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;+;bLo k4lt eg]sf] cfjlws lgjf{rg / To;af6 bnx¿sf] x}l;ot sfod x'g] Joj:yf xf] . o;df g ;w}+ sf]xL 7"nf] / g ;w}+ sf]xL ;fgf] e}/xG5 . o;df Pp6} zt{ xf] hgtfsf] dg lhTg' . dg g} lhTg ;lsFbg} eg] To:tf] a]nf ul/Psf] /fhgLlt :jfy{ k/s x'G5 . nf]stGqsf s]xL lglZrt dfGotf / ljlw x'G5g\ . cfwf/e"t :jtGqtf / k|fs[lts clwsf/, ljlwsf] zf;g, hgpQ/bfoL ;/sf/, aflnu dtflwsf/, cfjlws lgjf{rg, ;dfgtfh:tf u'0fx¿ o;sf cfwf/e"t s'/f x'g\ . g]kfnn] ckgfPsf] zf;g k|0ffnL ;+;bLo ePklg j]:6ldG:6/s} h:tf] eg] 5}g . ;+;bLo k|ltlglwTjd} cfwf/e"t cGt/ 5 . k|ltlglw;efdf aflnu dtflwsf/sf cfwf/df x'g] dtbfgaf6 k|To]s lgjf{rg If]qdf klxnf] dt Nofpg] JolQm ljhoL x'g] k|0ffnLadf]lhd lgjf{lrt x'g] !^% hgf / ;Dk"0f{ b]znfO{ Ps lgjf{rg If]q dfgL /fhgLlts bnnfO{ dt lbg] ;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnLadf]lhd lgjf{lrt x'g] !!) ;b:o /xg] Joj:yf g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg, @)&@ sf] wf/f *$ df ul/Psf] 5 . o; cGtu{t /x]/ g} o:tf] k|ltlglwTjnfO{ kl/dflh{t ug{ vf]lhPsf] xf] lgjf{rg ;DjGwL ljw]osdf ;+zf]wg u/]/ . o;df s]xL lglZrt k|ltzt tf]s/] Tolt dt Nofpg]nfO{ /fli6«o dfGotf lbg] eGg] s'/f :jfefljs / s]xL xb;Dd l:y/tfsf] af6f] klg xf] . To;df s;}n] lj/f]w ug{ xFb' g} . clxn]sf] lgjf{rgdf dtbftf kl/rokq nfu" ePkl5 ljutsf] eGbf ;'wf/ ePsf] 5 . o;sf] pkef]u ;fgf 7"nf ;a} bnsf nflu u:;dfg ¿kn] v'nf 5 . xf] ;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnLsf] eg] klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efs} kfnfb]lv ;xL Joj:yfkg / ;b'kof]u x'g ;s]sf] b]lvPg . ;dfg'kflts k|ltlglwTjsf] Joj:yfdf s'g} aGb]h gePsf sf/0f vf;} hgfwf/ gePsf t/ b]ze/af6 clncln u/]/ dt a6'Ng] bnsf] klg ;+;b\df k|ltlglwTj x'g] u/]sf] 5 . ;fgf gfddfqsf jf kl/jf/sf ;b:ox¿dfq ePsf bnn] ;d]t ;+;b\df k|ltlglwTj ubf{ ;+;b\s} dof{bfdf;d]t cfFr cfO/x]sf] cj:yfnfO{ lj;{g x'Gg . ;f+;b\ x'gs } f nflu dfq ul7t ePh:tf ;fgf bnx¿sf sf/0f @)^$ sf] lgjf{rgdf @% j6f / @)&) ;fndf #) j6f bnsf] ;+ljwfg;efdf k|ltlglwTj ePsf] lyof] . To;dfly s'n dtsf] Ps k|ltzt klg Nofpg g;Sg]x¿n] ;d]t ;+;b\df k|ltlglwTj u/]/ ;/sf/nfO{ cl:y/ agfpg a9L e"ldsf v]ns ] f] tYo s;}af6 n'ss ] f] 5}g . clxn] ug{ nfluPsf] Joj:yf oxL ljs[ltnfO{ nufd nufpg] ;Gbe{df x'g nfu]sf] xf] o;df s;}n] cGoyf dfGg / dg b'vfpg xFb' g} . ;+;bLo k|ltlglwTjnfO{ ul/dfdo / cf]hk"0f{ agfpg lglZrt k|ltzt dt NofPdfq ;+;b\df k|ltlglwTj ug{ kfpg] s'/fnfO{ aGb]h nufpg] ;gbe{df of] s'/f cfPsf] xf] . clxn] ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wgsf] k|;u+ z'? x'g] lalQs} log} ;fgf bnx¿ …y|;] xf]N8Ú /flvg' x'bF g} eg]/ bafa lbg yfn]sf 5g\ . ;+;b\df k|ltlglwTj ug]{ @% j6f ;fgf bnn] /fhgLlts bn;DaGwL sfg'gdf …y|;] xf]N8Ú sf] k|fjwfg g/fVg / bnsf g]tfnfO{ lbOg] ;'ljwf sd gug{ dfu ub}{ k|wfgdGqL;dIf 1fkgkq a'emfPsf cj:yf 5 . pgLx¿n] /fhgLlts bn;DaGwL sfg"gnfO{ ;+zf]wg / PsLs/0f ug{ ag]sf] ljw]os, @)&# / ;+3Lo ;+;b\sf kbflwsf/L Pjd\ ;b:osf] ;'ljwf / kfl/>lds ;DaGwdf ag]sf] ljw]os, @)&# df /x]sf ;DalGwt k|fjwfgk|lt c;xdlt hgfPsf x'g k5{ . of] s'/f dfGo x'bF g} . slxn];Dd b]zn] cl:y/tf em]ln/xg] eGg] ;Fuklg hf]l8Psf] ljifo xf] of] .

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d+l;/ !) ut] z'qmaf/ – lgjf{rgsf] ldlt 3f]if0ff ug{ ;/sf/ cft'/ /x]sf] u[xdGqL ljdn]Gb| lgwgsf] egfO . d+l;/ !! ut] zlgaf/ – cg;g/t 8f= uf]ljGb s];Lsf] kIfdf k|bz{g, k|wfgdGqLnfO{ l;6fdf]n bfg . – ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wgsf] lj/f]w u/] Pdfn]lj?4 cfGbf]ng s]lGb|t ug]{ ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf cWoIf /fh]Gb| dxtf]sf] egfO . d+l;/ !@ ut] cfOtaf/ – cg;g/t 8f= uf]ljGb s];L / ;/sf/L k|ltlglwaLrsf] jftf{ clgl0f{t, 8f= s];Lsf] cj:yf lrGtfhgs aGb} uPsf] eGb} ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿sf] ;/sf/nfO{ Wofgfsif{0f . d+l;/ !# ut] ;f]daf/ – k|d'v tLg bnsf zLif{ g]tf / /fi6«klt ljBfb]jL e08f/LaLr e]6jftf{, r'gfjL jftfj/0f tof/ ug{ ;'emfj . – gofF zlQm g]kfn / ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kmf]/daLr df]rf{aGbL, ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg ubf{ k|ToIf lgjf{lrt sfo{sf/L k|d'vsf] Joj:yf ug{ ;/sf/;Fu dfu . d+l;/ !$ ut] d+unaf/ – ;/sf/åf/f g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg @)&@ df bf];|f] ;+zf]wg k|:tfj ;+;b\df btf{, g]skf Pdfn]åf/f lj/f]w . d+l;/ !% ut] a'waf/ – ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg ljw]os c:jLsf/ ug]{ dw]zL df]rf{sf] lg0f{o .

df]xgljqmd l;+x cd]l/sfsf gofF lgjf{lrt /fi6«klt 8f]gfN8 6«Dkn] h'g k|sf/sf] cfk|jf;L gLlt ckgfpg] 3f]if0ff u/]sf 5g\, Tof] g]kfnsf nflu klg 7'nf] r]tfjgL xf] . To;af6 lzIff lnP/ g]kfnn] cfˆgf] gLlt / sfo{qmddf ;'wf/sf nflu uDeL/ / of]hgfj4 k|sf/n] k|oTg ug{' kg]{ cfjZostf 5 cGoyf g]kfnsf] cy{tGq dfq xf]Og, eljio ;d]t cGwsf/do x'g] s'/f :ki6 5 . g] k fnn] cfˆgf] b] z sf] cfly{ s ljsf;df hf]8 lbP/ cfTdlge{/ x'g] k| o Tg ug{ ' e Gbf 7' n f] ;+ V ofdf g] k fnLx¿nfO{ ljb] z df k7fP/ pgLx¿af6 cfpg] cfDbfgLaf6 b]zsf] cy{tGqnfO{ wfGg] k|oTg ul//x]sf] 5 . k|ydtf g]kfnLx¿n] ljb]zaf6 h'g k};f k7fpF5g\, Tof] b]zsf] cfly{s ljsf;df sd} vr{ x'G5 . Tof] k};f clwst/ ¿kdf 3/hUuf lsGg jf pkef]Uo ;fdu|Lx¿ lsGg g} vr{ x'G5 . tL ;fdu|Lx¿ clwst/ ljb]zaf6 g} cfoft ul/Psf x'G5g\ . ljb]zaf6 cfpg] To; k|sf/sf] cfDbfgLn] hg;+Vofsf] Pp6f 7'nf] efunfO{ >daf6 cnu u/L lbG5 . pgLx¿ ufpFaf6 cfP/ zx/df a:b5g\ / ljnf;L hLjg latfpF 5 g\ . kl/0ffd:j¿k kxf8sf s[lifof]Uo hdLg afFemf x'Fb} uO/x]sf 5g\ . ;fdflhs / /fhgLlts¿kdf klg To;af6 s}of}+ ljs[ l tx¿ k} b f eO/x] s f 5g\ / /fhgLlts¿kdf klg To;sf s}of}+ b"/ufdL b'ikl/0ffdx¿ x'g] ;Defjgf a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 . kltx¿ nfdf] ;do;Dd ljb]zdf a:bf pgLx¿sf] kfl/jfl/s ;d:ofdf s}of}+ ljs[ltx¿ NofPsf] s'/f s}of}+ cWoogn] atfPsf 5g\ . 7'nf] ;+Vofdf g]kfnLx¿ aflx/ hfFbf b]zsf] lgdf{0fdf nfUg] 7'nf] >dzlQm aflx/ dfq hfGg, b]zsf] /fhgLltdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]Ng ;Sg] gful/sx¿ klg aflx/ hfG5g\ . o'js ju{n] b]zsf] /fhgLltdf h'g ;r]t e"ldsf v]Ng ;SbYof] / kb{Yof], Tof] e"ldsf v]Ng ;Sb}gg\ . b]zdf jf:tljs g]kfnL gful/sx¿sf] ;+Vof nuftf/ / tLj| ultn] sd x'Fb} uO/x]sf]n] / pbf/

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gful/stf;DaGwL gLltsf sf/0fn] 7'nf] ;+Vofdf ljb]zLx¿ d'VotM ef/tLo g]kfnsf] gful/s aGb} uO/x]sf 5g\ . To;n] r'gfjdf jf:tljs g]kfnLx¿sf] dtbfg jf e" l dsf sd x' g ] / ljb]zLx¿sf] cg'kft a9\b} hfg] vt/f a9\b} 5 . To;sf] kl/0ffd:j¿k g]kfndf :jo+ g] k fnLx¿ cNk;+ V ofdf kg] { ;Defjgf a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 . To;sf] kl/0ffd slt uDeL/ x'g] 5 < s;}n] klg cGbfh ug{ ;Sb5 . dflysf] ljj/0faf6 s] k|i6 x'G5 eg] g]kfnLx¿nfO{ 7'nf] ;+Vofdf ljb]z k7fP/ cfly{s pkfh{g ug]{ jf b]zsf] cy{tGqnfO{ sfod ug]{ h'g k|oTg ul/Fb} 5, Tof] ;d:ofsf] :yfoL ;dfwfg xf]Og . To;sf] ljk/Lt xfd|f] d'Vo hf]8 b]zsf] cfly{s ljsf; / b]zsf] >dzlQmnfO{ To;}df k|of]u ug]{lt/ hfg' kb{5 cGoyf b]zdf uDeL/ k|sf/sf] cfly{s, ;fdflhs jf /fhgLlts ;+s6 k}bf x'g] vt/f 5 . csf]{ zAbdf b]z tLj| ultn] To; k|sf/sf] ;+s6sf] d'vdf cu|;/ eO/x]sf] 5 . To; k|sf/sf] k[i7e"lddf g} xfdLn] 6«Dksf] cfk|jf;L gLltnfO{ a'‰g' kb{5 / To;af6 lzIff lng' kb{5 . /:6«Dksf] cfk|jf; gLlt pgsf] JolQmut nfOg dfq xf]Og, cd]l/sfdf /fi6«kltsf] r'gfjdf lxnf/L lSnG6gsf] xf/ / 6«Dksf] lhtdf cfk|jf; gLlt klg Pp6f d'Vo sf/0f /Xof] . lSnG6gsf] cfk|jf; gLlt ck]Iffs[t pbf/ lyof] eg] 6«Dksf] s8f / cg'bf/ . 6«Dksf] gLltnfO{ ax'dt ldNg'sf k5fl8 kFh " Ljfbleq ljZjJofkL ¿kdf / cd]l/sfdf klg a9\b} uPsf] Pp6f ;+s6n] klg sfd u/]sf] 5 . kFh " Ljfbsf] ljsf; jf To;sf] l:y/tf gfkmfdfly g} lge{/ ub{5 . pgLx¿nfO{ 7'nf] k}dfgfdf gfkmf rflxG5 . To;sf nflu 7'nf] ahf/ rflxG5 . t/ To;sf] ;d:of of] xf] ls To;sf] ahf/ emg\ kl5 emg\ ;+sl' rt x'bF } uO/x]sf] 5 . klxn] Plzof, clk|msf / Nofl6g cd]l/sfsf w]/} b]zx¿ lk5l8Psf lyP . To;sf/0f cd]l/sf jf o'/f]ksf b]zx¿nfO{ gfkmf sdfpgsf nflu 7'nf] ahf/ lyof] . t/ ca Plzof, clk|msf jf Nofl6g cd] l /sfsf w] / } b] z x¿df kFh " Ljfbsf] ljsf; eO/x]sf] 5 . To;sf] kl/0ffd cd]l/sf jf o'/f]ksf b]zx¿sf] ahf/ ;Lldt x'bF } uO/x]sf] 5 . csf{l] t/, Plzof, clk|msf / Nofl6g cd]l/sfsf gofF kFh " LjfbL b]zx¿l;t pgLx¿sf] cGtlj{/f]w a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 . To;sf] cy{ of] x'G5, klxn] pgLx¿n] hlt ;fdfg laqmL ug{ ;Sby], ca ;Sb}gg\ . Tof] cj:yfdf pgLx¿n] cfˆgf] pTkfbgdf sdL Nofpg' kb{5 . pTkfbgdf sdL Nofpg'sf] cy{ x'G5, ca pgLx¿nfO{ sd dhb'/x¿ cfjZos x'G5 .

