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MSAUD PORTFOLIO 2012-2013 ANTONIO G. GABRIELE

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN MSAUD | GSAAP | COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY


MSAUD 2012-2013


ANTONIO GIUSEPPE GABRIELE 281 BROADWAY WEST BABYLON | NY | 11703 T | 631.662.1525 E | ANTONIO.G.GABRIELE@GMAIL.COM

SUMMER | 2012 UD STUDIO I

COORDINATOR | KAJA KUHL CRITICS | SKYE DUNCAN, EARL JACKSON, TRICIA MARTIN, MICHAEL PIPER, EMILY WEIDENHOF

DMUD/RNYU

COORDINATOR | PHU DUONG CRITICS | CHRIS KRONER, MICHAEL SZIVOS, ELIZABETH BARRY

WINTER | 2012-2013 UD STUDIO II

COORDINATOR | MOJDEH BARATLOO CRITICS | SANDRO MARPILLERO, JUSTIN MOORE, DONGSEI KIM, LEE ALTMAN, DAN WILEY

FUDD

COORDINATOR | JOSHUA UHL, DAVID FANO

SPRING | 2013 UD STUDIO III

COORDINATOR | RICHARD PLUNZ CRITICS | PETRA KEMPF, VICTOR LAWSON, GEETA MEHTA, MICHAEL CONARD, BARBARA CAMUS, KATE ORFF

TSOF/SOTF

COORDINATOR | JOSE ISAIAS SANCHEZ 01


FIVE BOROUGH STUDIO RETROFIT_FUTURES_PAST!

ANTONIO GABRIELE | EIMAN EL SAHKA | ANDREW LEUNG

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UD STUDIO I MSAUD 2012-2013


NYCHA | RAVENSWOOD TODAY Despite being within close proximity of various amenities and public transportation lines, the Ravenswood NYCHA is disconnected from it’s surroundings. It lacks the interchange between it’s residents and the community, creating a rift in the urban fabric which has led it to adopt the stigma of dangerous, unhealthy, and economically unstable.

The cluster of NYCHA in Ravenswood can revitalize it’s current condition by an economic and experiential retro-fitting process. This vision aims to stimulate an exchange between NYCHA and the broader community in order to cultivate opportunity for diverse incomes, mixed uses, and homegrown and local economies.

NYCHA  POPULATION

10,000

HOME  VACANCY   RATES

18%

RISING  CRIME   RATES

+  22%

UNEMPLOYMENT   RATES

25%

statistics for 2011/12

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aerial photograph of site


ECONOMIC GROWTH | COMMUNITY EXCHANGE NEW  HOUSING

MIXED  INCOME

GIVES  BACK  TO COMMUNITY

REDEVELOPMENT  OF  NYCHA

+  LOCAL  JOBS +  DIVERSE  INCOMES +  MIXED  USE +  LOCAL  ECONOMY

$ INCREASED   LAND  VALUE

LINKED  CORRIDORS

DEVELOPERS  &   STAKEHOLDERS

HOW THE RETROFIT WORKS! SECTION

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NEW HOUSING ON SITE 2 YEARS

EXISTING PROPOSED

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MOVE IN ON SITE 2 -­ 5 YEARS

EXISTING PROPOSED

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“MOVE IN OR STAY” 5 -­ 10 YEARS

FREE  UP  BOTTOM  FLOOR

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BUILD UP PUBLIC PROGRAM 10 -­ 20 YEARS

