NO_LAND Island | Castle in the sky
AMPIBIANS | Between land and sea
+2300 | Research and education of astronomy in Mount Helmos (diploma thesis)
The architecture of space stations (special research topic)
MOONTOPIA | Project D.Y.O.B: Drill Your Own Base
NO_LAND Island The castle in the sky.
This sci-fi project reflects our need to create a home in the sky, a vehicle similar to that of Hayao Miyazaki’s famous movie “Castle in the sky”, in which anyone would be able to travel around the world and live literally in the sky. This concept of the “flying” house inspired us to design a 17 floor unit, each consisting of recreation spaces and residential areas. The structure of the unit imitates the cocoon a caterpillar creates in order to transform to a butterfly. The reason we chose this particular shape is our belief that through traveling people can transform spiritually and become a better version of themselves. Knowing new places and meeting strange worlds awakens your mind and enriches your creativity. Whouldn’t it be great if you were traveling with your home? The no_land project consists of a group of vehicle units which fly all around the world. Each unit consists of 5 types of available apartments which can provide accommodation for 1 to 6 people. The interior of every apartment has an open plan space in order to encourage occupants to restrict their privacy and to enjoy the common life. Overall, each unit’s capacity can reach the number of 230 residents while its maximum traveling duration is 2 years. My contribution to this project was the designing of the plans, the 3d modeling and rendering and the final edit of the presentation. For the modeling I used Rhino and Grasshopper and the rendering was made in Cinema 4D. 5th Semester, 2013 Group Project Members: Afroditi Dosopoulou | Christoforidou Christina Supervisor: Papadopoulos Spiros 7
Unit early experimentations on Grasshopper according to the cocoon shape.
Between sea and land
This project came as a result of the international refugee crisis, especially in the Greek land, the ultimate years. People seeking for shelter, gather in Greece in huge numbers, living under extremely bad conditions, loosing their dignity and quality of life. The idea deals with the lack of accommodation and proposes the construction of a micro-society in the city of Volos, containing housing, as well as market, parks, and even helping facilities for the newcomers. The location of the complex itself is particularly challenging for the architect,consisting a part of the harbour that tourists with huge cruise ships dock, and come to explore the city and the sights that has to offer. Therefore,an odd meeting takes place between two very different groups of people in the same ground:the group of refugees and the group of tourists, with different needs and expectations, in this new land. In respect to this fact, the design tries to organize a complex in order to unify these two extremes in a way that covers all the special needs of each group. In this particular project my responsibilities was to solve the dwellings plans and find the best way to create an accomodation complex,to edit the graphics of the sections and views, as well as,to edit the renderings.
7th Semester, 2015 Group Project Students: Afroditi Dosopoulou, Christodoulou Rafaela, Christoforidou Christina Supervisor: Kotionis Zisis 13
Map of Volos concerning coastal movement and port facilities. 14
The port of Volos.
BOATS CARRYING REFUGEES
Volos is a coastal port city in Thessaly situated midway on the Greek mainland. The port was founded in 1893 and was the most significant element for the industrial development of the area. Today, Volos has the 3rd largest cargo port in Greece (after Piraeus and Thessaloniki), carrying agricultural and industrial products. Ferries and flying dolphins operate daily connecting Volos to Magnesia islands, Sporades (Skiathos, Skopelos, Alonissos). Moreover, many cruise ships use the port of Volos as a destination.
Platform zoning. Map of the platform indicating the kind of boats and ships using the port wharfs.
The platform is separated into two main zones: on the left part of the platform the design is focused on the port facilities, containing tourist services and large areas for leisure and resting, while the right part of the platform undertakes the housing and the covered markets. This way, we would like to isolate the private space of the project which consists of the dwellings from the public space that is used more from the tourists and visitors. Although this two zones seem separated, there are four horizontal porticos that unify them and serve also for the housing of several shops and facilities.
