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UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE CHIMBORAZO Name: Adriana Lara, Mayra Iguasnia

HOW CHILDREN GROW AND LEARN 9 TO 12 MONTHS

Around this age your child will begin to explore the world around them by touching, tasting, looking and listening. They will begin to develop their own initiative but will want you around to feel safe. They may become curious and easily distracted and their language skills will start to develop. They may want to try to feed themselves and become fussy about what they eat. Temper tantrums are a typical behaviour at this age. There are some activities that parents could practice with their children, such as: Understand simple familiar words.- Everything is new and interesting to one-yearolds. They enthusiastically use their five senses to actively explore the world around them. They find in learning new words. Parents have to teach them some basic words, such as: family members, greeting. Some activities that parents can do to achieve this purpose are: •

Realia.- Look for objects around the house. Then, show them to your child. Make him / her repeat words. Objects must be near the child for him/ her to take at any moment.

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Flashcards.- First, parents need to look for pictures on maganizes, books, newspapers, internet, etc. Then, cut the picture and stick on a piece of paper. Color and decorate it.


Show to your child and try to make him/her understand.

Babbles as if speaking – says mama, dada.- Parents should encourage children to try to say some familiar words, such as: mama, dada. Babbles lets children to develop their language skills and at the same time learn new words. For achieving this purpose, parents can use: •

Puppets.- Look for a sock. Buy some eyes, nose, wool or other things that let you decorate your puppet. Glue the eyes and nose to the sock. Decorate it Practice with the child saying basic words.

Gestures.- First, you need to be active and dynamic. Clap your hands in front of the child saying the word. Try to make the baby imitates you. Practice everyday repeating the words.

Waves, kisses, points in response to others Most children learn to communicate to get a need to meet or to establish and maintain interaction with a loved adult. Babies communicate from birth, through sounds (crying, cooing, squealing), facial expressions (eye contact, smiling, grimacing) and gestures/body movements (moving legs in excitement or distress, and later, gestures like pointing.) Babies continue to develop communication skills when adults respond to their efforts to “tell” others about what they need or want. A newborn nuzzles at her mother’s breast. Her mother says, “Oh, you must be hungry. Here you go.” This baby is learning that her loved ones will respond to her signals and communications. A 9-month-old starts messing with the food on his high chair, as if wiping it cleans with his hands. His father notices, saying: “Hey buddy, looks like you’re telling me you are all done. How about I take you out of there and we can head to the park.” This baby is learning that he is an effective communicator. Mimics:


ďƒź First, mom has to child her child that when they wake up they have to make the mimic hello! (using hands) ďƒź Another mimic is bye (using hands) when they are going to sleep. Try to make it a routine to get the child prepared. ďƒź Teach your child to send a kiss to his or her relatives after a greeting.

Crawls, scoots well Crawling Crawling helps your baby strengthen her muscles enough to walk and is her first way of getting around efficiently on her own. In the traditional crawl, she'll first learn to balance on her hands and knees. Then she'll figure out how to move forward and backward from this posture by pushing off with her knees. When it develops Most babies learn to crawl between six and 10 months. But some children never crawl, instead opting for bottom shuffling, slithering on their stomach, or moving directly to pulling up, standing, and walking. It's getting mobile that's important, no matter how your baby does it. How it develops Crawling typically comes after a baby is able to sit well without support, which most children can do by the time they're six or seven months old. After this point, she can hold her head up to look around, and her arm, leg, and back muscles are strong enough to keep her from falling on the floor when she gets on her hands and knees. Over the next couple of months, your baby gradually learns to move confidently from a sitting position to being on all fours, and she soon realizes she can rock back and forth when she's got her limbs straight and her body parallel to the floor. Somewhere around nine or 10 months, she'll figure out that pushing off with her knees gives her just the boost she needs to get mobile. As she gains proficiency, she'll learn to go from a crawling position back into a sitting position. She'll also master the advanced technique of cross-crawling: moving one arm and the opposite leg together when she moves forward, rather than using an arm and a leg from the same side. After that, it's just a matter of practice making perfect -- look for her to be a really competent crawler by the time she's a year old.

If your baby crawls backward, is a bottom shuffler (scoots around on her posterior using a hand behind her and a foot in front of her to propel herself), or skips the crawling stage in favour of walking, don't worry. As long as she's getting mobile -- no matter how she does it -- she's fine.


What's next After your baby has mastered crawling, the only thing standing between her and complete mobility is learning to walk. To that end, she'll soon begin pulling herself up on everything she can reach, whether it's the coffee table or grandma's leg. Once she gets the feel of balancing on her legs, she'll be ready to stand on her own and cruise while holding onto furniture, and then it's just a matter of time till she's walking, running, jumping, and leaping. Crawl:  Get your baby ready. Let him or her play with toys.  Make the baby sits up  Find a comfortable place  Carefully place your baby on the floor on his or her back.  Move your baby on his or her tummy.  Place your baby’s favorite toy just on his or her reach.  Have your baby crawl toward you trying to catch his or her toy. Scoots:  Get your baby ready.  Show your baby’s favorite toy.  Asks your baby follows you with taking his or her toy.  Baby will start to give little steps.

Spends longer time doing one thing Ideas that will create life time memories for your child without spending a fortune. Being with you is more important than spending money on toys. Play with them. Seems simple, but, do you really know how to do it? Get down on the floor and play trucks, build forts, make cardboard buildings for cars. Go through the clothes in the house and make a dress up box; include old jewelry, hats, purses, and shoes. Plan a tea party, and follow it wherever it goes.


Read to your children. Start a small chapter book and read one chapter a day. Make reading time special with snacks. Today's children are spending an average of seven hours a day on entertainment media, including televisions, computers, phones and other electronic devices. Play a video of a funny song. ďƒź Let the child watch and listen to it several times. ďƒź Notice if the children babbles some words or imitate sounds.

How children learn 9 to 12 months  
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