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of Western Ohio Volume 2 No. 2

February Issue of Western Ohio


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$1.00 Acres of Western Ohio is delivered to all subscribers of The Daily Advocate, the Eaton Register-Herald and all farms in Darke, Preble and Wayne Counties over 100 acres. Over 11,000 distribution! The Daily Advocate

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Kirkpatricks’ the latest Centur y Farm in Preble

78 Ohio Century Farms added for 2012

The Kirkpatrick farm was once the largest one-piece farm in Preble County. Its 327 acres was one giant square block of land, with only a driveway running from the edge of the property at Camden-College Corner Road to the farmhouse set deep into the acreage. The farm still sits that way, but Kirkpatrick family patriarch Greg isn’t sure if it’s still the largest one-piece in Preble. “It’s probably not,” he said. And that’s okay with him, because either way he’s got the newest Century Farm in the county. “Having someone named Kirkpatrick here for 100 years is pretty neat,” Greg Kirkpatrick said. Five generations of Kirkpatricks have farmed on those 327 acres dating back to 1912, when it was the largest one-piece and then when it wasn’t. Horace, Chelsea and Calvin Kirkpatrick — Greg’s greatgrandfather, grandfather and father — paved the way for Greg and his son, Travis, who admit that things at the farm as treated more as hobby than full-time job. “We more or less do it as a hobby,” Greg said. “And we more or less break even. We just enjoy the cattle, riding

REYNOLDSBURG Seventy-eight farms were designated as Ohio Century Farms in 2012 by the Ohio Department of Agriculture. Century farm status is awarded to families who have owned the same farm for at least 100 consecutive years. To commemorate this milestone, each family received a certificate signed by Governor John R. Kasich and the director of the Ohio Department of Agriculture to keep with their historic documents and pass down to future generations. First-ever registrations occurred in Athens, Noble, and Pike counties in 2012. With these additions, at least one Ohio Century Farm is now registered in each of Ohio’s 88 counties. More than 950 Ohio farms are registered across the state. Families registering their farm in 2012 were (by county): Adams Bennington 1911; Allen Post 1825; Athens Dorr 1902; Butler Groh 1911; Champaign Broshes 1909; Champaign Johnson 1873; Champaign Yoder 1910; Clinton Fisher 1890 Fisher 1907; ;Clinton Columbiana Lindesmith 1895; Columbiana Neville 1906; Crawford Hartschuh 1889; Cuyahoga Foote 1820 ;Darke DeMoss 1906; Darke Siefring 1908; Defiance Karacson 1879; Fulton Beam/Neorr/Deese 1877; Hancock Bowman 1912


see FARMS pg. 13

By Ryan Peverly

DeMoss farm has been a part of the family for generations By Heather Meade

what’s inside this month

ARCANUM The DeMoss family farm has been in Donald DeMoss’ family for more than six generations, he said. His grandparents, Luther and Ethel DeMoss purchased the farm in 1906, but it had been in his grandmother’s family for at least two generations before that. Donald’s father, Earl DeMoss, inherited the farm, and when he passed, Donald was able to buy his brothers out of their portion, he said. But Donald doesn’t live on the farm, and his family hasn’t farmed it for three generations. The Baker family has farmed the DeMoss land for three generations, they said, and have been good friends of the family for

many years, David commented. And while Donald said that his son, David, doesn’t show much interest in the farm, he’d still like to inherit it, to keep it in the DeMoss family, he said. “I’m hoping my son and family will view it like I do, too,” said David. “It’s been bred into me that the farm is important.” Donald said that the house was built around 1888, finished within two weeks of his grandmother’s birth, he said. The family moved from a log house into their new house, where there were horse and cow stables, Donald said. His grandfather, Luther, was the first farmer in Darke County to own a pickup baler, he said. His grandmother, Ethel, was a poet, known as the “Ohio Farm Lady.” Luther DeMoss sold most of the

Photo courtesy of Donald DeMoss

Luther DeMoss and his wife Ethel purchased the land at 3784 Red River-West Grove Road outside of Arcanum in 1906, when Ethel was just 16 years old. Before that it belonged to generations of Ethel’s family, and has been part of the DeMoss family ever since. Luther DeMoss is pictured here, plowing his fields before he switched over to tractors in 1942.

horses and cattle in 1942, when Donald said he switched to tractors. DeMoss recalled summers spent on the farm, baling hay with his grandfather, planting corn, and his grandfather’s horses. Hay hasn’t been grown on the farm in nearly 50 years now, Donald said. “My grandfather was the greatest guy I ever knew he was really a wonderful man,” Donald commented.


6 Congress can’t agree on 5 year farm bill

“He’d always stick up for me…He told me stories my brothers didn’t ever hear…I was the one who always absorbed the stories, I was always listening.” Donald also used to go mushroom hunting, he said, and one year he found nearly 1,100 mushrooms. Mushroom hunting is one of his son David’s fondest memories as well. “I remember hunting mushrooms…there were

Coyote sightings increase

just pans full of mushrooms,” he said. The wooded area hasn’t given up a good mushroom crop in years, though, David commented. The farm, located outside of Arcanum, was also the site of many family reunions, David commented, both for his grandmother’s side, the Trost’s, and his grandfather’s DeMoss family. He recalls playing baseball, and just having a really

12 Ohio Livestock Coalition

great time. David was the one who went to the Darke County Courthouse to do the research necessary to have the farm become a Century Farm, or a farm that has been in the same family for at least 100 years. He plans to further his research to extend the date back to the first of his family to own the land, he said, which Donald commented could be as far back as 150-200 years ago.

18 Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012

2A ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue

of Western Ohio Regional Publisher - Frank Beeson fbeeson@ohcommedia Editor-in-Chief of Acres - Gary Brock Acres of Western Ohio Editor - Christina Chalmers Lead Designer - Ashley Fritz

The impact of living on a farm

Where you live plays a major role in how and why you act the way you do. I The Register-Herald have lived on a farm for going on 20 years this June, Editor - Eddie Mowen Jr. and the things I have been able to experience and learn General Manager - Leslie Collins have shaped me into who I am. One of the most important things I learned growAdvertising Staff ing up was responsibility. We all learn responsibility. I Darke County - Deb Less think that it would be on the top 10 list of raising a child, Preble County - Betsy Kemp but I learned it in a different way than some will, or have My family moved to the farm the summer my Classifieds youngest sister was born. Darke County - Mary Bevins Before moving, we lived in more of an urban area on mbevins the outskirts of Trotwood, Preble County - Billie Wood and for as long as I can member we have always had rabbits. When we moved to the farm, my sister Amber and I were 6 and 5 respectively. My parents felt it was time for us to start learning the responsibility of taking care 428 S. Broadway (P.O. Box 220) | Greenville, Ohio of the animals. I can rePhone: 937.548.3151 Fax 937.548.3913 member not liking the idea at all. ACRES of Western Ohio is a monthly publication of At the time we had The Daily Advocate, partnered with The Register-Her- maybe 10 Netherland ald, to serve Darke, Preble and Wayne counties. dwarves, because this particular breed of rabbit only ACRES is available at The Daily Advocate, The Register-Herald, advocate360, and, gets to be at the most 2 ½ pounds, and it was easy for and us at our age to take care of. We were responsible for feeding and watering them at first, and as we grew older we began to get more responsibilities, such as cleaning up after them, We are looking for people who are familiar, monitoring their health, and helping take care of their live and/or work in the agricultural commuoffspring. nity and would like to submit information or The rabbits became more press releases to share in our publication, that of ours and less our parents

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as we got more experience in taking care of them. Eventually, when my brother Aaron and my youngest sister Rachel began learning the ropes of the responsibility of animal care, we were all taking take of our own rabbits. We each had certain breeds we preferred. I started to move toward the bigger rabbits while the others stuck to some of the smaller ones. Since I had moved onto a different breed, I had to take the responsibility of learning the specifics of that breed. No one animal is the same and each has its own personality just as humans do. I have had some rather mean rabbits and some who only like you -- and you are the only one who can handle them. Learning the specifics was one of the hardest things to learn. This was not something that my parents would budge on either. If I had a question about something, I had to take the time to go and find the answer for myself. They wanted us to learn that you can’t go through life having everyone giving you the answer to everything. Raising animals on a farm with your family is not just a one person effort. Between the four of us and my parents, we all had to learn a few things along the way and still continue to do so. Taking care of animals can teach a person many different things, and it can sometimes lead that person to choosing a career in animals. The things learned when

taking care of animals can vary from animal to animal for obvious reasons; however there are common things that are taken from all. First and foremost, one learns about how to properly feed animals. Sometimes a child does not always understand why the most important thing for an animals is to eat or drink. My parents put it in a good way to me and my siblings, by asking how we felt if they did not feed us? As you can imagine, we said that we would not be happy and they simply responded by telling us that the animals feel the same way. Animal health is another thing on list of skills that is learned from the responsibility of animal care. One can see anything from a simple cold to extreme cases where the decision of whether to put an animal down has to be made. The health of an animal is a not something you want to play around with. There are things that can be cured rather quickly and at home, such as lice, mites, and colds. When it comes to a larger scale, the important thing is to talk to a trained professional on the matter and get the proper course of action to take. When I reached high school I became pretty involved with sports and 4-H, and still had animals to take care of, and was expected to care for them and not expect my younger siblings to do the work for me. During this time I learned a different type of responsibility.

If you were to look up the word responsibility in the dictionary you would find one meaning of it is the opportunity or ability to act independently and make decision without authorization. I feel this is exactly what I learned from taking care of my animals. If I had to think of all of the things that I have been able to be successful at, such as 4-H, completing college, and running a successful 4-H club with the help of my fellow advisers; I really have my up-bringing and the farm life to thank for it. However, I can’t forget my parents for beating the responsibility aspect into my head for many years. I truly believe that your roots are where you learn who you are. If you look at different cultures around the world and you see the way the live, act, and work, you can see their roots in them. Although heritage plays a role in how you live and how you act, it is not as large a factor as it was years ago. For myself and my siblings, our family heritage is heavily German on both sides, and I think that plays only a small factor in why we are like we are today. Growing up on the farm impacted each of us, and shaped who we are as individuals.

