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The Raptor Detachment 075 Newsletter Month of February 2014

In this issue DOD Budget & AFROTC P.2 The Uniform Shop P.2 AC-130J: A Review P.3 Silver Wings P.3 Tuskegee Airmen P.4 Sequestration P.5 Force Reduction P.5 Colonel Grimes: PAS Corner P.6

RATED SELECTS 

Best

Blackmun

Chandler

Chicoine

Chiem

Firiesen

Graff

Hakobian

Herman

new Raptor for the 2014 semester. On behalf of the

Hullihen

Det 075 family, we welcome our newest cadre mem-

Knepper

ber, Staff Sergeant George Krill! We would like to con-

May

gratulate all of the cadet rated selects as well as Cap-

McGee

tain Russell for her selection into ENJJPT!

Morales

“Best In The West” A New Year and a New Semester! Welcome to a refreshing new year with a brand


AFROTC Budget Cuts Air Force ROTC cadets, and recent graduates will be offered a release from service commitments without having to repay their scholarship or monthly stipends. With the recent budget cuts in the United States Air Force cadets from the following career fields will be eligible for this release: 13M Airfield Operations, 14N Intelligence, 17D Cyberspace Operations, 21A Aircraft Maintenance, 21M Munitions and Missile Maintenance, 21R Logistics Readiness, 31P Security Forces, 35P Public Affairs, 38P Personnel, 63A Acquisition, 64P Contracting. ROTC cadets approved for the program will stop receiving their monthly stipend 1 March 2014. According to the Air Force Times because of these cuts “Recent commissioned officers in the career fields above are being encouraged to seek opportunities in the Air National Guard or Air Force Reserve,” so they can still serve their

country. In the release, Lt. Col. Jonelle Eychner, Chief of Officer Accessions and Training said “We have also reduced officer training school where possible to ease the impact on ROTC. But we can’t cut any deeper into OTS production without harming our ability to fill specific technical career fields.”

-Cadet Nunez

The Uniform Shop The uniform shop may seem like a simple detachment job, however, few cadets know what really goes on in the background. Every uniform that the cadets wear, whether it is the physical training uniform or short sleeve blues, was issued by the uniform shop. The staff is responsible for keeping track of what has been issued to each cadet as well as what items are currently available. Each item that is issued out must be recorded in hard and soft copy. Taking full inventory of all the items in the uniform shop is undoubtedly one of the most time consuming tasks. The following pictures demonstrate how cadets in the detachment come together and dedicated an entire weekend day to taking complete inventory. Additionally, during certain days in the semester, the job can be a significant amount of stress. Dealing with dozens of cadets while being the only staff member in the shop, making sure that they have

Staff members along with fellow cadets from the detachment smile for a group picture after completing a mass inventory. been issued the correct items, selecting the correct uniform sizes, and ensuring that new cadets are knowledgeable in how to wear the uniform correctly according to the AFI 36-2903 are just a few responsibilities of being a staff member in the Uniform Shop.

Cadet Best (Left) and Cadet Rainey (Right): Take account of items stored on the 2nd floor of the uniform shop.

-Cadet Rueda


AC-130J Takes Off On January 31, 2014, the AC-130J completed it’s first test flight after a year of modification maintenance. It’s advanced systems include an advanced two -pilot flight station with fully integrated digital avionics. The aircraft is capable of extremely accurate navigation due to the fully integrated navigation systems with dual inertial navigation systems and global positioning system. Aircraft defensive systems and color weather radar are integrated as well. The AC-130J also includes dual electro-optical infrared sensors, a 30mm cannon, AGM-176A Griffin missiles, all-weather synthetic aperture radar and GBU-39 small diameter bomb capabilities. The sensors allow the gunship to visually or electronically identify friendly ground forces and targets at any time, even in adverse weather. Over the past few decades, AC-130’s have proved to be useful in mission success in places like South America, Africa, Europe, and throughout the Middle East. It’s advanced technology allows it to be extremely versatile with flying capabilities like the MC-130J

The newly created AC-130J Ghostrider awaits takeoff for its first official sortie Courtesy: Eglin.af.mil

and the combat capabilities of the AC-130J. A total of 32 MC-130J aircraft will be modified for Air Force Special Operations Command as part of a $2.4 billion AC130J program to grow a future fleet.

