Page 1

Organizations And Behaviour Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


TABLE OF CONTENTS

IN TRO D U CTIO N ..............................................................................................................................3 TA SK 1................................................................................................................................................. 3 1.1.................................................................................................................................................... 3 1.2.................................................................................................................................................... 4 1.3.................................................................................................................................................... 5 TA SK 2................................................................................................................................................. 1 2.1.................................................................................................................................................... 1 2.2.................................................................................................................................................... 1 2.3.................................................................................................................................................... 2 TA SK 3................................................................................................................................................. 3 3.1.................................................................................................................................................... 3 3.2.................................................................................................................................................... 4 3.3.................................................................................................................................................... 4 TA SK 4 ............................................................................................................................................... 5 4.1.................................................................................................................................................... 5 4.2.................................................................................................................................................... 6 4.3.................................................................................................................................................... 7 CO N CLU SIO N .................................................................................................................................... 7 References............................................................................................................................................ 9 O nline.............................................................................................................................................11

Sample Report on Organizations and Behaviour To Buy Complete Assignment Help Writing Services Kindly Contact Us :Toll Free: +61 879 057 034 Email - help@assignmentprime.com Website - www.assignmentprime.com

Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


INTRODUCTION Organization behaviour is the study of interface between human behaviour and organization which helps to identify the fields including psychology, communication, sociology and management. In order to manage all the activities, organisational behaviour includes concepts such as leadership, motivation, job satisfaction and team building (Alavosius and et.al., 2016). Present report is based on GlaxoSmithKline which is headquartered in London that is a health care company engaged in the creation and discovery, development, manufacturing and marketing of pharmaceutical products. This report covers, comparison of the structure and culture of GSK with other similar organisation. Further, it covers leadership styles followed by the firm. Moreover, comparison of different motivational theories at the workplace of GSK is studied and at last, the impact of technology on team functioning within organisation is highlighted.

TASK 1 1.1 In an organisation, different types of structures and culture are to be followed which includes hierarchical, functional as well as geographical and matrix. A hierarchical structure means a person is authorized to one single entity in an organization. In matrix structure, it considers the firm in which employees have dual reporting relationship which means that they have to report both; functional as well as the area manager (Daft, 2010). On the other side, culture of organization includes the system of values and beliefs in which people have common understanding and relationship. The workplace has an open environment in which they provide opportunities for socialising amongst employees. There are four types of culture given by Charles Handy which includes power, task, person and role. Firstly, power culture says that in an organization, there is only few people who are authorized to make decisions. Further, task culture refers to the firm where teams are formed to achieve a particular task or goal. Now, person culture is the one in which employees feel that they are Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


important for their organization as main emphasis is given on them only (Anderson, PotoÄ?nik and Zhou, 2014). At last, role culture is that where roles and responsibilities are delegated to employees according to their interest and qualification. In context of GSK, they follow a flat hierarchical structure in which there is few levels of management rather than multiple levels and another structure is matrix based in which employees have dual reporting relationship that means they have to report both the functional as well as the area manager. On the other side, culture of GSK is task based which is job or project oriented where teams are formed to achieve the set goals. Structure GSK It

follows

the

flat

Boots hierarchical It follows a tall hierarchical structure.

structure. Advantage of flat hierarchical is that it Advantage of tall hierarchical structure elevates

the

employee’s is

to

make

opportunities

for

responsibilities in organization (French, advancement and more specialized 2011).

managers.

Disadvantage of flat hierarchical is Disadvantage of tall hierarchical is that

management

can

easily

control.

lose higher

costs

and

reduced

empowerment. Culture GSK

Boots

It follows task based culture.

It follows a power based culture

Advantage of task based culture is Advantage of power based culture is that

it

leads

employees

to

make that there is only few people who are

healthy relation with each other and authorized to take decisions. Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


form a strong bonding at workplace. Disadvantage of task based culture is Disadvantage of power based culture that is it difficult to achieve economies is the potential of misuse which can of scale.

harm the organization.

1.2 There is direct connection between the organizational structure and culture. It has some

impacts on the performance of organization. GSK is

required to match its structure with the type of culture it has. The flat structure in organisation tends to maintain employee relationship and responsibilities. It follows a culture where employees are assigned with roles and responsibilities according to their interest and qualification (Ankli and Palliam. 2012). There are various issues which are to be handled in an effective manner so that it would create positivity among employees. Moreover, the views and opinions are concerned in decision making process so that they can feel the sense of involvement. In addition to this, it adopts task based culture which help employees to make a strong bonding and good relation with each other at workplace and teams are formed to achieve particular objectives (Pan, Qin and Gao, 2014). It helps to increase the profitability of company. The independent culture and behaviour also put high impact on the behaviour of employees as an individual or team. Thus, there is a direct link between organizational culture and structure and it will highly influences the performance of organization. 1.3 There are various factors which influence the behaviour of individuals or groups in GSK. Some of these factors are as follows:  Process of Communication: It is the most important factor which influences the behaviour of employees in company. By implementing proper communication policies, employees of GSK are able to share their Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


