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Ahmed Zaki Design Portfolio


Overlapping Spaces ARCH 501, Fall 2016 Kristen Shaw & Nora Wendl Program requierments are: 1. Entry. 2. Cortyard. 3. Double or triple height space to house an instrument. 4. Private (Living) quarters for one person. 5. Public (work and meeting) quarters. Qualities and characteristics of the inhabitant 1. Future researchers of this resdence and facility will be in wheelchairs. 2. This person is radio astronomer. 3. This person loves nighttime.


OVERLAPPING SPACES Residence and Research Facility Location: Very Large Array, Plains of San Agustin, New Mexico Size: 2,900 Sq Ft Project by: Ahmed Zaki On my visit to the Very Large Array and the surrounding site, almost everything on the site was circular or oval in shape: for example,the antennae werecircles/ovals, the anthills, animals caves and, nests were circles, as well as the trees were semicircular. All these circles and ovals overlap in one, creating in-between spaces. This concept informed the design of this project .The challenge: what are the benefits of those overlapping spaces to my visually impaired client, getting to know my client more help a lot in this step, I was able to learn he really likes to cook and harvest his own food, and since his residence is remote from any stores, then he would really would benefit from gardens growing food all year around, which saves him from depending on trips to remote stores. so to incorporate gardens into those overlapping spaces, categorized by the produce which divided into herbs, vegetables and fruits. Those Site plants produces different scents, which my visually impaired client can benefit from to be able to tell the CONTEXT PLAN different between spaces which the change of smell.

Technical Information

Project was done using using SketchUp, AutoCAD to refine linework and 3ds Max for rendering OUTSODE SEATING AREA

Overlapping Spaces where diffrent smell plants (blue is a water feature) make is easier for the visually impaired inhabitant to navgate

Fruits Private

FLOOR PLAN

Herbs

Vegetables Public

DOUBLE HEIGH SPACE LOOKING


SECTION LOOKING SOUTH

INTERIOR SHOT SECTION LOOKING NORTH

ELEVATION LOOKING EAST

ELEVATION LOOKING WEST

SITE PLAN

EXTERIOR SHOT


Center of Local Prosperity ARCH 502, Spring 2017 Kramer Woodard & Stephen Mora Location: Hyde Park,Londaon This was an conceptual competition to show design intent, the Intent was to bring people by the interest structure by seeing a partially of the inside while not seeing it fully which trigger their curiosity to go inside

As you get closer the building Transparency increas

SITE

Faraway Partial Transparency


Center of Local Prosperity in Hyde Park, Londaon According to recent studies, the highest proportion of a family’s income goes towards transportation, housing, food, and recreation. The goal of the building program is to reduce these expenses through education, by providing classes and workshops that teach parents how to utilize online services in order to reduce transportation costs, how to minimize mortgage interest and maintain their homes, and how to grow their own food. The building would also have recreational spaces for community use. Ultimately, the goal of the library would be to reduce family expenses, improving the community, and the nation’s economy.

The Serpentine

7 7

6 5 2

3

1

1

1

1

4

7 7

4

1

1

1

1

1

7

Technical Information

Project was done using Rhino AutoCAD to refine linework and V-Ray for rendering.

1- Workshops 5- Kids area

EXTERIOR SHOT FROM THE THE SERPENTINE LAKE

2- Green house 3- Coffee shop & food area 4- Bathrooms 6- London Digital library reading area 7- Recreation spaces 1- Workshops

2- Green house

3- Coffee shop & food area 4 - Bathroom

5- Kids area

6- Reading area

7- Recreation area


Center of Local Prosperity in Hyde Park,Londaon The outter structure of the center was designed to be a landmark, and to catch people’s attention. The intention is that park visitors would be drawn to the structure, and enter it, and they would share thier ideas, culture and knowledge. The library caters to families. According to recent studies, the highest proportion of a family’s income goes toward transportation, housing, food, and recreation. The goal is center’s programs is to reduce these exoebses through classes and workshops teach people how to reduce thier transportation cost, how to maintin thier home and grow thier own food. The library would also house receratioal spaces and small theaters for the public.

EXTERIOR SHOT FROM THE TREES

EXTERIOR OF THE GREEN HOUSE

INTEROR BY THE COFFEE SHOP

EXTERIOR F THE RECREATION SPACE

EXTERIOR OF THE GREEN HOUSE


Museum of Communication ARCH 502, Spring 2017 Kramer Woodard & Stephen Mora Location: Downtonw Albuquerque, NM In this project you are asked to design in an urban site condition. The project is a museum to communications and will be located at the top of an existing parking structure in downtown Albuquerque. As part of the program rules you are not allowed to take away any of the existing parking spaces. The Museum of Communication as of the 21st centry communication tool which is the internet.


