Issuu on Google+

raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

w&Sm[G'?f wtm0dZk Ef iS hf pl&m[f zmwD[mwdu Yk kd &Gwzf wfNy;D aemuf ... Ny;D cJw h hJ cGwb å mrSm 'kw, d cvDzwGvrf qD[o f cif&UJ rdecYf eG ;f rsm;rS ud;k um;vsuf vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrt I ydik ;f rSm twm;tqD;jzpfapwJh taMumif;cHEpS cf u k kd wifjycJyh gw,f/ use&f adS ewJh t"duuswhJ taMumif;cH awGukd ,aeY wifjyrSm jzpfygw,f/ vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrt I ydik ;f rSm t[eft Y wm;jzpfapwJh wwd, taMumif;cHu teD;qH;k ESihf rsuaf rSmuf&ifqikd af e&wJh ta&;udpu ö kd OD;wnfajz&Si;f jcif; jzpfygw,f/ 'DtcgrSm ]tuD'g}(,HMk unfcsu)f u a0;vHwhJ ta&;udpw ö pfcv k kd jzpfomG ;Ny;D 'gudk wrvGeb f 0ESifh oufqikd w f ,fvYkdom ,lqwmaMumifh jzpfygw,f/ uReaf wmfwifjycJo h vdyk J vufawGyY ikd ;f ta&;udpaö wGu tvsiv f w kd mrsKd ; jzpfwwfygw,f/ 'Dvakd Mumifh vlom;u tay:,Htm;jzifh 'g[m ,HMk unfcsuef YJ b,fvrdk S ywfoufqufE, G rf rI &Sdb;l vdYk ,lqwwfMu ygw,f/ tu,fí rdr[ d m wpfpw kH pf&m vGrJ mS ;rIwpfcck u k kd jyKcv hJ Qiv f nf; ,if;tm;jzifh tv’m[ft&Sijf rwf\ wpfyg;wnf; wnf&adS wmfrjl cif;qdkwJh ,HMk unfcsut f ay: b,fvrkd S xdcu kd Ef ikd pf &mr&Sb d ;l vdYk ,lqwwfygw,f/ Oyrm- yef;wdrq f &mu rdr[ d m a&TxrJ mS tjzKe;f awGukd a&maESmvdu k f r,fq&kd if 'Dvyk &f yfaMumifh bk&m;ocifwpfyg;wnf;tay: ,HMk unfwhJ rdr&d UJ ,HMk unfcsurf mS b,fvrkd S xdcu kd rf rI &SEd dik b f ;l / 'gayr,fh rdr&d UJ 0ifaiGuawmh jrifw h ufvmr,f? rsm;jym;wJh aiGaMu;yrmPudk &SmazGEikd rf ,fvYkd ,lqr,fqykd gpd/Yk olu olet YJ eD;pyfq;kH tusKd ;tjrwfukd Munhv f suf vkyaf qmifvu kd fwt hJ cg 'Dvyk &f yf[m ud, k u f siw fh &m;usqif;rI wifrubJ cd;k 0Surf EI iS hf vdrv f nfvn S jhf zm;rIvnf; jzpfygw,f/ 'Dvyk &f yf aMumifh ol&Y UJ ,HMk unfcsurf mS b,fvrkd S rajymif;vJEikd b f ;l ? b,fvrkd S roufqikd b f ;l vdYk olem;vnfxm;ygvdrrhf ,f/ tBudrBf urd f ][m*s}f jyKxm;olawG[m ta&mif;t0,fupd aö wGrmS vSnphf m;Muwmudk


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

uReaf wmfwYkd rMumcP awG&Y wwfygw,f/ 'gayr,fh olwu Ykd rdrw d Ydk ][m*s}D awG jzpfaMumif;udv k nf; *kP, f al jymqdMk uygw,f/ olw[ Ykd m vSnjhf zm;vkyaf qmifraI wGjyKwt hJ csed rf mS uG,fveG af oqH;k Ny;D aemuf b0topfwpfc&k w dS ,fqw kd mudk arhavsmhxm;wwfMuygw,f/ 'grSr[kwf olwu Ykd 'Dupd u ö kd ta&;rxm;wmvnf; jzpfEikd yf gw,f/ trSeaf wmh 'DavmuDqikd &f mvkyaf qmifraI wGu aovGeNf y;D aemuf wrvGeb f 0rSmvnf; oufa&mufr&I adS erSm jzpfygw,f/ xdek nf;wlpmG yJ wrefawmfucsay;cJw h hJ oGeo f ifcsuaf wGtwdik ;f vdu k ef musio hf ;kH jcif;jzifh tusKd ;jzpfxeG ;f r,f? 'grSr[kwf u,fw,fjcif;[m b,fvv kd rl sKd ;ud&k &Sad pEdik rf vJ pwJh ar;cGe;f awGuv kd nf; rsm;aomtm;jzifh vlom;u a0;vHwt hJ a&;udpaö wGvo Ykd m jrifwwfMuygw,f/ t"du pdwef JY OD;aESmufrmS vTr;f rd;k vmwwfwhJ jrefqefwhJ tusKd ;tjrwfeYJ jrefqefwhJ pnf;pdrcf sr;f omyJ jzpfygw,f/ 'Dvakd Mumifyh J yef;wdrq f &mu a&TxnfrmS tjzKe;f udk a&maESmjcif; jzpfw,f/ aiGxnfq&mu tav;csed f avQmrh ,f/ aps;qdik o f rm;u ypön;f awGukd a&maESmr,f/ puf½o kH rm;awGu ypön;f erlem wpfrsKd ;jyNy;D xkwu f ek rf mS t&nftaoG; avQmch svu kd rf ,f/ txl;ojzifh wwd, Ekid if aH wGrmS 'grsKd ;vky&f yfawGu trsm;tjym;ygyJ/ 'gaMumifh usiBhf uw H nfaqmufrq I ikd &f m jyKjyifwnfrh wfa&;rSm avmuD vdt k yfcsuaf wGu umqD;aewwfygw,f/ vSnjhf zm;rI? vdrv f nfrw I jYkd zifh teD;qH;k rSm&Sw d hJ tusKd ;tjrwfu a0;aomumvrS qH;k ½I;H rIawGukd pdwEf v S ;kH eJY OD;aESmuftwGi;f uae z,f&mS ;ypfwwfygw,f/ [mZ&wf rGwpf af varmft;l 'f(&'D)ocifu 'geJyY wfoufvYkd OyrmtcsKd Uvnf; jyxm;ygw,f/ Oyrm- twif;tzsi;f ajymjcif;[m tvGeBf uD;av;wJh tjypfjzpfygw,f/ t&m&Sw d pfO;D u rdr&d UJ vufatmufi,fom;udk pdwq f if;&Jatmifvyk rf ,f? vGev f eG u f sL;usL;jyKr,f/ 'gayr,fh xkid ,fom; uawmh t&m&Su d kd qefu Y siNf yD; bmwpfcrk S ajymcGirhf &bl;qdyk gpd/Yk


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

aemufyikd ;f rSm xdt k &m&Sx d uf &mxl;ydjk rifw h hJ t&m&Sw d pfO;D eJY awGq Y ckH iG &hf wJt h cg xdt k &m&SBd u;D uvnf; tapmu t&m&Sed q YJ efu Y siw f hJ pum;awG ajymqdv k mwJt h cg xkyd *k Kd¾ vu f rdrv d ckd sicf w hJ hJ tcGit hf cgudk 'DuaeYawmh &NyDqNkd y;D 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omjzpfr,f? Ny;D awmh olu Y kd tMuyftwnf;awGaY pcJw h hJ t&m&Sid ,feq YJ efu Y siNf y;D t&m&SBd u;D u ydNk y;D pdwq f ;kd trsux f u G v f matmif xdo k &l UJ raumif;aMumif;awGukd ajymqdrk ,f qd&k if? Ny;D awmh rdrb d ufu vufwjHYk yefwt hJ aewJh 'Dvdk ajymqdrk rI mS rSeo f nfjzpfap? vdrn f mvsufjzpfap ajymqdck rhJ ,fq&kd if? Ny;D awmh 'DuaeYrS rdr[ d m twif;tzsi;f rajymbl;qd&k if rdr&d UJ toufeYJ pnf;pdrOf pömudk oufa&mufaewJh tEÅ&m,f[m yaysmufomG ;rSmr[kwb f ;l vdYk awG;rdyg vdrrhf ,f/ 'Dvakd Mumifyh J ol[m tqD;twm;r&Sad wmhbJ twif;tzsi;f ajymqkrd jI yKvsuf 'DavmuD tusKd ;tjrwfukd &,lvu kd yf gw,f/ 'gaMumifh avmuD tusKd ;tjrwfawGtwGuf vlom;[m raumif;rIawGukd csO;f uyfwwfygw,f/ vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfryI ikd ;f rSm t[eft Y wm;jzpfapwJh pwkw¬tcsuu f usiBhf urH w I [ Ykd m tavhtxeJY qufE, G af eNy;D xkt d avhtxaMumifh tm;enf;csuaf wG jzpfay:vmapygw,f/ txl;ojzifh bmomw&m; ,HMk unfu;kd pm;rIr&Sw d hJ tkycf sKyaf &;pepfrmS ydNk yD;jzpfwwfygw,f/ tpd;k &&JU Oya'wpfcsKd UaMumifh jyKjyifajymif;vJrt I csKd U jzpfomG ;wwfygw,f/ 'gayr,fh ud, k u f siw hf &m;qdik &f m edru hf srEI iS hf tusit hf rlrsm;udk jyKjyifwnfrh wfz&Ykd m tpövmrfu oGeo f ifxm;aomfvnf; uHq;kd pGmeJyY J tpövmrfEh ikd if aH wGrmS u w&m;rQwrI uif;rJhwmaMumif?h wpfzef Oya'ESpcf G jzpfaewmaMumifh ,aeY tpövmrft h yk cf sKyaf &;? tpövmrfEikd if aH wmfvYkd trnfcx H m;ayr,fh xdEk ikd if rH sm;rS usiBhf uw H nfaqmufraI wG[m aomujzpfp&mygyJ/ tpövmrf r[kww f hJ Edik if aH wGrmS uvnf; jyKjyifajymif;vJzv Ykd t kd yfwhJ ta&;udpaö wGukd olwu Ydk raumif;aom jyKusirhf ?I ud, k u f siw hf &m;qdki&f m usqif;rItjzpf oabmrxm;Muygbl;/ 'dtwGuaf Mumifh wpfcsKd Uudpaö wGudk vufawGu Y sus


