthcare Records ANDALUSIAN CENTRE FOR INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION

:: In this Project, the development and piloting of a middleware platform is carried out. The platform is based on the HL7 V3 standards for interoperability of electronic healthcare records. This interoperability is based on the interchange of CDA (Clinical Document Architecture) documents. The project makes use of the UP (Unified Process) and of ARIS (Architecture of Information Systems) for modelling and analysis business processes

Digital Image Treatment for Aid in Diagnosis ISOTROL S.A.

:: This project has designed advanced algorithms to help localize breast tumours and micro-calcifications. Image treatment holographic techniques are used and various filters adapted to different types of breast. The results obtained greatly improve existing professional systems for the case of dense breasts :: ::

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SImCV Computational modelling of the heart and cardiovascular system in healthy and pathologic conditions. Application to the design and evaluation of intravascular devices and cardiac valves MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE

: The main goal of this project is to develop a prototype of interactive software that includes modelling, simulation and decision supporting tools, to assist clinical diagnosis and cardiovascular surgical interventions, as well as to help in the design and evaluation of intravascular and inter-cardiac medical devices. The project is developed jointly with the investigation groups GEMM (Zaragoza) and CIMNE (Barcelona). The objective assigned to the subproject C03 (AICIA), is to procure that the resulting computer application be developed with the latest technologies of software development

HÉRCULES Generation of renewable hydrogen from solar energy to propel an electrical vehicle based on fuel cells SPANISH MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND EDUCATION. NATIONAl PROGRAM OF ENERGY.

: The objective of this project is twofold. It proposes the generation of electrical energy using photovoltaic panels to be used by electrolyzers to produce renewable hydrogen. It also considers the installation of the required gas processing systems, its transportation and storage, and the fuel dispenser required to supply hydrogen to electrical vehicles operating with this gas. That is, the design of a complete fuel station using renewable hydrogen. This project will also develop a prototype using thermal solar energy at high temperature. The second objective is the design, development and implementation of an electrical vehicle propelled by pure hydrogen fuel cells; this vehicle will be designed to be able to refuel in the fuel station above mentioned. To this end, a commercial cross-country vehicle (Santana 350) will be adapted to use pressured hydrogen as fuel in a solid-polymer fuel cell. It will be propelled by a hybrid energy system consisting of batteries and hydrogen based fuel cells. It will rare 130 km/h maximum speed with 180 km autonomy.

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HIdRÓLICA Optimization of the integrated production hydrogen and electricity at wind farms GREENPOWER TECHNOlOGY S.l.

: The objective of the Hidrólica project is to improve the power guaranteed in the production of energy at wind power stations thus increasing energy efficiency so that greater benefits are obtained from the exploitation of this kind of energy. As wind constitutes a clean and renewable energy source, environmental conditions are also improved. The aim is also to guarantee adequate management and development of the project from beginning to end, providing it with suitable support and the conditions to give it a different character so as to constitute a real Strategic Project. In order to achieve this purpose, benefit is expected to be taken of excess energy produced at specific times so that hydrogen and oxygen can be obtained. This fuel can later be used to produce energy when there is little wind. Moreover, hydrogen can be produced to be distributed for other applications. More specifically, the design, construction and evaluation of an integrated hydrogen and wind energy system are proposed as a demonstration plant situated at a wind farm. This installation will be designed and operated according to the specific conditions of the location.

REVCELL Desiggn of a monitoring system for the R&D project “SECO2“ HYNERGREEN TECHNOlOGIES S.A.

: The object of the project REVCEll is the design of an autonomous energy supply system with a reversible fuel cell. Hydrogen is used as the energy vector. A photovoltaic generator is used to obtain electricity. The energy that is not self-consumed is used for the production of hydrogen using the PEM as an electrolyser. When more energy than produced by the photovoltaic generator is needed, the available hydrogen is fed into the PEM for electricity production.

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dELFĂ?N Development of an electric vehicle with low infrared signature NATIONAl INSTITUTE OF AEROSPACE TECHNOlOGY

: The objective of this research project is the development of an electric vehicle that is propelled by a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cell, showing a low infrared signature. This fuel cell is fed by hydrogen, which is stored in a high-pressure on-board tank. The project deals with the tasks related to the design and characterization of the components as well as their integration. These components are the fuel cell, the electric motor, the electric storage (battery), the electronic power converters and the control system. AICIA has participated in the design phase and is in charge of the final integration, working in collaboration with the National Aerospace Institute (INTA). The vehicle is driven by an electric motor that can be fed by the fuel cell and, additionally, with electric batteries, which need adequate control of the power that is exchanged among the components. The control objective is to satisfy the power demanded by the driver while fuel consumption is minimized.

GENCELL DC distributed generation systems based on fuel cells and biogas turbines GREENPOWER TECHNOlOGY S.l.

: In this project, a comparative study of two different DC/AC power system topologies for a 5 kW PEMFC stack, used as uninterruptible power supply (UPS) for isolated/non-isolated equipment is presented. The main goal of the inverter is to convert the energy from the fuel cell with an input voltage of 48 volts and to feed the network and a 220Vrms @ 50Hz AC load. One of the topologies is a bidirectional solution with two inverters suitable for on-line robust systems. The other is a single inverter solution which has been studied for low cost solutions. It is important to notice that the control for the inverter incorporates high stability and reliability, as well as fast dynamic response.

I

P Pila de Conbustible

P

Filtro LC

I

B Banco de Baterias

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DC

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Red o Carga


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E-bROKER Development of a web service prototype for automatic trading applied to distributed electricity generation

: Project EBROKER develops a prototype of a Web Service application for Automatic Trading applied to distributed electricity generation. The project is supported by the IDEA program (Andalusian Government). The project includes the modelling and design of an electronic trading market involving different producers and consumers. A model of electric network is developed and its automatic management is implemented using standard network communications (internet, PlC...). Furthermore, extensive simulations are carried out in order to evaluate the proposed solution before any possible implementation on the real network. Web HTMl, http, XMl Technologies are used, as well as Java and Perl programming languages.

Autonomous Power System Feasibility analysis of an autonomous power system based on a diesel reformer and a 25 kW fuel cell NATIONAl INSTITUTE OF AEROSPACE TECHNOlOGY (INTA)

: This project deals with the feasibility analysis of an autonomous power system consisting of a diesel reformer and a PEM (Polymer Electrolyte Membrane) fuel cell. The work includes basic and detailed engineering and it has been carried out in collaboration with INTA (National Aerospace Agency), CSIC (National Science Foundation) and CIDAUT (Automobile Research Centre). This project continues the work completed in the framework of “Modelling and Control of a Diesel Reformer for Fuel Cell Applications”, carried out by the same consortium as in 2005. AICIA’s contribution to this project has mainly been devoted to the integrated control system for the reformer coupled to the fuel cell and also the design of the basic fuel cell controller. In order to perform this task, data acquisition and communication with the local controller of the reformer were completed. AICIA has also participated in the design of the necessary tests and in their implementation. It is important to notice that the novelty of this project is associated to the design of a reformer that is fed by gas-oil, while most research teams are working on ethanol or methane reformers.

ENGINEERING WORKS


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modelling of bipolar Plates in Fuel Cells INTA

: The numerous functions that bipolar plates carry out in operating fuel cells make them a very important element in the optimisation of the stack. In addition, some of these functions are critical for the performance of the cell. Within the bipolar plate, good design of the cathode compartment is crucial, due to the slow kinetics of the oxygen reduction half-reaction or the problems of water management. This project has as its objective to establish how the bipolar plate design affects the performance of a PEM fuel cell. Hence, various models with different geometrical features are developed. These models are compared by simulation using FlUENT 6.2 software. In this way, one or various geometries of the bipolar plates that improve performance are obtained. Firstly, the anodic side of the bipolar plate is studied. In order to make a suitable analysis, the decision is made to draw up a psychometric chart of hydrogen gas and water vapour. Secondly, the analysis of the cathode compartment is made. Here, it is necessary to model multiphase flow. Finally, the two sides are merged in order to study the complete cell.

Experimental Validation of the methodology of the development of bipolar Plates in Fuel Cells SEVIllE UNIVERSITY

: The purpose of this project is to check the validity of the models developed by AICIA. These models were built in order to analyse the geometries and dimensions of the bipolar plates of fuel cells. This verification consists of comparing the models with the module of a FlUENT solid polymer fuel cell. The adjustment of these models is established by checking that the hypotheses used for the development of the models are correct. Once the validation is made, the next step is the experimental validation on an appropriate fuel cell test rig. In this device, the applicable measurement will be completed in order to identify the adjustment of the AICIA models. The next milestone is the development of bipolar plates using the optimisation methods brought up by the models.

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NOVARE PLASmACOL Reduction of pollutant emissions of PM 2,5 particles, metals and condensable components in large power plants by means of non-thermal plasma in hybrid collectors ENDESA NOVARE AWARDS 2006 ClEAN COAl TECHNOlOGIES

: The project focuses on developing a new multi-pollutant control technology, based on the combination of electrostatic precipitation, hybrid collector and non-thermal plasma techniques, for existing coal-fired power generation plants. To this end, AICIA has designed an experimental plant capable of treating up to 1,000 m3/h of flue gases, currently being erected at the Engineering School of Seville University. A new pulse power supply system for non-thermal plasma generation will be tested at this experimental plant. In a second phase of the project, this plasma generation technology will be tested at pilot scale in a hybrid collector, situated at the los Barrios coal-fired Power Plant, before commercial development. This hybrid collector is able to treat real coal combustion flue gas at a rate of 15,000 m3/h. PlASMACOl proposes a new technology to comply in an efficient and economically attractive way with the new and more restrictive environmental regulations. The technology is suitable both for retrofitting of existing coal-fired power plants and also applicable for the new zero-emission power plants of the future. This project has received the NOVARE award from ENDESA for the most innovative project concerning clean coal technologies, in competition with more than 100 international projects. The development of the pulse generation system for nonthermal plasma applications is being carried out by AICIA and GreenPower. GreenPower is an Andalusian SME (Small and Medium Enterprise) pioneer in Spain for its offer of R&D& Innovation services, working in the renewable energies, environmental and energy efficient sectors.

ANETO Definition of an incremental model for power distribution networks ENDESA

: This project is aimed at developing theoretic models for distribution expansion planning at medium and low voltages. While technical and quality constraints are satisfied, investment cost and losses are minimised. The resulting models will be used for the remuneration of the distribution activity. In order to properly assess the reliability performance, a new procedure for the estimation of failure rates of the different elements in the distribution network will be developed.

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Analysis of Energy Quality and Power Cuts in the Andalusian distribution Network ANDAlUSIAN COUNCIl OF INNOVATION, SCIENCE AND ENTERPRISE

: This project can be divided into two main sections described as follows: » Power quality. This section analyzes the quality of the Andalusian electric distribution grid taking into account the regulatory issues established by the UNE-EN50160 standard. To achieve this goal, over thirty HV/MV and HV/HV substations are being monitored, which represents about 21% of the power installed in Andalusia. » Power cuts. This part of the research project studies the interruptions in supply occurring in low voltage distribution networks following the regulatory issues established by the 1955/2000 Royal Decree. In this way, measurements of the interruptions in low voltage feeders of some distribution substations are acquired. The selected distributed substations are located in distribution networks with different topology. This project is the result of a specific agreement between Endesa and the Andalusian local Government, in which AICIA acts as an independent auditor of the data collected in the measurement survey.

Analysis of the design of the Solar Receiver of the Thermal Solar Plant SOLÚCAR PS-10 ABENER ENERGíA, S.A.

: The objective of the work is the analysis of the mechanical integrity of the solar receiver of plant PS-10 under stationary and transitory conditions. For the stationary operation conditions, the most critical operation conditions at the plant have been determined under stationary conditions and the security coefficients have been evaluated for these. This has required the prior solution of the temperature range associated to each critical condition that, once evaluated, has allowed the stresses to be calculated when combined with the tensions generated by their own weight and the pressure of service. As a transitory condition, an extreme situation has been considered that is associated to the interruption of circulation of water through the tubes when the solar flow persists, calculating the time elapsed before the breakdown of the panels.

