Page 1


Student’s Book Stage 1

English in a quarter of the time!


The Callan ® Method was first developed and published in 1960 by R.K. T. Callan. This edition was published for the international market in 2012.

Copyright © R.K.T. Callan 2012

Student’s Book – Stage 1 eISBN 978-1-78229-000-1

CALLAN and the CALLAN logo are registered trade marks of Callan Works Limited, used under licence by Callan Publishing Limited

Conditions of sale All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not by way of trade or otherwise be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser.

Published by CALLAN PUBLISHING LTD. Orchard House, 45-47 Mill Way, Grantchester, Cambridge CB3 9ND in association with CALLAN METHOD ORGANISATION LTD.

www.callan.co.uk


Ȅ1BSBPCUFOFSMBUSBEVDDJ³OEFFTUFQSFGBDJPFOFTQB¹PM WJTJUBS www.callan.co.uk/preface/es Ȅ1FSVOBUSBEV[JPOFEJRVFTUBQSFGB[JPOFJO*UBMJBOP WJTJUBSFJMTJUP www.callan.co.uk/preface/it Ȅ1BSBPCUFSVNBUSBEV§£PEFTUFQSFG¥DJPFNQPSUVHVªT WJTJUF www.callan.co.uk/preface/pt Ȅ;QPMTLJNUÝVNBD[FOJFNUFHPXTU×QVNPĪOB[BQP[OBÇTJ×OBTUSPOJF www.callan.co.uk/preface/pl Ȅ1PVSPCUFOJSMBUSBEVDUJPOEFDFUUFQSŠGBDFFOGSBO§BJT SFOEF[WPVTTVSMFTJUF www.callan.co.uk/preface/fr Ȅ#VœOTœ[ŸO5ŸSL§F§FWJSJTJJ§JOBĕB�ÍEBLJXFCBESFTJOJ[JZBSFUFEJO www.callan.co.uk/preface/tr Ȅ www.callan.co.uk/preface/ch Ȅ www.callan.co.uk/preface/jp Ȅ www.callan.co.uk/preface/ar

Welcome to the Callan Method Learning English with the Callan™ Method is fast and effective! The Callan Method is a teaching method created specifically to improve your English in an intensive atmosphere. The teacher is constantly asking questions, so you are hearing and using the language as much as possible. When you speak in the lesson, the teacher corrects your grammar and pronunciation mistakes, and you learn a lot from this correction. The Callan Method teaches English vocabulary and grammar in a carefully programmed way, with systematic revision and reinforcement. In the lesson, there is a lot of speaking and listening practice, but there is also reading and writing so that you revise and consolidate what you have learned. With the Callan Method, the teacher speaks quickly so that you learn to understand English when it is spoken at natural speed. This also means that everyone is concentrating hard all the time.


English in a quarter of the time The Callan Method can teach English in a quarter of the time taken by any other method on the market. Instead of the usual 350 hours necessary to get the average student to the level of the Cambridge Preliminary English Test (PET), the Callan Method can take as little as 80 hours, and only 160 hours for the Cambridge First Certificate in English (FCE). The method is suitable for students of all nationalities, and ages. It requires no equipment (not even a whiteboard) or other books, and can be used for classes at private schools, state schools and universities. It is also possible for students to use the books to practise with each other when they are not at school. In addition to this, students can practise their English online using the interactive exercises, which are available to students who study at licensed schools. Ask your school for details.

The Callan Method in practice A Callan Method English lesson is probably very different from lessons you have done in the past. You do not sit in silence, doing a reading comprehension test or a grammar exercise from a book. You do not have ‘free conversation’, where you only use the English you already feel comfortable with. Of course, activities like this can help you, but you can do them at home with a book, or in a coffee bar. In a Callan Method lesson, you are busy with important activities that you cannot do outside the classroom. You are listening to English all the time. You are speaking English a lot, and all your mistakes are corrected. You learn quickly because you are always surrounded by English. There is no silence and no time to get bored or lose your concentration. And it is also fun! So, what exactly happens in a Callan Method lesson, and how does it work?

The teacher asks you questions The Callan Method books are full of questions. Each question practises a word, an expression, or a piece of grammar. The teacher is standing, and asks the questions to the students one by one. You never know when the teacher will ask you, so you are always concentrating. When one student finishes answering one question, the teacher immediately starts to ask the next question.

The teacher speaks quickly The teacher in a Callan Method lesson speaks quickly. This is because, in the real world, it is natural to speak quickly. If you want to understand normal English, you must practise listening to quick natural speech and become able to understand English without first translating into your language. This idea of not translating is at the centre of the Callan Method; this method helps you to start thinking in English.


Also, we do not want you to stop and think a lot about the grammar while you are speaking. We want you to speak as a reflex, instinctively. And do not worry about mistakes. You will, naturally, make a lot of mistakes in the lessons, but Callan Method teachers correct your mistakes, and you learn from the corrections. When you go home, of course it will help if you read your book, think about the grammar, study the vocabulary, and do all the things that language students do at home – but the lessons are times to practise your listening and speaking, with your books closed!

The teacher says every question twice, and helps you with the answer In the lesson, the teacher speaks quickly, so we say the questions twice. This way, you have another chance to listen if you did not understand everything the first time. The teacher then immediately says the beginning of the answer. This is to help you (and ‘push’ you) to start speaking immediately. So, for example: Teacher: “Are there two chairs in this room? Are there two chairs in this room? No, there aren’t ...” Student (immediately): “No, there aren’t two chairs in this room; there are twelve chairs in this room.” If the teacher does not ‘push’ you by giving you the beginning of the answer, you might start to think too much, and translate into your language. The teacher will speak along with you all the time while you are saying your answer. So, if you forget a word or you are not sure what to say, you will always hear the next word or two from the teacher. You should repeat after the teacher, but immediately try again to continue with the answer yourself. You must always try to continue speaking, and only copy the teacher when you cannot continue alone. That way, you will become more confident and learn more quickly. Never simply wait for help from the teacher and then copy – you will not improve so quickly.

Long answers, with the same grammar as the question We want you to practise your speaking as much as possible, so you always make complete sentences when you speak in the lesson, using the same grammatical structure as in the question. For example: Teacher: “About how many pages are there in this book?” Student: “There are about two hundred pages in that book.” In this way, you are not just answering a question; you are making full sentences with the vocabulary and the grammar that you need to learn.


Correction by imitation With the Callan Method, the teacher corrects all your mistakes the moment you make them. The teacher corrects you by imitating (copying) your mistake and then saying the correct pronunciation/form of the word. For example, if you say “He come from Spain”, the teacher quickly says “not come - comes”. This correction by imitation helps you to hear the difference between your mistake and the proper English form. You should immediately repeat the correct word and continue with your sentence. You learn a lot from this correction of your mistakes, and constant correction results in fast progress.

Contracted forms In the lesson, the teacher uses contractions (e.g. the teacher says “I don’t” instead of “I do not”). This is because it is natural to use contractions in spoken English and you must learn to understand them. Also, if you want to sound natural when you speak, you must learn to use contractions.

Lesson structure Every school is different, but a typical 50-minute Callan lesson will contain about 35 minutes of speaking, a 10-minute period for reading, and a 5-minute dictation. The reading practice and the dictation are often in the middle of the lesson. In the reading part, you read and speak while the teacher helps you and corrects your mistakes. In the dictation, you practise your writing, but you are also listening to the teacher. So, a 50-minute Callan lesson is 50 minutes of spoken English with no silence!

No chatting Although the Callan Method emphasises the importance of speaking practice, this does not mean chatting (free conversation). You learn English quickly with the Callan Method partly because the lessons are organised, efficient, fast and busy. There is no time wasted on chatting; this can be done before or after the lesson. Chatting is not a good way to spend your time in an English lesson. First, only some of the students speak. Second, in a chat, people only use the English that they already know. Third, it is difficult for a teacher to correct mistakes during a conversation. The Callan Method has none of these problems. All through the lesson, every student is listening and speaking, practising different vocabulary and structures, and learning from the correction of their mistakes. And nobody has time to get bored!


Repeat, repeat, repeat! Systematic revision In your native language, you sometimes read or hear a word that you do not already know. You usually need to read or hear this new word only once or twice in order to remember it and then use it yourself. However, when you are learning a foreign language, things are very different. You need to hear, see and use words and grammatical structures many times before you really know them properly. So your studies must involve a system of revision (repeating what you have studied before). This is absolutely essential. If there is no system of revision in your studies, you will forget what you have studied and will not be able to speak or understand better than before. In every Callan Method lesson, of course you learn new English, practise it, and progress through your book. However, you also do a lot of revision so that you can really learn what you have studied. Your teacher can decide how much revision your class needs, but it will always be an important part of your studies. Also, because there is a lot of revision, it is not important for you to understand everything the first time; it gets easier. The revision with Callan is automatic and systematic. Every day you do a lot of revision and then learn some new English.

Revision in reading and dictation too The reading and dictation practice in the lessons is part of Callan’s systematic revision as well. First, you learn a new word in the speaking part of the lesson; a few lessons later, you meet it again when you are reading; finally, the word appears in a dictation. This is all written into the Callan Method; it happens automatically.

Correcting your dictations With the Callan Method, there is little or no homework to do, but it is very important that you correct your dictations. These are printed in your book and so you can easily correct them at home, on the bus, or wherever. It is important to do this because it helps you to learn the written forms of the words you have already studied in earlier lessons.

Your first lessons with the Callan Method During your first lesson with the Callan Method, all of the questions and some of the vocabulary are new for you; you have not done any revision yet. For this reason, the teacher may not ask you many questions. You can sit and listen, and become more familiar with the method - the speed, the questions, the correction etc.


History of the Callan Method – Robin Callan Robin Callan is the creator of the Callan Method. He owns the Callan School in London’s Oxford Street. He also runs Callan Publishing Limited, which supplies Callan Method books to schools all over the world. Robin Callan grew up in Ely, Cambridgeshire, England. In his early twenties, he went to Italy to teach English in Salerno. Although he enjoyed teaching, Robin thought that the way in which teachers were expected to teach their lessons was inefficient and boring. He became very interested in the mechanisms of language learning, and was sure that he could radically improve the way English was taught. He remained in Italy and started to write his own books for teaching English. He used these in his own classes and, over the following ten years, gained an immense amount of practical experience and a reputation for teaching English quickly and effectively. When he returned to England, he opened his school in Oxford Street. As the method became more and more popular with students, the school grew and moved to larger premises. Robin continued to write his Callan Method books, and today the method is used by schools all over the world. Robin Callan has always been passionate about English literature, especially poetry. For this reason, he bought The Orchard Tea Garden in Grantchester, near Cambridge, which attracts thousands of tourists each year. Throughout the 20th century, it was a popular meeting place for many famous Cambridge University students and important figures from English literature, such as Rupert Brooke, Virginia Woolf and E.M. Forster. Today, it is also home to the Rupert Brooke Museum. Mr Callan now lives in Grantchester, but still plays an active role in the management of the Callan School in London.


The Callan School in London’s Oxford Street The largest private school in London The Callan School in Oxford Street is the largest private school in London teaching English as a foreign language. Depending on the time of year, the school employs between 60 and 100 teachers and has an average of 1600 students passing through its doors every day. This number rises to more than 2000 in the middle of summer, similar to a small university.

Websites Please visit the following websites for more information: Callan Method http://www.callan.co.uk Lots of information, including a list of schools around the world that use the method Callan School London http://www.callanschoollondon.com/en/callan-school All you need to know about the largest private English language school in London


How Callan Method Stages compare to CEFR* levels and University of Cambridge General English exams * Common European Framework of Reference It is difficult to compare the Callan Method books directly with the CEFR levels and Cambridge exams, but below is an approximate guide.

Callan Method Stages CEFR

Levels

Cambridge Exams

C2

CPE

C2 C1

CAE

C2 B2

FCE

B1

PET

A2 B1

KET

B1 A1

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12


STAGE 1


LESSON 1 1

pen

pencil

what is (what’s)

book this

a it is (it’s)

What’s this? 2

It’s a pen

See Chart 1 (at the end of this book)

table

chair

light

wall

floor

room

ceiling

window

door

clock

box

picture

is this?

yes

*TUIJTBQFO 

Yes, it’s a pen

no, it is not (isn’t) *TUIJTBQFO 

No, it isn’t a pen; it’s a pencil

*TUIJTBQFODJM  3

No, it isn’t a pencil; it’s a book

See Chart 1

long

short

*TUIFQFOTIPSU 

the

contraction No, the pen isn’t short; it’s long

*TUIFQFODJMMPOH 

No, the pencil isn’t long; it’s short

*TUIFSPPNTIPSU 

No, the room isn’t short; it’s long


large

small

*TUIFUBCMFTNBMM 

No, the table isn’t small; it’s large

*TUIFCPYMBSHF  4

No, the box isn’t large; it’s small

city

town

village

London is a city. Windsor is a town. Grantchester is a village. *T -POEPO BWJMMBHF 

No, (London) isn’t a village; it’s a city

*T 8JOETPS BDJUZ  *T (SBOUDIFTUFS BUPXO 

No, (Windsor) isn’t a city; it’s a town







No, (Grantchester) isn’t a town; it’s a village

or *TUIFUBCMFMPOHPSTIPSU 

The table’s ...

*TBDJUZMBSHFPSTNBMM 

A city’s large

See Chart 1

man

woman

boy

What’s this?

5

girl

It’s a man. It’s a woman. It’s a boy. It’s a girl.

*TUIJTBHJSM 

No, it isn’t a girl; it’s a man

*TUIJTBNBO 

No, it isn’t a man; it’s a woman

*TUIJTBXPNBO 

No, it isn’t a woman; it’s a boy

*TUIJTBCPZ 

No, it isn’t a boy; it’s a girl

one

two

three

four

five

1

2

3

4

5


on

under

*TUIFQFOJOUIFCPPL 

in







No, the pen isn’t in the book; it’s under the book

*TUIFQFOVOEFSUIFCPPL  





No, the pen isn’t under the book; it’s on the book

6

See Chart 1

Mr

Mrs

Jack

*TUIJT"OOB#SPXO 

Anna

No, it isn’t Anna Brown; it’s Mr Brown

*TUIJT.S#SPXO 

No, it isn’t Mr Brown; it’s Mrs Brown

*TUIJT.ST#SPXO 

No, it isn’t Mrs Brown; it’s Jack Brown

*TUIJT+BDL#SPXO 

No, it isn’t Jack Brown; it’s Anna Brown

See Chart 1

black

white

green

brown

what colour? 7

What colour’s this pencil?

This pencil’s black, white etc.

six

seven

eight

nine

ten

6

7

8

9

10

where Where’s the pen? Where’s the book? Where’s the pen?

The pen’s on the book The book’s on the table The pen’s under the table

Where’s the picture?

The picture’s on the wall

Where’s the light?

The light’s on the ceiling


LESSON 2 8

See Chart 1

I am

I’m

you are

you’re

he is

he’s

she is

she’s

it is

it’s

"N* 

Yes, you’re ...

Are you ...?

Yes, I’m ...

*TIF.S#SPXO 

Yes, he’s Mr Brown

*TTIF.ST#SPXO 

9

Yes, she’s Mrs Brown

I am not

I’m not

you are not

you aren’t

he is not

he isn’t

she is not

she isn’t

it is not

it isn’t

"N*.ST#SPXO  "SFZPV.S#SPXO  *TIF.S4NJUI  *TTIF.S#SPXO 

No, you aren’t Mrs Brown; you’re ... No, I’m not Mr Brown; I’m ...

No, he isn’t Mr Smith; he’s Mr Brown No, she isn’t Mr Brown; she’s Mrs Brown


in front of

behind

me

you

Where’s the table?

The table’s in front of me

10 *TUIFXBMMJOGSPOUPGZPV 

*TUIFUBCMFCFIJOENF 







No, the wall isn’t in front of me; it’s behind me







No, the table isn’t behind you; it’s in front of you

See Chart 1

him

her

house

Where’s the house?

The house is behind him

Where’s the house?

The house is behind her

Are you behind her? 11 "N*JOGSPOUPGIJN 

No, I’m not behind her; I’m in front of her





standing

No, you aren’t in front of him; you’re behind him

sitting

Are you standing on the floor? "N*TJUUJOHPOUIFDIBJS 



No, I’m not standing on the floor; I’m sitting on the chair



No, you aren’t sitting on the chair; you’re standing on the floor

Are you standing in front of me?

taking from

No, I’m not standing in front of you; I’m sitting in front of you

putting on

"N*QVUUJOHUIFCPPLPOUIFʞPPS 





No, you aren’t putting the book on the floor; you’re taking the book from the table

"N*UBLJOHUIFQFOGSPNUIFUBCMF 



No, you aren’t taking the pen from the table; you’re putting the book on the table


12

closing

opening "N*DMPTJOHUIFEPPS 





"N*PQFOJOHUIFXJOEPX  



doing



No, you aren’t closing the door; you’re opening the book No, you aren’t opening the window; you’re closing the book

what am I doing?

8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re taking the book from the table

8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re opening the book

8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re closing the book

8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re putting the book on the table

See Chart 1

which 13 Which pencil’s black?

This pencil’s black

8IJDIQFODJMǽTXIJUF 

This pencil’s white

Which pencil’s green?

This pencil’s green

8IJDIQFODJMǽTCSPXO 

This pencil’s brown

open

closed

Which book’s open?

This book’s open

Which book’s closed?

This book’s closed


LESSON 3 14

See Chart 1

this

that

chart

What colour’s this pencil?

This pencil’s black

What colour’s that pencil?

That pencil’s white

Where’s this pencil?

This pencil’s on the Chart

Where’s that pencil?

That pencil’s on the wall

eleven

twelve

thirteen

fourteen

fifteen

11

12

13

14

15

plural

of

etc.

15 What’s the plural of “book“?

The plural of “book” is “books”

What’s the plural of “clock“?

The plural of “clock” is “clocks”

8IBUǽTUIFQMVSBMPGǿXBMMǿ 

The plural of “wall” is “walls”

we are "SFXFTJUUJOH 8IFSFBSFXFTJUUJOH 

we’re Yes, we’re sitting We’re sitting on the chairs


See Chart 1

they are

they’re

Are they standing?

Yes, they’re standing

Where are they standing?

They’re standing in front of the house

we are not

we aren’t

"SFXFTUBOEJOH 

No, we aren’t standing; we’re sitting

"SFXFTJUUJOHPOUIFʞPPS   16



No, we aren’t sitting on the floor; we’re sitting on the chairs

they are not

they aren’t

Are they sitting?

No, they aren’t sitting; they’re standing

Are they standing behind the house?

red

blue

No, they aren’t standing behind the house; they’re standing in front of the house

yellow

grey

See Chart 1

What colour’s this pencil?

these

This pencil’s red, blue etc.

those

and

What colour’s this pencil?

This pencil’s black

What colour’s that pencil?

That pencil’s white

What colour are these pencils?

These pencils are black and green

17 What colour are those pencils?

Those pencils are white and brown

Where are these pencils?

These pencils are on the Chart


Where are those pencils?

Those pencils are on the wall

What colour are these chairs?

These chairs are ...

What colour are those chairs?

Those chairs are ...

men

women

say

What’s the plural of “man“?

The plural of “man“ is “men“

8IBUǽTUIFQMVSBMPGǿXPNBOǿ 

The plural of “woman“ is “women“

sixteen

seventeen

eighteen

nineteen

twenty

16

17

18

19

20

See Chart 1

clothes What are these? 18

shoe

boot

suit

shirt

These are clothes

sock

trousers

tie

hat

What’s this?

jacket bag It’s a shoe, boot etc.

What are these?

These are trousers

See Chart 2

alphabet What letter’s this?

letter A, B, etc.


vowel

consonant

These are the five vowels: A, E, I, O, U. What are these?

These are the five vowels

8IBUBSFUIFʝWFWPXFMT 

The five vowels are A, E, I ,O, U

19 The letters B, C, D etc. are consonants.

*TUIFMFUUFS#BWPXFM 

before Which letter’s before E? 8IJDIMFUUFSǽTBGUFS*  8IJDIMFUUFSǽTCFGPSF;  8IJDIMFUUFSǽTBGUFS( 







No, the letter B isn’t a vowel; it’s a consonant

after D’s before E J’s after I Y’s before Z H’s after G


LESSON 4 20

between 8IJDIMFUUFSǽTCFUXFFO%BOE' 

E’s between D and F

8IJDIMFUUFSǽTCFUXFFO)BOE+ 

I’s between H and J

8IJDIMFUUFSǽTCFUXFFO2BOE4 

R’s between Q and S

us Where’s the table?

The table’s in front of us

"SFUIFXBMMTJOGSPOUPGVT  



*TUIFUBCMFCFIJOEVT 





No, the walls aren’t in front of us; they’re behind us 

No, the table isn’t behind us; it’s in front of us

See Chart 1

21

them Where’s the house?

The house’s behind them

Are you behind them?

No, I’m not behind them; I’m in front of them

"N*JOGSPOUPGUIFN 

student "N*BTUVEFOU  Are you the teacher?







No, you aren’t in front of them; you’re behind them

teacher No, you aren’t a student; you’re the teacher No, I’m not the teacher; I’m a student


See Chart 3

thirty

forty

fifty

sixty

seventy

eighty

30

40

50

60

70

80

ninety

hundred

thousand

million

90

100

1,000

1,000,000

number

22 What number’s this?

30, 40 etc.

What numbers are these?

30–13; 40–14 etc.

What number’s this?

plus

313

1,815

equals

1,950,630

2+2=4

What’s this?

It’s 2 + 2 = 4

how much )PXNVDIJTQMVT  )PXNVDIJT

23

13 plus 5 equals 18

18 + 40

5 + 10

60 + 19

6+3

16 + 30

20 + 15

90 + 15

10 + 30

there is *TUIFSFBQFOPOUIJTCPPL  *TUIFSFBMJHIUPOUIFDFJMJOH  *TUIFSFBCBHJOUIJTSPPN 

there’s Yes, there’s a pen on this book

Yes, there’s a light on the ceiling Yes, there’s a bag in this room


there are

now

*TUIFSFBQFOPOUIFCPPL

Yes, there’s a pen on the book

"SFUIFSFUXPQFOTPOUIFCPPLOPX  



Yes, there are two pens on the book now





Yes, there are (12) chairs in this room





Yes, there are (2) pictures on these walls

24 "SFUIFSF  DIBJSTJOUIJTSPPN  

"SFUIFSF  QJDUVSFTPOUIFTFXBMMT 

there is not

there isn’t

*TUIFSFBQFOPOUIFCPPL 

No, there isn’t a pen on the book

*TUIFSFBCPPLPOUIFʞPPS 

No, there isn’t a book on the floor

*TUIFSFBDMPDLPOUIFUBCMF 

No, there isn’t a clock on the table

there are not

there aren’t

"SFUIFSFUISFFDMPDLTPOUIBUXBMM 



Are there a hundred pictures in this room?

Are there a thousand chairs in this room?

high *TUIFDIBJSIJHI  *TUIFXBMMMPX  *TUIFUBCMFIJHI 

low



 No, there aren’t three clocks on that wall; there’s one clock on that wall

No, there aren’t a hundred pictures in this room; there are ... pictures in this room No, there aren’t a thousand chairs in this room; there are ... chairs in this room

but No, the chair isn’t high; it’s low No, the wall isn’t low; it’s high No, the table isn’t high; it’s low


LESSON 5 25

imperative

take!

close!

please

put!

open!

The imperative is “take!”, “put!”, “open!”, “close!” etc. Take the book, please. What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s taking the book

Open the book, please. What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s opening the book

Close the book, please. What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s closing the book

Put the book on the table, please. What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s putting the book on the table

26 See Chart 1

here

there

Where’s the black pencil?