The Internet is a network of unlimited possibilities without a defined path


Museum of The Internet Unlimited possibilities without a defined path Ad

UP

mi

nis

tra t

ion

Exhibition

Exhibition

Ar ea

Exhibition

Exhibition UP

Exhibition

Entry

Entry

Elevators

Exhibition Coffee shop

Exhibition

Elevators Exhibition

Exhibition Exhibition

Exhibition

Exhibition

UP

Vehicles entering to the parking garage

1ST LEVEL MUSEUM PLAN

0'

pedestrian path to the museum

4'

8'

16'

32'

DN 1 5

DN 2 5

FEW INTERACTION POSSIBILITIES DN

0'

2DN LEVEL MUSEUM PLAN

4'

8'

16'

32'


Rendering

EAST ENTRANCE

VIEW OF THE 2ND FLOOR

WEST ENTRANCE

VIEW OUT OF THE COFFE SHOP

VIEW OF THE 2ND FLOOR LOOKING DOWN INTO 1ST FLOOR


The Peninsula Visitor Center ARCH 601, Fall 2017 Ane Gonzalez-Lara Location: Rio Chama River at Screaming left hand turn Proposals are to respond to the unique natural landscape by creating a sympathetic architecture, one that is more grown of the site and part of the ecology, than with other architectural effects. The projects should mimic natural biological forms, creating a unque formal composition that merge with the site topology. Program Includes: 1. (1) 2000 SF Gallery 2. (1) 1000 SF Presentation Space 3. (1) 500 SF Storage Space 4. (1) 500 SF Conference Room 5. (1) 300 SF Office for (3) People 6. (2) 200 SF Bathrooms 7. Reception, 8. Ciculation as needed, but entire SF should not exceed 6000 SF

SITE


The Peninsula Visitor Center

The challenge of the project was to design a building using a biological president study, in this case, was The Romanesco Broccoli, the concept was using the growth pattern in which the growth pattern defined where is the next “branch� is growing. while still investigating the Broccoli way of growing using abstract models and three modules to form the abstract models using simple rules. after investigating come to find out it was more about the spaces in between the modules is the most important connection, in which represented by a path and the different sizes of modules act as the branches, the size of the module was determined by space need. (see site plan where the path is the main branch and the spaces are the branches of the main branch and you simply can identify where is the next building would be placed along the path).

N

0 2 4

8

24

SITE PLAN ROMANESCO BROCCOLI GRAWING


Process

ROMANESCO BROCCOLI ABSTRACT MODELS

CONNECTION METHODS OF MODULES

Large- medium-Small-Medium Left (upper connection) Right (lower connection)

Large- medium-Small-Medium

UTILIZING THE CONNECTION METHODS AND MODULES TO PRODUCE SCULPTURES

Triple height space not necessary in the program

BUILDING MODULE

Unsable space caused by low roof

flatned the roof in low roof area to increase useable space

8’

8’


Office and Reception Storage

0

2

4

N

8

Digital Gallery

24

Conference Room

Artifacts Gallery

Presentation Space

Restrooms

2

4

Section

6

See Typical Wall Detail file:///C:/Program%20Files/Adobe/Adobe%20Illustrator%20CC%202017/CEP/extensions/com.adobe.illustrator.OnBoarding/offline/SmartExport/smart-export.gif


Concrete Topping Weather Membrane Plywood Sheathing Lumber

Wood Panels Gypsum Board Vapor Barrier Rigid Insulation

Exposed Concrete

ARTIFACTS GALLERY

Damp Proof Membrane

Gypsum Board Vapor Barrier Rigid Insulation Flexible Joint Concrete Topping

Cast in Place Concrete Coarse Gravel Drainge Pipe

0

TYPICAL WALL DETAIL

2’

4’

PRESENTATION SPACE


Life Safety Code Plan 2009 IBC

Assembly without fixed seats Concentrated (chairs only-not fixed) 7 net Standing space 5 net Unconcentrated (tables and chairs) 15 net Exit access travel distance Assembly Without sprinkler system 200 Feet Max

