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Woodbury University School of Architecture Program

Architecture Portfolio

Bachelor of Architecture

By Adriana Orozco


Directory Domesticity of the Fields......................2 Dua-L-A-ction.........................................18 Sunrise Nest............................................28 Shifted Views..........................................40 Perception................................................44 Congregated V......................................48 Circumscribe...........................................54 Materials + Methods...........................64 Eames House..........................................66 To Orbit....................................................68 Casa U.......................................................70


Given Theme: “Rural Fantastic”

Domesticity of the Fields Making Great Farms Sites: San Diego, CA Oxnard/Ventura, CA Bakersfield, CA Lancaster, CA Delano, CA In a recent trend, large corporate headquarters such as Apple or Facebook have created elaborate onsite environments for their workers: with pool tables, flat screen TV’s, creches, medical facilities, cafes, gyms, and dog parks. Why can’t farmworkers have just as much attention directed at their workplace? This project explores ways in which fields can be transformed into more desirable, even luxurious environments to work in. Whilst the corporate campus model tend to mimic the city - the fields begin to mimic the different rooms and functions of home which for many farmers who follow the harvest - is transient. The landscape is invaded by an array of hybrid structures which support the new emerging culture of the fields by addressing current social and political problems; also through exploring the future folklore and the desirability of vernacular plastic materials typically used in agriculture.

2

Focus Group: Farm Workers

Situation: Missing Amenities in the Fields

Current Trend: Large Corporate Headquarters have commodities and amenities onsite

Possible Solution: Domesticize Fields and incorporate commodities by re-thinking room functions

Materials: Vernacular Plastic Materials found in the fields 3


Recipe for Desirable Environment in the Fields

Precedents

Leisure

Cross Country Weekends Plowing Machine

Monthly Yard Sale Forecart

Date Night Tractor Tractor Carriage

Music Amphitheater Tractor Bucket Seats

Nourishment

Coffee Mornings Solar Panels + Barrels

Evening Buffets Upsidedown Tractor

Harvest Festival Greenhouse

Leg Workout Vintage Tractor

Hair Salon Plastic Crates

Laundromat + Vanity Irrigation System

Horse Head Conference Room - Frank Gehry

Horse Head Conference Room - Frank Gehry

Palacio de Congreso - Selgas Cano

London Home - Selgas Cano

Statue of Liberty (Interior) - Frederic Auguste Bartholdi

Statue of Liberty (Interior) - Frederic Auguste Bartholdi

Personal Routine

Mobile Closet Wagon Tractor

Daily Use Toilets + Showers Water Tank + Scaffolding System

Rights

Clean Water Stations Water Tower

Human Resources + Complaint Department Greenhouse Tractor

Voting Kiosk Electricity Tower

Women’s Health Services Watch Tower

Shelter

4

Sleep + Intimacy Plastic Water Tanks

Food Storage + Refugee Center Plastic Shelter

Break Room Greenhouse + Plastic

First Aid Center Greenhouse + Plastic

5


Folkloric Colors

Hybrid Structures - Amenities & Commodities for the Fields

Folklore: the “body of expressive culture shared by a particular group of people,” is used as a means to this new emerging culture in the fields. The idea is to bring back the colors that were once used from festivities that celebrated the harvest and labor. That celebration is May Day. May Day is an ancient celebration that originated more than 2000 years ago in Rome called “Flora” back then, which marked the beginning of summer, warmer weather, and when trees and flowers start to bloom. The celebration is about traditional dancers dancing around a pole with bright and colorful ribbons, food, drinks, and the crowning of a May Queen. May Day today is known as the international day that honors workers. Back in the 1800’s there were a lot of labor movements in the US, where workers were fighting to have better working accommodations like eight-hour workdays, instead of 16. In conjunction, May Day correlates to this project because futuristic working accommodations are being analyzed through the use of plastics and found materials onsite.

Process

6

Attic

Garage

Laundromat

Balcony

7


Delano

Hybrid Structures - Amenities & Commodities for the Fields

Seasonal Migratory Map for the New Worker A Guide to the Domesticized Fields

5

99

In this map you can see how farm workers have to follow the harvest and migrate to different cities according to season. Farm workers have no real home.

101

Bakersfield

0

58

99

14

395 58 58

5

138

Lancaster

138

101

14 5

15 118

101 101

Oxnard/Ventura

5

Los Angeles Santa Monica Palm Springs 15

5

15

N

San 5Diego 8

Bathroom

Kitchen

Vanity

Women’s Health Services

0

12 Miles

24

ited States California, Un Mexico

9


Southern California Seasonal Chart January

Feb ru ary

h arc M

mber Dece r be m e ov N

May

Jun e

O c tob er

ly Ju

st Augu

Septemb er 10

April - May: Oxnard/Ventura, CA Beets Carrots Cilantro Fennel Radishes Avocado Bok Choy Broccoli Cabbage Cauliflower Celery Chard Grapefruit Kale Leeks Lemons Mandarines Onions Oranges Parsley Strawberries Turnips

