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The Raptor Detachment 075 Newsletter Month of February 2014

In this issue DOD Budget & AFROTC P.2 Inside the Uniform Shop P.2 AC-130J: A Review P.3 Silver Wings P.3 Tuskegee Airman P.4 Sequestration p.5 Force Reduction P.5 Contact Info P.6











new Raptor for the 2014 semester. On behalf of the


Det 075 family, we welcome our newest cadre mem-


ber, Staff Sergeant George Krill! We would like to con-


gratulate all of the cadet rated selects as well as Cap-


tain Russell for her selection into ENJJPT!


“Best In The West” A New Year and a New Semester! Welcome to a refreshing new year with a brand

Budget Cuts Effect AFROTC Air Force ROTC cadets and recent graduates will be offered a release from service commitment without having to repay their scholarship or monthly stipend. With the recent budget cuts in the United States Air Force cadets from the following career fields will be eligible for this release: 13M Airfield Operations, 14N Intelligence, 17D Cyberspace Operations, 21A Aircraft Maintenance, 21M Munitions and Missile Maintenance, 21R Logistics Readiness, 31P Security Forces, 35P Public Affairs, 38P Personnel, 63A Acquisition, 64P Contracting. ROTC cadets approved for the program will stop receiving their monthly stipend March 1 2014. According to the Air Force Times, because of these cuts, “Recent commissioned officers in the career fields above are being encouraged to seek opportunities in the Air National Guard or Air Force Reserve,” so that they can still serve their

country. In the release, Lt. Col. Jonelle Eychner, Chief of Officer Accessions and Training said “We have also reduced officer training school where possible to ease the impact on ROTC. But we can’t cut any deeper into OTS production without harming our ability to fill specific technical career fields.”

-Cadet Nunez

Inside The Uniform Shop The uniform shop may seem like a simple detachment job, however, few cadets know what really goes on in the background. Each and every cadet in the detachment has been to the uniform shop and has been issued items from our Short Sleeve Blues to the Physical Training uniform. The staff is responsible for keeping track of what has been issued to each cadet as well as what items are currently available. Each item that is issued out must be recorded in hard and soft copy. Taking full inventory of all the items in the uniform shop is undoubtedly one of the most time consuming tasks. These pictures demonstrate how cadets in the detachment came together and dedicated an entire weekend day to taking complete inventory. Additionally, during certain days in the semester, the job can be a significant amount of stress. Dealing with dozens of cadets

Staff members along with fellow cadets from the detachment take a break after completing a mass inventory.

while being the only staff member in the shop, making sure that they have been issued the correct items, selecting the correct uniform sizes, and ensuring that new cadets are knowledgeable in correct uniform wear according to the AFI 36-2903 are just a few responsibilities of being a staff member in the Uniform Shop.

Cadet Best (Left) and Cadet Rainey (Right): Take account of items stored on the 2nd floor of the uniform shop.

Cadet Rueda

AC-130J Takes Off On January 31, 2014, the AC-130J completed it’s first test flight after a year of modification maintenance. It’s advanced systems include an advanced two -pilot flight station with fully integrated digital avionics. The aircraft is capable of extremely accurate navigation due to the fully integrated navigation systems with dual inertial and global positioning systems. Aircraft defensive systems and color weather radar are integrated as well. The AC-130J also includes dual electro-optical infrared sensors, a 30-mm cannon, AGM-176A Griffin missiles, all-weather synthetic aperture radar and GBU-39 small diameter bomb capabilities. The sensors allow the gunship to visually or electronically identify friendly ground forces and targets at any time, even in adverse weather. Over the past few decades, AC-130’s have proved to be useful in mission success in places like South America, Africa, Europe, and throughout the Middle East. It’s advanced technology allows it to be extremely versatile with the flying capabilities of the MC-130J and the

The newly created AC-130J Ghostrider awaits takeoff for its first official sortie Courtesy:

combat capabilities of the AC-130. A total of 32 MC130J aircraft will be modified for Air Force Special Operations Command as part of a $2.4 billion AC-130J program to grow a future fleet.

ed, professional organization dedicated to creating proactive, knowledgeable, and effective civic leaders through community service and education about national defense." This organization is unique in that both cadets and civilians are encouraged to participate and become members. Not only does it aim to produce strong Air Force leaders but civilian ones as well.


Cadet Mistry

promise as another avenue for AFROTC cadets and civilians alike to engage with and support our local community. This new organization will allow civicminded students to further their leadership abilities while expanding their awareness of aerospace power and the role that it plays in our national defense.

