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REVISED REGULATIONS FOR THE

RECORDING AND USE OF HERALDRY WITHIN THE ORDER OF SAINT LAZARUS OF JERUSALEM

These Regulations are based on existing Statutes, Constitutional Decrees and Customs of the Order, as confirmed, modified and approved by decision of the Grand Magisterial Council held at Bristol in September 1995, and further modified by decision of the Grand Magisterial Council held at Madrid in March 2012. 1. THE ORDER AND HERALDIC AUTHORITY As an international and independent Canonical Order under the Spiritual Protection of the Patriarch of Antioch and All the East, of Jerusalem and of Alexandria, and governed by the Grand Master and Grand Magistral Council according to its statutes, the Order of St. Lazarus has the ability to regulate the use of heraldry within its own jurisdiction. However, the Order has due regard for the fact that its members are citizens of many states world-wide having varying attitudes to heraldry, asserting various degrees of legal control over its use, or indeed having no official stance on the subject whatsoever. The Order also takes note of varying heraldic customs world-wide, irrespective of actual legal control or lack thereof. 2. HERALDRY AND TRADITION In the past a member of a Chivalric Order would, by the very nature of his (and more recently, her) status and way of life, have possessed armorial bearings as a matter of course. Although this is no longer the case, and no member of the Order is actually required to be or become a bearer of heraldic arms, it is desirable that the heraldic tradition should continue within the Order, both as an evocation of the Order's history and as a significant adjunct to the Order's ceremonial. 3. THE GRAND OFFICER OF ARMS The Grand Officer of Arms of the Order shall be responsible for the administration of all matters concerning heraldic arms within the Order, subject to the approbation of the Grand Chancery and ultimately the Grand Master.

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4. THE CENTRAL ARMORIAL RECORDS OF THE ORDER These shall consist of the following:(a) The copies of ancient rolls reproduced in the Order's Armorial and History "Ordo Sancti Lazari MCMLXXXIII" (b) The arms of the then-existing members who submitted them for inclusion in "Ordo Sancti Lazari MCMLXXXIII" (c) The Order's "Golden Book", comprising volumes of paintings of arms of those Commanders and Knights who request to be included. (d) Arms of their members recorded by individual Jurisdictions, and forwarded for inclusion in the Order's main record. (e) The current volumes of arms instituted in January 1989 and comprising facsimiles of certificates and paintings issued to members, including a legible colour copy of the original grant, matriculation or extract from the original competent heraldic granting authority, or a legible colour copy of the most recent reconfirmation of arms from such an authority. (f) Particulars of arms of members which have not been formally recorded with the Order, but have been extracted from various sources, and publications. (g) The Central armorial records of the Order shall be kept at the Grand Chancery or such other seat of the Order as authorized by the Grand Chancellor. (h) The individual Jurisdictional armorial records, where kept, shall consist of volumes of paintings or other illustrations of arms of those members and associates who wish to be included. Jurisdictions with heralds are encouraged to record arms of members and associates. 5. CATEGORIES OF ARMS ELIGIBLE FOR RECORDING Noble Arms, being inherited or newly granted, originating from a Sovereign or Head of a Sovereign State, by the Head of a major national or international church to the episcopate or its equivalent, or in some cases from the Head of a non-regnant Royal House. Burgher Arms - Non-noble arms which have been granted as such or have been assumed and then recorded or granted by a competent heraldic body of recognised standing. Assumed Arms: In certain limited circumstances arms which have simply been in use over a period or have recently been adopted without having been formally granted or registered may be recorded with the Order, but subject to the following conditions: (a) They must conform to heraldic traditions of design (b) They must not patently infringe the rights of others bearing similar arms (c) They are not to be considered as noble arms

