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Aerospace News The University of Kansas

Fall 2016

~1st Place in Hong Kong, pg. 4 ~Two SMART Scholarship Recipients, pg. 5 ~Viking 400 UAV from NASA, pg. 8 ~Alan Mulally In Automotive Hall of Fame, pg. 18

Feature: Radar-Sounding in Greenland


A Message From the Chair

IN THIS ISSUE Student News ........................................4

Fall always comes with new excitement and energy. At KUAE, we are thrilled to welcome the largest freshmen class in more than two decades: 74. Undoubtedly, one of the big draws is the newly dedicated engineering research and teaching building, LEEP2, including the state-of-the-art Textron Aviation Aerospace Engineering Design Laboratory.

Our students continued KUAE’s legacy of winning national and international design competitions. For example, six graduate students took first place at the 6th annual Power Electronics Systems and Applications conference in Hong Kong. In addition, a KUAE team claimed first place in the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Team Engine Design Competition. Another KUAE team was one of only three undergraduate teams selected for the competition by NASA to design a future space station. We have a passionate faculty dedicated to students success and impacting the world

Faculty News ........................................7 Department News .................................14 Alumni News ........................................16 Funding Our Future .............................. 19

through innovative research. In this newsletter, you will read about a cool deployment in Greenland flying UAVs to measure ice-sheet thickness. You will also read several inspiring stories of our alumni. Finally I would like to thank our alumni for their continued support, and the Advisory Board, faculty, staff and students who worked hard to achieve the Department’s mission. Rock Chalk! Z.J. Wang Spahr Professor and Chair of Aerospace Engineering 2

Members of the Cognitive Control Systems Laboratory with robots and UAV's they use for research. Left to right: Arjun Kamath (Mechanical MS student), Dr. Dongkyu Choi, Wenju Xu (Aerospace PhD student), Mozammal Chowdhury (Aerospace PhD student), and David Menager (Computer Science PhD student). Photos courtesy: Cody Howard


Student News Six graduate students took first place at the 6th annual Power Electronics Systems and Applications conference in Hong Kong. They developed an electric aircraft that can carry passengers up to 120 mph. The aircraft, called the “Batwing”, runs on batteries, produces minimal noise, and was designed to be environmentallyfriendly. They won more than $3,000 for their efforts. The students are hoping to convince Cessna or Beechcraft to work with Tesla to build the aircraft in Kansas. Team Members: Eric Bodlak Lauren Schumacher Dhruv Chawla Sagar Jaju Jeevan Kolli Ankur Patil

Aerospace faculty, staff, students, and advisory board members joined together on April 15th, 2016 to celebrate achievements through the year and to welcome new faces that joined the department. Emeritus faculty members also joined the night, as well as University faculty and staff. For the first year, we had a student MC, Pierson Sargent, who spoke about the latest department news and announced this year’s award winners. Outstanding GTA: Bella Kim Outstanding Sophomore: Taylor Geor ge Outstanding Junior: Antonio Schoneich

Outstanding Senior: Kyle Thompson Outstanding Undergraduate Researcher: Antonio Schoneich Model of Batwing from a 3-D printer.

Vince Muirhead Award for Leadership: Robert LaRue

*Schafer, J. "KU Engineering Students Win Award for "Batwing;" Design May Be Global Game-Changer." Kansas Public Radio. Kansas Public Radio, 17 Dec. 2015. Web. 09 May 2016.

Dr. Richard Hale was voted Outstanding Aerospace Educator of the year by the senior class.

Members of the 2016 graduating class. 4

Aaron Blevins

Two students received the Science, Mathematics, & Research for Transformation (SMART) Scholarship. Benefits of the scholarship include: 

Full tuition and education related fees

Stipend of $25,000-38,000

Summer research internships

Health Insurance allowance up to $1,200 per year

Misc. Supplies Allowance of $1,000 per year


Employment placement after graduation

Aaron is currently completing his PhD. He joined Dr. Keshmiri and Dr. Ewing, along with other graduate students, in Greenland to conduct research on the ice sheets. He will head to the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Florida after graduation.

Antonio Schoneich

Antonio is a senior who maintains a stellar GPA while being active in undergraduate research. He will be headed to Robins Air Force Base in Georgia after graduation.

Only 11% of applicants are awarded the scholarship and only 7% of awardees are from Aerospace Engineering fields.

Six students earned first place at the AIAA Propulsion and Energy Conference in Salt Lake City, Utah for their team engine design. The challenge was to design the engine for a next-generation military training aircraft to replace the Northrop T-38 Talon. Their design is titled TF-CLAWS and is a two-spool, mixed flow, low bypass ration turbofan engine. The team included Kyle Thompson, Charles Yeo, Zachary Smith, Timothy Luna, Daniel Fought, and Weiting Liu. Drs. Ray Taghavi and Saeed Farokhi advised the team.

From left to right: Dr. Shawn Keshmiri, Antonio Schoneich, Aaron Blevins

Charles Yeo, Dr. Taghavi, and Kyle Thompson represented the team in Salt Lake City, UT.



