INTRO...................... 1-4 SCHEDULE DAY 1.............5-8 SCHEDULE DAY 2...........9-13 SOUNDWALKS X 4..............14-15 ABSTRACTS.................16-24 SPONSORS & PATRONAGE...............25
Day1: discussions__lecturers from Amsterdam, Kopenhaga, Berlin, Budapest, Munich, Warszawa, Łódź, Lublin, Wrocław__sixteen narrations about senses__wanders to Brasil, India, Columbia, Madagascar
____Organizer: Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology at A. Mickiewicz University, Poznao ____People: prof. Waldemar Kuligowski, dr Agata Stanisz, Adrianna Koralewska, Agata Kochaniewicz, Anna Adamowicz
Day2: sensorial practices__bodymotion workshop__listening in the darkness__instrumental tunes__4x soundwalks
____Cooperation: Stowarzysznie Inner Art, Galeria Szyperska, GOKO Japanese Restaurant •
Place: Galeria Szyperska(II floor), ul. Szyperska 2 , 610-745 Poznao
Time: from 10.00 a.m. till 7.30 p.m
Sponsors: GOKO Japanese Restaurant, Rada Miasta Poznania
Media patronage: Polskie Radio Merkury, Take-Me, Radio Afera, MM Moje Miasto Poznao, Podotykaj sobie Poznao
Two days of intellectual and multisensorial experiences. Two days of event where science and performance art meets. The conference with innovative formula with taste-smell installations, instrumental pleasures, deprivation, immersions and soundwalks entourage.
Dwa dni intelektualnych i wielozmysłowych doświadczeo. Dwa dni działao na styku nauki i performensu. Konferencja ma innowatorską formułę – będą jej towarzyszyd smakowozapachowe instalacje, instrumentalne przyjemności, deprywacje, immersje i spacery dźwiękowe.
Dzieo 1: debaty: goście z Amsterdamu, Kopenhagi, Berlina, Budapesztu, Monachium, Warszawy, Łodzi, Lublina, Wrocławia; 16 opowieści o zmysłach; wędrówki do Brazylii, Indii, Kolumbii i na Madagaskar. Dzieo 2: zmysłowe praktyki: warsztaty ruchowe, słuchanie w ciemności, instrumentalne brzmienia i 4x spacery dźwiękowe
dr Jarema Drozdowicz (Faculty of Educational Studies, Adam Trine Thygaard-Nielsen (Institute of Mickiewicz University, Anthropology at University of Poznao, Poland) Copenhagen, Denmark) dr Agata Stanisz (Department of dr Magdalena Dąbrowska (Institute Ethnology and Cultural of Cultural Studies at Maria Anthropology, Adam Curie-Skłodowska University, Mickiewicz University, Lublin, Poland) Poznao, Poland) dr Małgorzata Rygielska (Instytut prof. Mattijs P. J. van de Port Nauk o Kulturze at University (Department of Anthropology, of Silesia, Katowice, Poland) University of Amsterdam, PhD-student Karolina Marcinkowska Amsterdam, The Netherlands) (Ethnology and Anthropology Trine Thygaard-Nielsen (Institute of Institute, Warsaw University, Anthropology at University of Poland) Copenhagen, Denmark) Agata Kochaniewicz, Anna PhD-student Katarzyna Wala Adamowicz (Department of (Faculty of Historical and Ethnology and Cultural Pedagogical Sciences, at Anthropology at Adam University of Wrocław, Mickiewicz University, Poland) Poznao, Poland) Alexander Chaplin (University of PhD-student Anna Kubisztal Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The (Department of Ethnology and Netherlands) Cultural Anthropology at Alejandro Jaramillo (Visual and University of Lodz, Poland) Media Anthropology at Freie Zsuzsanna Kunt (Eötvös Universitaet Berlin, Germany) Loránd Science University, Budapest, Hungary) Therese Kjellerup Thorstholm (Institute of Anthropology at Adrianna Koralewska (Department University of Copenhagen, of Ethnology and Cultural Denmark) Anthropology at Adam Mickiewicz University, PhD-student Tanja Kubes (Institute Poznao, Poland) for Ethnology at the LudwigMaximilians-Universität München, Germany )
DAY 1/DZIEO 1 • APRIL 26/26 kwietnia 2012 • 10.00 a.m. – 8.00 p.m. • Galeria Szyperska (II floor), ul. Szyperska 2 , 61-745 Poznao
_____10.00-10.30: Registration_____ _____10.30-10.45: Opening rites: Associate Professor Jacek Schmidt _____
PART I: 10.45-12.30 chaired by Associate Professor Jacek Schmidt •
10.45 -11.05: dr Jarema Drozdowicz (Faculty of Educational Studies, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznao, Poland): SEEING IS BELIEVING. ANTHROPOLOGICAL VISIONS OF CULTURE 11.05 -11.25: dr Agata Stanisz (Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznao, Poland): DE-VISUALIZING ANTHROPOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE. MANIFESTO 11.25-12.15: prof. Mattijs P. J. van de Port (Department of Anthropology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands): FRUIT PROJECT: SAVOURING BRAZILIAN FRUITS 12.15-12.30: DICUSSION 12.30-12.45: COFFEE BREAK
PART II: 12.45- 14.00 chaired by prof. Waldemar Kuligowski •
