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NAME : MUHAMMAD ADAM BIN RUDAINI MATRIC NO. : 172258 COURSE : MICROBIOLOGY


ď ś It is the study of microscopic organisms , either unicellular (single cell) , multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology , mycology , parasitology , and bacteriology . ď ś Eukaryotic microorganisms possess membrane-bound cell organelles and include fungi and protists whereas prokaryotic organisms which all are microorganisms that conventionally classified as lacking membrane-bound organelles and include eubacteria and archaebacteria. Microbiologists traditionally relied on culture, staining, and microscopy. However, less than 1% of the microorganisms present in common environments can be cultured in isolation using current means. Microbiologists often rely extraction or detection of nucleic acid, either DNA or RNA sequences.


Viruses have been variably classified as organisms , as they have been considered either as very simple microorganisms or very complex molecules. Prions, never considered microorganisms, have been investigated by virologists, however, as the clinical effects traced to them were originally presumed due to chronic viral infections, and virologists took search— discovering "infectious proteins“ . As an application of microbiology, medical microbiology is often introduced with medical principles of immunology as microbiology and immunology. Otherwise, microbiology, virology, and immunology as basic sciences have greatly exceeded the medical variants, applied sciences.


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are : I can compare and contrast the major groups of organisms studied in microbiology. The group were divided into 5 kingdom which are bacteria, archea , protozoa , fungi and algae , and also viruses. I can also know the beneficial activities that made by each microorganisms. I can define the meaning of normal flora. I can know the history and the taxonomy of each microorganisms. So then I can difrrentiate them.


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are : ď śI can identify and compare the use of each different microscope which are dark field , bright field , phase contrast , fluorescent and even the elctron microscope. ď śI can also describe the uses of staining in microscopy.Generally staining is used to diferrentiate each of microbe . Each of microbe will be used with different stains according to their structure.


SCL…


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are :

I can define the meaning of prokaryotes. I can describe the structures and function of the structures of prokaryotic cell. I can describe the structure , chemistry and function of each of the structures internal to the wall of prokaryote.


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are :

I can identify the structure , chemistry and function of each of the structures internal to the wall of eukaryotes. I’m able to compare the process of mitosis and meiosis.


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are : I can learn about the classification, nutrition and the diversity of protozoa itself. I’m be able to know the general characteristic of protozoa such as its habitat which is they usually live in freshwater. I’m be able to know the major group of protozoa which is divided into 4 group which are Archaezoa , Rhizopoda , Ciliophora and Apicomplexa .


Post in Facebook about algae..


Article in Science Daily..

FUNGI‌


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are :

I can define the characteristic of fungi. I can describe the beneficial and the harmful effects of fungi. I can describe the roles of fungi and algae in the enviroment.

I can also list the general characteristic of algae. I can define what is the meaning of lichen is.


Pandora virus‌


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are :

I can differentiate a virus from a bacterium. I’m able to describe the chemical and physical structures of a virus. I can distinguish the differences between virus, viroid and prions.


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are :  I can learn about how to define the genotype and phenotype.  I can learn how to describe the process of DNA replication, transcription and translation.  I’m able to explain the regulation of gene expression in bacteria.  I can define the mutation,classify them by type, define what the mutagen is and know the method of identifying the mutants.

 I can compare the mechanism of genetic recombination in bacteria.


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are :

I can and able to describe the sterilzation techniques in Microbiology. I’m also being able to distinguish and differentiate the type and the mode of actions of disinfectants.


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are : I can define what the real meaning of epidemiology is. This topic alsa make me able to elaborate what is the nosocomial infections is. I’m also able to distinguish and diffrentiate between vaccines and immunization.


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are :

ď śI can and able to describe the physical and chemical requirements for microbial growth. Physical requirements : light , temperature , pH , water activity , and osmotic pressure Chemical requirements : involving electron donor and electron acceptor


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are :

I can learn about how to define antimicrobial chemotherapy I can identify the type of antimicrobial agents that being used in order to fight against harmful microorganisms. I can describe the modes of action or the mechanism of antimicrobial agents that show how the agents works agents the microbe.


Article from internet‌


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are :

I know how to explain the basic concepts of microbial metabolisms. I can describe the roles of enzymes.

I can differentiate the microbial metabolic pathways.


From this topic , I can learn a few thing which are : I’m able to know the 2 major of nutritional of microbe which are source of carbon and the source of energy. I can define what is the phototrophs , chemotrophs , autotrophs and heterotrophs.


During doing this scrap book, there many things that potrait my feeling while doing a research about thE microrganisms. One of thing that I felt was curious. I was curious how microbe live, how their classification for each kingdom ,how it is beneficial to human and how it can give effect to human. Are all microbes are dangerous ??. If they were, how it going to give benefit or effect to human ? And that’s make me want to make a research about them. Thus, I was also feeling happy because I can learn many thing about microrganism especially about viruses because it is the most my favourite kingdom that I want study of. So it make me to study more about organisms that have micro in size. I also discover many things about microrganism while my lecturing with my gorgeous lecturer ever, Dr Wan Zuhainis. This is because her lecturing is so good.We can understand easily what she taught. Therefore,I’m really glad to have this kind of lecturer. Thus,I hope I can have a learning lesson with her again for the next time. Miss you already Dr…. 



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