PORTFOLIO LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
PERSONAL INFORMATION Full name: Alexander Christian Smits Short name: Sander Smits Born: 03-07-1988 Email: email@example.com
PERSONAL INTEREST (Drone) Photography/Film Product design/Art Cooking/Food History Traveling Music
MSc Landscape Architecture Wageningen University
BSc Landscape Architecture & Spatial Planning Wageningen University Minor Sustainable Urbanism in the Delta TU-Delft BSc Natural Sciences & Innovation Management Utrecht University (participated in 2008-2009) Atheneum (vwo) Profile Nature & Health Arenhteem College Arnhem
Adobe (Photoshop, Illustrator, Indesign) Autodesk (AutoCAD) Trimble (Sketch-up) Esri (ArcGIS) (basic understanding)
LANGUAGES Dutch (native) English (professional level) German (basic understanding) French (basic understanding)
Derelict hidden sites Never finished hotels, Lagos, Portugall
Sublime natural landscapes Dettifoss, Iceland
III IV II
I WATER ESTATE UFFELTE-RUINEN Internship Projects at FLUX (LINT) 2015-2016 II FROM NO MAN’S LAND TO ENERGY ORCHARD Bsc Thesis Project 2013 III LAND BECOMES SAND, SAND BECOMES LAND Studio Regional Design 2011 IV DUIVENDAAL CENTRAL AXIS Studio Urban Design 2011 V FOR THE ‘KWELLITY’ OF LIFE ! Studio Site Design 2010 + DRONE PHOTOGRAPHY & FILM / PRODUCT DESIGN / PHOTOGRAPHY Personal projects & travel images
WATER ESTATE UFFELTE-RUINEN HUMAN NATURE PILOT PROJECT DRENTHE
Searching for a new balance between nature, agriculture, water storage and recreation in the stream valley of Uffelte-Ruinen, Drenthe
I Assignment Internship project at FLUX landscape interventions (previously LINT) FLUX was asked to find ways how combine recreation, nature development, agriculture and water storage in an old stream valley Location Beekdal (stream valley) Uffelte-Ruinen, Drenthe Client Provincie Drenthe, Waterschap Hunze aa Design 2015 The Province of Drenthe and the Waterschap Hunze en Aa’s asked FLUX to help them visualize a different perspective for a water storage assignment in an agriculture area. In this assignment FLUX was asked to find ways to combine functions such as recreation, nature development, agriculture and water storage. The underlying question is that they are searching for a new balance between nature and economy and wish to transform the area into an attractive distinctive place within the Province of Drenthe. This pilot project was part of the bigger HUMAN NATURE investigation of FLUX. For this assignment FLUX provided a vision of how the area of Unfelte Ruinen may be developed for the future. This vision is based on an extensive landscape analysis that explains the genesis and present spatial context of the area. Based on this analysis a concept plan was provided together with a series of spatial principles how to combine nature and economy with the water storage assignment. The spatial solution for combining nature, economy and water storage, that emerged during the design process, has many similarities with the spatial organisation of an estate. This resulted in the idea of a ‘water estate’ as the main spatial concept. The spatial concept and related principles were translated into site specific impressions that captures a possible desired future atmosphere. In addition, FLUX designed a series of bridges to show the Province and Waterschap that, in their approach to this area, they should also start thinking on this scale. During this internship project I worked on the spatial principles of this water estate concept, visualized different elements and designed a series of bridges.
een nat, open en laaggelegen beekzone welke zich kan vullen met water een nat, open en laaggelegen laaggelegen beekzone welke zich kanmet vullen met water water The lower situated brookbeekzone zones zich can een nat,een open en laaggelegen beekzone welke kannaturally vullen water nat, open en welke zich kan vullen met absorb the excess water.
functies liggen vooral in deare rand en hebben altijd The new fuctions situated onenthe these altijd higher functies liggen vooral de rand hebben functiesop liggen vooral invooral de rand enrand hebben altijd altijd functies liggen inin de en hebben uitzicht de beek uitzicht op de beek edges ofde the valley and are provided a clear view uitzicht uitzicht op de beek op beek on the stream.
hoger gelegen randen, zandiger en beplant met groepjes elzen hoger gelegen randen, zandiger en beplant beplant met groepjes elzen Higher situated sandy edges of beplant the stream valley aregroepjes hoger gelegen randen, zandiger en met groepjes elzen elzen hoger gelegen randen, zandiger en met planted with groups of eldar trees.
