Page 1

nallah nahi kaala

Ecological Urbanism Project GUIDE: SANDEEP MENON ADITI VEENA GUPTA SIDDHARTHA RAUNIAR RISHI GANGWAR

Barapullah Naalah re-visited and re-assessed

!of


Covering of storm water drains leads to more contamination with the production of methane, hydrogen-sulphide and other gases accompanied by more problems of de-silting and cleaning.

12.8km

89.6Ha. 50%

1,25,000Kld

114Ha.

6

19

4.53Km

The Kushak - Barapullah Naalah that originates from the ridge and runs through the western fringes of Central Delhi, South Delhi and Nizammudin to join Yamuna at Sarai Kale Khan

With a width of 70 m. on an average this drain covers an area of 9.60 Ha

This drain collects the discharges of other internal, peripheral and trunk drains to further discharge its contents-1,25,000 Kld of domestic and industrial sewage into the Yamuna.

area [open greens] directly affected and connected as the Nallah Eco Zone

zones that the Nallah is divided into

No. of major old and new road bridges or walk-overs that cross the KushakBarapullah main water route.

This important link road extending to 4.53 kms built over Delhiʼs historical drain - the Barapullah Nallah, starts from Ring Road near Sarai Kale Khan in East Delhi and ends at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in South Delhi.

50% of the sewage in this drain is untreated waste coming from cluster settlements

Proposals for revitalisation of the Nallahs by various organisations and people have included suggestions for improvement in quality of water and to activation of neighbouring areas. 01 To create a parallel channel for sewage. 02 To make STP’s at point of intersection of sub drains, after which treated water can be flown to open drain. 03 At points where there is more space can be made to eco-sensitive zones with treatment plants and water body. 04 Alternative routes or pedestrian walkways with jogging tracks can be made parallel to drain like barapullah elevated road, to make it more active and electric vehicles can be run on it connecting eco-sensitive zones and other places. 05 Planting more trees. 06 Area between sun dial and Yamuna can be made bio-diversity park with treated water of drain collected like in hauz khas and prevented to flow into Yamuna.

08 Dilli Haat was built on top of the Naalah

07 Wretched state of the naalah adjoining residential colonies

only 02% of the catchment area of Yamuna is under Delhi, yet it contributes to 80% of its total pollution.

06 Construction for Barapullah flyover phase 2 happening inside of the Naalah

< to the ridge

These systems lost over the years and both river and water streams being the easy and cost free ways to discharge drain, are automatically converted to drainage channels, without giving a thought and these open and neglected drains leads to water crisis.

Delhi’s situation Today

ORDER\\ 18 MARCH 2014 We consider it most appropriate that the experts should suggest another possible mode by which the ecology and environment can be maintained, at the same time, methodology is provided for taking the sewage by a separate drain which may be through pipeline covered the drain or otherwise. Thus, we direct Secretary, Deptt. Of Public Health, Secretary, Deptt. Of Environment, NCT of Delhi, Prof. Gosain, Engineer-in-Chief, South Municipal Corporation of Delhi, CEO of DJB and Vice Chairman of DDA to constitute a committee. This Committee shall submit a report within two weeks from today before the Tribunal inter alia but primarily on the following:-

nallah nahi kaala

The ridge & river were important parts of all settlements of ancient and medieval Delhi. Reservoirs were formed by encasing the natural terrain streams and were called Nallahs. They originated from ridge during rain and were used all year round for daily water uses.

national green tribunal

05

04

Newer bridges, naalah flows underneath Pitiful state of the naalah with sewage and other waste flowing through it with sqatter settlements on the sides.

02

03

Covered Naalah stretch This stretch behind the Meharchand market is where 3 offshoots join the naalah and has been covered.

Historic Barapullah bridge from the 14th C The bridge built by the tughlaks is still used as a mandi.

Barapullah elevated corridor ttrails the naalah from the Sarai Kale Khan to JNS

Naalah meets the Yamuna in the distance The Barapullah naalah doesnʼt flow through an STP before it drains itʼs waste into the Yamuna

Safdarjung Airport

South Extension I

Jor Bagh

05

Lodi Colony

JNS

Jangpura

01

08

07

Drain

South Extension I

Defence Colony

Map showing the extent of the Barapullah nallah with corresponding images Open naalah Covered naalah

Kidwai Nagar

Bling Zone

Construction Zone

Heritage Zone

Average discharge into Yamuna (cum/sec.)

