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Re-inventing the Water CycleDecentralized Treatment the OS1 way June 29, 2010 www.organicsolutions.in


Table of Contents  Indian Water Story – A Snapshot  Decentralized Water Treatment  OS1 microorganisms  FABR Technology

 Case Studies


Water, Water Everywhere! Not a drop to drink Fresh Water constitutes of less than 3% of the total water on the planet Breakdown of Global Freshwater Reserves

The Indian Water Story

More than 97% Salt Water Less than 3% Fresh Water

Annual Precipitation 4,000 Tr Litres Domestic (5%)

Glaciers

Groundwater

Permafrost

Surface water

68.7%

30.1%

0.8%

0.4%

Availability of water is taken for granted as 70% of our planet is covered with water Less than 3% of the water is fresh, out of which around 70% is trapped in glaciers Ground water & Surface water which is the most accessible is under severe pressure

Non-usable Water777 Tr Litres

Usable water-

1076 Tr litres

Industry (6%)

36% ground 64% surface

Agriculture (89%) Treated Water 30%

Waste & Sewage 16.24 Tr Litres


Indian Water Story – Demand for water is increasing! India in the global perspective Agriculture

Industrial

Drivers of Water Usage in India

Domestic

Water Consumption in India 93 115 Total Consumption (Bn Litres/Day) Per Capita Dometic Consumption (Litres/Day)

227

Population : Expected to increase to 1.66 Bn by 2050

441

1658

1745

2000 88.9

2050E 167

Urbanization: Expected to grow to 55.2% by 2050

Water Consumption in China

Total Consumption (Bn Litres/Day) Per Capita Dometic Consumption (Litres/Day)

219 822

105 392 1024

1151

2000 82.7

2050E 155.4

Increased Per Capita Income

Increased Industrialization

Water Consumption in US 166 605 Total Consumption (Bn Litres/Day)

Per Capita Dometic Consumption (Litres/Day)

187 665

542

315

2000 582.7

2040E 484.6

Increase in production of water intensive crops


Indian Water Story- Supply of Water is Decreasing! Increasing Irrigation demands and Increasing Pollution are two main causes

Major River Basins

Ganges

Krishna

Water used for irrigation as a % of Total Consumption

91%

90%

Kaveri

95%

Godavri

89%

Ground Water Depletion has started affecting most of these river basins By 2050… • Ground water depletion in the Ganges Basin is projected to deplete by 50-75%

• Surface water is under severe

pressure due to water pollution

increasing

• Cities are facing severe water shortage •Cities are reaching out to distant water sources • Untreated Sewage is leading

• Ground water levels in Krishna, Kaveri and Godavri basins are projected to deplete by ~50%

to severe water pollution • Only 30% of the total waste water generated is treated • Severely polluted stretches in 18 major rivers identified by CPCB were located in an around large urban areas


Are We able to Manage our Own Waste ??? We need Innovative techniques to change the Waste Management Blue-Print The Indian Waste Story Domestic Waste Generation in cities (MLD), CPCB 2010 report

Waste Water Treatment – Issues Inadequate Treatment Facility

35,558

•Only 30% of the total domestic waste generated is treated • 93% of the waste is generated in Class 1 cities, however only 31% of the waste is treated

11,554 Treated Untreated

• Out of 11554 MLD treatment capacity around 8040 MLD is treated in Metropolitan Cities • In class 2 towns only 8% of the waste generated is treated • 2759 MLD sewage is disposed in Ganga Basin and 7976 MLD sewage is discharged into its tributaries • Sewage Treatment capacity in coastal areas is around 48% and rest is discharged in the sea

24,004

2,976 234 2,742 Class 1 Cities

Existing plants are not properly maintained • Most treatment plants not conforming to Environmental Standards • Treatment plants are not properly connected and thus remain under-utilized

Class 2 Towns

• Continuous power supply and proper personnel not present


Table of Contents  India Water Story – A Snapshot  Decentralized Water Treatment  OS1 microorganisms  FABR Technology