Interested cadets are encouraged to contact the Silver Wings PresiFocusing strongly on communi- dent, Cadet Sumayao, at ty service, Detachment 075's chapter of or Silver Wings has already executed a 619.957.1135. food drive and members have attended Come the end of the semester, training to volunteer at Qualcomm stacadets may notice the appearance of a dium this year in order to raise funds. In new blue and silver cord being worn by the near future, the organization is cadets in Detachment 075. planning on becoming involved in the This year marks the imminent Big Brother/Big Sister mentorship prore-activation of Detachment 075's chap- gram as well as many other volunteer ter of "Silver Wings," a sister organizaactivities. tion to Arnold Air Society. Founded at With renewed motivation and the University of Omaha in 1952, Silver interest, Detachment 075's chapter of Wings is described as a, "national, coSilver Wings is showing impressive

Cadet Cotterill

Colonel Grimes (Left) and Robert Lee Porter (Right) smile for a picture in the detachment office.

Tuskegee Airman On Friday the 24th of last month, Robert Lee Porter, the past President of the Riverside Chapter of the Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. gave a lecture for cadets and Cadre in ENS 291. A native of Anniston, Alabama Mr. Porter enlisted in the United States Air Force upon graduation from high school. His career would span over 20 years during which he would serve tours in Southeast Asia, Europe, as well as classified assignments in the Middle East. After logging an impressive 1850 hours of flying time, Mr. Porter retired from KC150 duty at March Field in Riverside. After retiring from the Air Force, Mr. Porter became heavily involved with the Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. (TAI). Tuskegee Airman, Inc. is a non-profit organization with over 50 chapters nationwide, dedicated to honoring the accomplishments and history of African-American Airmen who served in the Army Air Corps in World War II. The organization also hosts local and national programs to introduce and expose youth to aviation and science. Finally, the organization helps to honor the service of the original Tuskegee Airmen by providing scholarships to deserving cadets in AFROTC as well as awards to individuals, groups, and corporations whose deeds lend support to it's goals. The history of the original Tuskegee Airmen is one filled with infamy but also of deep dedication and perseverance. During the year in which Japan at-

tacked the United States at Pearl Harbor and the country officially entered World War II, the training of 996 Black military aviators commenced in a segregated airfield near Tuskegee, Alabama. Facing obstacles in the form of racism domestically and the Nazis abroad, 450 Black fighter pilots fought the aerial war over North Africa, Sicily, Italy, southern France, and Europe, during the war. Flying a combination of P-39 Aerocobras, P40 Warhawks, P-47 Thunderbolts and P51 Mustangs, these airmen flew 15,553 sorties and 1,578 combat missions. 68 pilots were killed in action and 32 became prisoners of war, however the Tuskegee Airman distinguished them by shooting down nearly 120 enemy aircraft, damaging 150, and destroying another 150 on the ground. They destroyed nearly 1,000 enemy rail cars, trucks, and motor vehicles as well as 40 boats and untold amounts of airfields, war-industry facilities, and ammunition depots. The Tuskegee Airmen collectively earned 150 Distinguished Flying Crosses, 744 Air Medals and Clusters, 992 Silver Wings, a Silver Star and a Legion of Merit, as well as 3 Presidential Unit Citations. Despite significantly defying expectations for failure, the Tuskegee would encounter another formidable opponent once they returned to the United States after the war. After returning victorious from tours during World War II, the Tuskegee

Airmen faced opposition from their fellow Airmen and citizens. Black officers were unilaterally denied access to base officer clubs, met with hostility and negative treatment wherever they turned. In 1945, 103 Black officers entered the officers' club at Freeman Field. All 103 were arrested, charged with insubordination, and ordered to face court martial proceedings. The court would later drop charges against 102 of the officers while convicting only one. Finally in 1948, President Harry S. Truman issued Executive Order No. 9981, which directed equal treatment and opportunity for all members of the United States Armed Forces. This initiated the beginning of the end for racial segregation in the military and was one of the first steps towards racial integration in the United States. Facing combat with the German Luftwaffe and Axis powers abroad, in addition to animosity from their fellow Americans, the Tuskegee Airmen met their opposition head on and excelled with unparalleled dedication. Their loyalty to country and perseverance in the face of adversity serves as an eternal lesson to all that we must never forget to embody our core values; Integrity first, Service before self, and Excellence in all we do.