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Design of OFF-SHORE Wind Farms IINR EÓLICA, Andalusian Local Government (PLADIT)

:: The project consists of studying the foreseen solutions in the “Sea of Trafalgar” project the objective of which is the installation of an off-shore wind field in the area of the Gulf of Cádiz. The basic mechanical-structural assembly for wind energy generation is broken down for analysis into the following subsystems: aero-generator, supporting tower, operation platform, off-shore superstructure, foundation, and aquiculture plant.

IMPACT Advanced Multipurpose Infrastructure for Trajectory Computation BOEING BR&TE ENGINEERING AND PROGRAMS – ATM

:: In the last 20 years, air traffic has been growing and will keep growing, at a predicted rate of about 5% per annum, during the next 20 years. Furthermore, the current Air Traffic Management (ATM) system, based on operational concepts devised for technologies that are now out of date, is about to reach the limits of its capacity, so that it will become unable to cope with the demands foreseen for the near future. From both the operational and the analytical points of view, the future ATM operational concepts will rely on efficient trajectory computation models. Project IMPACT (Advanced Multipurpose Infrastructure for Trajectory Computation) has the basic objective of developing an innovative infrastructure for modelling and computing aircraft trajectories, improving current ones and capable of supporting future operational and analytical tools needed to improve the current ATM system. AICIA´s contribution to this project is focused on the analysis of the mathematical problems associated with the Aircraft Intent model (that is, the model that will make it possible to describe any aircraft behaviour, including trajectory optimization). Currently, the project is in the phase of analysis of the numerical codes developed to solve these problems, including the optimization problems.

Distributed Test System for the A400M airplane System for the development of performance tests for the A400M EADS-CASA

:: In this project a system to direct and carry out performance tests on the A400M airplane is being developed. These tests verify the integrity and performance of the airplane subsystems on the ground during assembly and it is a prior step to the first flight of each unit. The system has been transported from a centralized version to a distributed platform. The software development has been completed and the system installation and configuration has started. Data loading to the system has also started for the first tests. These include: test codes, order and implementation rank of tests, signals and equipment needed, implementation files, report templates, and others.

ENGINEERING WORKS


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ATm/ATC Autonomous Aircraft Operation as a Control System for Air Traffic El MONTE FOUNDATION

: Autonomous Aircraft Operation refers to a future operational concept for Air Traffic Management which implies a completely different approach to Air Traffic Control, where the responsibility for maintaining a safe distance between autonomous aircrafts and for managing the flight trajectory is transferred to the crew (without the intervention of Air Traffic Control). Clearly, this would lead to a more flexible air space. Moreover, autonomous aircrafts would be free to fly operator-preferred routes, modifying their flight plan at any time without ATC support, which would be very beneficial for airlines. In this scenario, the tasks to be carried out by the systems on board are: conflict detection, determination of a conflict resolution strategy, and implementation and monitoring of the conflict resolution strategy. AICIA´s contribution to this project has been the analysis of the first two tasks, namely, conflict detection and development of resolution methodologies. A previous task was the description of the operational environment in which the concept of Autonomous Aircraft Operation takes place.

SIAN Integrated System for Navigation Assistance MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE. NATIONAl TRANSPORT PROGRAMME

: SIAN is a project funded by the PROFIT Programme of the Spanish Government, coordinated by NAVANTIA, AICIA being a partner. The work of AICIA focuses on the development of new techniques for optronic tracking systems. AICIA is developing techniques for: » Visual tracking of moving objects. » Stabilization of sequences of images. » Fusion of visual and infrared images. The techniques developed should track general objects without requiring predefined patterns. Thus, several techniques for tracking corners and windows have been implemented. The techniques developed for the stabilisation of image sequences are based on frequency features of the images. Techniques using the Fourier-Mellin Transform were used to identify and correct translations and rotations between consecutive images. Stabilisation techniques are being implemented for sequences of grey-level and colour images. The techniques used for fusion of infrared and visual images overlay the objects detected in the infrared images over the visual images. Frequency-based methods for matching between visual and infrared images are under research.

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SHUNT Current measurement sensor project GREENPOWER TECHNOlOGY S.l.

: The objective of this project is to ensure that the proposed current measurement sensor (SHUNT) for the A400M aircraft complies with the PTS specifications established by EADS. The Battery Current Sensors permit the battery current to be measured and supply this information to the BCRU/ TRU in order to achieve protection functions for the system and to optimize battery performance. It is the first time that avionics technology has been completely developed in Andalusia. It has been certified and it will be used in A400M aircraft.

RUddER LImITER POSITION SENSOR ElIMCO

: The Rudder limiter position sensor is designed for the C-295 aircraft. In this project, we have designed the optimal configuration of its mechanical parts, providing maximum precision in accordance with the required performance conditions, such as vibrations or critical temperatures. Simulations of the system have been carried out taking into account the technical specifications given by RTCA-DO160.

ENGINEERING WORKS


54

AIRbUS RCU Control ZVS Fs: 100kHz

Regulated Current Unit

Transformador de alta frecuencia: 100kHz

MOTOR 115VAC 360800Hz

AIRBUS

FILTRO EMI

DC FILTRO EMI

FILTRO

drivers Fuente Alimentaci贸n

: The main objectives of this project consist of designing, carrying out simulations, developing, and testing power electronic systems for AC/DC voltage regulation in avionics application according to the technical specifications of the manufacturing company. In the design of power electronic converters, high frequency transformers and soft switching techniques have been used in order to improve the efficiency of the power conversion. Controlador anal贸gico Control digital

AVI2015/CENIT 100% Spanish High Speed integrated system for interoperable railway networks CONSTRUCCIONES Y AUXIlIAR DE FERROCARRIlES S.A. (CAF)

: The project studies the new design of BRAVA axles (bogie with self-propelled variable width rolling) developed by CAF. The BRAVA solution is based on non-rotating axle bodies in which the bore belts, common in traditional axles, are substituted by slide bearings. Given that fatigue stresses are much lower in BRAVA axles than in traditional ones, the use of criteria derived from the applied standard (regarding rotating axle bodies) in the design of BRAVA axles (with non-rotating axle bodies) leads to excessively conservative designs. The objective of the project is to compare the BRAVA variable width solution to the traditional solutions in order to define the design criteria that will allow the specific characteristics of the BRAVA axle body to be taken into account and in this way permit a correct and safe sizing to be carried out.

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Emulador de bus dc


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Use and Simulation of a GSm Network to Infer Interurban mobility NATIONAl R&D PlAN, MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE

: The extended use of mobile phones nowadays, together with the mobility management itself used in GSM networks, suggests the possibility that these phones could provide useful data to infer information related to interurban traffic, without revealing confidential data of subscribers or affecting phone operation. This project develops an alternative to characterize the mobility of interurban traffic by means of phone data associated to vehicle occupants, using the location information that mobile phones automatically send to communicate with the network, even though the user makes no calls. The project involves ves analytical, numerical and experimental studies (data surveying) in order to define the characteristics of the system related to efficiency for updating OD mobility matrices. By means of opportune simulations, the estimation and adjustment models are validated, and real data of a GSM network will later be used on a selected region. The final aim is to obtain a competitive product for adjusting and updating mobility data to be developed by a mobile phone operator commercially.

Traffic demand Prediction in the municipality of madrid TYPSA, TĂŠCNICA Y PROYECTOS S.A

: The objective of this Project consists of estimating the traffic flow at peak hours on the road network of Madrid for infrastructure planning purposes. For this study the trip matrix corresponding to 2004-2005 home interviews has been adjusted to traffic counts and a prognosis of the demand for the period 2005-2020 estimated in function of socio economic area data.

ENGINEERING WORKS


56

Impact of the construction of the Arganda del Rey bypass in the mobility of the prívate transportation TYPSA, TéCNICA Y PROYECTOS S.A

: The objective of this project is the assessment of the impact over the traffic of the Arganda del Rey village of a new infraestructure, the southern by-pass, to be operative in 2007. The estimation (prognosis) of the traffic volume in different sectors of this by-pass will span 30 years, from 2006 till 2035.

HORUS Helicopter for Recreational Observation and similar uses ANDAlUSIAN COUNCIl OF INNOVATION, SCIENCE AND ENTERPRISE

: The goal of Project HORUS is the construction, in an academic environment, of a very light helicopter to be used as a technology demonstrator. Thus, the character of the project is both educational and technological. Because of its educational component, a number of aeronautical engineering students are participating in different tasks, such as design, manufacturing and testing. The design requirements are set, to a large extent, by the academic working environment, hence, it has been decided that the design be very simple and yet advanced from the technological point of view. AICIA´s contribution to this project is focused on the conceptual design of the helicopter.

Pilot Framework for the Estimation of the Volume and Environmental Risk of dangerous Goods Freight Road Transport SPANISH MINISTRY OF INFRAESTRUCTURES

: This project, with a running period of two and a half years, develops the methodology to estimate the traffic volume of dangerous goods being transported on the road network of a pilot region. The final product of the research work implies the forecasting of transport demand and estimates the environmental risk of the main road system

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Analysis and Training by Adaptive Algorithms to buildings in Vertical Transport Systems MAC PUAR, S.A.

: Vertical traffic is a dynamic system subject to non-controlled variable influence. Thus, the design of control and optimization algorithms is a complex question. The project is oriented towards three different aspects. Firstly, research and development on algorithms based on dynamic programming with multi-criteria optimization based on passenger quality (paying attention to waiting times) and energy consumption reduction. Secondly, the development of a tool capable of aiding the design of the set of elevators responsible for the vertical traffic in the building. Finally, the research and development of adaptive algorithms is undertaken to determine and calibrate the parameters and values of the algorithms depending on the typology of the building, including the traffic patterns and the special constructive characteristics of each specific building.

Evaluation and design of a Work-Exchanger Energy Recovery Prototype device for a desalination Plant ANDAlUSIAN COUNCIl OF INNOVATION, SCIENCE AND ENTERPRISE ANDAlUSIAN lOCAl GOVERNMENT AND BEFESA

: Desalination is a process that turns sea water into a usable resource both for human supply as well as for irrigation and industrial use. This dream of using sea water as a water supply for man, long pursued since the times of ancient Greece, did not become an efficient technology up to late 50s of the last century. Although nowadays, desalination technologies are mature and well established, their high energy and environmental costs limit, to a great extent, a more widespread diffusion of these technologies. In the past decade, the emergence of energy recovery devices for reverse osmosis desalination plants based on the work exchanger principle, has noticeably contributed to the improvement of the energy consumption of this type of process. With this project, AICIA, in collaboration with BEFESA Construction and Environmental Technology, S.A, aims to design and develop a pilot plant for testing and evaluating different commercial work exchanger technologies. Using the experience acquired, and also as part of the project, the development of a work exchanger device of our own will be tackled. In this project AICIA will provide support and advice to BEFESA on the aspects of mechanical and hydraulic design, as well as the required control system for the work exchanger/plant, including the most appropriate algorithms and control strategies.

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micro fluidics Support Consultancy and Advice on Micro flows: Design and Construction of Devices INGENIATRICS TECNOlOGíAS, S.l.

: In this project a great number of engineering developments (devices) have been made and a large number of solutions for problems related to manipulating fluids on a micro and nano-metric scale have been given. As an example of these developments, a series of commercial systems for the introduction of samples for Atomic, Optic and Mass Spectroscopy equipment have been designed and constructed through AICIA. In this chapter, the two best commercial systems of sample introduction currently in existence in the world, (in absolute quantitive terms, for all the tested analytical parameters, there being a superiority of around an order of magnitude in several of them), certified by (i) an academic group of maximum international prestige, that provides certification to the foremost spectrometry and elemental analysis firms throughout the world and (ii) these foremost firms by their own independent trials. Another example has been the development of various micro flow systems for producing (i) uniform-sized micro-spheres for pharmaceutical use (capsules for drugs, micro-organisms, microcrystals, protein etc.), (ii) micro-bubbles for ultrasound contrasts. These systems have been tested in various European and American (US and Canada) institutions and companies and show unprecedented robustness and reproducibility. Furthermore, special spray nozzles have been developed: “Flow Blurring ®” technology, that provide an extremely high frequency of drop production in the nano-metric range (in the order of 1011 to 1015 drops per second in the range of 1-100 nanometres, depending on the liquid used) in a purely pneumatic way and at relatively low pressure (0,5 to 3 bar). These nozzles, without match in the world due to their minute size and high performance, are currently being introduced in commercial systems for domestic humidification, cooling by evaporation, etc while continuing to seek other applications of less economic importance and high technological and strategic value. At present, several of these devices designed by AICIA are being manufactured in series by other international companies, under property and license of Ingeniatrics Tecnologias S.A.

