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"r®'lw t&SifaqudE´ \

0dyóemtvkyftESpfcsKyf


pmrlcGifhjyKtrSwf - 576^ 2000 (*) rsufESmzkH;cGifhjyKtrSwf - 503^ 2000 (*) pmtkyfa& - (1000) tkyf wef z d k ; - "r®'ge ykHESdyfol -

xkwfa0ol -

a':usifvIdif (03249) ausmhatmif atmhzfquf trSwf (78)? (44)vrf; &efukefNrKdU/ a':a&Ttdrf (01299) wdkif;vif;pmay 8^65? tkyfpk 3 atmifod'¨dvrf;? tif;pdef/


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txl;arwåm&yfcHtyfygonf &[ef;ynm&S?d vlynm&Sd yk*Kv ¾d jfrwfwY k d onf omoemawmf\ rsuEf mS udk axmuf½v I suf 0dyóemtvkyf tm;xkwMu f ukeaf om a,m*D olawmfreG w f Ykd 0dyóem vrf;aMumif;rSerf eS f avQmufvrS ;f Edik Mfuap&ef pma&;oltm; riJu h u G f rlí þusrf;pmtky\ f rjynfph rHk ?I ydv k eG rf ?I Ak't ¨ vdu k sEiS hf vGu J mG rIrsm; &Scd yhJ gu arwåm a&SUxm;í tjypfukd ñTejf yay;awmfrMl uyg&ef tEl;tñGwf awmif;yeftyfygonf/ "r®'lw t&SifaqudE´

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0dyóemtvkyf tESpfcsKyf

(*)

xl;xl;jcm;jcm; r[kwfyg omoemawmfü bk&m;&Sif\ w&m;awmf wd k Y u d k wynf h o m? om0u oH C mawmf t&Sijf rwfwu Ykd raysmufrysufatmif vufqifh urf; o,faqmifvsuf &SMd uygonf/ ]]vdí k jznfo h nfç ydí k Ekwo f nf}}wdYk r&Syd gbJvsuf Ak'\ ¨ tvdak wmfusom jzpfap&ayonf/ q&mawmf t&Sijf rwfwYkd o,faqmifawmf rlcJhMuaom "r®wdkYwGif edAÁmefa&mufaMumif; 0dyóem tusifah umif;onfvnf; tygt0if jzpfygonf/ a&S;a&S;q&mawmfwdkYonf vnf;aumif;? ,ckrsuaf rSmuf q&mawmfwo Ykd nfvnf;aumif; vufawGUtm;jzifh tajccHtp enf;trsKd;rsKd; wdkYudk ñTefjyí 0dyóem ppfrSefaom vrf; aMumif;ay:odYk a&mufapcJMh uygonf/ tcsKdUcsKdUaom a,m*Dyk*¾KdvfwdkYonf rdrdç rdrw d \ Ykd q&morm;rsm; ñTeMf um;csuftwdik ;f


(C)

"r®'lwt&SifaqudE´\

aqmif&u G cf o hJ nft h wGuf xdu k o f ifo h avmuf c&D;a&mufcJhMuav\/ tcsKd U tcsKd U url ]]þtwd k i f ; aeyg\? þtwdik ;f rjzpf/ xdt k wdik ;f aeyg\? xdt k wdik ;f rjzpf}} [louJhodkY tm;&wif;wdrfrI enf;yg; aeMuavukef\/ odt Yk wGuf þ]]0dyóemtvkyt f ESpcf sKyf}} udk a&;om;vdak om pdwq f E´ jzpfc&hJ ygonf/ 0dyóemESihf ywfoufí vd&k if;ç wd&k iS ;f ç xdxrd rd d em;vnfoabmaygufap&ef BuKd;pm; xm;ygonf/ 0dyóemtvkyfudk rnfonfhenf;rsKd;jzifh jzpfap tm;xkwfxm;olonfvnf;aumif;? 0dyóemudk pdwf0ifpm;í tm;rxkwfzl;ao; olonfvnf;aumif; rnfolYudkyif jzpfap 0dyóemvrf;aMumif; trSeaf y:odYk a&mufap Edik af tmif ñTejf yxm;ygonf/ csr;f omaom tusi?hf vsijf refv, G u f l aom tod Ó mPf w d k Y j zif h oabmayguf em;vnf apEdkifygvdrfhrnf/


0dyóemtvkyf tESpfcsKyf

(i)

pmay a&;om;&mü tMuHÓmPf ay;aom tm;jzifh ulnMD uaomq&morm;rsm;? nDtpfukd aemif&if;? rdwfaqG oli,fcsif;rsm;? wynfh 'g,umrsm;tm; aus;Zl;txl;wifryd gonf/ ]]0dyóemtvkyf tESpfcsKyf}} [lonf xl;xl;jcm;jcm; r[kwyf g/ omref em;vnfv, G ?f tm;xkwv f , G ?f oabmaygufv, G af tmif pDpOf a&;om;xm;aom Ak ' ¨ t vd k u s 0d y óem tm;xkwef nf; tusOf;rQom jzpfygonf/ "r®'lw t&SifaqudE´ y#dywåd r[mXme tjynfjynfqdkif&m ax&0g' Ak'¨omoemjyK wuúodkvf "r®ygv ukef;ajr r&rf;ukef;NrKdUe,f? &efukefNrKdU


qkawmif;vTmESifh tmoDo 0dyóemtvkyftESpfcsKyf usrf;pmtkyfudk pDpOfa&;om; jyKpkaqmif &Gu&f aom þr[mukov kd u f o H nf aAm"dÓmPf\ taxmuftyHh jzpfygapownf;/ jyKcJh&aom ukodkvfaumif;rI? jznfhqnf; cJah om yg&rDtpkpw k \ Ykd tzdb Yk m*udk q&mocif aus;Zl;&Si?f rdcifzcif aus;Zl;&Si?f aqGrsK;d y&dowf? 'um 'umrtaygif;? ewfjrwf? ewfaumif;? ewftaygif;wdEYk iS hf jriftyf rjriftyf ESp&f yfaom y&dowfwt Ykd m; trQay;a0yg\/ trQay;a0yg\/ trQay;a0yg\/ qdt k yfcNhJ y;D aom y&dowfwo Ykd nf 0rf;ajrmuf Ekarmf om"k ac:qdEk ikd Mf uukeo f nfjzpfí xyfwl xyfrQ tusKd;&Muygapukeo f wnf;/