CONSTRUCT  THE  PUBLIC  BELT

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RAVENSWOOD VISION | 2030

FRESH    MARKETS

COMMUNITY  GARDEN

MEDICAL/CLINICS ASTORIA HOUSING

TUTORING  CENTER

PHARMACIES

RAVENSWOOD HOUSING

QUEENSBRIDGE HOUSING

ARTIST  STUDIOS

NEW    HOUSING NEW    PUBLIC  RIBBON SUBWAY SOCRATES    PARK    EXPANSION PUBLIC    SPACE

QUEENSBRIDGE AS TYPOLOGY WHAT’S    NEW    AT  NYCHA? A    |  OPEN  PARK  STREET  EDGE INTEGRATED  PUBLIC  GREEN  SPACE

B    |  COMMUNITY  COURTYARD 2

A

LINKED  COMMUNITY  PROGRAMS

C    |  RECREATION  &  RETAIL  HUB

INTEGRATED  PUBLIC  TRANSPORTATION

C

D    |  COMMERCIAL  STREET  WALL

B

D

LINKED  PUBLIC  GROUND  FLOOR

WHAT    IS    THE    PUBLIC    BELT? 1    |  PUBLIC  RIBBON  

INTEGRATED  GROUND  FLOOR

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MSAUD 2012-2013

2    |  PUBLIC  EXTENSIONS REPURPOSED  ROOFSCAPE


RETROFIT STRATEGY

NYCHA

COMMERCIAL PROGRAM

OPEN  UP

Communal  Space Commercial/Public  Program OPEN GROUND FLOOR TO PUBLIC

INSERT NEW HOUSING

New  Housing

IMAGINING A NEW NYCHA

A  |  PHOTO  MONTAGE COMMUNITY  COURTYARD

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A  |  RENDERING OPEN  PARK  STREET  EDGE

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A  |  RENDERING COMMUNITY  COURTYARDS

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A  |  RENDERING RECREATION  &  RETAIL  HUB

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A  |  RENDERING COMMERCIAL  STREET  WALL

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DMUD RNYU

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DIGITAL MODELLING FOR URBAN DESIGN READING NEW YORK URBANISM

ANTONIO GABRIELE | ROBERT MOJICA

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A  |  SCREEN  SHOTS URBAN  BIKE  PATH DMUD/RNYU  MIDTERM

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A  |  SCREEN  SHOT LATERALUS DMUD/RNYU  FINAL

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UD STUDIO II MSAUD 2012-2013


REGIONAL STUDIO INFRA_CULTURE

ANTONIO GABRIELE | ZALINA SAPIE

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INFRASTRUCTURE AS BARRIER The Brooklyn/Queens Expressway is a megalithic viaduct that currently disconnects many dense, urban neighborhoods, while becoming the limit of potential growth in the process. It is in the shredding of this urban fabric wherein lies the greatest opportunity to transform this divisive structure into the cornerstone from which the communities become reconnected. Value can be reappropriated, and a new layer of social interaction is formed.

By defining active spaces as [live.work.play], more than one million square feet of decaying, useless, and socially stagnant spaces can be re-imagined as a distributed matrix . Multiple layers of infraculture can be integrated into the current configuration of the active Brooklyn fabric while being conscious and reflexive to the needs of the communities.

CAN YOU DEVELOP CONNECTIONS THROUGH LAYERS OF DISCONNECTIONS?

LAYERS

HISTORIC CORE

LAYERS

MODEL FOR 19TH CENTURY CITY

MSAUD 2012-2013

LAYERS

HISTORIC CORE

LAYERS

MODEL FOR 20TH CENTURY CITY

HISTORIC CORE

PROPOSED MODEL FOR 21ST CENTURY CITY


WHAT IS INFRACULTURE?

CENTRALIZED SYSTEM

DECENTRALIZED SYSTEM

The separation of programs and city functions have led to centralized city cores, but overall disconnected cities, making it difficult to grow outward towards the periphery and to establish true regional relationships.

The intermixing of programs that dictate the spaces of live, work, and play have led to a new city type that is decentralized. While it begins to create multiple, vibrant cores, it is also creating multiple peripheries of overall greyness, underutilized and in a state of perennial decay.

DISTRIBUTED SYSTEM

The proposed intervention for the 21st century city is to create infraculture: the tissue used to mitigate the relationships between live, work, and play. These spaces should be spaces of activity, transition, and social interactions.

PIXEL PLAN | BROAD SITELINES The “Pixel Plan” was a study of vacant lots within the area by the BQE and bridges that could be reappropiated with new and vibrant programs, with each pixel representing roughly 5,000 ft2

VACANT LAND 5-­10%  INCREASE  SINCE  2000

1.1M ft2

VACANT,  OPEN,  &   PARKING  SPACE EQUIVALENT  TO

WASHINGTON CHRYSLER PARKS 1BUILDING 3SQUARE

1 EMPIRE STATE 2 BUILDING

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NATURAL BUF AIR/NOISE POL

ART INSTALLATIONS

PIEZOELECTRIC ENERGY FROM TRAFFIC

RETAIL PARKING GARAGE

EVENT SPACE URBAN PARK

A  |  RENDERED  SECTION PROPOSED  DEVELOPMENT RETAIL/COMMERCIAL/OFFICE EVENT/URBAN/COMMUNAL  SPACE

METRICS OF INTERVENTION | NARROW SITE BROOKLYN BRIDGE

F DUMBO

VINGEGAR HILL

YORK STREET STATION

BQE

Location of intial intervention is in direct contact with both disrupting infrastructures, using them to frame the new spaces while reappropriating value to land that was initially underutilized.

