MSAUD PORTFOLIO 2012-2013 ANTONIO G. GABRIELE
MASTER OF SCIENCE IN ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN MSAUD | GSAAP | COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY
ANTONIO GIUSEPPE GABRIELE 281 BROADWAY WEST BABYLON | NY | 11703 T | 631.662.1525 E | ANTONIO.G.GABRIELE@GMAIL.COM
SUMMER | 2012 UD STUDIO I
COORDINATOR | KAJA KUHL CRITICS | SKYE DUNCAN, EARL JACKSON, TRICIA MARTIN, MICHAEL PIPER, EMILY WEIDENHOF
COORDINATOR | PHU DUONG CRITICS | CHRIS KRONER, MICHAEL SZIVOS, ELIZABETH BARRY
WINTER | 2012-2013 UD STUDIO II
COORDINATOR | MOJDEH BARATLOO CRITICS | SANDRO MARPILLERO, JUSTIN MOORE, DONGSEI KIM, LEE ALTMAN, DAN WILEY
COORDINATOR | JOSHUA UHL, DAVID FANO
SPRING | 2013 UD STUDIO III
COORDINATOR | RICHARD PLUNZ CRITICS | PETRA KEMPF, VICTOR LAWSON, GEETA MEHTA, MICHAEL CONARD, BARBARA CAMUS, KATE ORFF
COORDINATOR | JOSE ISAIAS SANCHEZ 01
FIVE BOROUGH STUDIO RETROFIT_FUTURES_PAST!
ANTONIO GABRIELE | EIMAN EL SAHKA | ANDREW LEUNG
UD STUDIO I MSAUD 2012-2013
NYCHA | RAVENSWOOD TODAY Despite being within close proximity of various amenities and public transportation lines, the Ravenswood NYCHA is disconnected from it’s surroundings. It lacks the interchange between it’s residents and the community, creating a rift in the urban fabric which has led it to adopt the stigma of dangerous, unhealthy, and economically unstable.
The cluster of NYCHA in Ravenswood can revitalize it’s current condition by an economic and experiential retro-fitting process. This vision aims to stimulate an exchange between NYCHA and the broader community in order to cultivate opportunity for diverse incomes, mixed uses, and homegrown and local economies.
HOME VACANCY RATES
RISING CRIME RATES
statistics for 2011/12
aerial photograph of site
ECONOMIC GROWTH | COMMUNITY EXCHANGE NEW HOUSING
GIVES BACK TO COMMUNITY
REDEVELOPMENT OF NYCHA
+ LOCAL JOBS + DIVERSE INCOMES + MIXED USE + LOCAL ECONOMY
$ INCREASED LAND VALUE
DEVELOPERS & STAKEHOLDERS
HOW THE RETROFIT WORKS! SECTION
NEW HOUSING ON SITE 2 YEARS
MOVE IN ON SITE 2 - 5 YEARS
“MOVE IN OR STAY” 5 - 10 YEARS
FREE UP BOTTOM FLOOR
BUILD UP PUBLIC PROGRAM 10 - 20 YEARS
CONSTRUCT THE PUBLIC BELT
RAVENSWOOD VISION | 2030
MEDICAL/CLINICS ASTORIA HOUSING
NEW HOUSING NEW PUBLIC RIBBON SUBWAY SOCRATES PARK EXPANSION PUBLIC SPACE
QUEENSBRIDGE AS TYPOLOGY WHAT’S NEW AT NYCHA? A | OPEN PARK STREET EDGE INTEGRATED PUBLIC GREEN SPACE
B | COMMUNITY COURTYARD 2
LINKED COMMUNITY PROGRAMS
C | RECREATION & RETAIL HUB
INTEGRATED PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
D | COMMERCIAL STREET WALL
LINKED PUBLIC GROUND FLOOR
WHAT IS THE PUBLIC BELT? 1 | PUBLIC RIBBON
INTEGRATED GROUND FLOOR
2 | PUBLIC EXTENSIONS REPURPOSED ROOFSCAPE
Communal Space Commercial/Public Program OPEN GROUND FLOOR TO PUBLIC
INSERT NEW HOUSING
IMAGINING A NEW NYCHA
A | PHOTO MONTAGE COMMUNITY COURTYARD
A | RENDERING OPEN PARK STREET EDGE
A | RENDERING COMMUNITY COURTYARDS
A | RENDERING RECREATION & RETAIL HUB
. .con the
A | RENDERING COMMERCIAL STREET WALL
DIGITAL MODELLING FOR URBAN DESIGN READING NEW YORK URBANISM
ANTONIO GABRIELE | ROBERT MOJICA
A | SCREEN SHOTS URBAN BIKE PATH DMUD/RNYU MIDTERM
A | SCREEN SHOT LATERALUS DMUD/RNYU FINAL
UD STUDIO II MSAUD 2012-2013
REGIONAL STUDIO INFRA_CULTURE
ANTONIO GABRIELE | ZALINA SAPIE
INFRASTRUCTURE AS BARRIER The Brooklyn/Queens Expressway is a megalithic viaduct that currently disconnects many dense, urban neighborhoods, while becoming the limit of potential growth in the process. It is in the shredding of this urban fabric wherein lies the greatest opportunity to transform this divisive structure into the cornerstone from which the communities become reconnected. Value can be reappropriated, and a new layer of social interaction is formed.
