Year in Review
Q&A with Stan Chambers
American Federation of Television and Radio Artists
We Remember 2010
Fighting Digital Theft
Vo l u m e 4 2 N u m b e r 4
Features The Year in Review
It was a busy year for AFTRA. Join us for a look at the many milestones the Union achieved in 2010.
The theft of intellectual property through various digital platforms is a real threat to AFTRA members and their livelihood. Read how the Union is working to fight digital theft and what you can do to combat it.
On the Scene
In this Q&A with AFTRA, newly retired veteran Los Angeles broadcaster Stan Chambers reflects on his more than 60 years of reporting live for KTLA.
FOR YOUR CONSIDERATION IN ALL CATEGORIES INCLUDING
“THIS PITCH-PERFECT MOVIE CHARMS AUDIENCES INTO A STATE OF ENLIGHTENMENT. Annette Bening, Julianne Moore, and Mark Ruffalo are at the top of their games. Mia Wasikowska is radiant. Such marvelous movie star performances. Guided by an outstanding script, everyone is able to go deep into her or his character. High fives to director Lisa Cholodenko and co-writer Stuart Blumberg. ‘The Kids Are All Right’ rebels by turning a conventional family drama, traditionally structured, on its head with the ease the movie exhibits in its own skin. A great movie. Grade: A.” –Lisa Schwarzbaum, ENTERTAINMENT WEEKLY
BESTBESTPICTURE ENSEMBLE BEST ACTRESS BEST ACTRESS ANNETTE BENING JULIANNE MOORE BEST SUPPORTING ACTOR MARK RUFFALO JOSH HUTCHERSON BEST SUPPORTING ACTRESS MIA WASIKOWSKA BEST DIRECTOR LISA CHOLODENKO BEST ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY
Year in Review
Q&A with Stan Chambers
American Federation of Television and Radio Artists
We Remember 2010
Fighting Digital Theft
LISA CHOLODENKO & STUART BLUMBERG
Above: AFTRA member and NPR Special Correspondent Susan Stamberg (R) addresses her fellow members, including (L-R) bargaining team members Amy Blaszyk and Kevin Beesley, during negotiations for a new contract with the nonprofit media organization in October.
On the Cover
AFTRA Fights Digital Theft
Now available on Blu-Ray, DVD and on TM
For up-to-the-minute screening information and more on this
at iTunes.com/FocusFeatures extraordinary film, go to: www.FocusAwards2010.com
©2010 FOCUS FEATURES. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
From the President
At the Table
From the NED
ROBERT EASTON ´$)75$PHPEHUVLQFH1DWLRQDO%RDUG²µ
The Dialect Doctor
Accents Cured — Dialects Strengthened
AFTRA NATIONAL OFFICERS President Roberta Reardon
First Vice President Bob Edwards
Second Vice President Ron Morgan
C.E.O. The Henry Higgins of Hollywood, Inc.
Catherine Brown, Bob Butler, Craig Dellimore, Denny Delk, Jim Ferguson, Holter Graham, Shelby Scott
Treasurer Matthew Kimbrough
Recording Secretary Lainie Cooke
NATIONAL STAFF National Executive Director Kim A. Roberts Hedgpeth
Assistant National Executive Directors
Has coached over 2600 actors
RECENT OSCAR-WINNING ASSIGNMENTS INCLUDE: )25(67:+,7$.(5IRUTHE LAST KING OF SCOTLAND +(/(1+817IRUAS GOOD AS IT GETS 52%,1:,//,$06IRUGOOD WILL HUNTING
Mathis L. Dunn, Jr., Commercials, Non-Broadcast, & Interactive Media Mary Cavallaro, News & Broadcast Randall Himes, Sound Recordings Joan Halpern Weise, Entertainment Programming
National Directors Ray Bradford, Equal Employment Opportunities Megan Capuano, Agent Relations Tom Carpenter, General Counsel/Legislative Affairs Christopher de Haan, Communications Philip Denniston, Organizing John Eilhardt, Finance Anthony Papandrea, Technical Systems Andy Schefman, Research & Contract Administration Natasha D. Shields, Information Technology Terry Walker, Administration
EDITORIAL BOARD Ed Fry, National Chair
ADVERTISING POLICY COMMITTEE Ed Fry, National Chair Joe Krebs, Nancy Sellers, Ann Walker, Sally Winters
AFTRA National Communications Department Christopher de Haan, Director Leslie Simmons, Manager Ron Thomas, Manager, Member Education Marina Martinez, Communications Assistant Helaine Feldman and Dick Moore, Consultants
PRINT PRODUCTION IngleDodd Publishing 310.207.4410 or Inquiry@IngleDodd.com ADVERTISING Dan Dodd, Advertising Director 310.207.4410 ext. 236 or Advertising@IngleDodd.com AFTRA Magazine Vol. 42, No. 4 (ISSN 00-0047676) is published quarterly as the official magazine of the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, AFL-CIO, 5757 Wilshire Blvd., 9th Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90036. 323.634.8100 www.aftra.com © 2010 American Federation of Television and Radio Artists. Printed in the U.S.A.
From the President
“Neither a wise man nor a brave man lies down on the tracks of history to wait for the train of the future to run over him.” –President Dwight D. Eisenhower
I recently visited the set of an AFTRA-scripted network primetime program in New York and asked the cast members about their work as actors. Every performer told me that they are working differently today than they were just five years ago, and they anticipate more changes in the years ahead. Salary compression, reduced production budgets, the migration of scripted programming from the four major networks to basic cable, the growth of nonunion work and the emergence of new programming outlets—like D2 sub-signals that require new content and will create synergies between actors and broadcasters—is forcing actors to rethink what it takes to sustain a professional career in a changing world.
On Nov. 7, I attended the Broadcast Steering Committee (BSC) face-to-face meeting in Los Angeles where our broadcaster members from around the country discussed similar challenges as budgets shrink at local and network radio and TV outlets and where employers increasingly demand more and different work from our members—and often for less pay—as these businesses integrate both new methods of production with new platforms for content distribution, as they attempt to recover shrinking audiences, shifting viewership and diminished budgets. The way in which recording artists sustain their careers has also radically changed: digital downloads, the rise of new companies replacing traditional record labels and, of course, the specter of digital theft that robs our members of income are all challenges that have corollaries in the entertainment and broadcast industries. Are we ready? Can contracts and approaches to organizing work developed in the 1930s, ’40s or ’50s protect members in the new world? Is AFTRA and our sister union SAG prepared not just to hold on to current work, but to change with the times and advance members’ needs as our work evolves?
“We think too small, like the frog at the bottom of the well. He thinks the sky is only as big as the top of the well. If he surfaced, he would have an entirely different view.” –Chairman Mao Tse Tung
The AFTRA and SAG Presidents’ Forum for One New Union, which is not a formal committee, nor is it working on a formal plan for a new union, has now held several initial meetings to explore a framework for discussion between our two unions. In the coming weeks, you will hear more about the Forum’s Listening Tour, which is designed to learn from a cross section of working members from various parts of the country and who work in various—and often multiple—categories of employment, about their views for how members’ work may or will change in the future. This first informal step is critical to educate us on how a new, successor union can make sense for our members’ future. It is also a small step toward the process of building grass-roots engagement by members to help frame a vision for a single successor union that will have a mission much more relevant than simply a single health and retirement plan or single-dues structure. We have a responsibility to invest your dues dollars wisely, transparently and with the guidance of working members. Past plans for bringing our unions together may inform us, but we cannot simply take them off the shelf, dust them off and expect them to work today. We need to rethink our approach with fresh ideas, and take a closer look at our strengths, vulnerabilities and opportunities, so when the time comes to engage in a more formal discussion about a new union, we get it right for the generations that follow us. We have concluded our joint AFTRA Exhibit A (Primetime TV) and SAG TV/Theatrical negotiations, and I am proud to have served as your AFTRA Co-chair of our 26-member joint AFTRA and SAG Negotiating Committee, who worked together in solidarity throughout the negotiations. I applaud our AFTRA staff, led by AFTRA Chief Negotiator and National Executive Director Kim Roberts Hedgpeth, who did an outstanding job and served you admirably. The new agreement will be sent to the Joint AFTRA and SAG National Board for approval, and in the coming weeks, you will receive more information including details about the new provisions. As 2010 draws to a close, I thank every AFTRA member for their support and I congratulate us all on yet another astonishing year of achievements. I am deeply honored for the privilege to serve as your National President, and I wish you all a very happy and safe holiday season and a successful year ahead in 2011. In solidarity,
Roberta Reardon National President AFTRA, AFL-CIO
From the National Executive Director AFTRA’s Success in Negotiations = Member Involvement + Commitment
By the time this issue of AFTRA Magazine goes to press, most members will know that AFTRA successfully concluded a tentative agreement with the major producers of prime-time, scripted-television programs on a new AFTRA “Exhibit A” Agreement.
negotiations featured in this issue, the success of each upcoming negotiation depends on the active attention, education and participation by the members who work, or plan to work, under these agreements. Now more than ever, members must stay abreast of W&W processes in their Locals, and participate in whatever way possible in these important upcoming negotiations. I look forward to working with members in the various Locals on those efforts. Finally, I am taking the unusual liberty of including a personal note to express a heartfelt congratulations and thank-you to AFTRA National Director of Administration Terry Walker, who is retiring in January 2011 after almost 30 years of unmatched service to AFTRA members. Terry began his career at AFTRA in 1981, as a TV representative in the New York Local. He moved to the National staff in the mid-’80s, where he administered the Network News and other contracts.