 Case Studies


Good Things come in Small Packages!!! Decentralized Waste Treatment is the „much neededâ€&#x; Innovative Solution

Centralized Waste Treatment System

High Costs Skilled Labor Huge Grid of pipes

Leakages

The Treatment Plants are not connected to all parts of the city

De-centralized Waste Treatment System

Location Centric Lower Costs Utilization of treated water

The strategy is to downsize infrastructure, to locally source, treat and re-use the water

Sewer Lines get choked Treated water is not utilized due to high cost of transportation and is discharged into drains and get mixed with untreated sewage

Decentralized technologies can be applied at various levels; (a) individual houses (b) cluster of houses (c) Colonies (d) commercial areas/SEZs (e) small portions of larger communities


Table of Contents  India Water Story – A Snapshot  Decentralized Water Treatment  OS1 microorganisms  FABR Technology

 Case Studies


Providing “Organic” Solutions to Waste Problems Waste Management the OS1 way Power of OS1TM Naturally Occurring Non Toxic mixture of beneficial microbes

Biological Treatment of Waste

Has the ability to quickly consume/digest a variety of organic matter

 Simple Bacterial Cells decompose the organic matter

Not harmful to human or nature – Non Pathogenic

 Due to bacterial metabolism complex matter is transformed into cellular mass  Enzymes act to break organic matter into water soluble and soil soluble nutrients  Organic Waste is metabolized down to water and Carbon Dioxide providing the bacteria with energy for growth and reproduction

Reproduces quickly in the conditions present in the waste disposal systems Synthesizes H2S and removes foul odour

Fermentation Technology A process by which facultative microorganisms transform complex organic molecules into simple organic compounds that often can be absorbed directly by plants. Yields a relatively small amount of energy compared with aerobic decomposition Releases relatively lesser amounts of gas, and heat


Providing “Organic” Solutions to Waste Problems Various Applications of OS1

Sewage Treatment • Aerobic Methods • Anaerobic Methods (FABR)

Solid Waste Treatment • Composting

Sewage Treatment • Turnkey Anaerobic Projects using FABR

Foul Odour Removal • Sanitization, Reduction in flies and pests • Odor removal in urinals

Solid Waste Treatment • Anaerobic Composting

Technology • Aerobic Composting

• Addition of OS1 in existing plants to enhance the capacity, improve results, control odor and yield cost benefits • OS1 can be added to all kinds of plants; Activated Sludge Process, FAB, SAFF, UASB, Waste Stabilization Ponds, Lagoon Systems etc

• OS1 can be sprayed to reduce flies, pests and foul odor and to SANITIZE the landfill areas • Landfill sanitization is a cost effective way of increasing the life of the landfills and the compost can be used if proper segregation is done


Composting using OS1dms at MCD site at Okhla

Garbage being dumped by MCD trucks

Heaps left to decompose

Garbage Heaps

Ready compost

Bacteria being prepared for spray

Compost being packed


Sanitization of Chandigarh Landfill Site using OS1dms

Bacteria Tanks

Using Fire Tank

Before Spray

After Spray


Table of Contents  India Water Story – A Snapshot  Decentralized Water Treatment  OS1 microorganisms  FABR Technology

 Case Studies


“Hand in hand with Nature” Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)TM Benefits offered by FABR

Uses the natural process of fermentation

Alternative to Labor and Power intensive Technologies

Not dependant upon electricity.

Very little labor required.

No technical person required for operation.

Addition of specially cultured naturally occurring microbes (OS1)

Treatment of flow starting from 1 m3/day

Challenges faced by conventional technologies Most conventional methods use naturally present bacteria in the sewage for treatment which are pathogenic in nature, and these pathogens keep multiplying

Large amounts of oxygen is required and large amounts of sludge is produced By products are carbon-dioxide and methane

Minimal maintenance.

Almost zero sludge handling.

Minimal moving parts.

Absolutely eco friendly.

No foul odor.

Can be built totally underground.

Gravity based system.