% BOD load contribution

Najafdarh

121.57

32.99

Shahadara

64.71

17.56

Sarita Vihar

39.93

10.83

Maharani Bagh

23.99

6.51

Barapullah

Green Zone

PURANA QUILA

PARKING 10% FOREST 11%

GOLF COURSE

LODI

NEHRU PARK

Sunheripullah channel

END ZONE GREENS

Forest Habitat

Mehrauli Channel Jehanpannah/ Siri Channel

Hauz Khas Channel

Defense Colony Channel

150

15

36

Threatened species of butterflies in India. Few are aware of the crucial pollination role the butterfly plays, which is second only to the honeybee.

critically endangered species of birds out of 100 are in India: Bengal Florican, Forest Owlet, Red-headed Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Jerdon's Courser, Lesser Florican, Spoon-billed Sandpiper, Sociable Lapwing, Siberian Crane, Great Indian Bustard, Greater Adjutant, White-bellied Heron, Wood Snipe, Masked Finfoot and Christmas Island Frigatebird.

Mice, reptiles, amphibians and mammals under the critically endangered list of species in India. About 6 could be found in Delhi.

04

06 INA

OTHER 58%

Huge increment in hard surface leads to complete runoff of rain water and mixing with sewage

the nallah in some perspective: if the naalah was:

03 02

ROADS 21%

These directions shall be carried out by all the Corporations as well as PWD or CPWD and by Government Authorities, as the case may be. The Senior most Officers of the Corporations and others would be responsible for execution of this Order personally.

Nizamuddin West

NDMC GREEN

CENTRAL RIDGE

1. Providing open drains and maintaining the natural storm water drains which existed in Delhi for hundreds of years. 2. Separately covered drains which may be part of the main drain itself to carry sewage 3. Beautification and conservation of all the sites of the drains. 4. On the basis of “Polluter Pays” principle what money should be contributed by the public at large for maintaining the environment and ecology and collection and disposal of sewerage.

01

re-imagining the barapullah nallah as greenway routes for connecting interspersed forests and parks through delhi.

Wetlands, parks and forests

End Zone

14.30

3.88

Examples of species in various habitats

This network of 3 different kinds of habitats: wetlands, forests and parks would create an extensive interspersed network of greens in the city, would encourage continuous biome flow and also act like wildlife corridors for some species.

A water Tank// Water requirement for 8,73,920 persons / year

Rice field // Rice to feed 2750 people a year

HAUZ KHAS SIRI MEHRAULI GREENS

Urban Land// Could accommodate 8205 persons

OKHLA/JASOLA

Parking // 89.6 Ha. = 3840 cars or only a thousandth of delhi’s cars.

SANJAY VAN

JAHANPANAH

Map showing the improved habitat connections after connecting greens with the Nallahs

Naalah/ Wetland habitat

cycle tracks/ walkways

Public park Habitat

Of birds and butterflies: Greenway why we should be worried Routes High pollution levels in the Yamuna, gradual disappearance of marshlands and shrinking of protected wildlife habitats such as the Okhla Bird Sanctuary on the river banks to a mere four square kilometre stretch of wetland have resulted in the dissapearing of important species of birds and butterflies. Birds are considered to be a good indicator of the condition of the natural environment. The fact that a recent study by experts at Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and Yale University has identified 100 Evolutionary Distinct and Globally Endangered (EDGE) species worldwide shows that most of the habitats are under threat from unsustainable human activities. Of these 15 are species from India. When large habitats are fragmented into small isolated patches, food sources become scarcer for resident animals. Populations may then decline to the point that they are no longer able to benefit plants. As certain wild pollinators need undisturbed habitat for nesting, roosting, foraging and sometimes specific larval host plants, they are very susceptible to habitat degradation and fragmentation in particular. This means we could be looking at entire ecosystems crashing due to extinction of a few species.

This project looks at creating new habitats and magnifying the existing habitats of various species by increasing the size and connectivity of habitat patches along the Barapullah Nallah. The aim of this project is to attract existing species in greater number while also attracting new species, and making them a part of the city. These paths along the nallah shall be developed as an extensive pedestrian network through the city while being an ecologically rich habitat for these birds and butterflies. Ultimately we would like to see ecocorridors with pedestrian and bicycle access with controls to increase the pleasure of walking through the city and enjoying viewing of wildlife and bird watching.

Have ecosystems been revived before? The Aravalli Biodiversity Park in Vasant Vihar in Delhi, 400 host plants have played a major role in supporting over 90 species of butterflies. The transition has taken time and effort. The project started in 2006, with just 14 species of butterflies. The park started growing the host plants and some varieties of weeds that support butterflies. They also carefully collected caterpillars from the plants and shift them to a butterfly nursery where they are safe till they turn in to full-grown butterflies and can be released outside. A similar effort can be extended to the city.

wetlands parks forests

barapullah nallah ki kahaani

Shikara

Sunbird

White eared Bulbul

Lime butterfly

House sparrow

Blue Pansy

Hirundines

Brahmni Shelduck

Red crested poachard

bird watching. butterfly watching. park walking. flower power! you can do Common Bird Monitoring is a Citizen Science initiative of Nature Forever Society to monitor and conserve India’s Common Birds. Register here: http://www.cbmi.in/

Ecological Urbanism Project GUIDE: SANDEEP MENON ADITI VEENA GUPTA | SIDDHARTHA RAUNIAR | RISHI GANGWAR

!of


Covering of storm water drains leads to more contamination with the production of methane, hydrogen-sulphide and other gases accompanied by more problems of de-silting and cleaning.