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methodology for Companies Evaluation of based on Technology El MONTE FOUNDATION

: The project continues to evaluate technology research line based firms of AICIA. The project transfers the theoretical framework for business evaluation to technological enterprises. Tendencies of behaviour and forms have been detected to characterize the companies, as much in the economic and financial aspects as in the technological one. All of this has been carried out using an up to date data base of 400 Andalusian companies and another one with Spanish historical data.

Production Planning and Control of a motorcycle Factory MOTOR HISPANIA

: Hispania motor (MH) has a motorcycle production plant located in Seville. It has an assembly zone, body shop and warehouse: » The assembly zone consists of two production lines that, at present, do not work simultaneously. » The body shop has a job-shop type structure. » The warehouse is in an attached out-building, registering products by means of a manual system in the computer program. With the aim of improving the firm’s production capacity and to procure that the stock supply system maintains an uninterrupted flow of supply, avoiding a breakdown in the production lines, maintaining the rate of production in the plant and, simultaneously, reducing its production and inventory costs, the study and start up of a system for Production Management is being carried out.

Application of New Technologies for the design and Construction of Standard Industrial buildings DETEA, CTA, ANDAlUSIAN REGIONAl GOVERNMENT

: The aim is to develop a system for managing the DETEA (PlM-NI) Industrial Warehouse product life that covers the process of elaborating the project, and then putting it into execution, for a specific type of industrial building, within significantly lower time and cost limits than those currently on offer. To achieve these objectives, the system to be developed, DETEA.PlM-NI, should meet the requirements of DETEA technicians in developing the Design-Project-Execution processes of Industrial Warehouses. In short, the aim is to introduce a new and modern area of development in DETEA engineering departments based on PlM technology.This will aid and improve the product generated and, consequently, increase the firm’s competitiveness in the realm of industrial construction.

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Application to Control Production in a Firm of the Granite Sector INEXROC

: Project INEXROC has been the creation of an application to give computerized support to the production control and to the economic activity of the INEXROC factory. The company “INEXROC, S.l.” belongs to the Extremaduran granite sector and is located in the locality of Fregenal de la Sierra. AICIA had previously developed projects for production management in this area; specifically, the MARGRASAM project, and thus has consolidated experience in this productive sector. Project INEXROC deals with managing all the process of ornamental stone production destined for flooring and roofing of buildings, using diverse materials and finishes. The computer application controls inventories of finished and half-finished products, as well as purchasing raw materials and finished product sale. The application has been made in Visual Basic Net and database Access 2003.

bEFTEL Design of an integrated control system for desalination plants BEFESA AND TElVENT

: The goal of the project is to develop an advanced control system to optimise the operation of a desalination plant from the point of view of output water quality and energy efficiency. The latest control and modelling technologies are integrated to the most advanced desalination processes, new energy recovery systems or water treatment processes. The main objectives are: » To obtain a standard solution usable in all desalination plants, in such a way that operating experience can be shared among plants. » To develop a simulation tool to optimize the design of the plant from a control point of view and allow the operator to be trained. AICIA is in charge of the development of the hydraulic and chemical models and the simulation tools for the desalination plant. AICIA will also develop and apply risk management techniques to the desalination plant life cycle, from project bidding to plant operation.

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development of a System for diagnosis and Predictive maintenance of Power Plants diesel Engines and Remote Observation ENDESA, S.A.

: The project consists of the development of a system of diagnosis and predictive maintenance for diesel engines of power plants. On one hand, mechanical elements of great importance such as: exhaust valves, injectors, fuel pumps and crankshafts are analyzed and, on the other, the evolution of the pressure inside each cylinder is monitored. All the information is transmitted, via the net, to AICIA installations where the data are processed and the system is continually updated.

Evaluation of the Temperature Range in the Concrete Tower and in the Reveille of Control of the PS-10 Plant under Several Operational Conditions ABENER ENERGĂ­A, S.A.

: The project consists of designing a strategy for solar following on a reveille traced on the concrete tower of the PS-10 plant. The object of the reveille is to carry out continuous adjustment of the focus system so that the temperatures in the concrete do not pass an established limit temperature.

Analysis of Steel Silo Reinforcement CEMENTOS BARRERO, SA.

: This project started as a response to the buckling of the walls of a large dimension clinker silo in the CEBASA cement factory. The project was developed in two stages. First, the structural calculations were revised according to the original design standards and then the silo was recalculated according to the latest structural codes. During the second stage, several reinforcing solutions were analysed to assess their safety against buckling, and the most economical one was selected.

ENGINEERING WORKS


International Projects Engineering Works Studies and Consultancies Formation Courses


63

mCA Measurements at 5 GHz and 15 GHz in anechoic chamber INABENSA, S.A.

: In this project we have provided scientific and technical advice to INABENSA S.A. for the measurement of attenuation in polystyrene foam sheets at 5 GHz and 15 GHz. To this end, a measurement method was developed based on the characterization of the radio propagation channel at these frequencies using the echo-free chamber at Seville Engineering School and an N5230A Vector Network Analyzer, from Agilent. In order to take the measurements, we supplied commercial antennae at 5.25 GHz, and designed and implemented printed antennae at 15 GHz. The measurement method was based on a response calibration so as to distinguish the attenuation introduced by the foam sheets in the line-of-sight connecting two identical antennas. Different tests were performed at 5 GHz and 15 GHz, the distance from the panel to the transmitter antenna, its width, and the incidence angle, were varied. In all cases satisfactory results were achieved, with good repeatability. Antennae used for measurements at 5 GHz were commercial, with a directivity of 15 dB, aimed at indoor applications. For measurements at 15 GHz, we designed two identical printed antennae with a rectangular patch fed by a quarter-wavelength micro strip line, laid-out on a PTFE substrate. Patch dimensions were adjusted to set the resonant frequency around 15 GHz, and the quarter-wavelength line was designed to transform the impedance to 50 立. For the experimental characterization of this antenna, the method of the two antennae was applied, obtaining a gain of 6 dB.

Fuel Characterization SEVERAl COMPANIES

: In 2006 AICIA Fuel laboratory received more than 200 fuel samples, principally coal and biomass residual. Determination of more than 600 characterization parameters was carried out: caloric power, elemental and immediate analysis, granulo-metric analysis, and chemical composition of ashes. A total of 26 reports were made.

TE ST S, A N AlYSI S, E VAlUATIO N S AN D R E P O RTS


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Evaluation and Control of Liquid Effluents ATlANTIC COPPER, S.A.

: In this study the laboratories of AICIA and Atlantic Copper S.A. simultaneously monitor, on a quarterly basis, the concentrations of twenty two chemical pollutants in three liquid effluents from the Atlantic Copper plant in Huelva. The purpose is twofold. Firstly, to provide the client with analytical data about their effluents supplied by a laboratory accredited under ENAC (National Accreditation Agency). Secondly, to carry out a comparative study of the results obtained by both laboratories and, in case of discrepancies, determine the causes and suggest corrective measures.

Receiving medium Analysis ASSOCIATION OF CHEMICAl AND BASIC INDUSTRIES OF HUElVA

: At the mouth of the Tinto and Odiel Rivers and their surrounding area (they flow together into the Padre Santo Canal), an important number of chemical industries that generate toxic wastes are concentrated. The main objective of this work is the evaluation of the environmental impact of these wastes. Periodical samples of the waters, aquatic sedimentation and living organisms (barnacle, sole, eel, etc.) are taken at ten sampling points and the evolution of eighteen different chemical parameters is analysed.

Accreditation in the areas of Temperature and Pressure of the CAm ANDAlUSIAN COUNCIl OF INNOVATION; SCIENCE AND ENTERPRISE

: The CAM has obtained two new accreditations by standard UNE-EN-ISO 17.025:2005 in the above-mentioned areas. Thus, CAM now has credited four of the five areas of calibration that it compounds. These are: Dimensional, Moments, Pressure and Temperature.

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Acceptance Testing and Control of Compound material Production EADS-ESPACIO

: AICIA is responsible for accepting and controlling the production of compound materials and adhesives of EADS ESPACIO. Acceptation includes a variety of destructive tests to guarantee that any batch of material received meet the characteristics laid down in their qualification and which are used to calculate and design elements. The objective of production control is to check that during the manufacturing process the properties presented by the manufactured parts are those expected. The most important tests used are: cavity content, resin content, fibre content, density, tension, inter-laminar shear (SBS- Short Beam Shear), simple shear and flat traction.

Acceptation and Reassessment of Compound materials SACESA

: AICIA is responsible for the acceptation of compound materials, resins and paints from SACESA. Acceptation includes a variety of destructive tests to guarantee that any batch of material received meets the characteristics laid down in their qualification and that are used to calculate and design elements. As is well known, compound materials must be stored in refrigerators and their properties degenerate with time; to a certain extent they are materials with a “sell-by date”. Re-qualification is achieved by a number of destructive tests which guarantee that an “out of date” batch of material maintains the characteristics laid down in its qualification enabling the “sellby date” of the batch to be extended. The most important tests used, both in acceptation and reassessment, are: » Physiochemical: weight per surface unit, volatile element determination, cavity content, resin content, fibre content, density… » Mechanical: traction, compression, interlaminar shear (SBS- Short Beam Shear), simple shear, double shear, tube shear, bell peel, drum peel...

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Acceptation of metallic materials EADS-CASA TABlADA

: AICIA is responsible for the acceptation of metallic materials for EADS-CASA Tablada. The acceptation includes a number of destructive tests to guarantee that any batch of materials received meets the characteristics laid down in its qualification which are used for calculating and designing elements. The most important tests used in acceptation are: determination of the chemical composition (currently aluminium and titanium alloys), Rockwell B hardness, conductivity, traction (batch control and installation control), fatigue (SN curve determination), fracture toughness (KIC), grain direction determination, exfoliation, corrosion under stress, inter-granular corrosion, shears, etc.

Test Programme for the Landing Undercarriage Trap Seal of the A380 AIRBUS-SPAIN

: Mechanical tests were carried out on the “up-lock” seals of the undercarriage traps of the A380. In order to carry out these tests, suitable load transmission implements were designed for the tests and the specific specimen under study. Static tests were carried out until the final design load was reached, both at ambient temperature and flying and landing conditions (-55 y 70ºC). The parts were also submitted to fatigue cycles, each of which reproduced the loads supported during the whole cycle of take off, flight and landing of the plane, simulating two complete life cycles of the plane.

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damage Tolerance Trials on bELLY FAIRING Panels of the A380 SACESA

: This program comes within the framework of the Test Programme of the components of the belly fairing of the A380Airbus, manufactured by SACESA. The object of the programme is to lay down permissible values of strength for panels with damages incorporated

Test on materials for the Aeronautic Sector MASA

: AICIA is accustomed to carrying out mechanical and physical trials for firms belonging to the national aeronautic sector such as: Airgrup (Sevilla), ICSA Internacional de Composites (Toledo), ITD (Madrid), MASA (logroño), MP Componentes (Sevilla), Novalti (Bilbao) and SK 380 (Álava), amongst others. The tests carried out are: Chemical composition determination (for aluminium and titanium alloys), Rockwell B hardness, conductivity, traction (control of batches and installation control), fatigue (SN curve determination), fracture toughness (KIC), grain direction determination, exfoliation, corrosion under stress, inter-granular corrosion, shearing, residual stress determination by blind hole or partial cuts…

Failure Analysis of a Hydraulic Hore of an Aerial Platform CENTRE FOR THE PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAl RISKS OF THE EMPlOYMENT COUNCIl (SEVIllE DElEGATION)

: Study of the damaged areas showed two damage origins. A general degradation of the rubber outer cover probably caused by the heating and bending of the affected area and one (local) piercing with some wires torn out from the rubber matrix.