Reduces build-up of Pathogens

Treated water can be reused for horticulture purposes or flushing in toilets


“Hand in hand with Nature” Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)TM Up to 90% BOD removal

Treated water outlet

Gas release

Sludge removal & bacteria recycle

OS1

Inlet

Treatment Process ScreeningRemoval of Inorganics

  

Inoculation of OS1 Microbes

Sedimentation & Sludge Maintenance

Fixed Film Filters/Baffle Reactors

ClarificationRemoval of suspended solids

Filtration/ Removal of Pathogens

Can be built totally underground. The space can be utilized for other purposes like car parking, lawns, driveways etc. There is no foul odor in the area utilized for STP


Table of Contents  India Water Story – A Snapshot  Decentralized Water Treatment  OS1 Microorganisms  FABR Technology

 Case Studies


Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)TM Versatile Decentralized Applications A. Individual Houses/Farm-Houses Project Details Location: Chattarpur, Delhi Flow : 4000 Litres/Day Output BOD: <25 mg/l Treated water is used for horticulture purposes

Treatment Plant with bacteria tanks

Sludge Filter


Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)TM Versatile Decentralized Applications B. Residential Township

Project Details Location: Manesar, Haryana Client: One of leading Real Estate Developers Flow : plant)

40 KL/Day (for this

Number of plants: 10-12 Treatment Plant

Output BOD: <30 mg/l Treated water is used for horticulture purposes

Cluster of Houses connected to the STP

Treated Water being used in the surrounding green belt


Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)TM Versatile Decentralized Applications C. Factories Project Details Location: Gurgaon Client: Matrix Clothing Flow : 50 KL/Day Output BOD: <30 mg/l Treated water is used for horticulture purposes

Treatment Plant


Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)TM Versatile Decentralized Applications D. Restaurants/Malls Treatment Plant

Project Details Location: Manesar, Gurgaon Client: Mc Donalds Flow : 10KL /Day (including kitchen effluent) Output BOD: <35 mg/l

Bacteria Dosing

Treated water is used for horticulture purposes


Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)TM Versatile Decentralized Applications E. Government Camps/Townships

Project Details Location: Kadarpur, Gurgaon Client: CRPF camp (CPWD) Flow : 1 MLD/Day No. Of Plants â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 2 (0.5 MLD each) Output BOD: <20mg/l Treated water is used for horticulture purposes


Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)TM Versatile Decentralized Applications F. Schools/Colleges/Universities Project Details Location: Jaipur (technology been applied pan-India) Client: One of Indiaâ&#x20AC;&#x;s leading private universities Flow : 300 KL/Day Treatment Plant

Output BOD: <20 mg/l Treated water is used for horticulture purposes and for flushing in toilets

Treated Water

Treated Water being used in lawns


Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)TM Versatile Decentralized Applications G. Modified Plants (earlier Extended Aeration Plant) Project Details Location: Mysore Flow : 45 MLD/Day

Sludge deposits in sewage

3 weeks after inoculation of OS1

Earlier the client was spending 12 Lacs per month for 18 hrs operation without satisfactory results After using OS1 fermentative technology Savings/Month: Rs. 6 Lacs every month Output BOD: <20 mg/l

5 weeks after inoculation of OS1

8 weeks after inoculation of OS1


Fermentative Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (FABR)TM Versatile Decentralized Applications G. Modified Plants (earlier Extended Aeration Plant) Project Details Location: Manesar, Gurgaon Client: One of Indiaâ&#x20AC;&#x;s premier security forces Bacteria dosing in the manhole

Aerators being turned off

Flow : 1.5 MLD/Day Savings/Month: Rs. 1 Lac every month Output BOD: <20 mg/l Treated Water is used for Horticulture Purposes

Treated water quality

Treated water being used in NSG campus


Thank You

Organic Solutions H 16/6 DLF Phase 1 Gurgaon, Haryana 0124-4057323 info@organicsolutions.in www.organicsolutions.in


National Sanitation Conference 2010  

Paper on decentralized waste water treatment using OS1 microorganisms

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