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

jyKjyifvYkd r&bJjzpfaeygw,f/ 'gaMumifh usiBhf urH q I ikd &f m vufawGY jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;twGuf tkycf sKyaf &;ydik ;f uvnf; tcef;u@wpfct k jzpf yg0ifvsu&f ydS gw,f/ wpfae&mrSm vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfreI pYJ yfvsO;f vdYk bmomw&m;ESihf tkycf sKyaf &;wk&Yd UJ zGiq hf dck suu f wpfrsKd ;wnf;jzpfr,fqkd&if? Ny;D awmh jyKjyif ajymif;vJru I vnf; xk(d zGiq hf ckd su)f twdik ;f &Scd rhJ ,fqd&k if xdak e&ma'orSm pGaJ ewJh tavhtxawGukd Oya'tm;jzifh tqH;k owfEikd yf gvdrrhf ,f/ tu,fí tkycf sKyaf &;ydik ;f u Oya'wpf&yfjzifh vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfr I tydik ;f rSm taxmuftyHo h zG,f &Srd aebl;qd&k if xkad e&mrSm&Sw d hJ tavhtxawGukd ajymif;vJEikd rf mS r[kwyf gbl;/ 'gwifru xdt k m;enf;wJh jyKusirfh aI wGu vlyY wf0ef;usi&f UJ tpdwt f ydik ;f wpfckvkdyg jzpfomG ;ygawmh w,f/ yrmtm;jzifh zGNYH zKd ;Ny;D Edik if aH wGrmS vGwv f yfcGiq hf w kd hJ trnfcNH y;D jyKvyk af ewJh rsm;pGmaom raumif;rIawGukd uReaf wmfwYdk awGEY ikd yf gw,f/ tDvufx&Geef pf rD', D mtm;jzifh xkt d m;enf;csuaf wGukd ae&ma'otESYH jzefcY sv d su&f ydS gw,f/ tckvkd ywf0ef;usirf mS arG;zGm;? Bu;D jyif;vmol[m ywf0ef;usi&f UJ tpdwt f ydik ;f wpfck jzpfaewmaMumifh 'D0w¬Kypön;f awGukd Munhv f suf ol[m tcsKd Uaom ud, k u f siw hf &m;qdik &f m tm;enf;csuaf wGukd ul;,lxm;vdu k rf yd gNy/D uav;i,f odrYk [kwf vli,fawG? a,musmf ;av; rde;f uav;awG[m 'Dvkd tm;enf;csuaf wGbufukd rodvu kd rf odbmom? r&nf&, G b f v J suf wdr;f nGwaf eMuNyD jzpfygw,f/ 'Dtavhtusiu hf cdik rf moGm;NyD qd&k if wpfzef pGev Yf w T zf kdY cufcJomG ;ygNy/D Oyrmrl;,pfaq;0g;udk Munhyf g/ 'gudk oH;k pGw J hJtusihf jzpfomG ;Nyq D &kd if pGev Yf w T zf Ykd cufcyJ gw,f/ vlwpfa,mufu bk&m;oH;k yg;tpm; wpfyg;wnf;udk vufcv H u kd Ef ikd yf g w,f/ wpfqw l nf;aombk&m;udk ,HMk unfouf0ifNy;D wJt h cg aemufwpfaeY rSm rlvu bk&m;oH;k qlukd owd&wmrsKd ;vnf; tvQi;f jzpfrmS r[kwyf gbl;/ odaYk omf rl;,pfaq;oH;k pGo J u l awmh aq;oH;k pGzJ Ykdom qE´jzpfaeygvdrrhf ,f/


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

ol[m wpfb0vH;k ,HMk unfvmcJw h hJ ,HMk unfcsuw f pfcu k akd wmh pGev Yf w T v f u kd Ef ikd af yr,fh vtenf;i,f? ESpt f enf;i,furS tusijhf zpfvm wJh rl;,pfaq;oH;k pGrJ u I awmh olx Y rH mS tenf;i,frQ ,pfr;l rIavsmeh nf; oGm;wmeJyY J pdwrf csr;f rom jzpfapygw,f/ aq;vdyaf omufoal wGvnf; 'Dvykd gyJ/ olw[ Ykd m rdrw d kd&Y UJ aqGrsKd ;om;csi;f awG? nDtpfuakd rmifErS awG? rdbawGukd pGev Yf w T v f su?f rdrw d &Ydk UJ om;orD;awGukd pGev Yf w T v f su?f ]uk&b f meD} pGev Yf w T pf aw;rIawGjyKvyk fvsuf t[fr'DjzpfvmcJMh uayr,fh aq;vdyjf zwfzYkd ajymwJhtcgrSmawmh taMumif;jycsuaf wG rsKd ;pHak y;ygawmhw,f/ wpfcsKd Uu (aq;vdyrf aomuf &&if) Adu k rf aumif;bl;vdaYk jymr,f? wpfcsKd U tdyrf aysmb f ;l vdaYk jymr,f/ 'Dupd eö yYJ wfoufvmwJt h cgrSmawmh olw&Ykd UJ awG;ac:Edik rf I pGr;f tm;awGu &yfwefo Y mG ;ygawmhw,f/ t[fr'D,wftwGif; topf0ifa&mufvmolawGwifruygbl;/ vly*k Kd¾ vf wdik ;f udk &nfneT ;f ajymqdjk cif; jzpfygw,f/ wpfcsKd U tvGef rGejf rwfwJh aumif;rIawGukd wnfaqmufaeMuvsu?f tvGef Bu;D us,w f hJ ]uk&b f meD} awGukd jyKvyk v f suf aumif;rIawGjyKaevifu h pm; tao;tzGJ tusiu hf av;awGukd rpGev Yf w T Ef ikd Mf uygbl;/ 'geJyY wfoufvYkd [mZ&wf rGwpf af varmft;l 'f(&'D)u tjzpftysuw f pfcu k kd a&;om;cJyh gw,f/ ]uReaf wmfw&Ykd UJ OD;Bu;D wpfa,muf &Syd gw,f/ ol[m omoemudk ,HMk unfouf0ifrrI &Syd gbl;/ [mZ&wf rqD[af rmft;l 'f(t) ocifBu;D xHukd rdwaf qGawG vmwJt h cg olwx Ykd rJ mS ][Gwu f m}(aq;wH&n S )f aomufwwfwhJ tusi&hf o dS al wGvnf; ygygw,f/ 'D OD;Bu;D xHrmS awmh tcsed jf ynhf ][Gwu f m}&Edik yf gw,f/ olx Y rH mS tjcm; rl;,pfaq;oH;k pGw J hJ tusiv hf nf;&Syd gao;w,f/ 'Dawmh rqD[o f cifBu;D xHuv kd mwJh rdwaf qG awGxu J ][Gwu f m}aomufwwfwhJ tusi&hf o dS al wGu olx Y u H kd oGm;Muyg w,f/ ][Gwu f m} ,pfr;l aecsed jf zpfwmaMumifh ol&Y UJ tcsn;f ES;D t"dymÜ ,frhJ


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

pum;awGuv kd nf; rvGrJ a&Smifom em;axmifMu&ygw,f/ wpfcgrSm OD;Bu;D udk yxrcvDzwGvrf qD[f ocifBu;D u cifAsm; ermZfa&m zwfz;l &JUvm;vdYk ar;ygw,f/ 'geJo Y u l ]uReaf wmf i,fi,fuwnf;u pGaJ ewJt h usiw hf pfcu k vlwpfa,muf acgif;iHaYk ewmudk jrifwmeJw Y if uReaf wmf&,fwwfygw,f/} wpfO;D wpfa,muf ermZf0wfjyKaewmudk jrifw,fq&kd if ol[m i,fpOfuwnf;u avSmifajymif&,farmwwf aMumif; qdv k jkd cif; jzpfygw,f/ rGwpf af varmft;l 'focif rdeMYf um;awmfryl gw,f/ ]'D OD;Bu;D xHukd rqD[o f cifBu;D &JU rdwaf qGawGu oGm;avh&ydS gw,f/ Ny;D awmh ][Gwu f m} &vdrk aI Mumifh tpövmrfeq YJ efu Y siw f phJ um;awG? toif;awmfeq YJ efu Y siw f hJ pum;awGuv kd nf; onf;cHNy;D em;axmifMu&ygw,f/ 'Dvedk YJwpfcgrSm rdwaf qGwpfO;D u olx Y u H akd &mufomG ;Ny;D cPtMumrSmyJ xdo k [ l m olu Y , kd o f l qJqBkd urd ;f armif;Ny;D tjyifxu G v f mwmudk jrifvu kd &f ygw,f/ 'geJY wpfa,mufu bmjzpfwmygvJvYkd ar;awmh olu ]'Draumif;qd;k 0g; ][Gwu f m}aomufwhJ tusiahf Mumifyh aJ ygh/ omreftcsed rf sKd ;rSm uReaf wmf onf;rcHEikd w f hJ pum;awGukd 'Draumif;qd;k 0g;tusiu hf em;axmifcikd ;f ae vdyYk J} qdNk y;D ajymygw,f/} qdv k w kd mu tusit hf rlawG[m wpfcgwpf&rH mS vlom;udk vH;k 0 odum© rJh edru hf somG ;atmif jyKvyk v f u kd w f wfygw,f/ tcsKd UvlawGxrH mS vdrn f majymwwfwhJ tusi&hf ydS gw,f/ olwu Ykd kd tBurd f aygif; &maxmifcsND y;D ajymonfjzpfap? aoaocsmcsm xde;f odr;f apmifMh uyf yJjh yifonfjzpfap olw[ Ykd m vdrn f majymqdrk u I ae ra&Smifygbl;/ olwu Ydk kd jyKjyifwnfrh wfay;zdu Yk tvGecf , J Of;vSovdk &Syd gw,f/ jyKjyifvYkd r&Edik b f ;l vdYk qdv k w kd m r[kwyf gbl;/ tu,fíom jyKjyifvYkd r&Edik af wmhb;l qd&k if olwu Ykd kd em;csajymqdzk Ykd vdt k yfrmS awmif r[kwyf gbl;/ trSeaf wmh olwu Ykd kd qH;k rNrJ qH;k raezdo Yk m tv’m[ft&Sijf rwfxaH wmfrS trde&Yf ydS gw,f/ tu,fí tDrmefyikd ;f qdik &f m t&omwpfc&k rdS ,fqkd&if yJjh yifq;kH rrI[m b,fvrkd qdk tusKd ;jyKrmS om jzpfygw,f/ tv’m[ft&Sijf rwfuvnf;