12.45-13.05: Trine Thygaard-Nielsen (Institute of Anthropology at University of Copenhagen, Denmark) TASTING THE GENERATIONAL CONFLICT. AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDY OF FOOD INDUCED FLEXIBILITY BETWEEN ANDALUSIAN GENERATIONS IN THE UPBRINGING OF MINORS. 13.05-13.25: Phd-student Katarzyna Wala (Faculty of Historical and Pedagogical Sciences, at University of Wrocław, Poland): DO YOU FEEL THE BORDELINE? ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE SENSES AND DOMESTIC SPACE 13.25-13.45: Alexander Chaplin (University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands): COUCHSURFING: SENSUAL ENCOUNTERS WITH AUTHENTICALLY ‘SENSE-ABLE’ OTHERNESS 13.45-14.00: DICUSSION 14.00-14.15: COFFEE BREAK
PART III: 14.15-15.30 chaired by prof. prof. Mattijs P. J. van de Port •
14.15-14.35: Alejandro Jaramillo (Visual and Media Anthropology at Freie Universitaet Berlin, Germany): WHOSE SCARRED SENSES ARE THEY ANYWAY?: THE POLITICS AND POETHICS OF AN ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE SENSES AMONG COLOMBIAN VICTIMS. 14.35-14.55: Therese Kjellerup Thorstholm (Institute of Anthropology at University of Copenhagen, Denmark): THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE SENSES: GETTING IN TOUCH WITH FIELDWORK 14.55-15.15: Phd-student Tanja Kubes (Institute for Ethnology at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany ): FIELDWORK ON HIGH HEELS: HOSTESSES AND THE SOCIOCULTURAL CONSTRUCTION OF THE FEMALE BODY 15.15-15.30: DISCUSSION 15.30-16.30: LUNCH BREAK/SUSHI ART BY GOKO Japanese Restaurant
GOKO Japanese Restaurant is an unusual place created by fascination with Japanese culture. Our actions are carried out with Japanese professionalism. Perfection of The Land of Cherry Blossom is were visible in our undertakings at every turn. Our motto is: PASSION and ART. ul. Woźna 13 61-777 Poznao 61 639 06 39 www.goko.com.pl
PART V: 18.00-19.35 chaired by dr Jarema Drozdowicz
PART IV: 16.30-17.45 chaired by dr Agata Stanisz • •
• • •
16.30-16.50: dr Magdalena Dąbrowska (Institute of Cultural Studies at Maria CurieSkłodowska University, Lublin, Poland): JOURNEY TO INDIA: RECOLLECTING SENSORIAL EXPERIENCE 16.50 -17.10: dr Małgorzata Rygielska (Instytut Nauk o Kulturze at University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland): BRÉSIL AND GRÉSILLER. TRISTES TROPIQUES AND FIELDWORK AS SENSORY EXPERIENCE 17.10-17.30: Phd-student Karolina Marcinkowska (Ethnology and Anthropology Institute, Warsaw University, Poland): RESEARCHING THE INVISIBLE – KALANURI CULT IN MAHAJANGA, MADAGASCAR. 17.30-17.45: DISCUSSION 17.45-18.00: COFFEE BREAK
18.00-18.20: Agata Kochaniewicz, Anna Adamowicz (Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology at Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznao, Poland): CROWD, NOISE, STENCH. UNPLEASANT EMPIRICAL EXPERIENCE IN ANTHROPOLOGY FIELDWORK 18.20-18.40: Anna Kubisztal (Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology at University of Lodz, Poland): THE SOUNDS OF THE IBERIAN PENINSULA - JOURNEY WITH DR IÑIGO SÁNCHEZ 18.40-19.00: Zsuzsanna Kunt (Eötvös Loránd Science University, Budapest, Hungary): BLINDNESS AND CULTURAL RELATIVISM 19.00-19.20: Adrianna Koralewska (Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology at Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznao, Poland): SHIFTING SENSORIUM TRAINING AS A GIFT OF NOTHING 19.20-19.50: DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
DAY 2/DZIEO 2 • APRIL 27/27 kwietnia 2012 • 10.00 a.m. – 7.30 p.m. • Galeria Szyperska (II floor), ul. Szyperska 2 , 610-745 Poznao 9
• 10.00-12.00: Adrianna Koralewska , Body Laboratory (Workshop)
• 12.15-14.45: Roman Mendez, Sound & Noise Pleasure (Performance) • 14.45-15.45: Maciej Werc, Taste and Pleasure Performance (lunch break/woking) • 16.00-18.00: Rafał Kołacki, Agata Stanisz, Katarzyna Wala, Hubert Wioczyk, Soundwalk x 4 (Immersive Performance) • 18. 15-19.20: Adam Kaczanowski, Thumbelina. Tunnel, (Literary Performance) 10
10.00-12.00: Adrianna Koralewska , Body Laboratory (Workshop) ***Adrianna Koralewska (Poland), performing arts & physical theatre artist, director, choreographer, contemporary dance, movement and certified yoga teacher. She received her actor's training at the Theatre Training and Research Programme (TTRP), founded by the late Singaporean theatre doyen - Kuo Pao Kun. She is the first non-Asian actor-performer participating in TTRP. Awarded the Georgette Chen TTRP Scholarship Fund. She worked with William Sun Hui Zhu (CN), Kok Heng Leun (SG), Phillip Zarilli (US/UK), John Clark (AU), Aarne Neeme (AU), Leisa Campbell (AU), Zhuo Ming (Taiwan), He Bing Zhu (CN), Robert Draffin (AU), Tatsumi Hijikata Memorial Butoh Troupe (JP), Daisuke Yoshimoto (JP), John Salzer (AU) – technical and theatre production teacher, Asian traditional theatre masters – Sardono W Kusumo (Indonesia), Yoshimasa Kanze (JP), Richard Emmert (US/JP), Li Qiu Ping (CN), N.Yagna Prabha (India).She worked full time as a Dance & Movement, Musical and Drama Teacher in Shanghai. From 2002, Ada is conducting theatre and drama workshops for young people also in polish theatre and culture centers. Awarded Creative Scholarship given by Polish Minister of Culture Polish – Waldemar Dąbrowski (2003) to develop and run her teaching program of The Practical Interdisciplinary Theatre Workshops in Poland.