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4A ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue

McGlinch draws from past, looks to future VERSAILLES - For Ohio Farm Bureau Excellence in Agriculture winner Greg McGlinch, 32, of Versailles, a passion for agriculture comes pretty naturally. “I’m the fifth generation of our family on the farm, so you might say it’s just tradition,” said McGlinch. “It’s something I’ve always enjoyed and something I want to share with our kids. I also want to do what I can to let everyone know what’s going on in agriculture.” The award, which McGlinch won at the recent Ohio Farm Bureau Convention, recognizes successful individuals, 35 or younger, who are involved in production agriculture, but for whom farming is not their primary occupation. The Excellence in Agriculture Program, which is sponsored by Farm Credit MidAmerica, recognizes farm involvement as well as participation in Farm Bureau and other community organizations. McGlinch will compete with other state winners for national honors at the American Farm Bureau Federation National Convention in Nashville, Tenn. that begins Jan. 13. For winning the Ohio award, McGlinch received a John Deere Gator, compliments of Farm Credit. McGlinch is a graduate of The Ohio State University with a degree in agricultural education. In his position as a manure and nutrient management/urban technician with the Darke County Soil and Water Conservation District, he works with livestock producers and crop farmers to develop best practices on their operations. Increasingly his role includes educating them about emerging conserva-

Submitted Photo

Greg McGlinch, 32, of Versailles is pictured with with Farm Credit Mid-America staff Hart Fledderjohann and Angie Otte. McGlinch recently won the Excellence in Ag award at the Ohio Farm Bureau Convention and is the recipient of this John Deere Gator.

tion practices, such as cover crops. He also advises municipalities on storm water management and related practices. McGlinch is currently working on a master’s degree in agronomy from The Ohio State University. In addition to his SWCD responsibilities, McGlinch and his wife Janet farm with his parents, Gary and Sharon McGlinch. The farm produces corn, soybeans, wheat, rye and clover, but McGlinch also uses the farm as a labora-

tory of sorts to try different cover crops and conservation practices. This helps him in his SWCD responsibilities to be able to assist other farmers from his own firsthand experience. In addition, McGlinch raises hogs for freezer pork, as well as chickens and eggs for local customers, and uses the opportunity to teach non-farm customers who like to buy local about today’s agriculture. “It brings people closer to the farm, and we tell

them what we’re doing on our operation, explain how we use GPS and other technologies, and even give an occasional tractor ride,” he said. “It really helps them connect with agriculture.” McGlinch has been active in a number of community activities, Farm Bureau being primary, where he has been a board member. “Farm Bureau has been a real help to me,” he said. “As a result of Farm Bureau, I have a network of contacts across Ohio and the nation, which is a great

resource to me in my work.” Angie Otte is a financial services officer with Farm Credit’s Versailles office, and she said that she and McGlinch frequently find themselves at the same farm events, with McGlinch working the soil and water aspects, and she, ag financial services. “Greg is very deserving of winning this award for excellence,” she said. “He’s a great resource to farmers in this community.” While McGlinch has a

passion for agriculture, conservation and educating others—both in and outside of agriculture—he has some significant other reasons for the things he does. “We do a lot of conservation practices on our farm, and part of that is because that I want to protect our resources for future generations,” he said. “I want to leave our farm in better shape than we found it so that our kids (he and Janet just had their fourth child) can look forward to a good future.”


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ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue 5A

Dr. Seaman Knapp (1833-1911) By Matt Aultman Seaman Knapp was born in 1833 in New York State. His father was a farmer and a physician, he was a man of good character, fine sense, hard work and culture and his mother was of New England Quaker ancestry. Seaman grew up working on the family farm. Seaman was influenced by Dr. Nott, a headmaster of Union College, who exposed him to the use of “hands on” learning rather than just by the book. This will become very important to him later in life. He graduated from Union College, and he married Miss Maria Hotchkiss. After a life changing accident, in 1865 they sold the farm that Maria’s father had

given them as a wedding present and bought a flock of the finest Merino sheep and moved to Iowa. They settled close to Vinton, Iowa but lost all the sheep in the first winter storm. The price of wheat fell that year and most Iowa farmers were in financial trouble. Avoid of failure, Seaman started a pig farm with the new techniques he had studied. He started with pure bred premium stock and raised prize pigs. He then sold them to other farmers to start their pig farms. He wrote articles in The Farmer’s Journal and became well known and prosperous. Seaman continued to teach fellow farmers the best way to raise pigs. He helped form and became the first President of

the Benton County Fine Stock Association. His speeches were published all over Iowa and continued to convert the farmer to more progressive practices. He became the editor of The Journal and did not want the farmer to go through the trial and failure type of learning as he did with his frozen sheep and pig farm. He gave speeches all over Iowa preaching high class stock and good farming. Seaman wrote many articles in The Journal on more progressive modern farming techniques and later became the editor. The federal agency of the Department of Agriculture was barely 10 years old in the 1870s and Seaman Knapp had been frustrated that more research had not been done to help

the farmer improve his farming methods. He called the Washington Dept. a sideshow and began campaigning for experimental stations both in agriculture colleges and as free standing stations. The Iowa College at Ames was in its infancy and Seaman was appointed head of the Agriculture Department. Seaman kept the curriculum as practical and applicable to the everyday farmer. He wanted to follow the intent of the Morrel Act to teach the farmer useful and practical ways of farming. He established experimental hands on farming and animal husbandry experimental farms at the college. He was appointed president of the college and served one year in 1883. He was frustrated with the lack of funds for more research. He could not get the state to donate more money so he went to congress and wrote several bill’s to try to get more federal funds appropriated. Finally his efforts were realized in the Hatch Act of 1887. In 1884 he went to Louisiana to direct the development of a large area of land in which he introduced the cultivation of upland rice, which had brought prosperity to large of Louisiana, areas Arkansas and Texas. Having established the rice industry on a firm basis, Dr. Knapp was invited by Secretary Wilson to become special adviser for the South in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. In this capacity he went on trips to the West Indies, the Philippines, Japan, and India to study rice culture and to ascertain the varieties best suited for this Southern region. He brought back strains of rice that enhanced America’s rice production multi-fold. Dr. Knapp was invited to Washington to take charge of the Farm Demonstration Work in the Department of Agriculture and the General Education Board supplied the funds necessary to carry education on in the Southern states. It was begun in Mississippi in 1906, in Alabama and Virginia in 1907, and in 1908 it

was extended into every Southern state. State, district, and county agents were appointed as rapidly as suitable persons could be found, and under the inspiration of Dr. Knapp they went about their work. Dr. Knapp was always eager to help the poor and disadvantaged farmer. He said, “The only way such farmers can prosper is by remaining in the old rut and improving the rut.” His method was the method of the Great Teacher who chose a few men who in turn went out and touched the lives of the common man. The emphasis was always on the individual. At the time of his visit some of the neighbors would be on hand to see how the demonstration was turning out and to get the agent’s directions. The man would succeed and his success would make him a leading man in the community. Farm agents were chosen carefully and sent out all over Texas to teach the farmer better production methods. By 1912 there were thousands all over the Southern states and by 1914 there were agents in every county in America. Seaman Knapp stimulated the growth of the 4-H Club and started the incentive of a trip to Washington for the winner of contests. Dr. Knapp did not live to see his work come to full expansion. He died in Washington, April 1, 1911, but he lived to see his best hopes realized. With the passage of the Smith-Lever Act in 1914, Demonstration Work was made national in scope and became a regular part of the extension work of the State Agricultural Colleges with substantial sums appropriated by the federal government. The Smith-Hughes Act in 1917 carried the plan still further in providing federal aid for teachers of vocational agriculture and home economics in rural high schools. Seaman Knapp contributed to agriculture by helping create and implement the extension program and helped the prosperity of southern agriculture, so Thank You for your contribution to agriculture.

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6A ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue

9 month extension of 2008 bill passed in fiscal cliff deal By Michael Zimmerman

As the year 2012 neared its end, there was a lot of talk about the “fiscal cliff” deal. But one aspect of that deal was taken care of with a nine-month bandage: the Farm Bill. The Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 was originally set to expire in September of 2012. It’s a version of a law first passed in 1933, and now, a new version is passed every five years or so. With the expiration of the so-called “farm bill,” upcoming, the Senate passed an updated version in June, 2012 by a 64-35 vote. A similar version of the bill, with more cuts to one program, was passed by the House Agriculture Committee on July 5, but never made it to the floor of the House for a vote. That led Congress to pass a nine-month extension of the 2008 bill, leaving some farmers wondering if the 113th Congress can work together to get a longterm bill passed. Using the term “farm bill” is a bit misleading, as most of the funds in the current law don’t got to farm-

Congress can’t agree on 5 year farm bill

ers. The law also encompasses conservation, trade, energy, and the biggest portion of the whole thing: nutrition programs. The actual spending in the bill passed by the Senate (Agriculture, Reform, Food and Jobs Act of 2012) totals about $500 billion over the next five years. The Congressional Budget Office estimates the financial impact, though, over the next 10 years, and the CBO estimated that bill would have cost about $969 billion from 2013 through 2022. Though it sounds like a lot of money, the CBO estimated that total to be $23.6 billion less than if the current law remained in effect during that period. Of that $969 billion, the vast majority comes from nutrition programs, namely Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, or food stamps). Nearly 80 percent of the total spending

goes toward food stamps and nutrition, $768.2 billion. According to an Associated Press report on June 21, 2012, food stamp spending has nearly doubled in the past five years. The Food Research and Action Center, a nonprofit organization focused on food policy, one out of every seven Americans, or 47.5 million people total, receive benefits from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly the Food Stamp program. As far as local farmers go, there is some concern about the lack of a five-year bill, but according to Lane Osswald, District 18 trustee of the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation, it’ll be business as usual for most farmers. “We’re kind of concerned about it,” he said. “The Farm Bill provides certainty in a very high risk business by knowing what programs will be available. The frus-