17

Travel Distance = 25 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

Office & Reception 500 SF 15 Gross 34 OC

1050 SF 5 Gross 210 OC

Room Area Occupant Load Factor Occupant Load

1

Legend

Number of Occupants Exiting

Travel Distance = 25 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT 17

Storgw 500 SF 15 Gross 34 OC

Exit Travel Path

Travel Distance = 30 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

5

17

10

17

Travel Distance = 23 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

Travel Distance = 29 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT 105

Travel Distance = 23 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

Travel Distance = 30 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

35

17

Display Gallery 1050 SF 5 Gross 210 OC

Presentation 1050 SF 15 Gross 70 OC

Travel Distance = 20 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

105

Travel Distance = 29 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

105

Travel Distance = 29 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

Conference 500 SF 15 Gross 34 OC

17

Digital Gallery 1050 SF 5 Gross 210 OC

Travel Distance = 25 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT 17 0 24

8

24

35

N

Travel Distance = 21 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

Storgw 500 SF 15 Gross 34 OC

Travel Distance = 21 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

17 Travel Distance = 23 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

17

Conference 500 SF 15 Gross 34 OC

T

Travel Distance = 30 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

35

17

Presentation 1050 SF 15 Gross 70 OC

Travel Distance = 20 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

35

AERIAL

21 FT = 200 FT

Travel Distance = 30 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT

Travel Distance = 30 FT Maximum Distance = 200 FT


Maxwell Museum Remodel ARCH 602, Spring 2018 Molly Calvani Location: UNM Albuquerque Campus Group of a total of 2 students worked on this project, I was responsible for technical drawings diagrams and helped with floor plan layout This was an open budget project in which the Museum had not been remodeled since the 1970’s, this phase was an open budget to make the museum stand out on campus and attract visitors from campus and the city. The Design approach was to try to attract people from the campus side by having welcome courtyard and entrance toward the duck pond and grand entrance at the university blvd side to attract visitors from the city. the interior design approach was to have few spaces to generate revenue to the museum (gift shop, coffee shop and an event space that could be rented out) so it won’t run into the issue which is running into right now (funding for remodel).

EXISTING

SITE


MAXWELL MUSEUM


Exterior design Approach

ORIGINAL MAXWELL FOOTPRINT

SEATING AREA OUTSIDE

GRAND ENTRY

WIDE APERTURE TO THE DUCK POUND

GRAND STAIRS

CURVE TO GUIDE PEOPLE INTO THE MUSEUM


Ancestors

Ground Floor PlanHandicap Cave PPL. SW Gallery

Entry 2

Conference room

Entrance

2

3 4 5 6 7

8 9 10

Wood Shop Main Lobby Gift Shop Human Evolution Space Cave People of the Southwest Exhibition Textile Exhibition Temporary Gallery + Event space Court Yard (outside sitting area) + Event space Offices

Court Yard

8

Main Entrance 31

1

Temporary Gallery

9

3

42

Campus Entrance

7 8

9

10

53 6

4

7

10 5

6


Second Floor Plan 1

2

1 Wood Shop 2 Storage 3 Coffee Shop 4 Outside Sitting Area 5 People of The Southwest

3

4

5


SECTION A-A


SECTION B-B


Central Gallery

5'

3'-11" screw cover rubber gasket

3/4" Glass panels

6"X8" Wood stud

CRITICAL DETAIL OF TEXTILE WALL

1" steel tube

16'

Secure glass to structure

1" steel tube

steel plate

Screw cover

Glass handling slot

Finish floor

ENLARGE PLAN OF CENTER PLAZA

SECTION OF TEXTILE WALL

steel plate

TEXTILE WALL DETAIL


Temporary gallery and event space

DETAIL OF TRACK

LAYERS OF THE PANEL SYSTEM

DIGRAM OF TRACK SYSTEM


COURTYARD DUCK POND SIDE

MAIN ENTRY

COURTYARD DUCK POND SIDE

CENTRAL GALLERY


TEMPORARY GALLERY

PEOPLE OF THE SOUTH WEST

COFFEE SHOP

COURTYARD ENTRANCE


Bike Drive Thru Repair Shop

:

Location 7401 Indian School Rd NE in Albuquerque The site located off the bike trail for convenience. the concept is to have quick stop repair shop which utlize a drive thru repair area in which you drop your bike on one side of the repair area (East) go into the office do the paper work and by the time the customer is done with paper work the bike would be ready to pick up from the side (West). The project include repair area, mechanical room, ADA Restroom, bike storage and office.