The success of these negotiations, conducted jointly with the Screen Actors Guild, was the result of hard work by union members around the country who participated this past summer in the joint W&W meetings. In particular, just as in 2008, this agreement was the result of the dedicated work of the Negotiating Committee members who committed For the last 25 years, Terry has managed or overseen time and energy during the weeks of bargaining to hammer almost every aspect of AFTRA’s administration—from the out a strong contract. The Negotiating Committee, co-chaired functioning of the membership department, to building by AFTRA National President Roberta Reardon and SAG AFTRA’s AICE (information technology) infrastructure, President Ken Howard, and made up of union members negotiating leases for Local offices, managing personnel who work the contracts, issues, serving as AFTRA’s achieved the membership’s representative with the Actors priority goal of securing Fund, Career Transition “The success of each upcoming a significant increase in For Dancers, Theatre negotiation depends on the active employer contributions to Authority and the Four As, the AFTRA Health and attention, education and participation by moving and renovating our Retirement Plans, raising National headquarters, the members who work, or plan to work, overseeing AFTRA’s National the H&R contribution rate from 15% to 16.5%. Details conventions, solving whatever under these agreements.” on the new agreements crisis “du jour” arose (as they will be submitted to the inevitably do), to doing the Joint Boards of AFTRA and SAG in early December, and if thousands other things—big and small—that keeps AFTRA’s approved, will be sent to the full memberships of both unions engine humming. For AFTRA, Terry has been “that guy”—the for their ratification vote. A big “thank-you” to all of the member one person in each organization whose job can’t be easily volunteers and staff involved in the negotiations, including described, but upon whose shoulders the smooth running Assistant National Executive Director Joan Halpern Weise of the organization truly rests. For thousands of AFTRA and New York Local Executive Director Stephen Burrow, and members over the past 30 years, most of whom have never especially to all the members around the nation who came out met him or even knew his name, he has made their lives as to the W&Ws and made their voices heard. union members better. For me, he has been a trusted and committed colleague and friend, who will be truly missed. With Exhibit A negotiations concluded, AFTRA members and staff must now refocus their attention to the individual Congratulations and good luck Terry, and our best wishes as negotiations for the Network Code “Front of the Book,” the you move “across the pond.” Your service and dedication to Sound Recordings Code, the Non-Broadcast/Industrial Code AFTRA members for the past three decades is without peer, and the AFTRA Interactive Agreement, each of which must and on their behalf—and mine—thank you. be renegotiated in 2011. In addition, AFTRA members must continue to negotiate local TV and radio station agreements In solidarity, throughout the nation during 2011. Given the importance of sustaining the long-term security of health and retirement plans for union members, increasing H&R contributions must be a priority issue in each negotiation, just as was the case Kim Roberts Hedgpeth with Exhibit A. As exemplified by Exhibit A and the NPR AFTRA National Executive Director
Dateline AFTRA Atlanta Celebrates Goodman’s 25 Years at AFTRA Atlanta Executive Director Melissa Annual Benefit Goodman was honored with an award commemorating her 25 years with the Union at the annual “Lend Me an Ear” benefit on Oct. 25.
(L-R) AFTRA members Doug Kaye, Jerry Immel and Dick Klinger (at the mic) pay tribute to Atlanta Executive Director Melissa Goodman (far right). Photo: Caran Wilbanks
Goodman’s kudos were rolled into the annual benefit by the Atlanta Tri-Union Radio Players, which raised more than $3,000 for the Atlanta Community Food Bank. That amount translates to more than $25,000 in grocery-buying power for the ACFB ($7.91 for every dollar). A packed house of 250 people attended the event at the New American Shakespeare Tavern, where the radio players—members of AFTRA and SAG—performed.
New Cop Drama in Chicago Creates Jobs and Generates Revenue
Ryan (“The Shield,” “Terriers”) has hired local performers for “The Chicago Code” (formerly titled “Ride-Along”), typically casting 10 to 15 per episode. “I hope this is just the beginning of the next wave of series to be shot here,” said AFTRA Chicago Local President Craig Dellimore. “Chicago is a great place to work and the local membership is loaded with talent!” The series stars Chicago native Jennifer Beals as the city’s first female police chief. The first 13 episodes are expected to generate $25 million and create more than 100 local acting jobs and an additional 300 in crew and support positions, according to the Illinois Film Office.
Through ticket sales and sponsorships, the show has raised more than $250,000 in the last decade, with proceeds benefiting the Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank, the AFTRA Pittsburgh Scholarship Fund and The Pittsburgh Promise, a city schools scholarship program.
AFTRA VP Butler Honored by BABJA
Pittsburgh Goes ‘Off the Record’
AFTRA Chicago members and the city are reaping the benefits of working on showrunner Shawn Ryan’s latest cop drama, “The Chicago Code.” From his first pitch for the show, Ryan, a Rockford, Ill. native, said at a recent press event for the program that he felt it had to be made in the Windy City.
Gubernatorial candidate Dan Onarato and actress Leslie Merrill McCombs gave lively rebuttal speeches to warm up the more than 900 audience members.
AFTRA National Vice President Bob Butler. Photo: Leslie Simmons/AFTRA
AFTRA Pittsburgh members Howard Elson and Wali Jamal perform at “Off the Record.” Photo: John Heller/Post-Gazette
Musical spoofs of news and newsmakers were par for the chorus on Oct. 7 as AFTRA Pittsburgh and the Newspaper Guild of Pittsburgh/CWA once again cosponsored the annual “Off the Record” performance at the Byham Theater. This year’s theme was healthcare in “Off the Record: Malpractice Blues!” a satire written by AFTRA member Dan Kamin and Gary Rotstein of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Thirteen AFTRA members starred in this year’s show, including present and former Local Board members David Early, David Flick, Wali Jamal, Nancy Mimless and Chuck Aber, as well as KDKA-TV evening anchor Ken Rice and political reporter Jon Delano. Democratic
AFTRA National Vice President Bob Butler was honored by the Bay Area Black Journalists Association (BABJA) with a lifetime achievement award at the group’s annual Young Journalists Scholarship Gala in San Francisco in October. Butler, who serves as BABJA’s president, was recognized for his contributions to the industry and support of young journalists. BABJA also awarded two scholarships to local Bay Area journalism students at the dinner gala. Butler started in broadcast journalism in 1979. In 1981, he was hired at KCBS Radio where he covered politics, disasters and economics and traveled throughout the United States and abroad. In 2005, he left his post for 18 months to serve as Director of Diversity for CBS Corporation, before returning. Butler is also the Chair of AFTRA’s EEO Committee and is Vice President of the National Association of Black Journalists.
Four Members Recognized as Radio Hall of Famers
Radio Hall of Famers (standing L-R) Jim Bohannon, Bob Edwards, (sitting L-R) Eddie Walker and Carl Kasell. Photo: Allen Clark
At its Sept. 20 meeting, the AFTRA Washington/Baltimore Local Executive Board recognized National Radio Hall of Fame inductees and Local AFTRA members Jim Bohannon (2003 inductee), Bob Edwards (2004 inductee), Eddie Walker (2009 inductee) and Carl Kasell (2010 inductee) for their achievements in the world of broadcast and their contributions to radio and AFTRA. Newest Hall of Fame inductee Carl Kasell became a news announcer for NPR’s “Weekend All Things Considered” in 1975. He then went on to serve as the news announcer for NPR’s “Morning Edition” for 30 years, and eventually became the official judge of NPR’s weekly quiz show “Wait Wait…Don’t Tell Me!”
AFTRA Twin Cities member Emily Zimmer Photo: Barb Kucera/ Workday Minnesota
Members Emily Zimmer, Shawn Hamilton and Eve Black brought to life three historically significant Minnesota labor leaders at the performances at the AFL-CIO Labor Pavilion. Zimmer engaged the crowd with her portrayal of fiery early feminist and Duluth Labor World founder, Sabrie Akin; Hamilton educated fairgoers about the civil rights significance of Frank Boyd, who became a national leader of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters; and Black won over her audience as Nellie Stone Johnson, one of Minnesota’s recent labor notables, who melded advocacy and activism through her involvement in labor, civil rights, government and education.
AFTRA Twin Cities also shared an info kiosk at the Pavilion with Actors’ Equity and the Twin Cities Musicians Local 30-73, AFM, where member volunteers engaged with fairgoers and distributed more than 1,000 colorful AFTRA rally fans and literature about the unions to the public.
together, at last.
The inaugural “Labor Day Tweet-a-Thon” was a joint project of the workers’ rights group, American Rights at Work, and AFTRA, Actors’ Equity, Screen Actors Guild and the Major League Baseball Players Association. Using the hashtags #unionmember, #AFTRAmember and #AFTRA, members “Tweeted” about the advantages of being a union member. Among the AFTRA members participating were National Vice Presidents Bob Butler and Denny Delk, National Treasurer Lainie Cooke, National Board Member D.W. Moffett, Foo Fighters guitarist Chris Shiflett, “White Collar” star Tim Matheson and “Community” star Yvette Nicole Brown.
Twin Cities Members Bring Labor History to Life at State Fair AFTRA members gave the Minnesota AFL-CIO a lively boost to its labor outreach efforts during the 12-day run of Labor Pavilion activities at the Minnesota State Fair, which took place from Aug. 26 to Sept. 6.
