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PU B LISHED SIncE 199 6 No. 6 (225) /2015 :: www.polishmarket.com.pl

InnovatIon, ChemICal Industry, defenCe seCtor

andrzej

“We are leading automation into the future”

soldaty

General ManaGer, Festo sp. z o.o.


PCO S.A. “By carrying out orders for the benefit of the arms industry we exert influence on the potential of Polish defence. Therefore, we are obliged to preserve the highest standards and continuously improve our products.�

Innovations for the safety of the population

PCO S.A. 28 Jana Nowaka-Jezioranskiego St., PL 03-982 Warsaw, Poland e-mail: pco@pcosa.com.pl www.pcosa.com.pl


Innovation

Chemical Industry

Space Industry

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Andrzej Duda - the new President of Poland Czesław Mroczek, deputy Minister of Defence: The sum of forces Military University of Technology Michał Świtalski, Member of the Board, Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa (Polish Armaments Group, PGZ): Polish Armaments Group is part of state security Ryszard Kardasz, President and Director General of PCO SA, President of PIT-RADWAR SA: Poland’s only producer of optoelectronic products 11th International Conference and Exhibition Advanced Technologies for Homeland Defence and Border Protection Józef Kosacki – an unknown designer of a well-known mine detector Prof. Marek Banaszkiewicz, President of the Polish Space Agency: Polish Space Agency vis-à-vis the national defence capacity Paweł Wojtkiewicz, President of the Polish Space Industry Association: The space sector as an opportunity for Polish companies

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Centre of Space Technologies Marie-Catherine Palau and Mirosław Denis, Management Board of Astri Polska sp. z o.o.: Innovative solutions for space & satellite market. Bringing science into practice Tomasz Zieliński, President of the Polish Chamber of Chemical Industry (PIPC): We are creating a platform for discussion about Polish industry Justyna Wietecha, Danuta Ciechańska, Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres (IBWCH): Biomass a source of raw materials for the economy Zbigniew Winkiel, President of the Management Board, Agat SA: The oil sector is a kind of progress driver

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Events

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From The Government Information Centre

Finance

Defence Sector

Our Guest

SPIS TREŚC CONTENTS

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Jerzy Majchrzak, Director of the Department of Innovation and Industry in the Ministry of the Economy: Innovation through the Polish solutions

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Prof. Ryszard Pregiel, President of the Polish Chamber of Commerce for High Technology: We help in applying advanced technologies

Comprehensive laboratory research for industry Andrzej Soldaty, General Menager of Festo Sp. z o.o.: Leading automation into the future Patpol provides top quality services Zbigniew Mularzuk, President of Nano Carbon Sp. z o.o.: A huge amount of myths has accrued around graphene The 6th Innovation Forum in Rzeszów Tadeusz Ferenc, Mayor of Rzeszów: Effective implementation of the catchline “Rzeszów - the capital of innovation” Congress focused on Polish innovation and cooperation with the Americas The E. Kwiatkowski Medal of the Central Industrial District (COP) Maciej Proliński: Work which requires continuation Port of Gdynia significant part in the development of the network of Motorways of the Sea Adam Dybcio, President of the Paving Services Utility Adrog: Innovations in Construction Anna Konarska, President of MultiContract: Innovations attract attention, focus it on the product and guarantee increased sales Amadeusz Kowalski, Vice-President of the Board, Tubądzin Group: We have combined business and art The 13th edition of the Economic Award of the President of the Republic of Poland European Congress of Local Governments Foreign Expansion of Local Brands

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A testament to the national thinking about the future

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Halina Zubrzycka, MD, owner of the Wellness Centre “Spa w Raju” (Spa in Paradise): Quality makes for effectiveness

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Krzysztof Przybył, President of the Foundation for Polish Promotional Emblem “Teraz Polska”: Teraz Polska the brand of brands Maciej Proliński: The one who borne witness


Oer details are available at: http://www.port.szczecin.pl/pl/bip/przetargi/nieruchomości


73

Economic Monitor

Cultural Monitor Maciej Proliński: Time for Royal Castle’s gardens Maciej Proliński: Man and his cosmos

Okładka / Cover: Andrzej Soldaty, General Menager of Festo Sp. z o.o. Zdjęcia w numerze / Photos on issue: www.shutterstock.com

SPIS TREŚCI CONTENTS

Culture

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Maciej Proliński: In the run-up to the Chopin piano competition

6/2015

DTP: Godai Studio www.godai.pl

President: Krystyna Woźniak-Trzosek

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Contributors: Agnieszka Turakiewicz

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Editorial

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More readiness to spend on defence

oland’s development policy faces quite many serious challenges and dilemmas. Changing the basis for the country’s economic competitiveness on international markets and enhancing the propensity to invest in the real economy are the two most important challenges. As for the first issue, it seems everything has already been said at the level of general slogans and deliberations. Our competitiveness was largely, though not exclusively, based on demographic factors, which enabled reducing labour costs and meant that Polish products were relatively cheap. However, this period is drawing to a close, even though immigration from the East, mainly Ukraine, supports to some extent this kind of competitiveness in Poland. What do we have instead? The government’s updated convergence programme for 2015 speaks of accelerating the pace of growth in productivity and a gradual increase in the role of capital in generating economic growth. This means mainly innovation, although this slogan, repeated over and over again, may give us a sense of another national failure. But is that sense justified? The recent report on the profitability of investment in research and development, prepared by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) and the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR), points to renewed interest from Polish businesses in R&D activity supporting innovation in business as indicated by an increase in R&D investment. We, at “Polish Market,” have also noticed this new trend. Instead of boring the reader with successive statistical data, let me cite a real-life example. Several years ago, we granted “Polish Market’s” Honorary Pearl award to Prof. Jan Lubiński for his world-class discoveries in the area of research into tumour markers. The success was mainly scientific in nature, but the professor and his associates have drawn conclusions from that. Prof. Cybulski and Prof. Lubiński have recently published an article in “Nature Genetics” about the discovery of a new breast cancer susceptibility gene called RECQL (the issue of gene mutations causing cancer was publicized two years ago by Angelina Jolie). This time, however, the researchers have come up not only with a publication but also with genetic tests. This means the road to the application of the discovery for therapeutic purposes and its commercialization is open. As the international situation has changed, we are now prepared to spend more on defence and national security. The programme to spend PLN130 billion on this purpose means the decision to invest quite a lot of money. And there is the dilemma of how to reconcile current and future needs of the armed forces, including those operating in cyberspace, with the imperative to spend the money in a way benefiting the Polish economy. This may be quite easy with the Future Soldier programme where it will be worthwhile to pay, say, the Moratex company for a new-generation of vests, helmets and other personal protection equipment that no one in the world now has. This is difficult in the case of helicopters where we have unclear tenders of foreign manufacturers with production sites in Poland, on the one hand, and a European partner hoping to take part in the development of new technologies, on the other. Will the experience of the Łódź University of Technology and Prof. Krysiński in designing the world’s fastest helicopter, Airbus Hybrid X3, be a sufficient guarantee to invest billions? In what other spheres is it worth investing public money to stimulate economic development in coming years? I think education may be one of them. It is becoming increasingly clear that our educational strategy has had its day. Firstly, it is so because of demographic reasons. Successive classes of children and young people are now less and less numerous. The explosion of nonstate schools and colleges, educating hundreds of thousands of specialists in advertising, marketing and the management of who knows what, people who then rush to take unskilled jobs in countries richer than Poland, is over. At the same time, state-run higher educational establishments have seen a revolution in funding scientific research activity and investing in their infrastructure. This potential has to be exploited now because, although billions have already been spent, Poland has only one university left among the world’s 500 best universities making up the Shanghai Ranking. A revolution is also needed in secondary education and its financing. Is it strange that the fundamentals of this reforms, including financial ones, are being worked out at the Ministry of the Economy. Two important events for the Polish chemical sector are upcoming. First, the 2ndPolish Chemistry Congress, organised by the Polish Chamber of the Chemical Industry, which has become an important platform to discuss innovation and modern solutions in the chemical industry and share experiences. Second, the 6th Innovation Forum in Rzeszów, whose core theme will be plastics and their applications. The Innovation Forum will be accompanied by the Forum of Space and Satellite Technologies. The organisers of the Forum and the editorial board of “Polish Market” will present Business Innovation Awards, which are meant to honour those who deserve special credit for bringing together the world of innovation and the world of business through, among other things, the successful implementation of innovative solutions. Krystyna Woźniak-Trzosek Editor-in-Chief President of Rynek Polski Publishers Co. Ltd.

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Prime Minister

Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz meets Vice-President of the European Commission Andrus Ansip rime Minister Ewa Kopacz met on May 14 with Vice-President of the European Commission Andrus Ansip to discuss the European Commission’s strategy for creating a digital single market in Europe. The Commission had announced the strategy on May 6. Andrus Ansip is the commissioner responsible for the digital single market. The visit to Poland was his first foreign visit after the publication of the strategy. It initiated a round of consultations with member states. Creating the digital single market is one of the three key initiatives of President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker, the other two being the energy union and the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). The digital single market is to become the main driver of economic growth, and contribute to enhancing the competitiveness of the European Union on global markets and improving the situation on the European labour market. Poland works actively towards building the digital single market. The strategy is now subject to public consultations conducted by the Ministry of Administration and Digitization.

Photo: M. Śmiarowski KPRM

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Meeting between the prime minister and UN secretary-general

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rime Minister Ewa Kopacz met in the coastal city of Gdańsk on May 7 with Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon. Among the topics discussed was the situation in Ukraine and the role of Poland in the United Nations. They also talked about negotiations concerning the United Nations’ Post2015 Development Agenda. They were agreed that it should be universal and ensure sustainable development at national, regional and global level. Preparations for a climate summit were also discussed. The UN secretary-general was in Gdańsk to attend commemorations of the 70th anniversary of the end of the Second World War.

Prime minister meets with the management of the PGZ armaments group and military commanders

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rime Minister Ewa Kopacz and Polish President Bronisław Komorowski met in the central city of Radom on May 6 with the management of the PGZ armaments group and commanders of the Polish armed forces. “Security is a priority of my government,” the prime minister said after the meeting in the Łucznik arms plant. She stressed that Poland’s security was based on two pillars: membership of NATO and strong and modern armed forces. The armed forces need modern hardware to be strong, said the prime minister, adding that for the armed forces to have modern hardware Poland needed to have centres - like the one in Radom – producing modern hardware and transferring innovation from science to manufacturing practice. Ewa Kopacz said one of the key decisions taken recently was the one to increase spending on the Polish armed forces from 1.95% of GDP to 2% in 2016. She also stressed the importance of arms production in the Łucznik plant for job creation. The PGZ group, which brings together over 30 companies, produces hardware for the Polish armed forces. It is headquartered in Radom. Ewa Kopacz said PGZ would benefit from offset contracts worth billions of zlotys.

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President

Andrzej Duda

Photo: PAP

the new President of Poland

T

he winner of the second round of the presidential election held on May 24 is Andrzej Duda. He will serve as President of Poland for the next five years. Duda defeated Bronisław Komorowski who was seeking re-election after one term in office following the tragic demise of Lech Kaczyński in 2010. Andrzej Duda was born on 16 May 1972 in Kraków. In 1991 he began his studies at the Faculty of Law and Administration at the Jagiellonian University. He obtained his Master’s degree in February 1997 and became a teaching fellow at the Department of Administrative Procedure at the Administrative Law Department of the Jagiellonian University in 2001. In January 2005 he earned his PhD with a thesis titled “Legal interest in the Polish administrative law”. His adventure with politics began in 2005, when he became an expert on legislation of the Parliamentary Club of the Law and Justice party (PIS). On 1 August 2006 he was appointed Deputy Minister of Justice but resigned on 15 November 2007 following his election by Parliament as a member of the State Tribunal. On 16 January 2008 President Lech Kaczyński appointed Andrzej Duda Undersecretary of State in the President’s Office. In July 2010, after the election of Bronisław Komorowski as President of Poland, Duda resigned. A candidate on PIS ticket, he was elected MP in 2011, with 79,981 votes in Kraków. He was names Vice-President of the Committee on Constitutional Accountability. On 25 May 2014 he won a seat in the European Parliament, credited with 97,996 votes. On 6 December 2014 the Council of the Law and Justice approved the candidacy of Andrzej Duda for the office of President of Poland. “The President who is elected must serve the nation, must listen and be open. (...) Therefore, the doors to the Presidential Palace will be open for community initiatives which I am in favour of, but also for those about as to which I have doubts,” said Duda on the election night. “In democracy we differ in opinions, because such is its nature. What builds community is first of all mutual respect and, God willing, kindness. I would like this to be recreated because it lacks.” He added that he believed he would be able to contribute to making it a reality. “I would like to think that after five years of my presidency my compatriots will say that they could speak with conviction: Andrzej Duda is the president of all Poles. In this very sense that he listens to the people, is open to them, doesn’t exclude or ignore anyone, and does everything to close divisions,” he said. According to polls conducted by Ipsos, Andrzej Duda won against Bronisław Komorowski in almost all age groups. His result was worse only among 30-39 year-olds. When broken down by education, Komorowski won only among voters with higher education. Duda was credited with 66.4% of farmers, 61.9% of physical workers, 63.8% of students, 62.4% of the unemployed and 52.9% of pensioners. Duda also won in the category “other profession” (54.3%) and narrowly among those employed in administration and services. (50.2%). Komorowski received majority support only among business owners and co-owners (58.2%), directors, managers and specialists (59.4%). The pillars of the election platform of Andrzej Duda include: Family, Work, Security and Dialogue. The new President is married with one daughter. 6/2015  polish market

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Our Guest

The sum of forces Czesław Mroczek, Deputy Minister of Defence

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he Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland, like in other countries, are going through a thorough transformation. It is related to a long-term period of changes taking place in our country in terms of the political regime, military alliances, participation in peace-keeping missions abroad, and of course the modernization of equipment and armaments. This process is a continuous function on the axis representing the effort of building the national defence capacity, and the fulfillment of our commitments as a member of the North Atlantic Alliance we acceded to 16 years ago. These changes are gaining special importance now when the security situation in the region has deteriorated. The events that occurred in the aftermath of the outbreak of the “Ukrainian Spring” confirmed especially the Old Continent in its conviction of the fragility of state structures or past negligence with respect to training soldiers or replacing obsolete military equipment. In the face of the information wars and hybrids combining propaganda and misinformation or even terrorism we must

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have a stable state supported by a strong economy and welltrained and well-equipped armed forces. Changes in Poland gained momentum in the first decade of the new millennium. The process of professionalisation of the Polish Army started: recruitment was suspended, manpower was set at 120,000 soldiers and fully professional military service was introduced, post-Soviet equipment was changed into armaments used by NATO. “The Technological Modernisation Plan of the Polish Armed Forces for the Years 2013-2022” is Poland’s second largest investment programme. It provides for the realisation of 14 operational programmes aimed at expanding our defence and deterrence potentials by increasing our capabilities in terms of destruction, survival, reconnaissance, communication and command. 2015 is a breakthrough year from the point of view of making important decisions regarding modernisation. A month ago, we decided to choose a medium-range air and missile defence system code-named “Wisła,” which will be supplied by way of an agreement between the governments of Poland and the United States. We gave trust to the most


Our Guest proven solution used in 13 countries and tested in combat conditions. Ryatheon and its latest “Patriot” will defend our sky from 2019. The system, built specifically to suit Polish needs, will be equipped with the latest PAC-3MSE missiles, with the configuration based on the surveillance radar system and open architecture. At the same time, in a tender for a multi-purpose helicopter Airbus’s Caracal was allowed to enter the testing stage. A few days ago, check-ups started in order to determine if parameters declared by the manufacturer are consistent with the values declared ​​ on offer. Not until successfully completed will able to announce the winner of the tender. The helicopters will secure mobility of land forces, participate in special operations, combat search and rescue, medical evacuation and anti-submarine warfare. Contracts in tenders where our domestic defence industry is not capable of delivering advanced weapons because the manufacturers do not have the required production technology will be awarded to foreign suppliers. The procedure is in accordance with European regulations, in particular with Article 346 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which allows to protect the essential security interests of the state. This involves primarily creating a national capacity to maintain, service, repair, overhaul and manufacture specific equipment or weapons in Poland in order to secure the operationality of the product throughout its lifetime without being in direct relation with its foreign supplier. This will make possible the transfer of key - from the point of view of building defence capacity - technologies and know-how, and therefore will give Polish science and industry a chance to develop. We assume a similar procedure for the acquisition of attack helicopters, which are ultimately supposed to replace the “flying tanks” Mi-24 used in Iraq and Afghanistan. Today’s armed conflicts have also affected the development of unmanned platforms, especially the flying ones for both reconnaissance and destruction purposes. The most advanced ones with the possibility of destruction will also be supplied in cooperation with a foreign partner. There are few countries in the world that have such advanced technologies and equipment. This year marks the formal end of work on the new-type submarines which, after last year’s debate in the parliamentary Committee on National Defence and studies by the Defence Ministry, will be equipped with cruise missiles capable of destroying strategic targets in enemy territory. This is an important element of the so-called “Polish Fangs,” which will enhance our destruction capacity and therefore increase our deterrence capacity. In addition to armed UAVs and helicopters code-named “Kruk,” they will include airto-surface standoff missiles AGM-158 JASSM for the F-16s, cruise missiles NSM and RBS-15 used by the Navy, or longrange multiple rocket launchers “Homar.” We are thus increasing the range of our missile ranges from tens to hundreds of kilometers. For the tenders that are within the reach of our industry we want to address directly Polish companies as far as allowed by the EU regulations. This was the case with warships – a mine hunting vessel “Kormoran II” or a patrol vessel “Ślązak” - and will be the case with another 6 watercraft: 3 coastal defence vessels “Miecznik” and 3 mine hunting patrol vessels “Czapla.” Polish suppliers will also be given contracts for unmanned aerial vehicles in the mini version as well as tactical short-range platforms. Polish manufacturers have

sufficient experience in this field to be tasked with it. It is also in Poland that one of the world’s few “Soldier of the Future” programmes called “Tytan” is being developed fitted with a battlefield imaging system, reconnaissance system, load carrying equipment, and fit for fight, survival and defence. Many innovative projects are related to research and development activities, which are co-financed by the Ministry of Defence and the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR). A perfect example is the infantry fighting vehicle. Poland needs more than 1,000 items which will be overhauled and serviced in the future, and possibly even exported. There are many countries in Europe and in the world that still use the old BWP 1 that have their best years behind them. It is a great opportunity which we believe should be harnessed. Polish science and business are also engaged in designing and building the successors of the T-72, tanks which are slowly becoming obsolete, and the PT-91, support vehicles. A new wheeled armoured personnel carrier, the younger brother of “Rosomak” which proved itself in Afghanistan, is already in the making. In total, over 50 projects for the military worth about PLN 1.6 billion are implemented under NCBiR. These include, in addition to the aforementioned platforms, the elements of the air and missile defence system, cyberdefence and cybercombat systems, modernisation of missile troops and artillery, and the reconnaissance satellite system. Modernisation of the armed forces serves two vital purposes. Firstly, it is about the need to fit the armed forces with the most modern equipment and weapons. Secondly, we want it to be a chance for Polish industry and science to develop and contribute to building the country’s defence capacity. Therefore, dispersed industry, which competed with itself at times, has been consolidated under a single banner – Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa (Polish Armaments Group). We hope that with one major state-owned operator that manages the entire Polish arms industry it will be easier to conducts negotiations and tenders. Modernisation of the armed forces is so important that some of its aspects were discussed at the NATO summit in Newport in 2014. The need was recognized for greater investment in national defence by Member States, with a particular emphasis on the exchange of equipment and adapting it to the requirements of the modern battlefield. The Polish government and president unanimously speak in favour of increasing the expenditures on defence from 1.95% of GDP, as has been the case since 2001, to 2% as recommended during NATO’s last summit. As a result, the defence budget will increase by about PLN 800,000 as of 2016, allowing us to accelerate the acquisition of certain items that feature on the modernization agenda. Meanwhile, military spending of many other European countries does not even reach 1%. We are slowly becoming a regional leader as far as modernization, structural changes and defence capabilities of the armed forces are concerned. We play a significant role in building the balance of power in Central and Eastern Europe and in supporting our neighbours. We are determined to have strong armed forces, knowing that we need two pillars of security: a good army and allied guarantees. The latter without the former are hardly effective and are not able to provide sufficient defence against a potential threat. Let us be strong with the sum of the military potentials of our • allies and with our own capabilities. 6/2015  polish market

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Defence Sector

Military University oF Technology Military University of Technology description: The Jarosław Dąbrowski Military University of Technology is a civilian-military public academic institution operating since 1951. Currently the University is proud to have a dualistic character, both civilian and military, and to enable business and industrial communities to benefit from innovations that emerge from cooperation with the University.

Modern technologies: The Jarosław Dąbrowski Military University of Technology in Warsaw (WAT) is a University that evolved in 1950s from Military Academy, through Military Academy of Technology during next decades, to a modern, open, civilian-military Academic and Scientific University. During the time of its development, the University educated more than 50 thousand of engineers and Masters of Science in Engineering for the needs of the Polish Armed Forces. Polish and foreign employers greatly respect the university degrees given by the University. Thanks to the formation of excellent scientific teams and harmony between education and science, WAT became a very significant centre that successfully combines high-quality and elite education with the socalled Centre for National Security Thoughts. The development of the research infrastructure, based on the great involvement of WAT in research projects connected with national security and safety, led to the enhancement of specialised, interdisciplinary laboratories and centres of scientific excellence. To meet the new challenges of the modern world the academic Transfer Technology Centre and special purpose vehicle TechnoWAT

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Ltd. were established. There is also the Academic Entrepreneurship Incubator functioning at the University. All of this makes the processes of bringing the scientists’ ideas into practice efficient and quick. The book “Military University of Technology Scientific Research and Technology” was published in 2015 as a technological offer of the University, containing descriptions of technologies in such fields as: weapons, security, industrial diagnostics systems, production technology, logistics, simulators, communication and environmental protection. Six of the 201 technological teasers ready for implementation or already commercialised are described below:

1. 40x46mm NATO grenade launcher ammu-

nition (Non-lethal weapons and ammo family - SBAO-40) A set of grenade launcher ammunition contains rounds of different purpose and function.

2. 7,62x51mm NATO rifle cartridge

Six types of ammunition were developed: conventional (with lead core), trace, armourpiercing, armour-piercing incendiary, training and blank cartridge.

3. MANPADS – Man-portable Air-Defence

System (PPZR GROM) modernisation This project modernised the man-portable air-defence system by: increasing the range of the detection of air targets (helicopter, planes on collision course, unmanned aerial vehicles UAV), increasing resistance to thermal disturbance, effective range enhancement, strengthening the accuracy to hit point targets (UAV, cruise missiles), warhead effectiveness, compatibility with the SKO systems and

new aiming sights and compatibility with further applications.

4. STOPFIRE system

It is a system that supresses fire and explosions in a combat vehicle. It is used to protect the engine and the crew compartment.

5. National Encryption Device

National Encryption Device was designed in such a way that it is resistant to known forms of cryptoanalytical attacks, analysis of electromagnetic field and discharge and physical attacks. Bearing in mind the current state of knowledge, the device is currently unbreakable.

6. Technology of Ni3Al intermetallic phase

based alloy belts with controlled performance characteristics Belts made of Ni3Al intermetallic phase based alloys, when compared to other commonly used metallic materials, present the following advantages: perfect resistance to tension and compression at temperatures 650-110°C, high resistance to oxidation and carburising up to 1100°C, high fatigue limit, creep resistance, high strength parameters, such as tensile stress up to 2900 MPa, yield strength up to 2700 MPa (room temperature, sea level atmospheric pressure) and potential effective temperature of use up to 1300°C. • Contact in the area of technological offer: Military University of Technology Technology Transfer Centre Ul. Sylwestra Kaliskiego 19, 00-908 Warszawa Tel. 261 839 088, fax 261 839 084 e-mail: ctt@wat.edu.pl Full technological offer can be found at:

www.ctt.wat.edu.pl


Defence Sector

Polish Armaments Group

is part of state security Michał Świtalski, Member of the Board, Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa (Polish Armaments Group, PGZ)

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he Polish defence industry took a long time to find its way, which led to significant delays in its development. Thanks to determination and joint initiative of the Minister of National Defence and the Minister of the Treasury, the Polish Armaments Group was set up last year to facilitate, among other things, the process of modernisation of the Polish armed forces. The Group consists of 105 companies, of which 60 are arms manufacturers. This equates to roughly 17,000 employees and PLN 5 billion in revenue. Our areas of activity include not only the defence industry, but also shipbuilding, offshore, real estate and high technologies. We are very pleased that the production of graphene, which is being developed also by the Group, has just received a patent in the United States. We bear a huge responsibility responsibility for the security of the state. We feel like being one of the pillars of national security, or to narrow it a bit, for the security of supply for the army. For that reason, we are an important element of the overall strategy of the Minister of National Defence. But it is not only about national security and the security of supply, but also about the responsibility for the economic development of the country. The government has decided to spend PLN 130 billion, hoping that the cash injection will fuel the entire economy and will produce concrete

economic effects. We also feel responsible for nearly 20,000 jobs, not only in terms of maintenance, but also further development. Therefore, we feel obliged to use the chance that we were given, with such huge assets to manage. We are involved in the modernisation programme, and we expect this involvement will take three forms. First of all, as a leader of the consortium overseeing the Polish defence industry. It should be emphasised that the Group has consolidated the country’s almost entire military industry, representing about an 80% share of it. Secondly, we want to be part of the modernisation programme as a consortia leader, based on foreign know-how. We want to acquire technologies and use them to develop our products. The third course of action is acting as a leader of offset consortia. The Group participates in development programmes of key importance for the Polish armed forces. One of them is “Narew.” We are confident that we have the capacity to see it through by our own means. Of course, we will need to acquire certain technologies for that purpose. We hope that we will successfully carry out the programmes within the scope of the air defence system, becoming an integrator in the “Narew” programme. Another very important programme we want to take an active part in is intended to combat threats at sea. It is divided into several parts: in “Orka” we

want to participate as offset recipient, while in “Miecznik” and “Czapla” we believe that we have all it takes to become a leader-manufacturer of fully-equipped ships based on a proven design. As regards imaging and satellite reconnaissance programmes, we want to be a leader of the domestic consortium of private companies that have already developed these technologies and which are able to join us to realise programmes that are more advanced in terms of knowledge and technology, such as “Gryf” and “Zefir,” and that we want to rely on offset as well. A good example of the activities of the Group is missile troops and artillery modernisation programmes. It is worth mentioning here “Regina,” a programme that required our intervention because of significant delays. We want to acquire technology and produce these systems. The Group works closely with the Ministry of Defence, fits with the framework of national security and will cooperate with its foreign partners to acquire technologies and implement programmes for the Ministry of Defe nce. •

Based on the speech delivered during the 11th International Conference and Exhibition: Advanced Technologies for Homeland Defence and Border Protection on 14 May 2015.