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(d) They are not to be considered hereditary except in the case of descendents who may themselves be admitted to the Order (e) They shall not include devices or insignia which imply noble rank or other special status, unless specific evidence is supplied of entitlement thereto (f) Such arms are to be for use within the Order only. 6. APPLICATIONS FOR RECORDING These shall be submitted in due form with evidence of entitlement to existing arms and any other relevant facts. The correctness of all information supplied shall be attested by the applicant and as such accepted in good faith. Recording of arms with the Order in any particular form shall not be used in an attempt to justify the use of any unauthorised style or title or the insignia thereof. 7. CERTIFICATES OF RECORDING These will include particulars of the applicant's rank, offices, decorations and awards within the Order, and others as appropriate. Also included will be a blazon/description of the arms and particulars of their granting, registration, etc. The Certificate will also incorporate an illustration of the Armorial Bearings with appropriate insignia. 8. HERALDIC ART WORK Full colour paintings, individually designed certificates and other specially commissioned art work may be provided, appropriate fees being chargeable. 9. FINANCE Fees on a determined scale will be payable to cover the costs of recording, issuing of certificates, provision of art work, etc. and the general administration of the records. Costing is to be independent of any financial grants from the Order's general funds. If payment for art work, etc. is waived the relevant amounts, with any other surplus, may be paid to the Order's Charity Funds. 10. THE DISPLAY OF INSIGNIA OF THE ORDER WITH PERSONAL ARMORIAL BEARINGS The following optional additaments are permitted:MLJ: The breast badge suspended on a vertical plain green riband, below the shield. OLJ: The breast badge suspended on a vertical green riband with rosette, below the shield. CLJ/CCLJ: The neck badge suspended from a green riband, partly encircling the shield.

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KLJ: The Knight's neck cross with trophy, suspended from a green riband, partly encircling the shield. The shield for all knights and dames displayed upon the eight-pointed Cross of the Order which may be plain vert, or fimbriated gold as is the cross on the Knight's mantle. A chief of Religion (the arms of the Order, argent, a cross vert) upon the shield, above the arms for all knights and dames. (This may be omitted if a chief is already included in the arms, or for other aesthetic reasons.) KCLJ: The arms surrounded by the KCLJ cordon (green, edged purple), with the bow and Knight's cross suspended. GCLJ: As for KCLJ, but with the cordon and bow plain green. Hitherto a GCLJ has been allowed to encircle the arms with the Grand Collar of the Order, but this privilege is now limited to those specifically awarded the Collar. A GCLJ may adopt supporters to the arms if such are not already borne by right. Such adopted supporters are specifically for use within the Order and not hereditary (unless also granted by another competent heraldic authority), and are to be entered in the Armorial Records of the Order.

The Spiritual Protector, Grand Master and the Coadjutor and hereditary commanders may quarter the Arms of the Order. Insignia for the Order of St Lazarus are senior to those of the Order of Merit of St Lazarus and take heraldic precedence. Ranks of the Order of Merit of St Lazarus are similar to those of the Order of St Lazarus and the Order of Merit decoration should generally be suspended below the shield. Clergy: Clergy are subject to similar rules as equivalent ranking lay members. Their badges vary in that the SLJ Monogram and Wreath replace the Knight's Trophy where appropriate. The display of ecclesiastical head dress and other insignia is subject to the customs and regulations of their respective Churches. Ladies: The custom of differencing the arms of women by displaying them on a lozenge or cartouche or in some cases omitting elements of helmet and crest is inconsistent with modern practice and unless specifically requested by the lady concerned, there is no distinction between the arms of men and women. As with the clergy the military trophy is replaced by the SLJ monogram within a wreath.

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Other Decorations, etc. awarded by the Order These may also be displayed below the arms, flanking the principal insignia, or otherwise as appropriate, and following the same general conventions as the above ranks of the Order of St Lazarus.

The Chain of the Order: This may surround the arms of those entitled to the Chain in right of their Office. Insignia of Office: Certain High Officers of the Order may display additaments to their Armorial Bearings, behind the shield, as follows: The Grand Officer of Arms Hereditary Commanders The Grand Marshal The Grand Justiciar The Grand Hospitaller The Grand Archivist Keeper of the Privy Seal The Auditor-General The Grand Custodian(s) The Grand Referendary The Grand Chancellor Ecclesiastical Grand Prior Grand Prior of Order The Grand Commander The Coadjutor The Grand Master

One upright baton A sword and a baton in saltire Two batons in saltire A quill pen and a baton in saltire Two staves of Aesculapius in saltire Two quill pens in saltire A key and a baton in saltire One upright key Two keys in saltire A mace and baton in saltire Two maces in saltire A processional cross and a sceptre with cross in saltire Two swords in saltire A sword and sceptre with crown in saltire A baton and a sceptre ensigned with the Order’s crown in saltire Two sceptres in saltire, each ensigned with the Order's Crown

The first-named additament will appear in dexter chief to sinister base, surmounting the second additament which will appear in sinister chief and dexter base. Where aesthetics makeit more appropriate, a single upright additament may be displayed bendwise. For Vice- or Deputy ranks, a single first-named additament will be used. Insignia, Awards, Decorations, other than those of Saint Lazarus: These are not subject to regulation by the Order, but should not be included with those of St. Lazarus in armorial displays unless awarded by reputable authorities.

