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december 2012

vol. 107 - issue twelve

The Holy Prophet’s Unparalleled Love & Compassion for All sa

Wives of Holy Prophetsa Series – Hazrat Saudahra

The Plight of Women’s Education

Khalifahaba of Islam Visits Heart of Germany

New Mosque Opens in Manchester, UK

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The Promised Messiah

Love & Compassion for Others © makhzan-e-tasaweer

and imam mahdi and founder of the review of religions

world faiths

The Holy Prophet Muhammadsa prophesied that the Promised Messiahas would be raised near a white minaret, east of Damascus. This prophecy was fulfilled with the advent of the Promised Messiahas from Qadian, India, a city directly east of Damascus.

Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmadas, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi was born to a noble family in Qadian, India. From an early age he had a keen interest in religion and developed a love for the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa. He was also known for his honesty, friendliness and resolve. Over time his knowledge and understanding of religion and its application to society deepened. Being a Muslim it was his firm belief that all religions were true at their source but with the passage of time had drifted away from their original teachings; he upheld the dignity of religion and demonstrated its relevance to everyone. His earnest defence of religion was ultimately blessed when he started to receive direct revelation from Allah – a blessing that he continued for the rest of his life.

Hadhrat Ahmadas had established himself as a respected writer and had written over 80 books. His writings have been translated into more than 60 languages and continue to inspire readers to this day. One of his greatest scholarly works was The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam, prepared as a paper and read out at the Conference of Great Religions in 1896. He also wrote a fascinating treatise in 1899 entitled Jesus in India, a book that uncovered remarkable evidence of Jesusas’s journey to India. In 1902 the Promised Messiahas initiated The Review of Religions which has covered a vast array of topics on religion, philosophy and contemporary issues of the day. It is the longest running English magazine in defence of Islam and the values it teaches.

His mission was to revitalise the truth that all religions held within them and to revive the teachings of Islam. It was through this that he would bring mankind together and establish everlasting peace.

From 1889 until the time of his demise in 1908 tens of thousands of people accepted him. This blessing has continued and will continue through his Khalifas (successors).

In 1889, under Divine Guidance, Hadhrat Ahmad founded the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community – a community that has since grown in its stature and strength and has remained active in conveying the message of Islam to the ends of the earth.

Currently under the fifth successor, we are seeing that the tide of acceptance is worldwide and that the message of Prophet Ahmadas has really reached the ends of the earth.

as

And abuse not those whom

We should dispose kindly to

What sort of religion can it be

they call upon besides Allah,

each other and be mutually

without compassion? You need

lest they, out of spite, abuse

helpful. In the difficulties

to show compassion to all

Allah in their ignorance.

pertaining to religious

living beings. Compassion is

Thus unto every people

and worldly matters, we

the root of all religious faiths.

have We caused their doings

should exercise such

to seem fair. Then unto

sympathy towards each

Hinduism, Basavanna, Vachana, 247.

their Lord is their return;

other as if we have become

and He will inform them

limbs of the same body.

of what they used to do.

Islam, the Promised Messiah as, Message of Peace, pp. 5-6.

Islam, the Holy Qur’an, Ch.6:V.109.

Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem the other, better than themselves.

According to Anas ibn Malik,

All men are responsible

the Holy Prophet said, “Help

for one another.

your brother whether he is

Judaism, Talmud, Sanhedrin, 27b.

sa

the oppressor or oppressed.” Islam, The Holy Prophet Muhammad sa, Hadith of Sahih Bukhari.

Christianity, Philippians, 2:3.

Hatred never ceases through hatred in this world; through love alone they cease. This is an eternal law. Buddhism, Dhammapada, 3-5.


contents

M A N A G E M E N T B O ARD Munir-Ud-Din Shams (Chairman) Syed Amer Safir (Secretary) Mubarak Zaffar, Ataul Mujeeb Rashed, Naseer Qamar, Abdul Baqi Arshad, Abid Waheed Ahmad Khan, Aziz Ahmad Bilal

december 2012

CH I EF EDI TOR & MANAGER Syed Amer Safir E D I T O R I AL B O ARD Amtul Razzaq Carmichael, Bockarie Tommy Kallon, Fazal Ahmad, Hibba Turrauf, Jonathan Butterworth, Mansoor Saqi, Munazza Khan, Nakasha Ahmad, Navida Syed, Sarah Waseem P R O O FR E AD E R S Abdul Ghany Jahangeer Khan, Farhana Dar, Munavara Ghauri, Hina Rehman, Amina Abbasi S ub - E d ito r s Maleeha Ahmad, Mariam Rahman, Ayesha Khan, Nusrat

14

20

34

Haq, Maryam Malik, Khullat Munir, Sadia Shah

50

DISTRIBUTION/SUBSCRIPTION MANAGER Muhammad Hanif. Distribution Team Member: Sami Ullah

6 Editorial to come

Amer Safir, UK

10 Notes and Comments

The Plight of Women’s Education Maleeha Ahmad, Rabwah, Pakistan

14 The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam Final part of serialisation.

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmadas, the Promised Messiah and Imam Mahdi

20 NEW SERIES – The Noble Wives of the Holy Prophetsa – Hazrat Saudahra The life sketch of the Holy Prophet’ssa second wife. We continue our series on the wives of the Prophetsa. Hafiz Muzaffar Ahmad, Rabwah, Pakistan

34 The Holy Prophet’ssa Unparalleled Love and Compassion for All

The Founder of Islam practically demonstrated the highest standards of forbearance, friendship and brotherhood to all peoples of any and no faith.

Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmadaba, Khalifatul Masih V, Head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community

45 The Life and Character of the Seal of Prophets – Vol. II We continue with Chapter VI. Why is polygamy permitted in Islam? And why did the Prophet Muhammadsa marry numerous wives? Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmadra

50 A Haven of Peace and Love

6th new mosque inaugurated by the Head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in the UK this year. Darul Amman Mosque promises to extend love and friendship to the entire city of Manchester. Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad

aba

, Khalifatul Masih

D E S I G N A N D LAY O U T Ahsan Khan S t a f f w r ite r Arif Khan WEB DEVELOPER Masood Nasir I N D E X I N G / TA G G I N G T E A M Team Leader: Taalay Ahmad. Deputy: Amtus Shakoor Tayyaba Ahmed. Team: Humaira Omer, Humda Sohail,

V, Head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim

Mirza Krishan Ahmad, Shahid Malik, Ruhana Hamood,

Community

Mubahil Shakir, Adila Bari, Hassan Raza Ahmad

60 Khalifah of Islam: A Visit to the Heart of Germany Highlights of the tour of the Head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Khalifatul Masih Vaba, to Germany, earlier this year. Original Urdu reports by Abdul Majid Tahir.

translated by Professor Amtul Razzaq Carmichael

TWITTER Hibba Turrauf, Mala Khan, Nudrat Ahmad PUBLISHER Al Shirkatul Islamiyyah (ASI Ltd.) Views expressed in this publication are not necessarily the beliefs of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community. All correspondence should be forwarded to the Editor at: The Review of Religions Tahir House, 22 Deer Park Road London, SW19 3TL, United Kingdom Telephone: + 44 20 8544 7614

Front cover picture: "Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah" inscribed on one of the doors of the Prophet's Mosque in Madinah.

info@reviewofreligions.org www.reviewofreligions.org

Fax: + 44 20 3044 3030


2012 was a historic year for The Review of Religions. Our March Easter Special Edition was dedicated to the debate surrounding the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesusas. We tried to prove from different perspectives; Biblical, historical, medical and genetic, that Jesusas in fact survived the crucifixion and travelled eastwards to India to complete his mission. We continue to receive comments from Christians, and others, intrigued by the articles we featured in that edition. We covered the controversy surrounding the publication of cartoons by the UCL Atheist society in our February Edition. An intriguing history of the Fazl Mosque, or the London Mosque, the first Mosque in London, was featured over the June and July Editions. Our January Edition featured the letter sent by Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba, Head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, to Pope Benedict XVI, and later in our March Edition we featured his letters to the leaders of Israel, Iran, USA and Canada and then in our August Edition we featured the remaining letters sent by His Holiness to the leaders of the world. The historic 6 The Review of Religions | december 2012

address by His Holiness at Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C. to leading politicians and policy makers was the focus of our September Edition. The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee was celebrated in our July Edition and our November Special Edition depicted the manner in which true Muslims responded to the vile film, Innocence of Muslims. Staff at The Review of Religions worked with great dedication over the year. We hope that our readers enjoyed the articles we featured. Look out for the new and intriguing material that we have lined up for 2013. As always, we invite our esteemed readers to provide us feedback. We greatly value suggestions and comments and would love to hear from our readers on any aspect of the magazine:

The Friday Sermon © makhzan-e-tasaweer

editorial

Every Friday live at 13:00 GMT on MTA International

Each week on Friday, Muslims are required to take a bath, dress in their best and clean clothes, wear perfume and assemble in the mosque for Jumu’ah, the Friday Prayer. The

Live Translations: English, French, Arabic, German, Bengali

to meet together to discuss and solve their

Translations on repeat: Russian, Turkish, Swahili, Tamil, Malayalam

Hadhrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad(aba), Khalifatul

UK viewers: watch MTA on Sky channel 787

Community, delivers the Friday Sermon each

For info on viewing MTA in other countries, or for online stream, visit www.mta.tv

Ahmadiyya International (MTA). Through MTA

Friday Prayer gives Muslims an opportunity individual as well as community problems.

Masih V, Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim week, broadcast live by Muslim Television therefore, the Imam is able to address not just the congregation, but also the entire world. It

Email: editor@reviewofreligions.org or

gives the Imam a chance to advise all Muslims

info@reviewofreligions.org

at the same time on urgent matters that face them.

Amer Safir chief editor

www.mta.tv

Sky channel 787


The front covers of our 12 Editions in 2012

JANUARY 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE ONE

FEBRUARY 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE TWO

MARCH 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE THREE

E A S T ER

S P E C I A L

APRIL 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE FOUR

MAY 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE FIVE

JUNE 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE SIX

ED I T I O N

LOVE FOR ALL HATRED FOR NONE

BAITUL WAHID MOSQUE OPENS IN FELTHAM, LONDON

PAN AFRICAN ADDRESS

18

by HEAD of the AHMADIYYA MUSLIM COMMUNITY

REV. JOHN HUGH SMYTH PIGGOTT

RESURRECTION FACTor FICTION?

HIS CLAIM, PROPHECY AND END Important Message Sent to the Pope

Noah(as) and the Flood

Britain - Bring Back Christian Values?

Miracle of the Splitting of the Moon

Absolute Oneness

Human Rights and Derogatory Cartoons

The Prophet(saw)’s Marriage

The Object of Life

Alternative Reading of Gospels

6

26

10

20

28

38

16

8

8

JULY 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE SEVEN

AUGUST 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE EIGHT

Cardiologist’s Perspective on Crucifixion 18

Tracing PostCrucifixion Footsteps of Jesus(as) 38

THE DEVASTATING CONSEQUENCES of a NUCLEAR WAR

LETTERS to WORLD LEADERS

and the CRITICAL NEED for ABSOLUTE JUSTICE

by HEAD of the AHMADIYYA COMMUNITY Resurrection Theories and Genetic Research on Lost Tribes 28 & 50

SEPTEMBER 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE NINE

Letters to Israel, Iran, USA & Canada

New Mosque Opens in Catford, UK

Law of this Life and the Hereafter

8

46

22

The Prophet Muhammad(saw)’s Journey to Ta’if 32

OCTOBER 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE TEN

Keynote Adddress at 9th Annual Peace Symposium

18

Peace An Islamic Jihad

8

NOVEMBER 2012

Brand New Vol. II of the Life and Character of Seal of Prophets 46

Means to Peace

WWW.REVIEWOFRELIGIONS.ORG

London’s First Mosque – A Study in History and Mystery

30

6

VOL. 107 - ISSUE ELEVEN

Acid Attacks on Women in Pakistan Depicted in Saving Face

8

Brand New Vol II of Life and Character of Seal of Prophets

50

The Review of Religions launches on Twitter

6

DECEMBER 2012

VOL. 107 - ISSUE TWELVE

special edition

HISTORIC ADDRESS AT CAPITOL HILL

THE PATH TO PEACE

JUST RELATIONS BETWEEN NATIONS

?

THE

DIAMOND JUBILEE

HEAD OF AHMADIYYA MUSLIM COMMUNITY SENDS LETTER TO THE QUEEN

THE MYTH THAT

DIALOGUE or DISSENSION?

ISLAM PROMOTES

EXTREMISM

WILL THE

WORLD

10

FREE SPEECH & ISLAM

BREAKING

TAKE HEED

LETTERS TO WORLD LEADERS – PART 2

A Gift to the Queen

16

Promised Messiah(as) and Blessed Reign of Queen Victoria

22

‘House of Peace and Security’ Opens in London

32

Gratitude to God, Queen and Country

Letters to Saudi Arabia, Iran, Germany & France

8

30

A Poetic Prophecy of Unprecedented Destruction

12

Ramadan – The Sacred Month of Fasting

14

THE HOLY PROPHET’S UNPARALLELED LOVE & COMPASSION FOR ALL SA

Brand New Life and Character of Seal of Prophet Vol II

58

To order back issues email info@reviewofreligions.org

Eyewitness Account

An Event 100 Years in the Making

Queen Elizabeth II Replies to His Holiness

True Loyalty to One’s Nation

The Epic Book Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya

“Khalifa of Peace” Tour of Holland

Life and Character of Seal of Prophets Vol 2

New Mosque Opens in Halesowen, UK

20

8

44

46

20

36

26

62

How Ahmadi Muslims reacted to Innocence of Muslims

46

New Series The Wives of the Holy Prophetsa

84

Practical Response of True Muslims Worldwide

64

True Love for the Holy Prophetsa

Wives of Holy Prophetsa Series – Hazrat Saudahra

The Plight of Women’s Education

Khalifahaba of Islam Visits Heart of Germany

New Mosque Opens in Manchester, UK

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notes & comments

The Plight of Women’s Education maleeha ahmad , rabwah , pakistan

I

n pursuance of a successful nation, it is imperative to understand the importance of a woman’s role in society; an investment in providing and protecting their enlightenment is necessary to avoid the risk of degeneration. The yearning for a decent education was recently exemplified in the case of Malala Yousafzai – an eleven year old Pakistani girl championing this right of women across the nation. She was consequently attacked in the name of “Islam” by the extremist Taliban group.