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Defence Sector

Poland’s only producer of optoelectronic products “Today, the greatest progress is made in thermal imaging. In PCO SA we are improving sensors, and the next product to be launched is night vision binoculars. We have the new night vision technologies, too, like for example the world’s lightest night vision monocular MU-3M Koliber. PCO SA will also develop thermal imagers used in military vehicles designed for the programme to modernize the Leopard tank and for the unmanned tower for KTO Rosomak now being developed,” Ryszard Kardasz, President and Director General of PCO SA, President of PIT-Radwar SA, tells Jerzy Bojanowicz.

How do you assess the equipment of the Polish Armed Forces and, accordingly, the potential of national defence companies? I am not well placed to assess the combat capabilities of the Polish Armed Forces, but if you want my opinion, they have definitely improved over the last 25 years. Of course, you may ask the question whether it could be better. Had 15 years ago a detailed modernisation agenda been settled for the armed forces involving Polish industry, with tasks assigned and progress monitored, better results could have been obtained with the same level of spending. Unfortunately, plans were changed; for example, the Krab carried out by the Huta Stalowa Wola company was suspended for five years. But we now know what to do, and although plans have not been totally defined, we have very short-range missiles Grom, modernised artillery from Stalowa Wola, night vision devices and thermal imagers produced by PCO SA and radars produced by PIT-Radwar S.A. that are as good as foreign ones, for exmple Liwiec. pm

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The improvement of the Polish Armed Forces is visible and further progress will be increasing, as many new projects are in the making. One of the projects realised for the Polish Armed Forces is the Integrated Individual Fighting System Tytan - something many armies cannot afford - and the Polish “Soldier of the Future.” This advanced, individual, comprehensive equipment system consists of six subsystems, which will also be able to work separately. The project is executed by a 13-strong consortium led by PCO SA. We will be the leader in Europe, as the prototype of the “Soldier of the Future” will be provided for testing later this year. I have many years of experience in the armaments industry, so I have the right to observe that if R&D were financed by the armed forces rather than by the National Centre for Research and Development, the effects would be better. But I see positive changes, because since recently the military are asked their opinion on projects and oversee - not yet fully - their implementation.

Can PCO SA play a role in the construction of the French helicopter the Caracal, which won a tender announced by the Ministry of Defence? After PZL Świdnik had modernised the Falcon to become a battle helicopter, we supplied it with optoelectronic heads, together with the Israeli company Raphael. PCO SA offers helicopter manufacturers night-vision goggles and the Cyklop system, allowing the pilot to control the flight parametres without looking at on-board indicators. Helmet-mounted sight and display is especially important in low-altitude flights, when the pilot can keep track of indicators with one eye, and watch the area with the other eye. Polish soldiers serving in Afghanistan reported they needed such a device. Given that Raphael provides the French with optoelectronic heads, I do not rule out that we will join forces and the contract will get “polonised”. Perhaps we will acquire their technology and we will start to deliver pm


Defence Sector

optoelectronics for helicopters in the future. But this will not be a big deal- only 50 helocopters. Since the beginning of the year PCO SA has received several foreign guests, including the US ambassador and… a delegation of the Armed Forces of the Sultanate of Oman. What did you show them and what are the possible outcomes of these visits? Each delegation is presented with our achievements in night vision, thermal imaging, gyro-stabilised heads and fire control systems, for example for tanks. For delegations from countries using the post-Soviet armaments, we offer modernisation of optoelectronics, for example for the T-72 tanks. Repeated visits of Vietnamese delegations resulted in a contract for the delivery of periscopes for tanks. The US Ambassador was interested mainly in the modernisation of Polish air defence offered by PIT-Radwar SA: a three-layer system able to meet the challenges of the modern battlefield and providing security in the following ranges: very short (VSHORAD), short (SHORAD) and medium (MRAD). This is the “Polish Shield” whose elements are sets of medium-range sets “Wisła.” In April the Council of Ministers approved the recommendation of the Minister of National Defence, Tomasz Siemoniak, to award the United States a contract for the delivery of Patriot missiles. They are produced by Raytheon that cooperates with PIT-Radwar SA on a “friend or foe” technology. pm

On 2 February 2015 a contract was signed forming a consortium led by Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa (Polish Armaments Group), tasked with the implementation of the Polish Armed Forces modernisation programme in the field of medium-range missile batteries “Wisła.” The project worth PLN 16 billion provides for the development and delivery of 8 missile batteries by 2018. What will PCO SA be in charge of? I do not know yet! PIT-Radwar SA will have far greater part of it. As for PCO SA, it wants to use its potential in optoelectronics, like optical-guided for missiles. We will seek to acquire this complex technology, in the framework of the intergovernmental agreement that minister Siemoniak is set to negotiate and enter into with Americans on behalf of Poland. The missile defence system covers also optoelectronic heads with other sensors. Talks are yet to start. Raytheon installs its system on the range in Redzikowo, but there are also pm

other companies in the US, like for example. Lockheed Martin, and it is not certain which one will be assigned by the US government to the project. By contrast, the short-range missile defence system “Narew” (up to 20 km) will be fully entrusted to Polish industry. PIT-Radwar SA offers the very short-range defence system “Poprad,” two items of which were bought by Indonesia a long time ago, and in June talks will start with the Polish Armed Forces about the delivery of more than 70 of such systems. Substantively, “Poprad” differs from “Wisła” or “Narew” only in that it has an effector and a shorter range - up to 5 km. It is equipped with our thermal imaging camera, the radar “Soła” made by PIT-Radwar SA and a command system. The whole is integrated. Soon the Grom missile used in it and produced by Mesko SA will be replaced with the longer-range “Piorun.” In the “Wisła” system the missile has a range of 100 km, so a different effector, a slightly different radar. The radar-related projects “Wisła” and “Narew” are finance by NCBiR. Missile set apart, radar is the most important sensor, allowing the system to “see”. Will these projects be somehow innovative? They will definitely use modern semiconductor radars. Mesko SA and academicians are conducting R&D on short-range missiles. When implementing these projects, Polish industry will implement many modern technologies. Mostly PIT-Radwar SA and Mesko SA, but other companies too because there are 10 of them in the consortium. Of course, they will participate to different extents. For example, Jelcz is expected to produce cars, and Stalowa Wola (HSW) – a missile launcher. I would add that the missile defence system can use artillery instead of missile launchers. The Mechanical Works Tarnów SA, whose PCO SA is the majority shareholder, produce the system “Pilica,” which uses 23 mm caliber ammunition. Naturally, the optoelectronic head comes from PCO SA, while PIT-Radwar SA is working on an anti-aircraft system that uses 35 mm intelligent ammunition with the cannon to be built by HSW. pm

What are the results of the activity of the Polish Photonics Technology Platform (PPTF)? The Platform brings together all companies (mostly private) and institutes dealing with photonics, as optoelectronics is now called. It was established on my initiative, because I found that the industry had to organise itself in order to win large projects, but also pm

create them. The Council of Representatives of PPTF is chaired by Gen. Brig. Prof. Assoc. Eng. Zygmunt Mierczyk, Rector of the Military University of Technology (WAT). Dr. Adam Piotrowski, President of the Board VIGO System SA, is the Council’s Deputy Chairman and I am myself its Chief Coordinator. The strategy we adopted provides for a joint participation in fairs, mainly international, and organisation of conferences. We have established contact with the European Technology Platform Photonics21. However, what we are particularly keen on is further programmes aimed at the development of Polish photonics. In November 2014 the National Centre for Research and Development settled the competition for the completion of 6 projects under the strategic national R&D defence programme “New directed-energy weapon and defence systems.” The “Microwave non-lethal weapons” project is led by PIT-Radwar SA, and the consortium’s partners are the Wrocław University of Technology and the Warsaw University of Technology and WAT. I should add that PIT-Radwar SA is also a member of the consortia implementing the following projects: “Electromagnetic Pulse Cannon,” “Methods and ways of protection and defence against the HPM pulses,” “Laser Directed Energy Weapons,” and “Laser Systems for Non-Lethal Weapons” and “R&D infrastructure in new technologies related to generators of high power electromagnetic pulses, HPM, HPRF and RFDF pulse antennas, material technologies related to the protection and defence and measuring equipment. Next year, PCO SA will celebrate its 40th anniversary. What are you preparing for this occasion? PCO SA was established in 1976 when equipment and people involved in the design and construction of military devices were moved into the newly built premises of the Polish Optical Works, which had been founded back in 1921 by a group of entrepreneurs. From the beginning PCO SA has had the status of a defence company, carrying out tasks for the needs of the country’s defence and security as the only Polish manufacturer of optoelectronic devices. It makes part of the Polish Armaments Group. Our jubilee will certainly be an opportunity to showcase our significant achievements: we have built new headquarters, overhauled machinery, introduced new technologies, launched new specialisations, such as thermal imaging and integrated systems. We will have something to boast about. • pm

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13


Defence Sector

11th International

Conference and Exhibition Advanced Technologies for Homeland Defence and Border Protection

Representatives of the armed forces, research institutes and companies operating in the defence sector met at Warsaw’s InterContinental Hotel on May 14 to take part in the conference Advanced Technologies for Homeland Defence and Border Protection. Participants in the conference presented concepts for improving Poland’s security, mainly by applying new technologies. One of the main conclusions was that Poland urgently needed to invest to replace its obsolete military hardware.

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mong the topics discussed at the conference was the role of the Polish defence industry and its potential for modernizing the Polish armed forces. One of the main issues considered was assessing how much of the hardware and technologies that Poland needed could be produced and developed in the country so as to secure jobs at home and save money by not having to buy foreign technologies. The sense of the urgent need to replace the hardware and the atmosphere of the numerous tenders announced by the Ministry of Defence this year are strengthened by an unstable situation in Ukraine. Prof. Stefan Niesiołowski, chairman of the parliamentary defence committee, said this was a topic on which various political circles, despite divisions among them, were almost unanimous. He pointed to the success of the Polish president’s initiative to raise defence spending to 2% of GDP. “In this respect, the Sejm [lower chamber of the parliament – ed.] is to a great extent unanimous - there are no disputes. This draft law is supported by a large majority and I suggest we treat this issue as already settled,” he said. The Defence Ministry’s tender for multi-purpose helicopters was widely discussed at the conference. Armed forces officials and experts broadly commented on the decision to choose only Caracal helicopters, produced by

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Airbus Helicopters, for further tests. Contrary to widely held opinions, most of the military men and experts present at the conference assessed the decision positively. It was also stressed that Airbus wanted to make components for the helicopter for the Polish armed forces in the central Polish city of Łódź, contrary to allegations that Caracal had been the only helicopter in the tender that would not be manufactured in Poland. General Włodzimierz Nowak, director of the Department for Arms Policy at the Ministry of Defence, spoke in detail about the Ministry’s plans for new hardware for the Polish armed forces in coming years. “My goal today is to show how we treat cooperation with industry and scientific centres. I would also like to speak about the competitiveness of Polish products and armaments. An important matter is also the Defence Ministry’s activity aimed at strengthening the Polish defence potential and the potential of Polish industry, something we consider to be a good signal for the future,” he said. The Ministry’s priorities are its two programmes for air-defence systems, Narew and Wisła. Under the latter programme, Poland plans to buy U.S. Patriot missiles. Present at the conference were also representatives of companies which cooperate with the Polish armed forces in armaments production, such as Thales and Konsberg. •


Innovation ROSOMAK Spółka Akcyjna www.rosomaksa.pl

e-mail: rosomaksa@rosomaksa.pl

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15


Defence Sector

JÓZEF KOSACKI

AN UNKNOWN DESIGNER OF A WELL-KNOWN MINE DETECTOR

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ózef Stanisław Kosacki was born in Łapy in 1909. He passed his school-leaving exams at a high school in the city of Częstochowa and in 1933 graduated from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering at the Warsaw University of Technology. After graduation, he did military service in 1933-1934 and a year later was promoted to reserve second lieutenant. He took up a job at the State Telecommunications Institute in Warsaw where he worked as manager in the Department of Repeaters until the outbreak of the Second World War. On September 4th, 1939, he joined the Armed Forces as a volunteer and took part in the defence war. He served in the Special Communications Unit. He was evacuated with other soldiers to Hungary where he was interned. Having escaped from the camp, he reached Paris in December 1939 and joined the Polish Armed Forces there. After the Fall of France, he was evacuated to Great Britain where he was assigned to the Communications Training Centre until 1943 and then worked until the end of the war at the Military Communications Works in London as quality control manager. In 1941, he submitted his mine detector design to a competition announced by the Ministry of Supply. The detector won the competition triumphing over many other designs. It was produced in United Kingdom in several slightly differing versions, the best known of which was the Mine Detector (Polish) Mk. 2. Józef Kosacki returned to Poland in 1947 and resumed his work at the State Telecommunications Institute (later called Industrial Telecommunications Institute). The next chapter in Kosacki’s professional life was

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nuclear electronics. He worked at the Nuclear Research Institute in Świerk near Warsaw, from 1956 until his retirement in 1976 as head of the Electronics Department. Under his guidance, the Department conducted cutting edge research projects such as studies into multi-channel amplitude and time analysers. While working at the Nuclear Research Institute Kosacki also lectured at the Military University of Technology (WAT) where he was granted the title of professor in 1964. He was a supervisor for more than 10 doctoral theses at the Nuclear Research Institute and Military University of Technology. He died in 1990 and was put to rest with full military honours. Józef Kosacki’s biggest success was his mine detector – the first electronic device in the personal equipment of troops on the battlefield. The detector’s operation is based on changes to the inductance of a coil connected to an oscillator generating an alternating electric current as the device comes near a metal object. The inductance changes result in fluctuations to the frequency of electric oscillation, which can be heard as a signal in the headphones. Kosacki did not patent his concept. He granted his invention to the British Armed Forced and received a letter of gratitude from King George VI for his act. The detector was first used in the 2nd Battle of El Alamein in North Africa in 1942. Detectors based on this concept have been used by all armed forces across the world since the World War 2. In the Polish Armed Forces, they are known under the names: W-2-P, W-3-P, W-4-P and WM-1. There are

differences in design details and technical parameters among the particular versions. In September 2005, the Military Institute of Engineer Technology in Wrocław submitted a request to the Minister of the National Defence to be granted the name of Józef Kosacki to commemorate this outstanding man. Under the Minister’s decision of October 20th, 2005, the Institute is now named after the professor. •


The Military Institute of Chemistry and Radiometry

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he Military Institute of Chemistry and Radiometry is a research institute established in 1954 and supervised by the Minister of National Defense. Main scope of the activity of the Institute is scientific studies in the field of NBC defense, R&D projects and verification of the chemical disarmament process. The Institute is also involved in security and safety systems engineering as well as environmental protection. The Institute is authorized to issue expertise and opinions as well as certificates for products and technologies related to their specialization, carry out the testing equipment and conduct training activities. For scientific-research and implementation purposes Institute uses quality system in accordance with ISO 9001 and NATO standardization document - AQAP 2110.

SCIENTIFIC DEPARTMENTS AND ACCREDITED LABORATORIES: • Department of CBRN Protection • Department of CBRN Reconnaissance and Decontamination • Department of Radiometry and Camouflage • Respiratory Protection Laboratory • Chemical Weapons Convention Laboratory, the laboratory has OPCW (Organization for Prohibition of Chemical Weapon) designation • RADIAC-testing Laboratory • Product Certification Body • Centre for Advanced Technologies The institute holds Concession no. B-007/2004 for an economic activity in manufacturing and marketing of products for military or police purposes.

• individual and collective respiratory protection devices; • filtration and sorption materials; • use of biocides in protection against biological agents. Conducting and supporting research and implementation works in the scope of skin protection devices and means, as well as air cleaning of toxic substance vapour and gas. Provides training in the scope of protection against chemical weapons agents. Development and implementation of new methods for testing skin and respiratory protection devices.

DEPARTMENT OF RADIOMETRY AND CAMOUFLAGE RESEARCH OFFER: R&D, testing and evaluation in areas of: • radiometers and detectors of ionizing radiation, and nuclear explosion detection systems; • radioactive isotope alpha, beta and gamma • content in environmental samples; • mobile systems of NBC detection; • gamma and neutron radiation absorption factors for shielding materials; • irradiation of objects. Preparation of instructions and methods for the use of radiometric equipment. Training in use of the radiometric equipment, detection and monitoring of radioactive contamination. Calibration of RADIAC equipment (laboratory accredited by the Polish Centre for Accreditation the State Defense, and the Military Metrology).

DEPARTMENT OF CBRN PROTECTION RESEARCH OFFER:

DEPARTMENT OF CBRN RECONNAISSANCE AND DECONTAMINATION RESEARCH OFFER:

R&D, testing and evaluation in areas of: • individual and collective CBRN protection means; • barrier materials for protective covers used for military equipment storage; • smoke generating and incendiary materials;

R&D, testing and evaluation in areas of: • decontamination technology, means and equipment; • special coatings technology for military equipment; • disposal technology of hazardous chemicals;

detection and identification technology of the high toxic chemical compounds (including CWA); • CBRN reconnaissance means and equipment technology; • qualitative and quantitative chemical instrumental analysis; • design and fabrication of special detection systems for security and safety engineering systems and environmental protection. Multinational co-operation in the process of verification of the implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC); Small scale production facility of CWA for • R&D purposes.


Space Industry

Polish Space Agency

vis-à-vis the national defence capacity

Prof. Marek Banaszkiewicz, President of the Polish Space Agency

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he Polish Space Agency has plans to support satellite and space defence capabilities of the Polish army. One of the core activities of the Agency is precisely enhancing defence and security. In this area there are three important types of technologies: image reconnaissance satellites, satellite navigation and telecommunications. All the three are among technologies that facilitate improvement of military capabilities. Focusing on the satellite and reconnaissance sector, we are faced with the dilemma of whether to buy or build these technologies. Polish science and Polish industry, which fits within the plans of the European Space Agency, are able to make roughly 70% of the components necessary to build a satellite. Yet, by the nature of things, the elements we could not work on previously are lacking. I mean the integration of the entire satellite programme and integration of satellite building. These are very responsible tasks, and it is necessary, on the one hand, to look for partners who can help us and, on the other hand, to keep satellite building in the hands of Polish industry aided by research units. There is a certain time conflict because building a satellite meeting the needs of the Polish Army: a high-resolution one with 0.5-0.7 metres pixel size, can take up to 10 years. The army cannot wait that long so different ideas are suggested on how to solve the problem. You can buy a satellite while developing your capabilities. It is because if you buy it once, you are tempted to continue. The strategy is to buy something

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and sell something. We are not so far behind world leaders so as not to be able to learn to build these satellites and later sell them. So this area can be mutually beneficial in some ways: it will give us the advantages I mentioned and will be a source of financial gain for the State and industry at the same time. The first challenge we are confronted with is opto-electronic satellites which operate in visible and near-infrared light. Images from these satellites are easy to interpret and allow to see the location of objects or military vehicles, something that is most important in reconnaissance. Unfortunately, they do not work at night and on overcast days. Therefore, immediately after starting the strategic opto-electronic programme, we should - in my opinion - move on with exploring radar spectrum opportunities. Fortunately, we are not left alone with the dilemma of whether to build satellites or buy them. Poland and Italy have already signed a governmental agreement that entitles us to use Italian satellite data. So there is no obligation to immediately build a satellite because, under this agreement, we can buy images from Italian satellites. All the same, technology is fundamental. It is important to have a capacity to build a satellite, whereas the decision of whether to build it or buy it is another thing. Being in possession of such a technology enhances negotiating clout against foreign partners. As far as security is concerned it is also important to identify the object observing us at the moment. There are European programmes allowing involvement of the Polish potential,

like for example, Space Situational Awareness programme. Financial outlays here, at least at the beginning, are not too big so it makes sense that we join them. The final important element is satellite communication, which is useful in specific situations. Firstly, when our armed forces operate far from Poland, for example in Afghanistan or in Africa. In poor infrastructure conditions prevailing there, communication is possible mainly owing to satellites. The question is: Should we build our own telecommunications satellites? Probably not because it is a big undertaking, much bigger than building information satellites. But we can start building our own transponders and pay for placing them on board of the satellites of other countries or commercial operators. The Polish Space Agency will be working to enhance the implementation of these programmes. Firstly, we would like to build the National Space Programme in consultation with other agencies, using structural funds and projects of the Ministry of Defence. It will be aimed at integrating all activities so that they are not duplicated and produce the most effective results. Secondly, we want to launch a series of feasibility studies for various technologies that could help improve the defence capabilities and security. •

Based on the speech delivered during the 11th International Conference and Exhibition: “Advanced Technologies for Homeland Defence and Border Protection” on 14 May 2015.


Space Industry

The space sector

as an opportunity for Polish companies Paweł Wojtkiewicz, President of the Polish Space Industry Association, talks to “Polish Market” about the Polish space sector, the potential of domestic enterprises and the Forum of Space and Satellite Technologies. Let’s start with disenchanting the term “cosmos.” After all, it is only about sending rockets to the moon or conquering other planets. Space technologies are used every day. How do Polish companies find their way in this environment? First of all, we should realise that the space sector products have become so commonplace in everyday life that we practically do not notice them. Virtually everyone has a smartphone, with satellite navigation, an application which uses satellite signals to locate your position showing it on a map or on satellite imagery. These images come from observation satellites that revolve in the orbit around the Earth. Satellites needed to be built first and then sent into the orbit using a rocket. Finally, yet another company had to service them. The space sector is therefore present in our daily lives, but its products have become so common that we do not even pay attention to them. For example, when watching live a TV coverage of the Olympic Games in Brazil, we use space technologies. Otherwise, we could not receive satellite television signals. All those who say that the space sector is an abstract, unprofitable part of the economy should be made realise that they probably use services and products originating precisely from the space sector, such as satellite navigation and satellite TV. The annual global turnover of the space sector amounts to approx. USD 300 billion. We should therefore ask ourselves the question whether Polish companies deserve to operate in this extremely innovative area of human activity? The question is rhetorical - of course they do, but to make it possible, we should make certain investments and the Polish space sector is now at the stage of a long-term investment process. pm

Since November 2012, Poland has been a member of the European Space Agency (ESA). It seems – and it is shown in studies – that the participation in the European Space Agency and the possibility of carrying out contracts for ESA is the best factor stimulating the development of the space sector. It is very important to provide Polish companies of the space sector with favourable conditions for the incubation and development, so that they could have their share in the global turnover of the space sector as soon as possible. There is one more factor of the attractiveness of the space sector. Companies operating in the space sector are usually forced to use the most innovative practices and solutions. Later, these companies can easily enter other, related markets, using knowledge gained when executing contracts in the space sector. The coupling is common between the space sector and other sectors of the economy such as defence, security, aviation, IT and ICT. Could you name concrete solutions developed by Polish companies that are already used today? The space sector can be divided into two areas. The first one – upstream – is where companies produce equipment sent into orbit – satellites, parts of satellites, rocket components. The second one – downstream – is a little less demanding in terms of investment and technology and covers all services and products supporting upstream, as well as products and services using satellite technologies. A number of Polish companies have been successful in downstream. These include Geosystems, SmallGIS, Wasat and SATIM. In upstream, successes are yet to come, but Polish companies are already involved in a variety of very interesting projects in cooperation with ESA. pm

We also cannot forget about the achievements of the Space Research Centre PAN, which has designed and created several devices sent into space on board various probes and satellites. The 6th Innovation Forum in Rzeszów will host the Forum of Space and Satellite Technologies. What do you expect from this event? It is a very good idea to organise the Forum of Space and Satellite Technologies during the 6th Innovation Forum. It seems that some very important goals could be achieved. First, the promotion of the space sector, including reaching out to the widest possible audience, which has not heard of the space sector before, or identifies it with activity typical of space agencies, that is scientific missions and exploration of other planets. A good promotion of the space sector aims to show that it is a real business and there are companies in Poland that are interested in investing in it and see their future with space technology progress. The second goal is to make the authorities and the people who are responsible for the management and implementation of the Polish space policy understand that the Polish space sector needs investment and support. The Polish membership contribution to ESA is about EUR 30 million per year, which is a very small amount for a country with such a potential. ESA’s annual budget is approx. EUR 4.3 billion. Therefore, all players of the Polish space sector have to make the case for the profitability of investment in it. Finally, the third very important goal of the Forum is to integrate the space sector in Poland. The Forum should be a place for exchanging ideas, but also a place for dialogue between the space sector companies and companies from • related sectors. pm

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Space Industry

CENTre OF SPACE TECHNOLOGIES

The Center of Space Technologies is one of five research centres of the Institute of Aviation.

