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ADAM STARKEY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT PORTFOLIO 2013 This portfolio displays an array of design projects undertaken throughout the duration of my 3 years of undergraduate study in Landscape Architecture with Town and Regional Planning at the University of Sheffield, 2010-2013. Throughout my degree a variety of design conceptualising/ detailing, visual and graphical communication techniques have been explored and developed, allowing for the range of skills I possess within the field to flourish.


Other Work Publications:

AutoCAD Used primarily for construction and contractors drawings

Environmental Impact Assessment - Howbrook Link:

Adobe Photoshop Used for creating design visualisations for effective communication, along with photographic editing.

Land Contamination, Restoration and Revegetation Report - Croda Site Link:

Adobe InDesign Used for the sheet design and layout of this portfolio, along with design display posters throughout my course

CONTENTS Recent Projects Integrated Design Project - Castlegate Redevelopment

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Development - Past Projects Regenerating the CIQ Page 7 - 10

Construction Project - Weston Bank Concourse Page 11 - 12

Social Aspects - Manor House

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Cultural Landscapes - Rivelin Valley Forestry Scheme Page 17 - 19

Work Experience Page 20

Heeley Development Trust Page 21 - 24

Bents Green School Page 25 - 26

INTEGRATED DESIGN PROJECT Castlegate Regeneration Project Brief The integrated design project involved the developing of proposals for Castlegate - an area of urban regeneration - from the initial planning strategies through to detailed design, planting and construction. This required the application of knowledge and skills acquired throughout the degree, and to further develop a more detailed appreciation of issues relating to urban design.

Links to the Full Project Posters: Concept Poster: docs/307_concept Masterplan: docs/307_masterplan Detailed Design Poster: docs/308_detailed_design

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Stage 1 – Site Survey and Analysis The key theme of issues identified in the site survey was Isolation, seen through: • Isolation of the River Don, responsible for historically/culturally and environmentally shaping the site • Isolation of the site’s Rich Heritage from surrounding areas of celebrated importance, such as Victoria Quays the Wicker. • Isolation of the Social vibrancy and Diversity, which has been cut off from the public realm by tall walls of hostile mid-20th century development. However with the removal of this building many detrimental consequences will result, such as: • Loss of site activity and Social Diversity brought by the thriving market, serving as the living pulse of the site. • Over-exposure: Not integral to the multifarious urban context in which the site lies.

An Introduction to the Site... The design site of the Castle Markets has a rich and complex history, which stretches back over a thousand years. The markets are located next to the confluence of the River Don and River Sheaf, rivers that shaped and defined Sheffield’s landscape, industry and community and once offered protection to the medieval castle that gave the area its name. In recent years the genius loci of this area has been neglected and forgotten. The city turned its back on the Don and its cultural heritage, and in the 1960’s the markets were built where the castle once stood. In the near future the site will undergo great change; the markets will be relocated to new premises and the site will be freed for redevelopment. This presents a unique opportunity to reconnect the two rivers and the site’s cultural heritage with the fabric of the modern city of Sheffield.

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KEY Cafe/ Restaurant Tables Seating Platform Pergola

Shrub/ Perennial Border Woodland Ground cover

Stage 2 – Design Concept and Masterplan Design Aims and Objectives • Re-invent the site as a centre for Social Activity and Diversity; Create a series of spaces with varying degrees of enclosure and scale, to accommodate numerous social activities • Re-establish the River Don as a working heritage asset; Open up the landscape towards the river confluence, allowing the urban realm to unfold towards the river edge through the landscape, allowing the landscape and it’s users to once again embrace the river edge. • Re-merge the site with the surrounding Historic Context; Use circulation and landform to create a series of links; re-connecting the site to the surrounding historic context: The City Centre, the Wicker, Victoria Quays

Reedbed Vegetation and Decking Permeable Woodland Canopy Formal Sheltering Trees Deciduous Parkland Trees Riverside Tree Canopy Amenity Parkland Grass

Pedestrian Surfacing

Building Entrance

Links to the Full Project Posters: Concept Poster: docs/307_concept Masterplan: docs/307_masterplan Detailed Design Poster: docs/308_detailed_design

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‘A dynamic web of enclosed spaces which unfold to reveal and embrace the River Don; expressed through a confluence of built form and vegetation, interlaced as an intricate and explorative singularity’

Concealing Vegetation A formalistic and structured pattern, using high canopies to act as a ceiling for concealing and sheltering the pocket spaces, while allowing the light to permeate through the canopy; therefore creating sheltered yet bright comfortable spaces on the ground for Cafe/restaurant seating.