Founded at the University of Omaha in 1952, Silver Wings is described as a, "national, co-ed, professional organization dedicated to creating proactive, knowledgeable, and effective civic leaders through community service and education about national defense." This organization is unique in that both cadets and civilians are encouraged to participate and become members. Not only does it aim to produce strong Air Force leaders but civilian ones as well. Focusing strongly on commuCome the end of the semester, nity service, Detachment 075's chapter cadets may notice the appearance of a of Silver Wings has already executed a food drive and members have attendnew blue and silver cord being worn ed training to volunteer at Qualcomm by cadets in Detachment 075. stadium this year in order to raise This year marks the immifunds. In the near future, the organinent re-activation of Detachment zation is planning on becoming in075's chapter of "Silver Wings," a sister volved in the Big Brother/Big Sister organization to Arnold Air Society. mentorship program as well as many

-Cadet Mistry

other volunteer activities. With renewed motivation and interest, Detachment 075's chapter of Silver Wings is showing impressive promise as another avenue for AFROTC cadets and civilians alike to engage with and support our local community. This new organization will allow civic-minded students to further their leadership abilities while expanding their awareness of aerospace power and the role that it plays in our national defense. Interested cadets are encouraged to contact the Silver Wings President, Cadet Sumayao, at jacylyn.sumayao075@gmail.com or 619.957.1135. -

Cadet Cotterill


Colonel Grimes (Left) and Robert Lee Porter (Right) smile for a picture at the detachment office.

Tuskegee Airman On Friday the 24th of January, Robert Lee Porter, the past President of the Riverside Chapter of the Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. gave a lecture for cadets and cadre at SDSU. Mr. Porter, a Native of Anniston, Alabama, enlisted in the United States Air Force upon graduation from high school. His career spanned over 20 years during which he served tours in Southeast Asia, Europe, and classified assignments in the Middle East. After logging an impressive 1850 hours of flying time, Mr. Porter retired from KC-150 duty at March Field in Riverside. After retiring from the Air Force, Mr. Porter became heavily involved with the Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. (TAI). Tuskegee Airman, Inc. is a non-profit organization with over 50 chapters nationwide, dedicated to honoring the accomplishments and history of African-American Airmen who served in the Army Air Corps in World War II. The organization also hosts local and national programs to introduce and expose youth to aviation and science. Finally, the organization helps to honor the service of the original Tuskegee Airmen by providing scholarships to deserving cadets in AFROTC as well as awards to individuals, groups, and corporations whose deeds lend support to it's goals. The history of the original Tuskegee Airmen is one filled with infamy, but also of deep dedication and perseverance. During the year in which Japan

attacked the United States at Pearl Harbor and the country officially entered World War II, the training of 996 Black military aviators commenced in a segregated airfield near Tuskegee, Alabama. Facing obstacles in the form of racism domestically and the Nazis abroad, 450 Black fighter pilots fought the aerial war over North Africa, Sicily, Italy, southern France, and Europe, during the war. Flying a combination of P-39 Aerocobras, P40 Warhawks, P-47 Thunderbolts and P51 Mustangs, these airmen flew 15,553 sorties and 1,578 combat missions. 68 pilots were killed in action and 32 became prisoners of war. However, the Tuskegee Airman distinguished them by shooting down nearly 120 enemy aircraft, damaging 150, and destroying another 150 on the ground. They destroyed nearly 1,000 enemy rail cars, trucks, and motor vehicles as well as 40 boats and untold amounts of airfields, war-industry facilities, and ammunition depots. The Tuskegee Airmen collectively earned 150 Distinguished Flying Crosses, 744 Air Medals and Clusters, 992 Silver Wings, a Silver Star and a Legion of Merit, as well as 3 Presidential Unit Citations. Despite significantly defying expectations for failure, the Tuskegee would encounter another formidable opponent once they returned to the United States after the war. After returning victorious from tours during World War II, the Tuskegee

Airmen faced opposition from their fellow Airmen and citizens. Black officers were unilaterally denied access to base officer clubs and met with hostility and negative treatment wherever they turned. In 1945, 103 Black officers entered the officers' club at Freeman Field. All 103 were arrested, charged with insubordination, and ordered to face court martial proceedings. The court would later drop charges against 102 of the officers while convicting only one. Finally in 1948, President Harry S. Truman issued Executive Order No. 9981, which directed equal treatment and opportunity for all members of the United States Armed Forces. This initiated the beginning of the end for racial segregation in the military and was one of the first steps towards racial integration in the United States. Facing combat with the German Luftwaffe and Axis powers abroad, in addition to animosity from their fellow Americans, the Tuskegee Airmen met their opposition head on and excelled with unparalleled dedication. Their loyalty to country and perseverance in the face of adversity serves as an eternal lesson to all that we must never forget to embody our core values; Integrity first, Service before self, and Excellence in all we do.

-Cadet Cotterill


Sec Def Hagel presents his budget plan to the House of Representatives

Sequestration It's not uncommon in conversations around the detachment and with other cadets that the word, "sequester" presents itself. But what exactly does the word entail? Most know that it involves the federal budget, and it's not hard to guess by the context that it involves reduction in funds, but few know the reason or nature of the budget cuts. The sequester, as its colloquially come to be known, is a set of automatic spending cuts to the US federal budget put in place by the Budget Control Act of 2011.