Technical Information

Indian school Rd NE

2' - 11 9/32" 2' - 6"

Bike Storage

2' - 6"

10' - 0"

Lobby

Finsh Floor 0' - 0" 2 Detail 10" 1" = 1'

Section 1 1/8" = 1'-0"

6

3' - 4 3/4"

3' - 3"

2' - 3"

17' - 1 3/8"

1' - 0"

01 4' - 1 3/8"

1

/2" 41

Repair Area

2' - 1 1/4"

Siteplan

'27

2' - 9"

Bike Lane

Prospective

3' - 4 3/4"

Lot

Pennsylvania St NE

Project was done entirlly using Autodesk Revit along with illustrator.

Restroom

Office

Mech.

- 0 5/8"

ction 2 8" = 1'-0"

01

3' - 4"

0' - 8" 2' - 9 7/8"

Biking Walking Vision feild

24' - 11 5/8"

3' - 3"

nsh Floor - 0"

7

0' 1

Floorplan 3/16" = 1'-0"

2'

4'

8'

16'


2

3

1/8" = 1'-0"

4

1/8" = 1'-0"

1/8" = 1

13' -14' 11 -25/32" 2 7/16"

14' - 2 7/16" 12' - 8 11/32" 12' - 1 5/8" 10' - 9 11/32" 10' - 0"

14'

10' 10'- -9911/32" 11/32"

10' -

10' - 9 11/32"

1' - 0"

3' - 3 1/2"

0'0'--0" 0"

0' - 0"

South 3 6 Section21 North 1/8" 1/8"= =1'-0" 1'-0"1/8" = 1'-0"

12' - 8 11/32"

We 1/84

10'10' - 9- 11/32" 9 11/32"

10' 10' -- 9 0"11/32"

3' - 3 1/2"

2' - 3" 0' - 7 1/2"

0' -0'0"- 0"

South 1 7 Section 2 63 Section 1/8" = 1'-0" 1/8" 1/8"==1'-0" 1'-0"

2' - 9 7/8"

3' - 3"

2' - 9 7/8"

1' - 0"

0' - 7 1/2"

0' 0'- 0" - 0"

5

13' - 11 25/32" 14' - 2 7/16"

3' - 3 1/2"

0' - 0"

0' - 0"

East 47 Section 23 South 1/8" 1/8" == 1'-0" 1'-0" 1/8" = 1'-0"

13' - 11 25/32" 10' - 9 11/32"

0' - 0"

3' - 3"

0'0'- -0"0"

3' - 3"

0' - 7 1/2"

2' - 9 7/8"

2' - 3"

East 2 7 4Section 1/8" = 1'-0" 1/8" = 1'-0"

13' - 11 25/32" 14' - 2 7/16"

14'14' - 2-7/16" 2 7/16" 10' - 9 11/32" - 1 5/8" 10' - 912' 11/32" 1' - 0"

10' - 910' 11/32" - 9 11/32"

14' - 2 7/1

7/8" / 1'-0"

10' - 9 11/32

3' - 3 1/2"

0' -0'0"- 0"

0' - 0"

North 7 Section 2 East 4 2 1/8" = 1'-0" 1/8" = 1'-0" 1/8" = 1'-0"

3' - 3"

0' - 7 1/2"

2' - 9 7/8"

2' - 3"

0' - 0" 0' - 0"

3

South West 5 1/8"1/8" = 1'-0" = 1'-0"

0' - 0"

4

East 1/8" =


Climate, Scope

The problemf this building will be facing is having windows all around to fill the space with natural light, in which windows would be challenging in cold climates as weak in thermal performance and would be areas of heat loss as well as in hot climates as areas of solar radiation gain (heat). Also, the roof slope is problematic if it’s facing the wrong direction. Know the climate and how it impacts a building is very important in many ways and how it effect the comfort of the inhabitant. It also to be able to prioritize design strategizes and choice either cooling or heating is more important to be efficient about (more used heating or cooling).

Climate Data Albuquerque, New Mexico Heating and cooling degree days This chart show how much the use of heating unit and cooling, in case of this climate heating would be used roughly about double as cooling.

Minneapolis Minnesota: The climate is classified as 6A (International Energy

Conservation Code Iccsafe.org) which imply cold and moist. It is located in the northern and central portion of the U.S (see map below). The climate in Minneapolis generally winters are cold and summers are warm to hot and frequently humid, snowfall is common in the winter and thunderstorms with heavy rain fall during the spring, summer and fall. It is elevation is about 800 feet above sea level.