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he Centre of Space Technologies was founded in 2013. The Space Technologies Team is engaged in the development of space technology such as the development of new cosmic propulsion, organic fuels, the study of structures and analyzing missile trajectory. The Aircraft Propulsion Department conducts research in the measurement field: piston engines research, turboshaft engines dyno trials, studies of combustion chambers, flow, and balance, measurement of aircraft, noise and window testing for a puncture resistance. The Centre of Innovative Aeronautical and Space Technologies is the latest investment project carried out at the Institute of Aviation. New employees will be recruited among engineers of various specializations such as physics, chemistry etc.

• Optimization of liquid rocket engines combustion chambers. At present the Division consists of three laboratories: • Laboratory of Propellants, • Laboratory of Catalysts, • Laboratory of Space Propulsion. The target is to develop propellants for space propulsion, but also for many other potential uses, like silent drives for UAVs, torpedo drives, NOx combustion chamber reduction systems, etc. The planned research works include the development of an efficient method for the concentration of hydrogen peroxide to HTP class, research into new, liquid rocket oxidants, research into grains of solid propellants, research into heterogeneous catalysts and research into self-ignition of hydrocarbon fuels with HTP.

Director of Centre of Space Technologies Leszek Loroch, Ph. D. Eng. phone: (+48) 22 846 11 00 ext. 838 e-mail: leszek.loroch@ilot.edu.pl

SPACE TECHNOLOGIES DIVISION The Aviation Institute’s Space Technologies Division is one of the few Polish research centres which carry out development works for new rocket technologies for civil applications. The highly qualified specialists in different fields of knowledge employed in the Division are specialized in the designing and testing of rocket engines and launchers using environment-friendly fuels. All the research works are performed with the use of CATIA and ANSYS FLUENT professional software. The scientific and research works in terms of space technologies cover: • Design and testing of hybrid rocket engines, • Design and testing of liquid rocket engines, • Design and testing of solid rocket engines, • Development of environment-friendly fuel technologies, • Production and testing of grains for solid rocket fuel, • Design and testing of launcher technology demonstrators, • CFD and FEM dedicated software, • Multistage rocket flight dynamic analysis, • Internal ballistics of solid rocket engine analysis,

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Patents Patent in the Polish Patent Office ”Method for Obtaining Hydrogen Peroxide, Especially of HTP Class for Propulsion Applications, and an Arrangement for Vacuum Distillation. ”Aplicable also to the European Patent Office, The Hague, as Method for Obtaining Hydrogen Peroxide, Especially of HTP Class for Propulsion Applications, and an Arrangement for Vacuum Distillation. Business and Scientific Partners • ALTA Space, • Thales Alenia Space, • DLR, • ZARM, • MOOG, • Airbus Defence and Space, • Mesko, • CIRA, • WB Electronics, • Jakusz, • Warsaw University of Technology. Head of Space Technologies Division Wojciech Florczuk, M.Sc. Eng. phone: (+48) 22 846 00 11 ext. 331 fax: (+48) 22 188 37 05


Space Industry

e-mail: wojciech.florczuk@ilot.edu.pl

REMOTE SENSING DIVISION Data Processing Department Areas of activities: • Data analysis • Multispectral algorithms, aerial images analysis and validation, • Remote sensing • Remote detection of a particular object in satellite and aerial images, land cover classification, analysis of spectral characteristics (NIR SWIR TIR), infrared spectra modelling (np. Deconvolution Algorithm), interpretation of multi and hyperspectral imaging in the visible light region • Radio communication • Radio coverage modelling, optimization of radio link parameters, design of simple antenna solutions • Management and planning of UAV flights • Photogrammetry raids planning, defining expected raids accuracy, aerial images acquisition • Precise positioning • Mobile platform position determination with high accuracy, projection of aerial images on given cartographic base Multispectral Platform Quercus Expected technical specification of our multispectral platform Quercus that is currently designed in HESOFF project – forest monitoring using a multispectral camera. • Imaging in the range of 400-1200nm • 650-800 nm – separation of biomass from the other objects (i.e. roads) • 400-1200 nm – the health of forests evaluated according to different spectral characteristics • Up to 6 monochromatic / RGB / cameras with optical filters • Computer with software dedicated to automatic measuring the health of separated, single trees • IMU with GPS • Sun-light detector • Can be used (lightweight) on any UAV platform • Developed algorithms to be used in space sector • Preliminary image analysis during a mission • Radio communication in GHz band – radio link parameters can be changed during a mission • Data base of analysis results • Dedicated ground station for managing our platform Potential application of our multisensory platform: • Environment monitoring (air and water pollutions, illegal dumps, mining waste, mining heaps spontaneous combustion) • Monitoring of biodiversity changes • Monitoring of snow cover • Precision agriculture (yields optimization, harvest crops monitoring and management) • Archaeology • Spatial planning (land cover and use, degree of urbanization) • Crisis management (prediction and mitigation of natural disasters) • National security (protection of borders and coastlines, the detection of weapons)

Securing public events (detection of threats in the crowd, detection of hazardous substances)

Spectral Signatures Measurements Laboratory • Measurement of spectral signatures of different materials, objects or chemical compounds • Monitoring of spectral signatures variation of chemical reactions, biological processes, etc • Example: Monitoring of NDVI and NDWI variations of oak leaves during the plant diurnal cycle and when exposed to vegetation stress (drought, excessive exposure, etc.) • Spectral range: 400 – 1200 nm • Maximum experiment duration: 72 hours, 6 measurements per second • Exporting data to spectral signatures database

Head of Remote Sensing Division Paweł Czapski, Ph.D. Eng. phone: (+48) 22 846 00 11 ext. 821 e-mail: pawel.czapski@ilot.edu.pl

Technical parameters of multisensory platform

Parameter

Value

Maximum resolution (single channel)

1296x966

Calibrated resolution (single channel)

1200x804

Number of channels

6 (upgradable)

Image type

RAW (6 images + processed images in single file)

Frame rate @ maximum resolution

5/s

Maximum number of images @ maximum resolution

61 000

Remote sensing indicators

Computed for each frame

Simultaneous acquisition and preview of images

Yes

Remote configuration

Yes

Camera coordinates during images acquisition

GPS coordinates (WGS84) + angle data

Lens diameter

20mm

Pixel terrain (GSD) for height h = 200m

6.0cm

Platform weight without battery

1690g

Spectral ranges

Depends on used filters

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Space Industry

Innovative solutions for space & satellite market Bringing science into practice Marie-Catherine Palau and Mirosław Denis, Management Board of Astri Polska sp. z o.o., present the main company competences and outlines company’s latest innovative projects.

A

stri Polska is a Warsaw-based enterprise, established in 2010 as a joint venture between Airbus Defence and Space and a major Polish Space Research Institute, the Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The mission of the company is to promote and develop Space Applications sector and Polish space industry in cooperation with major Polish space stakeholders, including public and private space-specialised organisations. Under contracts from European organisations, including the European Space Agency (ESA), Astri Polska runs space technology and application projects and acts as a platform for information exchange and collaboration facilitation for national space-related scientific and industrial partner institutions. Astri Polska is strongly focused on enhancing its expertise in technical R&D areas and on ground equipment manufacturing. Since its foundation, the company has been already involved in eight Space & Security projects under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) and Horizon2020 as well as in several European consortia for new project applications. The company builds its competence in the domains of electronics and optoelectronics, developing prototypes, electronics hardware and optoelectronics hardware and software. The electronics activity is directly related to

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the main Polish priorities within the framework of ESA/EUROSPACE, offering mainly: small-size and small-series equipment, ASIC design, on-board and on-ground electronics. To remain in the field of the future highintegrated technology systems/applications and taking advantage of the wide use of the new families of FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Arrays), Astri Polska has chosen to work on optimized High Power Computing demonstrators and miniaturized energy distribution elements. The company is developing projects in FPGA using its knowledge about VHDL (Very High Speed Integrated Circuits Hardware Description Language) design and it is applying DSP (Digital Signal Processing) algorithms in order to process huge amounts of data. Another important activity of Astri Polska is the ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) design office, successful in gaining ESA contracts. Recently, the company has submitted to ESA a feasibility study project for a space-grade ASIC. The contract was related to MISAC (Mixed-Signal ASIC controller for DC/DC power converters), and was submitted under the Incentive Scheme in 2013. Its aim is to create a spacegrade ASIC to control DC/DC converters, and it could replace ITAR equivalent component on the European market. Additionally, Astri Polska performs numerous activities related to civil and maritime

safety. The company provides, for example, satellite internet independent from any infrastructure in any place in Poland. The system is developed within the SNIPER project and consists in the automatic mechanism turning a satellite dish towards a satellite and enabling connection without ground infrastructure. In parallel the aim of ANCHOR project (performed under the European Commission BONUS contract) is to increase the safety of large ships entering harbours. It provides an independent navigation system displaying the ship’s speed, orientation and course. Thanks to the skills previously described the company was able to reinforce its involvement in the projects related to EGSE (Electrical Ground Support Equipment) for large European customers. The EGSE consists of a rack equipped with a Personal Computer and electrical interfaces. The last but not the least activity of Astri Polska is dedicated to develop satellite applications for end-users, particularly in the areas of disaster management and security. The company is currently involved in organising demonstrations of new technologies in real environments in these sectors. •

For more information about the company, visit www.astripolska.pl.


Food Industry

www.bccevents.pl on-site events (The Palace of the Lubomirski Family)

off-site events

BCC Events services include: • managing and assisting at anniversary celebrations, concerts, conferences, fairs, exhibitions, auctions •presentations, business and company meetings, seminars • workshops, staff meetings • public debates

Contact: Management of off-site events: tel. 22 582 61 50 e-mail: aleksander.polanski@bcc.org.pl

Management of on-site events : tel. 22 582 61 30 e-mail: andrzej.swiderski@bcc.org.pl

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Chemical Industry

We are creating a platform for discussion about Polish industry Tomasz Zieliński, President of the Polish Chamber of Chemical Industry (PIPC), talks to “Polish Market” about initiating a discussion about Polish industry, and the role of innovation and safety in production. Companies belonging to the PIPC have met with MEPs in Brussels recently. What was the purpose of these meetings and what are the conclusions? It is worth noting that the Polish Chamber of Chemical Industry holds such meetings not only with MEPs, but also with representatives of the national and EU authorities. Meetings in Brussels are only a fragment of all those in which the Polish Chamber of Chemical Industry is engaged. We invite representatives of both public administration and our member companies. We create a forum where representatives of the chemical industry can discuss with officials the most important issues affecting them in the context of changing regulations. These are both public and private meetings. The main topic of the recent meeting in Brussels was the EU regulatory aspects that affect the functioning and development of the Polish chemical industry. Representatives of our companies were talking about the biggest obstacles to their functioning in the current EU legal reality. They also discussed free trade agreements, for example TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership). pm

So it comes down to protecting the interests of Polish companies, doesn’t it? Of course, but not only. In addition to protecting the interests of our companies, the meetings are also aimed at the development of such a model of cooperation with public administration so that it does express our position abroad and lobby for best solutions for our companies. It is beneficial not only for the chemical industry, but also for the country as its economic situation largely depends on the situation of our industry. The pm

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chemical industry generates tens of thousands of jobs and is of great importance for the Polish economy. Do these meetings take the form of the continuation of discussion, or rather intervention? We use two methods. We try to appear regularly, among others, in the European Parliament so that MEPs are kept abreast of the problems of the Polish industry. If there is something urgent - something happens concerning a new regulation being formed or deadlines for the introduction of relevant regulations are approaching - then we become more active. pm

This year’s Innovation Forum in Rzeszów will be devoted to the plastics and chemical industry. Do you think that such forums positively influence the situation on the market? What are the measurable results of such meetings? Do they make sense? Plastics - not only in Poland - is one of the most innovative sectors of the chemical industry. Its products are continually improved and modernised, because they have to meet customers’ expectations and growing regulatory requirements, like for example environmental. That is why this year’s Innovation Forum in Rzeszów, dedicated to the plastics industry and the chemical industry, is aimed to encourage public debate on innovation in industry. Nothing drives the chemical industry as much as innovation, including research and development. In this context, the Innovation Forum is an important initiative, as it facilitates communication between the business world and academia. pm


Chemical Industry

You are pointing to the need for cooperation with universities and research institutes. How does this cooperation look like today? Is it satisfactory? In terms of joint undertakings by universities and companies some effects can be seen in the form of ready-made solutions. One example is the recent opening of a plant for the production of non-phthalate plasticizer in the Azoty Group’s Kędzierzyn chemical works. This solution has been developed from scratch in cooperation with the Institute of Heavy Organic Synthesis. But the question about the quality of cooperation should first of all be answered by scientists and manufacturers. pm

PIPC has signed a cooperation agreement with the International Centre for Chemical Safety and Security, a prelude to a joint action aimed to improve safety. Could you elaborate on that? You can see a permanent need to foster work safety, but also the process safety in the chemical industry. If you look at statistics, you will see how important all kinds of activities that raise awareness of employees and managers are. People’s lives and health depend primarily on safety, and so do the company’s financial performance and relationships with customers. Therefore, almost two years ago, we launched “Safe Chemicals,” a programme which aims to promote and enable the exchange of best practices between security departments in companies. By starting cooperation with the International Centre for Chemical Safety and Security we have extended our scope of activity in terms of promotion of the chemical production at large. Now, we will act not only among our members, but also among the industry-related companies – the so-called external contractors. pm

You are going to organise the Polish Chemistry Congress. What are its objectives and what issues will be raised? The success of last year’s first edition showed how necessary it was for the Polish chemical sector to create a platform for discussion on the use of technological solutions, conducting investment processes and the impact of the legal and economic frameworks on the industry. The Congress and, specifically, committees operating under the Polish Chamber of Chemical Industry do provide such a platform for discussion. The Polish Chemistry Congress is today a leading venue for the exchange of experiences, as well as presentation of ideas and strategies for the chemical industry in Poland. This year’s Congress agenda will include: energy, internal market protection, logistics, innovation and prospects for the Polish chemical industry. The Congress will host companies from the countries where the chemical industry is developing dynamically, like the United States and Asia, including multinationals. We will look into the reasons for this dynamic development and possible ways of transferring this success to the Polish market. Participating companies will talk about how they react to constantly changing market conditions, for example those concerning resources. We want to hear their views on the development of the chemical industry across the European Union, on the current investment conditions, on the reindustrialisation prospects. We will ask these questions primarily of Polish chem• ical companies. pm

The chemical industry generates tens of thousands of jobs and is of great importance for the Polish economy.

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Chemical Industry

Biomass

a source of raw materials for

the economy

Justyna Wietecha, Danuta Ciechańska, Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres (IBWCH)

B

iomass is defined as biodegradable products, waste and residues coming from agriculture (including vegetal and animal substances), forestry and related industries including fisheries and aquaculture, as well as biodegradable industrial and municipal waste. Biomass is the third largest natural source of energy in the world. The possibility of using biomass as a renewable raw material readily available also in other industries is increasingly tempting. Biomass is for example a valuable source of polymers, and phytomass (vegetal biomass) is a source of cellulose fibres. So far, fibrous pulps have been most commonly produced from fibre plants, such as cotton, jute, cannabis. Research suggests that natural cellulose fibres with properties suitable for the textile and paper industries can be obtained from the leaves and stalks of sorghum, and pineapple and banana leaves. The Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres (IBWCH) in Łódź has developed a highly effective technology of obtaining fibrous pulps from the stems of annual plants and textile industry waste, as well a further processing technology for cellulose nanofibres (P-408962), which can be used, for example, to reinforce composites or improve their sound absorbing performance (P-402 976). Animal biomass, too, can be a source of polymers, e.g. keratin, chitin. The cheapest material for obtaining keratin, namely due to its high content (90-95%) and wide availability, are chicken feathers. This polymer can be used as a filler for composites, improving their acoustic and insulation properties. IBWCH has developed an original method for

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producing fibre composite materials in the form of fibres and foams containing keratin (P-193736). Keratin is a flame-retardant substance; we have used it as an addition to polyethylene and polypropylene, giving rise to a new type of a polymer - flame-retardant, lowabsorbing, but also maintaining good tensile properties (P-403003). Similar properties were given to polyurethane foams (PL217533). An interesting solution is also “keratin paper,” in which the feathers replace the cellulose component in 50-60% (PL214356). The most common source of chitin is the remains of shellfish obtained through the processing of marine fisheries for food purposes. Enzymatic or chemical modification of chitin can lead to synthesising chitosan. Both polymers have structures that can quite easily be modified to form a wide range of derivatives, increasing a variety of applications. Based on polysaccharides (chitosan and alginate), IBWCH has developed a dressing material in the form of quasi-fibre sponges for treatment of wounds in all phases of healing (PL 214380, PL 214381). In cooperation with the medical company Tricomed SA in Łódź we have also developed a patch under the trade name TROMBOGUARD® (PL216818) for traumatic wound care. The above examples do not exhaust the subject, but only give some notions. For more information on obtaining or using cellulose, chitosan and other polysaccharides, you might wish to attend the conference “Polysaccharides and Polisaccharide-Based Advanced Materials: From Science to Industry,” organised by EPNOE (European Polysaccharide Network of Excellence) on 19-22 October 2015 in Warsaw. EPNOE’s international

Polyurethane foams made non-flammable by keratin (IBWCH)

conferences are etched into the calendar of international scientific events, promoted and organised, since 2013, jointly with the American Chemical Society-ACS, and since 2014, also with the newly created the Supraregional Centre of Science and Industry (Bio)-Polymers-Materials-Technologies for the Economy (POLINTEGRA), which is overseen by IBWCH. This year’s conference is addressed to scientists, students, representatives of industry and professionals dealing with polysaccharides, biopolymers, bioplastics, their physico-chemical characteristics, functionalisation and modification, production, processing, applications in various sectors of the econo• my, as well as bioenergy. For more information visit www.epnoe2015.ibwch.lodz.pl.


The oil sector is a kind of progress driver

Chemical Industry

Zbigniew Winkiel, President of the Management Board, Agat SA

A

gat was founded in 1990, at the beginning of the process of transition into the free-market economy in Poland; it was certainly a period of significant, necessary and intensive changes. The company was created from scratch by the people trained mainly as energy engineers, and mechanical engineers which explains its business profile. The company is headquartered in Koluszki, a town famous for its railway activity and widely-recognised train station. But hardly anyone knows that Koluszki is one of the important oil towns in Poland. Once built, the refinery in Płock was connected by an underground pipeline with Koluszki as the location of Poland’s first terminal for finished fuel products pipelined from Płock. Initially owned by CPN, then by Naftobazy, it is now in the hands of OLPP Sp. z o.o. and continues to be the largest terminal of its kind in Poland. It was created to allow the distribution of products manufactured by the refinery throughout Poland. In the 1960s, transportation in tank trucks was not as developed as it is now, and Płock had also a logistical problem concerning railways, and with only one bridge over the Vistula there were difficulties in winter. That is why it was decided to use a logistically excellent location of Koluszki from where every corner of Poland can be reached by railway. In 1990, when the company was created, Koluszki became the scene of major oil investments. The construction started of another pipeline funnelling oil to a fuel terminal in Boronów, Silesia, PERN and Orlen were gaining ground. As a start-up, Agat found its way round in the town. We have been working in the oil industry for 25 years, pursuing key projects as a subcontractor and main contractor. We provide services for all

the industry players in Poland. In 1990 cooperation was established with PERN, which invested in the pipeline, and in 1995 - with Orlen, which led to opening Agat’s branch in Płock. Subsequent projects came as a response to the modernisation and investment needs of OLPP, Lotos and the Polish Army. All of these projects have one thing in common - the oil sector. The oil sector has for years been characterised by an exceptionally dynamic development, something that is a kind of progress driver. There are no repeating oil plant, no routine solutions. Each plant for oil refining, storage, or transport is always an innovative one, and every next plant is ever more technologically advanced. Somewhat backward, especially in terms of refining and storage of oil products, the oil industry became the country’s fastest growing industry in the 1990s and 2000s. We carried out the modernisation of the Druzhba (Friendship) pipeline, we worked on the construction of a storage base in Adamowo for PERN SA, in Plebanka, a district of Gdańsk, we played a role in the modernisation of 11 fuel depots for OLPP SA; we did similar work in 9 fuel depots for PKN Orlen, creating a new fuel logistics of the company. A separate area of ​​cooperation with the chemical industry is the army. With Poland’s accession to NATO much has methodically and quickly changed. Agat was the first company in Poland to receive NATO’s AQAP certification, which is today as common as the ISO. The certificate was handed in by the then Minister of Defence, now President Bronisław Komorowski. In fact, we have cooperated with the army since the beginning of Poland’s membership in NATO. The largest investment in this area is the design and construction of the fuel system to power the F-16 aircraft at the base in Łasko. A similar project is

now nearing completion at the base in Krzesiny. We are also involved in the modernisation of the fuel system at the battle port in Gdynia and in many other military projects. It is precisely the army that has always given pace to innovation, served as a kind of its promoter, encouraging the company and its people to improve knowledge and skills. Looking back, we can well say that we took advantage of this opportunity and managed to meet these challenges. Today, Agat is a corporate group. The company alone, which celebrates its 25th anniversary this year, employs about 230 people, and every year provides services worth PLN 100 million, mainly in the field of automation, energy as well as comprehensive construction of industrial facilities. The group includes KB Pomerania Sp. z o.o. Gdańsk, Agat IT SA Łódź, Piomel SA and PBI SA Piotrków Trybunalski. In total, we employ over 400 people, with an annual turnover of PLN 200 million. Our priority for the future is to improve the quality of services offered in order to maintain our market position and develop cooperation with the oil and power sector. For many years in activity, Agat received a number of awards and honours such as the “Teraz Polska” emblem, the Economic Award of the Governor of Łódź, the Polish Quality Award and many others. This has been possible thanks to a good cooperation with long-standing partners and investors such as PKN Orlen SA, PERN SA, OLPP Sp. z o.o., Lotos SA and others. This cooperation has also allowed us to pay our duty to the environment and local communities. We always make sure that our industrial activities are not cumbersome, and that any local social initiatives and needs are not left without sup• port.

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Innovation

Innovation through the Polish

solutions

Jerzy Majchrzak, Director of the Department of Innovation and Industry in the Ministry of the Economy, talks to Patryk Mirecki. Why is it so important to encourage innovation? After all, Poland’s economy has been steadily growing (most recently at an annual rate above 3% of GDP), which makes it the EU growth leader. Are its drivers insufficient? That’s right - it is not enough in the long run. The most important thing is to determine what innovation is. It means implementation of new solutions and technologies in various fields. Innovation is often mistakenly associated with R&D, while in fact innovation is about putting in practice R&D results. pm

For example? When a large chemical company buys a foreign advanced technology, implements it and builds a new production plant - then it is innovative, although one can argue that buying a technology is a weak point. But, most importantly, the end product is innovative. Polish industry is growing rapidly, but mainly on the basis of “traditional” factors, in particular through the use of low-cost but highly-skilled workforce. A significant reason behind this growth is our geographical situation in Europe. pm

Politically, our situation is not advantageous. But economically it is. Especially owing to an immediate neighbourhood and close economic ties with Germany, where we have already earned a good reputation for our quality, pm

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timeliness and reliability. And it is not only true of large companies but also SMEs. However, because the era of low-cost labour is coming to an end in Poland, we may fall into the so-called average growth trap, that is reach a certain, relatively high level and lull into complacency. This stage is still ahead of us. It is worth, however, observing how the problem was coped with by the countries (like Israel, Finland and Sweden) that have already come through this stage. What remedy did they find? Precisely innovation. We have to draw lessons for Poland. The energy consumption is more and more expensive. We are obliged to reduce coal-based generation for the benefit of renewable sources, and this runs up costs. And since labour costs are set to increase, too, the basic factors of Poland’s growth are slowly losing significance. Therefore, we came to the conclusion that the remedy is innovation, based on Polish research. Luckily, in the current EU financial period we will be able to spend big money on research and development and technology transfer. The latter, as is the case with such companies as PKN Orlen and KGHM Polska Miedź SA, may consist in the acquisition of foreign companies, which is tantamount to the transfer of technological know-how of these companies. However, innovation must be based first and foremost on our own solutions. pm

In the European Innovation Ranking 2015 published recently Poland got promoted, ahead of Lithuania and nearing Slovakia and Hungary. What is this progress attributable to? This comes as a result of a favourable trend observed over the last seven years. Money spent on research, development and innovation under the previous financial framework is starting to bear fruit. The whole process takes time. In addition, the economic crisis has engulfed many businesses in recent years. Exports to Eastern Europe, where not only Polish apples, but also increasingly technologies were sold, have almost collapsed. Still, innovation in our country continues to develop. I would add that R&D investment in Poland is only nearing 1% of GDP, whereas the European average is 2%. You cannot do something out of nothing. Our aim is to increase expenditure for this purpose to 1.7% of GDP by 2020. pm

Is it conceivable to introduce the possibility of tax deductions for companies that use innovative solutions? The government’s “Programme for Enterprise Development” provides that once the excessive deficit procedure is lifted, we will introduce such a tax credit. It was also proposed in the Bill submitted by the President of Poland. It would involve the possibility to deduct from tax expenditure incurred by companies on research and development. pm


Innovation

It is the first, after 21 years, large chemical plant built in Poland based on a Polish technology.