12.15-14.45: Roman Mendez, Sound & Noise Pleasure (Performance)
***Roman Mendez (Mexico), a great guitar player and luthier from Xico, Veracruz-Llave. He moved to Poland to live and create his music. During the conference he will present a short Performance Sounds & Noise Pleasures with his handmade instruments. Your sense of hearing will be stimulated.
14.45-15.45: Maciej Werc, Taste and Pleasure Performance (lunch break/woking)
***Maciej Werc (Poland), taste and space architect, a vegetarian who using wok, unique blends of herbs, spices and only veggies will create for us a dizzying variety of flavors inspired by asian recipes. we will smell and maybe taste – from the deep, earthy flavors of a chinese stir-fry to the bright, fresh flavors of a thai curry. we guarantee an awakening of your senses.
16.00-18.00: Rafał Kołacki, Agata Stanisz, Katarzyna Wala, Hubert Wioczyk, Soundwalk x 4 (Immersive Performance)
*** Rafał Kołacki (Poland). Archeologist and ethnologist, sociology PhD-student, musician and culture animator. His scientific interests extend from archeimusicology,to history of Polish punk rock and anthropology of sound. He explores cities sonosphere. As an artist he plays percussion in hardcore band Stagnation Is Death and acoustic formation Hati. Author of audiovisual and electroacoustic performences. He used to play with Jonem Zornem i Z’EVem. Co-organizer of Soundart Festival CoCArt and co-author of Na falach Martenota broadcast. http://www.rafalkolacki.com/polski.html
*** Agata Stanisz (Poland). Anthropologist, fieldrecordist, acoustemologist, blogger, photoperformer and videomaker. Assistant professor in the Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology at Adam Mickiewicz University. http://www.miastodzwiekow.blogspot.com/; http://transportodrone.tumblr.com/; http://www.palimpsestmaps.amu.edu.pl/
*** Katrzyna Wala (Poland). Ehnologist, culture animator, sociologist and blogger. PhD-student in Faculty of Historical and Pedagogical Sciences at University of Wrocław. She coordinates projects: Fonosfera – anthropology of the senses and Etno-Arty. http://stosowana.wordpress.com/; http://fonosferra.wordpress.com/; http://plpl.facebook.com/pages/Etno-Arty/166546956699422
*** Hubert Wioczyk (Poland). Sound artist and performer. He conducts Urinatorium project. He is a member of an electro-acoustic band, kakofoNIKT, and also cooperates with such musicians as Jeff Gburek, Piotr Tkacz (in a project Revue svazu českých architektů), Patryk Lichota, Roman Brombosz and Mojomat. In his performances uses tools, metal and plastic scraps, sinewave tone generator, field recordings, dictaphones, his own (uh)human voice, contact microphones, radios, toy instruments for children and guitar pedal effects. During the recording stage, he works with MD recorder, dictaphones, loop station, reel-to-reel tape recorder, archive radio recordings and computer with various software. http://www.myspace.com/urinatorium; http://www.myspace.com/kakofonikt; http://www.myspace.com/audiozbieractwo; http://www.strefaciszy.com.p
18. 15-19.20: Adam Kaczanowski, Thumbelina. Tunnel, (Literary Performance) ***Adam Kaczanowski (Poland) â€“ writer and performer. Author of two novels and poetic books. Thumbelina. Tunnel: project focuses on certain episode in the life of a minature girl. Thumbelina after much persuasion od Mouse lands in a Mole's tunnel. It seems the girl is condemned to life in a dark underground. This episode was only mentioned by Hans Christian Andersen but here is described day by day. We immerse in the sory full of gloomy suppressed emotions... http://adamkaczanowski.tumblr.com
SOUNDWALK x 1___Sensorial walk: touch, smell, taste
