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2012-2019

Ahmed el leithi

architecture & Urban design porTfolio


I am an architect graduated with Bachelor of Architecture Engineering from the American University in Cairo (AUC, 2015) along with studies in Sociology. I have been working professionally since 2014 taking on positions and leadership responsibilities. I have recently concluded the prep class for PMP certification and scheduled for PMP exam. Currently I am an Associate Architect and Project Manager at "Abdelhalim CDC". I worked on various projects; ranging from concept, schematic, and design development to working drawings. In 2017, I was assigned project management of Al Sheikh Zayed Grand by virtue of the set of skills I have been demonstrating. I have also successfully conceived the governing concept for "King Salman University", a project in its early stages. I have been well commended by Abdelhalim Ibrahim, the office priciple in charge, for demonstrating broad understanding of Abdelhalim's theory "The Building Ceremony" formulated under Chris Alexander's supervision and its application in architectural and urban design.

About me


Education

publications

2018

2009

2019

PMP Preparation Course The American University in Cairo

General Engineering - B.A. Cairo University

2017

2010 - 2015

2001 - 2008

Abdelhalim Ibrahim: An Architecture of Collective Memory, James Steele, AUC Press PM & Editor

Architecture Engineering - B.A. School Of Sciences & Engineering The American University in Cairo

IGCSE Nefertari Language School

2018

2015

Sessions with Abdelhalim by Abdelhalim Ibrahim, Abdelhalim CDC

Cairo Downtown Passageways, CLUSTER Cairo Editor

associations

Narratives of the Built & Un-Built, Abdelhalim CDC

Co-Author

Author & Editor 2015 Member

2014-2019 Teaching Assistant

Egyptian Syndicate of Engineers

The American University in Cairo

2014 Mosques of Egypt by Bernard O'Kain Content Contributor

conferences & exhibitions

Skills

2018 Curator Chagara Textiles, Amina Collection

2016 Curator Capture AUC Closing Ceremony Exhibition, Cairo

Computer Modelling

Other Skills

Revit, 3ds Max

MS Office, Video Editiing Research & Management Skills

2016 Curator CLUSTER Cairo RiseUp Summit

2015 Organizer, Creative Cities Symposium & Egypt Urban Future (EUF) Conference

workshops Reflections: Uncovering Geometry – Uthman IbnAffan Mosque BC/IC Venice Biennale Workshop, Egypt Pavilion

Computer Drafting AutoCad ,Revit

Language Skills

Computer Graphics

Arabic, Mother Tongue English, Proficient Writing/ Speaking French, Basic Writing/ Speaking

Photoshop, Illustrator, Indesign

Contact 1000 km Nile City, the American University in Cairo

Facebook: ahmed.leithi Email: leithi@hotmail.co.uk Mobile: +20 122 6565 059


Experience 2019 Rwaat Al Hadeeth Museum, Al Madinah, KSA, Architecture Competition, First Place*

2016-2015 Cairo Downtown Passageways Urban Mapping and Website, Cairo, Egypt design & Research

2018-2017 Dar Al Uloum Library, Sakkaka, KSA Architecture Competition

2015 ECO-House Pavilion, Egypt Urban Future Conference (EUF), Cairo, Egypt intern

Al Sheikh Zayed Mosque, Cairo Design Dev./ Project Management 2016-2017 King Salman University, Sinai, Egypt Design Development National Museum of World Writing, Seoul, S. Korea architecture Competition Al Sheikh Zayed Mosque, Cairo Concept/ Schematic/ Management

Kodak Passageway Pilot Project, Downtown Urban Development, Cairo, Egypt intern 2014 i-City Residence, Cairo, Egypt Development, Dar Al-Mimar Group (DMG) Westown Residence, Cairo, Egypt Site Supervision, SODIC 2015

2017-2016 Egyptian Embassy in Kuwait, Kuwait Design Dev. /Construction Drawings 2016 Abdelhalim Ibrahim: Architecture of Collective Memory, by James Steele Project Manager/ Editor King Salman University, Sinai, Egypt Concept Design Al Khandaq Cultural and Touristic Development, Al-Madinah, KSA Design Development

Ethnic Restaurant, Porto, Portugal Melom4U/Francisco Alexio Design 2014 Old Cairo Wall, Darb El Ahmar Restoration Aqsunqur Blue Mosque Restoration Umm-Sultan Sha'aban Restoration Aga Khan Trust for Development, Cairo, Egypt 2013 5 story garage redesign Bena’a 5D, Cairo, Egypt

2014 Warwick Junction Design Competition, UIA 2014 till Now Archpedia Facebook Page, 50k+ followers Administrator 2014-2015 Studio Culture and Services Committee, Architecture Association (AA) Committee Head 2013-2014 Services Committee, Architecture Association (AA) Member


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50

Al Sheikh zayed grand mosque 2016-2019 cairo religious

downtown passages 2016 cairo, egypt urban revitalization pilot project

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16

dar al uloum 2018 sakaka, ksa religious competition - shortlist

the transmission 2015 suez, egypt transportation graduation project

30 al khandaq 2016-2019 al madinah, ksa cultural/ touristic

40 rwaat al hadeeth museum 2018-2019 al madinah, ksa cultural/ touristic competition - first place

CONTENTS


professional Practice


A. GENERAL

Al Sheikh zayed grand mosque 2016-2019 cairo religious A.1 PROJECT DESCRIPTION & SCOPE SUMMARY

Alburouj is an envisioned Mixed Use development spanning over 5 million square meters, located on Cairo Ismailia Road, just 30 Km from Heliopolis & the airport and 3 Km from Al Shorouk City. Situated at the eastern edge of Al Shorouk City, Alburouj is a total development composed of residential communities, internationally renowned schools, as well as Sports & Community Clubs. In addition to a Prime retail mall, a cultural Hub, a Boutique Hotel and an office park. Alburouj is planned to become a new heart in East of Cairo. The development vision is geared towards establishing a new destination that not only provides the needed facilities and amenities of a decent standard of living but also creates multiple new hubs including commercial, administrative & cultural. (Alburouj location map shown below)

These hubs are concentrated in one strip overlooking Ismailia Road. It includes Alburouj Business Park: a cultural hub that is the first of its kind in Cairo, a mixed use development consisting of retail & offices, Al Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque and a shopping mall.

project brief

Alburouj Project Package No. CGP08C001 – Design Services for Al Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque Appendix 1 – Scope of Services

Page 2 of 22

Al Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque is envisioned as a landmark along CairoIsmailia road in Al Burouj residential and cultural development.

It is the collaborative work of consultants in Egypt, Italy, Germany and UAE together generated this innovative design for a moden day mosque. Mosque design has been stagnant for a long period of time but Al Sheikh Zayed Grand mosque is a state-of-the-art edicife in its unique form, integrity of structure & soundness in building physics.

THE SAHA & MINARET

the minaret & saha

THE PODIUM Envisioned to be a joyous public plaza; an attraction for pedestrians to enjoy shade of the palm trees, water features, steps and seating. The Minaret in the Saha is a watch tower for the community. An extrusion of a single geometric unit forming a glass structure, height of 60 meters, it offers picturesque platforms atop and accessed from the podium.

The Sahn

The prayer Iwan

The Services quarter

Dedicated for prayer in open space when the Prayer Iwan is full, it is expected to fill with prayers in feasts and during Ramadan. It is covered by PTFE units that supported by Fly Mast system of cables. The base of the walls & columns are cladded with GRC. Water features extend from the Saha to the Sahn creating a sense of continuity. The Sahn is adorned by 3 glorious gates generated from crystal like geometry.

The most important & complex part of Al Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque. It is a building-within-building where a Glass Core is creating the enclosure of the Prayer Iwan an overarching GRC shell is shading above. The GRC Shell has 1x1 m openings on the roof on a module 5x5. Each opening allows for ventilation and natural light inside the prayer Iwan which interacts with the glass inside creating captivating light experience.

A podium below and at the back of the mosque creates a separate entrance for the ceremonial MPU halls for weddings & other occasions. It also houses the Imam residence, ablution, etc.

Image: Palm trees shadow, water points & seating comprise the landscape experience in the Saha of Al Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque.

HN THE SERVICES SAHNIWAN QUARTERS SERVICES RAYER IWAN THE PRAYER THE PRAYERQ 10

PROFESSIONAL | AL SHEIKH ZAYED GRAND MOSQUE | RESIDENTIAL / CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | 2017-2019


Light is the fingerprint of every society.

Light plays a significant role in AlSheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, both literally with the light quality & light play and figuratively with its metaphorical meaning. Surat Al Nour was guidance, “‫”اﻟﻠﻪ ﻧﻮر اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات واﻷرض‬, attempting to physically represent the verse. The Crystal Unit represents the “Meshka” in Surat Al Nour and it is also the main inlet of light inside the mosque Iwan. The transitions in the mosque are impact-fully designed with light. You are taken from the outdoor that is bright and exposed, and gradually transitioned into

the indoor, where it is dimmer. The rays of light coming from the apertures in the outer shell creates light pattern inside the Iwan. This transition from the outdoor to the indoor mosque causes a shift in your consciousness, making you more aware of the spiritual and religious space you are about to cross into. The light in the mosque is a physical manifestation of time, where light pattern changes throughout the day. Thus, the change in daylight is experienced in the mosque, creating different atmospheres for each prayer

throughout the day.

ALLAH IS THE LIGHT OF HEAVENS AND EARTH

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“..the example of His light is like a niche within which is a lamp, the lamp is within glass, the glass as if it were a pearly [white] star lit from [the oil of] a blessed olive tree..”