The black pencil’s here in front of me

8IFSFǽTUIFXIJUFQFODJM 

The white pencil’s there on the wall

Are you sitting there?

No, I’m not sitting there; I’m sitting here

*TUIFXIJUFQFODJMIFSFJOGSPOUPGZPV 

No, the white pencil isn’t here in front of me; it’s there on the Chart


capital

England

London

Russia

Moscow

Greece

Athens

What’s the capital of England?

China Beijing

London’s the capital of England

What’s the capital of Russia?

Moscow’s the capital of Russia

27 8IBUǽTUIFDBQJUBMPG(SFFDF 

Athens’s the capital of Greece

What’s the capital of China?

Beijing’s the capital of China

reading

writing

8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re reading the book

8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re writing in the book

"N*XSJUJOHJOUIFCPPL 







No, you aren’t writing in the book; you’re reading the book

"N*SFBEJOHUIFCPPL 







No, you aren’t reading the book; you’re writing in the book

See Chart 1

coat

tights

blouse

pullover

dress

skirt

pocket

scarf handkerchief

What’s this?

It’s a coat, dress etc.

What are these? 28

These are tights

how many? )PXNBOZQJDUVSFTBSFUIFSFPOUIFTFXBMMT  



)PXNBOZDMPDLTBSFUIFSFJOUIJTSPPN 

There’s one clock in this room



There are ... pictures on these walls


)PXNBOZDIBJSTBSFUIFSFJOUIJTSPPN  )PXNBOZUFBDIFSTBSFUIFSFJOUIJTSPPN 



There are ... chairs in this room There’s one teacher in this room

going to 8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re going to the door

8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re going to the window

8IFSFBN*HPJOH  "N*HPJOHUPUIFEPPS 

You’re going to the wall





No, you aren’t going to the door; you’re going to the window


LESSON 6 29

Europe

Asia

Italy

France

*T(SFFDFJO"TJB 

India

No, Greece isn’t in Asia; it’s in Europe

*T*OEJBJO&VSPQF 

No, India isn’t in Europe; it’s in Asia

"SF'SBODFBOE*UBMZJO"TJB  



No, France and Italy aren’t in Asia; they’re in Europe

See Chart 2

first

second

third

fourth

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

fifth

sixth

twelfth

twentieth

5th

6th

12th

20th

cardinal

ordinal

30 What are the cardinal numbers?

The cardinal numbers are 1, 2, 3, etc.

What are the ordinal numbers?

The ordinal numbers are 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.

Which is the first letter of the alphabet?

A’s the first letter of the alphabet

Which is the third letter of the alphabet?

C’s the third letter of the alphabet

Which is the fifth letter of the alphabet?

E’s the fifth letter of the alphabet

8IJDIJTUIFUXFMGUIMFUUFSPGUIFBMQIBCFU  Which is the thirteenth letter of the alphabet?





L’s the twelfth letter of the alphabet M’s the thirteenth letter of the alphabet


8IJDIJTUIFUXFOUJFUIMFUUFSPGUIFBMQIBCFU  

31



T’s the twentieth letter of the alphabet

8IJDIJTUIFUXFOUZĘ?STUMFUUFS 

U’s the twenty-first letter

8IJDIJTUIFUXFOUZUIJSEMFUUFS 

W’s the twenty-third letter

8IJDIJTUIFUXFOUZĘ?GUIMFUUFS 

Y’s the twenty-fifth letter

last Which’s the last letter of the alphabet?

Z’s the last letter of the alphabet

*T"UIFMBTUMFUUFSPGUIFBMQIBCFU 





No, A isn’t the last letter of the alphabet; it’s the first letter of the alphabet

give Take the book, please. (JWFNFUIFCPPL QMFBTF What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s giving you the book

Take the book, please. (JWFIJNIFSUIFCPPL QMFBTF What’s he/she doing? 32

French

He’s/She’s giving him/her the book

German

Italian

"SFZPV 'SFODI PS (FSNBO 





"N* *UBMJBO PS 'SFODI 







"SFUIFTUVEFOUT (FSNBO PS &OHMJTI 



English No, I’m not (French) or (German); I’m ... No, you aren’t (Italian) or (French); you’re (English) The students are ...


my

your

*TUIJTZPVSCPPL 

No, it isn’t my book; it’s your book

*TUIBUNZESFTT 

No, it isn’t your dress; it’s my dress

See Chart 1

his

her

Are these his boots?

No, they aren’t his boots; they’re her boots

33 Are these her shoes?

No, they aren’t her shoes; they’re his shoes

*TUIJTIJTCBH 

No, it isn’t his bag; it’s her bag

*TUIJTIFSTVJU 

No, it isn’t her suit; it’s his suit

What colour’s his suit?

our

His suit’s black

your

Are these our shoes? What colour are their shoes?

34

their No, they aren’t our shoes; they’re their shoes Their shoes are black

Are these their books?

No, these aren’t their books; they’re our books

Where are our books?

Our books are on the table(s)

all "SFBMMUIFXBMMTJOUIJTSPPNXIJUF PSHSFFOPSCMVFFUD  Yes, all the walls in this room are white Are all the books in this room English books? Are all the students sitting?

Yes, all the books in this room are English books Yes, all the students are sitting


LESSON 7 35

person

people

What’s the plural of “person�?

The plural of “person� is “people�

)PXNBOZQFPQMFBSFUIFSFJOUIJTSPPN 



There are ... people in this room

)PXNBOZQFPQMFBSFUIFSFJOUIJTUPXO 



There are ... people in this town

coming from 8IBUBN*EPJOH  "N*DPNJOHGSPNUIFXJOEPX  36 "N*HPJOHUPUIFXJOEPX  

You’re coming from the door 

No, you aren’t coming from the window; you’re going to the window



No, you aren’t going to the window; you’re coming from the window

touch 8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re touching the wall

8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re touching the picture

5PVDIZPVSUJF PSESFTT TIPFFUD QMFBTF What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s touching his/her ...

See Chart 2

sentence What’s this?

It’s a sentence


word

verb

use

for

action

What’s this?

It’s a word

37 )PXNBOZXPSETBSFUIFSFJOUIJTTFOUFODF 



There are seven words in this sentence

8IJDIǽTUIFʝSTUXPSEPGUIJTTFOUFODF  



“Verbs“ is the first word of this sentence

8IJDIǽTUIFUIJSEXPSEPGUIJTTFOUFODF  8IJDIǽTUIFʝGUIXPSEPGUIJTTFOUFODF   8IJDIǽTUIFTJYUIXPSE  8IJDIǽTUIFMBTUXPSE 

question mark comma semi-colon

38

? , ;

“Words“ is the third word of this sentence 



“Use“ is the fifth word of this sentence

“For“ is the sixth word of this sentence “Actions“ is the last word of this sentence

.

full stop

:

colon

What’s this?

It’s a question mark

What’s this?

It’s a full stop

What’s this?

It’s a comma

What’s this?

It’s a colon

What’s this?

It’s a semi-colon

umbrella 8IBUXPSEǽTUIJT  *TUIFSFBOVNCSFMMBPOUIFUBCMF  

It’s the word “umbrella“





No, there isn’t an umbrella on the table


pronounce 1SPOPVODFUIJTXPSE QMFBTF

What

What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s pronouncing the word “what“

1SPOPVODFUIJTXPSE QMFBTF

Colour

What’s he/she doing?

a

He’s/She’s pronouncing the word “colour“

an

the

the /Ă°i:/

We say a book, but an umbrella. The book, but the umbrella. Before a consonant we say “a“ – a book. Before a vowel we say “an“ – an umbrella. Before a consonant we say “the“ – the book. Before a vowel we say “the“ – the umbrella. 39 1SPOPVODFUIFTFXPSET QMFBTF



a book – an umbrella; the book – the umbrella



body What’s this?

This is the body

*TUIJTIFSCPEZ 

No, it isn’t her body; it’s your body

part

foot

feet

What part of the body is this?

This part of the body is the foot

What’s the plural of “foot�?

The plural of “foot� is “feet�

leg

back

arm

hand

finger

thumb

What’s this?

wrist

It’s a leg, the back, an arm, a wrist etc.


40

wrong

right 2 + 2 = 7: is that right?

No, it isn’t right; it’s wrong

5IFXBMMǽTIJHIJTUIBUXSPOH 

No, it isn’t wrong; it’s right

*TJUSJHIUZPVǽSF.S#SPXO  







No, it isn’t right I’m Mr Brown; it’s wrong. I’m ...


LESSON 8 41

See Chart 2

question

answer

What’s this?

It’s a question

What’s this?

It’s an answer

*TUIJTBOBOTXFS 

No, it isn’t an answer; it’s a question

meaning 8IBUǽTUIFNFBOJOHPGUIFXPSEǿVTFǿJO  

The meaning of the word “use“ in ... is “...“

8IBUǽTUIFNFBOJOHPGUIFXPSEǿUBCMFǿJO 

The meaning of the word “table“ in ... is “...“

8IBUǽTUIFNFBOJOHPGUIFXPSEǿGPSǿJO  

The meaning of the word “for“ in ... is “...“

8IBUǽTUIFNFBOJOHPGUIFXPSEǿDIBJSǿJO 

The meaning of the word “chair“ in ... is “...“

8IBUǽTUIFNFBOJOHPGUIFXPSEǿBDUJPOǿJO 

42

 The meaning of the word “action“ in ... is “...“

name What’s my name? What’s your name?

Your name’s ... My name’s ...

See Chart 1

What’s his name?

His name’s Mr Brown

What’s her name?

Her name’s Mrs Brown


head

face

nose

chin

eye

mouth

ear

hair

What’s this? 43

tongue It’s the head etc.

remaining 8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re going to the window

8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re coming from the window

"SFZPVHPJOHUPUIFXJOEPX 



"N*SFNBJOJOHPOUIFDIBJS 



country



No, I’m not going to the window; I’m remaining on the chair No, you aren’t remaining on the chair; you’re going to the window

Spain

What’s the name of your country?

... is the name of my country

8IBUǽTUIFOBNFPGUIFDPVOUSZCFUXFFO&OHMBOEBOE4QBJO France’s the name of the country between England and Spain

translate 44

into

See Chart 2

Ç¿7FSCTBSFXPSETXFVTFGPSBDUJPOTÇ¿ 8IBUBN*EPJOH 







You’re translating a sentence from English into ...

5SBOTMBUFUIJTTFOUFODF QMFBTFǿ*BNBTUVEFOUǿ What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s translating a sentence from English into ...


5SBOTMBUFUIJTTFOUFODF QMFBTFǿ5IFXBMMǽTIJHIǿ What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s translating a sentence from English into ...

Translate this sentence, please: “There are ten chairs in this room“. What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s translating a sentence from English into ...

who 8IPBN* 

You’re Mr Smith

Who are you?

I’m Mr Rossi

Who’s he?

He’s Jack Brown

45 Who’s she?

She’s Anna Brown

Who are they?

They’re Mr and Mrs Brown

thing )PXNBOZUIJOHTBSFUIFSFPOUIJTCPPL  What’s the name of this thing?





There are three things on that book

The name of that thing is a tie

What colour’s this thing?

This thing’s red

See Chart 1

tall

short

Scandinavia

*T.S#SPXOTIPSU 

No, Mr Brown isn’t short; he’s tall

*T"OOB#SPXOUBMM 

No, Anna Brown isn’t tall; she’s short

"SFUIFQFPQMFPG4DBOEJOBWJBTIPSU 



No, the people of Scandinavia aren’t short; they’re tall


46

difference

whereas

that

8IBUǽTUIFEJGGFSFODFCFUXFFOǿUBMMǿBOEǿTIPSUǿBOEǿIJHIǿBOEǿMPXǿ The difference between “tall“ and “short“ and “high“ and “low“ is that we use “tall“ and “short“ for people, whereas we use “high“ and “low“ for things

47

Dictation 1

What’s this?/ It’s a pen./ Is this/ a pencil/ or a book?/ Is the/ long table/ black?/ No, it isn’t;/ it’s white./ The short box/ is green./ A city is large/ but a village/ is small./ Is Mr Brown/ a man?/ Yes, he is./ Is Anna Brown/ a boy or a girl?/ She’s a girl./ One, two, three,/ four, five./ Is the clock/ on the table/ or under the chair?/ No,/ it’s on the wall./ What colour/ is the ceiling?


LESSON 9 48

asking

answering

What’s this?

It’s a pen

8IBUBN*EPJOH 

You’re asking him/her a question

What’s this?

It’s a hand

"N*BTLJOHIJNIFSBRVFTUJPO 

Yes, you’re asking him/her a question

What’s this?

It’s a head

What’s he/she doing?

He’s/She’s answering your question

What’s this?

It’s a mouth

*TIFTIFBOTXFSJOHNZRVFTUJPO  





Yes, he’s/she’s answering your question



The meaning of the verb “to have“ is ...

"TLIJNIFSBRVFTUJPO QMFBTF 49

To have I have

I’ve

you have

you’ve

he has

he’s

she has

she’s

it has

it’s

we have

we’ve

you have

you’ve

they have

they’ve

8IBUǽTUIFNFBOJOHPGUIFWFSCǿUPIBWFǿ 


8IBUǽTUIFDPOUSBDUJPOPGǿ*IBWF ZPVIBWFǿFUD 

50

with

got

I’ve, you’ve etc.

generally

With the verb “have“, we generally use the word “got“ and we say “I’ve got“, “you’ve got“, “he’s got“ etc. We say “I have a pen“ or “I have got a pen“. )BWF*HPUUXPFZFT 

Yes, you’ve got two eyes

)BWFZPVHPUUXPFBST 

Yes, I’ve got two ears

)BTIFHPUUXPMFHT 

Yes, he’s got two legs

)BTTIFHPUUXPIBOET 

Yes, she’s got two hands

)BWFXFHPUUXPIFBET 

Yes, we’ve got two heads

)BWFUIFZHPUGPVSBSNT 

Yes, they’ve got four arms

See Chart 4

any? OPOTQFDJĘ?D

yes, some no, not any

IPXNBOZ specific

TFWFO thirteen etc. none

51

specific

non-specific

negative

positive

for example

important

when


The meaning of “any“ and “some“ is “...“, but we use “any“ in questions and negative sentences, and “some“ in positive sentences. For example, we say “Are there any books on the table?” – “Yes, there are some books on the table”, and we say “Are there any books on the floor?” – “No, there aren’t any books on the floor“. We use “any“ in a non-specific question, when the number is not important. For example, “Are there any books on the table?“ – “Yes, there are some books on the table“, or “No, there aren’t any books on the table“. If the number is important, we use “How many“ and there is a specific answer – “one“, “two“, “three“ etc., or “none“. 8IBUJTUIFNFBOJOHPGUIFXPSETǿBOZǿBOEǿTPNFǿ  The meaning of the words “any“ and “some“ is ... 8IBUǽTUIFEJGGFSFODFCFUXFFOǿBOZǿBOEǿTPNFǿ  The difference between “any“ and “some“ is that we use “any“ in questions and negative sentences, whereas we use “some“ in positive sentences

any Are there any books on this table?

Yes, there are some books on this table

"SFUIFSFBOZQJDUVSFTPOUIFTFXBMMT  52 )BWFZPVHPUBOZTIPFTPOZPVSGFFU 

Yes, there are some pictures on these walls





Yes, I’ve got some shoes on my feet

not any Are there any books on the floor? Are there any pictures on that chair? Are there any chairs on the table?

No, there aren’t any books on the floor No, there aren’t any pictures on that chair No, there aren’t any chairs on the table


none

class

classroom

)PXNBOZCPPLTBSFUIFSFPOUIFUBCMF  )PXNBOZCPPLTBSFUIFSFPOUIFʞPPS  )PXNBOZQJDUVSFTBSFUIFSFPOUIFTFXBMMT   )PXNBOZQJDUVSFTBSFUIFSFPOUIBUDIBJS  )PXNBOZTUVEFOUTBSFUIFSFJOUIJTDMBTTSPPN  )PXNBOZTUVEFOUTBSFUIFSFTJUUJOHPOUIFʞPPS 

There are ... books on the table There are none There are ... pictures on these walls There are none There are ... students in this classroom There are none

Do Revision Exercise 1

Revision exercises In your book, you sometimes see ‘Do Revision Exercise …’. These exercises are at the end of each stage, and you can do them at home. This is a good idea because these exercises give you extra practice with the English you are learning at school. With the Callan Method, you learn quickly, but if you want to learn more quickly, you should study with your book, listen to the audio files, and do the revision exercises. Write long answers to all the questions, like the answers that you say in the lessons. Then correct the exercise by looking at the printed answers in your book. Remember, the exercises are not for class; you do them outside the lesson for extra practice.


Revision Exercise 1 (Lessons 1 – 5) 1

Is London a village?

2

Is a city large or small?

3

Are you standing on the floor?

4

What's the plural of “book”?

5

What's the plural of “man“?

6

What's the plural of “woman“?

7

What are the five vowels?

8

Is the letter “B“ a vowel?

9

Which letter's before “E“?

10

Which letter’s after “G“?

11

Which letter's between “H“ and “J“?

12

Are you the teacher?

13

How much is 13 plus 5?

14

Is there a light on the ceiling?

15

Is there a clock on the table?

16

Are there a hundred pictures in this room?

17

Is the wall low?

18

What's the capital of England?

19

What's the capital of Greece?

20

How many clocks are there in this room?

"OTXFST 1

No, London isn't a village; it's a city.

2

A city's large.

3

No, I'm not standing on the floor; I'm sitting on the chair.

4

The plural of “book” is “books”.

5

The plural of “man” is “men”.

6

The plural of “woman“ is “women“.


7

The five vowels are “A E I O U“.

8

No, the letter “B“ isn't a vowel; it’s a consonant.

9

D's before E.

10

H's after G.

11

I's between H and J.

12

No, I'm not the teacher; I'm a student.

13

13 plus 5 equals 18.

14

Yes, there’s a light on the ceiling.

15

No, there isn't a clock on the table.

16

No, there aren't a hundred pictures in this room; there are ... pictures in this room.

17

No, the wall isn't low; it's high.

18

London's the capital of England.

19

Athens's the capital of Greece.

20

There’s one clock in this room.


Demonstration Charts


Chart 1


Chart 1


Chart 2

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

A a Bb Cc %d Ee ' f (g Nn Oo Pp 2R Rr S s Tt

a e i o u Verbs are words What colour is the book? a book the book


Chart 2

8

9

21

22

)h * i

10

11

12

13

23

24

25

26

+ j K k L l .m

Uu VW WX X Y Yy ; [

? . , : ; we use for actions. The book is blue an umbrella the umbrella


Chart 3

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1,000 1,000,000


Chart 3

313 1,815 1,950,630 2 + 2 = 4 1 2 3 4

x x x x

5 5 5 5

= = = =

5 10 15 20

13 + 30 43 15 + 50 65


Chart 4

OPOTQFDJĘ?D

specific

OPOTQFDJĘ?D

specific

OPOTQFDJĘ?D

specific

Any? )PXNBOZ Anybody? Who? Anything? What?


Chart 4

Yes, some No, not any 4FWFOFUD None Yes, somebody No, not anybody .ST#SPXOFUD Nobody Yes, something No, not anything A light etc. Nothing


Index a.......................... 1, 38 action ..................... 36 after ....................... 19 all ............................ 34 alphabet ................. 18 an ........................... 38 and ......................... 16 BOTXFS.................... 41 BOTXFSJOH .............. 48 any.......................... 51 arm ......................... 39 Asia ......................... 29 asking ..................... 48 Athens .................... 26 back ........................ 39 bag ......................... 18 before ..................... 19 behind ...................... 9 BeÄłing .................... 26 CFUXFFO ................. 20 black ......................... 6 blouse..................... 27 blue ........................ 16 body ....................... 39 book ......................... 1 boot ........................ 18 CPY ........................... 2 boy ........................... 4 CSPXO ....................... 6 but .......................... 24 capital ..................... 26 cardinal................... 29 ceiling ....................... 2 chair ......................... 2 chart ....................... 14 chin ......................... 42 China ...................... 26 city ............................ 4 class ........................ 52 classroom ............... 52 clock ......................... 2 close ! ..................... 25 closed ..................... 13 closing .................... 12 clothes .................... 17 coat......................... 27 colon : ..................... 37 coming from .......... 35 comma , ............... 37

consonant .............. 18 contraction ............... 3 country ................... 43 difference ............... 46 doing ...................... 12 door.......................... 2 dress ....................... 27 ear .......................... 42 eight ......................... 7 eighteen ................. 17 eighty ..................... 21 FMFWFO ..................... 14 England .................. 26 English .................... 32 FRVBMT ..................... 22 etc........................... 14 Europe .................... 29 eye .......................... 42 face......................... 42 feet ......................... 39 fifteen .................... 14 fifth 5th .................. 29 fifty ......................... 21 finger ..................... 39 first 1st. .................. 29 Ę?WF ........................... 5 floor.......................... 2 foot ......................... 39 for ........................... 36 GPSFYBNQMF ............ 51 forty ........................ 21 four........................... 5 fourteen ................. 14 fourth 4th. .............. 29 'SBODF ..................... 29 'SFODI..................... 32 full stop . .............. 37 generally ................ 50 (FSNBO .................. 32 girl ............................ 4 HJWF ......................... 31 going to ................. 28 got .......................... 50 (SFFDF .................... 26 green ........................ 6 grey ........................ 16 hair ......................... 42 hand ....................... 39 handkerchief .......... 27

hat .......................... 18 he has / he’s............ 49 he is / he’s ................. 8 he is not / he isn’t .... 9 head ....................... 42 her .......................... 10 her .......................... 32 here ........................ 26 high ........................ 24 him ......................... 10 his ........................... 32 house...................... 10 IPXNBOZ ............. 28 IPXNVDI .............. 22 hundred ................. 21 *BN*ǽN................... 8 *BNOPU*ǽNOPU...... 9 *IBWF*ǽWF ............. 49 JNQFSBUJWF .............. 25 important ............... 51 in .............................. 5 in front of ................. 9 *OEJB ....................... 29 into ......................... 43 is this?....................... 2 it has / it’s ............... 49 JUJT JUǽT .................... 1 it is / it’s ..................... 8 it is not / it isn’t ......... 9 *UBMJBO ..................... 32 *UBMZ......................... 29 jacket ...................... 18 large ......................... 3 last .......................... 31 leg .......................... 39 letter....................... 18 light .......................... 2 London ................... 26 long .......................... 3 MPX ......................... 24 man .......................... 4 me ............................ 9 meaning ................. 41 men ........................ 17 million .................... 21 .PTDPX .................. 26 mouth .................... 42 .S ............................. 6 .ST ........................... 6

my........................... 32 name ...................... 42 OFHBUJWF ................. 50 nine .......................... 7 nineteen ................. 17 ninety ..................... 21 OP JUJTOPU JTOÇ˝U ..... 2 OPOTQFDJĘ?D ........... 50 none ....................... 52 nose ........................ 42 not any ................... 52 OPX ........................ 23 number .................. 21 of ............................ 14 on ............................. 5 one ........................... 5 open ....................... 13 open!...................... 25 opening .................. 12 or .............................. 4 ordinal .................... 29 our .......................... 33 part......................... 39 pen ........................... 1 pencil ........................ 1 people .................... 35 person .................... 35 picture ...................... 2 please ..................... 25 plural ...................... 14 plus ......................... 22 pocket .................... 27 QPTJUJWF ................... 51 pronounce.............. 38 QVMMPWFS .................. 27 put! ........................ 25 putting on .............. 11 RVFTUJPO ................. 41 RVFTUJPONBSL ... 37 reading ................... 27 red .......................... 16 remaining ............... 43 right........................ 40 room ......................... 2 Russia ..................... 26 say .......................... 17 4DBOEJOBWJB ............ 45 scarf ........................ 27 second 2nd. ............ 29