MSAUD 2012-2013

DOWNTOWN BROOKLYN

Location of intial intervention is in close proximity to the York Street subway station, connecting public transportation to the new development.

Location of intial intervention is centralized on the border of all three growing neighborhoods: Dumbo, Vinegar Hill, and Downtown Brooklyn.


FFER LLUTION

EVENT SPACE RETAIL PARKING GARAGE

PROPOSED LAND USAGE

MIXED RESIDENTIAL OFFICE SPACE

Parking Lot 125,000 ft2 NYCParks

Open Space 110,000 ft2 NYCParks

Park Space 170,000 ft2 NYCDoT

Commercial Office  Space Linear  Forrest

Commercial Apartments Linear  Forrest

Restaurant Park  Space

Parking Lot 135,000 ft2 Private

Open Space 450,000 ft2 NYCDoT

Shopping  Mall Educational Park  Space Residential

Retail/Gallery Educational Park  Space Apartments

Diagram showing parcels of land that could be acquired, area in square feet, ownership, and the proposed potential land usage based on the infraculture strategy of [live.work.play].

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A  |  EXTERIOR  RENDERING PROPOSED  DEVELOPMENT BQE/BRIDGE  PARK

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A  |  RENDERING URBAN    DEVELOPMENT

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FUDD

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FUNDAMENTALS OF DIGITAL DESIGN

ANTONIO GABRIELE

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A  |  EXTERIOR  RENDERING BARCELONA  PAVILION VAN  DER  ROHE

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A  |  EXTERIOR  RENDERING BARCELONA  PAVILION VAN  DER  ROHE

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A  |  EXTERIOR  RENDERING MOBIUS  HOUSE UN  STUDIO VAN  BERKEL/BOSS

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UD STUDIO III MSAUD 2012-2013


GLOBAL STUDIO [VIENNA] DEN_BOGEN_SPANNEN

ANTONIO GABRIELE | AMRITHA MAHESH | ROBERT MOJICA

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DEN BOGEN SPANNEN HOW WOULD A UNIFIED PERIPHERY BEN-­ EFIT THE CITY OF VIENNA AS A WHOLE?

Vienna is growing at a pace of twenty thousand people per year. The first district, as well as the nine districts that encompass the second ring, are quickly reaching critical mass, as zoning and tourism are restricting the population capacity of the areas. The periphery is more than capable of absorbing said density, but the means of moving that density effectively is lacking; the major transportation systems are designed to facilitate the needs of the core. If one needs to move from the southeast to the southwest, the most efficient public transportation route would require travel from the periphery to the core to go back to the periphery - there is no effective lateral connection. The segments continue to grow disconnected from each other, share limited resources, and are essentially segments hovering in isolation.

MSAUD 2012-2013

PROPOSED  DEVELOPMENT

The methodology intends to re-imagine the periphery. The urban fabric can be reimagined to promote cross-lateral connections. Datum lines from existing green, public, and open spaces surrounding the site provided a framework to re-organize and stimulate the growth of a promising relationship between the new development and existing transit systems. This model can be replicated along Der Bogen at moments of overlap between layers of infrastructure, while still remaining sensitive to their site-specific conditions. The idea of Den Bogen-Spannen is the proposed conceptual link between these segmented pieces of the periphery. ; districts that share similar qualities and characteristics, and could be stitched together to promote cross-lateral integration. The potential of these similarities justifies investments in the commercial, housing, and integrated transportation sectors. This allows Der Bogen to become a magnet, promoting even growth and reconnecting the previously separated communities.


HISTORIC ANALYSIS

RINGSTRASSE Growth  was  limited  to  the  physical  boundaries  of  the  fortifications.  Those  walls  became  an  impediment  to  development.  Once  removed,   the  relationship  between  the  core  and  periphery  became  more  easily  mitigated.  In  an  attempt  to  connect  those  densities,  the  efficient   Viennese  U-­Bahnsubway  transportation  system  is  introduced  to  facilitate  porosity,  transforming  those  limits  into  thresholds  and  stimulat-­ ing  growth.

GURTEL As  those  densities  that  scattered  about  the  Ringstrasse  became  better  integrated,  the  periphery  expanded  beyond  the  Gurtel.  Similar  to   the  Ringstrasse,  the  Gurtel  was  the  site  of  the  historic  “Llinienwallen”  fortification  which  was  transformed  into  a  series  of  roads  as  well  as   open  and  public  spaces.  The  districts  outside  of  the  Gurtel  would  also  follow  a  similar  development  arc:  pockets  of  uneven  densities  that   manifest  due  to  the  prominence  of  only  the  primary  connection  to  the  core.  The  proximity  of  the  districts  to  the  core  and  being  within  an   incredibly  efficient  transportation  system  allowed  the  Gurtel  to  densify.  But  what  happens  to  the  areas  that  aren’t  as  well  connected  as   you  move  further  away  from  the  ring  roads?

