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American Academy of Actuaries Medicare Part D Subgroup

Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Coverage 2006 RBC Changes Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall National Meeting - New Orleans 9/10/2005 Copyright Š 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 1


Topics • • • • •

Reasons for Changes to RBC Formulas Benefit Structure for Medicare Part D Risks Transferred to CMS RBC Formula Changes Proposed Accounting Rules Assumed Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 2


Reasons for Changes to RBC Formulas • Medicare Modernization Act • Part D Benefits Effective 1/1/2006 • Private Insurance with Government “Reinsurance” • Plan Sponsors – PDPs – MA-PD • RBC Changes for PDPs with Stand-Alone Prescription Drug Benefits Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 3


Benefit Structure - PDPs 1. $250 Deductible [ 2006 Values] Coverage of any portion is Supplemental benefits Note: The benefit structure in these next several slides is the one in MMA. A PDP may use “actuarially equivalent coverage.” Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 4


Benefit Structure - PDPs 1. $250 Deductible 2. Next $2,000 – 75% paid by PDP – 25% paid by Beneficiary – PDP may use $ co-pays instead of coinsurance

Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 5


Benefit Structure - PDPs 1. $250 Deductible 2. Next $2,000 – 75% paid by PDP – 25% paid by Beneficiary 3. Next $2,850 – 100% paid by Beneficiary (called ‘Coverage Gap’ – any benefits paid by PDP increase the Out-of-Pocket Limit) Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 6


Benefit Structure - PDPs 1. $250 Deductible 2. Next $2,000 – 75% paid by PDP – 25% paid by Beneficiary 3. Next $2,850 – 100% paid by Beneficiary 4. Over $5,100 – Catastrophic Portion subject to ‘Reinsurance Coverage’ 80% paid by CMS 5% paid by beneficiary (or $ co-pay) 15% paid by PDP (or balance) Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 7


Benefit Structure – PDPs with Reinsurance Subsidy 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 First $250

$251 to $2250 $2251 to $5100 Beneficiary

PDP

Over $5100

CMS Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 8


Benefit Structure – PDPs with Part D Payment Demonstration 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 First $250

$251 to $2250 $2251 to $5100 Beneficiary

Over $5100

PDP Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 9


Benefit Structure – PDPs Other Aspects • Low Income Subsidy (cost sharing portion) – CMS pays for all or portion of deductible and coins. • Low Income Subsidy (premium portion) – CMS pays for all or portion of premium. • Employer Plans – CMS pays a subsidy to employer based on actuarial equivalence. • Supplemental Benefits (within a PDP’s plan) – CMS does not subsidize Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 10


Risks Transferred to CMS • Benefits over $5100 (Catastrophic coverage) – called “reinsurance protection.” • PDPs have option to accept capitation under Payment Demonstration Project in lieu of reinsurance subsidy based on actual claims. • Low Income Subsidy (cost sharing portion) – since not assumed in premium calculations • Risk Corridor Protection – based on annual loss ratio Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 11


RBC Formula Changes Proposed

• Effective with 2006 Formulas • Changes to Lines/Columns and Instructions – proposed September, 2005 • Factors – proposed December, 2005 • What is Covered – What is Not Covered • Key Items Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 12


What is Covered • PDP Part D Plans with Risk Corridor Protection ¾Premiums for Part D Standard Plan Coverage (or actuarially equivalent coverage) ¾Capitation for Payment Demonstration Project ¾Premiums for Supplemental Benefits (likely to have a different factor) ¾Low Income Subsidy (premium portion) Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 13


What is Not Covered

• PDP Coverage of Employer Plans with CMS subsidy to employer (no Risk Corridor Protection) • Stand-Alone Prescription Drug Coverage other than Medicare Part D Coverage.

Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 14


Key Items • RBC calculated like Comprehensive Major Med ¾ Tiered Factors

X

¾ Premium

X

\ Incurred Claims

¾ Loss Ratio

X

/

¾ Net Risk Factor (reduction for risks transferred – like existing managed care factors) = Exposure Based RBC Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 15


Key Items • RBC calculated like Comprehensive Major Med ¾ Exposure Based RBC or ¾ Maximum Retained Risk RBC Maximum Retained Amount or $25,000 X Potential Maximum Claims (6) = up to $150,000 Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 16


Key Items – Risk Transfer Categories Category

Comp MM

Medicare Part D

0

No RT

No RT to CMS*

1

Contractual Fees

2

Bonuses/Withholds

Risk Corridor Protection only Reinsurance Subsidy only*

3

Capitation

4

Salaried Providers

Risk Corridor and Reinsurance Subsidy N/A

** Not Notavailable availableinin2006 2006RBC RBCFormulas Formulas Part PartDDhas hasno noadjustments adjustmentsfor forother othermanaged managedcare carecredits. credits. Copyright Š 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 17


Accounting Rules • Reinsurance Subsidy – treated as Uninsured Plan • Low Income Subsidy (cost sharing portion) – treated as Uninsured Plan • Premiums for Standard Benefit* [Beneficiary Premium (standard benefit portion), Direct Subsidy, Low Income Subsidy (premium portion) and Risk Corridor Payments] – treated as Retrospectively Rated Plan • Beneficiary Premium (supplemental benefits portion) – treated as regular premium *or actuarially equivalent coverage

Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 18


Accounting Rules

• Employer Coverage ¾ If employer retains risk – Uninsured Plan ¾ If PDP accepts risk – Premium treated as “Other Health” for RBC purposes.

Copyright © 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 19


Questions

Copyright Š 2005 by the American Academy of Actuaries Capital Adequacy Task Force NAIC Fall Meeting - September, 2005 20


Medicare Part D 2006 RBC Changes