In which areas of the Polish economy does innovation play and can it play the biggest role? Does the Ministry of the Economy have any preferences? In the field of innovation we still use more foreign than domestic know-how. But this is assumed to change. The EU Operational Programme “Smart Growth”, as part of which almost PLN 10 billion will be earmarked for research and development, has already started. Individual projects and competitions so did too. We place much hope in national smart specialisation - we have selected, together with entrepreneurs and experts, 19 such relevant areas. They have been described with consideration to processes, technologies and products. The document widely discusses and promotes for example modern treatments, but also implants, biodrugs or prostheses. For each of these 19 fields of specialisation a 30-person team was appointed, consisting of representatives of business, science and semi-business institutions. Descriptions of all these areas of specialisation have been posted on the website of the Ministry of the Economy. pm

Where does the project stand now? Areas of specialisation have been determined. Two competitions are already going on. There are two sectoral projects under way from the previous financial framework. As for the next competitions - so far 30 applications have been received - at least half of them is expected pm

to be approved by the Steering Committee. The best-known project has been submitted by the aviation industry, mainly by plants from Podkarpacie. Its total budget amounts to PLN 600 million, of which 400 million is to be covered by public funds (including EU funds), and 200 million - by the industry. So EU funding will not be in shortage for this programme? Funding is secured. Applications have been received and are now considered. From September, the projects concerned will be launched for the next few years. They include such industries as pharmaceuticals, chemistry and automotive. In the current financial period quite a lot of money will go for the creation of R&D centres. We want all major plants in Poland to have an R&D centre. pm

Regardless of the opportunities offered by the programmes you spoke about, innovative technologies and plants are already implemented in Polish industry. One example can be the plant to produce the nonphthalate plasticiser Oxoviflex used for PVC products in Grupa Azoty ZAK SA in Kędzierzyn-Koźle. Is that project a unique one? Grupa Azoty ZAK SA had two main products: mineral fertilisers and oxo-alcohols. The latter are the raw material for the manufacture of plasticisers from PVC. The implementation pm

of Oxoviflex is a Polish innovation. The new plant has a capacity of approx. 50 thousand tonnes per year and was built in one year at a cost of nearly PLN 42 million. Oxoviflex can be used to manufacture carpeting, vinyl wallpaper, flexible pipes, insulations, cable insulating tube, artificial leather, films and packaging. It is the first, after 21 years, large chemical plant built in Poland based on a Polish technology. The Ministry of the Economy and PARP relatively often participate in trade fairs and conferences, such as the upcoming Innovation Forum in Rzeszów. What is the point of such events now that anyone interested in making business contacts can do it on the Internet? For me, all trade shows and conferences of this kind make sense because I saw it for myself during numerous trips that small traders are often looking for suppliers in Germany, Slovakia or the Czech Republic. And they do not know that such a supplier could be found at home, somewhere near their premises. And this is despite the omnipresence of the Internet, because electronic information is often incomplete or too vague. So the only way to establish cooperation with the right contractor is a personal contact. Forums and conferences like the one in Rzeszów provide such networking op• portunities. pm

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Innovation

We help in applying advanced technologies “With the extremely rapid development of physics and engineering sciences in recent decades, the technologies we regarded not so long ago as advanced are today considered to be classical or sometimes even obsolete,” Prof. Ryszard Pregiel, President of the Polish Chamber of Commerce for High Technology, tells Jerzy Bojanowicz. What is your understanding of advanced technology in today’s world, which is changing before our eyes? Contrary to what it might seem, the answer to this question is not that simple, although specialists usually have no problem with assessing whether or not a given technology is advanced. In the most general terms, advanced technology, or high technology as it is also called, is understood as a way of making products or providing services based on the latest scientific discoveries. The quality and functionality of a product depends on how advanced the technology used to manufacture it is. Consequently, the pace at which the technology is modernized, or in other words the degree of technological innovation in the industry, determines its competitiveness on the global market. This is particularly true of key enabling technologies. At present, these technologies are microelectronics, nanotechnology, photonics, biotechnology, and new materials and manufacturing methods. pm

How has the Chamber come into being? Who are its members? The beginnings of the Chamber date back to 2008 when, at a meeting of the vice-rectors for scientific research of three leading universities of technology in Poland, the idea emerged to set up a non-governmental organization of research centres and technology firms. The three universities were the Warsaw University of Technology, the Wrocław University of Technology and the Military University of Technology. Activity supporting enterprise based on knowledge was to become the statutory mission of the organization. To emphasize the goal of the organization it was proposed that it should operate as a chamber of commerce. The initiative was immediately supported by many outstanding scientists and politicians associated with the engineering community. Among them was pm

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Innovation Prof. Jerzy Buzek, former Polish Prime Minister who is now president of the Council of the Chamber, and Waldemar Pawlak, then Minister of the Economy. The Polish Chamber of Commerce for High Technology occupies a special place among non-governmental organizations. It is the only chamber of commerce in Poland bringing together organizations from all the sectors whose cooperation is necessary for real progress in building a modern industry: high-tech businesses, universities and research institutes, banks and capital funds, and other institutions supporting the development of the Polish economy. Among the founders of the Chamber were such reputable companies as KGHM Polska Miedź and Wasko SA, leading universities providing technology programmes of study, like for example the Jagiellonian University and the University of Warsaw, more than 10 industrial research institutes, the Warsaw Stock Exchange, Bank Pekao SA, the company organizing Poznań international fairs and many other organizations playing a significant role in the Polish economy. The Chamber now has more than 200 members representing virtually all sectors of technology and economy. Which developments in the Chamber’s history would you call milestones? The Chamber has always conducted very intensive activity since its inception so it is difficult to indicate developments closing or opening a new chapter in its history. But if you ask me about the milestones I would mention the establishing of two technology platform, for photonics and microelectronics, and two science and industry clusters as events of special significance for the development of high technologies. The two clusters are the Silesian Nano Cluster and the Cluster of Innovative Manufacturing Technologies. The ties between research and application established in this way considerably contributed to the development of cooperation between science and business in the spheres in which the platforms and clusters are active. I would also like to mention the European Technology Congress in Wrocław in 2014 as a very important event. Organized by the Chamber, the Congress was held in Poland for the first time. It was attended by several hundred outstanding persons active in the sectors of industry and technology. They represented Europe’s largest industrial groups and research centres. The Congress significantly contributed to the development of international cooperation and to publicizing the successes of Polish science and industry. pm

Which of the projects carried out by the Chamber have given you a special reason to be proud? Innovation in Polish industry still leaves much to be desired so it is difficult to talk about being proud of the Chamber’s achievements in this area. However, working out and implementing a system of support in knowledge management for businesses in the key enabling technologies sector and the development of ties between science and industry through investment in advanced laboratories is the most efficient, in my view, among the more than 10 projects conducted by the Chamber. The two projects have been carried out under the Operational Programme Innovative Economy financed from the European Union’s Cohesion Fund. Under the first project, the Chamber provided expert support under the de minimis rule to 504 small and medium-sized businesses in launching new products and services based on high technologies. As part of this project, five knowledge bases in the area of industrial biotechnology, microelectronics, nanotechnology, photonics and new materials were designed and made available to interested research centres and businesses. Under the second project, the Chamber set up several industrial laboratories with state-ofthe-art equipment. They offer technology services in manufacturing and testing coatings and elements for such demanding customers as the aviation and automotive industries as well as other sectors. The laboratories located in the manufacturing plants of the Chamber’s members are operated by specialists trained and employed by the Chamber. pm

How are you pursuing now the main goal of your activity, which is to stimulate the development of enterprise based on knowledge and provide any kind of assistance to your members in their effort to achieve commercial success? First of all, we are continuing our activities designed to strengthen and build ties between industry and research centres - both universities and research institutes. Efficient cooperation between the research and business sectors is the fundamental factor determining how innovative an economy is. It is due to deficiencies in this cooperation that Polish industry is still insufficiently innovative. In recent years, the research infrastructure of Polish universities and research institutes has been considerably expanded and modernized. In 2007-2014, the universities and institutes received considerable financial support, running into billions of zlotys, from EU sources for this purpose. Many disciplines of science acquired pm

In recent years, the research infrastructure of Polish universities and research institutes has been considerably expanded and modernized.

world-class research centres with state-ofthe-art laboratory apparatus. The main problem today is not so much the absence of suitable infrastructure as problems with fully exploiting its capabilities. Our research centres have recently started to complain that they do not have enough money for the upkeep of the newly constructed buildings and laboratories. The only solution is earning the money by acquiring orders for research services from industry. Meanwhile, the problem is that scientific research communities know little about the needs of the industrial sector. Usually it is scientists who initiate research topics in Poland and acquire funding for the projects from the national budget or EU sources. Then, they look for businesses ready to put the research findings into their manufacturing practice. This, however, ends in failure in many cases. I often hear complaints that industry does not absorb new technological concepts developed at our universities or in the laboratories of state-owned research institutes. How to remedy this situation? I do not want to put in question the practice where scientists undertake research projects on their own initiative because this is necessary for new technological ideas to emerge. However, orders from industry should be the main source of research topics in the area of technology. It is necessary to redirect streams of research funding in this sphere. Instead of being directed to universities and research institutes, public money for this purpose should go to industrial plants, which – knowing excellently their own needs – would in turn place orders for research work with the universities and institutes. This method, despite some opposition from scientific communities, which is understandable, has already been applied in practice. It will be used to a large extent in financing pm

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Innovation

research conducted as part of the Operational Programme Smart Growth for 2014-2020. Additionally, there will be more consideration for the needs of industry in the process of further expansion of Polish research infrastructure. For example, the Operational Programme Smart Growth in its part entitled “The Development of Modern Scientific Research Infrastructure” stipulates that a research centre may receive funding for the purchase of new apparatus only if it presents to the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR) the agreement with a business partner in which the partner promises to cover at least 10% of the project’s cost. No business will spend several million zlotys on apparatus they are not going to use in the future in some way. This will greatly contribute to making better choices and better use of research apparatus. We hope that these new systemic solutions will significantly contribute to strengthening cooperation between science and business and consequently to enhancing innovation in the Polish high-tech industry and its competitiveness. Of course, this requires time, more confidence on the part of industry in the abilities of Polish scientists and a change to the mind-set of many scientific communities. We are working on it intensively at the Chamber and many positive changes are already noticeable. Every chamber of commerce collaborates with the government and parliament. Has your Chamber taken part in drafting laws important for its members? One of the main statutory tasks of the Chamber is inspiring changes to the legislative framework conducive to modernizing Polish industry and broadening cooperation between science and business. We devote much attention to this issue at every meeting of members and authorities of the Chamber. Representatives of the Chamber regularly take part in the work of parliamentary committees, consultative teams operating at the Ministries of the Economy, Infrastructure and Development, and Science and Higher Education, and in working groups active at the European Commission. In the course of this work, we have presented many opinions and submitted many motions and suggestions to draft laws making up the package designed to reform the Polish research sector, in particular the draft law on the rules of research funding, the draft law on the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR) and the draft law on some forms of supporting innovative activity. Many of our motions, though not all of them, have been adopted and have become law. The basic assumption in our work on the draft laws was introducing solutions that would enable more pm

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efficient use of the money set aside in the national and EU budget for research and the development of the high-tech industry. Among the regulations adopted was transferring the power to take decisions on financing scientific research and development work from ministries to the National Centre for Research and Development. This allows better management of the funds available and their better allocation. Of course, many issues still require further work and analyses. One of the unsolved problems is the question of regulations concerning development work conducted by industry. This state of affairs has a negative impact on the extent of Polish businesses’ contribution to financing scientific research. In this respect, we are much below the European average. The laws adopted to reform the research sector regulate mainly the matters of funding and the functioning of state-owned scientific research units. The laws treat the activity of private research and development centres in a marginal way. None of their provisions, for instance, speaks about setting up public-private research units and their operation. And to my knowledge, there is not a single unit of this kind in Poland. The regulations governing the matters of giving the status of research and development centre to development centres operating at industrial plants also require further work so that they meet current needs. We have recently taken a number of initiatives in this respect. Does the Chamber render expert services to the public administration sector? Of course. It is a very important sphere of our cooperation with government bodies, in particular in the area of opinions and analyses concerning the state of high-tech industry and its prospective development directions. For decades Poland’s industrial policy has been focused more on sectoral approach than on the development of the technologies which determine the technological level of the whole economy and influence all manufacturing and service sectors. The fight to secure the interests of individual sectors has been more important than a comprehensive approach to the sustainable development of the whole economy. As a result, we still do not have clearly defined priorities in our policy for the development of industry. The money we spend on the development of science and technology is scattered across a large number of various projects, which are not subordinated to a clear development strategy. Only now have we begun work to define the technology areas where Poland could play a major role on the global market in the future and make a significant contribution to the world’s technical expertise. A very important pm

contribution to this work is “InSight 2030,” Poland’s first technology foresight report for industry prepared by the Chamber for the Ministry of the Economy. The report is an attempt to define the main trends and desirable directions of technological change in our industry in the medium and long term, and to identify key and niche technologies which should be priorities of Poland’s science and technology policy. The findings of the report were used to a large extent in the “Programme for the Development of Enterprises until 2020” adopted by the government in April last year and in identifying national smart specialization. The smart specialization strategy consists in defining fields of national priorities in the area of research, development and innovation and concentrating support on investment projects in the sectors were Poland has a chance to achieve high competitiveness on the European and global market. Poland needs smart specialization to achieve this goal. Of course, defining fields of smart specialization is not a one-off thing. It is a dynamic process, with teams appointed by the minister of the economy working on it all the time. Among the teams’ members are many experts of the Chamber. The minister of infrastructure and development has recently appointed a representative of the Chamber to the post of member of the Committee Monitoring the Operational Programme Smart Growth 2014-2020. This is a sign of recognition for the competence of the Chamber. We also take part in the work of the team working out the criteria for selecting the projects applying for financial support under this Operational Programme. Will members of the Chamber benefit from the Operational Programme Smart Growth 2014-2020 carried out under the EU’s new financial framework? Compared to the Operational Programme Innovative Economy, which is nearing completion, the Operational Programme Smart Growth puts much more stress on cooperation between scientists and businesses. Its main goal is enhancing innovation in Polish businesses by strengthening existing and building new ties between them and research units, and raising research quality and the position of Polish research centres, especially industrial ones, in the European Research Area. As I mentioned, it is also one of the main statutory tasks of the Chamber. Therefore, it may be expected that all members of the Chamber will benefit from the programme. We will spare no effort to make • this happen. pm


Innovation

Comprehensive laboratory research for industry Technopark Łódź is a place where business meets science. It enables the flow of knowledge and technologies between research units and businesses, offering an attractive research and application environment.

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ioNanoPark is a modern application centre for business. It is composed of two laboratories: of Industrial Biotechnology and of Molecular and Nanostructural Biophysics. The laboratories are equipped in such a way so as to enable businesses to order research services at each stage in the development of their products and technologies. Some of the facilities have received Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) certification. At BioNanoPark, you can test new products, including biomaterials for environmental protection, enantioselective chemicals indispensable in the modern pharmaceutical industry, nutraceuticals, which enable the production of healthier food, probiotics, which improve the work of the digestive system, and ingredients for safer and more effective medicines. BioNanoPark’s competent and experienced team of scientists does research for many sectors, including the foodprocessing, chemical, pharmaceutical and

defence industries, medicine and environmental protection. The Personalized Medical Implants Lab deserves special attention. It makes customized implants for individual patients on the basis of diagnostic imaging and using the rapid prototyping method. The Orbitech eye socket implants and Craniotech facial skeleton implants have received certificates of free sale valid in the European Union. As part of the project to expand BioNanoPark, more laboratories will be launched in autumn 2015. Among them will be the laboratories of Biosensors, Food Authentication, Biotechnology, Physical and Chemical Characterization of Nanomaterials, Personalized Medicine and Real Complex Systems Analyser (ARUZ). The Analyser is a digital simulator, the first of its kind in the world. It will enable reproducing the flow of molecules and the course of complex chemical reactions. It is based on the Dynamic Lattice Liquid (DLL)

algorithm invented by Polish physician Prof. Tadeusz Pakuła. The simulator does not operate like a supercomputer. But although it does not contain microprocessors, it allows researchers to examine chemical reactions in huge systems composed of 1 million molecules simultaneously. This information is necessary in the production of chemicals and pharmaceuticals. ARUZ will dramatically shorten the time needed for such research, resulting in significant cost reductions. It will be a very valuable research tool for all industries, both • in Poland and abroad.

Technopark Łódź 93-465 Łódź, ul. Dubois 114/116 tel: (+4842) 684 44 44 fax: (+4842) 684 50 00 e-mail: biuro@technopark.lodz.pl www.technopark.lodz.pl

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Leading automation into the future

“Wilfried Stoll, an owner of Festo Group, and members of the Management Board are impressed by the competence of Festo’s Polish team supported by state-of-the-art application equipment installed on our premises. Both are the result of our determination in pursuing the main goal, which is to consistently increase our intellectual contribution to solutions and products offered by Festo Sp. z o.o., the Polish subsidiary of Festo Group,” Andrzej Soldaty, General Menager of Festo Sp. z o.o., tells Jerzy Bojanowicz. Your company has recently celebrated a round anniversary of its operations in Poland. The Polish subsidiary of Festo Group was formally established on December 13, 1989, the year of economic change in Poland. Initially, the company operated in rented premises and we started the production of special actuators and modules in a proverbial garage. The training room where we acquainted prospective users with the latest technology played a special role in our office. The rapid expansion of the market and our operations meant that after only two years the parent company decided to buy a site in Janki, outside Warsaw, and have our own premises constructed. We have operated there since 1996. This created conditions for Festo to carry out in Poland the whole range of its activities. A large design team started off alongside the sales and consulting departments. Then, the Solution Engineering Centre, or the manufacturing part of the business, came into being, followed by the Application Centre and new training labs. During the anniversary celebrations, we wanted to show the potential of competence that the company had acquired through its pm

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activity and how we wanted to exploit this potential in the future. A film presenting the economic and industrial changes in Poland over the past 25 years and how the Polish subsidiary of Festo developed against this background stirred up memories. Poland’s economic transition resulted in the transformation of the market for automation components and systems, with the liquidation of the industrial conglomerates and foreign trade enterprises which had operated in the communist times. At the same time, there emerged many small industrial plants starting off in garages or premises once occupied by state-run enterprises. How long did you have the impression at that time that your products and services were treated in terms of science-fiction? We never had such an impression because Festo’s philosophy is to combine applying new technologies with properly preparing the people who will be using them in the future. Brothers Kurt and Wilfried Stoll adopted this approach soon after they made a breakthrough innovation in the 1950s by introducing pneumatic technology to industry. The technology was used in woodworking machinery to replace mechanical systems, something which made the further automation of this market segment easier. Interest in the new technology grew rapidly and its originators realized that automation would be developing only if the competence and knowledge of its users improved. This is why, alongside manufacturing activity, they started training activity to create a basis for the efficient use of this technology. Festo has been present in Poland for 45 years now. Before the Group started up its Polish subsidiary, Festo Sp. z. o.o., Festo’s Technical Information Office in Poland conducted intensive training and consulting activity, worked closely with universities and regularly made presentations at trade fairs. This is why the introduction of our technology to industry was “painless” – the customers were well prepared to use it. pm

And what were the anniversary celebrations like? We began them on April 23 at Warsaw’s Copernicus Science Centre, a perfect place for talking about the future of technology. Eberhard Veit, chairman of the Management Board of Festo Group and a member of the German governmental committee working out and applying the idea of Industry 4.0 in the German economy, made a presentation about this concept. Industry 4.0 is regarded pm

as a strategic tool for retaining a competitive advantage. This new era in industry is called a fourth industrial revolution. The first one was associated with the use of the steam engine, the second one with the introduction of electric power for transport lines, the third one with the use of controllers in production while the fourth combines the virtual world with the real one. It is based on the Internet of Things and the Internet of Services in industry. At present, more than 20 billion devices are connected to the Internet. And it is estimated that this figure will rise to 50 billion by 2020. This means there will be more than seven devices connected to the Internet per person on Earth: from an alarm clock collecting data on motorway traffic intensity and deciding on this basis when to wake up the driver to a manufacturing machine taking the autonomous decision to change production on the basis of a cloud of data generated by the other machines and devices in the factory. There was also a presentation about practical Industry 4.0 solutions, which require a new way of training. In the second part of the meeting, we talked about new solutions and requirements for traffic control systems, like for example the requirement of energy-efficiency and smoothness. We showed SupraMotion 3.0, an advanced solution using superconductivity. It is a kind of levitation because the objects hover over an element generating a very strong magnetic field. The presentation attracted great interest from our guests as had been the case 10 days earlier with those who had

visited the Hannover Messe 2015 fair. Among the visitors was Chancellor Angela Merkel who got familiar, as she does every year, with Festo’s latest solutions at our stand. At the beginning of May, a programme about SupraMotion was broadcast in Poland by a Polsat television channel. Let me add that Festo always shows at Hannover Messe the results of its research work focused on optimising existing solutions. This year, we showed among others our latest bionic solutions: a gripper modelled on the chameleon’s tongue able to securely grip objects of almost any shape, flying butterflies and a colony of artificial ants. The ants communicated with each other as did the butterflies. If the ants encountered an object, for example, they cooperated to move it. Our goal is to develop a system of communication among devices so that they are able to take a joint decision without human interference as to the best way of performing a task. The second part of the anniversary celebrations was held in the Kubicki Arcades of Warsaw’s Royal Castle. The event was attended by around 200 people and began with a presentation of 3D mapping technology. In this unusual spatial light animation, we showed Festo’s mission, which is best described by the slogan: “We are leading automation into the future.” Later, Wilfried Stoll, an owner of the corporate group, gave an address entitled “Festo’s Polish subsidiary as a Member of the Festo Family.” He spoke about the setting up of the Polish company. It is worth adding that 6 /2015  polish market

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the subsidiary was one of the first foreign companies which started operations in Poland 1989 after the beginning of the Balcerowicz reform. He also talked about how the subsidiary had changed over the years, how it fitted with his concept for the functioning of the firm and what future he saw for us. Our guests spoke about the achievements of Festo and expectations for the future. Elżbieta Bieńkowska, European Commissioner for Internal Market, graced our gala event with her presence. She expressed her respect for the successes and initiatives of Festo Sp. z o.o. Piotr Wojaczek, president of the Katowice Special Economic Zone, spoke on behalf of Janusz Piechociński, deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Economy. The deputy prime minister congratulated the owners of Festo group on taking the right decisions and a visionary look into prospects for the development of the Polish market at a time when it was far from normal. He also emphasized the importance of knowledge transfer and our educational activity. In his message, the deputy prime minister also praised Festo for inspiring and supporting innovation, raising productivity through modern automation solutions, and the transfer of knowledge about new technologies as three aspects of the company’s operations of great importance for Polish industry. A letter from Ilona Antoniszyn-Klik, deputy minister of the economy, was in a similar tone. She wrote that Festo’s activity proved it was worth introducing state-of-the-art solutions to Poland and that the successes achieved confirmed Poland’s attractiveness as an investment location. Rolf Nikel, German ambassador to Poland, also sent a message speaking about Festo’s achievements. Michael Kern, director-general of the Polish-German Chamber of Industry and Trade (AHK Polska), offered his congratulations and wishes for further success as did Grażyna Magdziak, BAA president, on behalf of Business Centre Club. Referring to the wishes and expectations for Festo’s further activity on the Polish market, Ansgar Kriwet, member of the Festo Group’s Management Board responsible for sales, outlined his vision for the development of the firm. He stressed the competence of the Polish subsidiary and the associated plans for making broader use of its engineering and manufacturing potential. The first day ended with the presentation of SmartBird, a flight model inspired by the gull, in the courtyard of the Kubicki Arcades. On the second day, a session entitled “The Future of Business with Festo” was held in our head office. It was inaugurated by Paweł

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Motyl, director of Harvard Business Program, who spoke about Leadership 4.0, which is a concept of distributed leadership as it is becoming a must in today’s world of dynamic change. Then, five young Festo employees, some of them still students, talked about their passions and how they were able to pursue them at Festo Sp. z o.o. The last speaker was Paolo Arosio, Festo’s sales director for Europe. In his address entitled “Why Festo,” he spoke about four pillars in building customer advantage in cooperation with Festo: competence, raising productivity, the security of solutions and business, and creating modern and intuitive technologies. The meeting ended with a tour of eight exhibitions showing the latest educational solutions, the contribution of Polish engineers to Festo Group and our application centres. We also presented bionic models. Indeed, your bionic solutions are truly impressive. Have you already applied them in practice? We have. A good example is a solution based on the fish skeleton. It resulted in the development of adaptive grippers. Usually, we do not use our bionic designs directly, but the mental work done to make them leads to specific industrial adaptations. Another example is the pneumatic muscle, which has found many applications, also on the Polish market. The Bionic Network assumes that innovative solutions come up in the course of unconventional research and seemingly unrealistic projects. Our adaptive gripper originated from the bionic fish while our butterfly was another step towards miniaturization in the automation industry. pm

There are many products in your catalogue. Which of them generate the highest earnings? Our core business is pneumatic systems, but electric drives are our future. Until recently we were associated only with pneumatic automation solutions. Now, our team is composed of specialists in both fields. We place the biggest emphasis on hybrid systems, which combine pneumatic solutions with electric ones. The importance of the latter in our products is growing rapidly. pm

Which of the new products you are going to launch in 2015 would you like to especially recommend to your customers? Our most valuable products are Customer Solutions. We have a huge catalogue of individual products, but it is the ability to pm

combine them that gives us our competitive advantage. Of course, the year 2015 will see many unveilings of new products, like for example the EXCH handling unit, which is a bridge between a conventional handling unit and a robot, and the very powerful standard DSBG cylinder. You can find information about them on our website among other new products. Several months ago you said that you were creating in conjunction with the Katowice Special Economic Zone a Centre of Excellence for workers employed by new investors in special economic zones. At what stage is this project now? Mayor of Katowice officially opened the Centre on May 11. It is designed as a place for providing training in the area of mechatronic skills: from basic to advanced ones, including the operation of fully automated production lines. The course on the basics of pneumatics has already begun and we hope that investors in the zone will be eager to benefit from the very wide range of training opportunities offered by the Excellence Centre because this project is indeed able to provide them with top-class engineering staff. pm