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

1

0dyóemtvkyt f ESpcf sKyf earm wó b*0awm t&[awm or®morÁK'¨ó ,ck t cgrS m 0d y óem tvk y f a wG u d k tm;xkwv f mMuwJh vlawGrsm;jym;vmygw,f? vli,fç vl&G,f? vlvwf? vlBuD; toD;oD; qdo k vdyk gyJ? t&G,t f rsK;d rsK;d vlrsK;d pHk tm;xkwf vmMuygw,f/ omomemawmfzufrSmuvnf; 0dyóem tvkyfeJY ywfoufNyD; [dkenf;? 'Denf;? [dkvdk tm;xkw?f 'Dvt kd m;xkwf qdw k mrsK;d awGuvnf; trsK;d pH&k v dS mygw,f/ tJ'Dawmh 0dyóemudk tajccHupNyD; txuf w ef ; jrif h j rif h tqif h x d wuf v S r f ;


2

"r® ' l w t&S i f a qud E ´ \

tm;xkwfvdkwJh yk*¾KdvfawGu 0dyóemtvkyf tajccHuakd &m? 0dyóem&JU wu,f vrf;aMumif; tppf a y: a&muf a ewmud k a &m? quf N yD ; avQmufvrS ;f aerIuakd &m tESpcf sKyu f kd odvv kd m Muygw,f/ 0dyóemtvkyf ]]b,fol tm;xkwfxkwf tqifajy Edik w f ehJ nf; r&Sb d ;l vm;}} vdYk ar;vm Muygw,f/ &Sdygw,f? Ak'¨enf;vdkY ajym&ygw,f/ 0dyóemur®|mef; tvkyfqdkwm enf;rSef vrf;rSef Ak't ¨ vdu k s em;vnfxm;cJ&h if tm;xkwf &wm[m vG,u f yl gw,f? csr;f csr;f omomvnf; tm;xkwfEdkifygw,f? vsifvsif jrefjrefvnf; todÓPfawG wdk;yGm;vmygw,f/ 0dyóem ur®|mef;tvkyfudk tm;xkwf awmhr,fqdk&if odoifhwmawGudkawmh t&if odxm;&ygr,f/ a[majymwJh bufuvnf; odatmif? em;vnfatmif? usifhwwfatmif a[majym ay;&ygr,f/


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

3

Ak'¨ bk&m;&Sif&JU 0dyóem enf;vrf;udk pnf;urf;wus tm;xkwcf &hJ if 0dyóemÓPf &ifo h efvmNy;D aumif;usK;d awGukd jynfjh ynfph pkH kH &&Scd pH m;vmEdik yf gw,f/ tckajymjyr,fh 0dyóemtvkyf tESpcf sKyf qdkwJh oabmawG[m Ak'¨bk&m;&Siftvdkus enf;vrf;ygyJ? y&d,wåd pmayvmwJh twdik ;f ygyJ? vufawGUeJY pmawGU wpfxyfwnf; jzpf&ygr,f/ tJ'Denf;vrf;awGudk A[kokwÓPfeJYod? aemufNy;D pdEmÅ r,ÓP r,ÓPf eJY pOf;pm;MupH nfNy;D awmh wu,fv h ufawGU bm0emr,ÓPfjzpfatmif usifhMuHyGm;rsm; tm;xkwf&rSmyg/ odNyD;&if usifh? odNyD;vdkY usifh&muae todeJYusifh wpfxyfwnf; usoGm;ygvdrfhr,f? usifh&if;eJYvnf; odvmygvdrhfr,f/ uJ...0dyóemtvkyt f ESpcf sKyf enf;vrf;udk ajymMuygpd k Y ? ]]ted p ö m 'd 0 aoe 0d 0 d a "[d tmuma&[d yówDwd 0dyóem? ynma0om tw¬awm}}vdYk jrwfA'k t ¨ vdu k spum; &Syd gw,f/


4

"r® ' l w t&S i f a qud E ´ \

]]tedpö tp&Sdonf\ tpGrf;jzifh txl;xl; aom tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh jrifwwf jrifEdkif? Munhw f wf MunhEf ikd v f Ykd 0dyóem[k ac:\}}wJ/h teuf t"dyÜm,ftm;jzifh ]]þ0dyóem [lonf ynmomwnf;}}wJh/ 0dyóemqdkwm tedpö 'ku© ponfjzifh jrifEdkifwJh ÓPfudk ac:ygw,f/ 'DÓPfr&Sd&if tedpö 'ku© tewå qdkwmawGudkvnf; vHk;0 rjrifEikd yf gbl;/ tedpö 'ku© tewå qdkwJh oabmawG vu©PmawGqw kd m b,fo&l UJ oabmvu©Pm awGvnf;qdak wmh avmu&JU oabmvu©Pm? avmuvdkYac:wJh y&rwf½kyfemrf&JU oabm vu©PmawGygyJ/ 'D½yk f 'Demrf? 'D½yk cf E¨m emrfcE¨m? 'D½yk "f mwf emrf"mwf? ½kyfy&rwf emrfy&rwf qdkwJh avmuoabmawGrmS tedpö 'ku© tewåqw kd hJ udk,fydkiftrSwftom; vu©PmawG qdkwm &SMd uygw,f/