Over the past few years, the Taliban have been infiltrating Pakistan from neighbouring Afghanistan. Their growing influence in these rural areas has come at the expense of women’s rights, as they have continued to close several hundreds of girl’s schools in the infected areas. Their false assertions 10 The Review of Religions | december 2012

of Islam forbidding a female from acquiring education were exposed by Malala, who began a blog on the BBC website from the midst of the oppression: “I will show them the Qur’an. The Qur’an doesn’t say that girls are not allowed to go to school.” The innocent voice of truth from a little girl could not be tolerated by the fabricators; she was shot in the head on her bus to school by the Taliban on 9th October 2012. When the notion of rationality and religion coexisting is neglected, such unfortunate and misguided judgements are at a danger of becoming an unyielding threat to the stability of a nation. A recognisable means of achieving rationality is through invoking secular education. Islam itself compels the individual to investigate the truth of Qur’anic teachings:

‘…He is the Mighty, the Most Forgiving; Who has created seven heavens in harmony. No incongruity canst thou see in the creation of the Gracious God. Then look again. Seest thou any flaw? Aye, look again, and yet again, thy sight will only return unto thee confused and fatigued.’1 This instruction of intellectual pursuit does not entail any gender disparity; the Holy Prophetsa of Islam said that it was the duty of every Muslim man and woman to acquire knowledge. He also stressed the importance of educating girls specifically. He said that a man who has daughters and brings them up and educates them to the best of his capacity shall be entitled to paradise. The Holy Prophet’ssa wife, Hazrat ‘A’ishahra, was so cultivated that the Companions would turn to her if they had any queries on a number of

subjects, including history, medicine, literature, law, as well as Ahadith (the sayings of the Holy Prophetsa). Her example in Islamic history ascertains Islam’s advocating women’s pursuit for knowledge. The reality of Malala’s shooting is a struggle between power-hungry groups trying to gain leadership over the people. Women’s empowerment is a threat to their ideology, and whilst attempting to obliterate any attempts that jeopardise their established dogma, they cite “Islam” as a way of justifying it. We have already observed how Islam’s true teachings are in support of women’s education. The Taliban want to eliminate any threat against the exposure of this truth, and Malala was the writing on the wall. With a literacy level of just 57% of the december 2012

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the plight of

Calendar of

women ’ s education

This is from an article published in 1986, and it is uncomfortably befitting to the state of Pakistan’s educational system twenty-six years on.

adult population in Pakistan, a boost in these figures will deflate the Taliban’s chances of succeeding, and minimise the attraction between an illiterate society, and an equally uneducated leadership. The late Professor Dr. Abdus Salam, the Muslim Nobel Laureate, recognised the relation between education and progress: “Misleading and rather inappropriate education is in fact a national crisis right now. I believe that our nation is passing through a grave crisis for which the reason is that a proper educational system has not been developed.”2 This is from an article published in 1986, and it is uncomfortably befitting to the state of Pakistan’s educational system twenty-six years on. The international scale of attention brought on by Malala’s predicament has led to over a million people in Pakistan signing 12 The Review of Religions | december 2012

Religious

petitions to ensure that every girl has a place at a school. If this can pressurise Pakistan into taking control of their educational system, without any gender discrepancy, it will be one of their best investments in the future security of the country for generations to come.

endnotes

1. Holy Qur’an, Ch.67:V.3-5.

2. http://www.alislam.org/library/ links/00000126.html

Write to us with comments, feedback and suggestions at info@reviewofreligions.org

Events & Festivals

december 2012 Sunday 2nd December Faith: Christianity Event: Advent Sunday

Sunday 9th December Faith: Jewish Event: Hanukkah

This is the first day of the ecclesiastical year in Western Christian churches. It also marks the beginning of the Advent season – the expectant waiting and celebrating for the Nativity of Jesusas at Christmas.

Also known as the Festival of Lights – it marks the restoration of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem during the Maccabean Revolt in 164 BCE.

Saturday 8th December Faith: Buddhist Event: Bodhi Day

Tuesday 25th December Faith: Christianity Event: Christmas Day

The celebration of Gautama’s enlightenment under the Bodhi tree, at Bodhgaya, India.

Western Christians celebrate the birth of Jesusas.


The Holy Qur’an, upon which The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam was based.

The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam final part

hazrat mirza ghulam ahmad as, the promised messiah and mahdi

translated from urdu by

s i r m u h a m m a d z a f r u l l a k h a n ra

This is the final part of our serialisation of The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam.  Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmadas of Qadian, the Promised Messiah, was the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and originally wrote this as an essay in Urdu, Islami Usul Ki Philosphy. It was presented at the second Conference of Great Religions, in Lahore. Organised by a Hindu named Swami Sadhu Shugan Chandar, the purpose of the conference was to gather learned representatives from many of the world’s leading religions in order to discover the true religion. Each representative was asked to present to the audience the beauties of their religion based upon its source, to prove its truthfulness. This essay presents the deep meaning and intellectual sophistication behind true Islamic principles. It offers Islamic arguments that take into account the psychology of the human psyche and represents the Islamic model as taught by the Founder of Islam, the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa. Two Phases of the Life of the Holy Prophetsa That is why God Almighty divided the life of the Holy Prophetsa into two phases; one phase of hardship and calamities and sufferings, and the other of victory;

so that during the phase of sufferings those high moral qualities might be demonstrated which come into play at such times, and during the phase of victory and authority, those high moral qualities might be illustrated which cannot be displayed in the absence of authority. Thus, both these types of qualities were perfectly illustrated in the life of the Holy Prophetsa, by his passing through both these phases and conditions. During the period of trials in

Observing his steadfastness, many of the disbelievers believed in him and thus testified that it is only the one who has complete trust in God who can display such steadfastness. Makkah, which extended over thirteen years, the Holy Prophetsa demonstrated in practice all the high qualities which a perfectly righteous person should exhibit at such a time, such as trust in God, perfect serenity under sufferings and the steady and eager carrying out of duties and fearless courage. Observing his steadfastness, many of the disbelievers december 2012

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the philosophy of the teachings of islam

believed in him and thus testified that it is only the one who has complete trust in God who can display such steadfastness and endurance of suffering.

This means that the whole purpose of his life was to demonstrate the glory of God and to provide comfort for His creatures, so that through his constant suffering of death they might procure life.

During the second phase, that is to say the phase of victory, authority and No one should be misled by the mention prosperity, he demonstrated such high of his death in the cause of God and qualities as forbearance, forgiveness, for the good of His creatures, to think benevolence and courage, so that a large that he had at any time (God forbid) number of the disbelievers believed in contemplated destroying himself, him through witnessing his exercise of imagining like the ignorant and the those high qualities. He forgave those insane, that his suicide would be of who had persecuted him, granted benefit to others. He was entirely free security to those who had expelled him from any such stupid line of thinking from Makkah, bestowed great wealth and was wholly opposed to it. The Holy upon those among them who were in Qur’an considers anyone who is guilty of need and having obtained authority self-destruction as a great offender, liable over his bitter enemies, forgave them all. to severe chastisement, as it says: Witnessing his high morals, many of them testified that such qualities could Do not commit suicide and do not only be demonstrated by one who comes become the cause of your own destruction. from God and is truly righteous. That is how all the rancour, which his enemies It is obvious that if X suffers from pain had entertained against him over a long in the stomach, it would be futile for Y period, was washed out of their hearts in to break his own head out of pity for X. an instant. His greatest quality was the That would be no virtuous deed but only one that is set out in the Holy Qur’an in needless suffering through stupidity. In the following words: the circumstances, it would have been virtuous on the part of Y to minister to My worship and my sacrifices and my X in an appropriate and useful manner, living and my dying are all wholly for for instance, by procuring medical advice Allah. and the required medicines for him. His 16 The Review of Religions | december 2012

breaking his own head would do no good to X. It would be the infliction of needless suffering upon a noble part of his own body. In short, the true meaning of the verse cited above is that the Holy Prophetsa, out of true sympathy, had devoted his life to labour for the welfare of mankind and through supplications and exhortations and enduring their persecution and by every proper and wise means, had laid down his life and sacrificed his comfort in this cause; as God the Glorious has said:

the way of faint-hearted people that finding themselves unable to endure hardship they run towards suicide. Whatever explanation may be offered in respect of it there can be no doubt that such action is sheer folly.

Again, it is obvious that the endurance of hardship and nonresistance to an enemy on the part of a person who never had the opportunity to take revenge, cannot be accounted a moral quality for it is not known how he would have behaved if he had had an opportunity of taking Haply thou wilt risk death grieving that revenge. Unless a person passes through they do not believe; and: Let not thy soul hardships and then achieves authority waste itself in sighing after them. and prosperity, his true qualities cannot be manifested. It is obvious that a person Thus, the wise way of laying down one’s whose whole life is spent in a state of life in the service of one’s people is to weakness, indigence and helplessness, endure hardship in their service in accord enduring persecution all the time, and with the beneficial law of nature, and to who is never in a position of authority spend one’s life working out appropriate and power and prosperity, cannot be projects to that end, and not to strike adjudged as possessing high moral one’s head with a stone because of qualities. If he has had no opportunity the perilous situation of one’s people of taking part in a battle, it cannot be resulting from their errors or afflictions, determined whether he is brave or a or to depart this life after swallowing two coward. We cannot make any estimate or three grains of strychnine imagining of his character as we do not know how that through this absurd device one he would have treated his enemies if he would open the way of salvation for one’s had overcome them, or how he would people. This is not a manly method, but is have spent his wealth, if he had become a feminine tendency. It has always been prosperous. Would he have hoarded it or december 2012

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the philosophy of the teachings of islam

A contemplation of the Divine law of nature clearly shows that it certainly is pure mercy.

were not left unpunished by God. To forego chastisement in their case would have amounted to the destruction of the righteous, under the heels of their enemies.

would he have distributed it among the The Purpose of the Wars of the Holy people? If he had been present in the Prophetsa field of battle would he have run away or The purpose of the wars of the Holy would he have behaved as a brave fighter? Prophet sa was not to cause needless In the case of the Holy Prophetsa, Divine bloodshed. The Muslims had been favour and grace afforded him the full expelled from their ancestral homes, many opportunity for the manifestation of his innocent Muslim men and women had moral qualities. He displayed generosity, been martyred and still the wrongdoers bravery, meekness, forbearance and were not prepared to restrain themselves, equity on their appropriate occasions and continuously obstructed the progress to such perfection that it would be a of Islam. In these circumstances the vain effort to look for their match in Divine law of security demanded the any other person. In both phases of his safeguarding of the persecuted ones life, in weakness and power, indigence against total destruction. Therefore, those and prosperity, he demonstrated to who had drawn the sword were opposed the whole world to what high degree with the sword. Thus, those wars were he comprehended all moral qualities. directed towards rooting out the mischief There is no high moral quality for the of those who were bent upon murder, and exercise of which God Almighty did not were aimed at repelling evil. They took afford him an opportunity. All excellent place at a time when the wrongdoers moral qualities like bravery, generosity, were bent on the ruin of the righteous. steadfastness, forbearance, meekness, etc., In these circumstances, if Islam had not were in his case so clearly established that had recourse to measures of self-defence, it is not possible to seek his equal. It is thousands of innocent women and also true that those who had carried their children would have been slaughtered persecution of him to the extreme and and an end would have been put to Islam. had designed the destruction of Islam 18 The Review of Religions | december 2012

It is a great error on the part of our opponents that they imagine that revealed guidance must under no circumstances inculcate resistance to the enemy, and should always demonstrate its love and mercy by way of meekness and gentleness. Such people imagine that they display great reverence for God, the Lord of Honour and Glory, by attributing to Him only the qualities of gentleness and tenderness. But those who are given to reflection and pondering can easily perceive that such people are involved in gross and obvious error. A contemplation of the Divine law of nature clearly shows that it certainly is pure mercy. But that mercy does not manifest itself by way of gentleness and tenderness in all circumstances.

and we do not desire the loss or hurt to any of them, it is clear that our love for every one of our limbs is not of the same degree and quality. In fact, the love of our principal limbs upon which largely depends the carrying out of our purposes, prevails over our hearts. Similarly, in our estimation the totality of our limbs is far greater than our love for any particular limb. Thus, when we are confronted with a situation in which the security of a superior limb depends upon wounding or cutting or breaking an inferior limb, we reconcile ourselves to such an operation. We are grieved at the wounding or cutting of a limb that is dear to us, but through the apprehension lest the disorder of the inferior limb should operate to destroy a superior limb, we are reluctantly reconciled to its cutting. This illustration should help us to realise that when God observes that His righteous servants are in peril of being destroyed at the hands of the worshippers of falsehood and that this would lead to great disorder, He manifests His appropriate design, whether from heaven or from earth, for the safeguarding of the righteous and for the putting down of disorder; for as He is Merciful, He is also Wise.

