2020 ABOUT US FXB International is a non-governmental organization (NGO) that has been fighting against extreme poverty and social injustice since 1989. 18 million adults and children have already benefited from our FXBVillage economic and community development, infrastructure renovation, nutrition, access to water and sanitation, education, HIV/AIDS and human trafficking protection and prevention programs.
OUR VISION A world where everyone has a chance not only to survive but also to thrive.
2020 will be remembered as the year that saw the emergence of a deadly virus which was to shake up our habits and undermine social structures and the global economy. When the pandemic hit, we took immediate action to ensure the safety of our teams and the communities in which we work. COVID challenged us, forcing us to adapt to constraints, be creative and implement strategies to reduce the devastating effects of the virus on the life of the most vulnerable people. Everywhere, our teams committed themselves with great determination. They raised the communities’ awareness of the risks and protective measures against the virus. They distributed thousands of food rations and hygiene kits. They provided psychological support to cope with anxiety, fear of hunger, of not getting the treatment needed or with the violence endured by children and women. We adapted all our ongoing projects to the urgency of the situation.
Make lasting changes in countries where we operate to eradicate extreme poverty and advance social justice.
We felt supported by our funders, donors and partners, who allowed us some flexibility or extended their support for the restart of micro-enterprises affected by the consequences of the virus. While this was a difficult year, opportunities also arise from challenges. FXB extended the boundaries beyond what we thought was possible. We could not have done it without your support. Please continue to work with us towards realizing the vision of a world with less poverty and social injustice. Didier Cherpitel Co-President
Christine Eggs Director
FXB’s history began in 1986, when the son of Albina du Boisrouvray and Bruno Bagnoud, François-Xavier, a rescue helicopter pilot, tragically lost his life at the age of 24 during a helicopter mission in Mali. Three years later, surrounded by her family and friends, Albina created an association named after her only son, to which she was to devote 3/4 of her resources. The objectives of FXB International are underpinned by the values of generosity and compassion by which François-Xavier Bagnoud lived. “While we, his parents, his relatives or friends do not know how François would have led his life, we know for a fact what his guiding values were. He would have been proud of and happy with what has been accomplished in his name over the past 30 years” . Albina du Boisrouvray and Bruno Bagnoud
OUR COMMITMENT worldwide in 2020
benefited from our COVID-19 response
USA Climate change
386,000 people benefited from our programs
Uganda Health, nutrition and WASH
Namibia Community development FXBVillage Protection
150,000 people were
South Africa Education
trained in combating gender-based violence
Burundi Community development - FXBVillage
with a team of 350
in 12 countries
Mongolia Community development - FXBVillage
China Education Protection
Myanmar Community development FXBVillage Health, nutrition and WASH Education Protection India Community development Health, nutrition and WASH Education Protection Rwanda Community development - FXBVillage Health, nutrition and WASH Education
across 5 areas of intervention
Areas of intervention
OUR AREAS OF INTERVENTION When it comes to fighting extreme poverty or social injustice, each of our interventions is intended and designed to tackle the multidimensional causes of the problems. The idea is to address their root causes, not just their symptoms. We endeavor to find solutions tailored to the specific needs of the communities and vulnerable people that we undertake to accompany on the path to sustainable development.
With a view to the protection and positive development of children and the empowerment of women, FXB focuses its efforts in 5 areas of intervention to address global development issues and meet Sustainable Development Goals. All our actions enhance the development capacity of the communities in which we are involved.
Reducing poverty: The FXBVillage model Poverty is often defined in absolute terms of low income, when in fact poverty is multidimensional. Destitute people are faced with a variety of complex challenges. It would be a mistake to solely address the income issue! Fragmented aid is not sufficient to overcome poverty. The FXBVillage model is a holistic approach to reducing extreme poverty, which was implemented in 1991. It aims at simultaneously tackling all the factors upon which it is based: economic poverty, malnutrition, lack of access to healthcare, lack of access to education and information, substandard housing and unhealthy environment. The cornerstone of our model is economic strengthening. Its major innovation lies in the donation of a seed capital – rather than a loan – to enable the economic strengthening of the families involved in the FXBVillage programs. This small capital, combined with training in business management and financial literature, allows them to undertake Income-Generating Activities (IGA/micro-enterprises) while facilitating their financial inclusion without worrying about loan repayments. In addition to economic strengthening, FXB makes sure every member of the families supported can assert their fundamental human rights via the other 4 pillars of its model: food security, access to education and critical health and social information, access to appropriate health services, access to proper housing facilities and a healthy environment FXB’s financial support decreases as families gain their economic independence. Newly created IGAs help the families gradually obtain sufficient income for their daily subsistence and continue to thrive after completion of the program. All aspects of the FXBVillage have been designed to guarantee sustainable impacts. Instead of creating dependency on external assistance, FXB builds the participants’ capacity and resilience so that they can achieve lasting economic and social independence within three years. With this tried and tested holistic approach, FXBVillage program participants can protect and raise their children, have a positive impact on their community and live in dignity in their country.