TFNJDPMPO ......... 37 sentence ................. 36 TFWFO ........................ 7 TFWFOUFFO ............... 17 TFWFOUZ ................... 21 she has / she’s ......... 49 she is / she’s .............. 8 she is not / she isn’t .. 9 shirt ........................ 18 shoe ........................ 18 short ......................... 3 short ....................... 45 sitting ..................... 11 TJY ............................. 7 TJYUFFO .................... 17 TJYUIUI ................. 29 TJYUZ ........................ 21 skirt ........................ 27 small ......................... 3 sock ........................ 18 some ....................... 50 Spain ...................... 43 specific ................... 50 standing ................. 11 student ................... 21 suit.......................... 18 table ......................... 2 take! ....................... 25 taking from ............ 11 tall .......................... 45 teacher ................... 21 ten ............................ 7 that ......................... 14 that ......................... 46 the ............................ 3 the .......................... 38 the .......................... 38 their ........................ 33 them ....................... 21 there ....................... 26 there are................. 23 there are not / there aren’t ............ 24 there is / there’s...... 23 there is not / there isn’t ............... 24 these....................... 16 they are not / they aren’t.............. 16 they are / they’re .................... 15 UIFZIBWF UIFZǽWF.................... 49

thing ....................... 45 third 3rd. ................ 29 thirteen .................. 14 thirty....................... 21 this............................ 1 this.......................... 14 those ...................... 16 thousand ................ 21 three ......................... 5 thumb .................... 39 tie ........................... 18 tights ...................... 27 UPIBWF ................... 49 tongue ................... 42 touch ...................... 36 UPXO ......................... 4 translate ................. 43 trousers .................. 18 UXFMGUIUI ........... 29 UXFMWF..................... 14 UXFOUJFUIUI ....... 29 UXFOUZ .................... 17 UXP ........................... 5 umbrella ................. 38 under........................ 5 us ............................ 20 use .......................... 36 WFSC ........................ 36 WJMMBHF ....................... 4 WPXFM ...................... 18 XBMM ........................... 2 XFBSFXFǽSF ........ 15 XFBSFOPU XFBSFOǽU ................ 15 XFIBWFXFǽWF...... 49 XIBUBN*EPJOH ... 12 XIBUDPMPVS ............ 6 XIBUJT XIBUǽT ........ 1 XIFO ...................... 51 XIFSF ....................... 7 XIFSFBT.................. 46 XIJDI ...................... 12 XIJUF ........................ 6 XIP ........................ 44 XJOEPX .................... 2 XJUI ........................ 50 XPNBO ..................... 4 XPNFO ................... 17 XPSE ....................... 36 XSJTU ....................... 39 XSJUJOH.................... 27 XSPOH ..................... 40 ZFMMPX ..................... 16

yes ............................ 2 you ........................... 9 you are / you’re ........ 8 you are not / you aren’t ................. 9 ZPVIBWFZPVǽWF ... 49 ZPVIBWFZPVǽWF ... 49 your ........................ 33 your ........................ 32


The Callan ® Method was first developed and published in 1960 by R.K. T. Callan. This edition was published for the international market in 2012. Copyright © R.K.T. Callan 2012 English–Chinese Vocabulary Book Stage 1 ISBN 978-1-782291-75-6 CALLAN and the CALLAN logo are registered trade marks of Callan Works Limited, used under licence by Callan Publishing Limited Printed in the EU Conditions of sale All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not by way of trade or otherwise be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Published by CALLAN PUBLISHING LTD. Orchard House, 45-47 Mill Way, Grantchester, Cambridge CB3 9ND in association with CALLAN METHOD ORGANISATION LTD. www.callan.co.uk


STAGE 1 Chinese vocabulary

LESSON 1                                             

SHQ癊岼 SHQFLO癭岼 ERRN『䣔 D ⾨뉝⾵㵂㍈浵

ZKDWLV ZKDW·V  䟗と⿰뉝惑㍁䄊䂷

WKLV 熁 LWLV LW·V 㴫䟗뉝惑㍁䄊䂷

WDEOH䧴㳸 FKDLU䪭㳸 OLJKW 列 ZDOO㩁㩩 IORRU㣘䤧 URRP䏧瞜 FHLOLQJ 㫑摙䤧 ZLQGRZ 尿 GRRU 瞐 FORFN䞞癇 ER[塺㳸 SLFWXUH匏可 LVWKLV"熁䟗«㖿뉴 \HV䟗堬 QRLWLVQRW LVQ·W ⾵뉡㴫⾵䟗뉝惑㍁䄊䂷

ORQJ眧堬 VKRUW妕堬 WKH 熁⿒뉰牋⿒뉝㵂㍈浵

FRQWUDFWLRQ 惑㍁䂷 ODUJH㫏堬 VPDOO㶷堬 FLW\㥶㾪 WRZQ 盯 YLOODJH 䣹 RU䎾憭 PDQ囟ぢ ZRPDQ㬯㬛 ER\囟㴑 JLUO㬛㴑 RQH WZR WKUHH IRXU ILYH RQ㣐«⿳⾲ XQGHU㣐«⿳⾳ LQ㣐«獴礊 0U㋰囇

           

0UV㫒㫒 EODFN聹搚 ZKLWH堥搚 JUHHQ悧搚 EURZQ䩽搚 ZKDWFRORXU" と⿰穄搚뉴 VL[ VHYHQ HLJKW QLQH WHQ ZKHUH㚒獴

LESSON 2                             

,DP,·P 䎹䟗惑㍁䄊䂷 \RXDUH\RX·UH ㄈ䟗惑㍁䄊䂷 KHLVKH·V ま䟗惑㍁䄊䂷 VKHLVVKH·V 㬡䟗惑㍁䄊䂷 LWLVLW·V 㴫䟗惑㍁䄊䂷 ,DPQRW,·PQRW,DP堬㗎㵂䄊䂷惑㍁䄊䂷 \RXDUHQRW\RXDUHQ·W \RXDUH堬㗎㵂䄊䂷惑㍁䄊䂷 KHLVQRWKHLVQ·W KHLV堬㗎㵂䄊䂷惑㍁䄊䂷 VKHLVQRWVKHLVQ·W VKHLV堬㗎㵂䄊䂷惑㍁䄊䂷 LWLVQRWLWLVQ·W LWLV堬㗎㵂䄊䂷惑㍁䄊䂷 LQIURQWRI 㣐«堬㏵礊 EHKLQG㣐«堬㖶礊 PH 䎹뉝㵦䧤

\RX ㄈ뉝㵦䧤

KLP ま뉝㵦䧤

KHU 㬡뉝㵦䧤

KRXVH䏧㷳 VWDQGLQJ䴋岁㣐뉝啘㣐㎮浵䄊䂷

VLWWLQJ䴋㣸㣐뉝啘㣐㎮浵䄊䂷

WDNLQJIURP䴋ぶ«䒧漘뉝啘㣐㎮浵䄊䂷

SXWWLQJRQ䴋䛦㣐뉝啘㣐㎮浵䄊䂷

RSHQLQJ䴋䏻䂨뉝啘㣐㎮浵䄊䂷

FORVLQJ 䴋㌛⾲뉰䴋㖰⾲뉝啘㣐㎮浵䄊䂷

GRLQJ 䴋㣐㈂뉝GR堬啘㣐㎮浵䄊䂷

ZKDWDP,GRLQJ"䎹䴋㣐㈂と⿰뉴 ZKLFK㚒⿒ RSHQ 䏻䂨堬 FORVHG 㖰⾲堬

LESSON 3  WKLV熁⿒  WKDW牋⿒


                                              

FKDUW樐䧤 HOHYHQ WZHOYH WKLUWHHQ IRXUWHHQ ILIWHHQ SOXUDO㪵䜘 RI«堬 HWF«峱 ZHDUHZH·UH䎹ゔ䟗惑㍁䄊䂷 WKH\DUHWKH\·UHまゔ䟗惑㍁䄊䂷 ZHDUHQRWZHDUHQ·W ZHDUH堬㗎㵂䄊䂷惑㍁䄊䂷 WKH\DUHQRWWKH\DUHQ·W WKH\DUH 堬㗎㵂䄊䂷惑㍁䄊䂷 UHG恊搚 EOXH暅搚 \HOORZ聬搚 JUH\刘搚 WKHVH熁ぃ WKRVH牋ぃ DQG 㘴 PHQPDQ堬㪵䜘䄊䂷 ZRPHQ ZRPDQ堬㪵䜘䄊䂷 VD\ 涜 VL[WHHQ VHYHQWHHQ HLJKWHHQ QLQHWHHQ WZHQW\ FORWKHV樋䢵 VKRH 礳 ERRW礜㳸 VRFN妕橄 WURXVHUV檌㳸 MDFNHW㫡㋳ VXLW㫿橭 VKLUW樔樓 WLH種㿎 KDW㿥㳸 EDJ『㒭 DOSKDEHW 㳿䵵樐 OHWWHU㳿䵵 YRZHO㋫禛 FRQVRQDQW焭禛 EHIRUH 㣐«㏵ DIWHU 㣐«㖶

LESSON 4       

EHWZHHQ㣐«⿳瞜 XV䎹ゔ뉝㵦䧤

WKHPまゔ뉝㵦䧤

VWXGHQW㴎囇 WHDFKHU憩㾰 WKLUW\ IRUW\

                     

ILIW\ VL[W\ VHYHQW\ HLJKW\ QLQHW\ KXQGUHG WKRXVDQG PLOOLRQ QXPEHU䜘㳿 SOXV 㑈 HTXDOV峱〶 KRZPXFK㫂㶹 WKHUHLVWKHUH·V牋㋧䢱惑㍁䄊䂷 WKHUHDUH WKHUHLV堬㪵䜘䄊䂷 QRZ啘㣐 WKHUHLVQRWWKHUHLVQ·W  WKHUHLV堬㗎㵂䄊䂷惑㍁䄊䂷 WKHUHDUHQRWWKHUHDUHQ·W   WKHUHDUH堬㗎㵂䄊䂷惑㍁䄊䂷 KLJK粀堬 ORZヶ堬 EXWヮ䟗

LESSON 5                              

LPSHUDWLYH嫰ㄧ涕䶼 WDNH䒧뉖 SXW䛦뉖 RSHQ 䏻䂨뉖 FORVH 㖰⾲뉖 SOHDVH 涟 KHUH熁獴 WKHUH牋獴 FDSLWDO笾犥 (QJODQG 撙䧤㌘ 5XVVLD ㅬ惿䝗 *UHHFH㾴拲 &KLQD⿕㢥 /RQGRQノ䜎 0RVFRZ 敓䝗孹 $WKHQV硭㌠ %HLMLQJ㒿ご UHDGLQJ 䴋㣐瞭涣뉝啘㣐㎮浵䄊䂷

ZULWLQJ䴋㣐㍁뉝啘㣐㎮浵䄊䂷

FRDW㪾㫿 WLJKWV廏灓檌橄 GUHVV 熆樋檁 VNLUW妕檁 VFDUI㢜㾦 EORXVH㬛䂷樔樓 SXOORYHU㫿樓 SRFNHW㖋樳 KDQGNHUFKLHI䏳㾽 KRZPDQ\" 㫂㶹뉴 JRLQJWR䴋漘㖹뉝啘㣐㎮浵䄊䂷


LESSON 6                             

(XURSH䳏仚 $VLDあ仚 ,WDO\ 䊷㫏㏑ )UDQFH乽㢥 ,QGLD㔘䁎 ILUVWVW峔⾨ VHFRQGQG峔〴 WKLUGUG峔⾱ IRXUWKWK峔㢃 ILIWKWK峔〼 VL[WKWK峔㌕ WZHOIWKWK 峔㓩〴 WZHQWLHWKWK 峔〴㓩 FDUGLQDO㦢䜘 RUGLQDO䀷䜘 ODVW 䢨㖶堬 JLYH 悁 )UHQFK 乽㢥ぢ *HUPDQ 䅟㢥ぢ ,WDOLDQ䊷㫏㏑ぢ (QJOLVK 撙㢥ぢ P\䎹堬 \RXUㄈ堬 KLVま堬 KHU㬡堬 RXU 䎹ゔ堬 \RXU ㄈゔ堬 WKHLU まゔ堬 DOO ㌐犐堬

LESSON 7                       

SHUVRQ ぢ SHRSOHSHUVRQ堬㪵䜘䄊䂷 FRPLQJIURP䴋ぶ«䤍 WRXFK殎䘠 VHQWHQFH㖍㳸 ZRUG㓽浵 YHUE㑐浵 XVHㄧ囐 IRU⿢〮 DFWLRQ槴㑐 TXHVWLRQPDUN" 瞖㖟뉴 IXOOVWRS㖍㖟 FRPPD熿㖟 FRORQ㌺㖟 VHPLFRORQ㎮㖟 XPEUHOOD テ SURQRXQFH㕹禛 D ⾨뉝⾵㵂㍈浵

DQ ⾨뉝⾵㵂㍈浵

WKH 熁⿒뉰牋⿒뉝㵂㍈浵

WKH 熁⿒뉰牋⿒뉝㵂㍈浵

ERG\灓・ SDUW犐㎮

          

IRRW 拂 IHHWIRRW堬㪵䜘䄊䂷 OHJ 挧 EDFN扴犐 DUP䏳捪 ZULVW䏳拽 KDQG䏳捪 ILQJHU䏳䒯 WKXPE 㫏䑯䒯 ULJKW 䴋娖堬 ZURQJ 盁涗堬

LESSON 8                          

TXHVWLRQ瞖穀 DQVZHU峼䧰 PHDQLQJ㗓⿱ QDPH㭻㖵 KHDG 㫜 IDFH 拠 FKLQ⾳㾜 PRXWK 㟜 QRVH胣㳸 H\H壤夃 HDU懛䣝 KDLU㫜㕹 WRQJXH掴㫜 UHPDLQLQJ圁㣐 FRXQWU\㢥㵞 6SDLQ 欧喕吁 WUDQVODWH憣浹 LQWR 䎸 ZKR 涩 WKLQJ〳向 WDOO粀堬 VKRUW妖堬 6FDQGLQDYLD 䝗㧒堬恛悜あ GLIIHUHQFH㾖㏓ ZKHUHDV勞憴 WKDW 䂽㶤㵦涕ぶ㖍

LESSON 9               

DVNLQJ 䴋㣐瞖 DQVZHULQJ䴋㣐㢆峼 WRKDYH䒍䢱 ,KDYH,·YH 䎹䢱惑㍁䄊䂷 \RXKDYH\RX·YH ㄈ䢱惑㍁䄊䂷 KHKDVKH·V ま䢱惑㍁䄊䂷 VKHKDVVKH·V 㬡䢱惑㍁䄊䂷 LWKDVLW·V 㴫䢱惑㍁䄊䂷 ZHKDYHZH·YH䎹ゔ䢱惑㍁䄊䂷 \RXKDYH\RX·YHㄈゔ䢱惑㍁䄊䂷 WKH\KDYHWKH\·YHまゔ䢱惑㍁䄊䂷 JRWJHW堬煯㕣䂷㘴煯㕣㎮浵 ZLWK㘴«⾨漟 JHQHUDOO\燂㿠 DQ\⾨ぃ뉝囐〶㗎㵂㖍䎾圹瞖㖍


           

VRPH ⾨ぃ뉝囐〶扗㵂㖍

QRWDQ\ DQ\堬㗎㵂䄊䂷 QRQH义䢱 VSHFLILF ㌟・堬 QRQVSHFLILF VSHFLILF堬㗎㵂䄊䂷 QHJDWLYH 㗎㵂堬 SRVLWLYH 扗㵂堬 IRUH[DPSOHㄳ㬪 LPSRUWDQW 獵欩堬 ZKHQヽ䞞 FODVV喕恏 FODVVURRP䜁㵌


The Callan ® Method was first developed and published in 1960 by R.K. T. Callan. This edition was published for the international market in 2012. Copyright © R.K.T. Callan 2012 English–Czech Vocabulary Book Stage 1 ISBN 978-1-908954-72-5 CALLAN and the CALLAN logo are registered trade marks of Callan Works Limited, used under licence by Callan Publishing Limited Printed in the EU Conditions of sale All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not by way of trade or otherwise be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Published by CALLAN PUBLISHING LTD. Orchard House, 45-47 Mill Way, Grantchester, Cambridge CB3 9ND in association with CALLAN METHOD ORGANISATION LTD. www.callan.co.uk


STAGE 1 Czech vocabulary

LESSON 1                                             

SHQSHUR SHQFLO WXçND ERRN NQLKD D ĀOHQQHXUĀLWì

ZKDWLV ZKDW·V  FRMH WKLVWHQWRWRWR LWLV LW·V  WRMH WDEOH VWŤO FKDLUçLGOH OLJKWVYěWOR ZDOO]Hď IORRU SRGODKD URRP PtVWQRVW FHLOLQJVWURS ZLQGRZ RNQR GRRUGYHŒH FORFN KRGLQD ER[ NUDELFH SLFWXUH REUi]HN LVWKLV" MHWR" \HVDQR QRLWLVQRW LVQ·W QHWRQHQt ORQJ GORXKì VKRUW NUiWNì WKH WHQ ĀOHQXUĀLWì

FRQWUDFWLRQ VWDçHQtWYDUX ODUJHYHONì VPDOO PDOì FLW\PěVWRYHONRPěVWR WRZQ PěVWRREHF YLOODJHYHVQLFH RUQHER PDQ PXç ZRPDQ çHQD ER\FKODSHF JLUO GtYND RQH MHGQD WZR GYě WKUHHWŒL IRXU ĀW\ŒL ILYHSěW RQQD XQGHUSRG LQ Y 0USDQ

           

0UVSDQt EODFNĀHUQi ZKLWH EtOi JUHHQ ]HOHQi EURZQKQěGi ZKDWFRORXU" MDNiEDUYD" VL[ åHVW VHYHQ VHGP HLJKW RVP QLQH GHYěW WHQ GHVHW ZKHUH NGH

LESSON 2                            

,DP,·PMiMVHP \RXDUH\RX·UHW\MVL KHLVKH·V RQMH VKHLVVKH·V RQDMH LWLVLW·V WRMH ,DPQRW,·PQRWMiQHMVHP \RXDUHQRW\RXDUHQ·WW\QHMVL KHLVQRWKHLVQ·WRQQHQt VKHLVQRWVKHLVQ·WRQDQHQt LWLVQRWLWLVQ·WWRQHQt LQIURQWRISŒHG EHKLQG ]D PHPQRX \RXWHERX KLPQtP KHUQt KRXVHGŤP VWDQGLQJ VWiW SUŤEěKRYìĀDV  VLWWLQJ VHGěW SUŤEěKRYìĀDV  WDNLQJIURP EUiW] SUŤEěKRYìĀDV  SXWWLQJRQSRNOiGDWQD SUŤEěKRYìĀDV

RSHQLQJ RWHYtUDW SUŤEěKRYìĀDV

FORVLQJ ]DYtUDW SUŤEěKRYìĀDV  GRLQJ GěODW SUŤEěKRYìĀDV

ZKDWDP,GRLQJ" FRSUiYěGěOiP" ZKLFK NWHUì RSHQ RWHYŒHQì FORVHG ]DYŒHQì

LESSON 3  WKLVWHQWRWDWRWRWR  WKDWWDPWHQWDPWDWDPWR  FKDUW WDEXOH


 HOHYHQ MHGHQiFW  WZHOYH GYDQiFW  WKLUWHHQ WŒLQiFW  IRXUWHHQ ĀWUQiFW  ILIWHHQ SDWQiFW  SOXUDOPQRçQpĀtVOR  RIRG  HWFDWG  ZHDUHZH·UHP\MVPH ]GHSRPRFQpVORYHVR SUŤEěKRYpKRĀDVX

 WKH\DUHWKH\·UHRQLMVRX ]GHSRPRFQpVORYHVR SUŤEěKRYpKRĀDVX

 ZHDUHQRWZHDUHQ·WP\QHMVPH ]GHSRPRFQp VORYHVRSUŤEěKRYpKRĀDVX

 WKH\DUHQRWWKH\DUHQ·WRQLQHMVRX ]GH SRPRFQpVORYHVRSUŤEěKRYpKRĀDVX

 UHG Ä€HUYHQi  EOXHPRGUi  \HOORZ çOXWi  JUH\ Ã¥HGi  WKHVH WLWRW\WR  WKRVH WDPWLWDPW\  DQGD  PHQ PXçL  ZRPHQ çHQ\  VD\ Å’tFL  VL[WHHQÃ¥HVWQiFW  VHYHQWHHQ VHGPQiFW  HLJKWHHQ RVPQiFW  QLQHWHHQ GHYDWHQiFW  WZHQW\ GYDFHW  FORWKHV REOHÄ€HQt  VKRHERWD  ERRW KROtQND  VRFN SRQRçND  WURXVHUVNDOKRW\  MDFNHW VDNR  VXLW REOHN  VKLUWNRÃ¥LOH  WLHYi]DQND  KDWNORERXN  EDJ WDÃ¥ND  DOSKDEHW DEHFHGD  OHWWHU StVPHQR  YRZHOVDPRKOiVND  FRQVRQDQWVRXKOiVND  EHIRUHSÅ’HG  DIWHUSR

LESSON 4      

EHWZHHQ PH]L XV QiPL WKHPMLPLQLPL VWXGHQW VWXGHQW WHDFKHUXÄ€LWHO WKLUW\ WÅ’LFHW

                    

IRUW\ĀW\ŒLFHW ILIW\ SDGHViW VL[W\ åHGHViW VHYHQW\ VHGPGHViW HLJKW\ RVPGHViW QLQHW\ GHYDGHViW KXQGUHG VWR WKRXVDQGWLVtF PLOOLRQPLOLyQ QXPEHUĀtVOR SOXV SOXV HTXDOV URYQiVH KRZPXFKNROLN WKHUHLVWKHUH·V ]GHMH WKHUHDUH]GHMVRX QRZ Q\Qt WKHUHLVQRWWKHUHLVQ·W ]GHQHQt WKHUHDUHQRWWKHUHDUHQ·W]GHQHMVRX KLJKY\VRNì ORZQt]Nì EXW DOH

LESSON 5                              

LPSHUDWLYH UR]ND]RYDFt]SŤVRE WDNHYH]PL SXW SRORç RSHQ RWHYŒL FORVH ]DYŒL SOHDVHSURVtP KHUH ]GH WKHUHWDP FDSLWDOKODYQtPěVWR (QJODQG$QJOLH 5XVVLD5XVNR *UHHFHőHFNR &KLQD ÿtQD /RQGRQ /RQGìQ 0RVFRZ0RVNYD $WKHQV$WpQ\ %HLMLQJ3HNLQJ UHDGLQJĀtVW SUŤEěKRYìĀDV  ZULWLQJ SViW SUŤEěKRYìĀDV  FRDW NDEiW WLJKWVSXQĀRFKiĀH GUHVV åDW\ VNLUW VXNQě VFDUIåiWHNåiOD EORXVH KDOHQND SXOORYHU VYHWU SRFNHW NDSVD KDQGNHUFKLHINDSHVQtN KRZPDQ\"NROLN" JRLQJWRMtWN SUŤEěKRYìĀDV 


LESSON 6                             

(XURSH(YURSD $VLD$VLH ,WDO\ ,WiOLH )UDQFH)UDQFLH ,QGLD ,QGLH ILUVWVWSUYQt VHFRQGQGGUXKì WKLUGUGWŒHWt IRXUWKWK ĀWYUWì ILIWKWK SiWì VL[WKWKåHVWì WZHOIWKWKGYDQiFWì WZHQWLHWKWKGYDFiWì FDUGLQDO]iNODGQt RUGLQDO SRŒDGRYìŒDGRYì ODVW SRVOHGQt JLYHGiW )UHQFK)UDQFRX] *HUPDQ1ěPHF ,WDOLDQ ,WDO (QJOLVK $QJOLĀDQ P\ PŤM \RXU WYŤM KLV MHKR KHU MHMt RXU Qiå \RXU Yiå WKHLUMHMLFK DOOYåHFKQ\YåLFKQL

