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GRADUATE PORTFOLIO Ahmed Gelan Lawrence Technologicl University - M.Arch 2013


Contents Reflective Statement

Master Class

4-5

6-19

ARC 6103 Summer 2011

Advanced Design Studio 1

20-29

ARC 5814 Spring 2012

Advanced Design Studio 2

20-29

ARC 5824 Fall 2012

Ecological Issues

30-35

ARC 5423 Spring 2013

Professional Practice

36

ARC 5913 Fall 2013

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I realized that BIM is playing an increasingly important role in architecture,

Ahmed Gelan 2012 Reflective Statement I have been interested in architecture since I was Ten years old. I use to look at my father’s designs and try to analyze them or in some cases criticize his work based on basic design principles. It was then that I felt that architecture would become a career for me. I decided to pursue architecture because it is a respected profession. I also believed that it would be a rewarding career for a creative and hardworking person like myself. I disregard the fact that architecture is among the professions that are seriously affected by economical crises, because I have always believed that there will be a spot for me as long as I continue to work hard and have a passion for what I do. I obtained my bachelors degree in 2009 and currently pursuing my Masters degree at Lawrence Technological University. During my undergraduate and graduate education, I was able to gain valuable skills that I was able to apply to my academic and professional projects. The experience of working as a team with my fellow students during my graduate education was extremely beneficial to my professional career because I learned to understand and listen to opposing views in order to be a successful team member. As a graduate student, I gained an awareness of responsible practices which helped me to understand how to best practice architecture. I learned the process of starting a firm and practice architecture with an understanding of my rights and my professional responsibilities toward clients and other professionals. This experience allowed me to utilize my skills to strive for client satisfaction. My experience involved residential and commercial projects where I was able to take the project from schematic design through the completion of the project. This experience gave me the opportunity to explore new design solutions and apply new concepts learned during my undergraduate and graduate years.

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specifically building design and construction, which motivated me to study building information modeling and computer visualization using advanced 3D modeling techniques. Building Information Modeling (BIM) gave me the ability to visualize projects and increase my productivity in the overall building process. It is also a valuable tool that helps improve communication between architects, engineers, and contractors making the process more efficient and economical. In the past 5 years, I have had gained diverse experience in residential design, commercial design, and Building Information Modeling using Revit.

Residential Experience: My design experience involved various types of projects including, additions, renovations, and new construction ranging from 2,000 to 8,000 square feet. While I was in my junior year in the architectural program at LTU, I started my first professional project which was a 3,000 square foot single family residence in Dearborn, Michigan. For the first time in my career, I was able to take the challenge to design a house for a client and prepare a full set of construction documents submitted to the city for approval. I also prepared a cost estimate for the construction and modified the design to make sure that the cost will not exceed the budget of the client. I had an opportunity to be involved in all phases of construction including coordinating sub-contractors and solving on-site issues. After completing this first project, I gained more confidence in my skills and the experience opened the doors for me to get more projects. As a result of my first client’s satisfaction, he recommended me to another client that wanted to build a large residence in a subdivision in Northville, Michigan. In this project, I utilized my BIM skills to build a 3D model to generate design presentation drawings supported by 3D rendering to help the client understand the proposed design. Residential Design is where many novices receive training and experience when they first start working in the profession. The process of working on residential projects is similar to other design projects, but the experience of working with clients and the direct involvement in their lives is very special. Unlike commercial design, you are dealing with families who probably never worked with an architect making it harder to satisfy all parties and sometimes the process can take what seems like forever to reach an approved design.


Commercial Experience: My commercial experience involves working on various types of proj-

Career Goals: Free lancing and working with different firms on various types of architectur-

ects including, new construction, additions and renovations. I have

al and engineering projects allowed me to gain diverse experience which

prepared schematic designs for client meetings and reviews. I have

helped me throughout my career thus far. I realized that I should focus on one

also worked on technical documents including elevator drawings and

area and become an expert in order to differentiate myself from many who

structural steel joists analysis for renovation projects. The fact that I was

have similar experience in order to stay competitive in the marketplace. Build-

working in a small firm gave me a chance to get involved in all phases

ing Information Modeling (BIM) using Revit is an emerging technology to de-

of the project. It was a valuable experience for me because it gave me

sign, record, monitor and effectively manage the life cycle of a building. The

the confidence to work on small commercial projects from schematic

process of storing information using BIM models includes building geometry,

design to construction documents on my own.