variatie aan routes: fiets, wandel, kajak, mountainbike en paardrijden. A variation ofaan different type of routes are provided. variatie routes: fiets, wandel, kajak, mountainbike en paardrijden. paardrijden. variatie sluiten aan routes: fiets, wandel, kajak, en mountainbike en paardrijden. variatie aanop routes: fiets, wandel, kajak, mountainbike Routes aan bestaande routes verbinden dorpen enennatuRoutes sluiten aan op bestaande routes en verbinden dorpen en natunatuThese new routes are logically connected with the Routes sluiten aan op bestaande routes en verbinden dorpen en natuRoutes sluiten aan op bestaande routes en verbinden dorpen en urgebieden onderling urgebieden onderling urgebieden onderling urgebieden onderling existing routes, infrastrucutre and villages.
The “water estate” model is based on an open and lower positioned stream valley that can be flooded with water. The higher positioned edges of the stream valley are often planted with clusters of alder trees. On the transtion from higher to lower positoned areas agricultural functions are present. Routes from the villages to the “water estate” offer a direct view on the stream. New functions are located on the edges. This principle ensures a cross-linking of the village, the road, views, the program, routes and the stream. The surrounding nature reserves are connected by the “water estate” causing an improved ecological exchange. New recreational routes connect to existing routes and connects villages and nature areas. The area has a wide variety of routes: for biking, hiking, kayaking, mountainbiking and horsriding. Local entrepreneurs will be pleased with a fantastic location with direct routes to the stream valley.
5 PILOTPROJECT DRENTHE 5 PILOTPROJECT DRENTHE
Spatial design principles
routes vanuit de dorpen bieden zicht op de beek Routes thezicht surrouding villiages are routes vanuitemerging de dorpenfrom bieden op de beek
The stream valley functions as a shared public space for all functions in
provided with a clear vista on the stream valley.
the area. The identity and distinctive character of the area determines the attractivity for entrepreneurs. Objects like information panels, entrances
and bridges to a strong degree determine this identity. 4 Pedestrian-
and bicycle bridges have been designed for this area. These bridges fit together in terms of design and are designed for various watercourses
with various widths. The concept plan is not dependant on the development of the mentioned
WATERLANDGOED RHEEBRUGGE WATERLANDGOED RHEEBRUGGE
functions or the initiatives of entrepreneurs. It can grow organically along withe the development of various functions. Even without local initiatives and without economical growth the plan must be able to proceed and have sufficient quality. The main components of the plan are nature, water storage, agricultural functions and opportunities for recreation.
ecologische verbindingen Connecting with the surrounding nature reserves ecologische verbindingen providing an improved ecological exchange in and through the water estate.
Impressions of stream valley at one of the new bridges during low & high waterlevels. These bridges become new connecting elements in the path structure and will connect the future facilities in the green edges of the stream valley
A phased organic growht of the concept plan over time: small groups businesses can develop in estates will be develloped first. Overtime new
estates can fill in the blanks areas in such a way that a coherent green
LAAN LANE WITH OAKS
framework will emerge. plan niet afhankelijk van functies en ondernemers, maar kan als het ware opgeladen worden met functies
GREEN EDGE WITH ALDERS ELZEN VIEWSHED ZICHT PROGRAM PROGRAMMA
PATHS PADEN STREAM
WATER RETENTION AREA
Spatial principle showing the functions and transition from the surrounding countryside towards the green edges and water rentention area in the stream valley.
Close up of the scale model: view at the main bridge
Handmade scale model of the large bridge
Series of bridges for crossing different widths of water in the stream valley
Impression the new program, with space for small businesses and recreational functions located at the green edges, with a sight over the stream valley
Impression of a new recreative program in the green edge located at the former estate of Rheebrugge
FROM NO MANâ€™S LAND TO ENERGY ORCHARD
Transformation of a fragmented landscape into a multifunctional energy generating orchard
II Assignment Bsc Thesis project Design an energy landscape that generates up to 500 terrajoules Location Overbetuwe, Gelderland Client Municipality Overbetuwe, Energy LAB, Wageningen University Design 2013 In the context of the BSc thesis the assignment was to deliver a regional landscape design which combines energy generation with the enhancement of spatial coherence for a spatial fragmented place â€œ the no mans landâ€?. This fragmentation is caused by severe infrastructural transections by railways, highways and electricity pylons. The design should also enhance the identity of the surrounding region, the Overbetuwe. Due to the substantial spatial demand that accompanies the generation of sustainable energy, a combination with other forms of land use is desired. The energy objective to be achieved is to generate up to 500TJ.