The city is created for eye. Made of majestic buildings, broad streets, open squares and parks, pavement-catwalks – drains into our window-eyes, shows off itself, exhibits for others to see. The city is built of sounds. Composed of murmurs, whispers, hums, rustles, clatters, rattles and cracks breaks into our always open door-ears, making us indifferent to noise. As to feel the city, you must get really close to it, close your eyes, shut your ears. Smells emerge from the urban body – intimate reeks of sewers, soft scent of promenades, musky aroma of gates and backyards. Urban tissue blends together plaster's roughness with smoothness of glass, coarseness metallic drain-pipes and softness of dog's droppings. If you touch it and wait a moment, might be you would feel how it raises and falls, how rhythmically vibrates, pulsates with life and death. During the workshops, the participants will be led about the city transformed into one which they never knew before. guider: Katarzyna Wala
Spacery czuciowe: dotyk, zapach, smak
Miasto stworzone jest dla oka. Zbudowane z majestatycznych budynków, szerokich korytarzy ulic, plenerów placów i skwerków, chodników-wybiegów – wlewa się przez okna oczu, wystawia na pokaz, pokazuje innym. Miasto skonstruowane jest z dźwięków. Uplecione z gwarów, szmerów, szumów, terkotów, stukotów i trzasków wdziera się przez otwarte drzwi uszu, zobojętnia na hałas. Ale trzeba podejśd naprawdę blisko, zamknąd oczy, zatkad uszy, aby miasto wyczud. Z miejskiego cielska wyłaniają się bowiem zapachy – intymne wyziewy kanalizacji, delikatne wonie deptaków, piżmowe aromaty bram i podwórek. Miejska tkanka łączy niejednoznaczną chropowatośd tynków z gładkością szkła, szorstkością metalicznych rynien, miękkością psich kup. Jeśli ją dotkniesz i poczekasz chwilę, może poczujesz jak wznosi się i opada, jak rytmicznie wibruje, pulsuje życiem i umieraniem.
Podczas warsztatów uczestnicy zostaną oprowadzeni po mieście jakiego dotąd nie znali.
SOUNDWALK x 2: (Re)orientation into nature
Imagine you hear sounds beyond the space where you are. Imagine a situation when what is hearing is not what is seeing, when obvious connection between vision and sound is shattered. Imagine the city surrounded by nature compostions. Follow me and experience a slowmotion immersion into sounds create by cicadas, bees, flies, birds and coyotes. The goal is simple: to sustain sensorial re-orientation and disorientation. ___Soundwalk with headphones and mp3 (attention: only in-ear headphones available; you can use own headphones!!!) ___max. participants number: 10 people guider: Agata Stanisz
Wyobraź sobie, że słyszysz dźwięki spoza przestrzeni, w której się znajdujesz. Wyobraź sobie, że to co słyszalne rozmija się z tym co możliwe do zobaczenia, kiedy oczywiste połęcznie pomiędzy wizją a dźwiękiem zostaje zakłócone. Wyobraź sobie miasto rozbrzmiewające kompozycjami natury. Chodź ze mną i doświadcz spowolnionej immersji w świat dźwięków wytworzonych przez cykady, pszczoły, muchy, ptaki i kojoty. Będziemy słuchad, patrzed i odczuwd. Doznamy zmysłowej reorientacji i dezorientacji. ___Spacer dźwiękowy ze słuchawkami i mp3 (uwaga: dostępne będą tylko słuchawki douszne; można użyd własnych słuchawek!!!) ___maksymalna liczba uczestników: 10 osób
APRIL 26 KWIETNIA 10.30-20.00
dr Jarema Drozdowicz (Faculty of Educational Studies, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznao, Poland): SEEING IS BELIEVING. ANTHROPOLOGICAL VISIONS OF CULTURE This paper's thesis line is being made by an attempt to grasp the specific character of the visual aspect of cultural phenomena as seen by cultural anthropology. Anthropological visions of culture do undergo certain process of theoretical and methodological transgressions, thus all of them might seem to differentiate the point of view in this matter. Nevertheless we are able to draw a clear line of a historical development of anthropological thought in the visual context. This historical reconstruction of the visual paradigm is making the starting point of the paper and leads inevitably to the question of how the burden of anthropological traditions affects the discipline's perspective today. Anthropologists often do describe their object of study, that is culture in its various forms and shapes, as a certain thing we look upon from a different perspective. This shift in the cultural perspective makes the anthropological view of the Other so unique in the first place. On the other hand the visual approach might be also regarded as an obstacle in perceiving the cultural difference as it is in its own context. Although the ethnocentric view is long passĂŠ in the eyes of many, its presence cannot be ignored in the construction of current anthropological approaches towards culture. To overcome our own limitations we must look far beyond our own cultural dictionary having simultaneously in mind the fact, that we still look at the Other through glasses which we are given to us by our own culture. This argument brings into the discussion not just the visual aspect of anthropological work, but also the performative one, which builds the main thesis of this paper.