12.8km

89.6Ha. 50%

1,25,000Kld

114Ha.

6

19

4.53Km

The Kushak - Barapullah Naalah that originates from the ridge and runs through the western fringes of Central Delhi, South Delhi and Nizammudin to join Yamuna at Sarai Kale Khan

With a width of 70 m. on an average this drain covers an area of 9.60 Ha

This drain collects the discharges of other internal, peripheral and trunk drains to further discharge its contents-1,25,000 Kld of domestic and industrial sewage into the Yamuna.

area [open greens] directly affected and connected as the Nallah Eco Zone

zones that the Nallah is divided into

No. of major old and new road bridges or walk-overs that cross the KushakBarapullah main water route.

This important link road extending to 4.53 kms built over Delhiʼs historical drain - the Barapullah Nallah, starts from Ring Road near Sarai Kale Khan in East Delhi and ends at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in South Delhi.

50% of the sewage in this drain is untreated waste coming from cluster settlements

Proposals for revitalisation of the Nallahs by various organisations and people have included suggestions for improvement in quality of water and to activation of neighbouring areas. 01 To create a parallel channel for sewage. 02 To make STP’s at point of intersection of sub drains, after which treated water can be flown to open drain. 03 At points where there is more space can be made to eco-sensitive zones with treatment plants and water body. 04 Alternative routes or pedestrian walkways with jogging tracks can be made parallel to drain like barapullah elevated road, to make it more active and electric vehicles can be run on it connecting eco-sensitive zones and other places. 05 Planting more trees. 06 Area between sun dial and Yamuna can be made bio-diversity park with treated water of drain collected like in hauz khas and prevented to flow into Yamuna.

08 Dilli Haat was built on top of the Naalah

07 Wretched state of the naalah adjoining residential colonies

only 02% of the catchment area of Yamuna is under Delhi, yet it contributes to 80% of its total pollution.

06 Construction for Barapullah flyover phase 2 happening inside of the Naalah

< to the ridge

These systems lost over the years and both river and water streams being the easy and cost free ways to discharge drain, are automatically converted to drainage channels, without giving a thought and these open and neglected drains leads to water crisis.

Delhi’s situation Today

ORDER\\ 18 MARCH 2014 We consider it most appropriate that the experts should suggest another possible mode by which the ecology and environment can be maintained, at the same time, methodology is provided for taking the sewage by a separate drain which may be through pipeline covered the drain or otherwise. Thus, we direct Secretary, Deptt. Of Public Health, Secretary, Deptt. Of Environment, NCT of Delhi, Prof. Gosain, Engineer-in-Chief, South Municipal Corporation of Delhi, CEO of DJB and Vice Chairman of DDA to constitute a committee. This Committee shall submit a report within two weeks from today before the Tribunal inter alia but primarily on the following:-

nallah nahi kaala

The ridge & river were important parts of all settlements of ancient and medieval Delhi. Reservoirs were formed by encasing the natural terrain streams and were called Nallahs. They originated from ridge during rain and were used all year round for daily water uses.

national green tribunal

05

04

Newer bridges, naalah flows underneath Pitiful state of the naalah with sewage and other waste flowing through it with sqatter settlements on the sides.

02

03

Covered Naalah stretch This stretch behind the Meharchand market is where 3 offshoots join the naalah and has been covered.

Historic Barapullah bridge from the 14th C The bridge built by the tughlaks is still used as a mandi.

Barapullah elevated corridor ttrails the naalah from the Sarai Kale Khan to JNS

Naalah meets the Yamuna in the distance The Barapullah naalah doesnʼt flow through an STP before it drains itʼs waste into the Yamuna

Safdarjung Airport

South Extension I

Jor Bagh

05

Lodi Colony

JNS

Jangpura

01

08

07

Drain

South Extension I

Defence Colony

Map showing the extent of the Barapullah nallah with corresponding images Open naalah Covered naalah

Kidwai Nagar

Bling Zone

Construction Zone

Heritage Zone

Average discharge into Yamuna (cum/sec.)

% BOD load contribution

Najafdarh

121.57

32.99

Shahadara

64.71

17.56

Sarita Vihar

39.93

10.83

Maharani Bagh

23.99

6.51

Barapullah

Green Zone

PURANA QUILA

PARKING 10% FOREST 11%

GOLF COURSE

LODI

NEHRU PARK

Sunheripullah channel

END ZONE GREENS

Forest Habitat

Mehrauli Channel Jehanpannah/ Siri Channel

Hauz Khas Channel

Defense Colony Channel

150

15

36

Threatened species of butterflies in India. Few are aware of the crucial pollination role the butterfly plays, which is second only to the honeybee.

critically endangered species of birds out of 100 are in India: Bengal Florican, Forest Owlet, Red-headed Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Jerdon's Courser, Lesser Florican, Spoon-billed Sandpiper, Sociable Lapwing, Siberian Crane, Great Indian Bustard, Greater Adjutant, White-bellied Heron, Wood Snipe, Masked Finfoot and Christmas Island Frigatebird.