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

'gudo k m rdeMYf um;xm;awmfryl gw,f/ ]olwu Ydk kd yJjh yifq;kH rrIjyKMu? yJjh yifq;kH rrI[m rnfoq Ykd akd p tusKd ;&Sad pr,f}qdw k hJ trde&Yf ydS gw,f/ (aemufOyrmwpfcu k ) yk*Kd¾ vw f pfO;D [m pum;wdik ;f ? udpw ö ikd ;f rSm qJqw kd wfygw,f/ Ny;D awmh tcsKd UtcgawGrmS rdrd qJqakd ew,fqw kd mudk ol[m owdawmifrxm;rdygbl;/ wpfcgrSm vlwpfa,mufu oleyYJ wfouf vdYk [mZ&wf rGwpf af varmft;l 'f(&'D)xHrmS wdik Mf um;wJt h cg ocifBu;D u olu Y kd qifah c:vdu k yf gw,f/ Ny;D awmh ]cifAsm;[m tifrwef qJqw kd wf w,fvYkd ajymMuw,f}qdNk y;D olu Y kd ajymygw,f/ 'DtcgrSm olu tqJpum;vH;k udk a&&Gwv f suf ]uReaf wmf qJw,fvYkd b,foal jymwmvJ} qdNk y;D jyefajzygw,f/ qdv k w kd mu ol[m pGaJ ewJh tusiw hf pfcak Mumifh rdrd bmudk ajymaeovJqw kd mudak wmif rawG;rdawmhygbl;/ 'Dvkd tavhtusiahf Mumifh olwx Ykd rH mS awG;ac:Edik pf rG ;f u tqH;k owf oGm;ygawmhw,f/ qifjcifawG;awmrI yaysmufomG ;ygawmhw,f/ tu,fí vlom;[m BuKd ;pm;r,fq&kd ifawmh tckvkd aysmufq;kH oGm;cJw h hJ qifjcifawG;awmEdik rf I pGr;f &nfukd jyefvnf&,lEikd yf gw,f/ jyKjyifwnfrh wf Edik yf gw,f/ rnfoq Ydk akd p vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrt I ydik ;f rSm tavhtusihf uvnf; t"duuswhJ tcef;u@rSm yg0ifygw,f/ ,aeY uReaf wmfwYkd jrifaeMu&wJt h wdik ;f tcsn;f ES;D ½ky&f iS af wGukd pdw0f ifwpm; Munhfjcif;? tifwmeufo;kH jcif; pwJh tusiw hf pfc&k ydS gw,f/ tcsKd UxHrmS qd&k if 'Dtusiu hf rl;,pfaq;pGaJ eolwpfOD;vdk jzpfaeygw,f/ ol[m tpm;taomufuo kd m tysucf v H u kd yf gr,f? 'gayr,fh xdik v f suf ½ky&f iS Mf unhaf ewmudak wmh tysurf cHygbl;/ 'grSr[kwf tifwmeuf a&SUrSmyJ xdik af eygvdrhfr,f/ b,favmufyif tdyif u kd af eygap xdik v f suo f m &Syd gw,f/ 'Dvakd Mumifh ol[m uav;awGuv kd nf; *½krpdu k Ef ikd b f ;l ? ZeD;r,m;udv k nf; *½krpdu k Ef ikd af wmhygbl;/


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

'gaMumifh tckvkd tavhtusiahf wGu vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrt I ydik ;f rSm Bu;D rm;wJh twm;tqD;wpfcv k kd jzpfaeygw,f/ wpfzef vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrt I ydik ;f rSm twm;tqD;jzpfapwJh yOörajrmuftcsuu f ZeD;ESihf om;orD;awG jzpfygw,f/ 'gawGuvnf; vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrrI mS t[eft Y wm; jzpfapygw,f/ rsm;aomtm;jzifh ZeD;? om;orD;awG&UJ 'kuu © vlom;udk prf;oyfppfaq;rI xJrmS xnfo h iG ;f wwfygw,f/ Oyrm- rnfow l pfO;D wpfa,muf&UJ ypön;f Opömudrk S (rw&m;aomenf;jzif)h pm;oHk;jcif;rjyKzYkd tpövmrfu oGeo f ifxm;ygw,f/ tu,fí wpfpw kH pfO;D u wpfa,mufa,mufxrH mS aiGaMu;wpfpw kH pf&mudk ]trmewf}tjzpf tyfEx HS m;wJt h cg? Ny;D awmh 'DtyfErHS t I wGuf b,fvo kd ufaorsKd ;rSr&S?d bmtaxmuftxm;rSvnf; r&Sw d t hJ cg tyfEjHS cif;cH&wJo h [ l m wpfcgwpf&rH mS ZeD;om;orD;awG&UJ vdt k yfcsuaf wGaMumifh ol&UJ ]eD,wf}(&nfp;l csu)f rSm azmufvaJG zmufjyef jzpfvmwwfygw,f/ raumif;wJ&h nf&, G cf suaf wG ay:vmwwfygw,f/ ZeD;jzpfou l rdrx d rH S aiGaMu;yrmPwpfck awmif;wJt h csed rf mS rdru d olu Y kd ray;vdu k Ef idk cf b hJ ;l ? Ny;D awmh om;orD;awGu wpfpw kH pf&m 0,f,zl Ydk rdrx d rH S aiGawmif;wJt h cgrSm ray;vdu k Ef idk cf b hJ ;l ? tckawmh ay;vd&Yk Ny/D olwpfyg; tyfEx HS m;wJh aiGaMu;awGukd odr;f ydu k Nf y;D ZeD;eJY om;orD;awG&UJ vdt k yfcsuf awGukd jznfq h nf;ay;vdu k rf ,fqNkd y;D tawG;0ifvmEdik fygw,f/ 'grSr[kwf om;orD;awG&UJ emzsm;ruse;f jzpfraI Mumifh aq;ukozdYk aiGvw kd mrsKd ; jzpfwt hJ cg 'Dvkd ,HMk unftyfEx HS m;wJh aiGaMu;udk tjrwfxw k Nf y;D ? 'DaiGawGukd oH;k pGv J suf olwaYdk wGukd aq;ukay;r,f? 'DaiGukdawmh aemifryS J MunhNf y;D ay;csiv f nf;ay;r,f? ray;csiv f nf;ray;bl; pojzifh tawG;0ifvmwwfygw,f/ 'grSr[kwf ZeD;om;orD;awGeYJ qufE, G w f hJ tjcm; &nf&n G cf suw f pfcck t k wGuf olwpfyg;&JU aiGaMu;udk rw&m; odr;f ydu k w f mrsKd ;vnf;&Syd gw,f/ wu,fawmh 'g[m ,HMk unftyfErHS EI iS hf oufqikd w f hJ tpövmrfo h eG o f ifcsuu f kd qefu Y sifwmyJ jzpfygw,f/ rdrx d rH mS


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

,HMk unfvYkd wpfpw kH pf&m tyfEx HS m;w,fq&kd if oufao&So d nfjzpfap? r&So d nfjzpfap? taxmuftxm; &So d nfjzpfap? r&Sdonfjzpfap rjzpfrae jyefay;&rSm jzpfygw,f/ wpfcgwpf&rH mS wpfcsKd Uu om;orD;awG&UJ tusKd ;tjrwfeYJ olwt Ydk wGuf ydik q f ikd rf x I m;cJzh &Ykd m t&G,rf a&mufao;aom rdbrJu h av;awG&UJ &ydik cf iG hf udk rw&m;aomenf;jzifh odr;f ydu k w f wfMuygw,f/ 'grSr[kwf twdik ;f t wmwpfcx k d olwu Ykd kd xdcu kd ef pfematmif jyKvyk w f wfMuygw,f/ wpfzef tckvkd aiGaMu;Opรถmydik ;f wpfcw k nf;rSmwif r[kwaf o;ygbl;/ Oyrmu 'Dwpfcw k nf; r[kwyf gbl;/ wpfcsKd U rdbawGu tckvdk vGwv f yfNy;D zGNYH zKd ;wd;k wufaewJh ywf0ef;usirf mS ? 'gwifru qif;&JwhJ Edik if iH ,fav;awGrmS vnf;yJ txl;ojzifh rdrw d Ykd om;orD;awGukd tvdv k u kd f cspcf ifraI Mumifh olwu Ydk kd tpรถvmrfo h eG o f ifcsuaf wGtwdik ;f vdu k ef musio hf ;kH apzd&Yk m rBuKd ;pm;Muawmhygbl;/ uReaf wmf 0rf;enf;pGmyJ ajym&ygvdrhfr,f/ 'Dvkdtm;enf;csuaf wGukd t[fr'Dtodik ;f t0dik ;f rSmvnf;yJ &ifqikd Bf uKH awGv Y mwwfygw,f/ wpfO;D u tjcm;wpfO;D &JU trmewfukd rw&m;,lvu kd w f ,f/ wpfzef wpfO;D u tjcm;wpfO;D OD;udk aiGaMu;qdik &f m vSnjhf zm;rIwpfck jyKvu dk w f ,f/ wpfpw kH pfO;D uvnf; rdbrJah wG&UJ aiGaMu;Opรถmudk tjynht f 0 ray;tyfb;l / ]uZGm}(w&m;a&;Xme)udk 'Dvkd ta&;udpaรถ wG a&mufvmwwfygw,f/ wpfcgwpf&H wdik Mf um;csuaf wGvnf; a&mufvmygw,f/ wpfzef <u,f0wJh Edik if w H pfcck rk mS aexdik w f o hJ u l rdr&d UJ orD;udk ygupรถwefrmS tdraf xmifcsay;w,f/ Ny;D awmh om;rufjzpfou l kd tpuwnf;u rSmxm;vdu k yf gw,f/ rdr[ d m 'DorD;av;udk b,favmuf cspcf iftvkv d u dk Nf y;D arG;jrLxm;&aMumif;? olt Y wGuf b,favmufawmif vGwv f yfciG ahf wG&adS eaMumif;? 'gaMumifh olu Y kd b,fvkd csKycf s,rf rI sdK;rS rjyKzYkd ajymxm;wwfygw,f/ 'Dvekd YJ orD;jzpfo[ l m zcifaMumifh pdwBf u;D