dr Agata Stanisz (Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznao, Poland): DE-VISUALIZING ANTHROPOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE. MANIFESTO
The aim of my presentation is to highlight issues connected with cultural processes which I desribe with the use of a working notion 'de-visual'. I assume there are important questions that must be posed while discussing alternative for the visual paradigm in a cultural anthropology. I propose speech consisted with two parts. Firstly I would like to stirr up a debate on possibilities of doing anthropology which rejects the visual paradigm. I will raise questions about potential of a new, extravisual production of knowledge and processes of a formulation anthropologal pratice as sensorial experience co-directed by technology and new media. Here it might be useful to mention my perspective is an anthropologist of sound perspective. This fact will have a number of ramifications of my insight. The second part of my speech will be loud taking the form of a manifesto.
prof. Mattijs P. J. van de Port (Department of Anthropology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands): FRUIT PROJECT: SAVOURING BRAZILIAN FRUITS
Saborear frutas brasileiras (Savouring brazilian fruits) is film project that seeks to convey the sensuous pleasures of touching, smelling, eating, sucking, slurping and swallowing the fruits of Brazil, including caju, pinha, sapoti, cana de açucar, tamarindo, goiaba, siriguela, jaca & manga. The recordings were made in the city of Salvador, Bahia, in the summer of 2011. The project is part of my ongoing attempts to open up anthropological research for what I call the-rest-ofwhat-is -- the dimensions of being that need to be repressed, ignored, or tabooed for our reality definitions to make sense. I think of saborear frutas brasileiras as a critique of the logocentrism that reins Academia, as well as of the reduction of anthropology to 'semiotics'. These images, sounds and our bodily responses to them may remind us that there are many new and alternative 'archives' to be explored in the study of Man.
Trine Thygaard-Nielsen (Institute of Anthropology at University of Copenhagen, Denmark) TASTING THE GENERATIONAL CONFLICT. AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDY OF FOOD INDUCED FLEXIBILITY BETWEEN ANDALUSIAN GENERATIONS IN THE UPBRINGING OF MINORS. How can we deal with food in anthropology in a way that compliment the mapping of the structural categorization of food elements? Taste will be my starting point. Only in the field can it be sensed. By experiencing the eating situations and ideas about taste in Andalusian intergenerational food communities I was able to sense how social relations are at work around the lunch table. In everyday life, taste does not only equal individual taste preferences but also broader frames of reference such as healthy taste, the taste of reward and the taste of belonging. These contexts, which I will conceptualize as regimes of taste, make us able to consider conceptions of care, commitment, coddling and responsibility. It is the regimes of taste that I will address in order to shed light upon the distinctive positions inhabited by generations and gender in intergenerational food communities. Since everybody present around the table has a saying in the matter at play especially in the feeding of the minors everybody acts as they think best. Thus leading to discrepancies between generations and gender regarding which regime of taste is of vital importance. The ways of dealing with these discrepancies are various e.g. liquidize food, prepare numerous plates or handing over the education of the children’s taste buds to the school’s dining hall. I hereby stress that approaching the interplay between the regimes of taste and the positions inhabited is the key to understand the development of social identities regarding food, feeding and even positions in broader social structures.
Phd-student Katarzyna Wala (Faculty of Historical and Pedagogical Sciences, at University of z FEEL THE BORDELINE? Wrocław, Poland): DO YOU ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE SENSES AND DOMESTIC SPACE They are renting rooms in others' houses. For various reasons they don't decide to take a loan. While wandering in the city, from building to building, they are looking for suitable conditions to live. Sometimes they stay longer in one place, sometimes they move out after few days. Since they can't afford to pay the rent, they decide to share a flat with other people. They keep their own intimacy in a single room, while kitchen, hall and bathroom is treated as a common space, of meetings and conflicts. I thought over the significance of senses both in the issue of coexistence with flatmates, and in broader context of “being at home”, whilst doing a research among young adults renting flats in Wroclaw. While discussing this matter, I'd like to present my own thoughts on the subject of researching within the sensory ethnography, on the basis of David MacDougall, Laura U. Marks, Sarah Pink's works, and think over the form of presentation of visualized/sensed and embodied knowledge.