kf]=a=g+= M @!%!) O{dn ] M satyagrahaweekly@gmail.com

xfd|f] uDeL/ Wofgsif{0f

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;Tofu|xL 8f= uf]ljGb s];Ln] kl5Nnf]k6s k|f/De u/]sf] cg;g !& lbg k'Ubf pxfFsf] :jf:Yo cj:yf gfh's cj:yfdf k'u]sf] xF'bf dfgj clwsf/ tyf zflGt ;dfh cToGt lrlGtt ePsf] 5 . Pp6f ;Tofu|xLsf] hLjg slxNo} klg hf]lvddf kg{' x'Fb}g . o; cj:yfdf ;xdltsf] ljGb' klxNofO{ cg;g nfO{ cGTo ug]{ lbzfdf ;/sf/, ;Da4 lgsfo / :jo+ ;Tofu|xLn] ljj]s;Ddt lg0f{o ug{ l9nf ug{' x'Fb}g eGg] b[9 cfu|x dfgj clwsf/ tyf zflGt ;dfh ub{5 . – u+ufw/ clwsf/L, ;efklt dfgj clwsf/ tyf zflGt ;dfh

pko{ ' Q m k| s f/sf] cj:yfdf g} cd]l/sf jf o'/f]ksf b]zx¿df ljb]zaf6 cfpg] dhb'/x¿k|lt lj/f]w a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 / cfk|jf;L gLlt s8f agfpg] dfu a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 . o'/f]ksf b]zx¿df 7'nf] ;+Vofdf cfk|jf;Lx¿ a:b5g\ . pgLx¿k|lt s8f gLlt ckgfpg] dfu a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 . cfˆg} b]zsf dhb'/x¿ 7'nf] ;+Vofdf a]/f]huf/ x'Fb} uPkl5 tL b]zx¿df ljb]zaf6 cfpg] dhb'/x¿sf lj?4 hgdt a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 . hd{gLsf] rfG;n/n] cfk|jf;k|lt s]xL pbf/ gLlt ckgfOg\ . ToxfFsf cg'bf/jfbLx¿n] Tof] gLltsf] lj/f]w u/] . Tof] pbf/ cfk|jf;L gLltsf] c;/ r'gfjdf k¥of] . hd{gLsf] Pp6f /fHodf ePsf] r'gfjdf ;Qf¿9 kf6L{sf] 7'nf] xf/ eof] . To;af6 ToxfFsL rfG;n/n] k'gM cfk|jf;L gLltnfO{ s8f agfpg] s'/fdf hf]8 lbOg\ . cd]l/sfdf 7'nf] ;+Vofdf cfk|jf;L 5g\ . of] elgG5, ToxfF cj}w¿kn] a;]sf ck|jf;L dfq Ps s/f]8 hlt 5g\ . 6«Dkn] $%cf}+ /fi6«klt lgjf{lrt ePkl5 t'?Gt g} #) nfv cfk|jf;LnfO{ x6fpg] 3f]if0ff u/]sf 5g\ . kl5 c¿nfO{ klg x6fpFb} hfg] / gofF le;f gLlt klg s8f agfpg] pgsf] gLlt x'g] s'/f k|i6 5 . pgsf] Tof] gLlt cd]l/sL ;fd|fHojfbsf] ljZj ahf/ ;+s'lrt x'Fb} uPsfn] / pTkfbg sd ub}{ n}hfg' k/]sfn] klg cd]l/sfdf pTkfbg / dhb'/x¿df klg s6f}tL ub}{ hfg' k/]sf] kl/0ffd xf] . ljb]zaf6 cfpg] dhb'/ jf lj1x¿n] klg ck]Iffs[t ;:tf] Hofnfdf sfd ub{5g\ . To;n] ubf{ cd]l/sfdf cfk|jf;Lk|lt s8f gLlt ckgfpg' kg]{ hgdt a9\b} uPsf] 5 . Tof] dfunfO{ 6«Dkn] d"n¿k lbP . To;}n] r'gfjdf pgnfO{ ax'dt k|fKt eof] . jf:tjdf cfh gofF gofF b]zx¿df gofF kF"hLjfbL b]zx¿sf] ljsf;sf] kl/0ffd:j¿k cd]l/sfn] ljZjdf s8f k|ltikwf{sf] ;fdgf ug{' kl//x]sf] 5 . To;n] ubf{ 6«Dkn] cGt/f{li6«o If]qdf cfˆgf] e"ldsf a9fpg]eGbf b]zleq cfˆgf] l:ylt ;'b[9 ug]{ gLltdf hf]8 lbPsf 5g\ . ;fd| f HojfbLx¿n] e"d08nLs/0f, v'nf k|ltikwf{ / v'nf ahf/sf] s'/f ub{5g\ . t/ 7'nf ljsl;t b]zx¿df klg a9\b} uPsf] ;+s6sf sf/0fn] pgLx¿n] ;+/If0f gLltdf hf]8 lbg' kl//x]sf] 5 . To;/L pgLx¿n] cfˆgf] /Iffsf] gLltdf a9L hf]8 lbg' kl//x]sf] 5 . ToxL k|sf/sf] l:yltdf g} la|6]g o'/f]kog o'lgogaf6 x6\g] gLltsf] kIfdf ax'dt k|fKt eof] . ;+;f/df hlt hlt gofF gofF b]zx¿df k"FhLjfbsf] ljsf; x'Fb} hfg] 5, pgLx¿sf] ahf/ ;fF3'l/Fb} hfg] 5 . pgLx¿sf cufl8 pTkfbg 36fpg] / >d zlQmdf s6f}tL ug{' kg]{

afWotf a9\b} hfg] 5 . Tof] cj:yfdf ;a} kFh " LjfbL b]zx¿df cfk|jf;Lx¿k|lt 9f]sfaGbsf] gLlt a9\b} hfg] 5 . 6«Dksf] cg'bf/ / s8f gLltsf] lzsf/ 7'nf] ;+Vofdf g]kfnLx¿ klg x'g]5g\ . Tof] ;d:ofsf] uDeL/tf ToxLF;Dd dfq ;Lldt /xg] 5} g . Tof] ;d:of ljZjJofkL¿kdf cufl8 cfpg] 5 . Psflt/, ;a} ljsl;t kF"hLjfbL b]zx¿ / csf]{lt/, gofF kF"hLjfbL b]zx¿af6 g]kfnLx¿nfO{ lgsfNg] k|lqmof a9\b} hfg] 5 . cd]l/sf / o'/f]kdf t Tof] cfjfh a9\b} uO/x]sf] / ToxfFsf ;/sf/x¿n] emg\ kl5 emg\ cg'bf/ cfk|jf; gLlt ckgfpFb} nlu/x]sf 5g\ . cfpg] lbgdf Tof] k|lqmof c¿ a9]/ hfg] 5 . clxn] g]kfnLx¿sf] uGtJo sltko kF"hLjfbL b]zx¿ klg /x]sf 5g\ . h:t} ls vf8Lsf d'ns ' x¿ dn]l;of, l;+ufk'/, sf]l/of cflb . tL b]zx¿ klg xfd|f nflu ;w}+ ;'/lIft b]zx¿ /xg] 5}gg\ . k|ydtf, ToxfF cGo b]zx¿sf cfk|jf;Lx¿l;t g]kfnLn] s8f k|ltikwf{ ug{' kg]{ 5 . låtLo, s'g} lbg ToxfF klg ljsl;t kF"hLjfbL b]zx¿df h:t} l:ylt pTkGg x'g] ;DefjgfnfO{ c:jLsf/ ug{ ;lsGg . Tof] cj:yfdf tL b]zx¿df /f]huf/Lsf] ;d:of uDeL/ x'Fb} uP/ ToxfF klg ljb]zaf6 cfpg] dhb'/x¿k|lt lj/f]wsf] cfjfh a9\g yfNg] / To;/L ToxfF klg g]kfnLx¿sf nflu /f]huf/L sd jf ;Lldt x'Fb} hfg] 5 . ut bzsx¿df g]kfnLx¿ s}of}+ b]zx¿af6 lgsflnPsf lyP . tTsfnLg adf{ jf DofGdf/af6 7'nf] ;+Vofdf g]kfnLx¿ lgsflnPsf lyP . cf;fdaf6 cfˆgf] 3/hUuf jf Jofkf/ 5f8]/ 7'nf] ;+Vofdf g]kfnLx¿ g]kfn cfpg' k/]sf] lyof] . xfd|f] /f]huf/Lsf] k/Dk/fut uGtJo ef/t /xFb} cfPsf] 5 . t/ ToxfF klg klxn] g]kfnLx¿n] h;/L /f]huf/L kfpFby], ca kfpFbg} g\ . 7'nf / /fd|f 7fpFdf gf]s/L k|fKt ug]{ s'/f t ca aGb h:t} ePsf] 5 . ef/tdf hg;+Vof / a]/f]huf/L a9\b} hfg'sf ;fy} pgLx¿nfO{ klxn] h:tf] ;lhn}l;t gf]s/L ldNg ufx|f] x'g yfn]sf] 5 . ;f/f ;+;f/af6 nv]l6Fb} jf lj:yflkt ePkl5 g]kfnLx¿sf nflu afFRg jf /xgsf nflu afFsL /xg] cf>o :yn g]kfn dfq xf] . vfln ljb]zdf g]kfnLx¿nfO{ k7fP/ dfq cy{tGqnfO{ sfod ug]{ gLlt ckgfOof] / :jo+ g]kfnsf] cfly{s ljsf;df Wofg lbOPg eg] To;sf] kl/0ffd slt eofgs xf]nf < s;}n] klg ;lhn}l;t cGbfh ug{ ;lsG5 . g] k fnLx¿ ;+;f/el/af6 nv]l6Fb} / lgsflnFb} hfg] /, csf]l{ t/, g]kfnsf] ljsf; gx'g] eof] eg] To;n] g]kfnsf nflu cToGt eofgs l:yltsf] l;h{gf ug]{ 5 .

t'hs ' lxdfn, kxf8 / t/fO{sf] ;'b[9 Pstf g} ;/sf/sf] k|fyldstf xf] . ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wgsf] k|:tfjn] /fli6«o Pstfsf] k|ltlglwTj ub{5 . of] k|:tfjsf] lj/f]wdf /xg]x¿ /fli6«o Pstfsf] lj/f]wL x'g\ . – d+l;/ !% ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} k|wfgdGqL k'iksdn bfxfn xfdLn] o;cl3g} ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg u5f}{+ eg]sf lyof}+, t/ To;nfO{ dw]zL df]rf{n] c:jLsf/ u/] . clxn] ;/sf/ km]l/ ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg u5'{ eGb} 5, Tof] klg klxnfh:t} c;kmn x'G5 . clxn]sf] cfjZostf ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wgsf] xf]Og, /fli6«otf / cv08tf hufpg' xf] . – d+l;/ !$ ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} g]skf Pdfn]sf cWoIf s]kLzdf{ cf]nL ef/tsf] lgb]{zgdf ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg k|:tfj ePsf] 5 . of] k|:tfjn] g]kfnsf] ;fj{ef}d;Qf, :jtGqtf, :jflwgtfdfly uDeL/ c;/ kg]{ b]lvG5 . To;}n] of] k|:tfj kf; x'g' x'Fb}g . – d+l;/ !% ut] lj1lKt lgsfNb} g]kfn dhb'/ ls;fg kf6L{ ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg k|:tfj kf; x'g ;Sb}g . of] ef/taf6 lgb]{lzt k|:tfj xf] . g]kfndf ef/tn] gofF n]08'k bf]h]{ vf]lh/x]sf] 5 . To;}n] ;+3Lotfsf] vf/]h]sf nflu ;+zf]wg k|:tfj k]z u5f}{+ xfdL . – d+l;/ !% ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} /fli6«o hgdf]rf{sf cWoIf lrqaxfb'/ s];L clxn] xfdL ;+;b\df yf]/} ;+Vofdf 5f}+ . kf; gx'g] ;+zf]wg xfdL xfNb}gf}+ . t/ g]kfnnfO{ lxGb" /fi6« agfpg] cleofgdf / hgtd;+ux| sf nflu xfd|f] ;+3if{ hf/L /xG5 . – d+l;/ !# ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} /fk|kfsf /fli6«o cWoIf kz'klt zdz]/ /f0ff ]| leq Pdfn]nfO{ dx]Gb| kydf lx8]sf] b]Vg]x¿ 5g\ . o:tf] xf:ofkb s'/f ug]{ sf+u; / cfkm\gf] ;+od u'dfP/ af]Ng] u[xdGqL lglwn] /fhLgfdf lbP/ 3/ uPs} a]; x'G5 . – d+l;/ !@ ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} g]skf Pdfn]sf pkfWoIf eLd /fjn


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

o'4 / ax;df lhTg] ;fdYo{ ;d[l4af6 dfq ;Dej 5 ;jn, ;Ifd / bfuljxLg sd{rf/Lsf] kl/ro agfP/ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] d'Vo;lrj kbaf6 ;]jflgj[Q ePsf /fd]Zj/ vgfn clxn] /fhgLltdf ;lqmo x'g vf]lh/x]sf 5g\ . ljz]ifu/L g]kfn cfly{s ¿kdf ;an gx'gs ' f k5fl8 s]–s:tf sf/0fx¿ /x]sf 5g\, / g]kfnnfO{ cfly{s ¿kdf s;/L ;an agfpg ;lsG5 eGg] b[li6sf]0faf6 ax; ubf{ vgfn tYok/s ax;df plqG5g\ . h;nfO{ cfTd;fy u/]/ O{dfGbf/ JolQmn] cfly{s ;Dd[l4sf nflu g]t[Tj lng] xf] eg] ;fob g]kfn ;Dd[4 aGgsf nflu w]/} ;do nfUb}g . cfly{s lj1sf] ¿kdf ;d]t kl/lrt vgfn clxn] gofF zlQm kf6L{ g]kfndf ;lqmo 5g\ . pQm kf6L{leq cfly{s Joj:yfkg tyf ;'zf;g ljefusf] k|dv ' eP/ lhDd]jf/L ;Dxfln/x]sf 5g\ . pg} vgfn vgfn;Fu g]kfnsf] cfly{s ljsf;, ;d[l4 / ;'zf;g nufotsf ljifodf s]lGb|t /x]/ ul/Psf] s'/fsfgL oxfF k|:t't 5– ) ljsf;sf] s'/f p7\of] ls, /fhgLlts cl:y/tfnfO{ bf]if hfG5 . /fhgLlt / cfly{s ljsf;aLrsf] Jofjxfl/s ;DaGw s] xf] < – cfw'lgs hdfgfsf] nf]stflGqs k2ltdf /fhgLlt eg]s} hgtf / d'n'ssf nflu xf] . d'n's ljsl;t ePg eg] nf]stGq l6Sg ufx«f] x'G5 . /fhgLlts cl:y/tfsf] sf/0f ljsf; x'g ;s]g eGg] wf/0ff ag]sf] kfOG5 . t/, /fhgLlt eg]sf] ;Fw} cl:y/ g} x'G5 . l:y/ t tfgfzfxL Joj:yf dfq x'G5 . nf]stGq eg]s} kl/jt{gzLn xf] . hgk|ltlglwx¿ ePsf] ;efdf ;xdlt ePg eg] ;/sf/ kl/jt{g x'G5 . To;}n] /fhgLlt eg]sf] ;w}+ l:y/ /xg] ljifo x'Fb} xf]Og . xfdLsxfF /fhgLlts cl:y/tf ;d:of xf]Og, ;+:yfut / k|zf;lgs l:y/tf d'Vo ;d:of xf] . /fhgLlts kl/jt{g x'g]ljlQs} dGqfnosf] ;lrj, of]hgf k|d'v, sfof{no k|d'v / ljefu k|d'v ;a} kl/jt{g ul/lbg], h;n] ubf{ xfd|f ;+:yfx¿ sdhf]/ x'Fb} cfPsf 5g\ . /fhgLlts g]t[Tjn] ;+:yf alnof] agfpg'k5{ eGg] s'/fdf Wofg glbPsf sf/0f ljsf; gx'Fbf bf]ifLrflxF /fhgLlt b]lvPsf] xf] . ) To;f] eP /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿n] hgtf;Fu cfkm\gf] c;kmntf 9fSg em'6 af]n]sf x'g t < – oxfFg/] /fhgLlt / /fhLlt1nfO{ 5'6o\ fP/ a'em\g'kb{5 . /fhgLlt bf]ifL xf]Og, hf] JolQmx¿ /fhgLltdf nfUg'eof], h;nfO{ xfdL /fhgLlt1 eG5f},+ pxfFx¿df /fhgLlt1df x'gk' g]{ rl/q / u'0fx¿ ePgg\ . olb /fhgLlt1df x'g'kg]{ rl/q / u'0f x'GYof] eg] t cfkm"dfly g} ljZjf; x'GYof] lg Û s'g} cd's JolQm dGqL x'gl] jlQs} ToxfFsf] ;lrj dg gkg's { f] sf/0f p;nfO{ cfkm"dfly ljZjf; geP/ xf] . h;nfO{ cfkm"dfly ljZjf; x'G5, p;n] c¿nfO{ klg ljZjf; u5{ / c¿af6 klg sfd lng;S5 . cfkm"k|lt e/f];f / ljZjf; gePsf] JolQm /fhgLltdf nfUg' g} g]kfnsf] nflu ;d:of eof] . /fhgLlt eg]sf] ;xh} ug{ ;lsG5, cWoog rflxFbg} , /fd|f] k9\g ;lsPg eg] d]/f] k]zf eg]s} /fhgLlt xf] eGg] cjwf/0ff /f0ffsfnb]lv g} ljsf; x'Fb} cfof] . /fhgLlt1sf] ljsf;sf nflu w]/} d'n'sn] nfdf] ;do vr{ u/]sf 5g\ . ljsl;t d'n'sx¿n] aL;f}+ jif{ nufP/ Pp6f kl/kSj /fhgLlt1sf] ljsf; u/] s f 5g\ . xfdLsxfF /f0ffsfn / k~rftsfndf v'n]/ /fhgLlts ultljlw ug{ kfOPg . /fhgLlt eg]sf] ukm ug]{ d]nf] h:tf] eof] . h;sf] sf/0f /fhgLlts ;+:sf/ eg]h:tf] ljsf; x'g ;s]g . h;sf] gd'gf xfdLn] clxn] b]lv/x]sf 5f}+ . xfd|f w]/} k':tf /fhgLltdf nfu] t/ /fhgLlt eg]sf] hgtfsf] nflu xf], d]/f] kl/jf/ / gftfuf]tfsf nflu xf]Og eGg] ;+:sf/ cem} ljsf; x'g ;s]g . To;}n] casf] o'jf k':tf /fd|f] cWoog u/]/ dfq /fhgLltdf nfUg'k5{ . /fhgLltdf cfpgsf nflu s]xL g s]xL k|fljlws 1fg x'g}k5{ . ef]lnsf lbgdf s'g} kbdf k'Ubf Tof] kbn] dfu]sf] sf}zn / ;Lk pm;Fu ePg eg] lhDd]jf/L k"/f ug{ ufx|f] x'G5 . ;Lk ePsf], /fi6«k|lt lhDd]jf/ / hgtfnfO{ ;]jf ug]{ efjgf ePsf]] k':tf ca cfpg ;Sof] eg] /fhgLlts ;+:sf/ ;'wf/ x'G5 . cWoogsf] cfwf/df d eGg ;S5', c¿ d'n'sx¿ klg xfdL clxn] h'g cj:yfaf6 u'lh|Psf 5f}+, pgLx¿ klg Pp6f sfnv08df To;}u/L g} u'lh|Psf x'g\ . xfd| f ] b] z df )$^ ;fn kl5sf cjlwdf /fhgLlts ;+:sf/ ljsf; x'g] qmddf 5 . xf], y'k|} g/fd|f] x'Fbf–x'Fb}, cfnf]rgf x'Fbf–x'Fb} klg sltko ;+s6k"0f{ 36Ldf xfd|f /fhgLltsdL{x¿n] w]/} /fd|f sfd klg ug'{ePsf] 5 . xfdL /fd|f sfdsf] sb/ ug{ hfGb}gf}+, g/fd|f] sfd dfq sf]6\ofpg] ePsfn] klg ljs[ltx¿ b]lvPsf] xf] . ;'wf/rflxF clncln ePsf] 5 . To;}n] gofF zlQmn] k'/fgf bnx¿n] /fhgLltdf 3f]n]sf] unt;+:sf/af6 o'jf k':tfnfO{ d'Qm ub}{ gofF ;f]Fr / gofF ljrf/;lxt o'jf k+lQmnfO{ g} g]t[Tjdf ljsf; u/fpFb}5 . ) gofF zlQmn] /fhgLlt eg]sf] ;]jf xf] eGg] ;+:sf/sf] ljsf; ug{ cGo kf6L{x¿n] eGbf leGg s] ub}{5 t < – clxn]sf ;Dk"0f{ /fhgLlts bnx¿sf] ;+/rgf cfGbf]ng / o'4sflng ;+/rgfaf6 ag]sf] xf] . pgLx¿sf] ljsf; klg To;}u/L ePsf] 5 . dfu ug{ ;Sg], ysf{pg ;Sg] t/, cfkm" uP/ ;]jf k|jfx ug{ g;Sg] 5 . k|ltkIf bnsf] e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{ ;Sg] t/, ;/sf/df uP/ sfd ug{ / hgtfnfO{ ;]jf lbg g;Sg'sf] kl/0ffd k6s–k6s ;/sf/ c;kmn ePsf] 5 . of] xfd|f] /fhgLlts k|0ffnLdf b]lvPsf] uDeL/ ;d:of xf] . o;df ;'wf/ ug'{k5{ . bf];|f], /fhgLlt eg]sf] k];f–Jofj;fo xf], /fhgLlt ug]{ dfG5]n] c¿ s]xL klg ug'{ x'Fb}g, /fhgLltn] c¿nfO{ zf]if0f u/]/ jf rGbf lnP/ rNg'k5{ eGg] wf/0ff lyof] . gofF zlQmn] eGof]– /fhgLlts bn cfGbf]ngd'vL xf]Og, ;]jfd'vL x'g'k¥of] . clxn] b]z lgdf{0f ug]{ a]nf xf] ljWj+z ug]{ xf]Og . ljsf; lgdf{0f ubf{/ cfGbf]ng ubf{ ;+rfng ug]{ ;+u7gsf] 9fFrf g} km/s x'G5 . /fhgLlt eg]sf] k'/} ;do v6\g] k];f xf]Og, ;]jf