Out of pure mercy, like an expert physician, it sometimes administers a sweet draught to us and at other times it prescribes a bitter medicine for us. Divine mercy deals with us as each of us deals mercifully with his body. There can be no doubt that each of us loves his whole body and if anyone wishes to pull out a single hair of ours we are much annoyed with him. Yet despite the fact that the love that we bear towards our body is distributed over the whole All praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of of it, and all our limbs are dear to us, the Universe. december 2012

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The Noble Wives of the Holy Prophetsa 2. Hazrat Saudah bint Zama’ahra

The lives of the Prophet Muhammadsa, his wives and the women of early

Islam are often portrayed by numerous Western historians and scholars in a

negative light. This is largely based on inaccurate historical material or without consulting original sources. This misinformation has been disseminated in the

media, magazines and news reports forming an adverse image of the women of early Islam to the world. The Review of Religions has commissioned a

special series on the wives and female Companions of the Holy Prophetsa to

present the true life stories of the noble women of early Islam. Our purpose is

not to individually respond to such historians, but only to present the actual by hafiz muzaffar ahmad , rabwah , pakistan

NEW SERIES © Illustrations by Masood Tahir (Waqfe Nau), London, UK.

history and to let our readers make up their own minds, based on facts. This article details the Holy Prophet’ssa second marriage, to Hazrat Saudahra.

translated by murtaza ahmad

Introduction When the Holy Prophet Muhammad’ssa first wife, Hazrat Khadijahra, passed away, her death left him bereft. It is reported that when Hazrat Khaulah bint Hakimra – the wife of Hazrat Uthman bin Maz’un commented, “O Messenger of Allah! You have become so lonely and saddened after Hazrat Khadijah’sra demise,” the Holy Prophetsa responded, “Of course – after all she was the mother of my children and supervisor of the house.” Indeed, Hazrat Khadijahra had managed the operations of her household so well that it allowed the Holy Prophetsa to fully focus on carrying out his religious obligations and responsibilities. Her death also left a vacuum in the communal life of the

Muslims and in the education and moral training of the Muslim women. Hazrat Saudahra became the first wife of the Holy Prophet sa after Hazrat Khadijah’sra demise. From accounts of her personality and conduct we can surmise that she was extremely righteous and had deep faith in and obedience to the Messenger of Allah. Background Hazrat Saudah’sra father, Zama’ah bin Qais, was from a branch of the Quraish clan, whereas her mother, Shammus bint Qais, belonged to the tribe of Banu Najjar in Madinah.1 Following the Messenger of Allah’s claim to prophethood, Hazrat Saudahra had the honour of accepting Islam during the very outset of its epoch. december 2012

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Her response was, “I have believed in the Messenger of Allah and I am within his Bai’at; what could be a greater privilege for me than this marriage proposal?

She was married to her cousin, Hazrat Sukran bin ‘Amoro Al-Qarshira. He had the privilege of being a Companion to the Holy Prophetsa and also had the distinction of migrating to Abyssinia; Hazrat Saudah ra accompanied him throughout the migration. Hazrat Sukran bin ‘Amoro Al-Qarshira passed away on his return from Abyssinia.2 According to some other narrations, Hazrat Sukranra passed away during the journey on migrating to Abyssinia. Therefore, in addition to having performed migration, Hazrat Saudahra also earned the distinction becoming the widow of a Muhaajir (migrant) Companion. From among the children of Hazrat Sukranra and Hazrat Saudahra, was Abdul 22 The Review of Religions | december 2012

Rahmanra, who later on became a martyr in the battle of Jalula in Iran.3 Marriage to the Holy Prophetsa After Hazrat Khadijahra passed away, the Holy Prophetsa continued to worry about the care of Hazrat Khadijah’sra four daughters and the management of his household affairs. There was an atmosphere of loneliness and sadness, and the Companions felt this as well. Hazrat Khaulah bint Hakim ra , an esteemed female Companion, went to the Holy Prophetsa as a representative for the rest of the Muslims and offered some suggestions to him regarding suitable marriage partners. Out of these suggestions, the Holy Prophetsa expressed

a preference for Hazrat Saudahra, who was a relatively older widow. Hazrat Khaulahra then spoke to Hazrat Saudahra. Her response was, “I have believed in the Messenger of Allah and I am within his Bai’at; what could be a greater privilege for me than this marriage proposal?” Hazrat Khaulahra then went to Hazrat Saudah’sra father. He responded, “What could be a better and more honourable marriage proposal for Saudah than this?” According to Hazrat Ibn Abbasra, when the Messenger of Allah sent the marriage proposal, Hazrat Saudahra already had five or six children. She replied, “There is no obstacle to my marrying you because you are dearer to me than all of creation. But keeping in mind [my] respect [for you] I worry lest these children of mine annoy you with their screams and cries over you, day and night.” The Messenger of Allah responded, “May Allah have Mercy on you. The women of the Quraish train

their young children excellently and are very thoughtful of their husbands.”4 The marriage was thus agreed and Hazrat Saudahra was married in the Makkan period and joined the household of the Holy Prophetsa. The Messenger of Allah fixed her dowry at four hundred dinars.5 When Hazrat Saudah’sra brother, ‘Abd bin Zama’ahra, who was not a Muslim, heard the news, he threw dust on his hair and cried bitterly as a sign of grief. Later on, after becoming a Muslim, he used to admit, “How foolish was I when I mourned and threw dust over my head when my sister married the Holy Prophetsa; little did I know how great an honour this was!”6 Hazrat Saudah’sra Dream The marriage took place in accordance with divine decree. Some of Hazrat Saudah’sra dreams also draw attention to her piety, righteousness, and closeness with Allah. Hazrat Saudahra narrates: “Long before marr ying the Holy Prophetsa, I saw in a dream that the Holy Prophetsa had come and placed his feet upon my neck. I related this dream to my husband. He remarked, ‘If this dream is true then after my death, you shall tie the knot with the Holy Prophetsa.’ The next day I saw another dream that I was december 2012

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Whenever she heard something pious or beneficial, even once, she would adopt the practice resolutely.

lying down and the moon fell onto me. I felt worried and told my husband about this dream also. He again interpreted the dream to mean that he would soon die and I would subsequently marry the Holy Prophetsa.” A narration goes on to say that that very day, her husband, Hazrat Sukranra fell ill and could not be saved.7 It was shortly after this, that her marriage with the Holy Prophetsa was settled. After the death of Hazrat Khadijahra, Hazrat Saudahra was the Holy Prophet’ssa only wife for approximately three years, until Hazrat ‘A’ishahra came into the house of the Holy Prophetsa, although Hazrat ‘A’ishah’sra Nikah [formal marriage announcement in Islam] had been settled before Hazrat Saudah’sra Nikah. Hazrat Saudahra thus enjoyed the distinction of becoming the first wife of the Holy Prophetsa following the demise of Hazrat Khadijahra. She 24 The Review of Religions | december 2012

took care of the Holy Prophet’ssa children by Hazrat Khadijahra, and was given the important responsibility of running the household of the Holy Prophetsa. Personal Characteristics Hazrat Saudahra was of a very simple and pious disposition. Her faith was unquestioning, so much so that whenever she heard something pious or beneficial, even once, she would adopt the practice resolutely. Her simplicity was an extremely venerable and especially admirable aspect of her character. Rather than comment on any instruction imparted by the Holy Prophet sa, or delay carrying it out, she would do her utmost to instantaneously act upon it, in accordance with her understanding. Upon the occasion of the Last Pilgrimage to Makkah, the Holy Prophetsa mentioned to his Companions that, “This may be my last Pilgrimage. After this, obstacles shall be created.”8 Hazrat Saudahra, in her simplicity, stuck to these words of the Holy Prophetsa literally. She used to say that the Holy Prophetsa had declared, “This is indeed the last pilgrimage. Thereafter, there will be obstacles.” Thus, Hazrat Saudahra and Hazrat Zainabra used to say, “After hearing this statement of the Holy Prophet’ssa, never again did we set out for this purpose.”9 Similarly,

in a parental dispute involving Hazrat Saudah’sra brother, Abdul Rahman bin Zama’ah ra, the Holy Prophet sa ruled in principle in his favour, saying, “The child born to Zama’ah’s slave girl will be counted as belonging to Zama’ah.” However, because this child looked and resembled the other claimant, Utbah bin Abi Waqas, the Prophetsa expediently advised Hazrat Saudah ra to observe purdah in his presence. Hazrat Saudahra observed this instruction so strictly that she never again expressed a desire to meet him and never saw him for the rest of her life.10 Due to Hazrat Saudah’s ra endearing simplicity and straightforwardness, she would at times unintentionally do amusing things and the Holy Prophetsa enjoyed them thoroughly. Once, upon receiving news from Allah, the Holy Prophetsa described some features of the dajjal (the anti-Christ) in one of his gatherings. As it happened, some of these characteristics were also found in one of the Madinite Jews—a young man named Ibn Sayad—and the Holy Prophetsa surmised that perhaps Ibn Sayad might be the dajjal. Subsequently, Hazrat ‘A’ishah ra mentioned this to Hazrat Saudahra. Since the Holy Prophetsa had said that, “To this day, no fitna [disorder]

bigger or more terrifying than the dajjal has been seen; all of the past prophets have warned against this fitna,” Hazrat Saudahra was already scared of the dajjal. Hazrat ‘A’ishahra states that, “When I mentioned to Hazrat Saudahra the fact that Ibn Sayad is the dajjal who has appeared, she was so scared that she hid under a bed in the storeroom and her head and clothes got dusty.” So Hazrat ‘A’ishahra went to the Holy Prophetsa and explained the situation to him. The Holy Prophetsa came and brought her out of there and asked, “What is the matter?” Hazrat Saudahra said, “I was so afraid of the dajjal that I hid.”11 Hazrat ‘A’ishahra had a special bond of love and openness with Hazrat Saudahra. Hazrat Saudahra had a special attachment with Hazrat Hafsara, Hazrat Safiyyara, and Hazrat Zainabra. In her endearing simplicity, she would also give the Holy Prophetsa messages on their behalf. In one incident, it is narrated that once the Holy Prophetsa stopped at Hazrat Zainab’sra house to drink some honey sherbet. Hazrat ‘A’ishahra sent Hazrat Saudahra to ask the Holy Prophetsa, “You haven’t by any chance eaten maghaafir honey (Maghaaf ir is a kind of flower, which gives out an offensive smell, and if the bee obtains honey from it, it is december 2012

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The incident is indicative of the good natured ambience that characterised the household of the Holy Prophetsa.

also tainted by the same odour), which causes your mouth to smell, have you?” Because of this question to him, the Holy Prophetsa stopped drinking honey made from the maghaafir (flower).12 Another amusing incident took place between Hazrat ‘A’ishahra and Hazrat Saudah ra , which Hazrat ‘A’ishah ra describes: “Hazrat Saudah came to our house. The Holy Prophetsa was sitting between us in such a manner that he had one foot on her lap and the other one in my lap. I had made Harirah [a type of soup] for the Holy Prophetsa which I also offered to Hazrat Saudahra but she didn’t eat it and kept refusing despite my insistence. I said, ‘I’m not letting you leave until you eat it, and if you don’t, I’m going to rub it on your face.’” ra

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When Hazrat Saudahra continuously refused, Hazrat ‘A’ishahra really did smear the sweetmeat over Hazrat Saudah’sra face. When the Holy Prophet sa saw Hazrat Saudahra in this amusing state, he could not control his laughter. Then with complete justice, he decided that Hazrat Saudahra should avenge herself and he removed his leg from her lap so that she could do so; and thus Hazrat Saudahra smeared Harirah on Hazrat ‘A’ishah’sra face. In the meantime, Hazrat Umar’sra voice was heard calling somebody and the Holy Prophetsa thought that perhaps he wanted to come inside. He then instructed his wives, “Go and wash your faces.”13 The incident is indicative of the good natured ambience that characterised the household of the Holy Prophetsa. Hazrat Saudah’sra simple nature, purity of heart and enthusiastic compassion was demonstrated when, during the battle of Badr, seventy disbelievers of the Quraish came as prisoners of war, which included some influential leaders and chiefs. On seeing some of the leaders of the Quraish imprisoned within her house, Hazrat Saudahra spontaneously said something which displeased the Holy Prophetsa, although he accepted her apology. Hazrat Saudahra narrates:

“When the news came that the prisoners of Badr had reached Madinah, I had just returned home after visiting someone. I found that the leader of the Quraish, Abu Yazid Suhail bin Amr, was in one corner of the room in our house, in a state of captivity with his hands tied to his neck with ropes. Seeing Abu Yazid in such a state, uncontrollably I said, ‘Abu Yazid! It would have been better for you to die with respect than to become a captive.’ I had just said this when I was shaken after hearing the voice of the Messenger of Allah from the other side, ‘Saudah! Do you provoke him against Allah and the Messenger?’ ‘O Messenger of Allah! I swear by He who has sent you with the Truth that when I saw Abu Yazid captive and with his hands tied to his neck – it came out uncontrollably, otherwise I did not, God forbid, have any such motive.’”14 Love for Prayer Once, the desire to pray at night alongside the Holy Prophetsa arose in Hazrat Saudah’sra heart. On one of the nights when he was staying with her, after he got up to offer the Tahajjud (pre-dawn voluntary prayer), she stood to offer the prayer with him. When the Holy Prophetsa was alone, he would offer his prayers at length standing for a long time, with lengthy bows and prostrations. december 2012

