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Chapter 1: The wind energy market

FIGURE 1.2 SHARE OF EU-12* AND EU-15** INSTALLED WIND POWER CAPACITY (%) COMPARED TO EU TOTAL (GW)

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

EU-12

0.2

0.4

0.7

1

1.7

3.9

4.2

EU-15

40.6

47.1

56.1

64.1

73.7

81.9

90

*

EU-12: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia

**

EU-15: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom

Development of wind energy has, however, been diverse across the 12 countries. By the end of 2011, cumulative installed capacities varied from nothing in Malta and Slovenia to 1,616 MW in Poland. FIGURE 1.3 TOTAL INSTALLED WIND CAPACITY IN EU-12 AT END 2005 AND END 2011 (MW)

1,600 1,400

MW

1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200

Bulgaria Cyprus

Czech Estonia Hungary Republic

Latvia Lithuania Malta 2005

12

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Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia

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In just seven years, total installed capacity in EU-12 increased by 4 GW, an average of 665 MW a year or an increase of over 1,900%. In the EU-15, total installed capacity increased from just over 40 GW to almost 90 GW during the same period, an annual increase of 8,330 MW or an increase of 122%. As figure 1.3 shows, the rate of development of wind power in the newer Member States has been uneven. Whereas Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia did not install any wind power capacity over the period, the increases in Bulgaria and Romania were huge. Installed capacity in Poland grew by 1,840%, in Hungary by around

1,800%, and in the Czech Republic by over 670%. Growth in the EU-15 between 2005 and 2011 was 122% and 1,921% in the EU-12; the growth for the EU as a whole was 131%. However these impressive growth rates represent marginal quantities of wind power capacity compared to the EU’s total installed capacity. The figures also indicate that of the 12 newer Member States, 87.9% of the total installed capacity (3,690 MW out of 4,197 MW) is in five countries — Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania.

FIGURE 1.4 SHARE OF INSTALLED WIND ENERGY CAPACITY IN EU NEWER MEMBER STATES, END 2011

Cyprus 134

Latvia 31

Estonia 160

Slovakia 3

Lithuania 179 Czech Republic 217 Hungary 329

Bulgaria 607

Poland 1,616

Romania 921

Source: EWEA

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Totall instaled wind capacity 2005 2011  

--- Total installed Wind Capacity for Hungary/Poland/Romania/Turkey/Bulgaria/Cyprus/Czech Republic/Estonia/Latvia/Lithuania/Malta/Slovakia/S...

Totall instaled wind capacity 2005 2011  

--- Total installed Wind Capacity for Hungary/Poland/Romania/Turkey/Bulgaria/Cyprus/Czech Republic/Estonia/Latvia/Lithuania/Malta/Slovakia/S...

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