The design elaborates on a combination of sustainable energy generation and the realization of an earlier planned regional business park. The originally elsewhere planned business park is moved to the study area “ the no mans land”. To counteract the effects of cluttering, the units of the business area are embedded in a green-blue spatial framework. The design of the framework is inspired by the characteristic element of the regional landscape of the “ Overbetuwe”,
N wooded banks waterway natural wall acces road green avenues prospective business locations highway (A15)
more specific the alternation of big open plots and more enclosed
To cope with the temporal development of the site, the design can be
plots with orchards. The interpretation of the green elements within
implemented in phases. The temporary vacant spots within the green
the framework is inspired by the characteristic hedgerows and avenue
framework can be used to produce energy by planting energy crops for
plantings in this region. The pattern of the green blue spatial framework
biomass production. When new businesses occupy these vacant spots,
allows a flexible and phased development of the business park. It is the
the roof surfaces of the new buildings can be used to produce energy
base of a strong landscape structure that counteracts the effects of
by installing photovoltaics. Eventually the area can generate theoretically
cluttering and thereby helps to maintain the land value.
a total of 265 TJ when roof surfaces are used for photovoltaics.
Total surface project area
Biomass 0.154 TJ/ha
~265 TJ Photovoltaics 3.78 TJ/ha
Prospective business location with high quality building integrated in the natural and green wall along the A15 highway: the spatial framework helps the buildings to blend into the surroundings.
Access road behind natural wall with integrated business location
Temporary landuse of the prospective bussineses locations, as an energy ochard for harvesting of biomass crops like giant elephantgrass
Blending in of new businesses using combined sphagnum moss and solar roofs
LAND BECOMES SAND, SAND BECOMES LAND
Strengthening the weak links in the Dutch coastline by using natural landforming processes
III Asignment Make a regional landscape design in the area between the Nieuwe Waterweg & the Noordzee Kanaal Location Dutch coastline and dunes between Meijendel and the Kennemerduinen Client Atelier Kustkwaliteit, Wageningen University Design 2011
Commissioned by Atelier Kustkwaliteit en The University of Wageningen the assignment is focused on the creation of a landscape design on a regional level for the area between the Nieuwe Waterweg and the Noordzeekanaal. The emphasis is on the main problem area, the dunes between Meijendel and the Kennemerduinen. This place has the most potential because here several problem coexist which creates possibilities for an integrated solution.
The three main problems in the project area are: serval weak links in the
The vision is focused on the strengthening of the weakest links by
coastal defence, interupted nature areas and salt seapage water in the
encouraging the natural dunes formation process. This also provides an
fertile agricultural hinterland.
integrated spatial solution for the three other co-related problems.
The interuption in the solid dune formations goes along with a small
Enlarged dunes with a bigger freshwater reservoir countering the salt
freshwater reservoir which causes a large flow of salt seepagewater to
water seapage to the Haarlemmerpolder
the fertile agriculture grounds in the Haarlemmermeer polders.
The process The process of natural duneformation is started by enabeling the wind to pick up sand that is sedimented by the sea and deposit this in the hinterland. This process requires the removal of the present dune vegetation. As a result of this proces in the area behind de dunes new dunes ‘’sands’’ are formed. This necessarily asks for sand suppletions. To get the sand on place a ‘’Sand engine’’ is build near Katwijk. The natural current of the North Sea picks up the sand and deposits it at the beaches upstreams. Here the wind picks it up to form new dunes in the hinterland. The sanding process in the hinterland is stopped by sandcatching woodbanks that will collect the sand and form new ‘’lands’’. These new lands can grow over time and form new estate areas. In between the coastline and the woodbanks a broad dune valley can emerge where a large sweet water reservoir can grow that can also serve as a nature and recreational area.
Land becomes sand
Sand becomes land
Design principles The cluttering of Noordwijk aan Zee and Noordwijk binnen can be
The sand engine also strengthens the coastal defence of Katwijk.
stopped by a green bufferzone created by the woodbanks and small
By constructing a sand catching dam into the sea, new land will be
formed that protects Katwijk.