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

5

tJ ' D oabm vu© P mawG u d k jrif z d k Y awGUzdq Yk &kd if 'D½yk f 'Demrfukd jrif& awGU&ygr,f/ cE¨mç "mwfç y&rwfawGudk awGU&ygr,f/ 'gaMumif h 'D ½ k y f 'D e mrf [ m 0d y óem ÓPf&SdwJh 0dyóem pdwf&JUtm½kHvdkY ajymEdkif ygw,f? 'g[m aocsmaygufygyJ/ 'Dae&mrSm pdwef YJ tm½kt H aMumif;udk t&if oabmayguf apcsifygw,f/ pdwfqdkwm w&m;tm;xkwfolrSmvnf; &Sdw,f? w&m; tm;rxkwfolrSmvnf; &Sdygw,f/ pdwq f w kd m tm½ku H kd odwwfygw,f? wjcm; tvkyf rvkyfygbl;? 'DtvkyfyJ vkyfygw,f/ 'Dpdwf&JU todcHp&mawGu tm½kHawGyg? aumif;wJh tm½k?H raumif;wJt h m½k?H aumif;wm vnf;r[kwfç raumif;wmvnf; r[kwfwJh tm½kHvdkY cGJjcm; owfrSwfwwfygao;w,f/ b,fvdkyJ cGJjcm; cGJjcm; tm½kH[m tm½kHygyJ/ rsufpdtultnDeJY pdwfu od&wJh tqif; tm½k?H em; tultnDeYJ pdwu f od&wJh toHtm½k?H ESmacgif;tultnDeYJ pdwu f od&wJh teHt Y m½k?H


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"r® ' l w t&S i f a qud E ´ \

vQm tultnDeJY pdwfuod&wJh t&omtm½kH? udk,ftultnDeJY pdwfuod&wJh tawGUtxd tm½kH? aemufNyD;awmh rsufpdç em;ç ESmacgif;ç vQmç udk,fawGudk tultnDr,l&bJ olwdkY ulnDwkef;u odcJh&wJh tm½kHrsKd;awGudkvnf; aemufwpfjcm; usef&Sdao;wJh pdwfu odEdkifwJh tm½kH? 'gawGuawmh "r®m½kH? oabmw&m; tm½kHvdkY tm½kHajcmufrsKd; &Sdygw,f/ "r®m½kHqdkwmuawmh pdwfu awG;ç MuHç pOf;pm;&ifvnf; awGUEdkifç jyefyHkazmf&ifvnf; awGUEdkifç aemifudk rSef;NyD; yHkazmf&ifvnf; awGU EdkifwJh tm½kHawGyg/ tqif;? toH? teH?Y t&om? tawGUtxd oabm w&m;awGvdkY tm½kHajcmufrsKd; uGJjym; ayr,fh tm½kH[mtm½kHygyJ/ tm½kHqdkwm pdwfu od&wJh odp&myg/ pdwfqdkwm MuHKwJh? qkHwJh tm½kHwdkif;udk odwm? odwhJ tvky&f adS ewJh "r®owåw d pfrsK;d yg/ tqif;tm½kq H w kd m rsupf zd iG Nhf y;D Munhaf e&if jrifEdkifygw,f/ jrifodpdwfjzpfygw,f/ tqif;


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

7

tm½kH&Sdw,faygh? wu,fvdkYrsm; rsufpdrSdwf&if jrifodpdwf rjzpfawmhygbl;/ jrifodpdwf rjzpf ayr,fh tm½ku H awmh jzpfaewmygyJ? vif;&mu arSmifoGm;&if rjrifEdkifawmhygbl;/ jrifodpdwf rjzpfawmhygbl;/ aemufwpfck ESvHk;roGif; awmh&ifvnf; rjrifEdkifawmhygbl;? jrifodpdwf rjzpfawmhygbl;/ jrifopd w d f rjzpfayr,h?f r&Sad yr,fh jrifp&m odp&m tm½kq H w kd muawmh olo Y abmtwdik ;f &SdaeMuygw,f/ tJ'DvdkygyJ toHtm½kH? teHY? t&omç tawGUtxd oabmw&m; tm½kaH wG qdkwmuvnf; 'Dtwdkif;ygyJ/ 'Doabmudk bmvdkY ajymxm;&wmvnf; qdk&if tm½kHuvnf; tm½kHoyfoyf? tm½kH&JU oabmuoyfoyf? tm½k&H UJ tvkyu f oyfoyf/ aemuf pdwfqdkwmuvnf; pdwfoyfoyf? pdwf&JU oabmu oyfoyf? pdwf&JU tvkyfu oyfoyfvdkY jrifapcsifvdkYyg/ tm½kHeJY pdwftaMumif;udk 'Davmufqdk&if enf;enf; yg;yg; oabmaygufavmufygNyD?


8

"r® ' l w t&S i f a qud E ´ \

olYudk OD;pm;ay;NyD; tus,f ra&;awmhygbl;/ wu,f a&;&rS m u 0d y óem ur® | mef ; taMumif;eJY 0dyóemtvkyf tajccHeYJ tESpcf sKyf taMumif; ygyJ/ ]]0dyóem}} qdkwmudk apmapmu ajymjy xm;cJhNyD;awmh ]]ur®|mef;}} qdkwmudk ajymjy ygvdrrhf ,f/ ]]ur®|mef; tm;xkwfw,f? wdkYuawmh ur®|mef;tvkyyf v J yk w f ,f}}vdYk ajymaeMuayr,fh ur®|mef;oabmudk aocsmrodcahJ o;bl;qd&k if ur®|mef; tvkyfjzpfvdrfhr,f rxifygbl;/ ]]ur®|mef;}} qdw k m ygVdysujf refrmpum;yg/ rlvygVdyk'fu ]]ur®}} eJY ]]|me}} eJY aygif;pyf xm;wmyg/ ]]ur®}} qdkwm tvkyfyg/ ]]|me}} qdkwm tvkyv f yk &f mXmeygyJ/ tvkyv f yk o f &l UJ wnf&mç ae&mç tvkyfvkyfwJh XmeygyJ/ qdkMuygpdkY/ ausmif;om; wpfa,muf&JU ur®|meudk ajymygqd&k if ausmif;om;&JUtvkyu f pmoifwJhtvkyfur®? pmoifwJh tvkyfvkyf