June - July: Bakersfield, CA Beets Carrots Cilantro Fennel Radishes Apricots Beans Blackberries Bok Choy Broccoli Cabbage Cauliflower Celery Chard Cucumbers Eggplant Grapefruit Lemons Okra Onions Parsley Peaches Potatoes Raspberries Strawberries Tomatoes Turnips

August - September: Lancaster, CA Beets Carrots Cilantro Fennel Radishes Beans Blackberries Bok Choy Chard Cucumbers Eggplant Lemons Okra Peaches Raspberries Strawberries Tomatoes Turnips

April

Apricots Arugula Avocado Beans - String Beets Blackberries Bok Choy Broccoli Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Celery Chard Cilantro Cucumbers Eggplant Fennel Grapefruit Kale Leeks Lemons Mandarines Okra Onions Oranges Parsley Peaches Potatoes Pumpkins Radishes Raspberries Strawberries Tomatoes Turnips

January - March: San Diego, CA Beets Carrots Cilantro Fennel Radishes Broccoli Cabbage Cauliflower Celery Grapefruit Kale Leeks Lemons Mandarines Oranges Parsley Strawberries

Active Seasonal Foods by Location + Month

October - December: Delano, CA Beets Carrots Cilantro Fennel Radishes Arugula Bok Choy Broccoli Cabbage Cauliflower Celery Chard Kale Leeks Lemons Pumpkins Raspberries Tomatoes Turnips

11


Toothbrushes

Reflective Ceiling Plan for Vanity-Closet

24-Hour Operational Map Garage

Shoes

Laundry Baskets

Attic

D r es se s

Je

Li ng er ie

Hallway an s C

Bathroom

ol or

e blu n ee gr

Balcony Curtain ol d

te s

hi

W

Kitchen

im

ar

yF

Vanity-Closet

12

After Work

Leisure

7:00pm-10:00pm 7:00pm-10:00pm 7:00pm-10:00pm

Game Room - Amphitheater Backyard - Cross-Country Living Room + Fire Place - Drive-In Date Night

Weekends

10:00am-2:00pm 10:00am-2:00pm 10:00am-2:00pm 10:00am-2:00pm

Garage - Yard Sale Hallway - Women’s Health Services Bathroom - Hair Salon Backyard - Harvest Festival

Curtain im

ar

yF

en gre tan

ol

d

Vanity + Sink

Prim

en gre an y t r ga

old

Pr

ary F

e blu en e r g

7:00am Foyer/Entry - Clock-In Kiosk + Voting Stations 11:00am Fitness Room - Salad + Work-Out 12:00pm Noon Kitchen - Break Room 7:00am-3:00pm Butterfly Roof - Drinking Fountain 7:00am-3:00pm Attic - Human Resources + Storage 7:00am-3:00pm Garage - First Aid Center 3:00pm Foyer/Entry - Clock-Out Laundry Room Bathroom + Vanity/Closet Kitchen - Evening Buffet

d

Light Fixtures

Bedroom - Sleep (7.5 Hours) Bathroom - Personal Routine (40 minutes) Vanity/Closet - Getting Ready + Dressed (15 minutes) Balcony - Coffee Before Work (35 minutes)

3:00pm-5:00pm 3:00pm-5:00pm 5:00pm-7:00pm

Fol

en gre y r ga

gray tan

During Work

10:00pm-5:30am 5:30am-6:10am 6:10am-6:25am 6:25am-7:00am

ary

Hanged Clothes

Dryer + Hair Brushes

Farm Tools gray tan

Before Work

Prim

Pr

Laundromat

13


Laundromat Zoomed-In

Vanity-Closet Zoomed-In

1’ = 1/8”

Hanged Bags Hanged Clothes

Vanity + Basin

Washers + Dryers

Soap Dispenser

Long Section With Pivot Irrigation System Attached to Laundromat + Vanity-Closet 1’ = 1/16”

Truss System

38’ 3/4”

Power Line

Pivot Point June 21

Tower

March 21

25’ 0”

Sprinkler Drop

19’ 1/4”

March 21

December 21

Light Fixtures December 21

Cabbage

Sprinkler Drop

June 21

Light Fixtures

10’ 0” 7’ 1/4”

14

Tower

31’ 0”

Service Point

0’ 0”

Cabbage

Utility Owned Transformer + Conductor

15


Attic Section - Re-thinking how an Attic functions in the fields

Attic Elevations

1’ = 1/8”

1’ = 1/16”

North Elevation Roof 1 50’-0”

2

3

West Elevation

4

Roof 50’-0”

In these drawings, you can see program and construction details.

3rd Floor 27’-0” Storage

2nd Floor 14’-0”

Supervise

Third Floor 27’-0”

1st Floor 0’-0” Roof 50’-0” Human Resources

Second Floor 14’-0” 3rd Floor 27’-0” Bicycle Parking

2nd Floor 14’-0” First Floor 0’-0” 1st Floor 0’-0” South Elevation 16

East Elevation 17


Site Plan 100’

Dua-L-A-ction

200’

A Steel Structure for Merchandise, Drones + People New Typology: Iconic Vertical Warehouse + Public Observation Deck Site: BA Storage Warehouse Los Angeles, CA Partner: Kristel Marquez Steel, the material that changed architecture during the Industrial Revolution, is used as a connector between merchandise and the public. Three storage systems are separated according to size by heavy, average and light goods that are placed in their destination by the use of a vertical conveyor belt that divides everything and places them accordingly. Public spaces are also added in different locations including the entrance, an outdoor platform above the 18-wheelers, and a viewing deck.