Areas of intervention
Education Children’s Rights are at the heart of our actions. Each of our programs is intended as a response to the implementation, in the everyday life of children, of their rights as defined by the Convention on the Rights of the Child adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 November 1989, in particular article 28 which stipulates that each child is entitled to education and quality learning opportunities. Early childhood development, education and vocational training are crucial in escaping poverty, having a say within the community and gaining access to better opportunities for a dignified life. In addition, educating/informing the communities at large of essential health or social matters such as gender equality, women’s empowerment, health, justice, human rights or climate change helps reduce socioeconomic inequalities by promoting equal opportunities for all. Through our FXBVillage programs or our programs more specifically dedicated to education, our goal is to promote inclusive education from early childhood, foster vocational training opportunities for young people and adults and ensure access to key knowledge and information for the communities. Special attention is given to girls and women.
Health – Nutrition - WSH (Water, Sanitation, Hygiene)
To achieve an effective and sustainable impact on malnutrition and associated reduction strategies, it is imperative to tackle its direct and underlying causes - i.e. lack of access to water, sanitation and hygiene, repeated infectious diseases, directly linked to inappropriate WASH practices and lack of access to health services - by adopting a multi-sectoral approach. Through our FXBVillage programs or specifically dedicated programs, our goal is to facilitate access to fundamental human rights such as food security, access to healthcare, proper housing and access to water, sanitation and hygiene.
Protection Gender equality is not just a fundamental human right, it is also a necessary foundation for the establishment of a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. For FXB, combating poverty means combating gender discrimination and balancing relationships between men and women so that women, who are more vulnerable to poverty, can gain access to the same economic and social opportunities. FXB also endeavors to promote and defend the rights of children and women as well as prevent all forms of insecurity and violence against them.
Climate change Poverty and climate change are inextricably linked. FXB believes that the best way to control the effects of climate change on the most destitute is to include adaptation measures in its poverty reduction strategies. Through our FXBVillage programs, we enhance the resilience of the communities by reducing their vulnerability via a number of initiatives, in particular: empowering women, who are disproportionately affected by climate change - promoting more productive and sustainable farming systems - cultivating environmentally-friendly vegetable gardens and patches - raising the participants’ awareness of more sustainable water consumption, use and production patterns, as well as environmentally sound waste recycling - installing improved baking ovens to reduce respiratory tract infections and deforestation, and using solar lighting. In addition, the introduction of a micro-insurance system in Village Savings and Loans Associations (VSLA) helps their members reduce the impact of weather-related costs.
OUR RESPONSE TO COVID-19 COVID-19 was a sudden reminder of how fragile our globalized world is. No country is spared by the virus! However, once again the situation is different in fragile countries, in shanty towns where several generations are crammed into a tight space, with no toilet or running water and struggling to find food. Women are the primary victims of any crisis, irrespective of its nature. They bear the burden of the family unequally, or even alone when they are single mothers. They face heightened economic insecurity and find themselves in even greater danger of domestic or sexual violence as well as exploitation. However, this crisis has above all highlighted their leading role across the world. Women occupy more than 70% of first-line positions, often with the lowest status, in the fields of healthcare, education, maintenance, sales or social assistance. In the countries where we operate, our female staff were the first to join the fight. These brave, creative women hastily organized prevention initiatives, distributed food or even just soap, which can save lives in the most vulnerable communities. Women entrepreneurs that we support manufactured masks, soap and disinfectant for their communities, or shared their vegetable crops with their neighbors. We wish to pay warm tributes to all these women for their fighting spirit and resilience.
SANIA, YOUNG HEROINE FROM JAIPUR The FXB Daycare center for children living in the railway station, streets and shanty towns of Jaipur is a haven of peace for these extremely vulnerable children, where they can wash, eat, rest and receive care and education. 200 children, aged 5 to 18, are cared for each year. While the center partially closed down in 2020, the team’s action moved to the shanty towns.
In India since 1991, FXB has developed poverty reduction, protection, education, healthcare and WSH programs in approximately ten States. More than 600 million people suffer from malnutrition in this country. In this time of crisis, their fear of hunger is even greater than their fear of COVID-19. Millions of migrant families are crammed into shanty towns. Social distancing or lockdown are impossible to enforce. They have no means to feed themselves and, for fear of starving to death, some of them walked along the roads for hundreds of miles to return to their villages – thereby causing the virus to spread. FXB India demonstrated remarkable responsiveness, overcoming the restrictions imposed by the general lockdown, to disseminate specific information on the virus among these communities, which they also trained in protective measures, made so difficult by the lack of water and promiscuity.
Sania is a 15-year-old girl who attends the FXB Care center, where she takes IT and informal education classes. When she arrived, she was very shy and introverted. She gradually learned how to open up and trust others. She was even selected to participate in a radio show organized by UNICEF and the Rajasthan Commission for the protection of child rights, during which she asked the minister in charge well-considered questions about the difficulty in gaining access to education for children from shanty towns. Sania immediately offered to help us maintain contact between the communities of the shanty town where she lives and the FXB team. The young girl helped FXB identify families living in total poverty so that they could receive food rations, formula milk for babies and sanitary products for women and young girls. She also facilitated and supported distributions, while contributing to creating cloth masks which were distributed to her peers to protect from the virus. With her bright wit and positive frame of mind, Sania was truly heroic in such difficult times, and we are proud of her.
