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School Choice Now:

Power of Educational Choice The

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


School Choice Now:

Power of Educational Choice The

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

Malcom Glenn Randan Swindler

How to Use This Yearbook The School Choice Yearbook is a compendium of the nation’s most accurate data on school voucher and scholarship tax credit programs, an analysis of trends and information regarding school choice, a directory of accountability provisions and requirements for each program, and a chronicle of the past year’s school choice-related events and activities.


School Choice Now: The power of Educational Choice School Choice Yearbook 2012–13 An Annual Publication Published by: Alliance for School Choice 1660 L Street, NW, Suite 1000 Washington, D.C. 20036 202.280.1990 www.AllianceforSchoolChoice.org Copyright © 2013 Alliance for School Choice. All Rights Reserved. Authors: Malcom Glenn and Randan Swindler with Greg Brock, Scott Jensen, Whitney Rhoades, Kristen Schuh, and John Schilling, with special thanks to Michelle Gininger Book Design: Alina Zenn Printed in the United States of America First Printing Cover image: Students appear at a rally for educational choice in Raleigh, North Carolina, on May 22, 2012.


Students rally for educational choice at the state Capitol in Richmond, Virginia, on February 7, 2012.


Table of Contents

Students celebrate at a National School Choice Week rally in Virginia in February. More than 3,500 events are held across the country during the week each year.


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Table of Contents 6 p The Power of Educational Choice 8 p What Is Educational Choice? 9 p Types of School Choice Programs 11 p Educational Choice Today 16 p School Choice Growth: New and Expanded Programs in 2012 17 p The Research Reality of Educational Choice 19 p Educational Choice in the News 20 p Year in Review 24 p Feature: The Faces of Educational Choice 26 p Feature: Athletes and Educational Choice 28 p Feature: Reach for the Summit 30 p Feature: Timeline of Educational Choice 33 p State Profiles 66 p Accountability Check 68 p Educational Choice Allies 70 p About Us 71 p Sources and Credits

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Foreward by Kevin P. Chavous Executive Counsel, Alliance for School Choice

The

Power of

Educational Choice In 1990, when the state of Wisconsin enacted the nation’s first private school choice program, 337 children participated in the voucher program. Today— thanks to the efforts of parents, advocates, and elected officials—more children than ever before have access to educational options, and 245,854 children are participating in publicly funded private school choice programs all across the country. From just a single program more than two decades ago, the school choice movement has grown across the nation, garnering strong bipartisan support at the state, local, and federal levels. We have a promise to our nation’s children to provide them with a world-class education. Sadly, too many American children have been left behind in failing, often unsafe schools. But we can—and have—reversed course. By providing meaningful educational choices to families—especially low-income families—we can ensure that every child in America has access to a great education. The Alliance for School Choice’s 2012–13 Yearbook recounts the trends, data, and latest research on the 32 publicly funded private school choice programs in 16 states and Washington, D.C. In the pages of the Yearbook, you will meet the students whose lives have been changed thanks to access to educational options—and learn how accountability, new and expanded programs, and public opinion continue to shape our education policy. Thank you for reading our latest Yearbook and for joining me in the fight to provide our children with the educational options they deserve. Sincerely,

Kevin P. Chavous

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


Wisconsin students who participate in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program enjoy recess together at their school.


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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

What Is Educational Choice? Educational choice empowers parents to choose the educational setting that best fits their child’s needs, public or private. With educational choice, parents—who would otherwise not have a choice—pick the best schools for their child, whether it’s a traditional public school, an innovative public charter school, or a high-quality private school as a result of a scholarship.

Types of Educational Choice School Vouchers Voucher programs give children (usually children from low-income families, children in failing schools, or children with special needs) greater access to high-quality private schools. In voucher programs, education dollars “follow the child,” and parents select private schools and receive state-funded scholarships to pay tuition.

Charter Schools Charter schools are public schools run by educators, members of the community, or other bodies, using innovative and specialized education programs. These schools have a fair amount of autonomy and operate without the bureaucracy that often plagues traditional public schools.

Homeshooling Homeschooling has long been an educational option for families across the country. With the growth of online education and full curriculum available to parents, homeschooling allows parents the option of tailoring their children’s education at home.

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

Scholarship Tax Credits Scholarship tax credit programs give families greater access to high-quality private schools by providing incentives for businesses and individuals to get involved in education reform. In these programs, companies and individuals receive tax credits for donating to nonprofit organizations that provide scholarships to students.

Public School choice Public school choice allows students attending poor-performing public schools to attend a higher-performing public school inside or outside the student’s assigned school district. Public school choice is an important option for students assigned to failing schools because of their ZIP code.

Education Savings Accounts Education savings account programs give parents the power to use their child’s state education dollars on a variety of educational options, including tuition and fees, textbooks, and tutoring. In these programs, families determine how to best use education funding for their children.

Virtual schools Virtual, or online education, allows students to take one or all school courses online, allowing for more flexibility and options in education.

INdividual tuition tax credits

Magnet Schools

Individual state income tax credits of significant size can be used for a child’s educational expenses, including private school tuition, and can help families choose educational tools they otherwise could not afford.

Magnet schools are public schools that offer specific education programs, often emphasizing academic subjects like math, science, and technology, or use specific instructional approaches.


Types of

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School Choice Programs

Private school choice programs—school vouchers, scholarship tax credits, and education savings accounts—are designed to allow parents to choose the best education for their children. The strongest private school choice programs are specifically designed for disadvantaged children who, without these educational options, would be stuck in a school that does not meet their individual educational needs. School choice programs are often designed to help children from low- or medium-income families, children stuck in poorly performing public schools, or children with special learning needs.

Means-Tested Programs Means-tested programs are designed to serve students from low-income families to attend the school of their parents’ choice. These programs provide access to quality educational options that low-income families would not otherwise have. Means-preferenced programs give preference to students from low-income families when granting scholarships through these programs. The following programs help students from low-income families and students from middle-income families. Eighteen of the nation’s 32 private school choice programs are means tested or means preferenced. Voucher Programs Indiana’s Choice Scholarship Program Louisiana’s Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program* Ohio’s Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program Ohio’s Educational Choice Scholarship Program* Washington, D.C.’s D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program Wisconsin’s Milwaukee Parental Choice Program Wisconsin’s Racine Parental Choice Program Scholarship Tax Credit Programs Arizona’s Corporate School Tuition Organization Tax Credit Florida Tax Credit Scholarship Indiana’s Corporate and Individual Scholarship Tax Credit Program Iowa’s Individual and Corporate Scholarship Tax Credit Louisiana’s Tuition Donation Rebate Program* New Hampshire Education Tax Credit Oklahoma’s Equal Opportunity Education Scholarships* Pennsylvania’s Educational Improvement Tax Credit Pennsylvania’s Educational Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit* Rhode Island Corporate Scholarship Tax Credits Virginia Education Improvement Scholarships Tax Credits

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Failing Schools Programs Failing schools programs help students stuck in persistently failing public schools. These programs allow students to attend the private or public school of their parents’ choice, providing immediate educational options to students. Four of the nation’s 32 private school choice programs are failing schools programs.

Typ Sch es of Choool Pro ice gra ms

Voucher Programs Louisiana’s Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program* Ohio’s Educational Choice Scholarship Program* Scholarship Tax Credit Programs Oklahoma’s Equal Opportunity Education Scholarships* Education Savings Account Programs Arizona Empowerment Scholarship Accounts Program*

Special Needs Scholarship Programs Special needs scholarship programs are private school choice programs designed specifically for students with special needs. These programs allow students to attend a public or private school that can address their specific learning needs. Eleven of the nation’s 32 private school choice programs are specifically designed to serve students with special needs. Voucher Programs Florida’s John M. McKay Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program Georgia Special Needs Scholarship Program Louisiana’s School Choice Pilot Program for Certain Students with Exceptionalities Mississippi Dyslexia Therapy Scholarship for Students with Dyslexia Program Ohio’s Autism Scholarship Program Ohio’s Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program Oklahoma’s Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program Utah’s Carson Smith Special Needs Scholarship Scholarship Tax Credit Programs Arizona’s Lexie’s Law Education Savings Account Programs Arizona Empowerment Scholarship Accounts Program* Individual Tuition Tax Credits North Carolina’s Tax Credits for Children with Disabilities

* Some programs are designed to be both failing schools and means tested or means preferenced. In addition, some programs are designed for students with special needs and students stuck in failing schools.

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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Educational Choice Today Across the country, the momentum of providing educational choices to children has grown to include 32 publicly funded private school choice programs in 16 states and Washington, D.C. In 2012, five new programs were enacted and six programs were expanded. From the statewide expansion of Louisiana’s Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program to Virginia’s first scholarship tax credit program, the momentum of educational choice is ever present as more states work to enact, expand, and strengthen educational choice.

2012–13 Data at a Glance

Overall: States with Private School Choice Programs

16 + D.C. and Douglas County, CO

States with Voucher Programs

9 + D.C. and Douglas County, CO

States with Scholarship Tax Credit Programs

11

States with Education Savings Account Programs

1

States with Special Needs Scholarship Programs

9

Overall: Number of Private School Choice Programs

32

Number of Voucher Programs

16

Number of Scholarship Tax Credit Programs

14

Number of Education Savings Account Programs

1

Number of Special Needs Scholarship Programs

11

Overall: Funds Expended for Private School Choice Programs

$963 million

Funds Expended for Voucher Programs

$553 million

Funds Expended for Scholarship Tax Credit Programs

$405 million

Funds Expended for Education Savings Account Programs

$5.2 million

Funds Expended for Special Needs Scholarship Programs

$233 million

Overall: Average Scholarship Amount in Private School Choice Programs

$3,798

Average Scholarship Amount in Voucher Programs

$5,686

Average Scholarship Amount in Scholarship Tax Credit Programs

$2,534

Average Scholarship Amount in Education Savings Account Programs

$14,000

Average Scholarship Amount in Special Needs Scholarship Programs

$7,423

* Information in the overall sections is not intended to add up to the numbers in the summary boxes. For example, some states

have voucher and tax credit programs. Additionally, funding and student data for special needs scholarships is also included in data for vouchers, scholarship tax credit programs, and education savings account programs. Page 11 School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Scholarship Tax Credit Programs in the United States

State

Program

Year Enacted

Students in 2012–13

Funds Expended in 2012–13

Arizona

Individual School Tuition Organization Tax Credit

1997

24,327

$45,642,292

Arizona

Corporate School Tuition Organization Tax Credit

2006

5,838

$11,375,721

Arizona

Lexie’s Law

2009

120

$585,572

Florida

Florida Tax Credit Scholarship

2001

50,821

$229,000,000

Georgia

Georgia Scholarship Tax Credit Program

2008

11,292

$51,500,000

Indiana

Corporate and Individual Scholarship Tax Credit Program

2009

2,890

$2,542,649

Iowa

Individual and Corporate School Tuition Organization Tax Credit

2006

10,446

$13,461,537

Louisiana

Tuition Donation Rebate Program

2012

N/A

N/A

New Hampshire

New Hampshire Education Tax Credit

2012

N/A

N/A

Oklahoma

Equal Opportunity Education Scholarships

2011

35

$26,000

Pennsylvania

Educational Improvement Tax Credit

2001

42,149

$49,673,584

Pennsylvania

Educational Equal Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit

2012

N/A

N/A

Rhode Island

Rhode Island Corporate Scholarship Tax Credit

2006

382

$1,000,000

Virginia

Education Improvement Scholarships Tax Credits

2012

N/A

N/A

148,300

$404,807,355

Year Enacted

Students in 2012–13

Funds Expended in 2012–13

2011

302

$5,200,000

Education Saving Accounts Programs in the United States

State Arizona

Program Arizona Empowerment Scholarship Accounts Program

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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Voucher Programs in the United States

State

Program

Year Enacted

Students in 2012–13

Funds Expended in 2012–13

Colorado

Douglas County Choice Scholarship Program

2011

Not Available

Not Available

Florida

John M. McKay Scholarship for Students with Disabilities

1999

25,366

$157,602,339

Georgia

Georgia Special Needs Scholarship Program

2007

3,227

$19,094,159

Indiana

Choice Scholarship Program

2011

9,324

$38,695,761

Louisiana

Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence

2008

4,963

$25,342,680

Louisiana

School Choice Pilot Program for Certain Students with Exceptionalities

2010

197

$432,683

Mississippi

Mississippi Dyslexia Therapy Scholarship for Students with Dyslexia

2012

13

$65,234

Ohio

Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program

1995

6,513

$24,400,000

Ohio

Autism Scholarship Program

2003

2,241

$36,000,000

Ohio

Educational Choice Scholarship Program

2005

17,057

$66,000,000

Ohio

Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program

2011

1,371

$8,900,000

Oklahoma

Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program

2010

197

$1,200,000

Utah

Carson Smith Special Needs Scholarship

2005

672

$3,750,000

Washington, D.C.