—Al Nur 24:35 Sahih International

verse description The verse describes the light of Allah almighty in the form of layers: a niche contains a frosted glass lamp inside which is the purest of oil glowing. When lit, immits light upon light. This concept was the inspiration of the form generation in Al Sheikh Zayed Grand mosque. The whole edifice was treated as a single unit that is mentioned in the verse simile. Bait ur-rouf mosque The building is a living being that ages. This is evident in Bayt Ur Raouf dalighting technique. Natural light brought in through a skylight is ample for the daytime.

Light extends architecture into the dimension of time. as you witness the pattern changing on its surfaces. Each prayer has its own unique fingerprint from Dawn to Sundown.

Image: Studies on Bait Ur Rouf Mosque, An Aga Khan award winning project; play of light make this mosque a refuge for spirituality.

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Bait Bait Ur Ur Raouf Raouf Mosque, Mosque, Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Bangladesh, 2012 2012 Bait Ur Raouf Mosque, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2012

87 87 87

Bait Ur Raouf Mosque, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2012

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PROFESSIONAL | AL SHEIKH ZAYED GRAND MOSQUE | RESIDENTIAL / CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | 2017-2019


understanding light Light is not seen in itself, but renders our context and allows us to see.

a “building-within-a-building” The concept was opted entailing a sealed Glass Core under an overarching GRC Opaque Roof which acts as a shed on-top of the building.

Pythagoras units The edifice is a regenerative compositiong of geometric volumes, together creating the various untis that form the overall body following pythagoras mathematical concepts.

َ ‫اﻟﻠه ﻧُور ُاﻟﺴ َّﻣَاو‬ ِ‫ت‬ ‫وَاﻷ َرْض‬

٣٥.‫ﺳﻮرة اﻟﻨﻮر‬

...


the structure system The main principle for the structural system was to maintain the structural integrity following the architectural logic and avoid ornamental morphology. Further criteria; constructibility, cost

efficiency and compatibility with cleaning and maintenance system. Three main structural systems were proposed as alternatives and evaluated according to the previously mentioned criteria. Concrete Shell Structure OR Steel Structure with (GRC or PTFE) cladding.

Study models were made to physical models further study those possibilities. It was settled that Steel Structure is the optimum alternative as it satisfies most of the criteria and it is also fast in construction.

Image: Interior columns; Periphery walls; the Dome structure; A segment of the structure; GRC Cladding on the structure segment.

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PROFESSIONAL | AL SHEIKH ZAYED GRAND MOSQUE | RESIDENTIAL / CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | 2017-2019


structure uniformity

COVER UNIT CLADDING

The steel structure is in conformity with the composition of the architectural morphology and the form of the units. The outline of each unit was successfully translated by the structure consultant into elegant, smart tubular steel members. The structure extends and connects to the Glass Core through its columns, crown and glass units; creating one integral structure and maintains the logic of its formation.

PTFE/CEMENT FIBER/GRC STEEL STRUCTURE

GLASS CORE ROOF

GLASS COLUMNS

WALL CLADDING

PTFE/CEMENT FIBER/GRC STEEL STRUCTURE

PROFESSIONAL | AL SHEIKH ZAYED GRAND MOSQUE | RESIDENTIAL / CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | 2017-2019


This study addressed the different alternatives for the Opaque Shell of Al Burouj Mosque. The Glass Core is comprised of 5 to 10 centimetre thick tubular steel members that are connected to each other to create the overall structure with glass as the cladding material as opposed to ETFE in concept phase.


The pyramidal geometric units created to shape the roof of the mosque has the innate ability to improve the environmental mechanics and ventilation possibly through further optimization to the angles and directions of the four faces.

environmental concepts Intrinsic in the concept are some Environmental concepts that enhance the micro-climate of the mosque. First is the idea of a double skin or double facade which allows an air current between the two facades creating air insulation to control the thermal gain in the prayer hall (Iwan).

The relationship between the different masses of the mosque Prayer Hall (Iwan) and Mosque Court (Sahn) where one is more shaded than the other creates temperature difference allowing for stack effect could be capitalized to enhance the environment.

All of those are conceptual ideas that we have generated in the concept phase which we hope a well versed environmental consultant would be able to verify and optimize.

Image: Section explaining the flow of air inside the mosque designed to maximize natural ventilation through stack effect.

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PROFESSIONAL | AL SHEIKH ZAYED GRAND MOSQUE | RESIDENTIAL / CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | 2017-2019


A

Light is the one “physical” manifestatio and attribute of Allah. It is through utilizin different light qualities and characteristic its abundance opposed to its absence th the genius of its manifestation is realize Therefore, the objective is to optimize th usage of daylight and enhance the experienc HOT AIR and ambien with artificial general (accent GOES OUT and task light to ensure the uniqueness the light infiltration in the mosque enhancin 08. Specialists both function and experience. Acoustical performance quality insid the mosque due to the usage of glass challenging, therefore, it is required that th acoustics consultant generates solutions control sound and vibrance and design a cle audio system that can serve the purpose spreading the call for prayer.

concepts that cou enhance the microclimate o difference allowing for stack effect could be t and capitalized to enhance the environment. The a common First is the idea of a double Dome along with the corner columns and nt, issues and edules. their designs can be optimized to become façade which would typically solar chimneys or wind catchers that could with the tants. current between the two fa air insulation to control the in the prayer hall (Iwan). geometric units created to sh the mosque has the innate ab theAIRenvironmental mechanics FLOW DUE TO AIR PRESSURE DIFFERENCE 62 possibly through further optim angles and directions of the f e 63 relationship between the diffe the mosque Prayer Hall (Iwan Court (Sahn) where one is mo AT ANY TIME AND ALL TIME TWO OF THE FOUR FACES ARE ALWAYS EXPOSED TO shadowed than the other creat HEAT AND TWO ARE SHADED CREATING AIR CIRCULATION PER PYRAMID difference allowing for stack capitalized to enhance the en HOT AIR al Consultant: Manens Tifs. Dome along with GOES theOUTcorner their designs can be optimiz solar chimneys or wind catch the mosque HallOF (Iwan) AT ANY TIME AND ALLPrayer TIME TWO THE and Mosque FOUR FACES ALWAYS EXPOSED TO shaded and Court ARE (Sahn) where one is more HEAT AND TWO ARE SHADED CREATING shadowed than the other creates temperature AIR CIRCULATION PER PYRAMID

ops or nights each).

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3

PRELIMINAY CLIMATE ANALYSIS

The following graphics show information on climate data for Cairo International airport site.

Psycrometric diagram.

The Dome along with the corner columns and their designs can be optimized to become solar chimneys or wind catchers that could potentially generate air current as well in the parameter of the mosque between the two skins.

Wind direction

CDC AbdelHalim – Al Burouj Grand Mosque – Cairo WS378_2018_04_06_NOTES.docx

AIR FLOW DUE TO AIR PRESSURE DIFFERENCE

Pagina 3 di 4


rwaat al hadeeth museum 2018-2019 al madinah, ksa cultural/ touristic competition - first place

JIma’a um KHaled mountaIn

Rwaat al HadeetH museum

iMMeD

Imam muslIm Road

al HabasH mountaIn

project brief The project is a museum design for the followers of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH who collected his words and spread them for the benefit of the Muslim world. The Quran enjoins Muslims to emulate the prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Following the hadith is not explicitly

ALLEWAYS

The mountaneous terran of Al Madinah was a shaper of the life as well and the desert environment and its harshness all played a role in the characteristics of those inhabitants.

Image: Sketches showing the abstraction of the ideas LIGHT AND SHADOW LIGHT AND SHADOW LIGHT AND generated from theSHADOW historic and site analysis done for the museum of Rwaat Al Hadeeth.

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Al-Hadeeth is a record of the ALLEYWAYS words, actions and silent approval

of the prophet Muhammad (pbuh). In Islam the authority of Hadeeth as a source for law and moral guidance ranks second to the Quran. Hadith is the Arabic word for speech, report, account and narrative. In its classic form a hadith has two parts the chain of narrators who transmitted it FRAMING MOUNTAIN (isnad), and the THE text itself (matn).

LIGHT ANDCOURTYARDS SHADOW FRAMING THE MOUNTAIN ALLEYWAYS NOMADIC LIFE COURTYARDS MOUNTAINS FRAMING THE MOUNTAIN COURTYARDS ALLEYWAYS FRAMING THE MOUNTAIN COURTYARDS ALLEYWAYS

Alleyways and courtyards were the prominent shapers of the city as it developed around agriculture around the oasis.

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mentioned in the Quran, however, it contains many verses regarding obedience to the Messenger. Because what the Messenger says, does, and approves of regarding matters of religion is Sunnah, and obeying the Prophet is obligatory.

Another important feature of the nomadic life is the gardens which appear again and again in Islamic art and poetry. The very intensity of the desire for gardens an earthly symbol of paradise may be a nomadic legacy. For who can better appreciate the coolness and shade, the running water and the wealth of fruit and flowers than those who remember the heat and dust and thirst of desert LEVELS and stepped.

Open spaces, which are dedicated to the use of residential areas started to generate. These courtyards are uneven in proportion and are bounded by the surrounding houses.

OASIS OASIS OASIS

LEVELS LEVELS

PROFESSIONAL | RWAAT AL HADEETH MUSEUM | CULTURAL/ TOURISTIC | 2018-2019

ACADEMIC / THE ARCHIVE TAHRIR - GRADUATION PROJECT / 2015

OASIS

The site surface a cent to Imam Mus roundings of the p marks and facilitie campus, the Spor tains, the General marks.

CO


the the THE CONCEALED AND THE REVEALED

The Concealed:

The concept developed was the notion of a duality between two states and that duality shaped the architecture of the building taking into consideration its urban environment and its challenges as a typology of architectural design. A museum, a storytelling space and a place showcasing words.