Alexander Chaplin (University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands): COUCHSURFING: SENSUAL ENCOUNTERS WITH AUTHENTICALLY ‘SENSE-ABLE’ OTHERNESS This article is about global travel network ‘CouchSurfing’, which allows members to request free accommodation in each other’s homes while travelling and claims to provide a ‘genuine’ sense of the ‘otherness’ of other people and places. While anthropologists have shown that all claims of ‘authenticity’ in tourism can be deconstructed, CouchSurfing stands out because it capitalises on the popular belief that the ocularcentric ‘stagedness’ of mainstream tourism makes it suspicious, and asserts that the intimate face-to-face encounters it facilitates are ‘immediate’ and ‘thus real’. As anthropologists, we have to maintain that mediation is inescapable, but we can learn from the way CouchSurfing tries to render encounters between members ‘immediate’. The network does this mostly by addressing the ‘register’ of the sensuous body: it makes members fully immerse themselves in the everyday of others for prolonged periods of time, analogous to the anthropologist in the field. With examples from fieldwork in Serbia, I show how the sensorium, ultimately uncontrollable by the mind, and characterised by its own habitus, inevitably responds to the unfamiliar that makes up someone else’s everyday. The felt reality of ‘sense-able’ otherness then is hard to deny. We thus see that otherness has ‘sense-able’ dimensions and is not a merely cognitive construct (as anthropologists have often analysed it). Taking the senses into account in our analyses therefore helps us understand how (post)modern subjects manage to find ways of living ‘authentic’ – sensorially grounded – lives in a world in which finding firm ground under our feet seems ever more troublesome.
Alejandro Jaramillo (Visual and Media Anthropology at Freie Universitaet Berlin, Germany): WHOSE SCARRED SENSES ARE THEY ANYWAY?: THE POLITICS AND PO-ETHICS OF AN ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE SENSES AMONG COLOMBIAN VICTIMS This article addresses the interstices of the institutional discourses on ‘reparation’ and ‘reconciliation’ that leave aside a preponderant reality of the pain of victims: its embodiment and subsequent sensorial residues. The particular yet hugely discordant case of Colombia allows for much thought about the manner in which institutional powers render the concept of memory infertile while maintaining a generic index of success, in its coming to terms with victims of State sponsored crime, made up of testimonies that are extracted based on their value as lineal/causal narratives which provide enough information for transcription and archival registry. This concern turns to the exploration, along many contemporary artistic practices in Colombia, of the possibilities that lay in enacting the sensorial in the audiovisual mediation of culture as a way to both escape and amplify any institutional normativity of economic compensation and oficial retribution, for it could shape out that most intimate and ungraspable realm of human dwelling. Then of course, this exploration would remain a wholly theoretical one with conclusions that could, given the opportunity, be deployed as a guiding scheme for the collaborative creation of an audiovisual product that appeals to a –reshaping of- collective memory and so the sensorial realities that have been fractured by the culture of terror, something that could have both a special communicative or therapeutic outcome. That is, to work with and towards memory as an embodied experience and not as a token of the simplifying function underlying the institutional “reparation” and “reconciliation” process.
Therese Kjellerup Thorstholm (Institute of Anthropology at University of Copenhagen, Denmark): THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE SENSES: GETTING IN TOUCH WITH FIELDWORK When looking through the history of the senses in anthropology, what seems to me to be the most striking thing, is the loss of doing ethnographic fieldwork in the search of understanding the senses in a Western context. It is in the West that we anthropologists try to grasp the significance of the senses and how people, including ourselves, take the senses for granted in living our everyday lives. In order to question our own senses, anthropologists have travelled thousands of kilometres to try to understand how other people with different world views use and understand their senses. However, few fieldwork studies have focused on the senses in the West. Here many scholars focus on theories about the senses in a contemporary view, but few actually dare to get in touch with the field – the essence of anthropology. The sense of the field is lost - it is not smelled, touched, tasted, seen or heard. In the Autumn of 2010 I tried to smell, touch, taste, see and hear a field very close to my own – in Copenhagen. However the field was indeed quite different from my own. I did fieldwork among elders at an activity centre to try to understand the significance of the social context for the sense of hearing. I wish to explain how methodologically I found that possible, and furthermore why I think that the anthropology of the senses needs to be challenged in the field of anthropology.