Unfolding Vegetation Strategy A mass of lively unfolding colour, texture and form. Use layered vegetation for creating semi-permeable boundaries; encapsulate space while allowing views to unfold. Lower level vegetation to create greater enclosure at a lower seated position.

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Stage 3 – Detailed Design Once a masterplan of the whole site had been developed, it was then required to develop a detailed design proposal for a selected area of the design. Within this area further consideration was given to both the qualities of hard and soft landscape, to be expressed through a range of visual methods to investigate and communicate the finer qualities of the design. Design Concept Upon arrival users are met with a bold array of fragmented sheltering structures (1) , casting alluring shadows onto the site passage; concealing small areas of seating hosting views through the concealing woodland and out towards the river. Links to the Full Project Posters: Concept Poster: docs/307_concept Masterplan: docs/307_masterplan Detailed Design Poster: docs/308_detailed_design

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The landscape greets the river via an amphitheatre-like structure (2) leading users down to the river and sheaf through a compelling integration of steps, stepped seating, viewing platforms and a ramp for the convenient access of wheelchair and pushchair users.

KEY Ornamental Parkland Tree Canopy

Blocks of seating break off and extend along a path running through the woodland growth, establishing niche pockets of private reflection space, with unfolding views through the woodland trees.

Sheltering Frame Structures with Seating...


The boardwalk meets with the river edge, allowing users to actively engage with the water’s edge along a river walk bordering the River Don and Sheaf. This extends out to form a viewing platform adjacent to the river confluence; indulging users in an experiential display of historic architecture and blankets of reed beds, providing a majestic motion and tranquil life to the river.

Pioneer Woodland Canopy Riverside Woodland Canopy

Woodland Groundcover Timber River Boardwalk

Herbaceous Vegetation and Yorkshire Stone Paving

Stepped Seating and Ramp Feature... 2

Amenity Parkland Grass River Reed bed Vegetation

Sandstone Paving

Granite Stone Paving

Smooth Concrete Ramp Paving

Floor Lighting Unit and Granite Paving

Bespoke Boardwalk Lighting Post

Granite Steps and Handrail

‘A dynamic web of concealed spaces leads to a landscape where structural restraints begin to break and unfold; returning to a state of purity, calmness and harmony with the river’. My Thoughts on the Project This was my most challenging – but profitable - project to date. The first encounter was the current site condition, as the site is so compactly and vertically developed it was a struggle to visualise a large open space. Another task was the size of the site, being a significantly larger scale than any prior projects. However through applying skills in 3D model construction, perspective hand sketches and computer software learnt in previous projects, a diverse and comprehensive design process ensured these obstacles were overcome. Despite being a great challenge for me, by the end of this project my working standards had matured significantly; bringing my work up to a level in which I feel prepared for what tasks my near future career will hold.

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Project Brief Set in the cultural industries quarter of Sheffield, this project aimed to orientate a wide-scale strategic planning, master planning and detailed designing process around a key central concept; taking note of the unique cultural and heritage assets of the site with substantial depth and clarity, therefore composing a more holistic spatial strategy with greater coverage and sensitivity to the site’s qualities. Design Aims The key concept behind the design was ‘Heritage Reclamation, Re-use and Re-invention’; to use the landscape as a means to display, inspire and encourage the artistic/historic character of the Cultural Industries Quarter; exploring how the regeneration of heritage assets - such as the River and historic structures – could be rejuvenated revitalised, once again breathing economic, ecological and social life into the area. Stage 1 – Group Project Throughout the first stage was undertaken through group collaboration with two other students, involving a site survey, strategic planning and model making exercise. This brought with it a great amount of responsibility to successfully cooperate and plan amongst the team to ensure actions were mutually agreed upon, and that deadlines were met.