Cadet Cotterill


Sec Def Hagel presents his budget plan to the House of Representatives

Sequestration It's not uncommon in conversations around the detachment and with other cadets that the word, "sequester" presents itself. But what exactly does the word entail? Most know that it involves the federal budget, and it's not hard to guess by the context that it involves reduction in funds, but few know the reason or nature of the budget cuts. The sequester, as its colloquially come to be known, is a set of automatic spending cuts to the US federal budget put in place by the Budget Control Act of 2011.

Courtesy: Air Force

As designed, the cuts are projected to trim a total $1.2 Trillion from federal spending, spread evenly between 2013 and 2021, with half coming from defense spending and half from discretionary domestic spending. The Congressional Budget Office has estimated that defense spending will rise at a gradual rate of 2.1% through 2023, but fall from a share of 4.3% of US GDP to 2.8% by 2023. As a result of these projections, the Air Force produced a plan in 2012 to cut 7,400 guard and reserve positions as well as 4,200 active-

duty slots by 2017. However, this quickly became politically unpopular and was changed to slash 6,100 active duty airmen, while cutting only 1,400 guardsmen and 1,900 reservists. Given the winding down of conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq as well as uncertainty in the projected defense budget in the coming years, the Air Force will have to continue to be flexible in its response to these changing circumstances.

-Cadet Cotterill

CSAF General Welsh speaks about force reduction to congress Courtesy: Air Force Times

Force Reduction The word "downsizing," is rarely a word that anyone wants to hear. It’s ugly connotation is merited as it often results in personnel release and unexpected career changes. Last December the House voted on a budget agreement that would relieve 25,000 airmen and 550 aircraft. Sequestration's most immediate impacts took place in 2013. Under the agreement, defense spending in the current 2014 fiscal year would be capped at $520.5 billion, up from the current level of $498.1 billion. In fiscal 2015, the amount would be capped at $521.4 billion, up from $512 billion. Here are a few effects of the budget plan: FLYING TIME: With the budget cuts taking place immediately, the Air Force will need to reduce flying hours by 18 percent. Critical missions, deterrence, and Air Force One will be spared, however training flights, public shows, and other national engagements are to be cut. FURLOUGH DAYS & HIRING: Any temporary or permanent employee

that is deemed not mission critical will be released. REPAIRS ON HOLD: There will be a one-third reduction in the budget upgrades and repairs for older planes. Aircraft including-the B-52 Bomber, A-10 close-attack aircraft, C-130 transport, and F-15 fighter—will no longer get as much care and attention. FUTURE PROGRAMS & EQUIPMENT: Future modernization now faces further cuts and delays. Examples include the new bomber program, new UAVs, and communication technologies. SURVEILLANCE & COMMUNICATION: Space and ground radar surveillance will be reduced from 24 hours per day to only 8 hours. Defense Satellite Communications will be cut by 75%. In addition, some contracted ROTC cadets have been offered early release, without obligation to pay back scholarships. Specifically, cadets slated to serve in the following fields have been offered release from their service commitments:

■ 13M Airfield Operations ■ 14N Intelligence ■ 17D Cyberspace Operations ■ 21A Aircraft Maintenance ■ 21M Munitions and Missile Maintenance ■ 21R Logistics Readiness ■ 31P Security Forces ■ 35P Public Affairs ■ 38P Personnel ■ 63A Acquisition ■ 64P Contracting General Welsh in a message to all Airmen said, ”What sequestration does essentially for the Air Force is it gives us a dilemma: Do we keep near-term readiness or do we fund long-term modernization and capability in the future? That's the balance we're trying to walk." Through these rough times he reminds us that mission readiness will always remain our top priority.

-Cadet Nakawatase


Upcoming Events Arnold Air Society Social: Paintball

C/1st Lt. Robinson

C/3C Cotterill

C/3C Nunez

C/3C Rueda

C/4C Mistry

C/4C Nakawatase

Giant Paintball Park Lakeside, Wildcat Canyon Road, Lakeside, CA, United State

Combat Leadership Panel 5 March 2014

Bowling Social Aztec Lanes (SDSU-First floor of Aztec Student Union)

Do you have a story to share? Something to say? Raptor staff would love to hear from you! Send us a letter, a picture, an article, or anything you find interesting and it may find its way into the next edition of the The Raptor. Shoot us an email and we’ll make sure to get back to you.

The Raptor February 2014

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AFROTC Det 075 Newsletter Feb 2014