Mice, reptiles, amphibians and mammals under the critically endangered list of species in India. About 6 could be found in Delhi.

04

06 INA

OTHER 58%

Huge increment in hard surface leads to complete runoff of rain water and mixing with sewage

the nallah in some perspective: if the naalah was:

03 02

ROADS 21%

These directions shall be carried out by all the Corporations as well as PWD or CPWD and by Government Authorities, as the case may be. The Senior most Officers of the Corporations and others would be responsible for execution of this Order personally.

Nizamuddin West

NDMC GREEN

CENTRAL RIDGE

1. Providing open drains and maintaining the natural storm water drains which existed in Delhi for hundreds of years. 2. Separately covered drains which may be part of the main drain itself to carry sewage 3. Beautification and conservation of all the sites of the drains. 4. On the basis of “Polluter Pays” principle what money should be contributed by the public at large for maintaining the environment and ecology and collection and disposal of sewerage.

01

re-imagining the barapullah nallah as greenway routes for connecting interspersed forests and parks through delhi.

Wetlands, parks and forests

End Zone

14.30

3.88

Examples of species in various habitats

This network of 3 different kinds of habitats: wetlands, forests and parks would create an extensive interspersed network of greens in the city, would encourage continuous biome flow and also act like wildlife corridors for some species.

A water Tank// Water requirement for 8,73,920 persons / year

Rice field // Rice to feed 2750 people a year

HAUZ KHAS SIRI MEHRAULI GREENS

Urban Land// Could accommodate 8205 persons

OKHLA/JASOLA

Parking // 89.6 Ha. = 3840 cars or only a thousandth of delhi’s cars.

SANJAY VAN

JAHANPANAH

Map showing the improved habitat connections after connecting greens with the Nallahs

Naalah/ Wetland habitat

cycle tracks/ walkways

Public park Habitat

Of birds and butterflies: Greenway why we should be worried Routes High pollution levels in the Yamuna, gradual disappearance of marshlands and shrinking of protected wildlife habitats such as the Okhla Bird Sanctuary on the river banks to a mere four square kilometre stretch of wetland have resulted in the dissapearing of important species of birds and butterflies. Birds are considered to be a good indicator of the condition of the natural environment. The fact that a recent study by experts at Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and Yale University has identified 100 Evolutionary Distinct and Globally Endangered (EDGE) species worldwide shows that most of the habitats are under threat from unsustainable human activities. Of these 15 are species from India. When large habitats are fragmented into small isolated patches, food sources become scarcer for resident animals. Populations may then decline to the point that they are no longer able to benefit plants. As certain wild pollinators need undisturbed habitat for nesting, roosting, foraging and sometimes specific larval host plants, they are very susceptible to habitat degradation and fragmentation in particular. This means we could be looking at entire ecosystems crashing due to extinction of a few species.

This project looks at creating new habitats and magnifying the existing habitats of various species by increasing the size and connectivity of habitat patches along the Barapullah Nallah. The aim of this project is to attract existing species in greater number while also attracting new species, and making them a part of the city. These paths along the nallah shall be developed as an extensive pedestrian network through the city while being an ecologically rich habitat for these birds and butterflies. Ultimately we would like to see ecocorridors with pedestrian and bicycle access with controls to increase the pleasure of walking through the city and enjoying viewing of wildlife and bird watching.

Have ecosystems been revived before? The Aravalli Biodiversity Park in Vasant Vihar in Delhi, 400 host plants have played a major role in supporting over 90 species of butterflies. The transition has taken time and effort. The project started in 2006, with just 14 species of butterflies. The park started growing the host plants and some varieties of weeds that support butterflies. They also carefully collected caterpillars from the plants and shift them to a butterfly nursery where they are safe till they turn in to full-grown butterflies and can be released outside. A similar effort can be extended to the city.

wetlands parks forests

barapullah nallah ki kahaani

Shikara

Sunbird

White eared Bulbul

Lime butterfly

House sparrow

Blue Pansy

Hirundines

Brahmni Shelduck

Red crested poachard

bird watching. butterfly watching. park walking. flower power! you can do Common Bird Monitoring is a Citizen Science initiative of Nature Forever Society to monitor and conserve India’s Common Birds. Register here: http://www.cbmi.in/

Ecological Urbanism Project GUIDE: SANDEEP MENON ADITI VEENA GUPTA | SIDDHARTHA RAUNIAR | RISHI GANGWAR

!of


Covering of storm water drains leads to more contamination with the production of methane, hydrogen-sulphide and other gases accompanied by more problems of de-silting and cleaning.