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68

Calibration of measuring Equipment and Verification of Aeronautical Parts VARIOUS COMPANIES

: During 2006 more than 2500 calibrations of measuring equipment have been made for various firms, the most important of which, due to the high number of calibrations carried out, are: EADS CASA, SACESA, TADA, Meupe, Calderinox, etc. Special mention should be made of in-situ calibrations of thermal facilities, this service being ever more in demand by Andalusian industry in general and the aeronautical sector in particular, with CAM as the pioneer in this service in Andalusia. At the same time, aeronautical parts have been verified for companies in the sector such as: EADS-CASA, GHESA and PRODIPRO.

Evaluation of the Effect of Time-lag on the Growth of Cracks AIRBUS

: The Project aims at validating the time-lag models currently used on the growth of cracks. To this end, experimental results derived from test on several materials with varying loading spectra are compared to results from analytical models currently in use to evaluate time-lag. The test programme to be carried out includes three flight spectra, three materials (Al7050, Al7475 and Ti6Al4V), and two different thicknesses (3mm and 6 mm). Under these conditions, flat test-pieces are used with centred cracks that are cycled in a universal dynamic test machine with a capacity of 250KN. To carry out these tests, it was necessary to manufacture implements to adapt the batches of the specimens to the test machine.

Failure Analysis of Corroded Stainless Steel Tubes MASA HUElVA

: The causes of corrosion of the stainless steel tubes of a tubular beam heat exchanger have been determined. Corrosion tests, metallography and XRD determinations have been carried out. The on-receipt condition of tubes is pointed out as being the main cause of the corrosion behaviour.

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Study of the localization of expansion joints to improve the performance of refractory cements REFRACTARIOS AlFRAN

: In this project, thermal and structural analyses are carried out with a view to determine the behaviour of refractory cement covering gunned onto high-rise chimneys. To be precise, the main object of study is centred on the expansion existing between the panels that form said covering, aiming at analysing, from a structural point of view, the validity of its actual dimensions and location. The conclusions derived from this analysis will help to establish new design standards that will give parameters for improving security and quality in building.

Corrosion Study of Spray Retorts AGROSEVIllA, lA RODA DE ANDAlUCĂ­A

: Trials have been carried out and profiles made to establish the causes of the appearance of corrosion products in spray retorts manufactured in stainless steel. It has been concluded that the corrosion only slightly affects the retort body except for the rubber encased housing of the door closures. This corrosion could be a consequence of an error in the working of the autoclave. Measures for cleaning the autoclaves are proposed and for monitoring developments in the near future.

Elimination of Residuals from Waste Water Plants by means of Supercritical Oxidation COUNCIl OF INNOVATION, SCIENCE AND ENTERPRISE, EMASESA AND BEFESA, S.A.

: The objective of the project is the development of a technology for the elimination of residuals of waste water plants that also makes the best use of energy. The elimination of the residuals is caused by the physiochemical properties that water has under supercritical conditions and by the oxidation that the waste organic material present in the residuals undergoes.

TE ST S, A N AlYSI S, E VAlUATIO N S AN D R E P O RTS


International Projects Engineering Works Tests, Analyses, Evaluations and Reports Formation Courses


71

mICROCELL-EIA HYNERGREEN TECHNOlOGIES S.A.

: Project “MICROCEll-EIA� is focused on the execution of a preliminary design to accomplish the MICROCEll project, the objective of which is the implementation of an autonomous power source based on fuel cells. The current project will result in a detailed document describing the strategies for applying the advanced electronic instrumentation needed for the performance of fuel cells. Different strategies and implementations that use state-of-the-art techniques will be studied. The survey includes a comparison between these techniques as well as a description of their implementation in different power source configurations.

Integration of High Temperature Fuel Cells and Gas Turbines INTA

: The project deals with the analysis of high temperature fuel cell and gas turbine hybrid systems in a future distributed power generation scenario. A conceptual model has been developed for different integration layouts. later, a parametric analysis is made for the main performance parameters in order to analyze the ondesign and off-design performance characteristics of the systems considered.

FC

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AQUILA HYNERGREEN TECHNOLOGIES, S.A.

:: The objective of the AQUILA Project is the study and the development of electrical energy generation systems based on fuel cells for the aeronautical sector. Firstly, different subsystems are identified suitable for modifying to use the electrical energy generated by the fuel cell. In existing airplanes, these subsystems use different types of energy source such as mechanical, electrical, pneumatic and hydraulic energy. With this project, the main engines will be used primarily for propulsion and the fuel cells will be used for operating the auxiliary systems. This implies a reduction of contamination and a significant saving in energy. In a second stage, the effects on the operation of a fuel cell will be analysed under height conditions of between 10,000 and 20,000 metres. For such a height range, the atmospheric conditions are very different to nominal operational conditions: the air temperature is less than 50 degrees below zero, the air density is between 3 and 4 times lower than the air density at 0 metre conditions, and the pressure is about 5 times less than atmospheric pressure at a height of 0 metres. Hence, a quantitative and qualitative study through simulation is carried out, in order to analyze the affects of such a situation.

Development of Sustainable Innovative Solutions for Facades and Roofs in Non-Residential Buildings DETEA S.A. AND TECHNOLOGICAL CORPORATION OF ANDALUSIA

:: The goal of the project is the development and integration of adaptive innovating solutions for facades and roofs and their generalized application in buildings with power efficiency and economic optimization criteria. Elements of the transparent/opaque type, opaque/opaque type and transparent/transparent type, such as Trombe walls, ventilated facades or double glazed envelopes, are among these solutions. The project includes: »»Development of computer tools that aid design, determine proportions, and control and optimize solutions. »»Identification of high performance combinations with a potential field of application ample enough to merit their development and industrial production with modular elements. »»Development of particular building elements and details (such as systems for anchorage or elements of controlled flow) that at the moment are not on the market, with a view to possible patents. The project duration is of two years (July 2006-July 2008).

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Solar Cooling with Absorption Systems GAS NATURAl S.D.G., S.A. AND TECHNOlOGICAl CORPORATION OF ANDAlUSIA

: The primary target of the project is to make general the use of refrigeration facilities taking advantage of thermal solar energy in buildings of the services sector. Criteria of maximum power efficiency and respect for the environment are used, establishing the bases of design using existing technologies, or technologies with necessary development and improvement, in order to take advantage of solar energy for the production of refrigeration. The project includes: Âť The construction of a solar refrigeration plant that allows the technical, economic and environmental parameters of design of this type of facility to be established by means of suitable control and monitoring. Âť To promote solar refrigeration commercially, making a freely distributed and easily used computer tool available to professionals in the design of thermal facilities for calculating and determining the proportions of solar refrigeration facilities. Furthermore, to have an installation of reference for demonstrating, the technical viability of this type of application to energy professionals and promoters. The duration of the project is two years (December 2006- December 2008).

Solar Resource Assessments Normal direct irradiation assessment at different sites, aimed at the analysis of feasibility for thermo-electric solar plants ASSESSMENTS MADE FOR SEVERAl COMPANIES OF THE SOlAR THERMAl SECTOR

: Thermo Power Plants have experienced a boom during the last 3 years in Spain, with a growing number of projects, reinforced by the favourable regulatory conditions that promote expansion of renewable energy technologies. One of the first stages in all of these projects is to characterize the normal amount of direct irradiation at a site. This characterization has to be as accurate and significant as possible, since the feasibility of the project greatly depends on the availability of the solar resource. The experience of AICIA in the field of measurement and analysis of solar radiation and concentrated solar power has been applied to the development of appropriate methodologies to analyse the information available at any site and provide reliable assessments of the solar resource.

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74

Technical Assessment for thermo-electric solar plants AYESA

: In the last two years, according to the Royal Decree RD 436/2004 which regulates the electrical generation in special regimes, there has been a strong development of thermo-solar technologies to generate electricity, leading to the installation of many thermo-electric solar power plants. This fact has motivated the interest of many engineering companies in related technologies, up to present relegated to the R&D scope. AICIA is providing consultancy services to the company AGUAS y ESTRUCTURAS S.A. (AYESA) in different projects and proposals, both in engineering and R&D aspects.

Energy Study at a New brewery Factory COUNCIl OF INNOVATION, SCIENCE & ENTERPRISE, ANDAlUSIAN ENERGY AGENCY

: The aim of this project has been to identify energy improvements for the process design and supply network in the new Heineken factory in Seville. For the study, project data were used and different energy recovery projects were identified, mainly at process level. Some water reduction possibilities were also identified. In general terms, the energy efficiency configuration of this plant is high, although there is some energy cost reduction potential.

PINCH POINT Energy Study EASTMAN CHEMICAl IBERIA. (SAN ROQUE)

: The aim of this project was energy saving at the Eastman Chemical Factory in San Roque. Pinch point energy integration techniques were used to find optimal energy reduction solutions among process streams. Modifications of the energy recovery network were proposed, maintaining process conditions and security. Saving schemes were identified with significant reduction in costs and with very low periods of amortization. The hot oil furnace the distillation columns and the steam network were also modelled and some new energy saving projects were identified.

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Energy Saving Study FMC FORET (HUElVA FACTORY)

: The aim of this project was to identify energy recovery projects and their paybacks. The combined cycle cogeneration systems, steam distribution and condensate systems, furnaces, driers and multiple effect evaporation efficiency were analyzed and several energy recovery projects were identified. Most of the cost reduction was associated to energy operation improvement (no costs measures) and low payback projects. Some of these projects have been implemented.

Survey of a mould for manufacturing Anodic Copper Plates ATlANTIC COPPER

: The project has been divided into two surveys. The first is on the manufacturing conditions of the moulds used by the firms for producing anodic plates. The objective of the survey is to find the causes, if any, of tensional source that explain the presence of cracks in the mould and that produce deficient anodes that must be rejected. The second one is related to the manufacturing process of the plates that, depending on the mould dimensions, can cause buckling of the mould and the consequent warping of the anodic plates. These analyses also aim at finding possible solutions to lessen these effects. In this way the firm will be provided with arguments for decision taking to decrease costs and improve the quality of its product.

Precision Analysis of Strap-down Systems for Aeronautics Components Assembly ElIMCO

: The objective of this project is the precision analysis of gyroscopic systems used for bore-sighting several sensitive devices in aircraft assembly. The analysis is performed using dynamical simulation and several gyroscopic error sources as well as the trajectory followed by the device are taken into account. As a result of this analysis, carried out on systems based on different commercial gyroscopes, different statistical data on the measurement errors are obtained and, thus, viability of the systems is assessed.

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76

Survey of the blades of the A300 Wind Charger Survey project of the damage observed on the blades of the “Eolic Development” A300 wind charger and an analysis of various configurations DESARROllOS EÓlICOS S.A.

: This work, carried out by AICIA, aims at studying the damage detected on the DESA A300 wind charger blades. Firstly, a thorough inspection of the damaged area has been made, making cuts to evaluate the nature of the damage and observe the internal structure of the area. Based on the results of this inspection, a qualitative evaluation of the possible causes of the appearance of damage and a quantitative explanation using the simplified computation method of the “Germanischer lloyd” standard have been made. A proposal to repair the damaged blades has been based on the study of a series of modifications to the original conception of the blade by numerical analysis (Finite Elements), observing their influence on the local tensional state. Furthermore, the way of achieving said modifications in the practical repairing of the blades has been studied. The recommendations made by this work are currently being carried out by DESA in the blade repair process.

dynamic Simulation of the A300 Wind Charger with Voltage Sags DESARROllOS EÓlICOS S.A.

: The integration of renewable energy in the electric grid is nowadays one of the most outstanding technical challenges of the electricity business. Due to the important growth of these types of electric power plants, the System Operators requires some specifications from them in order to obtain electrical behaviour as close as possible to conventional units. Along this line, the Spanish System Operator stipulates a non-disconnection condition in case of voltage sags (Provisional Operation Procedure 12.3). If the wind power plant complies with the regulatory issues included in this operation procedure it can achieve an additional economic incentive. This project analyzes the dynamic behaviour of the A300 wind charger in the case of voltage sags, in order to verify if the aforementioned conditions are complied with.