Representative of the hidden aspects of Hadeeth that the visitors are to get exposed to while taking the Processional route into Al-Rwaat Museum. The Revealed: Representative of the familiar aspects of Al-Hadeeth and Al-Rwaat the people themselves and the knowledge itself transferred through generations of scholars.

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ANALYZING THE PLOT TO DETERMINE NATURE OF LOCATION AND CONTEXT TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF POSSIBLE STRENGTHS.

THE RUWAHT LIGHT DEFINES THE UPPER VISIBLE ZONES WHILE AT THE SAME TIME THE REST OF THE MUSEUM IS DEPRESSED UNDERGROUND.

FEW ZONES WERE CHOSEN TO EMERGE AND BE VISIBLE ON THE UPPER CONTOUR BASED ON THEIR FUNCTIONS AND THEIR CONCEPTUAL SIGNIFICANCE.

CREATING PATHS FOR MUSEUM VISITORS BASED ON WAYFINDING ANALYSIS OF THE FUTURE VISITORS TO DETERMINE PRIME LOCATIONS \ VIEWS FOR SERVICES AND ENTRANCES.

MUSEUM PLOT

MAIN ZONES SYMBOLIZING THE RUWAHT

VISIBLE / INVISIBLE

WAYFINDING

APPLYING THE DUALITY OF LIGHT AND KNOWLEDGE, THE HALLS ARE ELEVATED AS THE VISITOR FURTHER PROGRESSES IN HIS JOURNEY AND AS HIS KNOWLEDGE OF THE HADITH INCREASES HE ELEVATES TOWARD THE CORRIDOR OF THE RUWAHT.

LOCATING THE ENTRANCES AND EXITS THATGURANTEE OPTIMUM CIRUCLATION.

INTRODUCING TO MAIN AXES TO THE PLOT CREATING THE CORRIDOR OF THE RUWAHT AND THE MAIN HIKING AXE CUTTING THROUGH.

DUALITY OF LIGHT AND KNOWLEDGE

JOURNEY

COMBINING ALL FACTORS AND DESIGN DESICIONS LED TO A FINAL FORM WHICH GATHERS ALL FUNCITONS IN A CONCISE BUT DELIBERATE MANNER.

AXES

FINAL FORM

LANDSCAPE STORYLINE WALKTHROUGH CONCEPTUAL LANDSCAPE STORYLINE SECTION

This diagram shows the main milestones that the visitor will encounter during his journey through the landscape of the museum that togther senquentially narrate the story of the Ruwat, the visitors will find both the lower and the upper journey through the museum quite educational as they simultaneously reveal information about the ruwat and the hadith and at the same time offer an enjoyable experience.

RUWAHT MEMORIAL HALL

COURT AHADITH WRITTEN ON THE WALLS

SUNKEN ENTRANCE

MOUNTAIN VIEW ELEVATING HALLS

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7

MEMORIAL PARK THE JOURNEY BEGINS!

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AMPHITHEATER

10

TECH BOOTH POND

1 1 3 3

SCENOGRAPHY SCENOGRAPHY Mobile applicaiton that can be scanned at the entrance to feed the vistors with all the needed information for the journey such as museum content,events, information of displays and navigation

Final hall is the final elevation stage which leads directly to the corridor of the ruwaht on the upper contour

An Amphitheater is located in between the halls upper extrusions creating an enclosed space for outdoor lectures and recreation.

The user searches for a topic and all hadiths projections switch to meet that topic

Internal court that resembles the environment of the Ruwaht being a desert landscape with natural lighting with poetic audio presentaion of Hadith narrators

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5

2 2 4 4

RWAAT RWAATAL-HADEETH AL-HADEETHMUSEUM MUSEUM

As the visitor walks around the museum he finds QR codes leading to websites offering information about the Ruwaht.

RWAAT AL-HADEETH MUSEUM

The Sunken Entrance 3

2

Gathering Court

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6

UNVEILING UNVEILING THE THECoNCEaLEd CoNCEaLEd Center Stage that

Hadith Narrator name written on the walls

has multipurpose usage varies from seating bench to exhibition podium

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Beginning of the sequential Procession into the Concealed segment of Al-Rwaat Museum.

Corridor of the Ruwaht where the visitor is introduced to the ruwaht, their life and their accomplishment.

The central Hall wall is used as a projection screen to display content for amphitheater events.

Projection of different Hadiths related to the name fixed below

Orientation hall museum where light emits to light up the space, also representative of the Umma's decision to gather Al-Hadeeth. UNVEILING UNVEILING THE THE CoNCEaLEd CoNCEaLEd

The landscape Elements projects and resembles certain meanings of the hadith.

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Narrator Name Narrator History, life and achievements

-TELLING -TELLING THE THE STORY STORY -TELLING -TELLING OF OF RUWAT RUWAT THE THEAL STORY AL STORY HADITHHADITHOF OF RUWAT RUWAT AL AL HADITHHADITHThe design of the museum aims to borrow scenery from the outer landscape and intergrate it with the visitor's experience. Hadith explains the presence of Allah's shadow where there is no shadow but his on judgement day. -TELLING -TELLING THE THE STORY STORY -TELLING -TELLING OF OF RUWAT RUWAT THE THE AL AL STORY STORY HADITHHADITHOF OF RUWAT RUWAT AL AL HADITHHADITH-

Grand Stepped Halls

The Procession:

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The memorial park resides at the end of the journey of the museum visitor and serves as a recreational reading and contemplating zone.

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Ruwaat Corridor

-TELLING -TELLING THE THE STORY STORY -TELLING -TELLING OF OF RUWAT RUWAT THE THEAL STORY AL STORY HADITHHADITHOF OF RUWAT RUWAT AL AL HADITHHADITH-

-TELLING -TELLING THE THE STORY STORY -TELLING -TELLING OF OF RUWAT RUWAT THE THE AL AL STORY STORY HADITHHADITHOF OF RUWAT RUWAT AL AL HADITHHADITH-

A series of stepped halls from 5 -0.20 m gradually elevating 2 reach +5.20 m. The light to 4 intensifies xperience gradually as the halls elevate reflective of 3 the knowledge the visitor gains about the Rwaat & through the 8 Procession.

The route from the Concealed to the Revealed and it is expressive the the ConCealeD ConCealeD of the journey into the unknown 10 1. 1. Sunken Sunken Entrance Entrance behind Al-Hadeeth and its the ConCealeD 2. 2. Gathering Gathering Court Court and sciences and the meticulous 3. 3. Procession Procession incremental process of gathering, 1. Sunken Entrance 4. 4. Grand Grand Stepped Stepped Hall Hall 2. Gathering Court narration, identification of the 3. Procession authentic from the unreliable 4. Grand Stepped Hall making the science of Hadeeth.

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3.70

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-1.20

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07

5.20 5.20

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PROFESSIONAL | RWAAT AL HADEETH MUSEUM | CULTURAL/ TOURISTIC | 2018-2019 SITE LAYOUT SCALE 1:400 0

3

6

10 m


5 6 7

5 6 7

RWAAT RWAATAL-HADEETH AL-HADEETHMUSEUM MUSEUM

biRD’s eye vieW of the MuseuM

-TELLING THE STORY -TELLING OF RUWAT THE AL STORY HADITHOF RUWAT AL HADITH-

UNVEILING UNVEILING THE CoNCEaLEd THE CoNCEaLEd

5. Riwaq 6. Al Had 7. Memo 8. Amph 9. The P

-TELLING THE AL STORY OF RUWAT AL HADITH-TELLING -TELLING OF THE AL STORY HADITHOF -TELLINGTHE THESTORY STORY -TELLING OFRUWAT RUWAT THE AL STORY HADITHOFRUWAT RUWAT ALHADITHHADITH-

Riwaq Al-Rwaat

Library

The first milestone in the Revealed segment after the Grand Stepped Halls. It is a reverance hall documenting and showcasing digital monographs of Al-Rwaat. AlHadeeth

Riwaq Al-Rwaat is concluded at the entrance of the Library, the main feature of the Revealed segment where the wealth of knowledge is preserved and disseminated. The library’s reading hall borrows scenes from nature and the mountain to bring a feel of serenity and tranquility into the space.

Memorial Park Resides at the end of the museum the theRevealeD RevealeD journey it is a recreational reading 5.Riwaq RiwaqAl AlRwaat Rwaat and 5. contemplating zone capturing 6.6.Al Library AlHadeeth Hadeeth Library cinematic scenes of the nomadic Park 7.Memorial Memorial Parka tone of life 7. from context setting 8.8.Amphtheatre Amphtheatre tranquillity and serenity elemental to 9.9.The ThePond Pond the notion of memorization of Rwaat. Rammedearth walls frame and guide the visitor through the natural setup.

the R

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KENGO KUMA - HOSAHKUJI STATION 2374-1Hoshakuji Shioyagun Takanezawamachi, Tochigi, Japan.


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2.20

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CONCEALED AL RIWAYAH HALL

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5.20

TY AM

5.20

3.70

REVEALED: ENTRANCE

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0.70

LIGHT DUALITY STUDY DIAGRAM

GATHERING HALL

THROUGHOUT THE JOURNEY OF THE VISITOR, HE IS SUBJECTED TO VARIOUS ORCHESTRATED NATURAL LIGHTING EXPERIENCES. THE JOURNEY BEGINS WITH MINIMAL LIGHTING OPENING AND INCRESEASES GRADUALLY HALL BY HALL SYMBOLYZING THE GAINED KNOWLEDGE OF HADITH WHICH INCRESEAS SIMULTANEOUSLY AS THE LIGHTING INCREASES.