And why do you offer on your website a free test in pneumatics, hydraulics, electro-pneumatics, electrical engineering, and open and closed control loop? The test is designed to show the interested persons whether their knowledge is still up-to-date. The questions will help them figure out whether or not they should improve and update their knowledge of the subjects. pm

Finally, I would like to ask you about the position of Festo Sp. z o.o. in Festo Group. Before I answer the question let me cite the words of Ambassador Rolf Nikel: “Festo is a leader of innovative solutions in industrial and process automation not only in Esslingen, which is the headquarters of the group, or in Poland, but in 176 countries across the world. The achievement of this corporation is impressive. It holds today almost 3,000 patents and every year launches around 100 new products across the world.” And Ansgar Kriwet, congratulating Festo Sp. z o.o. on being awarded a Large Pearl of the Polish Economy, wrote: “Festo Sp. z o.o. is a pearl on the Polish market, but also a pearl in Festo Group.” The presentation at Hannover Messe 2015 in the category of ultramodern products of a pneumatic module designed by our Polish engineers reflects our high position in the group. • pm


Innovation

Pat p o l provides top-quality services

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ince 1966 Patpol patent attorneys have rendered services associated with industrial property protection in Poland and other countries. As one of the leading Polish firms operating in this sector, Patpol provides its clients with top-quality services concerning all aspects of intellectual property protection. Is perceived across the world as a synonym for professionalism, knowledge and competence. The source of our success is our team of specialists who combine vast experience with constant education, modern approach and openness to new challenges and market needs. Patpol has worked for many years with foreign law firms specializing in obtaining, retaining and enforcing intellectual property rights. This cooperation guarantees professional and effective protection of our clients’ rights in almost all countries across the world. We actively support our clients in the process of obtaining exclusive rights to such objects of the industrial property law as: • inventions, • trademarks, • designs, • utility models, • geographical indications, • layout designs of integrated circuits. We advise our clients on matters concerning infringements of intellectual property rights (infringements of industrial property rights, copyrights infringements, unfair competition, and infringements of rights to trademarks on the Internet). We represent our clients in: • civil, administrative, penal and arbitration cases before courts • litigations before the Polish Patent Office • penal proceedings conducted by the Customs Service, police and other law enforcement authorities under prosecutors’ supervision. We also conduct searches, do research work and provide monitoring services for patents, trademarks, utility models and designs. In doing so we use our own databases as well as official and commercial ones. Patpol is divided into three main departments. The Patent Department specializes in

preparing documentation needed to file a patent application with the Polish Patent Office or the European Patent Office, and in representing clients before the Polish Patent Office and the European Patent Office in matters relating to applying for patent protection. The Department represents clients in international patent application proceedings under the Patent Cooperation Treaty, and before the Polish Patent Office and the European Patent Office. It also validates European patents in Poland, adheres to deadlines and makes payments of official fees due to the Polish Patent Office, the European Patent Office and foreign patent offices, makes changes and entries into the official registers of the Polish Patent Office and the European Patent Office. The Department offers a complete service leading to the final decision to grant a patent. It also conducts searches in patent literature to check whether or not the innovative solutions that the clients have left in our hands are patentable. The Department conducts patent clearance searches to identify other parties’ exclusive rights if they do exist in Poland and issues related opinions. The for Trademarks and Designs Department specializes in preparing applications to the Polish Patent Office for the right of design registration and for trademark protection rights. The Department also files applications for the registration of Community trademarks and Community designs with the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM), conducts searches in the national, international and EU databases to examine the availability of trademarks and designs in Poland, makes comments concerning obstacles to the registration of trademarks submitted for registration, files applications for the international registration of trademarks and designs under the Madrid Agreement and the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement within the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), submits motions for removing registered trademarks and designs from the register, files applications for declaring that a protection right has expired, converts Community trademark applications to national applications, defends international trademarks before the Polish Patent Office, represents clients in matters concerning infringements of rights to trademarks, designs and Internet domains,

www.patpol.pl adheres to deadlines, makes regular payments of official fees, and makes changes and entries into official registers. The Legal Department specializes in all aspects of intellectual property infringement, in particular: • infringements of industrial property rights, • unfair competition, • copyright infringements, • infringements of rights to trademarks on the Internet. The Department represents Patpol clients in: • civil, administrative, penal and arbitration cases before courts, • litigations before the Polish Patent Office, • penal proceedings conducted by the Customs Service, police and other law enforcement authorities under prosecutors’ supervision, • negotiations relating to infringements of intellectual property rights, • negotiations relating to licensing and the transfer of intellectual property rights. The Department provides advice on matters concerning Internet domains, conducts mediation and arbitration proceedings before arbitration courts, cooperates with domain name registrars and NASK, advises clients on matters concerning infringements of the right to trademarks and agreements on the Internet, monitors websites, cooperates with auction and social networking portals, and provides advice on e-commerce. The Department prepares agreements concerning intellectual property rights, including licence agreements, agreements on the transfer of industrial property rights and agreements concerning remuneration for inventors. It also conducts programmes aimed at seizing fake and pirated products, working closely in this respect with the Polish Customs Service. The programmes include filing applications for customs protection and organizing training courses for customs officers. The Department represents clients before law enforcement authorities, like police, border officials and prosecutors, in matters concerning infringements of intellectual property rights under penal law. •

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A huge amount of myths has accrued around graphene Zbigniew Mularzuk, President of Nano Carbon Sp. z o.o., talks to Marcin Haber about methods of producing graphene, the “Polish graphene” project and ways to commercialise products comprising graphene. Let’s start with explaining the myths that circulate about graphene. The main task ahead of us is the commercialisation of the project called “Polish graphene” and around which a huge amount of myths has accrued. The general opinion identifies graphene with a Polish unique technology of growing graphene on silicon carbide, with a prospective use in electronics in the future (extremely fast). There are two main types of graphene: epitaxial - made by man, and flaky obtained by processing graphite as a distinctive layer of it. Flake graphene can be obtained in a mechanical way - for which British scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize - but it is not used on an industrial scale. It is obtained by breaking graphite layers by means of injecting chemicals into it, hence its other name: chemical graphene. Graphene can also be grown in copper and this method is used most often. Grown in such a way, graphene is separated from copper foil and transferred to another substrate, like for example polyethylene or another polymer. pm

Could you tell us more about Nano Carbon’s activities? We deal with graphene, and mostly with its applications. But the fact that we have probably the greatest production capacity for graphene grown on copper foil is not a success in itself. pm

Why? Because graphene should earn money. Profit is made when graphene has a specific application and when the final product is your product. Selling a pure raw material is the least profitable form of business. The same is true not only about graphene, but in any other field. pm

Have specific profitable applications for graphene been developed already? Yes, they have. The problem is that I cannot really talk about it. What makes commercial success is, beyond technology, a unique idea for a product which uses graphene to achieve competitive unique properties. There are thousands of patents and hundreds of thousands of possible applications. If I tell you about what we consider to be a promising prospect, someone could overtake us. Therefore, we are all

Photo: Rafał Nowak

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Innovation so cautious and refrain from boasting until the product has successfully passed tests and is on the eve of the market debut. So, for many applications, I can tell you for now only two. The first one is elastomer-graphene composites, that is a combination of elastomer and graphene with possible applications in various types of seals, especially in movable parts. It is important here that the strength of such rubbers is much greater than normally and, additionally, graphene has barrier properties, as it is impermeable to gases. So if it is used in an aggressive environment, such a seal will be much more durable. So it is perfect for use in military equipment? Military and aerospace. It is very strong, but also expensive - especially in the first phase of implementation. So it will take some time until it is generally used. But in the army, where human life is at stake, the price is not that important. In the case of aerospace applications, the key factor is the enormous cost of sending cargo into orbit, hence extremely strict operating parameters. For applications in military equipment, the price is also acceptable because the use of such modern materials allows longer intervals between servicing, for example combat vehicles. And the cost of servicing such equipment in difficult conditions is huge and can be as high as several hundred thousand zlotys. Longer servicing intervals, possible thanks to graphene components, will save money. pm

You spoke about using graphene in composites with elastomer. And what is the second application you can tell us about? Both projects are known because they are subsidised by the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR). The second one is heating layers on optical elements. I would like to point out, however, that Nano Carbon does not carry out research, but is commercialising the results of it. We are preparing products, talking to partners in Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa (Polish Armaments Group) about who would be able to apply such solutions. The effect of this research exceeds our expectations. Components heat up more than anticipated, which opens up the question of new applications. For example, if you want to heat a window glass in a car, you need a temperature of no more than 20 degrees. In the application I was speaking about the results are much more performant. We have to come up with a market product where transparent surface needs to be heated to such high temperatures. Opaque surface, by contrast, can be heated using much cheaper solutions, for example induction. There is room for identifying areas where such transparent heating layers can be used. There is a third area of application ​​ for graphene - biological materials. We are conducting research in this direction the Military University of Technology (WAT). One idea is to use graphene in medical dressings. It is necessary, however, to complete biological research first. We cannot rely on the fact that such a use is possible because graphene has antibacterial properties. We need to confirm this explicitly in the course of research. By introducing such a solution into the market, we take responsibility for its effectiveness and the absence of side effects. • pm

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The 6th Innovation Forum in Rzeszów

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n 17-19 June 2015 Rzeszów will host the 6th Innovation Forum. The guiding theme of this year’s Forum is “Plastics in Harmony with Nature.” All the previous editions aroused great interest. The formula of the event involves panel discussions with representatives of the world of business, science and politics, as well as special guest lectures and presentations of practical applications of innovative solutions. The previous forums were devoted to innovations in areas such as energy, natural energy sources, aviation, communications, IT, medicine, the automotive industry, and tourism. Issues related to intellectual property, the role of clusters, and the importance of research for economic development were also discussed. The themes of particular editions of the Innovation Forum are selected in such a way to address recent preoccupations facing Poland and the Podkarpacie region. The Innovation Forum is a platform for the exchange of ideas and experiences between researchers, businesses, local governments and politicians. During this year’s Forum participants will discuss topics such as: the Polish chemical industry against the background of the European Union, innovation in plastics processing and designing environmentallyfriendly plastics. On the first day of the Forum the Business Innovation Awards, a joint initiative of the Innovation Forum Programme Council and “Polish

Innovation

Market,” will be handed in. They are awarded to companies and prominent personalities who have contributed to the development of innovation or were responsible for the implementation of particularly innovative projects in various industries. The Forum of Space and Satellite Technologies held as part of the Innovation Forum, is co-organised by the Polish Space Agency and the Rzeszów University of Technology. The inspiration came during the 4th Innovation Forum, dedicated to the aviation and space sectors, which met with great acclaim from the scientific and business circles. Another argument in favour of the location of the event in Rzeszów is the fact that the city is the capital of the “Aviation Valley,” whose members account for more than 90% of Polish aerospace output. The events of the recent years, that is Poland’s entry into the European Space Agency and the creation – called for during the Forum in 2013 – of the Polish Space Agency make it extremely important to integrate communities associated with the space industry. The Innovation Forum is held under the honorary patronage of the Ministry of the Economy, the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. “Polish Market” is • traditionally a media partner of the event.

POLISH MARKETT ECONOMIC MAGAZINE AWARDS THE BUSINESS INNOVATION AWARD

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POLAND, RZESZÓW, 17719 JUNE, 2015

VI EDITION OF

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Effective implementation of the catchline “Rzeszów the capital of innovation” Tadeusz Ferenc, Mayor of Rzeszów

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ince the first edition in 2010, the Innovation Forum - an integral part of the prestigious Economic Forum in Krynica - aroused widespread interest and attracted eminent representatives of science, business, politics and the media. Among the prominent participants of the previous editions were i.a.: Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak, ambassadors: Piotr Kłodkowski, Polish Ambassador to India, Marek Prawda, Polish Ambassador to Germany, Ladislav Dowbor, economist and former advisor to the President of Brazil, Scott Parazynski, American astronaut of Polish origin, a physician specialising in space medicine, Alicja Adamczak, President of the Polish Patent Office, Bożena Lublińska-Kasprzak, President of the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PARP). It is hard to imagine the Rzeszów Forum without an enormous commitment of its initiators and organisers: minister Jan Bury, Chairman of the Innovation Forum Programme Council, and Zygmunt Berdychowski, Chairman of the Programme Council of the Economic Forum in Krynica The Innovation Forum is for our city the most effective instrument of implementation of the catchline “Rzeszów - the capital of innovation.” We are keen to attract companies and institutions dealing with high-tech and implement innovations effectively. For Rzeszów and Podkarpacie it is a path towards the accelerated development and a chance to prevent the young generation from leaving and unlock its intellectual potential here, at home. It is already happening – let me cite the example of

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the Aviation Valley and modern technological labs at universities. The subject of this year’s Forum - “Plastics in harmony with nature” as well as the 1st Space and Satellite Technology will offer a platform to discuss modern and innovative technologies. The chemical industry and space engineering are growing rapidly, driving economic growth and job creation. Rzeszów is a city that harbours a great potential for innovation. It is the largest economic, scientific, educational, cultural and administrative centre of south-eastern Poland. It is also as a major industrial hub: aviation, IT, chemical, commercial, construction and services. Rzeszów is a dynamic city of young and enterprising people. The capital of Podkarpacie is one of the largest academic centres in Poland and, according to a recent study by Eurostat, Europe’s leader in terms of the number of students. There are 353 students for every 1,000 residents. The University of Rzeszów, the Rzeszów University of Technology, six private universities train a total of approx. 60 thousand students in more than 60 majors. Rzeszów universities provide highly-qualified teaching staff, modern facilities and fields of study corresponding with local industries and labour market needs. The intellectual potential of residents, strong links with the aviation industry and information technology, as well as the heritage of the prewar Central Industrial District (COP) make Rzeszów a city of dynamically developing high technologies. The city provides an excellent base for the development of the aerospace industry, which is one of the main drivers of the innovative economy.

There are more than 22,000 enterprises in Rzeszów supported by more than 800 financial and semi-business institutions, including BorgWarner, MTU Aero Engines, Hamilton Sundstrand, Heli One and many others. The innovative potential of the city finds confirmation in the international ranking of “The Smartest Cities,” in which Rzeszów was ranked 19th in terms of social capital among 908 European cities listed and was the highest positioned Polish city. A strong differentiator of Rzeszów is its active cooperation for the development of the city and the region with innovative clusters, such as the Aviation Valley, Informatyka Podkarpacka, Plastics Processing Cluster “Poligen,” Life Quality Cluster, Kraina Podkarpacie, Podkarpacie Renewable Energy Cluster. The city’s current priority undertaking is a comprehensive development of the SEZ “Rzeszów-Dworzysko.” A big advantage of the zone is its convenient connection with the A4 motorway, the S19 expressway, one of the main railway lines and the International Airport Rzeszów-Jasionka that offers direct flights to many European cities. Ultimately, the SEZ will cover approx. 450 hectares. A company already established in the zone is Raben. The recent projects that have significantly influenced Rzeszów’s investment strategy is a partnership programme Rzeszów-Gainesville (Florida) and the cooperation and promotion agreement between the international airports Rzeszów-Jasionka and Miami, signed in November 2013. Economic cooperation will be developed with the US and Latin America through the launch of freight traffic between Rzeszów and Miami and, consequently, the creation of a logistics hub in Rzeszów. •


Innovation

Congress focused on Polish innovation and cooperation with the Americas

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he Scientific and Economic Congress “Polskie Innowacje. Florida – Gateway to the Americas, Poland – Gateway to Central & Eastern Europe” was held in Warsaw on April 16-17. At the beginning of the Congress, Krystyna Woźniak-Trzosek, Editor-in-Chief of “Polish Market” said: This Congress, which is held on the initiative of the Association for the Eugen iusz Kwiatkowski Industrial Cluster of the former Central Industrial District, draws upon the best traditions of Polish entrepreneurship. This entrepreneurship could not develop

Janusz Sobieraj, President of the COP Cluster

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without the support and commitment of great Poles, statesmen, one of whom was undoubtedly Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski: politician, economist, a man with a vision, but above all a great patriot who saw Poland, in his own words, as “a free state, solidary, internally strong, inspiring reverence abroad, permeated with cultural and civilisational values.” But most of all, he should be remembered as the author of the interwar Polish economic successes. It is thanks to him that Gdynia became in 1934 the largest port on the Baltic Sea. Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski was the godfather the most ambitious investment venture of the Second Polish Republic: the construction of the Central Industrial District, whose aim was to increase the economic potential of Poland and its military security through the development of heavy industry and armaments. Please note, however, that within two years from the start of the construction, i.e. since 1937, a number of large energy projects were carried out: armaments plants, chemical plants and many, many others. Had we not fallen short of two years, we would have got strong, and who knows, maybe Germany would not have dared to aggress Poland in 1939.

As the publisher of the “Polish Market” magazine promoting the Polish economy, science, culture worldw ide, a magazine that for nearly 20 years of its existence has been present and recorded all stagKrystyna Woźniak-Trzosek, Editor-in-Chief, “Polish es of Poland’ Market” return to the Euro-Atlantic civilisation, I strongly appreciate the events that draw upon the best Polish traditions and can be an example to follow by present and future generations. Therefore, it is worth remembering how much we could and we still can do. But it is also worth remembering that the idea of clustering ​​ initiated by Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski was also meant to strengthen positive relationships between businesses,


Photo: Łukasz Giersz

Innovation

From left: Alicja Adamczak (Polish Patent Office), Ilona Antoniszyn-Klik (Ministry of the Economy), Janusz Steinhoff, Prof. Bohdan Żakiewicz, Anna Tępińska-Marcinek (Ceramika Paradyż) as competition does not rule out good cooperation, provided that it is based on mutual trust. Trust in business and good cooperation is what I wish all entrepreneurs. I also wish that we keep in mind the words of Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski: “In this part of Europe where Poland lies, only a strong state can exist.” As part of projects for the transatlantic economic integration of CAMACOL and NAFTA countries with the European Union and in connection with the proposed free trade agreement between the United States and the EU (TTIP) there emerged a concept to tighten mutual contacts. The idea includes intensive multi-level trade relations between Poland and North and South America, with a special focus on the development of innovative technologies and capital flows. It is an opportunity for gaining new marketing outlets, and for market diversification and expansion. The Congress inaugurated this kind of cooperation and provided an opportunity to directly take part in business and non-business projects. It was also a proposal to create a platform for the participants to share their opinions with each other and establish contacts, which will develop into a network of business and cultural ties among supporters of strong economic integration between Europe and the two Americas. Taking part in the Congress were institutions serving businesses, investors, trade partners from the United States and Latin American countries, research and development organizations, universities and local government units. Among those present were the highest-ranking officials of the

government of Florida and the city of Miami, Enterprise Florida, CAMACOL, chambers of commerce of Latin American countries, Innovation Technology HUB of the Americas, Latin America Invest, Morgan Stanley and Florida Foreign Trade Association. The Congress participants also included ambassadors and members of the diplomatic corps of Latin American nations and of the United States in Poland, and people representing management boards of Polish companies, organizations operating in the business environment, scientific and financial organizations, and local governments. The Congress was a closed meeting, intended for a select group of decision-makers in Polish business, finance, science and local government. It was attended by potential investors and trade partners from such sectors as finance, the power industry, renewable energy sources, construction, medicine and medical tourism, new technologies, logistics and the food-processing industry. The organizer of the Congress was Poland’s Cluster of the Central Industrial District (COP) in conjunction with the Polish Chamber of Commerce in Miami, the Polish Trade Center Corp. and the “Polish Market” magazine. The Congress was an effective tool in establishing direct relations with prospective partners and investors who are thinking about entering Europe with their projects. •

Stephen Mull - Ambassador of the United States

Congress website: www.kongresng.pl

Manny Mencia - Senior Vice President, International Trade Development, Enterprise Florida 6 /2015  polish market

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Innovation

The E. Kwiatkowski Medal of the Central Industrial District (COP)

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he E. Kwiatkowski Medals of the Central Industrial District were handed in on 16 April in the Wilanów Palance. The Medal honours outstanding individuals, companies and organisations that make a significant contribution to the dynamic social and economic development of Poland with a particular emphasis on innovation, modern manufacturing capacity growth, defence and patriotic values. The Honorary Award pays tribute to the promotion, presentation and dissemination of innovation in the economy, as well as to the promotion of the the idea of economic ​​ development through a systematic, planned and consistent action, whose unequaled master was Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski, the Polish Deputy Prime Minister, founder of Gdynia and the Central Industrial District. Krystyna Woźniak-Trzosek, the editor-in-chief of “Polish Market,” which was a partner of the gala, spoke of the imminent role of Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski in the development of Polish industry, quoting Jan Nowak Jeziorański: “The role of Kwiatkowski consisted in his efforts to save and strengthen the economic independence, without which Poland could not exist as an independent state.”

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Innovation The winners of the E. Kwiatkowski Medal of the Central Industrial Region are:

Entrepreneur-Innovator: - Dr. Bohdan Żakiewicz - Stanislaw Szczepaniak

Entrepreneurship Hero: - Stanisław Tępiński

Innovation Ambassador:

From left: Leszek Ladowski, Manny Mencia, Wifredo Gort, Krystyna Woźniak-Trzosek, Janusz Sobieraj

- Ryszard Schnepf, Polish Ambassador in Washington, DC

Outstanding Researcher: - Prof. Bogdan Marciniec - Dr. Lechosław Ciupik

Business Environment Organisation: - Mazovia Association Trade, Industry and Services - Polish Chamber of Advanced Technologies

Honorary Partner: - Janusz Sobieraj, President of the Board of Korporacja Radex SA - The State of Florida, United States

Dr Bohdan Żakiewicz receives an award

Janusz Sobieraj with an award

Prof. Bogdan Marciniec, Krystyna Woźniak-Trzosek and Jacek Kopyra

Dr Lechosław Ciupik receives an award

Prof. Ryszard Pregiel - Polish Chamber of Advanced Technologies

Robert Składowski - Mazovia Association Trade, Industry and Services 6 /2015  polish market 47


Innovation

Wo r k w h i c h requires c on t i n uat i on Eugeniusz Felicjan Kwiatkowski (1888-1974), a politician, economist, writer and historian, was an exceptional person. Forgotten for many years, he is now counted among the most outstanding Polish politicians who have rendered services to the national economy. In the period between the world wars, Kwiatkowski served as deputy prime minister, Treasury minister, and industry and trade minister. He was a great visionary and a man behind the concept of Poland’s modernization. The seaport of Gdynia and the Central Industrial District (COP) are symbols and lasting mementoes of his imagination and activity. In 2009, the parliament adopted a resolution commemorating Kwiatkowski’s services to Poland. It is worth adding today that his great work has not been completed. We owe him memory about his person and his services. We are obliged to at least try to make his visions come true. Maciej Proliński outlines the life and work of this outstanding nation builder and specialist.