spatial relationships, geographic information, quantities and properties of the

Prefabrication and Production Experience:

building components. Many small and large firms in the Architectural Engineering Industry adopted Building Information Modeling (BIM) and other firms are

I am currently working with Eggrock Modular Solutions where we do

transitioning due to the limitless advantages BIM can offer to clients, designers,

Prefabricated bathrooms. It is North America’s largest provider of

architects, and engineers. As a result of the high demand for BIM, I realized that

factory-built bathrooms. Using BIM and lean manufacturing technol-

I should develop my BIM skills to become an expert where I can use my experi-

ogy, Eggrock works with clients on different stages starting from design

ence to help firms implement BIM tools such as Revit for design and construc-

phase to installation to produce customized modular bathrooms for

tion. Many firms have tried to adopt BIM and failed due to different reasons

hotels, hospitals, military, and multi-unit residential projects. My primary

such as not having a clear strategy to implement BIM especially when the firm

role is to assist in the transition of a new product from design to manu-

is involved in projects through the transition to BIM. I think that such experience

facturing. Revit is the main software I use to build accurate 3D models

should not be viewed as failure, rather it is lessons learned by the firm which

which are used to generate design drawings, production drawings and

should help establish a better plan for BIM implementation. There is so much

schedules used for estimating purposes. Since I was one of few people

technology available and it is really challenging to determine which BIM tools

in the company to use Revit, I had the opportunity to be part of a team

are right for each firm’s need. Firms should select BIM tools that are already

to develop an automated process to produce design and production

established in order for their employees to have many available resources for

drawings using 3D components. Users can use a window which lists a

training especially when it is required to adopt newer versions of software.

3D library of available components which can be assembled automatically using collision detection and constraint based modeling techniques to ease the process for drafters and engineers. In this Job, I have

Conclusion: In conclusion, my education at Lawrence Technological University gave me

had a chance to explore advanced concepts for creating parametric

the passion and the skills to produce successful projects. In addition, I believe

families in Revit. This valuable experience allowed to hone my skills to

that my experience in residential and commercial design was really impor-

use Revit to achieve an advanced automation. My team developed

tant to me when I started my professional career tract because it opened my

a BIM standardized template which can be used for any project with

mind to the advanced methodologies in the industry. With this diverse experi-

preset family components, views and sheets for different stages of the

ence, I realized that BIM is where the future is heading and I should always be

project including design drawings, production drawings and custom

equipped with advanced tools that can make me valuable now and in the

product drawings.

future. Many firms will adopt BIM because it has the capability of streamlining the entire construction process and improving the overall performance of the building process.

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Master Class

Master Class Course Reflections

ARC 6103

The Master Class I took in summer of 2011 was one of the most beneficial classes of my graduate education. The course’s intent was for the faculty to define

Summer 2011

a specific architectural, urban, or ecological problem and have the students study, investigate, analyze, and then as a team,–respond with advanced co-

A leading professional guides an

herent design solutions.

advanced student who has prepared

The Project:

a carefully considered response to

The faculty selected a topic related to pollution in the Great Lakes Region af-

an architectural problem. Discussions

fecting the ecological system within and around the lakes. I was interested in

focus on communication about sense-

the topic from day one because I felt that I needed this experience as part of a

making and sense-realizing of student

design team and also to work on large scale project.

work in progress and may also com-

Team Experience:

municate understandings applicable

The team experience was definitely one of the main benefits from this course. I

to other architectural work and pro-

learned that working in a team on a large scale project is an effective, efficient,

fessional practice in general. May be

and rewarding method of studying a large amount of information and data. It

offered in architecture, urban design

is amazing to see how much work a team can do in short time.

and landscape architecture.

Coaching: The idea of having a professor as coach for each team was new to me, but I learned so much from this experience. The coach was really important especially at the beginning of the course to teach team members to respect, understand, and listen to each other in order to become a cohesive and successful group. The team coach also served as a link between the team and the other professors. The fact that team members have different preferences worked really well in delivering a successful design. Before this experience, I use to get mad when somebody did not agree with my ideas, then I realized that opposing views actually help to distill ideas to successful solutions. I understood that everybody has different ways of thinking and unique approaches to solving problems. I felt that I learned more from people who didn’t agree with all my ideas because they made me rethink my ideas and seek innovative solutions.