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

9

&mae&m ausmif;u |me? ausmif;om; twGuf ur®|mef;u ausmif;pmoifcef;aygh/ ½kH;ol½kH;om;&JU ur®|mef; tvkyfvkyf&m t&yfu ½kH;aygh? ½kH;cef;aygh/ aps;olaps;om;&JU tvkyfu aps;a&mif; aps;0,ftvkyf? tJ'D aps;a&mif; aps;0,f tvkyfvkyf&mXmeu aps;qdkif? aps;aygh? 'g[m ur®|mef;&JU oabmt"dyÜm,fygyJ/ uJ...'Dvq kd &kd if 0dyóem&JU ur®|mef;u bmvJvdkY ar;&ygawmhr,f/ tJ'aD wmh 0dyóemqdw k m bm0em tvkyf qdw k mudk xnfNh y;D pOf;pm;vdu k yf g/ bm0emqd&k if 0dyóembm0emvnf; &Sdygw,f/ orx bm0emvnf; &Sdygw,f/ bm0emqdkwmuawmh wdk;yGm;rIç wdk;yGm; jcif;aygh/ tck 0dyóembm0emç orxbm0em qdw k muawmh aumif;jrwfwhJ olawmfaumif; "mwf a wG ç o'¨ g ç 0D & d , ç owd ç orm"d ç ynmawG owdåtm; wdk;yGm;vmwm? wdk;yGm; vmapEdkifwmudk ac:ygw,f/


10

"r® ' l w t&S i f a qud E ´ \

]]bm0em ye raemur®ar0}} wJh/ ]]bm0emqd k w m pd w f tvk y f o mvQif wnf;}}wJ/h bm0emqdkwm pdwftvkyfyg/ pdwf"mwf aumif;awG wdk;yGm;atmif vkyf&wJh tvkyfyg/ orxbm0emvnf; pdwt f vkyyf g/ 0dyóem bm0emvnf ; pd w f t vk y f y gyJ / 'gaMumif h ESpfrsKd;vHk;udk bm0emvdkY ac:wmyg/ wpfcak wmh&w dS maygh/ bm0emcsi;f wlayr,fh uGmjcm;rIawmh &Sdygw,f/ orxbm0emu owd? orm"d? 0D&d, "mwftm;awG? owåd aumif;awG wd;k yGm;ap&wm t"duyg/ orm"d owådu t"duyg/ 0dyóembm0emuawmh ynm "mwftm; awGç ynm owdåaumif;awG wdk;yG;ap&wmyg? ynmowådu t"duyg/ olawmfaumif; "mwfowådawG rSeforQ wd;k yGm;vmzdYk yGm;rsm;tm;xkww f m[m bm0emyg/ 0dyóemu ynmowåd t"du? orxu


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

11

orm"dowåd t"duyg/ 'Dowåad wG wd;k yGm;zdv Yk Ykd qdv k ykd gw,f/ uJ...jyefajymMuOD;pdkY/ 0dyóemqdkwm ynmÓPft"du? orxu orm"d t"du? bm0emqd k w m ol a wmf a umif ; owå d wdk;yGm;jcif;? wdk;yGm;rI/ ur®|mef;qdkwm tvkyfvkyfol&JU wnf&m ae&m/ bm0emqdkwm pdwftvkyf/ aemufNyD; pdwfeJY tm½kHqdkwm &Sdw,f/ pdwu f oyfoyf? tm½ku H oyfoyf? oabmcsi;f ? tvkyfcsif; rwlMuygbl;/ bm0emtwGuf ur®|mef;u bm0empdw&f UJ usufpm;p&m tm½kHvdkY t&if rSwfxm;ygOD;/ tckajymcJhwmawGudk rSwfrdaeao;w,f qdk&if pdwftvkyf? ynmÓPf OD;aqmifwJh pdwt f vky?f 'Dpw d t f vky&f UJ tvkyv f yk &f mXmeu tm½kHyg/ bmtm½kHawGvnf;qdk&if ½kyftm½kH? emrftm½kyH g/ cE¨mig;yg;tm½k?H y&rwftm½kaH wGyg/


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"r® ' l w t&S i f a qud E ´ \

'D½yk t f m½k?H emrftm½k&H UJ tedp?ö 'ku?© tewå vu©PmoabmawGudk 0dyóempdwfrSm&SdwJh ynmÓPfu od&? jrif&? awGU&rSmyg/ tJ'Dvdk 0dyóempdwf&JU tm½kH ½kyf"mwf? emrf"mwfawG&JU oabm vu©PmawGudk 0dyóemÓPfu awGUEdik jf rifEikd af tmif BuK;d pm; wm[m 0dyóemtvkyfudk tm;xkwfwmyg/ tJ'Dawmh tao;pdwfeJY twdtus tESpf xkwfNyD; ajym&&if 0dyóemÓPf&JU od&rnfh oabmu tedpö 'ku© tewå? ½kyfemrfawG&JU oabm vu©PmawGyg/ 0dyóempdw&f UJ od&rnfh tm½ku H ½ky"f mwf? emrf"mwf? ½kyftm½kH? emrftm½kHyg/ ½ky"f mwfwikd ;f ? emrf"mwfwikd ;f uç 'Dy&rwf tm½kHwdkif;u ]]azmufjyef ajymif;vJ ysufpD; oGm;w,f}}vdYk vltrsm;em;vnfatmif ajym&wJh jzpfrI ysufrI? vu©PmawG[m jzpfaeMu ygw,f/ ½kyfemrfu 'DtvkyfawGudkyJ vkyfae Muygw,f/ 'gu tm½kHbufu oabmawGygyJ/


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

13

pd w f z uf u oabmawG u d k ajym&&if pdwq f w kd m qkw H hJ tm½kw H ikd ;f ? b,ftm½ku H kd rqdk odwwfygw,f/ odEdkif awGUEdkifygw,f/ 'DpdwfrSm ÓPfygwJh pdwfeJY ÓPfrygwJh pdwfqdkwm ESpfrsKd; &Sdygw,f/ 0dyóempdwf qdw k m 0dyóemÓPfygwJh ÓPf&w dS hJ pdwyf gyJ/ ÓPfryg? ÓPfr&Sd&ifawmh 0dyóempdwf qdw k m jzpfzYkd aeaeomom trnfawmif wyfvYkd r&ygbl;/ tJ'Dawmh pdwfrSm ÓPfygwJh pdwfjzpfzdkY twGuf BuK;d pm;&ygr,f/ 'guvnf; owd&NdS y;D rS ÓPf&EdS ikd yf gw,f/ owd &Srd v S nf; ÓPfqw kd m &SEd ikd yf gw,f/ owd&SdzdkYu yxr tajccHyg/ owd&SdzdkY twGufu owdxm;&ygw,f/ owd qdkwmuvnf; tukodkvfowd? ukodkvfowd? tukodkvfpdwf jzpfapwJh rdpäm owd? raumif;wm r[kwfwmudk trSwf&rI oabmeJY ukodkvfudk jzpfapwJh aumif;wmudk trSwf&rIoabm or®mowdvdkY &Sdygw,f/