Fall 2015-Summer 2016

In June, a team of 11 KUAE undergraduates and recent graduates flew ARTEMISS to Cocoa Beach, Florida. The Jayhawks competed in the NASA/ National Institute of Aerospace (NIA) Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts Academic Linkage (RASC-AL) competition where they presented their work on the ARTEMISS, the Artificial Terrestrial Environment Manned Independent Space Station. The competition and visit included technical presentations to some of the top NASA technologists. The ARTEMISS team was one of only three undergraduate teams selected for the competition from more than 40 entries. In the final ranking of competitors in the 1-g space station category, the KU undergraduates were only beaten by a team of graduate students from MIT (as both undergraduate and graduate teams were comingled). The KU AstroHawks were feted as some of the top astronautics students in the country as they toured the cape, rubbed shoulders with seasoned scientists and engineers and admirably represented Kansas. - Dr. Ron Barrett

Left to right: Robert LaRue, Ian Sheppard, Olivia Armstrong, Kyri Barton, John Ink, Brian Frew, Laurissa Marcotte, Brooke Reid, and Colin Murphy. Not pictured: Sebastian Thomas

Undergraduate Students Austin Abitz

Robert LaRue

Olivia Armstrong

Adam Liles

Hady Benyamen

Timothy Luna

Shane Bouchard

Laurissa Marcotte

Rodrigo Chavez

Martin Mendoza

Italo Costa

Mackenzie Mitchener

Drew Darrah

Madeline Noe

Marwan Dessouki

Pierson Sargent

Jordan Dixon

Zachary Smith

Allison Engel

Riley Sprunger

Joel Eppler

Sebastian Thomas

Matthew Fieser

Kyle Thompson

Daniel Fought

Phillip Viviano

William Greenwood

Jefferson Vlasnik

Charles Guillen

Charles Yeo

John Ink Alexander Lantis

Graduate Students Alec Bowman (MS)

Jeremy Ims (MS)

Siva Challapalli (MS)

Adrian Lee (MS)

Katie Constant (ME)

Yangliu Liu (MS)

Harold Flanagan (MS)

Amool Raina (PhD)

Rohith Giridhar (MS)

David Schroer (MS)

Kanan Homsrivaranon (MS)

Francisco Villanueva (MS)

Breaking news! KUAE earned 1st place in the 2016 AIAA Team Aircraft Design Competition. Team members include Joel Eppler, Taylor George, Riley Sprunger, and Jefferson Vlasnik. Faculty advisor: Dr. Ron Barrett. 6

Faculty News Dr. Emily Arnold, the department’s only female faculty member, had the opportunity to represent KUAE and speak at two events that promoted STEM fields to girls and young women. The first event was titled “Expanding Your Horizons” and invited 6-8th grade girls to experience fun, hands-on workshops with female mentors and explore Science City at Union Station in Kansas City. Dr. Arnold was the keynote speak for approximately 450 girls at the event hosted by the Kansas City Science Pioneers organization. Her presentation focused on how she got into engineering, what aerospace engineering is, and her experiences as an engineer.

Dr. Arnold demonstrates the gear used during her trip to Antarctica. Photo courtesy: Patty Dailey

The second event was held at Johnson County Community College (JCCC). Girls were invited to attend with their mom, grandma, or other special female in their life. Approximately 120 girls attended the event titled “STEM: It’s a Girl Thing!” Dr. Arnold’s speech explained how she became interested in engineering and explored all the incredible things she’s been able to do because she’s an engineer, including traveling to Antarctica for research. Along with Dr. Arnold’s presentation, attendees participated in breakout sessions led by JCCC professors and representatives from local science and women organizations.

Dr. Arnold speaks to girls and women at JCCC. Photo courtesy: Susan McSpadden/JCCC 7

NASA delivered a Viking 400 unmanned aerial vehicle to KUAE this past February. Together, the School of Engineering and Center for the Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS) will utilize the UAV to develop new technology for investigating glaciers in Greenland linked to the global sea-level rise. The UAV is designed for accurate data collection in remote or dangerous environments. It can carry up to 100 pounds for up to 600 miles and is small enough to not require a large runway or hangar. Dr. Emily Arnold is leading the research. “I was looking for a medium-scale platform we could use for CReSIS research of polar ice sheets,” says Arnold. “We’re going to perform trade studies and develop a lab prototype to demonstrate how we might incorporate CReSIS radars and antennas systems into the airframe. We’re hoping not only to develop research ideas but also integrate the UAV into the classroom — it’s great for students to have a NASA vehicle here to see and touch and integrate into research and classroom activities.” *Lynch, Brendan. "NASA Provides Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for Research, Training." KU Today. University of Kansas, 08 Feb. 2016. Web. 04 Aug. 2016.

Dr. Emily Arnold, with seniors Will Greenwood and Rodrigo Chavez, explores the Viking 400. Photo courtesy: Cody Howard

Several summer camps were hosted by the School of Engineering and our faculty members had the chance to lead hands-on projects and interact with high school and middle school students. Project Discovery: Pr oject Discover was a week long camp for high school students. Camper s chose from different disciplines and worked with faculty and graduate students. Dr. Ray Taghavi led the aerospace discipline with the help of graduate student, Katie Constant-Coup. The week was spent building and testing gliders and learning about the different components that make airplanes fly.

Students play with a Solar Bag while learning about gas density and solar heating. Photo courtesy: Richard Bramlette

Middle School Day Camps: Sever al day camps were held throughout the summer where campers engaged in problem solving activities related to five engineering disciplines, including aerospace. They also explored areas of engineering that are less well -known, but important and fun. Dr. Ronald Barrett led sessions for students interested in Aerospace Engineering with the help of graduate student, Richard Bramlette. 8

A team of researchers from the KU Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS), including multiple KU Aerospace Engineering faculty and students, recently returned from Greenland where they undertook a scientific expedition to demonstrate a radar designed and to collect data to help scientists study the effects of global warming. The expedition was one of many activities of CReSIS, an NSF Center of Excellence established in 2005 under the leadership of Professor Prasad Gogenini, CReSIS Director. The High Frequency (HF) Sounder radar was designed by CReSIS engineers to “radar-sound” lossy, fast-moving outlet glaciers, such as the Russell Glacier, near Kangerlussuaq in southwestern Greenland.