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Soft Landscape Key Amenity Grass

Stage 2 – Individual Detailed Design This design aimed to discover a new and refreshing angle for approaching restoration and adaptation of historic identity, retaining the rich heritage of previous site uses whilst allowing the landscape to grow and adapt to modern life.

River vegetation

Wildflower Meadow

Clematis ‘Błękitny Anioł’

Crocus ‘Firefly’

Clematis vitalba

Crocus kotschy

Clematis flammula


Green Wall

Reconstituted industrial materials such as bricks and steel girders make up the hard landscape of the site, retaining the historic materialistic quality of the space in contrast with introduced vegetation acting to soften and accentuate the post-industrial maturity of the area. Vegetation also provides an underlying symbolic message of ‘rebirth’ and ‘New Life’ in the area, with alluring spring blooms of groundcover Crocus and arching Cherry Blossom, painting colour and life onto the water surface with a shower of white petals.

Salix babylonica

Betula pendula

Magnolia ‘Ann’

Acer platanoides

Prunus avium

Hard Landscape Key

Wooden Bridge

Reconstituted Steel Girder Frame

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In-situ Concrete Paving

Reconstituted Brick Paving

Corten Steel Chair

Floor Lighting Unit

Corten Steel Table

Dry Stone Brick Wall

Reusing and Rejuvenating the Matilda Factory Seating mounds at night time, overlooking the Cherry illuminations and cinematic projections onto the Matilda building.

Rejuvenation and Rebirth....

My Thoughts on the Project This was a fantastic opportunity for me to explore my deepest interests in art, creativity and symbology; gaining an understanding of how I may gain inspiration from qualities within the site along with the use of outside influences to raise my fascination and expectation for future projects. This proved highly rewarding to my design process, as it helped to ignite my passion for creative thinking and communication.

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Project Brief This project required a complete re-design of the Western Bank Library courtyard, primarily catering towards the needs and convenience of students and employees which occupy the building. Along with this design it was required that a series of detailed construction contractors drawings were supplied, displaying an efficient construction process which is compliant to UK building regulations. This construction detailing was taken further with considering use of material qualities, and how this may enrich the user experience through a unique comfortable identity. Design Process Through exploring the surrounding context, the spatial sequence and geometric formation of the design was heavily inspired by adjacent architectural details which contain the space; therefore providing a starting point for a design language which relates to surrounding structural elements, establishing a cohesive design aspect. Once complete the design was modified in accordance with construction requirements and building regulations, and key landscape elements were drawn in AutoCAD in the desired form of a contractors plan; therefore requiring detailed specifications of material composition, measurements and possible local suppliers.

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My Thoughts on the Project A great amount of research was required for the making of this design, ensuring regulatory standards were sufficiently met and that the desired effect was both plausible and practical if taken into the construction process. This proved rewarding in respects to understanding how a landscape is formed, and how it may function in relation to materials and conditions on-site. This project also extended my visual software pallet, being the first of many projects which required the use of AutoCAD.

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SOCIAL ASPECTS Manor House Sheltered Housing

Project Brief For this project we were allocated sites with specific user requirements, based on special needs and circumstances. This required in-depth site surveying and analysis into key issues affecting the site and its users; responding to these issues through effective design in respect to the client’s budget, and presenting these ideas through consultation with the site users.


The site I was allocated was Manor House, a sheltered housing development for people in retirement, all of whom are affected with a form of disability which require special care. This raised many challenges in approaching site safety issues and resolution through careful design.

smell... touch... sight...

Design Process The design vision was categorised into 3 key aims. These aims responded to both input from site survey, research into designing for disabilities, health benefits of green space and sensory garden design. These ideas were presented and reformed in response to the resident’s feedback throughout the client consultation meetings.

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3 Key Aims of the Design

MANOR HOUSE - MASTERPLAN Transitional Archway


Psychological Benefits Sensory Experience • Vegetation (Visual/Scent): Improve views from windows and within the space -Variety of scents, combined with colour for a multiple sensual experience • Wildlife (Sound): Bees and birds to establish a natural setting • Activity: Catering for a variety of needs such as socialising, for improving quality of life

Wildlife Pond

Pergola Shelter Bird Bath

Bird House

Physical Benefits Encourage Healthy Activities • Elongated Pathway: For encouraging lengthy walking exercises, leading users back to the building entrance • Gardening: Light activity for gentle exercise and well-being Catering for Disabilities • Paving: Flat materials to lower risk of falls • Wheelchairs/Walking Frames: Wide paths for wheelchair use-Spaces designated for wheelchairs to settle in seating areas • Bespoke Furniture: Raised planters to avoid crouching to floor level.