N

Warehouse Tall Building

Concept

Separation of Merchandise by Weight

The intent is to have visitors enter the building and have a physical connection with the merchandise in the way that both are arriving through the same point. Merchandise Flow + Public Flow

Public Space Integration 18

19


400’

Charging Stations

The space frame envelops the shipping conSpace-frame envelops shipping tainers which are modified to fit meet the concepts intent. Only the walls of the shipcontainers. ping continers are modified to create the

Lightweight Merchandise

Drone Shipping

Average-Weight Merchandise

Process Heavyweight Merchandise

Technology Research for a Vertical Warehouse

surrouding walls. On that note, there is a void in the center which allows for the flow and storage of merchandise.

200’ Folding + Labeling

Idea 1: Using shipping containers as storage in the two left towers, while the structure of the first tower helps stabilize the building.

Idea 2: Re-thinking the design of a tower. Weight of merchandise is distributed by tower rather than from heavy (bottom) to lightweight (top), to test new ways of distribution for the new iconic building.

Box Folding Machine Automated Barcode Label Machine Warehouse Control System + Computers

Storage Warehouse Shelves Automated Stacker Crane (Storage)

Merchandise Processing / Returns

The space frame envelops the shipping containers which are modified to fit meet the concepts intent. Only the walls of the shipping continers are modified to create the surrouding walls. On that note, there is a void in the center which allows for the flow and storage of merchandise.

18-Wheelers / 20-Foot Vans Employee + Forklift Scanners Dolly Carts Kiva Robots Depalletizer

20

Conveyor Belt

21


400 Feet High Speed Transit Zone

Section

Drones

78,100 Square Feet

Offices + Drone Command Drone Shipping Public Observation Deck

Charging Stations

200 Feet High Speed Transit Zone

Folding + Labeling Box Folding Machine Automated Barcode Label Machine Warehouse Control System + Computers

Merchandise Processing / Returns 18-Wheelers / 20-Foot Vans

Depalletizer

r

Kiva Robots

ato

Dolly Carts

v Ele

Scanners

ed

Employee + Forklift

Lightweight Merchandise

Automated Stacker Crane (Storage)

lin Inc

Heavyweight Merchandise + Frozen Food

Warehouse Shelves

Average-weight Merchandise

Storage

Conveyor Belt

Public Flow Merchandise Flow 50’

22

Delivery Method: 10’

100’

Ground Transportation

Drone

Drone

23


Public + Merchandise Flow

A. Panel Structure Joint Steel Ball Joints, Tubular Members, Steel Tube Beams, Plate Fins

A.

The tree branch holds the concrete and glass panels into place to provide shade and exterior views. Location: All of the ribbon structure including the bridge and enveloped panelization of the towers.

B. B. Steel Column Base Standard Steel Columns, Steel Ball Joints, Customized Column + Ball Joint Base The plate works as the support for the canopy-like panels. Location: Bridge where ribbon starts which is the start point for the public + merchandise flow.

24

Top View of Ribbon Structure

25


C. Space Frame Structure Ball Joint Base, Steel Tube Beams Space frame provides strong resistance for the iconic building which main purpose is to store light, medium and heavy goods. Location: All three towers where merchandise is stored. The structure stretches out as towers get taller.

A. Wide Flange Assembly Wide Flange (I-Beams), Steel Plates, Knots + Bolts Wide flange intersections are used as the floor and ceiling of the bridge which ceiling is used as a floor for the public.

C.

Location: Bridge

B.

B. Steel Connection Joint Steel Column, Steel Tube Beams, Customized Steel Neck for Steel Tubing, Concrete Floors Connection assembly consists of using the platforms as a point to connect the two different structures (triangulation + S-shape).

26

Location: Connection between the S-shape structure of the ribbon and the triangulated glass panels.

A.

27


Site Plan

Sunrise Nest

Homeless Dwellings

Site: Tathcher Maintenance Center Venice, CA Sunrise Nest Apartments are breathable. The structure works by having two precast concrete structural walls/ frames that are joined at the tip forming a prism looking structure. As the space of the inclined walls get narrower and there is less square footage, the smaller the dwelling. Therefore, the one-bedroom apartments are in the third floor, the two-beds are in the second floor, and the three-beds are in the first floor. Instead of having bedrooms that are back to back or side to side, there is a triangular gap between each. This helps with air flow of the building between units and natural sunlight. The precast concrete walls have porosity on both sides. The void in the wall of one side is connected to the corridor, while the void on the other side of the prism is found inside the unit. The interior windows (which are the voids of the precast concrete wall) are controlled using awning windows inside units. 1-Bed (Single Room Occupancy), 45 units @ 350 sqft.

50’ N

20’ 20

100’

50

100

Concept 20

50

100

Tectonic Shape: The tectonic shape, is symbolic of a typical house which physiologically translates to shelter and protection.