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Solutions: A comprehensive study was done by the group to identify problems and opportunities throughout the Great Lakes. As a team, we proposed a set of solutions to address air and water pollutions in the Great Lakes Region. 1st Proposal: THE MOTHER, Lake Saint Clair The proposed tower as “The Great Lakes University” along the Coast of St. Clair will be comprised of study ponds, classrooms, student dorms, active wetlands, and barge docking. The tower will be the main campus to host classes and will also serve as an active natural system to purify polluted air and water. The tower will have large wind turbine that rotates around the building to harvest wind energy. 2nd Proposal: THE LARGE BARGE, Ashtabula The large Barge will be comprised of classrooms, student dorms, and wetlands system. A large wind turbines located at the top of barge will be used to pump water up into the surface, and then the water will be filtered through the wetlands system as a natural process. 3rd Proposal: THE BARGE, Chicago Town The Barge is a smaller version of The Large Barge proposed in Chicago where the Grand Calumet River meets the lake acting as a natural system to purify polluted water coming in to the lake. The Barges would travel across the Lakes to host classes during the spring and summer and then go back to the main university “The Mother” when the lakes freeze in the winter. 4th Proposal: THE STACK, Zug Island The Stack Towers are proposed in Zug Island where air and water are extremely polluted due to industrial steel factories. The Towers will be comprised of wetland modules which will be assembled on site. The towers will also have a passive air filter surrounding the modular wetland system. 5th Proposal: THE BOBBER, Sault Ste. Marie The Bobber is proposed on different locations all over all the Great Lakes to generate data such as water temperature and water pollution level, and then report it back to the barges and The Mother. The Bobber is used to monitor the progress of cleaning water and it operates through a solar cell. Another version of The Bobber is a helium bladder that monitors air quality and transmits data to The Mother.

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GREAT LAKES UNIVERSITY

TEAM 7

Amy Nonhof Mark Driedger Joe Demske Lindsay Pew Mohamad Hadla Adam Moore Ahmed Gelan

Solutions: A comprehensive study was done by the group to identify problems and opportunities throughout the Great Lakes. As a team, we proposed a set of solutions to address air and water pollutions in the Great Lakes Region.

8

Great Lakes University


9


ST.CL [THE MOTHER]

AIR

1st Proposal: THE MOTHER, Lake Saint Clair The proposed tower as “The Great Lakes University� along the Coast of St. Clair will be comprised of study ponds, classrooms, student dorms, active wetlands, and barge docking. The tower will be the main campus to host classes and will also serve as an active natural system to purify polluted air and water. The tower will have large wind turbine that rotates around the building to harvest wind energy.

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Great Lakes University


N

NT LAB / STUDENT AREA

T PONDS E

W

TED GLAZING NSTRUCTIN

STUDY PONDS

URBINE DIRECTION

PLAN

GLAZING SLIDES SHUT FOR WINTER

AIR

S

R

ST.CL [THE MOTHER]

N

LAB / STUDENT AREA

CLASSROOM AREAS LAB / STUDENT AREA

BARGE DOCKING

AIR

STACK DEVELOPMENT AREA

LAKE ST.CLAIR

TEST PONDS

STUDY PONDS E

W

VENTED GLAZING CONSTRUCTIN

STUDY PONDS

WINTER GREEN HOUSES

TURBINE DIRECTION

PLAN

GLAZING SLIDES SHUT FOR WINTER

GLAZING SLIDES SHUT FOR WINTER

S

ST.CL [THE MOTHER]

ACTIVE WETLAND STUDY AREA STUDENT DORMS (BELOW) SITE PLAN

AIR

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ASH [THE LARGE BARGE]

TABULA 2nd Proposal: THE LARGE BARGE, Ashtabula

The large Barge will be comprised of classrooms, student dorms, and wetlands system. A large wind turbines located at the top of barge will be used to pump water up into the surface, and then the water will be filtered through the wetlands system as a natural process.