D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program

2004

1,584

$13,434,625

Wisconsin

Milwaukee Parental Choice Program

1990

24,027

$154,800,000

Wisconsin

Racine Parental Choice Program

2011

500

$3,221,000

97,252

$552,938,481

States with School choice programs

SA

Voucher Programs Education Savings Account Programs Individual Income Tax Credit Scholarship Tax Credit Programs Special Needs Programs

At least one program in the state is designed to serve students with special needs.

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School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Growth in States with Private School Choice Programs 20

15

10

5

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

0

1991

1990

P.

32 Private School Choice Programs 20 16 14

15 8 Special Needs 10

5

0

1 Special Needs

13 General 8 General

Vouchers

Scholarship Tax Credits

1 Special Needs Education Savings Accounts

1 Special Needs Individual Tuition Tax Credits*

* Individual Tuition Tax Credits: an individual state income tax credit of significant size for educational expenses, including private school tuition. While individual tuition tax credits currently exist in a small number of states, the Alliance only officially counts North Carolina’s Tax Credits for Children with Disabilities because it is the first credit that is sufficiently large enough to affect a family’s ability to place their child in private school.

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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Recent Student Enrollment Growth in School Choice Programs 300,000 245,854 250,000 210,524 200,000 158,725 150,000

171,478

182,608

190,811

126,519

100,000

81,524

90,613

96,528

108,705

55,373 50,000

29,003

0

2012–13

2011–12

2010–11

2009–10

2008–09

2007–08

2006–07

2005–06

2004–05

2003–04

2002–03

2001–02

2000–01

-02 -12 - 01 -03 -04 -05 -06 -07 -08 -09 -10 -11 -13 10 11 12 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20

2012–13 Scholarship Recipients by State

0

Florida Pennsylvania Arizona Ohio Wisconsin Georgia Indiana Iowa Louisiana Washington, D.C. Utah Rhode Island Oklahoma Mississippi

10,000

20,000

30,000

40,000

50,000

60,000

70,000

80,000

76,187 42,149 30,587 27,182 24,527 14,519 12,214 10,446 5,160 1,584 672 382 232 13

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

School Choice Growth: New and Expanded Programs in 2012

New Programs in 2012 Tuition Donation Rebate Program A scholarship tax rebate program for students from lowincome families Educational Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit A scholarship tax credit program for students from lowand middle-income families who attend the state’s worstperforming public schools Education Improvement Scholarships Tax Credits A scholarship tax credit program for students from lowand middle-income families Mississippi Dyslexia Therapy Scholarship A voucher program for students with dyslexia New Hampshire Education Tax Credit A scholarship tax credit program for students from lowand middle-income families

Expanded Programs in 2012 Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program Expanded student eligibility from just New Orleans to include students all across the state who meet income and other guidelines Educational Improvement Tax Credit • Expanded student eligibility by increasing family income guidelines • Increased the donor tax credit cap and statewide cap Arizona Empowerment Scholarship Accounts Program Expanded student eligibility from just special needs students to include students attending D- or F-rated public schools, students of military personnel, and foster care children (including those who have been adopted or permanently placed) Individual School Tuition Organization Tax Credit Doubled the donor tax credit cap to $1,000 for individuals and $2,000 for married couples Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program Expanded the scholarship amount by eliminating the parent contribution portion of the scholarship amount Florida Tax Credit Scholarship • Expanded the statewide cap on donations by $10.25 million in the 2012–13 school year • Expanded student eligibility by eliminating the public school attendance requirement for students in grades 2-5 • Expanded accountability requirements by allowing schools to administer the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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The Research Reality of Educational Choice Graduation Rates • In the last federal study of the Washington, D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program, students who participated in the program graduated at a rate of 91 percent—more than 20 percentage points higher than those interested in the program who did not receive scholarships and more than 30 percentage points higher than the graduation rate of students in D.C. Public Schools. Subsequent data released by the program administration for 2009–10 and 2010–11 showed a 94 percent graduation rate for participating students, with 89 percent of students attending a two-or four-year college or university. • Students participating in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program boast a higher graduation rate— more than 7.2 percentage points higher—than the graduation rate of students in Milwaukee Public Schools. According to an independent evaluation of the program, students participating in the voucher program are also more likely to enroll in a four-year college and persist in college. Of Note: A study by the Brookings Institution and Harvard University found that African-American students participating in the privately funded New York School Choice Scholarships Foundation Program were 24 percent more likely to enroll in college as a result of receiving a voucher. In addition, African-American enrollment rates in selective colleges more than doubled among voucher students, and the rate of enrollment in full-time colleges increased by 31 percent.

Public Opinion A May 2012 poll sponsored by the American Federation for Children and the Hispanic Council for Reform and Educational Options found that 85 percent of likely voters and 91 percent of Latinos in five states—Arizona, Florida, New Mexico, New Jersey, and Nevada—think vouchers and scholarship tax credit programs should be available in some form, while majorities of likely voters and Latinos also support specific educational choice proposals. Support is especially high for special needs scholarship programs, which are favored by 74 percent of voters and 80 percent of Latino voters. SCHOOL CHOICE OPTIONS

SCHOLARSHIP TAX CREDIT PROGRAMS

23%

74%

OF VOTERS

OF VOTERS

SUPPORT

OPPOSE

78%

OF LATINOS

10

20

30

40

50

OF LATINOS 70

80

90

100

VOUCHER PROGRAMS

57

10

20

39

OF LATINOS

30

40

50

OPPOSE

60

70

80

90

100

OF VOTERS

50

70

80

90

OPPOSE

26%

OF LATINOS

OPPOSE

60

OF VOTERS

70%

OF LATINOS

SUPPORT

31%

SUPPORT

29%

OF LATINOS 40

26%

60%

OPPOSE

69%

30

0

OF VOTERS

SUPPORT

20

71%

OPPOSE

SUPPORT

%

OF VOTERS

10

OF VOTERS

EDUCATION SAVINGS ACCOUNT PROGRAMS

%

0

OF VOTERS

OF LATINOS

OPPOSE

60

31%

SUPPORT

22%

SUPPORT 0

65%

OF LATINOS

SUPPORT

100

0

10

20

30

40

50

OPPOSE

60

70

80

90

100

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Academic Achievement • Students participating in the Florida Tax Credit Scholarship, who tended to be the lowest-performing students at lowperforming public schools, achieved gains in reading and math on par with all students nationally—not just students from low-income families. • Over a four-year period, students in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program had higher achievement growth in reading than similar students in Milwaukee Public Schools. • Students participating in the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program made statistically significant gains in reading, according to a study by the U.S. Department of Education. In fact, voucher students gained approximately 3.1 months of additional learning in reading over their public school peers.

Parental Satisfaction Because educational choice is about empowering families to choose the best education for their children, measuring how happy parents are about the education their children are receiving is vital in gauging the success of private school choice. Parents report high satisfaction rates of their children’s academic progress thanks to private school choice programs all across the country.

100

Georgia

Washington, D.C.

Louisiana

Florida

Wisconsin

92.8%

91.0%

93.4%

97.2%

96.9%

80

60

40

20

0

p D.C. p Georgia Opportunity Scholarship Scholarship Tax Credit Program: 91.0 Program: 92.8 percent of percent of parents are parents are somewhat satisfied with or very the overall happy with academic their current progress of scholarship their children’s school in scholarship the 2011–12 school. school year.

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

p Louisiana’s Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program: 93.4 percent of parents are satisfied or very satisfied with their child’s school.

p Florida Scholarship Tax Credit: 97.2 percent of parents are somewhat or very happy with their current scholarship school in the 2012–13 school year.

p Wisconsin’s Racine Parental Choice Program: 96.9 percent of parents are satisfied or completely satisfied with their child’s school in the 2012–13 school year.


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Educational Choice in the News “[Scholarships] allow lower-income parents to use a portion of their allotted per-pupil education aid at a different school if the one to which their child is assigned is a bad fit. That is not anti-school or anti-education. It is pro-child.” - The Union Leader (NH), August 6, 2012

“It’s working in Milwaukee. It’s working in Indiana and other places in the United States. It’s always worked in the majority of the industrialized nations of the world. Why not here? Why not recognize that education always works better when children attend schools where they want to be and their parents get to choose?” - School Director David Larsen, Chicago Tribune, August 14, 2012

“Elected officials from both parties are so fed up with the status quo of failing schools that they’re abandoning the politics of left-right polarization and challenging the entrenched power of teachers unions. Republicans like [Louisiana Gov. Bobby] Jindal and New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie are fighting for school reform on parallel lines with Democrats like New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo and Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel.” - Author and journalist Juan Williams, Wall Street Journal, February 28, 2012

“By empowering parents, school choice gives them real power to improve their children’s lives, resulting in greater parental involvement and increased satisfaction. As graduation rates have gone up for participating families, increased interest in school choice has developed across the board, but notably among leaders of minority communities, whose children are tragically ill-served by the existing government monopoly over public education.” - Institute for Justice attorney Dick Komer, USA Today, June 27, 2012

“I hold no allegiance to a school delivery model. I really don’t care if you’re a charter school a magnet school, a traditional district school. The question is: Are you providing a quality education?” - Newark Mayor Cory Booker, Asbury Park Press (NJ), February 28, 2012 Page 19 School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Year in Review It would take a great deal, prognosticators surmised at the beginning of 2012, for the educational choice expansions in a single year to top the advancements that took place in 2011. That year, new private school opportunities were created for nearly 20,000 new students nationwide. But like a snowball, momentum builds exponentially, and the size of the coalition to bring quality educational options to families around the country grew stronger than ever in 2012, resulting in the largest increase in the number of students enrolled in publicly funded private school choice programs we’ve ever seen. The advocates who worked to help the more than 245,000 students enrolled in these programs all across the country represent a diverse cross section of Americans with different backgrounds, stories, and political leanings, all united around the understanding that every child in this country—regardless of where they live or how much money their family makes—deserves access to a high-quality education. Building upon the success of a year ago, lawmakers created five brand-new private school choice programs and strengthened six more. But it was not just elected officials who stood up for children in 2012—in Georgia, citizens stood on the side of more educational options by supporting a key statewide charter school authorizing board during the November elections, while thousands more ordinary people have stood up for educational choice in their own communities.

LOUISIANA Louisiana Goes Big, Bipartisan In Expanding Choice Statewide In a state known for its ability to come together in support of the greater good, Louisiana lawmakers stayed true to their reputation in the spring of 2012 when, on the strength of bipartisan support from both chambers, the legislature passed a sweeping statewide expansion of the Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program. Once a lifeline for children from low-income families in Orleans Parish, the voucher program not only opened its eligibility to families across the state, but it expanded to include a broader set of students who could participate. The result? More than 380,000 students—all of whom hail from low-income families and/or failing schools—could now apply for the program. After a truncated enrollment period, more than 10,400 students ultimately applied, and nearly 5,000 of them enrolled in the program in the fall of 2012. But it’s not just what Louisiana legislators did, it’s how they did it—in a remarkably bipartisan fashion. Because when Gov. Bobby Jindal signed the legislation into law last year, he was doing so after it received the votes of a dozen House Democrats and nearly half of the Democrats in the Senate. This from a legislature that also enacted a scholarship tax rebate program in the same session, creating even more options for Louisiana families in the years ahead.

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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VIRGINIA VIRGINIA JOINS EDUCATIONAL CHOICE FOLD, ENACTS SCHOLARSHIP TAX CREDIT PROGRAM Even before the snow had thawed from winter, hundreds of parents, students, and advocates joined Virginia Gov. Bob McDonnell in February for a rally at the state Capitol to express their support for the creation of a scholarship tax credit program. Less than a month later, their voices were heard. On February 29, 2012, a bipartisan coalition in the Virginia House of Delegates passed the bill that would create the new private school choice program, the first such program in the Old Dominion State. Weeks later, Gov. McDonnell’s signature cemented Virginia as what was, at the time, the 14th state with a publicly funded private school choice program in America.

ARIZONA IN ARIZONA, NEW STRENGTH DEFINES ONE-OF-ITS-KIND SCHOOL CHOICE PROGRAM 2012 was known not just for its new programs, but also for dramatic expansions. In addition to the significant increase in eligibility that took place in Louisiana, residents in another state with a long history of educational choice success saw new expanded eligibility for families in need. Just over a year after Arizona became home to the first and only education savings account program—a unique program giving parents unprecedented control over their child’s educational outcome—this landmark school choice offering was expanded last year. From just 142 students enrolled in the 2011–12 school year to hundreds of thousands more eligible in the 2013–14 school year, the remarkable increase came as a result of legislative action that transformed the Empowerment Scholarship Accounts Program from a special needs program to one also serving students attending failing schools, students of military personnel, and foster care children—including those who have been adopted or permanently placed. The program’s improvements, which came just as the 2011–12 school year concluded in May, set the stage for a summer of heavy enrollment increases from families all across the state. Coupled with increased enrollment in Arizona’s other private school choice programs—thanks in part to an expansion of the Individual School Tuition Organization Tax Credit—the Grand Canyon State boasts higher enrollment in private school choice programs in the 2012–13 school year than in any year in history.