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AL TAHAMUL HALL

-1.20 -1.20

GATHERING HALL

02

04

AL IJAZA HALL

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REVEALED: ENTRANCE

CONCEALED: GATHERING HALL

AL RIWAYAH HALL

AS THE DIAGRAMS SHOW, THE SKYLIGHTS OF THE SPACES ARE DESIGNED TO CONTROL THE DESCENDING NATURAL LIGHT BY CONTROLLING THE RATIO OF THE OPENING SIZES IN RELATION TO THE ROOF AREA. WHICH INTURN PROVIDES THE WANTED EXPERIENCE.

33 CONCEALED: AL TAHAMUL HALL

AL TAHAMUL HALL

D

-1.20 -1.20

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02

THE HALLS' ORDER IN REGARDS TO THE VISITOR IS THE BASIS OF SKYLIGHT DESIGN CHOICE. EACH HALL CONVERYS A SPECIFIC MESSGE WHICH IS DELIVERED THOUGH THE CONTENT, THE EXHIBITS AND THE LIGHT IN RELATION TO THE CNCPET OF THE PROJECT.

AL IJAZA HALL

LED: GATHERING HALL

CONCEALED: AL TAHAMUL HALL

natural light experience Throughout the Procession of the visitor into the museum; he is subjected to various orchestrated natural lighting experiences. The journey begins with minimal lighting admitted into the spaces and it increases gradually hall by hall through the Grand Stepped LEVELHalls.+10.0M This is symbolic of gained knowledge of Hadeeth which increases as he lighting increases. As the diagram shows, the skylight of the spaces are designed to control the descending natural light by controlling the ratio of

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opening sizes in relation to the roof area. This in-turn provides the wanted experience for the users. The halls order in regards to the visitor is the basis of skylight design choice. Each hall conveys a specific message which is delivered through the content, the exhibits and the light in relation to the concept of the project. The final Riwayah Hall symbolizes the peak of the journey, the peak of knowledge of the Hadeeth and the highest ratio of light inside the Museum.

THE FINAL "RIWAYAH" Daylight Maximization HALL SYMBOLIZES THE

PEAK OF THE JOURNEY, THE PEAK OF KNOWLEDGE OF THE HADITH AND THE HIGHEST RATIO OF LIGHT INSIDE A SPACE OF THE RUWAT MUSEUM.

Borrowed light is transported to the internal spaces. to adequate requirement through unique solutions. Light-wells and courts followed, height interior curtain walls gather indirect light from adjacent light filled courts. Reflective cladding surfaces and translucent walls along with white interior walls and staircases are efficient vehicles to borrow light and natural conduits for illuminating the light starved Concealed segment of the Procession.

Image: An uncertain future for burned-out NDP building; Ministries battle over future of Cairo’s famous NDP building

24

PROFESSIONAL | RWAAT AL HADEETH MUSEUM | CULTURAL/ TOURISTIC | 2018-2019

AL RIWAYAH HALL

01 C


POSSIBLE This diagram shows the main milestones that the visitorVIEW will encounter during his journey through the landscape UNDERGROUND. of the museum that togther senquentially narrate the story of the Ruwat, the visitors will find both the lower MAIN ZONES SYMBOLIZING THE RUWAHT VISIBLE / INVISIBLE and the upper journey through the museum quite educational as they simultaneously reveal information about CREATING PATHS FOR MUSEUM VISITORS BASED and the hadithONand at theANALYSIS same OF time an enjoyable experience. WAYFINDING THE offer FUTURE VISITORS

STRENGTHS. MUSEUM PLOT

EFINES THE UPPER AT THE SAME TIME EUM IS DEPRESSED ROUND.

FEW ZONES WERE CHOSEN TO EMERGE AND BE VISIBLE ON THE UPPER CONTOUR BASED ONthe ruwat THEIR FUNCTIONS AND THEIR CONCEPTUAL SIGNIFICANCE.

ZING THE RUWAHT

THE RUWAHT LIGHT DEFINES THE UPPER CREATING MUSEUM VISITORS BASED VISIBLEPATHS ZONESFOR WHILE AT THE SAME TIME MEMORIAL PARK ON WAYFINDING ANALYSIS OF THE FUTURE VISITORS THE REST OF THE MUSEUM IS DEPRESSED SUNKEN ENTRANCE TO DETERMINE PRIMEUNDERGROUND. LOCATIONS \ VIEWS FOR SERVICES AND ENTRANCES.

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MUSEUM PLOT VISIBLE / INVISIBLE

MAIN ZONES SYMBOLIZING THE RUWAHT WAYFINDING

POND

AND KNOWLEDGE

-0.20

LOCATING THE ENTRANCES AND EXITS THATGURANTEE OPTIMUM CIRUCLATION.

INTRODUCING TO MAIN AXES TO THE PLOT JOURNEY CREATING THE CORRIDOR OF THE RUWAHT AND THE MAIN HIKING AXE CUTTING THROUGH.

06

CONCEPTUAL LANDSCAPE STORYLINE SECTIONSCENOGRAPHY AXES

COURT

CORRIDOR OF THE RUWAHT.

6

AHADITH WRITTEN ON THE WALLS

7BEGINS!

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SCENOGRAPHY SCENOGRAPHY

COURT

7

and navigation

AXES

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31

2

on the walls

4

Projection of different Hadiths related to the name fixed below

10

TECH BOOTH

the corridor of the ruwaht on the upper contour

5

4

2

Narrator Name

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1 6

3

1

Final hall is the final elevation stage which leads directly to the corridor of the ruwaht on the upper contour

k resides at the end of the seum visitor and serves as a An Amphitheater is located in the Ruwaht wherezone. the visitor ng and contemplating

7

between the halls upper extru-

ed to the ruwaht, their life and sions creating an enclosed plishment. space for outdoor lectures

6

and recreation.

10

The central Hall wall is used as a projection screen to display content for amphitheater events.

Narrator History, life and achievements

5

8

Narrator Name

Ruwaat Corridor

10

8

Hadith explains the presence of Allah's shadow where there is no shadow but his on judgement day.

4

The design of the museum aims to borrow scenery from the outer landscape and intergrate it with the visitor's experience.

The central Hall wall is used as a projection screen to display content for amphitheater events.

The landscape Elements projects and resembles certain meanings of the hadith.

8

4 3

2

3

8

The memorial park resides at the end of the journey of the museum visitor and serves as a recreational reading and contemplating zone.

5 9

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Narrator History, life and achievements

1

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5

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1

2

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1

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Hadith explains the presence of Allah's shadow where there is no shadow but his on judgement day.

The design of the museum aims to borrow scenery from the outer landscape and intergrate it with the visitor's experience.

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1 5

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40

2 4

4

Ruwaat Corridor

02

Center Stage that has multipurpose usage varies from seating bench to exhibition podium

The design of the museum aims to borrow scenery from the outer landscape and intergrate it with the visitor's experience.

10

9

An Amphitheater is located in between the halls upper extrusions creating an enclosed space for outdoor lectures and recreation.

The memorial park resides at the end of the journey of the museum visitor and serves as a recreational reading and contemplating zone.

Hadith explains the presence of Allah's shadow where there is no shadow but his on judgement day.

The design of the museum aims to borrow scenery from the outer landscape and intergrate it with the visitor's experience.

Hadith Narrator name written on the walls

4

The memorial park resides at the end of the exhibition podium journey of the museum visitor and serves as a recreational reading and contemplating zone.

As the visitor walks around Corridor of the Ruwaht where the visitor the museum he is introduced to the ruwaht, their life and finds QR codes The landscape and accomplishment. leading toElements web- projectstheir The memorial parkoffering resides meanings at the endofofthe the resembles certain sites journey of the museum visitor and serves as5a hadith. information about recreational reading and contemplating zone. the Ruwaht. Ruwaat Corridor

4

3

8

Center Stage that has multipurpose usage varies from seating bench to

4

9

Narrator Name

Hadith explains the presence of Allah's shadow where there is no shadow but his on judgement day.

2

Hadith Narrator name written on the walls

Narrator Name An Amphitheater is located in Narrator History, between the halls upper extrulifethe and achievedesign of the museum aims to borrow scenery from sions creating an The enclosed ments outer landscape and The intergrate it with Hall the visitor's central wall experiis used space for outdoorence. lectures Hadith explains the presence as a projection screen to of Allah's shadow where there is and recreation. no shadow but his on judgement display content for amphiday. theater events.

Narrator History, life and achievements

Projection of different Hadiths related to the name fixed below

Narrator History, life searches and achieveThe user for a topic and mentsprojections switch to all hadiths

Internal court that resembles the environmeet that topic ment of the Ruwaht being a desert landscape with natural lighting with poetic audio presentaion of Hadith narrators The landscape Elements projects and resembles certain meanings of the hadith.

34

8

Center Stage that has multipurpose usage varies from seating bench to exhibition podium

seating bench to exhibition podium

As the walks around The landscape Elements projects and Corridor of the Ruwaht where8the visitor the museum he certain meanings resembles of the is introduced to the ruwaht, their life and finds QR hadith. codes their accomplishment. leading to websites offering information about the Ruwaht.

Narrator Name

The landscape Elements projects and resembles certain meanings of the hadith.