LESSON 7                       

SHUVRQ RVRED SHRSOH OLGp FRPLQJIURP SŒLFKi]HWRG WRXFK GRWNQRXW VHQWHQFH YěWD ZRUGVORYR YHUEVORYHVR XVH SRXçtW IRUSUR DFWLRQĀLQQRVW TXHVWLRQPDUN" RWD]QtN" IXOOVWRS WHĀND FRPPD ĀiUND FRORQGYRMWHĀND VHPLFRORQ VWŒHGQtN XPEUHOOD GHåWQtN SURQRXQFH Y\VORYLW D ĀOHQQHXUĀLWì

DQ ĀOHQQHXUĀLWì  WKH WHQ ĀOHQXUĀLWì

WKH WHQ ĀOHQXUĀLWì

ERG\ WěOR SDUW ĀiVW

          

IRRWFKRGLGOR IHHWFKRGLGOD OHJQRKD EDFN ]iGD DUPSDçHUDPHQR ZULVW ]iSěVWt KDQGUXND ILQJHUSUVW WKXPE SDOHF ULJKW VSUiYQě ZURQJ åSDWQě

LESSON 8                          

TXHVWLRQ RWi]ND DQVZHURGSRYěď PHDQLQJYì]QDP QDPH MPpQR KHDG KODYD IDFHWYiŒ FKLQEUDGD PRXWK ~VWD QRVH QRV H\H RNR HDU XFKR KDLUYODV\ WRQJXHMD]\N UHPDLQLQJ ]ŤVWiYDW SUŤEěKRYìWYDU  FRXQWU\ ]HPě 6SDLQ äSDQěOVNR WUDQVODWH SŒHORçLW LQWRGR ZKR NGR WKLQJ YěF WDOOY\VRNì VKRUW PDOì 6FDQGLQDYLD 6NDQGLQiYLH GLIIHUHQFH UR]GtO ZKHUHDV NGHçWR WKDW çH

LESSON 9               

DVNLQJ Wi]DWVH SUŤEěKRYìWYDU  DQVZHULQJRGSRYtGDW SUŤEěKRYìWYDU  WRKDYHPtW ,KDYH,·YH MiPiP \RXKDYH\RX·YH W\Piå KHKDVKH·VRQPi VKHKDVVKH·VRQDPi LWKDVLW·VRQRPi ZHKDYHZH·YH P\PiPH \RXKDYH\RX·YH Y\PiWH WKH\KDYHWKH\·YH RQLPDMt JRW QHSŒHNOiGiVH VRXĀiVWYD]E\´KDYHJRWµ PtW

ZLWK V JHQHUDOO\ REHFQě


            

DQ\ QěMDNìQěMDNp YWi]DFtYěWě

VRPH QěMDNìQěMDNp YNODGQpYěWě

QRWDQ\ çiGQì Y]iSRUQpYěWě

QRQH çiGQì VSHFLILF XUĀLWì QRQVSHFLILF QHXUĀLWì QHJDWLYH ]iSRUQì SRVLWLYHNODGQì IRUH[DPSOH QDSŒtNODG LPSRUWDQWGŤOHçLWì ZKHQNG\NG\ç FODVV WŒtGD VNXSLQDçiNŤ

FODVVURRPWŒtGD XĀHEQD


The Callan ® Method was first developed and published in 1960 by R.K. T. Callan. This edition was published for the international market in 2012. Copyright © R.K.T. Callan 2012 English–French Vocabulary Book Stage 1 ISBN 978-1-782291-88-6 CALLAN and the CALLAN logo are registered trade marks of Callan Works Limited, used under licence by Callan Publishing Limited Printed in the EU Conditions of sale All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not by way of trade or otherwise be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Published by CALLAN PUBLISHING LTD. Orchard House, 45-47 Mill Way, Grantchester, Cambridge CB3 9ND in association with CALLAN METHOD ORGANISATION LTD. www.callan.co.uk


STAGE 1 French vocabulary

LESSON 1                                             

SHQVW\OR SHQFLO FUD\RQ ERRN OLYUH DXQXQH ZKDWLV ZKDW·V  TX·HVWFHTXH WKLVFHODFH LWLV LW·V F·HVW WDEOH WDEOH FKDLUFKDLVH OLJKW ODPSH ZDOOPXU IORRU VRO URRPFKDPEUH FHLOLQJ SODIRQG ZLQGRZIHQrWUH GRRUSRUWH FORFN SHQGXOH ER[ERvWH SLFWXUH WDEOHDX LVWKLV"HVWFHTXHF·HVW" \HV RXL QRLWLVQRW LVQ·W QRQFHQ·HVWSDV ORQJ ORQJ VKRUWFRXUW WKHOHODOHV FRQWUDFWLRQ FRQWUDFWLRQ ODUJHJUDQG VPDOO SHWLW FLW\JUDQGHYLOOH WRZQYLOOH YLOODJHYLOODJH RURX PDQKRPPH ZRPDQIHPPH ER\JDUoRQ JLUOILOOH RQHXQ WZR GHX[ WKUHH WURLV IRXUTXDWUH ILYH FLQT RQVXU XQGHU VRXV LQ GDQV 0U0

           

0UV0PH EODFNQRLU ZKLWH EODQF JUHHQYHUW EURZQPDUURQ ZKDWFRORXU"GHTXHOOHFRXOHXU" VL[VL[ VHYHQ VHSW HLJKW KXLW QLQHQHXI WHQ GL[ ZKHUHR

LESSON 2                               

,DP,·PMHVXLV \RXDUH\RX·UHWXHVYRXVrWHV KHLVKH·VLOHVW VKHLVVKH·VHOOHHVW LWLVLW·VLOHVWHOOHHVWF·HVW ,DPQRW,·PQRWMHQHVXLVSDV \RXDUHQRW\RXDUHQ·WWXQ·HVSDV YRXVQ·rWHVSDV KHLVQRWKHLVQ·W LOQ·HVWSDV VKHLVQRWVKHLVQ·W HOOHQ·HVWSDV LWLVQRWLWLVQ·W LOQ·HVWSDVHOOHQ·HVWSDV FHQ·HVWSDV LQIURQWRI GHYDQW EHKLQGGHUULqUH PH PRL \RX WRL KLP OXL KHU HOOH KRXVH PDLVRQ VWDQGLQJGHERXW VLWWLQJDVVLV WDNLQJIURPSUHQGUHGH SXWWLQJRQPHWWUHVXU RSHQLQJ HQWUDLQG· RXYULU FORVLQJ HQWUDLQGH IHUPHU GRLQJ HQWUDLQGH IDLUH ZKDWDP,GRLQJ" TX·HVWFHTXHMHIDLV" TXHVXLVMHHQWUDLQGHIDLUH" ZKLFKTXHOTXHOOHTXHOVTXHOOHV RSHQRXYHUW FORVHGIHUPp


LESSON 3                                                

WKLV FHFHWWH WKDW FHFHWWH FKDUW WDEOHDX HOHYHQ RQ]H WZHOYH GRX]H WKLUWHHQ WUHL]H IRXUWHHQTXDWRU]H ILIWHHQ TXLQ]H SOXUDO SOXULHO RIGH HWF HWF ZHDUHZH·UHQRXVVRPPHV WKH\DUHWKH\·UHLOVVRQWHOOHVVRQW ZHDUHQRWZHDUHQ·WQRXVQHVRPPHVSDV WKH\DUHQRWWKH\DUHQ·W LOVQHVRQWSDV HOOHVQHVRQWSDV UHGURXJH EOXH EOHX \HOORZ MDXQH JUH\ JULV WKHVH FHV WKRVH FHV DQGHW PHQ KRPPHV ZRPHQ IHPPHV VD\GLUH VL[WHHQVHL]H VHYHQWHHQ GL[VHSW HLJKWHHQ GL[KXLW QLQHWHHQ GL[QHXI WZHQW\ YLQJW FORWKHV YrWHPHQWV VKRH FKDXVVXUH ERRWERWWH VRFNFKDXVVHWWH WURXVHUV SDQWDORQ MDFNHW YHVWH VXLW FRVWXPH VKLUWFKHPLVH WLH FUDYDWH KDW FKDSHDXERQQHW EDJ VDF DOSKDEHW DOSKDEHW OHWWHUOHWWUH YRZHOYR\HOOH FRQVRQDQW FRQVRQQH EHIRUH DYDQW DIWHUDSUqV

LESSON 4    

EHWZHHQHQWUH XV QRXV WKHPHX[HOOHV VWXGHQW pOqYH

                      

WHDFKHUSURIHVVHXU WKLUW\WUHQWH IRUW\TXDUDQWH ILIW\ FLQTXDQWH VL[W\VRL[DQWH VHYHQW\VRL[DQWHGL[ HLJKW\TXDWUHYLQJW QLQHW\ TXDWUHYLQJWGL[ KXQGUHG FHQW WKRXVDQGPLOOH PLOOLRQPLOOLRQ QXPEHUQRPEUH SOXV SOXV HTXDOV pJDOH KRZPXFK FRPELHQ WKHUHLVWKHUH·VLO\D WKHUHDUHLO\D QRZ PDLQWHQDQW WKHUHLVQRWWKHUHLVQ·W LOQ·\DSDV WKHUHDUHQRWWKHUHDUHQ·W LOQ·\DSDV KLJKKDXW ORZ EDV EXW PDLV

LESSON 5                              

LPSHUDWLYH LPSpUDWLI WDNHSUHQGVSUHQH] SXW PHWVPHWWH] RSHQ RXYUHRXYUH] FORVHIHUPHIHUPH] SOHDVH V·LOWHSODvWV·LOYRXVSODvW KHUHLFL WKHUH Oj FDSLWDOFDSLWDOH (QJODQG $QJOHWHUUH 5XVVLD5XVVLH *UHHFH *UqFH &KLQD&KLQH /RQGRQ/RQGUHV 0RVFRZ 0RVFRX $WKHQV$WKqQHV %HLMLQJ3pNLQ UHDGLQJ HQWUDLQGH OLUH ZULWLQJ HQWUDLQG· pFULUH FRDWPDQWHDX WLJKWVFROODQW GUHVVUREH VNLUW MXSH VFDUIpFKDUSH EORXVHFKHPLVLHU SXOORYHU SXOO SRFNHW SRFKH KDQGNHUFKLHI PRXFKRLU KRZPDQ\" FRPELHQ" JRLQJWR HQWUDLQG· DOOHU MXVTX· j


LESSON 6                             

(XURSH (XURSH $VLD$VLH ,WDO\ ,WDOLH )UDQFH)UDQFH ,QGLD,QGH ILUVWVW SUHPLHUHUqUH VHFRQGQG GHX[LqPHqPH WKLUGUG WURLVLqPHqPH IRXUWKWKTXDWULqPHqPH ILIWKWKFLQTXLqPHqPH VL[WKWKVL[LqPHqPH WZHOIWKWK GRX]LqPHqPH WZHQWLHWKWKYLQJWLqPHqPH FDUGLQDO FDUGLQDO RUGLQDO RUGLQDO ODVWGHUQLHU JLYHGRQQHU )UHQFK IUDQoDLV *HUPDQ DOOHPDQG ,WDOLDQLWDOLHQ (QJOLVKDQJODLV P\ PRQPDPHV \RXU WRQWDWHV KLVVRQVDVHV KHUVRQVDVHV RXUQRWUHQRV \RXU YRWUHYRV WKHLU OHXUOHXUV DOO WRXVWRXWHV

LESSON 7                       

SHUVRQSHUVRQQH SHRSOH SHUVRQQHV FRPLQJIURP HQWUDLQGH YHQLUGH WRXFKWRXFKHU VHQWHQFHSKUDVH ZRUGPRW YHUEYHUEH XVHXWLOLVHU IRUSRXU DFWLRQ DFWLRQ TXHVWLRQPDUN" SRLQWG·LQWHUURJDWLRQ" IXOOVWRS SRLQW FRPPD YLUJXOH FRORQGHX[SRLQWV VHPLFRORQSRLQWYLUJXOH XPEUHOOD SDUDSOXLH SURQRXQFHSURQRQFHU DXQXQH DQXQXQH WKH OHODO·OHV WKH OHODO·OHV ERG\ FRUSV SDUWSDUWLH

          

IRRW SLHG IHHW SLHGV OHJ MDPEH EDFN GRV DUPEUDV ZULVW SRLJQHW KDQG PDLQ ILQJHU GRLJW WKXPE SRXFH ULJKW MXVWHFRUUHFW ZURQJ IDX[

LESSON 8                          

TXHVWLRQ TXHVWLRQ DQVZHUUpSRQVH PHDQLQJ VLJQLILFDWLRQ QDPHQRP KHDGWrWH IDFHYLVDJH FKLQPHQWRQ PRXWK ERXFKH QRVH QH] H\H ±LO HDU RUHLOOH KDLUFKHYHX[ WRQJXH ODQJXH UHPDLQLQJ HQWUDLQGH UHVWHU FRXQWU\ SD\V 6SDLQ(VSDJQH WUDQVODWHWUDGXLUH LQWRHQ ZKR TXL WKLQJ FKRVH WDOOJUDQG VKRUW SHWLW 6FDQGLQDYLD 6FDQGLQDYLH GLIIHUHQFH GLIIpUHQFH ZKHUHDVDORUVTXHWDQGLVTXH WKDWTXH

LESSON 9               

DVNLQJ HQWUDLQGH GHPDQGHU DQVZHULQJ HQWUDLQGH UpSRQGUH WRKDYH DYRLU ,KDYH,·YHM·DL \RXKDYH\RX·YH WXDV KHKDVKH·V LOD VKHKDVVKH·V HOOHD LWKDVLW·VLODHOOHD ZHKDYHZH·YHQRXVDYRQV \RXKDYH\RX·YHYRXVDYH] WKH\KDYHWKH\·YH LOVRQWHOOHVRQW JRW,KDYHJRW M·DL ZLWK DYHF JHQHUDOO\JpQpUDOHPHQW DQ\ GHVGXGHOD


           

VRPH GHVGXGHODTXHOTXHVTXHOTXHVXQV QRWDQ\ DXFXQDXFXQH QRQH DXFXQDXFXQH VSHFLILFVSpFLILTXH QRQVSHFLILFQRQVSpFLILTXH QHJDWLYH QpJDWLI SRVLWLYHSRVLWLI IRUH[DPSOH SDUH[HPSOH LPSRUWDQWLPSRUWDQW ZKHQTXDQG FODVVFODVVH FODVVURRP VDOOHGHFODVVH


The Callan ® Method was first developed and published in 1960 by R.K. T. Callan. This edition was published for the international market in 2012. Copyright © R.K.T. Callan 2012 English–German Vocabulary Book Stage 1 ISBN 978-1-782292-00-5 CALLAN and the CALLAN logo are registered trade marks of Callan Works Limited, used under licence by Callan Publishing Limited Printed in the EU Conditions of sale All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not by way of trade or otherwise be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Published by CALLAN PUBLISHING LTD. Orchard House, 45-47 Mill Way, Grantchester, Cambridge CB3 9ND in association with CALLAN METHOD ORGANISATION LTD. www.callan.co.uk


STAGE 1 German vocabulary

LESSON 1                                             

SHQ6WLIW SHQFLO %OHLVWLIW ERRN%XFK D HLQHLQH ZKDWLV ZKDW·V ZDVLVW WKLV GDV LWLV LW·V GDVLVW WDEOH 7LVFK FKDLU6WXKO OLJKW /LFKW ZDOO:DQG IORRU%RGHQ URRP=LPPHU FHLOLQJ'HFNH ZLQGRZ)HQVWHU GRRU7U FORFN 8KU ER[ .LVWH6FKDFKWHO SLFWXUH%LOG LVWKLV" ,VWGDV" \HV MD QRLWLVQRW LVQ·W QHLQHVLVWNHLQNHLQH ORQJ ODQJ VKRUW NXU] WKH GHUGLHGDV FRQWUDFWLRQ.RQWUDNWLRQ ODUJHJUR‰ VPDOONOHLQ FLW\*UR‰VWDGW WRZQ .OHLQVWDGW YLOODJH 'RUI RURGHU PDQ0DQQ ZRPDQ)UDX ER\ -XQJH JLUO 0lGFKHQ RQH HLQV WZR]ZHL WKUHHGUHL IRXU YLHU ILYHIQI RQDXI XQGHUXQWHU LQ LQ 0U+HUU

           

0UV)UDX EODFNVFKZDU] ZKLWH ZHL‰ JUHHQJUQ EURZQEUDXQ ZKDWFRORXU" ZHOFKH)DUEH" VL[VHFKV VHYHQ VLHEHQ HLJKW DFKW QLQHQHXQ WHQ ]HKQ ZKHUH ZR

LESSON 2                            

,DP,·PLFKELQ \RXDUH\RX·UH GXELVW KHLVKH·V HULVW VKHLVVKH·VVLHLVW LWLVLW·VHVLVW ,DPQRW,·PQRWLFKELQQLFKW \RXDUHQRW\RXDUHQ·W GXELVW6LHVLQGQLFKW KHLVQRWKHLVQ·WHULVWQLFKW VKHLVQRWVKHLVQ·W VLHLVWQLFKW LWLVQRWLWLVQ·WHVLVWQLFKW LQIURQWRIYRU EHKLQGKLQWHU PHPLU \RXGLU,KQHQ KLP LKP KHULKU KRXVH+DXV VWDQGLQJ VWHKHQ VLWWLQJVLW]HQ WDNLQJIURP QHKPHQYRQ SXWWLQJRQ OHJHQDXI RSHQLQJ|IIQHQ FORVLQJVFKOLH‰HQ GRLQJ PDFKHQ ZKDWDP,GRLQJ" ZDVPDFKHLFK" ZKLFK ZHOFKHUZHOFKHZHOFKHV RSHQJH|IIQHW FORVHGJHVFKORVVHQ

LESSON 3  WKLVGLHVHUGLHVHGLHVHV KLHU

 WKDWMHQHUMHQHMHQHV  FKDUW7DIHO


                                           

HOHYHQ HOI WZHOYH]Z|OI WKLUWHHQ GUHL]HKQ IRXUWHHQ YLHU]HKQ ILIWHHQ IQI]HKQ SOXUDO3OXUDO RI YRQ HWF HWF ZHDUHZH·UHZLUVLQG WKH\DUHWKH\·UHVLHVLQG ZHDUHQRWZHDUHQ·W ZLUVLQGQLFKW WKH\DUHQRWWKH\DUHQ·W VLHVLQGQLFKW UHGURW EOXH EODX \HOORZ JHOE JUH\JUDX WKHVH GLHVH WKRVH MHQH DQGXQG PHQ0lQQHU ZRPHQ)UDXHQ VD\ VDJHQ VL[WHHQVHFK]HKQ VHYHQWHHQVLHE]HKQ HLJKWHHQ DFKW]HKQ QLQHWHHQ QHXQ]HKQ WZHQW\]ZDQ]LJ FORWKHV.OHLGXQJVVWFNH VKRH6FKXK ERRW6WLHIHO VRFN6RFNH WURXVHUV+RVH MDFNHW-DFNH VXLW$Q]XJ VKLUW +HPG WLH.UDZDWWH KDW +XW EDJ 7DVFKH DOSKDEHW$OSKDEHW OHWWHU%XFKVWDEH YRZHO9RNDO FRQVRQDQW.RQVRQDQW EHIRUHYRU DIWHU QDFK

LESSON 4          

EHWZHHQ ]ZLVFKHQ XV XQV WKHP LKQHQ VWXGHQW6FKOHU WHDFKHU/HKUHU WKLUW\GUHL‰LJ IRUW\YLHU]LJ ILIW\ IQI]LJ VL[W\VHFK]LJ VHYHQW\VLHE]LJ

                

HLJKW\DFKW]LJ QLQHW\ QHXQ]LJ KXQGUHGKXQGHUW WKRXVDQG WDXVHQG PLOOLRQ0LOOLRQHQ QXPEHU=DKO SOXV SOXV HTXDOVJOHLFK KRZPXFK ZLHYLHO WKHUHLVWKHUH·V GDLVW WKHUHDUH GDVLQG QRZ MHW]W WKHUHLVQRWWKHUHLVQ·W GDLVWNHLQNHLQH WKHUHDUHQRWWKHUHDUHQ·WGDVLQGNHLQH KLJK KRFK ORZ QLHGULJ EXWDEHU

LESSON 5                              

LPSHUDWLYH ,PSHUDWLY WDNH1LPP1HKPHQ6LH SXW/HJ/HJHQ6LH RSHQ gIIQHgIIQHQ6LH FORVH6FKOLH‰H6FKOLH‰HQ6LH SOHDVH ELWWH KHUHKLHU WKHUHGRUW FDSLWDO+DXSWVWDGW (QJODQG(QJODQG 5XVVLD5XVVODQG *UHHFH*ULHFKHQODQG &KLQD&KLQD /RQGRQ/RQGRQ 0RVFRZ 0RVNDX $WKHQV$WKHQ %HLMLQJ3HNLQJ UHDGLQJ OHVHQ ZULWLQJ VFKUHLEHQ FRDW 0DQWHO WLJKWV6WUXPSIKRVH GUHVV.OHLG VNLUW5RFN VFDUI6FKDO EORXVH%OXVH SXOORYHU3XOORYHU SRFNHW 7DVFKH KDQGNHUFKLHI 7DVFKHQWXFK KRZPDQ\" ZLHYLHOH" JRLQJWR JHKHQ]X

LESSON 6     

(XURSH (XURSD $VLD$VLHQ ,WDO\ ,WDOLHQ )UDQFH)UDQNUHLFK ,QGLD ,QGLHQ


                        

ILUVWVW HUVWHUHUVWHHUVWHV VHFRQGQG ]ZHLWHU]ZHLWH]ZHLWHV WKLUGUG GULWWHUGULWWHGULWWHV IRXUWKWKYLHUWHUYLHUWHYLHUWHV ILIWKWKIQIWHUIQIWHIQIWHV VL[WKWKVHFKVWHUVHFKVWHVHFKVWHV WZHOIWKWK ]Z|OIWHU]Z|OIWH]Z|OIWHV WZHQWLHWKWK ]ZDQ]LJVWHU]ZDQ]LJVWH  ]ZDQ]LJVWHV FDUGLQDO*UXQG RUGLQDO2UGQXQJV ODVW OHW]WHUOHW]WHOHW]WHV JLYHJHEHQ )UHQFK )UDQ]RVH)UDQ]|VLQ *HUPDQ 'HXWVFKHU'HXWVFKH ,WDOLDQ,WDOLHQHU,WDOLHQHULQ (QJOLVK (QJOlQGHU(QJOlQGHULQ P\ PHLQ \RXUGHLQ,KU KLV VHLQ KHULKU RXUXQVHU \RXUHXHU,KU WKHLULKU DOO DOOH

LESSON 7                             

SHUVRQ3HUVRQ SHRSOH3HUVRQHQ FRPLQJIURP NRPPHQYRQ WRXFKEHUKUHQ VHQWHQFH6DW] ZRUG :RUW YHUE 9HUE XVH YHUZHQGHQ IRUIU DFWLRQ 7lWLJNHLW TXHVWLRQPDUN" )UDJH]HLFKHQ" IXOOVWRS3XQNW FRPPD.RPPD FRORQ'RSSHOSXQNW VHPLFRORQ 6HPLNRORQ XPEUHOOD5HJHQVFKLUP SURQRXQFH DXVVSUHFKHQ D HLQHLQH DQ HLQHLQH WKH GHUGLHGDV WKH GHUGLHGDV ERG\ .|USHU SDUW 7HLO IRRW)X‰ IHHW)‰H OHJ%HLQ EDFN5FNHQ DUP $UP ZULVW+DQGJHOHQN

    

KDQG +DQG ILQJHU)LQJHU WKXPE 'DXPHQ ULJKW ULFKWLJ ZURQJIDOVFK

LESSON 8                          

TXHVWLRQ)UDJH DQVZHU$QWZRUW PHDQLQJ%HGHXWXQJ QDPH 1DPH KHDG.RSI IDFH*HVLFKW FKLQ.LQQ PRXWK0XQG QRVH1DVH H\H$XJH HDU2KU KDLU +DDUH WRQJXH=XQJH UHPDLQLQJ EOHLEHQ FRXQWU\/DQG 6SDLQ6SDQLHQ WUDQVODWH EHUVHW]HQ LQWR LQV ZKR ZHU WKLQJ'LQJ WDOOJUR‰ VKRUWNOHLQ 6FDQGLQDYLD 6NDQGLQDYLHQ GLIIHUHQFH8QWHUVFKLHG ZKHUHDVZRKLQJHJHQ WKDW GDVV

LESSON 9                     

DVNLQJIUDJHQ DQVZHULQJ DQWZRUWHQ WRKDYHKDEHQ ,KDYH,·YH LFKKDEH \RXKDYH\RX·YHGXKDVW6LHKDEHQ KHKDVKH·VHUKDW VKHKDVVKH·V VLHKDW LWKDVLW·V HVKDW ZHKDYHZH·YH ZLUKDEHQ \RXKDYH\RX·YHLKUKDEW6LHKDEHQ WKH\KDYHWKH\·YH VLHKDEHQ JRW NHLQHhEHUVHW]XQJLQ9HUELQGXQJPLWKDYH ZLWK PLW JHQHUDOO\ LP$OOJHPHLQHQ DQ\LUJHQGZHOFKH VRPHZHOFKH QRWDQ\ NHLQH QRQH NHLQH VSHFLILF EHVWLPPW QRQVSHFLILF XQEHVWLPPW QHJDWLYH YHUQHLQW


     

SRVLWLYH EHMDKW IRUH[DPSOH]XP%HLVSLHO LPSRUWDQWZLFKWLJ ZKHQ ZHQQ FODVV .ODVVH FODVVURRP .ODVVHQ]LPPHU


English–Italian Vocabulary Book

Stage 1

English in a quarter of the time!


