Verb Tenses SIMPLE PRESENT Meaning, Expressions of time, Structure, and Examples
Simple Present (meaning) The SIMPLE PRESENT expresses an action, state of being or state of mind that happens habitually or systematically in the present. It also expresses routines and natural facts, etc. Action: I work long hours every single day. She eats her breakfast early in the morning. State of being: We are good friends. He is at home every weekend. State of mind: They think about their parents every day. She believes in God.
Simple Present (expressions) Expressions of time most frequently used: every ... (day, week, month, year, Monday, Wednesday) in the ... (morning, afternoon, evening) adverbs of frequency (always, usually, sometimes, never) on… (weekends, weekdays, Mondays) at… (noon, night, midnight, 7:00 pm) all… (the day, day long, the month, the year)
Simple Present (General Structure) (affirmative sentences) ď ˝ Subject + Verb(present) + Objects + Adverbials e.g. I practice sports at school every morning. They eat pupusas at the restaurant every morning. You speak English at the university every day.
ď ˝ Subject + Verb(+s) + Objects + Adverbials (3rd p.s.) e.g. She usually watches TV at home in the evening. He studies English at the university in the mornings. He plays soccer at school every Sunday afternoon. The computer works very well.
Simple Present (General Structure) (negative sentences) Subject + DO + NOT + Verb(base form) + Objects + Adverbials e.g.
I do not (don’t) practice sports at home every day. They don’t eat junk food at home on weekdays. You don’t speak English in the classroom every day.
Subject + DOES + NOT + Verb(base form) + Objects + Adverbials e.g. She does not (doesn’t) watch TV at home in the morning. He doesn’t study English at school in the evening.
He doesn’t play soccer at home on Saturdays. The computer (it) doesn’t work very well today.
Simple Present (General Structure) (interrogative sentences) ď ˝ DO + Subject + Verb(base form) + Objects + Adverbials ? e.g. Do you practice sports at school every day? Do they eat pizza at home on weekends? Do we speak English at the university every day? ď ˝ DOES + Subject + Verb(base form) + Objects + Adverbials ? e.g. Does she watch TV at home in the afternoon? Does he study French at the college every day? Does the computer (it) work well today?
Short review of the simple present tense in English.