25,000 CHILDREN AND ADULTS “Despite the high degree of uncertainty, we focus on the action of the communities we trained and on their solidarity to make sure nobody is left behind during this crisis” Mamta Borgoyary, Director, FXB India Surakhsa
Since the beginning of the crisis, and throughout 2020, the teams have distributed thousands of food rations, milk for babies, hygiene kits and sanitary products for young girls and women. They have also organized medical consultations for vulnerable people suffering from chronic diseases. Countless children end up on the streets with no assistance while their parents are hospitalized or dead. FXB set up a hotline, in Uttar Pradesh, to provide these children in great distress with prompt support. Two other hotlines (Manipur and Uttar Pradesh), available 24/7, have helped handle nearly 1,300 distress calls from children and women subjected to domestic violence. FXB India Suraksha was appointed coordinating NGO to support the efforts of the Gautam Budh Nagar district administration (Uttar Pradesh) in combating the virus. Considerable coordination work was carried out by the teams to deliver food, health or psychological aid to the most destitute.
In the Gobi desert since 2016, FXB has endeavored to create local economic opportunities to prevent rural exodus.
Operating in this country since 1992, FXB develops programs to facilitate access to fundamental human rights and social justice in several States.
Sedentary and nomadic populations found themselves extremely isolated during the 8 months of nearly continual lockdown in 2020.
2,500 CHILDREN AND ADULTS The FXB team organized a number of virtual prevention campaigns as well as recreational activities on Facebook for adults and children. They also maintained weekly telephone contact with their beneficiaries and provided psychosocial support to women and children victims of domestic violence or suffering from depression brought on by isolation. They developed a very successful online sales marketing strategy for the small business owners of the ongoing FXBVillage program, who managed to generate and supplement their income throughout the year.
From the start of the pandemic, the FXB Myanmar teams were heavily involved in numerous States and displaced persons’ camps with a view to curbing the spread of the virus.
50,000 CHILDREN AND ADULTS In addition to emergency food aid for many of our direct beneficiaries, the FXB teams organized mass awareness campaigns, door-todoor or through prevention and physical distancing promotion posters in the Yangon region as well as the Mon, Kayin and Rakhine States. Hygiene kits, drugs and masks made by our apprentices and women entrepreneurs were distributed in the communities and displaced persons’ camps. FXB also organized quarantining for migrants returning from Thailand. The young artists of our Human Drama program (prevention and awareness of various crucial social and health issues through participatory theater) created a COVID-19 prevention video which was viewed and shared thousands of times. A “Stay at home” challenge was also a resounding success in the social media. One of the dramatic consequences of this crisis was an increase in violence and abuse against women. In the Shan State, FXB reinforced the staffing and security of its reception service for the victims of gender-based violence to provide women and young girls with emergency care. Furthermore, our teams worked on the government’s plan to provide economic aid to pregnant women by helping them register in several regions. To help caregivers in several States reduce the psychosocial impact of the crisis on their own health, FXB organized online formations on how to deal with stress and anxiety.
SOUTH AFRICA Since 2000, FXB has been working in communities affected by unemployment, violence, crime and HIV infections. Our extracurricular support and psychosocial skills development programs aim at limiting their consequences for the life of our young participants, relieving their moral distress and building the resilience of the adults of tomorrow. South Africa has been severely affected by the COVID crisis. Lockdown conditions have been particularly difficult in townships, with their narrow dwellings and starving populations. The local team showed great creativity and efficacy in adjusting their approach and continuing to support young people and their families.
3,000 CHILDREN AND ADULTS
The director of FXB South Africa, Stevie Megens, explains how they managed the COVID-19 crisis: “It is impossible to trace all the misfortunes suffered by vulnerable South African families in 2020: starving families, vandalized schools or children forced to stay in lockdown in violent and abusive homes. As soon as the virus appeared, we strengthened our hygiene-related activities, in particular hand washing, and encouraged children to disseminate the protective measures they learned at home. Before schools closed, they received food parcels and soap. To stay in close contact with them, we created WhatsApp groups giving them 24/7 access to the FXB staff, for the purposes of school work or food aid as well as psychological support to alleviate their fears. FXB promptly developed an FXB Workbook which was distributed to all children at home along with exercise books and colored pencils. This turned out to be a very powerful tool. In addition to curricular activities, it featured games intended to stimulate their mind and activities to help them cope with their emotional issues. In shanty towns, people were hungry, which led to heightened tension. This is why we delivered food parcels and hygiene kits to hundreds of destitute families. We also taught them how to make seamless masks based on old t-shirts or tea towels, to mitigate stock-outs or excessively high prices. When classes reopened in the autumn, we implemented additional academic support sessions to help our young people address their shortcomings and prevent them from dropping out. Boxes were installed for pupils, parents and teaching to lodge requests for assistance, such as food, school supplies or psychological support – with so much abuse committed during this dark period. We grieve the death of one of our teenagers in horrific circumstances. Despite everything, what struck us most is the resilience of our young people during this period. They were incredibly happy to see us come into their homes and to take part in the various activities on offer. Seeing how grateful they were was very rewarding. We were able, despite all the difficulties, to give them a little solace and safety” .