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Hazrat Saudahra had a particular love for the Holy Prophetsa. However Hazrat Saudahra was of a stout physique, and so the next morning, she spoke very openly to the Holy Prophetsa of her impressions about the prayer, saying , “O Messenger of Allah, I prayed behind you yesterday; you offered a ruku’ [one of the postures in the prayer] so long that I eventually held on to my nose lest it bled from all the bending down”. Hearing this remark, the Holy Prophetsa was much amused.15 Love for the Messenger of Allah Hazrat Saudahra had a particular love for the Holy Prophetsa. In his last illness, the Holy Prophetsa said, “Among the pure wives of the Prophetsa, the first wife to meet me there will be the one with the longest hands.” After hearing this, the Prophet’ssa wives began measuring their hands to check who was most fortunate enough to have the longest hands and thus be the first to reach her beloved! Hazrat Saudahra, who was tall, turned out to have the longest hands. She was very pleased and said, “This good fortune will 28 The Review of Religions | december 2012

fall to my lot first and I will be the first to be reunited with my beloved.”16 Another incident relates to the revelation of the laws pertaining to the veil. There had been generally no previous tradition of Arab women observing purdah, although the women of the nobility would at times wear a chaadar (loose robe) for respect and dignity. The lives of women were limited to within the home. The temperament of Hazrat Umarra, who later became the Second Khalifah of Islam, was such that he was extremely strict regarding purdah. Hazrat Umarra saw Hazrat Saudahra leaving her home to go out, and recognised her owing to her height. Hazrat Umar’sra personal opinion was that the wives of the Prophetsa should stay at home and should not leave their homes, in order to maintain purdah properly. Hazrat Saudahra, however, did not consider it inappropriate to leave her house veiled with the traditional chaadar (a loose robe). Hazrat Umarra called out loudly, “O Saudah, we have recognised you!” Hazrat Saudah’sra disposition was somewhat spirited. She became angry and turned around immediately for home, and went straight to the house of the wife where the Holy Prophetsa was staying that night. Hazrat Saudahra complained, “O Messenger of Allah,

Umar bin Al-Khattabra has said loudly in the open bazaars to your pure wives that ‘we have recognised you.’” At that very moment, the Holy Prophetsa received the revelation concerning those verses wherein permission was granted to the pure wives to go out of their homes (Surah Al-Ahzaab, Verse 34). The Holy Prophetsa then declared, “O Saudah, Permission has been granted to you to go out for business or [other] necessities whenever you wish.”17 Hazrat Saudahra has narrated five Ahadith on the authority of the Messenger of Allah, of which two have been recorded in Bukhari and Muslim and the rest have been recorded in Abu Da’ud and Nisai. Hazrat Ibn Abbasra and Yahya bin Abdul Rahmanra narrate from her.18 Latter Years In her later years, Hazrat Saudah ra became increasingly overweight and as a result of this, she was overcome by weakness and inactivity. For this reason, during the Last Pilgrimage, on the night of Muzdalifah [whilst in Mina], she made a request to the Holy Prophetsa, “O Messenger of Allah, in the morning, there shall be a large crowd when people return to Muzdalifah; it will be difficult for me to walk with them. For this reason,

please allow me to return before everyone else.” On account of her illness, the Holy Prophetsa gave her permission to do so. Hazrat Saudahra returned to Muzdalifah on the same night while everyone else returned to Muzdalifah in the morning. So, through Hazrat Saudah’sra blessings, the weak and disabled among the Muslims were allowed ease and mercy. Therefore, after Hazrat Saudahra asked for this permission, when other pilgrims asked about changing around the order for [some of the Hajj rituals such as] the shaving of the head, the sacrifice of the animals and the throwing of the stones, the Holy Prophet sa compassionately granted permission and stated, “There is no harm in doing this.”19 During the last years of the Holy Prophet’ssa life, Hazrat Saudahra feared that because of her illness, weakness and old age, she could not maintain her conjugal duties with the Holy Prophetsa but did not want that incapacity on her part would nullify her relation with the Messenger of Allah. So, she said to the Holy Prophetsa, “O Messenger of Allah, I have no desire to compete with the other wives; but of course I wish to be resurrected as one of your wives on the Day of Judgement. I do not want to be separated from you. Nevertheless, I december 2012

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“The story that the Holy Prophetsa was about to divorce Hazrat Saudahra due to her old age is entirely false and contrary to facts. Those who have related such stories have failed to provide evidence as to whom the Holy Prophetsa ever expressed this view. So the real truth – recorded in the authentic books of Ahadith – is that Hazrat Saudahra, on account of her old age, feared in her heart that, ‘Now that on account of age my condition is no longer desirable; it is well-nigh possible that the Holy Prophetsa divorces me owing to the natural disinclination, which is an essential part of man’s nature.”

withdraw from discharging the rights of zawjiyyah [being a wife] and I give up my turn in favour of ‘A’ishahra.”20 By making this request, her goal was to gain the pleasure of Allah and His Messenger. The Holy Prophetsa accepted her entreaty. Hazrat ‘A’ishahra would mention that Chapter Al-Nisa, Verse 129 in the Holy Qur’an deals with this subject – and that in some specific circumstances, a wife is permitted to give up discharging some of her rights 30 The Review of Religions | december 2012

as an expediency.21 Thus, any narrations which allude to the Messenger of Allah’s intention to divorce Hazrat Saudahra are unreliable according to both the principles pertaining to Rawayah and Darayah. The fact is that Hazrat Saudahra herself came forward and gave up her rights based upon an unfounded fear and anxiety. In relation to this matter, in a rebuttal of an allegation raised by a Christian Priest – Fatah Masih - the Promised Messiahas, the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Community writes:

“It is quite conceivable that in her heart of hearts she might have feared signs of disinclination on his part. And from this, an apprehension of divorce embedded in her heart; because women tend to be suspicious and sensitive in such matters. That is why she said she only wished to be resurrected among his wives.” “Therefore, in Neil-ul-autar, page 140, there is the Hadith which Ibn Sa’d and Sa’id bin Mansur, Tirmidhi and Abdul Razzaq have also narrated. Moreover, in Fathul Bari it is written that there is the common theme in their narrations that Saudahra felt the fear of divorce herself. Now from this Hadith, it is

clear that in reality, the Holy Prophetsa did not express any such desire. On the contrary, Hazrat Saudahra, considering her old age, had entertained the fear herself. Hypothetically, if we were to overlook the tawarud [recurrence] and tazahur [reinforcement] present in the narrations and suppose that he had decided to divorce her because of an aversion to her old age, there would still be nothing objectionable about this. Nor would such an action be morally wrong, because if any obstacle appears on the path of smooth matrimonial relations of husband and wife, thereby not allowing the man to fulfil his obligations in this regard, then in such a state if any action is taken keeping the norms of Taqwa in mind, there is no sense in criticising it rationally.”22 A Woman of Purest Heart According to a well-known narration, Hazrat Saudah ra passed away in 22 Hijrah in Madinah, during Hazrat Umar’sra period of Khilafat. However, other narrations put her death at a much later date.23 From accounts of her personality, we can surmise that Hadhrat Saudah(ra) was deeply righteous, and had a simplicity of character. She was honest and steadfast. december 2012

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Hazrat Saudah was also held in great respect by the successors of the Holy Prophet sa, the Khulafa-e-Rashideen. Once, Hazrat Umarra sent her a sack full of dirhams. As the sack was one usually used for dates, Hazrat Saudahra asked, “What is in this?” She was told, “It contains dirhams.” In her simplicity, she asked, “How can there be dirhams in a sack of dates?” So she told her servant to bring her a dish for the dates so that she could put these dates in it. But when the sack was opened, there really were dirhams in it.24

edited by nakasha ahmad and sarah waseem.

9. Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Vol.6, p.324

The series continues in the next Edition.

Mushabihat.

Hazrat ‘A’ishah deeply loved Hazrat Saudahra on account of her personal qualities. She greatly admired her carefree disposition, simplicity of speech and purity of heart. Once she said: ra

“I have never wished that I was like any other women, except for Hazrat Saudahra. I would like to have her simple and unpretentious ways and I wish I could be like her and that I could have a heart as pure and clean as hers and her simple ways.” 25 May Allah have mercy on this righteous soul.

(Cairo).

10. Bukhari Kitabul Bayo baab Tafsir al11. Al-Isaba, Vol.7, p.610 (Beirut).

12. Bukhari Kitabul Tafsir, Surah At-Tahrim. Hafiz Muzaffar Ahmad is an eminent scholar

13. Majma Al-Zawa’id, Vol.4, p.578 (Beirut) &

history. The ‘Hafiz’ in his name denotes that

14. Seerat ibn Hisham, (GZ) 2, p.299 (Mustafa

heart. He has authored several books, including

15. Tabaqatul Kubra libni Sa’d, Vol.8, p.54

Companions. He is a regular panellist on the

16. Bukhari Kitabul Zakat.

Huda’, which broadcasts on Muslim Television

Nisa’…

of the Holy Qur’an, Hadith and Islamic

Kanzul Ummal, Vol.12, p.593.

he has memorised the entire Holy Qur’an by

Al-Babi Al-Halabi).

on the life of the Holy Prophetsa and his

(Beirut).

popular religious discussion programme, ‘Rahe

17. Bukhari Kitabul Wudu bab Khuruj al-

Ahmadiyya International (www.mta.tv).

18. Alam Al-Nisa’…Zawjatun Nabi; Shaa’rawi, p.140, Al-Isaba, Vol.7, p.721.

19. Bukhari Kitab al-Hajj…. endnotes

20. Al-Isti’ab, Vol.1, p.603.

1. Asadul Ghaba, Vol. 7, p.157, (Beirut).

22. Nurul Qur’an, Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol.9,

3. Asadul Ghaba, Vol. 2, p. 42, Zawjatunabi;

23. Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d, Vol.8, p.57 (Beirut).

4. Tabaqatul Kubra libni Sa’ad, Vol.8, p.54

25. Muslim Kitabul Raza’a…

Write to us with comments, feedback and suggestions at info@reviewofreligions.org

21. Tirmidhi Kitab al-Tafsir, Surah An-Nisa.

2. Jawami al-Seerah p.66, (Beirut).

pp.380-381.

Sherawi, p. 136, (Beirut).

24. Al-Isaba, Vol.7, p.721 (Beirut).

(Beirut).

5. Tabrani, Vol.23, p.23, (Egypt) & Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Vol.6, p.210 (Cairo). 6. Tabrani, Vol.24, p.36 (Egypt).

7. Al-Tabaqatul Kubra libni Sa’d, Vol.8, p.56 (Beirut).

8. Al-Tabaqatul Kubra libni Sa’d, Vol.8, p.55 (Beirut).

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The Holy Prophet’ssa Unparalleled Love and Compassion for All Address by Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba, Worldwide Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community to non-Muslim Guests in Holland On the 2nd Day of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Holland ’s Annual Convention ( Jalsa Salana) on 9th May 2012, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad aba , Khalifatul Masih V, Fifth Successor to the Promised Messiah as  and Head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, delivered an address to an audience of approximately 120 non-Muslim guests. The guests included Mr. Henmen, Burgomaster of the town of Nunspeet, and Mr. H. Van Bommel, Member of Parliament for the Socialist Party. We present below the transcript of the keynote address delivered by Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmadaba.

Mayor of Nunspeet Mr. D. H. A. Van Hemmen meeting His Holinessaba.

Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba in discussion with Mr. Harry Van Bommel, Member of the Dutch Parliament.

A

f t e r r e c i t i n g Tashhahud, T’aawwuz and Bismillah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba said:

“All the distinguished guests, Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahe Wa Barakatohu – Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you all. Today, the National President of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community here in Holland (the Netherlands) has requested me to address you, our friends. Indeed, this is the first time that I have had the opportunity in Holland to directly address people who are not members of our Community. I am sure that all of you will have come here with the expectation that I will speak to you about the true teachings of Islam, and indeed this will be the main focus of my speech. However, before doing so, I would like to take this

opportunity to express my gratitude to all of you for accepting our invitation to this event. This gratitude is fully justified in light of the fact that you are attending, despite belonging to different religions, or holding different beliefs. Another december 2012

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the holy prophet ’ s sa unparalleled love and compassion for all

reason why I am particularly grateful to all of you is that over the past few years a certain group here in Holland has presented a most terrifying portrayal of Islam; and so the fact that you have chosen to accept the invitation of an event organised by a Muslim community and to listen to its viewpoints, certainly demonstrates and proves your high levels of tolerance, broad-mindedness and your open hearts. You have shown yourselves to hold a truly just and fair mind-set, whereby rather than simply believing ill-founded rumours and propaganda, you have instead chosen to come and see for yourselves and assess what the reality is. I commend you for this, because it is exactly such values that uphold the requirements of justice, and which lay the foundation for peace, security and reconciliation. This is why the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa advised Muslims that they should not just blindly accept rumours and hearsay, but should seek to verify what they have heard before forming an opinion. If one fails to do this and believes everything he hears without any investigation, it can lead to the development of misunderstandings and grudges. Such misconceptions can in turn lead to disorder and strife. Thus, 36 The Review of Religions | december 2012

what may seemingly be a very trivial and insignificant matter has the potential to lead to the complete breakdown of peace within society. Keeping all of this in view, I am extremely pleased that you have joined us today. Indeed, your attendance is a reflection of your high moral standards. Thus, first and foremost, it is my obligation to express my heartfelt gratitude to all of you for displaying such positive values and for sparing your precious time. With these few words I would now like to move on and briefly speak to you about the true teachings of Islam. For all true Muslims, the Founder of Islam, the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa, is their master and guide. During his life he provided moral teachings in such depth and detail, that even the very smallest aspects of life have been addressed. It is these seemingly smaller points that lead to the establishment and creation of a truly harmonious society. For example, the Holy Prophetsa counselled Muslims to always offer thanks and to express gratitude where appropriate, because he taught that a person who is ungrateful to his fellow man, is in fact ungrateful to God; and He Who is ungrateful to God will not be able to truly derive His blessings and rewards. If a true Muslim

chooses to adopt a righteous path with the intention and hope of attaining God’s rewards, then his every act and deed should be in accordance with the teachings of Allah the Almighty and His Messenger. There are two fundamental principles that Islam requires Muslims to live by. The first is to fulfil the rights of worship, which are owed to God Almighty, and the second is to fulfil the rights of God’s creation. These are the primary teachings of Islam. Both of these objectives can only be fulfilled when a person’s heart is filled with purity, sincerity and the desire to do good. God Almighty has great love for His creation. One manifestation of this love is that He desires that all people treat one another with mutual love, compassion and respect, so that they can come to attain His blessings and rewards. The ultimate manifestation of the love that God Almighty holds for His Creation is the perfect and incomparable guidance that He has provided for mankind in the shape of the Holy Qur’an. Within

the Holy Qur’an, Allah has described His all-encompassing Mercy and His Compassion, but alongside this, He has also commanded mankind to fulfil the rights of each other, at all times. It was for this very reason that Allah sent the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa as a ‘mercy for all of mankind’. I should point out here that neither the Holy Qur’an nor the Holy Prophetsa ever claimed that he had been sent only as a mercy for the Muslims, but instead, his mercy and compassion extended to all humans, irrespective of differences of religion or belief. In fact the Holy Prophetsa was sent not just as a source of mercy and compassion for humans, but indeed also for all animals and living things. When a person has been especially sent as a source of love, compassion and forgiveness for the entire world, then it is certainly impossible that his teachings could ever prove to be a source of harm or suffering for anyone. It is similarly impossible for his acts and deeds to violate the rights of anyone or december 2012