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tration in the ag community is that Congress passed a proposal in the Senate and House Ag Committee, but couldn’t get it passed.” One thing the ninemonth extension does is retain dairy prices. A common argument around the fiscal cliff talks was about a socalled “dairy cliff,” because many said the price of a gallon of milk would have doubled if no deal was reached. If the 2008 bill would have expired, the dairy policy would have gone back to the one included in the Agricultural Act of 1949, which set the floor for the government purchasing milk at $39.53 per hundredweight. The current price is set around $18. One of the biggest changes concerning farmers in the proposed 2012 bills from both the Senate and House Ag Committee was an end to direct payments, which are currently paid to farmers whether or not a crop was planted. Both Photo Credit: National Wildlife Federation proposals placed more emphasis in crop insurance. Crowd in front of the US Capitol holding Farm Bill Now The extension passed signs. through Sept. 30, 2013 will have had a series of re- Americans spend 6.7 perkeep the direct payments. According to Osswald, forms, that would have as- cent of their expenditures some programs were lost in sisted in dealing with the on food. For comparison, in fiscal challenges the coun- the United Kingdom, people the extension. “The extension holds try is faced with,” Vilsack spend about 9.4 percent. some baseline values, told NPR in a Jan. 13 inter- The Japanese spend 14.7 which will help,” he said. view. “They’re now faced percent; our neighbors to “There are 20-some pro- with uncertainty in terms of the south in Mexico spend grams that were lost. They what the policies are going 22.7 percent. In Egypt, a didn’t get included in the ex- to be, and they’re faced with massive 43.6 percent of antension. Those are mainly uncertainty in terms of how nual household expendiconcerned with conserva- much support there will ac- tures are spent on food. Those statistics don’t tion and environmental is- tually be once a five-year bill is ultimately passed by Con- take into account that the sues.” What the extension does- gress. A new Congress, a money used to subsidize n’t cover is funding for or- different fiscal challenge be- the United States’ food ganic programs. According cause of the sequester dis- comes from food purto the Center for Food cussion, so it’s the chasers in the first place in Safety, the extension does- uncertainty of it all and the the form of tax money, so we’re paying the price for n’t fund The Organic Re- frustration.” Both versions of the pro- the food, but indirectly. search and Extension Vilsack spoke at the Institute (OREI). The OREI posed bill in the Senate and is a part of the National In- House Ag Committee would American Farm Bureau stitute of Food and Agricul- have saved money. The Federation’s annual meetture, and was funded CBO estimated the savings ing in Nashville on Jan. 14, around $18-20 million annu- in the Senate version at and he reiterated his hope ally. “OREI helps organic $23.6 billion over 10 years, for a new five-year farm bill producers and processors and with the House Ag passing Congress in 2013. “We are committed that grow and market organic Committee’s increase in food,” the Center for Food SNAP cuts, that version 2013 will not be a repeat of would have saved an esti- 2012,” he said at the meetSafety stated. ing. “We need a five-year bill In reality, the Farm Bill mated $35 billion. At its most basic, the and we need it now.” does a lot more than proHe continued: “I think we vide subsidies to farmers. Farm Bill is a way to use According to Tom Vilsack, taxpayer money to keep in- were all disappointed. We U.S. Secretary of Agricul- expensive food on the recognized that this was a ture, one out of every 12 shelves. Statistics released chance for us to reform the jobs are connected to the by the United States De- system in a way that was deagricultural community. “I partment of Agriculture in fensible and understandable think farmers are express- August of 2012 show that to the wide variety of people ing some frustration about the United States spends a living in this country.” the fact that they were close smaller percentage of Michael Zimmerman is a to getting a five-year pro- household expenses on gram that would have been food than any other country. staff writer at The RegisterAccording to the USDA, Herald in Eaton. comprehensive, that would


Coyote sightings increase

ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue 7A

Ryan Carpe DARKE COUNTY – Darke County residents may find the number of coyote sightings increasing this time year. According to the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, winter is the prime time to spot the nonnative pest for two reasons. The low temperatures of winter naturally cause a lack of vegetation, and the coyotes’ visibility will increase when they have less shrubs and plants to hide behind. And January through March is the coyote’s breeding season which, like most mammals, will cause their activity levels to increase. “This is the time of year when I start getting a lot of coyote calls just for those reasons,” Ohio Wildlife Management Supervisor Brett Beatty said. When you combine those two factors, don’t be surprised if you find a coyote running through your backyard. Coyotes originally lived in the western U.S, but migrated into the Midwest because of changes to their environment. “Essentially as the continent was taken over by the Europeans, we eliminated a lot of the big keystone predators, which were direct competitors of the coyotes,” Beatty said. “Ohio used to have an abundance of wolves, mountain lions and black bears. So if you remove those big predators, it leaves a vacuum that could be filled by coyotes.” The Ohio landscape has also shifted from its original countryside, making it more attractive to coyotes. “We changed the habitat.

We removed a lot of trees and created a lot of the brushy, open land that Ohio is essentially covered with now. So we made a more appealing habitat for them and eliminated their competition,” said Beatty. Coyotes are now common throughout Ohio’s 88

counties. They most often appear in farmland and mixed pasture/woodland habitats, with the majority of animals located in western Ohio. They are generally most active during dusk and dawn, but can be found hunting at any time. And coyotes are year-round resi-

dents. Coyotes often live in rural areas like Darke County, but also inhabit more urban counties like Hamilton, Franklin and Cuyahoga Counties. There’s even been research on coyote populations living in dense cities

like Chicago and New York City’s Central Park. “They’re very adaptable animals. They can survive and even thrive in practically any environment,” Beatty said. Coyotes are usually grayish brown and resemble a small German Shepherd in appearance. However, residents can distinguish them by their pointed ears, slender muzzle and drooping bushy tail. While coyotes pose very little threat to humans, pets can become easy targets for the predators. The Ohio Department of Natural Resources recommends that residents keep their cats indoor at all times, and at night to turn your lights on before letting a dog outside. The ODNR also recommends removing any garbage, pet food or other “attractants” that may lead wild animals onto your property. Coyotes generally prey on small mammals such as rabbits and mice, so they’re generally fearful of humans. However in some urban environments, coyotes have grown accustomed to human behavior and may not show immediate fear. “If the coyotes continue to grow bold and come closer to a house or don’t show fear, I always encourage folks to make a lot of loud noises and to make yourself appear larger,” Beatty said. “And it’s important to continue the loud noises until the coyote leaves.” When coyotes don’t immediately run from humans, they’re usually trying to figure out their boundaries, says Beatty. There-

fore its important to maintain the hazing until the coyote departs, or it could reinforce the coyote’s behavior. “You always want to be the last one to give,” Beatty said. Attacks on humans are extremely rare, and as far as Supervisor Beatty knows, there has only been one Ohio case reported so far. The attack occurred in the Cuyahoga Valley National Park, and involved a coyote that had contracted rabies, which accounted for its aggressive and erratic its behavior. And chances are if a coyote doesn’t run off at first sight, other humans are to blame. “Often people play a part in (the coyote’s brashness), either by feeding the animals either directly or indirectly, which encourages them to interact with people. It continues to reinforce the behavior,” Beatty said. “Ultimately, that could lead to a negative interaction.” If a coyote frequents your yard and seems to have a lack of fear for humans, the ODNR recommends calling a trapper at the Division of Wildlife at 1-800-WILDLIFE (945-3543). Coyotes are also legal to hunt throughout the year using traditional hunting firearms, however additional rules and regulations apply during deer hunting season. For more information about coyote behavior in urban environments, please visit Ryan Carpe is a staff writer at The Daily Advocate in Greenville.

The hidden dangers of cold weather Submitted by Farm Safety for Just Kids

Chores must be done no matter what the temperature reads. Farmers need to take precautions in the

winter to avoid frost bite and hypothermia. Whether or not someone is in danger depends on the temperature, wind speed, length of time outdoors, your physical condition and whether clothing is wet or dry. Take these precautions to prevent injuries caused by cold weather. Wear warm, loose fitting layers, preferably wool. Outside layer should be water repellent Wear mittens, if possible as they keep your fingers warmer Cover your head and ears as they lose heat the fastest Stay dry Don’t drink alcohol which causes you to lose heat faster Watch for frostbite and

hypothermia If you suspect frostbite or hypothermia, it’s important to seek shelter in a warm place. If you can’t stop shivering, notice numbness, or become disoriented: Handle suspected frostbitten areas gently – don’t rub Remove cold, wet, and restricting clothes with

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dry ones Warm the body gradually, not by a stove or fire Contact local emergency medical services for help Children require additional super vision and a watchful eye in the winter. Often kids will keep playing no matter how cold they get. Teach them the warning

signs of frostbite and hypothermia, but realize they may ignore the symptoms. Encourage them to come inside to warm up frequently. Winter can be a beautiful and fun time of the year to enjoy the farm, if precautions are taken to prevent the cold from endangering those who are experiencing its glory.