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

florida & OHio A NEW MILESTONE IN FLORIDA AND AN ANNIVERSARY BOOST IN OHIO Bipartisanship has been the order of the day in Florida, allowing the Florida Tax Credit Scholarship to serve more children every year. The ability of lawmakers to work together is still paying dividends for children—to the tune of more than 50,000 students. That’s the number of kids enrolled in the scholarship program in the 2012–13 school year, after legislators—once again in a bipartisan manner—passed a bill increasing the cap on donations to the program. And with a provision in place that will prompt the scholarship cap to increase by an additional 25 percent if, as expected, donations keep pace with previous years, the future is bright for the nation’s largest private school choice program. This past year also marked the 10th anniversary of the landmark Zelman v. SimmonsHarris U.S. Supreme Court case, which affirmed the constitutionality of school voucher programs. The celebration of the case, which upheld the Cleveland voucher program, coincided with a provision that strengthened the program by eliminating the parent contribution portion of the scholarship amount. In theory, this meant that families who previously could not afford the contribution could now participate in the program. In practice, it means that more than 910 more students than last year are now getting a better education as a result of the program.

MORE WHERE THAT CAME FROM… Mississippi legislators enacted a voucher program designed for children with dyslexia—a disorder where the brain does not properly recognize and process symbols, often resulting in difficulty with reading. Students in grades 1-6 who have been diagnosed with dyslexia are eligible to receive a scholarship to attend a public or private school that provides therapy for dyslexia. In New Hampshire, the legislature overrode a veto from the governor, thereby creating a scholarship tax credit program for students from low- and middle-income families to receive up to $2,500 to attend the private school of their parents’ choice. Under the program, businesses can receive a tax credit equal to 85 percent of their donations. And not to be outdone were two significant developments from the Keystone State. In Pennsylvania, legislators created the Educational Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit, a new program serving students in the state’s worst-performing schools. It’s an important complement to the original private school choice program in Pennsylvania—the Educational Improvement Tax Credit—which also saw improvements in 2012 that broadened eligibility. Both the new program and the changes to the old one came as a part of the state’s annual budget. All told, 2012 will be remembered as the year when a quarter of a million students gained access to quality educational options as a result of private school choice. Fully cemented as an integral part of the education reform movement, educational choice is proving to be a catalyst for positive change that is transforming the lives of the neediest children around the country—for the better.

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


A student in Arizona looks on during a January rally. Two of Arizona’s private school choice programs were strengthened in 2012.


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The

Faces of Educational Jaevion * GRADE: 2nd * SCHOLARSHIP: Indiana’s Choice Scholarship Program In its second year, the Choice Scholarship Program in Indiana enrolled more than 9,300 students in the program, compared to nearly 4,000 students in the program’s first year. One of those students participating in the program is Jaevion. “As a single mother, I had lost the ability to not just give my son the great education he deserved, but to finance an appropriate and fitting education for Jaevion,” said Jeronna, Jaevion’s mother. “Up until recently, Jaevion and I were homeless. During that time, I didn’t think sending my son to a school where he would thrive would even be possible, but then, the voucher program came along and there was renewed hope that Jaevion could receive the quality education I have always wanted for him.” The teaching strategy that Jaevion’s school uses has encouraged his desire to learn more and to earn better grades. In fact, Jaevion now enjoys attending school every day and is more committed than ever before to improving his reading skills. Said Jaevion’s mother: “There isn’t a doubt in my mind that Jaevion is exactly where he needs to be in order to thrive academically.”

Sara Ashley * GRADE: 5th * SCHOLARSHIP: Georgia Special Needs Scholarship Throughout kindergarten, Sara Ashley struggled with daily learning activities, including counting and verbal recognition. She had difficulty focusing and was placed into special learning classes. While attending a public school in her neighborhood, she was unable to get the one-on-one attention she needed to overcome her ADHD and dyslexia. Frustrated by her minimal improvements, Sara Ashley’s parents decided to explore private school options that could better address her learning needs. Thanks to the Georgia Special Needs Scholarship, they were able to place her in The Bedford School in Fairburn, Georgia, which focuses primarily on educating students with specific learning disabilities. Within weeks of enrolling in Bedford’s specialized classes, Sara Ashley was retaining knowledge and gaining confidence. Today, she excels in math and loves art, and she even landed a role in the annual school play. Sara Ashley’s parents recognize the importance of the individualized learning the scholarship has given them and thousands more families across Georgia.

Raunel * GRADE: 10th * SCHOLARSHIP: Racine Parental Choice Program Raunel, a sophomore at Shoreland Lutheran High School in Somers, Wisconsin, hasn’t always excelled in school. At his previous school, he struggled, especially when it came to reading and writing. Now, he’s thriving thanks to the Racine Parental Choice Program. Since he began receiving his scholarship last school year, Raunel has improved in English, earned his way into the Honors Study Hall, and joined the AV club. “Last year, I learned right away that the teachers were willing to help me if I had any questions,” Raunel said. “So I asked questions.” The Racine Parental Choice Program was created in 2011 and modeled after the highly effective Milwaukee Parental Choice Program. Raunel is one of 500 students participating in the program—the cap on the number of students allowed to participate. Next school year, the enrollment cap will be removed, providing hundreds more students like Raunel with the opportunity they deserve.


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Choice

No conversation about the success of educational choice is complete without stories about its actual beneficiaries—the students. Here are just a few of the amazing stories of kids who, thanks to their life-changing scholarships, are reaching new heights.

Anthony * GRADE: 11th * SCHOLARSHIP: Florida Scholarship Tax Credit program Anthony’s family moved from Ohio to Florida just to participate in the Florida Scholarship Tax Credit program. Their goal was to find the school that could best serve Anthony, who has Asperger’s syndrome. “Before I started going to Liberty Christian Academy, I thought it was normal that kids didn’t accept kids like me, or that all teachers didn’t know just how to deal with someone who was different,” Anthony said. “I didn’t like school…my mom didn’t know what to do until she heard about Step Up For Students in Florida. Once I qualified, she applied for the scholarship and I started at Liberty Christian part way into my sophomore year. The kids there are accepting of different people.” Anthony isn’t only fitting in better, but he’s excelling in extracurricular activities, having been elected as the vice president of Liberty’s National Honor Society chapter. Anthony says that while his new school is definitely a “challenge,” he’s “ready to step up and rise to the occasion.”

A’bria * GRADE: 10th * SCHOLARSHIP: Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program A’bria, a high school sophomore, is excited for her future ahead, and she has reason to be. That reason is simple: she has big plans, specifically to become a lawyer or a pediatrician. But before she gets there, she recognizes that she has to go to college. Right now, she’s got her sights set on Miami University in Ohio—or, maybe Harvard. She loves learning history and algebra, and she’s where she is today in large part because of the amazing opportunity she received a decade ago, when A’bria’s mom Sheryl applied for the Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program as A’bria was entering kindergarten. A’bria continues to receive the scholarship today, and she says she’s grateful to have such supportive teachers. “The relationships that I have formed with my teachers can lead to greater academic success,” A’bria said. “I admire the fact that the teachers are so committed to their job of not only teaching but building a personal relationship with each student.”

Lamar * GRADE: Kindergarten * SCHOLARSHIP: D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program Lamar, who began kindergarten this year in Washington, D.C., loves nature, science, and especially plants. His mother, Tiarra, wanted to make sure that Lamar was in an environment where he could continue to develop those interests, and as a result, she applied for the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program last year. Now, Lamar attends the Preparatory School of D.C. thanks to the program, something that wouldn’t be the case without the perseverance of his mom, whose application this year was her second try, after Lamar didn’t qualify for the program last school year. She applied again this year and was excited to learn that Lamar had received a scholarship. Lamar is excelling at the Preparatory School, though he’s just one of the nearly 1,500 students whose life has changed as a result of educational choice in the nation’s capital. If he stays in the program, Lamar’s chances for future success are bright—students in the program are more than 30 percentage points more likely to graduate from high school than their D.C. public school peers.

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They’re known for their moves on the court and on the playing field. Using a combination of instincts, acquired skill, and bestowed talents, the world’s great athletes move gracefully in the pursuit of a shared goal. They draw up plays to win, and those plays invariably break down, but they don’t panic—they innovate. It’s no surprise, then, that they’ve applied the principles of their craft to other facets of their lives, too. And while it’s common to see athletes take their off-the-court (or field) careers toward forays in business, broadcasting, or coaching, four of the country’s most prominent players are leading a different charge: the one to bring improved educational options to the children most in need. As the educational choice movement grew in 2012, so did its unique coalition of supporters. Learn about the opportunities these athletes are helping to create in order to ensure that every child has the foundation for a winning future in education.

While he may be most recognized for his role as an NBA superstar, Jalen Rose has a dynamic background that includes founding a charter school, helping at-risk youth, and giving back to his hometown of Detroit, Michigan. By all accounts, Jalen is a true leader in the movement to improve our nation’s education system.

Jalen Rose s: stat

College: University of Michigan; member of the “Fab Five” from 1992–1993 Pros: NBA small forward and shooting guard for six teams from 1994–2007

Jalen prides himself on being a college graduate and works locally to ensure that youth in Detroit have the same opportunity to earn a college degree. Noticing a decline in the city’s educational system, Jalen took it upon himself to start the Jalen Rose Leadership Academy, an open enrollment, public charter school, in 2011. The Academy provides a leadership-focused education that aims to transform Detroit’s community into a thriving economic landscape. Through his work in Detroit, Jalen has encouraged other athletes to play a larger role in education reform in their local communities and across the nation. In July of 2012, he joined with dozens of athletes in advance of ESPN’s ESPY Awards in Los Angeles to discuss the plight of our education system. He’s now working with the Alliance for School Choice to further broaden the coalition of former athletes ready to make great change for children.


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Four-time Olympic gold medalist Lisa Leslie is widely known for her slam-dunk basketball career in the WNBA—literally—when, in 2002, she became the first player to dunk a ball in a WNBA game. She did a lot during her 12-year professional career, including winning multiple championships and MVP awards.

s: stat

Lisa Leslie

College: University of Southern California Pros: WNBA center for Los Angeles Sparks from 1997–2009, four-time Olympic gold medalist, two-time WNBA Champion, three-time WNBA MVP

Lisa’s passion for winning, however, is perhaps only matched by her passion for fostering the next generation of leaders through quality education and challenging academic settings. Through her work with the Alliance for School Choice, Lisa has taken on a new role as an outspoken advocate for educational choice. She has committed herself to putting all options—whether they be traditional public, public charter, or private—on the table to help kids. Using her platform as an international sports star, Lisa travels around the country to highlight the successes of educational choice for families in need.

Proud father of four, NFL wide receiver Greg Jennings knows first-hand the importance of quality education. Greg keeps a busy schedule playing for the Green Bay Packers, having won a Super Bowl and twice being selected as a Pro Bowler. In 2008, he and his wife decided to create the Greg Jennings Foundation in order to put a renewed focus on helping students in their local communities.

Greg Jennings s: stat

College: Western Michigan University Pros: NFL wide receiver for Green Bay Packers from 2006–present, 2010 Super Bowl Champion

The foundation focuses on impacting children’s lives through education in the Green Bay area and works with at-risk youth to provide them with resources to reach their full academic potential. By assisting families with after-school programs, college preparation courses, and information on maintaining healthy lifestyles, Greg and his foundation have put the focus on meeting the educational needs of students. Recognizing that all students learn in their own unique way, Greg and his foundation have been stewards for educational options that include supplemental learning and after-school programs. For his work on and off the field, Greg is a true all-pro.

Former NBA player and coach Sam Mitchell has always been a leader. In college, he was the catalyst for his team appearing in the NCAA Tournament. In the NBA, he was named Coach of the Year in 2007. But Sam’s leadership dreams always included giving back to his community, too.

College: Mercer University

And, in 2004, he partnered with a longtime friend, Marc Upshaw, to make that dream a reality, and it came in the form of the SaMarc Dream and Achieve Foundation. Aimed at encouraging children to dream big, the foundation boasts an impressive array of community services and activities related to improving educational opportunities for students in his native Georgia.

Pros: NBA small forward for three teams from 1989–2002, NBA coach for Toronto Raptors from 2004–2008, 2007 NBA Coach of the Year

Every summer, the pair team up to host the Foundation’s annual basketball camp, which invites children to participate in sports training activities, but also teaches them important life lessons like the value of a quality education. The Foundation also works in local communities to provide classroom materials to schools and educational tours to students, and it has established learning centers throughout the state of Georgia.

Sam Mitchell s: stat

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Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal (R)

Author and Commentator Juan Williams

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IN ITS THIRD YEAR, new heights FOR THE SUMMIT Over the last three years, the American Federation for Children and Alliance for School Choice’s annual National Policy Summit has become the nation’s premier educational choice event. First hosted in 2010 in Washington, D.C., the Summit brings together a diverse group of elected officials, business and policy leaders, philanthropists, and members of the media to discuss the importance of giving parents all across the country access to highquality educational options. And, each year it welcomes hundreds of new educational choice supporters into the fold. In 2012, the Summit featured an array of leaders—ranging from governors to mayors to business leaders, media commentators, and researchers—all discussing the movement to provide families

Newark Mayor Cory Booker (D)

New Jersey Gov. Chris Chritie (R)

with more educational options. Attendees descended upon Jersey City, NJ, a hotbed of recent education reform conversation, to engage in the most forward-thinking, bipartisan discussion of the current state of reform and educational choice, and how to best move forward in the months that followed.