BURUNDI - RWANDA - NAMIBIA
7 FXBVillage programs are being developed in these three countries. Our teams remained fully engages in these three African countries, raising the communities’ awareness of the risks associated with the virus and necessary protective measures, and distributed food as well as hundreds of hygiene kites. The teams also set up communication lines to provide the beneficiaries with psychological support so that they could cope with the anxiety and stress aggravated by lockdown, resulting in some cases in violence perpetrated against children and women. Additional funding was mobilized to strengthen a number of microenterprises affected by the consequences of the crisis, in particular trade-related economic activities.
25,000 CHILDREN AND ADULTS
All aspects of the FXBVillage poverty reduction model have been designed to guarantee sustainable impacts. Instead of creating dependency on external assistance, FXB builds the participants’ capacity and resilience so that they can achieve lasting economic and social independence within three years. While assistance was given to a number of participating families to strengthen their economic activities, we were pleased to find that most of the families within our FXBVillage programs were able to weather this crisis, thanks in particular to lessons learned from the program in terms of hygiene or savings. This is illustrated by Marie-Rose’s testimonial. She had to stop working on 21 March 2020, when the Rwandan government enacted a lockdown.
“I live in the Karukoro district of Kigali. My husband is in prison and I have to bear the burden of raising 6 children on my own. We were living in extreme poverty before I met FXB nearly three years ago. Since then, I have been trained, supported and coached extensively, which allowed me to considerably improve the wellbeing of my loved ones. The first year, I was trained in finance and project management and received a small seed capital fund to help me cultivate a field and open a vegetable business. Now all my children are healthy and attending school again. Before lockdown, I sometimes earned up to $5 per day and I regularly put money aside. The program also taught me how to plan for the future. I am part of a Savings, Loans and Support Group created by FXB. Shortly before the crisis began, we had already managed to save $1,200! We decided to use these savings to help us weather this crisis without having to tap into our personal savings too much. Thanks to that, my family didn't suffer too much from this crisis. During this difficult time, FXB Rwanda’s staff has maintained regular contact with us, even over the phone. During their pre-lockdown weekly visits, they clearly explained to us how to avoid contamination – but I had already put into practice everything they told me. The first year, I was given a hand washing station, along with basic hygiene rules to stay healthy. I am very proud to be part of the FXB Rwanda family. We are of course going through a difficult time with COVID-19, but FXB prepared us to cope with crises”.
OUR HIGHLIGHTS IN 2021
Due to travel restrictions and the risks incurred by our beneficiaries and our teams in the context of COVID-19, we had to review our methods to continue our activities while attempting to respond to this unprecedented crisis.
Oddly enough, nothing has really been done in the country to tackle COVID-19. The former president’s spokesperson even stated that “Burundi is an exception, because it is a country that has put God first”. Normal activities slowed down but were not halted, schools were never closed and wearing a mask was not authorized throughout 2020. As in all other countries, FXB took steps to protect and train its local staff in community prevention.
A number of families involved in the FXBVillage programs under development were hit by the floods of May 2020. We supplied iron sheets and equipment to rehabilitate their homes. The families returned home in the autumn, after months spent in displaced persons’ camps. From April 2017 to March 2020, 768 children and adults transited from a situation of extreme poverty to economic and social empowerment in the Mutimbuzi township (Bujumbura Rural province). The final assessment of an FXBVillage program found that the average monthly income of beneficiary families was 22% higher than the national poverty line, and that nearly 90% of them were able to save regularly. Various nutrition, health, WASH and education effect indicators also highlighted significant improvements in household living conditions and well-being. Moreover, the program has a knock-on effect by emulating good practices on 4,358 members of the community at large, via training in water, sanitation and hygiene, health, women’s and children’s rights and gender-based or domestic violence.
Nearly 9,000 families (59,000 people) were trained in early childhood development. Conducted in partnership with the Boston College in the Ngoma, Nyanza and Rubavu districts, this ambitious early childhood development program provides 12 interactive modules, over several months, tackling themes such as: health, nutrition, hygiene, resolution of family disputes, partner violence, communication within the family, the importance of the role and involvement of the father in the education and well-being of their children as well as options to combat harsh punishments. The ultimate goal of this program is to prevent the transmission of poverty by enhancing the parents’ knowledge to ensure healthy growth and a protective environment for children. The Gikuriro five-year program, financed by USAID and implemented by Catholic Relief Services, the Dutch Development Agency and Rwandan organizations, wound up on 20 August 2020. As a partner in the Nyanza district, FXB Rwanda provided 57,000 households with access to water with the construction of 13 kilometers of pipes, the installation of hand washing stations, as well as 15 kiosks and 40 water springs. 11,000 latrines were also built or renovated. 420 health clubs were created to promote the adoption of good WASH practices by 60,000 households. These activities were conducted in conjunction with a campaign against malnutrition and stunted growth in children under the age of 5. Also completed in 2020, the initial phase of the Turengere Abana project implemented by FXB in the Huye, Kayonza, Burera, Musanze and Nyanza district, helped reduce the vulnerability of 50,000 families in terms of WASH. This intervention also helped improve the nutritional status of nearly 80,000 children under the age of 5, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers in the form of interventions based on the specific needs of the beneficiary populations.