8A ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue

Local farmer speaks on sustainability By Michael Zimmerman

There has been a big debate here in the United States and across the pond in Europe concerning the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in agri-

culture. On the one hand, those in the agriculture industr y argue that the use of genetically modified crops reduce the need of pesticides, and allows for larger yields without the use of extra chemicals. On the other side, some argue that genetic engineering is

Ever yone is involved with agriculture By Matt Aultman “If you ate today, thank a farmer,” many have seen these bumper stickers on vehicles throughout the country, but if you think about this statement, it involves more than a farmer. What got me thinking about this is when I recently went to the American Farm Bureau Annual meeting in Nashville, and it opened up my mind to how diverse agriculture is. We have so many different shapes and sizes of those involved and how they all

are intertwined. I met many different people from someone who was a food processor to someone who raises a cut-your-own tulip market. I also attended a session on the how to interact with those not actively involved with production agriculture and it opened my eyes to a different point of view. This gave me a great idea; how many occupations are out there that are agriculture related? It may surprise you, because it did me! So here is a partial list of occupations that I have compiled that are a part of

unethical, transferring genes from one organism to another. Preble County farmer Keith Kemp, also a director of the United Soybean Council, recently addressed the advances in biotechnology and sustainability at the CropWorld Global 2012 conference in London, England. “It’s a social thing there,” Kemp said. “They don’t allow GMO products in the EU, and farmers aren’t able to keep up with us.” According to Kemp, England alone will need to import 40 percent of its

food supply, and the use of GMO technology could help reduce that number. “Their farmers can’t compete with us,” Kemp said. “I visited some farms over there, and they aren’t allowed to use some of our sprays and GMO products. It’s really hurting their output.” Kemp said GMO techniques have been used in the United States for a long time, and there is a stigma against the foods. “They think it’s frankenstein food,” he said. “We’ve had GMO in this countr y for 15 years, but over in Eu-

rope, it’s become a social issue. We have to keep education going, do some more education with them.” Those in favor of the use of GMO argue that genetic modification isn’t new, and has been done for thousands of years. The argument is that genetic engineering is just a new form of biotechnology. For Kemp, the use of GMO creates a more sustainable agricultural system, something needed in Europe. “The new buzzword in the EU is sustainability,”

agriculture: agronomists; animal science; bakers; barley producers; beekeepers; biologists; brewers/distillery producers; cattle, swine, poultry, sheep, goat, rabbit, deer, elk, buffalo and any other one I missed; producers (both for meat production and breeding stock supplier); clothing manufacturers; corn syrup production; corn, soybean and wheat production; cotton producers; dairy farmer; drainage technicians; educators; engineers; equipment dealers; ethanol production; feed manufacturers; fertilizer and herbicide suppliers; flower, nursery stock and greenhouse production; food manufacturer; forestry management; gardener; genetic scientists; grain millers; grocery; hay/forage producer; herb production; landscapers; lumber; machinists/mill-

wrights; maple syrup production; mechanical engineers; milo producers; nutritionists; orchard/fruit production; organic farm product producer; peanuts producers; petroleum companies; rice producer; seafood producers; sod producers; soybean oil production; spelt’s producers; tobacco producers; tree nut producers; vegetable/produce production; veterinarians; water quality management; wildlife management; lawyers, accountants and legislators (yes, they are involved with agriculture to either defend, follow or make the rules for those involved with agriculture), and last, but not least anyone who cooks and eats.

I know this is a surprising list and I’m sure I’ve missed a few, but look at it see if you can find one or more of these that you are a part of. This list is just to show how diverse agriculture is and how many people are involved in agriculture that touches our lives on a daily basis. I suggest that we need to change the slogan from the “If you ate today, thank a farmer” to “If you ate today, thank your neighbor.” We are all involved in this!” Matt Aultman is the Chairman of the Darke Co.

Kemp said. “We’re using GMO, and we’re more sustainable than anywhere in the world.” That was the message Kemp took to London, where he delivered the keynote speech on the improving sustainability in US agriculture. Though there is a fight against genetic modification, Kemp is for increasing the food output for increasing populations. Michael Zimmerman is a staff writer at The RegisterHerald in Eaton.

Chamber Ag Committee and Chairman-elect of the Darke Co. Farm Bureau. He can be reached at for comments.

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ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue 9A

Hay tips f or a drought year or anytime

By Matt Aultman With the limited amounts of forage available this year we need to make what is available utilized in the most efficient way possible. In a normal year, hay is hay is hay; but this year when, where, and how the hay was made could cost you. I have collected a few tips to help aid when buying forages. Listed below you will find some of the characteristics of hay that should be used when evaluating and selecting hay. Content: percentage of grass and legumes in the hay. In general, legumes (like alfalfa and clover) have higher protein content than grasses. Fiber from grasses is more digestible than that of alfalfa and other legumes at the same stage of maturity. In many cases, pure alfalfa hay has more protein than the animal needs. While this will not affect the animal’s health, it will increase water requirements and cause more urination which is high in ammonia. Nutrition: plants have more fiber and less protein as they mature. Indicators of maturity are flowers for legumes, and seed heads for grasses. Thick stems in both cases are indicators of maturity. Remember leaves have more protein and digestible energy and less fiber than stems. Usually, more leaves also means softer hay. Grasses harvested at early boot stage (when the seed head is just starting to form), have excellent fiber digestibility and energy availability. Touch: softer hay will be consumed more readily and there will be less waste. If the hay feels rough to you, it will feel rough to your animal. Smell: sweet smell is attractive to people and animals, and it is also a good indication of having readily available energy (sugar). Much like soft touch, a sweet smell is an incentive for the animal to eat the hay and get its full nutritional value. Color: green is very appealing and a good insurance of quality, but don’t get too hung up on color. Bleached color indicates exposure to sunlight or rain and very likely oxidation of vitamin A, but other very essential nutrients are still there! Cutting: plants that grow under cooler temperatures build more digestible fiber. Therefore, first cutting hay may have more fiber, and the

fiber will be easier for the animal to digest and use. Just knowing whether it is first, second or third cutting does not predict nutrient content. The stage of maturity at which the hay was cut is the foundation of its nutritional value. Mold: mold is detrimental if the animal inhales it, plus it has the potential to be toxic and/or upset the digestive system as well. Before buying hay, be sure to inspect the inside of at least one bale. If the hay has been stored inside and is not moldy, then the risk of it getting mold is very low. Do not buy hay that is moldy, as it will only get worse. Once you have bought your hay, then the question is the proper way to store it. If I pay $150 to $250 per ton for hay, I want every last cent of that to get to my animals. There are a few things that you can do to help guarantee the hay will stay in good condition and have minimum losses. Water/animal proof the area. If you stack hay under a leaky roof, it will grow moldier with each rain. Plug rat and mouse holes and attempt to detour larger wildlife, such as raccoons, from moving in during winter months. Not only do these animals deposit feces, but they can also chew through twine, making a mess out of your hay storage area. Do not stack hay directly on the ground. Stacking bales on pallets encourages air circulation beneath the bales and can help prevent the bales from “wicking-up” condensation from the ground. Hay bales stored on wet surfaces can have as much as 50 percent spoilage. Use older hay first. As long as moisture entry is completely avoided from any direction, and the hay was adequately dry when put into storage, it should keep indefinitely. In Midwest climates, high humidity might increase moisture content and reduce storage life, so feeding hay within three years of purchase is recommended. Regardless, it’s a good practice to always use older hay first. Aligning the round bales. They should be stored end-toend in a “sausage” type

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formation to reduce waste. Stacking large round bales (on top of one another) usually increases losses, especially if they are stored outside. Stacking tends to trap moisture and limits drying from sun and wind. Studies have shown outdoor storage losses for round bales range between 5 and 35 percent depending on the amount of precipitation, storage site location, and original condition of the bale. To help minimize this loss, buy dense bales because they will sag less and have less surface area in contact with the ground. Buy bales with plastic twine or net wrap as they will resist weathering, insects, and rodents better than natural fiber twines. Store bales on a well drained site (if outside). Finally, never store round bales under trees or in low lying area. It is highly recommended that bales that are stored outside have some type of cover placed over them (a tarp). The outer four-inch layer of a six-foot diameter round bale contains about 25 percent of the total bale volume and is most likely to be damaged by weather if stored improperly or unprotected. Storage losses are usually reduced by approximately two-thirds with indoor storage and by one-half with good plastic covering outdoors. Now that we’ve found, bought and stored the hay, how can we make the most out of it? Feeder loss equates up to 50 percent of the high feed costs to livestock. Hay wasting is all dependent upon your feeder. Feeding properly made and stored round bales of hay is an excellent option but it is a twoedged sword. On one hand, feeding round bales makes life easier. You take a skid loader, pick up a round bale of hay (the equivalent of 15-20 small square bales) and put it where you wish to feed the hay. But on the down side, hay is soft and animals tend to lay in it (usually mixing it with mud) and eliminate bodily wastes upon it rendering it inedible. Animals also tend to eat too much of an unprotected round bale of hay for there is no way to regulate consumption.

One way to prevent this wastage is to use a feeder designed for round hay bales. But there are about as many different designs of feeders as there are breeds of animals. Research conducted at the University of Minnesota evaluated hay feeders for horses, comparing the cost versus the decrease in wastage on nine types of round bale feeders. Feeders used in the study ranged from a cinch bag (imagine a bale inside an onion/potato net bag), various ring-type feeders normally used for cattle, a top loading cone, a hay sleigh and couple of plastic domes. The control feeding type was using no feeder at all. They used horses in this experiment and were allowed to eat hay with the respective bale feeder for 20 straight days with wastage calculated daily. All feeders allowed each horse to eat the recommended 2 percent of their body weight a day and thus maintain their weight. Hay wastage ranged from 57 percent with no feeder (these horses actually lost weight due to the large amount of their food stomped into the ground) to a low of about 5 percent using a model called Waste Less (a $1,500 feeder). The experiment suggested that it would pay to use some type of feeder if you wish to feed round bales of hay to your livestock. It will take about 2 to 5 months, on average, to pay for the feeders based on $100 per ton of hay. Consider all these when dealing with your forages, because this accounts for over 50 percent of your animals feed costs. For most livestock owners hay is only a part of the nutrition equation, most of us supplement with grain. After purchasing a new load of hay have a sample tested for its nutritional analysis. Once you have gotten the protein and vitamin content in the hay you can adjust the amount and type of grain you are supplementing with. Good Luck and do your homework when dealing with the forages you are putting in your livestock. It will help save you time and money.