ug]{ dflg;n] lbgdf @ 306f lgsfn] klg k'U5 . t/, /fhgLlt ug]{ JolQmsf] hLjg u'hf/f ug]{ >f]t x'g'k¥of] . t];|f], lg/Gt/ cWoog kl/:s[t x'Fb} uP/ /fhgLltdf gofF ljrf/ k|jfx ug{ ;Sg] x'g'k¥of] . xfdLn] w]/} cufl8 c? s;}n] ljsf; ul/lbPsf] ljrf/df cfl>t eP/, ToxLF ljrf/ 7Ls xf] eGg] dfGotf ;dosfncg';f/ tf]8g\ k' 5{ / xfd|f] ;dfhsf] cfjZostfnfO{ kl/k"lt{ ug]{ vfnsf] /fhgLlts ;f]Fr cfkm}+n] ljsf; ug{'k5{ eg]/ nfu]sf 5f}+ . Tof] ljsf; ug]{ qmddf sltko s'/fx¿ ljutsf 7Ls klg xf]nfg, sltko s'/fx¿ a]7Ls eP eg] kl/jt{g ug'{k5{ . To;}n] xfdL clnslt gofF 9/f{af6 sfd ug{ vf]lh/x]sf 5f}+ . olt ubf{ub}{ klg kf6L{ u7g ePsf] of] (÷!) dlxgfsf] cjlwdf …gofF zlQmdf klg ljs[t cfpg ;'? x'g yfNof] x}, ca t gofF zlQm klg k'/fgf] zlQm h:tf] b]lvg yfNof]Ú eGg] rrf{ a]nfa]nfdf p7\5 . sltko kf6L{leqaf6 p7\5, sltko aflx/ a;]sfaf6 p7\5g\ . gofF zlQm /fd|f] aGg] xf] eg] d ToxfF uP/ ;l/s x'G5' t/, aG5 ls aGb}g eGb} w/d/fpg] JolQmx¿af6 klg of] k|Zg a]nfa]nfdf p7\g] u/]sf] 5 . of] dfgjLo :jefj xf] . sltko :jefj xfdLn] TofUgnfO{ ;do nfU5 . Ps} lbgdf xfdLn] w]/} jif{b]lv lnFb} cfPsf] ljrf/nfO{ TofUg' eg]sf] t 7"nf] r'gf}tL xf] . Tof] r'gf}tL w]/} sd dfG5]n] dfq em]Ng ;Sb5 . Tof] r'gf}tL em]Ng ;Sg] dfG5]n] dfq bL3{sflng ;f]Fr /fv]sf] x'G5, h'g s'/f w]/} dfG5]n] b]Vg ;Sb}gg\ . h:t}M 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] Tof] r'gf}tL :jLsf/ ug'{eof] . ;f/f hLjg latfPsf] 7"nf] bn Tofu]/ cfpg'eof] . lsg t < lsgls ca ToxfF /x]/ ToxL lsl;dsf] ljrf/, ;+/rgf / k|0ffnLdf /x]/ cfd gful/ssf] rfxgf kl/k"lt{ ug{ ;lsFb}geGg] a'em\g'eof] . To;sf nflu gofF ljrf/wf/f / sfof{z}nL rflxG5 eg]/ cfpg'eof] . o;};Fu ufl;Psf] csf]{ s'/f, g]kfnL ;dfhsf] rl/qnfO{ ga'lemsg xfdLn] /fhgLlt u¥of}+ eg] klg Tof] /fhgLlt bLuf] x'Fb}g . of]eGbf cufl8 Ifdtfsf] cfwf/df dfq x'g'k5{, /fhgLlt ug]{ t vfgbfgL dfG5]n] dfq xf] eGg] wf/0ff lyof] . xfdL ax'eflifs, ax'hftLo b]zdf ;a}n] cfkm\gf] ;Ddfg / cfkm\gf] :yfgrflxF ;dfhdf 5 eGg] dx;'; ug{ jf /fhgLltn] dx;'; u/fpg ;s]g eg] s' g } klg a] n f åGå x' g ;S5 . ljutdf /fhgLlts bnx¿n] of] s'/f a'em]gg\ . ca a'em]/ To;nfO{ cfTd;ft\ ub}{ ToxLF vfnsf] ;+u7g lgdf{0f ug]{ ;fF]r ;lxt gofF zlQm cufl8 cfPsf] xf] . ) gofF zlQmn] …;Dd[l4 ;Dej 5, xfd|} kfnfdfÚeg]sf] 5, Tof] s;/L ;Dej 5 < – sl/j $÷% jif{ cufl8sf] a+unfb]zsf] tYof+s g]kfn;Fu t'ngf ug'{eof] eg] sl/j–sl/j ;a} ;"rsfª\sdf xfdL cufl8 lyof}+ . pm a]nf xfd|f] b]zdf åGå / ;+s6sfn eP klg ;'/Iff /fd|f] lyof] . a+unfb]zn] of] rf/–kfFr jif{sf] cjlwdf xfdLnfO{ pl5Gof] . dfgj ljsf; ;"rsfª\sdf klg xfdLnfO{ pl5Gg] qmddf 5 . k|ltJolQm cfDbfgL klg xfd|f]eGbf /fd|f] eO;s]sf] 5 . Go"gcfo ePsf] d'n'saf6 dWod cfo ePsf] d'n'sdf ljsf; eOs]sf] 5 . Tof] s;/L ;Dej eof] < dfG5] ltg} x'g\ . aflx/af6 cfPsfx¿n] sfd u/]sf xf]Og . cyf{t\ ljb]zdf uP/, w]/} cg'ej ePsf cyf{t\ ljb]zd} a;]sf, x's]{sf a+unfb]zL cfPsf klg xf]Ogg\ . ToxLFsf hgtfn] u/]sf x'g\ . ToxLF ePsf /fhgLlts bnx¿n] u/]sf x'g\ . pgLx¿n] vfnL k'/fgf] ;f]Frdf kl/jt{g ug{ ;kmn eP . t/, xfd|f /fhgLlts bnn] Tof] ug{ ;s]gg\ . pgLx¿n] h] af]N5f}+, Tof] ug'{k5{ eGg] dfGotfsf] ljsf; u/] . ;fgf]ltgf] s'/fdf l5d]sL d'n's;Fu emu8f u/]/ x'Fb}g eGg] a'em]F . t/ xfdL /fli6«otfsf] ;jfn p7fpFbf ef/t / rLgsf] gfd lnG5f}+ . a+unfb]zdf klg ToxL lyof] . t/ clxn] /fli6«otfsf] ;jfndf ef/t jf rLgnfO{ ufF:g cfjZos 5}g eGg] a'em]F . xfdLnfO{ rflxPsf] nufgL, k|ljlw xf], tL d'n's;Fusf] ahf/ xf] . xfdLn] tL d'n's;Fu /fd|f] ;DaGw /fVg ;Sof}+ eg] nufgL cfpF5, ahf/ klg aG5 . To;}n] clxn] ef/t / a+unfb]zsf] ;DaGw /fd|f] 5 . ef/tLo ahf/df a+unfb]zL ;dfgn] lgjf{w ¿kdf k|jz ] kfO/x]sf 5g\ . ef/tLo nufgLstf{n] a+unfb]zdf nufgL ul//x]sf 5g\ . ef/t ;/sf/n] klg 7"nf] cfly{s ;xof]u u/]sf] 5 . rLg ;/sf/n] klg u/]sf] 5 . b'j} b]zsf ;/sf/sf] kmfObf lnP/ a+unfb]z clxn] cufl8 a9\b5 } . olb xfd|f] /fhgLlts g]tT[ jdf klg ljsf; ug]{ OR5fzlQm / OdfGbfl/tf eOlbof]] eg] s]xL jif{leq} cfly{s ;d[l4 ;Dej 5 . ) ;d[l4sf] nflu rflxg] cfwf/ tTjx¿ s]–s] x'g ;S5g\ t < – cfDbfgL ga9Lsg ;d[l4 x'Fb} x'Fb}g . ;d[l4sf] klxnf] cfwf/ pTkfbg a[l4 g} xf] . pTkfbg j[l4 geOsg xfd|f] /fli6«o ;DklQ a9\b}g . ;DklQ

a9\of] eg] pTkfbg a9\5 . pTkfbg a9]/ dfq x'Fb}g, To;sf] nflu ;xL tl/sfn] ljt/0f ePg eg] pTkfbg s]xL l;ldt JolQmsf] xftdf dfq} hfG5 . To;n] ;d[ l 4 k| f Kt x' F b } g . a? åGå lgDTofpF5 .ToxfF x'g] / gx'g]aLr ;w} åGå e}/xG5 . o;df gofF zlQmn] eg]sf] 5– klxnf] s'/f pTkfbg j[ l 4 ug{ s f] lglDt rflxg] gLlt sfo{qmdx¿sf] kl/sNkgf ug{] / To;nfO{ nfu" ug]{ x}l;otdf xfdL k'u]gfF+ eg] klg Tof] nfu" u/fpgsf] lglDt zflGtk"0f{ tl/sfn] /fhgLlts bjfj l;h{gf u5f}{ cyjf To;df lqmofzLn /xG5f}+ . bf];|f], pTkfbg j[l4 x'Fbf To;sf] k|ltkmnsltko cj:yfdf ;dfg ljt/0f gx'g klg ;S5 . dx sf6\bf ;a}eGbf klxn] dx sf6\g]sf]xftdf nfU5 eg]h:t} pTkfbg ug]{sf] lgoGq0fdf a9L hfg klg ;S5 . xf] , ToxfF g ] / ;/sf/n] Wofg k'¥ofpg'k5{ . To;nfO{ ;dfg ljt/0f ug{sf lglDt ;/sf/n] s/sf] gLlt / vr{sf] gLltsf dfWod / ljlQo gLltsf] dfWodaf6 ljt/0f ug{;Sg'k5{ .ljt/0fsf] Pp6f dfWod eg]sf] ;xsf/L xf] . o;df ug{ ;Sg] jf g;Sg] ;a}sf] cfwf/e"t cfjZostf k'/f x'g'k5{ . cfly{s ¿kdf ;dfg ;xeflutf x'gsf] lglDt rflxg] ;Lk bIftfaf6 sf]xL klg al~rt x'g' ePg . shf{ klg ;dfg ¿kdf ljt/0f x'g'k¥of] . s;}n] Jofh w]/} lbg'kg]{, s;}n] yf]/} lbg'ePg . o:tf s'/fdf ;dfg'kflts ljt/0f ug'{k5{ . pTkfbsf] j[l4 / ;dfg ¿kdf ljt/0fnfO{ Vofn k'¥ofpg'k5{ . pTkfbg j[l4 gu/L ljt/0f s;/L ug]{ < l/Qf] efF8fdf s] x'G5 /, pTkfbgsf] j[l4 / ljt/0fnfO{ ;Fu}–;Fu} n}hfg'k5{ . cfDbfgL klg ;/sf/n] Gofof]lrt 9+un] ljt/0f u/]sf] 5 eGg] s'/f hgtfnfO{ cg'e"t u/fpg'k5{ . k};f vr{ u/]/ dfq ;Dd[l4 x'Fb}g, r]tgf hgfpg ;Sg' klg ;d[l4sf] Pp6f cfwf/ xf] . ) a]nfa]nf xfdL /fli6«otf sdhf]/ eof] eG5f} lg o;nfO{ s;/L alnof] agfpg] xf]nf < – xfd| f ] /fli6« o tfsf] b' : dg t aflx/ vf]lh/xg'kb}{g . xfd|} b]zleq /x]sf] ul/aL / dGbultdf /x]sf] ljsf;, xfd|f] ;dfhdf /x]sf] lje]bn] g} /fli6«otf sdhf]/ ePsf] 5 . xfdLn] ;Daf]wg ug]{ eg]sf] ul/aLnfO{ sd ug]{ / lje]b x6fpg ;Sof] eg] cfd hgtfn] a'‰b5g\ ls /fli6«otf sdhf]/ sxfF ePsf] /x]5 . ) /fhgLltk|lt hgtfsf] ljt[0ff a9]sf] kfOG5 . /fhgLlt a]l7s xf]Og eGg] ;sf/fTds ;f]r + sf] ljsf;sf nflu gofF zlQm;Fu s]xL ;'q 5 ls < – klxnf] t xfdLn] h] af]N5f}+, Tof] u¥of] eg] ljZjf; a9]/ hfG5 . gofF zlQmn] h] s'/f af]n]sf] 5, Tof] cg';f/ sfd ub}{ cufl8 a9]sf] 5. lhNnflt/ hfg'Úef] eg] hgtfn] eG5g\– gofF zlQmdf s]xL gofFkg 5 x} . of] d}n] eGgsf] nflu eg]sf] xf]Og . of] s'/f d}n] xfd|f] cleoGtf ;fyLx¿nfO{ ;f]w]sf] klg xf]Og, of] kf6L{df cfj4 gePsf hgtfsf] s'/f xf] . gofF zlQmn] ;dfh ;'wf/sf nflu s]xL cleofg ;~rfng u¥of] . To;nfO{ hgtfn] glhsaf6 x] / ] s f 5g\ . ;dfh ;' w f/ ug{ / ;Dd[l4sf nflu ;/sf/df uO/xg'k5{ eGg] 5}g . xfdLn] t af6f] lx8\bf y'Sg 5f]8\of}+ eg] zx/ ;Kfmf x'G5, Tof] klg ;d[l4 xf] . k};fn] dfq ;d[l4 x'G5 eGg] 5}g, ;Eotfsf lglDt dfG5]nfO{ ;Eo Jojxf/ u¥of] eg] Tof] klg ;d[l4sf] ;"rs xf] . lj/f]wsf sfo{qmd ubf{ klg xfdLn] cg'zfl;t 9+un] u/]sf 5f}+ . sxLF klg tf]8kmf]8 u/]sf 5}gf}+ . Wj+z ug]{ sfd gofF zlQm kf6L{sf] x'Fb} xf]Og . l;h{gf ePsf] ;DklQsf] /Iff ug'{ klg ;d[l4sf] /Iff ug'{ xf] . xfdLn] xfd|f /fhgLlts ultljlwnfO{ t8se8s ub}{gf}+ eGg] Jojxf/n] k'i6L ub}{ cfPsf 5f}+ . To;sf/0f gofF zlQmn] h] af]N5, Tof] u5{ eGg] hgtfdf k/]sf] 5 . csf]{, s'/f 8f=afa'/fd e§/fO{n] ;/sf/df /xFbf u/]sf] sfd hgtfn] b]v]sf 5g\ . pxfF cy{dGqL x'Fbf ;a}eGbf a9L /fh:j p7]sf] lyof] . ;/sf/sf] sfd cfd gful/snfO{ ;] j f k'¥ofpgsf] lglDt rflxg] >f]t h'7fpg] xf] . /fd|f] >f]t h'6fpg' eg]sf] t 7"nf] sfd xf] . pxfF k|wfgdGqL x'Fbf sf7df8f}+sf ;fFu'/f uNnLx¿ km/flsnf ePsf 5g\, km'6kfy km/flsnf 5g\ . Jofj;fo ug{ ;lhnf] ePsf] 5 . sltko gofF Joj;fo ;'? ePsf] 5 . pxfFn] cfkm\gf] sfo{sfndf u/]sf] sfdn] sf7df8f}+df /f]huf/L lbg] Ifdtfsf] j[l4 ePsf] 5 . sfd u/]/ b]vfpg ;s]kl5 hgtfn] ljZjf; gug]{ s'/} x'Fb}g . cflv/ ;d[l4 Nofpg] eg]sf] t cfd gful/s / k|To]s 3/n] xf] . ;/sf/n] t sfd ug]{ cj;/ h'6fpg] xf] . 3/ ;d[4 eP j8f x'G5, j8f eP uflj; x'G5, o;}u/L b]z ;d[4 aG5 . gful/s ;r]t 5g . ;xL / unt s] xf] 5'6\ofpg ;Ifd klg 5g\ . ) @% jif{df ;d[4 g]kfn lgdf{0f ug]{ gofF zlQmsf] sfo{of]hgfn] zx/L If]q / u|fdL0f If]qnfO{ ;dfg ¿kn] s;/L ljsf; ug{ ;Snf < – gofF zlQmsf] cfkm\gf] sfo{of]hgfdf :ki6