Vegetable Planting Beds

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SOCIAL ASPECTS Manor House Sheltered Housing


The Design is characterised by 4 areas: Social Area: A space for group activities, settling with visitors and for special social events.


Peaceful Area: A private space for quiet activities, self-reflection within a pleasant visual and tranquil wildlife atmosphere. Growing Area: An area to accommodate growing crops and engaging with the activity of gardening Viewing Area: A space for interacting with the surroundings, with a variety of vegetation to enhance the building’s image.

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When considering how my design ideas may be best presented to the clients, I felt it necessary to use visualisations which could fully engage the residents in the experience. To achieve this, I felt it best to use more traditional styles of visual communication, including hand drawing and watercolour. This proved successful in appealing to the best interests of the residents, encouraging them to ask further questions about my ideas.

My Thoughts on the Project When visualising bold design concepts and formulating grand features, sometimes the needs of the users in which the design is targeted at can be neglected; this appears to be a running theme for many designs which fail to meet their full potential. This project therefore put the needs of the users in the foreground, encouraging client-specific design details and considering practicality. With opportunities to vocally communicate with the users first-hand, the project proved to be highly enjoyable, allowing me to re-evaluate the diversity of Landscape Architecture, and the true potential of landscapes for improving quality of life.

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CULTURAL LANDSCAPES Rivelin Valley Forestry Scheme ‘Acceptance of Time’s Hold on Man’s Creations...’

Project Brief This forestry scheme aimed to regenerate the historic landscape of Rivelin valley into a recreational wildscape of cultural exploration. Rivelin possesses certain characteristics which display a mix of natural and cultural evolution, with little or no intervention.

‘Natural and Cultural Evolution...’

What is a ‘Historical Wildscape’? Historical Wildscapes are often abandoned spaces expressing a rich history of human activities, overgrown with thriving vegetation and biodiversity through natural succession. Rivelin Valley comes in the form of a post-industrial Wildscape reclaimed by high-quality wilderness for an alluring and exciting mix. Design Aims

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Rather than rebuilding important landmarks within the valley - resulting in the loss of a century of time’s progress this Historical Wildscape Scheme recognised that the post-industrial and future years of the valley are also of great significance in the development of Rivelin’s unique character. Through respecting the valley’s qualities the scheme utilizes and accentuates this character without impeding on cultural and naturalistic processes; for increased appreciation for the area and thus achieving a more sustainable approach to planning, design and management finding the exemplary balance for

‘Co-operation between Natural and Creative Human Processes in Space and Time...’

Safeguarding the past and Staging the Future.

KEY Private Land Ancient Woodland Maintained for ecological importance, and valuable time-induced character -significant for retaining the Historic Wildscape vision.

Retained Ancient Woodland

A Boardwalk constructed with trees cut on site, allowing users to engage with the water’s edge and view the Wildscape from a non-intrusive distance. The fast flowing river to one side and calm wetland on the other displays an alluring sensual and visual mix.

Retained SemiAncient Woodland

Retained Playpark reconstructed with materials reflecting the natural surroundings, relating it more with the historic woodland surroundings

Retained Open Grassland

Community/Visitor Centre

Extended Wetland

Roscoe Wheel Retained, Roscoe Mill Pond reclaimed as a thriving Wetland Habitat

Retained Allotments

Mill Pond Wetland Environment viewable via a boardwalk, connecting people with the water’s edge

Proposed Seating/ Picnic Areas

Example of a Wetland Boardwalk in Houtan Park, Shanghai, China. Kongjian Yu (2010) Shanghai Houtan Park. [image online] Available at: http://www.asla. org/2010awards/006.html [Accessed: 9th Dec 2012].

Community Forestry Scheme Areas Retained/ Reconstructed park

Existing Cafe and Toilet Block Retained Cafe wall reconstructed with stone and reuse as an advertisement board for woodland events.