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"r® ' l w t&S i f a qud E ´ \

ukodkvf owdrSmudkyJ 'geowdç 'geudk jzpfapwJh owd? aemuf oDvowd? orx owd? 0dyóemowd qdkwmawGu trsKd;rsKd; &SMd uygao;w,f/ wu,fvdkY rdrdu 0dyóemowd &Sdcsif w,f? jzpfcsiw f ,fq&kd if 0dyóemowdxm;zd?Yk 0dyóemjzpfapEdkifwJh tm½kHudk owdxm;zdkY vdktyfygw,f/ 0dyóem tm½kHudk owd xm;Edkif&if 0dyóem pdwfrSm 0dyóemowd &Sv d mEdik yf gw,f/ owd&Sdatmif owdxm;wJh oabmyg/ 0dyóemowd jzpfvmatmif 0dyóem tm½kHrSm owd xm;&wmyg/ [kwfw,fav/ vltrsm;ajymeJY em;vnfatmif ajym&&if owd xm;wmu tm½ku H kd *½kpu kd w f m? owd&w dS mu pdwrf mS owd&w dS m? owd&w dS hJ pdwf jzpfaew,f rjzpfbl; qdkwmudk odaewm? 'gawmh uGmyg w,f/ 0dyóempdwrf mS 0dyóemowd &Sw d t hJ wGuf 0dyóem tm½kH jzpfwJh tedpö? 'ku©? tewå


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vu©Pmoabm&SdwJh y&rwfudk owdxm;& ygr,f/ owdxm;? owd&&dS ifç aemuf 0dyóem ÓPfjzpfvm&ifç tedpö? 'ku©? tewåqdkwJh ½kyfemrf&JU oabmvu©PmawGudk awGUjrif Edik yf gw,f/ 'Dvu©Pm oabmudk jrifzYkd awGUzdYk owdxm;zdkY qdkwmu ½kyftm½kH? emrftm½kHudk owd t&ifxm;yg/ ajymvdo Yk m ajym&wmyg/ 'D½yk çf 'Demrf qdw k hJ tm½kHç 'Dtm½kHawG&JU oabmvu©PmawGudk yk*¾Kdvfu owdxm;vdkY jrif& awGU&ç jrifEdkif awGUEdik w f m r[kwyf gbl;/ &Sv d mjzpfvmwJh owdç ÓPfqw kd hJ "r®awGuom olwYkd owåt d avsmuf olwdkY awGUEdkifMuwmyg/ jyefNy;D awmh oabmaygufem;vnfatmif ajymjyygOD;r,f/ tm½kq H w kd hJ todcpH &mu wpfrsK;d ? ½Ipw d q f w kd hJ odwwf jrifwwfwzhJ ufu wpfrsK;d ? ESpfrsKd; &Sdwmudk jyefNyD; trSwf& vdkufygOD;/ tm½kHzufu tm½kHtvkyf vkyfaew,f/ pd w f z uf u vnf ; pd w f t vk y f vk y f a eMu ygw,f/


16

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0dyóem tvkyfvkyfol&JU MuHKae&wJh tm½kaH wGqw kd muvnf; y&rwf ½kyef mrfawGyg/ olwt Ykd vkyf olwv Ykd yk af eMuygw,f/ 0dyóem tvkyrf vkyw f hJ olawG&UJ MuKH ae&wJh tm½kq H w kd m awGuvnf; wu,fwrf;uawmh y&rwf ½kyfemrf tm½kHawGygyJ/ olwdkYtvkyf olwdkY vkyaf eMuygw,f/ uJ...tm½ku H twlwl y&rwfoabmawG &Sdayr,fh pdwfzufudk enf;enf;jyefMunhfvdkuf ygOD;/ tm;rxkwfol&JU pdwfu tm½kHudk odwwf ½kyH gyJ/ owd r&Syd gbl;/ ÓPfr&Syd gbl;/ rdpmä 'd|d aMumifh ukd,fxifcsifovdk xifNyD; onmeJY yH k a zmf rS w f a ewmrQygyJ / ol v d k ud k , f v d k ç uav;od odovdk tm½ku H kd odumrQ pdwyf gyJ/ aumif;aumif; qdk;qdk;ç bmtm½kHyJ jzpfjzpf od½rHk QygyJ/ 0dyóem tvkyf tm;xkwfol&JU pdwf uawmh qdyk gpd/Yk tpyxr tm;xkwcf gpqd&k if owdyJ &Sdao;w,f/ ÓPf rygao;bl;aygh/


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

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owd&SdwJh pdwfyg/ pdwfu tm½kHudk odygw,f/ owdu 'Dpdwfudk raumif;wJh "mwfqdk;awG r0ifatmif apmifha&Smufygw,f/ wu,f v d k Y r sm; 0d y óem ÓPf t ppf 0ifvmNyq D &kd if pdwu f vnf; tm½ku H kd omrefod odaew,f? owduvnf; apmifha&SmufwJh tvk y f ? ol Y t vk y f u d k ol v k y f w ,f ? ynm ÓPfu ½kyfudk jrifr,f? awGUr,f? emrfudk jrifr,f? awGUr,f? 'D½yk f 'DemrfawG&UJ oabmudk odr,f? jrifr,f/ tJ ' D v d k pd w f b uf r S m tm;xk w f o l e J Y tm;rxkwfolqdkNyD; uGmjcm;ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh 0dyóemtvkyf tm;xkww f ,f qdkwm pdwftvkyfyg/ tm½kHtvkyfr[kwfyg/ tm½kHudk aumif;&muraumif;atmif? raumif;&mu aumif;atmif? wif;&mu avsmah tmif? avsmah ewmudv k nf; wif;atmif? ½kyt f m½ku H ae emrftm½kaH y:atmif emrftm½kH uae ½kyt f m½kH ay:atmif Nr&J mu rNraJ tmif? rNr&J mu NraJ tmif? csr;f om&mu qif;&Jatmif?