7 Hadith Narrator name written on the walls

SCENOGRAPHY SCENOGRAPHY

Internal court that resembles the environment of the Ruwaht being a desert landscape with lighting with poetic audio Finalnatural hall is the final elevation presentaion Hadith narrators stageof which leads directly to7

ELEVATING HALLS

7

The user searches for a topic and all hadiths projectionsMEMORIAL switchPARK to meet that ENTRANCE topic SUNKEN

Mobile applicaiton that can be Projection scanned at of the different Hadiths related to the name fixed The user searches for a topicentrance and to feed the vistors with all the needed information for the journey such below as museum conall hadiths projections switch to tent,events, information of displays visitor meet that topic and navigation

MOUNTAIN VIEW

9

6

AHADITH WRITTEN ON THE WALLS

6

5

RUWAHT MEMORIAL HALL

COURT

Corridor of the Ruwaht where the museum he 3 the visitor is introduced to the ruwaht, their life and finds QR codes their accomplishment. leading 2 to websites offeringCenter Stage that has multipurpose information about usage varies from the Ruwaht.

POND

Center Stage that has multipurpose usage varies from seating bench to exhibition podium

4

AMPHITHEATER

ELEVATING HALLS

Internal court that resembles the environment of the Ruwaht being desert visitor landAs a the scape with natural lighting with poetic audio walks around presentaion of Hadith narrators

Final hall is the final elevation stage which leads directly to the corridor of the ruwaht on Hadith Narrator name written the upper contour

Hadith Narrator name written on the walls FINAL FORM

FINAL FORM

6

AHADITH WRITTEN ON THE WALLS

of different HadMobile applicaiton that can be scanned at Projection the iths related to the name fixed entrance feed and the vistors with all the needed The user searches for to a topic below

COMBINING ALL FACTORS AND DESIGN DESICIONS LED TO A FINAL FORM WHICH GATHERS ALL FUNCITONS IN A CONCISE BUT DELIBERATE MANNER.

3

2

DUALITY OF LIGHT AND KNOWLEDGE

AMPHITHEATER

2

3

7

INTRODUCING TO MAIN AXES TO THE PLOT CREATING THE CORRIDOR OF THE RUWAHT AND THE MAIN HIKING AXE CUTTING THROUGH.

This diagram shows the main milestones that the visitor will encounter during his journey through the landscape of the museum that togther senquentially narrate the story of the Ruwat, the visitors will find both the lower and the upper journey through theRUWAHT museum quite educational as they simultaneously reveal information about MEMORIAL MOUNTAIN VIEW the ruwat and the hadith and at theHALL same time offer an enjoyable experience.

5.00

informationswitch for thetojourney such as museum con- THE JOURNEY MEMORIAL PARK all hadiths projections BEGINS! meet that topictent,events, information of displays

10

10 AXES

Projection of different Hadiths related to the name fixed below

The user searches for a topic and MOUNTAIN VIEW projections switch to all hadiths meet that topic

RUWAHT MEMORIAL HALL

Internal court that resembles the ELEVATING HALLS 9 environ-

ment ofOFthe Ruwaht being aAMPHITHEATER desert landAPPLYING THE DUALITY LIGHT AND KNOWLEDGE, THE HALLS ARE ELEVATED ASnatural THE VISITOR FURTHER scape with lighting with poetic audio COURT COMBININGINALL FACTORS DESICIONS PROGRESSES HIS JOURNEY AND AND AS HIS KNOWLEDGE presentaion ofDESIGN Hadith narrators LED TO HADITH A FINALINCREASES FORM WHICH ALL FUNCITONS 6 OF THE HE GATHERS ELEVATES TOWARD THE IN A CONCISE BUT MANNER. CORRIDOR OFDELIBERATE THE RUWAHT.

CONCEPTUAL LANDSCAPE STORYLINE SECTION

POND

32

A

FINAL FORM

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BOOTH LANDSCAPE TECH STORYLINE WALKTHROUGH

ring his journey through the landscape t, the visitors will find both the lower multaneously reveal information about nce.

embles the environSUNKEN ENTRANCE eing a desert landting with poetic audio arrators TECH BOOTH

1

MEMORIAL PARK JOURNEY

SUNKEN ENTRANCE

DUALITY LIGHT AND KNOWLEDGE THEOF JOURNEY

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AXES

WAYFINDING

5.00

COMBINING ALL FACTORS AND DESIGN DESICIONS LED TO A FINAL FORM WHICH GATHERS ALL FUNCITONS IN A CONCISE BUT DELIBERATE MANNER.

FINAL FORM

This diagram shows the main milestones that the visitor will encounter during his journey through the landscape of the museum that togther senquentially narrate the story of the Ruwat, the visitors will find both the lower Mobile applicaiton that can be scanned at the and the upper journey through the museum quite educational as they simultaneously reveal information about entrance to feed the vistors with all the needed the ruwat and the hadith and at the same time offer an enjoyable experience. information for the journey such as museum conAPPLYING THE DUALITY OF LIGHT AND KNOWLEDGE, RUWAHT MEMORIAL tent,events, information of displays MOUNTAIN VIEWTO THE PLOT INTRODUCING TO MAIN AXES HALL THE HALLS ARE ELEVATED AS THE VISITOR FURTHER AHADITH WRITTEN and CORRIDOR navigationOF THE RUWAHT CREATING ELEVATING HALLSTHE 9 ON THE WALLS PROGRESSES IN HIS JOURNEY AND AS HIS KNOWLEDGE ENTRANCES AND EXITS THATGURANTEE AMPHITHEATER LOCATING AND THETHE MAIN HIKING AXE CUTTING THROUGH. OF THE HADITH INCREASES HE ELEVATES TOWARD THE OPTIMUM CIRUCLATION.

scape lower about

CREATING PATHS FOR MUSEUM VISITORS BASED ON WAYFINDING ANALYSIS OF THE FUTURE VISITORS TO DETERMINE PRIME LOCATIONS \ VIEWS FOR SERVICES AND ENTRANCES.

VISIBLE / INVISIBLE

5.00

INTRODUCING TO MAIN AXES TO THE PLOT CREATING THE CORRIDOR OF THE RUWAHT AND THE MAIN HIKING AXE CUTTING THROUGH.

COMBINING ALL FACTORS AND DESIGN DESICIONS DUALITY OF LIGHT KNOWLEDGE LED TO A FINAL FORM AND WHICH GATHERS ALL FUNCITONS IN A CONCISE BUT DELIBERATE MANNER.

LANDSCAPE STORYLINE WALKTHROUGH SCENOGRAPHY

FEW ZONES WERE CHOSEN TO EMERGE AND BE VISIBLE ON THE UPPER CONTOUR BASED ON THEIR FUNCTIONS AND THEIR CONCEPTUAL SIGNIFICANCE.

7

TECH BOOTH

APPLYING THE DUALITY OF LIGHT AND KNOWLEDGE, THE HALLS ARE ELEVATED AS THE VISITOR FURTHER PROGRESSES IN HIS JOURNEY AND AS HIS KNOWLEDGE OF THE HADITH INCREASES HE ELEVATES TOWARD THE CORRIDOR OF THE RUWAHT.

ELEVATING HALLS

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AHADITH WRITTEN ON THE WALLS

WAYFINDING

MAIN ZONES SYMBOLIZING THE RUWAHT

MOUNTAIN VIEW

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AMPHITHEATER COURT

ANALYZING THE PLOT TO DETERMINE FEW ZONES WERE TOAND EMERGE AND BE NATURE OFCHOSEN LOCATION CONTEXT VISIBLETO ONTAKE THE ADVANTAGE UPPER CONTOUR BASED ON OF POSSIBLE THEIR FUNCTIONS AND THEIR CONCEPTUAL SIGNIFICANCE. STRENGTHS.

THE JOURNEY BEGINS!

RUWAHT MEMORIAL HALL

WAYFINDING

TO DETERMINE PRIME LOCATIONS \ VIEWS FOR SERVICES AND ENTRANCES.

VISIBLE / INVISIBLE

THE RUWAHT LIGHT DEFINES THE UPPER VISIBLE ZONES WHILE AT THE SAME TIME THE REST OF THE MUSEUM IS DEPRESSED UNDERGROUND.

LIGHT AND KNOWLEDGE, AS THE VISITOR FURTHER Y AND AS HIS KNOWLEDGE E ELEVATES TOWARD THE HE RUWAHT.

AND ENTRANCES.

D

3

3

dor

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Scenography is the design of theatrical scenes which has recently been integrated with Museology and Museum design as it is a creative way to bring exhibits and artifacts to life. It is the ultimate state-ofthe-art methodology for storytelling. Technological advancements are used in Scenography to further explore the potentials of storytelling.

0

6

10 m

CONCEALED AL RIWAYAH HALL KENGO KUMA - HOSAHKUJI STATION 2374-1Hoshakuji Shioyagun Takanezawamachi, Tochigi,

LIGHT DUALITY STUDY DIAGRAM THROUGHOUT THE JOURNEY OF THE VISITOR, HE IS SUBJECTED TO VARIOUS ORCHESTRATED NATURAL LIGHTING EXPERIENCES. THE JOURNEY BEGINS WITH MINIMAL LIGHTING OPENING AND INCRESEASES GRADUALLY HALL BY HALL SYMBOLYZING THE GAINED KNOWLEDGE OF HADITH WHICH INCRESEAS SIMULTANEOUSLY AS THE LIGHTING INCREASES.

3

B

GATHERING HALL

AS THE DIAGRAMS SHOW, THE SKYLIGHTS OF THE SPACES ARE DESIGNED TO CONTROL THE DESCENDING NATURAL LIGHT BY CONTROLLING THE RATIO OF THE OPENING SIZES IN RELATION TO THE ROOF AREA. WHICH INTURN PROVIDES THE WANTED EXPERIENCE.

