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LPG for Marine Engines The Marine Alternative Fuel 1st WLPGA Middle East Regional Summit Thursday 26th April 2018 Four Seasons Hotel Beirut

The World LPG Association WLPGA George Nikolaou


LPG for Marine Engines The Marine Alternative Fuel - a forward leap • Overview of all marine market sectors • Understanding of technical possibilities • Lists marine sectors where LPG may have significant potential • Scans marine gas engine technologies • Compares the use of LPG vs LNG and other marine fuels • Informs stakeholders of developments in the gaseous fuel market


FUEL CONSUPTION CARBURETION CONTROL SYSTEM TRANSOM HEIGHT

Examples

MAX20L/Hr NoChoke/NoPriming Tiller Handleor RemoteControl &Steering 15” (S) 20” (L)

LPG for Marine Engines LP40 Outboard Marine Engines - Why LPG? Lehr outboard engine

RUN TIMES @4500 RPM

THE

Gallons per Hour

Run Time

first propane The World’s propane 40HP 40HP2-Stroke 2-StrokePropane PropaneOutboard Outboardengine enginecreates createsa alow-cost low-costalternative alternativeforformarkets marketsoutside outside 40hp of USA. ADVANTAG E

11lbComposite Tank

4 .10gal/hr

0.63HRS

17lbComposite Tank

4 .10gal/hr

1.0HRS

20lbBBQTank

4 .10gal/hr

1.16HRS

31lbComposite Tank Liquid Draw

4 .10gal/hr

1.8HRS

7781 S. Little Egypt Rd Stanley, NC 28164 T: 704.827.9368 E: EMAIL@GOLEHR.COM W: LEHRMARINE.COM

US & INTERNATIONAL PATENTED TECHNOLOGIES

heworld’s world’s first TThe first 2-stroke 2-stroke propaneoutboard propane outboard

40 PRO PROPAN PANEE O OUTBO UTBOARD ARD

TECHNICALSPECIFICATIONS TEDCELS HNICALSPECIFIC MO LP40SATION (MS anual Start, Tiller) MODELS

ENGINE TYPE EN GI NE TYPE PO W ER ER DPOW ISPLACEMEN T DIRE SPLACEME NT BO X STROKE BO W EIRE GHTX STROKE EIGH TTIO GW EAR RA EARSH RA TIO GG EAR IFT GEIAR IFT IGN TIOSH NSYSTEM IGNITION STARTI NGSYSTEM SYSTEM STARTI FUE L NG SYSTEM FUE FUE LLCONSUPTION FUEL CO CARBU REN TISUPTI ON ON CARBURE TION CO NTROL SYSTEM CONTRO SYSTE TRAN SOMLH EIGHTM TRANSOM HEIGHT

LP4040hp 40hp

TH E TH E

ADVANTAG E

ADVANTAG E

RUNTIMES @4500 RPM RUNTIMES @4500 RPM 11lbComposite Tank 11lb Composite Tank 17lbComposite Tank 17lb Composite Tank 20lbBBQTank 20lb BBQTank 31lbComposite Tank Liquid Draw 31lb Composite Tank LiquidDraw

Gallonsper Hour Gallons per Hour 4 .10gal/hr 4 .10gal/hr 4 .10gal/hr 4 .10gal/hr 4 .10gal/hr 4 .10gal/hr 4 .10gal/hr 4 .10gal/hr

40S (M(M anual Start, Tiller) LPLP 40L anual Start, Tiller) 40L (ManualStart, Start,Tiller) Tiller) LPLP 40E S (Electric 40E (Electric Start, Tiller) LPLP 40E L S (Electric Start, Tiller) 40E (Electric Start, Tiller) LPLP 40E RSL (Electric Start, Rem ote) 40E (Electric Start, Rem LPLP 40E RLRS (Electric Start, Rem ote)ote) LP40ERPLowered (Electric Start, R ote) Propane Oil Injected 2em stroke ropane Powered 40Php (29.4kW ) Oil Injected 2stroke 40hpin(29.4kW 42.9cu / 703cc) 42.9cu in/ 703cc 3.15 inX2.76 in/ 80mmX70mm 3.15lbs inX 2.76 / 80mmX70mm 158.7 / 72 kgin(LP40S) 158.7lbs / 72kg(LP40S) 2.00 F-2.00 N- R CDFI - N- R CDI or Electric Manual or Eto lectric LPM Ganual , Tunable All Mixtures LP , Tunable MA XG 20L/H r toAll Mixtures Ahoke/N X20L/H NoMC orPriming NoC Tiller Hhoke/N andleoroPRrim eming oteControl &Steering andle 15”Tiller (S) H20” (L)or RemoteControl &Steering 15” (S) 20” (L)