Figure 1: Kangerlussuaq, Greenland

The objective of the effort was to use radar pulses to identify the distance from the glacier surface to the bedrock beneath the glacier—that is, to determine the thickness and bed topology of the glacier. With such knowledge, glaciologists are able to create more accurate mathematical models necessary to predict the future movement of glaciers. These models are crucial to make informed estimates of the potential effects of global warming on sea level rise. To achieve scientific and engineering objectives of the CReSIS Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) project, five UASs ranging from 9 to 76 lbs. were designed, manufactured, instrumented, and flight tested in U.S., Antarctica, and Greenland. The flagship UASs for the recent radar instrumented missions were called G1XA, G1XB, and G1XC. The G1XB/C UASs are 10 lbs lighter and have 30 minutes more endurance (1 hour 15 minutes) than the original G1XA UAS that was flown in earlier icesounding missions in 2013-14 in Antarctica. In addition to

the NSF support, the Paul G Allen Foundation (PGAFF) made a significant contribution to technology development for the Greenland mission. The field team included two KUAE Professors, team leader Dr. Mark Ewing and flight test lead, Dr. Shawn Keshmiri. The KU contingent also included KUAE doctoral aspirant, Aaron Blevins, EECS masters candidates Ali Mahmood and Jonathan Liles. Interim field support was provided by CReSIS research associate professor Fernando RodriguezMorales, who co-developed the HF sounder and was briefly in the region on a parallel mission using a manned aircraft. The G1XB was flown during takeoff and landing by an experienced pilot, Kansan and US Air Force Reserve Sergeant, Matt Tener, using a “sport” radio frequency link. After takeoff, Matt transitioned flight control to an off-theshelf autopilot unit, which flew prescribed, straight flight lines over the glacier using GPS waypoint navigation. The G1XB autopilot system, the WePilot model 2000, was provided by a Lawrence, KS-based company, PulseAerospace, under the direction of KUAE BS and MS graduate Lance Holly. The G1XB and current HF sounder derive from work on the larger G1XA and original HF Sounder, which in addition to those identified above included EECS Professor Prasad Gogineni, EECS Associate Professor Carl Leuschen, EECS Research Associate Professor Stephen Yan and AE Professor Rick Hale, each of whom continued to support development of these systems but did not deploy this field season.

Figure 2: Aerial Photo from the Russell Glacier and UAS Operation Area


The team departed Newburgh AF Station, New York on 8 March in a C-17 transport for Kangerlussuaq, Greenland. There they bunked for just under 7 weeks in the Kangerlussuaq International Science Support (KISS) dormitory, which houses research teams from all over the planet. After scouting a number of potential takeoff and landing spots, a frozen lake approximately 20 miles inland from Kangerlussuaq was selected for conducting air operations. After one of three major warming events, savage winds blew away one tent and broke tent poles in the middle tent in which the G1XB was stored overnight. Fortunately, the UAS sustained only very minor damage. Subsequently, the tents were installed on dry land.

Figure 4: Aaron Blevins, Dr. Shawn Keshmiri, Dr. Mark Ewing, Jonathan Liles, and Matt Tener pose with the G1XB UAV. (Photo Credit: Ali Mahmood)

With winds blowing off of the glacier and considering the fact that the runway (frozen lake) was surrounded by mountains, UAS flight operations were very challenging. The team first flew the DG808 glider UAS and then the G1XD, a shorter-winged training version of the G1XB UAS, to allow the pilot and the rest of the team to become familiar with the challenging flight area. Initial flights were off the snowcovered lake, which allowed the team to experiment with skis, also designed and built at KU. After an early melt event in unseasonably warm temperatures, and a Figure 5: G1XB Landing subsequent freeze, operations with both the G1XD and G1XB were completed with, perhaps, the world’s smallest diameter studded tires.

The CReSIS team was able to successfully perform 8 over the horizon missions covering about 400 km over the ice sheet. The G1XB UAS was able to follow the glacier’s steep slope and collect data over closely spaced lines (3.65~24 m). For this deployment, all onboard power was provided by batteries; so, between each flight newlycharged batteries had to be installed to replace used units. Science data was collected over three previously flown flight lines. During these previous missions, we collected VHF (180-210 MHz) radar sounder data. The three lines were chosen to represent a range of image quality from poor to good. After returning to the US, CReSIS radar signal processing specialist Dr. John Paden analyzed the data from the deployment. In all cases, the new UAS HF Sounder images are an improvement over the VHF sounder images collected by manned aircraft. In many places the VHF sounder cannot see through the temperate ice layer which sometimes starts only a few tens of meters below the ice surface – completely obscuring and attenuating the ice bottom. The HF Sounder is able to sound nearly 100% of the ice bottom including many regions where no ice bottom is detectable in the VHF imagery. The HF sounder, with its long wavelength, is much less sensitive to the temperate ice water inclusions and crevassing. The Greenland deployment was an intense, ordeal with very little time off—the team worked a number of 10-day stretches, taking advantage of every single flyable day. However, there was a little time to explore the surrounding area, including a memorable sunny day on the ice pack and multiple visits to view the several nearby glacier termini. The bottom line: the outcomes of this mission offer exciting potential for future research and discovery.

Figure 6: One of the ice walls formed as melt water flowing South (left to right) undercut the glacier terminus.