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the holy prophet ’ s sa unparalleled love and compassion for all

There is no doubt that his conduct was based solely upon the teachings that were revealed to him by God Almighty. cause them injury in any way. On the contrary, it is certain that a sincere person who desires for others to be treated with compassion and mercy, will himself willingly endure great pain and anguish in order to benefit others. This is exactly how we find the life and character of the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa. There is no doubt that his conduct was based solely upon the teachings that were revealed to him by God Almighty. Here, I would like to say that regardless of whether non-Muslims believe Islam to be true or not, certainly it is our firm belief that the system of prophethood that God Almighty established, reached its pinnacle in the person of the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa. We believe him to be the Final Law-bearing Prophet. We believe that the law revealed to him in the shape of the Holy Qur’an was the Ultimate and Perfect Law. We believe that the Guidance of the Holy Qur’an is universal and everlasting. If we glance at 38 The Review of Religions | december 2012

the history of the past prophets of God, we find that the people and nations who rejected them were ultimately always punished by God Almighty, and that such punishment was manifest through various and different means. Some powers and nations were destroyed in this very life whilst others, according to our beliefs, are punished by God Almighty in the Hereafter. In the same way, when the teachings of Islam were revealed to the Holy Prophetsa, he also believed that those who not only rejected his message, but who crossed all limits in their opposition and persecution towards him and his followers, would be subject to God’s Wrath, either in this world or in the Hereafter. As I have already explained, the Holy Prophetsa was a ‘Mercy for all Mankind’, and this meant that he remained constantly anxious and desperate that mankind should be saved from the consequences of Divine Punishment. Therefore, after spending his entire days working tirelessly in the cause of Islam, he would then spend virtually all night and every night bowed down in front of God begging and praying desperately, that mankind be saved from destruction. Upon observing this state of restlessness, God Almighty addressed the Holy

Prophetsa directly, as is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an. It says: “Haply thou wilt grieve thyself to death because they believe not.” (Ch.26:V.4) This verse beautifully illustrates the unparalleled love and compassion for mankind that was felt by the Holy Prophetsa. It was due to this love that he desired that the people of the world should come to recognise their Creator and that they leave behind all forms of idolatry and concepts of polytheism. His ardent desire was that man should be absolutely firm in His conviction that the Possessor of All Powers was the One God. The Holy Prophetsa desired all of this because he knew that those who did not recognise God Almighty would come to face His Wrath. Thus, when God Almighty observed his grief-stricken state, He reminded the Holy Prophetsa that he should not allow himself to perish through grief, because God had tasked him only with conveying the message and to counsel and guide people towards God. The Holy Prophetsa was reminded that ultimately it was God Almighty Who guided Whomsoever He pleases to the Truth and thus the final stage of accepting Islam could only be completed

through God’s Grace. This is the reason why God Almighty, in Chapter 2, Verse 257 of the Holy Qur’an, has stated categorically that “There should be no compulsion in religion.” Therefore, according to Islam, all people have the right to choose whether or not to believe in any religion, because this is viewed as a personal matter between them and God. Islam neither teaches compulsion in matters of faith and nor was it, as is often wrongly alleged, spread in this way. Islam categorically teaches that nobody should ever be forced to accept a religion. Indeed, if somebody is compelled by force to join a religion, yet in his heart he does not believe it to be the truth, then whenever the opportunity arises, he will leave the religion immediately. It is an eternal truth that hearts and minds can never be conquered by force; but if we look at the example of the early Muslims, we find that they were people who gave great personal sacrifices for the sake of the religion and for the sake of their faith. The majority of the early Muslims were either very poor people or were slaves, and due to their acceptance of Islam, they had to endure horrific levels of cruelty and persecution. Yet, they never turned away or gave up their faith. december 2012

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The Muslims were forced to migrate from Makkah to Madinah after years upon years of brutal persecution.

If we further analyse the history of early Islam we find that as a result of the long period of hardships and cruelties imposed on the Muslims in Makkah, they were forced to migrate to Madinah. If the religion of Islam had not been firmly ingrained in their hearts and they did not have firm conviction of its truth, then why would the Muslims have had any need or desire to endure such trials and tribulations and to give up their homeland? Following the migration to Madinah, the situation of Muslims who had been gravely persecuted and oppressed in Makkah improved significantly, and their numbers began to increase. It is in relation to this postmigration period that an allegation or question is sometimes levelled at Islam, that due to the relative improvement in their circumstances, the Muslims then decided to wage war against the 40 The Review of Religions | december 2012

disbelievers. However, this allegation is without any basis or foundation. This is completely wrong and has simply arisen as a result of the false propaganda by the opponents of Islam. The first battle that took place after the Muslims migrated to Madinah was the Battle of Badr. All historical accounts testify to the fact that the military capabilities of the non-Muslims was far superior, as compared to what was available to the Muslims. The army of the Muslims was even less than one third the size of the army of the disbelievers. In addition, the disbelievers had huge stocks of weapons and artillery, whilst the Muslims had only a handful of swords and a few arrows with which to defend themselves. Furthermore, to suggest that the war was initiated by the Muslims is completely wrong. The truth

is that the war was forced upon them. The opponents who had driven them out of Makkah then refused to let them to live in peace in Madinah and instead arrived at their doorsteps and waged a fierce attack.

been pulled down cloisters and churches and synagogues and mosques, wherein the name of Allah is oft commemorated. And Allah will surely help one who helps Him. Allah is indeed Powerful, Mighty.” (Ch.22:Vs.40-41)

The hearts and minds of the Muslims were filled with such strong faith and conviction that they were inspired to defend themselves with fearlessness and exemplary courage. Such bravery and faith showed that they had not been forced to join Islam, but that their faith was truly genuine. Despite the huge gulf in resources and manpower, a great victory was secured by the Muslims. This victory was a grand sign that the Help of God was with them. As I said, this battle was a defensive war that occurred only after Allah had granted permission to the Muslims to fight back. The reason that Allah granted permission is stated in the Holy Qur’an, where it states that:

Having heard these verses you will realise that permission for defensive wars was not granted by the Holy Qur’an in order to only protect the Muslims, but in fact, through this permission, the Muslims were commanded to defend and protect the places of worship of all other religions as well. Certainly, as long as true Islam was practised, which was during the lifetime of the Holy Prophetsa and his Rightly Guided Successors, never did the Muslims initiate any warfare. Even where they were compelled to defend themselves they were bound by strict instructions given by the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa in relation to the rules of war. For example, he instructed the Muslims that during warfare, no church or any other place of worship was to be damaged; he instructed that no priest or religious leader was to be caused any harm; he instructed that no women, children or elderly people were to be harmed; he instructed that no Muslim should attack anyone who did not attack him or who had not raised his sword,

“Permission to fight is given to those against whom war is made, because they have been wronged and Allah indeed has power to help them. Those who have been driven out from their homes unjustly only because they said, ‘Our Lord is Allah’. And if Allah did not repel some men by means of others, there would surely have

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the holy prophet ’ s sa unparalleled love and compassion for all

This act of incomparable mercy and compassion was so astonishing that it won over even the hearts of the remaining enemies of Islam. – and the rules of engagement given by the Holy Prophetsa were not limited to protecting only humans, but went even further. Thus, the Holy Prophetsa instructed that during any battle no trees were to be felled and no crops were to be destroyed. All of this guidance was given as a result of the beautiful teachings of the Holy Qur’an. This was the real Islam and is the real Islam. In direct contradiction to these teachings, in today’s world we find indiscriminate firing and bombardment regularly occurring, in many parts of the world. We find that well-populated towns and cities are being targeted and so innocent civilians are being killed and their homes are being destroyed; and neither is the environment spared, with trees and crops also being destroyed. Thus, based on all I that have said, can it be alleged that Islam is a religion that teaches or promotes extremism? 42 The Review of Religions | december 2012

I have already mentioned that great cruelties were inflicted on the early Muslims of Makkah. I shall cite just one example, which relates to a blacksmith who was an opponent of Islam. Upon learning that his slave had become a Muslim, he inflicted the most horrific torture on him. The blacksmith would repeatedly lay his slave directly onto burning coals only because the slave would proclaim that, “God is One and Muhammad is His Messenger.” The Muslim slave was forcibly kept lying on the burning coals until the coals themselves had cooled, due to prolonged contact with his skin. Yet in spite of such cruelty and barbarity, when Makkah was eventually conquered by the Muslims, the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa, in an act of unparalleled mercy, chose to forgive all of those who had bitterly oppressed the Muslims for so many years. This forgiveness was rendered unconditionally and regardless of whether they had come to accept Islam or not. The only stipulation that the Holy Prophetsa laid down was that the opponents should not attack the Muslims in the future. This act of incomparable mercy and compassion was so astonishing that it won over even the hearts of the remaining enemies of Islam. These were the true and real teachings of the Holy Prophet

Muhammadsa and of Islam. With regret I must admit, that today some Muslim groups act in a way that is totally opposed to these teachings. In the same way, some Muslim governments appear not to follow these teachings in their policies and acts. However, the blame for this cannot be placed upon the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa or the Holy Qur’an. We, Ahmadi Muslims, follow the true teachings that the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa brought with him. He himself prophesised that a period of spiritual darkness would arise in the future where the majority of the Muslims would no longer follow the true teachings of Islam. He further prophesised, that at such a time, God Almighty would send a person as the Promised Messiahas and the Imam Mahdi (the Guided One). He would be sent to re-establish the true teachings of Islam in the world. The Holy Prophet Muhammadsa instructed that when such a person came, he should be accepted. We, Ahmadis, believe that the Messiah and Mahdi who was to come has indeed arrived in the person of the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, whose name was Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmadas, of Qadian. During his lifetime

he shined a bright light on the true and real teachings of Islam, and it is as a result of his guidance, that our Community, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at, spreads a message of love, compassion and peace throughout the world. The Promised Messiahas himself outlined the main objectives for which he had been sent. He said that his primary task was to bring mankind closer to God Almighty and to draw the attention of mankind towards fulfilling the rights of each other. He was sent to bring an end to all religious warfare and to spread Islam’s true teachings, which are of love, affection and peace, and to establish true human values. Therefore, we, Ahmadi Muslims, promote these very teachings throughout the world. Nevertheless, when certain anti-Islamic groups choose to either mock or ridicule our Holy Book, the Holy Qur’an or to insult our master, the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa, or to raise wholly false allegations against them, then this naturally leads to our feelings and sentiments being grievously injured and hurt. Furthermore, there are many other Muslims from different sects who themselves are extremely hurt by such distressing acts. From the perspective of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, december 2012

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NEW AND E X CLUSIVE

the holy prophet ’ s sa unparalleled love and compassion for all

I can say with certainty that we never display any wrong or inappropriate reaction and never seek to take revenge, and we never take the law into our own hands. Instead, we constantly strive to present the true and beautiful teachings of Islam to the world, and so in this way, dispel all doubts and suspicions that may be raised against the religion. Sadly, certain Muslim groups or individuals react to the provocation in an entirely wrong way and retaliate or seek revenge, and thus discord and disorder spreads within society. Consequently, through this event today, I would like to convey the message that we must endeavour to always consider and respect the feelings of one another; and I would also request all of you to help and assist in our efforts to fulfil this crucial object. We must try to promote peace and reconciliation in society, because the alternative is that burning flames of 44 The Review of Religions | december 2012

hatred and conflict will continue to erupt, and will come to engulf the entire world. Thus, it is my prayer and desire that all of you should help us to promote love, affection, reconciliation and brotherhood throughout society. In your own circles of influence I would urge you to propagate to others the importance of respecting and honouring one another, as this is the only way that we can save the world from the impending devastation; because we already see that in the vast majority of the world, disorder and frustrations have become widely prevalent. If these are allowed to continue, then it could lead to another world war – and the final result of such a war will be colossal destruction and devastation, the like of which we have not seen before. May God have mercy on the world, and may all mankind come to realise the great need to fulfil the rights due to God Almighty, and to His Creation, as this is the only way that the world can be saved from catastrophe. At the end, I would like to once again thank all of the distinguished guests for taking the time and effort to be with us today. May Allah reward you, abundantly. Thank you very much.”

volume 11 Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmadra chapter vi Rukhsatanah [marriage] of Hazrat

‘A ’ishahra and an Exposition of Her Age at the Time, the Issue of Polygamy and Two Fabricated Incidents [Cont.] part ii turn over to start reading

Masjid Quba, the first Mosque built in Islam


We continue with the first ever serialisation of the newly translated Volume II of Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmadra’s outstanding biography, Seerat Khatamun Nabiyyin, on the life and character of the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa. This is arguably the best biography on the Prophet ever written. Each month we will present extracts from chapters of the book. Here, we continue with Chapter VI.