Courtesy: Air Force Times

As designed, the cuts are projected to trim a total of $1.2 Trillion from federal spending, spread evenly between 2013 and 2021, with half coming from defense spending and half from discretionary domestic spending. The Congressional Budget Office has estimated that defense spending will rise at a gradual rate of 2.1% through 2023, but fall from a share of 4.3% of US GDP to 2.8% by 2023. As a result of these projections, the Air Force produced a plan in 2012 to cut 7,400 guard and reserve positions as well as 4,200 active-

duty slots by 2017. However, this quickly became politically unpopular and was changed to slash 6,100 active duty airmen, while cutting only 1,400 guardsmen and 1,900 reservists. Given the winding down of conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq as well as uncertainty in the projected defense budget in the coming years, the Air Force will have to continue to be flexible in its response to these changing circumstances. -

Cadet Cotterill

Force Reduction The word "downsizing," is rarely a word that anyone wants to hear. Its negative connotation is merited as it often results in personnel release and unexpected career changes. Last December the House voted on a budget agreement that would relieve 25,000 airmen and 550 aircraft. Sequestration's most immediate impacts took place in 2013. Under the agreement, defense spending in the current 2014 fiscal year would be capped at $520.5 billion, up from the current level of $498.1 billion. In fiscal 2015, the amount would be capped at $521.4 billion, up from $512 billion. Here are a few effects of the budget plan: FLYING TIME: With the budget cuts taking place immediately, the Air Force will need to reduce flying hours by 18 percent. Critical missions, deterrence, and Air Force One will be spared, however training flights, public shows, and other national engagements are to be cut.

CSAF General Welsh speaks about force reduction to congress Courtesy: Air Force Times

FURLOUGH DAYS & HIRING: Any temporary or permanent employee that is deemed not mission critical will be released. REPAIRS ON HOLD: There will be a one-third reduction in the budget for upgrades and restoration of older planes. For example, aircraft includingthe B-52 Bomber, A-10 close-attack aircraft, C-130 transport, and F-15 fighter will receive less care and attention. FUTURE PROGRAMS & EQUIPMENT: Future modernization now face further cuts and delays. Examples include the new bomber program, new UAVs, and, communication technologies. SURVEILLANCE & COMMUNICATION: Space and ground radar surveillance will be reduced from 24 hours per

day to only 8 hours. Defense Satellite Communications will be cut by 75%. In addition, some contracted ROTC cadets have been offered early release, without obligation to pay back scholarships. In a message to all Airmen, General Welsh said, �What sequestration does essentially for the Air Force is it gives us a dilemma: Do we keep near-term readiness or do we fund long-term modernization and capability in the future? That's the balance we're trying to walk." Through these rough times he reminds us that mission readiness will always remain our top priority.

-Cadet Nakawatase


PAS Corner Det 075, just a short note this month to touch on some recent accomplishments and reinforce some items we’ve discussed so far this term. The semester is moving along very quickly and I don’t want to miss a chance to highlight some of your outstanding accomplishments already in the semester. First and foremost, congratulations to our 14 newest rated category selects and to our own Captain Kristin Russell, who will also attend Undergraduate Flight Training (UFT) after being selected by a board at JBSA-Randolph. Captain Russell pursued her opportunity relentlessly; in fact, she had to go all the way the Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force (yes, the number two 4-star in the entire USAF) to obtain a waiver to even meet the board. When she got her waiver and met the board, she was one of only seven officers, from a total of 117 UFT selects, picked to attend the demanding and prestigious Euro -NATO Joint Jet Pilot Training. The lesson here for you is that the Air Force really does offer you almost limitless opportunities, commensurate with the work and effort you put forward. If your performance sets you apart as the best, you will reap the rewards of that hard work. When we announced the rated selects, I mentioned that our 14 for 14 record made the fourth year straight that we’ve had a 100 percent selection rate (the same number of years you’ve won Quint Det by the way). Last week, we nominated 50

cadets for the POC selection process (PSP). You know by now that the Air Force is getting smaller. These changes are affecting future USAF accessions requirements from AFROTC, along with planned reductions of current active duty Airmen. I’ve told you on several occasions that POC enrollment allocation (EA) rate projections are expected to be quite a bit lower than in recent years (at least since 2011). Those overall selection numbers are beyond our control, but each of you does control whether you are putting forth maximum effort in every endeavor. We’ll wait for the results next month and hope that our overall selection rates, compared to the national average, reflect that work and remind other Dets why you are, in fact, the “Best in the West,” Detachment 075!

Col Grimes Professor of Aerospace Studies AFROTC Det 075

Upcoming Events Combat Leadership Panel SDSU Alumni Center—5 March 2014 Bowling Social Aztec Lanes, Student Union— 8 March 2014 Davis-Monthan Base Visit 30 March—1 April 2014 Southern California Invitational Drill Meet 15 March 2014

Do you have a story to share? Something to say? Raptor staff would love to hear from you! Send us a letter, a picture, an article, or anything you find interesting and it may find its way into the next edition of The Raptor. Shoot us an email and we’ll make sure to get back to you.

Contributors 

C/1st Lt. Robinson

C/3C Cotterill

C/3C Nunez

C/3C Rueda

C/4C Mistry

C/4C Nakawatase

The Raptor February 2014

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