Run Time RunTime 0.63HRS 0.63HRS 1.0HRS 1.0HRS 1.16HRS 1.16HRS 1.8HRS 1.8HRS

7781 S. Little Egypt Rd Stanley, NCEgypt 28164 Rd 7781 S. Little T: 704.827.9368 Stanley, NC 28164 E: EMAIL@GOLEHR.COM T: 704.827.9368 W:EMAIL@ LEHRMARINE.COM E: GOLEHR.COM W: LEHRMARINE.COM

US & INTERNATIONAL PATENTED TECHNOLOGIES

US & INTERNATIONAL PATENTED TECHNOLOGIES

POWERFUL – 4-Stroke engines - 110 Octane Fuel G for Marine Engines, The Marine Alternative Fuel Page 36 ECO FRIENDLY – Zero evaporative emissions – LPG is not a marine pollutant EASY START – No choke – No priming – No carburetor Gum-Up ECONOMICAL – More cost effective to use LPG for for Marine Marine Engines, LPG Engines, The The Marine Marine Alternative AlternativeFuel Fuel

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The use of LPG as an engine fuel is particularly popular in boats operating in salmon fishing farms. Besides its The use use of of LPG fuel is particularly popular in boats environmental benefits, in many countries the LPG as in an theengine marine segment provides significant costoperating saving in environmental benefits,company, in many countries use of LPG in in the marine segme opportunities for fleets and other boat operators. The US-based LEHR is athe ground breaker this sector, opportunities for fleets other boatLPG operators. The & US-based company, providing education and support to many countries globally thatand utilize LEHR outboards inboards enginesLEHR solutions for port vessels, small passenger ferry, fishing fleets etc, . One typetoofmany lowercountries cost engine usedthat is the “longproviding education and support globally utilize LEHR L tail”, a horizontal shaft utility engine mounted on a pivot on the transom a longferry, surface piercing shaft. solutions for port vessels, smallwith passenger fishing fleetspropeller etc, . One type of lo This type of utility engine is most popular in tail”, certain countriesshaft in Asia and now running it lowers cost with and a lo a horizontal utility engine mountedon onLPG a pivot on the the transom improves the reliability for commercial fishermen.

LPG for Marine Engines Small Fishing Boats Small fishing boats running on LPG LEHR LPG 6.5HP Long-tail Engine Air-cooled 4-stroke, single cylinder Bore*Stroke: 70*54mm Displacement: 212cc Max power: 4.7kW/3600rpm Max Torque: 13.0N.m/2500rpm Oil Capacity: .6L Ignition System: TCI

This type of utility engine is most popular in certain countries in Asia and now run improves the reliability for commercial fishermen. Small fishing boats running on LPG

• Undeniable environmental benefits in environmentally protected areas like lakes, rivers and fishing farms • Cost savings and safety LEHR LPG 13HP Long-tail Engine Air-cooled 4-stroke, single cylinder Bore*Stroke: 88*64mm Displacement: 389cc Max power: 9.7kW/3600rpm Max Torque: 26.4N.m/2500rpm Oil Capacity:1.0L Ignition System: TCI Starting System: Recoil start

LEHR LPG 6.5HP Long-tail Engine Air-cooled 4-stroke, single cylinder Bore*Stroke: 70*54mm Displacement: 212cc Max power: 4.7kW/3600rpm Max Torque: 13.0N.m/2500rpm Oil Capacity: .6L Ignition System: TCI

LEHR LPG 13HP Long-tail Engine Air-cooled 4-stroke, single cylinder Bore*Stroke: 88*64mm Displacement: 389cc Max power: 9.7kW/3600rpm Max Torque: 26.4N.m/2500rpm Oil Capacity:1.0L Ignition System: TCI Starting System: Recoil start