n]lvPsf] 5 . sf7df8f}+ lsg /fd|f] eof], s0ff{nL lsg /fd|f] ePg < lsgsL sf7df8f}d + f ;Dk"0f{ k"jf{wf/ s]lGb|t 5g . :jf:Yo, lzIff / oftfoft ;a} sf7df8f}d + f s]lGb|t 5g\ . ;/sf/n] ljsf;sf nflu sfd ug]{ eg]sf] k"jf{wf/ v8f ug'{ g} xf] . k"jf{wf/ agfOlbP cfd gful/sn] ljsf; cfkm}+ ub{5g\ . ljsf;sf] nflu ;a}nfO{ rflxn] ;fdl/s k"jf{wf/ / /0fgLlts k"jf{wf/df clxn];Dd Wofg lbOPg . xfdLn] ca ;a}lt/ /0fg}lts k"jf{wf/df Wofg lbG5f}+ eg]sf 5f},+ Tof] cg';f/sf] vfsf tof/ klg 5 . sf7df8f}+df dfq xf]Og, s0ff{nLdf !@ dlxgf rNg] 8an nfOgsf] af6f] lgdf{0f ug]{ xf] eg] sf7df8f}+eGbf s0ff{nL wgL x'G5 . s0ff{nLdf :ofp v]tL, hl8a'6L, ToxfFsf] s[lifhGo pTkfbg ;+;f/sf] h'g;'s} b]zdf klg ljqmL x'G5 . ToxfF hnljB't k"jf{wf/sf] ;Defjgf 5 . t/ ToxfF k"jf{wf/ 5}gg\ . ljsf;sf] nflu rflxg] k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0fug'{k5{ eGg] gofF zlQmsf] Ph]08f xf] . cfjZos k"jf{wf/sf] ljsf; x'g] ljlQs} ;d[l4sf] af6f] v'N5 .u|fld0f If]qdf lzIff, :jf:Yo, ;~rf/, oftfoft / ljB't nufotsf] k"jf{wf/ ljsf;df hf]8 lbg'k5{ . gofF zlQmn] /0fg} l ts k" j f{ w f/ ljsf;nfO{ klxnf] k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf] 5 . ) ;d[l4sf nflu /fhgLlts bnsf eft[;u+ 7gsf] e"ldsf s:tf] x'g'k5{ < – /fhgLlts bnx¿n] cfd gful/snfO{ s] ubf{ ;]jf k'U5 Tof] sfd ug'{k5{ . k'/fgf /fhgLlts bnx¿n] kf6L{ k+lQmnfO{ rSsfhfd ug{, lj/f]w h'n'; ug{ / tf]8kmf]8df k|of]u u¥of] t/ gofF zlQmn] o;df k|of]u ub}{g . gofF zlQmn] ;dfh ;'wf/df nufpF5 . xfd|f] ;fdfGo lx;fa 5, s'g} klg ljBfnodf jif{el/ /fd|f] k9fO{ x'G5 eg] c;n ljBfyL{ pTkfbg x'G5 . c;n ljBfyL{ pTkfbg x'g' eg]sf] b]znfO{ rflxg] ;Lko'Qm hgzlQm tof/ x'g' xf] . ) gofF / ;d[4 g]kfn lgdf{0fsf nflu sd{rf/L ;+oGqsf] e"ldsf s:tf] x'g'k5{ < – sd{rf/L, ;/sf/df x'g] /fhgLlts bnsf] xltof/ xf] . h'g /fhgLlts bn ;/sf/df hfG5, p;}n] kl/rfng ug]{ xf] . csf]{ kl/efiffdf :yfoL ;/sf/ eg] klg ;/sf/df h'g /fhgLlts bn 5, p;} n ] eg] c g' ; f/ sfd ug' { k 5{ . d' V o s' / f sd{rf/Lsf] dgf]an p7\g] u/L ;/sf/df /x]sf bnx¿n] /fd|f] sfd u/] k|z+;f / g/fd|f] sfd u/] b08 lbG5f}, s'g kf6L{ / g]tf d]/f] eGg] xf]Og, hgtfnfO{ ;]jf lbg] s'/fdf Wofg lbg';\ eGg] ljlQs} sfd ug]{ jftfj/0f aG5 . ) ;a} sd{rf/L /fhgLltdf cfj4 5g\ . tkfO{n + ] eg]h:tf] ;lhnf] 5 t < – ;+u7g / /fhgLlt t hgtfn] ug]{ xf] . sd{rf/Lsf] sfd t hgtfn] lt/]sf] s/af6 tna lnP/ hgtfsf] ;]jf ug]{ xf] . sd{rf/L hgtfsf ;]js x'g, dflns xf]Ogg\ . hgtfsf] ;]jsn] hgtfs} lj?4 cfGbf]ng ug]{ eg]sf] :jegLo x'Fb}g . sd{rf/Ln] t cfkm"nfO{ Jofjl:yt ug{sf] nflu lgodx¿ cfkm}+ agfpF5g . ;+;b\n] lgod agfpg] xf]Og, sd{rf/Ln] d:of}bfsf] ¿kdf ToxfF k]; ub{ 5 g\ . sd{ r f/Ln] cfkm" n fO{ rflxg] ;' l jwf Jojl:yt ug{ h:tf] ;lhnf] s;}nfO{ 5}g lg Ûg]kfn lju|g'sf] Pp6f sf/0f sd{rf/LnfO{ /fhgLltdf nufP/ klg xf] . sd{rf/L /fhgLltdf nfUg'5 eg] /fhLgfdf lbP/ nfUbf x' G 5 lg < cfd gful/snfO{ /fhgLlt ug]{ clwsf/ 5 t/, hgtfn] lt/]sf] s/af6 tna vfP/ /fhgLlt ug{ kfOFb}g . hgtfnfO{ c;lhnf] x'g]ul/ /fhgLlt ug{] clwsf/ 5}g .clxn] t sd{rf/Ln] hgtfsf] lxtsf nflueGbf klg JolQmut nfesf] nflu dfq sfd u/]sf 5g\ . ;+u7gdf cfj4 sd{rf/Ls} sf/0f 3';vf]/L df}nfPsf] 5 . of] t /fhgLlts kf6L{n] ug}{ gx'g] sfd u/]sf] 5 . sd{rf/L t ljlwn] rnfpg] xf] . ljlwaf6 rNg] ljlQs} sd{rf/Ln] sfd ul/xfN5g\ . a]nfotn] ltg} g]kfnLnfO{ /fv]/ ;+;f/df ljho xfFl;n ug]{ t/ g]kfndf sltko cj:yfdf k|x/LnfO{ Pp6f ck/fwL kqmg ufx|f] x'G5 lsg < k'ln;n] g;s]/ xf]Og, sfd ug}{ lbFOb}g . s]xL k|x/Ln] ;]jf 7fg]/ cfkm\gf] gf]s/L w/fkdf /fv]/ sfd

u/]sf 5g\, t/ ;a}n] Tof] t ug{ ;Sb}gg\ . csf]{ /fhgLlts bnsf] g]tf agfpg] sd{rf/L clg sfd s;/L x'G5 < d]/f] ljrf/df Tof] 7"nf] ;d:of xf]Og, To;nfO{ t lgs} 5f]6f] cjlwdf ;Rrfpg ;lsG5 . ) gofF zlQm kf6L{nfO{ ljlwsf] zf;gdf rnfpgsf] lglDt s:tf] vfnsf] sfo{of]hgf agfpg] k|oTg ug'e{ Psf] 5 < ;'zf;g t /fhgLlts bndf klg x'gk' 5{ xf]nf lg < – cfly{ s kf/blz{ t fsf nflu cfly{ s lgodfjnL agfPsf 5f}+ . kf6L{sf /fhgLlts / k| z f;lgs ultljlwx¿ klg kf6L{ s f] l;4fGt adf]lhdtf]8\kmf]8 / kmh'n vr{ gug]{ sfo{ljlw ag]sf] 5 . To;}u/L k|zf;lso sfo{ljlw klg aGb} 5 . kf6L{ s f g] t fx¿sf] ;f] F r df ;dfgtf Nofpgsf nflu sfo{ljlw ag]sf 5g\ . kf6L{sf] af/]df s'g} klg g]tfn] cfkm"n] rfx]adf]lhd xf]Og ls kf6L{sf] b:tfj]hdf n]vc ] g';f/ x'gk' 5{ eg]/…kfFr ;Ú kf6L{sf] d'ndGq ag]sf] 5 . b:tfj]hdfly a}7sdf ax; x'G5, ToxfFaf6 6'+luPkl5 ;a}n] :jLsfg{'k5{ . Tof] g} ljlwdf rNg' xf] . ljlwdf rNbfrNb} klg sltko cj:yfdf tndfly x'G5 . gofF zlQmdf ljleGg If]qaf6 ;fyLx¿ cfpg'ePsf] 5 . hf] hxfFaf6 cfof], p;sf] lbdfudf ljutsf] k[i7e"ld s]xL ;do Pp6f s'gfdf /lx/xG5 . Tof] eGg]ljlQs} kl/jt{g x'Fb}g, lj:tf/} x'g] xf] . ) tkfO{+sf] ljrf/df k'/fgf] sfo{z}nL s;/L ;'wfg{ ;lsPnf < – ljlwsf] zf;g dfGg grfxg] t dfgjLo :jefj g} xf] . dflg;df clnslt hgfj/sf] k|j[lt /lx/xG5 . of] k'/} t slxNo} klg ;lRrFb}g . t/, kf6L{sf] pRr k+lQmdf /x]sf JolQmx¿n] s]xLu/L ljlwsf] zf;gdf /x]gg\ eg] ToxfFaf6 x6\g] / x6fpg] ljlw x'G5 . ) cfly{s s'6gLlt alnof] agfpg gofF zlQmn] s:tf] e"ldsf v]Nb}5 < – o;sf nflu cGt/f{li6«o ;DaGw alnof] x'g'k5{ . gofF zlQmn] ;a} b]z;Fu ;dfg ;DaGw /fVg]5 . xfd|f] b]znfO{ h'g lsl;dsf] nufgL rflxPsf] 5, Tof] cg';f/ sfd ug'{k5{ . xfd|f] d'n's ljsf;sf nflu o"/f]k cd]l/sfaf6 nufgL Nofpg' kb}{g, rLg / ef/taf6 cfpg] nufgLstf{n] g} k|fKt x'G5 eGb} rLg / ef/t;Fu ;db"/Lsf] ;DaGw /fVg] / tL b]zsf nufgLstf{nfO{ nufgL ug{sf] lglDt k|f]T;fxg ug]{ s'/f kf6L{sf] b:tfj]hdf :ki6 eg]sf 5f}+ . ) l5d]sL b]zdf x'g] cfly{s j[l4 / ljsf;n] xfdLnfO{ s:tf] c;/ ub{5 jf kmfObf x'G5 < – Pp6f dfq kmfObf eg]sf] oL d'ns ' sf] cfly{s j[l4 ePsf] sf/0fn] ToxfFsf gful/ssf] lsGg] zlQm a9\5 . c9fO{ c/aeGbf a9L hg;+Vof ePsf rLg / ef/t xfd|f] nflu7"nf] ahf/ xf] . Tof] ahf/df g]kfndf pTkfbg u/]sf j:t' a]Rg kfpg' xfd|f] nflu 7"nf] cj;/ xf] . j:t' a]r/] g} wgL x'g] xf] . xfdLn] s]xL klg a]rg] f}+ eg] t tL d'ns ' wgL eP/ xfdLnfO{ s]xL kmfObf x'bF g} . xfdLnfO{ kmfObf eg]sf] ToxfFsf] ahf/ g} xf] To;sf/0f gofF zlQmn] pBf]u / pTkfbgdf a9L hf]8 lbPsf] 5 . h}ljs s[lifhGo pTkfbg u/]/ a]Rg] xf] eg] rLg / ef/t 7"nf] ahf/ xf] . g]kfnsf] ljlzi6 k|sf/sf] xfjfkfgLsf sf/0f rLg / ef/tdf ;xh} pknAw x'g g;Sg] j:t' pTkfbg ug{ ;S5f}+ .csf]{ s'/f g]kfndf ljB't pTkfbg u/]/ a]Rg ;S5f}+ . w]/} ljB't vkt x'g] pBf]ux¿ rLg / ef/tdf eGbf g]kfndf ;~rfng ubf{ a9L kmfObf x'G5 . h;sf] sf/0f nufgLstf{ ;lhn} leq\ofpg ;lsG5 . ) o:tf] ubf{ /fli6«otf sdhf]/ x'G5 eGg] klg 5g lg < – d'ns ' wgL eP/ /fli6«otf sdhf]/ x'g] eP l;+ufk'/ t plxNn} 7x/} x'g] lyof] . l;+ufk'/ ;fgf] b]z xf] t/ o'/f]ksf sltko b]znfO{ ysf{P/ /fV5 . l;+ufk'/ / dn]l;of 5'l§P, l;+ufk'/n] ljsf; u¥of] dn]l;of sltko s'/fdf 8/fpg'kg]{ x'G5 . dfG5] ;DkGg ePkl5 cfTdljZjf; a9\5 . xfdLeGbf ;fgf d'n's 5g\, pgLx¿n] cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] ax;df 7"nf] d'ns ' nfO{ ysf{p5 F g\, lsgeGbf b]z ;d[4 5 . dfG5]n] o'4df lhTg], ax;df lhTg] / ;Demf}+tf cfkm\gf] cg'sn " ug{;Sg] ;fdYo{ ;d[l4af6 cfpF5 .