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

0ifomG ;vsuf cifyeG ;f onfuv kd nf; txifBu;D av;pm;rI r&Sad wmhygbl;/ wu,fq&kd if tpövmrfu ZeD;r,m;udk vifa,musmf ;&JU wm0efukd jznfq h nf;zd?Yk tdraf xmifw h m0efukd xde;f odr;f zdYk oGeo f ifxm;ygw,f/ 'g[m olr&JU ]z&ufZ}f wm0efawGxrJ mS yg&SNd y;D jzpfygw,f/ wpfzef a,musfm;av; awGuvnf; ygupöwefrS rde;f uav;awGukd tdraf xmifjyKNy;D wJt h cg rde;f uav;udk enf;rsKd ;pHek YJ ESyd pf ufwwfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh tckvkd om;orD;awGukd tvdv k u kd v f eG ;f jcif;uvnf; wpfzufrmS rdbESpyf g;&JU vufawGjY yKusirhf yI ikd ;f udk zsuq f ;D &ma&mufovd?k tjcm;wpfzufrmS tdraf xmifa&;awGuv kd nf; NzKd caJG ewmyJ jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh ZeD;? om;orD;awGaMumifh vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrt I ydik ;f rSm (t[eft Y wm; jzpf&wJ)h rsm;pGmaom OyrmawG&ydS gw,f/ vlom;&JU tm;enf;csuaf wGukd jyoaewJh 'geJt Y vm;wlwhJ tjcm;jyKusirhf aI wGvnf; &Syd gao;w,f/ ZeD;? om;orD;awGukd cspcf iftvdv k u kd rf eI YJ olw&Ykd UJ vdt k yfcsuaf wGu twm;tqD;ozG,f jzpfvmapygw,f/ olwu Ydk kd tvGet f rif; cspjf cif;u olw&Ykd UJ aumif;rIawGrmS t[eft Y wm; jzpfomG ;apygw,f/ uav;awGukd cspcf ifraI Mumifh olwt Ydk wGuf rrSeu f efwhJ oufaoxGuq f rkd aI wG jyKvyk w f wfygw,f/ wpfzef qif;&JErG ;f yg;wJEh ikd if aH wG?wwd,Edik if aH wGrmS tESt YH jym;jzpfaewJh a&m*gwpfcu k vmbfpm;jcif;ygyJ/ olw[ Ykd m rdrdwt Ykd wGuaf Mumifw h if tckvkd vmbfpm;ae&jcif; r[kwyf gbl;/ om;orD;awGtwGu?f olwt dYk zdkY ydik q f ikd rf aI wGxm;&pfczhJ t Ykd wGuf vmbfpm;&jcif; jzpfygw,f/ 'grSr[kwf om;orD;awGukd tcaMu;aiGrsm;jym;wJh ausmif;awGrmS ynmoifMum;ap csiw f t hJ wGuf vmbfpm;&jcif; jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh vlom;&JU usiBfh uH wnfaqmufrq I ikd &f m jyKjyifwnfrh wfa&;rSm pdwt f m;awGeYJ xdpk w d t f m;udk vIy&f mS ;wuf<uapwJh aoG;om;awmfpyfraI wGuvnf; twm;tqD;tjzpf &yfvsu&f ydS gw,f/ 'gudk jyKjyifwnhrf wfEikd zf u Ykd tv’m[ft&Sijf rwftay: tvGejf rifrh m;wJh cspjf cif;rsdK; aygufzmG ;apvsuf wpfzef t&Sijf rwfudk


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

cspjf cif;u aoG;om;awmfpyfrt I m;vH;k ESihf ZeD;om;orD;rsm;udk cspjf cif;? olwt Ykd wGuf pdw"f mwfjyif;jyrI tm;vH;k udk avsmu h somG ;apwJt h cgrSom jzpfEikd yf gvdrrhf ,f/ Ny;D awmh vlom;[m xdt k &mrsm;rS oufa&mufaewJh oufa&mufraI wG tm;vH;k uae vGwu f if;oGm;wJt h cgrSom jzpfEikd yf g vdrrfh ,f/ tu,fí 'grsKd ;r&Sb d ;l qd&k if vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfzq Ykd w kd m tvGef cufcrJ mS jzpfygw,f/ vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrt I ydik ;f rSm t[eft Y wm;jzpfapwJh q|rajrmuf taMumif;cHu- rdru d , kd rf rd d tNrrJ jywf apmifMh uyfMunh½f rI I rjyKjcif; jzpfygw,f/ qdv k kdwmu- jyKusirhf w I ikd ;f udk tNr*J ½kwpdku&f &dS rSm jzpfygw,f/ 'DawmhryS J vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrq I w kd m jzpfvmEdik yf gvdrrhf ,f/ tvkyw f ikd ;f udk vkyaf qmifcsed rf mS 'Dtvky&f UJ ed*;kH &v'fu taumif;jzpf rvm;? rjzpfb;l vm;/ 'Dtvkyu f kd vkyfaqmifzYkd rdrrd mS cGijhf yKcsu&f o dS vm;? r&Sb d ;l vm;qdw k mudk tNrrJ jywf pOf;pm;oH;k oyfae&rSm jzpfygw,f/ Ny;D awmh [mZ&wf rqD[af rmft;l 'f(t)ocifBu;D &JU rdeYfMum;csujf zpfwhJ usr;f jrwf uk&t f mefrS trdeyYf nwfaygif; 700 udk vdu k ef musio hf ;kH zdYk wdu k w f eG ;f rdeMYf um;csuu f ae rdr[ d m a0;&modrYk sm; oGm;aeavovm; qdw k mudk pOf;pm;oH;k oyf&ygvdrhfr,f/ Oyrm- tvkyu f kd opöm&S&d dS vkyfjcif;[m ta&;Bu;D trdew Yf pf&yf jzpfygw,f/ 'g[m aps;qdik yf ikd &f iS u f v kd nf; trdeaYf y;xm;ovd?k tvkyo f rm;udv k nf; trdeaYf y;xm;jcif; jzpfygw,f/ vly*k Kd¾ vw f ikd ;f u rdrw d o Ykd ufqikd &f me,fy,frmS opöm&So d al wGjzpfMuzdYk trdeaYf y;xm;ygw,f/ aps;qdik yf ikd &f iS u f opöm&S&d dSeYJ vkyif ef;vnfywfatmifjyKvkyzf Ykd trdeaYf y;jcif; cH&ygw,f/ oleYJ oduRr;f rIr&Sw d hJ 0,fow l pfO;D a&mufvmwJt h cg olu Y kd t&nftaoG;edrw hf yhJ pön;f udk ay;csiaf y;vdu k rf ,f? 'grSr[kwf aps;wif a&mif;vdu k rf ,f/ 'grSr[kwf owfrw S x f m;wJh aps;EIe;f eJyY J tav;csed u f kd avsmah yghay;vdu k rf ,f/ uReaf wmftxufrmS wifjycJo h vdyk J 'Dtm;enf;csufu 'D(zGNYH zKd ;Ny;D )Edik if aH wGrmS awmh enf;yg;ayr,fh qif;&JwhJ


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

Edik if aH wGrmS trsm;tjym; jzpfaeygw,f/ 'gaMumifh 0,fow l ikd ;f udk ypön;f wpfpw kH pf&may;vsuf wpfcsKd Uu 0,fo&l UJ ruRr;f usifru I ae tjrwfxw k rf ,f/ wpfcsKd Uu 0,fow l ikd ;f udk þa&GUþrQ tav;csed f avsmah yghay;vdu k rf ,fq&kd if naea&mufwt hJ cg b,favmuf tjrwf tpGe;f &oGm;Ekid w f ,f pojzifh awG;ygvdrrhf ,f/ tcsKd UtcgawGrmS 0,fo&l UJ ta&;ay:vdt k yfcsuu f Mkd unhNf y;D aps;EIe;f udk tqaygif;rsm;pGm wifNy;D a&mif;csvu kd w f mrsKd ;vnf; &Syd gw,f/ trSeaf wmh 'Dvv kd yk jf cif;u a&mif;0,frq I ikd &f m usi0hf wfev YJ nf; qefu Y siyf gw,f/ tpövmrfu 'Dvv kd yk &f yfukd jyif;jyif;xefxef wm;jrpfxm;ygw,f/ tjrwftpGe;f eJyY wfoufvYkd 'Dtcsuu f v kd nf; ajymvdyk gao;w,f/ (&'D) [mZ&wfrw G pf af varmft;l 'f u &Af0gNrKd UwnfNy;D aemufrmS aps;qdik yf ikd &f iS f awGukd ]cifAsm;wd[ Yk m tjrwftpGe;f udk tenf;i,fom,lMu? cifAsm;wkYdxu H kd 0,fol rsm;rsm;vmvdrrhf ,f} qdNk y;D rderYf SmcJyh gw,f/ 'gayr,fh uReaf wmfx h u H kd wpfcsKd UvlawGqu D wdik Mf um;csuaf wG vmyg w,f/ &Af0gu qdik yf ikd &f iS af wG[m b,favmufawmif tjrwfwifa&mif;cs vmaeMuNyDvq J &kd if 0,foal wGu txdomG ;Ny;D aps;0,fae&w,f vdYk qdyk gw,f/ ud, k v hf al wGqrD mS r0,fawmhbJ tjcm;olawGxrH mS oGm;a&muf0,f,al eMu&ygw,f/ 'dtwGuf &Af0gu t[fr'D qdik yf ikd &f iS f awGrmS wm0ef&ydS gw,f/ 'gaMumifh 'Dtcsut f m;jzifv h nf; uReaf wmfw&Ykd UJ t[fr'D qdik yf ikd &f iS af wGu pOf;pm;oH;k oyfNy;D jyKjyif ajymif;vJzYkd BuKd ;pm;Muyg/ &Af0gNrKd Uwifruygbl;/ b,fae&mrSmyifjzpfap t[fr'Daps;qdik yf ikd &f iS f&UJ tqift h wef;u tNrw J rf; aumif;rGev f suf &So d ifyh gw,f/ csed fw, G rf rI mS jynh0f &r,f/ ypön;f wpfcrk mS cRw, f iG ;f csuf &Sw d ,fq&kd if 0,fou l kd today;&r,f/ xdu k o f ifw h hJ tjrwftpGe;f jzpfNy;D tenf;i,frQom jzpfoifyh gw,f/ 'Dvt kd m;jzifh (tif&mS tv’m[f) a&mif;0,frv I yk if ef;rSm wd;k yGm;vmrSmomjzpfNy;D avsmeh nf;oGm;rSm r[kwyf gbl;/


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

xdek nf;wlpmG yJ e,fy,ftoD;oD;rSm&Sw d hJ t[fr'Dwikd ;f u rdrw d &Ykd UJ opömapmifo h rd I tvSw&m;udk jyozdv Yk t kd yfygw,f/ 'dtwGuf tcsed jf ynhf qdo k vdk 'DtrdeaYf wmfukd jyefveS o f ;kH oyfae&rSm jzpfygw,f/ 'DawmhryS J vufawGyY ikd ;f qdik &f m jyKjyifwnfrh wfru I jzpfvmEkid fygvdrrhf ,f/ rdr[ d m vufawGyY ikd ;f jyKjyifwnfrh wfrt I wGuf 'Dtvkyu f kd rjzpfrae vky&f r,f qdNk y;D tcsed jf ynhf pOf;pm;oH;k oyfae&rSm jzpfygw,f/ wpfzef tjcm;aom raumif;rIawGvnf; &Syd gao;w,f/ Oyrmvdrn f mrI/ rdr&d UJ ajymqdrk w I ikd ;f rSm rrSerf uef ajymqdrk rI sKd ; rjzpf&atmif *½kpu kd &f rSm jzpfygw,f/ 'DtwGuf Oyrmwpfcu k aps;qdik o f rm;wpfO;D u ermZftcsed af &mufwhJtcg ermZf0wfjyKzYkd xGuo f mG ;r,f/ aemufqikd o f rm; wpfO;D u xdo k q l ikd yf w d cf sed rf mS rdr&d UJ qdik u f zkd iG hfxm;vsuf 'DtawmtwGi;f rSm a&mufvmorQ 0,foal wG[m rdrx d rH mS 0,f,al pzdq Yk w kd Jh qE´eq YJ ikd zf iG x hf m;r,fqykd gpd/Yk 'Dawmh wpfzufrmS aumif;rIuo k v kd u f kd tm½Hpk ;l pdu k rf jI yKwo hJ u l ermZfukd OD;pm;ay;vsuf xGufomG ;csed rf mS ? aiG&mS zdyYk J pOf;pm;aewJh aemufwpfO;D u rdr&d UJ avmuD tusKd ;twGuf tjrwfxw k zf kdY pOf;pm;aeygvdrrhf ,f/ tvkyw f ikd ;f udk rjyKvyk rf t D vsif aumif;jrwfpmG usio hf ;kH wnfaqmufz&Ykd m rpOf;pm;bJ ol&Y UJ Munh½f rI u I avmuD tusKd ;tjrwfuo kd m Munh½f v I su&f NdS yD; tJ't D wGuyf J pOf;pm;vsu&f adS eygvdrrhf ,f/ &Af0gNrKd U&JU aps;qdik o f rm;awGeyYJ wfoufvYkd olw[ Ykd m ermZf0wfjyKcsed rf mS qdik af wGukd ydwrf xm;Mubl;vdYk wdik Mf um;csuv f nf;f a&mufvmygw,f/ 'geJyY wfoufvYkd aps;qdik o f rm; tm;vH;k u aemifukd ermZftcsed af wGrmS ydwx f m;yghr,fqNkd y;D wpfnw D pfnw G w f nf; ajymqdck ahJ Mumif; tpD&ifcpH m t& od&ygw,f/ tv’m[ft&Sijf rwf olwu Ykd kd xdt k wdik ;f vdu k ef mEdik f atmif pGr;f tm;ay;awmfryl gap/