12.8km

89.6Ha. 50%

1,25,000Kld

114Ha.

6

19

4.53Km

The Kushak - Barapullah Naalah that originates from the ridge and runs through the western fringes of Central Delhi, South Delhi and Nizammudin to join Yamuna at Sarai Kale Khan

With a width of 70 m. on an average this drain covers an area of 9.60 Ha

This drain collects the discharges of other internal, peripheral and trunk drains to further discharge its contents-1,25,000 Kld of domestic and industrial sewage into the Yamuna.

area [open greens] directly affected and connected as the Nallah Eco Zone

zones that the Nallah is divided into

No. of major old and new road bridges or walk-overs that cross the KushakBarapullah main water route.

This important link road extending to 4.53 kms built over Delhiʼs historical drain - the Barapullah Nallah, starts from Ring Road near Sarai Kale Khan in East Delhi and ends at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in South Delhi.

50% of the sewage in this drain is untreated waste coming from cluster settlements

Proposals for revitalisation of the Nallahs by various organisations and people have included suggestions for improvement in quality of water and to activation of neighbouring areas. 01 To create a parallel channel for sewage. 02 To make STP’s at point of intersection of sub drains, after which treated water can be flown to open drain. 03 At points where there is more space can be made to eco-sensitive zones with treatment plants and water body. 04 Alternative routes or pedestrian walkways with jogging tracks can be made parallel to drain like barapullah elevated road, to make it more active and electric vehicles can be run on it connecting eco-sensitive zones and other places. 05 Planting more trees. 06 Area between sun dial and Yamuna can be made bio-diversity park with treated water of drain collected like in hauz khas and prevented to flow into Yamuna.

08 Dilli Haat was built on top of the Naalah

07 Wretched state of the naalah adjoining residential colonies

only 02% of the catchment area of Yamuna is under Delhi, yet it contributes to 80% of its total pollution.

06 Construction for Barapullah flyover phase 2 happening inside of the Naalah

< to the ridge

These systems lost over the years and both river and water streams being the easy and cost free ways to discharge drain, are automatically converted to drainage channels, without giving a thought and these open and neglected drains leads to water crisis.

Delhi’s situation Today

ORDER\\ 18 MARCH 2014 We consider it most appropriate that the experts should suggest another possible mode by which the ecology and environment can be maintained, at the same time, methodology is provided for taking the sewage by a separate drain which may be through pipeline covered the drain or otherwise. Thus, we direct Secretary, Deptt. Of Public Health, Secretary, Deptt. Of Environment, NCT of Delhi, Prof. Gosain, Engineer-in-Chief, South Municipal Corporation of Delhi, CEO of DJB and Vice Chairman of DDA to constitute a committee. This Committee shall submit a report within two weeks from today before the Tribunal inter alia but primarily on the following:-

nallah nahi kaala

The ridge & river were important parts of all settlements of ancient and medieval Delhi. Reservoirs were formed by encasing the natural terrain streams and were called Nallahs. They originated from ridge during rain and were used all year round for daily water uses.

national green tribunal

05

04

Newer bridges, naalah flows underneath Pitiful state of the naalah with sewage and other waste flowing through it with sqatter settlements on the sides.

02

03

Covered Naalah stretch This stretch behind the Meharchand market is where 3 offshoots join the naalah and has been covered.

Historic Barapullah bridge from the 14th C The bridge built by the tughlaks is still used as a mandi.

Barapullah elevated corridor ttrails the naalah from the Sarai Kale Khan to JNS

Naalah meets the Yamuna in the distance The Barapullah naalah doesnʼt flow through an STP before it drains itʼs waste into the Yamuna

Safdarjung Airport

South Extension I

Jor Bagh

05

Lodi Colony

JNS

Jangpura

01

08

07

Drain

South Extension I

Defence Colony

Map showing the extent of the Barapullah nallah with corresponding images Open naalah Covered naalah

Kidwai Nagar

Bling Zone

Construction Zone

Heritage Zone

Average discharge into Yamuna (cum/sec.)

% BOD load contribution

Najafdarh

121.57

32.99

Shahadara

64.71

17.56

Sarita Vihar

39.93

10.83

Maharani Bagh

23.99

6.51

Barapullah

Green Zone

PURANA QUILA

PARKING 10% FOREST 11%

GOLF COURSE

LODI

NEHRU PARK

Sunheripullah channel

END ZONE GREENS

Forest Habitat

Mehrauli Channel Jehanpannah/ Siri Channel

Hauz Khas Channel

Defense Colony Channel

150

15

36

Threatened species of butterflies in India. Few are aware of the crucial pollination role the butterfly plays, which is second only to the honeybee.

critically endangered species of birds out of 100 are in India: Bengal Florican, Forest Owlet, Red-headed Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Jerdon's Courser, Lesser Florican, Spoon-billed Sandpiper, Sociable Lapwing, Siberian Crane, Great Indian Bustard, Greater Adjutant, White-bellied Heron, Wood Snipe, Masked Finfoot and Christmas Island Frigatebird.