Extrusion: The tectonic shape is extruded, the longest extrusion being 205 feet and the shortest 55 feet. To create variation within extrusions, the form of the entire building becames a snake-like structure that provides views to the beach.

2-Beds (family of 4), 15 units @ 650 sqft. 3-Beds (extended family), 20 units @ 800 sqft. Handicapped, 45 units @ 350 sqft. Health + Wellness Center, 3000 sqft. 28

Porosity: Each extrusion has voids that are used as a passive cooling system, ventilation, for natural sunlight, and to have access from one side to the other. 29


Pacific Ocean

Site Analysis

4

1 2 5 7 3

Noise Graph by DB

100

30

Site 1

6

Water

Cyclists

Measured Noise

Domesticated Dogs

90

Buildings

80

Homeless Zones

Trash

Butter-

70

Vegetation

Power Lines

Birds

Sand

Walked Path

60

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

8

7 MPH SW

31


Light Studies (Process)

32

West - Noon

To keep the building cool throughout the day, the openings face downward to avoid direct sunlight into the building.

Multiple voids in the tectonic shape are designed for maximum ambient light.

Most voids are found on the left side of the tectonic shape to be able to enjoy the sunset views.

Winter

Winter

Openings that face east, are for natural sunlight penetration in the mornings as a passive system for heating. The openings facing downward, are for sunlight reflection as light bounces from the ground and back into the building.

South - Noon

Summer

North - Noon

Summer

East - Noon

33


Finalized Ideas While the tectonic shape could’ve been used in the facade to control sunlight, instead it was used as the shape of the building.

As prism gets narrower, the smaller the square footage and therefore the unit.

Building works as a watershed, where a gravel bed is located on each end of building.

Units

Cross Ventilation

Void

Units

34

Single-loaded design allows views on both sides, as well as cross ventilation.

Corridor

Corridor

Site plan diagram, where unit orientation aims for a beach view.

35


Detail Section 1’ = 1/8”

2. 4. 3. 1.

1-Bed 8. 11.

9. 12.

7. 10. 13. 16.

14.

15.

1. Angled Concrete Wall 2. Expansion Joint 3. Cast-In Plates as Req’d by Design 4. Anchor Bolts 5. Concrete Frame Porosity 6. Glass 7. Rubber Strip for Window 8. Hardwood Flooring 9. Wood Sleepers 10. Corrugated Concrete Slab 11. Dropped Ceiling 12. Ducts 13. Water Pipes 14. C-Stud Grid 15. Insulation 16. Drywall 17. Waterproofing Layer 18. Rebar 19. Gravel 20. River Stones 21. Filter Fabric 22. Drain Pipe 23. Soil

15. 17. 5.

2-Bed 6.

3-Bed

18.

20.

21.

19. 19.

23. 22.

36

37


Section 1’ = 1/64”

Floor Plans

1’ = 1/128”

N

38

First Floor

Second Floor

Third Floor

39


B.

Site Plan 1’ = 1/16”

Shifted Views Urban Train Platform

Site: College Street in Lincoln Heights, Los Angeles, CA A 3-point structure is designed to study alternative ways in which the articulation of geometry, human activities, and materiality, can all inhabit a space. This is fully accessible and is for the overall enjoyment of Southern California train system as it enters the Union Station area. Some of the views in this site include the immediate train tracks as the primary view, Chinatown as the secondary view, and the skyscrapers from Downtown Los Angeles as the teritary view. Keeping these important views in mind, the platforms of the 3-point structure are shifted accordingly.

Testing 3-point structure using 90° angled walls. C.

A.

A. C.

Integration of elevator for accessibility.

N

Shifting views and incorporated angled walls.

40

Platforms are adjusted for main views, and angled walls follow the triangular truss making structure and form go together.

Exploring trusses.

A) Primary View: Train Tracks

B) Secondary View: Chinatown

C) Teritary View: DTLA

41


Observe

Elevation

Material: Steel, and Corten Steel walls which have relativity to the train tracks found on site.

1’ = 1/16�

Read

Listen

Socialize

42

43


Perception

Precedents

Museum - Program and Space Site: MOCA Pacific Design Center

Main Entrance

West Hollywood, CA Given the Marcia Simon collection located at MOCA in Los Angeles, the new architectural design for the MOCA Pacific Design Center in West Hollywood was determined. This art collection focuses on visual movement and perception such as the works by Robert Smithson and Jasper Johns. Smithson’s Spiral of Cinnabar changes the way people understand views by altering the landscape in a spiral. Johns’ piece Ventriloquist, changes the colors in the American flag to have the audience look at it a second time and wonder why. On that note, the new design of the 7500 square foot museum space is sequenced into spaces that have slits in the walls that invite guests to look down at the art that was once seen for a second time. Like Ventriloquist, this detail on the interior walls will have people take a second look at the art from the previous floor and get a different perspective on it.

Underground Floor

Isometric View MIT Chapel

Court of the Lions - Alhambra Palace Isometric Drawing

Spiral of Cinnabar is the first piece displayed at entrance, which determines the circular circulation of the museum.