Map of the platform indicating the zones and activities created in the platform. main road leisure, parks and tourist facilities on the left dwellings for the refugees on the right public space on the front part of the platform horizontal porticos joining public and private space
10 11 12 13 14
17 15 18 1619 11 13
7 9 1 1
3D rendering of the project
FRAME OF METAL COLUMNS
LEISURE & ACTIVITIES
3D Explosion | Diagram of Uses 16
1. Fish Shop 2. Fish Restaurant 3. Organic & Local Market 4. Fruits & Vegetables 5. Pharmacy 6. Bakery 7. Butcher Shop 8. Super Market 9. W.C. 10. Ticket Office 11. Information Point 12. Reading & Waiting Room 13. W.C. 14. Offices 15. Storage Room 16. Currency Exchange 17. Press 18. ATM 19. Technology Room 20. Refugee Center 21. Restaurant 22. Coffee Shop 23. Open Air Concert Hall
1 1 1
Housing Program & Dwellings Regarding the housing program, we were inspired from the communities of fishermen in Southeastern Asia, whose houses are literally between the sea and the ground. There are still people in these communities with no citizenship and no permanent living conditions, a situation that resembles a lot the state which the refuggees cope with. In order to create the housing above the sea level, we designed a grid from metallic columns that can support the dwellings and create two floors of apartments. Under this construction, the platform is reformed in some parts,creating small gulfs in order for the boats to circulate.
Combined squares forming a broader complex of apartments and paths.
Square of combined apartment typologies.
Apartment typologies regarding square meters and the number of hosts.
Final Model |Scale 1:200
Research and education of astronomy in Mount Helmos This diploma thesis deals with the proposal for the creation of a research, training and residence center in the Kalavryta region of the Peloponnese, and more specifically in Neraidorahi, the second highest peak of Mount Helmos, where today is located the largest telescope in the Balkans , the telescope “ Aristarchus”. The present installation of the telescope has been the occasion for creating a scenario aiming at the interaction between researchers, astrophysics, academics, amateur astronomers and children, focusing on astronomy. We propose the creation of a building-shell, placed underground in its largest part, with a main element of a prismoid roof with openings and semi-open spaces, spots for astrological observation and contemplation of the night sky. We aim to resident researchers who work annually on the Aristarchus Telescope, the external telescope visitors, the various astronomy clubs and schools, as well as children from all levels of education who visit the area and facilities during school excursions in order to learn about astronomy and observe the night sky. An important factor in the designing of the building is the extreme weather conditions of the area, the difficult access and the intense slope of the soil. At the same time, we are working on a multidisciplinary planning approach, in collaboration with the researchers of the National Observatory of Athens and the National Center for Research in Natural Sciences “Demokritos”, to understand the needs of the users of the area and to collect climatic data from valid sources. This project came as a result of a very good cooperation of the team, so most of the design has been processed simultaneously be both of the members. However, my rensponsibility was to create the map diagrams, edit all the plans, sections and elevations, create the axonometrics, edit the renderings, as well as design in 3d the prismoid roof and unroll it as a surface to cut it later in the laser cutter.I also organised and created all the presentation boards. Models were all made by both members of this thesis. Diploma Thesis 10th Semester, 2018 Students: Dosopoulou Afroditi, Stavraki Paraskevi Supervisors: Stylidis Iordanis, Philippitzis Dimitris 21
KALAVRITA SKI CENTER
Helmos is located in the northern Peloponnese, between the mountains of Ziria in the east and Panachaikos in the west. It is located mostly in the prefecture of Achaia and less in the prefecture of Korinthia. In the north ends calmly in Aegialia and the Corinthian Gulf, and in the south it reaches up to the Aphrodisiac Mountain and Saita.
main road-E4 European pathway dirt road ski slopes
It is the third highest mountain range in the Peloponnese after those of Taygetus and Ziria. The approach to Helmos is made by the Athens-Patras National Road. The most famous route is from Kalavrita, which passes through the Vouraikos Gorge. Kalavryta is 77 km from Patras and 200 km from Athens. From there, the road continues to the Kalavrita Ski Center, from where a dirt road starts leading to the Observatory and the mountain peaks.