Mice, reptiles, amphibians and mammals under the critically endangered list of species in India. About 6 could be found in Delhi.

04

06 INA

OTHER 58%

Huge increment in hard surface leads to complete runoff of rain water and mixing with sewage

the nallah in some perspective: if the naalah was:

03 02

ROADS 21%

These directions shall be carried out by all the Corporations as well as PWD or CPWD and by Government Authorities, as the case may be. The Senior most Officers of the Corporations and others would be responsible for execution of this Order personally.

Nizamuddin West

NDMC GREEN

CENTRAL RIDGE

1. Providing open drains and maintaining the natural storm water drains which existed in Delhi for hundreds of years. 2. Separately covered drains which may be part of the main drain itself to carry sewage 3. Beautification and conservation of all the sites of the drains. 4. On the basis of “Polluter Pays” principle what money should be contributed by the public at large for maintaining the environment and ecology and collection and disposal of sewerage.

01

re-imagining the barapullah nallah as greenway routes for connecting interspersed forests and parks through delhi.

Wetlands, parks and forests

End Zone

14.30

3.88

Examples of species in various habitats

This network of 3 different kinds of habitats: wetlands, forests and parks would create an extensive interspersed network of greens in the city, would encourage continuous biome flow and also act like wildlife corridors for some species.

A water Tank// Water requirement for 8,73,920 persons / year

Rice field // Rice to feed 2750 people a year

HAUZ KHAS SIRI MEHRAULI GREENS

Urban Land// Could accommodate 8205 persons

OKHLA/JASOLA

Parking // 89.6 Ha. = 3840 cars or only a thousandth of delhi’s cars.

SANJAY VAN

JAHANPANAH

Map showing the improved habitat connections after connecting greens with the Nallahs

Naalah/ Wetland habitat

cycle tracks/ walkways

Public park Habitat

Of birds and butterflies: Greenway why we should be worried Routes High pollution levels in the Yamuna, gradual disappearance of marshlands and shrinking of protected wildlife habitats such as the Okhla Bird Sanctuary on the river banks to a mere four square kilometre stretch of wetland have resulted in the dissapearing of important species of birds and butterflies. Birds are considered to be a good indicator of the condition of the natural environment. The fact that a recent study by experts at Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and Yale University has identified 100 Evolutionary Distinct and Globally Endangered (EDGE) species worldwide shows that most of the habitats are under threat from unsustainable human activities. Of these 15 are species from India. When large habitats are fragmented into small isolated patches, food sources become scarcer for resident animals. Populations may then decline to the point that they are no longer able to benefit plants. As certain wild pollinators need undisturbed habitat for nesting, roosting, foraging and sometimes specific larval host plants, they are very susceptible to habitat degradation and fragmentation in particular. This means we could be looking at entire ecosystems crashing due to extinction of a few species.

This project looks at creating new habitats and magnifying the existing habitats of various species by increasing the size and connectivity of habitat patches along the Barapullah Nallah. The aim of this project is to attract existing species in greater number while also attracting new species, and making them a part of the city. These paths along the nallah shall be developed as an extensive pedestrian network through the city while being an ecologically rich habitat for these birds and butterflies. Ultimately we would like to see ecocorridors with pedestrian and bicycle access with controls to increase the pleasure of walking through the city and enjoying viewing of wildlife and bird watching.

Have ecosystems been revived before? The Aravalli Biodiversity Park in Vasant Vihar in Delhi, 400 host plants have played a major role in supporting over 90 species of butterflies. The transition has taken time and effort. The project started in 2006, with just 14 species of butterflies. The park started growing the host plants and some varieties of weeds that support butterflies. They also carefully collected caterpillars from the plants and shift them to a butterfly nursery where they are safe till they turn in to full-grown butterflies and can be released outside. A similar effort can be extended to the city.

wetlands parks forests

barapullah nallah ki kahaani

Shikara

Sunbird

White eared Bulbul

Lime butterfly

House sparrow

Blue Pansy

Hirundines

Brahmni Shelduck

Red crested poachard

bird watching. butterfly watching. park walking. flower power! you can do Common Bird Monitoring is a Citizen Science initiative of Nature Forever Society to monitor and conserve India’s Common Birds. Register here: http://www.cbmi.in/

Ecological Urbanism Project GUIDE: SANDEEP MENON ADITI VEENA GUPTA | SIDDHARTHA RAUNIAR | RISHI GANGWAR

!of


Covering of storm water drains leads to more contamination with the production of methane, hydrogen-sulphide and other gases accompanied by more problems of de-silting and cleaning.