By defining active spaces as [live.work.play], more than one million square feet of decaying, useless, and socially stagnant spaces can be re-imagined as a distributed matrix . Multiple layers of infraculture can be integrated into the current configuration of the active Brooklyn fabric while being conscious and reflexive to the needs of the communities.
CAN YOU DEVELOP CONNECTIONS THROUGH LAYERS OF DISCONNECTIONS?
MODEL FOR 19TH CENTURY CITY
MODEL FOR 20TH CENTURY CITY
PROPOSED MODEL FOR 21ST CENTURY CITY
WHAT IS INFRACULTURE?
The separation of programs and city functions have led to centralized city cores, but overall disconnected cities, making it difficult to grow outward towards the periphery and to establish true regional relationships.
The intermixing of programs that dictate the spaces of live, work, and play have led to a new city type that is decentralized. While it begins to create multiple, vibrant cores, it is also creating multiple peripheries of overall greyness, underutilized and in a state of perennial decay.
The proposed intervention for the 21st century city is to create infraculture: the tissue used to mitigate the relationships between live, work, and play. These spaces should be spaces of activity, transition, and social interactions.
PIXEL PLAN | BROAD SITELINES The “Pixel Plan” was a study of vacant lots within the area by the BQE and bridges that could be reappropiated with new and vibrant programs, with each pixel representing roughly 5,000 ft2
VACANT LAND 5-10% INCREASE SINCE 2000
VACANT, OPEN, & PARKING SPACE EQUIVALENT TO
WASHINGTON CHRYSLER PARKS 1BUILDING 3SQUARE
1 EMPIRE STATE 2 BUILDING
NATURAL BUF AIR/NOISE POL
PIEZOELECTRIC ENERGY FROM TRAFFIC
RETAIL PARKING GARAGE
EVENT SPACE URBAN PARK
A | RENDERED SECTION PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT RETAIL/COMMERCIAL/OFFICE EVENT/URBAN/COMMUNAL SPACE
METRICS OF INTERVENTION | NARROW SITE BROOKLYN BRIDGE
YORK STREET STATION
Location of intial intervention is in direct contact with both disrupting infrastructures, using them to frame the new spaces while reappropriating value to land that was initially underutilized.
Location of intial intervention is in close proximity to the York Street subway station, connecting public transportation to the new development.
Location of intial intervention is centralized on the border of all three growing neighborhoods: Dumbo, Vinegar Hill, and Downtown Brooklyn.
EVENT SPACE RETAIL PARKING GARAGE
PROPOSED LAND USAGE
MIXED RESIDENTIAL OFFICE SPACE
Parking Lot 125,000 ft2 NYCParks
Open Space 110,000 ft2 NYCParks
Park Space 170,000 ft2 NYCDoT
Commercial Office Space Linear Forrest
Commercial Apartments Linear Forrest
Restaurant Park Space
Parking Lot 135,000 ft2 Private
Open Space 450,000 ft2 NYCDoT
Shopping Mall Educational Park Space Residential
Retail/Gallery Educational Park Space Apartments
Diagram showing parcels of land that could be acquired, area in square feet, ownership, and the proposed potential land usage based on the infraculture strategy of [live.work.play].
A | EXTERIOR RENDERING PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT BQE/BRIDGE PARK
A | RENDERING URBAN DEVELOPMENT
FUNDAMENTALS OF DIGITAL DESIGN
A | EXTERIOR RENDERING BARCELONA PAVILION VAN DER ROHE
A | EXTERIOR RENDERING BARCELONA PAVILION VAN DER ROHE
A | EXTERIOR RENDERING MOBIUS HOUSE UN STUDIO VAN BERKEL/BOSS
UD STUDIO III MSAUD 2012-2013
GLOBAL STUDIO [VIENNA] DEN_BOGEN_SPANNEN
ANTONIO GABRIELE | AMRITHA MAHESH | ROBERT MOJICA
DEN BOGEN SPANNEN HOW WOULD A UNIFIED PERIPHERY BEN-Â EFIT THE CITY OF VIENNA AS A WHOLE?
Vienna is growing at a pace of twenty thousand people per year. The first district, as well as the nine districts that encompass the second ring, are quickly reaching critical mass, as zoning and tourism are restricting the population capacity of the areas. The periphery is more than capable of absorbing said density, but the means of moving that density effectively is lacking; the major transportation systems are designed to facilitate the needs of the core. If one needs to move from the southeast to the southwest, the most efficient public transportation route would require travel from the periphery to the core to go back to the periphery - there is no effective lateral connection. The segments continue to grow disconnected from each other, share limited resources, and are essentially segments hovering in isolation.