AL TAHAMUL HALL

THE HALLS' ORDER IN REGARDS TO THE VISITOR IS THE BASIS OF SKYLIGHT DESIGN CHOICE. EACH HALL CONVERYS A SPECIFIC MESSGE WHICH IS DELIVERED THOUGH THE CONTENT, THE EXHIBITS AND THE LIGHT IN RELA-

SECTION A-A SCALE 1:200

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10 m


RWAAT AL-HADEETH MUSEUM

RWA

UNVEILING THE CoNCEaLEd

RWAAT AL-HADEETH MUSEUM

UNVEILING THE CoNCEaLEd

appRoaChing the MuseuM Rammed Earth Earth Sheltering ConstRuCtion MateRial & RWAAT AL-HADEETH MUSEUM teChniQues The architectural design approach Reinforced rammed-earth is used

Reinforced rammed-earth is used as main building earth against building of utilizing material with concrete base. Rammed-earth is a natural material with high thermal mass qualities. walls allows for increased

as the main building material making retaining walls with concrete base constructed to external thermal mass, which in 32 Thermal mass reduce peak effect (damping frame and guide the visitor turn reduces heat loss, and heat ConstRuCtion MateRial & ratio) shift peak temperature through the natural setup and gain toand easily maintain a steady teChniQues create the interior spaces of the indoor airReinforced temperature. Thermal rammed-earth is used as main building material with concrete base. Rammed-earth a museum isbelow ground. Rammedmass reduces peak effect Thermal mass reduce peak effect (damping ratio) and shift peak temperature natural material with high thermal mass qualities. earth is sustainable natural (damping ratio) and shifts peak material with high thermal mass temperature. 32 qualities.

Mass strategy

enviRonMental ConsiDeRations

Block s - People 03 - GROUPSFor moreb locks v i si t ww w .firsti narchitecture.co.u k

Mass strategy

OUPSFor moreb locks v i si t ww w .firsti narchitecture.co.u k

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A diagram showing the delay of heat exchange caused by Earth Sheltering.

Increasing Time lag 20 Days

2.4 Days

Increasing Time Lag

23 Days

Sinking the museum into the grou to shelter the spaces from the har the desert. While the temperatu C, earth against building walls all 30 external thermal mass. This in t loss and heat gain to easily mainta temperature. Thermal mass red (damping ratoi) and shifts peak t 35

-2

-2000

Increasing Time Lag

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enviRonMental ConsiDeRations

Sinking the museum into the ground of the site aims to shelter the spaces from the harsh environment of the desert. While the temperature averages to 45 C, earth against building walls allows for increased external thermal mass. This in turn reduces heat loss and heat gain to easily maintain a steady indoor temperature. Thermal mass reduces peak effect (damping ratoi) and shifts peak temperature -

23 Days

UNVEILING THE CoNCEaLEd

PROFESSIONAL | RWAAT AL HADEETH MUSEUM | CULTURAL/ TOURISTIC | 2018-2019


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IALIZED STUDIES COLLECTION E EN’S RESTROOM TOR S RESTROOM RAGE AREAS STAFF

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RANCE LOBBY BOOKS COLLECTION READING HALL KSTORE VENIRS SHOPS LIC RESTROOMS TORIUM RTAINMENT HUB DOOR LOUNGE AREA PARKING PARKING ORIAL PARK DED PARK EUM LOADING DECK EN’S PRAYER ROOM S PRAYER ROOM HITHEATER

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Xeriscape It is a design choice that allows landscape elements to flourish in their natural habitat to reduce or eliminate the need for irrigation water since the

plants used in the Memorial Park are native to their region. Plants in general in the region are xerophytic and mostly dwarf shrubs or small herbs.

There are few species of tree but date palms are abundant in places.

Designing Around Contours: This helps with drainage pattern of the land. Soil Improvement: This is achieved by increasing the amount of organic material in your soil and keeping it well aerated. Using Approperiate Plans: Native to their areas.

paRk entRanCe

fooD CouRt

28

PROFESSIONAL | RWAAT AL HADEETH MUSEUM | CULTURAL/ TOURISTIC | 2018-2019 DeseRt MeMoRial paRk


A shot inside the library reading space overlooking the mountain and bringing in nature.


al khandaq 2016-2019 al madinah, ksa cultural/ touristic

Image: A major cultural/ touristic development around Al Khandaq area near Sala’ mount to become an attarction in Al Madinah.

30

PROFESSIONAL | AL KHANDAQ | CULTURAL/ TOURISTIC | 2016-2019


project brief The main conception of the project focuses on the Trench "Al Khandaq", a historic battle that occured in the time of the prophet PBUH where a trench was dug around Al Madinah to protect the people from the enemy. Thus the focus of the design was the treatment of the trench. This was achieved on several levels of material perception throughout the city and specifically on site. Three levels of perception were targeted: detection - recognition - realization. The program of the project includes a Museum "Al Mahka" to tell the story of the battle, along with exhibitions and cultural venues complex. Revitalization and rehabilitation of the Seven Mosques Square along with the Palm Trees Oasis are part of the project along with three hotels planned on site along with governmental buildings and services for visitors and pilgrims of the Holy Mosque of the Prophet. As part of the infrastructure planning of the site by the government a tunnel for metro line is to be extended from the Prophet's mosque to the Seven Mosques Square passing through the heart of the mountain. The course of the trench "Al Khandaq" was generated through a matrix of signs that penetrate the city and appear permeated by the fabric of the present city. Therefore, we study the course of the Trench penetrating the city on two levels of impact.

Impact of the trench path at the city level Around the mounta an environment is created that shows the imaginary path of the trench and appears in the fabric of the present city in some instances as signs, and in others as as lighting fixtures, while on site it is physically dug to appear in its full glory. Impact of the trench path at the level of the study area The path of the trench passes near the mountain Sala' and it is detected in this part of the path confirming the relationship between the trench and the mountain during the battle. This also helps to understand the impact of this path on the connection between the square of Seven Mosques, a notable square within the site boundaries, and the courtyard of Mount Rayah.

the trench and the mountain The relationship between the trnch and the mountain during the battle was essential as the army used the mountain platforms as watch towers. Therefore, the mountain is used in this project by creating platforms ontop of it to detect those major points of the Trench and get an overview of the city itself from above. This is achieved through two stages.

The first stage The turning points of the path, which are the main points required to realize the whole of the trench from the different mounds. The second stage The connecting paths which revolve around the use of secondary luminous signs to plot the entire path.


An Assessment for documentation and study of the course of the Trench "Al Khandaq" on the current fabric of the city was conducted. This led to verifying the relationship of the trench with the surroundings, breaking through its residentials. The Trench was located in a panorama) way to reveal

the path at the nearest point to the mountain to illustrate its relationship with it. The main signs are the crossroads with the main streets of the city. Major lighting signs at turning

Proposed road network: All interior roads within the project are pedestrianized. The main entrances to the project: (Bab El Salam Road - El Sabaa Square Mosques - Sultana Entrance) Provide parking spaces for main entrances (Seven mosques Sultanah - Bab al-Salam)

Maquette of Al Khandaq Project - Al Madinah, KSA The Model shows Mount Sala’ and the interventions on it along with the urban interventions on the masterplan level.

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PROFESSIONAL | AL KHANDAQ | CULTURAL/ TOURISTIC | 2016-2019

A study showing the availability of the various services stations on site of Al Khandaq and above the mountain of Sala'.


the narration museum & panorama al khandaq

eco-lodges

the desert promenade

“What is a Mountain? What is this Mountain? You cannot initiate this location without answering these. —Abdelhalim Ibrahim An analysis of the mountain tracks and their slopes was carried out.Those have been set out to connect to the major artries of the project.

square of the seven mosques

palm orchards A map showing the masterplan and main zones of Al Khandaq area. Al Madinah - KSA


vehicular tunnel west entrance to al khandaq tunnel

commercial spine at eco-lodge podiums

eco-lodge management underground parking eco-lodges

mosque services al fath mosque seven mosques square entrance seven mosques square rehabilitation buildings seven mosques square hotels revived gardens

pilgrims service center four star hotels police station & civic defence health care center new palm gardens new palm gardens gardens gateway

Layout of Al Khandaq Development Project showing the exact buildings and functions of the various zones.

34

PROFESSIONAL | AL KHANDAQ | CULTURAL/ TOURISTIC | 2016-2019


al mahka museum eastern entrance al khandaq tunnel

al rayah mount entrance to al rayah plaza

the prophet mosque gateway main corridor to the mosque


1

the decision stage 1. Introduction to the historic battle. 2. Defining geographic and natural characteristics of the city. 3. Number of Muslim forces, allies and military leaders. 4. The allies coming together. 5. The Battle Consultation "Al Shura". 6. Salman Al Farysi consultation. 7. The decision.

the trench is preceived by the visitor on the same floor level prior to the digging decision.

2

the digging stage 1.Dividing Muslims into digging groups. 2.The digging tools & techniques. 3.All society participate in the digging. 4.Audio simulation of the digging. 5.The residue from the digging as a defence wall. 6. 1st, 2nd & 3rd Qudiya Miracle 7.Patience to overcome hunger. 8.Finishing the trench.

the visitors preceive and experiences the process of digging as decending gradually to the full depth of 5 meters.

3

the seige stage 1.Women reside in The Attam. 2.Dividing Muslims into groups taking watch shifts over the trench. 3.Enemy leader overpass the bridge, gets trapped and dies. 4.The women defend The Attam against traitor attacks. 5.Some Muslim leaders lose their lives defending the Trench. 6.Traitors attack the Prophets home.

the visitors experience events of the battle and the seige as the Muslims took shelter behind the trench and the wall.

Sketches showing the experience inside the museum and the relationship of the spaces and zones to one another.

