New Geographies 09: Posthuman

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In order of appearance: India Woman and goat in Rajhastan. Relations between humans and animals are shifting continuously. Any rural project should consider the new set of conditions and challenges that the countryside faces today, rather than reading a complex reality through an 18th-century pastoral perspective. New Zealand Flock of sheep near Geraldine. Both animals and houses are protected from extreme climate conditions by hedges like the one visible in the background. The hedges can reach 65 feet (19.8 meters) in height. Their density cuts the effect of high winds and prevents animals from straying.

Bolivia Industrial chicken farm. Paraguay House on communal land near Maciel. Interior view of a house situated along the perimeter of a communal grazing area. The houses are built according to the plan of an indigenous typology known as Kuláta Jovái, with two opposing perforated facades that allow cooling through cross ventilation.

New Zealand South Island, Canterbury Plains. Hedges provide shelter for the houses and livestock from harsh climate conditions such as strong winds. They are not cultivated for ecological or environmental purposes but rather function as structural aerodynamic devices, or windbreaks. The hedges are made from Macrocarpa or Monterey pine, species that were imported (along with livestock) to create an “artificial” landscape that is one of the most productive farming areas in the world. Mongolia Two women milking goats near Tsetserleg. As with a family-based economy, domestic life is ruled by the daily tasks associated with animal husbandry. The lack of advanced technology and extreme environmental conditions make milking by hand a significant part of everyday life for Mongolian nomadic herders. Mongolia A household near Tsogtt-Ovoo. Households are scattered throughout the territory. Nomads move continuously with their animals to find water and better grazing areas. Some of these family units can herd up to one thousand animals. Azores A three-slotted mobile milking machine. Because each farmer owns several noncontiguous plots of land on which animals graze cyclically, moving from one plot to another several times during the year, there are few traditional farm buildings on the islands. Instead, mobile milking parlors and associated infrastructure (fuel and water) move to a new location when the livestock finish grazing a particular area. China Fishing village on Hainan Island. The village is an association of small family-based aquaculture, farming mostly tilapia and crab. Bolivia Radial communities near San Julian. These radial patterns are part of an agricultural relocation project (Tierras Bajas Project) led by the government during the early 1990s. Farmers were resettled from the Altiplano into small colonies in order to cultivate a previously depopulated area. Each town center accounts for public services and generally contains a school, a church, and some sports facilities. All of the radial towns are arranged in a grid and connected by roadways.


Animal Life: A Visual Essay