Iterations

Hybrid study models of MIT Chapel (Eero Saarinen) + Court of the Lions from Alhambra Palace. 44

45


Sectional Model

Section

In this section, you can see all four floors orbiting around the elevator located in the center, the undergound floor where the storage room, employee lockers and bathrooms are, and the slits on the interior walls.

10’

5’

Main Floor Plan This floor plan shows how it’s designed around the elevator, likewise all other floors.

The slits on the main floor, are the only ones that have an exterior view. Likewise, these are the only ones that provide minimal natural light into the museum. 10’

47

46 5’


N

large living rooms with their own laundry room, bathrooms, and kitchens. Senior units have large bathrooms for accessibility, studios with less doors for easier access, but smaller living room spaces. Student units have shareable bedrooms, Car Bicycle Circulation Bicycle Pedestrian Circulation Carkitchens, Circulationand laundry. Pedestrian

Circulation Each social group has theirCirculation own communal spaces.

Entrances

Circulation Most importantly, the proj-

ect is about having social spaces for all users. The resident communal spaces separate one social group from the other located on two different towers. To connect all users, there are bridges that take you from one side to the oppoThe site located between the streets of Figueroa and W 9th St. in downtown site. Los Angeles has a lot of diversity in terms of people, materiality, and social Mixed-Use Housing spaces which contributed and influenced the final project. Three social For housing a grid is used, not along the perimeter, but everywhere else groups; families, seniors and students, are found within the surrounding area. inwardly to show individualism. The geometry for the resident communal On that note, the project focuses on separating the different groups by giving Site: Figueroa Street spaces is rectilinear to show the difference between each. Concrete domithem individualism by rethinking the living spaces according to that user. The nates the building for all housing, and glass is used for the social spaces. floorplans cater to different lifestyles according to each user. Family units have Downtown Los Angeles, CA 3 Social Groups large living rooms with their own laundry room, bathrooms, and kitchens. N 3 Social Groups Senior units have large bathrooms for accessibility, studios with less doors for easier access, but smaller living room spaces. Student units have shareable bedrooms, Car Bicycle Circulation Bicycle Entrances Pedestrian Circulation Carkitchens, Circulationand laundry.

floorplans cater to different lifestyles according to each user. Family units have large group living rooms their own laundry room, bathrooms, and kitchens. Each social has itswith own commuSenior units have large bathrooms for accessibility, studios with less doors for nal space as well as communal spaces easier access, but smaller living room spaces. Student units have shareable for all.bedrooms, The groups of people their kitchens, andhave laundry.

3 Social Groups

Floors 2-

Fig

ue

ro

aS t.

Congregated V

Pedestrian Housing regulates much of the way we live. It would be a benefit if social Circulation Circulation Circulation Each social group has their own communal spaces. Most importantly, the projgroupings, the individual, security, and ect is about having social spaces for all users. The resident communal spaces interfaces between public and private separate one social group from the other located on two different towers. To connect all users, there are bridges that take you from one side to the oppospaces are addressed. In this case, the The site located between the streets of Figueroa and W 9th St. in downtown site. three most common social groups; Los Angeles has a lot of diversity in terms of people, materiality, and social families, seniors, andcontributed students are found spaces which and influenced the final project. Three social For housing a grid is used, not along the perimeter, but everywhere else in the groups; heart offamilies, Downtown Losand Angeles. seniors students, are found within the surrounding area. inwardly to show individualism. The geometry for the resident communal On that note, the project the different groups by giving Therefore, each floorplan catersfocuses to the on separating spaces is rectilinear to show the difference between each. Concrete domithem individualism by rethinking according to that user. The different lifestyles according to user. the living spaces nates the building for all housing, and glass is used for the social spaces.

Site

1’ = 1/256”

W

9t

h

St

.

Separating Social Groups

Communal Spaces

N

Concrete Floor Floors 2-7

Hardwood Floor

Circulation Diagram 1’ = 1/64”

Separation ofSocial Social Groups Separating Groups

Communal Spaces

Individualism

1st Fl

own individualism, but are able to connect from sidegroup to the other Eachone social has theirwith ownthe communal spaces. Most importantly, the project is about having social spaces for all users. The resident communal spaces bridges found of the “V” void. separate one social group from the other located on two different towers. To connect all users, there are bridges that take you from one side to the opposite.

Pedestrian

Hardwood Floor

Concrete Floor Circulation

Car Circulation

Main Bicycle Tile Floor Entrances Circulation

For housing a grid is used, not along the perimeter, but everywhere else inwardly to show individualism. The geometry for the resident communal spaces is rectilinear to show the difference between each. Concrete dominates the building for all housing, and glass is used for the social spaces.

3 Social Groups

Separating Social Groups

Hardwood Floor

48

3 Social Groups

Separating Social Groups

Communal Spaces Communal Spaces

Concrete Floor

Communal Spaces

Individualism Individualism

Individualism

Tile Floor

1st Floor

Undergr

49


Facing back of building - South

Facing Figueroa St - West

Diagram Facing Figueroa St - West

Diagram that Shows Communal Spaces Communal Spaces

paces

Per Social Per Social Group Group

Resident Communal Resident Communal Public Communal Public Communal

The first floor of most buildings in Downtown Los Angeles usually “belongs” to the public. There’s always restaurants, bars, clubs, cafes, or grocery stores. Therefore, the first floor of the Congregated V belongs to the public as well.