translated from the urdu by ayyaz mahmood khan

A

t this instance, it is also necessary to mention that the marriage of Hazrat ‘A’ishahra took place under specific divine indication. It is recorded in a Hadith that prior to her marriage, the Holy Prophetsa saw a dream in which an angel presented a silk cloth to him and said, “This is your wife.” When the Holy Prophetsa opened it, he found upon it a portrait of Hazrat ‘A’ishahra. However, the Holy Prophetsa did not mention this dream to anyone, and understood that if this dream was to be fulfilled in the literal sense, then Allah would arrange for it Himself. As such, this bond was ultimately established through the proposal of Khaulah bint Hakimra.1 It is also mentioned in the Ahadith that in her last days, Hazrat Saudah bint Zam‘ahra gave her own turn of company with the Holy Prophetsa to Hazrat ‘A’ishahra, and in this way Hazrat ‘A’ishahra received a double opportunity to benefit from the company of the Holy Prophetsa. In that 46 The Review of Religions | december 2012

era, the Shari‘at was being revealed, and the foundation of new rules of practice were being established in every matter. For this reason, when Hazrat Saudahra grew old and became unable to fulfill

It is recorded in a Hadith that prior to her marriage, the Holy Prophetsa saw a dream in which an angel presented a silk cloth to him. her duties as a spouse completely, she thought to herself that in this state, perhaps the Holy Prophetsa would seek a separation from her; so she offered her turn to Hazrat ‘A’ishah ra herself, and submitted to the Holy Prophetsa that, “O Messenger of Allah! I no longer require my turn.”2 This surmise of Saudahra was absolutely false and was

merely an unfounded doubt. However, Polygamy Practiced by the Holy since the Holy Prophetsa was especially Prophetsa and its Wisdom concerned for the education and training Along with the Rukhsatanah of Hazrat of Hazrat ‘A’ishahra and since she was ‘A’ishah ra the practice of polygamy worthy of receiving special attention began in the life of the Holy Prophetsa. due to her age and characteristics, the Therefore, at this instance, it would not Holy Prophetsa accepted this proposal be inappropriate to write a brief note on of Hazrat Saudahra. Nevertheless, even this issue. However, prior to mentioning after this, the Holy Prophetsa continued anything with regards to polygamy, it to regularly visit Hazrat Saudahra, and seems necessary to mention the purposes like his other wives, he would show of marriage, as stipulated in the Islamic affection towards her and take care of her Shari‘at. The reason being that along comfort. There is a difference of opinion with all its additional purposes, to some with respect to the literacy of Hazrat extent, polygamy depends upon reasons ‘A’ishahra. Though, it is established by a which are an offshoot of these very same narration in Bukhari that she was in the original purposes. As such, it should be possession of a written manuscript of the known that there are four purposes of Holy Qur’an,3 wherefrom she personally marriage, which are derived from the dictated various verses to a Muslim from Holy Qur’an. Firstly, for an individual Iraq, which in the least, proves that she to be safeguarded from various physical, could in fact read. It is most probable moral and spiritual ailments and from that after her Rukhsatanah, she learned their ill consequences. This aspect how to write, though various historians is referred to as Ihsan in the Arabic have stated that she was unable to language, which literally means to be write.4 Following the demise of the Holy protected within a fortress; secondly, the Prophetsa, Hazrat ‘A’ishahra lived for more continuation of human life; thirdly, lifeor less forty-eight years, and met her long companionship and peace of heart; Beloved Creator in 58 A.H., during the fourthly, the growth of relations of love month of Ramadan. At the time she was and compassion. The Holy Qur’an states: approximately sixty-eight years of age. “O Ye Muslims! Allowed to you are all those women, except for those which have been alluded to above, that you december 2012

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the life & character

of the seal of the prophets

appoint for them their dowries and marry them. However, the purpose of your marriage should be so that you may be safeguarded from ailments and evils, not that you should succumb to a life of lust and follow a way of pleasure and sensuality.”5

Furthermore, this verse also alludes to the fact that men and women are also a means of hiding the weaknesses of each other, just as garments are also a means of concealment. Then, the Holy Qur’an states:

“O Ye Muslims! Your wives are a tilth In this verse, the purpose of Ihsan has for you, from which the harvest of your been mentioned. In other words: firstly, future generation is to be reaped; so now so that through marriage an individual you may deal with your tilth how you like, may be safeguarded from falling victim and reap the harvest of your choice.”7 to certain specific ailments of a physical nature, which develop as a result of In this verse, the purpose of the celibacy; secondly, so that an individual continuation of human life has been may be safeguarded from certain spiritual mentioned. In other words, it must be and moral ailments, and does not become ensured that the line of human offspring indulged in impure thoughts and lewd continues to flourish. Along with this, relations. This very fundamental purpose God the Exalted has also mentioned in has been described in another verse as a very subtle manner that when future follows: progeny is to be brought into existence through wives, an individual should “O Ye Muslims! Remember that your maintain relations with his wife in such wives are a garment for you, and you are a manner that future progeny is not ruined, rather, the best possible offspring a garment for them.”6 is brought into existence. Then, He states: In other words, spouses are a means of “Allah the Exalted has created wives safeguarding one another from evils and for you from among yourselves, so that ailments, just as garments protect an you may find peace of heart in your individual from the hardships of cold relation with them, then God has made and heat. In this verse, since women this relationship a means of love and were also to be addressed, the manner tenderness between you.”8 of description has been made more subtle. 48 The Review of Religions | december 2012

In this verse, the third and fourth purposes fruit may be procured as a result of this of marriage have been mentioned; in relationship. Furthermore, in contrast other words, so that a husband and wife to these purposes, the purpose which may find a life-long companion in one the Holy Qur’an has deemed as being another, and may find comfort in their unlawful, which Muslims have been relationship with one another. Secondly, instructed to abstain from, is the one of so that through marriage, a relationship lust and sensuality. of love and unity may be created between the relatives of both husband and wife, and in addition to blood-relations, endnotes through other ties, various families and various nations may receive opportunities 1. Sahihul-Bukhari, Kitabun-Nikah, Babu to come together in a bond of love and Nikahil-Abkar, Hadith No. 5078 companionship. Therefore, in the Islamic 2. Sharhul-‘Allamatiz-Zarqani ‘Alal-MawahibilShari‘at, four purposes of marriage have Ladunniyyah, by Allamah Shihabuddin been mentioned: firstly, Ihsan, i.e., to be Al-Qastalani, Vol. 4, p. 380, Saudah Ummulsafeguarded from various physical and Mu’minin, Darul-Kutubil-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, spiritual ailments and their consequences; Lebanon, First Edition (1996) secondly, the continuation of human life; 3. Sahihul-Bukhari, Kitabu Fada’ilil-Qur’an, thirdly, life-long companionship and Babu Ta’lifil-Qur’an, Hadith No. 4993 peace of heart; fourthly, the joining of 4. Kitabu Futuhil-Buldan, by Ahmad bin different families and different nations Yahya bin Jabir Al-Baghdadi Ash-Shahiru Bilthrough a relationship of love and Baladhuri, p. 478, Amrul-Hazzi, Al-Mausu‘atu compassion. If one contemplates, not Bi-Shari‘in Babil-Khalq, Egypt (1901) only are all of these purposes absolutely 5. The Holy Qur’an: An-Nisa’ (4:25) permissible and appropriate; rather, 6. The Holy Qur’an: Al-Baqarah (2:188) they are extremely pure and in complete 7. The Holy Qur’an: Al-Baqarah (2:224) accordance with human nature and the 8. The Holy Qur’an: Ar-Rum (30:22) needs of mankind. Through these aspects, the relationship of husband and wife has been planted upon a most excellent foundation and a means has been developed by which the best possible december 2012

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A Haven of Peace and Love

Darul Amaan Mosque opens in Manchester, United Kingdom Manchester is located in the northwest of England. Right – Location of Manchester within Greater Manchester.

that the mosque had been built at a site which was only a few hundred metres from where he had been born and brought up. He said that the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at had the “full support of the Manchester City Council.”

On 27 th April 2012, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmadaba, Khalifatul Masih V, Head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, inaugurated the Darul Amaan mosque in the City of Manchester, United Kingdom. This was the sixth new mosque inaugurated by His Holiness in the United Kingdom in 2012. An official reception to mark the opening of the mosque was held at the mosque premises, which was attended by dignitaries and guests from various backgrounds.

© AMA Gallery UK

head of the worldwide ahmadiy ya muslim community

Councillor Harry Lyons, the Lord Mayor of Manchester, said he was delighted 50 The Review of Religions | december 2012

Tony Lloyd, MP for Manchester Central, said he had a longstanding relationship with the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at. He said that under the leadership of Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad aba, Ahmadi Muslims constantly displayed values of love and peace.

© AMA Gallery UK

hazrat khalifaul masih vaba,

© AMA Gallery UK

Keynote Address by

Kate Green, MP for Stretford and Urmston, said the new mosque was a “beautiful” addition to Manchester, and she congratulated the Ahmadiyya Community on the inauguration of Darul Amaan. december 2012

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© AMA Gallery UK

a haven of peace and love

John Leech, MP for Manchester Withington, said the new mosque stood as a “beacon” amongst all the other buildings in the area and was a wonderful addition to the landscape. He congratulated the Community for having raised the funds for the mosque independently and in such a short time. Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmadaba, Head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, delivered the keynote

address, the transcript of which is presented here:

proved and demonstrated when people of different nationalities, cultures, religions and social backgrounds are able to converse and interact freely with one another and come to form a strong relationship, irrespective of the differences that may exist between them.

After reciting Tashhahud, T’aawwuz and Bismillah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba said: “All the distinguished guests – A ssalamo A l a i k u m Wa R a h m a t u l l a h e Wa B a r a k a t o h u – peace and blessings of Allah be upon you all. I would like to first of all thank all of our guests who have taken the time and effort to join us this evening and enlighten the opening of our new mosque here in Manchester, which is

called the ‘Darul Amaan mosque.’ Your attendance demonstrates the strong ties of friendship that exist between you and the local Ahmadi Muslims. It is a result of these ties that you are attending, and indeed, your participation is also an example of how you care for the feelings of others. Certainly, your attendance is a true reflection of your high moral standards and it is exactly such elevated values, which the entire world stands in great need of, because, unfortunately, in today’s world selfishness and a sense of superiority have become widely prevalent. It is often said that humans are ‘social animals’ and thus living together and forming a society is a natural inclination. Yet, in reality, humans tend to group together according to their personal backgrounds, religions or temperaments. Therefore, we find that people normally form their own close circles and groups. However, high moral standards are

52 The Review of Religions | december 2012

It is a source of great pleasure to me that Ahmadi Muslims do not remain hidden away and isolated, but in fact, they endeavour to form relations with all segments of society and make efforts to integrate and interact with people from all walks of life. Certainly, such an attitude ought to be the hallmark of every true Ahmadi Muslim. However, I should also say that I am very grateful to all of you because you have not only accepted the hand of friendship that we have extended, but it is quite apparent that you value such relations very dearly and certainly this attitude of yours is worthy of recognition and admiration. There is no doubt that you are extremely deserving of the gratitude and appreciation that I feel towards all of you. Indeed, the high value of your kind gesture rises even further when considering that this function is a purely religious and spiritual event, in which a place of worship of the Ahmadiyya Community, which according to Islamic december 2012

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terminology is called a ‘masjid’—that is, a ‘mosque’—is being inaugurated. With these words of thanks, I would like to speak briefly about the importance and the main objectives of a mosque in Islam. Unfortunately, we find that upon just hearing the word ‘mosque’ the hearts of many non-Muslims become instantly consumed with trepidation and fear. It is a common belief that all Muslims who are associated with any mosque must be religious extremists and that perhaps it is in their mosques that such teachings are taught and encouraged. However, this is a completely false portrayal of a mosque. In reality, if every Muslim and indeed even anyone were to act upon Allah’s instructions to those who enter mosques, then we would find the world would become a haven of peace, love and compassion. In Chapter 7, Verse 30 of the Holy Qur’an—which Muslims believe to be the direct Word of God—Allah the Almighty has instructed that a 54 The Review of Religions | december 2012

believer should focus his attention at all times towards the mosque and should call upon God with sincerity. However, this teaching is prefaced by another instruction in which Allah the Almighty has commanded man to proclaim that: ‘My Lord has enjoined justice.’ This is because justice at all levels is a fundamental requirement of Islam, and so if a person does not act in a fair and just manner, then his supplications to God Almighty and the effort he takes in going to the mosque are rendered completely void and worthless. Indeed, God has commanded Muslims that if they pray to Him without keeping in view His pleasure, then such worship will be completely rejected by Him and the prayers of such people will be a cause for their doom. Having established that Islam requires justice, it is pertinent to ask that what exactly are the standards of justice that the Holy Qur’an demands? To help answer this question I shall refer to a couple of verses from the Qur’an

itself. In Chapter 5, Verse 9, in relation to the establishment of justice, God Almighty directly addresses those who believe—meaning those who claim to be Muslims—that they must bear witness with equity and stand forth in the cause of Allah. In this verse, God Almighty further commands that the enmity of others should not lead a Muslim to acting unjustly, because to be fair and just, is closer to righteousness. Then, in Chapter 4, Verse 136, God Almighty has further commanded about the importance of bearing witness and giving testimony with justice and accuracy. In this verse justice has been advocated to such an extent that Allah has commanded Muslims that they must be ready to testify against even themselves, their parents, their close friends and relatives. There can be no higher standard of justice than this, whereby a person is required to testify even against himself and his loved ones, in order to uphold the truth. These are just a few examples from the Holy Qur’an that I have given in order

to illustrate the essential ingredients for establishing justice and equity in society. All Muslims who enter a mosque are commanded to act and abide by these very teachings, at all times. Thus, how can it be that a person whose life is governed by the teachings of the Holy Qur’an and whose sole aim is to acquire God’s pleasure, could ever cause any form of disorder or strife in society? Furthermore, how can it be that in a mosque a Muslim learns to usurp the rights of other people? This could never happen because it directly contravenes the teachings of Islam. In the Holy Qur’an, God Almighty has very categorically stated that when Muslims enter mosques, their only intention and motive should be to worship Him sincerely. The word ‘masjid’ literally means a place where a person bows down before God in a pure manner, with only the desire to attain His pleasure. If a person prays with an impure state of mind and does not have the fear of God in his heart, then, as I have already mentioned, his worship will be completely rejected by God december 2012