On Labor Day, AFTRA members took to their Twitter accounts and joined with other Union members around the country to “Tweet” in solidarity.
AFTRA Grant Assists Actors Fund Program AFTRA New York Assistant Executive Director Ralph Braun delivers a keynote at the annual “That’s Voiceover!” event in New York. Photo: Jeff Fasano
AFTRA members and staff were in the spotlight sharing insight and advice at “That’s Voiceover!” on Sept. 22 at the Times Center in New York. Ralph Braun, AFTRA New York’s Assistant Executive Director, was a keynote speaker discussing “The Union and Voiceover” at the oneday seminar and panel discussion. AFTRA members and professional voiceover actors Joe Cipriano, Cedering Fox, Rodd Houston, Bill Ratner and Valerie Smaldone participated as panelists for the event, offering their practical insights about voiceover as a craft and career. AFTRA member Alan Kalter hosted the evening. “That’s Voiceover!” was co-created by Rudy Gaskins and AFTRA member Joan Baker, who also served as panelists. The next “That’s Voiceover!” will be held in May in Los Angeles.
AFTRA National Executive Director Kim Roberts Hedgpeth was onhand Sept. 20 to formally present The Actors Fund with a check for its Looking Ahead program. Partially funded by AFTRA, Looking Ahead is an Actors Fund program tailored to help young performers and their families address the unique issues associated with working in the entertainment industry. The grant funds its new youth services specialist, Bonnie Wong, who will help plan and produce Looking Ahead’s social, leadership and community service events each year. Pictured (L-R) are Ray Bradford, AFTRA National EEO Director; Hedgpeth; the Actors Fund Leadership Council President Rebecca Knight and Vice President Savannah Linz; and Keith McNutt, Actors Fund Director, Western Region. Photo: Marina Martinez/AFTRA
AFTRA Los Angeles Delves Into Radio’s Past Before the Internet, cable and hi-definition television, there was radio, an integral part of home entertainment. And on Sept. 29 and Sept. 30, AFTRA Los Angeles recalled the past in presenting the second production of “AFTRA Radio Plays: A Tribute to the Golden Age of Radio.” The evening of radio plays held in AFTRA’s Frank Maxwell Boardroom was produced by the AFTRA Senior Caucus, chaired by David Westberg and directed by three AFTRA Los Angeles members. The plays included “The Thin Man,” directed by Marlan Clarke; “Sorry Wrong Number,” directed by Dea McAllister; and “My Favorite Husband,” directed by Clyde Sacks.
AFTRA Welcomes Edward Taub
Ease. It’s hard to come by, especially if you’re trying to get from home to shopping to social and cultural events. Not to mention recreation and health needs. That’s why we’re here. The Village at Sherman Oaks offers the Sherman Oaks lifestyle in an easy-to-access way – because so much of what you want and need is just outside your front door.
See how much more enjoyable life can be.
818 . 574. 3961
Edward Taub has joined AFTRA National staff as the National Representative/Northwest. Taub comes to AFTRA with a long career in the labor movement, working in various capacities as an internal organizer, lead negotiator and contract enforcement representative for the Oregon Federation of Nurses and Health Professionals/AFT, United Food and Commercial Workers and the Oregon School Employees Association. Prior to AFTRA, Taub worked with SEIU to develop a program to assist its Locals in building worksite-based union structures to maintain current members and recruit new members in right-to-work states.
INDEPENDENT & ASSISTED LIVING RETIREMENT RESIDENCES 5450 Vesper Avenue, Sherman Oaks RCFE #197603674
AFTRA National Board member and audiobook narrator Richard Ferrone (R) gives coaching tips to AFTRA Philadelphia broadcast member Pat Winters (L) during the Oct. 25 “Audiobooks A-Z” at the Hilton Garden Inn. A total of 44 performers gathered to participate in the presentation by Ferrone, who shared his wealth of knowledge and expertise in this growing industry and gave several audience members the opportunity to read and receive valuable coaching.
AFTRA Members, Staff in Spotlight at “That’s Voiceover!”
AFTRA Members Tweet for Solidarity
13 AFTRA Magazine
AFTRA Philadelphia Explores the A to Z of Audiobooks
What you want and what you need–
At the Table
The unions also agreed to modifications in the travel provisions of the contracts.
The new three-year agreement is subject to approval by the Highlights of the new tentative agreement include: Joint National Board of AFTRA and Screen Actors Guild, and • The term of the agreement is three years, commencing ratification by the unions’ memberships. The current contracts July 1, 2011 expire on June 30, 2011. • A 6% wage increase over the term of the agreement, with 2% in each of the three years, effective July 1, 2011, 2012 and 2013 Upcoming AFTRA Contract Expiration Dates • A 10% increase in the current rate of employer contributions paid to the AFTRA Health & Contract Expiration Retirement Funds and Screen Actors Guild Pension & Health Plans, bringing the total contribution rate Interactive Media M March 31, 2011 to 16.5% effective July 1, 2011. This represents the Non-Broadcast/Industrial April 30, 2011 largest dollar value increase to the plans, under Exhibit A (Primetime Dramatic) TV June 30, 2011 these contracts, since the plans were founded and Network Television Code “Front of the Book” Nov. 15, 2011 is the largest percentage increase to the plans in Television and Radio Commercials Contracts March 31, 2012 more than two decades
NPR Members Organize to Win Contract Battle In October, AFTRA members at National Public Radio voted overwhelmingly to ratify a new five-year contract with the nonprofit media organization. AFTRA represents approximately 400 employees of NPR, including hosts, newscasters, reporters, correspondents, editors, producers and librarians working in offices in Washington, D.C., San Francisco, Chicago, New York and Los Angeles, as well as in home studios and on international assignments. The previous contract expired on Sept. 30, 2010 but was extended twice to allow negotiations to continue because the parties had not reached an agreement. The sometimes contentious bargaining process, which took place at NPR headquarters in D.C., began on June 6 and the two sides reached a tentative agreement on Oct. 8 at 5 a.m., following a marathon 19-hour negotiating session. According to NPR Correspondent John Ydstie, co-chair of the AFTRA bargaining committee, “Management’s aggressive approach made this negotiation extremely difficult. We’re glad that it’s behind us and we have a contract we can support. Now it’s time for NPR’s talented AFTRA employees and the company’s management to join together to ensure this ‘national treasure’ is even stronger and more valuable to our audience in the future.”
One of the most important issues for AFTRA members during contract negotiations was the restoration of retirement savings account contributions by the company. Two years ago, management sought a decrease in the percentage of salary the company contributes to retirement savings accounts to offset financial losses as a result of the economic downturn. AFTRA members agreed to the decrease with the understanding that the company would restore the full contribution when the economic situation improved. During negotiations, the company proposed to make the lower percentage contribution permanent, but AFTRA members stood firm, rejecting the proposal. The new contract restores the contribution in stages over the life of the contract.
take your training to the next level NOW ENROLLING JANUARY 2011: Winter Workshop Session
Acting Technique Intensive with Ron Burrus, Script & Character Analysis with Ron Burrus, the Professional Actor’s Workshop with Brad Henke, Advanced Theatre Scene Study with H. Richard Greene, and the Weekend Teen Program with Jane Fleiss.
1017 North Orange Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90038
The only earphone proven to match the best calibrated loudspeaker monitoring
Throughout the negotiations, AFTRA members mobilized to show management that they were strong and united in their commitment to fight for a fair contract. Members of the bargaining committee used a variety of methods, including social networking tools like Facebook and Twitter, to communicate with each other and engage the public. In the final week of bargaining, union members staged a series of actions, like a silent march of hundreds of AFTRA members through NPR headquarters, which helped them make important gains in the late hours. “This was the toughest negotiation since we won the right to be recognized as a union. I think we prevailed on all the critical points,” said Nina Totenberg, Legal Affairs Correspondent and AFTRA member.
“The response is a spectacular + 1 dB from mid-bass through a quite high frequency above 12 kHz!” Tomlinson Holman,CAS Quarterly Spring 2010
On Nov. 7, AFTRA and SAG reached a tentative agreement with the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers (AMPTP) on successor agreements to Exhibit A of the AFTRA National Code of Fair Practice for Network Television Broadcasting (covering scripted network primetime and pay television programs) and the Producers-Screen Actors Guild Codified Basic Agreement (covering feature motion pictures, scripted network primetime television and pay television programs) and The CW Supplement which applies to both unions.
• Two additional background positions in theatrical and one additional background position in television in the Western Zones • An expansion of major role provisions to apply to new pay television series commencing in their second season • Expanded union coverage over made-for new media productions • Increases in the area of money and schedule breaks • Improved contract language to increase equal employment opportunities for union performers
15 AFTRA Magazine
Tentative Agreement Reached on Exhibit A
*compared to the ear canal response measured on a dubbing stage aligned correctly to SMPTE 202.
Visit www.etymotic.com to see the complete line of high accuracy, noise-isolating earphones and headsets.
AFTRA H&R Prescription Drug Program Changes Provide Savings, Convenience to Participants
pharmacy after the first two fills at a retail pharmacy, you will pay the entire cost of the medication.
Beginning in 2011, AFTRA members who participate in the AFTRA Health Plan will be required to use Medco Pharmacy for long-term medications and Medco’s Accredo Health Group specialty pharmacy for specialty drugs. These new requirements encourage participants to take advantage of the cost savings, added convenience and service from Medco Pharmacy and Accredo specialty pharmacy.