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a}+s ckm sf7df08" n'lDagL lnld6]8 / a'd /]ld6\ofG; aLr /]ld6\ofG; ;Demf}tf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . pQm ;Demf}tfkqdf a}+s ckm sf7df08" n'lDagLsf tkm{af6 k|d'v l/;r{, k|f]8S6 8]enkd]G6 tyf dfs] { l 6ª /Lt] z nfld5fg] / a' d /]ld6\ofG;sf tkm{af6 k|jGw lgb]z { s lw/]Gb| kGtn] x:tfIf/ u/]sf x'g\ . ;Demf}tf cg'f;f/, ca a'd /]ld6dfkm{t\ g]kfnLn] ljb]zaf6 k7fPsf] ljk|]if0f /sd a}+s ckm sf7df08" n'lDagLsf ;a} zfvfx¿dfkm{t\ e'QmfgL ul/g] ePsf] 5 . ;fy} a'd /]ld6 ;ˆ6j]o/dfkm{t\ cfGtl/s ljk|]if0f -k7fpg] tyf e'QmfgL ug]{_ sfo{ ;d]t a}+s ckm sf7df08" n' l DagLn] ug] { 5 . a' d /]ld6\ofG;sf] g]kfndf &% j6} lhNnfdf ##)) j6f eGbf al9 k|ltlglwx¿ 5g\ . xfn a'd /]ld6\ofG;n] dflNbE; / vf8L d'ns ' af6 /]ld6\ofG;sf] sf/f]af/ ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . lgs6 eljiodf g}} dn]l;of, sf]l/of, hfkfg, Sofg8f, ci6«l] nof, o'/f]k, Oh/fon, ef/t / cd]l/sfaf6 ;d]t sf/f]af/ z'? ug]{ sDkgLn] hgfPsf] 5 . cfGtl/s ;~hfnnfO{ lta|¿kn] lj:tf/ ub}{ cfPsf] a'd /]ld6n] ljb]zdf klg cfkmgf]

;~hfnnfO{ lta|¿kn] lj:tf/ ub}{ hfg] of]hgf agfPsf] sDkgLsf k|aGw lgb]z { s lw/]Gb| kGtn] hfgsf/L lbP . pgsf cg';f/, a'd /]ld6n] ljleGg a}+sx¿;Fu ;xsf{o u/L ljb]zdf ;d]t ahf/ k|j4{g u/L g]kfnL sfdbf/x¿sf] ljb]zaf6 g} vftf vf]Ng] k|aGw ldnfPsf] 5 . a'd /]ld6n] x'G8L sf/f]af/nfO{ lg¿T;flxt ug{ g]kfn / ljb]zdf a}+lsª ;fIf/tf sfo{qmd ;d]t ub}{ cfPsf] lw/]Gb| kGtn] atfP . …g]kfn >lds ljk|i] f0f af]8Ú{ u7g u/L ljk|i] f0fsf] /sdnfO{ /fi6« ljsf;df nufO{ ;d[4 g]kfn l;h{gf ug{k' g]{ pgsf] wf/0ff 5 .

:jf:Yo ;/f]sf/ bfFt rlDsnf] agfpg] ljlw

x/]s dflg; cfˆgf] k|efj c?df /fd|f] k/f];\ eGg] rfxG5 . o;sf] nflu cGo s'/fh:t} ;kmf / rlDsnf] bfFtsf] klg dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf xG5 . ;]tf] / rlDsnf] bfFt;lxtsf] tkfO{+sf] zlQmzfnL d':sfgn] w]/}nfO{ k|efjdf kfg{ ;Sg'x'G5 . ;'Gb/ b]lvg rfxg'x'G5 t/ xfF:gf;fy dflg;x¿n] tkfO{+sf] kx]+nf] bfFtsf] ;fdgf ug{'k5{, s] xf]nf cj:yf < lsgsL bfFt ;kmf gx'g] dflg;sf] r]x/fn] cGo dflg;nfO{ k|efj kfg{ ;Sb}g . bfFts} sf/0f sltko dflg;x¿ cfTdljZjf; u'dfpF5g\ v'n]/ xfF:g ;Sb}gg\ . t/ ;xL 9+un] x]/rfx ug{ ;s]df bfFtnfO{ ;lhn} ;]tf] / rlDsnf] agfpg ;lsG5 . x]/rfx gx'Fbf bfFtdf Knfs hD5 / kx]+nf] b]lvG5 . s]xL vfBkbfy{ nuftf/ vfgfn], a9\bf] pd]/ / cTolws cf}ifwL ;]jgn] klg bfFtdf kx]+nf]kg a9\5 . oxfF xfdL b'O{ ldg]6d} bfFt rDsfpg] 3/]n' pkfoaf/] hfgsf/L lbg]5f}+ . t/ of] pkrf/ ljlw b}lgs ug{' x'Fb}g . ;fdu|L M Ps rDrf a]ls+u ;f]8f, Ps rDrf sfutLsf] /; . ljlw / k|of]u M a]ls+u ;f]8fnfO{ Pp6f srf}/fdf /fv]/ o;df sfutLsf] /; ld;fpg'xf];\ . ha of] ld>0f /fd|f];Fu tof/ x'G5 o;nfO{ Gofklsg k]k/sf] ;xfotfn] cfˆgf] bfFtdf nufpg'xf];\ . ;a} bfFtdf of] ld>0f nufPsf] b'O{ ldg]6kl5 bfFtnfO{ kfgLn] ;kmf ug{'xf];\ . o;kl5 P]gf cufl8 hfg'xf];\, tkfO{+sf] kx]+nf] bfFt ;]tf] eO;s]sf] kfpg'x'g]5 . ca lgw{Ss;Fu d':s'/fpg'xf];\ .

v'§f / df]hf uGxfpg] ;d:of

hf8f] ofd 5 . xfdL k|fo lbge/ h'Qf / df]hf nufP/ a:5f}+ . o;/L a:bf sltko t df]hf uGxfpg] ;d:ofn] x}/fg 5g\ . z/L/sf] b'u{Gw t k/ˆo"d 5ls{P/ eufpg ;lsG5, t/ v'§f / df]hf uGxfpg] ;d:ofsf] k|efjsf/L cf}iflw ahf/df pknAw 5}g . o;sf nflu 3/]n' pkfo ckgfpg] xf] eg] g} lgs} k|efjsf/L x'G5 . sltkonfO{ t df]hf uGxfpg] ;d:ofn] clkm;df klg a]OHotLsf] ;fdgf ug{' kl//x]sf] x'G5 . tkfO{+ klg o:t} ;d:ofaf6 kLl8t x'g'x'G5 eg] tkfO{+sf nflu v'zLsf] va/ 5 . tkfO{+n] cb'jfsf] k|of]u u/]/ df]hf uGxfpg] ;d:ofaf6 d'lQm kfpg ;Sg'x'G5 . cb'jfn] xfd|f] k}tfnfdf cfpg] kl;gf ;'sfpg / b'u{Gw x6fpg lgs} k|efjsf/L e"ldsf v]N5 . cb'jfdf l86f]S;kmfO{ u'0f klg x'G5, h;n] kl;gfnfO{ /f]Sg / b'u{Gw pTkGg x'g glbg ;xof]u u5{ . ;fy} o;n] AofS6]l/ofnfO{ km}lngaf6 klg /f]S5 . :d/0f/xf];\, 9';L / AofS6]l/ofn] b'u{Gw pTkGg u/fpg lgs} 7"nf] e"ldsf v]N5 . k|of]u ljlw M Pp6f 7"nf] cb'jf lng'xf];\ . To;nfO{ lk;]/ uf9f k]:6 agfpg';\ . ca Ps sk kfgL ttfP/ To;df o;nfO{ ld;fpg';\ . sl/a !% ldg]6 o;nfO{ 3'Ng lbg';\ . To;kl5 ;'Tg'cl3 s]xL lbg o;n] k}tfnf;lxt df]hfn] 5f]lkg] v'§fsf] efudf dfln; ug{'xf];\ . o;/L dfln; ul/;s]kl5 s'g} d:r/fOh/ lqmd nufP/ ;'Tg'xf];\ . s]xL lbg;Dd lgoldt o;f] ugf{n] tkfO{+sf] df]hf uGxfpg] ;d:of x6]/ hfG5 . ;fy} k}tfnfnfO{ :j:y / sf]dn agfpg klg e"ldsf v]N5 .

;flxTo l;h{gf

clGtd >4f~hnL kvf{Odf 5 pm ef]lnsf], leHb}g ca lz/fgL, ha p;sf] d[To' /, ltd|f] ljjfx x'g]5 ef]ln laxfg l;+ufl/PsL x'g]5f} ltdL, / cjZo, pm klg x'G5 ;lhPsf] a]x'nLsf] klx/gdf ltdL, pm ;]tf] sfqf]n] a]l/Psf]

k|fOdsf] af]g; ;]o/ :jLs[t

k|fOd sd{lzon a}+sn] k|:tfj u/]sf] *( s/f]8 @@ nfv !) xhf/ #@! /sd a/fa/sf] af]g; z]o/ / ;f]sf] s/ k|of]hgsf nflu rf/ s/f]8 $* nfv (# xhf/ !&( gub nfef+z ljt/0f ug{ g]kfn /fi6« a}+sn] :jLs[lt lbPsf] 5 . ;fy} k|fOd a}+sn] ut ebf} / c;f]hdf lgisfzg u/]sf] xsk|b z]o/ af8fkmfF8 u/]sf] 5 . xsk|b z]o/sf nflu cfj]bg gk/]sf] rf/ nfv, *$ xhf/ ^($ lsQf z]o/ lnnfdL ug]{ ePsf] 5 . a}+sn] ut ebf}+ !@ b]lv c;f]h !^ ut];Dd # a/fa/ ! cg'kftdf xsk|b ;]o/ lgisfzg u/]sf] lyof] .

;fj{hlgs lgsfosf] bfloTj 

gful/ssf] ;"rgfsf] xssf] ;Ddfg / ;+/If0f ug',{  ;"rgf juL{s/0f ug',{  aL; jif{;Ddsf ;"rgf cwfjlws ul//fVg',  cfkm\ g f sfdsf/jfxL v' n f / kf/bzL{ t'Nofpg'.

g]kfn ;/sf/

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno ;"rgf ljefu

 ch'g{ bfxfn 

cf]9 3'D6f] nufpm j/dfnf kfpg]5f} ltdLn] gofF ;fyL, ylst lyof], cf/fd u5{ pm xl/of] afF;dfly eL8 x'g]5 ltd|f]df, ljjfxsf] ;nfdL, eL8 x'g]5 p;sf]df, hfgnfO{ dnfdL zf]sdUg 5 p;sf] kl/jf/, z++v aH5 p;sf] 3/df, ltd|f] 3/df 5 gofF cfzf, ahfpm ltdL k~r}afhf ?Fb}?Fb} hfG5 pm skmgleq a]l/P/, xfF:b} xfF:b} hfg' ltdL, 8f]nLleq ;lhP/ awfO{ 5 ltdLnfO{ ljjfxsf] z'esfdgf, ahfpm ltdL tfnL, p;nfO{ clGtd >4f~hnL 8f]nL r9L hfFbf ltdL, skmgleq nfz eO{ pm a:b} x'g]5 a]x'nL agL gofF 3/df ltdLn] klxnf] kfOnf 6]Sbf Zfd;fg3f6df x]g{' pm hNb} x'g]5 .


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

t/fO{sf] === lg0f{o ug{k' 5{ . x]g{] xf] eg] o;sf] sfd k|f/De g} ePg btf{ x'g' afx]s . ;+;b\ lgodfjnLn] dxfcleof]u k|:tfj ;ldltn] sfd z'? u/]sf] ldltn] Ps dlxgfleq k|ltj]bg a'emfpg'kg]{ ;do;Ldf tf]s] klg k|:tfjnfO{ ;ldltdf k7fO;Sg'kg]{ ;do ;Ldf tf]ss ] f] 5}g . ;+;b\af6 dxfcleof]u k|:tfj kfl/t x'g b'O{ ltxfO ;b:osf] ;dy{g cfjZos k5{ . t/ dxfcleof]u l;kmfl/; ;ldltdf k7fpg] lg0f{osf nflu ;bgsf] ;fwf/0f ax'dt eP k'U5 . h;n] k|:tfj btf{ u/]sf x'g\ pgL ;Fu g} of] ax'dt 5 t/ sfjf{xL cl3 a9]sf] 5}g eg] lsg btf{ ug]x{ ¿ g} a]vj/ /x] a'em\g g;lsg] ePsf] 5 . ;bgsf] 5nkmndf :jfYodGqL;d]t /x]sf sf+u|];sf o'jf g]tf uug yfkf, wg/fh u'?ªnufotsf ;f+;bx¿n] dxfcleof]u k|:tfj l56f] kfl/t u/L sfsL{nfO{ avf{:t ug{k' g]{ wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP . o;sf] cy{ xf] k|:tfj ug]x{ ¿ g} l9nfO{ ul//x]sf 5g\ . clVtof/ k|dv ' sfsL{lj?4 ;+ljwfg / sfg"g pNn+3g u/]sf], /fHo ;+oGqlj?4 g} hf;';L u/]sf], kbLo dof{bf / cfr/0fljk/Lt sfo{ u/]sf], kbsf] b'?kof]u u/L /fHo cft+s l;h{gf u/]sf], ;dfgfGt/ ;Qf ;~rfng u/]sf], ;/sf/sf cGo ;+jw} flgs c+ux¿sf] dfgdb{g u/]sf], ;+;b\sf] ljz]ifflwsf/ xgg / cbfntsf] cjx]ngf u/]sf] h:tf uDeL/ cf/f]k nfu]sf lyP . olb of] cf/f]k ;To xf] eg] To:tf kbflwsf/LnfO{ o;/L ;do nDJofP/ pGd'lQm lbO/xg' slt hfoh xf] ;/sf/n] ;f]Rg'kg]{ xf] t/ otf Wofg g} uPsf] kfOPg . oxL a]nf lgjf{rg cfof]un] ca r}qdf r'gfj ug{ g;lsg] hfgsf/L u/fof] . of] c;dy{tf c? sf/0fn] xf]Og . r'gfj u/fpg p;nfO{ sfg"g g} ePg . ;/sf/ u7g x'gf;fy cfof]un] sfg"g dfu]sf] lyof] . ;+ljwfg 3f]if0ff ePsf] !$ dlxgf / of] ;/sf/ ag]sf] rf/ dlxgf ljTbf klg To:tf] sfg'g cfPg . lgjf{rg cfof]usf k|d'v cfo'Qmn] g} o:tf] hfgsf/L u/fPsf x'g\ . ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg csf]{ ljjfbsf] ljifo ag]sf] vf;u/L k|bz ] sf e"–efunfO{ cnu– cnu ug{ nfluPsf] ;Gbe{df . o;n] s:tf] df]8 lng] xf] 6'u+ f] 5}g t/ :yfgLo txdf cfGbf]ng rflxF rls{g} /x]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf a]nf emfkf, df]/ª / ;'g;/L tyf s}nfnL / s~rgk'/df dfq ljjfb lyof] . tL lhNnfsf af/]df s'g} lg0f{o ug]{ cFf6 gePkl5 clxn] % gDa/ k|bz ] sf s]xL lhNnf otfptf u/]/ dw]zL bnsf] lj/f]w dTy/ kfg]{ tof/L ul/Psf] cj:yfn] o:tf] l:ylt v8f u/]sf] xf] . emfkf s]kL cf]nL / s[i0fk|;fb l;6f}nfsf] lhNnf, df]/ª / ;'g;/L pk]G› ofbj / ljhos'df/ uR5bf/sf] lhNnf, s}nfnL / s~rgk'/ z]/axfb'/ b]pjfsf If]q . tL lhNnf rnfpFbf jf ltgsf af/]df s'g} lg0f{o ubf{ /fhgLlts ;xdlt h'6fpg ;lsFbg} . o;}n] t/fO{df @ k|bz ] agfpg, y?x6sf] dfu k"/f ug{ ljjfb} gePsf % gDa/sf lhNnfx¿ otfptf kfg]u{ /L k|:tfj tof/ kfl/Psf]df :yfgLo txdf lj/f]w x'g' c:jfefljs xf]Og . % gDa/ k|bz ] df s'g} 7"nf g]tf 5}gg\ . o;}n] o; If]qnfO{ h] u/] klg x'G5 dfGotf /flvPsf]] kfOof] . ;'vt{] sf] lj/f]wsf] ;Daf]wg t/ s}nfnLsf] c;Gtf]ifsf] pk]Iff ubf{ ut jif{ b]zn] Tolt 7"nf] åGå, lju|x / ljgfz ef]Ug'k/]sf] oyfy{ olt rfF8} g} la;{g' cfTd3ftL g} xf] . k|bz ] sf] k'gM ;Ldf+sgsf] 6'u+ f] nufpg] ;a}eGbf pQd ljlw ;DalGwt lhNnfsf hgtfnfO{ g} lg0f{o ug{ lbg' xf] . emfkf, df]/ª, ;'g;/L, s}nfnL / s~rgk'/sf hgtfsf] /fo lng] xf] eg] % gDa/ If]qsf kxf8L lhNnfdf hgtfsf] klg :jLs[lt lng'k5{ . Psflt/ Pp6f / csf]l{ t/ cs}{ ljlw ckgfpg vf]lhof] eg] tL kxf8L lhNnfsf afl;Gbfn] klg ;+zf]wgsf] lg0f{o :jLsf/ ug{k' 5{ eGg] g}lts clwsf/ s;};uF klg x'Fb}g . kfFr gDa/ k|b]zsf kxf8L lhNnf emfkf, df]/ª, ;'g;/L, s}nfnL / s~rgk'/sf] pklgj]z x}gg\ . ToxfFsf

ljjfbnfO cfof]un] ldnfpg] t/ oxfFsf] ljjfb rflxF s]Gb|af6 yf]kg]{ s'/f e}/x]sf] 5 clxn] . lrGtg x'gk' g]{ lyof] otflt/ . t/ /fHo eg] of]u lzlj/df lbg s6fO/x]sf] 5 . of] h:tf] b'vb\ c? s] xf]nf .