CONNECTING THE PERIPHERY

NETWORKS  |  CORE

SATELLITE  DISTRICTS  |  CORE

UNIFIED  PERIPHERY  |  CORE

INTEGRATED  VIENNA

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SITE | DESIGN FRAMEWORK

EXISTING  ROAD EXISTING  BUS  LINE EXISTING  U-­BAHN  LINE EXISTING  U-­BAHN  STATION

OPEN SPACE PROJECTION | PARTI SKETCH Mapping  of  the  consolidation,  and  extrapolation,  of  the  existing  patterns  of  open  space  and  circulation.  This  would  become  our  “parti”   diagram  -­  the  framework  that  was  usedwe  would  use  to  inform  both,  our  the  program  placement  and  our  allotment  of  open  space  as  well   as  new  public  and  private  circulation  routes  in  our  the  process  of  stitching  the  site  to  its  context.    Within  this  framework,  nodes  of   possible  continuation  through  the  U-­Bahn  line  to  inform  further  development.

MSAUD 2012-2013


PUBLIC SPACE DISTRIBUTION A  |  PRIVATE  CIRCULATION B  |  SEMI-­PUBLIC  CIRCULATION C  |  PUBLIC  CIRCULATION

A

B

C

PROPOSED CIRCULATION | PARTI MAPPING Mapping  of  the  proposed  relationships  determined  by  the  extrapolated  open  space  that  highlights  the  east-­west  axis  of  public  and   semi-­public  spaces,  as  well  as  the  north-­south  axis  of  private  circulation  spaces  within  the  site.

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FIGURE GROUND | PHASING PHASE I

PHASE II

Phase one focuses on the three given plots, owned by three different developers. In this phase, The program, predominately implemented in this phase is both subsidized/unsubsidized housing located to the south of the to site, and high end luxury apartments on the northernmost parcel. In addtion, the development of the public east-west connection via a pedestrian route is realized.

In order to propagate density, additional housing is added as well as a central park. The particular plots selected reflect the need to span westward. New automobile routes as well as additional public pedestrian and bicycle, and semi-public routes are added to help establish a micro-network. Phase two also sees the beginning of the commercial development along the existing subway line, starting with a connection from a new node at the Alt-Erlaa station to the northernmost site.

MSAUD 2012-2013


A  |  RENDERED  SECTION PROPOSED  DEVELOPMENT LUXURY  APARTMENTS PUBLIC  GREEN  BELT

PHASE III

Phase three bridges the new development to the existing automobile routes to the south to increase accessibility to the site. Community services, cultural centers, and another small park are added, as well as pedestrian and bicycle routes. In this stage, we continue to further develop the subway station by connecting our development to the new node at the Erlaaer station.

PHASE IV

Phase four concludes with the development of additional mixed-income housing, and the completion of the commercial development of the subwayline, which also introduces office space and additional high-end residential apartments. The new public circulation network is extended through the U-Bahn development, and connects to the opposite side of the tracks, laterally stitching together these previously segmented pieces.

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PUBLIC V PRIVATE | PHASING PHASE I

PUBLIC  OPEN  SPACE PRIVATE  OPEN  SPACE

MSAUD 2012-2013

PHASE II


A  |  RENDERED  SECTION PROPOSED  DEVELOPMENT SUBSIDIZED  APARTMENTS PUBLIC  GREEN  BELT

PHASE III

PHASE IV

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A  |  EXTERIOR  RENDERING PROPOSED  DEVELOPMENT LUXURY  APARTMENTS PUBLIC  GREEN  BELT TRAIN  RETAIL  BELT

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A  |  EXTERIOR  RENDERING PROPOSED  DEVELOPMENT SUBSIDIZED  APARTMENTS CENTRAL  PARK/GREEN  BELT

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TSOF SOTF

MSAUD 2012-2013


THE TOPOLOGICAL STUDY OF FORM SIMULATION AS ORIGIN OF TANGIBLE FORM

ANTONIO GABRIELE

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A  |  SCREEN  SHOTS AUDIO  DRIVEN  DEFORMER   SKRILLEX  -­  EQUINOX

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AGG MSAUD 2013