Phd-student Tanja Kubes (Institute for Ethnology at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany): FIELDWORK ON HIGH HEELS: HOSTESSES AND THE SOCIOCULTURAL CONSTRUCTION OF THE FEMALE BODY Tradeshow hostesses represent an almost archetypical image of femininity. The process of becoming a hostess includes a constant defragmentation and recomposition of the female body and the acquisition of specific “hostess body techniques”. Seemingly everyday activities like standing or smiling are stripped of their codified social meanings and emotional values and are re--‐acquired as purely physical actions. There is a clear cognitive/emotional dissonance between how hostesses feel (e.g. sore legs and aching backs) and what their mimic seems to suggest (cheerful smiles and alluring glances). Doing hostess, thus, is a complex physical and mental activity that can only be adequately studied in a holistic, multisensory way. The ethnographer has no choice but to subject herself to the strict regime of (often quite painful) bodily experience. My paper is based on extensive “thick participation” and participant observation among tradeshow hostesses and discusses the physical (or incorporative) aspects of culture that can be observed in the act of doing hostess. I will address how culture forms the body and how it is incorporated, how it inscribes itself in the body and “naturalizes” body and mind. In addition, I will develop a performative concept of “doing culture” as it can be induced from the sensory experience of hostessing.
dr Magdalena Dąbrowska (Institute of Cultural Studies at Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland): JOURNEY TO INDIA: RECOLLECTING SENSORIAL EXPERIENCE By using numerous ethnographic methodologies (autoetnography, performative ethnography, sensory ethnography) I will attempt to share the experience of travelling in India. Indian culture is especially interesting due to its post- colonial heritage and numerous academic debates over representation of „the oriental” in Western social sciences. My paper would attempt to reconcile reflection on being in, living in and experiencing other culture with methodological experiments with ethnography. Contemporary ethnography rejected positivist methodologies and their seemingly neutral scientific language as being associated with colonial context. Postmodern ethnographies attempt to provide multidimensional, context- sensitive research, and thus work with experimental methods of ethnographic writing. In the paper I would like to argue that post-modern ethnographies, by paying attention to experience, body, senses, provide new perspectives on cultural research and presenting research results.
Małgorzata Rygielska (Instytut Nauk o Kulturze at University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland): BRÉSIL AND GRÉSILLER. TRISTES TROPIQUES AND FIEL DWORK AS SENSORY EXPERIENCE
Phd-student Karolina Marcinkowska (Ethnology and Anthropology Institute, Warsaw University, Poland): RESEARCHING THE INVISIBLE – KALANURI CULT IN MAHAJANGA, MADAGASCAR.
Tristes tropiques, a book by Claude Lévi-Strauss, has had different interpretations thus far. It is noteworthy that perhaps what has not been overemphasized by researchers so far are descriptions of sensations experienced by Levi-Strauss, who travels by boat and investigates primitive communities, as well as explores territories of Brazil in search of "real savage" ones. As he mentions himself, he will associate Brazil, by virtue of sound stimuli, forever with the smell of incense. He also learns the taste of koro, white larvae, i.e. the delicacy of Indians who are not too eager to tell strangers about their culinary preferences. He forces his way through forests and tries to get accustomed to the necessity of protecting his body against insects. What are involved in the process of the fieldwork are all the senses. For this reason, I am interested not only in the role of the senses in the fieldwork, including their impact on the manner and quality of observations made during it, but also the way of describing its results. Apart from photographs taken in the field in Tristes tropiques, we will also find extensive descriptions of sensory experiences of the tribes observed and examined by Lévi-Strauss as well as his own ones. In the context of former and present field research methodologies they are the main subject
Madagascar is called by its inhabitants “the land of ancestors” (Tanindrazana): each region and ethnic group has its own way to communicate either with the deceased or with nature spirits. Daily interactions with spirits are practically integrated with the everyday life, considered as components of the Malagasy “art of living”, sources of the community fihavanana and the individual destiny vintana. During my field work connected with the different discourses about tromba possession cult in the Mahajanga city in west Madagascar, I had the possibility to assist some kalanuri ceremonies. All the knowledge about kalanuri beings is actually based on sensory experiences and – in a minor degree - on orally transmitted stories. In fact, even talking about them can be taboo (fady), moreover an accidently glimpse on this being could be fatal. Kalanuri are said to be small beings, which have their own social connections: they actually lead a parallel life to humans, but tend to be invisible to them. They can be friendly and even highly propitious, give advices and warnings about the future, which are connected to general prosperity, health or social relationships. However it’s not easy to take advantage of the kalanuri knowledge: like many other spirits, it’s only up to him, who will be chosen to be his medium. The connection with the spirit is possible only by building a special house for him and respecting the many rules imposed by him. Experience of the “invisible” in Mahajanga, local forms of understanding the kalanuri spirit world and getting in touch with it, as well as searching for methods to describe such topics, will be the core of my paper.
matter of the analysis in the presented paper.