Section that shows communal spaces

Section that Shows Social Spaces

Section that shows living spaces

Section that Shows Living Spaces

1’ = 1/64”

Section that Shows Social Spaces

51

50

Section B


Enlarged Plans for Different Users 1/8” = 1’

Plans

Hardwood Floor

Concrete Floor

Family units have large living rooms with a laundry room, bathroom, bedrooms, and kitchen. Unit

Unit

Student Housing Computer Room

Student units have shareable bedrooms, kitchens and laundry.

Balconies

Balconies Unit

Families with Kids

Senior Housing

Unit

Senior units have large bathrooms for easier accessibility, spaces with less walls and doors, and smaller living room spaces. Also, similar to senior housing, they tend to have a lot of courtyards and communal spaces. This seems to be vital for them so they won’t feel lonely.

Unit

Unit Students

Kitchen Unit

Living Room

Balconies Unit

Communal Space

Seniors

Balconies

Kitchen

Seniors

Laundry

Family Housing

Tile Floor

Computer Room

Students

15’ 10’

Seniors

Students

Elevations 1’ = 1/64”

North Elevation - 9th Street

52

East Elevation - W Flower Street

South Elevation - Back of Building

West Elevation - Figueroa Street

53


Site + Precedent 1’ = 1/256”

Circumscribe

Coastal Athletic Center - Site Orders Site: Block Baseball Field San Pedro, CA To develop site planning and building design, natural and urban site orders are explored and analyzed using photogrpahy and sectional studies. To do so, horizontal planes are used to correspond to plan and top-views focusing on the accumulation of horizontal cuts or also known as contour lines. The vertical planes correspond to section and elevation, and oblique planes focuses on 3-dimensional space on the x, y, and z axis. A couple of precedents are given to help with these studies and to be able to explore different designs with the idea of circumscribing geometry, which is to draw geometry within other geometry.

Site Precedent: Homebush Bay, Sydney, Australia

250’ 100’ N

Site San Pedro, CA 700’ x 100’ 1’ = 1/128”

ARCH 283//SPRING 2014

Both San Pedro and Homebush Bay are composed of curves, vegetation, water, and slopes.

54

Geometry found in Homebush Bay site.

55


Studies

Horizontal Study: Curves & determining path.

Horizontal Study: Geometry becomes more aggressive and remains curved as it’s closer to the waterline.

Hybrid of a horizontal and vertical study. 56

Vertical Study: Adding curves in section.

Oblique Study: Adding covered space.

Oblique Study: Adding more geometrical defined space and program.

57


100’

58 50’ h.

i.

k.

q.

t.

a.

l.

n.

o.

m.

g.

d.

f.

s.

c.

e.

p.

DRAINAGE

VEGETATION

PROGRAM

GEOMETRY: PLAN

b.

j.

r.

CONTOURS

a. Parking Space b. Boat Storage c. First Aid d. Lobby e. Administration Office f. Mechanical Room g. Pool h. Women's Bathroom i. Women's Locker Room j. Women's Shower Room k. Maintenance l. Snack Bar m. Men's Locker Room n. Men's Bathroom o. Men's Shower Room p. Exercise Room q. Bicycle Parking r. Equipment Storage s. Basketball Court t. Pier

GEOMETRY: SECTION

b.

j.

r.

h.

i.

k.

q.

t.

a.

l.

n.

o.

m.

g.

d.

f.

s.

c.

e.

p.

Studies

Circumscribed Geometry

String is sowed into acrylic molds to show geometry. 59


e. Women’s Bathrooms - 300sq ft f. Women’s Showers - 300sq ft g. Women’s Lockers - 1000sq ft h. Basketball Court - 5000sq ft i. Pool - 3000sq ft j. Pool - 3000sq ft k. Storage Room - 300sq ft l. Maintenance - 300sq ft m. First Aid Room - 300sq ft n. Mechanical Room - 500sq ft o. Administration - 500sq ft p. Lobby - 1000sq ft q. Bicycle Parking r. Boat Storage - 1000sq ft s. Snack Bar - 300sq ft

Key: a.CONTOURS Exercise Room - 3000sq ft b. Men’s Lockers - 1000sq ft c. Men’s Showers - 300sq ft d. Men’s Bathrooms - 300 sq ft e. Women’s Bathrooms - 300sq ft f. Women’s Showers - 300sq ft g. Women’s Lockers - 1000sq ft h. Basketball Court - 5000sq ft i. Pool - 3000sq ft j. Pool - 3000sq ft k. Storage Room - 300sq ft l. Maintenance - 300sq ft m. First Aid Room - 300sq ft n. Mechanical Room - 500sq ft o. Administration - 500sq ft p. Lobby - 1000sq ft q. Bicycle Parking r. Boat Storage - 1000sq ft s. Snack Bar - 300sq ft

Final Model

GEOMETRY: PLAN

p

q

r

n

o

s

GEOMETRY: PLAN

j

PROGRAM

Final Model: Red string represents covered spaces or canopies made out of fabirc if this was built in reality.

p m q

Black string represents the roof of buildings and view of each covered and programmed space.

n

o

s

l

k

GEOMETRY: PLAN

j

Cross Sections

PROGRAM

p m

q

VEGETATION

n

o

s

i

l

k

f

e

g

j d PROGRAM Sections: 1/16”=1’ c

1.