BIPARTISAN BREAKTHROUGHS On the heels of Louisiana’s statewide voucher expansion in the spring of 2012, Governor Bobby Jindal (R) addressed the crowd and shared his deep-rooted passion for quality education reform. His own upbringing as the son of immigrants encouraged him to focus on academics as the key to success. The audience also heard from Cory Booker (D), mayor of neighboring Newark, as he enraptured the crowd by sharing insight into his efforts as mayor and how he works locally to inspire children to focus on their education, as well as how he has pushed for additional educational options in his home state. A keynote address from political commentator and author Juan Williams inspired the crowd as Williams spoke about the urgent need for an overhaul of the education system in America. He also focused on his own educational journey as the foundation for his


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Former California State Sen. Gloria Romero (D)

Former Indiana Superintendent Tony Benett (R)

appreciation of opportunities to excel in life. And of course, there to enthrall the audience was New Jersey Governor Chris Christie (R), making his second Summit appearance in three years. A national leader on education reform, Christie called on special interests to stop standing in the way of opportunities for children, and he renewed his push to bring more educational choice to New Jersey. Also taking the stage were state legislators from all across the country, as well as a bipartisan panel of school administrators, CEOs, renowned researchers, and other advocates. These national leaders spoke to the significant role of education in their upbringing, sharing their personal stories of hardships growing up and how education was the key to creating a life filled with opportunity and success.

INSPIRATION IN ACTION Perhaps the most striking words in 2012, however, came from someone who has never run for office, never appeared on “Meet the Press,” never owned her own business, and someone who had not, until recently, ever voted in an election. That’s because Valerie Denton Moore is still a student, yet it was her words that were most inspiring of all. Rising up from a troubled neighborhood in

Virginia Delegate Algie Howell(D)

Milwaukee and using a scholarship through the Milwaukee voucher program to attend a high-achieving school, she excelled, enrolled in college at Emory University, and is now thriving as she prepares to graduate and enter the world of nursing. The first person in her family ever to attend college, Valerie expressed thanks not just for her own success, but also for the success that efforts to promote educational choice will have on others like her. Said Valerie at the Summit: “Everyone should have the opportunity to be educated the same as someone who is not of a low-income family.”

MORE TO COME For all the highlights in 2012, this year’s event, to be held on Monday, May 20, and Tuesday, May 21, 2013, in Washington, D.C., expects to be even more energizing, inspiring, and influential for the educational choice movement and its supporters all across the country. Visit www.afcpolicysummit.com to learn more about the 2013 National Policy Summit and past events, as well as how you can attend, get involved in the effort, and spread the word about the importance of educational choice.


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FEATURE:

Timeline of Educational Choice More than 50,000 students participate in private school choice programs across the nation.

The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program—the nation’s first and longest-running voucher program—is enacted.

— 1990

The first scholarship tax credit program is created in Arizona, which allows individuals to donate to School Tuition Organizations that provide scholarships to students to attend private school.

— 1997

The Florida Tax Credit Scholarship is signed into law, creating the nation’s most accountable scholarship tax credit program and a model for the nation.

Pennsylvania’s Educational Improvement Tax Credit goes into effect.

— 2001

President George W. Bush signs the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program into law, creating the first federally funded voucher program in the nation. The program boasts a 91 percent graduation rate for participating students.

— 2004

1995 —

1999 —

2002 —

2005 —

The Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program, the second publicly funded private school choice program in the nation, is created in Ohio’s biennial budget.

Florida enacts the nation’s first private school choice program specifically tailored to students with special needs.

The United States Supreme Court upholds the constitutionality of school voucher programs in Zelman v. Simmons-Harris.

More than 100,000 students participate in private school choice programs across the nation.

Utah creates the Carson Smith Special Needs Scholarship.The program is named after an autistic student, who, thanks to the program, attends the Pingree School for Children with Autism.

Ohio’s Educational Choice Scholarship Program—the state’s third school choice program—is enacted.


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There are now 32 private school choice programs in 16 states and the District of Columbia, serving 245,854 children.

Louisiana expands its Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence program statewide and enacts a scholarship tax rebate program.

Pennsylvania expands its Educational Improvement Tax Credit program and creates the Educational Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit.

Arizona expands its educational savings account program and its individual scholarship tax credit program.

The Georgia Scholarship Tax Credit Program is enacted, and a New Orleans scholarship program is enacted in Louisiana.

Iowa and Arizona each enact means-tested scholarship tax credit programs.

— 2006

Louisiana and Oklahoma each enact special needs voucher programs.

— 2008

— 2010

Mississippi, Virginia, and New Hampshire create new private school choice programs, and Florida and Ohio strengthen existing programs.

— 2012

2007 —

2009 —

2011 —

Georgia and Rhode Island each create private school choice programs—a special needs voucher program and a means-tested scholarship tax credit program, respectively.

Indiana creates a scholarship tax credit program and Arizona’s Lexie’s Law transitions into a scholarship tax credit program.

The Wall Street Journal calls 2011 “The Year of School Choice.”

Seven new programs are enacted, including Indiana’s Choice Scholarship Program, Wisconsin’s Racine Parental Choice Program, and Ohio’s Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program. In addition, 11 programs are expanded, including the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program.

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Table of Contents

Wisconsin voucher students pose for a photo outside of their school. Nearly 25,000 students are enrolled in the state’s two private school choice programs in the 2012–13 school year.


School Choice Programs by Program Provisions, Student Participation, and Data Updates 34

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

ded an M expROGRA

Arizona: Individual School Tuition Organization Tax Credit

P

Program Type

Data Update

Scholarship tax credit – Individual Student Eligibility None specified in law Requirements may be determined by School Tuition Organizations Private school students also eligible

Scholarships Awarded

24,327*

Schools Participating

936*

STOs Operating

48*

2012 Expenditures

$45,642,292*

*Alliance Estimate

Scholarship Tuition Organization (STO) Requirements Use at least 90 percent of contributions for scholarships Make scholarships available for more than one school May allow donors to recommend student beneficiaries but shall not award, designate, or reserve scholarships solely on the basis of donor recommendations Cannot exchange recommendations of student beneficiaries with other donors Report annually to the state:

• Data on accepted contributions, grants awarded, dollar amount of scholarships granted to students who qualify for the free or reducedprice lunch program, dollar amount of scholarships granted to those students whose household income falls between 185 percent and 342 percent of the federal poverty level ($42,643 and $78,831 for a family of four in 2012), amount of money being held for identified student scholarships in future years, list of participating schools with the number and dollar amount of scholarship awards received, the salary of the STO’s top three officials for the fiscal year, and proof of independent review of financial statements by a certified public accountant

School Requirements Comply with state private school regulations, including nondiscrimination and health and safety codes

student participation 0

Scholarship Cap

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

30,000

Tuition only Tax Credit Value 100 percent of donation Donor Tax Credit Cap $1,000 single $2,000 married couple Statewide Cap None Year Enacted 1997

1998–99 1999–00 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07

3,365 15,081 18,049 19,559 20,134 21,146 22,529 24,678 27,153

2007–08 2008–09

28,321

2009–10

27,582

2010–11

27,476

2011–12 2012–13

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

128

25,343 24,327


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Arizona: Corporate School Tuition Organization Tax Credit

Program Type

Data Update

Scholarship tax credit – Corporate

• Means tested Student Eligibility

Scholarships Awarded

5,838*

Schools Participating

425*

STOs Operating

21*

2012 Expenditures

Family income cannot exceed 185 percent of the free or reduced-price lunch program ($78,889 for a family of four in 2012) Attended public school the previous year or entering kindergarten

$11,375,721*

*Alliance Estimate

Scholarship Tuition Organization (STO) Requirements Use at least 90 percent of contributions for scholarships Make scholarships available for more than one school Must allow the state to verify that scholarships are awarded to students attending a qualified school Report annually to the state:

• Data on accepted contributions, grants awarded, amount of money being held for identified student scholarships in future years, list of participating schools with the number and dollar amount of scholarship awards received, salary of the STO’s top three officials for the fiscal year, and proof of independent review of financial statements by a certified public accountant

School Requirements Comply with state private school regulations, including nondiscrimination and health and safety codes Require teachers to be fingerprinted Scholarship Cap $4,900 – grades K–8 $6,200 – grades 9–12 Caps increase by $100 each year Tax Credit Value 100 percent of donation Donor Tax Credit Cap None Statewide Cap

student participation

$29.86 million (FY 2013) 20 percent annual increase each year Year Enacted 2006

0 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

6,000

35 1,947 2,967 3,652 3,626 4,578 5,838

Page 35 School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Arizona: Lexie’s Law

Program Type

Data Update

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate • Special needs and foster children

Scholarships Awarded

120*

Schools Participating

46*

Student Eligibility

STOs Operating

5*

2012 Expenditures

* Students who received vouchers under Arizona’s two previous voucher programs (for foster children and students with disabilities) receive priority in scholarships

$585,572*

*Alliance Estimate

* Attended public school as a full-time student for 100 days prior to the fiscal year * Students must: • Have been placed in foster care at any time before the student graduates from high school or obtains a GED, or • Have been identified as having a disability under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, identified by a school district as a student with a disability, or identified as eligible to receive disability services from a school district

School Tuition Organization (STO) Requirements

* Use at least 90 percent of contributions for scholarships * Make scholarships available for more than one school * Allow the state to verify that scholarships are awarded to students attending a qualified school * Annually report to the state: • Data on accepted contributions, grants awarded, amount of money being held for identified student scholarships in future years, list of participating schools with the number and dollar amount of scholarship awards received, salary of the STO’s top three officials for the fiscal year, and proof of independent review of financial statements by a certified public accountant

School Requirements

* Must not discriminate on the basis of race, color, handicap, familial status, or national origin, and must satisfy the requirements prescribed by federal law for private schools

Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • Tuition of private school • 90 percent of the cost to send the child to public school Tax Credit Value

* 100 percent of donation Donor Tax Credit Cap

* None

student participation

Statewide Cap

* $5 million Year Enacted

* 2009 • In 2009, this program transitioned from a voucher program

to a scholarship tax credit program. Student enrollment data for years before 2009–10 is for the voucher program.

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

0 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

100

200

300

400

500

40 359 439 112 145 115 120


School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Arizona: ARIZONA EMPOWERMENT SCHOLARSHIP ACCOUNTS PROGRAM

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Program Type

* Education savings account • Special needs and foster care • Active duty military families • Failing schools

Data Update Accounts Awarded

302

Schools Participating

Student Eligibility

51

2012 Expenditures

$5,200,000

* Student must: • Be identified as a child with a disability under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation

Act, or by a school district, or is eligible to receive special education services from a school district under state law and has an Individualized Education Program (IEP), or

• Have attended a public school or school district that received a “D” on the state accountability report card, or • Have a parent who is an active duty member of the U.S. military, or • Be adopted from the state foster care system or is placed with a family and has a case plan of adoption * Attended public school as a full-time student for 100 days prior to the fiscal year and who transferred to a qualified private school, or participated in the Empowerment Scholarship Account Program in the previous year, or received a scholarship under Lexie’s Law

Parent Requirements

* Must sign an agreement to: • Provide an education in the subjects of reading, grammar, mathematics, social studies, and science • Not enroll student in a school district or charter school • Release the school district from all obligations to educate the student • Not accept a scholarship under any of Arizona’s tax credit scholarship programs • Use the money deposited in the empowerment account for purposes specified in the law School Requirements

* Cannot discriminate * Cannot share, refund, or rebate any empowerment account monies with the parent or student Scholarship Cap

* 90 percent of the state funding for each qualified student (takes into account grade and disability) Enrollment Cap

* None Program Funding

* No specific program appropriation

student participation

Year Enacted 0

* 2011 2011–12 2012–13

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

190 302

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Colorado: Douglas County Choice Scholarship Program

Program Type

* Voucher • Universal Student Eligibility

* Live in the Douglas County School District * Attended a Douglas County School District school for at least one year * Satisfy all admission requirements of the selected private school School Requirements

* Be accredited by a recognized state or national accrediting organization * Demonstrate student achievement and growth results for participating students at least as strong as what district neighborhood and charter schools produce

* Disclose financial history, including the past three years of audited financial statements and documentation showing adequate insurance policies

* Private schools that have been in operation for fewer than three years must demonstrate the ability to indemnify the District for any loss if the school closes

* Comply with building codes and have a safe school plan * Conduct criminal background checks on school employees * May not discriminate in employment or enrollment decisions * Must release participating students so the District can administer statewide or District assessments * Provide information on employment and enrollment policies, a description of student performance assessments, student conduct and discipline policies, description of governance and operations

Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • Tuition of private school • 75 percent of state portion of per-pupil revenue Enrollment Cap

*500 Program Funding

*No specific program appropriation Year Enacted

*2011

Program Update

In response to litigation filed by opponents of educational choice, a Colorado court has issued an injunction barring the program from moving forward. Appeals to that decision have been filed.

