813103 Tianyi Adam Luo 2018, Semester 1, Dan Schulz
CONTENTS INTRODUCTION PART A: CONCEPTUALIZATION PART B: CRITERIA DESIGN PART C: DETAILED DESIGN
My name is Tianyi Adam Luo and I am currently in the Third year and majoring in Architecture. I came to Melbourne 5 years ago and finished a foundation study program in Trinity College before I came into Melbourne University. Digital designing tools are useful and I havenâ€™t learn and practice with too many digital fabrication tools before, only familiar with Rhino for modeling, Auto-CAD for drawings and most of the Adobe systemsâ€™ programs like Photoshop, Illustrator and InDesign as well. I also used Blender before but only for a few times to understand how the its mechanics will work. The introduction of grasshopper and digital generation design tools have been made by the Air studio, I am ready to put efforts into the algorithm thinking and designing.
This Architecture major has been challenging for me but I have got real passions and ambitions about difficult tasks and really enjoyed considering various designing aspects. I love to play around with massive and solid cubic architecture with visual transformation between 2D and 3D can create various distinctive experiences for people. Less is more. This is the most influential narrative that i believe into. Throughout my design journey during last two years, subtraction with multi-layered components and disciplines is one of the main focus of my design. I believe in visual complexity is generated by forms and structures but not by the decoration of ornaments. I like to create a strong engagement with sites conditions and contours, merge the architectures with nature and the sites, to enhance the relationships and experiences between the architecture and the site.
CONTENTS PART ONE: DESIGN FUTURING PRECEDENTS PART TWO: DESIGN COMPUTATION PRECEDENTS PART THREE: COMPOSITION/GENERATION PRECEDENTS PART FOUR: CONCLUSION PART FIVE: LEARNING OUTCOMES PART SIX: APPENDIX - ALGORITHMIC PART SEVEN: REFERENCE LIST
The pressing challenge of balancing ethical, political, social and ecological concerns requires a new type of business practice which recognizes designs importance in overcoming a world made unsustainable. - Tony Fry
A.1 DESIGN FUTURING
Huge energy use are destroying the future planets ecosystem by discharging large amount of pollutive gas into the atmosphere. Non-renewable resources were extremely used without consideration for economic or political use and some people will argue that those resources are essential to many fields of different industries. For example, a building with large glass facade will not only rely on powerful HVAC system but also reflect huge amount of radiant heat from the sun to the surrounding neighborhood, and a building with very small windows will not receive enough daylighting and will rely on electric lighting.
To design future always started from design presences. Human habitation will continue growing enormously in the following decades. The human development and exploration has caused significant impacts on the natural environment and habitat since the Industrial Revolution. To achieve sustainability, designers should prepare for the future and give consideration, examination for the connection between design and nature.
The concept of vertical design can be learned from trees. Creating natural environmental high-rise for wildlife could be a solution for the decreasing area of natural habitation. The organic and dynamic forms within the growLearning from the precedents and ing of natural plants and vegetation improving with compelling innovative can be developed, reformed and ideas is necessary in design future, generate into architecture forms, for and these are the principles and the the habitat design and even commerresource for peopleâ€™s imagination. cial or residential buildings as well. Discipline is growing stronger and wider in various aspects, not only focusing on the appearances or composition, but recognize and work into the real experience or the performance of architectures as well.
Trees, Habitats & Environment Illustrations & Sections
Botanical gardens is considered as one the vegetation habitat protection area or a public garden next to Yarra River near city of Melbourne. Most of this area is covered by trees which some of are over 200 years old and lush grasslands. People usually consider a wellranged public transportation and roads as a benefit for city development and convenience for all citizens and people. That gradually cause the problem of trees being cut-down for energy and construction, animals are founded dead on the highway, and the rarely appearance of some species. Therefore, the human habitation has challenge the forest environment and the natural cities for the forest animals. Development of industries and cities narrow down the habitation area for animals, birds and other species all around the globe. The consideration of creating enough comfort zones for wildlife is important and necessary. Tree is a good example for there dimensional design for wildlife habitat. Horizontally, there has been already too much human
habitation and it will keep its expansion, so it is obvious that vertical design could have more space and possibilities in the future designing aspects. Waving lines and curves create a sense of natural organic shape, with the help of algorithmic and digital design tools. Possibilities of smoothing surfaces could be used into pavilion design and a composition of various curving components. For habitat architecture design, it is also necessary to use digital tools to find the most possible interior structures for trees or hollows or any informational form for different animals. New forms of designing and new definitions for architectures have already been introduced by the current facts of the globe.
Nature along cannot sustain us: we are too many, we have done too much ecological damage, and we have become too dependent upon the artificial worlds that we have designed, fabricated and occupied. -Tony Fry
The Japan Pavilion was the Japanese Expo Exhibition Building at Hanover Expo in 2000. Frei Otto and Shigeru Ban who were the architects of this Pavilion. The idea of using recycled material can be considered innovative at 2000 , which is the environmental sustainability design. This pavilion is the first attempt with the paper tubes as a structural component overseas by Ban. He worked with Frei Otto together to demonstrate and test the capacity and composition to the Hannover Expo authorities.