• Popular in Asia, Africa and other places in the world

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Tested in Indonesia

LPG for Marine Engines, The Marine Alternative Fue


LPG for Marine Engines An excellent choice as a shipping fuel LPG is an environmental friendly fuel with high energy content Available everywhere and in surplus LPG is a viable and realistic alternative from all aspects

Cost Effective Known & Proven Technology LPG as shipping fuel represents a major challenge for the industry


LPG for Marine Engines The drivers for LPG as fuel in shipping Regulatory, more stringent environmental regulations

Drivers

Stakeholder pressure to manage environmental and climate risks Availability from new energy sources Fuel price

Increasing awareness of the advantages of new technologies


LPG for Marine Engines Regulatory drivers • SOX: restriction level now 0.1% in ECAs • Global sulfur limit from 3.5% to 0.5% from 2020 • Restrictions (proposal) for bunker fuels from 2020 IMO - call for ban on carriage of high sulfur fuels • NOX: NECA-NOX, Tier III (80% reduction approx. vs Tier I) • GHG: 50% reduction by 2050 vs 2008


LPG for Marine Engines Options for Shipping to meet new regulations Marine Gas Oil (MGO) (varying between 0,1-0,5% sulphur)

Low Sulphur Fuel Oil (LSFO)

Options

Direct end product from refinery Blending HSFO with low Sulphur products

(less than 0,5% sulphur)

Scrubber with High Sulphur Fuel Oil (HSFO)

LNG

Alternative Fuels

LPG Methanol


LPG for Marine Engines Four Options for Shipping

Source: Astomos Energy


LPG for Marine Engines Possible Supply Points LPG vs LNG

LPG Supply points are readily available now all over the world

Floating vessels can also be used as supply points Source: Astomos Energy


LPG for Marine Engines LPG Bunkering Systems How can an LPG fueled ship be bunkered? • Directly from an LPG terminal storage tank - Shore to Ship • Bunker Ship/Barge - Ship to Ship • Bunkering Road Tanker -Truck to Ship


LPG for Marine Engines On Technology - Engines Three main types • Diesel cycle two-stroke engine, as MAN ME-LGI series. • Four-stroke engine, as Wärtsilä 34SG series • Gas turbine as GE LM2500 series


LPG for Marine Engines LPG on Cost Basis - Better than other alternatives • • • • • •

Lower investment costs (CAPEX) compared to LNG or scrubbers LPG has shorter payback periods compared to LNG Fuel pricing now competitive, potential fuel cost savings LPG terminals are less costly than LNG terminals Easier retrofit solutions Savings of both time and fees for fuel bunkering in LPG carriers

LPG additional CAPEX

LPG Payback time (years)

LPG pricing

Source: DNV GL


LPG for Marine Engines LPG fuelled ships becoming reality

COmbined Gas turbine, Electric and Steam (COGES) system for propulsion and power Heating Steam

Steam

Heat Recovery Steam Generator

Steam Turbine Generator

Gas Fuel Supply System

Steam Loads

Ship Service Load

Diverter Valve Electrical Distribution

Liquid LPG

• EXMAR:2 VLGCs being built with MAN and Lloyds by Hanjin Industries for 2020 • Korean LPG fuelled ferry for 2019 with GE’s Turbine system • Korea LPG Association’s MOU, LPG Ship Bunkering Hub in Busan • ABS: Study for DORIAN LPG for existing VLGCs • LPGreen, Consolidated Marine Management (CMM), Hyundai (HHI), Wärtsilä and DNV-GL in project (JIP) for new LPG fuelled carrier • Kawasaki VLGC 2017 design with MAN ME-LGI engine for Astomos • Mitsubishi (MHISB), 2017 VLGC design for Astomos

Hotel Load

Propulsion Load

Dual Fuel Gas Turbine Generator

Vapor LPG

• Dual fuel capable LPG and MGO

MGO LPGreen: Final concept appraisal

Bringing aircraft engine quality, reliability andCargopower density to marine handling: LPG as fuel − Technical feasibility − SOx CAP compliant − Reduction of fuel expenses