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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Florida: John M. McKay Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program

Program Type

Data Update

* Voucher • Special needs

Scholarships Awarded

25,366

Schools Participating

1,133

Student Eligibility

2012 Expenditures

$157,602,339*

*Alliance Estimate

* Have Individualized Education Program (IEP) or have an accommodation plan under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

* Attended public school in any of the five years prior to the 2010–11 fiscal year

* Children of U.S. military personnel transferring are exempt from prior year public school attendance requirement * Children who received specialized instructional services under the Voluntary Pre–K Education Program (VPK) the previous school year are exempt from prior year public school attendance requirement

School Requirements

* Be approved by the state * Submit to the state annual sworn compliance reports regarding all local and state health and safety codes * Comply with federal nondiscrimination requirements of 42 U.S.C. s 2000d * Teachers and other school personnel working with scholarship recipients must undergo federal background checks * Teachers must have a bachelor’s degree, three years of teaching experience, or special expertise * Schools in operation less than three years must obtain a surety bond or letter of credit to cover value of the scholarship payments for one quarter

* Report student’s progress to parents annually

student participation

Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • Amount of public school funding students would have

0

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

30,000

received

• Tuition and fees of private school

1999–00

Enrollment Cap

2000–01

* None

2001–02

Program Funding

2002–03 2003–04

* No specific program appropriation

2004–05

Year Enacted

2005–06

* 1999

2006–07 2007–08

2 970 5,013 9,130 13,739 15,910 17,300 18,273 19,852

2008–09

20,530

2009–10

20,926

2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

22,198 24,194 25,366

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Florida: Florida Tax credit Scholarship

P

Program Type

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate • Means tested

Data Update

Student Eligibility

Scholarships Awarded

50,821

* Qualify for the free or reduced-price lunch program ($42,643 for a family of four

Schools Participating

1,306

in 2012)

SFOs Operating

* Attended public school the previous year or entering kindergarten or first grade * If a renewing student’s family income increases by 24 percent higher than the

1

2012 Expenditures

$229,000,000

original entry threshold of the free or reduced-price lunch program, students are eligible for a partial scholarship

Scholarship Funding Organization (SFO) Requirements

* Use at least 97 percent of contributions for scholarships * SFOs with fewer than three years’ worth of audits must use 100 percent of donations for scholarships * Make scholarships available for more than one school * Submit to the state: • Financial and compliance audit performed by certified public accountant • Quarterly reports on number of scholarship recipients and participating schools School Requirements

* Be approved by the state * Submit to the state annual sworn compliance reports regarding all local and state health and safety codes * Comply with federal nondiscrimination requirements of 42 U.S.C. s 2000d * Teachers and other school personnel working with scholarship recipients must undergo federal background checks * Teachers must have a bachelor’s degree, three years of teaching experience, or special expertise * Schools in operation less than three years must obtain a surety bond or letter of credit to cover value of the scholarship payments for one quarter * Any school receiving more than $250,000 in scholarship money must provide financial reporting to the state * Scholarship students must take a nationally recognized norm-referenced test or the state public school assessment. All schools with at least 30 students in grades 3–10 must post standardized test score gains

Scholarship Cap

* $4,335 for private school scholarship * $500 scholarship covering transportation to another public school * The scholarship cap for 2012–13 is 68 percent of the per-pupil

student participation

school funding formula. The cap increases 4 percent in any year in which the cap is raised until the cap reaches 80 percent

Tax Credit Value

* 100 percent of donation Donor Tax Credit Cap

* 100 percent of state tax liability Statewide Cap

* $229 million (2012–13) * Cap is allowed to increase by 25 percent in any year after 90 percent of the cap is reached

Year Enacted

* 2001 School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

0 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

10,000

20,000

30,000

40,000

50,000

60,000

15,585 11,550 10,549 15,123 17,819 21,493 24,871 28,927 34,550 40,248 50,821


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Georgia: Georgia Special Needs Scholarship Program

Program Type

* Voucher • Special needs

Data Update

Student Eligibility

Scholarships Awarded

* Attended public school the previous year * Have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) for the entire school year prior to

2012 Expenditures

receiving a scholarship

3,227

Schools Participating

233 $19,049,159*

*Alliance Estimate

School Requirements

* Notify state regarding intention to participate * Demonstrate financial viability * Comply with federal nondiscrimination requirements of 42 U.S.C. s 2000d * Comply with state health and safety requirements * Be accredited or in the process of becoming accredited * Teachers must have bachelor’s degree or three years’ experience in education or health * Provide parents with teachers’ credentials * Report to parents and state regarding students’ academic progress Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • Amount of public school funding student would have received • Tuition and fees of private school Enrollment Cap

* None Program Funding

* No specific program appropriation Year Enacted

* 2007

student participation 0 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

3,000

3,500

899 1,596 2,068 2,529 2,933 3,227

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Georgia: Georgia Scholarship Tax Credit Program

Program Type

Data Update

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate and individual

Scholarships Awarded

11,292

Student Eligibility

Schools Participating

Not Available

SSOs Operating

* Attended public school the previous year or entering pre-kindergarten,

39

2011 Expenditures

kindergarten, or first grade

$51,500,000

Student Scholarship Organization (SSO) Requirements

* Use at least 90 percent of contributions for scholarships * Make scholarships available for more than one school * Have an independent board of directors * Submit annually to the state: • Data on accepted contributions and tax credits approved • Independent review of financial statements by certified public accountant • Total number of students and total dollar value of scholarships awarded each year School Requirements

* Be accredited or in the process of becoming accredited * Comply with the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 * Comply with all state private school regulations, including health and safety codes Scholarship Cap

* 100 percent of state and local per-pupil funding Tax Credit Value

* 100 percent of donation Donor Tax Credit Cap

* $1,000 single * $2,500 married couple * 75 percent of corporation’s state income tax liability Statewide Cap

* $51.5 million * Increases by the annual growth of the Consumer Price Index Year Enacted

* 2008

student participation 0 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

2,000

4,000

6,000

8,000

10,000

12,000

3,000 6,125 11,292


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Indiana: Corporate and Individual Scholarship Tax Credit Program

Program Type

Data Update

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate and individual

Scholarships Awarded

2,890

Student Eligibility

Schools Participating

Not Available

* Family income cannot exceed 200 percent of the free or reduced-price lunch program ($85,286 for a family of four in 2012)

SGOs Operating

4

2011 Donations

$2,542,649

* Must have been enrolled in public school the prior year or be entering kindergarten or received a scholarship in the previous school year

Scholarship Granting Organization (SGO) Requirements

* Use at least 90 percent of contributions for scholarships * Certified by the state * Make scholarships available for more than one school * Conduct criminal background checks on all SGO employees and board members * Have an outside financial audit conducted and provide an annual report to the state School Requirements

* Be accredited by a national or regional accreditation agency that is recognized by the state board * Administer a nationally recognized and norm-referenced assessment to the students Scholarship Cap

* Tuition and fees Tax Credit Value

* 50 percent of donation * Donors cannot carry over credits from year to year Donor Tax Credit Cap

* None Statewide Cap

* $5 million Year Enacted

* 2009

student participation 0 2010–11 2011–12

500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

3,000

590 2,890

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Indiana: Choice Scholarship Program

Program Type

Data Update

* Voucher • Means tested

Scholarships Awarded

9,324

Schools Participating

289

Student Eligibility

2012 Expenditures

$38,695,761*

*Alliance Estimate

* Family income cannot exceed 100 percent of the free or reduced-price

lunch program ($42,643 for a family of four in 2012) for a full scholarship

* Family income cannot exceed 150 percent of the free or reduced-price lunch program ($63,964 for a family of four) for a partial scholarship

* Attended public school for two semesters immediately prior to enrolling in the Choice Scholarship Program or received a scholarship under the Corporate and Individual Scholarship Tax Credit Program

School Requirements

* Be accredited by either the state board or a national or regional accreditation agency that is recognized by the state board * Comply with health and safety codes * Must not discriminate on basis of race, color, or national origin * Conduct criminal background checks on employees * Submit to the state financial reporting on the amount of government funding received, funding disbursed, and school’s total disbursements

* Administer the Indiana Statewide Testing for Educational Progress (ISTEP) program and report to the state data for A–F ratings including ISTEP scores and graduation rates

• To remain eligible to accept new scholarship students, a school must not be rated as D or F for two or more consecutive years * Must grant the state full access to its premises for observing classroom instruction and reviewing any instructional materials and curriculum

* Provide civic and character education and display related historical documents Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • Tuition and fees of private school • 90 percent of the state tuition support amount for students with a family income not exceeding 100 percent of the free or

reduced-price lunch program or 50 percent of the state tuition support amount for students with a family income not exceeding 150 percent of the free or reduced-price lunch program

• $4,500 for students in grades 1–8 Enrollment Cap

* 15,000 (2012–13) * Cap removed beginning in the 2013–14 school year

student participation

Program Funding 0

* No specific program appropriation Year Enacted

2011–12

* 2011

2012–13

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

2,000

4,000

6,000

8,000

10,000

3,919 9,324


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Iowa: Individual and Corporate School Tuition Organization Tax Credit

Program Type

Data Update

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate and individual

Scholarships Awarded

10,446

Student Eligibility

Schools Participating

145

STOs Operating

12

2012 Donations

$13,461,537

* Family income cannot exceed 300 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($69,150 for a family of four in 2012)

* Private school students also eligible Scholarship Tuition Organization (STO) Requirements

* Use at least 90 percent of contributions for scholarships * Make scholarships available for more than one school * Annual review of financial statements by public accounting firm * Submit data to the state on accepted contributions, grants awarded, and participating schools School Requirements

* Be accredited * Comply with federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Iowa Chapter 216 * Comply with state health and safety codes Scholarship Cap

* Tuition only Tax Credit Value

* 65 percent of donation Donor Tax Credit Cap

* None Statewide Cap

* $8.75 million • 25 percent for corporations • 75 percent for individuals and married couples Year Enacted

* 2006 student participation 0 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

2,000

4,000

6,000

8,000

10,000

12,000

116 7,527 8,737 9,624 10,208 10,600 10,446

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Louisiana: Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program

P

Program Type

* Voucher • Means tested and failing schools

Data Update Scholarships Awarded

Student Eligibility

* Family income cannot exceed 250 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($57,625 for a family of four in 2012)

4,963

Schools Participating

118

2012 Expenditures

$25,342,680

* Attended a public school rated C, D, or F or entering kindergarten School Requirements

* Private schools must be approved by the state to participate * Comply with health and safety codes * Not discriminate on basis of race, color, or national origin * Use an open admissions process in enrolling scholarship recipients * Administer all Louisiana state examinations required under the school and district accountability system * Receive a Scholarship Cohort Index of at least 50 to remain eligible to accept new students * No more than 20 percent of students receiving scholarships for private schools in operation fewer than two years * Submit to the state an annual independent financial audit conducted by a certified public accountant * Conduct criminal background checks on all school employees * Maintain a curriculum of quality at least equal to that prescribed for public schools Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • State and local per-pupil funding (state average $8,500 for 2012–13) • Tuition, fees, and costs associated with testing Enrollment Cap

* None Program Funding

* $9.7 million Year Enacted

* 2008

student participation 0 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

640 1,100 1,678 1,832 4,963


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Louisiana: School Choice Pilot Program for Certain Students with Exceptionalities

Program Type

Data Update

* Voucher • Special needs

Scholarships Awarded

197

Schools Participating

14

Student Eligibility

2012 Expenditures

$432,683

* Have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) * Be in need of services for autism, mental disability, emotional disturbance, developmental delay, other health-impairment specific learning disability, or traumatic brain injury

* Eligible to attend a public school * Reside in one of the six large parishes: Jefferson, East Baton Rouge, Orleans, Caddo, St. Tammany, or Lafayette * Private school students also eligible School Requirements

* Be approved by the state to participate * Comply with state nondiscrimination and health and safety requirements * Have existed and provided educational services to students with special needs for two years prior to participating in the program * Teachers must be certified to teach special education Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • 50 percent of state per-pupil funding • Tuition of private school Program Funding

* $650,000 Enrollment Cap

* None Year Enacted

* 2010

student participation 0 2011–12 2012–13

50

100

150

200 186 197

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NEW

Louisiana: TUITION DONATION REBATE PROGRAM

PROG

RAM

Program Type

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate and individual Student Eligibility

* Family income cannot exceed 250 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($57,625 for a family of four in 2012) * Attended public school the previous year or entering kindergarten * Priority given to students who are from public schools that received a letter grade F or D, received a scholarship in the previous year, or are siblings of participating students

School Tuition Organization (STO) Requirements

* Use at least 95 percent of contributions for scholarships * Conduct background checks on its employees and board members * Report annually to the state: • Total number and dollar amount of contributions received • Total number and dollar amount of scholarships awarded • Total amount expended on administrative costs • Tuition and fee amounts published by participating schools • Information on contributions made by each contributor • Financial information report by a certified public accountant School Requirements

* Be approved by the Board of Elementary and Secondary Education * Not discriminate on basis of race, color, or national origin * Conduct background checks on its employees * Annually administer and report the results of the state test associated with the school and district accountability system to measure learning gains in

math and language arts to all participating students in grades that require testing under the state’s accountability testing requirements for public schools

* Any school receiving more than $50,000 in scholarship money must: • File financial information demonstrating its financial viability • File a surety bond if in operation for five years or less Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • Tuition and fees • Grades K–8th: 80 percent of average state per-pupil funding (approximately $4,000) • Grades 9–12: 90 percent of average state per-pupil funding (approximately $4,500) Tax Rebate Value

* 95 percent of donation Donor Rebate Cap

* None Statewide Cap

* None Year Enacted

* 2012 School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

Program Update

Because this program was enacted in 2012, it has not yet received donations or granted scholarships at this time.