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The Heraldic Officers of the Order reserve the right to decline to include any particular Insignia, without prejudice to the status claimed on behalf of the Order or other body concerned.

11. ARMORIAL BEARINGS AND FLAGS OF THE ORDER The Arms of the Order: Argent, a cross vert, surmounting a cross of eight points vert, encircled by the Grand Collar, the whole displayed on a mantle sable, lined ermine, tasselled corded and fringed or, bearing on the sinister side a cross of eight points vert fimbriated or, all ensigned with the Eastern crown of the Order or, lined vert, on which is an orb and a cross of eight points or. The motto of the Order "Atavis et Armis" is displayed on a scroll below the arms. The Arms of the Grand Master: Quarterly: 1 and 4, the arms of the Order; 2 and 3, the personal arms of the Grand Master. The Cross Badge of the Order: A cross of eight points, commonly called a Maltese Cross, vert. The Banner of the Order: Argent, a cross vert, drop:fly ratio 1:2. Flag of the Order's Volunteer Corps: Argent, a cross of eight points vert, drop:fly ratio 1:2. The Ensign/Banner of the Grand Master: The full achievement of arms of the Grand Master upon an argent ground, fringed gold, square. Pennons of the Order: Triangular, bearing respectively the arms of the Order or the eight-point cross Badge of the Order, drop:fly ratio >1:3.5. The Standard of the Order: In the hoist: argent, a cross vert: in the fly: argent, semé of crosses of eight points vert, and upon two transversed bands also vert, in letters or, the Motto: “Atavis et Armis”, the whole fringed vert (fringe optional), drop:fly ratio 1:6. The Pipe or Trumpet Banner of the Order: Argent, with the arms of the Order throughout, square. The Banner of Jurisdictions and Sub-jurisdictions: The arms of the Jurisdiction, drop:fly ratio 4:5. The Jurisdiction banners for primarily indoor use may be fringed and tasselled (2 tassels) or, those of the sub-jurisdictions similarly fringed and tasselled but argent.

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The Gonfalon of the Order, Jurisdictions and Sub-Jurisdictions: These are processional flags and hung from a horizontal spar on a pike. They are the same dimensions and design as the Banner of Jurisdictions but with the longer axis vertical, as appropriate for a flag carried upright. The pendants (normally five) are alternate green and white.

The Arms of the Order - Differenced for the Jurisdictions: Each independent Jurisdiction (reporting directly to the Grand Master or Grand Council, and not to another jurisdiction) may adopt a version of the arms of the Order differenced with an appropriate device in the dexter chief canton. Such devices should follow the heraldic rules by being on a metal (argent/or) ground. Where devices are on a coloured background, they may more appropriately appear as a canton (with a strip of argent between them and the cross vert). Jurisdiction arms have traditionally been displayed in the first quarter since the first registration of order arms differenced by jurisdiction at Lyon Court in Scotland on 6 September 1967. This position allows for the largest display field on the shield and a white background to maximize clarity and reproducibility. For France, as the historical seat of the Order (or areas formerly or currently under French rule in part or in whole), the jurisdiction and sub-jurisdiction arms may be displayed on an escutcheon on the centre of the cross. For sub-jurisdictions, such as commanderies which report to another higher (for example national) jurisdiction, or for other non-independent jurisdictions, a heraldic charge may appear in the second (sinister chief) canton of the national or higher jurisdictional arms. It should appear on a shield on the eight-pointed (“Maltese”) cross of St Lazarus, but never on the full achievement of arms, which is reserved for the arms of the Order or full national or equivalent higher jurisdictions. Generally, jurisdictional arms displayed should be in the form of a full achievement of arms (displayed on a mantle with crown, motto, cross and collar), or for smaller presentations where detail may not reproduce well, small arms, with just shield and motto displayed on the eightpointed cross of St Lazarus, vert. All such devices are to be approved by the Grand Officer of Arms and entered in the Armorial Records of the Order. Any heraldic representations of arms of the order on medals or decorations, seals or flags are to be approved by the Grand Officer of Arms. For general purposes the Jurisdictions should use the arms of the Order undifferenced, but the differenced arms may be used for websites, letterhead, borne on a banner or otherwise as appropriate for jurisdictional purposes, and at Jurisdiction functions or combined functions of the Order. The origins and evolution of the Arms, Cross Badge and Insignia of the Order are set out in "Ordo Sancti Lazari MCMLXXXIII“. Wherever possible, arms should be reproduced in full colour. Where this is not possible, black and white with greytone is preferred.