With huge transparency of daylight, the paper gird-shells doom roofing not only demonstrate the material and interior architecture style of Japan but also provide reusable and recyclable materials for a temporary exhibition. With manipulate and duplicate the existing material pattern, Shigeru Ban wanted to simplify the construction stages and low-tech as possible. Makeshift material qualities are used for this pavilion with revealed and simple connections of tapes to seal the intersection of different material.
Frei Otto and Shigeru Ban 2000, Hannover Expo
The arrangement and connections between paper tubes can be recognized as one of an innovating precedents for digital designing composition. Reversing and multiple repeating patterns were well arranged and it really seemed parametrically constructed. Ban also provided a possibility of untraditional material construction and design except from steel, concrete and plastic. Paper, bamboo and maybe other low carbon and low energy material would be introduced into the design industry.
The designing under the paper gird-shells is also captivating. Large interior space do not only demonstrate a well natural lighting condition, but also the potential of using and testing the performance and limitation of a material. That is why I believe the idea of finding the true capacity of a material is the same focus for the grasshopper designer, to discover the full potential of every possibilities, to test and compare all the outcomes and to find out the most interesting design.
A.2 DESIGN COMPUTATION
It is obvious to determine that over the past few decades, technology method of architectural design has played an important and significant role of giving abundant progression in the development of design. Digital programs for designing has become one of the most efficient way of understanding design process and concept. Design computation modifies various ideas, biochemical forms and even physical dynamic movements to forge into some interesting and evocative structural composition. Computation suggests new future design prospects and possibilities during architectural design process, and to provide large number of solutions and inspiration of dealing with a complex situation. Compare the Vespers Exhibition by Neri Oxman between the botanical garden exploration. The forms between nature and digital design are sometimes distinctive and similar as well. A tree grows out those organic curves inside
and outside to the branches gradually out of a single seed. There is no planned direction or a formulated pattern to be programmed into the life of nature. It is unpredictable and dynamic in many ways. Parametric computation design and generation is dynamic and natural in different ways. The exhibits of Vespers are symmetry, and curves within the exhibits are formed to be organic in certain space with regulations. Architects and designers adopt natural atmosphere into their designing processes. Design computation provide various parametric elements to achieve the organic paradigms. Computation design also has been considered as a controversial and also uneconomic of the expensive fabrication machines and designer sometimes create waste of fabrication materials in labs due to the inaccuracies of modeling and unspecialized about the operation of machines, and designers really need to recognized that they cannot drive algorithmic feel changes away from the real design objects.
Nature inspired Design to Design inspired nature. -Neri Oxman
Vespers 2016 Exhibition Neri Oxman & Mediated Matter Group Sketches
Death masks for imaginary martyrs are the basic concept for the Vespers projects. Computation design have created the chance to generate perfect symmetric design pieces or architectures of high resolution in cellular detailed level. Merging molecular forms and ecological engineering together becomes possible and efficient with design computation and 3D printing.
It is also obvious that computation design provide comprehensive ways of data analyzing and detail designing among all the series of Vespers Exhibits. Computation design contributes efficient ways of materiality testing and composition practicing. By analyzing many possibilities of design outcomes, designers enhance their ideas and all possibilities will also generate inspirations for designers.
The boundaries between artificial and natural forms have been blurred by computation design. Organic forms and geometries can be simply copied and generated towards artificial designs. Dynamic curves and lines in the exhibits provide a realistic feelings that the fluid detailed components are transited and transfered by its own wish.
The theme of the entire designs also innovates new possibilities of achievable compositions or geometries. The exhibits are made of smoothing organic surfaces, dynamic paradigms and transparent quality. Computation design offers an influential potential of future design in physical architectures or other fields.
Vespers is the most sophisticated expression of our design approach so far, demonstrating that we can seamlessly vary the physical properties of materials in extremely high resolution that matches, and ultimately transcends, the scales of nature. -Neri Oxman
Computational and structural design was always the focusing of ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion for each year. During the exploration of fabrication technologies and using digital design and technology to approach the transformation between morphological biology models into an unique compositional fibrous structure. With a specially developed computational process, the morphology of biology are explored with various winding syntaxes, creating robot tool path and ordered list of target frames.
Following biometric design rules and parametric patterns, designers integrate both structural and robotic simulation before and during the designing process, forming into an extremely lightweight and materially efficient framing structure. Designers gave different ways to analyze the best intricacy and transparency material for the load-bearing composite surfaces. The project demonstrate that the synthesis of biometric design combining with computation, in order to generate extremely lightweight of materially and structure and to come up with new architectural tectonics.
ICD/ITKE RESEARCH PAVILION 2012 Institute for Computational Design (ICD)and Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) 2012, University of Stuttgart
Digital design will also be time efficient and economized the materials that usually wasted during the design process. New potential building material was introduced in this pavilion, filament winding of carbon and glass fibers. With the help of computation programming, large range of invertebrate structure experiments among these materials were made during the design process among digital design programs, without presenting any physical models and creating forms by drawing or tracing. Practice of the building performances will be done during the
digital design processes. By listing and analyzing all the potential structure arrangement, the limitation and quality of materials and components will be resolved. As the designing practice processing, constructionists and architects will be able to get a reasonable result . With the introduction of computing design process, more and more design processes will be approached and organized among digital softwares. More potential to generate new forms during the parametric designing process and even forms that surprised designers themselves.
Published on Mar 13, 2018