18

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qif;&J&mu csrf;omatmif qdkwmrsKd;awG ajymif;vJMuwmrsK;d vkyv f rYkd &ygbl;? vkyv f &Ykd w,f qdk&ifvnf; txifeJY vkyfaewmyg? wu,fh y&rwftm½ku H kd b,fvrkd S ajymif;jyifvrYkd &ygbl;/ 'gaMumifh tm½kHtvkyf r[kwfygbl;? pdwf tvkyfvdkYajymwmyg? pdwftvkyfudk vkyfMunhfMuygpdkY/ trSefuawmh pdwfu olYtvkyfudk ol vkyaf ewmygyJ? b,f tm½krH qdk olu odaewm ygyJ? yk*K¾ v d o f wå0guom rodvu kd &f if ae&r,f? pdwf"r®uawmh olY"r®olYoabm olYtvkyf olvkyfaewmygyJ? qHkwJh tm½kHwdkif;udk odae wmygyJ/ wcsKdU ajymMuw,f? 0dyóempdwftvkyf qdkwm pdwfudk cdkif;wmygwJh? pdwfudk udk,fu? rdru d ayghav 'Dvykd J oH;k EIe;f ajymvdu k yf gOD;r,f? pdwfudk udk,fu cdkif;&wJhtvkyfwJh/ pdwfudk cdkif;awmhr,fqdk&if vlyk*¾Kdvfu cdkif;wmu wpfrsKd;? owdÓPfu cdkif;wmu wpfrsKd;vdkY ESpfrsKd;&Sdygw,f/


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'Dae&mrSm vlyk*¾Kdvfu cdkif;wmudk t&if ajymjyygr,f? 'Dpw d [ f m vTwx f m;&if oGm;csi&f m oGm;? a&mufcsif&ma&muf? aygufcsif&mayguf aeawmhwmyJ? orm"dr&SdbJ aygufvTwfyJpm; jzpfaew,fvdkY ajymMuygw,f/ orm"dqw kd hJ oabmudk aemufraS t;at; aq;aq; ajymjyygOD;r,f/ tJ'Dawmh wpffcsKdU yk*¾KdvfawGu pdwfr xGufatmif pdwfroGm;atmif xdef;MucsKyfMu ygw,f? twif;t"r® rEdik çf Edik af tmif BuK;d pm; Muygw,f? NidrfNidrfaevdkY cdkif;Muygw,f? 'gu yk * ¾ K d v f u cd k i f ; enf ; wpf r sKd ; yg? cdkif;Munfhyg? xdef;Munfhyg pdwfudk 'Dvdkcdkif;vdkY 'Dvx kd ed ;f vdrYk &ygbl;? wu,fvYkd &w,fq&kd ifvJ yk * ¾ K d v f & J U txif y gyJ ? wu,f v d k Y pd w f u d k xde;f vdNYk ird w f ,fq&kd ifvnf; tJ'g[m 0dyóem pdwf? 0dyóemtvkyf r[kwfygbl;/ aemuf wpfcsKUd uawmh ]]'Dae&mrSmaeuGm}} qdNk y;D ae&mwpfck ay;vdu k Mf uygw,f? 'Dae&m udo k m Munf?h 'Dae&mudo k m od qdNk y;D awmhaygh?


20

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'guvnf; wu,fwef; ajym&&if pdwfudk 0uf w k y f wk y f N yD ; BuKd ; eJ Y csnf x m;wmeJ Y BuK;d &Sn&f n S ef v YJ eS x f m;wJh oabmrsK;d uGmwmygyJ/ csnfwmuawmh csnfwmygyJ/ 'Dae&mrSmae 'Dae&mudMk unf?h 'Dae&mudyk J odaevkq dY w kd hJ oabmudk pOf;pm;Munfyh g? pdwf qdw k m tJ'v D kd ay:vmwJt h m½k?H qHw k t hJ m½kw H ikd ;f ? xifwJhtm½kHwdkif;udk [dkoGm; 'DoGm; oGm;aevdkY vm;? roGm;ygbl;? raem'Gg&aZmpdwfqdkwm [dkae&m 'Dae&mawGudk oGm;½dk;xkH;pH r&Sdygbl;? pdwfeJY tm½kH MuHKumrQ qHkumrQ oabmeJY odaewmygyJ/ xm;MuygpdkY? 'gu vlyk*¾Kdvfu cdkif;wJh oabmawGyg? owd ÓPf"r®awGu pdw"f r®ukd "r®oabmtcsif;csif; cdkif;oGm;MuyHkudk ajymjy ygOD;r,f/ owd q d k w m apwod u f ? ÓPf q d k w m uvnf; apwoduyf gyJ? 'Dvydk gyJ? apwoduaf wG trsm;BuD;&Sdygw,f/ avmbç a'goç arm[ç


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rmeç 'd|d pwmawG[mvnf; apwoduaf wGyg/ udavomawGyg/ 'Duad vom apwoduaf wGu pdwu f rkd NDS y;D pdwfeJY aygif;NyD; pdwfudk npfatmifç ylatmifç ½Iyfatmif vkyfwwfMuygw,f/ o'¨g? 0D&d,? owd? orm"d? ynm pwJh apwoduf taumif;awGuawmh pdwfudk rS D w G J N yD ; pd w f at;atmif ? Munf a tmif ? &Sif;atmif qdkwJh at;csrf;wJh "mwfawGudk jzpfapEdkifygw,f/ 'Dae&mrSm owdudk? or®mowdudk t&if ajymygr,f/ or®mowdqw kd hJ owd apwoduu f pdwrf mS tNrrJ ,SOw f yJG gbl;/ wpfcgwavrSom jzpfwwfw,fvdkY oabmaygufyg/ owd&Sd&if pdwfaumif; ukodkvfpdwfjzpfyg w,f/ at;at;csrf;csrf;? ukodkvfpdwf jzpfae &ifvnf; owd&SdaeygNyD/ 'Dowdu pdwfrSm rSDwGJNyD; twljzpfwJh tcdu k af vmb? a'go? arm[ pwJh udavom awG? aemufNyD; trSeftwdkif; rodrjrifatmif