12.8km

89.6Ha. 50%

1,25,000Kld

114Ha.

6

19

4.53Km

The Kushak - Barapullah Naalah that originates from the ridge and runs through the western fringes of Central Delhi, South Delhi and Nizammudin to join Yamuna at Sarai Kale Khan

With a width of 70 m. on an average this drain covers an area of 9.60 Ha

This drain collects the discharges of other internal, peripheral and trunk drains to further discharge its contents-1,25,000 Kld of domestic and industrial sewage into the Yamuna.

area [open greens] directly affected and connected as the Nallah Eco Zone

zones that the Nallah is divided into

No. of major old and new road bridges or walk-overs that cross the KushakBarapullah main water route.

This important link road extending to 4.53 kms built over Delhiʼs historical drain - the Barapullah Nallah, starts from Ring Road near Sarai Kale Khan in East Delhi and ends at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in South Delhi.

50% of the sewage in this drain is untreated waste coming from cluster settlements

Proposals for revitalisation of the Nallahs by various organisations and people have included suggestions for improvement in quality of water and to activation of neighbouring areas. 01 To create a parallel channel for sewage. 02 To make STP’s at point of intersection of sub drains, after which treated water can be flown to open drain. 03 At points where there is more space can be made to eco-sensitive zones with treatment plants and water body. 04 Alternative routes or pedestrian walkways with jogging tracks can be made parallel to drain like barapullah elevated road, to make it more active and electric vehicles can be run on it connecting eco-sensitive zones and other places. 05 Planting more trees. 06 Area between sun dial and Yamuna can be made bio-diversity park with treated water of drain collected like in hauz khas and prevented to flow into Yamuna.

08 Dilli Haat was built on top of the Naalah

07 Wretched state of the naalah adjoining residential colonies

only 02% of the catchment area of Yamuna is under Delhi, yet it contributes to 80% of its total pollution.

06 Construction for Barapullah flyover phase 2 happening inside of the Naalah

< to the ridge

These systems lost over the years and both river and water streams being the easy and cost free ways to discharge drain, are automatically converted to drainage channels, without giving a thought and these open and neglected drains leads to water crisis.

Delhi’s situation Today

ORDER\\ 18 MARCH 2014 We consider it most appropriate that the experts should suggest another possible mode by which the ecology and environment can be maintained, at the same time, methodology is provided for taking the sewage by a separate drain which may be through pipeline covered the drain or otherwise. Thus, we direct Secretary, Deptt. Of Public Health, Secretary, Deptt. Of Environment, NCT of Delhi, Prof. Gosain, Engineer-in-Chief, South Municipal Corporation of Delhi, CEO of DJB and Vice Chairman of DDA to constitute a committee. This Committee shall submit a report within two weeks from today before the Tribunal inter alia but primarily on the following:-

nallah nahi kaala

The ridge & river were important parts of all settlements of ancient and medieval Delhi. Reservoirs were formed by encasing the natural terrain streams and were called Nallahs. They originated from ridge during rain and were used all year round for daily water uses.

national green tribunal

05

04

Newer bridges, naalah flows underneath Pitiful state of the naalah with sewage and other waste flowing through it with sqatter settlements on the sides.

02

03

Covered Naalah stretch This stretch behind the Meharchand market is where 3 offshoots join the naalah and has been covered.

Historic Barapullah bridge from the 14th C The bridge built by the tughlaks is still used as a mandi.

Barapullah elevated corridor ttrails the naalah from the Sarai Kale Khan to JNS

Naalah meets the Yamuna in the distance The Barapullah naalah doesnʼt flow through an STP before it drains itʼs waste into the Yamuna

Safdarjung Airport

South Extension I

Jor Bagh

05

Lodi Colony

JNS

Jangpura

01

08

07

Drain

South Extension I

Defence Colony

Map showing the extent of the Barapullah nallah with corresponding images Open naalah Covered naalah

Kidwai Nagar

Bling Zone

Construction Zone

Heritage Zone

Average discharge into Yamuna (cum/sec.)

% BOD load contribution

Najafdarh

121.57

32.99

Shahadara

64.71

17.56

Sarita Vihar

39.93

10.83

Maharani Bagh

23.99

6.51

Barapullah

Green Zone

PURANA QUILA

PARKING 10% FOREST 11%

GOLF COURSE

LODI

NEHRU PARK

Sunheripullah channel

END ZONE GREENS

Forest Habitat

Mehrauli Channel Jehanpannah/ Siri Channel

Hauz Khas Channel

Defense Colony Channel

150

15

36

Threatened species of butterflies in India. Few are aware of the crucial pollination role the butterfly plays, which is second only to the honeybee.

critically endangered species of birds out of 100 are in India: Bengal Florican, Forest Owlet, Red-headed Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Jerdon's Courser, Lesser Florican, Spoon-billed Sandpiper, Sociable Lapwing, Siberian Crane, Great Indian Bustard, Greater Adjutant, White-bellied Heron, Wood Snipe, Masked Finfoot and Christmas Island Frigatebird.