Existing facilities in the area
In the area of Helmos are located the following existing facilities: besides the Helmos Observatory belonging to the National Observatory of Athens, on the mountain operates the Kalavrita Ski Center, as well as the Research Center for Environmental and Climate Data and Measurements, part of the National Center for Research in Physical Sciences “Democritus”. Helmos belongs in the darkest areas in Greece according to light pollution measurements. 22
Map of Greece
Light pollution map of Greece
Altitude: 2314m. Prevailing wind direction: NW Maximum wind velocity: 130km/h Temperature: min -17.4 oC , max 28.4 oC
Topographic Diagram indicatinc the prevailing wind direction and the existing road. proposal
BUILDING AND ROOF MORPHOLOGY
After collecting environmental data, both in-situ in the area of the Telescope Aristarchus and from the institutes of the National Observatory of Athens and Democritus, we experimented a lot on the shape of the building. We decided to design most of its part undergound. Underground structures are more protected from the extreme weather conditions, they can maintain more stable temperatures in the interior,as well as keep the materials in a good condition for a longer period of time. Furthermore, we designed the roof in the same inclination with the ground in order to create a shape that would guide the snow to the ground and not let it damage the roof. The inclination of the roof gradually changed for three main reasons: 1. The southern part of the roof got 30o tilted so it could be covered with photovoltaic panels. 2. The north side of the roof got also tilted in order to avoid the extreme wind pressures. 3.The central part of the roof maintained the inclination of the ground and the three parts together shaped an aerodynamic feature in the building. The orientation of the building was defined by the need of the astronomers to be close to the observatory and the fact that we wanted to create an entrance at the level of the road.
Model of the mountain | Scale 1:1000
Experimentation on the buildingâ€™s morphology.
Diagram demonstrating the final morphology of the building, the orientation and the placement of the photovoltaic panels to the south. 23
PLAN | 5TH FLOOR
WESTERN ELEVATION 24
NORTH ELEVATION 25
EASTERN ELEVATION 26
5th floor , telescope level|+19.5m
ground floor, street level|0.0m
SECTION B-Bâ€™ 27
01 thin film photovoltaic panels
02 vm zinc roof cladding
03 roof thermal insulation
04 timber roof cladding
ROOF DESIGN AND STRUCTURE
The prism roof creates a cover for the building, protecting the part designed from the ground level and above. With its shape, the roof aims to exploit the solar radiation, avoid the strong winds and the pressures of snow. At the same time, the openings placed on the roof allow light to enter the building and enforce the buildingâ€™s ventilation. Four large transverse openings allow direct contact of the user with the exterior, as anyone is able to exit from the building laterally. The two terraces designed in the middle of the roof were created for the following reasons: apart from the fact that they contribute to the lighting and ventilation of the building, these two atriums are spots of star observation and contemplation of the night sky, with the closed openings in case of bad weather conditions conditions or open when the weather is warmer. Across the roof we find skylights that also lead the light inside the building.
05 frame from wooden beams
06 supporting structure from steel double-T beams
07 windows with low-e glass
08 supporting structure from reinforced concrete
EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC 28
ROOF BOTTOM VIEW
1.VMZINC 24mm 2.ventilation zone 55mm 3.thermal insulation 15cm 4.waterproof layer 5.sound insulation 2cm 6.timber cladding 145x19mm 7.wooden beams 10x10cm
1.VMZINC 24mm 2.ventilation zone 3.waterproof layer 4.thermal insulation 10cm 5.reinforced concrete wall 40cm 6.timber cladding 145x19mm
1.wooden parquet 2cm 2.plywood 2cm 3.thermal insulation 5cm 4.wooden beams 5x5cm 5.reinforced concrete slab 10cm
1geotextile 2.stone surround 3.drain pipe diam. 13cm 4.thermal insulation 10cm 5.reinforced concrete wall 40cm
AXONOMETRIC DIAGRAM WITH OPEN AND CLOSE OPENINGS
CONSTRUCTION DETAIL 29
MODELS WITH THE STRUCTURAL FRAME | SCALE 1:200
MODEL | SCALE 1:300 30
MODEL OF THE STAIRCASE IN THE GROUND LEVEL | SCALE 1:100
FINAL MODEL | SCALE 1:100 31
Project D.Y.O.B. : Drill your own base It was Jules Verne, in 1865, who first came up with the idea of building an enormous space gun capable of shooting a projectile to the moon. His novel â€œFrom the Earth to the Moonâ€? inspired scientists and explorers to examine a possible Moon landing and, why not, inhabiting. Our project Drill Your Own Base (D.Y.O.B.), although is not proposing the use of a huge cannon to send our habitat to the Moon, is experimenting with the idea of drilling. Taking into consideration the inhuman conditions of the Lunar environment, such as extreme radiation and micrometeoroids, extreme temperature fluctuations and the absence of atmosphere, we propose an underground module, in the shape of a spiral. This shape derives from the first illustrations of Jules Verne space projectile, a bit transformed, in order to resemble a screw-like shape. This comes of the idea that, instead of shooting the module to the Moon, we thought something closer to drilling. More specifically, our spiral module will be carried as an extra part in a spacecraft from Earth, and with an acceleration mechanism will be drilled into the Lunar surface. My responsibility regarding this project was to to design the section of the base,, edit the renderings and also organise and design the final presentation boards. I contributed also in the designing of the circle-shaphed plans of the base.