E

ugeniusz Kwiatkowski was born in Kraków on December 30, 1888. His father was a railways engineer. His mother came from the well-known Moszczeński family. Kwiatkowski was educated in the Franciszek Józef school in Lvov and then in the Jesuit school in Bąkowice where he took his school-leaving exam in 1907. He studied at the Faculty of Technical Chemistry of the University of Technology in Lvov and then in Munich. During the First World War, he was a soldier of the Polish Legions and a member of the Polish Military Organization. During the 1920 Polish-Bolshevik war, Kwiatkowski was employed in the chemical section of the Central Office for Supplies to the Armed Forces at the Ministry for Military Affairs. In 1921, he started to give lectures at the Faculty of Chemistry Warsaw University of Technology and two years later assumed the post of technical director in the state-run nitrogen compounds factory in the city of Chorzów. He started his political career in 1926 when Prime Minister Kazimierz Bartel offered him the post of industry and trade minister. Kwiatkowski sponsored then the idea of creating the Central Industrial District (COP) and developing infrastructure, the defence sector and industry. COP was built in 1936-1939. Located in Poland’s south-central

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provinces and covering nearly 20% of the country’s territory with a population of more than 5 million, the district contributed to the development of industry in Poland and significantly strengthened the economic potential of the country. Among the factories built as part of COP was the steelworks in Stalowa Wola, the Stomil factory in Dębica and the aviation plant in Mielec. The construction of many power stations was also started, including in Czorsztyn and in Łukawiec on the San river. Creating the Central Industrial District was one of the largest economic undertakings of the Second Polish Republic. This project may be regarded as a precursor of contemporary special economic zones and clusters of businesses and R&D institutions. Because of the outbreak of the Second World War, not all of the ambitious plans of the COP initiators were put into practice. But despite that, the project was still an exceptional economic success. There is an analogy with the present times. The interwar period was a time of a serious crisis and it is under such conditions that deputy Prime Minister Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski managed to convince the parliament to adopt a four-year plan to build COP. Not everyone realizes what a huge undertaking it was. In all, 50 heavy industrial factories and armaments plants were built within a short period. They

provided over 110,000 jobs, which contributed to a significant reduction in unemployment. Kwiatkowski used to stress that Poland’s development potential and economic strength had its source in the industrial region of Silesia and access to the Baltic Sea. A wise use of these regions’ natural resources to the benefit of the country was to contribute to the industrial development of Poland. As industry and trade minister, Kwiatkowski made an enormous contribution in the years 1926-1930 to the development of the seaport of Gdynia. He acquired a large amount of money for the construction of the harbour and Gdynia quickly became one of the largest and most modern seaports on the Baltic. December 23, 1922, when the Polish parliament adopted the law authorizing the government to take measures needed to build the seaport of Gdynia, is regarded as the formal inception of the port. Engineer Tadeusz Wenda was the port’s main designer and builder. The official opening of a temporary military port and fishermen’s haven took place in Gdynia on April 29, 1923 with the participation of Polish President Stanisław Wojciechowski and Prime Minister Władysław Sikorski. The opening of the port and its expansion, with the second stage of the project started in 1924, led to the rapid


Innovation expansion of the city. On February 10, 1926, the government adopted the order under which Gdynia was awarded city status from March 4, 1926. At that time, Gdynia had a population of 12,000 and an area of 14 square kilometres. In 1938, more than 6,000 ships called at Gdynia and more than 9 million tonnes of cargo was reloaded. At the outbreak of the Second World War, Gdynia was one of the largest and most modern ports in Europe and the city which developed around the port had over 120,000 residents. It took only a decade for a city and port compared to Amsterdam and Genoa to be constructed. There are many definitions of maritime policy, but Kwiatkowski focused on five elements: well-developed routes connected with each other, properly located and equipped commercial ports, a country’s own well-organized merchant fleet, a trade system adjusted to the country’s production and market potential and commercial treaties enabling economic expansion. He wrote of the importance of access to the sea in his book “Disproportions. About the Poland of the Past and Present” published in 1931: “Every new metre of a wharf, every new crane, every storehouse, every new commercial establishment in Gdynia, every improvement to the transport system, every new vessel, every new factory in the coastal region, every bank, every new tie cementing Gdynia with Pomerania and the whole province of Pomerania with the rest of the country is a great development and a major asset in our state’s wealth.” It is worth remembering that, as deputy prime minister and Treasury minister, Kwiatkowski was responsible in 1935-1939 for Poland’s tax policy. A balanced budget was the top priority of his fiscal policy. Kwiatkowski’s main goal was to ensure sufficiently high receipts for the national budget. This is why in his first year in office, he significantly raised taxes. Another goal of his tax policy was putting the tax system in order. Kwiatkowski initiated this process at the parliament’s session in late 1935 devoted to the budget. In November 1937, he announced a small tax reform. Its provisions were adopted in spring 1938. The most important part of the reform was the law on sales tax, which replaced the widely criticized industrial tax, and the law on investment tax credits. The reform was received positively by business communities, but they consistently demanded further changes to the tax system. However, Kwiatkowski decided that it was too early for a thorough tax reform and did not carry it out. The absence of this reform should be regarded as a setback, but he managed to carry out all his other plans. Tax revenues were sufficient to cover ordinary budget expenditure, investment tax credits supported the modernization of the country and the small tax reform removed the biggest flaws of the tax system.

We have to make Poland so resistant and tough, so valuable and reliable in alliance and friendship, and so dangerous and ruthless in defence and fight against an enemy, so independent economically and financially, and so uniform and homogenous internally that any kind of upheaval crashes at the foot of our national borders. Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski

On October 16, 1938, Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski delivered an address summing up the 20 years of the Second Polish Republic. He said it was a good moment for celebration, but also for looking back and taking stock of this period. “We have to make Poland so resistant and tough, so valuable and reliable in alliance and friendship, and so dangerous and ruthless in defence and fight against an enemy, so independent economically and financially, and so uniform and homogenous internally that any kind of upheaval crashes at the foot of our national borders,” he said. After the outbreak of the Second World War, he crossed the Polish-Romanian border with other members of the government and was interned. He returned to Poland after the war and

became head of the government office for the reconstruction of the coastal region and head of the Commission for the Tricity Expansion Plan. He was also a parliamentary deputy in the years 1947-1952. However, he was quickly removed from state activity because of his conflicts with the communist authorities. He moved to Kraków and started scientific activity. He gave lectures on the economic history of the world at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków and the Higher School of Maritime Trade in Gdynia. He was a member of many scientific societies and wrote articles for specialist press. Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski died in Kraków on August 22, 1974. The funeral ceremony at Rakowicki Cemetery was led by Cardinal Karol Wojtyła. • 6 /2015  polish market

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Innovation Photo: T.Urbaniak

Port of Gdynia

significant part in the development of the network of Motorways of the Sea Port of Gdynia is one of the most important maritime centres in the Southern Baltic. Thanks to its favourable geographic location, it is an important logistics platform in the transport of goods between Scandinavia and Southern Europe, playing a significant part in the development of the network of Motorways of the Sea.

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he port owes its existence to a coincidence of political, military, economic and social factors, and to bold visionaries. On September 23, 1922, the Polish parliament adopted a law on the construction of a port in Gdynia, a Polish village situated near the Free City of Danzig (Gdańsk), after it turned out that the Free City did not fully meet Poland’s maritime trade needs as Gdańsk port workers refused to handle goods destined for Poland. In this situation, it became clear that the country should have its own seaport. The adoption of the law formally marked the beginning of the project strongly supported by Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski, Polish industry and trade minister in the years 1926-1930. The watchword “We want to stick to the sea!” became the guiding principle of his activity. Within a short time, the port in Gdynia started to compete with other Baltic and North Sea ports. Its construction contributed to the rapid development of the urban centre which became, and continues to be, Poland’s window on the world. These days, Gdynia is a modern city winning prestigious national and European awards while the port is a complex of modern terminals owned by international investors. With their contacts, experience and multimillion investment projects, the investors provide an additional boost to

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the development of the terminals. The Port of Gdynia Authority, as the manager of the port, is responsible for expanding and modernizing the port infrastructure and suprastructure, which is necessary for the efficient operation of the terminals on the competitive market for port services. In 2003-2014, the Port of Gdynia Authority invested more than PLN1.16 billion in the expansion and modernization of the port. Over 70% of this amount was invested in port infrastructure. And PLN212 million of the invested money was provided from European Union funds. There are plans to spend more than PLN610 million in the successive three-year period (2015-2017). Thanks to the investment, the port has been achieving record results. Last year, it reloaded 19.4 million tonnes of cargo, the biggest amount ever since the port’s inception 92 years before. This year’s first-quarter results indicate the continuation of the upward trend. The amount of cargo reloaded was higher by around 0.5 million than a year earlier. The Port of Gdynia has recently strengthened its leading position among Polish ports in reloading grain and fodder. This is due to the redevelopment of the Swedish Quay to enable handling the largest ships of Panamax class, a significant increase in the reloading and storage potential for this kind of cargo, including the construction of new warehouses,

and investment in the road system around the port to deal with the higher reloading activity. In March 2015, Port of Gdynia terminals reloaded 506,000 tonnes of grain and fodder products, the highest volume ever recorded by a Polish port, with 262,000 tonnes reloaded by the Maritime Bulk Terminal Gdynia, 137,000 tonnes by the Baltic General Cargo Terminal Gdynia and 107,000 tonnes by the Baltic Grain Terminal. No port in Poland, except for Gdynia, has ever reloaded more than 0.5 million tonnes of grain and fodder in a single month. Polish grain exports represented as much as 370,000 tonnes of the grain and fodder handled in Gdynia in March. The Port Authority is pleased with the achieved results because they prove that the decision to invest millions in port infrastructure and new warehouses, which have a total storage capacity of around 100,000 tonnes, was right. The investment projects have been financed from the port’s own resources and supported with EU money. •


Finance

Innovations in Construction Adam Dybcio, President of the Paving Services Utility Adrog, talks to “Polish Market”. What is the current situation in the construction sector? Many people say tenders in the EU’s previous financial period were not carried out in a satisfactory manner. How does it look like now? You may say that it is better. Local governments are more efficient in using EU funds. More and more tenders are taking place, projects are more and more interesting: arrangement designs for gardens, parks, squares. Looking back over twenty years of our presence on the market, we are changing and we are moving in the right direction. pm

Looking at Warsaw, you can see that over the last few years actually much has been invested in the renovation of urban space. We are happy that we can benefit from EU funds, as this improves the economic situation a lot. You can see that the city managers are looking into how to improve the look of the urban space. Let us take the example of the Old Town, with a series of street renovations taking place for the past four years. We started with the renovation of Krzywe Koło and Nowomiejska Streets. A year later, we repaved the Old Town Square and the surrounding streets. We also won a tender for the renovation of the Castle Square and Rycerska, Wąski Dunaj and Piekarska Streets. It is also worth mentioning the investment project in the Łazienki Królewskie palace and park complex, where we are responsible for the renovation of park walkways. In the 1960s and 1970s walkways in parks were mostly asphalted. Today we tend to use mineral pavings made of porphyry and granite cubes that are environmentally friendly. At the same time, the greenery arrangement is changing: there is a lot of flowers, new trees and shrubs. Compared with foreign urban centres, Polish cities come out better. On my recent visit to Rome, I noticed that it is much dirtier. The pavement quality is much worse, too. I was very happy with the pm

comparison between Rome - the cradle of our civilisation - and Warsaw. Warsaw is definitely more beautiful, more colourful and welcoming. It is interesting how modern, innovative materials are used for the renovation of the Old Town for example. How do you reconcile technology with the requirements of the conservator-restorer? This is done already at the design stage. All designs must be approved and certified by the conservator. The streets of the Old Town are mostly old stone pavements. The renovation involves removing the pavement, levelling the foundation and laying the same historical pavement after overhaul. The difference lies in mortars used in the last stages of renovation. Epoxy grout is now preferred over cement-sand mortar vastly used in the past, as it is more flexible, fast-binding, more solid and diverse enough to meet the requirements of the conservator. The end result of an encounter of historical pavings with modern technology is perfect. The surface is gaining a fresh and more durable appearance. pm

In retrospect, which project are you most proud of? I know that you have performed renovations of Krakowskie Przedmieście Street, Piłsudskiego Square, the Old Town, Łazienki Królewskie. Which one was the most difficult? The hardest and most time-consuming was the renovation of Krakowskie Przedmieście. It was a huge project - 57,000 square meters of pavement made of diverse stone. The materials were imported from China, Sweden, as well as different parts of Poland. Time was very short and the place - prestigious, which required enormous dedication and commitment from the entire company. After completion, the look of Krakowskie Przedmieście surpassed my expectations, it was stunning. I was proud of having accomplished this difficult task. Now, as I look at this street after pm

several years since renovation, my heart hurts. Every single minute a bus runs along the narrowed street paved with stone, degrading the beautiful surface. I hope that this will change in time and buses will run on alternative routes, as originally assumed. Another difficult task was the renovation of the Old Town, due to the short time and the prestige of the place. 7,000 square meters of paving were removed and laid again in three and a half months. It was a very complex work - about 800 thousand cubes put into different patterns - the Virtuti Militari, fish scales, fans. As a result of the modernisation, the Old Town was embellished and gained new luster, pleasing the eye of both locals and foreign tourists. •

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Innovation

Innovations attract attention, focus it on the product and guarantee increased sales Anna Konarska, President of MultiContract, talks to “Polish Market”.

MultiContract’s core business is selling interior flooring. How did you shape you product line? Our customers are mainly architects and investors who furnish public interiors, for example hotels, restaurants, offices, shops, offices. Due to diversity of these interiors and high requirements of customers our line is versatile. In particular, we take great care to ensure that our products meet all the furnishing requirements in public facilities. Standards and certifications they fulfill are of great importance for our customers. pm

What categories of products are offered by MultiContract? MultiContract’s line is divided into five product categories. First, I want to present flexible floor panels (LVT - Luxury Vinyl Tile) by the American brand Adore. The “Adore Touch” collection covers panels inspired by beautiful, noble wood and floor tiles with patterns reminiscent of stone and - very trendy now - concrete. We also offer a rich collection of carpet tiles, allowing individualisation of pm

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virtually any project thanks to a variety of designs and colours. Another category of products by MultiContract is hotel carpeting. Different by design, they are divided into three collections: “Urban & Longue”, “Blossom & Spring” and “Style & Elegance.” In addition, we offer our customers individual design patterns on linings, for example with the logo of the facility. We meet expectations of even the most demanding investors. We also offer rolled office carpeting available in the series: “Volcano”, “Vesuvius”, “Saigon”, “Shanghai”, “Singapur” and “Seoul”. What complements our product range is building chemicals intended to prepare the floor, lay carpeting, and used in the adhesive technology “smartTec”. Is there room for innovation in your line of products for public facilities? Of course. To be competitive, it is not enough to fulfill the basic requirements and expectations of customers. Innovations attract attention, focus it on the product and guarantee increased sales. Every value added, every feature enhancing quality, functionality and pm

design, make a product stand out from others available on the market. A great example that innovation is increasingly a priority and an essential argument in every field of activity is Adore, an American manufacturer of panels whom we represent in Poland. Not without reason Adore’s motto is: “Innovation is our DNA.” In the case of that brand, innovation is the result of continuous research and product development. For more than thirty years now Adore has been a real pioneer in its industry. That is probably what earned it a top LEED rating in the category of elastic floorings. What innovations do you specifically mean about Adore? For example, technologies used by Adore in the production of panels are of great importance in terms of innovation. The company maintains its leading position thanks to technologies such as NanoSilverTM and MicroCeramicTM, which definitely increase scratch resistance and wear resistance throughout the life cycle of the flooring. This guarantees pm


Innovation

A thought-out, targeted and active market presence is an important factor, codetermining the company’s position.

that floorings are high-quality, sterile and free of germs. Are floor panels from the “Adore Touch” collection MultiContract’s flagship product? These products certainly deserve special attention, as they are distinguished by many advantages, which are not commonplace on our market. Therefore, LVT panels are gaining in Poland more and more enthusiasts. Visually, they resemble the structure of wood or stone. In terms of usability, they outperform traditional wooden floors. They are waterproof, easy to lay and maintain, allow simple and fast replacement of individual components. They can be used with underfloor heating and are quieter than conventional panels when walked on. They are also warm to the touch as opposed to cold laminate panels. All these features put “Adore Touch” at the centre of MultiContract’s attention. pm

pm

I understand that in the case of Adore there is no need to decide what is more

important - attractive design or functionality and durability. How about other products intended for the contract market? The specificity of the existing contract market does not actually leave such a choice. Suppliers consider it fundamental to provide its customers functionality and durability of products. These features are always confirmed by appropriate certificates, and products meet specific standards. This is one pillar of the product line designed for public interiors. The second one is design. Suppliers compete in proposing original, trendy and distinctive products. Only a balanced, harmonious combination of these two elements helps ensure a stable position on the market. What else do you think determines the market position of a company like Multicontract? In my opinion, activity in various fields is very important. For example, participation in major trade shows helps both create the company image and effectively promote the product line. MultiContract has pm

been actively involved in this year’s Budma fair. “Adore Touch” products were used in the carpet laying competition. In addition, twice a day our experts demonstrated how to lay panels and tiles. We are involved also in other initiatives that are close to the profile of our business and have an educational value or raise our prestige. For example, we are a partner of the project “Archistarter” addressed to young architects. Especially for the participants we have organised on our premises practical workshops on creative interior flooring. This year MultiContract became the main partner of the competition for the best shops: “Retail Marketing Awards.” On this occasion, we would like to stress that the brand “Adore Touch” has in its portfolio realizations of such chain stores as Victoria’s Secret, T-Mobile, Macy’s, Bloomingdale’s or Walmart. These are just some examples of our involvement in the industry’s life. A thought-out, targeted and active market presence is an important factor, co-determining the company’s position. • 6 /2015  polish market

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Innovation

We have combined

business and art

Amadeusz Kowalski, Vice-President of the Board, Tubądzin Group

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he Tubądzin Group is a leading manufacturer of ceramic tiles in Poland. The dynamic development of the company over the years has guaranteed its high position among the manufacturers of tiles, not only in Poland but also on foreign markets. For years, we have been a trendsetter in our industry thanks to a specific combination of the three worlds: architecture, fashion and art. The company’s philosophy is to give ear to market trends and to create new trends, based on proven global patterns. We have pioneered in Poland a spectacular combination of business and art, creating collections with famous artists, designers, connoisseurs - especially collections inspired by global metropolises, which placed Tubądzin at the forefront of Polish ceramics. It is certainly one of the reasons why we have been nominated for such prestigious awards as the Polish Promotional Emblem “Teraz Polska,” the Economic Award of the President of Poland or the European Medal. It is an honour and a great distinction for us. It is also the result of the years of hard work, commitment of our employees and purposeful

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product development. The uniqueness of this year’s edition of the competition organised by the Chancellery of the President of Poland, which coincided with the 26th anniversary of the first free elections, makes us consider this nomination to be the culmination of our perseverance and confirmation that the path we chose when building the company was the right one. We have launched the first fully computerised Logistics Centre in Central Europe, with manufacturing facilities recognised as the most innovative project in the field of logistics. Our distribution network is growing every year, and currently covers over 100 logistics partners through whom we serve more than 1,000 dealerships. Ceramics products by Tubądzin are well-known not only on the domestic market, but also in more than 40 countries. The Group’s foreign sales increase every year, currently reaching up to 25%. Each of the nominations is for us a signpost for further development and strengthens the feeling that we have made good use of the 25 years of economic freedom, building a strong and recognisable brand. •

Andrzej Wodzyński, the owner, receives nomination for the Economic Award of the President of Poland


Events

The 13th edition of the Economic Award of the President of the Republic of Poland

We need to promote Polish entrepreneurship - without that we will not continue to develop in accordance with our needs, expectations and aspirations,” said President Bronisław Komorowski in Poznań during the Gala of the Economic Award of the President of the Republic of Poland. The award is granted to Polish companies, research institutes and inventors that make a significant contribution to innovation and economic development, are successful on the global market, and build a positive image of the Polish economy at home and abroad. The award for innovation was won by Selvita. Inglot was awarded for the global presence. In the category of corporate governance and corporate social responsibility the award went to Promotech. The winner of the category of green economy was the Waste Utilisation Plant in Gorzów Wielkopolski. The award in the category of sustainable success went to the Dairy Cooperative Mlekovita. “We perfectly know how much we still need to catch up with. How much we still need to earn to become rich enough to meet the living standards of the richest parts of the world. Such people, such companies, the entire Polish business community bring us closer to this moment with strong, resolute steps,” President Komorowski said about the award winners and nominees. The Economic Award of the President of the Republic of Poland was established in 1998 by Aleksander Kwaśniewski and it was awarded until 2005. The decision to continue to award

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the prize was taken by Bronisław Komorowski in 2011. The President stressed that restoring the award he wanted to perpetuate the message that there is no genuine liberty without entrepreneurship. Selvita, the winner of the award in the category of innovation, is the largest biotech company in Central and Eastern Europe active in the field of inventing and developing drugs used primarily in cancer treatment. During the award ceremony it was emphasised that the company had developed innovative kinase inhibitors - a project aimed at developing breakthrough genetically personalised drugs for cancer patients. The company employs more than 225 people, including 70 PhDs. Inglot was granted the award for its worldwide presence. It is one of the biggest Polish cosmetic brands. Its products are available in almost 70 countries on 6 continents. The company has over 500 retail points worldwide, including 200 in Poland. In the category of corporate governance and corporate social responsibility the award was presented to Promotech, a manufacturer of professional industrial power tools and equipment. The majority of its output goes for export. The company has a system of mandatory annual assessments for all employees. The company is a patron of culture and supports regional associations. The company’s employees benefit from private health care, childbirth allowance, and annual bonus to finance school kits.

The Waste Utilisation Plant in Gorzów Wielkopolski won in the category of green economy. Thanks to the use of automatic sorting, a maximum amount of recyclables is recovered. The plant also deals with the storage of hazardous waste and production of alternative fuel and compost. The company operates the research and implementation centre “Ekoinnowacje.” The company effectively uses reclaimed closed landfills. The award in the category of sustainable success went to Mlekovita Dairy Cooperative, the largest dairy group in Poland. It is formed by 14 production plants and 29 distribution centres. Mlekovita works with more than 20,000 suppliers of milk, 140 transport companies and 150 suppliers of food additives, packaging and sundries. In the past 20 years, the company’s average annual revenue increased by 10%.  This year, 106 companies and research institutes were signed up for the 13th edition of the competition for the Economic Award of the President of the Republic of Poland, selected by Marshal’s Offices and business institutions, foundations, associations and magazines’ editorial teams. The jury, composed of entrepreneurs, economists, scientists and the media representatives, and chaired by Wiesław Rozłucki, picked 16 nominees. In 2011-2014, the Economic Award of the President of the Republic of Poland was grandet to 17 companies from among 51 nominees. •


Events

European Congress

of Local Governments The European Congress of Local Governments was held in the southern city of Kraków on May 4 and 5. Participants in the congress were agreed that a regional Europe was of key importance in the context of the distribution of money under the European Union’s 2014-2020 financial framework. The most important challenge for local governments is to efficiently use the EU money while maintaining budget discipline.

Photo: Wojciech Wandzel

M

ore than 1,000 people – govern ment members, business people, province marshals and mayors of European cities – took part in the debates of the two-day congress. It began with the plenary session entitled “Europe of Regions – Starting a New Chapter.” Markku Markkula, president of the European Committee of the Regions, said during the session that the role of local governments in Europe was constantly evolving. In his view, the financial crisis has done much damage to local government as several European countries saw the repatriation of some EU powers. “On the other hand, there is talk about a new opening and new opportunities for local governments. It is us who take decisions at local government level. We should have more say about the future of the EU,” Markkula argued. Mayor of Kraków Jacek Majchrowski spoke about responsibility

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for making use of the funding available from the new EU budget. “We have two basic goals,” he said. “We want innovation to become second nature, an ordinary thing, to us. We also want to concentrate EU money on improving the quality of life of residents of the city and the region.” Of course, financial support from the European Union should contribute to economic development and an improvement in the quality of life. However, Gudrun Mosler-Törnström, president of the Chamber of Regions at the Council of Europe, warned that in the heat of distributing and receiving money from the EU we should not forget about the foundation, which is support for democracy, human rights, and cultural and ethnic diversity. It was the need to support democracy that prompted local government reforms in Georgia. “We have drawn experience from Poland,” said David Narmania, mayor of Tbilisi, Georgia’s capital. In turn, Zbigniew Jagiełło, president

of the largest Polish bank PKO BP, argued that Poland needed a law on metropolitan areas. The gala event at which the award of the Local Government Leader of the Past Quarter-Century was presented to the best rural commune head, mayor of urban-rural and urban commune, and mayor of a city with country status was held at the end of the first day of the congress. The competition was run by the “Rzeczpospolita” daily and the Institute for Eastern Studies. “First, we want to show those who, thanks to their work, determination and perseverance, have managed to do really a lot for their communities,” said Zygmunt Berdychowski, chairman of the Economic Forum Programme Council. The Local Government Leader title went to Grzegorz Czapla, head of Ożarowice commune, Waldemar Jerzy Godlewski, mayor of Glinojeck and Tomasz Malepszy, mayor of Leszno in 1998-2014. The European Congress of Local Governments was organized by the Institute for Eastern Studies, which is also the organizer of the Economic Forum in Krynica Zdrój. The host city was Kraków. •


Events

Foreign Expansion of Local Brands

O

ne of the panel discussions at the European Congress of Local Governments was titled “Foreign Expansion of Local Brands”. The increasing global competition forces companies operating locally to defend their foothold on the domestic market, but also to face up to foreign rivals. The need for global expansion is true both of large companies and SMEs. Companies entering foreign markets need to match their products, services and marketing tools to the specific nature of these markets. One of the most important and most visible marketing tools is brand. What are the chances of successfully exporting a brand and making it global? The following speakers took part in the discussion:   • Błażej Grabowski, Vice-President of the Board, “Polish Market” monthly magazine, Poland • Roberto Vavassori, Business Development & Marketing Director, Brembo, Italy • Jacek Stryczyński, President of the Board, Lionbridge Poland Sp. z o.o., Poland • Mykola Babenko, President of the Kiev Regional Council, Ukraine • Viorel Chivriga, Vice-President of the Democratic Action Party, Moldova • Przemyslaw Andrzejak, President of the Łódź Regional Development Agency, Poland

Dumitru-Tudor Jijie, Director of the Euroregion Siret-Prut-Nistru, Romania

Błażej Grabowski began the discussion by asking the Business Development & Marketing Director of the Italian company Brembo to present the success story of his company. Roberto Vavassori emphasized that the name of the company, Brembo, comes from the name of the nearby river. At the beginning it was a small family enterprise, and now Brembo is established in 90 countries, including Poland, and has more than 9,000 employees all over the world. The company strives to share the best practices in the countries where it is present. It invests in research and development in Poland. Jacek Stryczyński, President of Lionbridge Poland, said that Lionbridge had similar origins as Brembo, starting 20 years ago as a small Polish company. He added that the most important thing was to think globally and not to be afraid of the global competition. We expect politicians “not to help us too much. (…) My advice for other entrepreneurs is to be open and not be afraid of venturing into new markets,” he concluded. Mykola Babenko, President of the Kiev Regional Council, emphasised that politicians should let the market work. The European market is divided into three areas: Western European countries, which are the most stable, new EU countries, like Poland and Hungary, and other European countries like Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus, where there

are no clear business rules. However, in his opinion, the Ukrainian local governments are very interested in creating new business opportunities. Viorel Chivriga, Vice-President of the Democratic Action Party in Moldova, said that businesses were increasingly innovative and entrepreneurial. Local governments should create conducive investment climate. Cooperation has been established with foreign regions, including from Poland. Local politicians can encourage the expansion of local brands. Przemysław Andrzejak, President of the Łódź Regional Development Agency, said that the Agency supported local businesses in various aspects. First of all, financially, but also politically because politicians decide about subsidies. He did not agree that politicians should not help businesses because there are many positive examples of such activity: EU programmes for SMEs or trade missions organised by Polish ministries. Jilje Dumitru-Tudor, Director of the Euroregion Siret-Prut-Nistru, stated that politicians deserve a positive opinion. The Romanian government decided to make an investment expenditure in Moldova, which is the second part of the Euroregion, when it struggled with liquidity problems. This was a successful move. In Moldova, too, there are PPP opportunities. •