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

xdek nf;wlpmG yJ um'D,mefu qdik o f rm;awGuv kd nf; ajymvdyk gw,f/ ,ck tcsed u f um'D,mefrmS *svq f maMumifh tvGef pnfum;vsu&f rdS mS jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh olwv Ykd nf;yJ 'Dupd u ö kd *½kpkduzf Ykd vdt k yfygw,f/ tjyifuae a&mufvmwJh 0,foal wGaMumifh rdrw d &Ykd UJ z&ufZw f m0efawGukd arhvu kd w f mrsKd ; rjzpfygapeJ/Y rnfoyYkd if&adS p ermZftcsed af wGrmS qdik cf ef; awGukd ydwx f m;oifyh gw,f/ 'ghtjyif urÇmah e&ma'otoD;oD;rSm&SMd uwJh t[fr'Dwikd ;f u 'gudk *½kwpdu k &f zdS Ykd vdt k yfygw,f/ rdrw d &Ykd UJ z&ufZw f m0efawGukd jznfq h nf;zdYk twGuf t"du tm½Hjk yKMu&rSm jzpfygw,f/ usiBhf uw H nfaqmufrt I ay: tBurd Bf urd f tm½Hpk ;l pdu k &f jcif;u tvGef vsijf refwhJ jrif;ay:rSm pD;eif;vdu k yf gaeolwpfO;D eJY yrmwlygw,f/ tu,fí owdrrlbJ ayghayghqq xdik af er,fqkd&if jrif;ay:uae vdru hf sEikd yf gw,f/ 'gaMumifh rdt Yk rf ifeu f vnf; rdr&d UJ usiBhf uw H nfaqmuf rIeyYJ wfoufvYkd tcsed jf ynhf apmifMh uyfMunh½f aI e&rSm jzpfygw,f/ tcsdef tcdu k t f wefaY v;wpfcrk mS yif owdrrlayghqrIjyKr,fq&kd if ol[m ]rdt Yk rf ife}f qdw k hJ tqifu h ae usomG ;ygvdrrhf ,f/ Ny;D awmh usiBhf urH yI ikd ;f rSm jyKjyifwnfrh wfrv I nf; jyKEidk af wmhrmS r[kwyf gbl;/ 'gaMumifh vly*k Kd¾ vw f ikd ;f u ta&;udpw ö ikd ;f rSm tcsed jf ynhf *½kwpdkuf Munh½f jI cif;jzifo h m vufawGjY yKjyifwnhrf wfrt I ydki;f rSm rSeu f efpmG vkyaf qmifEikd rf mS jzpfygw,f/ vlom;[m raumif;rIawGbufukd wpfBurd w f pfcgjzpfap wdr;f nGwfomG ;Nyq D &kd if ol[m xdkraumif;rIxrJ mS epfomG ;&ygawmhw,f/ wpfenf;qdk&&if raumif;rIrsm;rS vGwaf jrmufzYkd twGuf tvkyw f ikd ;f ukd Munh½f aI pmifMh uyfjcif;tm;jzifh vlom;[m tumtuG,w f pfct k wGi;f udk a&mufvmygw,f/ 'DtumtuG,f ysuyf s,o f mG ;Nyq D &kd ifawmh tm;enf;csuaf wGu wpfcNk y;D wpfck olt Y ay:udk vTr;f rd;k vmygawmhw,f/


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

trsKd ;orD;awGtwGuv f nf; uReaf wmf Oyrm wpfcak jymygOD;r,f/ tJ'gu ]y&f'g}(y0gNcKH jcif;) jzpfygw,f/ tu,fí tJ'gudk wpfBurd w f pfcgjzpfap z,f&mS ;vdu k Nf yq D &kd if ,if;u tvGeaf 0;uGmwJah e&mudk a&muf&o dS mG ;rSm jzpfygw,f/ MopaMw;vsrmS uReaf wmfo&d wmu ygupöwefuae vwfwavma&mufvmwJh wpfcsKd U trsKd ;orD;Bu;D awGu rde;f uav;i,f awG ]y&f'g}rNcKH baJ eMuwmudk awG&Y wJt h cg olwu Ykd kd tenf;qH;k awmh t&Suv f w kH hJ t0wftpm;ud0k wfqifz?Ykd vnfpnf;y0g0wfzYkd ajymMuyg w,f/ 'Dtcg ]y&f'g}rNcKH whJ rde;f uav;i,fawGu ]'DEikd if rH mS y&f'gNcKH jcif; [m tvGeBf u;D av;wJh tjypfy/J 'gaMumifh tpfrwdv Yk J y0grNcKH ygeJ}Y vdkY ajymMuygw,f/ 'DtcgrSm ]y&f'g}NcKH zYkd owday;wJh trsKd ;orD;Bu;D uvnf; y&f'gNcKH &if tjypfjzpfw,fqw kd maMumifh wpfoufv;kH y0gNcKH vmcJw h hJ tavhtusihf pGaJ eayr,fv h nf; pd;k &drNf y;D ]y&f'g}udk y,fvu kd yf gw,f/ wu,fawmh xdEk ikd if rH mS ]y&f'g}eJyY wfoufvYkd tJ'v D kd owfrw S cf suf vH;k 0r&Syd gbl;/ uefo Y wfyw d yf ifrI vH;k 0r&Syd gbl;/ zuf&iS v f yk zf t Ykd wGuf wpfcsKd U i,f&, G w f t hJ rsKd ;orD;awG? rde;f uav;awGu ]y&f'g} rNcKH Mujcif;om jzpfygw,f/ tdraf xmifusvYkd ygupöwefuae a&TUajymif;vmwJh rde;f uav;i,f wpfO;D u uReaf wmfx h u H kd pma&;ygw,f/ olruvnf; twif;tMuyf ]y&f'g}z,f&mS ;cH&wm&,f? ywf0ef;usit f ajctae&,faMumifh ]y&f'g}udk z,f&mS ;vdu k &f aMumif; a&;om;xm;ygw,f/ uReaf wmf MopaMw;vsukd a&mufcphJ Ofu *svq f m&JU trsKd ;orD;tpDtpOfrmS ]y&f'g}eJY pyfvsO;f vdYk ajymMum;cJhwmaMumifh olru ]trsKd ;orD;tpDtpOfrmS ocifBu;D u y&f'geJpY yfvsO;f vdYk rdeMYf um;cJyh gw,f/ xkt d csed u f uRerf ]bG&u f m}0wfqifxm;ygw,f/ ocifBu;D rdeMYf um;wJh tcsed u f pNy;D uRerf 'D]bG&u f m}udk 0wfqifxm;cJyh gw,f/ 'gudk pGNJ rpJ mG 0wfqifEikd zf dYk BuKd ;pm;aeovd?k 'dt k m qkawmif;vnf; jyKvyk v f suf&ydS gw,f/} olru 'dt k m qkawmif;ay;zdt kY wGuv f nf; yefMum;xm;ygw,f/


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

tckvkd ]y&f'g}trdeu Yf kd bmaMumifh y,faeMuovJq&kd if usr;f jrwf uk&t f mefu rdeMYf um;xm;awmfrw l hJ trdeaYf wmfukd tjyefjyef tvSev f eS f oH;k oyfrrI jyKwmaMumifyh J jzpfygw,f/ aetdraf wGrmS vnf; 'geJyY wfoufvYkd ajymqdrk rI &Sw d maMumifv h nf; jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrt I wGuf raumif;rIawGukd tBurd Bf urd f Munh½f o I ;kH oyfz?Ykd aumif;rIawGukd txyfxyf ajymqdak ezdYk vdt k yfygw,f/ vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrt I ydik ;f rSm twm;tqD;jzpfapwJh owårajrmuf tcsuu f tcsi;f csi;f qufE, G rf eI YJ oabmxm;tjrifawG jzpfygw,f/ tJ'u D rS tv’m[ft&Sijf rwftm; cspaf Mumuf½u kd sKd ;rIrmS tm;enf;vm ygw,f/ rsm;aomtm;jzifh tvdak vmb? &if;ES;D aomqufE, G rf ?I aqGrsKd ;awmfpyfr?I cdu k &f efjzpfymG ;rI? &efNiKd ;zGrYJ ?I tmCmw pwmawGu usiBhf urH aI wG&UJ aumif;jrwfwt hJ pdwt f ydik ;f awGukd ay:vGix f if&mS ;cGihf rjyKawmhygbl;/ Oyrm- ]trmewf},HMk unftyfErHS I tydik ;f udyk MJ unhyf g/ vlom;u 'D]trmewf}wm0efukd tv’m[ft&Sijf rwfxrH aS pmifx h ed f;zdYk&m trdeYfay;xm; wJh wm0efwpfct k oGijf zifrh Munhb f J xl;jcm;wJhtajctaewpf&yfrmS tckvkd ]trmewf}wm0efaMumifh &eforl w d af qGtm;vH;k tay:rSm b,fvkd oufa&mufr&I rdS vJqw kd mudkom Munh½f yI gw,f/ 'Dvydk J ol[m ajzmifrh eS rf eI YJ ywfoufvv Ykd nf; tv’m[ft&Sijf rwfu ajzmifrh eS pf mG ajymqdzk Ykd trdeaYf y;xm;wmaMumifh ajymqdk&w,fvYkd rjrifb?J ol&UJ trSet f wdik ;f ajymqdrk aI Mumifh rdwaf qGeYJ aqGrsKd ;om;csi;f awGtwGuf xdcu kd ef pfemrIrsm; jzpfomG ;avrvm;qdw k hJ tjrifeMYJ unfyh gw,f/ vlwpfO;D u tjcm;wpfO;D eJq Y efu Y siv f suf xdo k [ l m rdru d kd wpfcsed u f epfematmifjyKcw hJ maMumifh ,aeY rdrt d wGuf tcGiahf umif;&Ny?D olu Y kd vufwek jYf yefr,f? oleq YJ efu Y siw f hJ oufaoudk xGuq f rkd ,fqNkd y;D &nf&, G v f suef YJ oufaoxGuq f Mkd uygw,f/