Outspread of Semi-natural Woodland through a Community Forestry Scheme - Open areas retained to preserve desirable views over the valley

Existing River/Wetland

Tree Canopy

Preserved Historic Features

Newly Constructed Bridges Refurbished with more integral, Historic Wildscape characteristic materials such as wood and stone.

Extended meandering path network leading down the steep valley caters for exhilarating recreational cycling

Community/Visitor Centre Retained Allotments with Bordering Hedgerows

Retained Existing Buildings

Boardwalk Holme Head Wheel Retained and Re-invented as an unconventional but rousing Seating Area

Historic Loose Aggregate/ Hoggin Pathways Historic Earth Pathways

Little London Wheel Revived for a mix of Historic Ruins and Thriving Wetland Habitat

Proposed Pathways

Mill Pond Retained, with reworking of unsightly concrete re-inforcement Nether Cut Wheel

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Establish the wider Rivelin area as a vibrant, living and working community

To Sensitively Retain and Re-use Important Historic Landmarks • Retain Roscoe Wheel and Bridge as focal points signifying the beginning of a flowing historic trail • Excavate, clear and re-use Holme Head Wheel as an unconventional but rousing informal seating area, immersing users in the overgrowth and historic ruins • Other Industrial Ruins scattered throughout the site, such as crevises and free-standing stone walls retained as architectural focal points amongst the chaotic overgrowth - Emphasising the exciting Historic wildscape concept of Human Culture succumbing to the fight from nature and time.

To Expand and Renew Ecology in and between Historic Landmarks • Reclaim wetland habitats within and around historic Mill ponds through scrub and waste clearance, to allow wetland vegetation and animal species to thrive and make use of the cultural landscape • This makes for a fascinating visual contrast, applying focus on historic landmarks while significantly increasing their ecological value.

To Educate users about the Site’s Historic and Natural Significance • A Community/Visitor’s centre: located in the open area on the edge of the Ancient Woodland. It Functions as a centre to inform and educate visitors of the valley’s cultural heritage and importance/care for the wildlife. Roscoe Bridge directs visitors to enter where attention is also drawn to Roscoe Wheel, encouraging insight. It also provides storage for woodland management equipment, catering visiting schools and volunteers for involvement in woodland management and craft events on site. • Educational Placques and Directional Signs throughout, guiding attention and informing users of sites to see, instructing on their past appearance and functions through historic images and descriptions.

To allow for Low-impact Development to Improve Functionality with respect to Retaining the Historic Wildscape Character • Current Metal Bridges reconstructed using Historic Wildscape characteristic materials such as wood and stone, meaning less detrimental impact and greater visual integrity with the Historic Wildscape experience. • New development such as boardwalks to be constructed using integral recycled materials, such as wood from tree cutting within the valley. • Reworking of previous unsightly maintenance, such as the poor concrete re-inforcement of the Nether Cut Mill Pond. To Restore, Retain and Maintain Historic Circulation • Restored and managed with renewal of harder wearing and absorbant, but environmentally sensitive materials such as loose aggregate and Hoggin; to provide the most direct route for users to engage with the historic journey taken by past users, appearing unchanged since the abandonment of industry.

To Manage Ancient Woodland • Management involves a low impact silviculture system, the removal of introduced species and replanting of tree species prevalent within the valley, planted over a staggered timescale - therefore renewing and safeguarding the woodland for when mature trees reach the end of their life cycle, and enhancing biodiversity and diversifying structure. • Mapping and protection of veteran trees of grand Wildscape character. • Historic Path through the woodland retained with no intervention, to minimise harm from human impact on natural habitats - The steep topography and overgrown nature of these paths discourages potentially disruptive activities such as cycling, but allows access for pedestrians and minimal natural play. To Manage Semi-Natural Woodland • Maintenance includes thinning of canopies to encourage new growth, for safeguarding evolution in the woodland’s future. • Low-lying shrub layers retained, with some removal of invasive species e.g. Japanese Knotweed and ivy biannually, opening areas of groundcover, benefitting hunting bird species. To Preserve Current Cultural Uses for the Valley • Retain used allotments, Kept for their high cultural and ecological significance.