12

Great Lakes University


CLEAN WATER OUT

CLASSROOM 1 POWER GENERATION CITY BREAKWALL

LAKE RIVER

WINGS FOLD IN TO FIT THROUGH LOCKS CLASSROOM 2 WINGS EXPAND TO FORCE WATER THROUGH SYSTEM CLASSROOM 3

BELOW DECK DORMS DOCKING WETLAND SYSTEM

DIRTY WATER IN

WETLAND INTAKE

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WIND GENERATOR FOR PUMPS WETLAND LEVEL 1 WETLAND LEVEL 2

WETLAND LEVEL 3

VIEWING LEVEL 2

WETLAND LEVEL 4

WETLAND LEVEL 5

DOCKING

GENERATOR FOR PUMPS WATER INTAKE VIEWING LEVEL 1

FLOW CONCENTRATOR

CHI [THE BARGE]

TOWN

3rd Proposal: THE BARGE, Chicago Town The Barge is a smaller version of The Large Barge proposed in Chicago where the Grand Calumet River meets the lake acting as a natural system to purify polluted water coming in to the lake. The Barges would travel across the Lakes to host classes during the spring and summer and then go back to the main university “The Mother” when the lakes freeze in the winter.

14

Great Lakes University


CHI

[THE SMALL BARGE]

TOWN

15


ZUG [THE STACK]

ISLAND

4th Proposal: THE STACK, Zug Island The Stack Towers are proposed in Zug Island where air and water are extremely polluted due to industrial steel factories. The Towers will be comprised of wetland modules which will be assembled on site. The towers will also have a passive air filter surrounding the modular wetland system.

16

Great Lakes University


17


SOLAR CELL (ABOVE)

HELIUM BLADDER

LOCATION

WATER QUALITY

TRANSMITTER

FLOATATION

AIR QUALITY TRANSMITTER

[MOTHER] LAKE ST. CLAIR

TETHER TO BARGE

SAULT [THE BOBBER]

STE. MARIE

5th Proposal: THE BOBBER, Sault Ste. Marie The Bobber is proposed on different locations all over all the Great Lakes to generate data such as water temperature and water pollution level, and then report it back to the barges and The Mother. The Bobber is used to monitor the progress of cleaning water and it operates through a solar cell. Another version of The Bobber is a helium bladder that monitors air quality and transmits data to The Mother.

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Great Lakes University


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Advanced Design Studio1

Advanced Design Studios Course Reflections

ARC 5814

Project: Doha Port Stadium, Doha, Qatar

Spring 2012

In both ADS 1 and ADS 2, I had the opportunity to work on a single project and explore parametric mythologies which became integral to the design

Advanced

architectural

design

and development of the Port Stadium. This project is really important to me

project. An approved architectural

because I gained a level of confidence to work on a large-scale architec-

design project must be based on a

tural and urban development and investigate various stadium systems in-

clear theoretical position that dem-

depth through a parametric driven process.

onstrates an advanced understand-

Abstract:

ing of architectural design. In this

The proposed project is a man made island located in Doha, Qatar that it

option, students develop and ex-

is part of a large future development and concept for entertainment along

pand a year-long personalized pro-

Doha Bay. The Stadium is proposed for 2022 World Cup in Qatar which will

gram of architectural investigation

become the first middle eastern country to host such a large-scale global

in consultation with a faculty advisor

event.

in a traditional design studio setting.

Inspirations:

Advanced Design Studio2

The Site and Stadium design is inspired by the geometry and patterns found in traditional Islamic architecture. My vision is to elevate this aged form of art using computational design tools to generate a parametric artistic ex-

ARC 5824

pression with today’s modern fabrication technology. Overall Site Concept (Doha Bay)

Fall 2012

The concept is using analysis of Islamic patterns to generate a system network along Doha Bay by extending the urban fabric to the water linking the

Continuation of the architectural

city to the sea. Nodes are established as points of attraction at major road

design project investigation from

intersections with Al Corniche Road. Water taxies will transport fans from

Advanced Design Studio 1. The fi-

gathering nodes to the stadium.

nal outcome of the project is deter-

Site Design Concept:

mined by the student in consultation

Continuity and momentum in the Islamic patterns are the inspiration of the

with the studio’s faculty advisor.

stadium site concept. The idea is continuing the momentum in the existing curved landscape at the urban edge where land and water collide.

20


Physical Models Studies

21


Inspirations: The Site and Stadium design is inspired by the geometry and patterns found in traditional Islamic architecture. My vision is to elevate this aged form of art using computational design tools to generate a parametric artistic expression with today’s modern fabrication technology.

