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52 milk is further tested for quality and safety. At the processing plant, the milk goes through several steps, including: Standardization: Milk goes through a process called standardization, which separates skimmed milk from the cream. Once the two are separated, they can then be rejoined with different fat percentage levels. less steel exterior, but the inside – which attaches to the cow – consists of a soft rubber liner that uses gentle suction to remove the milk in a natural way. At that point, the milk travels through sanitized pipes directly to a tank where the milk is quickly cooled to a minimum 45 degrees or cooler to keep it fresh. These factors help keep cows healthy. Farmers also keep their cows comfortable all year long by providing water misters and fans in the summer and curtains in the winter to protect animals from the wind and cold. This technology is most sanitary and comfortable for the animal than milking by hand.

Pasteurization: After standardization, the milk is quickly heated, which kills any potential disease-causing bacteria and germs that are present in the unpasteurized milk. Homogenization: Finally, milk is homogenized: the fat in the milk is broken into smaller particles so it doesn’t separate and rise to the top. Additionally, milk may be fortified with vitamins A and D to make it more nutritious. At this point, the milk is packed before heading to the store!

Regardless of the farmer parlor style, human hands do not touch the milk. Insulated milk trucks visit dairy farms on a regular basis (including several times throughout the day, every day, depending on the size of the farm) to pick up the milk and take it to a processing plant. There,

Some dairy farmers use their cows’ manure as a natural fertilizer, which helps them cut back on commercial fertilizers. Other dairy farmers may put their cows’ manure into anaerobic digester systems (Biogas systems) to recycle it into clean, renewable electricity and heat can be processed into renewable natural gas and transportation fuels. Farmers often recycle water as many as three to five times. For example, water used to clean barns can also irrigate crops that feed cows. And while you may not realize it, you can find a good deal of hi-tech on a farm, including: Sophisticated collars (like a Fitbit), bracelets or ear tags cows wear that monitor key behaviours like activity, body temperature and how much milk they give. Farmers can use this information to make sure each cow receives equal care. Many of us grew up with drinking milk; we had it with breakfast, cereals,

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