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Analysis of the Causes of the Shut down Triggered by Vibrations of the SKOdA mTd50 Turbine at the Hermosillo Plant ABENER ENERGíA, S.A.

: The objective of the project is to determine the causes that generate the shut down triggered by vibrations of the steam turbine high pressure cylinder of the combined cycle plant at Hermosillo, Mexico. The problem was that when 40% of the nominal load was reached, shut down of the plant took place, making it impossible to achieve full load. The causes of the anomaly were determined and solutions to the problem were given so that, finally, it was solved.

Gear box Flex. Coup1

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Failure Analysis of Rotary Electrical machines in a Cogeneration Plant MARINSUR

: The objective of this study is to determine the causes of the failure of the synchronous generators installed in two cogeneration plants belonging to Becosa, situated in Fuente de Piedra (Málaga) and Morón de la Frontera (Sevilla). An important number of electromechanical failures of the alternators have recently been reported at these plants. This study summarizes the most common failure mechanisms in rotary electrical machines. One of the most important of these is deterioration of the insulation due to machine overheating, thus the causes that can produce this phenomenon such as voltage supply conditions and machine overload are described. In the same way, the electromagnetic and mechanical vibrations are studied, being an important parameter that can indicate malfunction of some parts of the electrical machine. Finally, an analysis of the breakdowns produced in the electrical machines of the cogeneration plant is carried out in order to determine the most probable causes of the failures.

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78

Numerical and Experimental Study of Steel Sheeting for Composite Slabs HIANSA, S.A.

: The mechanical characterization of composite slabs with profiled steel sheeting manufactured by HIANSA is carried out in this project. This is of special relevance to the study of the behaviour of these slabs under longitudinal shear. In this way, coefficients m and k are obtained following Eurocode 4 specifications. Furthermore, by means of numerical studies, usage tables are obtained for composite slabs using HIANSA steel trapezoidal profiled sheeting MT-60 and MT-100. Additionally, performance in the case of accidental fire is studied for this type of slab, resulting in the design of the necessary positive and negative reinforcement.

Software for Analysis, design and Verification of Composite Slabs with Profiled Steel Sheeting mT-60, mT-76 and mT-100 HYANSA S.A.

: A software application has been developed for the design and verification of composite slabs with profiled steel sheeting produced by HIANSA. The program designs and verifies this type of slab for extreme limit states for flexure, and vertical and longitudinal shear, as well as for serviceability limit state for deflection, as stated in Eurocode 4. Construction phase of the slab is also studied, determining the necessity of propping, as well as the accidental event of fire. The software carries out numerous verifications following the Eurocode and provides results for composite slabs using HIANSA profiled steel sheeting MT-60, MT-76 and MT-100, with 0.8-0.9-1.0-1.2-1.5 mm thickness.

Numerical and Experimental Study on mT-42 Curved Profiled Sheeting HIANSA, S.A..

: A numerical and experimental study on HIANSA MT-42 curved profiled sheeting is carried out in this project. Collapse loads were obtained experimentally for three curved sheets of different curvature and span (using a load frame and plaster bags). This allowed the correlation of a reduction coefficient of the plastic load that accounts for the global and local instabilities for this type of profiled sheeting. Usage tables were obtained by numerical studies and an analysis of curvature sensitivity was carried out.

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monitoring of the mechanical and Physical behaviour of “El Giraldillo” ANDAlUSIAN INSTITUTE FOR HISTORICAl HERITAGE

: “El Giraldillo” is a large historic sculpture (XVI Century) that serves as a weather- vane at the top of the Giralda tower (Seville Cathedral). Over the last few years, it has been carefully restored in order to ensure its conservation. One of the most important parts of this process has been the substitution of its internal structure and reinforcement, followed by its replacement at the top of the Giralda tower. The Structural Analysis Group from AICIA was responsible for these activities and was also in charge of the design and installation of an instrumentation system for monitoring the mechanical response and evolution of “El Giraldillo”. A complete system of sensors is used to continuously measure and register several mechanical and meteorological variables. The mechanical response of the vane under wind pressure and its evolution are being analyzed by the implementation of some numerical techniques for damage detection.

Optimal design of Pre-stressed mono-block Sleepers for Railway Applications ANTRASA, S.A.

: The present project consists of optimising the design of pre-stressed mono-block sleepers, manufactured by Andaluza de Traviesas S.A. (ANTRASA), for railway applications. A study is carried out by means of analytical models and numerical methods (FEM) for static and dynamic load cases. The behaviour of the sleepers is also studied experimentally, following the ADIF (Administrator of Railway Infrastructure) Technical Specification code, and by carrying out the instrumentation with strain gauges on both the pre-stressed wires and concrete surface.

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80

dynamical behaviour of an Electric Generation Group Installed by AbENER in bCS II Power Plant (baja California, mĂŠxico) ABERNER

: AICIA has carried out the numerical simulation of the vibrations produced by a 42.8 MW generation group. The vibrations produced at different points in the group and also in the surrounding area have been simulated. It has been checked that vibration levels are below the admissible limits for all elements in the group and in equipment close to it. The analysis has been carried out by FEM, adjusting the model parameters by experimental measurement and geotechnical tests.

definition and design of an Assembly System by means of a Nonwelded Suspension Strut bracket of a mcPherson type Absorber Tube DElPHI

: Different concepts have been proposed, and a preliminary analysis of them has been carried out in order to define the best solution to select. The selected bracket solution has been FE analysed, taking into account the static and dynamic load capacity constraints as well as the temperature and fatigue strength requirements.

Evaluation of R+d+i Activities Rating services for ACIE SPANISH INNOVATION CERTIFICATION AGENCY (ACIE)

: AICIA provides rating services to the Spanish Agency for Innovation Certification (ACIE). Experts from AICIA evaluate the development and results of R+D+i projects in several areas, a necessary step for obtaining an R+D+i Certificate for the project. Several projects have been rated this year.

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dynamic Simulation of the Failure and Collapse of the Archcentring of the Temporary Structure built for the Construction of a Viaduct on the AutovĂ­a del mediterraneo : A dynamic simulation of the failure and collapse of the structure has been made by means of the ADAMS multi-body dynamic simulation code. The model was made considering the structural data, and it was used for simulating failure and collapse under different failure conditions. For each simulation, a different possible cause of failure was considered and the collapse process simulated. Comparison between the dynamic responses of each case with data from the actual behaviour give some clues to determine the possible causes of failure.

Technical Assistance for modernizing a Communications Company by means of TICs aiming at Excellence in management ClEVER TECNOlOGĂ­A S.l.

: The present project has been to give support to the ClEVER technological company in the certification of Quality Management Systems (ISO 9000 and ISO 14000), in the implementation of an Economic-Financial Control system, in an ERP implementation and elaboration of a Corporative Social Responsibility memory.

Analysis of the Corporate Centre building of the Agency of Innovation and development of Andalusia (IdEA) IDEA

: The object of the work is the study of the buildings processes that make up the construction work of the future Headquarters Building of IDEA. To be precise, as a first phase, concrete advice is given in drawing up the specifications sheet and in selecting Project Proposals. In this context, the analysis of Buildings Conception in the realm of Sustainable Construction, the integration of all the building systems, the use of New Materials, the use of New Technologies (TICs), and the monitoring of the life Cycle of the Building are of special interest.

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International Projects Engineering Works Tests, Analyses, Evaluations and Reports Studies and Consultancies


83

VOdAFONE Course: IV Edition GPRS and UMTS Mobile Technologies and Applications VODAFONE FOUNDATION AND INNOVATION, SCIENCE AND ENTERPRISE COUNCIl (ANDAlUSIAN GOVERNMENT)

: The fourth edition of the Mobile Technologies and Applications course, GPRS and UMTS, given at the Engineering School of Seville University under the patronage of the Vodafone Foundation underwent an important change: the number of school hours was increased to 250. This fact allowed for a notable increase in the time dedicated to practical activities and conferences compared to previous editions. The programme has maintained the basic technological training subjects, from GSM to UMTS, not only in theoretic aspects but also in practical ones. The course has been self-contained, with no specific pre-requisites, because an introduction to GSM was offered to students who had an insufficient knowledge of this technology at its start. From all technical-economical viewpoints, the growth of applications based on 2.5G (GPRS) AND 3G (UMTS) Generation mobile technology can be observed. Because of this, the course has aimed at offering the student a wide panorama of the world of services, their applications, and their connection to businesses and management in the mobile sector. On the other hand, in the world of Information Technology, and in particular in Mobile Communications, the paradigm of employment is changing. Ever more engineers are associating, to form agencies and small consultancy firms. This course has been of use to those students who decide to follow this professional adventure. Conferences and talks have taken place in which aspects of regulation and the operator’s view regarding infrastructures and applications have been presented. Practical demonstrations of 3G terminals and services have also been carried out. From the total of 250 hours, 156 hours were dedicated to theoretic subjects and 94 to laboratory practice and conferences. Within this frame a visit to the VODAFONE installations took place. The course has been given by experienced professors and teachers from Seville University and Madrid Polytechnic. Printed and CD-ROM documentation is provided to and kept by the students. The course was evaluated by written work and practical exercises, as well as a control of attendance. Those students who attained the established pass level received the title of University Expert from Seville University.

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Training course in Electrical Power Systems ENDESA S.A.

:: Course of advanced formation designed to provide fundamental theoretical knowledge in the study of electrical power systems, analyzing the models of the different components in detail and studying the algorithms that allow the network equations (load flows) to be resolved. Furthermore, common tools used in the analysis and planning of electrical power systems such as equivalent networks, contingency studies and optimal operation and planning (Optimal Power Flows) are studied. During 2006, two editions were celebrated in Seville, in June and October.

Electric Power System Relaying ENDESA S.A.

:: In this course, a detailed study of the usual protection devices in electrical systems is tackled. Firstly, general issues related to these protections and the characteristics of ancillary equipment are presented. Then, the various types of incorrect use possible in power plants, substations or transmission lines are studied. Finally, protection schemes associated to transformers and power plants are presented. During 2006, three editions of this course took place in November, two of them celebrated in Seville, and a third one in Barcelona.

Training Courses in R+D+i Project Management Models at Virgen del Rocio University Hospital (Seville) REINA MERCEDES FOUNDATION - VIRGEN DEL ROCĂ?O UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL.

:: In this project, we tackle staff training in the analysis, design and development of a model for R+D+i (Research, Development & Innovation) projects at Virgen del Rocio University Hospitals. All aspects related to R+D+i project management are covered, as well as the analysis and improvement of existing business processes, by means of ARIS (Architecture of Information Systems).

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Electrotechnical Regulation for Low Voltage ENDESA S.A.

: The aim of this course is to present in detail the Spanish Regulation of low voltage electrical supply (RD 842/2002), as well as to show the application of the Regulation by means of technical guides and particular procedures of ENDESA in the area of Andalusia. During 2006, the course had two editions, one in Malaga in March, and the second one in Seville in June.

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132 KV

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Evolution of the Association in 2006


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Evolution of the Association

: In 2006 the Association’s activity continued the steady growth trend it has

shown since its foundation, consolidating its prestige and its vocation for

research through its participation in international research programmes and a wider national and international presence.

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During 2006 there were 549 grants.

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72

1 72

06 20 05 20 04 20 03 20 02 20 01 20 3 00 73 20 1 99 72 19 1 98 72 19 1 1 97 48 48 19 5 5 96 44 44 19 5 5 95 32 32 19 6 6 94 27 27 19 0 0 93 21 21 19 4 4 92 20 20 19 0 0 91 24 24 19 6 6 90 27 27 19 6 6 9 15 15 98 1 8 8 8 13 13 98 1 2 2 7 10 10 98 1 48 4886 19 36 3865 19 12 1824 19 0 30 383 19 4822 19 18

18

42

6

0 20

05

04

20

20

03

02

20

20

1

34

9

35

3

34

1

34

9

35

3 34 9

26

27

20

6

23

25

2 0 24 0

5

01

26

0

00

25

25

20

99

19

97

19

96

19

19

95

94

19

93

19

92

19

91

19

90

19

89

19

88

19

87

19

86

19

85

19

84

19

83

19

82

19

19

0

98

T

R

O

P

31 2 32

28

06 20 05 20 04 20 03 20 02 20 01 20 5 00 31 20 2 99 32 19 9 98 28 19 7 7 97 20 20 19 3 3 96 20 20 19 0 0 95 20 20 19 1 1 94 14 14 19 2 2 93 13 13 19 0 0 92 11 11 19 77 77 91 19 89 89 90 19 87 87 89 19 8 8 88 10 10 19 5 5 87 11 11 19 86 94 94 19 50 50 85 19 35 35 84 197 27 2 83 19 47 82 19 38 38

47

The total ammount dedicated to grants was worth 1,349,378 Euros.

