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General scheme for identification of Organic compounds ‍ا  ا   Ů  ا آ اى‏ A-Physical properties 1-Condition : 2-Colour: 3-Odour: b-Solubility (For solid) miscibility (For liquid) Solubility ‍ل‏%& %#  ‍"  !    ŮˆŘ¨  ا‏# • miscibility ‍ل‏%& %# '(  ‍• ا  (' ŮˆŘ¨â€Ź -Solubility in Cold water then Hot then 10% NaOH then dil HCL then conc H2SO4 -Acidity Test: -Conc HCL test

# ‍ ا ŘŠ ا‏./0 ‍ Ř­  ا‏+‍ ا Ů‚ ŮˆŮ‡â€ŹA )%"‍ Ř­ ا ا‏+‍ه‏ 3 ‍ ا‏4 ‍ ا‏5‍ ا‏36 " 7# ....


(#?;‍ا@اؾ ا‏

Physical properities

‍ ا د؊‏

1-Condition

liquid

Solid True liquid Crystallin

Solution

Granules powder

Ex: Urea

Viscous

mobile

:8  0

‍ ا د؊‏

1-Condition  

   

‍آت‏

‍ل‏

‍

ت‏ ‍دع‏

Ex: Urea

‍Ůƒâ€Ź

‍؏‏

‍ أآ‏38;& ‍ن‏+   '‍• ه"> >اؾ آ‏


‫‪a-Solid‬‬ ‫‪1-Crystalline:‬‬ ‫ وآ‬

‫‪a- Coarse‬‬

‫ـــــــــــ‬

‫‪b- Shiny‬‬ ‫‪2-Powder‬‬

‫&ــــ‪3‬‬ ‫ ـــــــــــ‬

‫‪ B‬ه‪ +‬ح  ‪ 8‬‬

‫‪a-Smooth‬‬ ‫‪b- non Shiny‬‬ ‫‪3-Granules‬‬

‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬

‫‪liquid‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬

‫‪ ;  '( "# : True liquid‬د‪ E‬ون أى ‪D‬اب‬ ‫ذى ‪ 7G‬ء  ; د‪ E‬ون اى  ‪D‬ا ‪ 8‬و ال ‪ethanol‬‬ ‫ود‪# 4  E‬ن (' ا‪ /‬آ ‪ mobile‬ذى ا  ‪water‬‬ ‫‪Glycerol‬‬ ‫او ?ج ‪ viscous‬ذى ال‬ ‫‪Lactic acid‬‬ ‫أو ز‪ oily #‬ذى ال‬

‫• ‪ '( "# : Solution‬آ ‪/# #D‬ى  ‪D‬اب‬ ‫• ذى ا  وا‪ 6‬آ‪ E‬واآر ‪ Formaline KL‬ود‪ E‬رة ‪4‬‬

‫‪Formaldehyde gas + water‬‬


‫•  ‪ O/‬ا ‪ #D‬وا ‪D‬اب ‪(Solute – Solvent) 38  N )#‬‬ ‫ا‪ Solvent !  N ) '(6‬ذى ا ء وا ‪D‬اب ‪Solute 6‬‬ ‫ذى ا‪ 6‬آ‪E‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪2-Colour‬‬ ‫‪1- Coloured‬‬ ‫‪2- Colourless‬‬

‫اا‬

‫‪Odour‬‬

‫‪1-Odourless‬‬ ‫‪2- characteristic odour‬‬ ‫)‪-Fishy Odour (Amines ex: Aniline‬‬ ‫)‪- phenolic Odour (Phenol‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬

‫•‬

‫‪  8 "#‬آت ون را(‪ /‬و!  آت ‪ 8‬روا(‪?  P‬ة‬ ‫ذى ‪" Amines  R 7G‬ه را(‪ /‬ا‪K 6‬‬ ‫آ;‪ #‬آ‪ T" 6" E‬ى ا ‪ S‬دى ا‪ ! !6 #‬آ ‬ ‫‪ U‬ا&‪ .‬د‪ E‬آ ! ‪ B 4 K‬ه ‪! 4/‬‬ ‫ا‪ K&/‬ا هن (' او   ‪8R‬ل و‪ B‬ر‪4‬‬ ‫ا‪ !#‬ه وا ; وض ا&‪R0 ' 0 K‬رب و‪ 0‬ف ا‪ !#‬ا ك د‪E‬‬ ‫و‪ S‬آ' وا   ا  ' هن ‪8R E‬ل ‪ X‬ا& ‬ ‫و  ‪ 0‬ف  ا ك  ا ! ه‪ 8T;/‬و‪%0‬ل‬ ‫ا ك د‪   E‬و ن ‪ 7G‬و>‪ 4+‬وه‪D‬ا‬



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