6 /2015  polish market

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Finance

A testament to the national thinking about the future

I

n the academic year 2014/2015 the Polish Economic Society, together with the Polish Society of Cooperation with the Club of Rome, organised a series of seminars under the title “Strategic Thought Forum.” These seminars were a follow-up to the previous meetings initiated Prof. Antoni Kukliński. This year’s seminars were attended by more than 30 speakers. The challenges for the future were raised in all the speeches. They were cited in the text below in the form of thoughts and reflections that fit into the following contexts: geography, demography, economy, energy, information revolution, and innovation intertwining with the intellectual property law. Kielce 25-406, Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach, Wydział Zarządzania i Administracji, The geographical context was opened ul. Świętokrzyska 21, tel./faks +48with 41 349 65 28 three texts e-mail: a.szplit@plusnet.pl Koszalin 75-254, ul. Franciszkańska 52 by Bohdan Jałowiecki, Katarzyna Żukrowska tel./faks +48 94 343 33 33, tel. +48 94 343 19 60 and Juliusz e-mail: poczta@pte.koszalin.pl Kraków 31-510, ul. Rakowicka 20A Kotyński on the future of Europe. Poland is a small part of tel. +48 12 634 32 59, kom. +48 536 711 536 e-mail:krakow@pte.pl a large community and therefore context of the Legnicathe 59-220, ul.broader Senatorska 32 tel. +48 606 979 426, faks +48 76 862 39 19 e-mail: n1bednarz@wp.pl development of key areas is a natural prelude to the discusLublin 20-150, ul. Bursaki 12, tel. +48 81 452 94 10 Zarząd Krajowy Polskiego e-mail: artur.pazdzior@pte.pl sion onTowarzystwa the strategy. Bohdan Jałowiecki, asking questions Ekonomicznego Łódź 90-608, ul. Wólczańska 51 tel./faks +48 42 632 44 20 00-042 Warszawa, ul. Nowy Świat 49 e-mail: sekretariat@pte.lodz.pl abouttel.the uncertain future of Europe, points to several major 22 551 54 01, 22 551 54 05, faks 22 551 54 44 Olsztyn 10-117, ul. 1 Maja 13 e-mail: zk@pte.pl, ww.pte.pl tel. +48 89 527 58 25, tel./faks +48 89 527 24 49 risks pessimistically anticipating the pace of development. e-mail: pte@pteolsztyn.edu.pl Opole 45-058, ul. Ozimska 46a ODDZIAŁY POLSKIEGO +48 77scenarios 401 69 01, tel. +48 77 401 69for 00 tel./faks Katarzyna Żukrowska outlinese-mail: the Europe in TOWARZYSTWA EKONOMICZNEGO zmikolajewicz@poczta.onet.pl Poznań 61-779, ul. Klasztorna 24/25 Białystok 15-062, Uniwersytet w Białymstoku 61 852 86 91, faks +48to 61 851the 90 58 tel. +48 a slightly different way, attention future coopWydział Ekonomii i Zarządzania, ul. Warszawska 63 drawing e-mail: info@pte.poznan.pl tel. +48 85 745 77 06 e-mail: pte@uwb.edu.pl Rzeszów 35-045, ul. Hetmańska 21c eration in the of the Transatlantic Trade and +48 17 853 36 49 Bielsko-Biała 43-309, ul.final Willowa 2, negotiations tel./faks e-mail: pterzeszow@poczta.onet.pl tel./faks +48 33 827 93 54, e-mail: partship@ath.bielsko.pl Szczecin 71-004, Uniwersytet Szczeciński Wydział Zarządzania Bydgoszcz 85-034, ul.Partnership Długa 34 Investment (TTIP) between the US and the EU. i Ekonomiki Usług, ul. Cukrowa 8 tel. +48 52 322 37 42, faks +48 52 322 65 52 tel. +48 91 444 31 64, faks +48 91 444 31 29 e-mail: sekretariat@pte.bydgoszcz.pl e-mail:reveals pte@pte.szczecin.pl InCzęstochowa contrast, Juliusz Kotyński his cognitive scep42-200, ul. Kilińskiego 32/34 Toruń 87-100, ul. Kopernika 21 tel. +48 34 324 97 33, +48 34 324 26 30, faks +48 34 324 26 30 +48 793 370 619, e-mail: pte@stud.umk.pl e-mail: opteczwa@onet.pl ticism, is 46/47 founded on thetel. conviction Wałbrzych 58-300, ul. Szmidta 4a about the fragiliGdańskwhich 80-830, ul. Długi Targ tel. +48 74 842 62 60, e-mail: ptewch@wp.pl tel. +48 58 301 54 61, tel./faks +48 58 301 99 71 e-mail: biuro@gdansk.pte.pl Warszawa 00-042, ul. Nowy Świat 49There are differty and incoherence of the European Union. adomansk@sgh.waw.pl Gliwice 44-100, ul. Zwycięstwa 47 tel. +48 32 331 30 81,tel./faks +48 32 331 30 82 Wrocław 50-156, ul. Łaciarska 28 e-mail: biuro@ptegliwice.pl ences in regarding the future oftel./faks Europe between these three +48 71 343 63 18, e-mail: pte-wroclaw@tlen.pl Katowice 40-068, ul. Koszarowa 6 (wejście „C”), Zielona Góra 65-066, ul. Żeromskiego 3 tel. +48 32 259 88 78, tel./faks +48 32 258 54 82 skr. 165, tel./faks +48 68 320 25 89, tel. +48 68 327 04 19 competent authors. They may arise from the interpretation e-mail: katowice@pte.pl e-mail: pte@zg.pl of political of individual countries, Recenzentand naukowy:economic prof. dr hab. Bogusławinterests Fiedor Redakcja naukowa: prof. dr hab. Julian Auleytner, prof. dr hab. Elżbieta Mączyńska prowadzący:against Michał Plewczyński which Redaktor emerged the background of Greece’s bankKorekta: Firma korektorska UKKLW – Mirosława Jasińska-Nowacka, Katarzyna Szol Polskie Towarzystwo Ekonomiczne ruptcy,Wydawca: illegal from 00-042 Warszawa,migration ul. Nowy Świat 49, tel. 22 551 54 01,Africa, faks 22 551 54 44stance on Ukraine or e-mail: zk@pte.pl, www.pte.pl Wszystkie Biuletyny dostępne są w wersji elektronicznej na stronie internetowej PTE gas supplies. ForPTEPoland, this implies maintaining strong http://www.pte.pl/223_biuletyny_pte.html Skład i łamanie: Studio graficzne Ling Brett economic ties sowadruk.pl with the powerful EU countries, because ecoDruk i oprawa: Nakład: 2000 egz. nomic ties actually shape political interests. The demographic context is discussed in three texts by Projekt pt. Forum Myśli Strategicznej. Strategia rozwoju obszarów kluczowych dla polskiego społeczeństwa i gospodarki, realizowany zKotowska Narodowym Bankiem Polskim ramach programu Zbigniew Strzelecki, Irena andwJulian Auleytner. z zakresu edukacji ekonomicznej. The first Zaone draws attention tow the process ofodpowiadają succession of poglądy i opinie wyrażone w zamieszczonych „Biuletynie PTE” artykułach wyłącznie ich autorzy, a Polskie Towarzystwo Ekonomiczne i redaktorzy – za ogólną koncepcję. generations, threatened by population ageing in Europe, and to the disturbed relationship between the working people

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and pensioners that results from the shrinking of labour resources. Irena Kotowska claims that the process of human reproduction in Europe is subject to deep transformations. This assumption is aimed to reorient our thinking towards demographic renewal. The author points to the specificity of the Polish demographic situation, characterised by the coexistence of low fertility and large migration outflow. Julian Auleytner deplores the lack of a national demographic

Reformy systemu emerytalnego. Krótki przewodnik Peter Diamond, Nicholas Barr

S

ystemy emerytalne  to  obecnie  w  Polsce problem  wysoce newralgiczny. Polska nie jest tu jednak odosobniona. Także w innych krajach, nawet najwyżej  rozwiniętych, coraz bardziej dają o sobie znać trudności z finansowaniem  potrzeb  emerytalnych, ze zbilansowaniem  funduszy tworzonych z  wpływów ze składek emerytalnych z  potrzebami związanymi z  wypłatami emerytur. Choć trudności te mają przede wszystkim podłoże demograficzne, głównie wynikające z  problemów związanych ze starzeniem się ludności, to zarazem w znacznej mierze mają charakter systemowy. Ich przyczyną są bowiem nieprawidłowości w polityce społeczno-gospodarczej, w tym w  polityce emerytalnej. Nieprawidłowości te przejawiają się w  niedostosowaniu systemów emerytalnych do nowych wyzwań cywilizacyjnych, do szybkich zmian sytuacji demograficznej i ekonomicznej na świecie. Postęp cywilizacyjny i technologiczny, w tym w sferze medycyny i opieki zdrowotnej, skutkuje jedną z  najważniejszych zdobyczy społecznych, jaką jest wydłużanie się życia ludzkiego. Wskazuje to zarazem na fundamentalne znaczenie polityki emerytalnej i  optymalizacji systemów emerytalnych. Ich istnienie samo w sobie stanowi jedną z ważnych wartości społecznych  wpływających na poziom jakości  życia  ludzi  starszych, co z kolei stanowi jeden z ważnych wyznaczników kultury społecznej. Optymalizacja systemów emerytalnych oznacza konieczność dostosowywania polityki emerytalnej do sytuacji społeczno-ekonomicznej i demograficznej kraju,  z  uwzględnieniem potencjalnych, długofalowych  kierunków zmian i ich następstw.

I te właśnie kwestie są tematem publikowanego przez Polskie Towarzystwo Ekonomiczne przekładu książki Nicholasa Barra i Petera Diamonda. Jak podkreślają jej autorzy, książka ta „łączy teoretyczną analizę systemów emerytalnych z omówieniem doświadczeń niektórych krajów w tym zakresie w  celu  wyjaśnienia,  jak  należy projektować system  emerytalny, aby ograniczyć negatywne efekty uboczne tego systemu, który w rzeczywistości stanowi wielkie dobrodziejstwo współczesnych  pokoleń, zapewniając milionom ludzi wygodne zabezpieczenie na starość”. Autorzy identyfikują popełniane przez niektóre kraje błędy w doborze i kształtowaniu systemu emerytalnego, w tym także błędy występujące w rekomendowanych przez Bank Światowy koncepcjach prywatyzacji emerytur. Podłożem tych błędów jest przede wszystkim brak kompleksowej, holistycznej, wnikliwej analizy kwestii  emerytalnych,  z uwzględnieniem społeczno-gospodarczej  i  kulturowej specyfiki poszczególnych krajów, z uwzględnieniem nie tylko efektywności ekonomicznej, ale także podziału dochodów,  narastającej niepewności i ryzyka oraz złożoności zarządzania systemem emerytalnym. Ze wstępu

Z satysfakcją informujemy, że Wydawnictwo PTE zajęło drugie miejsce w konkursie „Economicus”, organizowanym przez „Dziennik Gazetę Prawną”, na najlepszą książkę ekonomiczno-biznesową w kategorii najlepsze tłumaczenie. Książkę pt. „Reformy systemu emerytalnego. Krótki przewodnik” przetłumaczył dr Zbigniew Matkowski, sekretarz komitetu redakcyjnego dwumiesięcznika „Ekonomista”.


Finance

ISBN: 978-83-65269-00-3 ISSN 1507-1383

modernisation agenda in the horizon of

2050. They support Paweł Bożyk, showModele ustroju społeczno-gospodarczego. ing differentivariants of transformation Kontrowersje dylematy

BIULET YN

Numer 2 (69) maj 2015

of the Polish energy sector towards lowPolskiego Towarzystwa Ekonomicznego carbon standards. The authors also pay Wydanie specjalne przy udziale Narodowego Banku Polskiego Z i Polskiego Towarzystwa Współpracy z Klubem Rzymskim attention to the beneficial impact the low-carbon generation on climate protection. Krzysztof Księżopolski focuses on the relationship between the energy industry and the climate. He argues that people are reluctant to act for climate protection because the effects of such a commitment will be felt in a distant future. The global climate protection strategy goes through three phases. The first phase is research diagnosing a problem. The second one is the creation of the international regulatory framework needed for negotiations. The third one covers negotiations conducted with a view to establishing the international climate protection Pełna oferta wydawniczaregime. dostępna jest w księgarni Strategie rozwoju obszarów kluczowych internetowej Polskiego Towarzystwa Ekonomicznego The information revolution context is dla polskiego społeczeństwa i gospodarki www.ksiazkiekonomiczne.pl outlined in two texts. In the first of them Andrzej Wierzbicki puts forward a hypothesis about the end of work as a result of technological progress. The inforModele ustroju społeczno-gospodarczego. mation revolution sparks a megatrend of Kontrowersje i dylematy minimising labour costs, which leads to Redakcja naukowa: Elżbieta Mączyńska fundamental changes on the labour marw tej książce treści stanowią swego Zawarte rodzaju syntezę toczącej się w kraju oraz za granicą debaty na temat przemian ustrojoket to the disadvantage of workers. In wych i ich podłoża, stanu, a także przyszłości kapitalizmu. Zarazem jednak z monografii tej wynika, że oceny tych zjawisk są dość kontroa quest to minimise labour costs, emwersyjne. Po części wynika to z niejednakowej perspektywy, jaką uwzględniają poszczególni autorzy, po części zaś z różnorodnych podployers are investing in further utilisastaw metodologicznych. Taka różnorodność podejść sprzyja pogłębionej refleksji. Jest to ważne, tym bardziej że – mimo podejmowation of IT, leading to the gradual eliminanych w skali globalnej i lokalnej rozmaitych przedsięwzięć ukierunkowanych na łagodzenie dysproporcji i  wynaturzeń społecznotion of human labour. This issue appeared -gospodarczych w świecie oraz na harmonijny rozwój społeczno-gospodarczy – dotychczas niemal żaden kraj nie może poszczycić się in discussion during seminars, when, for w  pełni satysfakcjonującymi względnie trwałymi rozwiązaniami tych problemów. Powstaje zatem pytanie, dlaczego tak się dzieje. Co jest example, the need was stressed to reduce podłożem ujawniających się słabości w systemach społeczno-gospodarczych? Czy i w jakim stopniu ma to związek z teorią ekonomii? working time. The author anticipates Pojawia się zatem kwestia, czy i w jakim stopniu w procesie przemian możliwe jest ograniczanie dysfunkcji społeczno-gospodarczych. after PCs, mobile phones and the InterJaki wkład mogą tu wnieść teoria ekonomii i  nauki pokrewne? Jakie wymogi powinna spełniać polityka społeczno-gospodarcza, żeby net - three subsequent waves of the inprzeciwdziałać dysfunkcjom rozwojowym? Jaki model ustroju społeczno-gospodarczego może być w obecnych warunkach uznany za formation revolution: robots, knowledge optymalny? Jaki model najbardziej sprzyja dobrostanowi społecznemu i  przeciwdziała wykluczeniu społecznemu? Czy możliwy jest engineering (artificial intelligence) and kapitalizm inkluzywny? Polskie Towarzystwo Ekonomiczne jako wydawca tej książki, decydując się na jej publibiomedical engineering. The ideas of Ankację, wychodzi z założenia, że przedstawione w  niej treści mogą być pomocne w dochodzeniu do odpowiedzi na postawione wyżej, drzej Wierzbicki are developed by Kona także inne, trudne pytania oraz wyzwania. Z takim przekonaniem zachęcam do lektury książki. rad Prandecki. Beliefs of both authors Elżbieta Mączyńska prezes Polskiego Towarzystwa Ekonomicznego correspond to the text by Grzegorz W. Kołodko, considering above all the imPełna oferta wydawnicza dostępna jest w księgarni agination needed in various professions internetowej Polskiego Towarzystwa Ekonomicznego www.ksiazkiekonomiczne.pl to design the future. The information revolution is based on innovation. The innovation context represents a fragment of strategic thinking. Innovation inscribed in the knowledge-based economy requires the protection of intellectual property rights. This is facilitated by a global system created in both the EU and the US. Michał Kruk and Aleksandra Auleytner discuss the topic. They highlight the new field of knowledge, which aims to put into order and harmonise the intellectual property law, which safeguards innovation in individual countries and blocks of countries. •

Redakcja naukowa: Elżbieta Mączyńska awarte w tej książce treści stanowią swego rodzaju syntezę toczącej się w kraju oraz za granicą debaty na temat przemian ustrojowych i ich podłoża, stanu, a także przyszłości kapitalizmu. Zarazem jednak z monografii tej wynika, że oceny tych zjawisk są dość kontrowersyjne. Po części wynika to z niejednakowej perspektywy, jaką uwzględniają poszczególni autorzy, po części zaś z różnorodnych podstaw metodologicznych. Taka różnorodność podejść sprzyja pogłębionej refleksji. Jest to ważne, tym bardziej że – mimo podejmowanych w skali globalnej i lokalnej rozmaitych przedsięwzięć ukierunkowanych na łagodzenie dysproporcji i  wynaturzeń społeczno-gospodarczych w świecie oraz na harmonijny rozwój społeczno-gospodarczy – dotychczas niemal żaden kraj nie może poszczycić się w  pełni satysfakcjonującymi względnie trwałymi rozwiązaniami tych problemów. Powstaje zatem pytanie, dlaczego tak się dzieje. Co jest podłożem ujawniających się słabości w systemach społeczno-gospodarczych? Czy i w jakim stopniu ma to związek z teorią ekonomii? Pojawia się zatem kwestia, czy i w jakim stopniu w procesie przemian możliwe jest ograniczanie dysfunkcji społeczno-gospodarczych. Jaki wkład mogą tu wnieść teoria ekonomii i  nauki pokrewne? Jakie wymogi powinna spełniać polityka społeczno-gospodarcza, żeby przeciwdziałać dysfunkcjom rozwojowym? Jaki model ustroju społeczno-gospodarczego może być w obecnych warunkach uznany za optymalny? Jaki model najbardziej sprzyja dobrostanowi społecznemu i  przeciwdziała wykluczeniu społecznemu? Czy możliwy jest kapitalizm inkluzywny? Polskie Towarzystwo Ekonomiczne jako wydawca tej książki, decydując się na jej publikację, wychodzi z założenia, że przedstawione w  niej treści mogą być pomocne w dochodzeniu do odpowiedzi na postawione wyżej, a także inne, trudne pytania oraz wyzwania. Z takim przekonaniem zachęcam do lektury książki.

Forum Myśli Strategicznej

BIULETYN Polskiego Towarzystwa Ekonomicznego 2 (69) maj 2015

strategy, despite all the materials necessary for its creation being available. Pity, especially that Germany did implement the national demographic strategy adopted in 2012. He also points to the large dispersion of public funds (approx. PLN 50 billion) allocated for the family policy. The economic context was opened with intellectually inspiring considerations of Grzegorz W. Kołodko about designing the future as the basis for strategic thinking. He states that it requires scientific imagination and listening to what wise people are saying. Zdzisław Sadowski makes interesting remarks on the development of action programmes. The author writes about the changes in capitalism going towards boosting cooperation and thought exchange. Zdzisław Sadowski, when interpreting the work of Don Tapscott, a Canadian, notes that his new – and somewhat utopian – concept of widespread cooperation contrasts with competition. The point of reference, which should be regarded as important in the economic context, is Art. 20 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 1997, which defines the economic regime of our country: “A social market economy, based on the freedom of economic activity, private ownership, and solidarity, dialogue and cooperation between social partners, shall be the basis of the economic system of the Republic of Poland.” The lack of the scientific reflection on the importance of the constitutional standard in the public discourse leads to the arbitrary decisions of civil servants who interpret this Article intuitively. As a result, the ruling elite is busy with adhoc governance rather than concentrate on strategic management. A conspicuous example of this is an unfinished privatisation process, unclear, systemically old budget, the absence of a dialogue on necessary social and economic reforms. This problem is raised in the texts of Piotr Pysz and Tadeusz Kaczmarek. The first writes about the drift of economic governance towards chaos and anarchy, illustrating his thesis with arguments advocated by American and German thinkers. However, in conclusion, he recall that Francis Fukuyama recommended the Americans to follow the German social market economy due to its perennial dynamism, stability and global competitiveness. The German economic system implemented since the 1950s is thoroughly examined by Tadeusz Kaczmarek, who indirectly argues with the opinion on the economic order’s drift. Elżbieta Mączyńska has yet another approach to economic forecasts. It recalls the thesis of secular stagnation, which manifests itself in economic stagnation. It involves the need to redefine the macroeconomic policies and priorities in order to avoid the risk of catching the virus of stagnation. These reflections refer to Poland where, as Mączyńska argues, symptoms typical of secular stagnation can be seen. A separate block consists of three papers presenting the energy context. Paweł Bożyk speaks in favour of supporting primary energy sources as they are environmentally friendly. This view stems both from the conviction that it is necessary to move away from coal as the core energy source and that nuclear energy can no longer be the only future alternative. Such a position can also be found in studies of the Club of Rome, which describe dangers of nuclear exploitation. The world is moving towards solar energy, and innovation in this area is particularly rewarded. Andrzej Kassenberg and Zbigniew Karaczun draw up a low-carbon

Elżbieta Mączyńska prezes Polskiego Towarzystwa Ekonomicznego

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Innovation

Quality

makes for effectiveness Halina Zubrzycka, MD, owner of the Wellness Centre “Spa w Raju” (Spa in Paradise), talks about the latest developments in the field of aesthetic medicine, and the combination of tradition and modernity.

Do you agree with the opinion that your spa is a combination of tradition with modern solutions? Yes, it is true. The spa treatments are conventional treatments.Health has its source in water, which brings calm and relaxation, and goes together with recreation, so we take advantage of it. Everyone, fatigue and the need of tranquility and serenity set aside, has some minor ailments. This is especially true of the people aged over 35-40 and manifests itself differently: bone and joint pains in the back, swollen feet, burst capillaries, etc. In order to achieve well-being such ailments should be relieved or eliminated. In addition, looking better makes you feel better. A healthy, well-prepared diet, coupled with exercise, a traditional, manual therapeutic, relaxation or drainage massage, is an element of rehabilitation but also lifts your spirits. These are traditional treatments, which should not be avoided because people for ages have used rubbing techniques to relieve pain and it made them feel good. That is why we combine spa treatments with conventional rehabilitation treatments. We also offer complementary physical treatments such as magnetic field, light, heat, radio waves, electrical stimulation, or electroporation. These phenomena help us cross the skin barrier, which is important because skin nourishing treatments come up against one major problem - it is hard to overcome the skin barrier. The skin is an pm

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organ that protects us not only against ultraviolet light, dust, chemicals, but also against beneficial preparations. Electroporation, or heat help cross this barrier, so we use very advanced methods to increase effectiveness of treatments. In addition, we offer a whole range of aesthetic medicine treatments: reducing the muscle tone and hyperactivity of mimic muscles with Botox, filling wrinkles, furrows and scars with hyaluronic acid, lifting the cheeks and eyelids with PDO threads. All together, tradition and modernity, gives better results. Which of these solutions would you define as the most innovative? Perhaps there is something else you did not mention? An excellent laser has appeared on the European market. Laser treatments are very effective, making it possible to achieve various goals. You can use a laser to perform traditional peelings, with the difference that we can accurately adjust the depth of peeling. You can as well as do resurfacing to go deeper into the skin. After such a procedure, the skin is covered with scab and after exfoliation you will see new, young, healthy skin. Laser can be used to close blood vessels - red in the face and blue on the thighs. You can also remove small fibroids, warts, various skin defects. So there are a lot of possibilities on condition that the laser is of very high quality. Hyaluronic acid lasts for a long time if it is high-quality. pm

In general, I think that everything you use should be of good quality. Is this your motto? Yes, quality makes for effectiveness, protects against side effects. I am talking about the quality of the product but also about the quality of treatment. All this is combined with a nice rest in a picturesque corner of Poland – Nałęczów. pm

You are talking about tradition and yet you put a very strong emphasis on modern therapies. Is it in this direction that spa centres should be heading? Spa is a very broad concept. A typical spa is when you light up the candles, incenses, wet your feet in the water, get a foot massage, the whole procedure is called in a fancy way, referring to an ancient culture. Such a therapy is supposed to soothe your nerves, but outside improving your psychological comfort for a short time, it does not bring any concrete results. The first stress will destroy its effect. In contrast, medical treatments, rehabilitation, aesthetic medicine last longer and are less prone to minor inconveniences of everyday life - stress, fatigue, overwork. to realize the centuries-long man’s dream of well-being embodied by a good, young look of the skin • and body. pm


Contact: Dawid Pacyna Tel. +48 502 327 836 e-Mail: dawid@phrz.pl

Park Hotel & Wellness Paderewskiego 124a Rzesz贸w/ Polska

Hotel is for sale, if you are interested, please contact us!

www.phrz.pl


Innovation

TERAZ POLSKA the brand of brands

Krzysztof Przybył, President of the Foundation for Polish Promotional Emblem “Teraz Polska”

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he presence of strong, recognisable and respected brands is testament to the condition of the national economy. Developed countries can boast a large portfolio of highest-quality product and service brands, trusted by the consumers. We say Mercedes – we think Germany, we say Dior – we think France. Poland also needs brands, which would enjoy a successful reputation not only domestically, but also abroad. As it started the reconstruction of the freemarket economy a quarter-century ago, Poland needed examples proving that success is possible, that good products, services, innovative projects could originate from our country. A systematic growth in quality of market offering, consumer confidence in the products of Polish entrepreneurship and entrepreneurs’ belief that it is worth being proud of Polish origin – these have become important factors of economic development. In the run-up to the World Expo 1992 in Seville – the first Expo in which Poland too part after the transformation – a competition was announced for Poland’s promotional logo. The jury chose the design by Henryk Chylinski, professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (author of many logos, e.g. for the Polish Radio and Orlen) and the slogan “Teraz Polska” invented by Wiktor Zborowski, an actor. That is how was born the first Polish promotional emblem, under which our country presented itself at Expo 1992 in Seville and at many fairs and international exhibitions. Successive Presidents of Poland took patronage over the promotional programme, actively participating in all events related to the promotion of Polish entrepreneurship. The competition “Teraz Polska,” awarding the best products and services, has been organised every year since 1992, and over time was extended to further categories

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- municipalities and innovative projects. The winners of the first editions are vastly recognisable today. Among the products awarded were a vacuum cleaner by “Zelmer-Meteor,” “Wedel’s Cake” or “Żywiec” beer. Every year, there is a growing number of applications. In the first editions about 50% of participating companies was not able to meet requirements and get a positive assessment by experts. In this year’s 25th edition 97% of the products and 100% of the services received positive ratings. The competition “Teraz Polska” enjoys great interest. Judging by the observations made over the past years, one can talk of a trend, or even a fashion for the emblem “Teraz Polska” among the companies from certain sectors of the economy, such as the food industry, chemical or construction. “Teraz Polska” enjoys today consumer and business confidence, social recognition and a good opinion among the general public. The award did not lose its prestigious character. The jury selects every year only about 25 laureates whose products and services are unique.