E

R

l

A

U

N

N

A

6

0

0

2

56

grant holders


18

06 20 06 05 20 20 05 04 20 20 04 03 20 20 03 02 20 20 02 01 20 20 01 00 20 20 00 99 20 19 99 98 19 19 98 1 97 19 48 19 97 5 6 19 44 199 96 55 19 3299 1 5 95 46 32 19 297 19 6 94 3 0 27 19 99 21 0 1 4 93 21 9220 19 4 19 92 10 20 9 24 19 0 19 91 24 06 297 19 6 19 90 27 89 156 19 619 9 15 88 38 98 1 1 189 8 2 2 8 13 87 10 19 192 87 10 86 48 4189 1948 6 68 36 85 139 19 6 3 285 12 84 119 19 12 4 30 308 83 19 19 30 3 42 41298 82 19 42 882 119 18

06 20 05 9 20 35 1 04 34 20 3 03 34 20 02 20 01 20 00 20 99 19 98 19 97 19 96 19 95 19 94 19 93 19 92 19 91 19 90 19 89 19 88 19 87 19 86 19 85 19 84 19 83 19 82 19

technicians and collaborators

35

35

06 20 05 20 04 20 03 20 02 20 01 20 00 20 99 19 98 19 97 19 96 19 95 19 94 19 93 19 92 19 91 19 90 19 89 19 88 19 87 19 86 19 5 35 98 1 4 40 198 3 30 198 2 35 198 7

27

(thousands of â‚Ź)

In 2006 the billing reached 9.6 million Euros

1 33 0 24 0 21

21

06 20 06 05 20 99 20 05 1 9 ,5 1 04 79 9 20 07 ,05 20 1 8, 04 98 , 5 5 07 03 20 8, 63 63 20 5 7, 7, 03 2 8 8 63 20 00 7, 23 23 2 8 7, 7, 02 4 ,23 4 01 20 09 7 09 20 1 4 6, 6, 2 0 9 2 2 32 00 83 20 64 ,0 ,8 64 4, 20 2 4, 6 4 4,32 00 8 64 99 4, 20 4, 19 99 1 1 98 19 51 51 1 19 5, 5, 98 7,51 7 97 19 025 02 19 4, 4, 97 27 2 2 96 19 40 4,0 40 2 4 3, 3, 19 6 4 9 5 19 5 5 40 9 3, 2,1 19 00 00 4 99 2, 5 3, 3, 9 1 1 95 00 2, 94 19 3, 19 3 3 94 3 07 5 5 07 19 2, 70 70 3 99 2, 5 2, 2, 7 1 0 93 2, 70 92 19 2, 19 92 1 5 5 19 85 85 199 5 2, 2, 91 03 3 85 19 9698 68 2, 3 1, 1, 90 9 2 2 68 19 1, 9835 35 2 1 1, 1, 89 8 2 2 35 19 1, 98 32 32 2 1 1, 1, 88 2 7 2 32 19 32 1, 98 32 2 1 1, 7 1, 6 1 1 98 32 1, 84 98 84 1 1 1 1 86 84 85 45 45 19 191 5 1 1 8 45 4 8 66 66 19 191 4 198 66 83 331 1931 83 3 82 409 1 2 19 40 2 2 908 211 0

billing

27

In 2006 the volume of accumulated investments increased up to 6,560,676 Euros, following the tendency seen in the last few years.

06 06 6 20 20 6 5 00 1 0 05 001 2 20 20 526 56 1 05 5 904 6, 005 135 56 6, 04 20 13 2 6, 5290 20 6, 6, 35 04 , 9 4 4 04 ,1 03 03 20 53 6 53 20 20 20 5, 5, 03 5 34 5 2 2 03 0 0 20 42,5 42 20 4, 5 4, 20 20 25 02 4 4 4 02 01 01 4, 20 22 22 20 20 20 4 4, 4, 1 7 7 01 22 00 00 00 93 93 2 4, 20 7 3, 3, 20 20 00 8 8 9 93 00 9 99 3, 20 66 66 20 8 3, 3, 19 19 99 2 2 66 99 98 98 3, 19 41 41 19 19 19 2 8 3, 3, 9 0 0 98 41 97 97 19 06 06 3, 19 0 3, 3, 19 19 0 0 97 6 6 06 97 9 9 77 77 3, 19 19 0 2, 2, 19 19 4 4 96 77 96 95 95 67 67 2, 19 19 2, 2, 19 19 5 74 9 9 9 6 95 94 94 2, 57 57 19 19 9 2, 2, 19 19 7 7 94 57 3 3 94 9 9 2, 47 47 19 19 2, 2, 19 19 3 77 93 42 42 ,4 99 92 92 2 2 2 1 19 2, 2, 19 19 42 3 3 92 1 ,2 92 91 2 02 02 19 99 19 3 2, 2, 19 6 61 0 91 02 91 90 74 74 99 2, 19 19 6 1, 1, 1 19 0 0 9 90 74 90 89 1, 64 64 8 19 19 0 1, 1, 19 19 8 8 8 89 64 89 88 1, 54 54 8 19 19 1, 1, 19 19 48 1 88 71 7 5 88 2 8 22 1, 19 ,28 19 1, 119 5 19 21 87 60 6 ,2 87 05 8 1 1 19 9,81 19 1, 19 05 11 5 0 86 ,1 20 2 86 8 85 1 9 9 19 19 0 19 19 5 6 6 92 85 98 84 5 84 1 85 8 19 6 19 19 4 3 85 84 49 49 8 8 83 4 4 19 19 199 19 9 9 83 44 82 83 82 35 35 19 19 199 19 7 7 82 35 82 2719 19

accumulated investments

(thousands of december 2006 â‚Ź)

06 20 05 59 20 9 3 1 04 34 35 1 20 3 34 03 34 20 9 9 43 02 26 26 3 9 20 0 0 26 01 27 27 0 20 5 5 27 00 26 26 5 20 0 0 26 99 25 25 0 19 6 6 25 98 25 25 6 19 3 3 25 97 23 23 3 19 1 31 23 2 23 96 1 19 0 0 23 95 24 24 0 19 24 0 0 5 94 75 25 25 17 01 19 75 25 1 93 19 2 2 92 21 21 9 2 1 21 0 0 91 18 18 19 80 5 5 1 90 14 14 5 19 5 5 9 14 13 13 98 5 0 0 1 8 13 8 13 13 0 19 0 0 7 13 12 12 98 0 5 51 6 12 11 11 98 5 1 11 85 8855 5 19 4 35 8 98 351 3 40 98 401 2 30 98 310

During 2006, 359 engineers and technical engineers plus 172 master technicians and auxiliary personnel participated directly in association activities.

89

06 20 05 20 04 20 03 20 02 20 01 20 00 20 99 19 98 19 97 19 96

95

19

19

93

94

19

19

91

92

19

90

19

19

87

88

89

19

19

19

85

86

19

84

19

19

82

83

19

19

E V O l U T I O N O F T H E A S S O C I AT I O N


Appendices

Sponsoring and Associated Members Collaborating Personnel and Technical Team


92

Sponsoring and Associated Members

ABB Power Technology

Institute for Prospective and Technological Studies (IPTS)

A.G.C. y Asociados, S.A.

Instituto de Desarrollo Regional (IDR)

Abengoa, S.A.

Instituto para la Diversificación y el Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE)

Acuinova Andalucía, S.A. Aeronaval de Construcciones e Instalaciones, S.A. Altadis Aragonesas, Industria y Energía, S.A. Asociación de Industrias Química Básicas de Huelva (AIQB) Astilleros de Sevilla, S.A Atlantic Copper, S.A. Azucareras Reunidas de Jaén, S.A. Cementos Atlántico, S.A. Cementos Porland Valderribas Centro Cooperativo Farmacéutico de Sevilla (CECOFAR) Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT) Centro de Nuevas Tecnologías Energéticas (CENTER) Cisco Systems Spain, S.L. Codelan, S.A.

Junta Andalucía. Dirección General de Comunicación Social Lloyds Bank MP Corporación Industrial Ministerio de Vivienda. Dirección General de Arquitectura y Política de Vivienda. Navantia, S.A. Ocicarbón (CIEMAT) Parque Isla Mágica, S.A. Persan, S.A. Plataforma Solar de Almería Proyectos de Ingeniería y Calidad, S.L. (PROINCA) Red Eléctrica de España (REE) Renault España, S.A.

Compañía Española de Petróleos, S.A. (CEPSA)

Rhodia HPCHII España, S.A.

Confederación Hidrográfica del Guadalquivir

Sainsel Sistemas Navales, S.A.

Consejería de Medio Ambiente de la Junta de Andalucía

Servicios Forestales, S.L.

Consultrans, S.A.

Sevillana- ENDESA

Deloitte & Touch

Siderœrgica Sevillana, S.A.

Delphi Automotive Systems España

Sociedad Andaluza Componentes Especiales, S.A. (SACESA)

Deutz Diter

Sociedad Andaluza para el Desarrollo de la Informática y la Electrónica, S.A. (SADIEL)

Dimat, S.A. EADS-CASA Empresa Municipal de Aguas de Sevilla (EMASESA) Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radioactivos, S.A. (ENRESA) Endesa, S.A.

2 0 0 6

Junta Andalucía. Dirección General de Arquitectura y Vivienda

Sociedad Andaluza para el Desarrollo de las Telecomunicaciones (SANDETEL) Sociedad para el Desarrollo Energético de Andalucía (SODEAN)

Endesa, Ingeniería de Telecomunicaciones, S.A. (ENDITEL)

Sociedad Provincial de Informática. Diputación de Sevilla (INPRO)

Ertisa (CEPSA)

Sociedad de Investigación y Experimentación, S.A. (SINEX)

Fertiberia, S.A.

Telefónica, S.A.

Gamesa (antes Made)

Telvent

Ghesa. Ingeniería y Tecnología, S.A.

Tioxide Europe, S.A.

Grupo Empresarial ENCE

Transportes Urbanos de Sevilla, S.A.M (TUSSAM)

IBM, S.A.E.

Turismo Andaluz, S.A.