Anna Kubisztal (Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology at University of Lodz, Poland): THE SOUNDS OF THE IBERIAN PENINSULA - JOURNEY WITH DR IÑIGO SÁNCHEZ
Agata Kochaniewicz, Anna Adamowicz (Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology at Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznao, Poland): CROWD, NOISE, STENCH. UNPLEASANT EMPIRICAL EXPERIENCE IN ANTHROPOLOGY FIELDWORK In our speech we would like to refer to the theme fieldwork as sensory experience. In official reports, articles hardly ever we can meet with descriptions about the cases of sensorial experience of anthropologists. Researchers stress mainly two senses: eyesight and hearing, which can be considered as european way of feeling. In our speech we will focus on autoethnography giving examples from our fieldwork and literature. Our aim is to emphasize that influence of sense like smell, taste can have significant impact on description and results of anthropology research. Using attributes directly connected with senses that are perceived as annoying like impression of many people in one place, stinky smell or squeaky sounds we will show to the audience how deep and distinctly this thing have connections with researcher’ self-feeling and going further with perception of field and respondents.
The purpose of my paper is to present the research made by Spanish anthropologist Iñigo Sanches, who specializes in sounds and music in anthropological perspective. He is going to write and describe sounds in an old district in Lisbon called: Mouraria. Mouraria is a zone where emigrants live. People from totally different countries, present completely different cultures, what is closely related with different sounds and music. In addition this zone is one of the oldest in Lisbon, where born fado. I participated in one research made by Iñigo during the festival Todos. Where I met all of neighbours from Mouraria. He does a research in Lisbon as he did in Barcelona. He researched sounds and music in old district in Barcelona, who was a fishermen district (earlier fishermen’ village) and after time was transformed in modern zone. The docks was revitalised and government totally changed this part of city. He compared and contrasted the sounds of the earliest times and contemporary. He recorded old and new sounds. What is more, Mr Sanches made interviews with old fishermen and with new owner of this zone about sounds that they remember and what kind of sounds are after changes. *Mr Sanches and research made by him are part of my PhD work about the Portuguese Anthropology. He is an anthropologist who is doing post doc research in Lisbon. He is an example of foreigner who is doing his researched in the Portuguese School of Anthropology in Portugal.
Zsuzsanna Kunt (Eötvös Loránd Science Budapest, Hungary): BLINDNESS AND RELATIVISM
This lecture will be dedicated to exploring the potential critical and cultural contexts of the loss of visual sensation within anthropology and makes an attempt to introduce the existential appearance, the aims, the chances and the tasks of the (sub)cultures of the blind people. The injuries of the senses lead to a peculiar perception and construction of reality, which fundamentally determines human behaviour, defining certain cultural and subcultural systems of ideas and actions. Based on the insight of cultural relativism, we consider the alternative ways of action, thinking and perception just as valid as the ones belonging to our cultural tradition. What extent is this validity acknowledged in connection with blind people? How are the forms of “action, thinking and perception” of disabled people reshaped by the social norms, the system of demands and opportunities? What kinds of cultural practices do the blind people have to sense social reality? Social scientists have studied the social aspects and categories of the health-illness dichotomy along with the cultural patterns of behaviour related to it and the social roles of the stigmatized people. A few years before the millennium scientific interest was directed to study the specific construction of customs, behaviour, identity and knowledge within disabled communities. The main goal of this study is to raise attention to the importance and novelty of the cultural anthropological approach in the disability studies and to inspire the co-thinking on this topic.
Adrianna Koralewska (Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology at Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznao, Poland): SHIFTING SENSORIUM TRAINING AS A GIFT OF NOTHING Does any one need to have eyes and ears to know? It has been years since I read Robert Sheckley's short story about a man who was traced down by the odour of his thoughts. It seems rather like science-fiction, nevertheless, it may apply to most of us, as in the Western world man uses only a small fraction of his greatly modified capabilities. Through ethnographic description of a professional physical theatre training programme in which I actively participated, I would like to speak from my insider’s emic, as well as outsider’s etic perspective about ‘shifting sensorium’ to describe people who experience the world through strikingly different modes of perception than the supposed visually dominant Euro-American way of being. The principals of this training were Impulse and Kinaesthetic Learning, Psycho-empathetic Learning and Sensory Awareness. The main focus was set far away from the sense of sight as it is common for all performing arts, especially dance and traditional forms of Asian Theatres. It was a space for intercultural exchange but also ‘never-ending momentum’ of breaking free from the social structure. In terms of communicative role, we see totally involved human beings using all the senses they are endowed with. Until now it has proved to have a significant influence on my actual work practice as a teacher, researcher and performer.
Organizers & Co-organizers: Patronage:
Published on Apr 9, 2012
Transgressing visuality. Sensorial cultural practices conference, April 26-27 2012, Poznan in Poland https://www.facebook.com/TransgressingV...