January 1, 2015-October 18, 2016

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(2015). A Polarization-Switchable Low-Profile Ultrawideband VHF/ UHF Airborne Array for Fine Resolution Sounding of Polar Ice Sheets. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 63(10), 4334-4341. doi:10.1109/ TAP.2015.2456974 ISSN: 0018-926X. Stastny, T. J., Garcia, G. A., & Keshmiri, S. S. (2015). Collision and Obstacle Avoidance in Unmanned Aerial Systems Using Morphing Potential Field Navigation and Nonlinear Model Predictive Control. Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, 137(1), 014503. Garcia, G., Keshmiri, S., & Stastny, T. (2015). Nonlinear Model Predictive Controller Robustness Extension for Unmanned Aircraft. International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems, Vol. 3(Vol. 3 Iss: 2/3), pp.93 - 121. Wang, Z. J. (2015). A per spective on high-order methods in computational fluid dynamics”, Sci. China-Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 614701 (2015). Sci. ChinaPhys. Mech. Astron., 58, 614701. Shi, L., & Wang, Z. J. (2015). Adjoint-based error estimation and mesh adaptation for the correction procedure via reconstruction method, ,. Journal of Computational Physics, 295, 261–284. Yu, M. L., Giraldo, F. X., Peng, M., & Wang, Z. J. (2015). Localized artificial viscosity stabilization of discontinuous Galerkin methods for nonhydrostatic mesoscale atmospheric modeling. Monthly Weather Review, 143(12), 4823-4845. Y. Li and Z.J. Wang, A Priori and a Posteriori Evaluations of Sub-grid Scale Models for the Burgers' Equation, Computers and Fluids, 139 (2016) 92–104. Z.J. Wang and Y. Li, A mathematical analysis of scale similar ity, Communications in Computational Physics, in pr ess. M. Yu and Z.J. Wang, Homotopy Continuation of the High-Order Flux Reconstruction/Correction Procedure via Reconstruction (FR/CPR) Method for Steady Flow Simulation, Computers and Fluids 131 (2016) 16–28. Z.J. Wang and H.T. Huynh, “A r eview of flux reconstr uction or cor r ection pr ocedure via r econstr uction method for the Navier -Stokes equations,” Mechanical Engineering Reviews, Vol. 3, No.1 (2016) 1-16. H. Zhu, S. Fu, L. Shi and Z. J. Wang, Implicit Large-Eddy Simulation for the High-Order Flux Reconstruction Method, AIAA Journal, Vol. 54, No. 9, pp. 27212733, (2016). Ke, G., & Zheng, Z. C. (2016). Sound Propagation around Arrays of Rigid and Porous Cylinders in Free Space and near a Ground. Journal of Sound and Vibration. doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2016.01.034 Zheng, Z. C., & Ghate, A. S. (2015). A Solution of Two-Parameter Asymptotic Expansions for a Two-Dimensional Unsteady Boundary Layer. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 270, 90-104. doi:10.1016/j.amc.2015.08.016 Sun, X., Li, X., Zheng, Z. C., & Huang, D. (2015). Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis of a High-Pressure Regulating Valve of a 600MW Ultra Supercritical Stream Turbine. 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January 1, 2015-October 18, 2016

 Arnold, E. (Co-Principal), Gogineni, S. (Co-Principal), Hale, R. (Co-Principal), Leuschen, C. (Principal), Paden, J. (Co-Principal), Rodriguez, F. (Co-Principal), Yan, J. (Co-Principal) . Airborne Radar Surveys of Land and Sea Ice and Data Processing Using CReSIS Instrumentation to Support IceBridge Observations. NASA, $6,223,095. (December 21, 2015-July 31,2019).

 Arnold, E. (Pr incipal) . Developing Detailed 3D CA D Geometry for the NA SA V iking UA S . Bay Ar ea Environmental Research Institute and NASA , $14,067. (May 16, 2016-August 31, 2016).

 Arnold, E. (Pr incipal). Coupling Simulations for Structural-Electromagnetic Problems . University of Kansas, $6,864. (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).  Arnold, E. (Pr incipal). R eal-Time Correction of Wing-Integrated Antenna Array Beamforming. Wichita State University, $11,195. (October 2, 2015-May 20, 2016)

 Arnold, E. (Pr incipal). Re-design and Testing of the Meridian UAS Wing with Embedded Antenna Array. University of Kansas, $8,000. (August 1, 2014-May 31, 2015).

 Barrett, R., Patent Royalties to KU. Royalty Payment to KU for Multiple Air cr aft Inventions. Edissey, LLC, $5,000. (J anuary 1, 2016-December 31, 2016).  Barrett, R. (Principal), Gener ated Royalty payment for KU. Royalty Payment to KU for Multiple Aircraft Inventions. Edissey, LLC, $5,000. (November 1, 2015-December 1, 2015).

 Chao, H. (Pr incipal), Zheng, Z. (Co-Principal), PI percentage: 65%. Cooperative Gust Sensing and Suppression for Aircraft Formation Flight (Phase II). NASA, $110,000 (2014-2016).

 Chao, H. (Principal), Wang, G. (Co-Investigator), PI Percentage: 68%. Collaborative Stereo V ision Sensing with Small UA V Formation. Kansas NASA EPSCoR, $155,000 (2014-2015).

 Chao, H. (Principal). M ulti-Aircraft Coordination for In-Situ Sensing. University of Kansas, $8,000. (July 2015-July 2017).  Chao, H. (Principal). Initiative: UA S Center for Earth and Environmental Sensing. Univer sity of Kansas Institutional - RIC II, $8,000. (May 1, 2016February 28, 2017).