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MISSISSIPPI: DYSLEXIA THERApY SCHOLARSHIP NEW

PROG

RAM

Program Type

* Voucher • Special needs

Data Update

Student Eligibility

Scholarships Awarded

13

Schools Participating

1

* Diagnosed with dyslexia 2012 Expenditures $65,234 * Entering grades 1–6 * Previously attended a public or private school that emphasizes instruction in dyslexia intervention or whose parent has obtained acceptance for admission of the student to an eligible private school

School Requirements

* Be a state accredited special purpose school * Provide comprehensive dyslexia therapy instruction delivered by state Department of Education-licensed dyslexia therapists to children diagnosed with dyslexia as a primary learning disability

* Provide the state all documentation required for a student’s participation * Provide parents with a written explanation of the student’s progress * Conduct background checks on teachers and other school personnel * Submit to annual audits of financial records by the state auditor Scholarship Cap

* 100 percent of the Mississippi Adequate Education Program base student cost (state portion of per-pupil funding) Program Funding

* No specific program appropriation Year Enacted

* 2012

student participation 0 2012–13

3

6

9

12

15 13

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

NEW

New Hampshire: EDUCATION TAX CREDIT PROGRAM

PROG

RAM

Program Type

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate Student Eligibility

* Attended public school the previous year or received a scholarship the previous year * Private school students are also eligible if their family income does not exceed 300 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($69,150 for a family of four in 2012)

Scholarship Organization (SO) Requirements

* Use at least 90 percent of contributions for scholarship * Comply with state and federal antidiscrimination and privacy laws * Be registered with the director of charitable trusts * Be approved by the state * In awarding scholarships to students who attended public school or who received a scholarship the previous year, award at least 40 percent of scholarships to students who qualified for free and reduced-price lunch in the final year they were in public school

* Must not restrict scholarships for use at a single school and not reserve scholarships for specific students * Submit to the state: • Total number and dollar amount of scholarships awarded and the percentage of students eligible for free and reduced-price lunch for each of the student eligibility categories • Total dollar amount of donations spent on administrative expenses • Total carryover dollar amount • Total dollar amount of contributions used and not used for scholarships • Number of scholarships distributed, per school, and the dollar range of those scholarships • Analysis, by ZIP code, of the place of residence for each student receiving a scholarship • Aggregated results of parental satisfaction survey, designed by the state • Number of students who graduated and the number who dropped out of school

School Requirements

* Comply with state home education law Scholarship Cap

* $2,500 (average of all of SOs scholarships) * At least $4,375 for students receiving special education programs or services * The scholarship cap will increase by the annual growth of the Consumer Price Index, beginning in the second year of the program Tax Credit Value

* 85 percent of donation Donor Tax Credit Cap

* No more than 10 percent of the aggregate amount of tax credits permitted in a given year Statewide Cap

* First year: $3.4 million * Second year: $5.1 million * After second year, cap is allowed to increase by 25 percent in any year after 80 percent of the cap is reached

Year Enacted

* 2012 School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

Program Update

Because this program was enacted in 2012, it has not yet received donations or granted scholarships at this time.


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North Carolina: TAX CREDITS FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES

Program Type

* Individual tuition tax credit • Special needs Student Eligibility

* Identified as having a disability * Have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) * Receives special education or related services on a daily basis * Enrolled in a private school for one or two semesters during the taxable year * Is a child for whom the parent is entitled to deduct a personal exemption * Enrolled in a public school or receiving special education or related services through the public schools as a preschool child with a disability for the preceding two semesters

* Must be reevaluated every three years by the public school to verify that the child continues to be a child with a disability Parent Requirements

* Provide the state with requested information about the student and the student’s education, including the tuition, special education, and related services expenses

Tax Credit Amount

* Cost of tuition and special education services up to $6,000 per year, depending on the family tax liability Year Enacted

* 2011

Program Update

Individual Tuition Tax Credits: an individual state income tax credit of significant size for educational expenses, including private school tuition. While individual tuition tax credits currently exist in a small number of states, the Alliance only officially counts North Carolina’s Tax Credits for Children with Disabilities because it is the only credit that is sufficiently large enough to affect a family’s ability to place their child in private school. Page 51 School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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Ohio: Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program

ded anRAM p x G e PRO

Program Type

* Voucher • Means preferenced

Data Update

Student Eligibility

* Must live in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District * Priority given to students living below 200 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($46,100 for a family of four in 2012)

Scholarships Awarded

6,513

Schools Participating

36

2012 Expenditures

$24,400,000

* Scholarship may continue throughout high school * Private school students also eligible School Requirements

* Be registered to participate and chartered by the state * Meet state standards for chartered nonpublic schools * Comply with state laws regarding nondiscrimination and health and safety codes * Administer the state tests, including the Ohio Graduation Test Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: •Tuition •$4,250 – grades K–8 • $5,000 – grades 9–12

student participation

Enrollment Cap

0

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

6,000

7,000

* None Program Funding

* $23.4 million Year Enacted

* 1995

1996–97 1997–98 1998–99 1999–00 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04

1,994 2,914 3,674 3,406 3,797 4,523 5,281 5,887

2004–05

5,710

2005–06

5,813 6,116

2006–07

6,273

2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

5,849 5,276 5,442 5,603 6,513

8,000


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Ohio: Autism Scholarship Program

Program Type

* Voucher • Special needs

Data Update

Student Eligibility

* Be identified as autistic through assigned school district * Have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) * Private school students also eligible

Scholarships Awarded

2,241

Schools Participating

254

2012 Expenditures

$36,000,000

School Requirements

* Register with the state * Comply with state nondiscrimination codes * Demonstrate fiscal soundness * Have properly credentialed staff * Teachers and other staff working with children must undergo background checks * In operation at least one full year * Have adequate liability, property, and casualty insurance certified by a certified public accountant * Obtain surety bond or letter of credit to cover value of scholarships * Provide regular student progress reports to parents and resident public school Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • Tuition • $20,000 Enrollment Cap

* None

student participation

Program Funding

* No specific program appropriation

0

500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

Year Enacted

* 2003

2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11

300 475 734 1,005 1,500 1,672 2,124

2011–12

2,236

2012–13

2,241

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Ohio: Educational Choice Scholarship Program

Program Type

* Voucher • Failing schools

Data Update

Student Eligibility

* Current public school students assigned to a school that has been in Academic

Watch or Academic Emergency for two years of a three-year period or assigned to a school ranked in the bottom 10 percent of schools on the basis of its Performance Index score

Scholarships Awarded

17,057

Schools Participating

331

2012 Expenditures

$66,000,000

* Students entering kindergarten in one of these schools also qualify * Priority given to returning and low-income applicants School Requirements

* Be chartered by the state * Meet state standards for chartered nonpublic schools * Comply with state laws regarding nondiscrimination and health and safety codes * Teachers and staff working with children must undergo background checks * Administer state tests; test results are publicized on the Ohio Department of Education website Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: •Tuition •$4,250 – grades K–8 •$5,000 – grades 9–12 • Scholarship can cover full tuition for students living under 200 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($46,100 for a family of four in 2012)

Enrollment Cap

* 60,000 Program Funding

* No specific program appropriation Year Enacted

* 2005

student participation 0 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

2,713 7,144 10,432 11,242 13,733 16,136 17,057


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Ohio: Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program

Program Type

* Voucher • Special Needs

Data Update

Student Eligibility

Scholarships Awarded

1,371

* Identified as a child with a disability by the school district

Schools Participating

215

* Have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) * Not receiving a scholarship under the Educational Choice Scholarship Program,

2012 Expenditures

the Autism Scholarship Program, or the Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program for the same school year in which they are seeking the special needs scholarship

$8,900,000*

*Alliance Estimate

* In compliance with the state compulsory attendance law * Private school students also eligible School Requirements

* Registered by the state * Comply with state nondiscrimination laws * Meet health and safety standards * Submit in writing to the parents of the qualified special education child a profile of the provider’s special education program, including: methods of instruction that will be utilized to provide services to the child and the qualifications of teachers, instructors, and other persons who will provide services to the child

* Administer and report the results of the state’s tests, including the Ohio Graduation Test, unless the student is excused from taking that assessment under federal law or the student’s IEP

* Have properly credentialed staff * Educational program approved by the state * Provide record of the implementation of the IEP of each qualified special education student enrolled in the school, including evaluation of the child’s progress to the school district

* Submit to the state information on the type and cost of special education services given to scholarship recipients Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • Tuition and fees of the private school • Student’s per-pupil special education funding amount based on disability, with a cap of $20,000 Enrollment Cap

* No more than 5 percent of Ohio students identified as children with disabilities during the previous fiscal year (approximately 12,000 scholarships)

Program Funding

student participation

* No specific program appropriation 0

Year Enacted

* 2011

2012–13

300

600

900

1,200

1,500 1,371

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Oklahoma: Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program

Program Type

* Voucher • Special Needs

Data Update

Student Eligibility

* Have an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) in effect at the time the scholarship is requested

Scholarships Awarded

197

Schools Participating

44

2012 Expenditures

$1,200,000

* Attended public school the previous school year * Children of U.S. military personnel transferring are exempt from prior year public school attendance requirement * Have regular and direct contact with private school teachers at the physical location of the private school School Requirements

* Be accredited by the State Board of Education or approved accrediting association * Comply with state nondiscrimination and health and safety requirements * Must have been in operation for one school year prior to participation in the program * Provide a statement by a certified public accountant confirming that the private school is insured and the owners have sufficient capital or credit to operate or provide record of a surety bond or credit for the amount equal to the scholarship funds for any quarter

* Teachers must have a bachelor’s degree or at least three years of teaching experience in public or private schools, or have special skills, knowledge, or expertise that qualifies them to provide instruction in the subjects taught

Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • 100 percent of the state and local public school funding for each child (takes into account grade and disability) • Tuition and fees of the private school * The local school district may keep up to 5 percent of the scholarship amount for administrative services Enrollment Cap

* None Program Funding

* No specific program appropriation Year Enacted

* 2010 student participation

0 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

50

100

150

200

10 149 197


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Oklahoma: Equal Opportunity Education Scholarships

Program Type

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate and individual Student Eligibility

Data Update

* Family income cannot exceed 300 percent of the free or reduced-price lunch

Scholarships Awarded

35*

* Attended or was eligible to attend a public school identified for school improvement

Schools Participating

21*

STOs Operating

1*

* Participating students and their siblings remain eligible until graduation

2012 Donations

$26,000*

program ($127,929 for a family of four in 2012)

pursuant to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 during the preceding school year

* For the special needs portion of the scholarship, eligible students must have

*Alliance Estimate

attended a public school and have an Individualized Education Program (IEP)

Scholarship Granting Organization (SGO) Requirements

* Use at least 90 percent of contributions for scholarships * Register as a scholarship-granting organization with the state * Spend portion of expenditures on scholarships for students who qualify for the free or reduced-price lunch program ($42,643 for family of four in 2012) in an amount equal or greater to the percentage of eligible low-income students in the state

* Ensure scholarships are portable during the school year and can be used at any qualified school that accepts the eligible student * Conduct background checks on employees and board members * Maintain full and accurate records on contributions and expenditures and other documentation required by the state School Requirements

* Accredited by the state or a state-approved accrediting association * Comply with health and safety laws and codes * Has stated policy against discrimination * Ensures academic accountability through regular progress reports to parents Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is greater: • $5,000 • 80 percent of average per-pupil expenditure in the student’s school district • Up to $25,000 to cover the tuition, fees, and transportation costs at selected private school for special needs students Tax Credit Value

* 50 percent Donor Tax Credit Cap

* $1,000 individuals * $2,000 married couples * $100,000 corporations

student participation

Statewide Cap

* 3.5 million • $1.75 million individuals and married couples • $1.75 million corporations

0 2012–13

5

10

15

20

25

30

35 35

Year Enacted

* 2011

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Pennsylvania: Educational Improvement Tax Credit

ded anRAM p x G e PRO

Program Type

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate Student Eligibility

Data Update

* Family income cannot exceed $60,000 ($75,000 after June 30, 2013), with an additional $12,000 allowed for each additional dependent.

