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CANCER "Cancer is a disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth". Cancer is the result of cells that continue to divide to replace ones that have died out. The numerous cells clump together to form a tumor. Malignant tumors are groups of cells that attack healthy tissue. On the other hand, benign tumors are abnormal tumors that usually do not cause any harm unless they grow too large and interfere with surrounding tissues. Cancer occurs because cancer cells leave the tumor and travel through the blood and lymph vessels. When this happens, the cancer cells are free to invade other regions of the body to form additional tumors.

Cancer and Diabetes

There are many types of cancer. Some of the various types include       

Breast cancer (cancer located in the tissue of the breast that is more common in women than men) Prostate cancer (cancer in the prostate, which is part of the male reproductive system) Respiratory cancer (tobacco-linked cancer that is in the lungs, larynx, and bronchus. Colon cancer (the colon is an organ of the digestive system) Urinary cancer (cancer in the urinary organs, such as kidneys and bladder) Skin cancer (cancer of the skin such as basal cell carcinoma and melanoma) Leukemia (cancer in blood producing tissues that is more prevalent in males than in females)

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How do you detect cancer? Cancer can be detected by regular selfexaminations of your body. It can also be detected by biopsies, which is a procedure that doctors use to examine tissue taken from the body. You can also find cancer by x-rays, which detect the tumors inside the body.

Cancer can be treated by several techniques. Doctors may surgically remove the tumors, but this is most effective in the early stage of development of the tumor. Another way is a process called chemotherapy. Drugs are used to kill the cancer cells, but healthy cells are also harmed in this process. Chemotherapy has some side effects like nausea, fatigue, vomiting, and hair loss. Cancer can also be treated using radiation therapy. This procedure uses a beam of radiation to destroy the cancer cells from outside the body.

Tips to prevent cancer:     

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do not smoke avoid unnecessary sun exposure eat nutritious foods including fruits and vegetables exercise regularly get medical checkups regularly

LIVING WITH DIABETES

"Diabetes is a disorder in which cells are unable to obtain glucose from the blood such that high blood-glucose levels result".

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes: Insulin is a hormone that causes cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream. Without it the body cannot use glucose. The most common diabetes are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes forms when the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin resulting in the body inability to make insulin. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, especially in adults over 40 years old and overweight people. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas creates insulin, but the body won't respond to it. The body can no longer use glucose as energy. You should visit your doctor to see if you have the symptoms of diabetes. Ultimately, the lab tests will indicate whether or not you have diabetes. There is no cure for diabetes. To help treat type 1 diabetes, you should keep your glucose levels as normal as possible. People usually need to take several insulin injections a day. For type 2 diabetes, people should primarily focus on their diet and exercise. If you want to prevent type 2 diabetes, try to keep a healthy weight by eating smart and exercising. Avoid tobacco and of course, try to reduce your amount of stress.

Wellness Brochure Ch.14 section 3-4  
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