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10A ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue

Food safety and grazing workshop offered Feb. 15 Works. The second pre-conference workshop, “From Our Grazing Experience,” will delve into the intricate art of grass farming with “The Grass Whisperer” Troy Bishopp, and a panel of experienced graziers including Eric Grim of Grim Dair y, Gene DeBruin of DeBruin Family Dair y, Michael Putnam of Grassland Dairy, and Doug Murphy of Murphy’s Grass Farm. Participants will learn about lengthening the grazing season using a grazing chart, specific grazing and feeding strategies, and balancing ecosystem processes with business profitability. This comprehensive workshop will also cover soil health, animal nutrition, transitioning to organic production, and maximizing profitability in pasture-based systems. Bishopp has been a passionate promoter and practitioner of grazing management for more than 26 years. He contract grazes certified organic dair y replacements and grass-finishes beef on his fifth generation New York family farm. Bishopp is also a grassland conservation professional with the Madison County Soil and Water Conser vation District, the Upper Susquehanna Coalition, and the Sustainable Northeast Agriculture Research and Education (NE-SARE) Professional Development Program, as well as a freelance agricultural writer. “I’ve found real value in building profitable, environmentally-friendly grazing strategies and tricks of the trade through good obser vation, planning, using my noggin, remaining flexible, and sharing these experiences amongst other farmers,” said Bishopp. pre-conference Both workshops will take place on Feb. 15 from 10 a.m.-4 p.m. at Granville Middle and High schools, 248 New

Chris Blanchard

Troy Bishopp

Burg St., Granville, Ohio. Pre-registration is required. pre-conference The workshops are offered as part of the state’s largest sustainable food and farm conference on Feb. 16-17, an event that draws more than 1,100 attendees from across Ohio and the Midwest, and has sold out in advance the past three years. In addition to the pre-conferences, this year’s conference will feature keynote speaker George Siemon on Feb. 16; keynote speaker Nicolette Hahn Niman on Feb. 17; more than 90 educational workshops; a newly expanded trade show; a fun and educational kids’ conference and child care area; locally-sourced and organic homemade meals, and Saturday evening entertainment. To register, or for more information about the preconference workshops or the conference, go to

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GRANVILLE - Full day pre-conference workshops on food safety and grazing on Feb. 15 are part of the Ohio Ecological Food and Farm Association’s (OEFFA) 34th annual conference, Growing Opportunities, Cultivating Change, in Granville, Ohio (Licking County). “While our two day conference covers a wide range of topics geared toward farmers, gardeners, and consumers, our full day pre-conference workshops are able to drill deeper, giving specialty crop growers and livestock farmers the skills they need to take their businesses to the next level,” said Renee Hunt, OEFFA’s program director and the event’s lead organizer. Farmer and food safety expert Chris Blanchard will lead the first pre-conference workshop, “PostHar vest Handling, Food Safety, and GAP: Making It Work on a Real Farm.” The workshop will teach participants how to establish or improve food safety practices. Blanchard will review post-harvest handling practices and share methods for meeting Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) documentation and record-keeping requirements in a way that flows with the work on the farm, rather than existing as a separate set of tasks and requirements. “Food safety is not just a legal responsibility, but a moral and ethical obligation you have with your customers,” said Blanchard. As the owner and operator of Rock Spring Farm in Iowa since 1999, Blanchard manages 15 acres of vegetable, herb, and greenhouse production for a 200-member community supported agriculture (CSA) program, food stores, and a farmers’ market. In addition to farming, Blanchard provides education and consulting for farmers and others through Flying Rutabaga

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ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue 11A

What’s in the Agriculture news....... Livestock Mortality Composting Certification Training of fered in Darke County GREENVILLE - The Darke County OSU Extension and the Darke County SWCD offices will be hosting a Livestock Mortality Composting Certification Training Session. The session will be held on Feb. 21 from 7 to 9 p.m. at the Darke County Extension Office. The office address is 603 Wagner Ave. in Greenville. This training session will certify an operator to compost all approved livestock species and is available to all Ohio livestock producers. Composting is a natural process where bacteria and fungi decompose organic material in a predominantly aerobic environment. During the composting process, microorganisms break down organic materials into a stable mixture called compost. The compost resembles humus, and is spread on farming fields. Composting, rendering, incineration and burial are the four most common ways to dispose of livestock mortality. To legally compost dead livestock in Ohio producers must attend a certification program. For producers who utilize composting, sawdust is the most commonly used carbon source for composting livestock mortality in Ohio. Sur veys indicate farmers utilizing composting find it a cost effective and convenient method to dispose of livestock mortality. All who are interested in attending are asked to preregister by Feb. 19. The fee is $20 per person and is payable at the door. To register, contact the Darke County OSU Extension office at 937-548-5215 or Sam Custer at For more detailed information, visit the Darke County OSU Extension site at web, the OSU Extension Darke County Facebook page or

contact Sam Custer, at 937548-5215.

Author and Rancher to Keynote Ohio’s Largest Sustainable Food and Farming Conference GRANVILLE - Attorney, rancher, and writer Nicolette Hahn Niman will be the featured keynote speaker at the Ohio Ecological Food and Farm Association’s (OEFFA) 34th annual conference, Growing Opportunities, Cultivating Change, on Sunday, Februar y 17 in Granville, Ohio (Licking County). “Nicolette will explore the links between modern industrial agriculture and the public health and environmental problems we’re facing today,” said Renee Hunt, OEFFA’s program director and the event’s lead organizer. “She’ll offer fixes for our diet and our food system.” Nicolette Hahn NimanHahn Niman will speak as part of the state’s largest sustainable food and farm conference, an event that draws more than 1,100 attendees from across Ohio and the Midwest, and has sold out in advance the past three years. In addition to Hahn Niman, this year’s conference will feature keynote speaker George Siemon on Saturday, Februar y 16; more than 90 educational workshops; two featured preconference events on Friday, Februar y 15; a trade show; a fun and educational kids’ conference and child care area; locallysourced and organic homemade meals, and Saturday evening entertainment. Hahn Niman is an attorney, rancher, and author of Righteous Porkchop: Finding a Life and Good Food Beyond Factor y Farms, which chronicles the problems with the concentration of livestock and poultry and her work to reform animal agriculture as the senior attorney at Waterkeeper Alliance. The book profiles successful farmers and ranchers using humane practices

and gives consumers practical tips for choosing meat, while weaving in the story of her personal transition from being a big city lawyer to ranching in the west. As she worked to reform factor y farming, she found examples of farmers and ranchers throughout the countr y raising animals humanely and sustainably, including the 700 farmers and ranchers of Niman Ranch, a natural meat cooperative started in Bolinas, California. The company was founded by Bill Niman, who she eventually married. “Following the footsteps of Eva Gabor in Green Acres, I packed up my high heels and moved to Bill’s northern California ranch,” she wrote in Edible Manhattan in 2011. “After years chronicling industrial animal abuses, I reveled in the rightness of this kind of agriculture. Instead of being fed antibiotics and slaughterhouse wastes, these herbivores ate grass—the food their bodies were designed for; instead of a feedlot pen or metal crate, they roamed across the open range and took afternoon naps in the sun; instead of artificial insemination, they courted and mated naturally, gave birth and raised their young according to their instincts. They lived in a way that I was not only comfortable with, I was proud of,” she continued. Hahn Niman is also an accomplished author and speaker who has been featured in Time Magazine, The New York Times, and The Los Angeles Times. She is regular blogger for The Atlantic, and has written for The San Francisco Chronicle, Huffington Post, Cowboys & Indians, and CHOW. Her keynote address, presented by Chipotle Mexican Grill, is titled, “Eating as We Farm (And Farming as We Eat” and takes place Sunday, Februar y 17 at 2:45 p.m. Hahn Niman will explore how a shift from grass-fed, diversified, and small-scale farming to concentrated, industrial monoculture production methods have

led to food overproduction, declining farm income, and fewer farms. While the industrialization of the food system, fueled by farm policy over the past half centur y, has resulted in cheap food, it has also caused an increase in dietrelated diseases, overeating, and environmental pollution. She will offer a vision for a path for ward that would improve both the American diet and our broken food system.

Ohio Department of Agriculture advises beekeepers on winter feeding REYNOLDSBURG – The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) would like to encourage beekeepers to make sure their bees are properly fed this winter. Due to drought conditions experienced in Ohio this year, stored food sources might be low for some bee colonies. A lack of stored food for bees could be attributed to the drought and lack of nectar and available water, both necessar y components to produce honey. Honey and pollen are needed to feed bee larvae. With little available nectar to make honey and poor pollen production from dry soil, the queen bee slows egg production and the larvae present are fed any available stored honey and pollen remaining from the spring. As these food sources become low, it is important for beekeepers to ensure their bees have a sufficient amount of food stored to sur vive the winter. If a beekeeper feels it is necessar y to feed their bees, ODA would like to offer the following tips when doing so: · Lift the back of the hive. If the back of the hive is easily lifted, it is likely the bees need to be fed. · Do not open hives when it is less than 60 degrees Fahrenheit unless absolutely necessar y for feeding. · When the hive is open,

add fondant, pollen patties and/or sugar syrup. When completed, close the hive as quickly and as safely as possible. Beekeepers with any questions are encouraged to contact ODA at 614-7286373 or by email at

Hunter education courses PREBLE COUNTYHunter education courses for 2013 are scheduled for April 13, Aug. 17, Sept. 14, Oct. 22-24 and Nov. 9. All sessions begin at 8:30 a.m. and end at 12:30 p.m., with the exception of dates in October, which begin at 6 p.m. and run until 9:30 p.m. Courses are taught at Twin Valley Rod & Gun Club. Registration can be done by calling 1-800WILDLIFE or visiting

PSWCDB meetings PREBLE COUNTYThe Preble Soil and Water Conser vation District Board of Supervisors conducts monthly Board Meetings at 7 a.m. the third Wednesday of each month at the office, 1651 N. Barron St., Eaton. Meeting dates for 2013 will be: Feb. 20, March 20, April 17, May 15, June 19, July 17, Aug. 21, Sept. 18, Oct. 16, Nov. 20 and Dec. 18.

U.S. Grains Council launches 2012 online Annual Report WASHINGTON, D.C.