• Income adjusted annually to reflect growth of the Consumer Price Index * Private school students also eligible * For special needs students, family income cannot exceed $60,000 ($75,000 after

Scholarships Awarded

42,149

Schools Participating

Not Available

STOs Operating

257

2011 Donations

$49,673,584

June 30, 2013), with an additional $12,000 per dependent multiplied by 1.5 for students not enrolled in special education schools (Support Level 1) or 2.9993 for students enrolled in special education schools (Support Level 2)

Scholarship Organization (SO) Requirements

* Use at least 80 percent of contributions for scholarships * Make scholarships available for more than one school * Submit annual report detailing donations received and scholarships awarded and proof of a financial review by a certified public accountant

School Requirements

* Comply with the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 * Meet state health and safety codes * Teachers and other employees working with children must undergo background checks Scholarship Cap

* Tuition and fees Tax Credit Value

student participation

* 75 percent of one-year donation * 90 percent of two-year donation 0

Donor Tax Credit Cap

* $400,000 for FY 2012–13 * $750,000 beginning in FY 2013–14 Statewide Cap

* $60 million (out of $100 million total)

2001–02 2002–03

20,000

30,000

25,875 26,701

2006–07

* 2001

2007–08

50,000

20,208

2004–05 2005–06

40,000

17,350

2003–04

Year Enacted

29,638 36,540 44,334 44,893

2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

10,000

38,646 40,876 42,149


School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Pennsylvania: EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY SCHOLARSHIP TAX CREDIT

P.

59

NEW

PROG

RAM

Program Type

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate Student Eligibility

* Children residing within the attendance boundary of a low-achieving school (bottom 15 percent based on combined reading and math scores on the state assessment)

* Preference given to: • Students who received a scholarship during the previous year • Students from households with a family income that does not exceed 185 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($42,643 for a family of four in 2012)

* Family income cannot exceed $60,000 ($75,000 after June 30, 2013), with an additional $12,000 allowed for each additional dependent • Income adjusted annually to reflect growth of the Consumer Price Index * Private school students also eligible * For special needs students, family income cannot exceed $60,000 ($75,000 after June 30, 2013), with an additional $12,000 per dependent multiplied by 1.5 for students not enrolled in special education schools (Support Level 1) or 2.9993 for students enrolled in special education schools (Support Level 2)

Scholarship Organization (SO) Requirements

* Use at least 80 percent of contributions for scholarships * Make scholarships available for more than one school * Submit annual report detailing donations received and scholarships awarded to the state, including number of scholarships awarded and total and average

amounts of scholarships awarded to students from households with a family income that does not exceed 185 percent of the federal poverty guideline

* Submit a copy of a financial audit conducted by a certified accounting firm School Requirements

* Comply with the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 * Meet state health and safety codes * Teachers and other employees working with children must undergo background checks Scholarship Cap Whichever is less:

* $8,500 for non-special education students * $15,000 for special education students * Tuition and fees Tax Credit Value

* 75 percent of one-year donation * 90 percent of two-year donation Donor Tax Credit Cap

* $400,000 for FY 2012–13 * $750,000 beginning in FY 2013–14 Statewide Cap

* $50 million

Program Update

Because this program was enacted in 2012, it has not yet received donations or granted scholarships at this time.

Year Enacted

* 2012

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Rhode Island: Rhode Island Corporate Scholarship Tax Credit

Program Type

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate Student Eligibility

Data Update

* Family income cannot exceed 250 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($57,625 for a family of four in 2012)

* Other criteria determined by Scholarship Granting Organization * Private school students also eligible

Scholarships Awarded

382

Schools Participating

54

SGOs Operating

5

2012 Expenditures

$1,000,000

Scholarship Granting Organization (SGO) Requirements

* Use at least 90 percent of contributions for scholarships * Provide annual report to the state detailing number and value of scholarships awarded, ZIP codes of recipients, and criteria used to award scholarships

School Requirements

* Comply with federal and state nondiscrimination laws * Meet state health and safety codes * Require teachers to have bachelor’s degrees * Conduct teacher background checks Scholarship Cap

* None Tax Credit Value

* 75 percent of one-year donation * 90 percent of two-year donation Donor Tax Credit Cap

* $100,000 Statewide Cap

* $1 million Year Enacted

* 2006 student participation 0 2007–08 2008–09

100

200

300

400

500

278 328 511

2009–10 460

2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

600

341 382


School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

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Utah: Carson Smith Special Needs Scholarship

Program Type

* Voucher • Special needs

Data Update

Student Eligibility

* Identified as disabled and have an Individualized Education Program (IEP)

Scholarships Awarded

672

Schools Participating

42

2012 Expenditures

* Currently attending an eligible private school and be determined in need of

$3,750,000

specialized services

School Requirements

* Be approved by the state * Comply with federal nondiscrimination requirements of 42 U.S.C.s. 2000d * Comply with state health and safety codes * Submit to the state an audit and financial report completed by a certified public accountant * Possess adequate working capital to maintain operations for the first year * Disclose to parents the special education services to be provided and the cost of those services * Administer annual assessment of student’s academic progress and report results to the student’s parents * Teachers of recipients must have bachelor’s degrees, three years of teaching experience, or special skills * Provide parents with teacher’s credentials Scholarship Cap

* Based on state’s public school funding formula • $7,040 – three or more hours of services • $4,224 – less than three hours of services Enrollment Cap

* None

student participation

Program Funding

0

* 3.75 million Year Enacted

* 2005

2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

107 340 548 582 602

2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

747 715 672

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Virginia: EDUCATION IMPROVEMENT SCHOLARSHIPS TAX CREDITS

NEW

PROG

RAM

Program Type

* Scholarship tax credit – Corporate and individual Student Eligibility

* Family income cannot exceed 300 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($69,150 for a family of four in 2012) * Attended public school the previous year or entering kindergarten or first grade * An eligible student with a disability must satisfy the above requirement; they must also have an Individualized Education Program (IEP), and their family income cannot exceed 400 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($92,200 for a family of four in 2012)

Scholarship Foundation (SF) Requirements

* Be approved by the state * Use at least 90 percent of contributions for scholarships * Make scholarships available for more than one school * Comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 * Conduct an annual audit, review, or compilation on tax-credit-derived funds * Submit to the state: • Total number and dollar amount of contributions received • Dates when such contributions were received • Total number and dollar amount of scholarships awarded School Requirements

* Comply with state and local health and safety laws * Hold a valid occupancy permit * Comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 * Comply with nonpublic school accreditation requirements as set forth in Section 22.1-19, Code of Virginia, and administered by the

Virginia Council for Private Education or nonpublic schools that maintain an assessment system that annually measures scholarship students’ progress in reading and math using a national norm-referenced achievement test

* Annually provide the state with scholarship students’ national norm-referenced achievement test results * Annually provide the state with scholarship students’ graduation rates Scholarship Cap

* Whichever is less: • Tuition and instructional fees and materials • 100 percent of state per-pupil funding Tax Credit Value

* 65 percent of donation Donor Tax Credit Cap

* Corporate • 100 percent of state tax liability, no less than $500 * Individual and couple • 100 percent of state tax liability, no less than $500 and no more than $50,000

Statewide Cap

* $25 million Year Enacted

* 2012 School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

Program Update

Because this program was enacted in 2012, it has not yet received donations or granted scholarships at this time.


School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

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Washington, D.C.: D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program

Program Type

* Voucher • Means tested

Data Update

Student Eligibility

* Qualify for the free or reduced-price lunch program ($42,643 for a family of four in

Scholarships Awarded

1,584

Schools Participating

52

2012) or participated in the program in the preceding year and has a family income 2012 Expenditures of up to 300 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($69,150 for a family of four in 2012) *Alliance Estimate * Priority given to students who attend schools deemed in need of improvement, corrective action, or restructuring under the federal No Child Left Behind Act; were awarded a scholarship in the preceding year; or have a sibling participating in the program

$13,434,625*

* Students from low-income families in other public schools are also eligible * Students currently attending private school are also eligible * Must take national norm-referenced standardized test School Requirements

* Must not discriminate * Comply with district health and safety codes * Maintain a valid certificate of occupancy * Teachers in core subjects must have a bachelor’s degree * Must be accredited and comply with other standards prescribed under the District of Columbia compulsory school attendance laws

* Must allow site visits by the administering program entity * Administer a nationally norm-referenced standardized test; a comparative evaluation will be conducted utilizing D.C. Public Schools, charter schools, and OSP school testing data

* Submit proof of financial sustainability for schools in operation for five years or less * Has financial systems in place to ensure that funds are used appropriately

Scholarship Cap

0

student participation 500

1,000

1,500

2,000

* $8,136 – grades K–8 * $12,205 – grades 9–12 Enrollment Cap

2004–05

2006–07

program funding

2007–08

* $20 million authorized

2008–09

* 2004

1,712

2005–06

* None

Year Enacted

1,022

1,799 1,933 1,716

2009–10 2010–11

1,319 1,041

2011–12

1,615

2012–13

1,584

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Wisconsin: Milwaukee Parental Choice Program

Program Type

* Voucher • Means tested

Data Update

Student Eligibility

* Live in the Milwaukee Public School District * Family income below 300 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($69,150 for

Scholarships Awarded

24,027

Schools Participating

112

2012 Expenditures

a family of four in 2012), with an additional $7,000 allowed for households with married parents

$154,800,000

* Private school students also eligible School Requirements

* Meet state nondiscrimination policies * Meet state health and safety codes * Allow students to opt out of religious programs * Administer state testing to scholarship recipients in grades 4, 8, and 10 and provide scores to the School Choice Demonstration Project

* Receive accreditation within three years of participating in Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (current participating schools adding grades or creating a new school are exempt)

* Submit an annual financial audit conducted by a certified public accountant to the state *Provide evidence of sound fiscal practices and financial viability to the state * School administrators must undergo financial training and have at least a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution of higher education

student participation

* Teachers must have a bachelor’s degree from an

accredited institution of higher education and teacher aides must have received a high school diploma or been granted a GED or HSED

* Must provide 1,050 hours of direct pupil instruction in grades 1–6 and 1,137 hours of direct pupil instruction in grades 7–12

* Must provide the state with information about the academic program at the participating school and student test score data

Scholarship Cap

* $6,442 Enrollment Cap

* None Program Funding

* 154.8 million Year Enacted

* 1990

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

0 1990–91 1991–92 1992–93 1993–94 1994–95 1995–96 1996–97 1997–98 1998–99 1999–00 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

337 504 591 718 786 1,320 1,606 1,501 5,740 7,596 9,104 10,391 11,209 12,788 14,427 15,274 17,126 18,550 19,414 20,328 20,996 23,198 24,027


School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

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65

Wisconsin: Racine Parental Choice Program

Program Type

* Voucher • Means tested

DataUpdate Update Data

Student Eligibility

* Live in Racine Unified School District * Family income below 300 percent of the federal poverty guideline ($69,150 for

Scholarships Awarded

500

Schools Participating

11

2012 Expenditures

family of four in 2012), with an additional $7,000 allowed for households with married parents

$3,221,000

* Enrolled in public school in the Racine Unified School District the previous school

year; entering school for the first time; or applying to attend kindergarten, first grade, or ninth grade at a participating private school

* Priority given to students who qualify for the free and reduced-price lunch program ($41,348 for family of four in 2011) in the program’s first year

School Requirements

* Meet state nondiscrimination policies * Meet health and safety codes * Allow students to opt out of religious programs * Administer state testing to scholarship recipients in grades 4, 8, and 10 * Receive accreditation within three years of participating in the Racine Parental Choice Program * Submit an annual financial audit conducted by a certified public accountant to the state * Provide evidence of sound fiscal practices and financial viability to the state * School administrators must undergo financial training and have at least a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution of higher education

* Teachers must have a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution of higher education, and teacher aides must have received a high school diploma or been granted a GED or HSED

* Provide 1,050 hours of direct pupil instruction in grades 1–6 and 1,137 hours of direct pupil instruction in grades 7–12 * Must provide the state with information about the academic program at the participating schools and student test score data Scholarship Cap

* $6,442 Enrollment Cap

* 500 scholarships (2012–13) * Cap removed beginning in the 2013–14 school year Program Funding

student participation

* $3,221,000 (2012–13)

0

Year Enacted

* 2011

2011–12 2012–13

100

200

300

400

500

228 500

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Accountability Check The Alliance for School Choice supports strong, commonsense accountability provisions for private school choice programs. Not only are transparency and accountability smart public policy, but they provide the educational choice movement and advocates with readily available data and information to improve programs and to describe successes. Academic Accountability – results in transparency to parents, policymakers, taxpayers, and donors. Parents must have the information to choose high-quality schools that meet the needs of their children, while policymakers, taxpayers, and donors must measure the impact of private school choice programs on academic achievement and attainment. Administrative Accountability – requires schools to meet health and safety codes, comply with nondiscrimination requirements, and conduct background checks on employees. In scholarship tax credit programs, Scholarship Granting Organizations (SGOs) disclose donations and scholarship details, as well as conduct background checks of SGO operators. Financial Accountability – requires schools to file annual financial reports and demonstrate financial viability. In scholarship tax credit programs, financial accountability requires SGOs to demonstrate sound financial standing. These charts detail the accountability provisions required in private school choice programs as of the 2012–13 school year:

John M. McKay Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program

Ç

Ç

Ç

Georgia

Georgia Special Needs Scholarship Program

Ç

Ç

Indiana

Choice Scholarship Program

Ç

Ç

Ç

Louisiana

Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program

Ç

Ç

Louisiana

School Choice Pilot Program for Certain Students with Exceptionalities

Ç

Ç

Mississippi

Mississippi Dyslexia Therapy Scholarship

Ç

Ohio

Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program

Ohio

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Autism Scholarship Program

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ohio

Educational Choice Scholarship Program

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ohio

Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program

Ç

Ç

Ç

Oklahoma

Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program

Ç

Ç

Utah

Carson Smith Special Needs Scholarship

Ç

Ç

Washington, D.C.