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

wu,fawmh usiBhf uw H nfaqmufryI ikd ;f rSm tm;enf;csuaf wG bmaMumifh jzpf&ovJq&kd if tv’m[ft&Sijf rwfukd cspaf MumufrrI &Sw d maMumifyh gyJ/ 'gaMumifh tv’m[ft&Sijf rwftm; cspaf Mumufjcif;&Sv d suf ]rdrEd iS hf qefu Y siv f sujf zpfap? rdrd csp&f olrsm;? rdbrsm;ESihf qefu Y siv f sujf zpfap oufaocH&rnfqykd guvnf; toifwo Ykd nf oufaocHMuuke?f ajzmifrh wf rSeu f efru I kd tpOfojzifh OD;xdyyf efqifMuuke}f qdw k hJ t&Sijf rwf&JU trdeaYf wmfukd tpOfojzifh rsuaf rSmufjyKxm;oifyh gw,f/ vufawGu Y siBhf uw H nfaqmufryI ikd ;f rSm t[eft Y wm;jzpfapwJh t|r taMumif;cHu rdr&d UJ rdom;pk todik ;f t0dik ;f udk jyKjyifwnfrh wfrI rjyKao;oa&GU usiBhf uw H nfaqmufrq I ikd &f m jyKjyifwnfrh wfa&;rSm tvGef cufcaJ eOD;rSm jzpfygw,f/ Oyrm- ZeD;? om;orD;awGuyg tjynht f 0 0dik ;f 0ef;ulnrD rI jyKbv J suf ]a',mewf} ,HMk unftm;ud;k xku d jf cif;qdkwJh *kPyf 'k u f rjynhpf akH o;ovdk tqift h wef;trSeu f kd ra&mufEikd af o;ygbl;/ tdraf xmifO;D pD;u b,favmufyif ][vmvf}ypön;f OpömawG &SmazGae ygap? tu,fí ZeD;jzpfou l tdref ;D csi;f xHrS vk,w l mrsKd ; 'grSr[kwf tjcm;wpfpw kH pfO;D udk wpfenf;enf;eJY epfematmifjyKvyk w f mrsKd ;? 'grSr[kwf om;jzpfou l vmbfpm;vd&Yk vmwJh ypön;f udk tdr, f v l mwmrsKd ; jzpfwt hJ cg xdt k rd &f UJ &dum© u ][vmvf} rjzpfEikd af wmhygbl;/ txl;ojzifh rdom;pkawG pkaygif;aexdik w f wfwhJ aetdraf wGrmS 'grsKd ; &Sw d wfygw,f/ xked nf;wlpmG yJ tjcm;aom jyKusirhf aI wGvnf; &Syd gao;w,f/ tdrrf mS &Sw d hJ rdom;pk0iftm;vH;k &JU usiBhf uw H nfaqmufru I wpfypkH w H nf;jzpfvsuf taumif;qH;k jzpfatmif rBuKd ;pm;bl;qd&k if wpfcsdecf sed rf mS wpfO;D &JU ayghavsmrh t I jypfu tjcm;wpfO;D udyk g oufa&mufomG ;aprSm jzpfygw,f/ ZeD;u aumif;jrwfojl zpfNy;D cifyeG ;f jzpfou l ][vmvf} ypön;f Opöm&SmazGrI rjyKb;l qd&k ifvnf; xdt k rd u f kd oufa&mufr&I adS erSm jzpfygw,f/ zcifu ermZf0wfjyKrb I ufukd tm½Hk&adS yr,fh om;orD;awGukd owdray;bl;qd&k if?


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

'grSr[kwf zcifu ajymayr,fh rdcifu ta&;rpdkuw f t hJ cg? 'grSr[kwf rdcifu owday;aeayr,fh zcifjzpfou l ermZfr&So d jl zpfaer,fq&kd if om;orD;awGu tJ'gudk twk,yl gvdrrhf ,f/ Ny;D cJw h hJ cGwb å mrSmvnf; 'geJpY yfvsO;f vdYk OyrmawGukd wifjycJNh y;D ygNy/D tv’m[ft&Sijf rwfu usr;f awmfjrwfu&k t f mefrmS rdeMYf um;awmfryl gw,f/ (rdrw d Ykd ud, k w f ikd u f v kd nf;aumif;? rdrw d \ Ykd rdom;pkuv kd nf;aumif; rD;rS u,fwifMuuke/f 66;7) toifw[ Ydk m rdrw d Ykd ud, k w f ikd u f kd rD;rS u,fwifvu kd ½f ekH YJ rNy;D ao;bl;? tjcm;olawGuykd g u,fwifzv Ykd nf; toifwrYdk mS wm0ef&w dS ,f/ tu,fí tjcm;olawGuykd g ru,fwifb;l qd&k if wpfaeYrmS olwu Ykd toifwu Ydk kd vnf; qG, J El pS jf rKyv f kdurf mS jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh usiBhf urH yI kdi;f qdik &f m jyKjyifwnfhrwfa&;twGuf rdom;pk wpfcv k ;kH u jyKjyifwnfrh wfrjI yKzkdY vdt k yfygw,f/ 'dtwGuf tm;vH;k u BuKd ;pm;Mu &rSm jzpfygw,f/ 'DxrJ mS tdraf xmifO;D pD;u t"duae&mrSm &Syd gw,f/ rsm;aomtm;jzifh ZeD;? om;orD;awGaMumifh arhavsmah yghqrIawG? 'grSr[kwf olw&Ykd UJ 'kua© wGtwGuf cHpm;&rIawG? 'grSr[kwf tvGet f uRH tvdv k u kd rf aI wGu rdru d , kd w f ikd ef YJ rdom;pkwpfcv k ;kH &JU jyKjyifwnfrh wfa&;rSm twm;tqD; jzpfapygw,f/ 'Dtcsuf 8 cktjyif tjcm; taMumif;cHawGvnf; &SEd idk yf gw,f/ t"duuswhJ tcsuaf wGuykd J wifjycJjh cif; jzpfygw,f/ 'gayr,fh teD;pyf qH;k uawmh taMumif;udpt ö m;vH;k udk aoaocsmcsm qef;ppfavhvm Munhrf ,fq&kd if 'Dtcsuf 8 ck em;rSmyJ 0dik ;f vsu&f adS eygw,f/ rnfoq Ykd akd p tESpcf sKyu f usiBhf uHwnfaqmufreI yYJ wfoufvYkd vlom;udk tv’m[ft&Sijf rwf&UJ vrf;awmfrS z,f&mS ;ypfr,fh twm;tqD;awG &Sad ew,fqw kd mygyJ/ xkt d &mawGu olu Y kd t&Sijf rwfEiS hf eD;pyfjcif;rS


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

a0;&modYk wGe;f z,fvu kd rf mS jzpfygw,f/ tu,fí uReaf wmfw[ Ydk m rdrw d &Ykd UJ usifBh uw H nfaqmufraI wGukd jyKjyifwnfrh wfvw kd ,fq&kd if 'Dtcsuaf wGukd owdjyKae&rSm jzpfygw,f/ ajymvdu k ½f o kH ufoufrQeYJ jyKjyifajymif;vJrI jzpfroGm;Edik yf gbl;/ jyKjyifajymif;vJru I kd ay:aygufap Edik w f hJ taMumif;tcsuaf wGukd vdu k ef musio hf ;kH zdv Yk nf; vdt k yfygw,f/ [mZ&wf rGwpf af varmft;l 'focifu Oyrmwpfcak y;ygw,f/ Oa&myrS tvGeaf usmMf um;wJh w&m;a[mq&m wpfa,muf&cdS yhJ gw,f/ olu tvGef jrifrh m;wJh rdecYf eG ;f awGukd ajymavh&ydS gw,f/ 'gayr,fh rdecYf eG ;f ajymwJt h cg ycH;k ESpzf ufukd txufatmuf t&Sed jf yif;jyif;eJY cgwwfwhJ tusiw hf pfck olrY mS &Syd gw,f/ vlawGu olu Y kd ]cifAsm;u rdecYf eG ;f ajymwm awmh tvGeaf umif;ygw,f/ 'gayr,fh ycH;k cgwwfwhJ tusiahf Mumifh em;axmifoltrsm;pku &,fMuw,f}vdYk ajymygw,f/ 'DaemufrmS xkw d &m;a[mq&mu olt Y m;enf;csuu f kd azsmufzBYkd uKd ;pm;cJyh gw,f/ 'gayr,fh raysmufygbl;/ 'geJY olu enf;vrf;wpfcx k iG Nf y;D 'Dtusiu hf kd azsmufcyhJ gw,f/ tJ'gu "m;ESpv f ufukd trd;k ay:uae olY ycH;k em; a&mufwt hJ xd wGaJ vmif;csxm;vdu k yf gw,f/ tJ'D "m;awG&UJ atmufrmS ol[m &yfNy;D rdecYf eG ;f tajymusichf yhJ gw,f/ olrY mS tusiyfh gaewJt h wdik ;f ycH;k awG vIy&f rf;wJt h cg "m;tcReu f ycH;k udk vmxdygw,f/ nmbufukd xdvu kd ?f b,fbufux kd v d u kd ef YJ &uftenf;i,fMum BuKd ;pm;rIjyKNy;D aemufrmS ol&Y UJ 'Dtusiu hf aysmufomG ;ygawmhw,f/ 'gaMumifh aumif;jrwfwhJ tusiw hf pfcu k kd arG;jrLzdt Yk wGuf vlom;[m xdak umif;rIukd rvGrJ a&SmifomatmifjyKusiv fh m&wJh enf;vrf;awGukd usio hf ;kH zdYk vdt k yfygw,f/ 'DtwGuf tm;vH;k [m pkaygif;vsuf BuKd ;pm;Mu&rSm jzpfygw,f/ aetdrw f ikd ;f u BuKd ;pm;zdYk vdt k yfygw,f/ tdrw f ikd ;f tdrw f ikd ;f rSm&Sw d hJ vly*k Kd¾ vw f ikd ;f u BuKd ;pm;&rSm jzpfygw,f/