36

PROFESSIONAL | AL KHANDAQ | CULTURAL/ TOURISTIC | 2016-2019

4

the victory stage 1.Allah answers the Muslims prayers. 2.Sand storm takes over the enemies. 3.Muslim leaders pass the Trench to attack the enemies. 4.Some enemy leaders surrender and fall back. 5.Word of victory reaches the Prophet. 6.Victory banner is raised over Al Rayah mount. 7.Muslims pursue battle against traitors.

the visitors realize victory by passing the trench, reaching the Martyrs square overlooking Al Rayah Mount.


platform platform platform panorama lookouts al khandaq al khandaq

Reviving the experience of Al Khandaq

Lookout at the path of the Muslim army

Lookout at he Trench "Al Khandaq"

platform al madinah

Lookout at Al Madinah & The Orchards

platform prophet mosque

A Lookout at the Mosque of the Prophet

platform platform platform panorama lookouts al khandaq al khandaq

Reviving the experience of Al Khandaq

Lookout at the path of the Muslim army

Lookout at he Trench "Al Khandaq"

Sketch shows how the sensory signs of the ditch track appear at the city level at night from the top of the mountain - Second sketch shows the possibility of using the mountain as a metaphor and treat it as a natural reserve by means of light and natural shading.

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PROFESSIONAL | AL KHANDAQ | CULTURAL/ TOURISTIC | 2016-2019

platform al madinah

Lookout at Al Madinah & The Orchards

platform prophet mosque

A Lookout at the Mosque of the Prophet

Study on dealing with the mountain as a metaphor and its relationship with the trench "Al Khandaq" panorama and the possibility of viewing the invasion from the mountain - Day/ Night


the platforms and the hill

al khandaq & mahka platform square of the seven mosques platform

JABAL Al RAYAH & Al Khandaq Platform

al masjid al nabawi platform

al basatin platform

JABAL Al RAYAH & Al Khandaq Platform

al masjid al nabawi platform

Various platforms were studied with their slopes and positions for best placement and vantage points. Sections and accessibility were designed and services were added to those platforms to enhance their use and allow people to spend more time on those platforms and enjoy

the views. Cafeterias, restaurants and services are offered.

Render showing the platform overlooking the Mosque of the Prophet. Al Madinah - KSA


The Symbolic | Beyond the physical, a wall is a symbol. Formerly, libraries were forts of knowledge. Nowadays, a library is a public square of knowledge, hybrid of your local library, market and your favorite hangout space. SITE

02

Campus

Beyond the Wall | Carefully dismantling the building, Dar-Al-Uloum, cracking down old paradigms making way for new paradigms. Walls morph from dis-connectors to connectors. New developments are connected by horizontal element tying all; allowing Dar-Al-Uloum to prosper Beyond the Wall. Campus Diagram

dar al uloum 2018 sakaka, ksa cultural competition - shortlist

DAR Al-Uloum Public Library

Park Library Engineer’s Workshop

Al Rahmaniyah Mosque and Ablution

Worker’s Residence

project brief Dar-Al-Uloum, is a cultural and communal project. In 1963, it was the first in the Kingdom to host Women's Library with spatial area equivalent to Men's section. The MIT-organized competition, in which our proposal was shortlisted, aimed to expand the existing building & program, disolve barriers & connect all buildings of Al-Sudairy foundation on site in one holestically functioning campus.

Project Proposal Boundary

LEGEND

Al Rahmaniah Girls School

AACC Buildings

16

5

Existing

Structure

The Wall

Beyond the Wall

The Crack

The existing splits and transforms into both public zone and administration with a central south-eastern entrance.

Column and beam system create humble spaces except for the auditorium. The Library is raised on a platform +1.60. A central core creates splitlevel hosting vertical circulation and reading area. Functions are on +1.60 and +6.10 levels.

Beyond the Wall exposes the dividing wall morphed to a transparent facade; enhancing visual connectivity and accessibility into the heart of the library making it readable to pass-byers, its spaces and activities.

Carefully dismantling the building, DarAl-Uloum, cracking down old paradigms making way for new paradigms. Walls morph from dis-connectors to connectors. New developments are connected by horizontal element tying all; allowing Dar-Al-Uloum to prosper Beyond the Wall.

An elevated +1.60 plaza marks the beginning of a promenade with cafes and restaurants. The Crack, delineated by The Wall, runs through the Existing and The Campus connecting plazas and creating a public procession until reaching the new paradigm, Reading Space of Dar-Al-Uloum.

park library view

Image: The Crack is a promenade that carves into the existing building creating a common public zone morphing the dis-connector walls into connecting spaces.

crack library entrance

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PROFESSIONAL | DAR AL ULOUM | CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | 2018

interior library extension


Elevated plaza delineating The Crack Entrance and exposing the previously separating wall. Plantings, trees and street-scape to challenge the notion of separation and create an intimate public zone within the building.

TheCliffwillformanimportantnew public focus and this redeveloped square, not just for this area, but for people across Cairo. TheCliff‘identity’andtheprogramme ofchangingexhibitionsandevents that will continually refresh the gallery content will create a diverse and engaging draw for the local and visiting audiences. This dynamic sets the‘the building’ experienceapartfromtheeveryday urbancontext,positioninginthereal heartofOldIslamicCairo,rightinfront of the Sultan Hassan mosque.

“TheCliffisdesignedtoengagewith thelightandenergyofthisareainold islamic cairo. The design seeks to exploit and heighten the experience of this unique setting by creating a direct relationshipbetweenthe‘thebuilding’ and the surroundings. The flow of people and the light as itchangesthroughoutthecourseof the day.” The relationship between the Sky andthemuseumisconstantlychanging as the sun sets and rises.


Women’s Area

Reading Space

Children’s Library / Park Library

7

Connection not Collection A state-of-the-art Library is a platform, creating human connections alongside book collections. It facilitates access to knowledge and acts as think-tank for knowledge creation not mere consumption. Users engage with information; process it, reflect, have conversations; developing ideas and opportunities.

the Library is a Democratic Space Inclusive and Accessible A Library transforms into a social, cultural and technological hub. It is a natural gathering point where city life unfolds hosting festivals, conferences, and events.

A well-designed library is not standardized for average, physically capable, middle-aged man. It is diverse, inclusive; age, sex, physicalability, interests and backgrounds.

Image: An uncertain future for burnedout NDP building; Ministries battle over future of Cairo’s famous NDP building

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PROFESSIONAL | DAR AL ULOUM | CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | 2018


The Shed | A horizontal shading element creates a holistic Campus encouraging pedestrian traffic in the shaded landscape. The shed is perforated to allow for trees growth.

The Physical

The Symbolic

The Wall acts against accessibility, inclusivity and functionality. Physically divided inside, Dar-Al-Uloum is an island on exposed, empty site; yet another disconnection between entities of AACC. Both disconnections deprives the plot and library their potential.

Beyond the physical, a wall is a symbol. Formerly, libraries were forts of knowledge. Nowadays, a library is a public square of knowledge, hybrid of your local library, market and your favorite hangout space. 8


DAUI - 1022

Developments New buildings are placed to create a holistic Campus conversing with The Crack forming a dialogue of built and un-built. south western elevation south western elevation

scale 1:200

The Landscape

scale 1:200

Gardens designed around maintained trees. A plaza is designated to the mosque for extensions during festivities and prayers. The gardens house the children's library. south eastern elevation

scale 1:200

south eastern elevation

scale 1:200 circulation diagram

mosque plaza entrance

scale 1:200

south western elevation north eastern elevation

scale 1:200

north eastern elevation

scale 1:200

southwestern easternelevation elevation south

scale 1:200

south western elevation

scale 1:200

circulation diagram

scale 1:200

circulation diag

scale 1:200

north eastern elevation scale 1:200 a day in the library section b-b

scale 1:200 section b-b

main circulation / cores

south western elevation section c-c

scale 1:200

crack circulation main circulation / cores crack circulation

section c-c

scale 1:200 section b-b

Image: The Library is raised on a platform +1.60. A central core creates split-level hosting vertical circulation and reading area. Functions are on +1.60 and +6.10 levels. section c-c

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PROFESSIONAL | DAR AL ULOUM | CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | 2018

main cir

crack ci


30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

kitchen / lounge service point server room toilets prayer room vestibule personal storage cafe toilets carrels private reading rooms open reading tech center internet stations offices kitchen / lounge storage service points toilets business center public service work & lounge space media storage adminstration & storage

public library

administration

women library

reading hall / auditorium

children library

ground floor plan 1:200

first fl


The Shed A horizontal shading element creates a holistic Campus encouraging pedestrian traffic in the shaded landscape. The new space created is public within the buildings themselves challenging the notion of the build & un-build and creating interesting dynamic between them.The Shed is perforated to allow for trees growth. The Shed also aims to create connectivity between the different Al Sudairy structures on site.

Image: Perspective showing the holistic Campus of DAUafter its design intervention. The Shed connects the landscape and creates a sense of continuity between all buildings.

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PROFESSIONAL | DAR AL ULOUM | CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | 2018


“Bad libraries build collections, good libraries build services, great libraries build communities.” –R. David Lankes The Campus The impact on site of The Pedestrian Crack connects the southern and northern streets bringing life of the city into the library making way for redevelopment and vitalization. Transverse promenades, through the vegetation, connect entities of AACC on site and the newly envisioned functions of Dar-Al-Uloum all under The Shed.