Also effective Jan. 1, 2011, Health Plan participants must fill prescriptions for specialty medications (high-cost pharmaceuticals with special administration, handling or clinical requirements) through Accredo specialty pharmacy. If you are a participant and you are already taking one or more specialty medications, or if you receive a new prescription for a specialty medication, you may fill each specialty prescription once (up to a 30-day supply) at a network retail pharmacy with the applicable retail co-payment. All subsequent prescriptions for each specialty medication must be filled through Accredo, which ships specialty medications in coordination with participants and their physicians. If you continue to purchase a specialty medication at a retail pharmacy, you will pay the entire cost of the medication.
Long-term medications Effective Jan. 1, 2011, prescriptions for long-term medications (taken for three months or more) must be filled through Medco Pharmacy. If you are a participant and you are already taking one or more long-term medications, or if you receive a new prescription for a long-term medication, you may fill each of your prescriptions twice at a network retail pharmacy, with the applicable retail co-payment. All subsequent prescriptions for each long-term medication must be filled through Medco Pharmacy, which ships medications directly to participants. If you continue to purchase a long-term medication at a retail
To learn more about these changes, refer to the September 2010 “Benefits Update,” which was mailed to all Plan participants and is available at www.aftrahr.com (go to “News and updates,” then “Benefits Updates”). You may also view
new FAQs at AFTRA H&R’s website (go to “FAQs,” then “Medco pharmacy FAQs” and “Specialty pharmacy FAQs”). If you have questions, call AFTRA H&R’s Participant Services at 800.562.4690.
I’ve already updated my address with AFTRA. Doesn’t H&R get that information?
Help AFTRA H&R Protect Your Personal Information While Managing Your Benefits
No. AFTRA and AFTRA H&R are separate legal entities, and there are regulatory restrictions on how the two organizations may share information. Always update your mailing address and business representative information with both AFTRA and AFTRA H&R.
How can you protect your personal information while ensuring that you receive important information about your benefits? Make sure that the AFTRA H&R always has your current mailing address on record. If you’ve directed AFTRA H&R to send correspondence to an agent or business manager, it’s also critical that AFTRA H&R has your current representative’s mailing address. To update your information, submit a completed Performer Address Change Form, available at www.aftrahr.com (go to “Forms,” then “General forms”).
How does AFTRA H&R protect my information? • AFTRA H&R never includes complete Social Security numbers in its mailings. • Mailings are sent only if you have verified your contact information with AFTRA H&R.
H&R works to identify and verify the current address utilizing outside resources, including the U.S. Postal Service’s National Change of Address (NCOA) database and third-party vendors. • AFTRA H&R follows all privacy rules under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
What can I do to help? Notify AFTRA H&R when you move or change representatives by completing a Performer Change of Address Form, available at www.aftrahr.com (go to “Forms,” then “General forms”). Also, watch for additional information about performer address changes and AFTRA H&R’s address verification efforts in the coming months.
• If a mailing is returned, AFTRA
• Earnings Statements – Qualification for health benefits and vesting for pension benefits depends upon accurate reporting of covered earnings. • Health Plan premium invoices – Nonpayment of premiums can result in a lapse of health coverage, or you may miss the opportunity to enroll yourself or a family member who qualifies. • Explanation of Benefits (EOBs) – EOBs provide important information about how your claims are processed, including your out-ofpocket costs. • Pension checks
AFTRA H&R regularly mails AFTRA members important information about their benefits. By keeping your address current, you help ensure that you and/ or your representative—but no one else—receives this information. Important AFTRA H&R mailings include:
17 AFTRA Magazine
What is at stake?
A look back at 2010
The 1976 Copyright Act includes a provision that allows an artist who transferred their rights in a sound recording to a label or other assignee on or after Jan. 1, 1978 to terminate that transfer and recover the rights to their masters 35 years after the date of transfer—but only if the artist gives proper notice. The first year to exercise this right is in 2013.
“It is important now for recording artists to know about their termination rights because in order to exercise these rights, artists must file a notice no later than 10 years and no sooner than two years before the effective date that they wish to reclaim a sound recording,” said AFTRA Associate General Counsel Terrie Bjorklund. “That means in order to be eligible to regain control of a 1978 recording at the earliest time possible, notice must be filed in 2011.”
An artist who transferred the rights of a master recording to a label on, for example, Jan. 1, 1978 would be eligible to regain ownership of that recording 35 years later on Jan. 1, 2013, as long as they filed a notice of termination by Jan. 1, 2011. While it is suggested that notice be served at the earliest possible date, there is a five-year window connected to the transfer of the copyright and/or the publication date, so more time may be available. However, the notice requirements are stringent and the importance of artists to follow the rules correctly in order to succeed in recovering their copyrights is important. There are many nuances in the law that could potentially impact the reversion of rights for artists’ sound recordings. As with any legal issue, in order to preserve all their rights, an artist should consult with an attorney specializing in this area about their copyright interests. Some of the rules for filing notice include: • The notice of termination must be in writing and must state, among other things, the effective date of the termination. • The notice must be served on the record company or successor. It must then be filed with the U.S. Copyright Office within the correct notice period and contain the proper information. • Any notice that is not sent in a timely manner or in proper form can result in the forfeiture of an artist’s termination rights.
The purpose of providing termination rights in the 1976 Copyright Act was to protect authors/artists by leveling the playing field between them and the companies to which they transferred their rights in their creative work. The intent was to give typically new young authors the right to recapture their copyrights after 35 years when the value of those copyrights could have significantly increased. It would also put authors in a position to either renegotiate more favorable contracts with publishers or exploit their own copyrighted works. “This is a complicated area with many unsettled issues,” Bjorklund said. “It is important that artist members who believe they are affected by this law should consult expert attorneys practicing in this area.”
In order to be eligible to regain control of a 1978 recording at the earliest time possible, notice must be filed in 2011.
AFTRA WELCOMES AMC TO L.A. AFTRA and the Paley Center for Media in Beverly Hills co-hosted a panel discussion and party for “All My Children,” welcoming the cast to Los Angeles and celebrating the daytime serial’s 40th anniversary. The panel discussion featured cast members, including show vets Susan Lucci and Julia Barr, as well as Bobbie Eakes, Melissa Claire Egan, Vincent Irizarry, Debbi Morgan, the show’s executive producer Julie Hanan Carruthers and special guest Agnes Nixon, the show’s legendary creator.
HOLLYWOOD LABOR GATHERS TO GIVE VOICE TO THE VOICELESS In honor of International Women’s Day, the Women’s Committees of AFTRA, Screen Actors Guild, Writers Guild of America, West, with the Producers Guild of America presented “Out of Silence: Readings from the Afghan Women’s Writing Project,” an evening of readings at the Museum of Tolerance in Los Angeles. Featured readers included Nancy Travis, Summer Bishil, Nadia Bjornlin, Conchata Ferrell, Jodi Long, Nichelle Nichols, Teal Sherer, Bahar Soomekh and Marica Wallace.
In January, AFTRA National Executive Director Kim Roberts Hedgpeth (L) and AFTRA National President Roberta Reardon (R) welcomed the cast of “All My Children,” including star Susan Lucci (middle) to Los Angeles. Photo: Disney-ABC Television Group
FEBRUARY AFTRA ICONS HONORED More than 300 AFTRA members and supporters turned out to The Plaza Hotel in New York to honor five AFTRA Icons in media and entertainment for the annual AFTRA Media and Entertainment Excellence Awards, a benefit for the AFTRA Foundation. Receiving honors were Spanish-language recording artist Juanes, broadcast journalist Robin Roberts and the past and present cast members of “Sesame Street.” Broadcast veteran Charles Osgood and music legend Sam Moore were honored with AMEE Lifetime Achievement Awards for decades of excellence in their respective fields. AMEE honoree Juanes has a moment with “Sesame Street’s” Zoe and Rosita on the red carpet. Photo: Getty Images
BOARD APPROVES JOINT BARGAINING The AFTRA National Board unanimously voted to approve a recommendation by a subcommittee of the AFTRA Strategy Cabinet to formally engage in joint bargaining under Phase One terms with SAG for the AFTRA Primetime Television Contract (Exhibit A of the Network Television Code) and the SAG Television and Theatrical Agreement.
AFTRA WELCOMES NEW CHICAGO LOCAL EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR AFTRA welcomed Eric Chaudron as the new Executive Director of the AFTRA Chicago Local. Chaudron replaced Eileen Willenborg, who retired after decades of service to AFTRA. A NEW UNION FOR A NEW WORLD AFTRA’s top-five national officers published an open letter in AFTRA Magazine calling on union members to create a vision for a new union for members working in entertainment and news media.
APRIL AFTRA BOLSTERS NATIONAL ORGANIZING STAFF AFTRA announced the hiring of new staff in the National Organizing Department. The new positions are part of the organizing infrastructure enhancement approved by delegates to the 2009 AFTRA National Convention in Chicago. LABOR MOBILIZES AFTRA member Teal Sherer FOR PRA performs at “Out of Silence: Readings from the Afghan AFTRA President Roberta Women’s Writing Project.” Reardon joined AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka, (former) American Federation of Musicians President Tom Lee and AFTRA recording artist Peter Yarrow in Washington, D.C., to outline a new labor push for the Performance Rights Act.
Artists who transferred the rights to their sound recordings in 1978 take note: You may soon be eligible to regain ownership of your recordings under the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976.