2.

3.

p

b

4.

h

5.

6.

m

q

VEGETATION o

s

n

l

k

i

Circumscribe

100’ f

60

50’

a DRAINAGE

e

j

d

g

Homebush Bay in Sydney was given as the initial site to explore all geographical aspects including the geometry that could have possibly formed the land within other geometry, was extracted from Homebush Bay and was used as the driven factor that determined the final result of the Athletic Center. Close curves found and circles within other circles. On the other hand, the rest of the land was formed by aggressive geometry like squares and triangles. The that characteristic whereas there are curves and circles around the water line and pointy geometry as it moves up the slope and away from the ocean. T piece of vegetation, water, earth and a slope. These were also manipulated by that same concept, but this time using Bezier curves in plan and in sectio shapes formed inside and outside the Bezier curves to circumscribe them. The outcome offered a path along with possible architecture. Because the ge certain extent as it was inside of each other, the best method for reflecting these ideas was to use the ruling and subtraction methods. The subtraction m carving of the ground while ruling offered architecture. With the ruling method it was easy to convert the roof into an enclosed area and as a fabric canop

61


62 50’ Plan - All Topography: 1/16”=1’ Plan - All Topography: 1/16”=1’

VEGETATION

VEGETATION

d

c

b

b

g

Plan: 1/16”=1’

Plan: 1/16”=1’

h

a

s

j

q

a

h

k

o

p

s

m

i

k

l

o

n

p

i

m

l

n

5.

c

d

eg

m. First Aid Room - 300sq ft. n. Mechanical Room - 500sq ft. o + p. Administration + Lobby - 1500sq ft. q. Bicycle Parking r. Boat Storage - 1000sq ft. f

j

q

r

4.

e

f

g. Women’s Lockers - 1000sq ft. h. Basketball Court - 5000sq ft. i. Pool I - 300sq ft. j. Pool II - 300 sq ft. k. Storage Room - 300 sq ft. l. Maintenance - 300sq ft.

3.

DRAINAGE

PROGRAM

PROGRAM

r

2.

DRAINAGE

GEOMETRY: PLAN

GEOMETRY: PLAN

Section CONTOURS

Key: a. Exercise Room - 3000sq ft. b. Men’s Lockers - 1000sq ft. c. Men’s Showers - 300sq ft. d. Men’s Bathrooms - 300sq ft. e. Women’s Bathrooms - 300sq ft. f. Women’s Showers - 300sq ft.

CONTOURS

Key: Key: a. Exercise Room - 3000sq a. ftExercise Room - 3000sq ft b. Men’s Lockers - 1000sqb.ftMen’s Lockers - 1000sq ft c. Men’s Showers - 300sqc.ft Men’s Showers - 300sq ft d. Men’s Bathrooms - 300d.sqMen’s ft Bathrooms - 300 sq ft e. Women’s Bathrooms - 300sq ft e. Women’s Bathrooms - 300sq ft f. Women’s Showers - 300sq ft f. Women’s Showers - 300sq ft g. Women’s Lockers - 1000sq ft g. Women’s Lockers - 1000sq ft h. Basketball Court - 5000sq ft h. Basketball Court - 5000sq ft i. Pool - 3000sq ft i. Pool - 3000sq ft j. Pool - 3000sq ft j. Pool - 3000sq ft k. Storage Room - 300sq k. ft Storage Room - 300sq ft l. Maintenance - 300sq ft l. Maintenance - 300sq ft m. First Aid Room - 300sqm. ft First Aid Room - 300sq ft n. Mechanical Room - 500sq ft n. Mechanical Room - 500sq ft o. Administration - 500sq fto. Administration - 500sq ft p. Lobby - 1000sq ft p. Lobby - 1000sq ft q. Bicycle Parking q. Bicycle Parking r. Boat Storage - 1000sq ftr. Boat Storage - 1000sq ft s. Snack Bar - 300sq ft s. Snack Bar - 300sq ft

Plan 1. 6.

Underground

Top View

100’ Adriana Orozco / Jason King / Final Review / Studio 2B / April 29, 2015

Detail Section: 1/8” = 1’

63


Materials + Methods Team: Yuri Bernabe Alexis Garcia David Mauricio Hana Nguyenky The study of materiality and connections is made by studying the precedent, Jean-Marie Tjibaou Cultural Center, located in New Caledonia by Renzo Piano. The cultural center is an eco building which main characteristic is ventilation through the use of wood panels made from the local resources of the island. Piano, wanted to make the cultural center look like baskets because he wanted to mimic the homes of the indigenous people which looked like huts. To build a portion of this project, our team used laminated wood which we curved using clamps, we welded steel rods and plates, used wood joinery, and glued horiztonal wood panels.