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Choi, D. (Pr incipal). Unmanned A erial Vehicles for Constrained Indoor Spaces. $8,469. (2016-2017). Choi, D. (principal). A rchitectures for Elaborate Goal R easoning. $70,000. 2016-2017 Ewing, M. (Principal), Keshmiri, S. (Co-Principal). UAS Ground Collision Severity. US Dept of Transportation, $92,000. (October 1, 2015-September 30, 2016) Ewing, M. (Co-Principal), (UAV Avionics Team lead). Center for Research on Ice Sheets. NSF, $19,000,000. (June 1, 2010-May 31, 2015). Hale, R. (Principal). National Space Grant Consortium College and Fellowship 2016. NASA; Wichita State Univer sity, $42,841. (J anuar y 1, 2016December 31, 2016).

 Hale, R. (Pr incipal). Competitive Programs: R esearch Experience: Erin L anigan Internship - NASA Marshall 2016. Wichita State University and NASA, $7,000. (March 6, 2016-September 30, 2016).

 Hale, R. (Pr incipal). Competitive Programs: R esearch Experience: K arin A brahamsson Internship - NASA Goddard 2 2016. Wichita State University and NASA, $8,500. (March 6, 2016-September 30, 2016).

 Hale, R. (Pr incipal). Competitive Programs: R esearch Experience: R obert LaR ue Internship - NASA Ames 2016. Wichita State University and NASA, $7,000. (March 6, 2016-September 30, 2016).

 Hale, R. (Principal), Braaten, D. (Co-Investigator), Gogineni, S. (Co-Investigator), Leuschen, C. (Co-Investigator), Paden, J. (Co-Investigator), Rodriguez Morales, F. (Co-Investigator), Yan, J. (Co-Investigator), Competitive, peer reviewed; effort 22.85%. $1,782,320 + $206,175 match . Development of a high-power, large antenna array and ultra-wideband radar for a Basler for sounding and imaging. NSF, $1,988,495. (October 1, 2012-September 30, 2016).

 Paden, J. (Principal), Gogineni, S. (Co-Investigator), Hale, R. (Co-Investigator), Leuschen, C. (Co-Investigator), Rodriguez-Morales, F. (Co-Investigator), Yan, J. (Co-Investigator), Competitive, peer reviewed and recommended for funding prior to sequestration, currently on hold. Adaption of Snow Radar for Global Hawk. NASA, $637,007. (August 20, 2013-August 19, 2016).

 Gogineni, S. (Principal), Braaten, D. (Co-Investigator), Chakrabarti, S. (Co-Investigator), Ewing, M. (Co-Investigator), Hale, R. (Co-Principal), Keshmiri, S. (Co -Investigator), Leuschen, C. (Co-Investigator), Vanderveen, C. (Co-Investigator), Stearns, L. (Co-Investigator), Tsoflias, G. (Co-Investigator), Effort 12.5%. Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS). NSF, $17,976,000. (June 1, 2010-May 31, 2016).

 Leuschen, C. (Principal), Gogineni, P. (Co-Principal), Rodriguez, F. (Co-Principal), Yan, J. (Co-Principal), Hale, R. (Co-Principal), Li, J. (Co-Investigator). Deployment of CReSIS Radar Instrumentation and Data Management Activities in Support of Operation Ice Bridge. NASA Goddard Space Center, $231,017. (March 1, 2015-February 19, 2016).

 Hale, R. (Pr incipal). National Space Grant Consortium College and Fellowship Program (Space Grant) 2015. NASA; Wichita State Univer sity, $49,683. (January 18, 2015-January 17, 2016).

 Leuschen, C. (Principal), Gogineni, P. (Co-Investigator), Rodriguez, F. (Co-Investigator), Fox, G. (Co-Investigator), Hale, R. (Co-Investigator), Li, J. (CoInvestigator). Deployment of CReSIS Radar Instrumentation and Data Management Activities in Support of Operation Ice Bridge. NASA, $4,396,153. (December 20, 2012-December 19, 2015).

 Marotz, G. (Principal), Gerhke, S. (Co-Investigator), Ewing, M. (Co-Investigator), Hale, R. (Co-Investigator), Williams, S. (Co-Investigator), Competitive, peer review; effort ~5%. Measurement, Materials and Sustainable Environment Center (M2SEC). NIST, $13,450,000. (May 10, 2010-April 30, 2015).

 Keshmiri, S. (Pr incipal), Hale, R. (Co-Investigator), Leuschen, C., Yan, J., Rodriguez Morales, F., Paden, J., Ewing, M., Gogineni, S., Competitive, foundation review. Multi-Agent Airborne Laboratory for Cryospheric Remote Sensing. Paul Allen Foundation, $199,762. (December 18, 2013-January 1, 2016).


 Hale, R. (Principal), Braaten, D. (Co-Investigator), Gogineni, S. (Co-Investigator), Leuschen, C. (Co-Investigator), Paden, J. (Co-Investigator), Rodriguez Morales, F. (Co-Investigator), Yan, J. (Co-Investigator). Airborne Ultrawideband Radars for Sounding and Imaging of Ice Sheets and Fine Resolution Mapping of Internal Layers. Alfred Weggener Institute, $2,643,500. (May 14, 2014-September 30, 2015).

 Keshmiri, S. (Co-Principal). Integration and Flight Test of Active Flow Control Technologies. KS Board of Regents, Wichita State University, $25,793. (May 29, 2015).

 Keshmiri, S. (Principal). A ctive W ing Shaping Control for Morphing A ircraft. NASA, Wichita State Univer sity, $104,951. (August 1, 2015-July 31, 2018).  Allen, C. (Principal), Keshmiri, S. (Co-Principal), Wang, G. (Co-Principal), Yun, H. (Co-Principal). Multichannel Sense-and-Avoid Radar for Small UAVs. NASA, $795,583. (September 1, 2015-August 31, 2016).