Ingeniería Energética y de Contaminación, S.A. (INERCO)

Unelco-ENDESA

Ingeniería y Software de Control, S.A. (ISOTROL)

Universidad de Sevilla

Instalaciones Abengoa, S.A. (INABENSA)

Vorsevi, S.A.

annua l

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93

Collaborating Personnel and Technical Team

Acha Catalina, José Ignacio Dr. Físicas

Alamo Cantarero, Teodoro Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

Dávila Martín, Javier Dr. Ing. Industrial

Hornillo Mellado, Susana Dra. Ing. Telecomunicación

Álvarez de Toledo Saavedra, Pablo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Alcalde Moreno, Manuel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Díaz Madrigal, Santiago Dr. Matemáticas

Ibáñez Rivas, Juan Nicolás Dr. Ing. Industrial

Aracil Santonja, Javier Dr. Ing. Industrial

Álvarez Domínguez, Servando Dr. Ing. Industrial

Escalona Franco, José Luis Dr. Ing. Industrial

Janer Jiménez, Carlos Dr. Ing. Industrial

Barrero Ripoll, Antonio Dr. Ing. Aeronáutico

Ariza Gómez, Mª Teresa Dra. Ing. Telecomunicación

Estepa Alonso, Rafael Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

Jiménez-Espadafor Aguilar, Francisco Dr. Ing. Industrial

Bermejo Herrero, Miguel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Ariza Moreno, Mª del Pilar Dra. Ing. Industrial

Fernández Carrión, Antonio Dr. Matemáticas

Leiva Fernández, Carlos Dr. Ing. Industrial

Bueno Lidón, José María Dr. Ing. Industrial

Arrúe Ullés, Begoña Dra. Informática

Fernández García-Navas, Antonio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Lillo Bravo, Isidoro Dr. Ing. Industrial

Calvo Borrego, José Luis Dr. Ing. Industrial

Bachiller Soler, Alfonso Dr. Ing. Industrial

Fernández Pereira, Constantino Dr. Químicas

López-Herrera Sánchez, José Mª Dr. Ing. Industrial

Domínguez Abascal, Jaime Dr. Ing. Industrial

Baena Lecuyer, Vicente Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

Ferruz Melero, Joaquín Dr. Ing. Industrial

Lloret García, Tomás Dr. Ing. Industrial

Domínguez Abascal, José Dr. Ing. Industrial

Barrero García, Federico Dr. Ing. Industrial

Fornés Rumbao, José Manuel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Luque Estepa, Antonio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Fernández Camacho, Eduardo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Barroso Caro, Alberto Dr. Ing. Industrial

Freire Macías, Emilio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Mantic, Vladislav Dr. Ing. Industrial

Florencio Lora, Miguel Dr. Matemáticas

Boloix Tortosa, Rafael Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

Galván Díez, Eduardo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Marín Vallejo, Juan C. Dr. Ing. Industrial

Gallardo Fuentes, José Mª Dr. Ing. Industrial

Bordons Alba, Carlos Dr. Ing. Industrial

Gañán Calvo, Alfonso Dr. Ing. Industrial

Martínez Heredia, Juana Mª Dra. Ing. Telecomunicación

García Benítez, Francisco Dr. Ing. Industrial

Blázquez Gámez, Antonio Dr. Ing. Industrial

García López, Ángel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Martínez Ramos, José Luis Dr. Ing. Industrial

García Franquelo, Leopoldo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Bravo Aranda, Gabriel Dr. Ing. Industrial

García Ortega, Juan Dr. Ing. Industrial

Martínez de Dios, José Ramiro Dr. Ing. Industrial

García-Lomas Jüng, Javier Dr. Ing. Industrial

Burgos Payán, Manuel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Gómez Barea, Alberto Dr. Ing. Industrial

Mayo Núñez, Juana Dra. Ing. Industrial

Gómez Expósito, Antonio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Cañadas Serrano, Luis Dr. Ing. Industrial

Gómez Camacho, Carlos Dr. Ing. Aeronáutico

Medina Encina, Fernando Dr. Ing. Caminos, Canales y Puertos

Gracia Manarillo, Ignacio Dr. Químicas

Cañas Delgado, José Dr. Ing. Industrial

Gómez González, Emilio Dr. Físicas

Méndez Herrera, Carlos Arturo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Gutiérrez Fernández, Miguel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Carballar Rincón, Alejandro Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

González Carvajal, Ramón Dr. Ing. Industrial

Mesa López-Colmenar, Juan A. Dr. Matemáticas

Justo Alpañés, José Luis Dr. Ing. Caminos, Canales y Puertos

Carrasco Solís, Juan M. Dr. Ing. Industrial

González Rodríguez, Pedro Luis Dr. Ing. Industrial

Millán Vázquez de la Torre, Rafael Dr. Ing. Industrial

Martín Navarro, Antonio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Casal Gómez-Caminero, Manuel Dr. Ing. Industrial

González Pérez, José Angel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Molina Félix, José Luis Dr. Ing. Industria

Ollero Baturone, Aníbal Dr. Ing. Industrial

Cerquides Bueno, José Ramón Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

González Romano, J. Mariano Dr. Ing. Industrial

Moreu de León, Pedro Dr. Ing. Industrial

Onieva Giménez, Luis Dr. Ing. Industrial

Cobos Gutiérrez, Carlos Dr. Ing. Industrial

González Vázquez, Francisco J. Dr. Ing. Industrial

Morillo Aguado, José Dr. Ing. Industrial

París Carballo, Federico Dr. Ing. Industrial

Colodro Ruiz, Francisco Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

Gordillo Álvarez, Francisco Dr. Ing. Industrial

Muñoz Blanco, Antonio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Rodríguez Danta, Marcelo Dr. Físicas

Coronel Toro, Francisco Dr. Ing. Industrial

Gutiérrez Benítez, Jaime Dr. Físicas

Muñoz Chavero, Fernando Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

Rodríguez Rubio, Francisco Dr. Ing. Industrial

Cortés Achedad, Pablo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Gutiérrez Ortiz, Francisco Javier Dr. Ing. Industrial

Muñuzuri Sánz, Jesús Dr. Ing. Industrial

Ruiz Hernández, Valeriano Dr. Físicas

Cortés Galeano, Vicente Dr. Ing. Industrial

Graciani Díaz, Enrique Dr. Ing. Industrial

Murillo Fuentes, Juan José Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

Ruiz Usano, Rafael Dr. Ing. Industrial

Crespo Cadenas, Carlos Dr. Físicas

Granado Romero, Joaquín Dr. Ing. Industrial

Navarrete Rubia, Benito Dr. Ing. Industrial

Salvador Martínez, Luis Dr. Ing. Industrial

Crespo Márquez, Adolfo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Guerra Macho, José Julio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Navarro Pintado, Carlos Dr. Ing. Industrial

Sánchez Lencero, Tomas Dr. Ing. Industrial

Cruz Romero, Pedro Dr. Ing. Industrial

Heredia Benot, José G. Dr. Ing. Industrial

Navarro Robles, Alfredo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Velázquez Vila, Ramón Dr. Ing. Industrial

Cuesta Rojo, Federico Dr. Ing. Industrial

Heredia Zapata, Manuel Dr. Matemáticas

Olivares del Valle, Joaquín Dr. Químicas

Abascal García, Ramón Dr. Ing. Industrial

Chacartegui, Ramírez, Ricardo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Hernández Rodríguez, Francisco Dr. Ing. Industrial

Ollero de Castro, Pedro Dr. Ing. Industrial

Aguirre Echanove, Miguel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Chávez Orzáez, Jorge Dr. Ing. Industrial

Herrada Gutiérrez, Miguel A. Dr. Ing. Industrial

Ortiz Marín, Rafael Dr. Ing. Industrial

APPENDICES _collaborating personnel and technical team


94

Personal colaborador y equipo técnico Paúl Escolano, Pedro Dr. Matemáticas

Soria Conde, Laureano Raúl Dr. Ing. Industrial

Carrasco Romero, Raúl Ing. Camino, Canales y Puertos

González Castrejón, Francisco Ing. Industrial

Payán Somet, Francisco Javier Dr. Física

Ternero Muñiz, Juan A. Dr. Ing. Industrial

Carrillo Andrés, Antonio Ing. Industrial

González Falcón, Rocío Ing. Industrial

Pérez Ridao, Francisco Dr. Ing. Industrial

Tomb, Jonathan Noel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Castaño Castaño, Luis Fernando Ing. Industrial

González López, Mercedes Ing. Industrial

Pérez-Saborid Sánchez-Pastor, Miguel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Toral Marín, Sergio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Correa Montoto, Elena Ing. Industrial

González Rodríguez, Ángel Gaspar Ing. Industrial

Pérez Vega-Leal, Alfredo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Torralba Silgado, Antonio Jesús Dr. Ing. Industrial

Cintas Físico, Jesús Ing. Industrial

Granja Devós, Julio Ing. Industrial

Picón Carrizosa, Rafael Dr. Ing. Industrial

Usero García, José Dr. Ing. Industrial

Chaves Repiso, José Manuel Ing. Industrial

Guadix Martín, José Ing. Industrial

Pintado Sanjuán, Publio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Vale Parapar, José Francisco Dr. Ing. Industrial

Doblas Charneco, Francisco Javier Ing. Industrial

Guadix Martín, Pablo Antonio Ing. Industrial

Plumed Rubio, Antonio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Valderrama Gual, Francisco Dr. Ing. Industrial

Domínguez Amarillo, Eugenio Ing. Industrial

Guillén López, Antonio Jesús Ing. Industrial

Ponce Núñez, Enrique Dr. Ing. Industrial

Vallellano Martín, Carpoforo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Dorado Navas, Fernando Ing. Industrial

Gutiérrez Moya, Esther Ing. Industrial

Quero Reboul, José M. Dr. Ing. Industrial

Valverde García, Juan Sebastián Dr. Ing. Industrial

Elena Pérez, Mª del Mar Ing. Telecomunicación

Gutiérrez Moya, Miguel Ldo. Económicas

Quijada Jimeno, Antonio Dr. Matemáticas

Vargas Villanueva, Manuel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Escribano Troncoso, Jorge Ldo.Física

Guzmán Miranda, Hipólito Ing. Telecomunicación

Reina Tosina, Luis Javier Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

Vidal Barrero, Fernando Dr. Ing. Industrial

Fernández Baco, Mª Custodia Ing. Industrial

Hakim El Gmili Ldo. Física

Rivas Rivas, Damián Dr. Ing. Aeronaútico

Vilches Arena, Luis Dr. Ing. Industrial

Fernández Jiménez, Francisco José Ing. Industrial

Jara López, Víctor Ldo. Física

Ridao Carlini, Miguel A. Dr. Ing. Industrial

Villa Jaén, Antonio de la Dr. Ing. Industrial

Fernández Machuca, Fernando Ing. Industrial

Jara Reyes, Manuel Ing. Industrial

Riesco Chueca, Pascual Dr. Ing. Industrial

Vivas Venegas, Carlos Dr. Ing. Industrial

Fernández Raya, José Mª Ing. Industrial

Jaramillo Morilla, Antonio Ing. Industrial

Riquelme Santos, Jesús Dr. Ing. Industrial

Vozmediano Torres, Juan Manuel Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

Flores Alvarez, Mario Ing. Industrial

Jiménez Sevilla, Mercedes Ing. Telecomunicación

Roa Romero, Laura Dr. Físicas

Wideberg, Johan Dr. Ing. Industrial

Framiñán Torres, José Manuel Ing. Industrial

Justo Moscardó, Enrique de Ing. Industrial

Rodríguez Luis, Alejandro Dr. Matemáticas

Zarco Periñán, Pedro Dr. Ing. Industrial

Fuente Florido, Alejandro de la Ing. Industrial

Lara Villén, Antonio Ing. Telecomunicación

Rodríguez Ortiz, José A. Dr. Ing. Industrial

Alonso Fariñas, Bernabé Ing. Industrial

Galán Fernández, José Manuel Ing. Industrial

Larrañeta Cómez-Caminero, Carlos Ing. Industrial

Román Martínez, Isabel Dra. Ing. Telecomunicación

Aracil Fernández, Carmen Ing. Electrónico

Gallardo Vázquez, Sergio Ing. Telecomunicación

León Blanco, José Miguel Ing. Industrial

Romero Ramos, Esther Dr. Ing. Industrial

Acosta Rodríguez, José Angel Ing. Industrial

García del Castillo López, Esther Ing. Industrial

León Galván, José Ignacio Ing. Industrial

Rosa Iglesias, Felipe Dr. Ing. Industrial

Arco Fuentes, Mª del Carmen Ing. Industrial

García Durán, Mercedes Ing. Industrial

Limón Marruedo, Daniel Ing. Industrial

Rosendo Macías, José Antonio Dr. Ing. Industrial

Arcos Vargas, Angel Ing. Industrial

García García, Luis Ing. Industrial

López Lara, Germán Ing. Industrial

Ruiz Arahal, Manuel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Arroyo Torralvo, Fátima Ing. Industrial