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12. THE CATEGORY OF JUSTICE Where appropriate, heraldic and genealogic evidence of at least four generations of nobility descending from at least one great-grandparent, or all four grandparents armigerous, or an equivalent, in support of admission to this category will be assessed by the Grand Officer of Arms. The Grand Master may at his discretion grant personal nobility and arms to those highly distinguished in their professions. Those who hold military general officer rank or its equivalent, ministers or heads of government departments or government statutory authorities, governors, or mayors of major cities, members of the Judiciary, heads of major national or international bodies or associations, distinguished professionals who have held the rank of full professor or its professional equivalent for over a decade, heads of major institutions of commerce, and Knights or Dames Grand Cross of recognized military or state orders and those with nobility and arms of less than four generations, may be eligible.

Dennis Endean lvall, GCLJ, OMLJ Judge of Arms March 1996; Revised by

Michael Wallis Ross, CLJ Grand Officer of Arms Approved by Grand Magistral Council in March 2012

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13. Appendix:

Examples of Depictions of Arms and Insignia

Arms of the present Grand Master Flags of the Order

Banner of the Order bannière de l'Ordre (ratio 1:2)

Pennon of the Order's Arms Pennon avec les armes (ratio >1:3.5)

Flag of the Volunteer Corps La Drapeau des corps volontaires (ratio 1:2)

Ensign of a Grand Master L'Enseigne d’un Grand Maître (square)

Pennon of the Order's Badge Pennon de l'Ordre avec l'insigne (ratio >1:3.5)

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Standard of the Order Etendard de l'Ordre (ratio 1:6, length 4 yards (3.66 metres)

Arms of a Jurisdiction as a Banner Arms of a Jurisdiction as a Gonfalon (Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands) (Commandery of Avalon) Bannière de la juridiction Gonfalon de la juridiction (ratio 4:5) (ratio as for banner, pendants an additional ⅓)

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The Method of Displaying the Relevant Additaments and Insignia of Ranks within the Order L'Affichage des Insignes de l'Ordre dans les Armoriaux personnels

Heraldic Additaments - Order of Saint Lazarus Additaments and Achievements drawn by Mathieu Chaine

Grand Justiciar

Hereditary Commander

Keeper of the Privy Seal

Grand Hospitaller

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Auditor-General

Grand Officer of Arms

Grand Archivist

Grand Marshal

Grand Custodian

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Grand Commander

Ecclesiastical Grand Prior

Grand Prior

Grand Chancellor

Coadjutor

Coronet, Grand Officer of Arms

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Method of Displaying Rank Insignia, Order of Saint Lazarus

MLJ

KLJ

OLJ

KCLJ

CLJ

GCLJ

Arms of Women who wish to use a Cartouche

MLJ

OLJ

CLJ

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DLJ

DCLJ

DGCLJ

Arms of Ecclesiastical Members

AChLJ

ChLJ

SChLJ

Insignia of the Grand Officers are, key, sword, mace, baton, sceptre with cross, and sceptre with crown: below, quill pen and staff of Aesculapius. The quill pen is argent, and the staff of Aesculapius is a proper (brown) staff entwined by a single green serpent, langued gules. Use of the cartouche or lozenge is optional for Ladies and Dames, and the cartouche is optional for clerical members, who do not want to use a shield.

Copyright by THE MILIITARY AND HOSPITALLER ORDER OF SAINT LAZARUS OF JERUSALEM Republished by the Public Relations Committee - January 2013 - www.st-lazrus.net

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Heraldic Regulations