Gisèle Ndereyimana, director of FXB Burundi, outlines the multiple challenges faced by rural women in this country, the world’s 4th poorest country with nearly 2/3 of its inhabitants living below the poverty line.
“Women are the pillar of the family and drive the economy. They work, often as domestics, in the fields from sunup to sundown. They leave at dawn with their children on their backs and come home exhausted in the evening, while still having to organize water supply for the family, find fuel for the fire - two very heavy burdens - and prepare meals. Their role is sorely underestimated: marginalized and stigmatized, they must accept their husband’s decisions, who has the sole right to manage money. These women are captive to traditions and a discriminating legal framework: they are denied the right to inherit. If they want to own an arable plot of land, a stepping stone towards empowerment if ever there was one, they therefore have to buy it. Given the male control over household finances, these cases are extremely rare. This situation leaves the door wide open for all kinds of abuse, as polygamy and alcohol abuse are also commonplace in men. Furthermore, domestic violence is widespread, forcing women to live in a state of constant fear, exposing children to serious consequences. One of our current beneficiaries was forced by her husband to fetch the stick she was beaten with every night. So many women tell the same stories. It is also Odile’s story. After she objected to the sale of their plot of land, her husband violently lashed out, causing injuries to her face with a knife before fleeing, leaving her alone, destitute, to provide for their five children. Not to mention that her home was completely destroyed by devastating floods. It is precisely for women like Odile, who have to cope with all kinds of marginalized and precarious situations, that we are working every day. After she joined an FXBVillage program, she was given assistance to rebuild her home and started training, which helped her develop her own small business selling basic commodities, thanks to seed capital contributed by FXB. With three-year support aimed at addressing key factors leading to extreme poverty, i.e. lack of income, malnutrition, substandard housing and lack of access to healthcare, education and knowledge, Odile and her children lifted themselves out of destitution”.
Shanty towns are a major problem in Namibia. The capital, Windhoek, and nearby cities are surrounded by migrant communities from rural regions in the north and south of the country, in search of better job opportunities and access to basic services. They build makeshift dwellings, thus creating shanty towns with extremely precarious conditions.
For the past few years, FXB has striven to provide health centers, schools and vulnerable families in the Wakiso district with drinking water.
As in many other countries, Namibia is struggling to respond to the violence perpetrated against women and children due to lack of trained workers, inappropriate response strategies or insufficient information on human rights in the communities, among other reasons. The situation of women and children is worse in informal areas where women and child protection services are unavailable. While multiple nationally enacted laws and initiatives have proved their effectiveness, they fail to reach the difficult areas of these shanty towns. This is why FXB and its partner HISA launched a three-year program, financed by the European Union, to promote the protection of the rights of women and children and reduce gender-based violence (GBV). More specifically, the idea is to strengthen violence prevention and protection systems in shanty towns, promote security, in particular in terms of GBV, encourage the empowerment of women and girls and support the victims. A key aspect of this project consists of educating men and boys so that they can become defenders of the rights of women and girls, agents of change in their communities.
In 2020, although the activities intended to change the communities’ behavior and practices with regard to WASH were restricted by the COVID-19 crisis, 8,770 individuals benefited from this oh-so important drinking water supply. In addition, 20 community volunteers were trained in water purification, indirectly benefiting more than 5,000 people.
USA In 2020, more than 30 students from 11 US States joined the FXB Climate Advocates program, the purpose of which is to build their knowledge and give them advocacy tools to position climate change as a global public health emergency. In particular, these young people launched initiatives to reduce power consumption in schools, improve municipal composting, leverage artificial intelligence in defense of the climate, reduce ecoanxiety, use jogging to dispose of waste, recycle jeans and replace polystyrene with durable plastic that can be reused in major school districts. Thanks to partnerships with leading organizations in the field of climate change, the students learn directly from climate change leaders, while expanding their networks to ensure that their ideas and projects are even more wide-ranging.
INDIA The strategy of FXB India Suraksha (FXBIS) aims at improving access to and quality of education for children from rural areas. As a result, we help local schools improve their infrastructure and basic facilities, while helping the poorest families send their children to school. In 2020, the renovated infrastructure of 6 public schools and 9 Anganwadis were inaugurated in the Darrang district. The staff of these schools were also duly trained in early childhood development and special child care. The minister in charge of the district found that FXB’s Anganwadis were unique models and should be imitated and replicated by local governments in other districts. New partnerships were formed to improve WASH facilities and other basic equipment of 22 schools in the Assam State. This initiative will be accompanied by a major climate change communication campaign in the schools and communities of 18 villages. An Anganwadi, or “courtyard shelter” in Hindi, is a type of rural crèche. They were created by the Indian government in 1975 to combat child hunger and malnutrition. A key component of all FXBIS programs focuses on the reduction of all forms of violence against women and children, in particular human trafficking, gender-based violence and child exploitation, labor and marriage. Law enforcement agencies play a crucial role in prevention and combating these scourges. However, human trafficking is constantly evolving, complex and difficult to dismantle, as criminals are constantly adapting their modus operandi, making police work harder as a result. In 2020, FXBIS trained 600 prosecutors and 2,900 police officers from Madhya Pradesh in the latest human trafficking trends and the protection of children’s rights to enhance their knowledge and capacity to combat these crimes. The objective is also to raise the law enforcement officers’ awareness of issues relating to corruption, discriminatory attitudes and practices against the victims. We keep hearing about violence perpetrated against women and girls, as India remains a patriarchal society where gender-based violence is widespread. Uttar Pradesh, which is also the most populous, ranks among the top 3 States in this field. As a result, FXBIS launched a program designed to change the behavior of young and adolescent boys with a view to reducing stereotypes and creating a more gender-balanced environment at school. The idea is to strengthen the psychosocial and interpersonal skills of these future adults to give them the means to become agents of change within their communities. FXBIS also creates spaces for awareness and dialog within the communities, bringing both women and men to the table. Its ambition is to spearhead a change in mindset and behavior in order to reduce gender-based violence.