STAGE 1 Italian vocabulary LESSON 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5

pen............................................... penna pencil ........................................... matita book ............................................... libro a ..................................un, uno, una, un’ what is (what’s) ..................... che cosa è this .............................................. questo it is (it’s) ................................................è table .............................................tavolo chair ............................................... sedia light ................................................. luce wall ................................................ muro floor ...................................... pavimento room ............................................ stanza ceiling .........................................soffitto window ..................................... finestra door ...............................................porta clock..........................................orologio box .............................................. scatola picture ........................................quadro is this ? ................................... questo è ? yes ........................................................ sì no, it is not (isn’t).................... no, non è long .............................................. lungo short .............................................. corto the ............................. il, la, i, le, lo, gli, l’ contraction ......................... contrazione large ........................................... grande small ........................................... piccolo city ...................................................città town ........................................ cittadina village ........................... villaggio, paese or ............................................o, oppure man............................................... uomo woman ........................................ donna boy .............................................ragazzo girl .............................................ragazza one................................................... uno two .................................................. due three .................................................. tre four ............................................ quattro five ...............................................cinque on........................................................ su

5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7

under ............................................. sotto in ......................................in, dentro, nel Mr ...............................................signore Mrs ..............................................signora black ............................................... nero white ...........................................bianco green .............................................verde brown .......................................marrone what colour? ....................... che colore? six ....................................................... sei seven...............................................sette eight ................................................otto nine.................................................nove ten .................................................. dieci where .............................................dove

LESSON 2 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13

I am / I’m .....................................io sono you are / you’re.............................. tu sei he is / he’s ........................................ lui è she is / she’s ..................................... lei è it is / it’s .................................................è I am not / I’m not ................ io non sono you are not / you aren’t..........tu non sei he is not / he isn’t .....................lui non è she is not / she isn’t ..................lei non è it is not / it isn’t ............................. non è in front of .................. davanti, di fronte behind ..........................................dietro me ......................................................me you ...................................................... te him......................................................lui her ...................................................... lei house ...............................................casa standing .....................................in piedi sitting....................................... seduto/a taking from .................... prendendo da putting on .........................mettendo su opening ....................................aprendo closing .................................. chiudendo doing ........................................ facendo what am I doing? ......cosa sto facendo? which ............................................ quale open ............................................aperto


13 closed........................................... chiuso

LESSON 4

LESSON 3

20 20 20 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 22 22 22 23 23 23 24 24

14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 19 19

this ........................................... questo,a that ........................................... quello,a chart ........................................... grafico eleven ...........................................undici twelve ...........................................dodici thirteen........................................ tredici fourteen ...............................quattordici fifteen ........................................quindici plural .......................................... plurale of .........................................................di etc. ............................................ eccetera we are / we’re ......................... noi siamo they are / they’re ..................... essi sono we are not / we aren’t .....noi non siamo they are not / they aren’t ................. essi ................................................ non sono red ................................................. rosso blue................................................... blu yellow ............................................giallo grey............................................... grigio these ..........................................questi/e those ...........................................quelli/e and........................................................e men............................................. uomini women ........................................ donne say .................................................... dire sixteen ...........................................sedici seventeen ..............................diciassette eighteen .................................... diciotto nineteen ............................... diciannove twenty ............................................venti clothes .......................................... vestiti shoe ............................................. scarpa boot ............................................. stivale sock ............................................. calzino trousers................................... pantaloni jacket ............................................giacca suit ...........................completo da uomo shirt.............................................camicia tie...............................................cravatta hat ............................................cappello bag ................................................borsa alphabet ...................................alfabeto letter ............................................ lettera vowel ........................................... vocale consonant........................... consonante before ........................................... prima after ............................................... dopo

between ......................................fra, tra us .......................................................noi them ................................................ loro student ........................................ allievo teacher ................................. professore thirty .............................................trenta forty .........................................quaranta fifty ........................................ cinquanta sixty........................................... sessanta seventy ..................................... settanta eighty .........................................ottanta ninety........................................ novanta hundred........................................ cento thousand ........................................mille million ........................................ milione number ......................................numero plus ................................................... più equals ......................................... uguale how much...................................quanto there is / there’s ................................ c’ è there are ..................................... ci sono now............................................. adesso there is not / there isn’t ............. non c’ è there are not / there aren’t ............. non .................................................... ci sono 24 high .............................................. alto/a 24 low ............................................. basso/a 24 but ........................................... ma, però

LESSON 5 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 27 27

imperative ............................ imperativo take! ...........................................prendi! put! ...............................................metti! open! .............................................. apri! close! .......................................... chiudi! please ....................................per favore here .................................................. qui there ................................................. là/lì capital ........................................ capitale England ................................ Inghilterra Russia ............................................Russia Greece ......................................... Grecia China .............................................. Cina London ....................................... Londra Moscow ....................................... Mosca Athens ..........................................Atene Beijing........................................Pechino reading ................................... leggendo writing .................................... scrivendo coat ......................................... soprabito tights ..............................................calze


27 27 27 27 27 27 27 28 28

dress ............................................vestito skirt .............................................. gonna scarf ............................................ sciarpa blouse ..................................... camicetta pullover .................................. maglione pocket .............................................tasca handkerchief ......................... fazzoletto how many? ............................. quanti/e? going to ................................... andare a

LESSON 6 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 31 31 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 33 33 33 34

Europe ........................................ Europa Asia .................................................. Asia Italy .................................................Italia France ......................................... Francia India............................................... India first 1st. .....................................primo 1º second 2nd. ..........................secondo 2º third 3rd.....................................terzo 3º fourth 4th. .............................. quarto 4º fifth 5th ...................................quinto 5º sixth 6th ..................................... sesto 6º twelfth 12th ..................dodicesimo 12º twentieth 20th ............... ventesimo 20º cardinal ....................................cardinale ordinal ...................................... ordinale last ............................................ ultimo/a give ................................................. dare French .......................................Francese German......................................Tedesco Italian......................................... Italiano English ........................................ Inglese my .......................... mio (mia, miei, mie) your ......................... tuo (tua, tuoi, tue) his ............................ suo (sua, suoi, sue) her ........................... suo (sua, suoi, sue) our ..........nostro (nostra, nostri, nostre) your ......... vostro (vostra, vostri, vostre) their ...................... loro (loro, loro, loro) all .................................... tutto/a, tutti/e

LESSON 7 35 35 35 36 36 36 36 36 36 36

person....................................... persona people ...........................gente, persone coming from ............................venire da touch ..........................................toccare sentence .........................................frase word ............................................ parola verb............................................... verbo use .................................................usare for ..................................................... per action...........................................azione

37 question mark ? ...........................punto ........................................interrogativo ? 37 full stop . ....................................punto . 37 comma , ....................................virgola , 37 colon : .................................. due punti : 37 semi-colon ; ...................punto virgola ; 38 umbrella ..................................ombrello 38 pronounce ..........................pronunciare 38 a ..................................un, uno, una, un’ 38 an ................................un, uno, una, un’ 38 the ............................. il, la, i, le, lo, l’, gli 38 the .................................il, la, i, le, lo, gli 39 body.............................................. corpo 39 part ................................................parte 39 foot ............................................... piede 39 feet .................................................piedi 39 leg ............................................... gamba 39 back ................................... spalla, dorso 39 arm ............................................. braccio 39 wrist ...............................................polso 39 hand ............................................. mano 39 finger ............................................... dito 39 thumb .......................................... pollice 40 right ............................................. giusto 40 wrong ......................................sbagliato LESSON 8 41 question .................................domanda 41 answer ........................................ riposta 41 meaning ................................significato 42 name............................................. nome 42 head................................................testa 42 face ............................................... faccia 42 chin ..............................................mento 42 mouth ........................................... bocca 42 nose ................................................ naso 42 eye ............................................... occhio 42 ear.............................................orecchio 42 hair .............................................. capelli 42 tongue ......................................... lingua 43 remaining .............................rimanendo 43 country .......................... paese, nazione 43 Spain .......................................... Spagna 43 translate ................................... tradurre 43 into ......................................................in 44 who.................................................... chi 45 thing ................................................cosa 45 tall ................................................. alto,a 45 short .......................................... basso,a 45 Scandinavia ........................ Scandinavia 46 difference .............................. differenza 46 whereas ......................................mentre


46 that ................................................... che

LESSON 9 48 48 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 51 51 51 51 52 52

asking ................................... chiedendo answering..........................rispondendo to have...........................................avere I have / I’ve ..................................... io ho you have / you’ve................tu hai, lei ha he has / he’s ...................................lui ha she has / she’s ................................ lei ha it has / it’s ............................................ha we have / we’ve ................. noi abbiamo you have / you’ve..................... voi avete they have / they’ve ...............loro hanno got .......................................................... with ..................................................con generally ..........................generalmente any .............................................qualche some .............................. qualche, alcuni not any ..................................... nessuno none ......................................... nessuno specific ......................................specifico non-specific ...................... non specifico negative................................... negativo positive ......................................positivo for example ....................... per esempio important ............................ importante when..........................................quando class .............................................. classe classroom.........................................aula


The Callan ® Method was first developed and published in 1960 by R.K. T. Callan. This edition was published for the international market in 2012. Copyright © R.K.T. Callan 2012 English–Japanese Vocabulary Book Stage 1 ISBN 978-1-782291-14-5 CALLAN and the CALLAN logo are registered trade marks of Callan Works Limited, used under licence by Callan Publishing Limited Printed in the EU Conditions of sale All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not by way of trade or otherwise be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Published by CALLAN PUBLISHING LTD. Orchard House, 45-47 Mill Way, Grantchester, Cambridge CB3 9ND in association with CALLAN METHOD ORGANISATION LTD. www.callan.co.uk


STAGE 1 Japanese vocabulary

LESSON 1  SHQᑯᒈ  SHQFLO球峮  ERRN 䣔  D ⾨ᐂᐌ  ZKDWLV ZKDW·V «ヽᐅ᏷Ꮹ 妕忖䄊

 WKLV Ᏹᐪᐍ  LWLV LW·V  ᏻᐪᐍ«ᐅ᏷ 妕忖䄊

 WDEOHᑛᒑᑫᒀ  FKDLUᐹᑎ  OLJKW ᑾᐹᑝ  ZDOO 㩩  IORRU 䀲  URRP犐㷳  FHLOLQJ㫑〽  ZLQGRZ 尻  GRRUᑞᐷ  FORFN䟪殰  ER[ 嵙  SLFWXUH 弝  LVWKLV" Ᏹᐪᐍ«ᐅ᏷Ꮹ뉴  \HVᐍᏢ  QRLWLVQRW LVQ·W ᏢᏢᏦᎧᏻᐪᐍ«ᐅᐍᏠᐨᐜᏹ ᐱ 妕忖䄊뉞  ORQJ真Ꮲ  VKRUW妕Ꮲ  WKHᏻᐌ  FRQWUDFWLRQ 妕忖䄊  ODUJH 㫏ᏫᏢ  VPDOO 㶷ᏳᏢ  FLW\犥㾪  WRZQ 团  YLOODJH 䣹  RU ᐜᏽᐍ  PDQ 囟  ZRPDQ 㬛  ER\㶹䀜  JLUO㶹㬛  RQH  WZR  WKUHH  IRXU  ILYH  RQ«ᐌ⾲ᐉ  XQGHU«ᐌ⾳ᐉ  LQ«ᐌ⿕ᐉ

            

0U«ᏳᐱᎦ 囟䇏뉞 0UV «ᏳᐱᎦ 㬛䇏ᐌ䞊㰂憭뉞 EODFN 聺 ZKLWH 堥 JUHHQ 役 EURZQ 擞 ZKDWFRORXU" ヽ搚뉴 VL[ VHYHQ HLJKW QLQH WHQ ZKHUHᐇᏱ

LESSON 2                            

,DP,·P 孩ᐍ«ᐅ᏷妕忖䄊 \RXDUH\RX·UH Ꮰᐈᏽᐍ«ᐅ᏷妕忖䄊 KHLVKH·V 䄤ᐍ«ᐅ᏷妕忖䄊 VKHLVVKH·V䄤㬛ᐍ«ᐅ᏷妕忖䄊 LWLVLW·Vᏻᐪᐍ«ᐅ᏷妕忖䄊 ,DPQRW,·PQRW,DPᐌ㗎㵂䄊妕忖䄊 \RXDUHQRW\RXDUHQ·W\RXDUHᐌ㗎㵂䄊妕忖䄊 KHLVQRWKHLVQ·W KHLVᐌ㗎㵂䄊妕忖䄊 VKHLVQRWVKHLVQ·W VKHLVᐌ㗎㵂䄊妕忖䄊 LWLVQRWLWLVQ·W LWLVᐌ㗎㵂䄊妕忖䄊 LQIURQWRI«ᐌ㏵ᐉ EHKLQG«ᐌ䄴ᐫᐉ PH 孩뉝ᐰᎧᐉ뉞 \RX Ꮰᐈᏽ뉝ᐰᎧᐉ뉞 KLP 䄤뉝ᐰᎧᐉ뉞 KHU䄤㬛뉝ᐰᎧᐉ뉞 KRXVH 㵞 VWDQGLQJ屳ᐁᐄᏢᐩ VLWWLQJ䁏ᐁᐄᏢᐩ WDNLQJIURP «Ꮹᐧ㕾ᐁᐄᏢᐩ SXWWLQJRQ«ᐌ⾲ᐉ愖ᏢᐄᏢᐩ RSHQLQJ 眳ᏯᐄᏢᐩ뉰眳ᏢᐄᏢᐩ FORVLQJ 眱ᐟᐄᏢᐩ뉰眱᏶ᐄᏢᐩ GRLQJᏵᐄᏢᐩ ZKDWDP,GRLQJ" 孩ᐍヽᐰᏵᐄᏢᐜ᏷Ꮹ뉴 ZKLFKᐇᐌ RSHQ眳ᏢᐄᏠᐩ FORVHG 眱᏶ᐄᏠᐩ

LESSON 3  WKLVᏱᐌ  WKDWᏠᐌ


             䄊                                

FKDUW 㢛 HOHYHQ WZHOYH WKLUWHHQ IRXUWHHQ ILIWHHQ SOXUDO 檯䜘䄊 RI«ᐌ HWF «ᐈᐇ ZHDUHZH·UH 孩ᏽ᏿ᐍ«ᐅ᏷妕忖䄊 WKH\DUHWKH\·UH䄤ᐧᐍ«ᐅ᏷妕忖䄊 ZHDUHQRWZHDUHQ·W ZHDUHᐌ㗎㵂䄊妕忖䄊 WKH\DUHQRWWKH\DUHQ·W WKH\DUHᐌ㗎㵂䄊妕忖 UHG 漌 EOXH 磺 \HOORZ聬搚 JUH\刘搚 WKHVHᏱᐪᐧᐌ WKRVHᏻᐪᐧᐌ DQG «ᐆ« PHQPDQᐌ檯䜘䄊 ZRPHQZRPDQᐌ檯䜘䄊 VD\殨Ꮴ VL[WHHQ VHYHQWHHQ HLJKWHHQ QLQHWHHQ WZHQW\ FORWKHV樋稆 VKRH 礜 ERRW ᑫᒑᑙ VRFNᑒᑘᑄᑎ WURXVHUV ᑏᑱᒈ MDFNHWᑍᑸᑆᑘᑝ VXLW ᑎᒑᑙ VKLUW ᑌᑸᑙ WLHᑢᑄᑔᐹ KDW㿥㳸 EDJ ᑥᑘᑅ DOSKDEHWᐷᒀᑪᐶᑮᑘᑝ OHWWHU䜯㳿 YRZHO䵵禛 FRQVRQDQW㳸禛 EHIRUH«ᐌ㏵ᐉ DIWHU«ᐌ䄴ᐉ

LESSON 4        

EHWZHHQ«ᐆ«ᐆᐌ眻ᐉ XV 孩ᏽ᏿뉝ᐰᎧᐉ뉞 WKHP䄤ᐧ뉝ᐰᎧᐉ뉞 VWXGHQW㴎囇 WHDFKHU㋰囇 WKLUW\ IRUW\ ILIW\

 VL[W\  VHYHQW\  HLJKW\  QLQHW\  KXQGUHG  WKRXVDQG  PLOOLRQ  QXPEHU䜘뉰䜘㳿  SOXV潛᏷  HTXDOV«ᐆ峱ᏵᏢ  KRZPXFK ᏢᏭᐂᐅ᏷Ꮹ  WKHUHLVWKHUH·V «ᏪᏠᐩ 㔀䜘ᐌᐠᐌ뉞妕忖䄊  WKHUHDUH«ᏪᏠᐩ 檯䜘ᐌᐠᐌ뉞  QRZ ひ  WKHUHLVQRWWKHUHLVQ·WWKHUHLVᐌ㗎㵂䄊 ⾨ᐂᐌᐠ ᐌ뉞妕忖䄊  WKHUHDUHQRWWKHUHDUHQ·W WKHUHDUHᐌ㗎㵂䄊 檯 䜘ᐌᐠᐌ뉞妕忖䄊  KLJK粀Ꮲ  ORZヶᏢ  EXW ᏵᏩᏵ

LESSON 5                              

LPSHUDWLYH 㘥れ䄊 WDNH㕾ᐪ SXW愖Ꮿ RSHQ 眳Ꮿᐫ FORVH 眱ᐟᐫ SOHDVH ᐇᏤᏼ KHUHᏱᏱ뉝ᐉᎧᐅ뉞 WKHUHᏻᏱ뉝ᐉᎧᐅ뉞 FDSLWDO笾犥 (QJODQG撙㢥 5XVVLD ᒂᑌᐷ *UHHFHᑃᑿᑌᑸ &KLQD⿕㢥 /RQGRQᒂᒈᑞᒈ 0RVFRZᑷᑎᑄᒄ $WKHQV ᐷᑛᑢ %HLMLQJ㒿ご UHDGLQJ汕ᐱᐅᏢᐩ ZULWLQJ 䢠ᏢᐄᏢᐩ FRDW ᑈᒑᑝ WLJKWV ᑔᐹᑙ GUHVVᑞᒁᑎ뉰ᒄᒈᑩᒑᑎ VNLUWᑎᑀᒑᑝ VFDUI ᑎᑀᒑᑪᑳᑪᑾᒑ EORXVHᑫᑾᐻᑎ SXOORYHU ᑐᒑᑔᒑ뉰ᑬᒀᐿᒑᑥᒑ SRFNHWᑲᑆᑘᑝ KDQGNHUFKLHIᑤᒈᑀᑖ KRZPDQ\" ᏢᏭᐂᐌ뉴뉰ヽぢᐌ뉴 JRLQJWR «ᐉ㖹ᏩᐁᐄᏢᐩ

LESSON 6  (XURSHᑽᒑᒂᑘᑦ


                           

$VLD ᐷᑍᐷ ,WDO\ᐹᑔᑿᐷ )UDQFHᑪᑾᒈᑎ ,QGLD ᐹᒈᑞ ILUVWVW 峔園墖 VHFRQGQG 峔園墖 WKLUGUG 峔園墖 IRXUWKWK 峔園墖 ILIWKWK 峔園墖 VL[WKWK 峔園墖 WZHOIWKWK 峔園墖 WZHQWLHWKWK 峔園墖 FDUGLQDO㦢䜘 RUGLQDO䀷䜘 ODVW 䢨䄴ᐌ JLYH 䏳俉᏷ )UHQFK ᑪᑾᒈᑎぢ *HUPDQᑞᐹᑙぢ ,WDOLDQᐹᑔᑿᐷぢ (QJOLVKᐹᑃᑿᑎぢ P\孩ᐌ \RXUᏠᐈᏽᐌ KLV䄤ᐌ KHU 䄤㬛ᐌ RXU孩ᏽ᏿ᐌ \RXU Ꮰᐈᏽᏽ᏿ᐌ WKHLU 䄤ᐧᐌ DOO᏷ᐗᐄᐌ

LESSON 7                          

SHUVRQ ぢ SHRSOHSHUVRQᐌ檯䜘䄊 FRPLQJIURP «Ꮹᐧᐢᐁᐄ䤍ᐄᏢᐩ WRXFK 殎ᐩ뉰殎ᐪᐩ VHQWHQFH 䜯 ZRUG㔀汆 YHUE㑽氆 XVHㄧᏤ IRU«ᐉ DFWLRQ㑽㄄ TXHVWLRQPDUN" 圹㛷峎 IXOOVWRS 廪䴊峎 FRPPD ᑈᒈᑳ FRORQ ᑈᒂᒈ VHPLFRORQ ᑐᑴᑈᒂᒈ XPEUHOOD ㉀ SURQRXQFH堢禛᏷ᐩ D ⾨ᐂᐌ DQ ⾨ᐂᐌ WKHᏻᐌ WKHᏻᐌ ERG\ ・ SDUW犐㎮ IRRW 潛 IHHWIRRWᐌ檯䜘䄊 OHJ 拂

       

EDFN扴⿕ DUP 拽 ZULVW䏳笾 KDQG 䏳 ILQJHU 䒯 WKXPE歒䒯 ULJKW 䴋ᏵᏢ ZURQJ 眻燽Ꮲ

LESSON 8                          

TXHVWLRQ溒㛷 DQVZHU峼Ꮶ PHDQLQJ䊷㘛 QDPH㖵㏵ KHDG 秕 IDFH 秼 FKLQᏠᏲ PRXWK 㖋 QRVH 胣 H\H 墖 HDU 懛 KDLU 粒뉰䶃 WRQJXH 掴 UHPDLQLQJ«ᐌᐜᐜᐅᏠᐩ FRXQWU\ 㢥 6SDLQᑎᑯᐹᒈ WUDQVODWH憣毛᏷ᐩ LQWR«ᐉ ZKR 汘 WKLQJ 向 WDOO扴ᐌ粀Ꮲ VKRUW扴ᐌヶᏢ 6FDQGLQDYLDᑎᑀᒈᑍᑟᑨᐷ GLIIHUHQFH燽Ꮲ ZKHUHDV«ᐅᏠᐩᐌᐉ㶦Ᏽᐄ WKDW «ᐆᏢᏤᏱᐆ

LESSON 9  DVNLQJ 溒㛷ᏵᐄᏢᐩ  DQVZHULQJ 峼ᏦᐄᏢᐩ  WRKDYHKDYHᐌ⾵㵂氆  ,KDYH,·YH孩ᐍ«ᐰᐠᐁᐄᏢᐩ妕忖䄊  \RXKDYH\RX·YHᏠᐈᏽᐍ«ᐰᐠᐁᐄᏢᐩ妕忖䄊  KHKDVKH·V䄤ᐍ«ᐰᐠᐁᐄᏢᐩ妕忖䄊  VKHKDVVKH·V 䄤㬛ᐍ«ᐰᐠᐁᐄᏢᐩ妕忖䄊  LWKDVLW·V ᏻᐪᐍ«ᐰᐠᐁᐄᏢᐩ妕忖䄊  ZHKDYHZH·YH孩ᏽ᏿ᐍ«ᐰᐠᐁᐄᏢᐩ妕忖䄊  \RXKDYH\RX·YHᏠᐈᏽ뉝ᏽ᏿뉞ᐍ«ᐰᐠᐁᐄᏢ ᐩ妕忖䄊  WKH\KDYHWKH\·YH 䄤ᐧᐍ«ᐰᐠᐁᐄᏢᐩ妕忖䄊  JRWJHWᐌ燶㕣ᒐ燶㕣㎮氆䄊  ZLWK«ᐆᐆᐠᐉ  JHQHUDOO\燂㿠  DQ\ ᏢᏭᐧᏩᐌ 㗎㵂ᒐ圹㛷䜯ᐅ뉞  VRPH ᏢᏭᐧᏩᐌ뉝扗㵂䜯ᐅ뉞  QRWDQ\㶹Ᏽᐠ«ᐅᐈᏢ


         

QRQH⾨ᐂᐠ«ᐅᐈᏢ VSHFLILF 吡㵂ᐌ QRQVSHFLILF礆吡㵂ᐌ QHJDWLYH 㗎㵂ᐌ SRVLWLYH 扗㵂ᐌ IRUH[DPSOH ㄳᏦᐎ LPSRUWDQW 獵欩ᐈ ZKHQ᏷ᐩᐆᏫ FODVV ᑄᑾᑎ FODVVURRP䜁㵌


English–Polish Vocabulary Book

Stage 1

English in a quarter of the time!