19 AFTRA Magazine
Termination of Rights for Master Recordings to Take Effect
AFTRA NATIONAL BOARD APPROVES ONE-YEAR NET CODE EXTENSION The AFTRA National Board of Directors unanimously approved an extension to the AFTRA Network Television Code, which was set to expire in November. The contract expires Nov. 15, 2011.
AFTRA INITIATIVE FOCUSES ON REPORTER ACCESS IN GULF AFTRA launched an Access 4 Media initiative to monitor denial of access and censorship reports by journalists covering the Deepwater Horizon explosion and its aftermath in the Gulf. MEMBERS RATIFY NEW CODE EXTENSION Following the National Board’s lead, AFTRA members overwhelmingly voted to ratify a one-year extension to the 2007-2010 AFTRA National Code of Fair Practice for Network Television Broadcasting. IAMPWD GOES GLOBAL The Fédération Internationale des Acteurs (FIA) endorsed the tri-union global Inclusion in the Arts & Media of People with Disabilities (IAMPWD) campaign.
AFTRA member Jeremy Redleaf with AFL-CIO Secretary-Treasurer Elizabeth Shuler at the Next Up Young Workers Summit.
AFTRA’S YOUTH REPPED AT NEXT UP AFTRA member Jeremy Redleaf was a featured guest at the AFL-CIO’s Next Up Young Workers Summit in Washington, D.C., speaking about the importance of being an active young union member.
AFTRA AND SOUND EXCHANGE PARTNER TO DISTRIBUTE MONIES SoundExchange began sending out payments totaling $54.8 million to recording artists and sound recording copyright holders. AFTRA formed a partnership with the organization to identify and distribute royalties owed to AFTRA member recording artists.
HALL SPEAKS AT WHITE HOUSE’S ADA CEREMONY AFTRA member and IAMPWD Co-chair Robert David Hall delivered remarks at the White House’s ceremony for the 20th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act. LIGHTS! CAMERA! ACCESS! Another ADA 20th anniversary celebration in Los Angeles featured U.S. Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis, who joined President Reardon and members of the tri-union IAMPWD campaign for “Lights! Camera! Access!” at the Television Academy. The event was co-hosted by the Office of Disability Employment Policy. GOLF CLASSIC RAISES MONEY FOR FRANK NELSON FUND More than 40 celebrities took to the greens of Mountain Gate Country Club in Los Angeles to raise more than $60,000 for AFTRA’s Frank Nelson Memorial Sick & Benefit Fund.
AFTRA ISSUES DO NOT WORK ORDER AGAINST “SORDID LIVES” COMPANIES A “Do Not Work” order was issued against Stanley Brooks and his company, Once Upon A Time Films Ltd., after an arbitrator found the companies liable for nearly $1.2 million in unpaid residuals, health and retirement contributions and late payment penalties.
approve a package of proposals for the Joint Primetime TV/ Theatrical Negotiations with the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers. In July, Cleveland Cavaliers Coach Byron Scott hosted the inaugural Frank Nelson Fund Celebrity Golf Classic. Scott, pictured with golf classic chair Jon Joyce (L) and AFTRA Los Angeles President Ron Morgan (R), and his team also took top honors. Photo: Karine Simon
AFTRA, SAG AND AMPTP BEGIN NEGOTIATIONS Primetime TV/ Theatrical negotiations commenced on Sept. 27 at the AMPTP headquarters in Sherman Oaks, Calif., under a press blackout.
OCTOBER PRESIDENTS’ FORUM FOR ONE UNION MEETS Representatives of AFTRA and SAG Presidents’ Forum for One Union met at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Los Angeles to begin joint discussions about uniting to form a single union.
ANNUAL IVY AWARDS HONORS DIVERSITY AFTRA, Actors’ Equity and SAG honored CCH Pounder, writer/producer Yvette Lee Bowser, Kal Penn and the Deaf West Theatre Company at the annual Ivy Bethune Tri-Union Diversity Awards at the Colony Theatre in Burbank.
MEMBERS HONORED AT MEDIA ACCESS AWARDS The 2010 Media Access Awards, which celebrate the inclusion of Disability in the Media and Entertainment Industries, honored several AFTRA members at its annual awards breakfast in Beverly Hills, including Danny Woodburn, Christopher Thornton, Atticus Shaffer and the late Darcy Pohland.
SEPTEMBER MEMBERS ‘TWEET’ UNION PRIDE FOR LABOR DAY TWEET-A-THON AFTRA members, including Chris Shiflett of the Foo Fighters, awardwinning broadcaster Bob Butler and actor D.W. Moffett joined fellow union members for a Labor Day Tweet-aThon, put together by American Rights at Work.
NOVEMBER AFTRA, SAG AND AMPTP REACH AGREEMENT After a marathon 20-hour negotiating session, AFTRA and SAG reached a tentative agreement with the AMPTP on successor agreements to the unions’ respective TV and Theatrical contracts. AFTRA member Dawnn Lewis (L) presented
The cast of “As The World Turns” assembled FAREWELL TO “AS for a 50th anniversary photo in 2006. THE WORLD TURNS” Photo: Damaso Reyes/Telenext Media After 54 years, the CBS daytime drama and AFTRA members Pat Harvey, AFTRA program “As the World Turns” went off the air.
THE W&W PROCESS BEGINS Joint AFTRA and SAG Wages & Working Conditions meetings began around the country in preparation for negotiation of the AFTRA Exhibit A and SAG TV/Theatrical contract, which expires on June 30, 2011.
AFTRA WELCOMES NEW NATIONAL HEAD OF NEWS & BROADCAST Mary Cavallaro returned to AFTRA to head up the Union’s News and Broadcast Department as Assistant National Executive Director for News and Broadcast.
Geri Jewell and Anita Hollander with AFTRA EEO Director Ray Bradford at the Media Access Awards.
AFTRA WEBSITE, MAGAZINE BOARD OKS JOINT “Living Single” creator Yvette Lee Bowser WIN LABOR MEDIA AWARDS BARGAINING FOR (R) with her Ivy Award. Bowser was AFTRA’s The International Labor NON-BROADCAST honoree at the annual event. Photo: Todd Williamson/WireImage Communications Association awarded The National Board unanimously AFTRA.com two first place awards and voted to conduct W&W meetings and AFTRA Magazine, a second place honors in its 2010 Labor negotiation of the 2011 AFTRA Non-Broadcast, Industrial Media Awards. and Educational Recorded Material jointly with Screen Actors Guild. JOINT BOARD APPROVES TV/THEATRICAL PROPOSALS The Joint National Board of AFTRA and SAG met via videoconference plenary in Los Angeles and New York to
ACCESS 4 MEDIA WINS PR AWARD The Public Relations Society of America’s Los Angeles Chapter awarded AFTRA’s national Access4Media campaign an award for best Cause-Related Marketing Campaign by a Non-Profit.
21 AFTRA Magazine
AFTRA IN ACTION: Fighting
Aside from entertaining and informing the world, the product of AFTRA members’ creativity is a huge economic driver, contributing to millions of jobs and billions of dollars in revenue to the U.S. economy. The film, television and music industries are responsible for 2.4 million jobs, and more than $40 billion in wages to our economy, according to various industry statistics. In the largest economy on the planet, the entertainment industry is one of the few in the United States where we actually have a trade surplus.
Unfortunately, our industries are under attack. As innovations in Internet technology advance more and more rapidly, it is easier than ever for your work to be stolen online. Right now, digital theft of the music and television programs that AFTRA members create is rampant. Illegal file sharing costs 140,000 jobs and $5.5 billion annually. That’s why fighting copyright theft is an important part of AFTRA’s mission to protect every members’ ability to earn a living as a creative professional. As people who work in the industry, members likely understand the unique way the music and television businesses are structured. Unlike other industries, the entertainment industry’s DIGITAL THEFT TIMELINE AFTRA and our partners in labor and the entertainment industries have been working together and actively speaking out against digital theft online. Here is a timeline of recent statements and actions since delegates to the 2009 AFTRA National Convention passed a resolution committing our Union to the fight against online digital theft.
Aug. 9, 2009 Delegates to the 62nd AFTRA National Convention in Chicago unanimously pass CVR 09, which includes supporting the public policy goal of delivering broadband Internet access to all Americans.
business models tie creators, artists, craftspeople and workers to the success of the works they create. Consider this: for recording artists represented by AFTRA, fully 90% of members’ earnings are tied to the sales of physical product and lawful downloads. For middle class actors, approximately half of a working actor’s earnings are dependent on “downstream revenues,” whether it is residuals, payments for DVD sales or downloads, sales to supplemental markets or other “after market” earnings. So, when someone goes online to a so-called “pirate” site, they’re not just stealing music or a TV show—they’re stealing the wages of AFTRA members, and robbing them of a secure retirement and the opportunity to qualify for health insurance. They’re robbing the rest of the country, too. The music and television industries are structured to fuel future creativity. The initial release of a television program, for example, is just the beginning of the process for our employers to recoup an investment and make a return. What drives the business that employs AFTRA members is the “after market”—whether cable, DVD, video-on-demand (VOD), foreign sales or TV syndication. Oct. 23, 2009 AFTRA, DGA, IATSE and SAG issue a joint statement applauding the FCC for recognizing the Internet must be a safe and secure place for lawful content.
Sept. 25, 2009 AFTRA, DGA, IATSE, SAG and WGAW support the nomination of Victoria Espinel to Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator.