views and opinions for different aspects.  Flexibility: It is also an essential factor that affects the behaviour of employees at workplace. It includes working in changed environment where employees of GSK expect to have some flexibility (Bissell and Dolan, 2012).  Motivation: It is another important factor that affects the behaviour of employees for which GSK adopted various models and theories of motivation in order to keep employees highly encouraged. It is necessary to fulfil the needs and demands of employees to keep them motivated so that their efficiency and productivity can be increased.  Environment of work: If the stated organization would have positive working environment, then it will increase the potential of employees and they will be able to progress and grow (French, 2011).  Skills and Abilities: Individual or group behaviour of employees at GSK get influenced by the abilities and skills that they possess. There are different kinds of people working with distinct skills and they share their knowledge and experience with each other which improves their performance (Hashim and Wok, 2014). The sharing of knowledge and skills positively affect the overall growth of organisation.  Leadership Style: In GSK, leaders give equal importance to individual employee or groups that will increases their motivation as well as they feel equally treated and recognized. Adopting suitable leadership style helps in improving employee's behaviour and performance in the organization.

TASK 2 2.1 Leadership has a significant impact on not only in small businesses but also, has a great effect on large enterprises. These leadership styles have their effect on every employee of both the organisations, that is, GSK and Boots whether they are from top level management or lower level. They create a Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


corporate culture that has a great influencing power to organisation and performance of employees. Some of these leadership styles which are effective in different organizations(Pinder, 2014):

Autocratic style effects: Autocratic leadership refers to that style in which there is no involvement in the decision making process and autocratic leaders take their decision on their own. It is effective in GSK because the leaders are taking their decisions individually at senior level management. On the other side, it is also effective in Boots to make quick decisions and to have total control on the overall and streamlined work process.

Participative leadership effects: Participative leadership is also known as democratic leadership which means that in this style, everyone has a right to give opinions to their team leaders(Miner, 2015). Here, leaders reserve the right to take final decision but they appreciate ideas, feedback and recommendations from staff members. The impact of democratic leadership in both the organisations because they respect the ideas and focus on the discussion with the employee's.

Delegative leadership effects: This leadership style provides guidance to team members and give responsibilities of decision-making to trusted members.

This style has some disadvantages also which creates confusion of

line of authority to GSK and Boots. So, loss of motivation and positivity often confuse the team members.

Corporate culture style effects: This leadership style has a strong effect on corporate culture of GSK and Boots. This also helps in operations which depends on the strengths and efficiency of leadership(Borkowski, 2015). 2.2 Management takes place within the structure of organizational settings and their roles.

It is essential to the achievement of goals and objectives by

the efforts of people. Following are the management theories which influencing the GSK: :

Classical management theory: Classical management theory focuses on the structure and it explains the benefits for organisation. There are some Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


principles of classical management theory which are as follows:

Authority- There is right to give an order with respect to responsibility. Initiatives- All level of employees should get promoted within the limits of authority and responsibility(Champoux, 2015).

Discipline- Rules and regulations according to the formal or informal agreements between employees and firm.

Order- It is a place for the right person. Equity- All employees are treated equally. Unity of directions- one head and one plan for all group of activities. Unity of command- superior personality Division of work- work is equally divided according to the performance. Advantage of the theoryThis theory helps to the stated organisation to plan and forecast the future actions to command and organise as well as to control and coordinate the activities. This theory gives a detailed information regarding the unity of command and centralization(Reid, 2013). Disadvantage of the theoryThe main disadvantage of this theory, it is a cost effective system and huge investment is required in the establishment of planning department it includes training of employees, work study. Many of these principles have been wrapped into modern day organisation. They are not design with the conditions of rapid changes

and there is a issue of participation of employees in the

decision-making process. 2.3 Both GSK and Boots use the management approaches to manage their organisations. Leadership is seen to focus on personality attributes, power relations and art of compliance. Thus, effective leadership style always approaches to achieve the goals and objectives of the organisation. So the leader is the person who has to manage all the activities and to direct the members of organisation. There are three approaches to management which are used by the cited organisation(Cooper, 2016): Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


Contingency Approach : contingency approach depend on the the theory that effectiveness of management is contingent or dependent on the application of behaviour and specific situations. GSK and Boots, both the organisations use this approach to manage the situations in a proper manner. The method worked very well as the leader of Boots overcome through economic crisis. Thus, contingency approach is the perfect choice for the management.