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

'Dvkd BuKd ;pm;tm;xkwrf u I vnf; ]uk&b f meD} pGeYfvw T t f epfemcHrrI &Sb d J rjzpfEikd jf yefygbl;/ raumif;rIawGukd pGev Yf w T zf t Ykd wGuf tcuftcJawGY Edik w f hJ enf;vrf;awGukd usio hf ;kH zdv Yk t kd yfvm&ifvnf; usio hf ;kH &rSm jzpfyg w,f/ *srmtwftzGo YJ m;wdik ;f u qef;ppfMunhzf v Ykd ykd gw,f/ pGev Yf w T t f epf emcHzv Ykd ykd gw,f/ cdik rf mwJh oEéXd mefcszYkd vdyk gw,f/ 'Dvrkd Sr[kw&f ifawmh uReaf wmfw[ Ykd m rdrw d &Ykd UJ &nf&, G cf surf mS atmifjrifxajrmufEidk Mf urSm r[kwyf gbl;/ xk&d nf&, G cf suu f awmh [mZ&wfrqD[af rmft;l 'f(t) ocifBu;D yGiahf y:vmcJ&h wJh tvGef Bu;D jrwfwhJ &nf&, G cf sufygyJ/ 'gaMumifh uReaf wmfw&Ykd UJ ,HMk unfreI YJ usiBhf uw H nfaqmufraI wGukd tvGef jrifrh m;wJhtqifrh mS &Sad p&rSmjzpfNy;D b,fow l pfO;D wpfa,mufurS vufnKd§ ; rxd;k Edik af vmufwhJ tajctaersKd ;rSm &S&d ygr,f/ uReaf wmf ,cifu cGwb å mawGrmS ajymMum;cJNh y;D jzpfwt hJ wdik ;f uReaf wmfw[ Ykd m ,HMk unfrI qdik &f m uGi;f jyifrmS awmh tvGef crf;em;xnf0gwJh atmifjrifru I kd &&Scd NhJ y;D jzpfygw,f/ b,ftxdatmifvq J &kd if wpfcsed u f ,HMk unfcsuw f pfcck u k kd *srmtwfbufu wifjywJt h cg qefYusio f al wGbufu ypfypfcgcg y,fcscMhJ uygw,f/ 'gayr,fh ,aeYrmS awmh tcsKd U &efvo kd al wGuyif 'Dupd aö wGukd vufcv H mcJh&NyD jzpfygw,f/ ,aeY rGwpf vifawGxrJ mS (t) [mZ&wf tDpm [m aumif;uifay:odYk wufomG ;wmr[kwaf Mumif;? ol[m qif;oufvmawmhrmS r[kwaf Mumif; ,HMk unfoal wG &Sv d mcJyh gNy/D 'Dvakd jymqdjk cif;ESihf 'Dt,ltqudv k ufcjH cif;u b,fvt kd aMumif;aMumifyh J jzpfygap t[fr'D,m*srmtwf&UJ ,HMk unfcsuu f olw&Ykd UJ EIwu f kd ydwaf pvsuf olwu Ydk kd 'Dupd eö yYJ wfoufvYkd ,HMk unfvufcaH pcJjh cif;om jzpfygw,f/ wpfzef ]*s[ D m'f}eJyY wfoufvv Ykd nf; tcsKd U ynm&SiBf u;D awGu zGi[ hf ajymqdv k mMuygNy/D ,aeY ]*s[ D m'f}trnfcNH y;D jzpfysuaf ewmawG[m tMurf;zufro I ufoufjzpfaMumif;? ,aeYtcsed rf mS vufeufuikd f wdu k cf u kd f rIukd tpövmrfu cGirhf jyKawmhaMumif; pojzifh ajymqdv k maeMuygNy/D 'geJyY wfoufvYkd olw[ Ykd m b,fvykd if taxmuftxm;jyK ajymqdak eygap?


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

t[fr'D,wf&UJ oGeo f ifcsuu f yJ olwu Ykd kd tckvkd rjzpfrae vufcv H m atmif jyKcjhJ cif;om jzpfygw,f/ 'Dv&kd adS yr,fv h nf; uReaf wmfw[ Ykd m rdrw d &Ykd UJ vufawGjY yKusirfh yI ikd ;f udk Munhv f u kd w f t hJ cgrSmawmh uReaf wmfwrYkd mS ayghavsmrh IawG &Sad ewmudk awG&Y ygvdrrhf ,f/ urÇmavmuwpfcv k ;kH udk pHerlemjyoEkid Nf y;D urÇmu uReaf wmfwYkd *srmtwf&UJ xl;uJomvGerf u I kd vufrcHbJ raeEdik af vmufwhJ uReaf wmfw&Ykd UJ usiBhf uw H nfaqmufrq I ikd &f m touf0n d mOf[m uReaf wmf wdt Yk wGi;f rSm raygufzmG ;vmao;ygbl;/ jyKjyifwnfrh wfreI pYJ yfvsOf;vdYk tpövmrfu usio hf ;kH wnfaqmuf&r,fh enf;vrf;awGukd csjyxm;ayr,fh ,ckwikd af tmif uReaf wmfw[ Ykd m xdo k eG o f ifcsurf sm;twdik ;f tjynht f 0aemufvu kd ef mcHrI r&SMd uao;ygbl;/ 'gwifru rsm;aomtm;jzifh olwpfyg;&JU tao;tzGJ udpaö v;awGukd twk,Nl y;D tJ'b D ufukd wdr;f nGwo f mG ;wwfMuygw,f/ rdrw d [ Ykd m pHjyjzpf w,fqw kd mudk wpfjcm;olawG vufcv H matmifjyKvyk &f r,ft h pm; rdrw d kdY ud, k w f ikd u f twk,o l al wGjzpfomG ;Muvsuf olwpfyg;xHrS tao;tzGJ udpaö wGukd twk,yl gawmhw,f/ 'Dvakd Mumifh usio hf ;kH wnfaqmufryI ikd ;f t& wpfcsKd Uae&mawGrmS uReaf wmfwYkd t&Su&f Mu&ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh vdt k yfcsuu f vufawGu Y sio hf ;kH wnfaqmufrt I ydik ;f rSm atmifjrifr&I ,lzkdY ygyJ/ 'ghtjyif 'DacwfumvrSm uReaf wmfww Ykd awG tusKd ;&,lcpH m;cJw h hJ xdak &pifawmfukd tcsn;f ES;D rjzpfomG ;apbJ v,f,mawGukd a&oGi;f wJh tcgrSm txl;taxmuftuljyKwhJ acsmif;? ajrmif;awGxrJ mS yg pD;qif;ap &rSm jzpfygw,f/ 'Dvrkd [kwb f J [d[ k 'kd 'D D pD;awGomG ;aewJh a&awGvkd rjzpfygapeJ/Y 'ghtjyif uReaf wmfw[ Ykd m rdrw d &Ykd UJ twdik ;f twmawGukd uefo Y wfzv Ykd t kd yfygvdrrhf ,f/ ud, k w f ikd jf yKjyifwnfrh wfa&;twGuf rdrt d ay:rSm tcsKd Uaom uefo Y wfcsuaf wGukd jy|mef;zdYk vdt k yfygvdrrhf ,f/ 'Dvrdk yS J uReaf wmfw[ Ykd m rdrw d &Ykd UJ &nf&, G cf suu f kd &&SEd kdiyf gvdrrhf ,f/


raumif;aom tavhtusifhrsm;udk csdK;zsufjcif;

uReaf wmfw[ Ykd m ,HMk unfcsuq f ikd &f m wHwikd ;f awGukd cdik rf mapzdt Yk wGuf pGev Yf w T t f epfemcHcMhJ uw,fqw dk m oHo,r&Syd gbl;/ touf? pnf;pdrOf pöm? tcsed af wGukd pGev Yf LS cJMh uygw,f/ ,ckwikd f ay;vSLvsuv f nf;&Syd gw,f/ 'gayr,fh usiBfh uw H nfaqmufrq I ikd &f m wHwikd ;f awGuakd wmh *½kpu kd o f ifh oavmuf *½krpdu k rf Md uygbl;/ [mZ&wf rGwpf af varmft;l 'f(&'D)ocifu 'DtaMumif;udk aumif;rGew f t hJ oGi?f pum;vH;k tusO;f eJY rdeMYf um;awmfrcl yhJ gw,f/

tvGef

],ckxd uReaf wmfw[ Ykd m ,HMk unfcsuq f ikd &f m wHwikd ;f ESpcf u k kd wnfaqmuf Ny;D jzpfayr,fh usiBhf uw H nfaqmufrq I ikd &f m wHwikd ;f ESpcf u k akd wmh rwnfaqmuf&ao;ygbl;/ 'Dvakd Mumifyh J cd;k om;"m;jyawG 0ifa&mufvsuf uReaf wmfw&Ykd UJ ypön;f OpömawGukd ,laqmifomG ;aeygw,f/ 'gayr,fh uRefawmfw[ Ykd m ]uk&b f meD} pGev Yf w T t f epfemcHraI wGeYJ rdrw d &Ykd UJ wHwikd ;f av;bufukd tjynht f 0 wnfaqmufvu kd rf ,fq&kd if olc;kd ol0u S f awG 0ifa&mufzYkd vrf;aMumif;awG tm;vH;k ydwo f mG ;ygvdrrhf ,f/} 'gaMumifh ,aeY uReaf wmfw[ Ydk m t"d|mefjyKMuzdYk vdt k yfygw,f/ uReaf wmfw[ Ykd m rdrw d u Ykd , kd w f ikd &f UJ qE´awGuv kd nf; pGev Yf w T pf aw;yghr,f? rdrw d &Ykd UJ ZeD;? om;orD;awG&UJ tvdq k E´awGuv kd nf; pGev Yf w T pf aw;yghr,f? 'gwifru uReaf wmfw&Ydk UJ vufawGjY yKjyifwnfrh wfrq I ikd &f m wHwikd ;f awG[m cdik rf moxufcikd rf mvmapzdt Yk wGuf tvH;k pHak om pGev Yf w T t f epfemcHrI awGukd jyKvyk zf Ykd BuKd ;pm;oGm;yghr,f? uReaf wmfw[ Ykd m olprd ;f ol&aH wGa&SUrSm t&Su&f olawGvnf;rjzpfapovdk uReaf wmfw&Ykd UJ tdrfawGrmS olc;kd ol0Suf awG 0ifa&mufvsuf uReaf wmfwu Ykd kd qH;k ½H;I rI ay:aygufatmif jzpfapEdik rf mS r[kwyf gbl;vdYk t"d|mefjyKMu&ygr,f/ tv’m[ft&Sijf rwfonf uReaf wmfwt Ykd m;vH;k udk pGr;f tm;ay;awmfryl gap/ - tmrD;ef –