25 26 27 28 29

storage worker’s residence offices digitization ac

media storage adminstration & storage

zoning diagram

public library

administration

DAUI - 1022

shed details / joinery

scale 1:200

south western elevation women library

Light

Reading Space

south eastern elevation

north eastern elevation

Shifting to new paradigm, the new Reading Space is located at the end of the crack. A continious path reading hall / begins at the entrance through a auditorium ramp starting at +1.60 to 6.10 m with stepped reading balconies and ending at the new Reading Space. The Reading Space holds the auditorium and the major reading area. The ground floor plan 1:200 children librarydesign is simply a stepped open plan with excellent connectivity between spaces allowing users greater freedom

to change the form and function over time. A stepped staircase acts as the main reading benches, This is also a flexible space that could turn into a lecture hall.

Light is introduced into the reading space indirectly through a northoriented, panoramic, 22 meters window that overlooking the Garden. scale 1:200

circulation diagram

first floo

scale 1:200

DAUI - 1022

south western elevation

scale 1:200

scale 1:200 section b-b

main circulatio

crack circulati

section c-c

interior library extension

Reading Zone level +6.10 overlooking & +2.85 m with interactive steps / informal lecture hall.

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section a-a

PROFESSIONAL | DAR AL ULOUM | CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | 2018

scale 1:200


shed details / joinery

DAUI - 1022

new building entrance

section a-a


cairo downtown passageways 2016 cairo, egypt urban revitalization pilot project

project brief Cairo Downtown Passages aims to develop a pilot urban design and art project in the northern part of downtown Cairo, highlighting existing and emerging initiatives and activating underutilized public spaces. This passageway redevelopment project emerged from a design workshop held in April 2014, organized collaboratively by CLUSTER with DEDI and CKU, exploring art and design interventions in two passageways in Downtown

Cairo: the Kodak and Phillips Passageways. CLUSTER has been working in the two passages over an extended period, undertaking mapping, interviews and outreach as part of our larger project on Downtown passageways as an alternative framework for development. This pilot project seeks to promote a more diverse, inclusive, and accessible public space Downtown

workshop selected by a juried review were the “Green Oasis” project for the Kodak Passage, and the “Light Oasis” for the Philips Passage. CLUSTER has overseen the design development and implementation of these two schemes, emphasizing a more diverse, safer, and environmentally enhanced experience in the passageways. The “Green Oasis” transforms Kodak into a pedestrian park.

The outcome of the design

Image: 3D shot of the passageway as imagined during the design workshop for its redesign as "Green Oasis" in downtown Cairo

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PROFESSIONAL | CAIRO DOWNTOWN PASSAGEWAYS | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | 2016


impact of the development of the passageways network The development and revitalization of Downtown. Cairo Downtown Passages starting with KODAK and Philips passageways has sparked attention in this underutilized area of Downtoan. This so called pilot project was picked up by local authorities and developers and several other passageways have taken on similar developments through various developers and

fund sources, in some cases collaborative efforts. A collaborative effort with the residents, tenants and shop owners of the passageways was undertaken as a participatory design approach to the design of this passageways. The approach was meant to give people ownership of their passageways as to give them a sense of pride which would ultimately benefit

the long term maintenance of the network. KODAK passageway is now a destination as it happens to be right infront of the Jewish Synagog and next to a prominent art gallery. Following the development of the passageway shop owners renovated their shops and a

new restaurant opened its doors right into the passageway and it became an attraction for many tourists and locals.


Kodak Passage inauguration event showcased Cairo Downtown Passages Exhibition presenting the background and process behind the passageways re-design and grand scheme of Downtown Cairo redevelopment plan. The opening night received a warm welcome from residents, officials and investors from all over Cairo.

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PROFESSIONAL | CAIRO DOWNTOWN PASSAGEWAYS | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | 2016


Image 1: Removing interlock tiles Image 2: Installing formwork to define soft-scape areas Image 3: Leveling the concrete Image 4: Pouring concrete in formwork for seatings.

Image 5: Tiling and cutting of concrete tiles. Image 6: Moving trees and finalizing tiles. Image 7:Fixating lighting fixtures. Image 8: Final steps of construction.


CLUSTER’s Cairo Downtown Passageways website and publication http://passageways. clustermappinginitiative.org/ Downtown. Having undergone periods of prosperity, deterioration, and decay over the past decades, many Downtown passageways serve today as sites for rich and diverse uses and activities. These activities extend to the gaps between buildings, setbacks, courtyards, and side streets that were either officially or de facto pedestrianized. Usage

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of these spaces range from food places and coffee shops, to sites for trade and retail: including stationeries and bookstores, bars and restaurants, galleries and art spaces, as well as small prayer corners. Being off the main channels of traffic, they operate as hubs for competing interests and claims to space. CLUSTER's Cairo Downtown Passageways: Walking Tour publication falls within the context of our broader research endeavor exploring the network of downtown Cairo's passageways, back alleys, side streets and in-between spaces as

an alternative framework for the development and revitalization of Downtown. Viewed together, they offer an opportunity to reenvision Downtown as a network of pathways housing commerce and entertainment. They also offer a counter-point to the traffic and street grid, with the potential to present a stage for periodic artistic and cultural programs, such as book fairs, children's festivals, flea markets, and even bike lanes and greenways.

spaces of memory and heritage sites alongside Downtown’s back alleys. It offers a glimpse into a larger body of information, a database on Downtown passageways and in-between spaces that CLUSTER has mapped over three years: including activities, patterns of use, typology and genealogy, materiality and texture, circulation and access, roofing and proportion, in addition to territoriality and tools of demarcation, and other spatial and visual documentation and analysis.

The guidebook explores cultural and entertainment highlights,

PROFESSIONAL | CAIRO DOWNTOWN PASSAGEWAYS | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | 2016


The website also features interviews with local community members and stakeholders. The booklet, which is organized around superblocks and walking tours through their passageways, is a companion guide to the Cairo Downtown Passageways website. We invite you to explore Cairo’s Downtown passageways and their potential

as sites for a more diverse, environmentally friendly, and vibrant Downtown: passageways. clustermappinginitiative.org


undergrad academic


project brief

the transmission 2015 suez, egypt transportation graduation project

Al Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque is envisioned as a landmark along Cairo-Ismailia road in Al Burouj residential. The project is also a landmark & gateway for the residential area. The project is also a landmark & gateway for the residential area.

Image: A deconstructivist design approach was operated with which gave birth to an organic construction of the Transmission Station

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academic | the transmission | GRADUATION PROJECT | 2015


the Transmission Station is an anchor for regenerative forces aiming to germinate fertile grounds for a new society. The design is a transportation hub in a new residential settlement in the desert. The project conceptualizes physical transission of people & nonphysical transission of identity. The project is also a landmark & gateway for the residential area.

transporation modes

supportive funtions

transmission

Transmission is a Multi-Modal Hub (an intersection of several modes) with Semi-Overlap of modes. Tram is on the top while buses, bicycles and taxis are on a lower level.

A commercial pedestrian spine pours right into the settlement allowing the commuters a panoramic view into it.

A station is deployed to spread the settlement identity to the surrounding & invite them to settle in and around.

Identifying Macro Forces

Identifying Micro Forces

Transforming Masses in relevance to Macro Forces

Transforming Masses in relevance to micro Forces

Tuning the Model Masses

urban connectivity

Carving the masses

functions & zoning At this new settlement with its anchor being the Transmission station bringing in an influx of much needed energy and flow for the development of the whole area; various modes of transportation are accumulated in one place. The main public mode of transportation is the Tram which moves from the Park at the Northern end to the station at the Sourthern end. For the door to door Bicycles are available through the settlement with bicycle rental points for ease of access and usability. As for regional transportation a bus terminal at the SouthWest end of the station connects settlers with the nearby Ferry Terminal and regional transporation Railway Station. Complimentary services are also available around the main spine of the station with food outlets and various shops.

13


sustainable approach A study was conducted on Vasari the aim of which was to maximize natural ventilation. The outcome of this study directed the building towards favorabl wind North Eastern direction. This allowed the creation of a wind tunnel that is activated by the presence of a large open plaza constantly exposed to the Sun at the Sourthern End and another shaded plaza at the Northern end. This allows the air flow to be even stronger for better ventilation.

Secondly, the platforms overlooking the central plaza and spine were stepped to create terraces and lookouts and to maximize people's flow in that zone making it the prime circulation of the whole project.

PrecedentsImage1,2: Sinai desert and the rock formations. Image 3: Urban projects Puritama Hot Springs, Chile Desert Image 4: Transportation Hub, Tampere, Finland Image 5: Wekalet Al Ghouri, Cairo Egypt Image 6: Mustang Broadcasting, Jomsom, Naples Image 7: Timeless Cube, Afghanistan Image8: Bezalel Academy for Art & Design, Palestine

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academic | the transmission | GRADUATION PROJECT | 2015


STRUCTURAL & TECHNICAL DESIGN Various technical, environmental and optimization exercises were conducted on this project to ensure its sound and optimum functionality. The structural system was agreed to be steel arches with GRC rough textured cladding ontop to give the rough feel of the rocky mountains all around.


Maquette- Graduation Project 2015 The model was the main item in the submission showing the masses and their interaction with one another and the chosen architectural language.

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academic | the transmission | GRADUATION PROJECT | 2015


Thank you.


2012-2019

Ahmed el leithi

architecture & Urban design porTfolio Contact Facebook: ahmed.leithi Skype: ahmed.leithi Email: leithi@hotmail.co.uk Mobile: +20 122 6565 059

Profile for Ahmed El Leithi

Ahmed Leithi - CV & Architectural Portfolio  

I am an architect graduated with Bachelor of Architecture Engineering from the American University in Cairo (AUC, 2015) along with studies i...

Ahmed Leithi - CV & Architectural Portfolio  

I am an architect graduated with Bachelor of Architecture Engineering from the American University in Cairo (AUC, 2015) along with studies i...

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