- The U.S. Grains Council recently launched its 2012 online Annual Report, available now at The online report includes success stories from the year, video highlights, photographs, and market profiles from more than 25 countries and regions. Market profile pages display supply/demand charts, market growth potential and other information viewers may find useful, including highlights from Council programs in each country. “Since the Council was founded 52 years ago, we have focused continuously on building markets and expanding trade opportunities for U.S. farmers and agribusinesses,” said Don Fast, USGC chairman. “By promoting sound trade policies, building relationships between trading partners and being a reliable third-party resource, the Council and its members have enhanced food security and food choice for countless people around the world. This work is at the heart of our mission of Developing Markets, Enabling Trade and Improving Lives. The Council’s global staff live and breathe it - and it makes us proud to witness their efforts.” An exclusive feature of the online report provides access to downloadable spread sheets containing supply/demand data for more than 25 countries and regions that are provided on the individual market profile pages. The online report is available on its own website,, while the printed publication will be mailed to council members. A downloadable form of the printed publication is also available online.

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12A ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue

Antibiotics, environment

and farmer outreach

lead focus

COLUMBUS – The Ohio Livestock Coalition (OLC) Board of Directors (Board) recently elected new officers and identified three key focus areas to guide its direction for 2013. Dick Isler, executive vice president of the Ohio Pork Producers Council, will serve as president of OLC. He will lead the organization as it addresses its priority issues, including antibiotics in food producing animals, nutrient management and water quality issues, and maximizing resources available from national farm organizations working on similar issues. “The use of antibiotics in livestock and environmental management at farms are important issues for farmers and all Ohioans,” said David White, OLC executive director. “The Board prioritized these focus areas that will advance our ability to engage in public dialogue and support our mission to assist Ohio’s livestock farm community in expanding its positive contributions to the state by advancing environmentally friendly, socially responsible and economically viable farming. ” The focus areas were approved at the December 19, 2012, Board of Directors meeting. Board members also elected the following officers during that meeting: • Dick Isler, president. Isler replaces David Glauer, DVM, who served as president the past two years. Dr.

• • • •

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Glauer will continue to represent the Ohio Veterinary Medical Association on the OLC board. • Roger High, who represents the Ohio Sheep Improvement Association, will serve as vice president. • Scott Higgins, who represents the American Dairy Association Mideast and is a past president of OLC, was elected to serve as secretary/treasurer. Mr. High held the seat previously. “The OLC has a proud history of electing strong leaders committed to building trust in Ohio’s farmers and food producers through open and proactive engagement with the public,” said White. “This slate of elected officers continues that tradition.” “I am honored to be assuming this role with OLC,” said Isler. “Under the leadership of Dr. Glauer, the OLC has served as an effective voice for livestock farmers and has established positive partnerships with opinion leaders and other Ohioans interested in farm and food issues. I am committed to continuing the work of OLC and look forward to this opportunity on behalf of the livestock community.” In 2012, OLC leadership developed a strategic plan to guide ongoing programs and strengthen OLC’s ability to meet its vision and mission. The strategic plan identifies three priority areas for long-term success:

• Drive unity among Ohio’s animal agriculture stakeholders; • Shape perception of animal agriculture in Ohio; and • Proactively identify emerging issues. “Farmers are dedicated to responsible production as well as the standards and best practices that ensure the animals on our farms receive quality care, our natural resources are preserved and protected, and that our rural communities remain vibrant,” said White. “I am confident the Ohio Livestock Coalition Board of Directors has set a positive direction for our efforts on behalf of farmers and their communities in 2013.” The OLC, formed in 1997, is a statewide trade organization consisting of diverse agriculture organizations and individual farmers committed to a mission of advancing environmentally friendly, socially responsible and economically viable livestock farming practices. The OLC vision is to create an environment in which Ohio’s farm community can prosper and grow, and is a trusted resource in sharing fact-based information about animal agriculture and food production. To learn more about how Ohio’s livestock farmers care for the environment, ensure animal well-being and provide safe, affordable food, please visit OLC’s website at

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ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue 13A

Compliance deadline for fuel storage containment regulations approaches DARKE COUNTY Farms now have less than four months to prepare or amend and implement their Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans. The compliance date for farms is May 10, 2013. The following regulations, which require containment or diversionary structures if farms have more than 1,320 gallons of above ground fuel storage, are not new. The original regulations became effective in 1974 and were revised in 2002, 2006, 2009 and 2010. On Oct. 18, 2011, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued both a direct final (76 FR 64245) and a proposed rule (76 FR 64296) to amended the date by which farms must prepare or amend and implement their Spill Pre-

vention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans, to May 10, 2013. One nice aspect of the 2010 revision is that it contained a form to be filled out to create the self-certified plan needed by some farmers. Farmers with as few as three above ground 550 gallon gasoline and/or diesel fuel storage tanks may be subject to these regulations. This is the case because total above ground storage capacity for oil or oil products of 1,320 gallons or more, or below ground storage capacity of 42,000 gallons or more is subject to the U.S. EPA Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) regulation (40 CFR Part 112). These SPCC regulations require plans, procedures

and equipment to contain discharges of oil or petroleum products (heating oil, crude oil, mineral oil, gasoline, diesel fuel, animal fats, vegetable oils and synthetic oils) if such discharge could reasonably be expected to reach a waterway or sanitary/storm sewer inlet. To calculate if the 1,320 gallon storage capacity threshold is met, total capacity of tanks or containers, excluding those less than 55 gallon drums, must be considered. Neither the amount of actual gallons in storage nor the portion of storage commonly used makes any difference as to if these regulations apply. The operating or shell capacity of the storage container is counted towards total facility oil storage capacity. The amount of total storage is what is considered.

Those facilities subject to the regulations must provide adequate secondary containment and/or diversionary structures for oil or petroleum product storage and transfer areas to contain any releases and show their ability to implement a written plan of action in case of a release from the primary storage (tank). Adequate containment is generally expected to be able to hold the volume of the largest tank or container in the area plus sufficient freeboard for precipitation, by impervious dikes, berms or retaining walls, etc. Many farmers will be able to self-certify the needed plan instead of retaining the services of a certifying professional engineer (PE). This self-certified plan can contain streamlined facility security requirements and fewer tank integrity inspections. These less stringent requirements apply to facilities with less than 10,000 gallons of aggregate above ground storage capacity that meet the reportable discharge history criterion for the last three years of operation - no dis-

charges of 1,000 gallons or more in one instance or no two discharges of more than 42 gallons in the last 12 months. However, if farmers want to use alternative methods for diking or secondary containment, or if secondary containment is deemed impractical, then a PE will need to review and certify the amended aspects of the plan. Plans should not be submitted to U.S. EPA or Ohio EPA. The plan requirement can be satisfied by filling out the form as indicated in the text below. The plan should be accessible and readily available to be used by employees and farm management in the case of a release from the primary tank. Personnel in the oil-handling areas need to be trained in spill prevention, tank management, procedures and spill response at least. Any release beyond the secondary containment of 1,000 gallons or more, or two releases of more than 42 gallons each within a 12-month period must be reported with specific information by call-

ing 800-424-8802. The Coast Guard will answer, take information and refer appropriately. If the spill quantity is less than originally thought, especially if below the above thresholds, the owner may wish to call back and revise the report. If a large release occurs and/or is reported by someone else, a report and a copy of the plan will likely be required to be sent to U.S. EPA Region 5 and the appropriate Ohio EPA district office. A fact sheet with this and more information is available at Also, at the U.S. EPA’s website at htm there is a link to the federal register with the final adopted regulations which include a form to be filled out for the self-certified plan. For more detailed information, visit the Darke County OSU Extension web site at, the OSU Extension Darke County Facebook page or contact Sam Custer, at 937548-5215.

Van Wert Evans 1901; Van Wert Hertel 1880; Van Wert Morris 1881; Van Wert Recker 1848; Van Wert Sawmiller 1902; Warren Irons 1899; Wayne Armstrong 1866; Wayne Hines 1876; Williams Robin-

son 1886; Wood Gessford/Norvell 1882; Wood Kale 1905. Anyone who can verify that a currently-owned farm has remained in their family for at least 100 years may register. For more informa-

tion, visit and click on Promotional Programs and then Century Farm Recognition, or contact Cindy Shy in the Office of Communication at 614or 752-9817

FARMS from pg. 1 Ault 1862; ;Hardin Hardin Williams 1911; Henry Miller 1870; Highland Daniels 1842; Holmes Troyer 1894; Licking Carr 1911; Licking Todd 1833; Licking Wagy 1844 ;Lucas Hassen 1895; Marion Hord 1905; Mercer Fledderjohann 1903; Mercer Hoying 1899 ;Mercer Miller 1852; Mercer Suhr 1885; Monroe Carpenter 1887; Monroe Carpenter 1865 Muskingum

Lapp 1849; Noble Sanford 1819 Ottawa Meng 1912; Ottawa Stoiber 1825; Paulding Crone 1884; Paulding Schwab 1905; Perry Cooperrider 1831; Pickaway Emrick 1837; Pike Pfeifer 1856; Pike Vanmeter 1801; Preble Kirkpatrick 1912; Putnam Basinger 1868 ;Putnam Brinkman Kreinbrink 1873; Putnam Ellerbrock 1887; Putnam Gerten 1911; Putnam Heitmeyer 1869 ;Put-

nam Kahle 1895; Putnam Knippen 1873; Putnam Kreinbrink 1864; Putnam Kreinbrink 1873 ;Putnam Michel 1911; Putnam Miehls 1835; Putnam Niese 1862; Putnam Niese 1895; Putnam Stauffer 1908; Putnam Weller 1899; Sandusky Haar 1911; Sandusky House 1912; Sandusky Knepper 1885; Seneca Haugh 1849; Shelby Puthoff 1857; Stark Antram 1910; Union Mayer 1912;

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the tractors, smelling the ground. It’s more of a hobby. It’s not big enough to be real profitable.” “It’s definitely not our fulltime job,” Travis said. The Kirkpatricks farm on 190 of their 327 acres, growing corn, hay and beans in addition to raising angus cattle. But the profitability of the farm isn’t what it used to be (only half the corn and all the beans go to sale, as well as the beef), but Greg, recently retired from Square D in Oxford, and Travis, who works on a sod farm adjacent to his family’s, wouldn’t want it any

other way. “We don’t have to be in a big hurry. We don’t have to play the gambling game. We just go along with it,” Greg said. “I don’t want to be in that intense atmosphere. I’m retired.” “We work on stuff just to keep it nice. We’re not that fancy,” Travis said. The Kirkpatricks applied for their Century Farm recognition last summer and were thrilled when it was approved. It’s a validation of 100 years worth of hard work, Greg said. “We’ve done a lot to keep

this up, tearing down buildings and adding new ones. But there’s still not as much manual labor as there was before. But we don’t have none of those auto-steers. It’s pretty simple around here. Nothing too fancy. We don’t do nothing real complicated,” Greg said. “We have about what we want. We have a wish list. But if the farm can’t pay for it we don’t have it. It’s rewarding, especially when we have a good crop. We’re very happy with what we have, lucky to have what we have. Good neighbors, good friends, and that helps a lot.”