22

Doha Port Stadium


System Study-Stadium Structure: The concept for the stadium structure and form was inspired by the traditional Islamic architecture usually found in mosques and Islamic schools. Through a series of physical models studies, the arches were transformed to allow each truss to be rotated on a slight angle to form a curved unique structure for a 21st century stadium. Beyond BIM and common 3D modeling techniques, I had an opportunity to extend my capabilities to utilize an advanced parametric driven tools using Rhino with Grasshopper plug-in to create algorithmic relationships to control the structural system. The trusses were arrayed in a repetitive pattern to follow the curved surface which encloses the seating bowl.

Overall Site Concept (Doha Bay) The concept is using analysis of Islamic patterns to generate a system network along Doha Bay by extending the urban fabric to the water linking the city to the sea. Nodes are established as points of attraction at major road intersections with Al Corniche Road. Water taxies will transport fans from gathering nodes to the stadium.

23


Site plan: The Site is composed of a 45,000 seat stadium, practice field, pedestrian bridge, underground parking, and a port. From the south, The Stadium has a large media screen projecting to the city in the background for attraction. The stadium has a magnificent view to Downtown Doha and oriented according to FIFA standards, north to south in order to have an equal shadow for both teams during afternoon games.

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Doha Port Stadium


1. Stadium 2. Practice Field 3. Parking 4. Islamic Museum of Art 5. Stadium Main Entrance 6. Main Level Routes 7. Lower Level Routes 8. Pedestrian Bridge 9. Port

Site Design Concept: Continuity and momentum in the Islamic patterns are the inspiration of the stadium site concept. The idea is continuing the momentum in the existing curved landscape at the urban edge where land and water collide.

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Underground Level-2

26

Doha Port Stadium

Underground Level-1

Concourse Level-1


Level-2

Level-3

Level-4

27


28

Doha Port Stadium


Responsive Skin (Figure 1)

ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3

Heat Gain Study (Figure 2)

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Ecological Issues

Ecological Issues Ecological Issues is one of the most beneficial courses that I have taken

ARC 5423

throughout my graduate education. As a graduate student, it is very important to take into consideration the built environment when designing build-

Spring 2013

ing systems. In this course, we explored historical issues and effective solutions related to ecology and architecture and the way it inspired architects

Investigation of ecology and eco-

and engineers in this century. Another topic that was explored in this course

logical systems in specific relation to

is Waste Recycling as a response to the limited resources in our planet with

design and the built environment.

the increasing population. As a result of this course, I gained more of an

The course will explore both histori-

understanding and awareness of responsible practice.

cal and current issues that illuminate global and societal concerns regard-

Selected Assignment:

ing ecology. Issues will be examined

Ecologically Sound Building / Contemporary with Historic Lineage

from a social, political, biological and

The assignment intent was to find a sustainable structure that uses natural

practical perspective and address

systems to achieve the comfort zone within a building.

the current and future development of architecture. The professional role

Selected Building:

and ethical responsibility of the archi-

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)

tect will be examined to foster eco-

(KAUST) is a newly constructed campus located in Thuwal, Kingdom of Sau-

logical awareness and understanding

di Arabia. It is the largest LEED Platinum project in the world and it is estab-

of responsible practice. Case studies,

lishing a benchmark for sustainable design in the Middle East.

readings, reports, and projects generate discussion around ecology and

1st Historic Source: Wind Towers

faculty lectures define relevant topics

Wind towers are used as a traditional passive ventilation strategy of tra-

for debate and review.

ditional Arabic houses. The wind accelerates through a tunnel descending air into the room below creating an opposite affect causing air to be sucked through the other side of the tower vent. The passive ventilation features used in KAUST are inspired by traditional wind towers. The wind coming directly from the red sea in a northeastern direction flow through the main spine of the building pulling the roof warm air build up out through a solar tower.