D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program

Ç

Wisconsin

Milwaukee Parental Choice Program

Wisconsin

Racine Parental Choice Program

Ç

Ç

Ç Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç*

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

uat

esu

Ç Ç

ent nd

epe

Ç Ç

Eva l

of R

Ç Ç

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

ing

Ç

ion

s

Ç

Ind

Ç

Ç

* Not necessarily a standardized test; law requires formal testing procedure

ort

blic

ard nd

Rep

ize

dA

sse

ssm

ent

ility lV iab

cia nan

ial

f Fi of o

Fin ual

Pu

Florida

Sta

Ç

Pro

Ç

An n

Ç

anc

un gro

Bac k

Douglas County Choice Scholarship Program

Rep

hec dC

ina rim isc

Colorado

ort

ks

n tio

ty He

alth

Voucher Programs

No nd

and

Saf e

Accountability Standards in

Academic lts

Financial ing

Administrative


School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

SGO School Administrative Administrative and Financial and Financial

Scholarship Tax Credit Programs

Arizona

Individual School Tuition Organization Tax Credit

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Arizona

Corporate School Tuition Organization Tax Credit

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Arizona

Lexie's Law

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Florida

Florida Tax Credit Scholarship

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Georgia

Georgia Scholarship Tax Credit Program

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Indiana

Corporate and Individual Scholarship Tax Credit Program

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Iowa

Individual and Corporate School Tuition Organization Tax Credit

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Louisiana

Tuition Donation Rebate Program

Ç

Ç

New Hampshire

New Hampshire Education Tax Credit

Oklahoma

Equal Opportunity Education Scholarships

Pennsylvania

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Educational Improvement Tax Credit

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Pennsylvania

Educational Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit

Ç

Ç

Rhode Island

Rhode Island Corporate Scholarship Tax Credit

Ç

Virginia

Education Improvement Scholarships Tax Credits

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

Ç

cia Ann l Vi ual abi Aud lity its (Ra n d Sta om nda Sam rdiz ple ed ) Ass Pub ess me lic Rep nts ort ing of R Ind esu epe lts nde nt E val uat ion

cks

Academic

nan

Che

Financial

Pro

of o

f Fi

ion

oun d

B ac kgr

scr

imi

nat

ety

Ç

No ndi

He

alth

and

S af

Accountability Standards in

Arizona Empowerment Scholarship Accounts Program

Ç

Ç

Administrative

Arizona

Academic

Ç Ç

Education Savings Account Programs

67

Ba ckg rou Do nd nat Ch ion eck De and s t a S ils c An h Rep ola nu al F ort rshi ing p ina nci al R epo He alth rtin g and S afe No ty nd isc rim i nat Ba ckg ion rou n dC Pro hec of o ks f Fi nan S ta cia lV nd iab ard ility ize dA Pu s blic ses sm Rep ent ort s ing Ind o fR epe esu nd lts ent Eva lua tio n

Accountability Standards in

P.

Ç

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

National Organizations Supporting Educational Choice National organizations supporting educational choice are working across the country to expand educational options. Below are some of the organizations with whom the Alliance for School Choice has partnered. Agudath Israel

Heritage Foundation

Alliance for School Choice

Hispanic Council for Reform and Educational Options (HCREO)

agudathisrael.org allianceforschoolchoice.org

heritage.org

hcreo.com

American Center for School Choice

amcsc.org

Institute for Justice

ij.org

American Federation for Children

federationforchildren.org

international association for k-12 online learning

inacol.org

Black Alliance for Educational Options (BAEO)

baeo.org

K12

k12.com

Brookings Institution

brookings.edu

National Alliance for Public Charter Schools

publiccharters.org

Council for American Private Education (CAPE)

capenet.org

National School Choice Week

schoolchoiceweek.com

Center for Education Reform

edreform.com

Orthodox Union

ou.org

Children’s Scholarship Fund

scholarshipfund.org

Parents Union

parentrevolution.org

Democrats for Education Reform (DFER)

dfer.org

reDefined

redefinedonline.org

Education Breakthrough Network

edbreakthrough.org

School Choice Demonstration Project

uark.edu

Education Next

educationnext.org

Stand for Children

stand.org

Foundation for Excellence in Education

excelined.org

StudentsFirst

studentsfirst.org

Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice

edchoice.org

Thomas B. Fordham Institute

edexcellence.net

GreatSchools

greatschools.org Heartland Institute

heartland.org

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops

usccb.org


School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

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State Organizations Supporting Educational Choice State and local organizations supporting educational choice are working across the country to allow families access to high-quality educational options. Below are some of the organizations with whom the Alliance for School Choice has partnered. Arizona

Louisiana

Arizona School Tuition Organization Association astoa.com

Black Alliance for Educational Options—Louisiana louisiana.baeo.org

Goldwater Institute goldwaterinstitute.org

Missouri

Arizona School Choice Trust asct. org

Arkansas

Arkansans for Education Reform Foundation educatearkansas.com Florida

Florida Federation for Children florida4Children.org Step Up for Students stepupforstudents.org Georgia

Louisiana Federation for Children louisiana4children.org

Children’s Education Alliance of Missouri childrenseducationalliance-mo.org New Hampshire

Network for Educational Opportunity networkforeducation.org Better Education for Kids b4njkids.org Excellent Education for Everyone nje3.org We Can Do Better NJ wecandobetternewjersey.org

Georgia Parent Advocacy Network mygpan.org

New Mexico

Indiana

School Choice Indiana indianaschoolchoice.com Iowa

Iowa Alliance for Choice in Education iowaace.org

Rhode Island Scholarship Alliance rischolarshipalliance.org South Carolina

South Carolinians for Responsible Government scrgov.org Tennessee

Beacon Center of Tennessee beacontn.org Tennessee Federation for Children tenessee4children.org Texas

New Jersey

Center for an Educated Georgia educatedgeorgia.org

Georgia Public Policy Foundation gppf.org

Rhode Island

Educate New Mexico educatenm.org North Carolina

Parents for Educational Freedom in North Carolina pefnc.org Ohio

School Choice Ohio scohio.org

Texas Parents Union txparentsunion.org Texas Public Policy Foundation texaspolicy.com Utah

Parents for Choice in Education choiceineducation.org Virginia

Thomas Jefferson Institute for Public Policy thomasjeffersoninst.org Wisconsin

Hispanics for School Choice hispanicsforschoolchoice.com School Choice Wisconsin schoolchoicewi.org

Pennsylvania

REACH Foundation paschoolchoice.org Students First Pennsylvania studentsfirstpa.com Page 69 School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

About Us Mission:

To improve our nation’s K-12 education by advancing systemic and sustainable public policy that empowers parents, particularly those in low-income families, to choose the education they determine is best for their children. The Alliance for School Choice is a national educational choice leader, investing in states with the greatest potential for enacting or expanding high-quality, accountable school choice programs. We provide policy and program expertise, implementation strategies and guidance, promote and defend school choice programs, and build local organizational infrastructure for long-term growth, impact, and sustainability. In collaboration with national and state allies, we work to create opportunities for systemic and sustainable educational reform that puts parents in charge, gives low-income families expanded opportunities, and improves educational outcomes for participating children. Board of Directors Betsy DeVos, Chairman Grand Rapids, Michigan John F. Kirtley, Vice Chairman Tampa, Florida Bill Oberndorf, Chairman Emeritus San Francisco, California Boykin Curry New York, New York Peter Flanigan New York, New York Joel Greenberg Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania Carrie Penner Palo Alto, California

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

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Sources and Credits The authors of the 2012–13 School Choice Yearbook utilized information from a variety of sources in developing this annual publication. To maintain the flow of the document without interruption, the sourcing for the book is provided in this section. The authors remain grateful to the state officials and school choice organizations that participated in our rigorous research. Their dedication and hard work have helped to make the Alliance for School Choice’s Yearbook unparalleled in its accuracy.

Photographs All of the photographs that appear in the 2012–13 School Choice Yearbook were provided by educational choice organizations across the country. We are enormously grateful to the following organizations for providing photographs for use in this publication:

• Arizona School Choice Trust • Black Alliance for Educational Options • Center for an Educated Georgia • Hispanic Council for Reform and Educational Options • National School Choice Week • School Choice Wisconsin The Research Reality of Educational Choice Comprehensive Longitudinal Evaluation of the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program: Summary of Final Reports, School Choice Demonstration Project, Department SCDP Milwaukee Evaluation Report #36, February 2012. Education in Battleground States, The American Federation for Children and the Hispanic Council for Reform and Educational Options conducted by Beck Research, n=750, Likely Voters in Arizona, Florida, New Mexico, New Jersey, and Nevada. April 17–22, 2012. Effects of School Vouchers on College Enrollment: Experimental Evidence from New York City, The Brookings Institution and Harvard University, August 2012. Evaluation of the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program, Institute of Education Sciences, United States Department of Education, June 2010. Evaluation of the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program, Institute of Education Sciences, United States Department of Education, 2009. Evaluation of Florida’s Corporate Tax Credit Scholarship Program: Participation, Compliance, and Test Scores in 2007–08, Northwestern University and National Bureau of Economic Research, June 2009. Evaluation of Florida’s Corporate Tax Credit Scholarship Program: Participation, Compliance, and Test Scores in 2008–09, Northwestern University and National Bureau of Economic Research, June 2010.

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School Choice Now: The Power of Educational Choice

Parental Satisfaction Surveys: * Georgia Scholarship Tax Credit Program: Conducted by Arete Scholars Fund for 2011-12 * D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program: Conducted by the D.C. Children and Youth Investment Trust Corporation for 2011-12 * Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program: Conducted by the Black Alliance for Educational Options for 2011-12 * Florida Scholarship Tax Credit: Conducted by the American Federation for Children for 2012-13 * Racine Parental Choice Program Student Attainment and the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program, School Choice Demonstration Project, Department of Education Reform, University of Arkansas, March 2011.

Feature: the faces of Educational Choice Thank you to the parents of the profiled students, and School Choice Ohio, School Choice Indiana, the D.C. Children and Youth Investment Trust Corporation, Step Up for Students, and Hispanics for School Choice.

State Profiles Arizona: Information on the Individual School Tuition Organization Tax Credit, Corporate School Tuition Organization Tax Credit, and Lexie’s Law provided by the Arizona Department of Revenue (Georganna Meyer). Information on the Arizona Empowerment Scholarship Accounts Program provided by the Arizona Department of Education (Aiden Fleming). Florida: Information on the John M. McKay Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program provided by the Florida Department of Education (Christopher Fenton). Information on the Florida Tax Credit Scholarship provided by Step Up for Students (Jon East), which administers the program. Georgia: Information on the Georgia Special Needs Scholarship Program provided by the Georgia Department of Education. Information on the Georgia Scholarship Tax Credit Program provided by the Georgia Department of Revenue (Monique R. Williams). Indiana: Information provided by the Indiana Department of Education (Ted Feeney). Iowa: Information provided by the Iowa Department of Revenue (Jim McNulty). Louisiana: Information provided by the Louisiana Department of Education (Dan Fuchs and Brian Darrow). Mississippi: Information provided by the Mississippi Department of Education. Ohio: Information provided by the Ohio Department of Education (Sue Cosmo). Oklahoma: Information on the Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program provided by the Oklahoma Department of Education (Cheryl Hassell). Information on the Equal Opportunity Education Scholarships Program provided by the Catholic Schools Opportunity Scholarship Fund, Inc. (Barney Semtner). Pennsylvania: Information provided by the Pennsylvania Department of Community & Economic Development (James L. O’Donnell). Rhode Island: Information provided by the Rhode Island Department of Revenue. Utah: Information provided by Parents for Choice in Education (Judi Clark). Washington, D.C.: Information proved by the D.C. Children and Youth Investment Trust Corporation, which administers the program. Wisconsin: Information provided by the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (Molly J. Koranda).

School Choice Yearbook 2012–13


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www.AllianceforSchoolChoice.org


School Choice Yearbook 2012–13