2050 N. Dixie Highway • Lima, OH 45801 Ph 419-221-3750 • Fax # 419-221-3854





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MECHANICSBURG, OHIO 43044 OFFICE: 937-834-2354 MOBILE: 614-348-2729 2360322


ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue 14A

that work .com

PLACE YOUR CLASSIFIED AD ONLINE-24/7 Acres of Western Ohio Serving Darke, Preble and Wayne (IN) counties 200 - Employment

560 Home Furnishings

560 Home Furnishings

577 Miscellaneous

577 Miscellaneous

RECLINER:Lazy Boy Recliner; contemporary fabric $100 (937)737-0006


CHEST of Drawers: Tall with 6 drawers. Cream with blonde trim. Exc cond $100 (937)448-2209

ENTERTAINMENT CENTER, Armoire style. $40 (937)547-6189

RECLINER/ROCKER: Tan. Smaller size. $25 (765)964-5062

35mm CAMERA: Cannon AE-1 camera. Reg. lens, super zoom lens, & flash, carrying case. W/manuals. $80 (937)732-6548 (937)212- 4662

BABY SWING: Fisher Price "Smart Response" baby swing. 3 position recliner, 5 speeds, plays music. Asking $20 Pics by request. (937)sold

COFFEE TABLE: 52x30 solid red oak. $200 (937)548-5562 Leave Message

ENTERTAINMENT CENTER: Large wooden entertainment center with plenty of storage space. Call for details. $25obo (937)621-3379

STAND: TV Stand, black with smoked glass doors. $45 (937)732-6548

Call (937)548-3151 Ask for Barb

(2) IH 715 COMBINES 419-275-2312


SNOW PUSHER boxes for skid steers and backhoes, made in Findlay, Ohio. Call 419-348-0240.

545 Firewood/Fuel FIREWOOD: Standard pick-up load. You haul. $60 (937)548-0529


560 Home Furnishings

State your qualifications, experience, and which position you are applying for. We are an Equal Opportunity Employer, benefits available after probationary period.

BED: Twin bed with mattress and box springs. Cream colored with blonde trim. Exc. cond. $100 (Some bedding included). (937)448-2209

605 Auction

Send your resume to:

We Accept

END TABLES: 2 end tables, solid red oak. 22x26 each $200 (937)548-5562 Leave message.

535 Farm Supplies/Equipment


POLICY: Please Check Your Ad The 1st Day. It Is The Advertiser’s Responsibility To Report Errors Immediately. Publisher Will Not Be Responsible for More Than One Incorrect Insertion. We Reserve The Right To Correctly Classify, Edit, Cancel Or Decline Any Advertisement Without Notice.

937-548-3151 937-456-5553

560 Home Furnishings

We are taking applications for:


Office Hours: Monday-Friday 8-5

BUNKBEDS: Metal bunk beds, red in color. Full size on bottom. Twin on top. $40 (937)547-6189

Pd. $290. Asking: $100



525 Computer/Electric/Office

HP 90X Compatible with HP4555, M601,602, 603


Liner deadline: 3rd Friday each month Display Deadline: Aug. Edition: July 20 Sept. Edition: Aug 17 Oct. Edition: Sept 21 Nov. Edition: Oct 19 Dec. Edition: Nov 16

TABLET: "Caser" 9 inch tablet; case/keyboard. $120 (937)423-4199

235 General Interested in working in West Central OHIO’s AG EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY?


COMPUTER DESK Armoire style. $40 (937)547-6189 COUCH/LOVE SEAT: Ashley Durapella Couch & Love Seat. Mocha colored. (Metal frame, padded bottom chairs). $40 (937)547-6189

AIR PURIFIER: Clear Breeze counter-top air purifier. New filter. $20 (765)964-5062 BABY: Pink infant activity walker in excellent condition! $25 (937)547-0186

BED PILLOW: New contour bed pillow for side sleeper. Paid $40. Sell: $20 (937)423-2220

NIGHT STAND with 2 lamps. Cream with blonde trim. $50 (937)448-2209

TABLE SET: Antique oak kitchen table, 2 boards to extend, 4 newer chairs of same color. $110 obo. (937)621-2950

CAMCORDER: JVC 35mm handheld camcorder. Used once. Paid $600. Sell for only: $150. (937)732-6548

BOOKS: James Patterson Books: 1) NYP Red, 2) Merry Christmas Alex Cross 3) Zoo, 4) I, Michael Bennett. $5 each. (937)417-4813

535 Farm Supplies/Equipment

535 Farm Supplies/Equipment

535 Farm Supplies/Equipment

535 Farm Supplies/Equipment

CUPBOARDS: 2 Oak Cupboards w/glass doors. $250 (937)737-0006

of Western Ohio

DESK: w/bookcase on top and chair. Cream with blonde trim. Exc. cond. $150 (937)448-2209 DRESSER with mirror. Cream with blonde trim. Exc. condition. $150 (937)448-2209

605 Auction



Sidney Daily News Dept. 995 1451 N. Vandemark Rd Sidney, OH 45365

500 - Merchandise

510 Appliances DISHWASHER: KitchenAid built-in Dishwasher. 7 yrs old, ss tub, bisque color. $150 (937)316-5254 Leave message. DISHWASHER: Whirlpool dishwasher. $200 (937)737-0006 MICROWAVE: Whirlpool over the stove microwave. $200 (937)737-0006

525 Computer/Electric/Office SCANNER: Radio Shack Pro-99 Scanner. Great for Nascar. Works with emergency also. Excellent condition. $40 (937)548-2819


Just off Rt. 30 West By Pass, on Rt. 3 South Exit 3 Auctioneers starting at 9:00am Plus 2 auction trucks all day. All Types of Farm & Construction Equipment Consignment accepted Last year we had over 600 major pieces, with over 1000 in attendance. This is the 62nd auction. One of the oldest and largest auctions where buyers and sellers meet. Consignments welcomed on Thurs. Feb 7th 1-5. Fri. Feb 8th, 8am til dark. 2 loader tractors Thurs. pm, all day Fri. Loader tractors auction day and Mon. All items sell as is, no guarantees of fitness or usability. Free adv. if called in early. Not responsible for accidents.

Ph. M.P. Stauffer Auct. 330-683-2686 or 330-464-8827 Paul Miller App. Auct. 419-750-0904 Roger Ford, Harold and Russ Farnsworth and Ben and Brad Higgins, Auctioneers




Sat. Feb. 9, 2013 at 9:00am Wayne Co. Fairgrounds Wooster, Ohio

Agriculture NEWS FROM:


local farmers, local businesses, state and local officials


Targeting over 29,000 readers in 3 counties

Hay Y’All! Do you have farm equipment, livestock or other farm related items to sell? Do you need farmhand help? Advertise in the ACRES monthly publication to meet all your farming needs. • Farm Equipment • Service Directory • Auctions • Summer Help • Farm Help • Land Lease/Rent

• Picture it Sold • 4-H Projects • Hay/Straw • Livestock • Fencing • Animal Bi-Products

Submit information by the third Friday of every month to: Mary Bevins - Darke County 937.548.3151 x 222 Billie Wood - Preble County 937-456-5553 x100

2360950 2360328


WHERE THE RIGHT PEOPLE MEET THE RIGHT LOCAL JOBS Finding a new job is now easier than ever!!!


15A ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue

Picture it

Farm Equipment  Livestock  Produce  Mowers  Furniture  Etc….


A Picture is Worth a 1000 Words!

Mary Bevins ~ Darke County Billie Wood ~ Preble County RA? NO CAME e can Help! W . Call Us.. 937-456-5553 x 100 937-548-3151 x 222

$ 25 . 00!! Ad Is This Actual Size

ARE Brand Fiberglass Truck Cap w/Clamps From 2002 F150 with 6 Ft Bed. Small spider web crack in corner of window Otherwise Great Condition!

$300.00 Call (No Text) (937)456-9525 • (937)456-1247

Come Shop! Homemade Quilts


Bed, Crib & Small Cuddle Up Sizes. Table Runners & Misc.

Call (937) 787-3643 2361704


W H E EL S !

Tractors  Combines  Trailers  Trucks  Cars  Boats  Etc…. els…. If It Has Whe ou Move It!! Let Us Help Y

Mary Bevins ~ Darke County Billie Wood ~ Preble County 937-456-5553 x 100 937-548-3151 x 222 NO CAMERA? Call Us..We can Help! Ad is This Actual Size!

2004 Pontiac Bonneville SLE Dark Blue Well Maintained!

All signs lead to you finding or selling what you want...

131,000 Miles

NEW RIEGEL YOUNG FARMERS CONSIGNMENT SALE Sat., March 2, 2013 - 10am - Two Rings Location: New Riegel High School

AUCTIONEERS: WALTON AUCTION CO. DOUG AND JAY WALTON, PAUL WAGNER Commission Rates $0-$10 - 50% / $11-$100 - 15% $101-$500 - 12% / $501-$1,000 - 6% $1,000-Up - 4% $250 Maximum Rate

New Tires in Fall 2011 $7,500


Call… (937) 470-1757

577 Miscellaneous

577 Miscellaneous

583 Pets and Supplies

CAMERA: Kodak Easy Share Digital Camera, DX6440 w/loading dock. Great little camera! $25 (937)316-5254 leave message.