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Almighty. Bearing all of this in mind, there is absolutely no reason for anyone to become fearful when they hear the word ‘mosque.’ At one place, the Holy Qur’an commands that those people who enter mosques must enter with a spirit of sincerity and solely with the intention of worshipping God Almighty. Furthermore, to fulfil the requirements of worship it is necessary that a Muslim prays according to the method that God Almighty Himself has taught. Only then can he do true justice to God’s right of worship. In relation to this it is necessary to ask who are the people who worship God Almighty sincerely and in the correct way? And indeed, what is the correct method of worship? To answer these questions we look once again at the Holy Qur’an. It has taught that people who worship God Almighty properly are those who have adopted humility as the cornerstone and underlying basis of their lives. This is because God Almighty greatly appreciates humility. True worshippers display humility in all aspects of their lives. For example, if an ignorant person confronts a sincere believer and tries to quarrel or start a fight, then the believer will not rise to the provocation, but instead to save himself 56 The Review of Religions | december 2012

from any wrongdoing, will quietly and respectfully take his leave and walk away from that situation, in a dignified manner. In other words, such a person responds to cruelty and harshness with kindness and gentleness, in an effort to create an atmosphere of peace and reconciliation. He is governed not by pride, but only a desire to please God and to help foster a peaceful society. Likewise, a true believer can never take the life of another person without reason and neither can he ever wish to cause harm or suffering to anyone else. Where I have said that a person cannot take the life of another “without reason,” it should not be misunderstood that somehow this means that there is a right to take a person’s life if you feel you have a justified reason. This is entirely wrong, because a Muslim has been taught to never take the law into his own hands. What is actually meant here is that to sentence someone to death on the basis of fabrication or conspiracy is totally wrong and God Almighty is greatly displeased by such an act. True worshippers of God can never tolerate giving even the slightest false testimony. Moreover, true believers cannot bear to observe anything that is immodest, false or obscene and if by chance they ever

come across such undesirable elements, then they remove themselves from the situation immediately, in a dignified manner. All of these points have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an as the hallmarks of true believers. Allah has deemed only those people who bear such qualities as true worshippers. These are the people whose acts and deeds are filled with piety and goodness and hence they are recipients of His rewards and pleasure. Keeping all of this in view, when an Ahmadi Muslim constructs a mosque he does so with two overarching and primary objectives. First, he tries to fulfil his obligation of worshipping God Almighty with even greater resolve than ever before. Secondly, he also endeavours to fulfil the rights of his fellow man and to serve humanity with an everincreasing determination and passion. An Ahmadi Muslim will always try

Worldwide Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community delivering the Friday Sermon earlier in the day

to distance himself from all types of disorder. Thus, it is with complete conviction and confidence that I say to all of you that the only message that you will ever hear from an Ahmadi Mosque is a call urging people towards God Almighty, and a call to fulfil the rights of God’s Creation. Apart from these two noble objectives you will hear no other call or message conveyed from an Ahmadi mosque. Indeed, this particular mosque has been named ‘Darul Amaan’ and this literally means a place of complete peace and security. It is a place of sanctuary, where whoever enters will be liberated from all fears and distress. december 2012

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And I would like to inform you that the status of the mosque as a place of refuge is not limited only to those who enter it, but in wider terms, it means that even those who live in the surrounding areas will always be safe and will never have any reason to fear the worshippers of the mosque. Not only will the local people be able to live safely and peacefully, but they will also find that every Ahmadi Muslim will stand shoulder to shoulder with them in an effort to establish a society filled with peace, love and compassion. Certainly, the local people of this area will find that all Ahmadis will always remain at the forefront of every effort that is made towards transforming hatred and enmity into love and peace. Thus, I hope and very much expect that this mosque will become a symbol of peace and a beacon of light not just in the local area, but for the entire city and indeed the wider world. This is exactly what the world stands in need of today. There is an urgent need for the world to become filled with compassion and tolerance, so that true peace can develop and we must all work together towards achieving these truly crucial pursuits. If we fail, then it is highly likely that another war will break out. Because of the circumstances, it seems as if the 58 The Review of Religions | december 2012

war is drawing nearer and approaching fast. Such a war will not be limited to a particular country or even a region, but will almost certainly engulf the vast majority of the world and will leave behind such a trail of destruction and devastation, that we cannot even imagine. The effects of such a war will be tragic and will be felt not just by us, but also by many future generations. That would be a truly terrifying legacy to pass on to our coming generations. Thus, it is my heartfelt request to all of you that within your own circles of influence, strive and endeavour towards developing peace and reconciliation, so that we can come to live in a society where all enmities and hatred are left behind. May all of us come to value and respect one another so that we, and those that follow us, are protected from all forms of destruction. It is my sincere prayer that we come to achieve this paramount objective. At the end, I would like to once again thank all of our friends who have attended tonight’s function, and who by doing so, have displayed their good nature and piety. Thank you very much.”

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Khalifah of IslamA Visit to the Heart of Germany Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad aba , Khalifatul Masih Vaba, Fifth Successor to the Promised Messiahas and Head of the Worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, left London on 14th May 2012 for a tour of Holland, Germany and Belgium, during which he attended the Jalsa Salana (Annual Conferences) of each country. After visiting Holland for seven days (a report of which has been published in our October 2012 edition), Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba travelled to Germany. We present here the highlights of the tour of Germany undertaken by His Holiness during May and June 2012. This is based on the extensive and detailed Urdu reports by Mr. Abdul Majid Tahir, Additional Wakilut Tabshir (Director of Foreign Missions of the Ahmadiyya Community), originally published in the daily Al-Fazl, Rabwah. Here, the highlights of the full report are being presented. 60 The Review of Religions | december 2012

by abdul majid tahir, translated by

professor amtul razzaq carmichael

university students with a pen. After more official commitments in the afternoon, Huzur aba held additional family mulaqat in the evening.

May 22nd, 2012 H a z r a t K h a l i f a t u l M a s i h Va b a , affectionately known as “Huzur” by the May 24th, 2012 members of the Community, arrived in His Holiness spent the morning Germany from Holland after crossing the attending to official duties, replying to border at Hunxe in a convoy accompanied posts and advising on various matters. by his staff and family. A reception The rest of the day was dedicated to committee, comprised of dignitaries from family mulaqat. the Ahmadiyya Community in Germany, welcomed him at the border and escorted May 25th, 2012 the convoy to the Baitus Subuh Mosque After attending to his official duties, in Frankfurt. A large number of men, Hazrat Khalifahtul Masih Vaba delivered women and children were gathered on the Friday sermon in Baitus Subuh in the grounds to give their Khalifah a warm Frankfurt. Nearly 2000 people listened and affectionate welcome. Despite a long to the sermon in the mosque and it journey, Huzur aba continued with his was relayed across the globe through official commitments, meeting with Amir MTA, Muslim Television Ahmadiyya Sahib Germany (National President of International. His Holiness related the Ahmadiyya Community Germany) many faith-inspiring examples of the Abdullah Wagishauser and advised on obedience of the Companions of the various matters. Promised Messiahas. The rest of the day was occupied with official duties, family May 23rd, 2012 mulaqat and an Ameen ceremony for After attending to official commitments, children who had just completed their His Holiness had mulaqat (private first entire reading of the Holy Qur’an. audience) with families from the Ahmadiyya Jama’at (Community) in Germany. Mulaqat is a blessed May 26th, 2012 opportunity for families to meet their Hazrat Khalifahtul Masih Vaba spoke Khalifah and leader in private and to with the students of Jamia Ahmadiyya talk to him in person. Families travel Germany (Ahmadiyya School of hundreds of kilometres for this privilege. Theological and Religious Studies), Huzuraba will often give younger children where they presented speeches on the chocolates and gifts school children and topic of Akhireen (people of the latter december 2012

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Foundation stone ceremony

of germany

days) and the importance of Khilafat as mentioned in the Promised Messiah’sas book, Al-Wasiyyat (The Will). Hazrat Khalifahtul Masih Vaba instructed that the new building of the new Jamia should have a library and a common room. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba asked the Jamia students about current affairs, including the Eurozone crisis, Greece’s financial problems and the world economic situation, explaining that they should be familiar with current world affairs. He said that as the German Chancellor is playing a leading role in managing the current financial crisis, students should be aware of what is occurring in their own country. If they are not, they will be accused of not integrating into society. One student commented that by “integration”, some people meant forfeiting the Islamic practice of purdah (covering). Huzuraba said that this was not integration, but immodesty. He explained that integration should be based on the principle outlined in the Hadith: that every good thing is a Muslim’s lost property. Thus to integrate, we should adopt the good aspects of our country’s culture, contribute to the society effectively and do our best for the welfare of our nation. Integration does not mean ignoring purdah. His Holiness also instructed Jamia students 62 The Review of Religions | december 2012

at Baitul Ahad, Limburg

to not cut themselves off from society and to maintain social ties with neighbours, school friends and other Germans. Moreover, locals should be sent Christmas cards, congratulated on the arrival of the New Year and sent letters on the Islamic blessed day of ‘Eid, explaining this Muslim celebration. Later, Huzuraba attended another Ameen ceremony followed by family mulaqat. May 27th, 2012 Huzuraba held a Waqfaate Nau class. Girls gave presentations on excess involvement in fashion, inappropriate use of mobile phones, watching unsuitable TV shows, extravagant wedding ceremonies and the negative impact these have on Ahmadi girls. His Holiness explained that the unsupervised use of mobile phones by children can lead a child into bad company, while young people’s phones can be targeted by unsavoury people who can lead their impressionable minds astray. Huzuraba also took questions on various topics. First, he explained that Islam allows women to go out to work, but instructs them to speak firmly whilst talking to men, in order to eliminate any possibility of misunderstandings. Next, he explained that the istakhaara is a special prayer to seek the guidance of Allah the Exalted about a particular

Tree planting at Baitul Ahad, Limburg.

matter, and that it is not always necessary to see a dream for guidance; in some cases peace of mind is granted regarding the

matter in question. Finally, he clarified that Muslims do believe in the concept of evolution within the species; this is why religious teachings have progressively advanced with the evolution in human intellect and understanding. Afterwards, a Waqfe Nau class was held, in which Waqfe Nau boys presented on the history of Ahmadiyyat in Germany. In 1922, Mubarak Ali Bengali Sahib and Malik Ghulam Farid Sahib were sent as missionaries to Germany. In 1923 a foundation stone was laid for the Berlin mosque, although it could not be built for various reasons. In 1955, Hazrat Musleh Mau’udra (Khalifatul Masih II – Second Worldwide Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community) visited Nuremburg and Frankfurt on his first trip to Germany. december 2012

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1957 and 1959 saw the inaugurations Finally, on the topic of Wasiyyat, Huzuraba of Masjid Fazl-e-Omar in Hamburg said that it should be pledged at an age and Masjid Noor in Frankfurt. Hazrat where maturity and understanding have Musleh Mau’ud ra had demonstrated developed, around the age of 15. a strong commitment to preaching in Germany. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba then IIIra who visited in 1967, identified the visited Limburg for the inauguration of Germans’ potential to accept Islam on the Baitul Ahad Mosque. The Limburg the basis of a blessed dream. In the recent Ahmadiyya Community started in past, the Ahmadiyya Jama’at Germany 1984 with only four people, and has has been fortunate enough to be now grown to an efficient and hardblessed with multiple visits from Hazrat working group of 200 members. Huzuraba Khalifatul Masih IVra, and in more recent said that having a mosque increases years from Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba. Ahmadis’ responsibilities. The name of the mosque proclaims the oneness of Huzuraba also answered questions from God, and Ahmadis should come to this the Waqfe Nau boys. He advised a young mosque leaving behind the world and man who had presented a question on focus on praying to one God only. An God, to use his personal experiences of Ahmadi respects, protects, and looks after acceptance of prayer as evidence of the any place of worship. After planting a existence of God. Explaining that “Gog” commemorative tree, Huzuraba returned and “Magog” are the political forces that to Frankfurt and attended a wedding. promote Shirk (association of partners with Allah), he explained a Hadith that May 28th, 2012 reciting the first 10 and the last 10 verses Hazrat Khalifahtul Masih Vaba travelled to of Surah Al-Kahf, Chapter 18 of the Giessen to lay the foundation stone of the Holy Qur’an, will counter these forces. Baitus Samad mosque. The Ahmadiyya He also explained that Islamic banking Community in Giessen was initiated in is a complex issue and a team of Islamic 1986 and currently consists of highly jurisprudential experts have to meet to educated members, including doctors and work out many of its details. A young scientists. The attending dignitaries were man was advised by His Holiness to impressed by the teachings of Islam as it write his Ph.D thesis on Islamic banking. gives voice to women, shuns extremism 64 The Review of Religions | december 2012

Baitus Samad, Giessen.

and keeps faith separate from politics. His Holinessaba praised the Ahmadiyya Jama’at Germany’s commitment to building mosques, and mentioning that Giessen was a university town, he said that Islam promotes the seeking of knowledge and that with the building of this mosque, the beautiful teachings of Islam will become even more apparent to all. After the laying of the foundation stone and silent prayers, he returned to Frankfurt to attend a Walima (wedding reception.) May 29th, 2012 The morning was spent in official duties and family mulaqat. Later, Huzur aba travelled to historically significant Friedberg in order to lay the foundation Foundation stone ceremony at Baitus Samad, Giessen.

Darul Aman, Friedburg.

