Alopecia Alopecia is more than just a nice sounding term from the Greekâ€“it actually describes a condition where one loses hair a lot more than what human beings normally lose in a single day. The term actually means losing one's hair either on the body or on the head. Well, given today's perspective we usually refer to baldness in the head in general rather than losing hair elsewhere. Types of Alopecia There are of course several different types of alopecia thus there are also different methods of alopecia treatment. One of these types is called alopecia areata, which refers to losing hair in patches. Another type is called alopecia totalis, which refers to a total loss of hair on the head. Now, alopecia universalis refers to hair loss all over the entire body. Finally, there is also androgenetic alopecia, which is the normal loss of hair in men and at times in women due to certain hereditary factors. Causes of Alopecia In order to provide a more effective type of alopecia treatment, doctors must find out specific causes of this condition. Obviously, the treatment should be tailored to the causes of this condition. However, it should also be noted that since there are several different types of alopecia then it shouldn't come as a surprise that there is a variety of different treatments out there. Experts have enumerated a list of things that can cause this condition. It includes fungal infections, hormonal changes, hereditary disorders, different types of hair treatments such as hair straighteners and hair relaxers, secondary syphilis, radiation therapy, scalp infections, medication side effects, life stressors, iron deficiency, hyperthyroidism, and a host of other possible causes. Treatment Options The practical thing to do of course will be to deal with the cause of this disorder. If the type of alopecia that you are experiencing is related to an illness or a medical treatment then it will be better for you to check with your doctor before going for any type of treatment for alopecia. For instance, in case alopecia is caused by hyperandrogenemia, then doctors may prescribe the use of hormonal modulators such as spironolactone and oral contraceptives. There are also topical treatments available such as anthralin, which can be applied on a person's scalp on a daily basis. One of the issues with topical treatments is the fact that the results might take some time before they can be observed. Other than all of these, there are also surgical treatments available along with a host of other possible treatment methods.