TV: Sony colored TV with remote control. 27" Trinitron. Good picture. Can send pictures. $25 (937)621-3379

PUPPIES: German Shepherd/Blk Lab Mix; born December 2012. $45 ea ( 9 3 7 ) 4 1 7 - 3 2 5 9 (937)417-9696

CB RADIO'S: 3 mobile C.B. radios. All three for $30 (937)996-0123

580 Musical Instruments

586 Sports and Recreation

GUITAR:Fender 12-string acoustic electric guitar. $170 (937)733-6324

CROSS BOW: Horton Yukon SL. Great condition. $250 (937)604-9103

583 Pets and Supplies

RIFLE STOCK: AK47 Polymer Stock. $250 or best offer. In Greenville: (307)250-8035

COAT: J.C. Penney new faux suede coat w/ fur collar and cuffs. M/L Never worn. $20 (765)964-5062 COFFEE: 25 Keurig Kcups, all regular coffee. Sell 50 cents each or trade for decaf or hot chocolate. (937)548-2819 COFFEE DRAWER: Brand new "Ekobrew Kcup" Drawer that sits under Keurig coffee brewer. Holds 42 cups. ($40 new) $20 (937)548-2819 CORN STOVE "St. Croix" 6 years old; Burns corn/wood pellets. (937)459-8204


BEAGLES: year old male; 11/2 year old female; 1/2 6 month old female. FREE! (937)231-0340 PUP: Full-blooded "Yorkie". Female; born fall 2012. 1st shots/de-wormed. Potty pad trained. Small & sweet! $400 firm! No papers. Call or text: (937)467-0200. Can send pic.

RECEIVER: Marantz HDMI Stereo Receiver. Near mint condition. Can send pictures. $250obo (937)621-3379 STEREO: Vintage Stereo, Turntable, Reel to Reel Deck, Stereo Rack. All tested and working. Can send pictures. $225 (937)621-3379 THERMOSTATS: 3 programmable energy saving thermostats for residential. All in excellent cond. Over 150 new. Sell all for $40. (937)548-2819

1953-1972, any condition. Competitive buyer. 1-800-850-3656 or

Passenger & Farm Tires

Consignments taken until 9am the day of the sale.

by using that work .com

Classifieds that work

Don’t delay... call TODAY!


To Consign Please Call: Tom Bouillon - 419-595-2450 Keith Weinandy - 419-396-1841 Dave Williams - 419-934-3766 John Williams - 419-306-9328


Call today and let our experience make your auction & real estate needs a success! RR R AMR

Bob & Anna Marie Roach

Scott Weininger • Steve Howard 2351909

Owners 300 N. Warpole St. 14889 St. Hwy. 31 Kenton, Oh 43326 Upper Sandusky, Oh 43351 (419) 674-4715 (419) 294-4981

1775 S. CR 1 Tiffin, Oh 44883 (419) 448-9850


LUGGAGE: 4-piece Luggage Set. Gray floral. $40 (937)459-6554

RECEIVER: AM/FM Stereo Receiver; Optimus brand. Nice small unit for bedroom, garage etc. $25obo. (937)621-3379

Corvettes Wanted

670 Miscellaneous

GAS GRILL: CharBroil gas grill w/tank. Great for camping! $30. Call after 2pm. (937)548-4829

PORCH RAILS: Set of wood porch rails and spindles. 6'X38" $60. Call after 2pm. (937)548-4829

840 Classic Cars

PUPPY PADS: L size. 3 per package. $1 per package. (765)964-5062

DE-HUMIDIFIER for large area. Used only a few months out of the year. Touch pad. $50 (765)964-5062

HORSESHOE SET: "Eddie Bauer" professional Horse-Shoe Set in wood carrying case. $45 obo (937)996-0065

800 - Transportation

You must have consignments in by Feb. 13 to advertise.


Only $30!!

Lester Post Frame Buildings Nucor Steel Frame Buildings American Mini Storage

Stevenson Construction 2351886

(937) 468- 7858

FARMLAND WANTED HIGHLY MOTIVATED PURCHASER Contact Tina Ortiz Mark Fornes Realty, Inc. (937) 434-2000




16A ACRES of Western Ohio | February Issue

Relief Act of 2012 What does it mean to Ohio Farmers?

The United States Congress worked overtime over the New Year’s Holiday to pass the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 and was signed into law by President Obama. There are many provisions which are allowing members of the agricultural community to breathe a sigh of relief as they head into 2013 and some provisions, such as the farm bill, will cause much debate in the upcoming months. This article provides a summary of some of the provisions passed with this legislation, as well as a few provisions that were not addressed, which will impact agriculture. Farm Bill extended and no cows went over the cliff, yet The Taxpayer Relief Act includes a nine-month partial farm bill extension. With consumers up in arms over milk prices rising to $7 to $8 per gallon because the milk subsidy program would revert back to an antiquated parity-based price support formula that was implemented in 1949 and would have increased milk prices to close to $40 per hundredweight, more than double the current milk price. This extension of the current subsidy program through December 31, 2013 will keep milk prices stable. Basically, Congress kicked the can down the road on the Farm Bill and making any corrections to the milk pricing system. This extension also extends $5 billion worth of government subsidies for

commodities such as corn and soybeans. Other programs including conservation, organic growing, fruit and vegetable, and beginning farmer and rancher programs were also extended but at lower funded levels. It should be noted that the direct payments were targeted for elimination during the farm bill discussions this past year. The Senate passed a farm bill extension in June but the House never voted on its own version, leading to a stalemate which ended with the partial extension. Congress will now have until October 1 when the new fiscal year begins to pass a more typical five-year extension. Many expect the key components of last year’s farm bill proposals — an end to direct payments, new crop insurance programs and cuts in nutrition initiatives — to be included in the new legislation. At any rate, it will make for an interesting farm bill negotiation in 2013. The bill also extends supplemental disaster assistance programs by amending the federal crop insurance act to include 2013. This raises questions for which answers are not known at this time. The first is the option for farmers wanting to exit from the average crop revenue protection program (ACRE). Since the original rule was farm signed into ACRE must stay enrolled in ACRE, does this extension force farmers to stay enrolled through 2013? Also the supplemental revenue assistance payments (SURE) status is unclear at

this time for 2012 and 2013. Individual and Capital Tax Rates The bill permanently retains the 10 percent, 15 percent, 25 percent, 28 percent, and 33 percent income tax brackets. The 35 percent tax bracket ends at $400,000 for single filers and $450,000 married filing jointly. Above this threshold, there’s a new 39.6 percent tax bracket. Likewise the bill permanently retains the 0 percent and 15 percent tax rates on qualified dividends and longterm capital gains, and adds a new 20 percent tax rate that would apply to taxpayers who fall within the new 39.6 percent tax bracket. Which capital gains tax rate will apply depends on what tax bracket a person is in. The new capital gains tax rates for 2013 and future years will be » 0 percent applies to capital gains income if a person is in the 10 percent and 15 percent tax brackets, » 15 percent applies to capital gains income if a person is in the 25 percent, 28 percent, 33 percent, or 35 percent tax brackets » 20 percent applies to capital gain income if a person is in the 39.6 percent tax bracket. Federal Estate Tax This legislation permanently maintains the federal exemption for gifts and estates estate tax exemption at $5 million instead of dropping to $1 million. This amount will also be indexed for inflation and includes the

transfer of the unused exemption of a deceased spouse to the surviving spouse. It should be noted that this legislation included the word “permanent.” This is significant as many fiscal agreements made by Congress since 2001 have contained a phase out date. The top rate to tax amounts in excess has increased from 35 percent to 40 percent. But for many this was an acceptable compromise since it was scheduled to drop to $1 million with the excess taxed at 55 percent in 2013. This portion of the legislation should allow many farm families to sleep easier as they make plans to transition their farm businesses to future generations. Section 179 increased and extended Internal Revenue Code Section 179 allows farms and other businesses to write off small amounts of annual investments in capital assets, such as machinery, in the year of purchase in lieu of depreciating the investment over a number of years. The 179 deduction was reverted (increased) back to the old 2010/2011 level of $500,000 for 2012 and 2013. This is a huge incentive given that up until this legislation was passed the 2012 limit was $139,000 and it would have dropped to $25,000 in 2013. Since this bill was not passed until the final hours, the increase to $500,000 for 2012 will most likely not help farmers unless they had pur-

chased equipment in excess of $139,000 and had planned on just putting it on a regular deprecation schedule. It should be noted that this deduction will revert back to $25,000 beginning in 2014. However, as always, time will tell. Bonus Depreciation Extended This legislation also extended the special 50 percent special depreciation allowance, also known as bonus depreciation, through the end of 2013. The bonus depreciation provision generally enables businesses to deduct half the cost of qualifying property in the year it is placed in service. Bonus Depreciation is now scheduled to be eliminated for the 2014 tax year. Payroll Taxes In 2011, Congress had lowered the FICA payroll tax rate from 6.2 percent to 4.2 percent to put more money in the pockets of Americans. This adjustment expired at the end of 2012. This will result in a payroll tax increase for workers. For example, a farm employee earning $30,000 a year will take home $50 less per month. Conservation Easement Donations The special break for conservation easement donations was extended through 2013. Additional Medicare Tax As part of the plan for funding the federal health care, several new taxes were

put into place that this most recent bill did not address. These included a tax on investment income and an additional Medicare tax for those people earning higher incomes. Both of these new taxes impact individuals making more than $200,000 a year or couples with $250,000 or more. These taxpayers must pay the new 3.8 percent tax levied on investment income such as cash rent received for farmland starting in 2013. Additionally, these same high-earners must pay an additional .9 percent Medicare payroll tax on wages above $200,000 for individuals and $250,000 for couples. This increases the current 2.9 percent Medicare payroll tax to 3.8 percent for those dollars earned above the designated earning levels. Want to learn more? The complete American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 can be accessed at: congress/bills/112/hr8/text . David Marrison, OSU Extension Associate Professor & Chris Bruynis, OSU Extension Assistant Professor authored this article. For more detailed information, visit the Darke County OSU Extension web site at, the OSU Extension Darke County Facebook page or contact Sam Custer, at 937.548.5215.

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