22

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zkH;vTrf;umqD;NyD; pdwftod rpifMu,fatmif vkyfwwfwJh umrpäE´? Asmyg' pwJh eD0&P awGudk pdwfeJY rqHkap? raygif;apygbl;/ pdwfudk umuG,fay;w,f/ apmifha&Smuf ay;w,f/ 'DtEÅ&m,f? taESmift h ,Suaf wGukd owdu rdrdtvkyf? rdrdvkyf&if;eJY umuG,f apmifha&Smufay;ygw,f/ owdr&Sw d hJ pdwu f tukov kd f tjzpfrsm;Ny;D owd&w dS phJ w d u f ukov kd pf w d ?f aumif;wJph w d yf J jzpfygw,f/ 'g[m owd"r®&JU owdjzpfcdkuf "r®tvkyf "r®vyk af ewJh oabmyg/ aemuf owd&v dS mwJh tcg pdwu f at;csr;f vmygw,f/ eD0&PawG uif;uGmvmygw,f/ tJ'DtcgrSm owd&SdwJhpdwfu jzpfwdkif;? jzpfwdkif; tm½kHawGudk csrf;ompGmeJY awGUEdkif jrifEikd v f mygw,f/ tJ'Dvdk tm½kHudk awGUjrif&if;? awGUjrif&if; uae tm½kH&JU oabmawGudk aoaocsmcsm


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

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jrifvu kd Ef ikd yf gw,f/ tJ'g[m ÓPf0ifvmw,f? ÓPfay:w,f? ÓPf&Sdw,fvdkY ac:ygw,f/ 'D Ó Pf jzpf w J h t cd k u f ud a vomawG uif;uGmaevdYk pdw[ f m tm½k?H tm½k&H UJ oabmudk aoaocsmcsm jrifvdkufEdkifygw,f/ tJ'Dvdk trSeftwdkif; jrifEdkif? odEdkifwJh pdwu f av; jzpfvmwm[m ÓPf"r®aMumifyh g/ owdu? ÓPfu rdrdwdkY&JU pdwfrSm rdrdwdkY &Sad omtm;jzif?h jzpfaomtm;jzifh pdwt f aESmifh t,Suaf wG uif;atmif? trSet f wdik ;f odatmif aqmif&Gufay;Muygw,f/ 'gudkyJ owdu pdwfudk at;at;aecdkif; w,f/ ÓPfu pdwu f kd trSet f wdik ;f odEikd yf gw,f? owd ÓPfu pdwu f cdk ikd ;f w,fvYkd ajymae Mu&wmyg/ owd ÓPf "r®owdåawGu rdrdtvkyf rdrdvkyf&if; pdwf"r®udk cdkif;aew,fvdkY ajymEdkif ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh owd&SdwJhpdwfjzpfzdkY? ÓPfygwJh pdwf jzpfzdkY ta&;BuD;ygw,f/


24

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ukodkvfpdwfwdkif;[m owd&SdvdkY jzpfvm wmyg/ owd &SdwJh pdwf[m ukodkvfpdwf awGawmh jzpfygw,f/ 'gayr,fh ukodkvfpdwfqdkwmu ÓP orÜ,kwf ÓPf &SdwJh wd[dwfukodkvf pdwfeJY ÓP0dyÜ,kwf ÓPfr&SdwJh 'Gd[dwf ukodkvf pdwfvdkY ESpfrsKd; &Sdygao;w,f/ 0dyóempdwfu ÓPorÜ,kwf wd[dwf ukodkvf ÓPf &SdwJhpdwf pifppfyg/ owd&SdNyD; ÓPfrygao;&if ÓPfrvmao;? r&Sdao;&if 'dG[pdwfjzpfvdkY 0dyóempdwf rjzpfao;ygbl;/ 'Dae&mrSm a&S;a&S;q&mawmfBuD;rsm;&JU tajrmftjrif BuD;rIudk ajymcsifygao;w,f/ tJ'gudk rajymao;cif 0dyóemtvkyu f kd wu,f odvdkwJhyk*¾KdvfawGtwGuf A[kokw &zdkY? enf;vrf;&zdkYtwGuf a[m'Dvdk ajymcsif ygao;w,f/ 0dyóemÓPfu ½kyfemrf y&rwfawG&JU oabm vu©Pmudk jrifw,f/


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

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0dyóempdwu f ½kyef mrftm½ku H kd odw,f/ 0dyóemowdu ½kyfemrftm½kHudk trSwf &w,f/ ½kyfemrf tm½kHawG&JU oabmvu©Pm awGudk awGUzdkY ÓPfvdkw,f/ ÓPf&SdvmzdkY 0dyóemowd&SdzdkY vdkw,f/ "r®owåd owd tppf&SdzdkY vdkygw,f/ "r®owåd owdtppf pdwfrSm&SdzdkY 'Dpdwfudk owdxm;cdik ;f wJh tvkyv f yk cf ikd ;f &ygw,f/ 'gu yk*¾Kdvf&JU apcdkif;rIvdkY ajymcJhygw,f/ owd&SdzdkY owdxm;cdik ;f wmyg/ 0dyóem bm0emtvkyf[m pdwftvkyf qdak wmh tm½ku H kd *½krpdu k ef v YJ Ykd ajymcsiyf gw,f/ yk*¾Kdvfu *½kpdkufrIxuf ÓPf"r®u *½kpdkufrI jzpfapcsifvdkY ajymwmyg/ tm½kHqdkwmu y&rwf ½kyfemrf tm½kH qdk&ifvnf; ½kyfu ½kyftvkyf vkyfygw,f? rjywfwrf; azmufjyefaew,f? emrfuvnf; emrftvkyfudk vkyfw,f? odw,f? tm½kHudk ñTww f ,faygh/


