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~ Type Classification ~


~ Type Classification ~


cap-height x-height body-height

capline midline baseline


ascender

stem bowl

arm

descender

tittle

spine

counter (closed)

tail

eye

loop

arc of stem

shoulder spur

terminal

bowl

serif

shoulder


SLA GEOMETRIC

4


AB 5


Slab6


-Serif 7


S

Rockwell Caecilia Museo 8


X

FIND THE X, AND YOU WILL DISCOVER THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE THREE SLAB-SERIF TYPEFACES.

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R //1934

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ROCKWELL FONT DESIGN by Monotype Foundry’s inhouse design studio

SUPERVISED by Frank Hinman Pierpont Rockwell is a serif typeface belonging to the classification slab serif, or Egyptian, where the serifs are unbracketed and similar in weight to the horizontal strokes of the letters. Because of its monoweighted stroke, Rockwell is used primarily for display rather than lengthy bodies of text. 11


C //1991

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PMN CAECILIA FONT DESIGN by Pieter Mathias Noorzij

RELEASED The year of 1991 Peter Matthias Noordzij was studying at Koninklijke Academie vor Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague, Netherlands in 1983 when he created the first sketches of what eventually became the PMN Caecilia design. Designed to represent the writing of a broad-nibbed pen, PMN Caecilia has curved, angled, and vertical strokes. When most people write, the direction and pressure of the pen change, but the angle of the pen in relation to the line usually does not. This idea was built in to the PMN Caecilia design. 13


M //2009 14


MUSEO SLAB FONT by Font Foundry Exlijbris

DESIGNED BY Jos Buivenga Jos Buivenga lives and works in Arnhem. He started designing type in 1994 and started his exljbris Font Foundry ten years later. He is most known for his Museo font family and also for the way he markets his typefaces.

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REGULAR ITALIC BOLD 16


Qq Qq Qq The three types axis is vertical.

Qq Qq Qq The bowl is more slender. Diagonal stress, shorter serifs. Diagonal stress, and the descender has a half serif.

Qq Qq Qq More oval shapes counter. The descender appears to be shorter .

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CAPITAL LETTER

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QQQ X

1 2 3

1

Rockwell features a nearly uniform stroke width such as Museo Slab and compared to the varied stroke width of Caecilia.

2

Rockwell’s counter is circular such as the Museo’s and the Caecilia’s counter is oval shaped.

3

Rockwell has a slightly detached tail that terminates to a solid angled stroke. Caecilia has a tapered tail that extends for below the baseline. Museo’s tail is a stroke. 19


DES CEN DER 20


q qq X

4

5 6

4

Rockwell has a block-shaped, slab serif ear. Caecilia’s ear resolves to a none serif. Museo’s ear resolves to a flat point.

5

Rockwell’s bowl attaches to the stem in a uniform stroke. Caecilia’s bowl tapers as it mets the stem.

6

Rockwell’s serifs are blocky and have no breaking such as the Caecilia’s and Museo’s.

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ASC END -ER 22


bbb X

X

Rockwell’s counter is circular and the Caecilia’s such as the Museo’s counter is oval shaped.

In the three typefaces the ascender is blockshaped but the serif thickness is different.

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x-height letters

ROMPLETTER

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s s s X

The letter “s” is one of the letters different in the three typefaces. The Rockwell’s serif is block-shaped, Caecilia has a more open “s” that terminates in a solid serif and Museo makes the difference in slab serifs solid type, because of is curved shape.

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ear

link/neck

loop

caecilia 26


g g g X

Comparing the three g’s we see that Caecilia’s g is completely differente from the others, because has two eyes and the others have only one. Rockwell’s and Museo’s on the other hand are very similar. Rockwell’s serif is block-shaped and Museo’s serif is curve.

GGG X

Rockwell and Museo have a round shape and Caecilia has a rect shape.

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AA A A 28


X

X

Caecilia’s and Museo’s bowl is very similar and the counter is like a gout. Rockwell’s and Caecilia’s serif is blockshaped and Museo’s makes a curve. The arc of stem is differente in the three, but Caecilia’s has a solid serif that goes down.

In the A, Rockwell makes a difference with a serif in the top. The serif is higher in Rockwell type and lower in Caecilia’s. They all have block-shaped serif and no contrast in stroke widths. 29


30


X

The three typefaces can be distinguished by the letter “R”. Rockwell has a solid letter with block-shaped serif. Caecilia and Museo are similar in the leg because of the curve but they have different weights and that’s what makes them different.

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&?!...*(+^\~£” \’?@...!~*-$&)# (^=?&!/+@*\~)

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ABCDEFGHIJ KLMNOPQRST UVW XY Z a b c d efghijklmno pqrstuvwxyz

ROCKWELL ABCDEFGHIJ K L M N O P Q R ST UVW XY Z a b c d efghijklmno pqrstuvwxyz

CAECILIA ABCDEFGHIJ KLMNOPQRS TUVWXYZabc defghijklmno pqrstuvwxyz

MUSEO 33


LINK THE DOTS AND DISCOVER WHAT’S THE FONT

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What´s the font?

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What´s the font?

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What´s the font?

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Caecilia

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Rockwell

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Museo

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Slab Serif Book