Albuquerque, New Mexico: The climate is classified as 4B (IECC) which imply

mixed (cold and hot) and dry. It is located in the south west region of the united states. The climate in Albuquerque is generally winters are cold and dry and summers are hot and dry, the city elevation is about 5000 feet above sea level, Albuquerque gets it most rain (10 inch of rain) during summer, and snow is rare

Months Cooling Degree Days (65) Heating Degree Days (65) 01

0

885

02

0

661

03

-7777

524

04

7

277

05

91

71

06

302

4

07

411

-7777

08

346

-7777

09

155

26

10

10

240

11

0

601

12

0

890

Summary

1322

4179

within the city limit (traveltips.usatoday.com).

New Orleans, Louisiana: The climate is classified as 2A (IECC) which imply hot and

moist. It is located in the southeastern Louisiana, occupies both sides of the Mississippi river and facing the Gulf of Mexico. The climate in New Orleans generally winters are cool and windy and summers are hot, wet and partly cloudy year around. It’s usually most humid April – October ranging from between 20 - 98% (weatherspark.com). its elevation is about sea level.

Annual Rainfall by Month

This chart on the right shows how little of rain this climate gets, and the most rain is during July- October

Precipitation (in.) Month 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 Summary

Total Mean 0.38 0.48 0.57 0.61 0.50 0.66 1.50 1.58 1.08 1.02 0.57 0.50 9.45


New Orleans, LA Initial Design

Minneapolis, MN Initial Design

Albuquerque, Initial Design


Initial Improvement Safera Plug-in Analyst Additional Improvement In Term of Material Specifications Lowering the interior walls : additional wall insulation to reduce heat loss throw the walls as well as the glazing U-factor to reduce Albuquerque, Initial Design • where possible. Which help The heat flow around heat loss throw glazing. reducing the SHGC the less SHGC the less solar is transmitted. the building and prevent overheating spaces (the small spaces near the exteror walls acts as trombe walls). • Change the sloop of the roof : has an effect on the performance whcih helped got more heat gain from the sun during the winter.

North


Safera Web Interface Energy Analyst Albuquerque,NM Building Orientation

EUI

Keeping the building orientation at 0, improvement only 1 EUI for 20 degrees (my concept would keep the building to the site shape and keep the bikes flowing out the property line. This case caused by the slight increase in the angle of the incident which reduces the direct sunlight

Wall to Window Ratio North, originally windows to wall ratio was at 0.05 According to this graph we still keep the same EUI if we get the window ratio up to 0.11. in the north facing windows, it does not make sense. but looking closer it does increase the heating unit 2387 kWh per year to 2510 and decrease cooling unit from 735 kWh per year to 662 (we are not getting much sun from this window during summer). with this tradeoff, we are keeping the same EUI but gaining more light inside (help with the design concept).

West, originally windows to wall ratio was at 0 According to this graph we still keep the same EUI if we get the window ratio to up 0.11. in which we are helping to bring more light in but still get more keep the same energy use in term of cooling and heating. Note: the same concept applies for East. in case of South, decrease the window size from 0.42 to 0.22 would get better EUI, oversized windows in South will gain a lot of heat in the summer. see appendix for East and South graph.

West


Shading

North

West

South

Walls Insulation all 4 walls

Facade Glazing U-Factor North

North

Facade Glazing Solar Heat Gain North Coefficient (SHGC)


Infiltration

Solar Photovoltaic (PV)

PV is a renewable energy, it does not release CO2, which contribute to 2030 principles and decrease the effect of climate change.

Energy Breakdown Monthly

Zoning Energy Breakdown Annually

Results

The most important factors for building performance in this climate are not let small spaces along a exterior wall otherwise they would over heat or better to reduce the interor wall height in whcih when hot air rise it will circulate around the building. Other important factors are insulation, shedding during summer and sun exposure during winter Walls R value 19, Roof R value 37, Floor R value 19.31, Glazing U factor 0.18, SHGC 0.72 (West 0.81).


Insolation, Full Year Sun Dome: Albuquerque, NM

Baseline Insolation Yearly

In a full year insolation study it showing the floor plate getting a hight Insolation (amount of solar radiation), the bathroom getting almost Zero radiation so it would need a small window, the two work areas are getting high solor radation.

Help Desk

Bike Repair Area

New Orleans, LA

Shaded Insolation Yearly

In a full year insolation study it showing the floor plate getting less Insolation (amount of solar radiation) compareing to the unshaded insolation espically on the North and East side, the bathroom getting just enough insolation.