If we are to successfully find a solution to the problem, we have to work together. AFTRA has already partnered with Screen Actors Guild, the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees and the Directors Guild of America to engage elected leaders on this issue. We’re partnering with studios, record labels and independent producers to show that we have a common commitment to fight digital theft. These partnerships are a critical part of an approach that reaches out not only to important decision makers in the legislative and public policy arena, but also to the general public and in our own community. The Union needs all AFTRA members to be part of this fight, and lead by example. The first step is that every AFTRA member must commit to not illegally download material from the Internet. Next, educate friends and family about the many legal websites where television programs, films and music can be legally downloaded. In the coming months, AFTRA may call on its members to take action on these important issues—members who have an important personal stake in this fight. It’s important the membership stand with the Union as it attacks the problem, and secure the future.
Mar. 2, 2010 The AFL-CIO Executive Council adopts a statement submitted by the Department for Professional Employees on behalf of the AFL-CIO affiliated entertainment unions and guilds, offering detailed analysis of the harm done to U.S. workers by piracy.
Mar. 24, 2010 AFTRA joins a wide coalition of industry groups to urge the government to bolster intellectual property protection and to protect the jobs and wages lost because of content theft.
▲ Dec. 15, 2009 AFTRA, DGA, IATSE and SAG meet with Vice President Joe Biden to discuss intellectual property rights and piracy.
Mar. 31, 2010 AFTRA, DGA, IATSE and SAG applaud President Obama for recognizing the importance of protecting IP.
Jaroo MTV Video myLifetime Video NBC Video Netflix Watch Instantly Nick.com Videos PBS Kids Go! Video PlayStation Store Road Runner Video Store ShowTime Previews SlashControl Sling Superpass TBS Videos TheWB TNT DramaVision TV Land Video Player TV.com Video USA Network Full Episodes VH1 Full Episodes Vudu Xbox Live Marketplace Zune Video Source: www.mpaa.org
arre now now more more than than 11 million milli mil illion lega llegal egall trac ttracks rack ks onl ks onli line ine There are online and 400 licensed music services available worldwide, compared to less than 50 licensed music services in 2003. MusicUnited.org has compiled a list websites where you may legally download music from the Internet: 7Digital AmazonMP3 AOL Music Artist Direct BearShare version 6 or higher Download Fundraiser Emusic iLike iMesh iTunes
MP3.com MySpace Music Napster Pro-Music Qtrax Rhapsody Vevo Yahoo! Music You Tube Zune
June 22, 2010 AFTRA, DGA, IATSE and SAG recognize the White House’s Joint Strategic Plan on Intellectual Property Enforcement.
ABC.com Video Player Amazon Video on Demand Blockbuster Online Bravo Videos Cartoon Network Video CBS Video CinemaNow Comedy Central Video Crackle Criterion Online The CW Video Discovery Channel Videos Disney Video Epix Fancast Film Fresh Fox.com Video Player FX Networks HBO GO Hulu IMDb Video iTunes Jaman
AFTRA members create the music and television programs that are among the most visible and most universally enjoyed forms of intellectual property in the world. AFTRA members’ work is a global cultural and artistic force, playing a unique and critical role in our society as a source of entertainment and information.
Protecting our members’ livelihoods is the fundamental mission of AFTRA, and digital copyright theft is one of the gravest threats to our members’ ability to earn a living that we have ever faced. Since technology isn’t static, we have to recognize that the problem is only going to get worse—unless we make the fight to protect the works of our members our greatest priority. Any solution to digital theft must be one that balances the rights of the creative talent and craftspeople who make this special intellectual property with the rights of those who use the Internet as a means to watch members work. As Congress and the FCC weigh approaches to so-called “Network Neutrality,” we need to ensure that a free and open Internet doesn’t mean that content is free, and that the Internet is vulnerable to widespread theft of copyrighted works.
There are many websites where consumers can legally view streamed content. The Motion Picture Association of America has provided a list of sites where you can download/stream movies, TV shows and music:
Aug. 16, 2010 AFTRA, DGA, IATSE and SAG, join MPAA and studio representatives to meet with officials from ICE to discuss “Operation in Our Sites” and the Administration’s anti-theft efforts.
▲ Aug. 12, 2010 AFTRA, DGA, IATSE, SAG and MPAA submit a joint filing to the FCC regarding Net Neutrality.
Sept. 29, 2010 AFTRA, DGA, IATSE and SAG send a joint letter to Senators Leahy and Sessions in support of S. 3804.
▲ Sept. 20, 2010 AFTRA, DGA, IATSE and SAG issue a joint statement applauding the introduction of Senate Bill 3804 (S. 3804), the “Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act.”
Copyright Theft a Priority
What digital theft does is destroy the very after markets that make it possible to create new works and new employment opportunities for AFTRA members. Digital theft destroys these industries from the bottom up, and AFTRA members aren’t the only ones who suffer—the public, who wants access to the vibrant entertainment our members create, also suffers.
ICE Intellectual Property Rights Investigations
1134 So. Robertson Blvd., Ste. 2 Los Angeles, CA 90035
General, Cosmetic 310-550-5888 & Implant Dentistry www.ladigitaldentistry.com
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)—the largest investigative arm of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)—plays a leading role in investigating the production, smuggling and distribution of counterfeit products and combating intellectual property rights (IPR) violations. The federal government considers digital theft a serious crime. In June 2010, ICE announced the launch of “Operation in Our Sites,” an initiative aimed at Internet counterfeiting and digital theft.
Under this new initiative, authoritie s can seize the domain names of sites offering films, often within hours of their theatrical release. Websites can be shuttered and assests from those busineses can be seized.
New dental implant program. Greatly reduced fees for new patients. Call to inquire. Teeth Whitening Special
Limited time offer to AFTRA/SAG members only with this ad
10% off to AFTRA/SAG members for any additional services
Do Your Part: Report a Crime The National IPR Center encourages members of the general public, industry, trade associations, law enforcement and government agencies to report violations of intellectual property rights through its website at http://www.ice.gov /iprcenter/iprreferral.htm.
In Los Angeles, Stan Chambers is a household name to thousands of Angelenos who have grown up watching him report from the field for KTLA Channel 5. And while that “legendary” status may not necessarily boil over to the rest of the United States, Chambers’ contribution to TV journalism is historic. In 1949, Chambers covered the tragic and unsuccessful rescue of 3-year-old Kathy Fiscus, who fell into an abandoned well in San Marino, Calif. His marathon 27-hour live coverage of the Fiscus tragedy has been recognized as the first live television coverage of a breaking news story. This past summer, Chambers, 88, a member of AFTRA since 1951, retired from KTLA, after an unprecedented and remarkable 60-plus-year career in television. Chambers leaves behind a legacy at KTLA, including his grandson Jaime Chambers (also an AFTRA member), who is following in his grandfather’s footsteps as a news reporter at the station. Chambers took some time to talk with AFTRA’s National Communications Manager Leslie Simmons to reflect on his retirement, the business and the Fiscus event and its impact on television reporting. To read the entire Q&A with Chambers, go to www.aftra.com/StanChambers.htm.
s for KTLA ear ly in his Stan Chambers report of an oil ref inery fire. career from the scene
A: I imagine, at that time, you also had unprecedented access to information, the scene of the event, things that reporters have difficulty getting access to today.
KTLA in the
early 1950 s.
AFTRA: We hear that even though you’re “retired,” you actually are still going over to KTLA almost on a daily basis. What are you working on? STAN CHAMBERS: I’m finishing a book, so that fills my time nicely. It’s a personal history of 63 years of live television. A: Do you miss being out there? C: Oh yes. I think I always will, because it’s there, and I’m here. It’s been a privilege that I have been able to be at that station for such a long period of time and I was able to see where we were and where we’re going and where we are now. A: Your big break was covering the Kathy Fiscus tragedy. Tell us your memories of that day. C: It really was the first time that anything like that had ever been done. Very few people had television sets at the time. This was so unique, so emotional and so powerful. Neighbors told neighbors. People went over to the homes of their neighbors’ homes who had TV sets to watch it. They slept in their living rooms that night, waiting for information. It made such a big impact on the community. Everybody was emotionally bound to this rescue attempt. It triggered the start of television. A: And in 1949, there were more radios than TVs in the living room, correct? C: Yes. Most people didn’t own television sets. There were maybe 500 or 1,000 televisions in the city. So, when people
A: So, it sounds like you feel there is a loss of quality when you have one person doing everything.
C: I think that’s very true. The cameras were a respectful distance away. But we were able to talk to everybody. We made the decision not to talk to the Fiscus family because of the emotional issue. We never did during the entire time. But it was a universally shared emotion of hope, and then despair. And it happened over the weekend, so people weren’t going to work and I think there were some people who actually watched it for the entire 27 hours. Chambers working on get ting the story from A: Was live 24-hour coverage something that was already done on radio? C: I don’t truthfully know how much live (on the scene) radio they did in those days. I don’t think very much, because radio still had very complicated equipment to transmit for broadcast. They couldn’t easily go over to a scene. So, this was all so new and people had never experienced something like this before—spending the entire weekend watching it and the tragedy. People really realized that the electronic media—radio and television—was a great source for news and that changed the whole thing. A: You’ve seen it all, but is there a story you wish you had covered, but didn’t? C: No. To this day, when we go to the live scene of a news story, you don’t know what’s going to happen until you get there. It’s that emotional surge about what’s happening and what can we do? Where’s our equipment? Can we get out there? Can we call in more people? It’s an attempt to do the impossible. You’re out there and able to show what’s happening
Los Angeles Count y
at that moment. The thing we didn’t have back then, and we have now, is videotape and the ability to record and edit and get it on national networks. A: The news broadcast industry has changed so much over the years since you started. What do you think were some of the most significant changes? C: The big thing that happened was the development of the cameras and the equipment that allows you to stay on the air for 24 hours. With the Fiscus tragedy, you had the technical ability to bring people to the scene of the rescue attempt. But you also had all kinds of challenges. If you have a mountain blocking the transmission off Mount Wilson, you learned to send another crew to that mountain peak to relay the signal. You don’t have to do that today. All the early years of live news broadcasts, you learned so much and helped develop technical equipment that’s needed to tell the story right. A: How do you feel about the so-called “One Man Band” trend?