It is thanks to this rule that “Teraz Polska” has become a trademark, which gives the winners a feeling of success and guarantees high quality for consumers. According to the survey ordered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs “What image should Poland promote abroad?”, respondents appreciate the versatility, simplicity and legibility of “Teraz Polska,” which is primarily a token of the quality, triggering warm and positive associations at the same time. “Teraz Polska” is therefore the brand of brands, one of the strongest Polish trademarks, with a huge capital of trust, distinctiveness and significance. “Teraz Polska” is not only an economic brand, proudly used by many entrepreneurs who can boast growing profitability, customer loyalty and competitive advantage, but also a social brand. It is a public good, a kind of a conglomerate of successes of Polish entrepreneurship and self-government, a symbol of the national pride of the achieve• ments of the last decades.


Culture

In the run-up to the Chopin piano competition The names of the 84 pianists who will take part in the 17th Fryderyk Chopin International Piano Competition in Warsaw in October this year are already known as the preliminary round has been completed. For the first time ever it was possible to follow the auditions qualifying for the competition online and via a mobile application from every corner of the world. The auditions were held in Warsaw from April 13 to 24. Maciej Proliński

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hina and Poland have the biggest number of pianists to have qualified for the competition – 15 each. Apart from them, there will be 12 pianists from Japan taking part in the competition, nine from Korea, seven from Russia, five from the United States and three each from Canada, Britain and Italy. The international jury led by Prof. Katarzyna Popowa-Zydroń and composed of Ludmil Angelov, Akiko Ebi, Adam Harasiewicz, Yves Henry, Andrzej Jasiński, Ivan Klánský, Anna Malikova, Alberto Nosè, Piotr Paleczny, Ewa Pobłocka, Marta Sosińska, Wojciech Świtała and Dina Yoffe, auditioned 152 candidates from all over the world. In keeping with the competition rules, each pianist presented a 30-minute programme consisting of a selection of Chopin’s etudes, mazurkas, nocturnes, scherzos, ballades, fantasias and barcaroles. In accordance with the competition rules, seven pianists had earlier secured themselves participation in the competition without the need to go through the qualifying round: Ukraine’s Dinara Klinton, the 2nd Prize winner at the Ignacy Jan Paderewski Competition in Bydgoszcz in 2013, Japan’s Nozomi Nakagiri, the 2nd Prize winner at the Hamamatsu Competition in 2012, Rachel Naomi Kudo and Eric Lu of the United States, the winners of the 1st and 2nd Prize at the US National Chopin Piano Competition in Miami in 2015, and Andrzej Wierciński, Łukasz Krupiński and Krzysztof Książek, the winners of the 1st and joint 2nd Prize at the Fryderyk Chopin National Piano Competition in 2015. Thanks to online broadcasting, all of the April auditions were shown on the Internet via the competition website www.chopincompetition2015.com, a mobile application for iOS and Android and through YouTube

(youtube.com/chopin2015). Film materials from the preliminary round are available in the form of video on demand in the mobile applications, on the website of the Fryderyk Chopin Institute and the Institute’s YouTube channel. The Fryderyk Chopin International Piano Competition is one of the world’s most prestigious piano competitions. It is held every five years in Warsaw and is among few music competitions devoted entirely to the work of a single composer. The competition was founded in 1927 by Polish pianist and teacher Prof. Jerzy Żurawlew (1887-1980). It is divided into several rounds and the jury is made up of outstanding musicians and teachers from across the world. The list of to-date winners of the competition is also impressive. It includes Martha Argerich (1965), Krystian Zimerman (1975), Stanisław Bunin (1985) and Rafał Blechacz (2005). The 17th Fryderyk Chopin International Piano Competition will be inaugurated by Martha Argerich on October 1. The programme of her concert will include Peter Tchaikovsky’s piano concerto in B flat minor, with which the pianist inaugurated the competition in 1980. She will be accompanied by the Orchestra of the National Philharmonic under Jacek Kaspszyk. Another member of the jury and former winner of the competition Garrick Ohlsson will give a concert on October 2. The successive three weeks will belong to young pianists. They will be competing in the four-stage competition for the main prize of EUR30,000 and many other awards, including concerts in prestigious concert halls across the world. The winner will be announced on October 20 in the evening. •

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Culture

The one

who borne

witness Prof. Władysław Bartoszewski, former Home Army (AK) soldier and Auschwitz prisoner, died in Warsaw on April 24 at the age of 93. After the fall of communism, he served twice as foreign minister. He was also a writer, commentator, social activist and holder of the Righteous Among the Nations medal. In 2013, he received “Polish Market’s” Honorary Pearl award for promoting Polish traditions and patriotic values.

Maciej Proliński

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he person of Władysław Bartoszewski comes to the mind of many Polish people whenever they hear the word “authority.” Honest, courageous, intelligent and experienced, he was government commissioner for international dialogue and fostered the development of Polish-German relations. He was also responsible for tasks associated with contacts with the Jewish diaspora across the world and the State of Israel. During the Second World War, he was an Auschwitz prisoner, editor of Home Army’s underground press, deputy head of the office for Jews at the Government Delegation for Poland and one of the founders of the Żegota Council to Aid Jews. In 1990-2001, he was Poland’s ambassador to Austria and head of the diplomatic service. Until the last moment he was an active and reputable diplomat, writer and historian conducting research into the 1944 Warsaw Rising and the underground press. Asked what to do to ensure that the young generation value their country and respect authorities, Prof. Bartoszewski said in our columns: “I have a liking for young people, who have the duty to preserve the memory of historical developments, the young who come to events, meetings and conferences with me. This does not give them any material benefits.

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They simply want to listen to what I tell them. Old people are obliged to bear witness and to continue citing the noble examples of people, like late Ryszard Kaczorowski, who was loyal to the scouting and patriotic ideals of his youth throughout his life. This is edifying.” History has an impact on economy because it determines where we are, how we have found ourselves at this place and why the situation of the country is what it is. In this respect, the voice of a “witness to history” is always of great importance, especially a witness who remembers well that in the 19th and 20th century the daily social and political life of Polish people went on amid great historical turmoil. It is worth remembering about it at such moments – sad moments when we have lost one of these important witnesses. Bilateral relations, energy and climate policy, eastern policy and security issues were the main topics of the 13th Polish-German intergovernmental consultations held in Warsaw on April 27, 2015. Polish Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz and German Chancellor Angela Merkel led the consultations. The former read out the speech which Władysław Bartoszewski was to deliver at the meeting. Władysław Bartoszewski stressed in his speech that the excellent personal relations

between members of our governments should be translated into real and positive change. He pointed to joint Polish-German initiatives, like for example Youth Cooperation and the Foundation for Polish-German Reconciliation, and emphasized issues associated with support to Polish people living in Germany and the German minority in Poland. “Historical issues are still sensitive for us. While taking up new challenges, we still have to remember all the time about the past and respond firmly to attempts to falsify history. Remembering about the future, we must not misrepresent history. But generally, we are on the right path together,” read the last words of his speech. “I pay tribute to Władysław Bartoszewski’s life’s work. He was a courageous and far-sighted man, who struggled for freedom and reconciliation. He played a decisive role in shaping German-Polish friendship. His life’s achievement inspires us to develop this friendship,” Chancellor Angela Merkel wrote in the book of condolence for Prof. Bartoszewski. “He served Poland, God and people. Until the very last moment, he served the cause of Polish-German reconciliation and building Polish-Israeli relations. He was a Great Man and I will remember him as such,” Ewa • Kopacz wrote.


Cultural Monitor

The June issue of the Cultural Monitor is a collection of important and very important albums. Maciej Proliński recommends.

“Górecki/Aukso” - Instytucja Kultury Katowice – Miasto Ogrodów – CD

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t is the second album in the “Music Masters” series. Following their outstanding interpretation of compositions written by Wojciech Kilar (1932-2013), the Aukso Orchestra led by Marek Moś try their hand at the music of Henryk Mikołaj Górecki (1933-2010). The album consists of Górecki’s four chamber compositions: “Songs of Joy and Rhythm op. 7,” “Three Pieces in Old Style,” “Concerto for Harpsichord and String Orchestra op. 40,” and “Kleines Requiem für eine Polka.” Although it is merely a small selection from Górecki’s extensive oeuvre, all the pieces represent important stages in the development of his music. Outstanding soloists took part in recording the album alongside Aukso. Anna Górecka, the composer’s daughter, and Joanna Galon-Frant play the piano while Marek Toporowski plays the harpsichord. The album will certainly enrich the listeners’ knowledge about this only composer of our time who managed to combine the originality and greatness of art with commercial success. Górecki is an incredible phenomenon in terms of originality and it is impossible to describe in words what makes his music so great. One thing is certain: this music still has the power of magic and may be a tool to influence others.

Kwadrofonik & Adam Strug – “Requiem ludowe” (Folk Requiem) – Polish Radio – CD

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he album contains funeral music, composed anew and deeply rooted in the tradition of Mazovian songs and Pelplin Songbook lyrics of 1871. Adam Strug, an unusual singer who performs traditional songs, is known for his album entitled “Adieu” and collaboration with Stanisław Soyka. His meeting with Kwadrofonik, a quartet of two pianists and two drummers known for their creative interpretations of traditional and contemporary music, resulted in a production combining traditional music and contemporary experiment. It is a symbolical allusion to a requiem. The work’s sophisticated structure, depicting successive stages in man’s journey from death to eternity, is coupled with the great truth in Adam Strug’s voice and Kwadrofonik’s suggestive arrangements. Everyone will find here emotions associated with reflections about dying. The artists, however, do not strike a grandiloquent note. It is a musical vision of man’s very personal passage through death. This simple and beautiful album ends in a moving way – an unanswered phone call. Who calls whom? To my ear and soul, there may be more than two answers.

Jazz at Berlin Philharmonic 1. Iiro Rantala, Michael Wollny, Leszek Możdżer – ACT – CD Jazz at Berlin Philharmonic 3. Leszek Możdżer & Friends – ACT – CD

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eszek Możdżer is one of the most outstanding Polish jazz musicians, a bold experimenter and a pianist with his own tone. “I have devised the plan to be a total musician and develop in all directions,” he said years ago in an interview. His recently released concert albums excellently confirm these words. The first concert was given on December 11, 2012. The ACT company proposed its best pianists to play with the Polish musician: Iiro Rantala, a graduate of the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki and Manhattan School of Music in New York, who plays both classical and jazz music, and Michael Wollny, a leading German pianist of the young generation who is unusually versatile and creative, and combines various forms of jazz and 20th-century avant-garde music. This meeting of the three personalities was a great success. Their album makes me think of another meeting of great jazz musicians - one held years ago by the guitarists who recorded the live album entitled “Friday Night in San Francisco.” The scale of the two musical events is equally great. In turn, “Jazz at Berlin Philharmonic 3” is a recording of last year’s concert in Berlin’s Kammermusiksaal. Leszek Możdżer gave it in the company of bassist Lars Danielsson, drummer Zohar Fresco and Atom String Quartet, a Polish jazz band. Each composition and improvisation on this album, Możdżer’s crème de la crème, is an amazing piece of jazz. Its melodiousness means one can quickly remember the compositions and grasp the unusual joy of this music in its final, though very improvised, shape. Listening to this music is pure joy. It is precision married with swinging freedom.

RGG – “Aura” – OKeh Records – Sony – CD

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he album is the seventh item in the discography of the Polish jazz trio of Łukasz Ojdana (piano), Maciej Garbowski (double bass) and Krzysztof Gradziuk (drums). It contains unique interpretations of well-known pieces, like Peter Gabriel’s “Don’t Give Up,” and the band’s original compositions. It is a summary of the musicians’ experience so far and a step in a new direction as the trio have opened themselves to inspiration from various worlds: sacred, classical and pop music. The title “aura” binds everything together. The musicians improvise with passion, attentiveness and endearing lightness, creating colourful musical images. All the instrumentalists play here on equal terms and it seems they are performing unending solo pieces interwoven to form a subtle and moving whole. One can hardly single out any of the compositions. All are beautiful and require concentration from the artists and listeners.

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Cultural Monitor – June 2015

Cultural Monitor

Stanisław Soyka & Roger Berg Big Band – “Swing Revisited” – Universal – CD

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tanisław Soyka, an outstanding Polish jazz musician and singer, plays American swing with Roger Berg Big Band, a Swedish-Danish big band orchestra. The artists revive jazz standards of Duke Ellington, Ray Charles and others. In their interpretations, the pieces are classical and modern at the same time. They are very jazzy and elegant. The music will certainly appeal to those who like nostalgia and things that are well tried, nicely served and in a good style. One could say that the album owes everything to the old compositions, which have already been performed so many times. But this is not true – Soyka has his own style. He ingeniously selects compositions he wants to play and turns them into his own works. And this is what he has done this time as well.

Marcus Miller – “Afrodeezia” – Universal – CD

Afrodeezia” is the latest album of Marcus Miller, a brilliant American guitarist, composer, arranger and multi-instrumentalist. His distinctive bass guitar playing style is recognizable across the world. The musician has worked with the greatest jazz music stars, like for example Miles Davis and Aretha Franklin. This is how he has commented on the album: “It’s my music you can hear in ‘Afrodeezia,’ it reflects what I am today: a musician who’s open, always on the alert, and who discovered his real personality around 10 years ago. But I have to keep evolving. I’m proud of my group of young musicians: Alex Han on saxophone, Adam Agati on guitar, Brett Williams on keyboards and Louis Cato on drums. They form the nucleus of “Afrodeezia,’ with soloists from all the countries we’ve crossed gravitating around them. All their contributions create new dynamics in my music.” Interestingly, the leader does not try to amaze the listeners with his improvisations, which is so typical of bassists. Instead, he gives way to his excellent colleagues. The album is not a watershed but will be a must for the lovers of modern world sounds. And it will be a pleasure to listen to for everyone else.

Cassandra Wilson – “Coming Forth By Day” – sony – CD

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t is an unusual tribute paid to Billie Holiday to mark the 100th anniversary of her birth. The title, “Coming Forth By Day,” is an English translation of the ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead, a collection of magic spells intended to assist a dead person’s journey into the afterlife. Cassandra Wilson, one of the world’s greatest jazz singers today, has approached Lady Day’s repertoire with boldness and seriousness. She and producer Nick Launay, known for his collaboration with Nick Cave, selected Billie Holiday’s great hits and her less known songs. The word “pride” has always come to my mind when I thought of Billie. And indeed, I have found it in these pieces sung by Cassandra. The album she has recorded is really wise, beautiful, and full of power and the genius of the two artists. Among the musicians who worked with Cassandra on the album are guitarists T Bone Burnett and Nick Zinner, arranger Van Dyke Parks, The Bad Seeds rhythm section of Thomas Wydler on drums and Martyn P. Casey on bass, pianist Jon Cowherd and guitarist Kevin Breit.

“Polska nostalgia. Vol. 3. Dla tych, którzy słuchali różnej muzyki” – Polish Radio – CD

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t is a continuation of the jubilee collection of albums marking the 90th anniversary of Polish Radio. The collection shows the history of Polish song as recorded in the studios and on the tapes of Polish Radio. It features the songs which have passed the test of time. The third album in the series contains diverse music, mainly from the 1970s. The common denominator is jazz and funky, however, not without a touch of bossa nova, rock and disco. To sum up: an excellently remastered, powerful and a bit old-school set of compositions to be listened to loudly. The singers include Łucja Prus, Krystyna Prońko, Grażyna Łobaszewska, Jerzy Połomski and the Novi and Bemibek bands.

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Culture

Time for Royal

Castle’s gardens

The restored Upper Garden of Warsaw’s Royal Castle has been open to visitors since May 2015. On this occasion, the Royal Castle’s Education Department has invited the public to a series of lectures and meetings in the Castle gardens. On May 24, Dominika Jackowiak gave a lecture entitled “Garden Cities. Implementing the 20th-Century Concept on the Outskirts of Warsaw.” Maciej Proliński

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here will also be a garden meeting in the series “Four Seasons at the Castle by Candlelight” and a day of attractions in the newly opened garden where visitors will have an opportunity to admire a fountain in the form of a flower, cherry trees in colourful pots and parterres bordered by box hedging. During the lectures and meetings, the organizers are going to discuss selected topics from the history of ornamental gardening, like for example the subject of garden in culture, including in film and literature, garden cities, and various garden styles, like Mannerist gardens, Baroque gardens, landscape gardens and Chinese gardens. The visitors are likely to take interest in the history of the Royal Castle’s garden – its original concept and the one which was eventually implemented. Colourful slides featuring various gardens, most of them taken by the lecturers themselves, will help participants in the lectures to get familiar with the basic terms associated with gardens, such as parterres and bosquets, and to learn the secrets of garden sculptures, fountains and garden architecture. Among the lecturers are mainly art historians working for Warsaw’s Royal Castle, the Łazienki palace and park complex, the PAN Institute of Art, the Fryderyk Chopin University of Music and the National Heritage Board of Poland. The work to restore the Royal Castle’s gardens began several years ago. It involves the area of the Upper Garden on the Vistula

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escarpment and the Lower Garden at the level of the Kubicki Arcades at the foot of the slope. Baroque-style beds will be arranged on the site of the ornamental garden of the Vasa kings, with 20,000 plants to be planted on an area of over 4,000 sq m. The PLN8 million project is financed by the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage. “The Upper Garden and the Lower Garden are spaces important for us not only because of aesthetic reasons but also functional ones because they complement the walk that the public will be able to enjoy here,” says Director of the Royal Castle Andrzej Rottermund. “We will be inspired by what was taking place here for a very short period in the 1820s. The Upper Garden is rooted in the Castle’s history. The Vistula once flew much closer to the Castle and the Lower Garden did not exist until the 1930s.” The Upper Garden opened in its new form in May 2015. Thanks to the restoration, the Royal Castle will turn into a palace and park complex. The restoration of the Lower Garden is to begin after the opening of the Upper Garden. “Here, at the Castle, the royal court tradition was being shaped and the garden always took part in this process,” says Małgorzata Szafrańska, PhD, of Warsaw’s Royal Castle. “There was a garden here by the Mazovian Princes’ castle and in later times. A gigantic garden extending across the whole escarpment down to the river was created by the Castle by Queen Anna Jagiellonka in the

Renaissance period. The famous Jagiellonian orchards spread at the foot of the escarpment. Unfortunately, in the 19th century the garden became overgrown and fell into neglect. In the interwar period, many designs were prepared for this place, but few were actually carried out. The place was only tidied up and survived until our times in this state of unpleasant overgrowth.” According to Małgorzata Szafrańska, the contemporary version of the garden will resemble the one which is known the best from Canaletto’s paintings. “This is the path we are following – not so much to reconstruct the garden, because we have too little data for that, but show what the garden could have looked like,” says Małgorzata Szafrańska. “Besides, we will find here modernistic features from the splendid 1920s and 1930s. Benches, two fountains and flower beds will be reminding us about this period when the Castle and its garden gained a completely new significance, one very important for us because of the garden relics which have survived here.” “We wanted to do everything in such a way so as to avoid any conflict with the functioning of the Castle for the public, so that we could continue to use the Lower Garden and the Kubicki Arcades,” says Director Andrzej Rottermund. “A garden is not like constructing a building. It is living matter, which does not submit itself to bureaucratic guidelines.” •


Culture

Man and his cosmos

A premiere of a double bill of chamber operas written by Polish composers – Sławomir Kupczak’s “Voyager” and Katarzyna Głowicka’s “Requiem dla ikony” (Requiem for an Icon) – took place at the Teatr Wielki – Polish National Opera in Warsaw on May 22. The operas, commissioned by the Teatr Wielki – Polish National Opera, was directed by Michał Borczuch, one of the leading Polish theatre directors of the young generation, while Bassem Akiki, a Lebanese-Polish conductor, conducted the National Opera’s choir and orchestra.

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he plots of the two operas are inspired by historical facts. In 1977, NASA launched two space probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2. Apart from their research mission, which is to study the solar system and the interstellar space, each probe carries a Voyager Golden Record, which contains images and sounds illustrating life on Earth. The goal was clear: to establish contact with an extraterrestrial civilization. But looking back, the whole project seems to be connected more with the Cold-War plans to conquer the universe than an attempt to present the cultural heritage of Earth’s civilization. In many cases, the materials registered on the Golden Records may be regarded as tendentious, unclear or simply ridiculous. In 2012, NASA reported that Voyager 1 had entered interstellar space. It is the first man-made object to have reached a place located so far away from Earth. The probe’s power supply, enabling its operation and communication with Earth, will last until around 2025. Then, the probe will be travelling across interstellar space until it is burnt by a comet or crashes with another object. In 2012, the Golden Record, a kind of “message in a bottle,” began its space odyssey. Sławomir Kupczak uses electronic media in his music. He has provocatively called his

Maciej Proliński “Voyager” a “romantic opera.” The fragments of the most valuable texts of human culture launched into space aboard the probe, which is likely to outlive the solar system, have provided a pretext for giving mankind a diagnosis which is far from optimistic. The libretto is a romantic fantasy about the Voyager programme. It is focused on a utopian vision of this romantic journey and the loneliness of the man who was behind the idea of the Voyager Golden Records. Rysa, the opera’s main protagonist, observes Voyager’s flight from the terrestrial perspective. He experiences both disappointment with the project and metaphysical longing for the traces of the human civilization registered on the Golden Records, which are inevitably moving away into the emptiness. The whole concept is based on the idea to bring the NASA mission down from its spectacular and modern perspective to the experience of an individual, for whom the space, cosmic scale and cosmic time are unimaginable. The main idea of the opera is to contrast an extraterrestrial journey with limitations of life on Earth. Katarzyna Głowicka is known for building deep sound spaces and intriguing combinations of classical sounds and ambient and minimal music. In her “Requiem for an Icon,” she tells a story of a relationship between

Jackie Kennedy and Ron Galella, a legendary U.S. paparazzo. Krystian Lada’s libretto, inspired by historical documents and photographs, coupled with music for instruments, voice and electronics, and finally fashion and dance together make a fascinating portrait of one of the icons of the 20th century. “Requiem for an Icon” is meant to be a “multiple portrait” of Jackie Kennedy. It is focused not so much on her biography as on an attempt to capture the phenomenon of an ordinary woman who has become part of the history of the United States as a legendary First Lady while at the same time falling victim to her own image. The production balances between realistic developments and visions of a sick mind. It is a study of a woman entangled in politics, dependent on men, helplessly trying to break through her own image to show the world who she really is. Successive scenes create a dreamlike space in which Jackie’s consciousness projects images and figures. The main protagonist is also split. Jackie the singer is the real Jackie – lying in a hospital bed and battling cancer. Jackie’s lookalike, an actress, is a “chameleon.” Her experience undergoes constant metamorphosis, bringing us closer not to the icon but to the ordinary women. •

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We create chemistry that helps thirst love the sea.

Food Industry

By 2025 it is estimated that half of the world’s population will lack access to safe drinking water. A sorry state of affairs considering that two thirds of our planet is covered by water. Which is where chemistry steps in. We have developed Sokalan® antiscalant which acts as a scale control dispersant. This means that the equipment that desalts the water can desalt longer, to ensure there is the maximum output of fresh water. When salt water can satisfy our thirst, it’s because at BASF, we create chemistry. To share our vision visit wecreatechemistry.com/water

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Siła Tworzenia

Tarnów Kędzierzyn Police Puławy Grupa Azoty to największy producent nawozów w Polsce. Wytwarzamy wszystkie ich odmiany. To wielka odpowiedzialność. Nie tylko wobec rolników. Nie tylko wobec naszych akcjonariuszy. Nie tylko wobec środowiska naturalnego. Działając na tak wielką skalę, odpowiadamy również za bezpieczeństwo żywnościowe kraju. Pamiętamy o tym.

grupaazoty.com

Polish market No.6 / 225/2015  
Polish market No.6 / 225/2015  

Polish Market” is a prestigious English-language magazine published since 1996. In its pages, it promotes the Polish economy, businesses, re...

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