Minneapolis MN


Summer Baseline Insolation

In a summer insolation study it showing the floor plate getting a execclent amount of solar radiation for the most part, some areas need to be reduced during the summer, the bathroom getting almost 0 radation so it would need a small window, the bike repair area and the help desk show the radation just above the set goal for 30000 BTU/FT2, it need some shading

Winter Baseline Insolation

In a winter insolation study it showing the floor plate getting a enough amount of solar radiation for winter, the bathroom getting almost 0 radation so it would need a small window,the bike repair area is at an excellent level and the help desk area is getting high radiation and need shading. Help Desk

Help Desk

Bike Repair Area

Summer Shaded Insolation

In a summer insolation study it showing the floor plate getting very little of insolation for summer (unwanted heat) almost half of the insolation without shading which is really good result to get better profrmiing building in term of energy consumption.

Bike Repair Area

Winter Shaded Insolation

In a summer insolation study it showing the floo In a winter insolation study it showing the floor plate getting a little less insulation than unshaded insolation study, in which this heat is needed in winter, but it could be justified when you consider the benefit of this shading in the summer (a lot less energy wasted in term of cooling)


Baseline Daylighting Performance 6/21 Footcandles 9 Am

-

Improved Daylighting Performance 6-21: 9 Am

During this time of the year, it isn’t any difference since the improvement would be an automated south shading for winter low sun

200

138

96

66

Summer South shading is closed

12 PM

12 PM

3 PM

3 PM

45

31

21

15

10

7

5


Baseline Daylighting Performance 9/21 Footcandles 9 Am

-

200

As the season moves toward the winter the sun angle get lower, while its great for heat gain since the occupants need heating. the daylighting needs wouldn’t change we still need around 100 FC, in which we can accomplish with diffused sunlight (daylight). for this design, we are getting higher FC during this time of the year caused by the direct sun entering the building and since the sun angle is getting lower (on the south side) than in summer the roof overhang is only blocking the direct sunlight partially. Which cause the occupant to

Improved Daylighting Performance 9/21 9 Am

Ths strategy performing very well comparing to the baseline version, we are blocking the direct sunlight while still getting enough daylight into the building, while the louvers are blocking the direct sunlight in they are getting the summer sun warmth passed the exterior envelope into the building (louvers are getting heat from the sun and releasing it into the interior space) see louvers in the south side of the plan (yellow stips). Comparing this to the baseline, the daylighting performance had

138

96

66

12 PM

shut the blind and use artificial lighting, but the direct sunlight is useful around this time of the year. in this case a strategy to keep the warmth of sun inside during this time and block the glare.

12 PM

improved significantly, no glare while still getting diffused daylighting minimizing the use of artificial lighting only limiting it to storage and mechanical room.

45

31

21 Winter, south shading is open

15

10

7

5

3 PM

3 PM


Baseline Daylighting Performance 12/21 Footcandles 9 Am

-

200

On the winter solstice when the sun is at it the lowest angle, the roof overhang is not doing any work at this point (in term of blocking the glare) like it did during summer (see daylight on noon) we can clearly see the outline of the window on the floor plate which indicates the window is fully exposed to the sun without any distraction. in term of thermal comfort and energy consumption this sun exposure is very important, in term of daylighting it’s the

Improved Daylighting Performance 12/21 9 Am

on Winter Solstice the sun at its lowest angle, in which looking at the baseline daylighing profrmance we had the window fully exposed to the sun, while using this system of internal louvers would block the glare and still let the sun warmth into the buiding passed the control layes into the building while not let the glare of the sun passed the louvers. comparing the FC between baseline and this improved system this is great result FC are kept around 100 FC.

138

96

66

12 PM

opposite (high FC) causes glare which occupant will react by shutting the blind and use artificial lighting. a strategy to block only the direct sunlight would be very helpful in term of comfortable temperature and energy consumption to let the sun warmth in.

Winter, south shading is open

12 PM

45

31

21

15

10

7

5

3 PM

3 PM


Building Envelope

Maintain R- value for walls as 19, roof as 37 and Floor as 19, to get the best thermal performance from the walls and roof (energy analyst results from net-zero model)). Prioritize the evaluation criteria to each system for this climate in this order 1. Water control layer 2. Air control layer 3. Thermal control layer 4. Vapor control layer

Wall Assembly Options:

2.Wall Face-Sealed System

1.Wall Storage Reservoir System

Gypsum Wall Board Interior Finish 1 5/8” Metal Studs (interior finish support) 2.5" XPS Rigid Insulation (Thermal Control)

CMU Exterior Finish, Structure and Breathable Air/Water Barrier(Air & water Control)

Stucco Exterior Finish

Gypsum Wall Board Interior finish

2.5" XPS Rigid Insulation (Thermal Control)

Wood framing (structure)

Breathable Air/Water Barrier fluid applied (Air & water control)

Fiberglass batt insulation (acoustics insulation)

2 layers of building paper as drainage plane (water Control) 5/8" Plywood (substrate)

Strength: Thermal mass and rigid insulation give this wall good R value. CMU is fire proof and is durable in terms of since it does not rot or mold and is not damaged by insects or pests, also CMU is environmental friendly. It uses recycled materials and does not contain many of the harsh chemicals used in other building materials. CMU is faster to construct than timber framing.