Mice, reptiles, amphibians and mammals under the critically endangered list of species in India. About 6 could be found in Delhi.

04

06 INA

OTHER 58%

Huge increment in hard surface leads to complete runoff of rain water and mixing with sewage

the nallah in some perspective: if the naalah was:

03 02

ROADS 21%

These directions shall be carried out by all the Corporations as well as PWD or CPWD and by Government Authorities, as the case may be. The Senior most Officers of the Corporations and others would be responsible for execution of this Order personally.

Nizamuddin West

NDMC GREEN

CENTRAL RIDGE

1. Providing open drains and maintaining the natural storm water drains which existed in Delhi for hundreds of years. 2. Separately covered drains which may be part of the main drain itself to carry sewage 3. Beautification and conservation of all the sites of the drains. 4. On the basis of “Polluter Pays” principle what money should be contributed by the public at large for maintaining the environment and ecology and collection and disposal of sewerage.

01

re-imagining the barapullah nallah as greenway routes for connecting interspersed forests and parks through delhi.

Wetlands, parks and forests

End Zone

14.30

3.88

Examples of species in various habitats

This network of 3 different kinds of habitats: wetlands, forests and parks would create an extensive interspersed network of greens in the city, would encourage continuous biome flow and also act like wildlife corridors for some species.

A water Tank// Water requirement for 8,73,920 persons / year

Rice field // Rice to feed 2750 people a year

HAUZ KHAS SIRI MEHRAULI GREENS

Urban Land// Could accommodate 8205 persons

OKHLA/JASOLA

Parking // 89.6 Ha. = 3840 cars or only a thousandth of delhi’s cars.

SANJAY VAN

JAHANPANAH

Map showing the improved habitat connections after connecting greens with the Nallahs

Naalah/ Wetland habitat

cycle tracks/ walkways

Public park Habitat

Of birds and butterflies: Greenway why we should be worried Routes High pollution levels in the Yamuna, gradual disappearance of marshlands and shrinking of protected wildlife habitats such as the Okhla Bird Sanctuary on the river banks to a mere four square kilometre stretch of wetland have resulted in the dissapearing of important species of birds and butterflies. Birds are considered to be a good indicator of the condition of the natural environment. The fact that a recent study by experts at Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and Yale University has identified 100 Evolutionary Distinct and Globally Endangered (EDGE) species worldwide shows that most of the habitats are under threat from unsustainable human activities. Of these 15 are species from India. When large habitats are fragmented into small isolated patches, food sources become scarcer for resident animals. Populations may then decline to the point that they are no longer able to benefit plants. As certain wild pollinators need undisturbed habitat for nesting, roosting, foraging and sometimes specific larval host plants, they are very susceptible to habitat degradation and fragmentation in particular. This means we could be looking at entire ecosystems crashing due to extinction of a few species.

This project looks at creating new habitats and magnifying the existing habitats of various species by increasing the size and connectivity of habitat patches along the Barapullah Nallah. The aim of this project is to attract existing species in greater number while also attracting new species, and making them a part of the city. These paths along the nallah shall be developed as an extensive pedestrian network through the city while being an ecologically rich habitat for these birds and butterflies. Ultimately we would like to see ecocorridors with pedestrian and bicycle access with controls to increase the pleasure of walking through the city and enjoying viewing of wildlife and bird watching.

Have ecosystems been revived before? The Aravalli Biodiversity Park in Vasant Vihar in Delhi, 400 host plants have played a major role in supporting over 90 species of butterflies. The transition has taken time and effort. The project started in 2006, with just 14 species of butterflies. The park started growing the host plants and some varieties of weeds that support butterflies. They also carefully collected caterpillars from the plants and shift them to a butterfly nursery where they are safe till they turn in to full-grown butterflies and can be released outside. A similar effort can be extended to the city.

wetlands parks forests

barapullah nallah ki kahaani

Shikara

Sunbird

White eared Bulbul

Lime butterfly

House sparrow

Blue Pansy

Hirundines

Brahmni Shelduck

Red crested poachard

bird watching. butterfly watching. park walking. flower power! you can do Common Bird Monitoring is a Citizen Science initiative of Nature Forever Society to monitor and conserve India’s Common Birds. Register here: http://www.cbmi.in/

Ecological Urbanism Project GUIDE: SANDEEP MENON ADITI VEENA GUPTA | SIDDHARTHA RAUNIAR | RISHI GANGWAR

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Naalah Nahi Kaala publication #1  

Barapullah ki kahaani is a statistical, morphological and physiological analysis of the Barapullah Naalah in delhi; carried out by The hands...

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