STAGE 1 Polish vocabulary LESSON 1 1 pen ......................................... długopis 1 pencil .........................................ołówek 1 book ..........................................książka 1 a ..........................rodzajnik niekreślony 1 what is (what’s) ...................co(to) jest? 1 this ..................................................... to 1 it is (it’s) .......................................to jest 2 table ................................................stół 2 chair ........................................... krzesło 2 light ........................................... światło 2 wall ..............................................ściana 2 floor .........................................podłoga 2 room ............................................ pokój 2 ceiling ............................................ sufit 2 window ........................................ okno 2 door ..............................................drzwi 2 clock ............................................ zegar 2 box........................................... pudełko 2 picture ......................................... obraz 2 is this ? .................................czy to jest? 2 yes.....................................................tak 2 no, it is not (isn’t) ............nie to nie jest 3 long .............................................. długi 3 short ............................................ krótki 3 the .........................rodzajnik określony 3 contraction ....................................skrót 3 large ...................................duży, wielki 3 small ..............................................mały 4 city ..............................................miasto 4 town ................................... miasteczko 4 village ............................................ wieś 4 or ..................................................... lub 4 man .....................................mężczyzna 4 woman ..................................... kobieta 4 boy........................................... chłopiec 4 girl ......................................dziewczyna 5 one .............................................. jeden 5 two .................................................dwa

5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7

three ................................................trzy four .............................................. cztery five.................................................. pięć on ......................................................na under .............................................. pod in .........................................................w Mr ................................................... pan Mrs................................................. pani black ........................................... czarny white ............................................. biały green ......................................... zielony brown ......................................brązowy what colour? ................. jakiego koloru six...................................................sześć seven ......................................... siedem eight ............................................ osiem nine ........................................ dziewięć ten ............................................ dziesięć where ...........................................gdzie

LESSON 2 8 I am / I’m ................................. ja jestem 8 you are / you’re ........................ty jesteś 8 he is / he’s ...................................on jest 8 she is / she’s ..............................ona jest 8 it is / it’s ..............................to (ono) jest 9 I am not / I’m not .............. ja nie jestem 9 you are not / you aren’t......ty nie jesteś 9 he is not / he isn’t / ............... on nie jest 9 she is not / she isn’t ............ ona nie jest 9 it is not / it isn’t ............ to (ono) nie jest 9 in front of .................. przed, z przodu 9 behind ................ z tyłu, za kimś, czymś 9 me........................................ mnie, mną 9 you.......................................tobie, tobą 10 him .............................. jemu, jego, nim 10 her ..........................................jej, ją, nią 10 house ............................................. dom 11 standing ...................... stojący, tu : stać 11 sitting .................. siedzący, tu: siedzieć


11 taking from ........ biorąc z, tu: brać z ..., ..........................................zabierać z .... 11 putting on ................. kładący, tu: kłaść 12 opening .........otwierający, tu: otwierać 12 closing ........... zamykający, tu: zamykać 12 doing ..........................robiący, tu: robić 12 what am I doing? ............... co ja robię? 12 which ............................................ który 13 open .........................................otwarty 13 closed ...................................zamknięty LESSON 3 14 this .........................................ta, ten, to 14 that .................... tamta, tamten, tamto 14 chart ..............................tablica, wykres 14 eleven ...................................jedenaście 14 twelve .................................. dwanaście 14 thirteen ................................ trzynaście 14 fourteen ..............................czternaście 14 fifteen................................... piętnaście 14 plural ...............................liczba mnoga 14 of ....... służy do tworzenia dopełniacza 14 etc. ................................................... itd 15 we are / we’re .................... my jesteśmy 15 they are / they’re ......................... oni są 15 we are not / we aren’t ................ my nie ................................................ jesteśmy 16 they are not / they aren’t .................oni ......................................................nie są 16 red ......................................... czerwony 16 blue ........................................ niebieski 16 yellow ............................................żółty 16 grey .............................................. szary 16 these .................................................. te 16 those............................................ tamte 16 and .......................................................i 17 men ......................................mężczyźni 17 women ..................................... kobiety 17 say.......................... powiedzieć, mówić 17 sixteen .................................. szesnaście 17 seventeen ........................siedemnaście 17 eighteen ............................osiemnaście 17 nineteen ........................dziewiętnaście 17 twenty ...............................dwadzieścia 17 clothes ...................................... ubrania 18 shoe ................................................. but 18 boot ................................................. but 18 sock........................................skarpetka

18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 19 19

trousers ....................................spodnie jacket ....................... żakiet, marynarka suit ........................................... garnitur shirt .......................................... koszula tie .............................................. krawat hat .......................................... kapelusz bag ...............................................torba alphabet .................................... alfabet letter ............................................. litera vowel ................................. samogłoska consonant ........................... spółgłoska before .......................................... przed after .................................................. po

LESSON 4 20 between .................................... między ................................ (dwoma rzeczami) 20 us ..................................nas, nam, nami 21 them .................................. ich, im, nimi 21 student ..........................uczeń, student 21 teacher ................................. nauczyciel 21 thirty .....................................trzydzieści 21 forty ....................................czterdzieści 21 fifty .....................................pięćdziesiąt 21 sixty .................................. sześćdziesiąt 21 seventy ..........................siedemdziesiąt 21 eighty ..............................osiemdziesiąt 21 ninety ......................... dziewięćdziesiąt 21 hundred............................................sto 21 thousand ......................................tysiąc 21 million......................................... milion 21 number ............................liczba, numer 22 plus ................................................. plus 22 equals .................................... równa się 22 how much ......... ile (dla rzecz. niepol.) 23 there is / there’s ..........jest, znajduje się 23 there are ....................... są, znajdują się 23 now .............................................. teraz 24 there is not / there isn’t ..............nie ma ................................................... (l. poj.) 24 there are not / there aren’t ........nie ma ..............................................(l. mnoga) 24 high ........................................... wysoki 24 low ................................................. niski 24 but ....................................................ale LESSON 5 25 imperative .................. tryb rozkazujący 25 take! ............................................... weź


25 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 28 28

put!.............................................. połóż open! ......................................... otwórz close! ........................................zamknij please .........................................proszę here ................................................... tu there ............................................... tam capital ......................................... stolica England ...................................... Anglia Russia............................................ Rosja Greece ........................................ Grecja China ...........................................Chiny London ......................................Londyn Moscow ...................................Moskwa Athens ......................................... Ateny Beijing ..........................................Pekin reading .................. czytający, tu: czytać writing ........................ piszący, tu: pisać coat ............................................ płaszcz tights ................................... pończocha dress ........................................... suknia skirt ........................................ spódnica scarf ..............................................szalik blouse .........................................bluzka pullover ...........................bluza, sweter pocket........................................kieszeń handkerchief .........chusteczka do nosa how many? ..........ile (dla rzecz. policz.) going to ...................idący do, tu: iść do

LESSON 6 29 Europe ....................................... Europa 29 Asia ................................................ Azja 29 Italy ............................................Włochy 29 France ........................................ Francja 29 India ............................................. Indie 29 first 1st.................................... pierwszy 29 second 2nd. .................................. drugi 29 third 3rd........................................trzeci 29 fourth 4th. ................................ czwarty 29 fifth 5th .........................................piąty 29 sixth 6th .......................................szósty 29 twelfth 12th ..........................dwunasty 29 twentieth 20th ................... dwudziesty 29 cardinal ......................................główny 29 ordinal .............................. porządkowy 31 last ..............................................ostatni 31 give .................................................. dać 32 French ....Francuz, Francuzka, francuski

32 32 32 32 32 32 32 33 33 33 34

German ....Niemiec, Niemka, niemiecki Italian ............. Włoch, Włoszka, włoski English ....... Anglik, Angielka, angielski my ................................................... mój your ............................................... twój his .................................................. jego her ..................................................... jej our ................................................. nasz your ...............................................wasz their .................................................. ich all ............ wszyscy, wszystkie, wszystko

LESSON 7 35 person .........................................osoba 35 people .........................................ludzie 35 coming from...................... wracający z, .......................................tu: wracać z ..., ..................................................iść od ... 36 touch ........................................dotykać 36 sentence .....................................zdanie 36 word ............................................ słowo 36 verb ......................................czasownik 36 use ..................................................użyć 36 for .....................................................dla 36 action...................................... czynność 37 question mark ? ......... znak zapytania 37 full stop . ................................. kropka 37 comma , ..............................przecinek 37 colon : ..............................dwukropek 37 semi-colon ; ............................średnik 38 umbrella ....................................parasol 38 pronounce ........................... wymawiać 38 a ....................... rodzajnik nieokreślony 38 an..................... rodzajnik nieokreślony 38 the /ðə/ ..................rodzajnik określony 38 the /ði:/ ..................rodzajnik określony 39 body .............................................. ciało 39 part ............................................... część 39 foot ...............................................stopa 39 feet ...............................................stopy 39 leg................................................. noga 39 back .............................................. plecy 39 arm .................................................ręka 39 wrist .................................... nadgarstek 39 hand .............................................. dłoń 39 finger ............................................ palec 39 thumb ........................................... kciuk 40 right ........................................... dobrze


40 wrong ............................................... źle LESSON 8 41 question ................................... pytanie 41 answer ................................ odpowiedź 41 meaning ............................... znaczenie 42 name ................................. imię, nazwa 42 head ........................................... głowa 42 face .............................................. twarz 42 chin ..................................... podbródek 42 mouth .............................................usta 42 nose ................................................. nos 42 eye .................................................. oko 42 ear .................................................ucho 42 hair .............................................. włosy 42 tongue .......................................... język 43 remaining ..........................pozostający, ......................................tu: pozostawać 43 country ............................................kraj 43 Spain ......................................Hiszpania 43 translate ............................... tłumaczyć 43 into ....................................................na 44 who ................................................. kto 45 thing ............................................. rzecz 45 tall.............................................. wysoki 45 short .............................................. niski 45 Scandinavia ..................... Skandynawia 46 difference ..................................różnica 46 whereas ........................... podczas, gdy 46 that ............................................tamten LESSON 9 48 asking ......................pytający, tu: pytać, ................................... zadawać pytanie 48 answering.................... odpowiadający, ..................................... tu: odpowiadać 49 to have........................................... mieć 49 I have / I’ve.................................ja mam 49 you have / you’ve ..................... ty masz 49 he has / he’s ................................ on ma 49 she has / she’s .......................... ona ma 49 it has / it’s .......................... to (ono) ma 49 we have / we’ve ..................... my mamy 49 you have / you’ve ...................wy macie 49 they have / they’ve ..................oni mają 50 got ......................................................... 50 with ............................................... z, ze 50 generally.................ogólnie, zazwyczaj 50 some ...............................................jakiś

50 50 50 51 51 51 51 51 52 52 52 52

specific...................................określony non-specific............................... ogólny negative ................................przeczący positive ................................ twierdzący for example ...................... na przykład important ................................... ważny when ............................................ kiedy any ..................................................jakiś not any ........................................żaden none ............................................żaden class ........................ klasa (grupa ludzi) classroom ............klasa-pomieszczenie


English–Portuguese Vocabulary Book

Stage 1

English in a quarter of the time!


STAGE 1 Portuguese vocabulary LESSON 1 1 pen .............................................caneta 1 pencil ............................................. lápis 1 book ...............................................livro 1 a ............................................. uma / um 1 what is (what’s) .........................o que é 1 this ...................................................isto 1 it is (it’s) ........................................ isto é 2 table ............................................. mesa 2 chair ...........................................cadeira 2 light ..................................................luz 2 wall ............................................ parede 2 floor ...............................................chão 2 room ............................................... sala 2 ceiling ............................................. teto 2 window .......................................janela 2 door ..............................................porta 2 clock .......................relógio de parede 2 box.................................................caixa 2 picture .......................................quadro 2 is this ? ....................................... isto é ? 2 yes.................................................... sim 2 no, it is not (isn’t) ..........não, isto não é 3 long ....................................... comprido 3 short ............................................. curto 3 the .................................................. o / a 3 contraction ............................contração 3 large .......................................... grande 3 small .......................................pequeno 4 city ...............................cidade (grande) 4 town ...........................................cidade 4 village ........................................vilarejo 4 or ...................................................... ou 4 man .......................................... homem 4 woman ...................................... mulher 4 boy............................................ menino 4 girl ............................................ menina 5 one .................................................. um 5 two ................................................. dois 5 three ................................................três 5 four .............................................quatro 5 five ............................................... cinco

5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7

on .................................................sobre under .......................................embaixo in .................................................dentro Mr .............................................. senhor Mrs............................................senhora black .............................................preto white ......................................... branco green ............................................verde brown .......................................marrom what colour? ..........................que cor ? six..................................................... seis seven .............................................. sete eight ............................................... oito nine ...............................................nove ten ...................................................dez where ........................................... onde

LESSON 2 8 I am / I’m ......................... eu sou / estou 8 you are / you’re ................. você é / está 8 he is / he’s ............................ele é / está 8 she is / she’s ..........................ela é / está 8 it is / it’s ...........................ele/ela é / está 9 I am not / I’m not ................eu não sou ..................................................../ estou 9 you are not / you aren’t....... você não é ...................................................... / está 9 he is not / he isn’t ......... ele não é / está 9 she is not / she isn’t ...... ela não é / está 9 it is not / it isn’t ............... ele/ ela não é ............................................... / não está 9 in front of .......................em frente de 9 behind ...........................................atrás 9 me...................................................mim 9 you................................................. você 10 him .................................................dele 10 her ..................................................dela 10 house ..............................................casa 11 standing ......................................em pé 11 sitting ...................................... sentado 11 taking from .......................pegando de 11 putting on ............................colocando 12 opening ....................................abrindo


12 closing ................................... fechando 12 doing ....................................... fazendo 12 what am I doing? ................... o que eu ..................................... estou fazendo? 12 which ............................................. qual 13 open ..........................................aberto 13 closed ................................... fechado

18 18 18 18 18 19 19

bag ............................................... bolsa alphabet ..................................alfabeto letter ................................... carta / letra vowel ............................................vogal consonant ............................consoante before ...........................................antes after ............................................depois

LESSON 3 14 this ............................................este (a) 14 that ....................................... aquele (a) 14 chart .......................................... gráfico 14 eleven ............................................onze 14 twelve ............................................doze 14 thirteen ........................................ treze 14 fourteen ....................................catorze 14 fifteen.........................................quinze 14 plural ........................................... plural 14 of .......................................................de 14 etc. ...................................................etc 15 we are / we’re ...... nós somos / estamos 15 they are / they’re ......... eles são / estão 15 we are not / we aren’t ..............nós não .................................... somos / estamos 16 they are not / they aren’t ....... eles não ..............................................são / estão 16 red ......................................... vermelho 16 blue ................................................azul 16 yellow ...................................... amarelo 16 grey .............................................. cinza 16 these .......................................estes (as) 16 those.................................. aqueles (as) 16 and ......................................................e 17 men ..........................................homens 17 women ...................................mulheres 17 say..................................................dizer 17 sixteen ....................................dezesseis 17 seventeen ..............................dezessete 17 eighteen ................................... dezoito 17 nineteen ................................dezenove 17 twenty ...........................................vinte 17 clothes ....................................... roupas 18 shoe ............................................sapato 18 boot ............................................... bota 18 sock................................................meia 18 trousers ....................................... calças 18 jacket ........................................ jaqueta 18 suit ................................................terno 18 shirt ............................................camisa 18 tie ..............................................gravata 18 hat .............................................chapéu

LESSON 4 20 between ....................................... entre 20 us ..................................................... nós 21 them ............................................. deles 21 student ................................... aluno (a) 21 teacher ............................. professor (a) 21 thirty .............................................trinta 21 forty ........................................quarenta 21 fifty ....................................... cinquenta 21 sixty ......................................... sessenta 21 seventy ......................................setenta 21 eighty ........................................oitenta 21 ninety ...................................... noventa 21 hundred.......................................... cem 21 thousand ..........................................mil 21 million........................................ milhão 21 number .....................................número 22 plus ................................................ mais 22 equals .........................................igual a 22 how much .................................quanto 23 there is / there’s ....................há (existe) 23 there are ............................há (existem) 23 now ............................................. agora 24 there is not / there isn’t ............. não há ............................................(não existe) 24 there are not / there aren’t ....... não há ................................................(existem) 24 high ................................................ alto 24 low ................................................baixo 24 but .................................................. mas LESSON 5 25 imperative ........................... imperative 25 take! ..........................................pegue! 25 put!......................................... coloque! 25 open! ............................................ abra! 25 close! .......................................... feche! 25 please .....................................por favor 26 here ............................................... aqui 26 there ............................................ali (lá) 26 capital ......................................... capital 26 England .................................Inglaterra 26 Russia...........................................Rússia 26 Greece ........................................ Grécia


26 26 26 26 26 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 28 28

China ........................................... China London .....................................Londres Moscow ....................................Moscou Athens ....................................... Atenas Beijing ....................................... Beijing reading ........................................ lendo writing ................................ escrevendo coat ............................................. casaco tights ....................................meia calça dress .......................................... vestido skirt ................................................. saia scarf .............................................. lenço blouse ........................................... blusa pullover .................................... pulôver pocket...........................................bolso handkerchief ................................ lenço how many ? .......................quantos (as) going to ................................. indo para

LESSON 6 29 Europe ....................................... Europa 29 Asia ................................................ Ásia 29 Italy ................................................Itália 29 France ......................................... França 29 India ............................................. India 29 first 1st.....................................primeiro 29 second 2nd. ............................ segundo 29 third 3rd.................................... terceiro 29 fourth 4th. ..................................quarto 29 fifth 5th ......................................quinto 29 sixth 6th ........................................ sexto 29 twelfth 12th ..............décimo-segundo 29 twentieth 20th ...................... vigésimo 29 cardinal .....................................cardinal 29 ordinal ....................................... ordinal 31 last .........................................último (a) 31 give .................................................. dar 32 French ........................................Francês 32 German ....................................Alemão 32 Italian ....................................... Italiano 32 English ......................................... Inglês 32 my .................................................. meu 32 your ................................................. seu 32 his ...................................................dele 32 her ..................................................dela 33 our .......................................... nosso (a) 33 your ...................................... seus / suas 33 their ................................... deles / delas 34 all ......................................... todo (a) (s) LESSON 7 35 person ....................................... pessoa

35 35 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 37 37 37 37 37 38 38 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 40 40

people ...................................... pessoas coming from........................... vindo de touch ............................................ tocar sentence ......................sentença (frase) word ..........................................palavra verb ............................................. verbo use ..................................................usar for .................................................. para action............................................. ação question mark ? ...................ponto de ..........................................interrogação full stop . .......................... ponto final comma , ...................................vírgula colon : ..............................dois pontos semi-colon ; ...............ponto e vírgula umbrella .........................guarda-chuva pronounce ...........................pronunciar a .................................................. um (a) an................................................ um (a) the /ðə/ ........................................... o / a the /ði:/ ........................................ os / as body ............................................ corpo part ...............................................parte foot ....................................................pé feet .................................................. pés leg................................................ perna back .............................................costas arm ...............................................braço wrist ..............................................pulso hand .............................................. mão finger ............................................ dedo thumb ....................................... polegar right .............................................. certo wrong .........................................errado

LESSON 8 41 question ................ questão (pergunta) 41 answer .....................................resposta 41 meaning ..............................significado 42 name ........................................... nome 42 head ...........................................cabeça 42 face ......................................face / rosto 42 chin .............................................queixo 42 mouth ............................................boca 42 nose ...............................................nariz 42 eye ................................................. olho 42 ear .............................................. orelha 42 hair ............................................. cabelo 42 tongue ........................................ língua 43 remaining .....................permanecendo 43 country ........................................... país


43 43 43 44 45 45 45 45 46 46 46

Spain ........................................Espanha translate ...................................traduzir into ...................................................em who ............................................. quem thing ..............................................coisa tall................................................... alto short .............................................baixo Scandinavia ......................Escandinávia difference .............................. diferença whereas ......................... enquanto que that ................................................. que

LESSON 9 48 asking .............................. perguntando 48 answering........................respondendo 49 to have.............................................. ter 49 I have / I’ve..............................Eu tenho 49 you have / you’ve ...................você tem 49 he has / he’s ...............................ele tem 49 she has / she’s ............................ela tem 49 it has / it’s.............................ele/ela tem 49 we have / we’ve ................... nos temos 49 you have / you’ve ................. vocês tem 49 they have / they’ve .................. eles tem 50 got .usado com have – sem significado 50 with ................................................com 50 generally.............................geralmente 50 specific...................................específico 50 non-specific................... não específico 50 negative ................................. negativo 51 positive .................................afirmativo 51 for example ..................... por exemplo 51 important ........................... importante 51 when ........................................quando 51 any .............................................. algum 52 not any .................................... nenhum 52 none ........................................ nenhum 52 class ............................................. classe 52 classroom .......................... sala de aula