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stone for a mosque. The Ahmadiyya Jama’at there consists of 285 welleducated members, who are wellintegrated into the local society. It had been an enormous challenge to obtain a suitable site and planning permission for the mosque, but eventually a site was found in 2011. The Lord Mayor explained that because of the local laws, the mosque has to be built in an industrial area; but that this will help Muslims to integrate into society and raise awareness regarding Islam. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba noted that the Ahmadiyya Jama’at Germany is the fastest in Europe in building mosques. He was pleased to see a thriving relationship between Ahmadis and local Germans. Islamic teachings are clear and unambiguous; a man needs to worship God and fulfil the rights of others. This ceremony received good coverage in the local press. Later, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba travelled back to Frankfurt and attended another wedding.

attending officers. He explained that most Ahmadis living in Germany have been accepted as they escaped the persecution in their home countries. In response to one question, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba explained the process by which the election of the supreme head of the Ahmadiyya Community takes place. A Khalifah could be elected from Europe or Africa. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba explained that the Ahmadiyya Community has accepted the Messiah of the age, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmadas of Qadian and that it believes in fulfilling obligations to Allah and to mankind. Ahmadis are involved in preaching. They are also active in serving humanity, particularly in African villages. This visit was also given extensive media coverage In the afternoon, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba visited Baitul Tahir and met the local Ahmadiyya Jama’at. He visited the library and instructed that the library be completed with sets of Ahmadi books. Then he travelled back to Frankfurt where he met with some official dignitaries and conducted family mulaqat.

silent prayers, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba went to his accommodation. June 1st, 2012 This was the first day of the 37 th Jalsa Salana. After the flag hoisting c e r e m o n y, H a z r a t K h a l i f a t u l Masih Vaba outlined the certain difficulties with Jalsa preparations last year and how they were overcome this year, in his Friday sermon. Huzuraba explained that the policy of an Ahmadi is to regard any good thing as his lost property and we should adopt this attitude.In fact, when

Main hall, Jalsa Salana (Annual Convention) Germany 2012.

Huzuraba explained this to a high-ranking German official once, he responded by saying that with this attitude, the Ahmadis would soon win the world over. That afternoon, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba met over 300 Ahmadi university students who were completing Ph.D., Masters, and Bachelor’s degrees. Students described their research: one Ph.D student was researching a plant extract Meeting with University students.

May 30th, 2012 Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba attended a reception in his honour at the Military Headquarters in Koblenz. In his address, May 31st, 2012 Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba focused Huzuraba set off for Karlsruhe to inspect on the issues of human rights and preparations for the 37th Jalsa Salana loyalty to one’s country. His Holiness (Annual Convention). Afterwards, he graciously answered questions from the inaugurated the Jalsa radio. After leading 66 The Review of Religions | december 2012

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His Holiness explained in his address that Islam awards women a high status, and rewards them equally with men for good deeds.

which might be used later on in medicine, and Huzuraba advised him to research plants, such as bitter gourd. Speaking to a Ph.D student researching skin cancer, Huzuraba explained that the principle of homeopathy is to bring the disease to the surface to then be treated, and suggested that research be done on Wiesbaden’s hot water springs, which contain elements that might be helpful in treating skin ailments. Discussing Pakistan with a doctoral student in agriculture, Huzuraba noted that its natural resources had been mishandled and canals and dams had not been properly maintained, which led to the dams’ inability to hold water. Moreover, the unnecessary logging has negatively affected both the economy and the environment, and new trees need to be planted. Other Ph.D students noted their projects: one researching the use of zebra fish in medicinal products, 68 The Review of Religions | december 2012

sponsored by the pharmaceutical industry and another exploring thalidomide’s use in treating bone cancer. His Holiness was especially interested in the research of a doctoral student working on wind energy and discussed sources of energy to be used for the African model villages. Finally, Huzuraba noted that the financial crisis in the Eurozone was inevitable, since the 27 countries had adopted a common currency without adopting a common economic policy, in contrast to the US, where all fifty states are under one economic policy, making a common currency sustainable. June 2nd, 2012 Hazrat Khalifahtul Masih Vaba addressed Lajna Imai’llah (Women’s Auxiliary of the Ahmadiyya Community) during the second day of the Jalsa Salana. After handing out the academic excellence awards to Ahmadi Students who had achieved outstanding success in education, His Holiness explained in his address that Islam awards women a high status, and rewards them equally with men for good deeds. An Ahmadi woman’s purpose in life is to bring about a pious revolution in this world, rather than being allured by its glitter and charm. She is also expected to achieve high standard of modesty and prayers. His Holiness gave inspiring

examples of the sacrifices made by Muslim women and encouraged today’s women to engage in Jihad (to strive or struggle hard) of the self to spiritually reform. Later, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba addressed German dignitaries and guests in English. During the afternoon, His Holiness held a question and answer session with university students. He explained that Islam allows family planning when carried out for good reasons, although women should consider both their age and the wishes of their husbands. Secondly, he noted that while Ahmadi women can study law and go into practice helping deprived women, the practice of criminal law may not be compatible with an Ahmadi woman’s lifestyle. Moreover, while women can continue their education after they are married, this should be a decision made amicably by both husband and wife. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba said that Islam allows and encourages carrying out medical experiments on unclaimed dead bodies as well as organ donations, since doing this helps humanity. Speaking on the current economic crisis, His Holiness quoted a famous saying: “Born in debt, live in debt, die in debt,” and cautioned against taking out loans to buy luxury items, although taking out a mortgage is acceptable, since the same amount would

otherwise be spent on rent. However, borrowing money to buy smaller things such as a sofa, or so on., cannot be justified by any Ahmadi, Moosi (a person who has bequeathed at least 1/10th of their property to the Community as detailed in The Will) or not. His Holiness also advised students to enhance their bond with God Almighty by understanding His true status, reciting the verse asking for the Right Path, and praying to Allah that they might find Him. Huzuraba advised against the longterm use of life support machines, saying that while using them for 12-14 hours to look for signs of improvement is fine, prolonging the agony further is not recommended, although euthanasia is not allowed. Another question was whether Salat (the Islamic formal Prayer), can be offered while wearing nail polish, to which he responded by saying that cleanliness is what is required and polish does not affect it. His Holiness said he does not recommend that Ahmadi women enter frontline politics at this stage. Commenting on Ahmadis in Pakistan and some Arab countries, he compared them to the People of the Cave (Ashaabe Kahf), in that they face extreme hardship and persecution. Huzuraba also said that december 2012

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International Bai’at Ceremony (Oath of allegiance) at Jalsa Salana Germany 2012. A human chain is formed by placing hands upon the shoulder of the person in front, which connect to Khalifatul Masih, the Head of the Ahmadiyya Community.

women can go to other countries for their education as long as they have their parents’ permission and stay in single-sex housing. Asked about sex education in schools, His Holiness advised mothers to maintain strong friendships with their children, so that they can explain right and wrong when their children start to learn such matters at school. He also encouraged students to learn Chinese, since China is an emerging power and in the future the Jama’at will need people to translate literature into Chinese. 70 The Review of Religions | december 2012

June 3rd, 2012 The final day of Jalsa Salana started with the International Bai’at, (Oath of Allegiance) followed by the academic excellence awards. In his concluding address, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba explained that Ahmadiyyat is destined to succeed according to the Divine prophecies. God has promised the Promised Messiahas that his Jama’at (Community) will succeed. Afterwards, His Holiness met with new converts from Germany, Afghanistan and some Arab countries. He advised one new convert to focus fully on offering his Salat on time, understanding the meanings of the Holy Qur’an and enhancing his spirituality. Many converts told their heart-rending stories of sacrificing careers, families, and relationships in order to accept

Ahmadiyyat. His Holiness told them that they had accepted Ahmadiyyat because they believed it to be the true religion and therefore it was important to follow its teachings and not be distracted by other Ahmadis, who did not completely follow Islamic teachings. The role models they need to follow are the Holy Prophetsa, the Promised Messiahas, and the Khulafah of Ahmadiyyat. Huzuraba advised converts with family members hostile to their conversion to maintain affectionate relationships with them and to preach to them and support them with prayers. He also warned that a Third World War is a possibility if people do not reform themselves, and that we should pray for the world to be saved from it, especially since there are similarities between the current financial crisis and the economic situation between the last two World

Wars. His Holiness then travelled back to Frankfurt. June 4th, 2012 His Holiness met with a number of delegations. First, Huzur aba met and advised a Member of the National Assembly of Tunisia who had attended the Jalsa and was most impressed and spiritually moved by it. He had even slept on the floor of the main marquee to make sure that he did not miss any part of the proceedings. A delegation from Hungary also met with His Holiness and was impressed by the peaceful teachings of Islam, the dedication and commitment shown by Ahmadis during Jalsa, and noted that this was the practical depiction of Islam in the world. The delegation from Malta consisted of two people who were being preached to; one december 2012

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a visit to the heart of germany

of whom was of Sudanese origin. His the face while wearing makeup, they do Holiness commented on the fact that the not wear knee-length coats, or they dress people of Sudan had not benefited from inappropriately, while other women do significant business with other countries. not do proper wudhu (ablution) for fear A delegation from Iceland consisted of wiping off their makeup. His Holiness of a father whose son had accepted explained that he constantly brings Ahmadiyyat, and who was impressed by these matters to women’s attention in the positive impact of Ahmadiyyat on his addresses. Allah’s commandment is their son and the excellent manners of to continue to give advice in order to their Ahmadi daughter-in-law. Huzuraba address weaknesses; aggression has no advised a Danish student who was role here. He also warned that those studying Islam to read The Philosophy of who do not observe proper purdah show the Teachings of Islam and Introduction weakness; this is an inevitable part of to The Study of the Holy Qur’an. After human nature, which is why the Holy meeting with the Estonian delegation, Qur’an commands us to keep reminding His Holiness met with several delegations and giving advice. He also explained that from Arab countries, which also included new converts should not take ordinary new converts who shared how they Ahmadi women for role models but accepted Ahmadiyyat. Commenting on rather the wives and female Companions Syria, Huzuraba said that the two Muslim of the Holy Prophetsa. In fact, Huzuraba sects fighting were destroying their own encouraged the new converts to become economy and integrity and that their an example for all Ahmadi women cruelty was becoming excessive, and this and spread the real teachings of Islam will leads to Allah’s decree coming into through their practical examples. Allah action. Through infighting, Syrians are is not nepotistic, He will only make those giving Western countries the opportunity people leaders who correctly follow the to intervene and promote their own teachings of Islam. On bringing up interests. Ahmadis have no power to children, His Holiness advised women to intervene in this situation; they can persist in a Jihad (hard struggle) against only advise and pray for them. Huzuraba the self, keep an eye on their children, also commented on how some Ahmadi forge a strong bond with the mosque women do not observe proper purdah: and maintain a close connection with their hair is showing, they do not cover the system of Jama’at. 72 The Review of Religions | december 2012

Left and above: Masjid Mansoor, Aachen.

The delegations from Albania, Kosovo and Montenegro met Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba and reported that they were most impressed by the spiritual impact of the Jalsa Salana. Some of them even witnessed spiritual signs. During a meeting with a German Member of Parliament, Pakistan’s political situation was discussed: the law of the jungle is the rule, Ahmadis are bitterly persecuted and are not allowed to build minarets on their mosques, and even foreign aid ends up in Swiss bank accounts. Members of the Turkish delegate related heart-rending accounts of their acceptance of Ahmadiyyat and their perseverance in the face of intense family opposition. The delegates from Tajikistan and Lithuania were most impressed with the organisation of the Jalsa. They were advised to be regular in offering Salat. Delegations from Mali, Bosnia, Slovenia, and Macedonia liked the message of “Love for All, Hatred for None”, and how Ahmadis helped others. Later, fourteen couples had the honour of having their Nikah ceremonies

(Islamic formal and public declaration of marriage) led by Huzuraba. During his sermon, His Holiness emphasised that righteousness (Taqwa) should be the foundation of any relationship, that if it is the basis of marriage, then the next generation will also be righteous, always seek Allah’s pleasure, and give precedence to their faith over the world. This makes the basis of a successful marriage. A Bulgarian delegation, which had also attended the Jalsa Salana, mentioned to Huzuraba that they were impressed with Ahmadis’ focus on educational excellence and the limiting of their worldly desires. They especially liked the Islamic teaching of wishing for others what we like for ourselves. The day ended with family mulaqat (meetings). June 5th, 2012 Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaba left for Achen. Achen is the westernmost town in Germany and is historically significant as an engine town. Its first december 2012

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Outside the 14th century City Hall, Aachen.

Jama’at was established in 1977. His Holiness laid the foundation stone for Masjid Mansoor, and in his address emphasised the Islamic teachings of peace, kindness, and mutual cooperation. He also explained that Muslims had to endure 13 years of persecution in Makkah before they were allowed to fight in self-defence, and that this permission to fight was to be used to protect places of worship, including cloisters, churches, and synagogues. Huzur aba instructed Ahmadis to demonstrate through their 74 The Review of Religions | december 2012

actions building the mosques, along with safeguarding the rights of all religions and places of worship, and that they should enhance their personal actions and deeds. This ceremony was attended by many dignitaries and was given extensive media coverage. After visiting the historic Achen Town Hall, a 14th century building where German kings used to be coronated, His Holiness and the rest of the convoy bade farewell to the German Jama’at and travelled to Belgium.


The Review of Religions, in print since 1902, is one of the longest-running comparative religious magazines. The objective of the magazine is to present the teachings of Islam, reflecting its rational, harmonious and inspiring nature. It also brings together articles and viewpoints on different religions and seeks to make discussions on religion and religious philosophy accessible to a wider readership. The magazine is devoted to promoting intellectual and lively debate that is based on respect for all prophets and religions. Islam repeatedly stresses the need to seek knowledge and The Review of Religions provides a unique platform for people to acquire, and share knowledge. Yearly subscription is only ÂŁ15 sterling or $30 for overseas customers. To subscribe, or for more info, visit

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The Review of Religions (December 2012)  

The Holy Prophets Unparalleled Love and Compassion for All