 Keshmiri, S. (Co-Investigator), Gogineni, P. (Principal), Total grant $36,099,945. The total Co-I allocation: 2013: $166,000; 2012: $200,000; 2011: $200,000; 2010: $200,000; 2009: $132,000; 2008: $153,540 . Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS). NSF, $17, 976,000. (June 1, 2005-May 31, 2016).

 Keshmiri, S. (Principal). Edge 540 A erobatic A ircraft Performance A nalysis. Microsoft Resear ch - Cambridge, $10,000. (July 20, 2015-July 19, 2016).  Keshmiri, S. (Pr incipal). Dynamic M odeling and Control of a Quadcopter in Unstructured Environments. Aerotenna LLC, $73,662. (J anuar y 11, 2016July 10, 2016).

 Keshmiri, S. (Pr incipal), Hale, R. (Co-Investigator), Leuschen, C. (Co-Investigator), Yan, J. (Co-Investigator), Rodriguez-Morales, F. (Co-Investigator), Paden, J. (Co-Investigator), Ewing, M. (Co-Investigator). Multi-Agent Airborne Laboratory for Cryospheric Remote Sensing. Paul Allen Family Foundation , $200,000. (January 21, 2014-December 31, 2015).

 Wang, Z. (Pr incipal). T owards Extreme-Scale Computing with High-Order Discontinuous Methods. Air Force Office of Scientific Research, $382,009. (January 1, 2016-December 21, 2018).

 Wang, Z. (Pr incipal). A High-Order CPR Method on Overset Adaptive Cartesian and Prismatic Meshes for Rotorcraft Flow Simulations. US Army, $435,515. (September 1, 2015-August 31, 2018).

 Wang, Z. (Pr incipal). Simulation of M oving Bodies using a M eshfree Method. NASA, a.i. solutions, Inc., $25,000. (Mar ch 6, 2015-November 20, 2015).  Wang, Z. (Pr incipal). T he Development of High-Order Methods for Real World Applications. Air Force Office Scientific Research, $404,071. (September 1, 2012-August 30, 2015).

 Wang, Z. (Pr incipal). Scalable A daptive High-Order Methods for Turbulent Flow Simulations. NASA, $471,137. (August 18, 2012-August 17, 2015).  Wang, Z. (Principal). Scalable High-Order Methods for Nonhydrostatic Mesoscale Atmospheric Modeling Using Adaptive Unstructured Meshes. Naval Research Laboratory, $303,724. (February 1, 2012-January 30, 2015).

 Shontz, S. (Principal), Huang, W. (Co-Principal), Laird, B. (Co-Principal), Miller, J. (Co-Principal), Salandrino, A. (Co-Principal), Wang, Z. (Co-Principal), Zheng, Z. (Co-Principal). High Performance Computing and V isualization Infrastructure for Simultaneous Parallel Computing and Parallel V isualization Research. ARO, $511,937. (August 15, 2015-August 14, 2016).

 Wu, H. (Principal). Development of holographic particle diameter measurements in complex flows. $8,000. (December 18, 2015-December 17, 2017).  Zheng, Z. (Pr incipal), Wu, H. (Co-Principal). Classification of Wind Farm Turbulence and Its Effects on General A viation Aircraft and Airports. KS Dept of Transportation, $70,284. (October 1, 2015-September 30, 2016).

 Zheng, Z. (Principal). A coustic T echnology: 3D Sounds Propagation HPC Simulation with Impedance and V egetation Models. DOD, Army Resear ch Laboratory, $207,441. (September 29, 2014-September 28, 2016).

 Zheng, Z. (Principal). CFD R esearch Support for NIOSH-ESTCP Interagency Agreement on Military Aircraft Painting Ventilation. NIOSH, CDC, $24,998. (August 1, 2014-May 31,2015).

 Young, C. (Principal), Zheng, Z. (Co-Principal). Evaluation of Bathymetric Modification at the John Redmond Reservoir: Phase II. KS Water Office, $43,115. (February 1, 2015-December 31, 2015).

 Zheng, Z. (Co-Principal), Young, B. (Principal). Reducing Sedimentation through Bathymetric Modification. Kansas Water Office, $100,000. (January 1, 2014December 31, 2015).

 Zheng, Z. C. (Principal). Investigation of ASTM E966 Corr ection Factor s for Air por t Noise, FAA through CSRA, $74,896, Sept. 26, 2016=Aug. 24, 2017.

Faculty, staff, and guests gather for the annual holiday party.


Department News The Aerospace Department’s new design laboratory was officially dedicated on October 30th, 2015. It is furnished with state-of-the-art computers and software that is accessible to students and faculty for coursework and research. The lab was made possible by a generous donation from Textron Aviation and is titled the “Textron Aviation Aerospace Engineering Design Laboratory.” Photos courtesy: Cody Howard

Left to Right: Chris Hearne, VP of Jets at Textron Aviation; Michael Thacker, Sr. VP of Engineering at Textron Aviation; School of Engineering Dean, Michael Branicky; Douglas May, VP of Piston Aircraft at Textron Aviation

The Aerospace Engineering department received a generous donation of an Elite Systems RC-1 Simulator from RADM Gene Kendall. Kendall earned his Bachelor’s degree in engineering physics from KU in 1971 and a Master of Engineering in 1972. The simulator is being used in the classroom and was a popular attraction at this year’s EXPO.