Retention and Expansion of High Quality Ecological Environments




Management, conservation and Inventive Re-use of ]key historic features

To Allow Users to get Actively Involved with the Valley • Community Forestry Plantation Schemes: allow a Workforce of volunteers such as locals, visitors and school children to get actively involved, benefitting as a valuable educational resource. Reclaiming areas of abandoned allotments and unused open grassland to enhance ecology by planting trees over a staggered timescale for a mixture of maturity. • Advertise opportunities for visitors to use their time in the woodland more constructively by getting involved in environmental maintenance, actively educating through: wildlife Surveys, historic maintenance etc. To Encourage and Facilitate Pro-active and Sensitive Recreation • Extended path network within the west of the valley (where ecological value is of less significance), where the woodland can effectively cater for activities such as walking, cycling and bird watching without posing a significant threat to wildlife.

My Thoughts on the Project This project provided an opportunity to become more familiar with landscape issues arising from cultural landscapes. Landscape forms the most important link between human beings and the land, therefore providing identity which forms the basis and reference for memory. A clearer understanding of the value and potential of a non-designed cultural landscape helped to suggest how unique qualities can be sensitively retained, or enhanced, through careful and thoughtful adaptation.

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For these reasons, this project was of great importance to understand the full significance of a landscape as a resource for both nature and humanity, a significant factor to consider prior to undergoing any intervention.



Heeley development trust is an independent local charity, led by and employing local people. “Making Heeley a better place to be. We want Heeley to be a successful, vibrant and inclusive community; a good place to live, to work, to do business and to visit.” (Mission Statement, http://www.heeleydevtrust. com/) During the summer of 2012 I was granted the opportunity to assist the re-designing and construction of Heeley Millennium Park - A community-owned and managed park; mostly built or planted by local people and held in trust for local people by Heeley Development Trust for the next 110 years. This involvement consisted of two projects: A pre-proposal public consultation exercise, and the development of a series of contractors’ drawings for site construction.

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A Photo taken after the Public Consulation: Me (Right), Heeley Development Trust Project Leader Thom White (Left) and fellow students

Model During Construction...

Finished Model Unveiling to the Public...

Public Consultation Along with other student volunteers we were given the task to produce a scale model of the entire site, displaying a series of new design proposals for the expansion of rock climbing facilities in the area. For this we were given 5 days for completion, where it was presented to the public for general feedback, opinions and further suggestions.

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Throughout the summer I was given the responsibility to produce a series of detailed contractors’ drawings of design interventions for undergoing construction. This required great precision and clarity for easy translation to the construction workers, in order to acquire the desired results. I was also given the task to source the materials required, calculating measurements and the total cost of construction.

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Reflecting on my Experience... Through closely working with Heeley Development Trust I have received a diverse insight into landscape practice, design consultation and construction. While working for the Trust I was treated as if a permanent and long-time employee, being given great responsibilities which fully engaged me with the project.

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BENTS GREEN SCHOOL Ongoing Volunteering Experience

Bents Green Secondary School is a specialist school, catering for pupils aged 11-19 with Autistic Spectrum Disorders, Social Communication and Moderate Learning Difficulties. During Winter 2012 two of my close colleagues were given the unique opportunity to design the garden facilities for the school, used to educate the students of the importance of wildlife and food produce. Therefore the design process had to overcome many challenges in approaching safety issues and resolution through careful design, while catering for the requirements of the students and staff. On multiple occasions I have volunteered to assist the preparation of the site and the construction of design, along with a team of other volunteering students and school staff.

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Reflecting on my Experience... This has been a unique and exciting opportunity. Not only has it been rewarding to see the design from drawing to construction, but it has also proved to be highly enjoyable. It has been refreshing to leave the sketchbook and computer software in the pursuit of an active landscape experience. Throughout the coming months I shall continue to volunteer at the school, and look forward to seeing the design in full completion.

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ADAM STARKEY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT PORTFOLIO 2013 Landscape Architecture with Town and Regional Planning

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Adam Starkey Landscape Architecture with Town Planning Undergraduate Portfolio  
Adam Starkey Landscape Architecture with Town Planning Undergraduate Portfolio  

A collection of design projects created during the 2nd and 3rd years of my undergraduate degree in Landscape Architecture with Town Planning...