26

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aemufNyD; ½kyfu y&rwfqdkawmh ½kyf tvkyu f kd vky&f if;eJyY J y&rwftvkyq f w kd hJ jzpfç wnfç ysufudkvnf; rjywfwrf; vkyfygao; w,f/ tJ'DvdkyJ emrfuvnf; emrftvkyf vky&f if;eJY y&rwftvkyf jzpfç wnfç ysuq f w kd hJ 'DoHk;rsKd;udk b,folrS rcdkif;&bJ vkyfaeMu ygw,f/ y&rwftm½kHudk yk*¾Kdvfowå0gu 0if½IyfvdkY r&ygbl;/ a,m*Duvnf; 0ifjc,fvS,fvdkY r&ygbl;/ tJ'v D ykd J ½Ipw d u f vnf; t½Ict H m½ku H kd 0if½Iyf? 0ifjc,fvS,fvdkY r&ygbl;? 'gav; avmufudkawmh oabmayguf em;vnfxm; Muapcsiyf gw,f/ 'gaMumifh y&rwf tm½kHawGu y&rwf tvkyf? tm½kH tvkyfawG vkyfygw,f/ ½Ipdwf uvnf; y&rwftvkyfa&m? ½Ipdwf tvkyfyg vkyyf gw,f/ 'D½Ipdwf&JU "r®tvkyfeJY yk*¾Kdvf&JU tvkyf udkvnf; cGJjcm;MunhfMuygOD;pdkY/


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

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½Ipdwfu owd&Sd&r,f? ynmÓPf&Sd&r,f? a,bk,s ajym&&ifawmh owd &Sd&r,fvdkY OD;aqmifajymvdkuf&if orm"dwdkY? 0D&d,wdkYyg ygaew,fvYkd jrifvu kd yf g/ tJ'v D ykd gyJ ynmÓPf &SNd yq D &kd ifvnf; ol&Y UJ taygif;toif;aumif; awGvnf; ygaeygNyD/ wu,fwrf;u pdwfrSm ÓPftNrJ&Sdae EdkifzdkYygyJ/ 'guvnf; ]][Jh ÓPfvmcJh? 'DpdwfeJY wGJae}}vdkY ajym½kHeJY jzpfwm r[kwfygbl;/ ÓPf&Sdvmatmif owd&SdrIu tajccHygyJ/ owd&Sd&if;eJY ÓPfqdkwm taMumif;nD&if ay:vmygw,f/ &Sdvmygw,f/ tJ-owd&Sdwmuvnf; aMumif;usKd;quf "r®owådawGaMumifh &Sdvmwmyg/ tJ'D owd &Szd t Ykd wGuf trSwo f nm tm;aumif;vdYk owd aumif;wm &Sdovdk oifhwifhavsmufywfwJh tm½krH mS pdwx f m; owdxm;vdYk owdaumif;vm &Sdvmwmvnf; &Sdygao;w,f/ tm½kHrSm pdwfxm; owdxm; qdkwmu yk*¾Kdvfajym em;vnfatmif ajymwmyg/


28

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yk*K¾ v d u f owd&cdS sipf w d af rG;? 'Dtm½kaH v;udk odcsipf w d f arG;vdu k w f m? tJ't D vky?f pdwt f vkyf uav;udk vkyfvdkuf&wmyg/ 'gu yk*¾Kdvf tvkyfyg/ 'Doabmudk tm½kHudkowdxm;? tm½ku H kd pdwx f m;vdYk ajymwmyg/ tJ'v D kd owd xm;&if;eJYyJ owd &SdvmwJhpdwf? owdtm; aumif;vmwJhpdwf jzpfvmygw,f/ a&S ; a&S ; q&mawmf B uD ; rsm;u tJ ' D v d k owdxm;? pdwfxm;qdkwJh tajccHtqifhuae owdr&Sd &Sad tmif? ÓPfr&Sd &Sad tmif? 0dyóem rjzpf jzpfatmif? oifay;? jyay;? enf;vrf; awG ñTefjyay;cJhMuwmyg/ b,f v d k v J q d k a wmh wcsKd U u ajymMu w,fav/ ]]uJ-owdxm;qdk&if b,fae&m xm;&rvJ? b,fvykd x kH m;&rvJ? b,fvjkd zpfae wmudx k m;&rvJ}} pwJt h ar;awGu ar;vmMu? ajymvmMuw,fav/ tJ'Dawmh ESmacgif;xm;? &ifbwfxm;? 0rf;Adkufxm; pwJh ae&mawGudk ñTefjyMu& wmaygh/


0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

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'guvnf; bk&m;&Sif udk,fawmfjrwfBuD; udk,fwdkif tmemygeur®|mef;taeeJY pdwf&JU tm½ku H kd tmemygexGuaf v 0ifav? ½SLoGi;f wJh av &SLxkww f ahJ v? 'Dav&JU 0ifrI xGurf ?I wd;k rI xdrIqdkwJhoabmawGudk ae&m ñTefawmf rlcyhJ gao;w,f/ wpfcgwav £&d,mykxf? wpfcgwav rsufpduav; vIyfwm? a&SUaemuf 0J,m Munhfawmh vufqefY vufauG;wm? a&SUwdk; aemufqkwf ajcaxmuf&JU a&GUvsm;rIawG? 'gawGudk ae&may;xm;Muygw,f/ ae&mawG trsm;BuD;ygyJ/ owdxm;wwfzdkY ae&may;wJh oabmaygh/ owdxm;&if owd&?dS ukov kd jf zpf? ukov kd f jzpf&if; ÓPfay:vmNyD;awmh wd[dwfpdwf? 0dyóempdwfawG jzpfay:zdkYygyJ/ ae&mawG trsKd;rsKd; jzpf&wmuawmh a,m*Dyk*¾Kdvf&JU tvdkqE´? tmo,? p½kduf? tBuKdufawG trsKd;rsKd;&Sdaewwf vdkYygyJ/


30

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54

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58

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60

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68

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70

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72

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74

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76

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78

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80

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82

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0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

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84

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0d y óemtvk y f tES p f c sKyf

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86

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88

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