Dr. ZJ Wang and RADM Gene Kendall


The Department of Aerospace Engineering brings in several industry experts every academic year to present to students and faculty. The goal of Colloquium is to expose students to a variety of disciplines in the aerospace engineering field.

Fall 2015

Spring 2016

Bob Stuever; Sr. Engineering Specialist of Product Safe-  ty & Certification at Textron Aviation Writing Seminar

Dan Raymer; President of Conceptual Research Corp Should Airlines Lose Their Tails to Gain Fuel Efficiency?

David Sizoo; FAA Flight Test Pilot in Small Airplane Directorate Careers in Flight Test

Steve Hawley; Professor of Physics and Astronomy; Adjunt faculty for KUAE; former NASA Astronaut HST at 25: How Engineering and Astronomy United to Change Our Understanding of the Universe

Rob Morehead; Engineer at NASA’s Johnson Space Center Spacecraft Lander Propulsion Systems

Advisory Board; Freshmen Roundtable Q&A with Advisory Board for first year students

Wes Ryan; Manager, Programs & Procedures (Advanced Technology) at the FAA UAS Certification Challenges

Chris Berry; GE Aviation Site Lead/Recruiter for  Manhattan Kansas University Development Center Greg Voigt; GE Aviation Tech Lead for C-130J project/ Recruiter for Manhattan Kansas University Development Center Crossing the Bridge from Academia to the Corporate Environment

Emily Arnold; Assistant Professor of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Kansas Development and Improvement of Airborne Remote Sensing Radar Platforms

Jason Purdy; Structural Integrity Manager and FAA Structures Delegate at Textron Aviation Citation Latitude Structural Certification

Aaron Tobias; Manager/Chief Pilot for Engineering Flight Test at Textron Aviation Citation Flight Test: From Concept to Customer

Advisory Board; Spring Roundtable Q&A with Advisory Board for all students

Dan Raymer speaks to students on October 2, 2015. 15

Alumni News Michael Thacker earned his Bachelor of Science in Aerospace Engineering in 1991 and his Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering in 1992, both from the University of Kansas. He later earned his Master of Business Administration from Duke University in 2003. Thacker has had a prosperous 23 year career with Cessna, now part of Textron Aviation. In 1995, he led the aerodynamic development of Citation Sovereign, one of the most successful mid-size business jets ever sold. He also led the Cessna exploration into supersonic business jets, including a partnership with Lockheed and NASA. In 2008, Thacker was promoted to Director of Research and Advanced Technology. He concentrated on the principle of cross-functional integration and participation at the beginning phases of development. Thacker was a key player in Cessna’s exploration of co-development through the Citation Columbus project. Currently, Thacker is the Senior Vice President of Engineering at Textron Aviation. He presides over the engineering team for technology and product development along with production and field support for Beechcraft, Cessna, and Hawker products. Textron Aviation has introduced several models under Thacker’s leadership, including the Grand Caravan EX, Citation M2, Citation Latitude, and many more. His focus on product maturity at first flight and cross-functional optimization of the development process has allowed Textron Aviation to develop more aircraft in a short amount of time than in any similar time-frame in history. Michael Thacker was inducted into the KUAE Honor Roll at the Awards Banquet on April 15th, 2016. While he wasn’t able to attend the banquet, he will celebrate his induction at the 2017 Awards Banquet.

The University of Kansas Aerospace Engineering faculty established the Aerospace Engineering Alumni Honor Roll in 1993. The first awards were given at the KUAE 50th Anniversary Celebration in 1994. In 2002, the faculty decided to expand the honor roll to consider the contributions of friends to KU Aerospace Engineering as well as alumni. The Aerospace Engineering Honor Roll recognizes alumni and other friends of the Aerospace Engineering Department who have made major contributions to the aerospace engineering profession. Members of the Honor Roll serve in perpetuity as role models for Aerospace Engineering students and the public at large. 16

Dr. John Valasek, professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at Texas A&M University, was awarded the University Professorship for Undergraduate Teaching Excellence. Faculty members must exhibit uncommon excellence and devotion to undergraduate students in order to be honored with this professorship. Valasek graduated from KUAE with his Master’s in 1991 and PhD in 1995. He has been with the Texas A&M aerospace department for 19 years. While at Texas A&M, Valasek has created several courses, including AERO 445 Vehicle Management Systems, the first of it’s kind regularly offered in a U.S. aerospace engineering department. He applies discipline-based experiential learning to make sure each graduate knows how to proficiently describe the physics of airplane flight, mathematically model an airplane, and fly an airplane in a flight simulator. Dr. Valasek was recognized at the 2016 Undergraduate Convocation held in August. The Professorship runs for three years and comes with a $5,000 annual salary supplement as well as an annual discretionary income of $5,000 to support his teaching program and professional development.

Professor Emeritus Jan Roskam was honored with the 2016 Distinguished Engineering Service Award. The award is given annually by the School of Engineering Advisory Board and recognizes KU engineering alumni or engineering friends of the University for their contributions to the profession of engineering and society. Roskam was hired by KU in 1967 to teach stability and control and aircraft design. He believed aircraft design was an important link to bring together the subjects taught in the aerospace engineering curriculum. This belief led him to develop an aircraft design capstone sequence that provided students with a big-picture perspective and brought together principles learned in various courses over the years. Because of Roskam’s vision and influence, KUAE has become one of the top design education programs in the nation and KUAE students have won more international design awards than any other school in American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics competitions. In 2003, Roskam was awarded the Chancellor’s Club Career Teaching Award for his career contributions to KU. He was awarded the AIAA Aircraft Design Award in 2007 and inducted into the KUAE Honor Roll in 2014. He is a Fellow of AIAA, the Society of Automotive Engineers, and the Royal Aeronautical Society.