/fhgLlts === s] x'g] eGg] cGof}n sfod g} 5 . ;DejtM ;a}sf] dt nf]sdfg l;+xn] clVtof/ b'?kof]u u/]s} x'g\ eGg]df 5, t/ pgnfO{ pQm kbd'Qm u/fpg] lxDdt 7"nf elgPsf zLif{ g]tfdWo] s;}df klg b]lvPsf] 5}g . nf]sdfgnfO{ hf]ufpg cGt/f{li6«o zlQm;d]t nfluk/]sf] eGg] k[i7e"lddf sfsL{nfO{ kbd'Qm u/fpFbf cfOkg{;Sg] ;+s6b]lv ;a} q:t b]lvG5g\ . csf]l{ t/ of] d'2f cbfntaf6 6'u+ f] nflulbP x'GYof] eGg] dfgl;stf s]xL g]tfx¿df b]lvG5 . o;/L nfdf] ;do;Dd of] k|s/0fnfO{ nDAofpg kSs} klg 7Ls xf]Og . Pp6f ;To] s] xf] eg] ;Qf / zlQmsf] g]tT[ jdf k'us ] f h'g;'s} /fhgLlts bn tyf ltgsf g]tfdf cfdhgtf -/fhgLlts sfo{stf{n] afx]s_ n] b]Vg] ;dfgtf eg]sf] ;a} …e|i6frf/LÚ x'g\ . hgtfsf] a'emfO{ 5– /fhgLlts g]tT[ j / sd{rf/Laf6 x'g] e|i6frf/ g} g]kfnsf] ljsf;sf] k|dv ' afws tTj xf] . o:tf] cj:yfdf olb s'g} ;+:yf tyf JolQm e|i6frf/ lj?4df O{dfgbf/ eP/ ;lqmo eOlbG5 eg] To;nfO{ cfdhgtfsf] tkm{af6 :jfut gx'g] s'/} x'g ;Sb}g . t/ nf]sdfg k|s/0fdf x'g ;s]g . clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]usf k|dv ' cfo'Qm nf]sdfgl;+x sfsL{n] e|i6frf/lj?4 rfn]sf] elgPsf] sbdsf lj?4 /fhgLlts sfo{stf{ dfq xf]Og, cfd gful/s klg b]lvP . lsg t < lsgls ToxfF e|i6frf/Ldfly sf/jfxL ug]e{ Gbf klg …rf]/dfly rsf/Ú ug]{ k|jl[ Q xfaL ePsf] w]/n } ] a'em]+ . /fhgLlts sfo{stf{ t cfkm\gf g]tf hf]ufpg nf]sdfglj?4 plqP eGg ;lsPnf, t/ hgtf nf]sdfglj?4 pqg' eg]sf] :jod\ nf]sdfgsf nflu dfq} xf]Og, g]kfnsf] ;'zf;g / ljsf; nflu cle;fk x'g;S5 . olt x'bF f– x'bF } klg nf]sdfglj?4 /fhgLlts bnn] ;+;bgdf k]z u/]sf] dxfcleof]usf] kIfdf nfUg cfd gful/s lsg afWo eP t < lsgls lj/f]w ug]{ ;j{;fwf/0fn] nf]sdgsf] lgot ;kmf b]Vg ;s]gg\ . xf], oxfFg/] ;a}n] a' e m] s f 5g\ – nf] s dfgl;+ x sfsL{ d fly dxfcleof]u nufpg nfluk/]sf sf]xL klg b"wn] wf]Psf rf]vf] 5}gg\ . t/ klg nf]sdfgsf] Oltxf; a'em]sf / jt{dfg x]/s ] f ;a}n] pgn] rfn] s f] sbddf OdfGbfl/tfeGbf clwgfosjfbsf] uGw a9L b]v] . To;}n] pgL clxn] dxfcleof]u v]Kg afWo 5g\ . g]kfndf e|i6frf/ lgoGq0fsf nflu v8f ul/Psf] ;+:yf xf]– clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]u . t/ pQm cof]usf kbflwsf/Lx¿ of]Uotf, Ifdtf / bIftfdf cfwfl/t eP/ xf]Og, /fhgLlts bnsf] ldn]dtf] / efua08fdf rog ul/G5 . o;/L rog ePsf JolQm :jod\sf] Oltxf;, ljjflbt / e|i6frf/;Fu ufFl;Psf] x'G5 . nf]sdfg dfq xf]Og, clxn] To;sf] sfo{sf/L k|d'vsf] lhDd]jf/L ;Dxfn]sf JolQmdfly klg ljutdf e|i6frf/sf] cf/f]k nfu]sf] 5 . k|dfl0ft gx'g' cfkm\gf] 7fpFdf 5, t/ xfjf grnL kft xlNnFbg} . ;fdfGotM o:t} JolQmnfO{ xfd|f /fhgLlts bnn] cfkm\gf] s[kfkfq agfP/ ljz]if 7fpFsf nflu rog u/]sf x'G5g\ . o:tf] JolQmn] cfkm\gf] dflnsdfly kSs} klg u2f/L ug{ ;Sb}gg\ eGg] a'em]/ g} /fhgLlts bnx¿n] cfkm" hf]lug] u/L clVtof/ k|dv ' klg 5gf}6 u/]sf x'G5g\ . To;}n] clVtof/n] s]xL sd{rf/L / sdhf]/ /fhgLlts g]tfdfly b]vfpgs} nflu eg] klg xft xfNg] k|of; u/]sf] x'G5 eGg] cf/f]knfO{ nf]sdfgl;+x k|s/0fn] klg k'li6 ug{ vf]H5 . To;}n] e|i6frf/sf] d"n h/f]df clVtof/ slxNo} k'Ug ;Sb}g . s;}n] O{dfGbf/ eP/ k'Ug] k|of; u¥of] eg] klg pm nf]sdfgs} lgolt ef]Ug afWo x'G5 . o;f] eg]/ nf]sdfg z'4 5g\, pgLdfly sf/jfxL x'g' x'bF g} eGg vf]lhPsf] xf]Og . t/ x/]s If]qdf /fhgLlts zlQmsf] af]njfnf rNg] kl/kf6L{ ePsf] 7fpFdf x'g] o:t} xf] . hxfF

gLlt–lgod, sfg'g / cbfnteGbf /fhgLlt dfly x'G5, /fhgLlts v]tL ug]{ g]tf dfly x'G5g\ . ljut s]xL jif{bl] v b]lvFb} cfPsf] ;To xf] of] . lvn/fh /]UdLnfO{ dlGqkl/ifb\sf] cWoIf kb ;'Dkg' / nf]sdfgnfO{ clVtof/ k|dv ' agfpg' o;sf] r/df]Tsif{ xf] eGg ;lsG5 . cyf{t\ /fhgLlts zlQmsf] cf8 / clVtof/ gfds ;+:yfsf] lgl/xtfsf sf/0f e|i6frf/ lgoGq0f x'g g;s]sf] a'emfO{nfO{ kl5Nnf] k6s nf]sdfgl;+x sfsL{ k|s/0fn] ;xtdf NofOlbPsf] 5 . nf]sdfg k|s/0fsf] ;+lIfKt ?k olt xf] ls Pp6f e|i6 sd{rf/L, csf]{ e|i6 g]tf tyf n' s 6tGqsf nflu afws aGg] b]lvPkl5 xfd|f /fhgLlts bnx¿n] g} nf]sdfg gfdsf] …xfpu'hLÚnfO{ ha/h:tL v8f u/]sf x'g\ . nf]sdfgn] hlt klg g]tf tyf sd{rf/Lsf lj?4 e|i6frf/sf d'2f rnfP / rnfpg] tof/L u/]sf lyP, s]xL ckjfbafx]s k|foM ;a} e|i6frf/–lj?4 cg';Gwfgsf nflu of]Uo–kfq dfq lyPgg\, sf/jfxLsf nflu eflubf/L x'g klg of]Uo lyP . clxn] k|dv ' elgPsf tLg bn g]kfnL sf+u; ]| , g]skf Pdfn] / dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|sf zLif{ g] t fx¿ klg hgtfsf gh/df e|i6frf/lj?4 cg';Gwfgsf nflu of]Uo kfq x'g\ . t/ oL g]tfx¿ cfkm"dfly cg';Gwfg x'g' eg]sf] k|hftGqlj?4sf] if8\oGqsf ?kdf a'em\b5g\ / To;}cg';f/ k|rf/ ub{5g\ . g]kfnsf nflu b'ef{Uo g} oxL xf] . kl5Nnf] k6s clVtof/n] oL tLg} k|dv ' /fhgLlts bnsf s] x L pRrkb:y / k|efjzfnL elgg] g]tf tyf k"jd { GqLx¿nfO{ sf/jfxLsf] ;"rLdf /fv]sf] ;dfrf/ aflx/ cfPsf] lyof] . h;nfO{ sf/jfxL ul/Fbf l;+uf] kf6L{ 8'Ag ;SbYof] . To;}n] /fhgLlts bnx¿ cfkm\gf] e|i6frf/ n'sfpg ldn]dtf]d} nf]sdfglj?4 dxfcof]usf] k|:tfj Nofpg afWo ePsf eGbf km/s kb}g{ . olb o:tf] xf] eg] nf]sdfgn] 7Ls u/]sf x'g\ eg]/ pgsf] kIfdf hgcfjfh p7\g'kg]{ lyof], t/ eof] pN6f] . lsg t < lsgls nf]sdfg :jod\ klg e|i6x¿nfO{ t;f{pFb} cfkm}+ e|i6frf/ ug{df pb\t lyP . cyf{t\ rf]/dfly g} rf]/L ug]{ pgsf] k|jl[ QnfO{ w]/n } ] a'em\g yfn] . ;~rf/ dfWoddf ;fj{hlgs ePsf ;dfrf/cg';f/ pgsf dfG5]x¿ e|i6frf/ cf/f]kL s'g} JolQm;Fu k'u/] d'2f ldnfOlbP slt sld;g cfpF5 eg]/ afu]{lgª ug]{ ub{y] . nf]sdfgsf sd{rf/L / cf/f]kL JolQmaLr n]gb]gsf] s'/f ldn]df tL JolQm hf]luGy], xf]Og eg] pgLdfly e|i6frf/ d'2f bfo/ x'GYof] . To:t} /fhgLlts zlQm;Fu klg pgsf] afu]{lgª rln/x]sf] lyof] . kl5Nnf] k6s k| w fgdGqL k' i ksdn bfxfn;Fu dfcf]jfbL n8fs' lzlj/leq ePsf] e|i6frf/ sf08sf] kmfOn vf]lnlbg] eGb} nf]sdfgn] JofNsd]lnª u/]sf lyP . cyf{t\ g]kfnL pvfgcg';f/ sfsL{ rf]/dfly rsf/L ug{ klg vlKk; lyP . rf]/dfly pN6} rf]/L ug'n { fO{ g}lts ?kdf s'g} ck/fw gdfgL klg ;S5 . oxL rf]/LnfO{ nf]sdfgn] hgtfsf gh/df /fd|f] sfd u/]sf] eGg] lsl;dn] e|d 5g{ ;kmn ePsf lyP . t/ ha 8f= uf]ljGb s];Ln] nf]sdfgnfO{ dxfcleof]u nufpg'kg]{ dfu cfkm\gf] cfGbf]ngsf qmddf cufl8 ;f/], ta of] e|d tf]l8g yfNof] . nf]sdfgsf] Oltxf;, k|j[lt, rl/q / of]UotfnfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] pgL clVtof/sf nflu st}af6 klg of]Uo JolQm lyPgg\ . ;j{q lj/f]w x'Fbf–x'Fb} klg log} /fhgLlts bn tyf ltgsf k| d ' v x¿n] pgnfO{ clVtof/ k|d'v agfPsf x'g\ . Toltv]/ k| f oM ;a} n ] ;f] r ] s f lyP– nf] s dfg xfdLh:t} e|i6 x'g\, cfof]u k|d'v eP/ pgn] /fhgLlts bnsf] sfl/Gbf eP/ sfd ug]{5g\, xfdLlj?4 cfjfh p7fpg ;Sb}gg\ . t/ nf]sdfg bnx¿n] eg]h:tf] O{dfgbf/ sfl/Gbf dfq aGg ;s]gg\ . pgn] juL{o / ;+:sf/ut rl/q b]vfpg yfn] . / t, cfh pgLdfly dxfcleof]u nfu]sf] 5 . dxfcleof]usf] k|lqmof / To;kl5 ljsf; ePsf] 36gfqmd x]bf{

of] gf6sLo dfq t xf]Og < eGg] cfz+sf klg plAhPsf] 5 . log} /fhgLlts bnaf6 nf] s dfgnfO{ k' g M rf] V ofP/ :yflkt u/fpg] sfd klg x'g;S5 eGg] ;+s]tx¿ klg b]lvPsf 5g\ . nf]sdfgsf] kIfdf cGt/f{li6«o zlQm nfluk/]sf] syg ;fj{hlgs x'g', ;+;b\s} ;a}eGbf 7"nf] /fhgLlts bn g]kfnL sf+u|];n] clxn];Dd cf}krfl/s ?kdf dxfcleof]usf] kIfdf km};nf ug{ g;Sg' cflb sf/0fn] of] d'2fn] s;–s;nfO{ 8'afpF5 eGg ;lsg] cj:yf 5}g . nf]sdfg k|s/0fnfO{ g} dWogh/ ub}{ kl5Nnf] k6s ;+;b\ a}7s !% lbgsf nflu :ylut x' g ' n ] klg nf] s dfg hf] u fpg] cleofgdf log} /fhgLlts zlQm nfu]sf] cg'dfg ug{ ;lsG5 . nf]sdfgsf] rl/q O{dfGbf/ xf]Og, w't{ xf] eGg] s'/f /fhgLlts bnnfO{ klxNo} klg yfxf lyof] . lghfdlt ;]jfdf pgsf] k|jz ] b]lv g} pgsf] rl/q af/Daf/ 5/ki6 x'bF } cfPsf] xf] . kl5 ;lrj, d'Vo ;lrj x'bF f xf];\ jf /fhfsf] zf;gsfndf zfxL cfof]usf] k|dv ' eP/ pgn] u/]sf xTys08f, ;a}df pgL lgotj; JolQmut dxTjsf+Iff tyf s;}sf] lgb]z { gdf kl/rflnt x'Gy] . s'g} ;do :jod\ clVtof/s} gh/df e|i6frf/Ll;4 ePsf nf]sdfgn] cfkm"x¿nfO{ hf]ufP/ g} sfd ug]5 { g\ eGg] ljZjf;df /x]sf /fhgLlt bnx¿ Toltv]/ lhn vfP, hltv]/ nf]sdfgn] clwgfosjfbL rl/q b]vfpg yfn] . To;}n] klg dxfcleof]usf] k|k~r /lrPsf] xf] . o;df 8f= uf]ljGb s];Lsf] cfGbf]ngn] klg dnhn ul/lbof] . 8f= s];Ln] cfkm\gf] dfudf nf]sdfgnfO{ dxfcleof]u nufpg'kg]{ k|:tfj g3';fPsf] eP ;fob nf]sdfgsf] Oltxf;nfO{ la;{g tof/ ePsf] hgdt nf]sdfgsf] kIfd} x'g] lyof] . g}lts lgi7f / :jR5 5lj sfod /fv]/ :jf:Yo If]q ;'wf/sf nflu cfGbf]ng ug]{ ;dfhsf Ps cfbz{ JolQmnfO{ clVtof/ k|dv ' sfsL{n] …kfunÚ sf] s/f/ ljleGg xTys08f ckgfPsf] cfd gful/sn] ;xg g;Sbf g} e|i6 g]tfx¿dfly nf]sdfgn] rfn]sf] sbd hgtfsf] gh/df klg unt ;flat eOlbof] . kl5Nnf] k6s ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] rfn]sf] sbdnfO{ lt/:sf/ ub}{ cfkm"nfO{ ljlw / sfg'geGbf dfly b]vfpg pgn] h'g r]i6f u/], o;n] cfuf]df l3p yKg] sfd u¥of] . oxL df}sf x]//] dfcf]jfbL s]Gb| / g]skf Pdfn]sf g]tfx¿n] df}sfdf rf}sf xfg], nf]sdfg lj?4 dxfcleof]u k|:tfj ;+;b\df btf{ u/fP . nf]sdfg g]kfnsf] kl/jtg{sf] kIfkflt lyPgg\ . pgn] /fhtGqsf] arfpdf hgcfGbf]ng bafpg 1fg]Gb|sf] d'Vo ;xof]uLsf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf lyP . ;fy} pgnfO{ lgo'Qm ug]{ /fhgLlts bnx¿n] nf]sdfg e|i6 k"js { d{rf/L x'g,\ hgcfGbf]ngsf bf]ifL x'g,\ pgdf g}ltstf 5}g eGg] s'/f :jLsf/ u/]s} x'g\ . clVtof/ k|d'v ePkl5 8f= s];Lsf] cf/f]kafx]s pgn] To:tf] s'g} klg ck/fw u/]sf] ;fj{hlgs ePsf] 5}g, h;sf] sf/0f pgLdfly dxfcleof]u nufpg'k/f];\ . pgLdfly hlt klg cf/f]ksf] rrf{–kl/rrf{ clxn] eO/x]sf] 5, To;dWo] clwsf+z t pgL clVtof/ k|dv ' x'ge ' Gbf klxnfb]lv g} nfu]sf] cf/f]k xf] . pgn] hf] g]tfx¿dfly 5fglag ug{ eg]/ kq sf6\b} lyP, of] clVtof/sf] k|dv ' lhDd]jf/L g} xf] . To;f] eP lsg pgLdfly dxfcleof]u nufpg g]tfx¿ t}of/ eP, lsgls nf]sdfgsf sf/0f cfkm\gf] e|i6frf/ klg ;fj{hlgs x'g] eof] eGg] 8/ g] t fx¿df k} b f eof] . o; kl/l:yltnfO{ nf]sdfgn] dgdg} eGb} xf]nfg\– dnfO{ lgo'Qm ug]x{ ¿n] === vfP . jf:tjdf nf]sdfg clVtof/df /xg' jf g/xg' ; F u ;fdfGo hgtfsf] s' g } ;DaGw 5}g, Pp6f ls;fgsf] ;d:of;Fu nf]sdfgsf] s'g} n]gb]g 5}g, nf]sdfg k|s/0f t l;km{ g]tf / sd{rf/L;Fu dfq ;DalGwt 5 . t/ o;nfO{ clxn] o:tf] xf} j f v8f ul/Psf] 5 ls of] l;+ u f] d' n ' s sf] ;d:of xf] . nf] s dfgn] nf]stGqdfly / ljlwsf] zf;gdfly wfjf af]ns ] f] cf/f]k nufpFb} pgLdfly dxfcleof]u nufOPsf] 5 . t/ pgn] eGbf sof}+ u'0ff a9L wfjf af]Ng] sfd /fhgLlts bnx¿af6 ePsf] 5, o;sf] 5fglag s;n] ug]{ <