García Hernández-Díaz, Raimundo Ing. Industrial

Luna Galiano, Yolanda Ing. Industrial

Ruiz Macías, José Luis Dr. Ing. Industrial

Bachiller Soler, Alfonso Ing. Industrial

García Ramírez, Ángel Ing. Telecomunicación

Lupión Cordero, Mónica Ing. Industrial

Ruiz Marín, Juan José Dr. Ing. Industrial

Barciela Ceballos, Carlos Javier Ing. Telecomunicación

García Ruesgas, Laura Ing. Industrial

Madero Ayora, Vicente Ing. Industrial

Ruiz Zorrilla, Juan de Dios Dr. Ing. Industrial

Benítez Fernández, José Manuel Ing. Industrial

García Sánchez, José Manuel Ing. Industrial

Madinabeitia Luque, Germán Ing. Telecomunicación

Sáez Pérez, Andrés Dr. Ing. Industrial

Bernal Méndez, Joaquín Ing.Industrial

García Sánchez, Constantino J. Ing. Industrial

Manresa Reñe, Ramón Francisco Ing.Industrial

Salmerón Lissén, José Manuel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Bohórquez Jiménez, Luis V. Ing. Industrial

García del Valle, José Enrique Ing. Industrial

Manso Fernández-Argüelles, David Ing. Telecomunicación

Sánchez Martínez, David Dr. Ing. Industrial

Brown Birabén, Mª Cecilia Ing. Industrial

Gómez Argudo, José Ángel Ing. Telecomunicación

Marchante Jiménez, Ruth Lda. Matemáticas

Sánchez Peña, Eduardo Dr. Ing. Industrial

Cáceres Sánchez, Noelia Ing. Telecomunicación

Gómez Cuevas, Francisco de Paula Ing. Industrial

Marco Ramírez, Ana Mª Ing. Industrial

Silva Pérez, Manuel Dr. Ing. Industrial

Campoy Naranjo, Manuel Ing. Industrial

Gómez Gil, Pablo Pedro Ldo. Física

Marcos Rodríguez, David Ing. Industrial

Simois Tirado, Francisco Javier Dr. Ing. Telecomunicación

Cantador Barco, Juan Luis Ing. Industrial

Gómez Rodríguez, Francisco Ing. Informático

Marenco Gallego, Arturo Ldo. Económicas

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Marín Garzon, Juan Luis Ing. Industrial

Ortiz Marín, Rafael Ing. Industrial

Suárez Soria, Christian Ing. Industrial

Gómez Alvarez, Emilio Javier Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Martín Prats, Mª Angeles Lda. Físicas

Oterino Barroso, Luis Miguel Ing. Industrial

Torrecillas Lozano, Cristina Ing. Industrial

Guareño Chaves, José Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Martín Ruíz, Abel Ing. Telecomunicación

Palomo Pinto, Francisco Rogelio Ldo. Físicas

Torres García, Miguel Ing. Industrial

Jiménez Sevilla, Mercedes Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Martínez Lacañina, Pedro José Ing. Industrial

Perales Esteve, Manuel Ángel Ing. Industrial

Trigo García, Angel Ing. Industrial

López Tárrida, Cristina Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Martínez Mateo, Noemí Ing. Químico

Pereda Llamas, José Ing. Industrial

Valverde García, Juan Sebastián Ing. Industrial

Madrid Salinas, Miguel Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Martínez Palacios, Juan Ing. Industrial

Pérez Bernal, Juan Luis Ldo.Química

Vázquez Carretero, Narciso Ldo. Arquitectura

Martín Molina, Juan Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Martínez Reina, Javier Ing. Industrial

Pérez Coronel, Ildefonso Ing. Industrial

Vázquez González, Francisco Javier Ing. Industrial

Martín Timoteo, Juan Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Martínez Sánchez, José Javier Ing. Industrial

Pérez-Lombard Martín de Oliva, Luis Ing. Industrial

Vázquez Pérez, Sergio Ing. Industrial

Martínez Domínguez, Mª Luisa Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Mateo Rodríguez, Mª Esther Ing. Industrial

Pérez Luengo, Eugenio Ing. Aeronaútico

Velázquez Alonso, David Ing. Industrial

Morales Jiménez, José Mª Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Maza Ortega, José María Ing. Industrial

Pino Lucena, Francisco Javier Ing. Industrial

Villanueva Perales, Angel Luis Ing. Industrial

Moriana Morales, Rafael Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Merino Cabañas, Luis Ing. Industrial

Puig García, Miguel Enrique Ing. Industrial

Zambrano Mercado, Darine Ing. Industrial

Muñoz García, Diego Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Millán Muñoz, Miguel Ángel Ing. Caminos, Canales y Puertos

Portillo Guisado, Ramón C. Ing. Industrial

Corchos Duque, Emilia Diplomada Informática

López Prieto, Angel David Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Mongay Gómez, Mª Teresa Ing. Telecomunicación

Príncipe Rodríguez, Isabel Mª del Lda. C. Químicas

Falcón García, Jorge Tco. Informático

Pinto Quintana, Jesús Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Monedero Goicoechea, Iñigo Luis Ing. Informático

Racero Moreno, Jesús Ldo. Informática

García-Lomas Jüng, Alejandro Ing. Tco. Industrial

Rivera Silva, Jorge Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Montes Martos, Juan Manuel Ldo. Físicas

Racero Rodríguez, Isabel Lda. Químicas

González Mediero, Miguel Ángel Ing. Tco. Agrícola

Rodríguez Gallardo, Antonio Miguel Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Mora Jiménez, José Luis Ing. Industrial

Reyes Díaz, Manuel Rafael Ing. Industrial

Malpartida Rodríguez, Miguel Angel Ing. Tco. Industrial

Saavedra Pastrana, Mª Teresa Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Morales Palma, Domingo Ing. Industrial

Rivas Asensio, Luis Miguel Ing. Telecomunicación

Pérez Pulido, Luis Ing. Tco. Eléctrico

Sánchez Barrera, José Manuel Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Morales Sánchez, Francisco José Ing. Industrial

Rodríguez Castaño, Angel Ing. Industrial

Tova Holgado, Enrique Ing. Tco. Industrial

Sánchez Rodríguez, Mercedes Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Moreno Alfonso, Narciso Ing. Electrónica

Rodríguez Muñoz, Pedro Ing. Industrial

Bueno Ramón, Francisco. J. Técnico Especialista

Valenzuela Mateo, Manuel Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Muñoz Calle, Francisco Javier Ing. Telecomunicación

Rodríguez Ramírez, Daniel Ldo. Informática

Carmona Gómez, José Luis Técnico Laboratorio

Valverde Martín, Antonio Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Muñoz Gil, Francisco Ing. Industrial

Romero Pérez, Luis Miguel Ing. Industrial

Córdoba Delgado, Fco. Javier Técnico Especialista

Vargas Morillo, Antonio Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Muñoz Pérez, Miguel Ángel Ing. Industrial

Ruíz Pardo, Alvaro Ing. Industrial

García Blanco, Raúl Técnico Informático

Arcos Trisac, Juan J. Aux. Laboratorio

Nápoles Luengo, Javier Ing. Industrial

Ruz Merino, José Jaime Ing. Industrial

Gutiérrez Olivares, Alejandro Tco. Metal

Ballesteros Carrasco, Asunción Aux. Laboratorio

Navascués Fernández-Victorio, Javier Ing. Industrial

Sanabria Rodríguez, José Ignacio Ing. Industrial

Péramo González, Dolores Técnico Especialista

Cáceres Torres, Francisco Aux. Técnico

Navarro Blázquez, Patricio Ing. Industrial

Sánchez Langeber, José Mª Ing. Camino, Canales y Puertos

Romero Ruíz, Desireé Tco. Laboratorio

Falcón García, Jorge Aux. Informático

Nogales García, Carlos Ing. Industrial

Sánchez Segura, Juan Antonio Ing. Industrial

Sánchez Núñez, Miguel Técnico Mecanizado

Gallardo López, Juan Pablo Aux. Laboratorio

Núñez Reyes, Amparo Ing. Informático

Santana Hidalgo, Amalia Ing. Industrial

Beltrán Gómez, Alejandro Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

González Menchón, Javier Aux. Laboratorio

Núñez Hernández, Fernando Ing. Industrial

Santos Remesal, Juan Ing. Industrial

Cañas Delgado, Antonio Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Liaño Ocaña, Juan Ramón Aux. Laboratorio

Ocaña García de Veas, Rocío. Ing. Industrial

Sánz Fernández, Juan A. Ing. Industrial

Cuerva González, Emilio J. Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

López Díaz, Ignacio Aux. Laboratorio

Ogalla Suárez, Jorge Manuel Ing. Telecomunicación

Sauco Zaldivia, José Ing. Industrial

Domínguez Reina, José Luis Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I

Prieto löfkrantz, Alberto Diego Aux. Laboratorio

Oria Oria, Ana Cinta Ing. Telecomunicación

Sierra Collado, Antonio Jesús Ing. Telecomunicación

Ferrera Lozano, Jesús Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Rodríguez Carrillo, José Ramón Aux. Laboratorio

Ortega Linares, Manuel Gil Ing. Industrial

Solís Muñiz, Mario Ing. Industrial

González Jiménez, Manuel Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Serna Cortés, Daniel Aux. Laboratorio

Ortiz García, José Angel Ing. Industrial

Soriano Cuesta, Cristina Lda. Arquitectura

González Santamaría, Andrés Tco. Grado Medio A.D.I.

Calabria Otero, Antonio Aux. Técnico

APPENDICES _collaborating personnel and technical team


2006 Balance sheets


98

Balance Sheets

Balance sheet Andalusian Association for Research and Industrial Cooperation (AICIA) Balance sheet up to 31 December 2006 and 2005 (Euros)

ASSETS

2006

2005

LIABILITIES

FIXED ASSETS Intangible fixed assets

-

-

Computer Applications

24,627

24,627

Accumulated depreciation

Furniture Other fixed assets Accumulated depreciation TOTAL FIXED ASSETS

(24,627)

(24,627)

1,068,944

1,220,535

32,863

31,843

2,168,442

1,903,432

Debtors Custommers Public Administrations Temporary financial investments Liquid assets

Registered capital

601

601

Results from previous years

368,888

350,416

This year’s result

(11,984)

18,472

357,505

369,489

1,051,633

1,206,344

TOTAL OWN FUNDS

REFERRED REVENUES

(1,132,361)

(714,740)

1,068,944

1,220,535

3,782,028

1,994,201

Suppliers

3,775,605

1,994,201

Other non commercial debts

CURRENT ASSETS

A N N U A l

2005

OWN FUNDS

Tangible fixed assets

2 0 0 6

2006

SHORT TERM CREDITORS

6,423

-

5,715,217

4,957,911

Public Administrations

161,403

426,297

9,568,558

6,881,043

328,922

431,679

Other creditors

5,620,452

4,869,930

Allowance for trade operations

572,910

710,526

3,619,184

1,579,434

Total current assets

10,070,155

7,662,638

Total current liabilities

9,729,961

7,307,340

TOTAL ASSETS

11,139,099

8,883,173

TOTAL LIABILITIES

11,139,099

8,883,173

R E P O R T


99

Profit and loss account Andalusian Association for Research and Industrial Cooperation (AICIA) Balance sheet up to 31 December 2006 and 2005 (Euros)

DEBIT

2006

2005

CREDIT

EXPENSES Supplies Personnel costs Fixed assets depreciation allowance Variation in trade allowances Outside services received

Operating profits Financial expenses and similar Positive financial results Profit on ordinary activities

Positive extraordinary result

2006

2005

7,233,124

6,908,783

2,366,262

1,163,120

9,599,386

8,071,903

INCOME 625,204

993,702

4,845,420

4,897,261

NET REVENUES

417,621

375,426

Other operational income

2,790,272

156,086

Received public subventions for financing

1,770,490

2,031,684

10.449.007

8,454,159

Rendering services

projects

-

-

Operating losses

849,621

382,256

1,965

30,757

Financial income

132,006

70,916

130,041

40,159

Negative financial result

-

-

707,596

366,727

Profit before tax

-

24,630

Corporation tax

-

6,158

Fiscal year’s result (profit)

-

18,472

-

-

Loss on ordinary activities

719,580

342,097

Deferred revenues

415,105

366,727

Income of previous years

292,491

Negative extraordinary result

-

-

Loss before tax

11,984

-

Fiscal year’s result (loss)

11,984

-

BALANCE SHEETS


Association for Investigation and Industrial Cooperation In Andalusia Seville Industrial Engineering School. University of Seville

IA-AICIA-2006-ing  

www.aicia.es 2006 annual report aicia Association for Investigation and Industrial Cooperation In Andalusia Seville Industrial Engineering S...