Jan Roskam is recognized at a ceremony on May 5th, 2016. He is joined by KUAE faculty and Advisory Board members. *Howard, Cody. "Legendary Faculty Honored with KU Engineering's Highest Award." KU Today. Photo courtesy: Cody Howard University of Kansas, 04 May 2016. Web. 10 Aug. 2016. 17

In July, KUAE alumnus Alan Mulally was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame at the Induction & Awards Gala Ceremony in Detroit, MI. The Automotive Hall of Fame honors outstanding automotive achievement and has recognized nearly 800 men and women from around the world since it’s founding in 1939. Mulally earned his BS in Aerospace Engineering from KUAE in 1968 and his Master’s in 1969. He was hired by Boeing as soon as he finished his Master’s degree and made many contributions to various Boeing projects, including the 757/767 project that featured the first all-digital flight deck in a commercial aircraft. In 1998 he was named president of Boeing Commercial Airplanes and was promoted to CEO in 2001. Mulally was named the President and CEO of Ford Motor Company in 2006. He approved the first aluminum-body pick-up truck and successfully guided the company through the U.S. financial crisis. In 2012, he was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Kansas. Currently, he presides on the Board of Directors of Google.

Mulally speaking at the Induction & Awards Gala Ceremony in July. Photo courtesy: Jason Loudermilk

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Funding Our Future Investments in the Department from alumni and friends like you are critical in our effort to provide our students an excellent aerospace education. KUAE has built a national and international reputation in our undergraduate education. To sustain that excellence, we do need your support. There are many giving opportunities for the Department that benefit our students, faculty, programs, research, and facilities. We invite you to visit the KU Endowment web site to give to the area of the Department or the University that interests you. If you have any questions, please contact us by email ( or call KU Endowment at 800-444-4201. The Department has recently started the Dr. Jan Roskam Faculty Opportunity Fund. This fund shall be used to support faculty in the Aerospace Engineering Department for salary support, travel, and other costs associated with advancement of the educational and research mission of the Department. With your support, KUAE will soar to new heights. The Aerospace Engineering Department wishes to acknowledge and thank the following generous donors who have contributed from July 1, 2015to June 30, 2016. Premier Society—$100,000 or more Lifetime Walter R. Garrison and Jayne B. Garrison Deans Club Ambassadors—$10,000 to $24,999 Vicki S. Johnson RADM Gene R. Kendall, USN, Retired and Sandra A. Kendall Hazel Best Nuss and Marvin R. Nuss Deans Club Benefactors—$5,000 to $9,999 Esther Miller Smith Deans Club Patron—$3,000 to $4,999 Charles L. Guthrie Robert J. Huston Deans Club—$1,000 to $2,999 Andrew F. Dracon Leland R. Johnson Jr., PhD Jason M. Jundt and Stephanie Kresky-Jundt Chuan-Tau Lan and Sumy C. Lan Robert J. Powell Kurt L. Schueler Charles A. Shoup David B. Weaver and Laurie A. Weaver Rising Star-Deans Club—$500 to $999 Daniel M. Kennedy Sarah Elizabeth McCandless Campanile Club—$500 to $999 Chris F. Burmeister Lawrence L. Gore Joseph A. Huwaldt Richard L. Peil Eric J. Peterson William E. Witwicki Crimson and Blue Club—$300 to $499 Jeffrey C. Miller Loral A. O'Hara Dallas C. Wicke 1865 Club—$100 to $299 Jack M. Abercrombie and Carolyn K. Abercrombie Richard D. Barrows John R. Burke and Laura L. Burke

Philip E. Chronister and RaNee Chronister Brett S. Clark and Allison Starr Clark Edward A. DiGirolamo Kent E. Donaldson and Stacie D. Donaldson Jill Minet Garetson Milton L. Gleason David L. Grose, DE and Marcia L. Grose George C. Hill and Paula Hall Hill Richard L. Horvath and Meredith L. Horvath Kyle B. Hunt Elizabeth Waugh McCandless and J. Scott McCandless Vincent U. Muirhead Jason R. Purdy and Rachel Dinkel Purdy Perry N. Rea David A. Sagerser Kevin L. Smith LTC Stanley A. Sneegas, USAF, Retired and Barbara Kline Sneegas Rosalind M. Underdahl and Charles W. Underdahl COL Richard A. Willhite, USAF, Retired Judy M. Wohletz Donors—up to $99 Thomas D. Clark Donna Boyer Frazier and Richard L. Frazier, MD Richard Gerren, PhD and Donna S. Gerren, PhD CAPT James D. Keen, USN, Ret. and Jody M. Keen Armen H. Kurdian and Lindi Kurdian Coryn E. Mickelson CAPT Wendell C. Ridder, USN Retired and Anne H. Ridder John L. Shideler and Priscilla A. Shideler Mark E. Stevens Su-Gin Tiong Alison Sherwood Vijgen and Paul M. Vijgen, DE Edward Wolcott Engineering Industry Partner DARCORP—Tier 3: $25,000 to $99,999 Spirit AeroSystems—Tier 2: $10,000 to $24,000 National Institute of Aerospace—Tier 1: $5,000 to $9,999 Industry Foundation Donor The Boeing Company—$500 or more Honeywell International Corporation—up to $500 ISVCS—up to $500 19

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Editor: Z.J. Wang Production: Elizabeth Karr 785-864-4267 Photo courtesy: Nick Krug, Lawrence Journal-World


Fall 2016 KUAE Newsletter