N North-Sea beachridge dunes Noordwijkerhout new dune valley new estates-zone sandcatchting woodbanks
Noordwijk access road Katwijk sand-engine
Transformation of agricultural grounds into new dune formations
[keuze maken wat de leidende principes zijn) missing
Land becomes sand
Sand becomes land
Landforming process of the sand engine at Katwijk
Duivendaal Central Axis
Creating a neigbourhood that forms a new gateway to the city centre of Wageningen
Design a new neighborhood on a former university complex. Requirements:150 housing units and 225 parking places. Location
Duivendaal, Wageningen Client
Gemeente Wageningen, Wageningen University Design 2011
Duivendaal is a former University complex near the city centre of Wageningen. The complex is going to be disbanded and the municipality and university are investigating how this place can be developed. One of main problems is the poor conntection of the old city centre of Wageningen with its surroundings. Furthermore there is a growing demand for new higher class housing units in the city centre of Wageningen.
new trees old buildings and 135 new housing units accessibility pedestrians & cyclists main axis + pedestrian pathways wooden boardwalks
250 half submerged parking spaces
The idea is to design a new neighborhood that improves the connectivity
The old main administration building, that is located in the centre of
of the city centre of Wageningen with its surroundings. The neighborhood
the neighborhood, becomes a new central spot/social meeting place
becomes a new gateway to the city centre.
that can also host new green and cultural functions. To facilitate these functions, the building is stripped down and overgrown with climbers like
The new central axis forms a new connection to the city centre market
Wisteria and Helix Hedra, which gives it a green appearance also during
square of Wageningen. The axis is placed in a courtyard that is formed
wintertime. This idea is inspired by the vertical gardens of the MFO park in
by 150 new housing units. All the older remaining buildings are re-used in
Zurich. By adding multiple facilities to the new neighborhood, the place is
the design for new neighborhood facilities (supermarket, offices, children
being used throughout the day. This creates a lively place and enhances
daycare, health centre and catering).
a feeling of social control.
N square main axis submerged parking pedestrian pathways boardwalks access road waterway buildings trees grass fields
The half submerged parking spaces helps to form a gradient in hight and sight between the semi private and public spaces, especially for the users at ground level. This also creates a sense of privacy for the inhabitants. The cars are hidden from sight and the neighborhood is safe for children to play.
For the Quality of life? For the ‘Kwellity’ of life!
Redesign the outdoor space of the Wageningen University campus Location
Campus Wageningen University, Wageningen Client
Wageningen University Design 2010
Create a new site design for the outdoor space of Wageningen campus, ‘’that improves the quality of life’’ (the mission statement of Wageningen University) for students. Additionally the design has to provide spatial solutions for the following problems: •
A parking situation that is characterized by poor routing, visually dominant presence of cars and a lack of a green appearance that doesn’t fit the image of Wageningen University
Non functional & logical positioned walking and cycling routes
A poor public space that lacks functional student facilities such as seating opportunities and meeting places
Poorly functioning drainage system that creates water problems during heavy rainfall in combination with a flow of seepage water.
In the site design a new waterbody is created that is capable of collecting all the seepage and runoff rainwater. It forms an ecological and recreational element that re-connects the two separated parts of the campus terrain. The formally visual dominant parking places are transformed into a green border with parking places that form a green edge around the campus terrain. This green edge could provide a more enclosed feeling at the now still open campus terrain. The green edges also provides a pleasant space with a green back cover to stay and meet other students during the lunchbreaks. This composition of the waterbody, new routing system, green parking areas, could provides more pleasant and enclosed atmosphere for students in the openness of the present campus terrain. Together these design interventions create a better â€œquality of lifeâ€? for students on the campus.
N green parking spaces swamp forest buildings pedestrian pathways grass hills water body access road tree avenues
Transforming the problem of speapage water into a solution by creating a large seepage waterbody with leisure possiblities for campus users.
lb s oi
The composition of the waterbody, routing , geen parking places and the existing buildings creates more enclosed places for students in the openness of the present campus terrain. Together these interventions create a better â€œquality of lifeâ€? for students on the campus.
Hรณlmsa river gorge / Sรณlheimajรถkull galcier / Seljalandsfoss waterfall, Iceland
Bosweg / Park Angerestein, Arnhem (NL)
Never finished hotel at Lagos / Costa Vincentina, Portugal
Product design Out of one board chair
(inspired by chairs in Centre Pompidou-Metz)
Wall Art City plan of Hong Kong
Published on Mar 9, 2018