MYANMAR While we were able to run our FXBVillage programs in a nearly normal manner in the Mon and Kayin States, we were pleased to receive additional aid from our partner, the IF-International Foundation, for food distribution and the strengthening of certain economic activities affected by the consequences of the pandemic. From September 2017 to August 2020, 490 children and adults transited from a situation of extreme poverty to economic and social empowerment in the Mon State. The final assessment of the FXBVillage program found that the average monthly income of beneficiary families increased by 54% compared with the initial values. 100% of families have a functional IGA and 95% of them were able to diversify their economic activity. Various nutrition, health, WASH and education effect indicators also highlighted significant improvements in household living conditions and well-being. Moreover, the program has a knock-on effect by emulating good practices on 13,436 members of the community at large, via training in water, sanitation and hygiene, or women’s and children’s rights and the prevention of gender-based and domestic violence. Our Yangon vocational training center hosted 123 female and male apprentices in 2020. This was a complicated academic year from a logistics perspective, and the program was disrupted by lockdown or quarantine periods. Not all those who returned to their villages, sometimes in other States, were able to go back to school. Unfortunately, 18 young people had to drop out of training as their families needed immediate financial support in the form of little odd jobs. They are of course welcome to return to our center any time in 2021 or later. A partnership was formed with the Maurice Machoud Foundation to give people living along the Irrawaddy River access to appropriate healthcare. These are poor communities, vulnerable to natural disasters, who often live without electricity or modern means of transportation or communication. Healthcare needs increase as one moves further away from urban centers and villages are no longer accessible by road. Medical infrastructures and local resources are rudimentary, sometimes non-existent. This explains why FMM purchased a boat and converted it into a boat clinic. It was equipped with a consultation room, a pharmacy and areas dedicated to minor surgery and dental care. This partnership will give 12,000 children and adults access to appropriate healthcare each year, while ensuring long-term care for people with chronic diseases. The objective of Human Drama, the first program of its kind designed in 2011 by the British Council and FXB in Myanmar, is to raise the populations’ awareness, through activities based on participatory theater, of various health or social issues such as domestic and gender-based violence, gender equality, citizenship or social media pitfalls. FXB works hand in hand with the MyJustice organization to increase the level of legal knowledge and access to justice for the communities. In 2020, no activities could be carried out directly in the communities. Consequently, FXB adapted its approach, renaming it Theater of the Mind. Every Tuesday for an hour, on a local radio broadcasting in the Yangon, Mandalay, Bago Region and Nay Pyi Taw regions as well as the Kayin, Mon and Shan States, and every Friday on Facebook, the Human Drama team produced plays for the radio and social media. More than 150,000 people were made aware of issues relating to citizenship, justice and domestic violence.
2021 highlights The Muhanga district has a population of 368,305, but does not have a single hearse and has only one operational hospital. A second hospital infrastructure is struggling to get off the ground. Work on the future Nyabikenke hospital started in 2012; unfortunately, it was interrupted several times for budget reasons. While it is nearing completion ten years later, furniture must still be installed, as well as all the other equipment required for its operation. The people in the vicinity of Nyabikenke must travel nearly 60 km to reach the Kabgayi hospital, with a river to cross and rocky roads full of potholes which turn muddy during the rainy season. Four ambulance buses travel the district every day to take patients to Kabgayi or transfer them to the Butare or Kigali hospitals.
SWITZERLAND The Valais Hospital Ambulance Company and the F. Eggs et Fils SA Funeral Home generously donated an ambulance and a hearse, respectively, for Rwanda to FXB Switzerland. Due to COVID-19, these two vehicles will be dispatched in 2021. As part of the FXB Children's Dreams initiative, in July 2020, Lara, a 6-year-old girl suffering from cancer and her family enjoyed a stay at Europaparc and Rulantica, to recharge their batteries and forget about treatments and illness for a moment.
The ambulance provided by the Valais Hospital Ambulance Company will be the best equipped and most efficient of the entire district. It will be based in Kabgayi while waiting for the effective start-up of the Nyabikenke hospital. It will be very helpful in particular in transferring the most severe cases to the reference hospitals, ensuring added safety, speed and possibilities of providing first aid on board. The hearse will be attached to FXB’s office in the district that will liaise with the churches of the diocese for funerals.