Human relation approach: Human relation approach used to manage the organisation. As per the GSK, they care for their employees and give passion and convenient facilities to develop them. On the other side, Boots require to care more about their employees otherwise it damages the creativity of their employees(Lindebaum and Geddes, 201). Thus, this approach is all about the thinking of employees and it is the responsibility of leader to make them believe that they are important for the organisation.

Socio technical approach: This approach is leads to the development of organisation with the interaction between people and technology at workplace. Both GSK and Boots follow this approach in technical aspect and to enhance the performance of their employees.Thus, these three approaches to management are important to both the organisation in an effective and efficient manner.

TASK 3 3.1 Leadership plays an important role in an organisation, it helps to increase the motivation level of employees and the impact of different leadership style may

have

on

motivation

during

the

change

implementation

in

the

GSK(Ashkanasy, 2015). In can be stated that, there is a direct impact of leadership style on the behaviour of employees. Due to the adoption of democratic leadership style, the employees are highly motivated. In such type of style, leaders encourages the views and opinions of employee at the time of decision-making process and formulation of strategies. Apart from this, Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


employees are considered as the important part of organisation which increase their motivation level. On the other side, autocratic leadership style create dissatisfaction in the mind of employees because they will not consider the ideas of their respective staff members and so that they not behave in a proper manner(Fisher and To, 2012). Further, the use of autocratic leadership style in long run can results in lowering down the productivity and effectiveness of all staff members in the cited organisation. It helps to make quick decision which will be effective in organisation and that increases the level of motivation in employees. In addition to this, corporate culture leadership helps to increase the motivation level at period of change in the organisation. It creates a good environment at workplace and employees are intend to do more work in that changes(Lai, Lam and Lam, 2013). 3.2 There are various motivational theories which are used by organisation with an aim of enhancing morale and motivation level of their employees. In the current scenario, GSK adopted Herzberg two factor theory of motivation which includes two elements motivators and hygiene. Here, the organisation need to give better pay, working conditions, sense of achievements, responsibilities and proper recognition to their respective employees in order to motivate them. On the other side, if GSK adopted Maslow theory of motivation then companies should focus on the satisfaction of their employees in order to motivate them(Lind and van den Bos, 2013). Cited organisation should require to satisfy the needs of lower level management like security, shelter and food. Further, recognition, appreciation along with the monetary incentives will be used in order to motivate the employee's at middle and higher level management. Maslow theory emphasizes fact upon that every employee has a various sets of needs and companies are required to fulfil those needs to encourage them to give best performance. This theory also satisfy the needs of safety and give respect to the members of cited organisation .The level of self actualization in the Maslow theory describes that each desire of employees must be fulfil.

Therefore, these two motivational theories helps to increase the

Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


level of motivation in employees(Arvey and Zhang, 2015). It can be stated that different theories of motivation will be effective to increase morale and efficiency of workers in the cited organisation. To fulfil the satisfaction of employee needs and providing hygienic work conditions will act as a creativity and contribution in overall success of the organisation. 3.3 Motivation theories are most important for managers of GSK in order to increase the level of motivation in employees. The main function of managers is to getting things done through employees, there are

mainly two factor

which determine the motivation level of employees. These theories improves the level of efficiency of employees which leads to increase in productivity, reducing the cost of operations. Further, motivational theories helps to achieve the goals of organisation by optimum utilisation of resources with cooperative work environment. Managers provide maximum facilities to their employees and consider them as a important part of organisation(Leana, Mittal and Stiehl, 2012).

To

give

monetary

and

non

monetary

incentives,

promotional

opportunities to employees so that it is useful for managers and it leads to stability of workforce in

cited organisation.

TASK 4 4.1 The term group can be defined as a form of two or more people who are work together to achieve the same objective. When people work in groups, the goals of organisation can be easily achieved. It is important to do work in a group

so

that

it

creates

a

social

identity

of

employees

in

that

organisation(Ployhart, 2015). Nature of Group : Group are divided into two categories is that, formal and informal. Formal groups are establishing by management as it is a part of the structure of the organisation. In terms of GSK, there are various groups are formed by the leaders to achieve particular tasks and objectives. In formal groups, there are various responsibilities and assignment are given to different members of the organisation. Apart from it, informal groups are formed for Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


those who are work together for long period of time. Example of informal groups are interest and friendship groups which are created

for the support

and growth of employees. Group behaviour: In context of above, group behaviour of employees in GSK is positive towards each other. Further, they work as a team for achieving goals and objectives and at the same time the group members have to perform the tasks in proper deadline. It also includes the work which is divided as per the members in group and the behaviour of each person has a great impact on their performance(Mohanty and Rath, 2012). Major impact of group behaviour is increase in productivity and are useful for organisation because they form foundation of human resources. Thus, group behaviour is important aspect for the organisation and it helps in the development of employees. 4.2 According to the case, organisation need to work on effective teamwork to achieve the goals and objectives. So that GSK adopted various factors which promote the development of effective teamwork which are

Communication:

Effective

communication within GSK.

teamwork

is

facilitate

by

as follow: open

and

clear

All the team members should respect the targets

and responsibilities given to them. To maintain the effective teamwork there should be a proper conversation between all the members of the organisation is must(Kilburg and Donohue, 2014). So that all the employees can freely ask queries to anyone and it helps in development of effective teamwork in an organisation.

