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A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

AIAA SPACE CONFERENCE 2009 Pasadena, CA

By Prasad Sundararajan September 17, 2009


A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

Interplanetary Missions

 Space Exploration (Politics/ Technology)  Science

Universal Science – Partnership In Exploration

 Cassini –Huygens Mission to the Saturnian System  Joint Venture Missions BepiColombo (ESA – JAXA) Phobos Grunt – Mars Orbiter (Russia-China) Outer Planet Flagship Missions (NASA-ESA) International Mars Sample Return Mission

Evolution of International Partnership Findings and Conclusion


A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

Interplanetary Missions  Policy Cornerstone of Space Exploration Technology Development  Science Understanding of Solar System Search for Exolife


A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

Cassini – Huygens Mission

Partners in Exploring Saturnian Systems  NASA, ESA and ASI (Italy)  Risk Management  Cassini Orbiter (NASA)  Huygens Probe (ESA)  Program Management / Operations

Science

 250 Scientists from 17 Countries  Synergistic Titan Observation

Policy / Economics  Cost Sharing  Mission Extension  Next Steps


A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

BepiColombo Mission Joint Mission to Mercury

 Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) by ESA  Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) by JAXA  Launch, Cruise & Orbital Management

Science

 MPO – 11 Instruments  MMO – 5 Instruments

Shared Responsibilities  Cost Sharing  Mission Operations


A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

Phobos-Grunt and Mars Orbiter Mission Russia

 Phobos Lander & Sample Return Mission  ESA Participation  Launch & Tracking, Orbit Management

China

 Mars Orbiter (YH-1)  Scientific Payload Plasma Package Magnetometer Optical Imager Occultation Receiver


A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

Outer Planet Flagship Mission (OPFM) Europa Jupiter System Mission

 Jupiter Europa Orbiter (JEO) by NASA  Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter (JGO) by ESA  Separate Launch but Collaborative Exploration

Titan Saturn System Mission

 Titan Orbiter by NASA  Montgolfière (CNES with RPS from NASA)  Lake Lander (ESA)  International Science Instruments

Interface Management


A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

International Mars Exploration National Missions

 NASA, ESA , Russia/China, India  Operations & Science Collaboration

Mars Exploration Joint Initiative (MEJI)  NASA-ESA Framework for Collaboration  Orbiter/ Lander/ Rover

iMARS

 International Mars Sample Return Mission  Design Study – 31 participants from 10 Countries


A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

Elements in an Interplanetary Mission


A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

Evolution of Interplanetary Mission Partnership


A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

Findings and Conclusion Interplanetary Mission Collaboration  Drivers

Policy & Economics Common Goal / Science Evolution in Partnership Mechanism

 Benefits

Global Space Exploration Strategy Directing Space Partnerships towards Earthly Causes (Climate Change, Technology Innovation)


International Partnership in Interplanetary Missions  

A Case Study of Interplanetary Missions for Evaluating International Partnerships

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