FRANCE To address the most pressing hygiene needs of women living on the street and female migrants in the Paris region, FXB, in partnership with ADSF (Agir pour la Santé des Femmes), distributes staple baby hygiene products as well as sanitary towels for mothers. The lack of hygiene to which they are exposed has a direct impact on the deterioration of their physical as well as psychological health. While lockdown forced us to interrupt distribution for a few months, it resumed in the autumn, for a few weeks, to reduce the additional vulnerability and difficulties generated by the health crisis: Food parcels and 1,400 packages of diapers, 2,850 packs of wipes and as many sanitary towels were distributed during patrols. Psychosocial support and referrals to shelters/ lockdown spaces in hotels were also put in place. In addition, hundreds of Christmas gifts were distributed to children, thanks to the commitment of the pupils of the Sainte-Clotilde school in Paris, where everyone gave a gift for a vulnerable child. The employees of the SMCP Group were also involved in this initiative.
Partners and donors
OUR PARTNERS AND DONORS
THANK YOU to all our funders, including the following foundations, organizations and companies, for their commitment with us: AIDS Ark Canton of Aargau Canton of Valais Government of the Principality of Monaco ELMA Foundation Ernst-Günther Bröder Stiftung Alstom Foundation Arcanum Foundation Augusta Foundation Raymond Barbey Foundation King Baudouin Foundation Coromandel Foundation Maurice Machoud Foundation Greendale Foundation Madeleine Foundation Pomena Foundation Fonds pour Eux Fondation pour la Recherche and le Traitement Médical (FRTM) Sisley Foundation Vajra Foundation Symphasis Foundation Comptoirs de Méditerranée Fund Migros relief fund Gebauer Stiftung IF International Foundation LEGO Foundation Liselotte Stiftung M.A.C. AIDS Fund My Justice Novotel Yangon Max Orano CSR PEPFAR Procter & Gamble
International Solidarity Service of the Republic and Canton of Geneva Sobecki Family Foundation Solidarity ACCOR Hotels, Swim for Life Synergix SA The Pro Aremorica Trust The Rose Charitable Trust UNAIDS UNIBRA UNFPA Valais Solidaire Ville de Paris Ville de Sierre Ville de Sion J&K Wonderland Stiftung THANKS to Christie’s France, Manrico Iacchia, Commodore of the Gstaad Yacht Club and Cindy Schoenrich, Managing Director of the Gstaad Yacht Club, as well as all the generous donors of lots for our auction. They were all incredibly instrumental in the success of our gala dinner in Gstaad. THANKS to Claudia Mercier, the auctioneer who orchestrated, with support from Drouot online, the online sale of works of art donated by artist and gallery owner friends from 29 June to 9 July 2020, Galerie Odile Ouizeman, Galerie Christian Berst, Yvan Brohard, Galerie Perrotin, Jacques Grange, Pierre Passebon and Galerie du Passage, Galerie Templon, Xavier Hufkens, Chantal Comment, Galerie Pierre Marie Giraud, Lodovico Corsini and Galerie C L E A R I N G, Galerie Laure Roynette, Gérard Uferas and Galerie Jean Denis Walter, Olivier Garros, Frédéric Chaubin, Olivier Dassault, Madame Velickovic, Galerie Jean Fournier, Marek Halter, Olivier Castaing and the School Gallery, Galerie Boulakhia and all lot buyers.
Our heartfelt gratitude goes to our public and private funders, donors, supporter or partners, who place their trust in us. With their generosity and support, they help us accomplish FXB’s mission to benefit the most vulnerable.
THANKS to all our partners who supported our Advent calendar: Bristol Hotel Geneva, Parfums Chanel, Vins Légende Pauillac, B comme Bougies by Quintessence, Philippe Starck, Minnie de Beauvau-Craon, Imai, Adler Joailliers SA, Crans Luxury Lodges, L'Eautel Hotel in Toulon, Fourvière Hotel in Lyon, La Brulerie de Varenne, Bijoux Isabelle Langlois, Cineteve, Flammarion, Naram, Melusine Cosmétique, Zadig et Voltaire, L’Express, Champagne Laurent Perrier. THANKS to Mon masque de France, Diane and Jules Deblyck THANKS to the SainteClotilde pupils and the employees of the SMCP Group, Paris THANKS to the students of ESSCA. THANKS to our dedicated volunteers for their invaluable support during our events: Anne Condé, Agathe Fellay, Clara Noël, Marie Novak, Brigitte Pfister, Blandine Pouleau and Sylvie Sierro. A special THANKS goes to Dominique Cherix Bader and Laurence Brossollet for their inexhaustible enthusiasm, Antoinette Barbey-Seillière for her unfailing support and Edgar Garcia, temporary project manager. THANKS to all our individual donors who, with their annual contributions, help us accomplish our mission. Last but not least, THANKS to all our teams in the South and North who committed with outstanding dedication throughout this incredibly special and difficult year.