Section 1’ = 1/32”

11 1/4”

65

64 Section Cut

Scale: 1’ = 4”


Drawings

1’ = 1/16”

West Elevation

Eames House Case Study No. 8 Team: Alexis Garcia Mayra Trejo Michael Turk

East Elevation

Located in the Pacific Palisades, the Eames House Case Study No. 8 is a mid20th century modern house constructed by Charles and Ray Eames. The house is a reflection of industrial design since it was built of steel frames, wood, and glass that was both opaque and transparent. It’s situated in a nature-like setting surrounded by eucalyptus trees and uses the three true colors, most likely inspired by Piet Mondrain, blue, yellow, and red.

First Floor Plan

South Elevation

North Elevation

Second Floor Plan

Abstract representation of the Eames House showing exploded rooms, which emphasize bits of information that might have inspired the Eames’ to the design of the house. This includes the industrial revolution, different types of steel, and their love for nature. 66

67


To Orbit Team: Sana Arshad Mayra Trejo Michael Turk Yuqi Wang Forms and spatial configurations are derived techniques utilized in the process of this project. A series of translations allowed us to understand spatial potential through different tests. For instance, the relationships and engagement with the human body investigates on the nature of engagement of the body with an object or construct. These investigations focused specifically on diverse types of body movement and stasis through photography. The goal ultimately was to look for opportunities to inhabit a space. Using the given word, orbit, our group made a series of rectangles that rest on top of each other that extend from one corner to the other. The goal was to make this curved construct as tall as 8’ to have people walk underneath it. As someone passes through the construct, the person becomes the central force of the construct having the effect as if the rectangles were orbiting around the person. As far as materials, knots, bolts, 2x4’s, and lap joinery were used.

68

Half-lap Joinery

Rising Up

Squatting

Leaning

Leaning Sideway

69


Consultant Address Address Address Phone

Level 2 10' - 0"

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

Level 1 0' - 0"

North 1/4" = 1'-0"

Casa U

No.

Residence San Ignacio, Aguascalientes, Mexico

Description

Date

Level 2 10' - 0"

Level 1 0' - 0"

Summer 2015 - February 2018

-

Elevations

Casa U is in North-Central Mexico. The client wanted the living room to be the center of the house and wanted to separate the bedroom from the kitchen and garage. Additionally, summer in Aguascalientes has elevated temperatures, and during winter it can get really cold. The kitchen faces the northeast corner and although the four bedrooms face south, the temperature can be controlled through the installed shutters.

-

Owner

1’ = 1/4”

Project Name

Level 2 10' - 0" Level 2 10' - 0"

Unnamed

Floor Plan

www.autodesk.com/revit

Level 1 0' - 0"

West Elevation

Drawn By Checked By

Scale

A102

1/4" = 1'-0"

1’ = 1/4”

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

7' - 0"

22' - 0"

6' - 0"

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

Lavadoras 2 51 SF

Garage para 2 Carros

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

West 4 2 Level 10' - 0"1/4" = 1'-0"

Cocina

1

4

484 SF

421 SF

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

Level 2 10' - 0"

Limpieza 3 42 SF

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

Level 1 0' - 0"

www.autodesk.com/revit

Level 1 0' - 0"

6' - 0"

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

No.

5 612 SF

Date

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

Level 2 10' - 0" Level 2 10' - 0"

9' - 0"

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

Site

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

13' - 6"

Owner

Cuarto 3 15

Level 2 10' - 0"

Level 2 10' - 0"

Consultant Address Address Address Project Number Phone Date Level 1 0' - 0" Level 1 0' - 0"

2

North 1/4" = 1'-0"

Level 1 0' - 0"

South Elevation

Drawn By Consultant Address Checked By Address Address Phone

Scale

Description

Unnamed 5' - 0"

Level 2 10' - 0"

No.

Closet

West 1/4" = 1'-0"

No.

Description

Closet

14

13

30 SF

30 SF

1/4" = 1'-0"

Owner 4

10 25 SF

Date

Project Number Issue 6'Date - 0" Author Checker

A102

Closet

131 SF

Project Name

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

7 53 SF

Date

6' - 0"

Cuarto 2

Cuarto 1

12

11

138 SF

138 SF

Cuarto Master 8

17' - 0"

East Elevation

North 1/4" = 1'-0"

Bano Privado 12' - 6"

187 SF 11' - 6"

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

Consultant Address Address Address Phone

11/6/2017 1:51:28 AM

Level 1 0' - 0"

10' - 6"

2

6 53 SF

www.autodesk.com/revit

Level 1 0' - 0" Level 1 0' - 0"

Bano 6' - 0"

Level 2 10' - 0"

Sala

Consultant Address Address Address Phone Description

21' - 6"

North Elevation

North 1/4" = 1'-0"

34' - 6"

2

6' - 0"

Aguascalientes

70

17' - 6"

22' - 0"

Date

Project Number Issue Date Author Checker

8' - 6"

Project Number

Level 1 0' - 0"

11/6/2017 1:51:28 AM

2

Closet 9 30 SF

12' - 0"

12' - 0"

5' - 0"

12' - 0"

71

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