C: All you need is a camera and someone to record, and a person to report. And that’s the basics. The whole element that transmits the reality of the story is the camera at the scene, and the reporter is really, in effect, adding to the coverage that the TV camera is getting at the scene. In many respects, the camera is everything. That is what tells the story. The reporter is next because they’re able to get the people involved in the story—their attitude and outlook. And then the TV audience becomes part of the story when it’s on the air and live from the scene and they experience the news event as it takes place. Of course, we’re all used to it, so TV doesn’t have the powerful drama it used to have, except when there are big emotional situations. A: You joined AFTRA in 1951. Looking back as a member, did you ever have an “AFTRA moment” where your union came through for you or where you realized the benefit of being a union member and having union protection? C: Oh yes. And the continual thing is the ability to help the people, the members. On the medical side, it’s always been there and it’s probably the best in the whole world. I can’t believe what AFTRA has done for individual members through its health and retirement benefits. We’re just very fortunate to get such real help when we need it, and such real assistance in specific and serious things. We’re doing quite well and I’m very impressed with the coverage AFTRA gives us. I have 11 children and over the years, we have had many levels of help through AFTRA. We are in the entertainment business, and AFTRA’s developed a maturity and efficiency. I would say we probably have one of the finest unions in the world.
n Chambers and KTLA All photos courtesy Sta
Chambers, aboard the KTLA Helicopter.
C: It’s a tough job to do when it’s just one person. I think a full crew has a more objective style to get better news coverage. If you are the crew, then you’ve got to be an engineer, and you can’t be the engineer and be on the air, so you have to have a tech crew. You have to have people who know how to use the equipment and make the most of it.
27 AFTRA Magazine
watched this at the neighbor’s house and slept on the floor, they felt the emotional impact and suffering throughout this ordeal. And the end line was that they all bought television sets. Sales of television sets went up rapidly after that.
From the mime work of Lorene Yarnell, to the matriarchs of daytime television, Frances Reid and Helen Wagner, to the southern charm of Rue McClanahan and Dixie Carter, to the smooth voice of Teddy Pendergrass, the twang of Jimmy Dean and the screech of Ronnie James Dio, to the dashing good looks of Robert Culp, Tony Curtis and James MacArthur, to the forever youth of Gary Coleman and Corey Haim and the trademark voice of Charlie O’Donnell welcoming us to “Wheel of Fortune” to the legendary New York Yankees announcer Bob Sheppard, We Remember… Florence Aliano • Actor • Phoenix • 1991
Sid C Conrad d•A Actor t • Los L Angeles A l • 1953
John Aylesworth • Announcer • Los Angeles • 1963
Robert Culp • Actor • Los Angeles • 1952
James Bacon • Actor • Los Angeles • 1958
Tony Curtis • Actor • Los Angeles • 1951
Maureen Bailey • Actor • Los Angeles • 2000
Elzbieta Czyzewska • Actor • New York • 2009
Tab Baker • Actor • Chicago • 1989
John Dankworth • Announcer • New York • 1966
Thomas Basham • Actor • Phoenix • 1998
Dana Dawson • Actor • New York • 1985
Michael Been • Singer • Los Angeles • 1968
Greg Dawson • Actor • Los Angeles • 1981
Barbara Billingsley • Actor • Los Angeles • 1954
Jimmy Dean • Actor • New York • 1955
Frank Borgholtzer • Newsperson • Los Angeles • 1969
Chris Dedrick • Singer • New York • 1967
Tom Bosley • Actor • Los Angeles • 1948
George DiCenzo • Actor • Los Angeles • 1972
Himan Brown • Actor • New York • 1939
Ronnie James Dio • Singer • Los Angeles • 1983
Tom Dixon • Announcer • Los Angeles • 1950
Bill Mullikin • Actor • Los Angeles • 1957
Peter Haskell • Actor • Los Angeles • 1960
Patricia Neal • Actor • New York • 1947
Walter Hawkins • Singer • San Francisco • 1969
Marjorie Nelson • Actor • Seattle • 1946
Anne “Lucky” Hayes • Actor • Phoenix • 1978
Edwin Newman • Newsperson • New York • 1961
June Havoc • Actor • New York • 1942
Vince O’Brien • Actor • New York • 1946
John Henning • Newsperson • Boston • 1965
Charles O’Donnell • Announcer • Los Angeles • 1958
Paul Herlinger • Actor • Seattle • 1958
Merlin Olsen • Actor • Los Angeles • 1964
Dennis Hopper • Actor • Los Angeles • 1956
Michael Pataki • Actor • Los Angeles • 1958
Lena Horne • Actor • Los Angeles • 1941
Fess Parker • Actor • Los Angeles • 1955
Bobby Hoy • Actor • Los Angeles • 1965
Harvey Pekar • Specialty Act • Cleveland • 1987
Jim Huston • Actor • Houston • 1977
Tony Peluso • Singer • Los Angeles • 1973
Lamont Johnson • Actor • Los Angeles • 1991
Teddy Pendergrass • Singer • Philadelphia • 1972
Paul Johnson • Newsperson • Los Angeles • 1961
Darcy Pohland • Newsperson • Twin Cities • 1992
Larry Keith • Actor • New York • 1950
Mike Pulsipher • Newsperson • San Francisco • 1980
Kip King • Actor • Los Angeles • 1957
Lynn Redgrave • Actor • Los Angeles • 1967
Robin King • Announcer • San Francisco • 1963
Frances Reid • Actor • Los Angeles • 1941
Frances Kuyper • Actor • Los Angeles • 1971
Dan Resin • Actor • New York • 1967
Jodean Lawrence • Actor • San Francisco • 1969
Pernell Roberts • Actor • Los Angeles • 1955
Abbey Lincoln • Singer • New York • 1956
Aaron Ruben • Announcer • Los Angeles • 1972
Art Linkletter • Specialty Act • Los Angeles • 1939
Zelda Rubinstein • Actor • Los Angeles • 1978
Mark Linkous • Singer • New York • 1995
George Shangrow • Announcer • Seattle • 1988
Ron Lundy • Disc Jockey • New York • 1965
Bob Sheppard • Announcer • New York • 1980
James MacArthur • Actor • Los Angeles • 1958
Gary Shider • Singer • Detroit • 1983
Simon MacCorkindale • Actor • Los Angeles • 1981
Cesare Siepi • Singer • New York • 1951
Joe Mantell • Actor • Los Angeles • 1946
Jean Simmons • Actor • Los Angeles • 1951 Cynthia Songé • Actor • Los Angeles • 1985
Nancy Dolman • Actor • Los Angeles • 1980
Bob Sprague • Announcer • Pittsburgh • 1966
Harold Dow • Newsperson • New York • 1969
Van Snowden • Actor • Los Angeles • 1966
Robert Ellenstein • Actor • Los Angeles • 1949
James Stovall • Dancer • New York • 1984
Keith “Guru” Elam • Singer • New York • 1992
Allen Swift • Actor • New York • 1947
Glenn Falkenstein • Specialty Act • Los Angeles • 1970
28 AFTRA Magazine
The voice of “Wheel of Fortune,” Charles O’Donnell, died Nov. 1 of natural causes. He was 78. Photo: Carol Kaelson/Califon Productions, Inc.
Ernie Harwell • Announcer • Detroit • 1946
Jack Sydow • Actor • Los Angeles • 1952
Peter Fernandez • Actor • New York • 1941
Mary Mon Toy • Actor • New York • 1955
Doug Fieger • Singer • Los Angeles • 1979 Comic Greg Giraldo, a judge on the AFTRA program “Last Comic Standing,” died Sept. 29. He was 44. Photo: Adam Taylor/ NBC
David Fisher • Singer • Los Angeles • 1967 Eddie Fisher • Singer • New York • 1948 Irene Cagen Forrest • Actor • Los Angeles • 1961 John Forsythe • Actor • Los Angeles • 1946 Norm Chandler Fox • Announcer • Los Angeles • 1994 Gary Froseth • Newsperson • Washington, D.C. • 1965
James Wall • Actor • New York • 1954 Helen Wagner, who played “As the World Turns” matriarch Nancy Hughes, died May 1 at the age of 91. Photo: CBS Photo Archive
James Gammon • Actor • Los Angeles • 1990 Ronald Gans • Actor • Los Angeles • 1950 Lorn Brown • Announcer • Phoenix • 1963
Art Gilmore • Announcer • Los Angeles • 1937
Dick Buckley • Actor • Chicago • 1949
Greg Giraldo • Specialty Act • New York • 1994
Solomon Burke • Singer • Los Angeles • 1961
Al Goodman • Singer • New York • 1970
Stephen J. Cannell • Actor • Los Angeles • 1985
Carl Gordon • Actor • New York • 1971
Eddie Carroll • Actor • Los Angeles • Actor • 1960
Harold Gould • Actor • Los Angeles • 1962
Dixie Carter • Actor • New York • 1967
Peter Graves • Actor • Los Angeles • 1954
Claiborne Cary • Actor • New York • 1954
Kathryn Grayson • Actor • Los Angeles • 1941
Chao-Li Chi • Actor • Los Angeles • 1952
Margaret Gwenver • Actor • New York • 1951
Hank Cochran • Singer • Nashville • 1962
Corey Haim • Actor • Los Angeles • 1987
Gary Coleman • Actor • Los Angeles • 1976
Ted Hallaman • Announcer • Cleveland • 1965
Kenny Marino • Actor • New York • 1969 Rory Markas • Sportscaster • Los Angeles • 1988
Helen Wagner • Actor • New York • 1946 Harry Wappler • Specialty Act • Seattle • 1969 Tom “T-Bone” Wolk • Singer • New York • 1986 Jadin Wong • Dancer • New York • 1982 Ali Ollie Woodson • Singer • Los Angeles • 1984 Lorene Yarnell • Specialty Act • Los Angeles • 1963
Members are listed by name, official AFTRA category, Local and the year they joined.