sfg'gnfO{ === pg} ltdlN;gf k|zf;gsf] ;]l6ªdf jg pTvgGdf nfu]sf 5g\ . pTvgg\ 9'+uf af]Sg k|of]u ul/Psf PnkL uf8L ;d]t rf]/Lsf] ePsf]] e]l6Psf] lyof] . Ps jif{ cuf8L nlntk' / k| x /Ln] o' g fO6] 8 l;d]G6sf]] 9'+uf af]Sb} u/]sf] rf/j6f PnkL 6«snfO{ lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] lyof] . ;f] 6« s df l6« k /sf] OGhLg k| o f] u u/L ;~rfngdf NofOPsf] lyof] . rf/ j6f uf8LnfO{ lgoGq0fdf lnPklg cGo bh{gf}+ uf8LnfO{ eg] 5'6 lbPsf] lyof] . pQm ;] l 6ª ;d] t pg} ltdlN;gfn] ldnfPsf lyP . PnkL 6«sn] lkr af6f]df u'8\g ;'ljwf kfpg] / l6«k/sf] eGbf a9L ef/ af] S g] x' g fn] k' / fgf 6« s df gofF l6« k /sf OGhLg ;] 6 u/L ;~rfngdf NofPsf]] lyof] . ;|f]tsf cg';f/ clxn]

k|ljlw ca km];a'ssf] k|mL jfO{kmfO{

;fdflhs ;~hfn km];a's clxn] cfˆgf] gofF lkmr/sf] k/LIf0fsf] qmddf 5 . km];a'ssf] cflwsfl/s Pkdf g} pknAw x'g] of] lkmr/n] k|of]ustf{nfO{ cfˆgf] glhssf] k|mL jfO{kmfO{af/] ;"rgf lbg]5 . cyf{t\ ca tkfO{n + ] km];a'ssf] dfWodaf6 g} yfxf kfpg'xg' 5 ] , tkfO{s + f] cf;kf;df s'g} jfO{kmfO{ k|mLdf rnfpg ;lsg] vfnsf] 5 ls 5}g . km];a'sn] o:tf] lkmr/ k/LIf0fdf /x]sf] k'li6 ;d]t ul/;s]sf] 5 . oBkL of] ;'ljwf clxn] s]xL b]zdf dfq lbOPsf] 5 . k/LIf0f ;kmn ePsf] v08df km];a'ssf ;a} k|of]ustf{n] of] lkmr/ k|of]u ug{ kfpg]5g\ . km];a'ssf k|jQmfn] eg]sf 5g\, …xfd|f k|of]ustf{nfO{ cfˆgf] ;fyL / gft]bf/x¿;Fu hf]l8/fVg d2t ug]{ p2]Zon] xfdL gofF lkmr/sf] k/LIf0fdf 5f},+ o;n] cf;kf;sf] cf]kg jfO{kmfO{af/] hfgsf/L lbG5 .Ú km];a'ssf] d]Go'df Enable Find Wi-Fi cK;g /flvPsf] 5 . o;nfO{ k|of]ustf{n] d]gc ' NnL g} cg / ckm ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . xfnnfO{ of] ;]jf 5flgPsf s]xL d'ns ' sf cfOkmf]gsf k|of]ustf{sf nflu dfq lbOPsf] 5 . k/LIf0f ;kmn ePkl5 of] ;a}sf nflu pknAw x'g5 ] .

/f]a6{åf/f cfqmd0f

lrlgofF 6]s km]/odf Ps /f]a6{n] dflg;nfO{ cfqmd0f u/L 3fOt] agfPsf] 5 . /f]a6{ 3/]n' sfdsf nflu agfOPsf] lyof] . ˆof6L gfd u/]sf] ;f] /f]a6{n] km]o/df ;xefuL Ps JolQmnfO{ olt;Dd w'nfO u¥of] ls pgL c:ktfn g} egf{ eP . rLgdf /f]a6{n] dflg;nfO{ xdnf u/]sf] of] klxnf] 36gf xf] . 36gf ;fpy rfOgfl:yt Ps 6]s km]o/df ut ;ftf 36]sf] xf] . km]o/df 7" n f] ;+ V ofdf dflg;x¿ ;xefuL lyP . To;} q mddf ˆof6L cfˆgf] Unf; a' y tf] 8 ] / lgl:sof] . clg Ps JolQmdfly cGwfw'Gw cfqmd0f u¥of] . /f]a6{sf] cfqmd0faf6 3fOt] ePsf lt JolQmnfO{ t'?Gt c:ktfn k7fOof] . ;f] /f]a6{nfO{ klg ToxfFaf6 tTsfn x6fOof] . cfof]hssf cg';f/ Ps k|fljlws uNtLsf sf/0f o:tf] ePsf] xf] . ck/]6/n] l/e;{ a6g lyRg' kg]{df km/jf8{ a6g lylrlbP, To;kl5 /f]a6{ l;w} cl3 a9\of] . cufl8 /x]sf] lzzfsf] af/ klg tf]8]/ p;n] dflg;dfly xdnf af]Nof] . 3fOt] ePsf tL JolQmsf] klxrfg v'nfOPsf] 5}g . k|x/Ln] o; ljifodf s]xL atfpg grfx]sf] cGt/f{li6«o ldl8ofn] hgfPsf] 5 . ˆof6Lsf] d"No !# xhf/ o'cfg tf]lsPsf] 5 . 36gfkl5 o; /f]a6{ ;fdflhs ;~hfndf efO/n ag]sf] 5 . s] /f]a6{n] dflg;nfO{ cfqmd0f ug]{ o'u z'? eO;s]sf] xf] < s] xfdL /f]a6{ o'udf 5f}+ < eGb} ;fdflhs ;~hfnsf k|of]ustf{x¿n] k|Zg ul//x]sf 5g\ . klg o"gfO6]8 l;d]G6df r'g9'+uf af]Sg] clwsf+z PnkL 6«sdf l6«k/sf] OGhLg ;]6 ul/Psf] 5 . t/ k|x/L eg] ;a}s'/f yfxf kfPklg d'sbz{s ePsf] cGo 6«s Joj;foLsf] cf/f]k 5 .

k|bz ] === pxfFx¿n] ubf{ k|fof]lht gx'g] clg xfdLn] ubf{ x'g] < of] ;a} a]sf/sf] s'/f xf] . h:tf] egf}+ gful/stf ;DaGwL s'/f 5, @)$& ;fnsf] ;+ljwfgd /x]sf] Joj:yf xf] xfdLn] ToxL u/]sf 5f}+ . clxn]sf] ;+ljwfgdf 5'6]sf] lyof] . efiff cfof]usf] Joj:yf 5Fb}5 . of] t g]kfns} ljifo x'g\ . /fli6«o ;efdf k|bz] sf] ;dfg'kflts x'g] Joj:yf t vf/]h eof] lg < 5}g . vf/]h ePsf] 5}g . of] ;+ljwfg ;dfj]zL ;+ljwfg x'g]5 elgPsf] 5 lg . t/ Pdfn]n] t ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg eGbf klg sfof{Gjogdf hf]8 lbPsf] 5 lg < xf], ;++ljwfg sfof{Gjogsf] nflu g} ;+ z f] w g ul/Psf] xf] lg . ;+ l jwfgsf] ;j{l:jsfo{tf ePg eg] sfof{Gjog g} x'Fb}g lg < To;sf/0f xfdLn] ;+zf]wg u/]sf xf}+ . dw]z / dw]zaf;Lx¿ klg g]kfnLx¿ g} x'g lg\ . k|b]zsf] ;Ldf+sgsf] ;+zf]wg ug]{ gfddf k|b]z gDa/ % sf kxf8L lhNnfx¿ lsg k|b]z gDa/ $ df /fVg'eof] < klxn] klg pxfFx¿n] dfu ug'{ePsf] lyof] . To;}n] o:tf] ul/Psf] xf] . t/ clxn] o;sf] lj?4df cfGbf]ng t z'? eof] lg < To:tf] vf; s] x L 5} g . :yfgLo g]tfx¿n] s]xL u'gf;f] kf]v]sf dfq} x'g\ . k|b]z gDa/ % ljefhgnfO{ lnP/ sf+u|];leq ljjfb 5 < k|b]z lgdf{0f ug'{ eg]sf] 6'qm\ofpg] xf]Og lg . of] t k"g{;+/rgfdfq} xf] . of] hgtfsf] rfxgf cg';f/ g} ePsf] xf] . oxL k" g { ; + / rgfsf] nflu sf+ u | ] ; sf tTsflng ;efklt z'zLn sf]O/fnf / Pdfn] cWoIf s]kL zdf{ cf]nLaLr ;xdlt ePsf] 5 . ;xdltsf] Tof] b:tfj]hdf x:tfIf/ u/]sf] s'/f b'lgofFnfO{ yfxf 5 . Tof] a]nfdf ToxfFsf g]tf tyf hgtfx¿n] cfP/ g} To;df ;xdlt u/]sf lyP . p;f] eP Pdfn]n] clxn] cfP/ lsg lj/f]w u/]sf] xf]nf < o;sf] lelq /x:o s] xf] < of] vfnL /fhgLltsf] nflu xf] . c? s]xL sf/0f g} 5}g . Pdfn]n] t of] k|:tfj s'g} xfntdf kfl/t x'g lbGgf}+, o;sf] nflu sfg"gL pkrf/ klg vf]H5f}+ eg]sf] 5 lg < sfg" g L pkrf/ vf] H g] ;a} n fO{ clwsf/ 5 . s;n] /f]s]sf] 5 / < dnfO{ nfU5 o:tf] ckl/kSj lg0f{o Pdfn]n] ub}{ g xf]nf <

;xdltlagf ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg ubf{ sfof{Gjogdf hl6ntf t cfpF5 lg < ;a} ; F u ;Nnfx u/] / } NofPsf] xf] lg . Pdfn] cfpF5 eGg]df xfdL ljZj:t 5f} + . x] b } { uPkl5 yfxf x' G 5 . xfd| f ] k|wfgdGqL k'iksdn bfxfn / sf+u|]; ;efklt z]/axfb'/hLn] o;df 5nkmn ug'{ePsf] lyof] . clg sf+u|];df klg ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wgdf ;j{;Ddt ;xdlt ePsf] xf] < xf] lg . kf; xf] n f gxf] n f eGg] af/]df lrGtf s]xL ;fyLx¿n] /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . t/ k|:tfjaf/] ;j{;Ddtn] lg0f{o u/]sf xf}+ . t/ /IffdGqL afns[i0f vfF8n] klg lj/f]w ug'e{ P5 < xf], Tof] pxfFsf] JolQmut egfO{ xf] . lg0f{o xf] . t/ pxfFn] kf6L{sf] lg0f{o dfG5' eGgePsf] 5 . ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg k|:tfj kfl/t ug{sf] nflu tkfO+x{ ¿;Fu b'O{ ltxfO{ k'U5 t < b'O{ ltxfO{ t s'g} PSn} kf6L{;Fu 5}g . t/ b'O{ ltxfO{ k'U5 . clxn] k|:tfj btf{ ePsf] . of] k|:tfj kl/kSj e};s]kl5 o;df 5nkmn x'G5 . 5nkmnsf] qmddf k|:tfjdf s]xL kl/dfh{g ug{ ;lsG5 . xfd|f] klxnf] rfxgf eg]sf] g} Pdfn]sf] ;xdltd} ;+zf]wg k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ xf] . ;+;b\df Pdfn]afx]sklg b'O{ ltxfO{ ;+Vof 5 . t/ Tof] b'O{ ltxfO{ ;+Vof Pdfn] afx]s lng'eGbf klg Pdfn];lxt p;s} ;xdltdf of] k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ klxnf] k|fyldstf xf] . p;f] eP /fk|kf;Fu rflxF tkfO+{x¿sf] s'/f ldn]sf] xf] < xf], pxfFx¿;Fu klg xfd|f] ;xdlt ePsf] 5 . pxfFx¿ ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wgsf] kIfdf x'g'x'G5 . clg ljho uR5bf/;F u klg ;xdlt ePsf] 5 < xf] . pxfF;Fu klg k|wfgdGqLn] s'/f ug'{ePsf] 5 . pxfFsf kf6L{sf ;fyLx¿;Fu t :jod\ d}n] g} s'/f u/]sf] lyPF . pxfF klg gsf/fTds x' g ' x ' G g . pxfF x ¿;F u nuftf/ s'/f e}/x]sf] 5 . clg pk] G b| ofbj;F u klg ;xdlt ePsf] xf] < s'/fsfgL eO/x]sf] 5 . pxfFn] emfkf, df]/ª, ;'g;/Lsf] klg 6'+uf] nufpg'k5{ eGg' e Psf] lyof] . Psrf] l 6 eGbfklg lj:tf/} ;d:ofsf] xn ub}{ hfg] xf] lg . dw] z L df] r f{ s f] t k| : tfjdf s' g } lj/f] w 5} g lg < 5}g . pxfFx¿;Fu s'/fsfgL eP/ g} k|:tfj NofOPsf] xf] . dw]zL df]rf{n] eg]h:tf] ;Ldf+sgsf] 6'+uf] nufpg clxn] ;lsPg . o;sf] nflu cfof]u agfpg] s'/f u/]sf 5f}+ .