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2nd Historic Source: Compact Planning In traditional Arabic cities, bringing buildings closely together helped to minimize the areas of the buildings facades exposed to the sun and encouraged passive ventilation. As an inspiration, KAUST buildings are arranged closely to reduced outdoor walking distances and encourage outdoor activities and interaction. 3rd Historic Source: Mashrabiya Similar to Arabic screening called “mashrabiya,� windows and skylights are covered with an integral shading system that reduces heat loads while creating dramatic light. Between the volumes, there are covered patios with perforated roofs that filter the light and allow the air to flow. There are Mashrabiya-like shading devices for South Western elevation of the building. System Applied to an academic Project: Doha Port Stadium The stadium will have a passive ventilation strategy to achieve the comfort zone during the games and events. Cool wind will flow through the stadium at sea level creating opposite impact causing warm air to be vented out through roof openings.

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Traditional passive ventilation strategies of the traditional Arabic houses.

5th Proposal: THE BOBBER, Sault Ste. Marie The Bobber is proposed on different locations all over all the Great Lakes to generate data such as water temperature and water pollution level, and then report it back to the barges and The Mother. The Bobber is used to monitor the progress of cleaning water and it operates through a solar cell. Another version of The Bobber is a helium bladder that monitors air quality and transmits data to The Mother.

32

Wind Towers


1. High Performance Roof 2. Solar Tower 3. Passive ventilation 4. High Performance Glazing 5. Integrated Shading 6. Local Evaporation 7. Passively Cooled Courtyards 8. Filtered Daylight

Solar Tower

Wind coming directly from the Red Sea in a northeasterly direction.

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Shibam Hadramaut, Yemen

(kAUST) Arial View

Compact Planning Bringing buildings closely together helps to minimize the areas of the buildings facades exposed to the sun and encourage passive ventilation. Outdoor spaces reduce outdoor walking distances and encourage outdoor activities and interactions.

34

Compact Planning


Mashrabiya-like shading devices for south western elevation.

Similar to Arabic screening called “mashrabiya,� windows and skylights

Between the volumes, you find covered patios with a perforated

are covered with an integral shading system that reduces heat loads

roof that filter the light and allows the air to flow.

while creating dramatic light.

Mashrabiya

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Professional Practice

Professional Practice Course Reflections Professional Practice is one of the most beneficial courses because I found

ARC 5913

answers to many questions I had about professional architectural practice. The course presented an overview of many important topics in the profes-

Fall 2013

sional architectural practice including code regulations, professional services, contract documents, legal relationships, and professional ethics. In

An overview of the professional archi-

this Course, I also learned about the steps to start a professional firm and

tectural practice from a regulatory,

practice architecture with an understanding of my rights as a future archi-

procedural and ethical perspective.

tect and my professional responsibilities toward clients and other profes-

The course addresses the NAAB stan-

sionals.

dards for a professional degree program, the NCARB standards includ-

Professional Preparation:

ing the Intern Development Program,

The course addresses the National Architectural Accreditation Board(NAAB)

and the state laws governing require-

standards for continuing education. One of the requirements is have a

ments for licensure and professional

professional degree from an accredited architectural school in order to

practice. Topics include the history of

become licensed and officially practice architecture. I also gained an un-

the profession, professional services,

derstanding about the requirements of the National Council of Architec-

contract documents, legal relation-

tural Registration Boards (NCARB) including the Internship Development

ships, professional ethics and codes

Program (IDP) which provides guidelines and standards for verification of

of conduct, governmental regula-

the intern experience. It was really important to me as a graduate student

tions, regulatory codes, and profes-

to know the process I have to go through if I decide to take the ARE exam

sional firm organization.

to become a licensed architect and open my own firm to practice architecture. Client-Architect Relationship: One of the topics that I believe was really important is communicating with clients and meeting their expectations. Many clients don’t hire architects for only plans and specifications. They also need to utilize the expertise of the architect because they want professional recommendations related

36


to their specific project which will help them produce a successful project. There are laws that require architects to participate in more areas of the design and construction phases. Clients usually value services provided by architects and tend to come back for future projects. I learned that a client’s satisfaction is one of the main factors for me to become a successful professional. I should be ready to walk away from clients that I will not be able to satisfy due to a limited skills and experience in a specific project category or not able to meet unrealistic expectations. Professional Ethics: Professional Ethics is a set of rules based on commonly accepted practices established between individuals. Architecture is one of the most respected professions and the public expect architects to have high ethical standards. Within each project, it is really important to make important decisions about the project including quality versus budget and client’s requirements versus building codes and regulations. All parties must agree on these terms to avoid any ethical issues or conflicts later in the project.

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