The Callan ® Method was first developed and published in 1960 by R.K. T. Callan. This edition was published for the international market in 2012. Copyright © R.K.T. Callan 2012 English–Russian Vocabulary Book Stage 1 ISBN 978-1-782291-63-3 CALLAN and the CALLAN logo are registered trade marks of Callan Works Limited, used under licence by Callan Publishing Limited Printed in the EU Conditions of sale All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not by way of trade or otherwise be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Published by CALLAN PUBLISHING LTD. Orchard House, 45-47 Mill Way, Grantchester, Cambridge CB3 9ND in association with CALLAN METHOD ORGANISATION LTD. www.callan.co.uk


STAGE 1 Russian vocabulary

LESSON 1                                             

SHQ κνρδΪ SHQFLO δΪκΪηήΪς ERRNδηβέΪ D ηίθικίήίείηηυγΪκμβδεφ

ZKDWLV ZKDW·V  ρμθμΪδθί WKLVχμθ LWLV LW·V χμθ WDEOHλμθε FKDLUλμνε OLJKWλάίμ ZDOOλμίηΪ IORRU ιθε URRP δθζηΪμΪ FHLOLQJιθμθεθδ ZLQGRZ θδηθ GRRUήάίκφ FORFNρΪλυ ER[ ωσβδ SLFWXUHδΪκμβηΪ LVWKLV"χμθ" \HVήΪ QRLWLVQRW LVQ·W  ηίμχμθηί ORQJήεβηηυγ VKRUWδθκθμδβγ WKH θικίήίείηηυγΪκμβδεφ

FRQWUDFWLRQ λθδκΪσίηβί ODUJH Ϋθεφςθγ VPDOOζΪείηφδβγ FLW\Ϋθεφςθγέθκθή WRZQέθκθήθδ YLOODJHήίκίάηω RU βεβ PDQζνΰρβηΪ ZRPDQ ΰίησβηΪ ER\ζΪεφρβδ JLUO ήίάθρδΪ RQHθήβη WZRήάΪ WKUHH μκβ IRXU ρίμυκί ILYHιωμφ RQηΪ XQGHUιθή LQά 0Uζβλμίκ

           

0UVζβλλβλ EODFNρίκηυγ ZKLWHΫίευγ JUHHQ αίείηυγ EURZQδθκβρηίάυγ ZKDWFRORXU"δΪδθέθπάίμΪ" VL[ςίλμφ VHYHQ λίζφ HLJKW άθλίζφ QLQHήίάωμφ WHQήίλωμφ ZKHUH έήί

LESSON 2  ,DP,·P ω  \RXDUH\RX·UH μυάυ  KHLVKH·V θη  VKHLVVKH·V θηΪ  LWLVLW·Vχμθ  ,DPQRW,·PQRW ωηί  \RXDUHQRW\RXDUHQ·W μυάυηί  KHLVQRWKHLVQ·W θηηί  VKHLVQRWVKHLVQ·W θηΪηί  LWLVQRWLWLVQ·W θηθηί  LQIURQWRIιίκίή  EHKLQG λαΪήβ  PHζηθγζίηω  \RX μθΫθγμίΫω?άΪλ  KLPηβζίέθ  KHU ηίγίί  KRXVH ήθζ  VWDQGLQJλμθωμφ λμθωσβγ ικβρΪλμβίηΪλμθωσίέθ άκίζίηβ  VLWWLQJλβήίμφ λβήωσβγ

 WDNLQJIURP ΫκΪμφλ Ϋίκνσβγ

 SXWWLQJRQ δεΪλμφηΪ δεΪήνσβγ

 RSHQLQJθμδκυάΪμφ θμδκυάΪψσβγ

 FORVLQJ αΪδκυάΪμφ αΪδκυάΪψσβγ

 GRLQJήίεΪμφ ήίεΪψσβγ

 ZKDWDP,GRLQJ"ρμθωήίεΪψ"  ZKLFK δθμθκυγ  RSHQθμδκυμ  FORVHG αΪδκυμ

LESSON 3  WKLV χμθμ  WKDW μθμ


                                            

FKDUWέκΪξβδλοίζΪ HOHYHQθήβηηΪήπΪμφ WZHOYH ήάίηΪήπΪμφ WKLUWHHQ μκβηΪήπΪμφ IRXUWHHQρίμυκηΪήπΪμφ ILIWHHQ ιωμηΪήπΪμφ SOXUDOζηθΰίλμάίηηθίρβλεθ RI ικβμωΰΪμίεφηυγικίήεθέ

HWF βμή ZHDUHZH·UHζυ WKH\DUHWKH\·UH θηβ ZHDUHQRWZHDUHQ·Wζυηί WKH\DUHQRWWKH\DUHQ·W θηβηί UHGδκΪληυγ EOXHέθενΫθγ \HOORZ ΰίεμυγ JUH\λίκυγ WKHVHχμβ WKRVH μί DQG β PHQ ζνΰρβηυ ZRPHQΰίησβηυ VD\ έθάθκβμφ VL[WHHQ ςίλμηΪήπΪμφ VHYHQWHHQ λίζηΪήπΪμφ HLJKWHHQ άθλίζηΪήπΪμφ QLQHWHHQ ήίάωμηΪήπΪμφ WZHQW\ ήάΪήπΪμφ FORWKHVθήίΰήΪ VKRH μνξεω ERRWΫθμβηθδ VRFN ηθλθδ WURXVHUV Ϋκψδβ MDFNHW δνκμδΪιβήΰΪδ VXLW δθλμψζ VKLUW κνΫΪςδΪ WLHέΪελμνδ KDW ςεωιΪ EDJλνζδΪ DOSKDEHW ΪεξΪάβμ OHWWHU ΫνδάΪ YRZHOέεΪληΪω FRQVRQDQW λθέεΪληΪω EHIRUHιίκίή DIWHU ιθλεί

LESSON 4         

EHWZHHQζίΰήν XV ηΪλ WKHP βο VWXGHQWνρΪσβγλω WHDFKHU νρβμίεφ WKLUW\ μκβήπΪμφ IRUW\ λθκθδ ILIW\ ιωμφήίλωμ VL[W\ ςίλμφήίλωμ

 VHYHQW\ λίζφήίλωμ  HLJKW\ άθλίζφήίλωμ  QLQHW\ήίάωηθλμθ  KXQGUHGλμθ  WKRXVDQG μυλωρΪ  PLOOLRQζβεεβθη  QXPEHU ρβλεθ  SOXV ιεψλ  HTXDOVκΪάηθ  KRZPXFKλδθεφδθ  WKHUHLVWKHUH·Vίλμφ  WKHUHDUH ίλμφ ζηθΰίλμάίηηθίρβλεθ   QRZ λίγρΪλ  WKHUHLVQRWWKHUHLVQ·Wηίμηίβζίίμλω  WKHUHDUHQRWWKHUHDUHQ·Wηίμ ζηθΰίλμάίηηθί ρβλεθ   KLJKάυλθδβγ  ORZηβαδβγ  EXW ηθ

LESSON 5                              

LPSHUDWLYH ιθάίεβμίεφηθίηΪδεθηίηβί WDNHάθαφζβ SXW ιθεθΰβ RSHQθμδκθγ FORVH αΪδκθγ SOHDVH ιθΰΪενγλμΪ KHUH αήίλφ WKHUHμΪζ FDSLWDOλμθεβπΪ (QJODQG Ίηέεβω 5XVVLD Κθλλβω *UHHFH ΍κίπβω &KLQD ΔβμΪγ /RQGRQ Εθηήθη 0RVFRZ ΖθλδάΪ $WKHQVΊξβηυ %HLMLQJΙίδβη UHDGLQJ ρβμΪμφ ρβμΪψσβγ

ZULWLQJ ιβλΪμφ ιβςνσβγ

FRDWιΪεφμθ WLJKWVδθεέθμδβ GUHVVιεΪμφί VNLUW ψΫδΪ VFDUI ςΪκξ EORXVHΫεναΪ SXOORYHU ινεθάίκ SRFNHW δΪκζΪη KDQGNHUFKLHI ηθλθάθγιεΪμθδ KRZPDQ\"λδθεφδθ" JRLQJWRβήμβδ βήνσβγ

LESSON 6  (XURSHΏάκθιΪ  $VLD Ίαβω  ,WDO\ ΒμΪεβω


                         

)UDQFH ΞκΪηπβω ,QGLD Βηήβω ILUVWVW ιίκάυγγ VHFRQGQG άμθκθγγ WKLUGUG μκίμβγγ IRXUWKWKρίμάίκμυγγ ILIWKWK ιωμυγγ VL[WKWKςίλμθγγ WZHOIWKWKήάίηΪήπΪμυγγ WZHQWLHWKWKήάΪήπΪμυγγ FDUGLQDO δθεβρίλμάίηηθί RUGLQDO ιθκωήδθάθί ODVW ιθλείήηβγ JLYHήΪάΪμφ )UHQFK ξκΪηπνα *HUPDQ ηίζίπ ,WDOLDQβμΪεφωηίπ (QJOLVK ΪηέεβρΪηβη P\ ζθγ \RXUμάθγάΪς KLVίέθ KHUίί RXU ηΪς \RXUμάθγάΪς WKHLU βο DOO άλί

LESSON 7                            

SHUVRQ ρίεθάίδ SHRSOH εψήβ FRPLQJIURPβήμβθμ βήνσβγθμ

WRXFKήθμκΪέβάΪμφλω VHQWHQFH ικίήεθΰίηβί ZRUG λεθάθ YHUE έεΪέθε XVH βλιθεφαθάΪμφ IRU ήεω DFWLRQήίγλμάβί TXHVWLRQPDUN"αηΪδάθικθλΪ" IXOOVWRSμθρδΪ FRPPD αΪιωμΪω FRORQήάθίμθρβί VHPLFRORQ μθρδΪλαΪιωμθγ XPEUHOOD αθημβδ SURQRXQFH ικθβαηθλβμφ D ηίθικίήίείηηυγΪκμβδεφ

DQ ηίθικίήίείηηυγΪκμβδεφ  WKH θικίήίείηηυγΪκμβδεφ

WKH θικίήίείηηυγΪκμβδεφ

ERG\μίεθ SDUWρΪλμφ IRRWηθέΪλμνιηω IHHWηθέβλμνιηβ OHJηθέΪ EDFN λιβηΪ DUP κνδΪ

     

ZULVW αΪιωλμφί KDQG δβλμφκνδβ ILQJHU ιΪείπ WKXPE ΫθεφςθγιΪείπ ULJKWάίκηθ ZURQJηίάίκηθ

LESSON 8                          

TXHVWLRQ άθικθλ DQVZHU θμάίμ PHDQLQJαηΪρίηβί QDPH βζω KHDGέθεθάΪ IDFH εβπθ FKLQιθήΫθκθήθδ PRXWK κθμ QRVH ηθλ H\H έεΪα HDU νοθ KDLUάθεθλυ WRQJXH ωαυδ UHPDLQLQJθλμΪάΪμφλω FRXQWU\λμκΪηΪ 6SDLQΒλιΪηβω WUDQVODWHιίκίάθήβμφ LQWR ηΪ ZKRδμθ WKLQJάίσφικίήζίμ WDOOάυλθδβγ VKRUWηβαδβγ 6FDQGLQDYLDΛδΪηήβηΪάβω GLIIHUHQFH κΪαηβπΪ ZKHUHDV άμθάκίζωδΪδ WKDW μθρμθ

LESSON 9                    

DVNLQJλικΪςβάΪμφ DQVZHULQJ θμάίρΪμφ WRKDYH βζίμφ ,KDYH,·YH νζίηωίλμφ \RXKDYH\RX·YHνμίΫωάΪλίλμφ KHKDVKH·Vνηίέθίλμφ VKHKDVVKH·V νηίίίλμφ LWKDVLW·Vνηίέθίλμφ ZHKDYHZH·YH νηΪλίλμφ \RXKDYH\RX·YHνμίΫωάΪλίλμφ WKH\KDYHWKH\·YH νηβοίλμφ JRW βλιθεφανίμλωμθεφδθάλάωαδί  λέεΪέθεθζKDYH ZLWK λ JHQHUDOO\θΫυρηθ DQ\ δΪδθγεβΫθ VRPHηίλδθεφδθ QRWDQ\ηβθήηθέθ QRQH ηβθήηθέθηβλδθεφδθ VSHFLILF θικίήίείηηυγ


       

QRQVSHFLILFηίθικίήίείηηυγ QHJDWLYHθμκβπΪμίεφηυγ SRVLWLYHνμάίκήβμίεφηυγ IRUH[DPSOH ηΪικβζίκ LPSRUWDQWάΪΰηυγ ZKHQδθέήΪ FODVVδεΪλλνκθδ FODVVURRPδεΪλληΪωδθζηΪμΪ


The Callan ® Method was first developed and published in 1960 by R.K. T. Callan. This edition was published for the international market in 2012. Copyright © R.K.T. Callan 2012 English–Slovak Vocabulary Book Stage 1 ISBN 978-1-908954-84-8 CALLAN and the CALLAN logo are registered trade marks of Callan Works Limited, used under licence by Callan Publishing Limited Printed in the EU Conditions of sale All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not by way of trade or otherwise be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Published by CALLAN PUBLISHING LTD. Orchard House, 45-47 Mill Way, Grantchester, Cambridge CB3 9ND in association with CALLAN METHOD ORGANISATION LTD. www.callan.co.uk


STAGE 1 Slovak vocabulary

LESSON 1                                             

SHQSHUR SHQFLO FHUX]ND ERRN NQLKD DQHXUĀLWìĀOHQQHMDNì MHGQRWQpĀtVOR

ZKDWLV ZKDW·V  ĀRMH WKLVWHQWRWRWR LWLV LW·V  WRMH WDEOH VW{O FKDLUVWROLĀND OLJKWVYHWOR ZDOO VWHQD IORRUGOiçNDSRGODKD URRP PLHVWQRVŚ FHLOLQJVWURS ZLQGRZ RNQR GRRUGYHUH FORFN KRGLQ\ ER[åNDWXĻDNUDELFD SLFWXUH REUi]RN LVWKLV" MHWRWR" \HViQR QRLWLVQRW LVQ·W QLHWRQLHMH ORQJ GOKì VKRUW NUiWN\ WKH XUĀLWìĀOHQVWRMtSUHGSRGVWDWQìPPHQRP FRQWUDFWLRQ VNUiWHQìWYDU ODUJH YHĻNì VPDOO PDOì FLW\PHVWRYHĻNRPHVWR WRZQ PHVWR YLOODJH GHGLQD RU DOHER PDQ PXç ZRPDQ çHQD ER\FKODSHF JLUOGLHYĀD RQH MHGHQ WZR GYD WKUHHWUL IRXU åW\UL ILYHSlŚ RQQD SUHGORçND

XQGHU SRG SUHGORçNDVSRMHQiVPLHVWRP

LQ Y SUHGORçND

0USiQ

           

0UV SDQL EODFN ĀLHUQD ZKLWH ELHOD JUHHQ ]HOHQi EURZQKQHGi ZKDWFRORXU" DNHMIDUE\" VL[ åHVŚ VHYHQ VHGHP HLJKW RVHP QLQH GHYlŚ WHQ GHVDŚ ZKHUH NGH

LESSON 2  ,DP,·P MD VRP  \RXDUH\RX·UH W\ VL  KHLVKH·V RQ MH  VKHLVVKH·V RQD MH  LWLVLW·V RQRWR MH  ,DPQRW,·PQRW MD QLHVRP  \RXDUHQRW\RXDUHQ·W W\ QLHVL  KHLVQRWKHLVQ·W RQ QLHMH  VKHLVQRWVKHLVQ·W RQD QLHMH  LWLVQRWLWLVQ·W RQRWR QLHMH  LQIURQWRIYSUHGXSUHG QLHĀtP

 EHKLQG ]D  PHPQRX PŃDPQH

 \RXWHERX WHEDWHEH

 KLPQtP MHKRMHPX   KHUŃRX MHM   KRXVHGRP  VWDQGLQJ VWRMDFt SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVDVWiŚ   VLWWLQJVHGLDFL SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVDVHGLHŚ   WDNLQJIURP EHU~F]   SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVDEUDŚ   SXWWLQJRQ SRNODGDŚQD SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVD SRORçLŚ

 RSHQLQJRWYiUDŚ SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVDRWYRULŚ

 FORVLQJ ]DWYiUDŚ SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVD ]DWYRULŚ   GRLQJ URELDFL SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVDURELŚ

 ZKDWDP,GRLQJ" ĀRUREtP"  ZKLFKNWRUìip  RSHQ RWYRUHQì  FORVHG ]DWYRUHQì

LESSON 3


                                              

WKLVWRWRWiWR WKDWWDPWRWDPWi FKDUW QiNUHV HOHYHQ MHGHQiVลš WZHOYH GYDQiVลš WKLUWHHQ WULQiVลš IRXUWHHQ รฅWUQiVลš ILIWHHQ SlWQiVลš SOXUDOPQRรงQpฤ€tVOR RI]]R SUHGORรงNDVJHQLWtYRP

HWFDWฤ ZHDUHZHยทUH P\ VPH WKH\DUHWKH\ยทUH RQL\ V~ ZHDUHQRWZHDUHQยทW P\ QLHVPH WKH\DUHQRWWKH\DUHQยทW RQL QLHV~ UHG ฤ€HUYHQi EOXHPRGUi \HOORZ รงOWi JUH\VLYi WKHVH WtWRWLHWR WKRVH WDPWtWDPWLH DQGD PHQ PXรงL ZRPHQ รงHQ\ VD\ SRYHGDลš VL[WHHQ รฅHVWQiVลš VHYHQWHHQ VHGHPQiVลš HLJKWHHQ RVHPQiVลš QLQHWHHQ GHYlWQiVลš WZHQW\ GYDGVDลš FORWKHVREOHฤ€HQLH VKRH WRSiQND ERRWฤ€LรงPD VRFN SRQRรงND WURXVHUVQRKDYLFH MDFNHW VDNR VXLW REOHN VKLUW NRรฅHฤปD WLH NUDYDWD KDWNORE~N EDJWDรฅNDNDEHOND DOSKDEHW DEHFHGD OHWWHU StVPHQR YRZHOVDPRKOiVND FRQVRQDQWVSROXKOiVND EHIRUHSUHG DIWHUSR

LESSON 4       

EHWZHHQ PHG]L XVQDPL QiVQiP  WKHPQLPL QLFKLP  VWXGHQW รฅWXGHQW WHDFKHU Xฤ€LWHฤป WKLUW\ WULGVDลš IRUW\ รฅW\ULGVDลš

                   

ILIW\ SlลšGHVLDW VL[W\รฅHVลšGHVLDW VHYHQW\VHGHPGHVLDW HLJKW\RVHPGHVLDW QLQHW\ GHYlลšGHVLDW KXQGUHG VWR WKRXVDQGWLVtF PLOOLRQPLOLyQ QXPEHUฤ€tVOR SOXV SOXV HTXDOV URYQiVD KRZPXFK NRฤปNRQHSRฤ€tWDWHฤปQpVORYi WKHUHLVWKHUHยทVMH WXWDP  WKHUHDUHV~ WXWDP  QRZWHUD] WKHUHLVQRWWKHUHLVQยทW QLHMH WXWDP  WKHUHDUHQRWWKHUHDUHQยทW QLHV~ WXWDP  KLJKY\VRNรฌ ORZQt]N\ EXW DOH

LESSON 5                              

LPSHUDWLYH UR]ND]RYDFtVS{VRE WDNHYH]PL SXW SRORรง RSHQRWYRU FORVH ]DWYRU SOHDVHSURVtP KHUHWX WKHUHWDP FDSLWDOKODYQpPHVWR (QJODQG $QJOLFNR 5XVVLD5XVNR *UHHFH *UpFNR &KLQD รฟtQD /RQGRQ /RQGรฌQ 0RVFRZ0RVNYD $WKHQV$WpQ\ %HLMLQJ3HNLQJ UHDGLQJฤ€tWDM~FL SULHEHKRYรฌWYDUVORYHVDฤ€tWDลš  ZULWLQJ Stรฅ~FL SULHEHKRYรฌWYDUVORYHVDStVDลš  FRDW NDEiW WLJKWVSDQฤ€XFK\ GUHVV รฅDW\ VNLUW VXNลƒD VFDUIรฅDWNDรฅiO EORXVHEO~]ND SXOORYHU SXOyYHU SRFNHW YUHFNR KDQGNHUFKLHIYUHFNRYND KRZPDQ\" NRฤปNR"SRฤ€tWDWHฤปQpVORYi JRLQJWRLG~FLN SULHEHKRYรฌWYDUVORYHVDtVลš 

LESSON 6  (XURSH (XUySD  $VLDร‰]LD


                          

,WDO\7DOLDQVNR )UDQFH )UDQF~]VNR ,QGLD ,QGLD ILUVWVW SUYì VHFRQGQGGUXKì WKLUGUGWUHWt IRXUWKWK åWYUWì ILIWKWK SLDW\ VL[WKWKåLHVW\ WZHOIWKWKGYDQiVW\ WZHQWLHWKWKGYDGVLDW\ FDUGLQDO ]iNODGQi ĀtVORYND  RUGLQDOUDGRYi ĀtVORYND  ODVWSRVOHGQì JLYHGDŚ )UHQFK)UDQF~] *HUPDQ1HPHF ,WDOLDQ 7DOLDQ (QJOLVK $QJOLĀDQ P\ P{M \RXU WYRM KLV MHKR KHU MHM RXU Qiå \RXU Yiå WKHLU LFK DOOYåHWFLYåHWN\

LESSON 7                           

SHUVRQ RVRED SHRSOH ĻXGLD FRPLQJIURPSULFKiG]DM~FLRG  SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVDSULFKiG]DŚ

WRXFK GRWìNŚVD VHQWHQFH YHWD ZRUGVORYR YHUEVORYHVR XVH SRXçLŚ IRUQDSUH DFWLRQ ĀLQQRVŚ TXHVWLRQPDUN"RWi]QLN" IXOOVWRS ERGND FRPPD ĀLDUND FRORQGYRMERGND VHPLFRORQERGNRĀLDUND XPEUHOODGiçGQLN SURQRXQFH Y\VORYLŚ DQHXUĀLWìĀOHQQHMDNì MHGQRWQpĀtVOR

DQWYDUQHXUĀLWpKRĀOHQD  SUHGSRGVWDWQìPPHQRP ]DĀtQDM~FLPQDVDPRKOiVNX WKH XUĀLWìĀOHQVWRXWRYìVORYQRVŚRXVWRMtSUHG  SRGVWDWQìPPHQRP]DĀtQDM~FLPQDVSROXKOiVNX WKH XUĀLWìĀOHQVWRXWRYìVORYQRVŚRXVWRMtSUHG  SRGVWDWQìPPHQRP]DĀtQDM~FLPQDVDPRKOiVNX ERG\ WHOR

           

SDUW ĀDVŚ IRRWFKRGLGOR IHHWFKRGLGOi OHJQRKD EDFNFKUEiW DUP FHOiUXND ZULVW]iSlVWLH KDQGUXND GODŃDSUVW\

ILQJHUSUVW WKXPE SDOHF ULJKWVSUiYQ\VSUiYQH ZURQJQHVSUiYQ\QHVSUiYQH

LESSON 8                           

TXHVWLRQ RWi]ND DQVZHURGSRYHď PHDQLQJYì]QDP QDPHPHQR KHDG KODYD IDFHWYiU FKLQEUDGD PRXWK ~VWD QRVH QRV H\H RNR HDU XFKR KDLUYODV\ WRQJXHMD]\N ĀDVŚWHOD

UHPDLQLQJ ]RVWiYDM~FL  SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVD]RVWDŚ  FRXQWU\ NUDMLQD 6SDLQ äSDQLHOVNR WUDQVODWH SUHORçLŚ LQWRGR SUHGORçND

ZKR NWR WKLQJ YHF WDOOY\VRNì VKRUWPDOìQt]N\ 6FDQGLQDYLD äNDQGLQiYLD GLIIHUHQFH UR]GLHO ZKHUHDV ]DWLDĻĀR WKDW çH

LESSON 9             

DVNLQJ SìWDŚVD SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVD  DQVZHULQJRGSRYHGDŚ SULHEHKRYìWYDUVORYHVD  WRKDYHPDŚ ,KDYH,·YH MD PiP \RXKDYH\RX·YH W\Piå KHKDVKH·V RQ Pi VKHKDVVKH·V RQD Pi LWKDVLW·V WR Pi ZHKDYHZH·YH P\ PiPH \RXKDYH\RX·YH Y\ PiWH WKH\KDYHWKH\·YH RQLRQ\ PDM~ JRWGRSOQRNSULSiMDQìNVORYHVXPDŚ  KDYH²KDYHJRW


                

ZLWK VVR JHQHUDOO\YรฅHREHFQHYRYรฅHREHFQRVWL DQ\ QHMDNtp YRWi]NHD]iSRUH

VRPHQHMDNtp YNODGQHMYHWH

QRWDQ\รงLDGQLH YRWi]NHD]iSRUH  QRQH รงLDGQLH  QHQDVOHGXMHSRลƒRPSRGVWDWQpPHQRVWRMt  VDPRVWDWQH

VSHFLILFNRQNUpWQ\XUฤ€LWรฌ QRQVSHFLILF QHXUฤ€LWรฌ QHJDWLYH ]iSRUQรฌ SRVLWLYHNODGQรฌ IRUH[DPSOH QDSUtNODG LPSRUWDQWG{OHรงLWรฌ ZKHQNHฤ FODVVWULHGD FODVVURRP WULHGDPLHVWQRVลš


English–Spanish Vocabulary Book

Stage 1

English in a quarter of the time!