Weakness: CMU is more expensive than timber framing both in material and labor. This building is not really air tight nor water tight, CMU and mortar has pores which let water and air pass throw the wall water and air barrier.

Strength: wood framing is the cheapest building method and easy to build this system would have minimum of thermal bringing since the studs are covered by 2.5” of rigid. And the cladding would be adhered to the exterior face of the rigid so it would be easy to build and no need to cut holes in the insulation. This system use more than one layer to keep water out which is a better option than CMU.

Weakness: this wall require fire protection since wood is not fire resistant also it would be subject to mold, pests and moister damage.

Opportunities: CMU is one of the traditional building material which is easy to building stacking up with mortar in between and you have a wall, noting complicated anybody could easily do it.

Threats:

Opportunities: easier to build, detail and to connect to the roof and foundation, lightweight material which does not add stress to the foundation.

Threats: this system requires more time to construct than CMU system, it has more layers and more materials involved with more trades to be working on it. in which might add up to the cost.

Having the CMU as exterior finish give this look of an industrial building, in which wouldn’t fit the design intent of modern building in this location. Also the expansion joints on expose CMU wall looks unpleasant,


Roof Assembly Options: 1.Roof Face-Sealed System

TPO exterior finish, Breathable Air/Water Barrier (Air and Water Control)

5/8" Plywood sheathing (substrate) Wood I-Joist (structure)

2.Roof Drainage Screen System

Roof Metal Panels (Exterior Finish) Air Gap (water control) Sheet Breathable Air/Water Barrier (Air and Water Control) self gasket 5/8" Plywood sheathing (substrate)

Fiberglass batt insulation (minor thermal control)

6" XPS Rigid Insulation (Main Thermal Control) Wood I-Joist (structure) CASCADIA CLIP

5/8" Plywood (substrate) 6" XPS Rigid Insulation (Major Thermal Control) on the interor part of the roof only vented soffit finish, on the exteror part of the roof only

5/8" Plywood sheathing (substrate) on the exterior part of roof only stucco exterior finish on the lower part of the roof only

Strength: Thermally this system would perform better in term of inside comfort than the other system since the it has no bridging across the insulation and it would overlap with wall insulation, maintenance would be easier in case of any leak since the water barrier is exposed.

Weakness: Durability of the structure (thermally unstable), constructability, water control is only in one layer especially when the water barrier is expose to the sun would might cause drying and cracking.

Strength: Weakness: This system keep water out in better strategy from the Thermally this system performs slightly less efficient than previous one it’s also protecting the waterproofing from sun the previous system, and outside element, better indoor air quality. Over all this system is more durable and the main layers is protected.

Opportunities: TPO is white in color so it would have high reflectivity which is great at reducing the heat gain from the sun.

Threats: Indoor air quality since the XPS is on the inside will collect dust and debris, fire resistance is another issue to get this expose XPS in the inside this wall would have any fire resistance.

Opportunities: Reduce roof condensation in cold climate, Easier to build than previous system.

Threats: water proofing has to be self gasketing and the contractor has to be careful not pulling any nails or screws otherwise the penetration would let water in and decay the wood


GlazingvAssembly:

1. Typical wall section

Visible light transmittance is 70% for the net zero energy analysist

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION

SHGC 0.72 from the net zero energy analysist Highly insulated fixed window frame by KAWNEER Glass from Cardinal with VT of 79% and SHGC of 0.69 see chart below

Refer to wall detail

Refer to wall to foundation detail

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION

Refer to roof to wall detail


2. Window Condition Section

Refer to roof to wall detail

Refer to window detail

Refer to wall to foundation detail

2. Pocket Door Condition Section

Refer to roof to wall detail


Enlarged Details Roof Metal Panels (Exterior Finish) Air Gap (water control) Sheet Breathable Air/Water Barrier (Air and Water Control) self gasket 5/8" Plywood sheathing (substrate) 6" XPS Rigid Insulation (Thermal Control R30) CASCADIA CLIP

Gypsum Wall Board Interior finish Stucco Exterior Finish 2.5" XPS Rigid Insulation (Thermal Control R15)