− − − − −

Design for faster loading Reduced energy demand Reduced reliquefacton plant size Un-manned cargo room concept Adequate redundancy

LPGreen

Machinery configurations: − Improved overall efficiency − Conventional and LPG as a fuel − Energy recovery technologies − IMO Tier III compliant

Tank design − New IGC code / IMO Tier 3 compliant − Higher tank design pressure

Hull and propeller − Optimised for both calm water and waves − Multiple speeds and loading conditions − Energy saving devices

Up to

5-8%

LPG

15%

30%

Overall Efficiency Improvement

as fuel,

Reduction of Fuel Expenses

Reduction of Loading time

21

DNV G L © 201 7

20 March 2018

technically feasible

5


LPG for Marine Engines Estimated LPG Consumption per ship type mt/hr • VLGC 84.000cbm, MAN 2-stroke Dual Fuel engine (24hr sail, 280 d/y) 1.90 • Small LPG carrier 3,000cbm (24hr sail, 280 d/y) 0.35 • Containerships (24hr sail, 280 d/yr) – Mega Container ~ 20K TEU – New Panamax ~ 14K TEU – Feeder Max ~ 4K TEU

• • • •

Small bulk carrier and tanker (24hr sail, 280 d/y) Ferry with COGES – Korean Ferry (16hr sail, 250 d/y) Ferry with Dual Fuel engine (16hr sail, 250 d/y) High speed passenger catamaran ~ 350pax (16hr sail, 250 d/y)

mt/yr 12800 2400

2.50 1.70 0.50

16800 11400 3400

0.95 2.00 2.70 1.00

6400 8000 10800 4000


LPG for Marine Engines Benefits in a Nutshell • Excellent handling properties, low emissions, no methane slip • LPG market more developed than LNG, highly developed supply infrastructure, easier global supply of vessels • Lower installation and lifecycle costs than LNG, more attractive payback • Non cryogenic, stored as liquid at moderate pressures, making all systems less expensive, smaller and lighter compared with LNG • Lower maintenance & management costs than LNG • Saves bunkering time for LPG tankers using cargo as fuel


LPG for Marine Engines The Marine Alternative Fuel


Exceptional Energy in Action - EEIA The Largest LPG Applications Database and Website in the Industry

www.lpg-apps.org


Exceptional Energy in Action - EEIA • The largest and Most Complete LPG Applications Database in the Industry Interactive educational applications experience, developed together with selected partners renowned for their exceptional applications • Launched in Miami in 2014 • Now at the top of any google search on LPG Applications. • More than 20000 visits a year • A dynamic site constantly being updated • Strong social media support and twitter feed @LPGapps • Supporting promotional dedicated videos continuously produced

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Why did we create EEIA? •

• • •

• • •

To respond to what the industry was asking ie to put the focus on applications, appliances, equipment that use LPG as fuel To support the positioning of LPG as an Exceptional Energy and demonstrate its endless uses To stimulate the dissemination of new technology To build a knowledge base on LPG uses, applications and Make it THE reference site for LPG applications Promote the industry and its members to raise the awareness of LPG as a modern energy solution in all aspects of life


Exceptional Energy in Action - EEIA Search by Sectors eg select « Agricultural »


Exceptional Energy in Action New Application Videos LPG Fork Lift Trucks, Power Without Pollution


Exceptional Energy in Action New Application Videos Remote Cooking Indonesia


Supporting the EEIA • Help us make the website known, link it to your own websites • Promote it with your media and contacts – it is for the benefit of our industry • Subscribe to our twitter feed @lpgapps to get news, updates • Give us feedback to meet your needs and wishes • Contribute with your resources, help us develop pages with your own products and materials • Applications and appliance manufacturers: Let us know of new products and technology developments


Communication is key to develop the LPG industry WLPGA website is the natural resource for members and the public

Thank You George Nikolaou

George.Nikolaou@aegpl.be www.wlpga.org www.lpg-apps.org https://www.wlpga.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/LPG-for-Marine-Engines-2017-.pdf

WLPGA - 182 Ave Charles de Gaulle - Neuilly-Sur-Seine 92200 – France

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