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By Nina C. Social Studies- Block 3 Science- Block 1


Introduction!! Rainforest can be described as a tall, dense jungle. The reason it is called a RAIN forest is because of the high amount of rainfall it gets per year. The rainforest is in South America covering Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. The Latitude and Longitude range of the Amazon Rainforest is between 0 degrees 15 degrees south and 45 degrees 75 degrees west. The average temperature of the rainforest is 79 degrees Fahrenheit. The climate zone is tropical and very hot and humid. The average rainfall is 250 centimeters a year. There are many organisms in the rainforest. Let’s go learn about some of them!

Did you know that Rainforests are also responsible for 28% of the world's oxygen turnover, sometimes misnamed oxygen production, processing it through photosynthesis from carbon dioxide and storing it as carbon through biosquestration.


Plants!! Brazil Nut Tree- the Brazil nut tree looks like a tree covered with nuts. The nuts look like regular nuts but with a wood cover covering them. The nuts grown in the canopy layer of the Amazon rainforest. The predator’s of the plant is humans. Humans are predators because we eat the nuts from the tree. It helps us not starve.

Guajava (cassia alata)- The Guajava also known as the Cassia Alata looks like little flowers on a stick. This plant grows in the understory layer. Since it grows on the forest floor it gets very little sunlight. Humans also are the predators of Guajava. We use Guajava for medicine that can treat skin irritation.


Layers of the Amazon Rainforest!! There are four layers of the Amazon Rainforest. The Forest Floor, Understory Layer, Canopy Layer and Emergent Layer. The forest floor is the very bottom layer of the Rainforest. It barely gets any sunlight so in that result no plants grow on the forest floor. One animal that lives on the Forest Floor is the Giant Ant Eater. The understory is the layer where most animals that live on ground live. It gets barely any sunlight so the plants grow bigger leaves so that they can get through all the trees to get sunlight. Some of the animals that live in the understory layer are Jaguars, red-eyed tree frogs and leopards. Many insects also live here. There is a lot of foliage in this story. The canopy layer is the primary layer of the rainforest. This layer forms a roof over the two bottom layers. That’s why the other two layers barely get any sunlight. Some of the many animals that live in the canopy layer are sloths, howler monkeys, orangutans, and chimpanzees. There is also a lot of foliage in this layer also most omnivores live in the canopy layer. The emergent of the 200 feet trees that layer are hardwood live here and

layer is the very top layer Amazon rainforest. It is above the forest floor. The are part of the emergent usually broad leaved, evergreens. Animals that are eagles, monkeys, bats butterflies.


animals!! Toucan- The toucan is very bright and colorful and has a large beak. Its habitat is the Canopy layer of the Amazon rainforest. Its predators are jaguars and its prey plants. A toucan is an herbivore. It eats only plants. The toucan’s beak helps it adapt in the rainforest because it is big and can help it get food.

Jaguar- the jaguar has spots all over its fur, yet no spot is in the same exact place on any jaguar. Its habitat is the understory layer of the Amazon rainforest. The jaguar’s skin helps it camouflage with its surroundings. A jaguar is a carnivore. He eats other animals.


HUMAN FEATURES

Tribe 1- The Awa-they’re culture is to hunt fish and gather forest produce such as nuts and fruits. They live in villages. Which are small groups that have no contact with outsiders at all. They use the products from the rain forest by picking berries and hunting the fish. Tribe 2-The Yanomani-they’re culture hunt, fish, and tend to the gardens. They live in villages which are grouped by families. They use the product s from the village by eating the fish, using the trees for canoes, crops and gold for soil. This tribe is nomadic because when the food gets scarce they move around.

All of the tribes in the Amazon Rainforest are indigenous to the Amazon Rainforest.

We get a lot of plants, animals and fruits from the rainforest. They get guns and bullets from us.


CITED SOURCES www.myworldsouthamerica.com/amazonrainforestguiiideee.html www.survivalinternational.org srl.caltechedu/personell/kruballrainforest/edit5606s6www/whlayers.html marlt.wordpress.com www.foodinfocus.com.au/up-content/imagesloldsite lessonphoto.photoshelter.com rainforests.mongabay.com/0407.html learnwithtechnology.com/4layers3


In the food web the decomposer is the worm. It is the decomposer because it eats all dead organisms. The producer’s are Brazil Nut Trees and Guajava. These are two types of plants and they are the producers because the consumers eat them.


Human Environment Interactions!! How do humans effect the environment? They can affect the environment by causing Deforestation, Conservation, and Ecotourism. When people clear trees from the Amazon Rainforest it destroys many of the animals home. Conservation affects the environment by helping the Amazon Rainforest. It helps save trees, plants and animals. Ecotourism affects the environment by not having the right resources for the right plants and animals.


Nina C. - Block 3