2020 financial report
2020 FINANCIAL REPORT FXB INTERNATIONAL BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2020 31.12.2020
ASSETS Liquidities Miscellaneous receivables Prepaid expenses Social store inventory, Yangon Current assets Security deposits Long-term loans Tangible fixed assets Fixed assets Total assets
CHF LIABILITIES 1,032,585 1,032 15,277 27,343 1,076,237
Miscellaneous payables Accrued liabilities Short-term foreign capital
Funds invested in operating assets Donations received in advance - appro8,493 priated 207,000 Earmarked funds 38,797 254,290 Endowment capital Surplus of receipts from previous years 1,330,527 Surplus of receipts from this tax year Uncommitted funds of the Association Total liabilities
CHF 8,893 27,394 36,287 66,140 987,798 1,053,938 100,000 304,546 -164,244 240,303 1,330,527
2020 financial report
2020 INCOME STATEMENT
Donations from foundations and associations Donations from individuals and businesses International Solidarity Service of the Canton of Geneva Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (DFAE) UNFPA Bequests European Union (EU) Government of the Principality of Monaco Valais Solidaire Loterie Romande Donations from Cantons and Municipalities Donations and contributions Other income Other income Total receipts
1,424,185 Personnel expenses Other expenditure 627,335 Administrative expenses 50,000 Personnel expenses Other expenditure 15,275 Fundraising and communication expenses 133,377 200,000 Program expenses 93,015 Program expenses 65,220 19,000 Interim income/loss for the tax year 2,000 450 Net foreign exchange gain/(Loss) Bank charges and interest 2,629,856 Investment income and interest expenses 9,630 9,630 Income/loss before change in funds 2,639,486 Use of funds Allocation of funds Change in funds
Fundraising and communication expenditure
102,575 42,327 144,902 142,800 69,653 212,453 1,906,515 1,906,515 375,616 -53,691 -3,616 -57,307 318,309 1,609,600 -2,092,154 -482,554
Annual income/loss after change in funds
Allocation/(use) of uncommitted funds
Annual income/loss after allocations Program expenditure
These financial statements include the accounts of the FXB association in Switzerland with its offices in South Africa, Burundi and Myanmar. The accounts were prepared and audited in accordance with accounting standard Swiss GAAP RPC 21. They are audited annually by FIDAG. The financial statements of the other FXB entities worldwide are audited separately and available on request.
FXB SWITZERLAND BOARD Didier Cherpitel, Co-President Bruno Bagnoud, Co-President Albina du Boisrouvray, Founder and Honorary President Véronique Jenelten Biollaz, Secretary Olivier Dupraz, Treasurer Antoinette Barbey-Seillière Luc Hafner FXB FRANCE BOARD Stanislas Pottier, President Albina du Boisrouvray, Founder and Honorary President François Debiesse, Vice-President Patrick Aeberhard, Vice-President Alon-Emanuel Kasha, Treasurer Dominique Monchicourt, Secretary Sophia Aram Charlotte Casiraghi Sabine Choppin de Janvry Marie Minnie de Beauvau-Craon Christine Eggs Yan Gilbert Alexandre Kouchner Bruno Patino Pierre Schapira
OUR TEAMS Christine Eggs, Managing Director, FXB International Aline Albasini, Philanthropy and Partnership Manager Bruce Li, Director, FXB China Cecile Marcoz, Project Manager Cho Cho Mar Kyaw, Director, FXB Myanmar Damascène Ndayisaba, Director, FXB Africa Edgar Garcia, Temporary project manager Emmanuel Kayitana, Director, FXB Rwanda Erdenetuya Jambal, Director, FXB Mongolia Gisèle Ndereyimanana, Director, FXB Burundi Gonçalo Ribeiro, Chief Financial Officer Jules Eisenchteter, Community Manager Karina Weinstein, Program Director (USA) Laure Delouvrier, Director, FXB France Mamta Borgoyary, Director, FXB India Suraksha Patricia Solal, FXB program director in Namibia Sacha Jeanneret, Program Manager Stevie Megens, Director, FXB South Africa
FXB USA BOARD Bilge Bassani, President Albina du Boisrouvray, Founder and Honorary President Richard Evans Alon-Emmanuel Kasha Silvana Paternostro Diana Phillips Jean-Louis Sarbib Lena Sinha Conolly
In 1989, the François-Xavier Bagnoud - FXB International Association was recognized as a public interest organization in Switzerland. It is exempted from taxes in accordance with article 79f, page 1, of the federal law of 1976. It is a non-profit organization as described in articles 60 and following of the Swiss Civil Code. In Burundi, South Africa and Myanmar, FXB International is registered as an international organization and is authorized by local governments to conduct its programs. FXB International has been ZEWO certified since 2017. FXB France, FXB USA, FXB Rwanda, FXB Uganda, FXB China, FXB India Suraksha, and FXB Mongolia are legally independent entities that share the same vision, mission and methodology as FXB International.
Photo credits: ©FXB Staff Design: FXB International - September 2021
FXB International 44, Rue de Lausanne 1201 Geneva, Switzerland Tel.: +41 (0) 22 741 00 30 firstname.lastname@example.org AFXB France Association François-Xavier Bagnoud 20, Rue Vignon 75009 Paris, France Tel.: +33 (0) 1 42 66 43 78 email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org - www.fxb.org
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