þodYk

jyKvyk Ef ikd &f ef


owif;u@

(ordik ;f aemufc)H wefc;kd MoZm tifrwefBu;D rm;aom a&mrtifyg,mBu;D onf bDpD 63 cefw Y iG f ygvufpwdik ;f Edik if iH ,fav;udk odr;f ydu k fxm;Ny;D jzpfonf/ ygvufpwdik ;f Edik if t H aemufyikd ;f wGif emZ&wfrnfaom awmifuek ;f i,fav; wpfck&NdS y;D xdak wmifuek ;f teD; &Gmuav;wpf&mG wGif tifr&mefEiS fh [efemwdYk\orD;av; rm&drnfaom tysKd pifav;wpfO;D &Sdav\/ rdcifjzpfo[ l efemonf rm&drarG;rDtvsiu f yif arG;zGm;vmrnfu h av;tm; a*s½pk vif0wfausmif;awmftm; tvkyt f auR;jyK&ef pGev Yf LS ygrnf[k opömqd"k |d mefjyKcahJ vonf/ [efemonf 0wfausmif;awmfü tvkyt f auR; jyK&ef om;a,musfm;av;ud&k &Sv d í kd qkawmif;cJ\ h / taMumif;rl xdkacwf xdt k cgwGif om;a,musmf ;av;om 0wfausmif;awmftm; tvkyt f auR; jyK&efoifah wmfNy;D bk&m;vlBu;D rsm;uvnf; vufcx H m;Muonfh xHk;pH&Sd aomaMumifh jzpfavonf/ odaYk omf om;a,musfm;av; arG;zGm;rvmbJ orD;rde;f uav; rm&d zGm;jrifav\/ xdak omtcg [efemonf olrü


owif;u@

orD;rde;f uav; arG;zGm;vmjcif;twGuf aomuBu;D pGmjzpfvsuf xm0&bk&m;ocifxHü þodjYk rnfwrf;av\/ ]td-k t&Si?f uReaf wmfrsdK;ronf orD;rde;f uav;udk zGm;jrifyg\/} (uk&t f mef 3;37) xdo k nft h cg t&Sijf rwfu ]toifr rnfonfukd zGm;jrifchJaMumif; igt&Sif onf ydrk í kd aumif;pGmod&adS wmfrl\} (uk&t f mef 3;37)[k jyefvnf ajzMum;avonf/ qdv k o kd nfrmS þrde;f uav;wGif xl;uJaom pGr;f tif t&nftaoG;wdYk ude;f 0yfaeonfukd igt&Sio f ad wmfrl\[lí jzpfonf/ tcsed u f mvwdo Yk nf wa&GUa&GUukeq f ;kH vmNy;D rm&donfvnf; t&G,af &mufvm\/ t&G,fa&mufonft h cg olronf ygvufpwdik ;f wGif tjrifjh rwf tpifMu,fq;kH aom tysKd pifav;wpfO;D tjzpf xif&Sm;av\/ wpfaeYü 0wfausmif;awmftwGi;f olr0wfjyKaepOf aumif;uifwref wpfyg;onf bk&m;ocifxrH S om;awmfwpfyg;&&Srd nft h aMumif; owif; pum;udk aqmif,v l mum olra&SUwGif ud, k x f ifjy\/ aumif;uif wrefonf tvGev f yS cefn Y m;aom vli,ftoGijf zifh olra&SUwGif ay:vmjcif;jzpfonf/ olronf pifMu,fjrifhjrwfaom tysKd pifjzpf&um; xdo k Ykd olprd ;f a,musmf ;wpfO;D u olrteD; csO;f uyfvmonfujkd rifavaomf wkev f yI af jcmufjcm;vsuf aemufoq Ykd w k v f u kd Nf y;D - ]uRefawmfrsKd ;ronf bk&m;ocifxaH wmfyg;ü cdv k yHI g\/ tu,fírsm; toifonf t&Sijf rwftm; ½ku d sKd ;OD;cdu k o f jl zpfygrl ,ckyif tuRerf xHrS cGmavmh} [k qdv k u kd af vonf/ xdt k cg aumif;uifwrefu ]uREyfk o f nf xm0&bk&m;&Six f rH S toifrxH apvTwjf cif;cH&aom apwrefwyg; jzpfyg\/ toifrwGif rsm;rMumrD y#doaE¨pu JG m om;a,musmf ;av; zGm;jrifrnft h aMumif; owif;aumif;yg;&ef vm&jcif;jzpfygonf}[k ajymav\/


owif;u@

aumif;uifwrefxrH S xdo k nfh owif;pum;Mum;&onft h cg olrü Bu;D pGmaom pd;k &drrf u I kd jzpfap\/ taMumif;rl olronf rnfonfh a,musfm;om; wpfO;D wpfa,mufEiS ahf omfrQ uRr;f 0ifczhJ ;l jcif; r&Sad om aMumifjh zpf\/ odEYk iS hf rm&du ]rnfonfah ,musfm;wpfO;D rQ tuRerf tm; xdawGUjcif;r&Syd gbJvsuf todv Yk Qif tuRerf ü y#doaE¨pu JG m om; a,musmf ;av; &Edik yf gtHeh nf;/} xdo k nft h cg aumif;uifwrefu- ]toifr\zefqif;&Sio f nf xdo k o Ykd m tvdk&adS wmfrl\/ t&Sit f vd&k o dS nfwo Ykd nf rkcsjzpf&rnf/ t&Sijf rwfonf rdrt d vd&k o dS nft h &mudk jyKprG ;f Edik af wmfrl\/ (toifr\) xdo k m;awmfonf vlcyford ;f wdt Yk zdYk trSwv f u©Pmwpf&yftjzpf wGiu f sev f rd rhf nf/ xdjYk yif t&Sijf rwfbufrS u½kPmawmfvnf; jzpfcsrd rhf nf/ þonf owfrw S Nf y;D jzpfaomt&m jzpfownf;/} (uk&ftmef 19 ; 21-22) xdo k jYkd zifh ocifrav; rm&dü rnfonfah ,musmf ; wpfO;D wpfa,mufrQ\ xdawGjY cif;r&Sb d v J suf t&Sit hf vdkawmfjzifh y#doaE¨ aeav\/ rm&donf xyfíwpfzef tdyrf ufü aumif;uifwrefukd jrif\/ tdyrf ufwiG f aumif;uifwrefu om;awmfav;\ trnfemrudk rm&d\ om; rqD[m? a,½I(tDpm)tjzpf wGiaf prnft h aMumif; owif;ay;vm jcif;jzpf\/ xdjYk yif ]xdo k m;awmfav;onf þavmuurÇmwGif vnf;aumif;? wrvGew f iG v f nf;aumif; xm0&bk&m;&SiEf iS hf eD;pyfow l t Ykd eufrS jzpfvrd rhf nf} [k ajymMum;avonf/ (ocifa,½I zGm;jrifawmfrcl ef;) odjYk zifh ocifrav; rm&donf om;awmfukd arG;zGm;&ef tcsed u f mvwdYk eD;oxufe;D uyfvmonfEiS t hf rQ y#doaE¨rmS vnf; wpxufwp odomvdYk vm\/ vlwo Ykd nf ocifrtm; trsKd ;rsKd ;taxGaxG vDq,fvyk Bf uu H m


owif;u@

,d;k pGyMf uavonf/ rwwfomonft h qH;k vlwEYkd iS ahf 0;&mt&yf a'o&yf0ef; awmifwef;? awmifMum;rsm; aygrsm;&m a'owGif om;awmfav; arG;zGm;&ef ajymif;a遜GUoGm;av\/ xdt k &yfonf yif ocifc&pfawmf zGm;oefpY if&m a'ovnf;jzpfonf/ xdNk rdKUav;onf emZ&wfNrKd UESihf rdik af ygif; 70 rQ a0;vHNy;D yifv,fa&rsuEf mS jyiftxuf ay 2000 rQjrifah om awmifwef;i,frsm;jzifh 0ef;&HumpD;xm;onfh a'oyifjzpfonf/ a&pD;onf awmifuek ;f av;rsm;Mum;rS auGu Y m0du k u f m jzifh vSypGm woGio f iG pf ;D ae\/ teD;0ef;usiw f iG f xef;tke;f yifrsm; tESaYH ygufa&mufvsu&f NdS y;D pGeyf vGyH ifrsm;jzifv h nf; jynhv f su&f adS vonf/ xdo k v Ykd yS pdr;f pdv k suf&adS om t&yfa'oonfyif om;awmfav; arG;zGm;&m a'ojzpfonf/ pGefyvGo H ;D rsm;oD;aom? xef;tke;f yifrsm; &Sio f efprd ;f pdk aom &moDrmS aEG&moDjzpfNy;D 'DZifbmuJo h Ykd cdu k cf du k fwek af tmifat;aom aqmif;&moDr[kwaf cs/

xdjYk yif or速musr;f pmvm ]xdjk ynfrmS od;k xde;f wdo Yk nf nOft h cg awmt&yf端 wnf;cdkvsuf rdro d ;kd pkukd apmifah eMuonf} (&Siv f u k m 2 ; 8) [lonfh &Siv f u k mc&pf0ifusr;f csut f &vnf; 'DZifbmvr[kwaf Mumif; xif&mS ;avonf/ taMumif;rl ygvufpwdik ;f Edik if H\ aqmif;&moDonf tvGecf sr;f at;vSNy;D awmt&yfuiG ;f jyif端 tuG,t f umr&Sb d J [if;vif;


owif;u@

Avmjzifh ntdyzf &Ykd mrjzpfEikd b f J awmifch í J aoukeMf urnft h a&;udk pd;k &drpf &m&Sad omaMumifyh if jzpfonf/ ocifa,½I zGm;oefpY if&eftcsed o f aYkd &mufvwfaomf r,fawmfrm&d onf pGeyf vGyH ifatmufo0Ykd ifvsuf rSx D ikd u f m emusirf I'Pfukd tvl;tvJ cHpm;&&Smavonf/ xdo k jYkd zifh olronf Bu;D pGmaom toHjzifh Ni;D jiLav\/ ]þt&mtm;vH;k rwdik rf D tuRerf onf aoqH;k oGm;vQiaf omfvnf;aumif;? arharsmoGm;vQifaomfvnf;aumif; aumif;aypG/} xdo k nft h cg olrxH awmifMum;0ef;usirf S bk&m;ocifh toHawmf onf a&muf&v dS mavonf/ ]toifr rSv D su&f adS om tyifukd vIycf gygav/ rSn0hf if;aeaom pGeyf vGo H ;D wdo Yk nfh toifrxHa<uusvmvdrrhf nf/ xdt k oD;wdu Yk pkd m;í toifrteD;&Sd woGio f iG pf ;D aomprf;rS a&Munfuakd omufo;kH vsuf em;ae avmh/} (uk&t f mef 19 ; 24-27) tu,fí aqmif;&moDjzpfygrl prf;acsmif;rSa&onf pD;awGEikd rf nf r[kwb f J at;cJaeygvdrrhf nf/ tcsKyq f &kd aomf a,½Ic&pfawmf zGm;oefpY ifonfu h mvrSm aqmif;&moD('DZifbm)r[kwb f J pGeyf vGyH ifrsm; oD;yGiEhf ikd af om? xef;tke;f yifrsm; pdr;f vef;&Sio f efEikd af om? awmifusprf;a&rsm; woGio f iG pf ;D awGEikd af om? v,fuiG ;f jyifü od;k xde;f wdo Yk nf tuG,t f um r&Sd NcKH apmifrvdb k J tdypf ufEikd af om aEG&moD (Zlvikd ?f Mo*kwv f rsm;)üom zGm;oefpY ifEikd pf &m &Srd nfwnf;/

( ygonf/)

rS aqmif;yg;udk bmomjyefqkd azmfjyvdu k f


Fst20131220 in myanmar translation