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Because vitamin D is not prevalent in many foods, fortifying milk with additional vitamin D was a natural solution, since it also contained key minerals for bone development. Vitamin-fortified milk began to appear in the 1920s and became more common by the 1930s. Today the milk found in your supermarket is fortified with vitamin D, which has played a role in making rickets now a rare disease in the United States. Does milk have gluten? No, milk does not have gluten. Whether you choose whole, low-fat or lactose-free cow’s milk, it is gluten-free. In fact, many foods are gluten-free naturally. What types of foods contain gluten? Gluten is a protein naturally found in wheat (durum, spelt, farro, etc.), rye, barley and combinations of these grains. So foods made from these grains such as pasta, bread, cereals, and others, will contain gluten. It is possible for other grains and foods to have traces of gluten if they are being made or packaged in the same place as the grains that do contain gluten. Should I be concerned about gluten? For most people, the answer is no. For those with celiac disease, an auto-immune disease that causes people not to be able to digest gluten, the answer is yes, because their bodies can not breakdown gluten and it can put them at nutritional risk if they don’t follow a gluten-free diet. Celiac disease is not common – it affects nearly 3 million people in the U.S. and an estimated one in 100 people worldwide. What about other dairy foods? Dairy foods such as milk, most yogurts and most cheeses are naturally gluten-free foods, as are dairy ingredients, such as whey protein. Some dairy-based foods – foods where milk or dairy is not the only component (i.e., certain cheese

spreads, frozen desserts, etc.) — may have flavorings or additives that contain gluten, so it’s important to read the ingredient label.

• Milk is pasteurized to kill bacteria that could potentially cause health risks. Even so, it is not safe to leave pasteurized milk unrefrigerated for an extended time. • Following these simple guidelines can keep your milk as fresh as possible and avoid throwing out spoiled milk.

How much sugar is in milk? There are about 12 grams of natural sugar (lactose) in each 8-ounce glass, which is about the same amount of natural sugar you would find in one small banana.

You must have seen the term “probiotic” on foods and dietary supplements, but have you wondered what these probiotics are or how you might benefit from them? Essentially, a probiotic is a live microorganism (typically bacteria) that has been linked to health benefits when used in adequate amounts. Probiotics can be in foods, like yogurt, infant formulas, medical foods and dietary supplements.

So is the sugar in milk bad for you? No. As part of a well-balanced diet, experts suggest looking at the full nutrient package when making food choices, and avoiding foods with high levels of added sugars but limited nutrient value. Many foods and beverages with naturally occurring sugars like milk or fruit contain vitamins and minerals, protein or fiber we need. Protein is an essential nutrient that your body needs to function properly. It can be found in beef and other meats, fish, poultry, eggs – and yes, milk and dairy foods and ingredients like cheese, yogurt and whey protein. How long can milk sit out? Everyone wants to keep their milk fresh as long as possible, but did you know that how long your milk sits out? In general, perishable foods like milk should not sit out of the refrigerator or cooler for longer than two hours. Cut that time down to an hour in the summer if o the temperature reaches 32.2 C After that time frame, bacteria can start to grow. Here is some information and tips for storing and serving milk at home to keep it fresh as long as possible: • While at the grocery store, pick up milk as last item so it stays as cool as possible. Refrigerate promptly after you get home. • Ideally, milk should be stored in the reo frigerator at 4.4 Rs.C or below. Storing and serving milk at this temperature extends overall shelf-life and maximizes flavour. • Store your milk in the coldest part of the refrigerator, not in the door where it will be exposed to outside air every time someone opens it.

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A core benefit of most probiotics is support for a healthy digestive tract (i.e., gut), which includes creating a more favourable gut environment, which can help with diarrhoea caused by medically prescribed antibiotics. Researching potential benefits of microorganisms is complicated because each class of bacteria -the most common being Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium - has many subtypes or strains that may differ in their effects. Yogurt can be a probiotic food. The standard bacteria used to make yogurt, Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus, have been studied for their ability to help people digest lactose, the sugar in milk, which can benefit people with lactose intolerance. There is still much to learn about the potential health benefits of probiotics. They may not work the same for everyone, because each person has a unique metabolic system, eating pattern, combination of microorganisms in their gut and individual health history. Probiotics may be considered safe for some people, but if you have a serious illness, it may be best to check with your doctor before using them. To conclude the tour of dairy farm, let us all thank the ruminants for the nutrition flow from the udders that help the mankind grow and survive on this planet. Courtesy : Images:

Dairy Times Feb Mar 2018  
Dairy Times Feb Mar 2018