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

j;Gt lg/f} n fsf] lgb] { z g /x] s f] lkmNd …;dk{0fÚ sf] l/lnh to ePsf] 5 . g]kfn tyf s]lx b[Zo a+unfb]zdf ;d] t lvlrPsf] lkmNd csf] { dlxgf cyf{t\ !% kf}ifaf6 bz{sdfem cfpg] kSsf ePsf] xf] . /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht Ps sfo{qmdsf aLr lkmNdsf] l/lnh to ub}{ kf6L{ uLt / kf] : 6/ ;d] t ;fj{ h lgs ul/of] . sfo{qmddf lgdf{tf /f]hg /vfn, lgb]{zs lg/f} n f;F u } ln8 cleg] q L /~h' zdf{ pkl:yt lyP eg] rnlrq ljsf; jf]8{ cWoIf /fhs'df/ /fO{, jl/i7 snfsf/ tyf lgb]{zsåo /d]z j'9fyf]sL / df]xg lg/f}nf, ;]G;/ jf]8{ ;b:o ;lGbk ;fksf]6fn] z'esfdgf dGtJo lbP . sfo{qmddf af]Nb} lgb]{zs lg/f}nfn] o;cl3sf k|f]h]S6df :6f/sf:6;Fu sfd u/]klg of] k6s k|m]; km];nfO{ lnP/ sfd u/]sf] eGb} gofF eg]/ sd cfFsng gug{ ;a}nfO{ cg'/f]w u/] . ;a}h;f] snfsf/sf] clegodf lgvf/tf /x] s f] eGb} l/lnhkZrft\ bz{ssf] dg lhTg] pgsf]

kf}if !% df ;dk{0f

Ps dlxnfnfO{ gf+u} kf/]/===

bfaL lyof] . lkmNddf lgdf{tf ;d]t /x]sf /f]hg / /~h';Fu}, ¿jL zdf{, k|of; tfdfª,

z'? eof] rSs/

lkmNd …rSs/Ú sf] z'e ;fOt;Fu} 5fofFsg z'? ePsf] 5 . lkmNdsf] d'x't{;Fu} ljlxaf/b]lv 5fofFsg z'? ePsf] xf] . ck{0f yfkf, Crf zdf{, l;h{gf ;'Aaf, :d[lt kf]v/]n, ef]nf/fh ;fksf]6f / Pjfg /fh pk|]tLsf] d'Vo e"ldsf x'g] lkmNdnfO{ cg'is /f}lgof/n] lgb]{zg ub}{5g\ . /f}lgof/n] lgb]{zg u/]sf] cl3Nnf] l;g]df sf7df8f}+ ss6]n ;Dkfbg 6]an'df 5 . cfpFbf] jif{sf] z'?jftdf l/lnh nIo /flvPsf] rSs/n] kfFr d'Vo kfqn] cfˆgf ;d:of;Fu ug]{ ;+3if{sf] syf k]z u5{ . uf}zfnfsf] Pp6f xf]6ndf ;]6 u/]/

/f]rs ;+;f/

;'l6ª yflnPsf] xf] . sfo{sf/L lgdf{tf ;d]t /x]sf rnlrq k|fljlws ;+3sf cWoIf k'is/ nfdfn] lkmNdsf] z'e;fOt u/] . lkmNddf ck{0f / P jfg OG;k]S6/ /f]ndf 5g\ . l;h{gf / :d[ltnfO{ n]l:aog kfqdf b]Vg ;lsG5 . …l;8\gLdf d]/f clwsf+ z ;fyL n] l :aog klg lyP . pgLx¿sf] ;+utn] dnfO{ kfqdf 8'Ag lgs} ;lhnf] ePsf] 5Ú, ci6«]lnofaf6 cfOk'u]sL uflosf Pj+ 8]Ao' cleg]qL :d[ltn] elgg\ . …rSs/Ú df /ljg cfrfo{sf] 5fofFsg tyf pQd Gof}kfg] kfZj{WjgL 5 . bfjf nfdf / lszf]/ yfkf du/ lgdf{tf x'g\ .

k]ml/ lsdsf] rrf{

ljZjf; tfdfª, cg' k/fh'nL nufot ln8 clegodf 5g\ . lkmNdn] ;d'xdf /x]sf

;fyL ;fyLaLrsf] ldqtfsf] syf af]n]sf] lgdf{0f l6dn] atfPsf] 5 .

ne ne nesf] l6h/ l/lnh

lbk] G › s] vgfnsf] lgb] { z gdf tof/ lkmNd …ne ne neÚ sf] l6h/ l/lnh ePsf] 5 . lalxaf/ o'6\o'jdf ;fj{ h lgs Ps ldg] 6 #) ;] s ] 0 8 nfdf] l6h/n] k|]defj af]N5 . To;f] t lkmNd k|]dsyfdf cfwfl/t /x]sf] gfdn] g} bzf{pF5 . l6h/df Ps o'jsn] k|]d k|flKtsf] nflu b]vfpg] Tofu tyf o;sf] nflu u/] s f] tk:ofnfO{ bzf{ O Psf] 5 . k|]dsyfnfO{ km/s tl/sfn] k|:t't ul/Psf] bfaL lgdf{0f kIfn] hgfPsf] 5 . l6h/df ln8 snfsf/ ;' / h kf08]sf] dfq 8fonu ;dfj]z eg] :jl:tdf v8\sfn] d':sfg dfq 5f8]sL l5g\ . lg/h sF8]nn] lvr]sf] lkmNddf zld{nf kf08]sf] nufgL 5 . lgdf{qL kf08]n] lkmNdnfO{ :t/Lo agfpg ah]6df s'g} sGh':ofO{+ gu/]sf] atfOg\ . ;'/h l;g] cf6{\;sf] k|:t'ltdf

tof/ lkmNddf /d]z a'9fyf]sL, b]zeQm vgfn, ¿kf /fgf, P u' ? ª nufot clegodf 5g\ .

sf/vfgfsf] lel8of] uLt l/lnh

kf}if @( nfO{ l/lnh ldlt to u/]/ k|rf/df pq]sf] lkmNd …sf/vfgfÚ sf] lel8of] uLt l/lnh ePsf] 5 . s]lx lbg klxn] lnl/sn lel8of] ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] lgdf{0f l6dn] lkmNddf ;dfj]z …dfofn] af]n]sf]===Ú af]nsf] lel8of] uLt l/lnh u/]sf] xf] . ;fj{ h lgs uLtdf ln8 snfsf/ ;'zLn >]i7 / jiff{ lzjfsf]6L lkmrl/ªdf

5g\ . hxfF pgLx¿sf] k|]ldn efj e]6\g ;lsG5 . uLtdf :j/ lglvtf yfkf / ;'ud kf]v/]nsf] 5 eg] zAb / ;+uLt xs{'n; j:g]tsf] 5 . slj/fh uxt/fh sf]l/of]u|fkm/ x'g\ . cd/låk ;fksf]6fsf] n]vg lgb]{zg /x]sf] lkmNddf ;'lbk v8\sf / cd/ ah|frfo{sf] nufgL 5 . gf/Lk|wfg elgPsf] lkmNddf rG› kGtsf] åGå 5 .

e|dsf] 6«n ] / ;fj{hlgs

lkmNd …e|dÚ n] l/lnh ldlt to ub}{ k|rf/ k|;f/ yfn]sf] 5 . csf]{ dlxgf kf}ifsf] @@ ut]nfO{ k|bz{gsf] ldlt to ub}{ lalxaf/ lkmNdsf] 6«]n/ ;fj{hlgs ul/of] . o'6\o'jdf ;fj{hlgs Ps ldg]6 %) ;]s]08 nfdf] 6«]n/df s]lx ;:k]G; b[Zox¿ ;dfj]z 5g\ . x// lkmNddf sdf{ zfSo / leGt'gf hf]zL ln8 clegodf 5g\ eg] lgb] { z g tyf syf /ljG› zfxLsf] 5 . lkmNdsf lgdf{tf Zofd Njfu'gf / ;'/]z udfn x'g\ . s[i0f >]i7n] lvr]sf] lkmNddf s'df/ dxh{gsf] åGå 5 eg] ;+uLt /SsL w;'sf] 5 . k6syf tyf ;+jfb /fwf >]i7 / Zofd >]i7sf] /x]sf] lkmNddf sf]l/of]u|fkmL uf]ljGb k|eftsf] 5 .

s];Ln] rnlrq agfpg]

xlnp8sf] l/ofln6L :6f/ tyf df]8n lsd sfb{lzog k'g Psk6s ;fdflhs ;~hfndf lgs} rrf{df /x]sL 5g\ . o;k6s plg cfkm'n] eGbf klg pgs} ;fyLn] pgsf s]lx gUg / cw{gUg t:jL/ ;fdflhs ;~hfndf ;fj{hlgs u/]kl5 rrf{df cfPsL x'g\ . ljbf dgfpg yfONof08 uPsf a]nf kmf]6f];'6 ul/Psf] lsdsf] cw{gUg t:jL/x¿ clxn] ;fdflhs ;~hfndf efO/n ePsf 5g\ . pgsf ;fyL :6]kmg ;]km8{n] z]o/ u/]sf oL t:jL/df lsd cw{gUg / s'g} kmf]6f]df k'/} lgj:q ePsL 5g\ . s]lx dlxgf cuf8L k|mfG;sf] k]l/;df n'l6Psf] va/n] rrf{df cfPsf] df]8n tyf 6]lnlehg l/ofln6L :6f/ lsd clxn] log} t:jL/sf sf/0f km]/L rrf{df cfPsL 5g\ .

g]kfnL rnlrq If]qdf lj:tf/} cfkm\gf] klxrfg agfpFb} ubf{ a]lNhod k'u]sf gfos ;d|f6 s];L rnlrq lgdf{0f ug]{ ;f]rdf /x]sf 5g\ . g]kfn /xFbf rnlrq …P]gfÚ agfpg] 3f]if0ff u/]sf lyP . sfdsf] l;nl;nfdf a]lNhod a:b} cfPsf gfos ;d|f6 s];L cfkm' g]kfn kms]{ nuQ} rnlrq lgdf{0fsf] tof/Ldf h'6\g] atfPsf 5g\ . kfun j:tL, ;fOsn, ;'kf/L, ;dosf] 8f]/L, uf]vf{nL cflb rnlrqdf cfkm\gf] clego Ifdtf b]vfO;s]sf gfos s];Ln] lgdf{0f ug]{ rnlrq o'jf k':tfk|lt nlIft /xg] 5 .

rLgdf csf{ s f] klt jf k| ] d L;F u of} g ;DaGw /fv] s f] cleof]udf dlxnfnfO{ ;fj{hlgs a]OHht ug]{ qmd a9\b} uPsf] 5 . xfn} dfq rLgsf] Zofª8f]ª k|fGtl:yt k"jL{ lhgfg zx/df tLg dlxnfn] Ps dlxnfnfO{ gf+u} kf/]/ af6f]df s6\g' ;Dd s'6] . xfn}dfq lrgsf] x]gfg k|fGtl:yt lko' o fª zx/df o:t} 36gf ;fj{hlgs ePsf] 5 . cfˆgf klt;Fu cg}lts ;DaGwdf nfu]sf] yfxf kfPkl5 cfqmf]lzt dlxnfn] lt dlxnfnfO{ s'6\g' dfq x}g gf+u]emf/ kf/]/ ahf/ 3'dfOg t/klg pgnfO{ ToxfF /f]Sg] sf]xL ePg . pgnfO{ ;8sdf NofOof] / gf+u} kfl/of] . ToxfF ePsf rf/ hgf dlxnfx¿n] pgnfO{ n'5\g] / s'6\g] ug{ yfn] . Jo:t ;8sdf pgnfO{ gf+u} kf/]/ e'TNofPsf] x]g{ 7"nf] le8 hDdf ePsf] lyof] . #* jifL{o lng ofcf] nLnfO{ af6f]df of] xfnt kfl/Fbf s;}n] x:tIf]k u/]gg\ . pgL kL8fn] s/fO/x]sL lyOg\ t/ s;}n] s]xL af]n]g . x]g]{ dWo] s]xLn] eGb} lyP csf{sf] kf]O;Fu ;'t]kl5 o:t} x'G5 . dlxnfx¿n] pgsf] sk8f k'/} RofltlbP/ lgj{:q kf/] . kl5 pgL a]xf]; eP/ 9n]kl5 tL dlxnfx¿ cfˆgf] af6f] nfu] / ToxfF ePsf Ps k'?ifn] dlxnfnfO{ p7fP/ c:ktfn nu] .

csL{ dlxnf;Fu nfUbf

nfdf] ;dob]lv pgnfO{ kltdfly z+sf lyof] . z+sfnfO{ jf:tljstf yfxf kfpg pgL kltn] yfxf gkfpg] ul/ lk5f nflug\ . o;kl5 pgL zx/df cfP/ r' k rfk cfˆgf kltsf] lgu/fgL ug{ yflng\ . o;qmddf pgn] kltnfO{ un{k|m]08;Fu sf]7fdf uO/x]sf] b]lvg\ . To;kl5 pgn] kltnfO{ ;js l;sfpgsf nflu aflx/af6 9f]sf s8L nufOlbOg\ . klt cs}{ dlxnf;Fu nflu/x]sf] ;"rgf kfP/ lbNnLaf6 cfPsf kTgLn] hf;';L u/]sL lyOg\ . ha pgnfO{ klt csL{ dlxnf;Fu sf]7fdf /x]sf] yfxf kfOg t pgn] r's'n nufOlbOg\ . To;kl5 pgn] !)) df kmf]g u/]/ k'ln;nfO{ ;"rgf lbOg\ . k'ln; k'Ug] lalQs} dlxnfn] r's'n vf]lng\ / leq k;]/ klt / pgsL un{k|m]08nfO{ lk6\g z'? ul/g\ . k'ln; pgLx¿nfO{ arfpFb}+ rf}sLdf lnP/ uP . ToxfF b'j} kIfsf] aofg lnOof] . 36gf ut ;ftfsf] xf] .

;fdflhs ;~hfndfkm{t\ ;'Gb/L lzlIfsf 5fGb}

rLgsf] l;r'cfg gd{n o'lgel;{6Ln] Ps bh{g ;'Gb/L lzlIfsfx¿ 5fgL pgLx¿sf] t:jL/ ;fdflhs ;~hfndfkm{t\ ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5 . tGg]/L 5fqx¿ lzlIfsfx¿sf] sIffdf a:g dl/xQ] ug]{ x'gfn] ljZjljBfnon] plgx¿sf] t:jL/ ;fdflhs ;~hfndfkm{t\ ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] xf] . ljZjljBfno ;f];n ldl8of klAnl;6L l8kf6{dG] 6sf OGrfh{ z"sf cg' ; f/ k| f l1s Ifdtf tyf zf/Ll/s cfsif{0fsf cfwf/df tL Ps bh{g a9L lzlIfsfx¿ rog ePsf x'g\ . lzlIfsfx¿sf] nf]slk|otfsf] sf/stTj eg]sf] pgLx¿sf] ;'Gb/tf g} xf] . dlxnf lzIfsx¿k|lt /x]sf] cfdwf/0ff kl/jt{g u/fpg cfkm'x¿n] o;f] u/] s f] z" atfpF 5 g\ . ut d] dlxgfdf ljZjljBfnon] klxnf]k6s ;f];n ldl8ofdf kmf]6fx¿ ;fj{hflgs u/]sf] lyof] / xfn} bf]>f] k6s k'gM ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5 .

x6 j'dg kf]lnl6lzogsf] syf

d} l S;d Dofulhgsf cg' ; f/ @))* df ?aL 9Nnf ljZjs} ;a}eGbf …x6 j'dg kf]lnl6lzogÚ sf] ln:6df t];|f] :yfgdf lyOg\ . /fhgLltsf] b'lgofFdf cfpg'eGbf klxnf ?aL 9Nnfn] lkmNddf klg sfd u/]sL lyOg\ . / lkmNddf x6 ;L6 lbP/ pgL lgs} rrf{df cfPsL lyOg\ . ?aLn] Sofg8fdf ag]sf] …Sof]+ ls; lnPÚ lkmNddf ln8 /f]n lgefPsL lyOg\ . of] lkmNddf pgL PS6/ r/ghLt l;x/f;Fu s}of}+ x6 lbO/x]sf] b]lvPsL lyOg\ . of] lkmNd ef/tdf l/lnh ePsf] lyof] t/ bz{sn] o;nfO{ dg k/fPgg\ / aS; clkm;df ˆnk eof] . ha ?aLsf] lkmNd aS; clkm;df ˆnk eof] ta ?aLn] lkmNdsf] b'lgofF 5f8]/ /fhgLltdf hfg] lg0f{o lnOg\ . pgL @))$ b]lv @)!! df Sofg8fsf] xfp; ckm sdG;sf] ;b:osf] ¿kdf r'lgOg\ . ?aLnfO{ /fhgLltdf cfpg] rfxgf lyof] / o;}sf/0f pgL /fhgLltdf xf]ldOg\ . pgL Sofg8fdf k~hfaL ;d'bfo4f/f cfof]lht cGo sfo{qmdx¿df efu lnlG5g\ . ?aL 9Nnfsf] Ps k~hfaL kl/jf/sL 5f]/L x'g\ . pgsf] hGd Sofg8fsf] ljlgk]u zx/df ePsf] lyof] .

aLr ;8sdf gUg o'jtL

o'jtLn] 5f]6f sk8f nufPsf] t 3'/]/ x]g]{ o'jsx¿n] ;'Gb/L o'jtL gUg ag]sf] b]v] s] xf]nf < Tof] klg aLr ;8sdf . o:t} ePsf] 5 d:sf]df . d:sf]sf] Jo:t ;8sdf Ps ;'Gb/Ln] wdfwd sk8f vf]Ng yfn]kl5 dflg;x¿ rlst k/] . tL dlxnfs} sf/0f ;8sdf 306f}+ ;Dd hfd ;d]t eof] . Ao:t ;8sdf u'l8/x]sf] sf/sf 8«fOe/nfO{ /f]Sg ;+s]t lbP nuQ} pgn] cfˆgf] z/L/sf ;a} j:qx¿ kmfNb} hfg yfn]kl5 x+ufdf g} dlRrPsf] lyof] . pgsf] clZnn xs{tnfO{ kqsf/x¿n] Sofd]/fdf s}b ug{ ;d]t EofP . ?;sf] k|x/Ln] s]xL 306fdf lt dlxnfnfO{ kqmfp u¥of] / pgL gzfdf nl¶Psf] ;fj{hlgs u¥of] . – Ph]G;Lsf] ;xof]udf


Issue12  
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