PROPOSED Â DEVELOPMENT
The methodology intends to re-imagine the periphery. The urban fabric can be reimagined to promote cross-lateral connections. Datum lines from existing green, public, and open spaces surrounding the site provided a framework to re-organize and stimulate the growth of a promising relationship between the new development and existing transit systems. This model can be replicated along Der Bogen at moments of overlap between layers of infrastructure, while still remaining sensitive to their site-specific conditions. The idea of Den Bogen-Spannen is the proposed conceptual link between these segmented pieces of the periphery. ; districts that share similar qualities and characteristics, and could be stitched together to promote cross-lateral integration. The potential of these similarities justifies investments in the commercial, housing, and integrated transportation sectors. This allows Der Bogen to become a magnet, promoting even growth and reconnecting the previously separated communities.
RINGSTRASSE Growth was limited to the physical boundaries of the fortifications. Those walls became an impediment to development. Once removed, the relationship between the core and periphery became more easily mitigated. In an attempt to connect those densities, the efficient Viennese U-Bahnsubway transportation system is introduced to facilitate porosity, transforming those limits into thresholds and stimulat- ing growth.
GURTEL As those densities that scattered about the Ringstrasse became better integrated, the periphery expanded beyond the Gurtel. Similar to the Ringstrasse, the Gurtel was the site of the historic “Llinienwallen” fortification which was transformed into a series of roads as well as open and public spaces. The districts outside of the Gurtel would also follow a similar development arc: pockets of uneven densities that manifest due to the prominence of only the primary connection to the core. The proximity of the districts to the core and being within an incredibly efficient transportation system allowed the Gurtel to densify. But what happens to the areas that aren’t as well connected as you move further away from the ring roads?
CONNECTING THE PERIPHERY
NETWORKS | CORE
SATELLITE DISTRICTS | CORE
UNIFIED PERIPHERY | CORE
SITE | DESIGN FRAMEWORK
EXISTING ROAD EXISTING BUS LINE EXISTING U-BAHN LINE EXISTING U-BAHN STATION
OPEN SPACE PROJECTION | PARTI SKETCH Mapping of the consolidation, and extrapolation, of the existing patterns of open space and circulation. This would become our “parti” diagram - the framework that was usedwe would use to inform both, our the program placement and our allotment of open space as well as new public and private circulation routes in our the process of stitching the site to its context. Within this framework, nodes of possible continuation through the U-Bahn line to inform further development.
PUBLIC SPACE DISTRIBUTION A | PRIVATE CIRCULATION B | SEMI-PUBLIC CIRCULATION C | PUBLIC CIRCULATION
PROPOSED CIRCULATION | PARTI MAPPING Mapping of the proposed relationships determined by the extrapolated open space that highlights the east-west axis of public and semi-public spaces, as well as the north-south axis of private circulation spaces within the site.
FIGURE GROUND | PHASING PHASE I
Phase one focuses on the three given plots, owned by three different developers. In this phase, The program, predominately implemented in this phase is both subsidized/unsubsidized housing located to the south of the to site, and high end luxury apartments on the northernmost parcel. In addtion, the development of the public east-west connection via a pedestrian route is realized.
In order to propagate density, additional housing is added as well as a central park. The particular plots selected reflect the need to span westward. New automobile routes as well as additional public pedestrian and bicycle, and semi-public routes are added to help establish a micro-network. Phase two also sees the beginning of the commercial development along the existing subway line, starting with a connection from a new node at the Alt-Erlaa station to the northernmost site.
A | RENDERED SECTION PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT LUXURY APARTMENTS PUBLIC GREEN BELT
Phase three bridges the new development to the existing automobile routes to the south to increase accessibility to the site. Community services, cultural centers, and another small park are added, as well as pedestrian and bicycle routes. In this stage, we continue to further develop the subway station by connecting our development to the new node at the Erlaaer station.
Phase four concludes with the development of additional mixed-income housing, and the completion of the commercial development of the subwayline, which also introduces office space and additional high-end residential apartments. The new public circulation network is extended through the U-Bahn development, and connects to the opposite side of the tracks, laterally stitching together these previously segmented pieces.
PUBLIC V PRIVATE | PHASING PHASE I
PUBLIC OPEN SPACE PRIVATE OPEN SPACE
A | RENDERED SECTION PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT SUBSIDIZED APARTMENTS PUBLIC GREEN BELT
A | EXTERIOR RENDERING PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT LUXURY APARTMENTS PUBLIC GREEN BELT TRAIN RETAIL BELT
A | EXTERIOR RENDERING PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT SUBSIDIZED APARTMENTS CENTRAL PARK/GREEN BELT
THE TOPOLOGICAL STUDY OF FORM SIMULATION AS ORIGIN OF TANGIBLE FORM
A | SCREEN SHOTS AUDIO DRIVEN DEFORMER SKRILLEX - EQUINOX