Nan Martin • Actor • Los Angeles • 1958 Kevin McCarthy • Actor • Los Angeles • 1942 Rue McClanahan • Actor • Los Angeles • 1963 Dave McElhatton • Newsperson • San Francisco • 1952 Caroline McWilliams • Actor • Los Angeles • 1969 Sam Menning • Actor • Los Angeles • 1958 Corinne Michaels • Actor • Los Angeles • 1962 Mitch Miller • Specialty Act • New York • 1951 James Mitchell • Actor • New York • 1951
Correction: In the Summer 2010 issue of AFTRA Magazine, AFTRA actor member Jerry Adler was incorrectly listed as deceased. Adler, who is a member in good standing of the AFTRA New York Local, is not deceased, rather he is alive and well and living in New York City. The editors apologize to Mr. Adler for this error.
29 AFTRA Magazine
AFTRA honors the memory of its talented members—the actors, singers, dancers, broadcasters and specialty acts— who left us in 2010.
We Remember 2010 (Jan. 1 - Nov. 10)
AFTRA Locals ATLANTA firstname.lastname@example.org Melissa Goodman, Exec. Dir. 455 E. Paces Ferry Rd., NE Ste. 334 Atlanta, GA 30305 Phone: 404.239.0131 Fax: 404.239.0137 BOSTON email@example.com Dona Sommers, Exec. Dir. 20 Park Plaza, Ste. 822 Boston, MA 02116-4399 Phone: 617.262.8001 Fax: 617.262.3006 BUFFALO Broadcast Department: 800.638.6796 National Membership: 866.855.5191
CHICAGO firstname.lastname@example.org Eric Chaudron, Exec. Dir. One East Erie, Ste. 650 Chicago, IL 60611 Phone: 312.573.8081 Fax: 312.573.0318
CLEVELAND email@example.com Cathy Nowlin, Exec. Dir. 820 W. Superior Ave., Ste. 240 Cleveland, OH 44113-1800 Phone: 216.781.2255 Fax: 216.781.2257 DALLAS/FORT WORTH firstname.lastname@example.org T.J. Jones, Texas Reg. Exec. 15110 N. Dallas Pkwy., Ste. 445 Dallas, TX 75248 Phone: 214.363.8300 Fax: 214.363.5386 DENVER email@example.com Julie Crane, Exec. Dir. 1400 16th St., Ste. 400 Denver, CO 80202 Phone: 720.932.8228 Fax: 720.932.8194 DETROIT firstname.lastname@example.org Lorain Obomanu Exec. Dir./Nat’l Rep. 23800 W. Ten Mile Rd., Ste. 228 Southfield, MI 48033 Phone: 248.228.3171 Fax: 248.223.9223 FRESNO Contact San Francisco Local: 415.391.7510 HAWAII Contact Los Angeles Local: 323.634.8100 Members only call toll-free: 866.634.8100
HOUSTON email@example.com Contact Texas Regional office 214.363.8300 Members only call toll-free: 800.922.3872 KANSAS CITY firstname.lastname@example.org John Miller, Exec. Dir. P.O. Box 32167 4000 Baltimore, 2nd Fl. Kansas City, MO 64111 Phone: 816.753.4557 Fax: 816.753.1234 LOS ANGELES email@example.com Bill Thomas, Exec. Dir. 5757 Wilshire Blvd., 9th Fl. Los Angeles, CA 90036-3689 Phone: 323.634.8100 Fax: 323.634.8246 MIAMI firstname.lastname@example.org Herta Suarez, Exec. Dir./ Southeast Reg. Dir. 3050 Biscayne Rd., Ste. 501 Miami, FL 33137 Phone: 305.571.9891 Fax: 305.571.9892 Members outside Miami area Phone: 800.330.2387 MILWAUKEE Contact Chicago Local: 312.573.8081 NASHVILLE email@example.com Randall Himes, Exec. Dir. P.O. Box 121087 1108 17th Ave. South Nashville, TN 37212 Phone: 615.327.2944 Fax: 615.329.2803 NEW ORLEANS Contact Miami Local: 800.330.2387 NEW YORK firstname.lastname@example.org Stephen Burrow, Exec. Dir. 260 Madison Ave., 7th Fl. New York, NY 10016-2401 Phone: 212.532.0800 Fax: 212.545.1238 OMAHA Erik Whitmore, President 3000 Farnam St., Ste. 3E Omaha, NE 68131 Phone: 402.346.8384 ORLANDO Contact Miami Local: 800.330.2387 PEORIA Contact National 866.855.5191
LOCAL LEADER: Denise Jaeckel Newly elected Tri-State President Denise Jaeckel joined AFTRA in 1994 and became active in the Local a couple of years later. Jaeckel began her career in musical theater and transitioned to modeling and commercials before focusing her talent as an actress. Her professional career has recently come full circle with her return to the stage. Years of union activism and being involved with her Local Board gave Jaeckel empowerment and she is now taking this leadership to new heights. “As AFTRA Tri-State President, I want to see area performers obtain a deep understanding of what it means to be an AFTRA member, learn the contracts, teach their agents to work smarter and connect with fellow members,” she says. “Then they will know how to make the rules work for them and take charge of their careers.” PHILADELPHIA email@example.com Stephen Leshinski, Exec. Dir. 230 South Broad St., Ste. 500 Philadelphia, PA 19102-1229 Phone: 215.732.0507 Fax: 215.732.0086 PHOENIX firstname.lastname@example.org Roxanne Chaisson, Exec. Dir. 20325 N. 51st Ave., Ste. 134 Glendale, AZ 85308 Phone: 623.687.9977 Fax: 623.362.2218 PITTSBURGH email@example.com John Haer, Exec. Dir. 625 Stanwix St., Ste. 2007 Pittsburgh, PA 15222 Phone: 412.281.6767 Fax: 412.281.2444 PORTLAND firstname.lastname@example.org Edward Taub, Nat’l Rep. 1001 SE Water Ave., #305 Portland, OR 97214 Phone: 503.279.9600 Fax: 503.279.9603 ROCHESTER Contact National: 866.855.5191 SACRAMENTO/STOCKTON Contact San Francisco Local: 415.391.7510 Members only call toll-free: 888.238.7250 SAN DIEGO Contact Los Angeles Local: 866.634.8100 SAN FRANCISCO email@example.com Frank Du Charme, Exec. Dir. 350 Sansome St., Ste. 900 San Francisco, CA 94104 Phone: 415.391.7510 Fax: 415.391.1108
SCHENECTADY/ALBANY Contact New York Local: 212.532.0800
SAVE THE DATE 2011 AMEE Awards A Benefit for the AFTRA Foundation Honoring AFTRA’s Best
SEATTLE firstname.lastname@example.org Brad Anderson, Exec. Dir. 123 Boylston Avenue East Ste. A Seattle, WA 98102 Phone: 206.282.2506 Fax: 206.282.7073 ST. LOUIS email@example.com John Miller, Exec. Dir. 1310 Papin St., Ste. #103 St. Louis, MO 63103 Phone: 314.231.8410 Fax: 314.231.8412 TRI-STATE Includes Cincinnati, Columbus & Dayton, OH; Indianapolis, IN, and Louisville, KY firstname.lastname@example.org John Haer, Exec. Dir. Tim Williams, Nat’l Rep. 1056 Delta Ave., #4 Cincinnati, OH 45208 Phone: 513.579.8668 Fax: 513.579.1617 TWIN CITIES email@example.com Colleen Aho, Exec. Dir. 2610 University Ave. W. Ste. 350 St. Paul, MN 55114 Phone: 651.789.8990 Fax: 651.789.8993 WASHINGTON/BALTIMORE firstname.lastname@example.org Patricia O’Donnell, Exec. Dir. 7735 Old Georgetown Rd. Ste. 950 Bethesda, MD 20814 Phone: 301.657.2560 Fax: 301.656.3615
March 21, 2011 Club Nokia Los Angeles For sponsorship information contact Cindy Harris at 818.415.8615 email@example.com
Year in Review
Q&A with Stan Chambers
American Federation of Television and Radio Artists
We Remember 2010
Fighting Digital Theft