STAGE 1 Spanish vocabulary LESSON 1 1 pen ....................................un bolígrafo 1 pencil ........................................un lápiz 1 book ......................................... un libro 1 a ................................................ un, una 1 what is (what’s) .......................¿qué es? 1 this ..................................................esto 1 it is (it’s) ................................... (esto) es 2 table ............................................. mesa 2 chair .................................................silla 2 light ..................................................luz 2 wall .............................................. pared 2 floor .............................................. suelo 2 room ............................ habitación, sala 2 ceiling .......................................... techo 2 window ................................... ventana 2 door ............................................puerta 2 clock ...............................reloj de pared 2 box.................................................. caja 2 picture ....................................... cuadro 2 is this ? ....................................¿es esto? 2 yes....................................................... sí 2 no, it is not (isn’t) ................... no, no es 3 long .................................. largo/a/os/as 3 short ................................. corto/a/os/as 3 the ................................el, la, los, las, lo 3 contraction .........................contracción 3 large ....................................... grande/s 3 small ...........................pequeño/a/os/as 4 city ..............................................ciudad 4 town ............................ pueblo grande, .................................... ciudad pequeña 4 village ............................. pueblo, aldea 4 or ..................................................... o/u 4 man ..........................................hombre 4 woman ........................................ mujer 4 boy.................... niño, chico, muchacho 4 girl .....................niña, chica, muchacha 5 one ....................................... uno/a, un 5 two .................................................. dos 5 three ................................................tres 5 four ............................................. cuatro

5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7

five................................................ cinco on ................................... encima, sobre under ......................................... debajo in ...........................................en, dentro Mr .................................................señor Mrs..............................................señora black ................................negro/a/os/as white ..............................blanco/a/os/as green ......................................... verde/s brown .......................marrón/marrones what colour? .................¿de qué color? six..................................................... seis seven ............................................. siete eight ..............................................ocho nine .............................................nueve ten ..................................................diez where .......... dónde (en una pregunta)

LESSON 2 8 I am / I’m ......................... (yo) soy/estoy 8 you are / you’re .............. (tú) eres/estás 8 he is / he’s ............................ (él) es/está 8 she is / she’s .......................(ella) es/está 8 it is / it’s ............................ (esto) es/está 9 I am not / I’m not ....... (yo) no soy/estoy 9 you are not / you aren’t..... (tú) no eres/ .......................................................estás 9 he is not / he isn’t ........... (él) no es/está 9 she is not / she isn’t ..... (ella) no es/está 9 it is not / it isn’t ........... (esto) no es/está 9 in front of ..... delante de, en frente de 9 behind .........................................detrás 9 me......................................................mí 9 you.......................................................ti 10 him .....................................................él 10 her ................................................... ella 10 house ..............................................casa 11 standing ......................................de pie 11 sitting .......................... sentado/a/os/as 11 taking from ...................... cogiendo de 11 putting on ........................poniendo en 12 opening ..................................abriendo 12 closing .................................... cerrando


12 doing ......................................haciendo 12 what am I doing? ................ ¿qué estoy ............................................. haciendo? 12 which ..........................................cuál/es 13 open ..............................abierto/a/os/as 13 closed ........................... cerrado/a/os/as LESSON 3 14 this ............................................... este/a 14 that ............................................... ese/a 14 chart ............................... gráfico, tabla 14 eleven ............................................once 14 twelve ............................................doce 14 thirteen .........................................trece 14 fourteen .................................... catorce 14 fifteen.........................................quince 14 plural ........................................... plural 14 of .......................................................de 14 etc. .................................. etc (etcétera) 15 we are / we’re ...................(nosotros/as) ......................................somos/estamos 15 they are / they’re ....(ellos/as) son/están 15 we are not / we aren’t ......(nosotros/as) .................................no somos/estamos 16 they are not / they aren’t ....... (ellos/as) ..........................................no son/están 16 red ...................................... rojo/a/os/as 16 blue ........................................... azúl/es 16 yellow .......................... amarillo/a/os/as 16 grey ............................................ gris/es 16 these .........................................estos/as 16 those.......................................... esos/as 16 and ................................................. y / e 17 men ........................................ hombres 17 women .....................................mujeres 17 say..................................................decir 17 sixteen ..................................... dieciséis 17 seventeen .............................. diecisiete 17 eighteen ................................ dieciocho 17 nineteen .............................. diecinueve 17 twenty .........................................veinte 17 clothes ........................................... ropa 18 shoe ........................................... zapato 18 boot ............................................... bota 18 sock........................................... calcetín 18 trousers .............. pantalón/pantalones 18 jacket .................................... cazadora, ............... americana, chaqueta de traje 18 suit ................................................. traje 18 shirt ............................................camisa 18 tie ............................................. corbata

18 18 18 18 18 18 19 19

hat ......................................... sombrero bag ................................... bolsa, bolso alphabet ............. abecedario, alfabeto letter ................................... letra, carta vowel ............................................ vocal consonant ......................... consonante before .................. delante de, antes de after ................... detrás de, después de

LESSON 4 20 between ....................................... entre 20 us ........................................ nosotros/as 21 them ..........................................ellos/as 21 student .................................. alumno/a 21 teacher .................................profesor/a 21 thirty ...........................................treinta 21 forty ........................................ cuarenta 21 fifty ........................................cincuenta 21 sixty .......................................... sesenta 21 seventy ......................................setenta 21 eighty ...................................... ochenta 21 ninety ...................................... noventa 21 hundred.......................................... cien 21 thousand ..........................................mil 21 million......................................... millón 21 number .....................................número 22 plus ................................................. más 22 equals .........................................igual a 22 how much ................................. cuánto 23 there is / there’s .............. hay (singular) 23 there are ............................. hay (plural) 23 now ............................................. ahora 24 there is not / there isn’t ..............no hay .............................................. (singular) 24 there are not / there aren’t ........no hay ................................................... (plural) 24 high .................................... alto/a/os/as 24 low ..................................... bajo/a/os/as 24 but ................................................. pero LESSON 5 25 imperative ........................... imperativo 25 take! ..............................¡toma!, ¡coge! 25 put!.............................................. ¡pon! 25 open! .......................................... ¡abre! 25 close! .........................................¡cierra! 25 please .....................................por favor 26 here ........................................ aquí, acá 26 there ......................................... allí, allá 26 capital ......................................... capital 26 England .................................Inglaterra 26 Russia............................................ Rusia


26 26 26 26 26 26 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 28 28

Greece ........................................ Grecia China ........................................... China London .....................................Londres Moscow ...................................... Moscú Athens ....................................... Atenas Beijing ..........................................Pekín reading .....................................leyendo writing ................................escribiendo coat ............................................. abrigo tights ......................................... medias dress .......................................... vestido skirt ............................................... falda scarf .........................................bufanda blouse ........................................... blusa pullover ....................................... jersey pocket........................................ bolsillo handkerchief ........................... pañuelo how many? .......................¿cuántos/as? going to .................................. ir a/hacia

LESSON 6 29 Europe ....................................... Europa 29 Asia ................................................ Asia 29 Italy ................................................Italia 29 France ........................................ Francia 29 India ............................................. India 29 first 1st...................................primero/a 29 second 2nd. ......................... segundo/a 29 third 3rd.................................. tercero/a 29 fourth 4th. ............................... cuarto/a 29 fifth 5th ...................................quinto/a 29 sixth 6th ..................................... sexto/a 29 twelfth 12th .................... duodécimo/a 29 twentieth 20th .................... vigésimo/a 29 cardinal .....................................cardinal 29 ordinal ....................................... ordinal 31 last .................................. último/a/os/as 31 give .................................................. dar 32 French ................ francés/francesa/es/as 32 German ............ alemán/alemana/es/as 32 Italian ........................... italiano/a/os/as 32 English ....................inglés/inglesa/es/as 32 my ............................................. mi, mis 32 your ............................................ tu, tus 32 his .................................... su, sus (de él) 32 her ................................ su, sus (de ella) 33 our ................................ nuestro/a/os/as 33 your .............................. vuestro/a/os/as 33 their ........................ su, sus (de ellos/as) 34 all .......................................todo/a/os/as

LESSON 7 35 person ..................................... persona 35 people ........................ personas, gente 35 coming from..................venir de/desde 36 touch ............................................ tocar 36 sentence ........................................frase 36 word ......................................... palabra 36 verb ............................................. verbo 36 use ..................................................usar 36 for .................................................. para 36 action.......................................... acción 37 question mark ? ....................signo de ........................................ interrogación 37 full stop . ...................................punto 37 comma , ....................................coma 37 colon : ...............................dos puntos 37 semi-colon ; ................. punto y coma 38 umbrella ................................ paraguas 38 pronounce ...........................pronunciar 38 a ................................................ un, una 38 an.............................................. un, una 38 the /ðə/ .........................el, la, los, las, lo 38 the /ði:/ .........................el, la, los, las, lo 39 body .......................................... cuerpo 39 part ...............................................parte 39 foot ...................................................pie 39 feet ................................................. pies 39 leg............................................... pierna 39 back .......................................... espalda 39 arm .............................................. brazo 39 wrist ..........................................muñeca 39 hand ............................................ mano 39 finger ............................................ dedo 39 thumb ......................................... pulgar 40 right ............................ correcto/a/os/as, ........................................exacto/a/os/as 40 wrong ...................... incorrecto/a/os/as, ............................... equivocado/a/os/as LESSON 8 41 question ................................ pregunta 41 answer ...................................respuesta 41 meaning ..............................significado 42 name ........................................nombre 42 head .......................................... cabeza 42 face ................................................. cara 42 chin ........................................... barbilla 42 mouth ............................................boca 42 nose ...............................................nariz 42 eye ................................................... ojo 42 ear ...................................... oreja, oído


42 42 42 43 43 43 43 44 45 45 45 45 46 46 46

hair .................................. pelo, cabello tongue ....................................... lengua remaining ........ quedarse, permanecer country ........................................... país Spain .......................................... España translate ................................... traducir into .................................... al (translate .................into>traducir al + language) who ..................................... ¿quién/es? thing ...............................................cosa tall....................................... alto/a/os/as short ........... bajo/a/os/as, corto/a/os/as Scandinavia ......................Escandinavia difference ............................. diferencia whereas .... mientras que, en tanto que that ................................................. que

LESSON 9 48 asking ..............................preguntando 48 answering........................ contestando, ........................................respondiendo 49 To have .........................................tener 49 I have / I’ve............................(yo) tengo 49 you have / you’ve ................. (tú) tienes 49 he has / he’s ............................ (él) tiene 49 she has / she’s ...................... (ella) tiene 49 it has / it’s..................... (esto/eso) tiene 49 we have / we’ve ................(nosotros/as) ................................................ tenemos 49 you have / you’ve ............. (vosotros/as) .....................................................tenéis 49 they have / they’ve ................. (ellos/as) .................................................... tienen 50 got .................partícula que se añade a ................veces tras el verbo ”to have” ......................sin cambiar el significado 50 with .................................................con 50 generally... en general, por lo general, ........................................generalmente 50 some ...................algún/alguno/a/as/os; ............................................ cualquier/a 50 specific...................... específico/a/os/as 50 non-specific......... no específico/a/os/as 50 negative ..................... negativo/a/os/as 51 positive ........................positivo/a/os/as, ..................................afirmativo/a/os/as 51 for example .......................por ejemplo 51 important .........................importante/s 51 when ........................................ cuando 51 any ......................algún/alguno/a/as/os; ............................................ cualquier/a

52 not any ........ ningún, ninguno/a/os/as; ....................................... no cualquier/a 52 none ...........................ninguno/a/os/as; 52 class ........clase (grupo de estudiantes), ................................................... lección 52 classroom ............. aula, clase (sala de)


The Callan ® Method was first developed and published in 1960 by R.K. T. Callan. This edition was published for the international market in 2012. Copyright © R.K.T. Callan 2012 English–Turkish Vocabulary Book Stage 1 ISBN 978-1-782290-90-2 CALLAN and the CALLAN logo are registered trade marks of Callan Works Limited, used under licence by Callan Publishing Limited Printed in the EU Conditions of sale All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not by way of trade or otherwise be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Published by CALLAN PUBLISHING LTD. Orchard House, 45-47 Mill Way, Grantchester, Cambridge CB3 9ND in association with CALLAN METHOD ORGANISATION LTD. www.callan.co.uk


STAGE 1 Turkish vocabulary

LESSON 1                                             

SHQGROPDNDOHP SHQFLONXUVXQNDOHP ERRN NLWDS DELU ZKDWLV ZKDW·V «1HGLU" WKLVEX LWLV LW·V RGLU WDEOH PDVD FKDLUVDQGDO\H OLJKW ×ü×N ZDOOGXYDU IORRU ]HPLQ URRPRGD FHLOLQJ WDYDQ ZLQGRZSHQFHUH GRRU NDS× FORFN VDDW ER[ NXWX SLFWXUH UHVLP LVWKLV" EX«PXGXU" \HV HYHW QRLWLVQRW LVQ·W  KD\×UGHùLOGLU ORQJ X]XQ VKRUW N×VD WKH EHOOLELUREMH\LNLüL\L\HULQLWHOHPHNLoLQ  NXOODQ×O×U

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EODFNVL\DK ZKLWH EH\D] JUHHQ\HüLO EURZQ NDKYHUHQJL ZKDWFRORXU"QHUHQN" VL[ DOW× VHYHQ \HGL HLJKWVHNL] QLQH GRNX] WHQRQ ZKHUHQHUHGH

LESSON 2                            

,DP,·PEHQ«¶LP \RXDUH\RX·UH VHQ«·VLQ KHLVKH·V R HUNHN «·GXU VKHLVVKH·V R ED\DQ «·GXU LWLVLW·VR KD\YDQQHVQH «·GXU ,DPQRW,·PQRW%HQ«GHùLOLP \RXDUHQRW\RXDUHQ·W6HQ«GHùLOVLQ KHLVQRWKHLVQ·W2 HUNHN «GHùLO VKHLVQRWVKHLVQ·W2 ED\DQ «GHùLO LWLVQRWLWLVQ·W 2 KD\YDQQHVQH «GHùLO LQIURQWRI ·LQ|QQGH EHKLQG DUNDV×QGD PH EHQLP \RX VHQLQ KLPRQXQ HUNHN

KHURQXQ ED\DQ

KRXVH HY VWDQGLQJ D\DNWDGXUX\RU VLWWLQJRWXUX\RU WDNLQJIURP«·GDQDO×\RU SXWWLQJRQ]HULQHNR\X\RU RSHQLQJ Do×\RU FORVLQJ NDSDW×\RU GRLQJ \DS×\RU ZKDWDP,GRLQJ" QH\DS×\RUXP" ZKLFK KDQJL RSHQ Do×N FORVHG NDSDO×

LESSON 3  WKLVEX  WKDW RüX


                                            

FKDUW WDEOR HOHYHQRQELU WZHOYHRQLNL WKLUWHHQ RQo IRXUWHHQRQG|UW ILIWHHQ RQEHü SOXUDO oRùXO RI«·×Q«·XQ«·Q«·LQ HWF YE YHEHQ]HUL

ZHDUHZH·UH EL]·L] WKH\DUHWKH\·UHRQODU«·ODU ZHDUHQRWZHDUHQ·WEL]«GHùLOL] WKH\DUHQRWWKH\DUHQ·WRQODU«GHùLOOHU UHG N×UP×]× EOXH PDYL \HOORZVDU× JUH\JUL WKHVHEXQODU WKRVH RQODUüXQODU DQG YH PHQ HUNHNOHU ZRPHQ NDG×QODU VD\V|\OHPHN VL[WHHQ RQDOW× VHYHQWHHQ RQ\HGL HLJKWHHQRQVHNL] QLQHWHHQ RQGRNX] WZHQW\ \LUPL FORWKHVJL\VLOHU VKRHD\DNNDE× ERRWoL]PH VRFNoRUDS WURXVHUV SDQWRORQ MDFNHW FHNHW VXLWWDNLPHOELVH VKLUW J|POHN WLH NUDYDW KDW üDSND EDJ oDQWD DOSKDEHW DOIDEH OHWWHUKDUI YRZHOVHVOLKDUI FRQVRQDQWVHVVL]KDUI EHIRUH |QFH DIWHUVRQUD

LESSON 4         

EHWZHHQ DUDVLQGD XV EL] WKHPRQODU VWXGHQW |ùUHQFL WHDFKHU|ùUHWPHQ WKLUW\ RWX] IRUW\ N×UN ILIW\HOOL VL[W\ DOWP×ü

                 

VHYHQW\\HWPLü HLJKW\VHNVHQ QLQHW\ GRNVDQ KXQGUHG \] WKRXVDQG ELQ PLOOLRQPLO\RQ QXPEHU VD\× SOXVDUW× HTXDOV HüLWWLU KRZPXFKQHNDGDU WKHUHLVWKHUH·V YDU WHNLO

WKHUHDUHYDU oRùXO

QRZüLPGL WKHUHLVQRWWKHUHLVQ·W\RN WHNLO

WKHUHDUHQRWWKHUHDUHQ·W \RN oRùXO

KLJK\NVHN ORZDOoDN EXW IDNDW

LESSON 5                              

LPSHUDWLYHHPLUNLSL WDNH DO SXW NR\ RSHQ Do FORVH NDSDW SOHDVH OWIHQ KHUHEXUGD WKHUHRUGD FDSLWDO EDüNHQW (QJODQG ĮQJLOWHUH 5XVVLD5XV\D *UHHFH<XQDQLVWDQ &KLQDdLQ /RQGRQ/RQGUD 0RVFRZ0RVNRYD $WKHQV$WLQD %HLMLQJ3HNLQ UHDGLQJ RNX\RU ZULWLQJ \D]×\RU FRDW PRQWSDOWR WLJKWV WD\W GUHVVHOELVH VNLUW HWHN VFDUIHüDUS EORXVH EOX] SXOORYHUND]DN SRFNHW FHS KDQGNHUFKLHI PHQGLO KRZPDQ\" NDoWDQH" JRLQJWR·HJLWPHN

LESSON 6    

(XURSH$YUXSD $VLD$V\D ,WDO\ ĮWDO\D )UDQFH)UDQVD


                        

,QGLD+LQGLVWDQ ILUVWVWELULQFL VHFRQGQGLNLQFL WKLUGUG oQF IRXUWKWKG|UGQF ILIWKWKEHüLQFL VL[WKWK DOW×QF× WZHOIWKWKRQLNLQFL WZHQWLHWKWK\LUPLQFL FDUGLQDO DVDO VD\×ODU

RUGLQDOV×UD VD\×ODU×

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KHURQXQ ED\DQ

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LESSON 7                             

SHUVRQ NLüLüDK×V SHRSOH LQVDQODU FRPLQJIURP«·GDQJHOL\RU WRXFK GRNXQPDN VHQWHQFH FPOH ZRUGNHOLPH YHUEILLO XVHNXOODQPDN IRULoLQ DFWLRQ H\OHP TXHVWLRQPDUN" VRUXLüDUHWL" IXOOVWRS QRNWD FRPPD YLUJO FRORQ LNLQRNWDVWVWH VHPLFRORQQRNWDO×YLUJO XPEUHOODVHPVL\H SURQRXQFHWHODIIX]HWPHN DELU VHVVL]OHUGHQ|QFH

DQELU VHVOLOHUGHQ|QFH

WKHEHOOLELUREMH\LNLVL\L\HULQLWHOHPHNLoLQNXOODQLOLU WKHEHOOLELUREMH\LNLVL\L\HULQLWHOHPHNLoLQNXOODQLOLU ERG\ YFXW SDUW E|OP IRRW D\DN IHHW D\DNODU OHJ EDFDN EDFNV×UW DUP NRO ZULVWELOHN

    

KDQG HO ILQJHUSDUPDN WKXPE EDüSDUPDN ULJKWGRùUX ZURQJ\DQO×ü

LESSON 8                          

TXHVWLRQVRUX DQVZHU FHYDS PHDQLQJ DQODP QDPHLVLP KHDG EDü IDFH \] FKLQ oHQH PRXWK Dù×] QRVHEXUXQ H\H J|] HDUNXODN KDLU VDo WRQJXH GLO UHPDLQLQJ NDO×\RU FRXQWU\ ONH 6SDLQ ĮVSDQ\D WUDQVODWH WHUFPHHWPHN LQWR\H ZKR NLP WKLQJ üH\ WDOO X]XQ VKRUW N×VD 6FDQGLQDYLDĮVNDQGLQDY\D GLIIHUHQFHIDUNO×O×N ZKHUHDV R\VD WKDW NL

LESSON 9                     

DVNLQJVRUXVRUX\RU DQVZHULQJFHYDSYHUL\RU WRKDYHVDKLSROPDN ,KDYH,·YHVDKLELP \RXKDYH\RX·YHVDKLSVLQ KHKDVKH·V RVDKLS HUNHN

VKHKDVVKH·V RVDKLS NDGLQ

LWKDVLW·VRVDKLS KD\YDQQHVQH

ZHKDYHZH·YHVDKLEL] \RXKDYH\RX·YH VDKLSVLQL] WKH\KDYHWKH\·YH VDKLSOHU JRWVDKLSROPDN ZLWK LOH JHQHUDOO\ JHQHORODUDN DQ\KHUKDQJLELU VRPH ED]× QRWDQ\ KLoELU QRQH KLo VSHFLILF |]HO QRQVSHFLILF|]HOROPD\DQ QHJDWLYHROXPVX]


     

SRVLWLYH ROXPOX IRUH[DPSOH|UQHùLQ LPSRUWDQW |QHPOL ZKHQ QH]DPDQ FODVV V×Q×I FODVVURRPGHUVOLN

Callan method 1  
Callan method 1  

Callan Method Book 1

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