Leadership: Leadership plays an essential role in teamwork. All teams in an organisation are benefited by the leader who inspire and encourage them by coordinating the efforts of team members to give their opinion at the time of meetings. Thus, teamwork is supported by the effective leadership in the stated organisation.

Diversity: Effective teams of GSK are constituted by a diversity of talents, culture and personalities. Creativity and innovations can be promoted by diversity and it raise awareness and respect for differences and so this will Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


support effective teamwork with the organisation(Härtel and O’Connor, 2014). Thus, in GSK diversity plays an important role to promote the development of effective teamwork.

Team building exercises: Effective teamwork is developed by sharing experiences and practices. For development of effective teams, it is important to determine the factor which influencing the use of team building activities. To improve

the

aspects

of

team

performance

such

as

problem

solving,

communication or creativity organisation need to target on team building exercises. Thus, there is an effective way in organisation to bring people together is games and drills which helps to build relationship, promote mutual understanding of interest and strength and weaknesses(Wine, Reis and Hantula, 2014). 4.3 There are various set of challenges which are faced by the organisations. However

, the new technologies has been introduced at workplaces. In order

to GSK, they see the new technology as a means of profit and stay competitive in the market(Pirraglia, 2016). There are different impacts of technology on team functioning which includes e-mail, mobile phones, groupware and computers which improved the functions of team within an organization. GSK use these technologies to improve functions of team. E-mail allows the employees to communicate with each other from different places and they don't need to at the same places in order to communicate effectively(Hammer, 2016). They use mobile phones which allows to communicate when team members are unavailable or out of office. Further, GSK use personal computers for communication regarding different tasks and objectives. So it improves the performance of member of organisation in order to the usage of various technology and so that it creates a good functioning at workplace. It also helps to create a good working environment for the different people in the organisation. Thus, information technology plays an important role in GSK to deliver strong profits and they improved scanners for better services.

Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


Sample Report on Organizations and Behaviour To Buy Complete Assignment Help Writing Services Kindly Contact Us :Toll Free: +61 879 057 034 Email - help@assignmentprime.com Website - www.assignmentprime.com CONCLUSION It is concluded that, the GSK has different organisational structure and culture. Besides this, this report cover the culture of Charles Handy which task, power, role and person and

it summarized the various factors which

influenced the organisational structure and culture such as environmental and personal. This report also cover effectiveness of different leadership style at GSK and the impact of this styles on motivation of employees . In order to evaluate different approaches to management

GSK use motivational theories

of Maslow's need and Herzberg theories and it also includes the usefulness of motivation theory for managers and limitations of it . At last, it covers the nature of groups and group behaviour within the cited organisation and the factors which promote the development of effective teamwork and impact of technology in team functioning. Thus, technology has a great impact on the functioning of organisation.

Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime


REFERENCES Books and Journals ● Alavosius, M. and et.al., 2016. A functional contextualist analysis of the behavior and organizational practices relevant to climate change. The Wiley Handbook of Contextual Behavioral Science. pp.513-530. ● Allen, D.G. and Shanock, L.R., 2013. Perceived organizational support and embeddedness as key mechanisms connecting socialization tactics to commitment and turnover among new employees. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 34(3). pp.350-369. ● Anderson, N., Potočnik, K. and Zhou, J., 2014. Innovation and creativity in organizations a state-of-the-science review, prospective commentary, and guiding framework. Journal of Management. 40(5). pp.1297-1333. ● Ankli. E. R. and Palliam. R., 2012. "Enabling a motivated workforce: exploring the sources of motivation". Development and Learning in Organizations: An International Journal. 26(2). pp. 7 – 10. ● Arvey, R.D. and Zhang, Z., 2015. Biological Factors in Organizational Behavior and I/O Psychology: An Introduction to the Special Section. Applied Psychology. 64(2). pp.281-285. ● Ashkanasy, N.M., 2015. Emotions in organizational behavior (pp. x-x). Oxford University Press. ● Bissell, G. and Dolan, P., 2012. Organisational Behaviour for Social Work. Policy Press. ● Borkowski, N., 2015. Organizational behavior, theory, and design in health care. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Free Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime

Profile for Adam Jackson

Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime  

Enviroment and structure of an organization affects employees and working process. This report also cover effectiveness of different leaders...

Sample Report on Organizations And Behavior by Assignment Prime  

Enviroment and structure of an organization affects employees and working process. This report also cover effectiveness of different leaders...

Advertisement