Working Facilities Greenhouse
Participation in Moontopia Competition conducted by Eleven Magazine. Members: Afroditi Dosopoulou|Paraskevi Stavraki September , 2016 33
PREPARATION CABIN FOR OUTSIDE ACTIVITIES
KITCHEN & WC
SHARD END FOR DRILLING
SECTION OF THE BASE 34
LOCATION: MALAPERT MOUNTAIN Malapert Mountain is located at 0 Longitude, 86 South Latitude in the south polar region of the Moon. It was previously reported that the summit of the mountain has an altitude of 8000 meters. Although the distance from portions of the base of the mountain to the summit are approximately 8000 meters, interpretations of Earth-based radar imaging data indicate that the summit of the mountain projects approximately 5000 meters above the reference surface ellipsoid of the Moon. The difference in these elevations is explained by the fact that imaged portions of the base of the mountain are below the reference surface ellipsoid of the Moon. The location of the mountain and elevation of the summit are attractive for the next stage of lunar exploration for four reasons: 1) Abundance of sunlight, 2) Earth visibility, 3) Access to scientific points of interest, and 4) Logistical and operational advantages for lunar science and engineering projects.
Jules Verne Early illustrations â€œFrom the Earth to the Moonâ€? of the projectile 1865 Jules envisioned.
A screw object as an alternative that can be drilled.
The D.Y.O.B. module that can both be drilled and contain our habitat on the Moon.
1. 3d printed protective shielding from regolith made in -situ 2. Windows from transparent BNNT material for lightning 3. Geometric dome for stability and protection, covered with refleting material. Frame made from carbon nanotubes 4.Artificial photosynthetic leaves for vegetation inside the module 5. Carbon shell preconstructed and brought from Earth with sharp edges for drilling 6. Carbon ending loaded with metal, designed with sharp end for drilling
EXTENSION The module is the first step of habitation on the Moon. Although the number of the people that can fit into the unit is now restricted to 12, after the settlement of the first D.Y.O.B., more are about to come, connect with each other and multiply, in order to create a network of â€œneighborhoodsâ€? that will also contain working places, experimenting facilities, as well as recycling, vegetation, facilities for space vehicles and landing, along with space tourism companies, restaurants and bars, leisure activities, and whatever humans can imagine to accompany their out of Earth living.
VIEW FROM THE SPIRAL CORRIDOR 36
ENTRANCE HALL- SPACE UNIFORM CABINS GYM AND EXERCISE FACILITIES VIRTUAL REALITY ROOMS PERSONAL PRIVATE CABINS LEISURE AND RESTING ROOM KITCHEN AND WC
The Architecture of Space Stations Special Research Topic
This research paper examined the architecture of space stations, focusing on the structural element of the module. At first, the reason of moving to space and the need of staying offworld were analyzed, in the light of the biological evolution of mankind. Through the historical retrospective of the evolution of spacecrafts, from the very first concept of the space station to the present International Space Station, we notice the prolonged use of the module in the structural configuration, as the basic unit of living and research. Hence, an attempt was made to define the concept of the module in architecture, through standardization examples, from the period of the Industrial Revolution and beyond, and then the research focused on the design of the module in the space stations. The orbital stations of the past were analyzed, Salyut Series, Skylab and Mir, culminating in todayâ€™s International Space Station. The elements of the analysis included both the overall structure of the stations and their dimension characteristics, as well as their architectural configuration in terms of functions, but also the layout of the space inside the modules. At the same time, there was a description of the daily schedule of astronauts in the modules and how it had evolved over the years. Based on these data, comparative tables were created at the end of the paper and observations were made according to the reasons that set the module as an appropriate tool for structural configuration but also as a tool for further expansion of our extraterrestrial habitats. Right image: personal illustration of a megastructure space station as I envisioned it on the distant future (special Research topic is obligatory at the University of Thessaly, in the Department of Architecture)
9th Semester, 2017 Student: Dosopoulou Afroditi Supervisor: Papadopoulos Spiros 39