There is no legitimate national governance. Militia controls governorates and local councils are weak. Most governance structures are male-only and exclude women from decision making. Communities are left without any services and society disintegrates.
Temporary Tamkeen Committees, which include women, are formed and partially merge with local councils to start strengthening local governance. Public services are provided. There is popular demand for good governance in and around Tamkeen areas and traditionally male-only councils see the benefit of women in decision making positions. Local councils are strengthened, adopt good governance and are better positioned to stand up to armed groups.
A demand for good governance spreads and becomes more entrenched, it is replicated in more areas and more levels. It influences peace dialogue and the formation of new state/government structures.
impending: WE HOPE