Wood framing (structure) Fiberglass batt insulation (acoustics insulation & Thermal Control R7)

2 layers of building paper as drainage plane (water Control)

Stucco Exterior Finish 2.5" XPS Rigid Insulation (Thermal Control R15)

fluid applied (Air & water Breathable Air/Water Barrier

2 layers of building paper as drainage plane (water Control)

5/8" Plywood (substrate)

Roof to Wall Detail

fluid applied (Air & water Breathable Air/Water Barrier 5/8" Plywood (substrate)

Gypsum Wall Board Interior finish Wood framing (structure) Fiberglass batt insulation (acoustics insulation & Thermal Control R7)

Tile

Mortar Rigid Insulation((Thermal Control R15) Cast-in-place concrete Compacted Fill

Stucco Exterior Finish

Gypsum Wall Board Interior finish

2.5" XPS Rigid Insulation (Thermal Control R15)

Cementitious board

shim spacer

Weather sealant fluid applied (Air & water Breathable Air/Water Barrier 5/8" Plywood (substrate)

Window Detail

interior Weather sealant Gypsum Wall Board Interior finish Fiberglass batt insulation (acoustics insulation) &Thermal Control R7)

Wall to Foundation Detail


Storm water

To keep this building as efficient as the design it need to utilize high efficient light build and fixtures as well as motion sensor lighting where possible, and not use light where isn't not absolutely nesseray.

Storm water run off the roof utilizing the roof slope and then catched by gutter system plan which is draining waterSite toward the east side and down by downspout into the public storm sewer

Water drainage direction

Site plan Plan Water drainage direction

1" / 1'-0"

Lighting Plan Digram LED Bulb Motion Sensor activated LED Bulb, exterior lighting mounted to the overhang LED Panel corresponding to the shape

South side exterior will be depending on the street lighting

1" / 1'-0"

Building Services Lighting


HVAC

utilizing the backside of the building (North) for an outside HVAC unit and running any ductwork throw the plenum space to hide any mechanical work from being seen from outside or inside by the occupant, three major zones need to be cooled Plan Digram for HVAC and heated the work space office and lobby as well as the restroom.

1. Packaged System Plan Diagram HVACDigram Packaged System VAC Packaged Systemfor Plan HVAC Packaged System

Air Handling unit Condenser

Split system 2. Split System Plan Plan HVAC Split System Digram Digram for HVAC Split system

Air vent

Air Handling unit

Refrigeration lines

Condenser

Air vent

Air supply duct

Air supply duct Return air duct Drip line

Air vent

Return air duct

Refrigeration lines

Drip line

Air supply duct

Packaged unit DX

Return air duct Drip line

Section Digram for HVAC Split system

HVAC Package system Section HVAC Packaged System Digram

Section

Section

Air Handling unit Condenser Air vent Refrigeration lines Air supply duct Return air duct Drip line

Section

Section HVAC Split System Digram

Section


Plumbing

The system was designed to minimize vent out the roof by combine all vents into one hot water only supplied to the lavatory, while cold water supplied to both WC and Lavatory ram Plumbing

Cost Estimate

Plan Digram Plumbing

ainPlan

Digram Plumbing

eater

Water Main

ain er line

Water Heater

er liine

Wall #

Sewer Main Cold water line

1 2 3 5 6 7 8

Hotand water liine t water heater sewer)

aste

Vent (hot water heater and sewer) Sewer Waste

Water Main Water Heater

Section

Sewer Main Cold water line Hot water liine Vent (hot water heater and sewer) Waste SectionSewer Digram Plumbing

Section

HVAC drip drainge HVAC drip drainge

Item Description

Amount Total incl O&P

Stucco $6.50 XPS R10, Assembly Require 2.5" $1.92 per 2" Breathable air & water barrier $3.37 5/8" plywood $1.65 gypsum wall board $0.81 wood framing 2"X6" 24" O.C $1.58 batt insulation 6"thick,23"wide $0.78 Total per SF of Assembly

Roof

$6.50 $2.40 $3.37 $1.65 $0.81 $1.58 $0.78 $17.09

Notes 1.25 X $ 1.92

$3.96 Roof Metal Panels $3.96 $3.37 Breathable air & water barrier $3.37 $1.65 5/8" plywood $1.65 $4.01 Wood joist $4.01 XPS R10, Assembly Require 6" $1.92 per 2" $5.76 3 X$ 1.92 Total per SF of Assembly $18.75 *Referance: RSMeans Building Construction Cost Data 2013 1 2 3 4 5


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